Aadhaar, DBT spell bonanza - samvad
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HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 1 EDITORIAL T his feat, pulled off by the Haryana Government, led by the Chief Minister, Mr Manohar Lal, may go down as a trendsetter for other states to emulate. Taking the Aadhaar-linked Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) route for the disbursal of various social welfare benefits and subsidies has paid the state rich dividends. Not only has it been able to weed out 9.7 lakh fake and ineligible beneficiaries in a little more than a year, but also netted a net saving of Rs 445 crore. In Limelight section of this issue of Haryana Review, we unfold the how much and on what account of this credible achievement made public by the Chief Minister at the eleventh meeting of the Inter-State Council in New Delhi.
Out to translate the vision of the Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi, to double the income of farmers in five years into reality, the state government has successfully piloted “Scaling-up Climate Resilient Agriculture Practices towards Climate Smart Villages (CSVs) in Haryana”, a pioneering project in 27 villages of Karnal district. Buoyed up by its positive outcomes, the state now plans to replicate the project in 250 villages of other districts. In our three-part Cover Story, we make an effort to bring our readers in full measure the methodology, import and impact of this massive effort.
It is Olympics time and all eyes are getting riveted on Rio in Brazil. Haryana which accounts for only two per cent of the country's population has contributed 18 per cent to the Indian contingent for Rio, the highest among all states. Out of the 119 sportspersons who will walk under the Tri-colour at Olympics, 20 hail from Haryana with girls outnumbering boys. In our four-part Sports section, we dwell on Haryana’s tryst with Olympics and how the state’s positive intervention has transformed the lives of sports persons from the state. For many it now reads like a rags-to-riches-story. Haryana Review wishes the players medal-winning performance.
We also bring an interview with young javelin star Neeraj Chopra who brought Haryana and the country laurels in Poland by winning Gold and is now aiming at Tokyo Olympics.
Turn to our Photo Feature to catch a glimpse of how rains and light combine to weave a magical spell. The Art and Culture section turns focus on the artists who have taken to the brush to capture the monsoon spirit and the effect it has on the mortals. Don’t miss the Potpourri Page which brings you some of the leading left-handers of the day. g The trendsetter of a feat CONSULTING EDITOR Parveen K Modi LAYOUT & DESIGN Monika Modak PHOTOGRAPHER Vinay Malik PHOTO SUPPORT Gopal Singh Karam Singh Neeraj Chopra Gauri Shankar Jasmer Singh DIGITAL & IT SUPPORT Vikas Dangi VOL 30, ISSUE 8, AUGUST 2016 Edited and published for the Haryana Government by Mr Sameer Pal Srow, IAS, Director General, Information, Public Relations & Languages Department, and issued from Samvad, Room No 314, 2nd Floor, Mini Secretariat, Sector-1, Panchkula (Haryana).
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HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 2 CONTENTS IN LIMELIGHT Aadhaar+DBT=Rs 445 crore p 4 The Aadhaar-linked Direct Benefit Transfer route has enabled the Haryana Government to weed out as many as 9.7 lakh fake and ineligible beneficiaries and save Rs 445 crore SPOTLIGHT Ther, no more a mound of woes for residents p 7 COVER STORY Tending farming, bending climate p 8 Committed to bettering the economic lot of the farmers, the Haryana Government, led by the Chief Minister, Mr Manohar Lal, has successfully piloted a pioneering project in Karnal district which will now be replicated in 250 villages of other districts Crop yields, margins go up; losses come down p 15 The successful implementation of the Scaling-up Climate Resilient Agriculture Practices Project in Karnal has resulted in increased crop yields, improved margins and lowered losses Jobs assigned, targets fixed p 20 FEATURE Record entries, footfalls mark Mango Mela p 22   contents 2016
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 3 CONTENTS Those readers who have changed their addresses should intimate it to Deputy Director Magazine, Old PWD (B&R) Building, Sector-19, Madhya Marg, Chandigarh - 160019. Ph. 0172-5055971 PHOTO FEATURE Rains under light spell magic p 26 SPECIAL REPORT CLUs: Two tiers now p 34 CABINET RESHUFFLE Three new faces in Haryana Cabinet p 36 CABINET DECISIONS Financial aid for the kin of deceased guest teachers p 37 NEWS IN CAPSULE The month that was p 42 OLYMPICS: HARYANA IN RIO Small state, largest Rio contingent p 44 Girls outnumber boys p 47 Olympic rings of comfort: True rags-to-riches tales p 49 Haryana’s tryst with Olympics began in 1968 p 50 SPORTS Neeraj makes javelin history, sets sights high p 51 ART AND CULTURE Capturing monsoon on canvas p 52 POTPOURRI Left handers p 54    
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 4 IN LIMELIGHT Parveen K Modi I ncredible it may sound but it is true. The Aadhaar-linked Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) route, taken by Haryana for the disbursal of various social welfare benefits and subsidies to the people on various counts, has paid rich dividends. Not only has the state government succeeded in weeding out 9.7 lakh fake and ineligible beneficiaries across the state but also saved Rs 445 crore which was unduly going to them. This revelation comes from none other than the Chief Minister, Mr Manohar Lal. He made this fact public while speaking at the eleventh meeting of the Inter-State Council in New Delhi.
Convened after a gap of 10 years, the meeting was presided over by the Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi.
DIVIDEND BREAK-UP Here goes the break-up of the huge dividend. The Haryana Government is estimated to have saved about Rs 133 crore in terms of kerosene subsidy with six lakh fake and ineligible beneficiaries being detected and deleted under the Aadhaar-based DBT scheme. As many as 2.2 lakh duplicate ration cards were also identified and cancelled through this process. Similarly, the government saved Rs 201 crore on account of disbursal of various social security pensions with the deletion of names of 1.5 lakh ineligible beneficiaries. The number of applications for post-matric scholarships has seen a decline of 40 per cent due to strict investigation after linkage with Aadhaar.
This led to a saving of Rs 110 crore. "The state government started implementation of various schemes through DBT last year, and now we plan to bring as many as 73 schemes worth Rs 5,916.07 crore spanning 15 departments under DBT", the Chief Minister told Haryana Review. As Haryana enters its Golden Jubilee year on November 1, it is reassuring that it has emerged as one of the most developed states in the country . "Haryana is one of the top ranking states in the country with Aadhaar enrolment of 109 per cent in the above 18 years category . This provides a robust platform to meaningfully use Aadhaar as an identifier for benefits management and delivery of citizen-centic services", Mr Manohar Lal said.
The Aadhaar-induced savings are being channelised to cover the needy and genuine beneficiaries under Aadhaar+DBT The Aadhaar-linked Direct Benefit Transfer route has enabled the Haryana Government to weed out as many as 9.7 lakh fake and ineligible beneficiaries and save Rs 445 crore
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 5 social security schemes. As many as 32.25 lakh beneficiaries have been covered under DBT and EBT while disbursing Rs 1,308.98 crore spanning 13 departments under 61 schemes in 2015-16 alone. In order to ensure that there is sustained focus and control of various benefit schemes, a DBT Cell has been established under the Finance Department.
It would look at the transfer of these benefits through close coordination with IT-enabled services. It is proposed to be aligned with the Government of India portal as and when it becomes operational. Haryana has pioneered Aadhaar-integrated birth enrolment adopted by the Registrar General of India as a part of the civil registration system. The outcome is that Aadhaar appears on the birth certificate. "We have launched a focused drive to get the children in the 0-5 age group enrolled under Aadhaar within the next three months", the Chief Minister said.
Numerous other e-governance applications have also been launched in the state. While the land record management system has been providing a mature level of service, numerous satellite applications such as e-stamping and e-registration have enhanced citizen experience and ensured predictable outcomes in land related transactions. The Integrated Financial Management and Human Resources System has emerged as a common platform for use by all government departments. "Over the previous year, we were able to deliver 125 citizen services through a network of more than 3,000 Common Service Centres (CSC).
With most of the services being delivered to the correct beneficiaries in a manner that is convenient to them, it is no surprise that the state has won 12 awards during 2015-16 from Digital India, CSI-Nihilent, Skoch and ELETS", the Chief Minister added.
EMPHASIS ON E-GOVERNANCE Haryana is committed to moving forward with greater emphasis on e-governance. In line with the steps already initiated, the state plans to cover 100 per cent beneficiaries under DBT schemes for transfer of subsidy to ensure elimination of the twin bane of middle-men and ineligible beneficiaries. The state is also working towards active adoption of e-KYC as a part of citizen service delivery . This model would enable the realisation of ‘across-the-counter’ service delivery, particularly through the CSCs, that will drastically reduce the hassle to the individual in obtaining government services.
In order to enhance investor-friendliness of the state, a single window portal has been launched. It is now possible for business entities and body corporates to leverage the same. One of the significant outcomes of this initiative is online registration of societies. "Besides ease in the registration process, matters related to compliance have also been duly addressed. With a view to mitigating the misuse and malpractices that are generIN LIMELIGHT The Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi, the Union Home Minister, Mr Rajnath Singh and the Haryana Chief Minister, Mr Mahonar Lal, at the 11th meeting of Inter-State Council, in New Delhi =Rs445crore
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 6 IN LIMELIGHT ally associated, we are trying to make provisions for winding up of societies as a part of this portal", Mr Manohar Lal said. DEMAND FOR MAHILA BATTALION The Chief Minister asked the Central Government to sanction one India Reserve Mahila Battalion for dealing with female agitators and also sought financial and technical support for modernisation of the police force in the state. He also demanded funds for the purchase of equipment for regional forensic science laboratories. He told the Inter-State Council that state government had adopted a transparent policy for the recruitment of constables and higher ranks.
The process is on for the recruitment of 5,000 general duty male constables, 1,000 constables under ex-servicemen’s category, and 1,000 women constables. As a result of this recruitment, the percentage of women in state police force would increase from six to eight, and thereafter, within a year, it will increase to ten. Women Police Stations have been set up at all district headquarters. This initiative has been widely appreciated. "Encouraged by the response, we have recently taken a decision to open help desks at all police stations at the sub-division level to expand their reach", Mr Manohar Lal said.
Referring to cyber crime, he said the state was in the process of establishing a State Level Cyber Crime Branch in Gurgaon which would have specially trained experts to crack such cases. There is urgent need to substantially increase the Central allocation under the Modernisation of Police Force Scheme. Gurgaon and Faridabad are two mega cities which need a major push under this comprehensive scheme for which the state needs financial and technical help from the Central Government. Haryana has a fully equipped Forensic Science Laboratory at Madhuban, Karnal. Two regional forensic science laboratories have also been set up in Gurgaon and Rohtak while two others have been sanctioned for Panchkula and Hisar.
I request the Central Government to provide funds for the purchase of equipment for these regional forensic science laboratories", the Chief Minister said. Mr Manohar Lal assured the Central Government that Haryana Police were fully geared up to deal with the activities of terrorists, fundamentalists, communal and anti-social elements, and prevent any disruption to the peace and communal harmony in the state.
SKILLING THE YOUTH On the issue of vocationalisation of education and skilling the youth, the Chief Minister said that Haryana was committed to honing the skills of youth to make them employable, producing industry-specific manpower, bringing about overall change in the education system while focusing on vocationalisation and universalisation of education at elementary level, and improving higher education. “We promote vocational training, skill-based education and entrepreneurship through increase in public spending, innovative private financing and promoting relevant and broad-based skill as per the requirement of our growing economy,” the Chief Minister said.
The state is implementing the Centrally sponsored scheme of vocationalisation of secondary and higher secondary education. At present, 14 skills stand introduced in 990 government senior secondary schools (two skills in each school) for enhancing the employability of students in integration with academic stream. Last year, out of the 280 Ten plus students who appeared for interviews, 216 were selected by various organisations for placement. This year in recent placement drive facilitated through the National Skill Development Corporation of India, 117 students of the age 18 years stand selected.
The success rate is 98 per cent as compared to 77 per cent last year.
Access to elementary, high and secondary education in Haryana is quite high. It is even better than the national average as one primary school has been planned in a radius of about 1 km, high school in a radius of 2.08 kms, and senior secondary school in a radius of 2.7 kms of every village. Optimum pupil-teacher ratio is a sine-qua-non for quality education. The ratio at primary and upper primary level is 28:1 which is in consonance with the RTE Act, and the student-teacher ratio in higher education is 18:1. Steps are being taken to bring the student-faculty ratio close to the ideal figure of 15:1 in higher education in the near future.
It has been decided to increase per child unit cost of school uniforms from Rs 400 to Rs 800 at the primary level, and to Rs 1,000 at upper primary level to enable the students to have two pairs of all-season uniforms. The Gross Enrolment Ratio of urban females is as high as 52.8 per cent in Panchkula, but is as low as four per cent in Nuh. Taking a serious note of this, it has been decided to open girls colleges in educationally backward districts at a radial distance of 20 kms, he added. g Haryana is committed to honing the skills of youth to make them employable, producing industry-specific manpower, bringing about overall change in the education system while focusing on vocationalisation and universalisation of education at elementary level, and improving higher education.
Manohar Lal Chief Minister
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 7 SPOTLIGHT Parveen K Modi C lose to 20,000 harried and helpless people, residing on Ther Mound in Sirsa District for decades, can now heave a sigh of relief. They no more face the threat of being dislodged and displaced, their dwelling units pulled down, and their only source of livelihood snatched from them. The Haryana Government, led by the Chief Minister, Mr Manohar Lal, has taken the historic and compassionate decision to de-notify the area. This will solve the 85-year-old problem faced by the residents of Ther Mound in Sirsa, conveniently glossed over by successive governments in the past.
The Haryana Government has initiated the process to de-notify the protected area of Ther Mound. A public notice in this regard has already been issued. Mr Jagdish Chopra, Political Advisor to the Chief Minister, told Haryana Review that finally the Ther Mound problem which had been lingering for decades, had been solved. A notification had been issued about 85 years ago under which Ther Mound of Sirsa was declared a protected area by the Archeological Department. SETTLERS BUILD HOUSES With successive governments deciding to look the other way, many people started migrating to this place from Western Pakistan in 1947.
Having no place and no means of livelihood, some of them started living on Ther Mound, and gradually the economically backward people who did not get a place anywhere, also built houses on Ther Mound. Others too followed suit, built houses on the Mound and started living there.
Presently, Ther Mound has more than 3,000 houses with a population of close to 20,000. A PLI petition was filed nine years ago in the Punjab and Haryana High Court and the court gave its verdict against the Ther Mound residents. The court had ordered the government to get the Mound vacated. No previous government showed any empathy for the people who had settled down there. Mr Chopra said when the matter of Ther Mound came to the notice of the BJP Government after its formation it deeply studied all aspects of the issue. The government thought of filing an appeal against the high court verdict but the time for doing so had run out.
It could not be filed after nine years.
The state government constituted a committee having one member each from the Archeological Survey of India (ASI), Archeology Department, Haryana, and Archeology Department, Kurushetra University . The committee went into all aspects of the issue and submitted its report to the government. It unanimously accepted that so many people resided on Ther Mound and just a short area had been left unoccupied which could not be utilised for the purpose of excavations. EXPERT VIEW TAKEN After getting the report of experts, a meeting was held under the chairmanship of the Chief Minister. After in-depth deliberations, it was decided that since it would be impossible to utilise this land for archeological purposes, it should be de-notified and the ASI informed accordingly.
It was also decided that a public notice be given informing people of the intent of the government to de-notify Ther Mound area. This solves a long pending issue and spares the residents the constant threat of having to lose their hearths and homes, Mr Chopra added. Sirsa, one of the oldest towns of Haryana, offered ancient route to Taxila. Its name is derived from the ancient name Sarishika, which finds mention in the Mahabharta. The ruins of the ancient Sarishika are believed to be buried in Ther Mound. This extensive site is spread over an area of about five kms in circumference with a maximum height of about 15 meters.
No archaeological excavations have so far been conducted at this site. But stone sculptures, coins, an inscription, pottery pieces and other antiquities collected from the surface to underscore its archaeological relevance. g Ther,nomoreamound ofwoesforresidents The Manohar Lal Government has decided to de-notify the area to facilitate people
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 8 Parveen K Modi T ranslating the vision of the Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi, to double the income of farmers in five years into reality, and moving fast forward to the road to bettering their economic lot in the state, the Haryana Government, led by the Chief Minister, Mr Manohar Lal, has successfully piloted a pioneering project in 27 villages of Karnal district. Encouraged and inspired by the positive outcomes, the government now wants to replicate it in 250 villages of other districts in the state. “Scaling-up Climate Resilient Agriculture Practices towards Climate Smart Villages (CSVs) in Haryana” is the name of the game.
The project seeks to minimise the danger climate change poses to humanity, and graver still, to the farming community . The 27 villages of Karnal district where it has been successfully experimented hold a mirror to the outcomes. PILOT PROJECT A JOINT EFFORT The pilot project was jointly undertaken by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), Department of Agriculture-Govt. of Haryana, National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) project under Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) and farmers’ cooperatives under the aegis of Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
The CSVs successfully adopted a portfolio of smart interventions that cover the full spectrum of farm household activities, including smart practices for managing water, weather, nutrient, carbon, energy and knowledge. Based on successful implementation of CSVs in 27 Karnal villages, it has been realised that it will be scaled out in 250 villages vulnerable to climate change of 10 districts in Haryana. Some pictures of the CSVs implemented are in Figure 1. Taking the project forward, Tendingfarming, bendingclimate Committed to bettering the economic lot of the farmers, the Haryana Government, led by the Chief Minister, Mr Manohar Lal, has successfully piloted a pioneering project in Karnal district which will now be replicated in 250 villages of other districts Figure 1: Picture of CSVs piloted in Karnal, Haryana
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 9 the state level steering committee chaired by the Chief Secretary, Mr D H Dhesi, has approved the Rs 25-crore detailed project report on implementation of the project in ten districts of Haryana. “Boiling things down to essentials, the project aims at equipping agriculture with techniques and systems to minimise the increasing effects of climate variability and change. For this, the traditional agricultural practices must make way for more climate-resilient practices. It seeks to facilitate this and makes a bold attempt at dealing with the emerging challenges of climate change through mainstreaming climate-smart agricultural interventions and practices,” the Chief Minister, Mr Manohar Lal, told Haryana Review.
Climate-resilient practices include all possible methods that are required to make agriculture producHaryana which came into existence on November 1, 1966, is a landlocked state in north India having a geographical area of 44,212 km (1.4% of country). According to 2011 Census of India, the state is the eighteenth largest by population with 25,353,081 inhabitants, including approximately 10,93,000 small and marginal farmers (having land of 0-2 hectares). Haryana is divided into 21 districts, 62 subdivisions, 83 tehsils, 47 subtehsils and 126 blocks. The state is extremely hot in summer with temperature of about 45°C and mild in winter.
The hottest months are May and June and the coldest December and January. The climate is arid to semi-arid with average annual rainfall of 354.5 mm. About 80 to 85% of rainfall is received between July and September, and the remaining rainfall is received from December to February. Essentially an agrarian state, the key economic sector of Haryana is agriculture with a cultivated area of 36,160 kms. The major source of irrigation is ground water--57% of the area is cultivated with ground water)- -followed by canals (43%). The underground water found in the state is mainly brackish. The cultivated area increased by 5.8% between 1950 and 2014.
The state has two agroclimatic zones. While the north-western part is suitable for rice, wheat, vegetable and temperate fruits, the southwestern part is suitable for high quality agricultural produce including tropical fruits, exotic vegetables, herbal and medicinal plants.
Farming-climate window on Haryana
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 10 tion system more resilient to climate change. The project proposes to sustainably intensify crops and cropping systems in Haryana for enhancing and sustaining production at less cost by adopting climate-resilient technologies, without deteriorating soil health and maintaining the flow of environmental services. These practices seek to bridge the management yield gaps in dominant crops for ensuring food security, poverty alleviation, nutritional diet for all, rural development, enhancing productivity, improve environmental quality and preserve natural resources.
The project will be implemented in such areas as are not equipped with water storage structures for agriculture resulting in low crop productivity, replacing native climate adaptive crops with commercial crops.
Since farmers rely mainly on ground water for meeting their water needs, leading to reduction in ground water levels, crop failures and inadequate water supply have led to widespread distress migration of farmers. Areas have also been selected based on availability of water for agriculture purpose and farms having nutrient imbalance. The project also aims at improving the adaptive capacity of rural community to climate change through enhancing the portfolios of climate-resilient agriculture interventions in targeted villages of Haryana. The farming community of Haryana (approximately 300 families/village) will be the target beneficiary, among which 35 per cent of overall beneficiaries under the project would be women.
Trend in the cultivated area during 1950-2012 is shown in figure 2. Anthropogenic activities have been responsible for causing changes in climate since 1950s as brought out by the 5th Assessment report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). These activities are leading to shift in various climatic parameters such as warming of atmosphere, oceans and land; diminishing of snow and ice cover; sea level rise etc. Scientific study conducted by India predicts that the annual mean surface air temperature of the country may rise from 3.5°C to 4.3°C by the end of the century .
This is bound to have spin-off effects on water availability, oceanic acidification, food production etc.
The rub-off on agriculture sector includes increased risk of water scarcity and food shortage causing malnutrition, particularly for poorer populations both in urban and rural settings. “With more than 50 per cent of the population of Haryana dependent on agriculture and related activities, farming remains the mainstay of the economy of the state. And agriculture is largely impacted by the Figure 2: Trend in the cultivated area between 1950 and 2012 Boiling things down to essentials, the project aims at equipping agriculture with techniques and systems to minimise the increasing effects of climate variability and change.
For this, the traditional agricultural practices must make way for more climate-resilient practices.
Manohar Lal Chief Minister
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 11 effects of climate change. The major implications are weather variability; crop season shifting, temperature alterations and precipitation patterns which affect different aspects of crop production and integral agricultural ecosystem rising temperature and erratic rainfall,” Mr Manohar Lal said. Due to increased requirement of water for irrigation by agricultural crops, groundwater resources are being overexploited (55 out of 108 blocks were overexploited in Haryana by 2009) because of excessive withdrawal of water for irrigation.
Agriculture in Haryana faces twin challenges of resource fatigue and decelerating productivity growth of cereal crops. There also exist large yield gaps more particularly ‘management yield gaps ’ ranging from 14-47%, 18 to 70% and 36 to 77% in wheat, rice and maize, respectively .
THE NON-CLIMATIC STRESSES The problems of farmers of the state are further aggravated due to some non-climatic stresses. These are declining in soil organic carbon and increasing multiple plant nutrition deficiencies (N, P, K, S, Zn, Fe); development of herbicide resistance and a shift in weed flora and pest populations; poor management of crop residues, leading to pollution through burning of farm waste. According to the India State of Forest Report (2013), Forest Survey of India, forest and tree cover of the state is 6.49% of its geographical area. State has four main geographical features namely, Yamuna-Ghaggar plain (largest part of the state), Shivalik Hills to the northeast, Semi-desert sandy plain to the southwest, Aravalli Range in the south.
The Yamuna river flows along the state's eastern boundary . Main seasonal river, the Ghaggar rises in the outer Himalayas, between the Yamuna and the Satluj and enters the state near Pinjore in Panchkula district. Another seasonal river Markandariver originates from the lower Shivalik Hills and enters Ambala.
Figure 3 shows the agro-climatic zones of the state. Figure 3: Agro-climatic zones of Haryana
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 12 The proposed project activities are in line with the interventions of the National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) under National Action Plan on Climate Change. NMSAaims to make Indian agriculture more resilient to climate change through developing new varieties of thermal resistant crops, new credit and insurance mechanisms and improving productivity of rain-fed agriculture. The proposed activity is also highlighted under the Agriculture Chapter of Haryana State Action Plan on Climate Change.
Trend in area under each crop during 2000-2010 is at Figure 4. The project proposes sustainable agriculture practices through adoption of climate change adaptation and mitigation practices such as conservation agriculture (CA) based management practices (zero tillage, DSR, residue management), cropping system optimisation/diversification; decision support (Nutrient Expert) and sensor (Green-Seeker) based nutrient site-specific nutrient management, precision water management (laser levelling, micro-irrigation), stress resilient cultivars, The overall objective of the project “Scaling-up Climate Resilient Agriculture Practices towards Climate Smart Villages (CSVs) in Haryana” is to improve the adaptive capacity of rural community to climate change through enhancing the portfolio of climate resilient agriculture interventions in targeted villages of the state.
This objective is proposed to be achieved through following activities: Targeting and identifying different climate smart interventions in targeted climate vulnerable villages in Haryana as per farmers’ socio-economic and biophysical conditions Enhancing the capacities of stakeholders for implementing and sustaining the climate change adaptation strategies Real-time promotion of risk management practices/ strategies of climate smart agriculture through agroadvisories for resource-poor farmers in target domains Implementing/innovating science-based suitable climate change adaptation strategies/ practices Mainstreaming adaptation strategies into policies and programmes through better Knowledge Management and Sharing Project objectives / activities Figure 4: Trend in area under each crop between 2000 and 2010
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 13 seed and fodder banks powered with value-added weather forecasts; ICT based agro-advisories; capacity building and knowledge & experience dissemination to wider population. Major crop grown in Haryana are Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Bajra, Barley, Maize, Gram, Sugarcane, Cotton, Toria, Taramira, Sarson and Pulses. On comparing the trend of area under production, it has been inferred that crops such as Jowar, Maize, Gram, Sugarcane, Cotton, Toria, Sarson and Pulses grown in Kharif season shows a negative growth.
Climate variability trends play an essential role in reduction in yield of the above crops.
As per the Hundal and Kaur (1996), it is estimated that temperature increase of 1◦C, 2◦C and 3 C from present-day condition, reduces the grain yield of maize by 10.4%, 14.6% and 21.4%. Similar trends of yield reduction are seen on the other crops. DEPENDENCE ON RAINFALL The trend shows the dependence of agricultural crop on rainfall in the state. It can be inferred that the crop has a high demand for rainfall which is not sufficient based on requirement. Further, there has been shift in monsoon patterns, which is another concern of the farmers, which destroys the crop due to its uncertainty .
According to the vulnerability study conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research conducted under the aegis of National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) project, the districts of the Haryana are vulnerable to climate change. While the northern half of Haryana has low normalised vulnerability(< 0.25), it is higher in the southern districts of Faridabad, Mahendragarh, Bhiwani and Gurgaon (vulnerability ranging from 0.7 to 1.0) Vulnerability of districts of Haryana due to climate change is at Figure 5.
The proposed project will be implemented in 250 villages of 10 districts namely, Yamunanagar, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Karnal, Jind, Figure 5: Vulnerability of districts to climate change
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 14 Kaithal, Panipat,Sonipat, Sirsa and Fatehabad. Location of the district is at Figure 6. Due to crop failure and inadequate water supply in these districts, there is widespread distress migration of farmers. These areas have also been selected based on availability of water for agriculture purposes, farms having nutrient imbalance, farmers implementing residue burning etc. Karnal has shown the path other districts are destined to follow to make a tangible difference in the lives of the farmers of the state. g Figure 6: Districts covered under the project
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 15 Parveen K Modi T he dream project ‘Scaling-up Climate Resilient Agriculture Practices towards Climate Smart Villages in Haryana’, piloted in 27 villages of Karnal district, has delivered on its potential and promise. It has resulted in numerous benefits to the farmers which include higher yields, lower losses, improved margins and scaling up of villages. Small wonder the state government now plans to replicate it in 250 other villages. A joint effort of CGIAR research program on climate change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), the project was implemented by the National Agriculture Research Systems (NARS) and CIMMYT.
The basic objective remains to make the farming community aware about various technological, institutional and policy options that can increase their climatic resilience, adaptation, agricultural productivity and income while reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases,” Mr S K Goyal, Director General, Environment, told Haryana Review. Needless to emphasise, the farmers in Karnal villages are not only more aware of things but are happier too. Under the project, climate smart agriculture practices (CSAPs) were used for scaling community smart villages (CSVs) in Haryana. The CSAPs include conservation agriculture-based management practices (zero tillage, DSR, residue management), cropping system optimisation/diversification; nutrient expert and sensor (green-seeker) based nutrient site-specific nutrient management, besides precision water management (laser levelling, micro-irrigation), stress resilient cultivars, seed and fodder banks powered with value-added weather forecasts; ICT based agro-advisories etc.
COMPONENTS AND ACTIVITIES The major components of the project and the activities undertaken to bring about the desired results, are: Component 1: Targeting and identifying different climate smart interventions in targeted climate vulnerable villages in Haryana in keeping with farmers’ socio-economic and bio-physical conditions. It aims at identifying, mainstreaming and prioritising demand-driven adapted climate smart interventions in target domains for improving the adaptive capacity of rural livelihoods to climate change. It involves the following activities: A: Baseline survey Baseline data of the practices being implemented is collected through survey in each village and focussed group discussions at community level.
It helps in understanding the current vulnerability of the farmer due to climate change, existing cropping strategy, identifying activities based on the geographical conditions of the field and socio-economic status Cropyields,marginsgo up;lossescomedown Successful implementation of the Scaling-up Climate Resilient Agriculture Practices Project in Karnal has resulted in increased crop yields, improved margins and lowered losses Counting the eggs in the basket from the scaling-up project The new systems adopted under the project have helped produce higher wheat yields (6% higher in 2013-14 and 13% higher in 2014- 15) than the conventional tillage systems in Karnal CSVs.
Farmers who practiced conventional tillage in the winter of 2014-15, which had untimely heavy rains, averaged 19% yield loss, whereas those practicing new systems averaged a yield loss of only 10% at same locations.
S C Goyal DG, Environment
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 16 Component/Activities Key Benefits Social Economic Environmental Targeting and identifying different climate smart interventions in targeted climate vulnerable villages and enhancing farmers capacities Farmers will be aware of the change implications and will be able to adopt/modify their farming activities. The improved capabilities on risk will help marginal and small farmers in adopting the strategies to mitigate climate change impacts, which will enhance their income levels and improve their livelihood.
Perceptions of the farmers will change through adopting climate friendly activities Implementation of real-time risk management and science based suitable climate change adaptation strategies/ practices Farmers will implement efficient agricultural inputs based on climate variability parameters. This will be a sustainable practice to be adopted by farmers. Improved cropping strategies and adoption of best management practices such as optimum nutrient use, soil moisture conservation etc. will increase the net household income through increased farm returns i.e. yields and/or a reduction in production costs Due to better adoption of improved policies, in addition to the benefit to the farming community, an improvement on the government mechanisms for better planning of scarce water and other resources will lead to long term benefits to the state’s economy Reduced cost of labour as Wheat and Maize are implemented through less farmer’s interference Development of best management practices suitable and adaptable to each location will reduce the stress on natural resources.
Better matching of cropping systems to seasonal rainfall variations is likely to increase water & nutrient use efficiencies, reduce the environmental impacts and improve watershed performance. Shifting to wheat-maize system will reduce stress on water resources; diversify livelihood option and reduce emission GHG from paddy Social, economic and environmental benefits of the project
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 17 of the farmers. B: Data analysis and prioritising climate smart agricultural practices Data generated from the baseline survey of the villages and community is analysed through qualified researchers/state department officials.
Based on various indicators on vulnerability, socio-economic criteria etc., agricultural practices will be identified and prioritised for each village and accordingly, necessary equipment would be bought for effective implementation of the practices. Component 2: Enhancing the capacities of stakeholders for implementing and sustaining climate change adaptation strategies. It mainly helps in enhancing the skill of farmers for effective and efficient implementation of agronomic practices. It not only helps in enhancing the yield of agricultural crops and increasing their income but also facilitates sustainable development of activities.
This component involves following activities: A: Skill development of young farmers/entrepreneurs In order to have greater impact, five young farmers/entrepreneurs interested in disseminating agricultural information to farmers are first trained. Youths are trained twice in a year in two seasons i.e. Rabi and Kharif. Since farm technologies are need-based in a season, skilled training will be provided for two years. These young farmers/entrepreneurs are also provided with agricultural kits (including a tablet, package of practices information).
B: Training of farmers on agricultural practices Skilled young farmers/entrepreneurs will be responsible for training and capacity building of farmers (approximately 300 families) of 250 villages.
Farmers are trained in effective and sustainable agronomic measures, so that they could implement the practices in their fields. C: Exposure visits/travelling seminars for disseminating the field practices The project has successfully created 27 CSVs in Karnal district. Exposure visits play an important role. This has led the Haryana Government to decide on the development of more 250 CSVs in 10 districts. Exposure visits/travelling seminars are arranged for the farmers at the district, inter-district and inter-state The project has yielded lot of benefits to the farming community and their villages.
These include: n CA-based systems produced higher wheat yields (6% higher in 2013-14 and 13% higher in 2014-15) than conventional tillage systems in Karnal CSVs. Farmers who practiced conventional tillage in the winter of 2014-15, which had untimely heavy rains, averaged 19% yield loss, whereas those practicing CA averaged a yield loss of only 10% in same locations.
n CA-based maize on permanent beds produced 15% higher yield in the abnormal year 2015 (~20 cm rainfall received in 15 hrs) at knee height stage. n Zero tillage along with improved cultivars and proper residue management are quite efficient cultivation practices for RWS in Haryana. Also green seeker based nitrogen management helped in increasing profit margins. n In all CSVs mean grain yield of wheat was 14% higher with that of farmer practice trials whereas cost of cultivation was 17 % lower which ultimately increased net returns by 24% compared to farmer practice. The B: C ratio was 44% higher compared to FP.
n Nutrient expert based fertiliser management increased mean grain yield by 10% compared to conventional nutrient management. Although cost of cultivation was 3% higher in NE approach, net returns 12 % more compared to conventional nutrient management.
n Green seeker based Nitrogen management in wheat resulted in 4% higher profitability compared to the conventional practice of nitrogen application. Counting the eggs
- HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 18 No. Project/Programme Components Expected Concrete Outputs Expected Outcomes Amount (Rs.) 1. Targeting and identifying different climate vulnerable interventions in targeted climate smart villages in Haryana as per farmer’s socio economic and bio-physical conditions
- 75,000 families’ perceptions on climate changeimpacts, existingcoping/adaptationstrategies to prevent the change andcapacities to adaptto climate changewill be identified and analysed
- Concerns/issues due to implications of climate change of 250 villages will be identified
- Prioritisation of agronomic adaptation measures to be implemented at village level for 250 villages
- Stakeholders aware of the climate change impacts in the target region. Farm households and prioritised activity for implementation identified
- Finalised adaptation strategies suitable to the target locations and farm household typologies 1,25,00,000 2.
- Enhancing the capacities of stakeholders for implementing and sustaining the climate change adaptation strategies
- Skill development of 1250 young farmers / entrepreneurs on effective implementation of climate smart agriculture practices. Once capacitated, a business model will be developed for sustaining the farmers capacity development activities
- 25 Capacity building trainings/workshopsfor farmers conducted
- 100 exposure visits to target villages/ farms where adaptation measures are implemented Farmers would be capacitated on effective implementation of agriculture practices. The implementation of agricultural practices will further be sustained by farmers.
- 1,75,00,000 3. Real-time promotion of risk management practices/ strategies of climate smart agriculture through agro-advisories for resource poor farmers in target domains
- Seasonal climate forecast provided for wheat and maize cropsfor 250 target villages through utilising and linkingexisting weather information of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCSHAU) and M. Kisan services
- Farmers adjust their farm planning and operational decisions based on the climate forecast and also take preventive measures for savingthe crops and minimizing the costs of production 2,87,50,000 4.
- Implementing/Innovating science based suitable climate change adaptation strategies/ practices
- Implementation of suitable agronomic adaptation measures in 250 target villages in 10 districts of the state
- Valuechain integration of climate smart farm households
- Shifting to wheat-maize system will reduce stress on water resources; diversify livelihood option and reduce emission Greenhouse Gas from paddy
- Best Climate Change Adaptation measures implemented by the beneficiary households in the target locations
- Improvement of resilience of farm households to the projected climate change impacts such as rise in temperature, erratic rainfall etc.
- Enhanced farmer’s income due to continued enhanced crop yield even during water stress conditions 15,62,00,000 5.
- Mainstreaming adaptation strategies into policies and programmes through better Knowledge Management and Sharing Development of knowledge and outreach products like manuals, posters, films, research papers etc. dissemination the project activities, experience, challenges and outcomes
- Convergence of policies in programs that influence adaptation behaviour of farmers 1,50,00,000 Project Execution Cost 23,00,00,000 Total Project Cost (Including coordination charges of 5%) 24,94,00,000 Project Cycle Management Fee charged by the Implementing Entity (3% of the project cost) 60,00,000 Amount of Financing Requested 25,00,00,000 Project / programme components and financing
HARYANA REVIEW AUGUST 2016 COVER STORY 19 levels, so that the activities could be replicated in other villages. Component 3: Real-time promotion of risk management practices/ strategies of climate smart agriculture through agro-advisories for resource poor farmers in target domains. It aims at providing information to village farmers regarding the likely risk they would suffer due to projected climate change implications. Based on agro-advisories, information on the likely activities that can be implemented to maximise the yield, is provided to the farmers in target domains.
It involves following activities: A: Developing network of knowledge partners A network of knowledge partners for disseminating information to young farmers/entrepreneurs regarding application of real-time technologies through various workshops/seminars is created on the existing infrastructure of government institutions.
B: Providing seasonal farming climate forecast and agro-advisories Information on seasonal farming climate forecast and suitable agricultural activity to be undertaken will be provided to farmers through the skilled youth. Young farmers will be trained in application of Information, Communication and Technology to make use of agro-advisory services and planning the best practices.
Component 4: Implementing/ innovating science-based suitable climate change adaptation strategies/ practices. It involves the following activities: A: Developing excellence/innovation model in each village A model field at one of the community/panchayat lands is created in all target villages highlighting the best practices which can be implemented in farms. This excellence/ innovation model is provided with Happyseeder and Multi-crop planter. Maize thresher is also provided to 100 villages where maize is a major crop. B: Replication of agricultural practices in other villages Agricultural practices are implemented in other villages based on suitability for implementation in agricultural fields such as soil moisture content, availability of nutrients, socio-economic characteristics of field farmers, crop growing conditions etc.
Necessary plantation inputs are also provided. Equipment for implementing the practices can be taken from the model farm.
Component 5: Mainstreaming adaptation strategies into policies and programmes through better knowledge management and sharing. It involves the following activities: A: Organising Workshops Workshops are organised for a large number of stakeholders, including line departments, farmers, village councils etc at the start of the project. Further, mid-term workshop are organised around January/ March, 2018 for reviewing project activities. Final workshop is held towards the end of the project to disseminate the final outcome/outputs, the challenges faced and the success notched up.
B:Development of knowledge products Knowledge products such as films (bilingual), manuals for various project activities, posters and research papers will be developed and success stories on project implementation are disseminated for the benefit of one and all.
IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE The chart below indicates the dates of the various milestones for the project. Such projects as have four or more than four years of implementation schedule would require midterm review after two years. SUSTAINABILITY OF INTERVENTION The project follows a demand-driven approach to developing adaptive capacities of stakeholders to climate change. The design of various components is a result of continuous collaborative engagement of the project partners in farmer-participatory climate adaptation research in the region.
The adaptation strategies will be developed based on thorough analysis of the social, economic, agricultural and ecological dimensions of the problem of vulnerability to climate change conducted by the departments. The involvement of all stakeholders in the design of the project supports the demand driven nature of the project promoting ownership and acceptance of the promoted solutions. Once the project is over, farmers will be provided requisite capacity for successfully implementing adaptation interventions and will be well versed with the success rate of activities. This would help the farmers in comfortably applying and investing in these activities.
The knowledge management strategy of the project ensures that the tools, manuals and other documents highlighting the key success factors and processes are available freely (open source) for utilisation of stakeholders to sustain adaptation beyond the project period and locations. These findings will help in ensuring sustainability. The way things have been planned are activities are lined up, all loose ends seem to have been tied up to ensure that it delivers. g Milestones Expected Dates Start of Project/Programme Implementation 1stOctober, 2016 Mid-term Review 31stMarch, 2018 Project/Programme Closing 15thSeptember, 2019 Terminal Evaluation 30th September, 2019