Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...

 
Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...
OFFICE OF EVALUATION

        Thematic evaluation series

   Evaluation of FAO’s
    contribution to the
     reduction of rural
      poverty through
Strategic Programme 3
                       APPENDICES

                       March 2017
Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...
Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...
THEMATIC EVALUATION SERIES

      Evaluation of FAO’s contribution
      to the reduction of rural poverty
       through Strategic Programme 3

                      APPENDICES

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
                 OFFICE OF EVALUATION

                      March 2017
Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Office of Evaluation (OED)

This report is available in electronic format at: http://www.fao.org/evaluation

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Photo credit (cover photos): FAO
Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

Contents

Acknowledgements........................................................................................................................................iv

Appendix 1. Evaluation process ..........................................................................................1

Appendix 2. References .........................................................................................................3

Appendix 3. People contacted .......................................................................................... 27

Appendix 4. Evaluation methodology ........................................................................... 48

Appendix 5. SP3 Results Framework: outcomes, outputs, indicator
and targets ............................................................................................................................... 53

                                                                                                                                                             iii
Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

     Acknowledgements

     The Office of Evaluation would like to thank all those who contributed to this
     exercise. The evaluation team, led by Carlos Tarazona, Senior Evaluation Officer,
     consisted of SV Divvaakar (India), Julia Compton (United Kingdom), Alvaro Ramos
     (Uruguay), Norma Correa (Peru), Fabio Veras (Brazil), Asyl Undeland (Kyrgyzstan/
     USA), Jacques de Graaf (The Netherlands), Mohamed Mohieddin (Egypt), James
     Gasana (Rwanda) and Bola Akanji (Nigeria), The team was ably supported
     by Ahmedou Ould Abdallahi and Veridiana Mansour, Evaluation Officers,
     and Nadine Monnichon, Administrative Assistant. An Expert Panel provided
     independent advice and guidance to the evaluation and usefully commented
     on this report. It was composed by Leila Pakkala (Regional Representative for
     Eastern and Southern Africa, UNICEF), Rachel Sabates-Wheeler (Research Fellow,
     Institute of Development Studies), Bradford Barham (Professor, University of
     Wisconsin-Madison’s Agricultural and Applied Economics Department) and
     Gustavo Gordillo de Anda (Independent consultant, Mexico).

     The evaluation was carried out with the invaluable assistance of the core team of
     Strategic Programme 3 (SP3), including Benjamin Davis, SP3 Team Leader; Maya
     Takagi, Deputy SP3 Team Leader; David Conte, Senior Strategic Advisor; Philippe
     Ankers, Senior Programme Advisor and leader for Outcome 1 (Access and
     Empowerment); Peter Wobst, Senior Programme Advisor and leader for Outcome
     2 (Decent Rural Employment); Natalia Winder-Rossi, Senior Programme Advisor
     and leader for Outcome 3 (Social Protection); Daniela Kalikoski, Programme
     Advisor; Ana de la O, Programme Advisor. We are also very grateful to Rob Vos,
     former SP3 Team Leader; Salomon Salcedo, former leader for Outcome 1; and
     Vito Cistulli; former leader for Outcome 3, as well as to each of the Delivery Team
     Leaders within Strategic Programme 3 and their colleagues. They supported this
     exercise patiently and continually, investing much of their time and knowledge
     in the evaluation.

     We also thank the Regional Strategic Programme Coordinators, Delivery
     managers and focal points who contributed to this evaluation: Beth Crawford,
     Tacko Ndiaye, Mohamed AgBendech, Cisse Al Hassan (Africa); Xiangjun Yao,
     Clara Park (Asia); Raimund Jehle, Morten Hartvigsen, Katalin Ludvig (Europe and
     Central Asia); Adoniram Sanches Peraci, Luiz Carlos Beduschi; Katalina Moyano
     (Latin America and the Caribbean); Pasquale Steduto; Alfredo Impiglia, Malika
     Martini (Near East and North Africa); as well as the staff from the over 30 FAO
     decentralized offices contacted by the team, i.e. the Regional Office for Africa, the
     Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, the Regional Office for the
     Near East and North Africa, the Regional Office for Asia and Pacific, the Regional
     Office for Europe and Central Asia, the Sub-regional Office for Central Asia,
     the Sub-regional Office for North Africa, and the Country Offices of Mexico, El
     Salvador, Colombia, Paraguay, Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan,
     Myanmar, Cambodia, Viet Nam, India, Indonesia, China, Lebanon, Tunisia, Sudan,
     Ghana, Senegal, Nigeria, Zambia, Kenya, Malawi and Lesotho.

     Finally, we would like to express our sincere gratitude to the representatives from
     the government, academia, resources partners, development agencies, farmers’
     organizations, private sector and FAO staff who responded to our enquiries
     during this exercise.

iv
Evaluation of FAO's contribution to the reduction of rural poverty through Strategic Programme 3 - Thematic evaluation series - Food and ...
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

Appendix 1. Evaluation process

1     The evaluation started with an Evaluability Assessment carried out in the first quarter of
      2016 in order to determine the feasibility and readiness of evaluating FAO’s work in SP3
      areas, and identify which components of SP3 were worthwhile to evaluate for results. It
      was then concluded that sufficient results and resources have been reported/allocated
      since the start of the implementation of the revised Strategic Framework to justify this
      evaluation.

2     Following the conclusions of the evaluability assessment, an Evaluation Team was
      assembled including experts covering the following key areas:

      • Rural development.
      • Agricultural economics
      • Rural employment
      • Social protection
      • Gender mainstreaming

3     In addition, to thematic expertise, the Evaluation Team composition took into
      consideration the regional expertise dimension to ensure adequate contextualisation of
      the assessments and findings.

4     The Evaluation Team held extensive meetings and group working-sessions in mid-
      September 2016 in FAO HQ in Rome, before embarking on missions to sixteen countries
      across the different regions. Specifically, the team, divided in different sub-teams, visited
      the following countries:

      • Africa: Zambia, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal and Malawi
      • Europe and Central Asia: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, and Georgia
      • Near East and North Africa: Lebanon, Tunisia, and Sudan
      • Latin America: El Salvador, Paraguay, Colombia and México

5     In addition, the Evaluation Team conducted telephonic and skype interviews with
      FAORs and Technical Officers in nine additional countries, including Armenia, Lesotho,
      Cambodia, Indonesia, China, India, Myanmar, Viet Nam, Nepal.

6     The countries selected for study were largely chosen based on the volume of SP3
      interventions reported in the biennium’s 2014-15 & 2016-17, and their membership of
      Regional initiatives. Moreover, the Evaluation Team used evidence gathered from recent
      and ongoing country programme evaluations in Bangladesh, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar,
      Niger and Tanzania and the evaluation of the Strategic Objective 5.

7     Overall, the evaluation team interviewed 669 representatives from FAO, Government
      and development partners in 29 countries. International organizations and other
      stakeholders working in rural poverty reduction were also interviewed, including staff
      of Rome-based Agencies (IFAD and WFP), UN Agencies (ILO, UNICEF, UN Women and
      UNDP), international financing institutions (World Bank and regional banks), academia,
      civil society, private sector, donors, etc. Below is a table with a breakdown of people
      consulted by type of institution and region.

                                                                                                      1
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

    Table 1. Breakdown of people contacted by institution

     Institution                  Number        Distribution
     FAO                          310           125 headquarters
                                                185 decentralized offices
     Government                   184           104 central governments
                                                72 local governments
                                                8 parliamentarians
     International Partners       108           61 UN agencies, including 16 from WFP, 14 from UNICEF, 13
                                                from UNDP, 11 from ILO and 3 from UN Women
                                                26 donors, including 9 from the EU and 3 from USAID.
                                                18 IFIs, including 8 from IFAD, 7 from the World Bank, and 3
                                                from the African Development Bank
                                                3 international organizations, including African Union,
                                                NEPAD, and the OIM
     Non-state actors             66            28 Academia/ research institutions
                                                16 Non governmental organizations
                                                12 cooperatives / producer organizations
                                                10 private sector

    8      Following the field missions, the Evaluation Team prepared country and regional working
           papers addressing the evaluation questions from a geographic and thematic perspective,
           assessing the specific contribution of the relevant global product(s) and regional initiative
           at country level. These papers were based on desk review, extensive feedback from FAO
           staff and key stakeholders and field observation. The findings were substantiated by
           evidence gathered in the field and triangulated with FAO staff in different locations (HQ,
           regional and country office).

    9      The evaluation team discussed the regional working papers with relevant internal
           stakeholders, including the FAO SP3 Management Team, and staff of Regional and country
           offices. A formal debriefing was held from the 30th of January to the 2nd of February 2017,
           which included discussion on the preliminary thematic and overarching findings emerging
           from the evaluation of progress.

    10     Afterwards, the Evaluation Team submitted the draft thematic reports, which assessed
           progress under each of the three Outcomes of SP3 (i.e., Access and Empowerment, Decent
           Rural Employment, Social Protection), as well as the analysis of SP3 contributions to gender
           equality, for comments, together with the summary report.

    11     The final draft of the summary report was presented to the Evaluation Committee and
           reviewed by the external Panel of Experts in early March 2017. The final evaluation report
           and related annexes were finalized and published on the FAO evaluation website in mid-
           March 2017.

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Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

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    74    FAO. 2013. “Características y evolución de la pobreza, la desigualdad y las políticas en zonas
          rurales de América Latina. Pobreza rural y políticas públicas en América Latina y el Caribe”.
          Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3069s/i3069s.pdf
    75    FAO. 2013. Children’s work in the livestock sector: Herding and beyond. Rome, FAO.
          Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/017/i3098e/i3098e.pdf
    76    FAO. 2013. Climate-smart Agriculture Sourcebook. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.
          fao.org/docrep/018/i3325e/i3325e.pdf
    77    FAO. 2013. FAO Policy on Gender Equality. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/
          docrep/017/i3205e/i3205e.pdf
    78    FAO. 2013. FAO Strategy for Partnership with Civil Society Organizations. Rome, FAO.
          Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3443e.pdf
    79    FAO. 2013. Ghana Country Program Framework 2013-2016. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
    80    FAO. 2013. Ghana: promoting decent work opportunities along the cassava value
          chain. Online. Available at: http://www.fao.org/rural-employment/resources/detail/
          en/c/318129/
    81    FAO. 2013. Good practice policies to eliminate gender inequalities in fish value chains.
          Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3553e/i3553e.pdf
    82    FAO. 2013. Governing Land for Women and Men: a technical guide to support the
          achievements of responsible gender-equitable governance land tenure. Rome, FAO.
          Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/017/i3114e/i3114e.pdf

6
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

83    FAO. 2013. Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar: preventing child labour in the livestock and
      fisheries sectors. Online. Available at: http://www.fao.org/rural-employment/resources/
      detail/en/c/318099/
84    FAO. 2013. Medium-Term Plan 2014-17 and Programme of Work and Budget 2014-15,
      Information Note No. 10 – June 2013: FAO’s Comparative advantage in relation to Social
      Protection. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/028/MG838E.pdf
85    FAO. 2013. National Sustainable Development Strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic for the
      period of 2013-2017. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/
      en/?details=LEX-FAOC143374
86    FAO. 2013. Pobreza rural y políticas públicas en América Latina y el Caribe. Rome, FAO.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3069s/i3069s.pdf
87    FAO. 2013. Promoting decent employment in forestry for improved nutrition
      and food security. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/forestry/37072-
      0fead0729740853a8e0e2410ffde85d8e.pdf
88    FAO. 2013. Promoting Decent Rural Employment through FAO’s Integrated Country
      Approach in Malawi and Tanzania. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-
      i2923e.pdf
89    FAO. 2013. Senegal Country Program Framework 2013-2017. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
90    FAO. 2013. SO3 High-Level Work Plan. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
91    FAO. 2013. SO3/OO2 Decent Rural Employment 2014 –15 Summary of Key Global Products.
      Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
92    FAO. 2013. The Gender and Equity Implications of Land-Related Investments on Land
      access, Labour and Income-Generating Opportunities: A Case Study of Selected Agricultural
      Investments in Lao PDR. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/017/aq293e/
      aq293e.pdf
93    FAO. 2013. The Gender and Equity Implications of Land-Related Investments on Land
      access, Labour and Income-Generating Opportunities: A Case Study of Selected Agricultural
      Investments in Zambia. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/aq536e/
      aq536e.pdf
94    FAO. 2013. Zambia Country Program Framework 2013-2015. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
95    FAO. 2014. Agricultural Trade Policies in the Post Soviet Countries 2014/15. Rome, FAO.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6160e.pdf
96    FAO. 2014. Aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems - studies and reports from
      Indonesia, Lao PDR and the Philippines. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-
      i3841e.pdf
97    FAO. 2014. Bangladesh Country Programming Framework. Dhaka, FAO. Available at:
      http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4236e.pdf
98    FAO. 2014. Decent Rural Employment Toolbox. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.
      org/fileadmin/user_upload/fao_ilo/pdf/DRE_Applied_Definition.pdf
99    FAO. 2014. FAO’s Integrated Country Approach for promoting decent rural employment:
      implementation in Malawi and Tanzania (2011-13). Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.
      fao.org/docrep/019/i3725e/i3725e.pdf
100   FAO. 2014. FAO’s contribution to reducing and preventing child labour in agriculture (2012-
      2014). Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3792e.pdf
101   FAO. 2014. FAO’s Integrated Country Approach for promoting decent rural employment
      Implementation in Malawi and Tanzania (2011-13). Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.
      fao.org/docrep/019/i3725e/i3725e.pdf
102   FAO. 2014. FAO, private & public partnership model for youth employment in agriculture:
      experiences from Malawi, Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar archipelago. Rome, FAO.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4118e.pdf
103   FAO. 2014. FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-second Session. Rome, Italy, 24 –
      28 February. (NERC/14/4 Rev.2 ). Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-mj729e.pdf
104   FAO. 2014. FAO Strategic Objective 3 Reduce Rural Poverty Highlights of Achievements in
      2014. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.

                                                                                                      7
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

    105   FAO. 2014. FAO’s Strategic Objective 3: Reduce Rural Poverty. Rome, FAO. Available at
          http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3872e.pdf
    106   FAO. 2014. Gender inequalities in rural employment in Tanzania Mainland- An overview.
          Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4083e.pdf
    107   FAO. 2014. Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition – FSN Forum. Online. Available at:
          http://www.fao.org/fsnforum/activities/discussions/care-farming
    108   FAO. 2014. Global Products of SO3 Outcome OO1 for 2014-15 - By clusters. Rome, FAO.
          Unpublished.
    109   FAO. 2014. Impact of Foreign Agriculture Investment in developing countries. Rome, FAO.
          Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3900e.pdf
    110   FAO. 2014. Kenya Country Program Framework 2014-2017. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
    111   FAO. 2014. Malawi Country Program Framework 2014-2017. Unpublished.
    112   FAO. 2014. Mexico Country Programming Framework. Mexico City, FAO. Unpublished.
    113   FAO. 2014. Mid-term Review (MTR) 2014: Preparation Timeline. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
    114   FAO. 2014. Operational Work Planning 2014-15 Resource Allocation for Planning (Regular
          Programme). Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
    115   FAO. 2014. Plan of action for resilient livelihoods. Food security response and stabilization
          of rural livelihoods. Addressing the impacts of the Syria crisis. Lebanon, FAO. Available at:
          http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/rne/docs/Lebanon-Plan.pdf
    116   FAO. 2014. Qualitative research and analyses of the economic impacts of cash transfer
          programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: Malawi Country Case Study Report. Rome, FAO.
          Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4188e.pdf
    117   FAO. 2014. Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-second Session Regional Dialogue
          on Family Farming in the Near East and North Africa Region. Rome, Italy, 24 – 28 February.
          NERC/14/INF/12. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/030/
          mj333e.pdf
    118   FAO. 2014. Regional Rice Strategy for Sustainable Food Security in Asia and the Pacific.
          Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3643e/i3643e.pdf
    119   FAO. 2014. Rural Livelihood Monitor. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-
          at887e.pdf
    120   FAO. 2014. Rural Women’s Economic Empowerment. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://
          www.fao.org/3/a-at890e.pdf
    121   FAO. 2014. Rural Woman in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Rome, FAO. Available at:
          http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3840e.pdf
    122   FAO. 2014. SP3 document “Web Annex 2: Output indicators and targets (updated May
          2014). Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
    123   FAO. 2014. 33ª Conferencia Regional de la FAO para América Latina y el Caribe. Bogotá,
          FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/030/MK390S.pdf
    124   FAO. 2014. 2014-15 SP3 WP Sharepoint Global OO3 inputs. Rome, FAO. Rome, FAO.
          Unpublished.
    125   FAO. 2014. Youth and Development od Aquaculture and Livestock in Africa. Tunis, FAO.
          Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/030/mj632e.pdf
    126   FAO. 2014. Youth at work: promoting young entrepreneurs to reduce rural poverty in
          Mali. Online. Available at: http://www.fao.org/rural-employment/resources/detail/
          en/c/318138/
    127   FAO. 2014. Youth employment and food insecurity - Why more and dedicated agricultural
          investments are needed - Cases from Nigeria and Benin 2014. Dakar, FAO. Available at:
          http://www.fao-ilo.org/fileadmin/user_upload/fao_ilo/pdf/Presentations/Francesca_
          Dalla_Valle_Senegal_conference_January_2014.pdf
    128   FAO. 2015. Albania Country Program Framework 2015-2017. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
    129   FAO. 2015. Country Gender Assessment El Salvador. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
    130   FAO. 2015. Colombia Country Program Framework 2015-2019. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.

8
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

131   FAO. 2015. Decent Work Indicators for Agriculture and Rural Areas, Statistics Division,
      October 2015. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5060e.pdf
132   FAO. 2015. Enhancing the potential of Family farming for poverty reduction and food
      security through gender-sensitive rural advisory services. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://
      www.fao.org/3/a-i5120e.pdf
133   FAO. 2015. Environmental and social safeguards. Rome, FAO. Available at http://www.fao.
      org/3/a-i4413e.pdf
134   FAO. 2015. Environmental and Social Management Guidelines. Rome, FAO. Available at:
      http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4413e.pdf
135   FAO. 2015. Empowerment of youths in rural areas through agricultural development
      programmes: Implications for poverty reduction in Nigeria. International Journal, 34.
      Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.ijraf.org/pdf/v2-i2/5.pdf
136   FAO. 2015. FAO and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Rome, FAO. Available at:
      http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4997e.pdf
137   FAO. 2015. FAO’s efforts to promote decent rural employment (DRE) and reduce rural
      poverty. Addis Ababa, FAO. Available at: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/egms/docs/2015/
      Wobst.pdf
138   FAO. 2015. FAO’s Environmental and Social Management Guidelines. . Rome, FAO. Available
      at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4413e.pdf
139   FAO. 2015. FAO Policy in Indigenous and Tribal Peoples. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://
      www.fao.org/publications/card/en/c/2ead5dd4-4fa1-46ef-9a3e-d6296fe39de9/
140   FAO. 2015. FAO Regional Gender Strategy for Europe and Central Asia. Informal
      Consultation for Europe and Central Asia Budapest. Rome, FAO. FAO, 18-19 May 2015.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-au953e.pdf
141   FAO. 2015. FAO strives to prevent child labour in Cambodia. Online. Available at: http://
      www.fao.org/rural-employment/resources/detail/en/c/340395/
142   FAO. 2015. FAO strongest in mainstreaming full employment and decent work. Online.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/rural-employment/resources/detail/en/c/340774/
143   FAO. 2015. Focus countries for the 2016-17 biennium. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
144   FAO. 2015. Food security and livelihoods assessment of Lebanese host communities.
      Assessment Report. . Lebanon, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-az720e.pdf
145   FAO. 2015. Gender Equality in Rural Albania: Country Gender Assessment for Agriculture
      and Rural Development. FAO, 2015. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-
      i5413e.pdf
146   FAO. 2015. Generating better jobs along the wool value chain in Pakistan. Rome, FAO.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4453e.pdf
147   FAO. 2015. Georgia Country Program Framework 2015-2019. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
148   FAO. 2015. Hazardous child labour: FAO’s contribution to protecting children from pesticide
      exposure. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-au046e.pdf
149   FAO. 2015. Kenya and FAO: partnering to build resilience and food and nutrition security.
      Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/2bfb7275-5249-
      4b5b-a898-ec1d4046bbd2/
150   FAO. 2015. Kyrgyzstan Country Program Framework 2015-2017. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
151   FAO. 2015. Meeting with Deputy SPLs on Focus Countries for 2016-17. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
152   FAO. 2015. Nepal and FAO: building food and nutrition security through sustainable
      agricultural development. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://coin.fao.org/coin-static/cms/
      media/22/14375579241710/fao_nepal_leaflet.pdf
153   FAO. 2015. OSP Database (gender equality). Rome, FAO. Unpublished
154   FAO. 2015. Reducing youth migration in Ethiopia and Tunisia. Online. Available at: http://
      www.fao.org/rural-employment/resources/detail/en/c/341792/
155   FAO. 2015. Report of the workshops to present the initial research findings from a
      nationwide survey and analysis on social protection and poverty dimensions in support of

                                                                                                    9
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

           rural development and poverty reduction on Myanmar, 29-30 Sep 2015. Myanmar, FAO.
           Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5348e.pdf.
     156   FAO. 2015. Report of the 32nd Regional Conference for the Near East, Thirty-ninth Session,
           (Rome, Italy, 24-28 February 2014). C 2015/18. . Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.
           org/3/a-mj729e.pdf
     157   FAO. 2015. Regional Overview of Food Insecurity: Africa. Accra, FAO, 2015. Available at:
           http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4635e.pdf
     158   FAO. 2015. Regional Overview of Food Insecurity: Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok, FAO, 2015.
           Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4624e.pdf
     159   FAO. 2015. Regional Overview of Food Insecurity: Europe and Central Asia. Ankara, FAO,
           2015. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4649e.pdf
     160   FAO. 2015. Regional Overview of Food Insecurity: Latin America. Santiago, FAO, 2015.
           Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4636e.pdf
     161   FAO. 2015. Regional Overview of Food Insecurity: Near East and North Africa. Cairo, FAO,
           2015. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4644e.pdf
     162   FAO. 2015. Report on the Mid-Term Review for FAO’s “Support to the Implementation
           of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure Programme”.
           Unpublished.
     163   FAO. 2015. 70 years of FAO (1945-2015). Rome, FAO. Available at http://www.fao.org/3/a-
           i5142e.pdf
     164   FAO. 2015. Social protection and decent rural employment. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://
           www.fao.org/3/a-i4982e.pdf
     165   FAO. 2015. SO3 Focus and Target Countries 2016-17 Work Planning–Strategic Objectives.
           Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
     166   FAO. 2015. SO3 Operational Work Plan 2016-17 Draft September 2015 – Revised Narrative.
           Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
     167   FAO. 2015. SO3: Reduce Rural Poverty Results so far and the way forward (June 2015).
           Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
     168   FAO. 2015. SO3 Target Setting 2016-17. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
     169   FAO. 2015. SP3 - Reduce Rural Poverty: 2016-17 Priorities and Challenges, 25 October 2015.
           Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
     170   FAO. 2015. SP3 Resources Mobilization Strategic Directions and actions for 2016-17. Rome,
           FAO. Unpublished.
     171   FAO. 2015. Sudan Country Proframming Framework.: plan of action (2015-2019), Resilient
           Livelihoods for Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition. Khartoum, January.
           Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4785e.pdf
     172   FAO. 2015. Supporting rural youth entrepreneurship to reduce migration in Honduras.
           Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5205e.pdf
     173   FAO. 2015. Sweden’s We Effect and FAO to support small-scale forest and farm producers.
           Online. Available at: http://www.fao.org/partnerships/cooperatives/news/news-article/
           en/c/327687/
     174   FAO. 2015. The Director-General’s Medium Term Plan 2014-17 (Reviewed) and Programme
           of Work and Budget 2016-17. Rome, FAO. Available at http://www.fao.org/3/a-mm710e.
           pdf
     175   FAO. 2015. The State of Food and Agriculture 2015: Social protection and agriculture:
           breaking the cycle of rural poverty. SOFA, Food and Agriculture Organisation. . Rome, FAO.
           Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4910e.pdf
     176   FAO. 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals and their implications for agriculture and
           rural development in Europe and Central Asia region. FAO Regional Conference for Europe,
           Turkey, May 2016. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/family-farming/detail/
           en/c/410119/
     177   FAO. 2015. 2016-17 Work Planning –Strategic Objectives – Final Steps November –
           December 2015. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.

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Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

178   FAO. 2015. UN agricultures agencies to strengthen rural employment opportunities for
      Caribbean youth. Online. Available at: http://www.fao.org/americas/noticias/ver/pt/c/328627/
179   FAO. 2015. Understanding Decent Rural Employment. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://
      www.fao.org/3/a-bc270e.pdf
180   FAO. 2015. Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries. Rome, FAO.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4356e.pdf
181   FAO. 2016. Addressing rural youth migration at its root causes: a conceptual framework.
      Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5718e.pdf
182   FAO. 2016. Administrative Circular n. 2016/09, 20 April 2016. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
183   FAO. 2016. Agricultural trade and decent rural employment. Rome, FAO. Available at:
      http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5425e.pdf
184   FAO. 2016. Agri-Gender Statistics Toolkit. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/
      a-i5769e.pdf
185   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Albania. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.
      org/3/a-i5413e.pdf
186   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Armenia. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
187   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Georgia (Draft). Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
188   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Ghana. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
189   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Lebanon. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
190   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Senegal. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
191   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Tajikistan. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.
      fao.org/3/a-i5766e.pdf
192   FAO. 2016. Country Gender Assessment Zambia. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
193   FAO. 2016. Decent rural employment in different farming systems in Sub-Saharan Africa.
      Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5776e.pdf
194   FAO. 2016. Decent rural employment, productivity effects and poverty reduction in sub-
      Saharan Africa. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5432e.pdf
195   FAO. 2016. Developing gender-equitable legal frameworks for land tenure: a legal
      assessment tool. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5441e.pdf
196   FAO. 2016. E-learning course: End Child Labour in Agriculture. Rome, FAO. Available at:
      http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5677e.pdf
197   FAO. 2016. El Salvador Country Program Framework. Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
198   FAO. 2016. Évaluation du Programme de la FAO au Niger, Rapport provisoire, Juillet 2016.
      Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
199   FAO. 2016. Evaluation of FAO Strategic Objective 5: Increase the resilience of livelihoods to
      threats and crises. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-bq613e.pdf.
200   FAO. 2016. Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the Kyrgyz Republic. Rome, FAO. Available
      at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-br251e.pdf
201   FAO. 2016. Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the Kyrgyz Republic- annexes. Rome, FAO.
      Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-br254e.pdf
202   FAO. 2016. Evaluation of the project Strengthening the Sustainability of land Restitution
      Processes in Colombia. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/evaluation/
      evaluation-digest/evaluations-detail/en/c/461174/
203   FAO. 2016. FAO’s strategic work to Reduce Rural Poverty. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://
      www.fao.org/3/a-i5720e.pdf
204   FAO. 2016. FAO Regional Conference for Africa, Twenty-ninth Session Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire,
      4-8 April 2016: Reporting on the Recommendations of the 28th Session of the FAO Regional
      Conference for Africa. Accra, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-mp589e.pdf.
205   FAO. 2016. FAO Regional Conference for the Near East: Thirty-third Session. Results and
      Priorities for FAO in the Near East and North Africa Region. Rome, Italy 9-13 May (NERC/16/2
      Rev.2). Cairo, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-mq161e.pdf

                                                                                                      11
Evaluation of FAO’s contribution to the reduction of rural poverty

     206   FAO. 2016. FAO Regional Initiatives for Country Level Impact in Asia and the Pacific. Bankok,
           FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5423e.pdf
     207   FAO. 2016. FAO Regional Initiatives for Europe and Central Asia. Budapest, FAO. Available
           at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5669e.pdf
     208   FAO. 2016. FAO’s Regional Initiatives for Latin America and the Caribbean. Rome, FAO.
           Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5414e.pdf
     209   FAO. 2016. FAO’s Social Protection Framework: Enhancing Food Security, Nutrition and
           Rural Development Outcomes for All (Draft). Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
     210   FAO. 2016. Farmer Field School Guidance Document: planning for quality programmes.
           Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5296e.pdf
     211   FAO. 2016. Food and agriculture: key to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
           Development. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/
           d569c955-8237-42bf-813e-5adf0c4241b9/
     212   FAO. 2016. Foro Regional Pueblos Indígenas. Online. Available at: http://www.fao.org/
           americas/eventos/ver/es/c/430277/
     213   FAO. 2016. Gender and Rural Advisory Services Assessment Tool (GRAST). Rome, FAO.
           Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6194e.pdf
     214   FAO. 2016. Gender in Agricultural Policies Analysis Tool (GAPo). Rome, FAO. Available at:
           http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6274e.pdf
     215   FAO. 2016. Governing Land for Women and Men: capacity development programme on
           Gender and the VGGT. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5476e.pdf
     216   FAO. 2016. Guidelines for Implementation of Regional Initiatives (July 2014). Rome, FAO.
           Unpublished.
     217   FAO. 2016. ICA Programme: promoting rural youth employment in Senegal and
           Uganda. Online. Available at: http://www.fao.org/rural-employment/resources/detail/
           en/c/389287/
     218   FAO. 2016. Implementation of the FAO Strategic Framework at the Regional Office for Latin
           America and the Caribbean (RLC). Rome, FAO. Unpublished.
     219   FAO. 2016. India and FAO: promoting food security and sustainable development in India
           and around the world. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-au079e.pdf
     220   FAO. 2016. Information sheet: Complementing Social Protection and Agriculture:
           combining cash transfers with Home Gardening production and Nutrition during El Niño
           emergency response. Rome, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6049e.pdf
     221   FAO. 2016. Informe 34ª Conferencia Regional de la FAO para América Latina y el Caribe.
           Santiago, FAO. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-mq197s.pdf
     222   FAO. 2016. Lebanon Country Programming Framework (2016-2019). Beirut, FAO. Available
           at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5605e.pdf
     223   FAO. 2016. Main Global Products and Services 2016-17 (Draft) 21 March 2016. Rome, FAO.
           Unpublished.
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