Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College

 
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
Year 10 Subject
                       Guide 2021
                             (Updated August 2020)

                                Junior Campus Coronation Avenue, Nambour QLD 4560 Phone: 5459 0333
                                    Senior Campus 1 Carroll Street, Nambour QLD 4560 Phone: 5450 4111
                        info@namboursc.eq.edu.au https://namboursc.eq.edu.au    Nambour State College
RTO Provider 30084                       LOCAL FOUNDATIONS; GLOBAL OPPORTUNITIES
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
Contents
2   Introduction
    Key staff
3	The new Senior Schooling
   System
    Subject Selection Processes
    Senior Education Profile
                                   Introduction
    Statement of results           The purpose of this guide is to support schools through the provision of a
                                   resource that guides students and parents/carers in Years 10 subject selection.
	Queensland Certificate of        It includes a comprehensive list of all subjects that form the basis of a school’s
  Education (QCE)                  curriculum offerings.
	Queensland Certificate of        Schools design curriculum programs that provide a variety of opportunities
  Individual Achievement           for students while catering to individual schools’ contexts, resources, students’
  (QCIA)                           pathways and community expectations.
                                   The information contained in this booklet is a summary of the subjects offered in
4   Senior subjects                Year 10. Year 10 subjects are named and organised in a way that provides a clear
    Underpinning factors           link to subjects in Years 11 and 12, including their being classified as ‘General’,
	Vocational education and         ‘Applied’ or ‘VET’ subjects.
  training (VET)
	Australian Tertiary              Key staff
  Admission Rank (ATAR)
  eligibility                      Role                                                       Name
5   General syllabuses             College Principal                                          Mr Anthony Green
6   Applied syllabuses             Senior Campus Principal                                    Mr Matt Bradley
7	Year 10 Subjects and VET        Deputy Principal Senior Secondary                          Mr Jeff Tennant
   Courses
                                   Head of Department - English                               Mrs Deb Ackerman
8		 Mathematics
                                   Head of Department - Mathematics                           Mr Steve McHugh
13		 English
                                   Head of Department - Science                               Mrs Liz Kapiotas
15		 Humanities
                                   Head of Department - Health and Physical Education         Mr Greg Naughtin
19		 Technology
                                   Head of Department – Agriculture/INTAD                     Mr Sheldon Free
26		Health and Physical
      Education                    Head of Department –The Arts                               Mrs Elizabeth Clout

32		 Science                       Head of Department – Applied Technology                    Ms Julie Weber

37		 Languages                     Head of Department – Global Engagement                     Mrs Laurina Chandler

39		   The Arts                    Head of Department – eLearning                             Mr Mark Piper

44		   VET / Certificate Courses   Head of Department – Junior Secondary                      Ms Emma Wratten

51 VETiS                           Head of Department – Senior Secondary                      Mrs Angela Hix

53 2021 Term Dates                 Head of Special Education Services – Community
                                                                                              Mrs Sandi Smith
                                   Pathways

2
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
The new Senior Schooling System
The following pages provide some detail about the new system of Senior Schooling. Although this does not apply directly
to Year 10, it is worth being familiar with the system as Year 10 is about being well prepared to transition successfully and
seamlessly into senior.

Subject Selection Processes Statement of results
                                                                    Students are issued with a statement of results in the
Term 3
                                                                    December following the completion of a QCAA-developed
Subject Information presentations                                   course of study. A new statement of results is issued to
Heads of Department present subject and pathway information         students after each QCAA-developed course of study is
for their senior subjects to students during school.
                                                                    completed.
Subject Survey
Students complete an online survey on OneSchool to select           A full record of study will be issued, along with the QCE
their preferred senior subjects.                                    qualification, in the first December or July after the student
                                                                    meets the requirements for a QCE.
Line structure created
Survey data is used to establish the subject offerings for
the following year based on student interest and available          Queensland Certificate of
resources.
                                                                    Education (QCE)
Timetable created
Data from the subject selections is used to create the final        Students may be eligible for a Queensland Certificate of
timetable based on student selections and available resources.      Education (QCE) at the end of their senior schooling. Students
Subjects will only run if a sufficient number of students select    who do not meet the QCE requirements can continue to work
the subject and the school has the available human and              towards the certificate post-secondary schooling. The QCAA
physical resources.                                                 awards a QCE in the following July or December, once a

Prerequisites – It is highly recommended that students              student becomes eligible. Learning accounts are closed after
consider the recommended prerequisite and recommended               nine years; however, a student may apply to the QCAA to have
study for senior subjects when selecting their subjects             the account reopened and all credit continued.

  Recommended prerequisite – it is highly recommended that
  students study this subject and achieve at least a C standard     Queensland Certificate of
  to increase the likelihood of success in the aligned senior
  General subject.
                                                                    Individual Achievement
  Recommended study – it is recommended that students               (QCIA)
  study this subject if they wish to study the aligned senior
  subject.                                                          The Queensland Certificate of Individual Achievement (QCIA)
                                                                    reports the learning achievements of eligible students who

Senior Education Profile                                            complete an individual learning program. At the end of the
                                                                    senior phase of learning, eligible students achieve a QCIA.
Students in Queensland are issued with a Senior Education           These students have the option of continuing to work towards
Profile (SEP) upon completion of senior studies. This profile       a QCE post-secondary schooling.
may include a:

• statement of results
• Queensland Certificate of Education (QCE)
• Queensland Certificate of Individual Achievement (QCIA).

For more information about the SEP see: www.qcaa.qld.edu.
au/senior/certificates-qualifications/sep.

                                                                                                                                     3
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
Senior subjects                                                        General syllabuses and Short Courses
                                                                       In addition to literacy and numeracy, General syllabuses and
The QCAA develops four types of senior subject syllabuses              Short Courses are underpinned by:
— General, Applied, Senior External Examinations and Short             •	21st century skills — the attributes and skills students need to
Courses. Results in General and Applied subjects contribute to           prepare them for higher education, work and engagement in
the award of a QCE and may contribute to an Australian Tertiary          a complex and rapidly changing world. These include critical
Admission Rank (ATAR) calculation, although no more than one             thinking, creative thinking, communication, collaboration
result in an Applied subject can be used in the calculation of a         and teamwork, personal and social skills, and information &
student’s ATAR.                                                          communication technologies (ICT) skills.
Extension subjects are extensions of the related General
subjects and are studied either concurrently with, or after, Units     Applied syllabuses
3 and 4 of the General course.                                         In addition to literacy and numeracy, Applied syllabuses are
                                                                       underpinned by:
Typically, it is expected that most students will complete these
                                                                       •	applied learning — the acquisition and application of
courses across Years 11 and 12. All subjects build on the P–10
                                                                         knowledge, understanding and skills in real-world or lifelike
Australian Curriculum.
                                                                         contexts
General syllabuses                                                     •	community connections — the awareness and
                                                                         understanding of life beyond school through authentic, real-
General subjects are suited to students who are interested
                                                                         world interactions by connecting classroom experience with
in pathways beyond senior secondary schooling that lead
                                                                         the world outside the classroom
primarily to tertiary studies and to pathways for vocational
                                                                       •	core skills for work — the set of knowledge, understanding
education and training and work. General subjects include
                                                                         and non-technical skills that underpin successful
Extension subjects.
                                                                         participation in work.
Applied syllabuses
Applied subjects are suited to students who are primarily              Vocational education and
interested in pathways beyond senior secondary schooling that
lead to vocational education and training or work.
                                                                       training (VET)
                                                                       Students can access VET programs through the school if it:
Senior External Examination                                            • is a registered training organisation (RTO)
The Senior External Examination consists of individual subject         •	has a third-party arrangement with an external provider who
examinations provided across Queensland in October and                   is an RTO
November each year by the QCAA.                                        •	offers opportunities for students to undertake school-based
                                                                         apprenticeships or traineeships.
VET Courses
Vocational Education and Training (VET) Courses are also
suited to students who are primarily interested in pathways
                                                                       Australian Tertiary Admission
beyond senior secondary schooling that lead to vocational              Rank (ATAR) eligibility
education and training or work. They provide students with             The calculation of an Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR)
an additional qualification in the form of a Certificate I, II or II   will be based on a student’s:
qualification.                                                         • best five General subject results or
                                                                       •	best results in a combination of four General subject results
Underpinning factors                                                      plus an Applied subject result or a Certificate III or higher
                                                                          VET qualification.
All senior syllabuses are underpinned by:
                                                                       The Queensland Tertiary Admissions Centre (QTAC) has
•	Literacy — the set of knowledge and skills about language           responsibility for ATAR calculations.
    and texts essential for understanding and conveying content
•	Numeracy — the knowledge, skills, behaviours and                    English requirement
                                                                       Eligibility for an ATAR will require satisfactory completion of a
    dispositions that students need to use mathematics in a
                                                                       QCAA English subject.
    wide range of situations, to recognise and understand
    the role of mathematics in the world, and to develop the           Satisfactory completion will require students to attain a result
                                                                       that is equivalent to a Sound Level of Achievement in one of
    dispositions and capacities to use mathematical knowledge
                                                                       five subjects — English, Essential English, Literature, English
    and skills purposefully.
                                                                       and Literature Extension or English as an Additional Language.
                                                                       While students must meet this standard to be eligible to
                                                                       receive an ATAR, it is not mandatory for a student’s English
                                                                       result to be included in the calculation of their ATAR.
4
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
General syllabuses
Structure
The syllabus structure consists of a course overview and assessment.

General syllabuses course overview
General syllabuses are developmental four-unit courses of study.
Units 1 and 2 provide foundational learning, allowing students to experience all syllabus objectives and begin engaging
with the course subject matter. It is intended that Units 1 and 2 are studied as a pair. Assessment in Units 1 and 2 provides
students with feedback on their progress in a course of study and contributes to the award of a QCE.
Students should complete Units 1 and 2 before starting Units 3 and 4.
Units 3 and 4 consolidate student learning. Assessment in Units 3 and 4 is summative and student results contribute to the
award of a QCE and to ATAR calculations.

Extension syllabuses course overview
Extension subjects are extensions of the related General subjects and include external assessment. Extension subjects are
studied either concurrently with, or after, Units 3 and 4 of the General course of study.
Extension syllabuses are courses of study that consist of two units (Units 3 and 4). Subject matter, learning experiences
and assessment increase in complexity across the two units as students develop greater independence as learners.
The results from Units 3 and 4 contribute to the award of a QCE and to ATAR calculations.

Assessment
Units 1 and 2 assessments
Schools decide the sequence, scope and scale of assessments for Year 10. These assessments should reflect the
local context. Teachers determine the assessment program, tasks and marking guides that are used to assess student
performance.
Units 1 and 2 assessment outcomes provide feedback to students on their progress in the course of study. Schools should
develop at least two but no more than four assessments for Units 1 and 2. At least one assessment must be completed for
each unit.
Schools report satisfactory completion of Units 1 and 2 to the QCAA, and may choose to report levels of achievement to
students and parents/carers using grades, descriptive statements or other indicators.

                                                                                                                                5
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
The CIA is: • developed by the QCAA
    Applied syllabuses                                                             • common to all schools
                                                                                   • delivered to schools by the QCAA
    Structure                                                                      • administered flexibly in Unit 3
    The syllabus structure consists of a course overview and                       • administered under supervised conditions
    assessment.                                                                    •m arked by the school according to a common
                                                                                     marking scheme developed by the QCAA.
    Applied syllabuses course overview
                                                                     The CIA is not privileged over the other summative internal
    Applied syllabuses are developmental four-unit courses of
                                                                     assessment.
    study.
                                                                     Summative internal assessment — instrument-specific
    Units 1 and 2 of the course are designed to allow students
                                                                     standards
    to begin their engagement with the course content, i.e. the
                                                                     The Essential English and Essential Mathematics syllabuses
    knowledge, understanding and skills of the subject. Course
                                                                     provide instrument-specific standards for the three
    content, learning experiences and assessment increase
                                                                     summative internal assessments in Units 3 and 4.
    in complexity across the four units as students develop
    greater independence as learners.                                The instrument-specific standards describe the
                                                                     characteristics evident in student responses and align with
    Units 3 and 4 consolidate student learning. Results from
                                                                     the identified assessment objectives. Assessment objectives
    assessment in Applied subjects contribute to the award of
                                                                     are drawn from the unit objectives and are contextualised for
    a QCE and results from Units 3 and 4 may contribute as a
                                                                     the requirements of the assessment instrument.
    single input to ATAR calculation.
    A course of study for Applied syllabuses includes core           Senior External Examinations
    topics and elective areas for study.                             Senior External Examinations course overview
                                                                     A Senior External Examination syllabus sets out the
    Assessment                                                       aims, objectives, learning experiences and assessment
    Applied syllabuses use four summative internal assessments       requirements for each of these subjects.
    from Units 3 and 4 to determine a student’s exit result.
                                                                     Results are based solely on students’ demonstrated
    Schools should develop at least two but no more than             achievement in examinations. Work undertaken before an
    four internal assessments for Units 1 and 2 and these            examination is not assessed.
    assessments should provide students with opportunities to
                                                                     The Senior External Examination is for:
    become familiar with the summative internal assessment
                                                                     •	low candidature subjects not otherwise offered as a
    techniques to be used for Units 3 and 4.
                                                                        General subject in Queensland
    Applied syllabuses do not use external assessment.               •	students in their final year of senior schooling who are
    Instrument-specific standards matrixes                              unable to access particular subjects at their school
    For each assessment instrument, schools develop an               •	adult students (people of any age not enrolled at a
    instrument-specific standards matrix by selecting the syllabus      Queensland secondary school)
    standards descriptors relevant to the task and the dimension/s   ­	 - to meet tertiary entrance or employment requirements
    being assessed. The matrix is shared with students and used      ­	 - for personal interest.
    as a tool for making judgments about the quality of students’    Senior External Examination results may contribute credit to
    responses to the instrument. Schools develop assessments to      the award of a QCE and contribute to ATAR calculations.
    allow students to demonstrate the range of standards.            For more information about the Senior External Examination,
    Essential English and Essential Mathematics — Common             see: www.qcaa.qld.edu.au/senior/see.
    internal assessment
                                                                     Assessment
    Students complete a total of four summative internal
                                                                     The Senior External Examination consists of individual
    assessments in Units 3 and 4 that count toward their overall
                                                                     subject examinations that are held once each year in Term 4.
    subject result. Schools develop three of the summative
                                                                     Important dates and the examination timetable are published
    internal assessments for each senior subject and the other
                                                                     in the Senior Education Profile (SEP) calendar, available at:
    summative assessment is a common internal assessment
                                                                     https://www.qcaa.qld.edu.au/senior/sep-calendar.
    (CIA) developed by the QCAA.
                                                                     Results are based solely on students’ demonstrated
    The CIA for Essential English and Essential Mathematics is
                                                                     achievement in the examinations. Work undertaken before an
    based on the learning described in Unit 3 of the respective
                                                                     examination is not assessed. Results are reported as a mark
    syllabus.
                                                                     and grade of A–E. For more information about results, see the
                                                                     QCE and QCIA policy and procedures handbook, Section 10.

6
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
Year 10 Subjects and VET Courses

Mathematics                                        Science

               • General Mathematics                                        • Agricultural Science
General        • Mathematical Methods                                       • Biology
               • Specialist Mathematics            General
                                                                            • Chemistry
                                                                            • Physics

English                                            Applied                  • Aquatic Practices

General        • English

Applied        • Essential English                 Languages

                                                                            • Italian
                                                   General
                                                                            • Japanese
Humanities

               • Business
                                                   The Arts
               • Geography
General
               • History                                                    • Dance
               • Legal Studies                                              • Drama
                                                   General                  • Film, Television & New Media
                                                                            • Music
                                                                            • Visual Art
Technologies
               • Design
General        • Digital Solutions                 VET
               • Food and Nutrition
                                                   • Certificate I Visual Arts
               • Engineering Skills                • Agricultural Skills (Certificate I in Agrifood Operations)
               • Furnishing Skills
Applied                                            • Certificate II in Skills for Work and Vocational
               • Industrial Technology Skills
                                                    Pathways
               • Early Childhood Studies
                                                   • Cert II Hospitality

                                                   • Cert II Engineering Pathways (Drone Building)

Health and Physical Education                      • Certificate II Holiday Parks and Resorts

                                                   • Certificate II Dance
               • Health
General        • Physical Education
               • Physical Education - Volleyball

Applied        • Sport and Recreation

                                                                                                                  7
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
GENERAL
General Mathematics                                                                            General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior General Mathematics (min ‘C’ standard)

    General Mathematics’ major domains are Number and                   Pathways
    algebra, Measurement and geometry, Statistics, and Networks         A course of study in General Mathematics can establish a
    and matrices, building on the content of the P–10 Australian        basis for further education and employment in the fields of
    Curriculum.                                                         business, commerce, education, finance, IT, social science

    General Mathematics is designed for students who want to            and the arts.

    extend their mathematical skills beyond Year 10 but whose
                                                                        Objectives
    future studies or employment pathways do not require
    calculus.                                                           By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:

    Students build on and develop key mathematical ideas,               •	select, recall and use facts, rules, definitions and

    including rates and percentages, concepts from financial              procedures drawn from Number and algebra,

    mathematics, linear and non-linear expressions, sequences,            Measurement and geometry, Statistics, and Networks

    the use of matrices and networks to model and solve                   and matrices

    authentic problems, the use of trigonometry to find solutions       •	comprehend mathematical concepts and techniques
    to practical problems, and the exploration of real-world              drawn from Number and algebra, Measurement and
    phenomena in statistics.                                              geometry, Statistics, and Networks and matrices

    Students engage in a practical approach that equips learners        •	communicate using mathematical, statistical and

    for their needs as future citizens. They learn to ask appropriate     everyday language and conventions

    questions, map out pathways, reason about complex                   • evaluate the reasonableness of solutions
    solutions, set up models and communicate in different forms.        •	justify procedures and decisions by explaining
    They experience the relevance of mathematics to their daily           mathematical reasoning
    lives, communities and cultural backgrounds. They develop           •	solve problems by applying mathematical concepts and
    the ability to understand, analyse and take action regarding          techniques drawn from Number and algebra, Measurement
    social issues in their world.                                         and geometry, Statistics, and Networks and matrices.

(Continued next page)

8
Year 10 Subject Guide 2021 - Nambour State College
GENERAL
General Mathematics (continued)                                                                   General Year 10 Subject

Structure
 Unit 1                             Unit 2                              Unit 3                           Unit 4
 • Pythagoras and                  • Patterns and algebra —           •U
                                                                          sing units of measurement     • Money and financial
    trigonometry — revise              apply the four operations         — recall formulas to               mathematics — recall
    Pythagoras’ Theorem                to algebraic fractions,           calculate area and volume,         simple and compound
    and solve contextualised           manipulate expressions and        calculate the surface area         interest formulas, calculate
    problems, apply the                equations to solve problems       and volume of prisms and           simple and compound
    trigonometric ratios to solve      involving algebraic fractions,    cylinders, solve problems          interest, connect simple
    problems, by substituting          expand and factorise              involving calculating              and compound interest,
    into formulas, in two and          quadratics.                       surface area and volume of         substitute into a formula,
    three dimensions and solve                                           composite solids                   connect graphical and
                                    • Linear and non-linear
    contextualised trigonometric                                                                            algebraic representations
                                       relationships — explore          •G
                                                                          eometric reasoning —
    problems including                                                                                      of functions, solve financial
                                       connections between               recall angle relationships
    surveying and orienteering.                                                                             problems involving
                                       algebraic and graphical           for straight lines, triangles
                                                                                                            compound interest and
 • Chance — describe the              representations, make             and quadrilaterals, prove
                                                                                                            loans.
    results of two- and three-         generalisations in relation to    angle relationships using
    step chance experiments,           parallel and perpendicular        formal proofs, develop          • Linear and non-linear
    assign and determine               lines, identify the solution      proofs for congruency and          relationships — represent
    probabilities including            to two intersecting linear        similarity rules and apply         and solve problems
    conditional probability and        equations, apply graphical        understanding of plane             involving simple linear
    investigate the concepts           and substitution methods          shapes to prove geometric          equations, represent and
    of dependence and                  to find solutions and solve       properties.                        solve problems involving
    independence.                      contextualised problems,                                             simple linear inequalities
                                                                        •D
                                                                          ata representation and
                                       formulate & solve real life                                          and solve simultaneous
                                                                         interpretation — develop an
                                       problems involving monic                                             equations graphically
                                                                         understanding of statistical
                                       quadratic expressions
                                                                         measures of centre and          • Matrices.
                                       and equations, adapt
                                                                         spread to describe data
                                       graphing techniques to
                                                                         sets, analyse data displays
                                       solve problems involving
                                                                         (box plots, histograms
                                       monic quadratics, make
                                                                         and scatter plots) to make
                                       connections between
                                                                         generalisations, calculate
                                       functions and their graphical
                                                                         statistical measures of data
                                       representations, extend
                                                                         sets, graphically represent
                                       application of graphing
                                                                         relationships, draw a line
                                       techniques from linear
                                                                         of best fit, apply known
                                       functions to parabolas,
                                                                         strategies to compare data,
                                       circles & exponential
                                                                         manipulate reports and data
                                       functions.
                                                                         displays to identify trends,
                                                                         use statistical measures to
                                                                         analyse data and reports.

Assessment
A minimum of two cumulative semester exams plus two Problem Solving and Modelling tasks.
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

                                                                                                                                            9
GENERAL
Mathematical Methods                                                                     General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior General Mathematics (min ‘C’ standard)

 Mathematical Methods’ major domains are Algebra, Functions,      Pathways
 relations and their graphs, Calculus and Statistics.             A course of study in Mathematical Methods can establish
                                                                  a basis for further education and employment in the fields
 Mathematical Methods enables students to see the
                                                                  of natural and physical sciences (especially physics and
 connections between mathematics and other areas of the
                                                                  chemistry), mathematics and science education, medical
 curriculum and apply their mathematical skills to real-world
                                                                  and health sciences (including human biology, biomedical
 problems, becoming critical thinkers, innovators and problem-
                                                                  science, nanoscience and forensics), engineering (including
 solvers.
                                                                  chemical, civil, electrical and mechanical engineering,
 Students learn topics that are developed systematically,         avionics, communications and mining), computer science
 with increasing levels of sophistication, complexity and         (including electronics and software design), psychology
 connection, and build on algebra, functions and their graphs,    and business.

 and probability from the P–10 Australian Curriculum. Calculus
                                                                  Objectives
 is essential for developing an understanding of the physical
 world. The domain Statistics is used to describe and analyse     By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:

 phenomena involving uncertainty and variation. Both are the      •	select, recall and use facts, rules, definitions and

 basis for developing effective models of the world and solving      procedures drawn from Algebra, Functions, relations and

 complex and abstract mathematical problems.                         their graphs, Calculus and Statistics
                                                                  •	comprehend mathematical concepts and techniques
 Students develop the ability to translate written, numerical,
                                                                     drawn from Algebra, Functions, relations and their
 algebraic, symbolic and graphical information from one
                                                                     graphs, Calculus and Statistics
 representation to another. They make complex use of factual
                                                                  •	communicate using mathematical, statistical and
 knowledge to successfully formulate, represent and solve
                                                                     everyday language and conventions
 mathematical problems.
                                                                  • evaluate the reasonableness of solutions
                                                                  •	justify procedures and decisions by explaining
                                                                     mathematical reasoning
                                                                  •	solve problems by applying mathematical concepts and
(Continued next page)
                                                                     techniques drawn from Algebra, Functions, relations and
                                                                     their graphs, Calculus and Statistics.

10
GENERAL
Mathematical Methods (continued)                                                                  General Year 10 Subject

Structure
 Unit 1                             Unit 2                              Unit 3                           Unit 4
 • Pythagoras and                  • Patterns and algebra —           •U
                                                                          sing units of measurement     • Money and financial
    trigonometry — revise              apply the four operations         — recall formulas to               mathematics — recall
    Pythagoras’ Theorem                to algebraic fractions,           calculate area and volume,         simple and compound
    and solve contextualised           manipulate expressions and        calculate the surface area         interest formulas, calculate
    problems, apply the                equations to solve problems       and volume of prisms and           simple and compound
    trigonometric ratios to solve      involving algebraic fractions,    cylinders, solve problems          interes , connect simple
    problems, by substituting          expand and factorise              involving calculating              and compound interest,
    into formulas, in two and          quadratics.                       surface area and volume of         substitute into a formula,
    three dimensions and solve                                           composite solids                   connect graphical and
                                    • Linear and non-linear
    contextualised trigonometric                                                                            algebraic representations
                                       relationships — explore          •G
                                                                          eometric reasoning —
    problems including                                                                                      of functions, solve financial
                                       connections between               recall angle relationships
    surveying and orienteering.                                                                             problems involving
                                       algebraic and graphical           for straight lines, triangles
                                                                                                            compound interest and
 • Chance — describe the              representations, make             and quadrilaterals, prove
                                                                                                            loans.
    results of two- and three-         generalisations in relation to    angle relationships using
    step chance experiments,           parallel and perpendicular        formal proofs, develop          • Linear and non-linear
    assign and determine               lines, identify the solution      proofs for congruency and          relationships — represent
    probabilities including            to two intersecting linear        similarity rules and apply         and solve problems
    conditional probability and        equations, apply graphical        understanding of plane             involving simple linear
    investigate the concepts           and substitution methods          shapes to prove geometric          equations, represent and
    of dependence and                  to find solutions and solve       properties.                        solve problems involving
    independence.                      contextualised problems,                                             simple linear inequalities
                                                                    •D
                                                                      ata representation and
                                       formulate & solve real life                                          and solve simultaneous
 • Pythagoras and                                                   interpretation — develop an
                                       problems involving monic                                             equations graphically.
    trigonometry —perform                                            understanding of statistical
                                       quadratic expressions
    operations with surds,                                           measures of centre and              •Real numbers — define
                                       and equations, adapt
    apply Pythagoras’ theorem                                        spread to describe data                a logarithm, make
                                       graphing techniques to
    and trigonometry to three                                        sets, analyse data displays            connections between
                                       solve problems involving
    dimensional problems,                                            (box plots, histograms                 exponential and logarithmic
                                       monic quadratics, make
    establish and apply the sine                                     and scatter plots) to make             expressions, establish and
                                       connections between
    and cosine rules and solve                                       generalisations, calculate             apply the laws of logarithms,
                                       functions and their graphical
    related problems, define                                         statistical measures of data           simplify expressions using
                                       representations, extend
    and graph trigonometric                                          sets, graphically represent            logarithmic laws and solve
                                       application of graphing
    functions and solve simple                                       relationships, draw a line             financial problems involving
                                       techniques from linear
    trigonometric equations.                                         of best fit, apply known               the use of logarithms.
                                       functions to parabolas,
                                                                     strategies to compare data,
 • Chance — evaluate media            circles & exponential                                             • Linear and non-linear
                                                                     manipulate reports and data
    statements and statistical         functions.                                                           relationships — identify the
                                                                     displays to identify trends,
    reports.                                                                                                features of a polynomial,
                                    • Patterns and algebra —        use statistical measures to
                                                                                                            connect a written division
                                       choose appropriate methods    analyse data and reports.
                                                                                                            algorithm and the factor and
                                       to factorise monic and non-
                                                                    •U
                                                                      sing units of measurement            remainder theorems and
                                       monic quadratic expressions.
                                                                     — solve problems                       sketch polynomials.
                                                                     involving the calculation of
                                                                                                         • Pre-calculus.
                                                                     volume and surface area
                                                                     of pyramids, cones and
                                                                     spheres.

Assessment
A minimum of two cumulative semester exams plus two Problem Solving and Modelling tasks.
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

                                                                                                                                            11
GENERAL
Specialist Mathematics                                                                     General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior Specialist Mathematics (min ‘C’ standard)

  Specialist Mathematics’ major domains are Vectors and              Pathways
  matrices, Real and complex numbers, Trigonometry, Statistics       A course of study in Specialist Mathematics can establish
  and Calculus.                                                      a basis for further education and employment in the fields
                                                                     of science, all branches of mathematics and statistics,
  Specialist Mathematics is designed for students who develop
                                                                     computer science, medicine, engineering, finance and
  confidence in their mathematical knowledge and ability,
                                                                     economics.
  and gain a positive view of themselves as mathematics
  learners. They will gain an appreciation of the true nature of
  mathematics, its beauty and its power.
                                                                     Objectives
                                                                     By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
  Students learn topics that are developed systematically, with
  increasing levels of sophistication, complexity and connection,    • s elect, recall and use facts, rules, definitions and
  building on functions, calculus, statistics from Mathematical         procedures drawn from Vectors and matrices, Real and
                                                                        complex numbers, Trigonometry, Statistics and Calculus
  Methods, while vectors, complex numbers and matrices are
  introduced. Functions and calculus are essential for creating      •c
                                                                       omprehend mathematical concepts and techniques
  models of the physical world. Statistics are used to describe       drawn from Vectors and matrices, Real and complex
  and analyse phenomena involving probability, uncertainty            numbers, Trigonometry, Statistics and Calculus
  and variation. Matrices, complex numbers and vectors are           •c
                                                                       ommunicate using mathematical, statistical and
  essential tools for explaining abstract or complex relationships    everyday language and conventions
  that occur in scientific and technological endeavours.             •e
                                                                       valuate the reasonableness of solutions

  Student learning experiences range from practising essential       • justify procedures and decisions, and prove propositions
  mathematical routines to developing procedural fluency,               by explaining mathematical reasoning
  through to investigating scenarios, modelling the real world,      • s olve problems by applying mathematical concepts and
  solving problems and explaining reasoning.                            techniques drawn from Vectors and matrices, Real and
                                                                        complex numbers, Trigonometry, Statistics and Calculus.

Structure
Specialist Mathematics is to be undertaken in conjunction with, or on completion of, Mathematical Methods.

 Unit 1                        Unit 2                          Unit 3                              Unit 4
 Real Number Systems           Geometry                        Probability                         Trigonometry
 Fractions, Surds and          Circle relationships, Deductive Combinatorics and Set Theory        Vectors
 Algebra                       geometry and proofs             Complex Numbers

Assessment
A minimum of two cumulative semester exams plus two Problem Solving and Modelling tasks.
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

12
GENERAL
English                                                                                      General Year 10 Subject

Subject fee $15
Recommended prerequisite for all Senior General Subjects (min ‘C’ standard)

  English focuses on the study of both literary texts and         Pathways
  non-literary texts, developing students as independent,         A course of study in English promotes open-mindedness,
  innovative and creative learners and thinkers who               imagination, critical awareness and intellectual flexibility —
  appreciate the aesthetic use of language, analyse               skills that prepare students for local and global citizenship, and
  perspectives and evidence, and challenge ideas and              for lifelong learning across a wide range of contexts.
  interpretations through the analysis and creation of varied
                                                                  Objectives
  texts.
                                                                  By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
  Students are offered opportunities to interpret and create
                                                                  •	use patterns and conventions of genres to achieve particular
  texts for personal, cultural, social and aesthetic purposes.
                                                                    purposes in cultural contexts and social situations
  They learn how language varies according to context,
                                                                  •	establish and maintain roles of the writer/speaker/signer/
  purpose and audience, content, modes and mediums, and
                                                                    designer and relationships with audiences
  how to use it appropriately and effectively for a variety of
                                                                  •	create and analyse perspectives and representations of
  purposes. Students have opportunities to engage with
                                                                    concepts, identities, times and places
  diverse texts to help them develop a sense of themselves,
                                                                  •	make use of and analyse the ways cultural assumptions,
  their world and their place in it.
                                                                    attitudes, values and beliefs underpin texts and invite
  Students communicate effectively in Standard Australian           audiences to take up positions
  English for the purposes of responding to and creating texts.   •	use aesthetic features and stylistic devices to achieve
  They make choices about generic structures, language,             purposes and analyse their effects in texts
  textual features and technologies for participating actively    •	select and synthesise subject matter to support perspectives
  in literary analysis and the creation of texts in a range of    •	organise and sequence subject matter to achieve particular
  modes, mediums and forms, for a variety of purposes and           purposes
  audiences. They explore how literary and non-literary texts     •	use cohesive devices to emphasise ideas and connect parts
  shape perceptions of the world, and consider ways in which        of texts
  texts may reflect or challenge social and cultural ways of      • make language choices for particular purposes and contexts
  thinking and influence audiences.                               •	use grammar and language structures for particular
                                                                    purposes
                                                                  •	use mode-appropriate features to achieve particular
                                                                    purposes.

Structure and Assessment
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

 Unit 1                                Unit 2                     Unit 3                            Unit 4
 New Age Novels:        25%            Paperback Dreaming: 25%    Romeo and Juliet:         25%     Media                      25%
 Transformational                      Poetry Analysis            Public Performance                Representations:
 Narrative (Assignment)                (Exam) and Persuasive      (PBL) and                         Response to Stimulus
                                       Spoken (Assignment)        Comparative Review                (Exam)
                                                                  (Assignment)

                                                                                                                                     13
APPLIED
Essential English                                                                         Applied Year 10 Subject

Recommended study for Senior Essential English                   Pathways
                                                                 A course of study in Essential English promotes open-
 Essential English develops and refines students’                mindedness, imagination, critical awareness and intellectual
 understanding of language, literature and literacy to enable    flexibility — skills that prepare students for local and global
 them to interact confidently and effectively with others        citizenship, and for lifelong learning across a wide range of
 in everyday, community and social contexts. Students            contexts.
 recognise language and texts as relevant in their lives
 now and in the future and learn to understand, accept or        Objectives
 challenge the values and attitudes in these texts.
                                                                 By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
 Students engage with language and texts to foster skills        •	use patterns and conventions of genres to achieve
 to communicate confidently and effectively in Standard             particular purposes in cultural contexts and social situations
 Australian English in a variety of contemporary contexts and    • use appropriate roles and relationships with audiences
 social situations, including everyday, social, community,       •	construct and explain representations of identities, places,
 further education and work-related contexts. They choose           events and concepts
 generic structures, language, language features and             •	make use of and explain the ways cultural assumptions,
 technologies to best convey meaning. They develop skills           attitudes, values and beliefs underpin texts and influence
 to read for meaning and purpose, and to use, critique and          meaning
 appreciate a range of contemporary literary and non-literary    •	explain how language features and text structures shape
 texts.                                                             meaning and invite particular responses
 Students use language effectively to produce texts for a        • select and use subject matter to support perspectives
 variety of purposes and audiences and engage creative           •	sequence subject matter and use mode-appropriate
 and imaginative thinking to explore their own world and            cohesive devices to construct coherent texts
 the worlds of others. They actively and critically interact     •	make mode-appropriate language choices according to
 with a range of texts, developing an awareness of how the          register informed by purpose, audience and context
 language they engage with positions them and others.            •	use language features to achieve particular purposes
                                                                    across modes.

Structure and Assessment

 Unit 1                         Unit 2                          Unit 3                           Unit 4
 Community: The Oasis 25%       Leisure: New Age          25%   Leisure: Media Study:    25%     Community: Letter to      25%
 Documentary Study:             Novel: Folio of Writing         Informative Spoken               the Editor (Exam)
 Persuasive Spoken              (Assignment)                    (Assignment)
 Task (Assignment)                                              Work: Work
                                                                Placement: Resume
                                                                and Reflection
                                                                (Assignment)

14
GENERAL
Business                                                                                    General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior Business (min ‘C’ standard)

 Business provides opportunities for students to develop            Pathways
 business knowledge and skills to contribute meaningfully           A course of study in Business can establish a basis for
 to society, the workforce and the marketplace and prepares         further education and employment in the fields of business
 them as potential employees, employers, leaders, managers          management, business development, entrepreneurship,
 and entrepreneurs.                                                 business analytics, economics, business law, accounting and
 Students investigate the business life cycle, develop skills in    finance, international business, marketing, human resources
 examining business data and information and learn business         management and business information systems.
 concepts, theories, processes and strategies relevant
 to leadership, management and entrepreneurship. They
                                                                    Objectives
 investigate the influence of, and implications for, strategic      By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
 development in the functional areas of finance, human              • describe business environments and situations
 resources, marketing and operations.                               • explain business concepts, strategies and processes
                                                                    • select and analyse business data and information
 Students use a variety of technological, communication
                                                                    •	interpret business relationships, patterns and trends to
 and analytical tools to comprehend, analyse, interpret and
                                                                       draw conclusions
 synthesise business data and information. They engage with
                                                                    •	evaluate business practices and strategies to make
 the dynamic business world (in both national and global
                                                                       decisions and propose recommendations
 contexts), the changing workforce and emerging digital
                                                                    •	create responses that communicate meaning to suit
 technologies.
                                                                       purpose and audience.

Structure
 Unit 1                            Unit 2                          Unit 3                          Unit 4
 • Entrepreneurship, innovation   • Business case study          •C
                                                                     ompetitive business in the   • Major consumer and
  and successful businesses        • Financial risks and rewards    global market                   business decisions
 • The future of work              • Financial planning            • Business planning             • Improving business
                                                                                                    productivity and responses
                                                                                                    to economic conditions

Assessment
A range of assessment instruments will be employed, including: short response, extended written responses, multimodal
presentations, case studies and research assignments.
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

                                                                                                                                  15
GENERAL
Geography                                                                                    General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior Geography (min ‘C’ standard)
Subject fee applies for camps and/or excursions

 Geography focuses on the significance of ‘place’ and ‘space’        Pathways
 in understanding our world. Students engage in a range              A course of study in Geography can establish a basis for
 of learning experiences that develop their geographical             further education and employment in the fields of urban
 skills and thinking through the exploration of geographical
                                                                     and environmental design, planning and management;
 challenges and their effects on people, places and the
                                                                     biological and environmental science; conservation and
 environment.
                                                                     land management; emergency response and hazard
 Students investigate places in Australia and across the             management; oceanography, surveying, global security,
 globe to observe and measure spatial, environmental,                economics, business, law, engineering, architecture,
 economic, political, social and cultural factors. They
                                                                     information technology, and science.
 interpret global concerns and challenges including
 responding to risk in hazard zones, planning sustainable            Objectives
 places, managing land cover transformations and planning
                                                                     By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
 for population change. They develop an understanding
 of the complexities involved in sustainable planning and            • explain geographical processes

 management practices.                                               • comprehend geographic patterns
                                                                     • analyse geographical data and information
 Students observe, gather, organise, analyse and present
                                                                     • apply geographical understanding
 data and information across a range of scales. They engage
                                                                     • synthesise information from the analysis to propose action
 in real-world applications of geographical skills and thinking,
                                                                     • communicate geographical understanding.
 including the collection and representation of data.

Structure
 Unit 1                           Unit 2                           Unit 3                           Unit 4
 Environmental Change and         Geography of Human               Passion Project                  High Stakes Fashion
 Managements                      Wellbeing                        •C
                                                                     an a generation of            • How do your wardrobe
 • Land cover change and the     • Rich countries and poor         young people make                choices influence a global
     management                    countries; what are the           positive change to prevent       community?
                                   challenges of human               extinction?
                                   development globally

Assessment
Schools devise assessments to suit their local context. Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

Summative assessments
 Assessment can include:
 Examination — combination response                                Investigation — data report

 Investigation — field report                                      Research Report

16
GENERAL
History                                                                                       General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior Ancient History and Senior Modern History (min ‘C’ standard)

 History provides opportunities for students to gain historical      Pathways
 knowledge and understanding about some of the main                  A course of study in History can establish a basis for further
 forces that have contributed to the development of the              education and employment in the fields of history, education,
 Modern World and to think historically and form a historical        psychology, sociology, law, business, economics, politics,
 consciousness in relation to these same forces.                     journalism, the media, writing, academia and strategic
 History enables students to empathise with others and               analysis.
 make meaningful connections between the past, present
 and possible futures.                                               Objectives
 Students learn that the past is contestable and tentative.          By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
 Through inquiry into ideas, movements, national                     • comprehend terms, issues and concepts
 experiences and international experiences they discover             • devise historical questions and conduct research
 how the past consists of various perspectives and
                                                                     • analyse historical sources and evidence
 interpretations.
                                                                     • synthesise information from historical sources and evidence
 Students gain a range of transferable skills that will help
                                                                     • evaluate historical interpretations
 them become empathetic and critically-literate citizens
 who are equipped to embrace a multicultural, pluralistic,           • create responses that communicate meaning.
 inclusive, democratic, compassionate and sustainable
 future.

Structure
 Unit 1                           Unit 2                           Unit 3                            Unit 4
 World War II                     The Modern World – The           Rights and Freedoms               The Ancient World of Pompeii
                                  Vietnam War

Assessment
Schools devise assessments to suit their local context. Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

 Assessment can include:
 Examination — essay in response to historical sources             Investigation — historical essay based on research

 Independent source investigation                                  Examination — short responses to historical sources

                                                                                                                                 17
GENERAL
Legal Studies                                                                                 General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior Legal Studies (min ‘C’ standard)

  Legal Studies focuses on the interaction between society           Pathways
  and the discipline of law and explores the role and                A course of study in Legal Studies can establish a basis for
  development of law in response to current issues. Students         further education and employment in the fields of law, law
  study the legal system and how it regulates activities and         enforcement, criminology, justice studies and politics. The
  aims to protect the rights of individuals, while balancing         knowledge, skills and attitudes students gain are transferable
  these with obligations and responsibilities.                       to all discipline areas and post-schooling tertiary pathways.
  Students study the foundations of law, the criminal justice        The research and analytical skills this course develops
  process and the civil justice system. They critically examine      are universally valued in business, health, science and
  issues of governance, explore contemporary issues of               engineering industries.
  law reform and change, and consider Australian and
  international human rights issues.                                 Objectives
  Students develop skills of inquiry, critical thinking, problem-    By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
  solving and reasoning to make informed and ethical                 • comprehend legal concepts, principles and processes
  decisions and recommendations. They identify and describe          • select legal information from sources
  legal issues, explore information and data, analyse, evaluate
                                                                     • analyse legal issues
  to make decisions or propose recommendations, and
  create responses that convey legal meaning. They question,         • evaluate legal situations
  explore and discuss tensions between changing social               • create responses that communicate meaning.
  values, justice and equitable outcomes.

Structure
 Unit 1                            Unit 2                           Unit 3                          Unit 4
 Introduction to the Legal         Criminal Law                     Civil Law                       Family Law
 System                            • The nature of criminal law     • What is civil law             • Marriage
 • Why have laws                   • Proceedings                    •	Differences between          • Parents and the law
 • Legal personnel                 •	Conviction, punishment          criminal law and civil law    • Children and the law
 • The role of the jury              and sentencing                 • Contract law                  • Human rights
 • Courts

Assessment
Assessment techniques include short answer tests, essays, assignments, seminar and non-written presentations, case studies
and response to stimulus material.
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

18
GENERAL
Design                                                                                        General Senior Subject

Subject fee: $30
Recommended prerequisite for Senior Design (min ‘C’ standard)

  Design focuses on the application of design thinking to           Pathways
  envisage creative products, services and environments             A course of study in Design can establish a basis for further
  in response to human needs, wants and opportunities.              education and employment in the fields of architecture,
  Designing is a complex and sophisticated form of problem-         digital media design, fashion design, graphic design, industrial
  solving that uses divergent and convergent thinking               design, interior design and landscape architecture.
  strategies that can be practised and improved. Designers
  are separated from the constraints of production processes        Objectives
  to allow them to appreciate and exploit new innovative
                                                                    By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
  ideas.
                                                                    • describe design problems and design criteria
  Students learn how design has influenced the economic,            •	represent ideas, design concepts and design information
  social and cultural environment in which they live. They             using drawing and low-fidelity prototyping
  understand the agency of humans in conceiving and                 • analyse needs, wants and opportunities using data
  imagining possible futures through design. Collaboration,         • devise ideas in response to design problems
  teamwork and communication are crucial skills needed to           •	synthesise ideas and design information to propose design
  work in design teams and liaise with stakeholders. They              concepts
  learn the value of creativity and build resilience as they        • evaluate ideas and design concepts to make refinements
  experience iterative design processes, where the best ideas       •	make decisions about and use mode-appropriate features,
  may be the result of trial and error and a willingness to take       language and conventions for particular purposes and
  risks and experiment with alternatives.                              contexts.
  Students learn about and experience design through
  exploring needs, wants and opportunities; developing
  ideas and design concepts; using drawing and low-
  fidelity prototyping skills; and evaluating ideas and design
  concepts. They communicate design proposals to suit
  different audiences.

Structure
 Unit 1                        Unit 2                            Unit 3                            Unit 4
 Design in practice            Commercial design                 Human-centred design              Sustainable design
 • Experiencing design         •	Explore — client needs and     • Designing with empathy          •	Explore — sustainable
 • Design process                 wants                                                               design opportunities
 • Design styles               •	Develop — collaborative                                          • Develop — redesign
                                  design

Assessment
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

 Semester 1                                                        Semester 2
 • Examination — design challenge                                  • Project

 • Project                                                         • Examination — design challenge

                                                                                                                                 19
GENERAL
Digital Solutions                                                                              General Year 10 Subject

Recommended prerequisite for Senior Digital Solutions (min ‘C’ standard) and recommended study for Senior Information and
Communication Technologies

  Digital Solutions enables students to learn about algorithms,       Pathways
  computer languages and user interfaces through generating           A course of study in Digital Solutions can establish a basis for
  digital solutions to problems. Students engage with data,           further education and employment in the fields of science,
  information and applications to create digital solutions that       technologies, engineering and mathematics.
  filter and present data in timely and efficient ways while
  understanding the need to encrypt and protect data. They            Objectives
  understand computing’s personal, local and global impact,           By the conclusion of the course of study, students will:
  and the issues associated with the ethical integration of           •	recognise and describe elements, components, principles
  technology into our daily lives.                                       and processes
                                                                      •	symbolise and explain information, ideas and
  Students use problem-based learning to write computer
                                                                         interrelationships
  programs to create digital solutions that: use data; require        • analyse problems and information
  interactions with users and within systems; and affect              • determine solution requirements and criteria
  people, the economy and environments. They develop                  •	synthesise information and ideas to determine possible
  solutions using combinations of readily available hardware             digital solutions
  and software development environments, code libraries or            • generate components of the digital solution
  specific instructions provided through programming.                 •	evaluate impacts, components and solutions against
                                                                         criteria to make refinements and justified recommendations
  Students create, construct and repurpose solutions that
                                                                      •	make decisions about and use mode-appropriate features,
  are relevant in a world where data and digital realms
                                                                         language and conventions for particular purposes and
  are transforming entertainment, education, business,                   contexts.
  manufacturing and many other industries.

Structure
 Unit 1                        Unit 2                             Unit 3                              Unit 4
 Data Analysis,                Programming                        Digital Design                      Digital Design
 Modelling & Simulation        (Robotics)                         (HTML & CSS)                        (Programming an animated
 (Simulations)                                                                                        game)

 Application and data          Digital innovation                 Digital impacts                     Creating with code
 solutions
 •	Data-driven problems       •	Interactions between users,     •	Digital methods for exchanging   •	Understanding digital
    and solution                  data and digital systems           data                                problems
    requirements               •	Real-world problems and         •	Complex digital data exchange    •	User experiences and
 •	Data and programming          solution requirements              problems and solution               interfaces
    techniques                 • Innovative digital solutions        requirements                     •	Algorithms and
 • Prototype data solutions                                       •	Prototype digital data              programming techniques
                                                                     exchanges                        • Programmed solutions

Assessment
Students will receive an overall subject result (A–E).

 Semester 1                                                          Semester 2
 Summative internal assessment 1 (T1):                     25%       Summative internal assessment 3 (T3):                     25%
 • Project – Conway’s Game of Life                                   • Project — A digital declaration of human rights
 Summative internal assessment 2 (T2):                     25%       Summative internal assessment 4 (T4):                     25%
 • Project — PID Line Follower Robot                                 • Project – Programming an animated game

20
You can also read