FAO Statistical Pocketbook Coffee 2015. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

 
 
FAO
Statistical
Pocketbook
Coffee
2015
FAO Coffee Pocketbook


                          2015




Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 2015
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Foreword




Today, more people are consuming more coffee than ever before. As the middle classes
of the developing world continue to swell, as their incomes rise and coffee remains
affordable, the luxury of the occasional coffee has become a daily habit in an ever-
growing number of countries. The rising demand has also afforded producers with new
options and opportunities. Coffee has become an important contributor to cash income
for many smallholders, who produce most of the world’s beans. The annual output has
now reached almost nine million tonnes, one million tonnes more than a decade ago.
The gross value of production of green coffee now exceeds US$16 billion, and its export
value reached US$24 billion in 2012.


While rising demand offers unprecedented opportunities to growers, they also have to
live up to a growing set of challenges. Many are confronted with inadequate access to
credit, high price volatility, as well as bureaucratic hurdles at home and market bar-
riers abroad. And, they are operating in a global value chain where a vast and often
unorganized number of small coffee growers are exposed to the market power of a few,
large traders and roasters. In addition, many smallholders find it hard to cope with the
vagaries of weather in the short-run and the deteriorating growing conditions brought
about by climate change over the longer-term.


This Pocketbook puts numbers to these developments, assesses short-term changes
and long-term trends in production, consumption, trade and prices, and provides useful
background information on related shifts in poverty, health and rural development. It
is part of the FAO Statistical Yearbook suite of products and is organized around two
major sections: thematic spreads with data-driven visualizations, and comprehensive
country and regional profiles.


FAO is strongly committed to helping countries strengthen their national statistical sys-
tems and improve the timeliness and quality of their data. This includes a commitment
to improve and broaden the information necessary to support evidence-based decision
making by all stakeholders in the coffee value chain.




                                     Pietro Gennari
                           Chief Statistician and Director, ESS




                                                                                       1
2
Contents




Overview                 6
Economy                  8
Poverty                 10
Dietary energy supply   12


Coffee production       14
Coffee trade            16
Coffee prices           18


Country Profiles         22


Definitions             191


Notes                   194




                          3
Americas



                                            Oceania
                                            Europe
                                            Africa

                                            Asia




    FIGURE 1: Classification of countries




4
5
Overview
A combination of declining mortality rates,
prolonged life expectancy and younger pop-
                                                                                                       Rural population      Urban population
ulations in regions with high fertility con-
tributes to continuous, albeit declining pop-                                           10.0
ulation growth in the world. While rates
continue to slow, the world’s population has                                                 7.5




                                                                            billion people
nevertheless doubled since the late 1960s,
to over 7 billion people today. Generally,                                                   5.0
population growth is high where income lev-
els are low. This is especially true in cities.                                              2.5
Since 2008, more people live in cities than
in rural areas.
                                                                                             0.0
                                                                                               1961             2000 2015             2050

                                                                           Data after 2015 are projections
                                                                                             CHART 1: Rural and urban population



                                        Countries with highest values                                            Countries with highest values
                                        Countries with lowest values                                             Countries with lowest values

                   Qatar                                                                               Japan
             United Arab                                                                              Iceland
                Emirates
                 Bahrain                                                                        Switzerland
                      Kuwait                                                                           Spain
                         Niger                                                                     Singapore
                      Liberia                                                                           Italy
                      Eritrea                                                                       Australia
                     Rwanda                                                                            Israel
                         Chad                                                                         France
                     Uganda                                                                    Luxembourg
                     Estonia                                                                          Angola
                     Ukraine                                                                            Chad
                    Bulgaria                                                                   Côte d'Ivoire
                     Georgia                                                                   Mozambique
                  N. Mariana                                                                 Central African
                      Islands                                                                      Republic
                   Lithuania                                                                      DR Congo
                      Latvia                                                                         Lesotho
                  Republic of                                                                      Swaziland
                    Moldova
                       Niue                                                                        Botswana
                     Tokelau                                                                   Sierra Leone

                                 −5           0             5         10                                        50        60     70    80
                                                  percent                                                                   percent


CHART 2: Population, average annual growth CHART 3: Life expectancy at birth, countries
                                      (2004-2014)                                  with the highest and lowest values (2013)



                                                   Africa       Americas            Asia            Europe      Oceania


             2 000
 million people




             1 500


             1 000


                   500


                     0
                         2000                               2005                                         2010

                             CHART 4: Total economically active population (2000 to 2014)




6
64 ~< 100
                                                      15 ~< 32
                                                      32 ~< 47
                                                      47 ~< 64
                                                      No Data
                                                      0 ~< 15
                                                    Percent




FIGURE 2: Rural population, share of total population (2014)




                                                               7
Economy
Changes in the wider economy, including
growing global integration – and there-
fore trade, currency movements and inter-                                       Agriculture          Industry        Services
national prices – affect the performance of
                                                                 100
commodities in the agricultural sector, in-
cluding coffee production. During the global                         75




                                                           percent
economic downturn of the last decade, some
sectors were particularly hard hit. Agricul-                         50
ture was affected too, but the coffee sec-                           25
tor has demonstrated remarkable resilience.
Since 2008, the value of coffee production                            0
has grown at over 3.5 percent per year, which




                                                                               a


                                                                                         ia


                                                                                                       a


                                                                                                                as


                                                                                                                       pe
                                                                            ric




                                                                                                    ni
                                                                                       As
is faster than 2.5 percent overall growth in




                                                                                                              ic


                                                                                                                       ro
                                                                                                ea
                                                                           Af




                                                                                                            er


                                                                                                                     Eu
                                                                                              Oc


                                                                                                           Am
agriculture.

                                                           CHART 5: Value added, share of GDP (2013)


                Slovenia
                                                                                              Countries with highest values
                  France                                                                      Countries with lowest values

                 Iceland
                                                                     Turkmenistan
                 Norway
                                                                            Angola
       United States
         of America                                                        Ethiopia
                 Finland                                                  Tajikistan
           Netherlands                                                    Mongolia

                Belgium                                                   Paraguay
                                                                       Uzbekistan
                      Italy
                                                                            Algeria
                   Japan
                                                                            Liberia
                Australia
                                                                     Sierra Leone
                 Sweden                                                    Namibia
                   Spain                                             Luxembourg
                Lebanon                                                     Samoa

               Denmark                                                     Bulgaria
                                                                            Greece
               Singapore
                                                                       Zimbabwe
           Luxembourg
                                                                            Malta
                Germany                                               United Arab
                                                                         Emirates
                 Austria                                                Bahamas
           New Zealand                                                      Ireland

                          40 000   80 000 120 000                                               0              10           20
                                         US$                                                               percent


CHART 6: Agriculture value added per worker, CHART 7: Life expectancy at birth, countries
               countries with the highest values              with the highest and lowest values (2013)



                                       Africa   Americas   Asia            Europe       Oceania



       15
 percent




       10



           5



               2000                             2005                                   2010

                              CHART 8: Value added in agriculture as share of GDP




8
12 ~< 23
                                                             23 ~< 59
                                                             No Data



                                                             7 ~< 12
                                                             0 ~< 3
                                                             3 ~< 7
                                                           Percent




FIGURE 3: Value added in agriculture, share of GDP (percent, 2010 to 2013*)




                                                                              9
Poverty
Most coffee is produced in developing coun-                            TABLE 1: People living on less than 2005 PPP
tries. Yet the benefits from the expansion of                                              $1.25 a day (mln)
the coffee industry in recent years have not
always trickled down to the poorest. Among                                                                   1990        2015*
the largest coffee producing countries, many                                East Asia & Pacific                939           86
still have more than 10 percent of their pop-
                                                                            Europe & Central Asia                7            1
ulations living below US$1.25 a day. How-
ever, change is on the way, and coffee plays                                Lat Amer & Caribbean                53           27
a pivotal role in this process. Coffee produc-                              Mid East & N Africa                 13            7
tion and the proceeds from it have allowed
                                                                            South Asia                         620          311
a growing number of small and poor farm-
ers to escape the poverty trap. By adapting                                 Sub-Saharan Africa                 290          403
new technologies or by switching to better                                  World                            1 923          836
varieties, many now harvest higher crops of                            * forecast
better quality beans.



                                       Countries with highest values                                  Countries with highest values
                                       Countries with lowest values                                   Countries with lowest values

                       South Africa                                            Madagascar
                           Zambia                                                   Zimbabwe
                         Honduras                                           Guinea−Bissau
                         Colombia                                                   DR Congo
                           Lesotho                                                  Honduras
                              Brazil                                                  Zambia
                        Guatemala                                                        Togo
                              Chile                                                      Haiti
                           Rwanda                                                     Lesotho
                           Panama                                                      Guinea
                           Finland                                                      Brazil
                          Romania                                          Czech Republic
                           Belarus                                             Montenegro
              Czech Republic                                                          Ukraine
                           Iceland                                                  Azerbaijan
                          Denmark                                                    Sri Lanka
                           Norway                                                     Belarus
                          Slovakia                                              Kazakhstan
                           Ukraine                                                     Turkey
                          Slovenia                                                   Malaysia

                                       40      50       60      70                               0      20      40       60
                                                percent                                                        percent


    CHART 9: Income share held by highest 20                                CHART 10: Poverty headcount ratio at
                              (percent) (2010-2014)                        national poverty line (population share)



                               East Asia & Pacific      Lat Amer & Caribbean              South Asia                 World
                               Europe & Central Asia    Mid East & N Africa               Sub−Saharan Africa

              60
 % of population




              40



              20



                   0
                       1990             1995            2000                2005                     2010            2015

                       CHART 11: Share of population living on less than 2005 PPP $1.25 a day (%)




10
15 ~< 39
                                                              39 ~< 88
                                                              No Data



                                                              4 ~< 15
                                                              0 ~< 0
                                                              0 ~< 4
                                                            Percent




FIGURE 4: Share of population living less than US$ 1.25 per day (2007 - 2012)




                                                                                11
Dietary energy supply
TThe dietary energy supply (DES) is the food
available for human consumption, expressed
in kilocalories per person per day. In 1961
the average global calorie availability was                                                        Cereals
                                                                                                   (excl. beer)
as low as 2 196 kcal/cap/day; by 2011, it
had reached 2 870 kcal/cap/day, and con-                                                           Meat and offals
sisted primarily of a base of staple grains,                                                       Milk
and meat and dairy products. Consumers                                                             (excl. butter)
of coffee have traditionally come from high-                                                       Starchy roots
income countries but now include the grow-                                                         Sugar and
ing middle classes in developing countries.                                                        sweeteners
                                                                                                   Veg. oils and
In terms of calories, coffee and other stimu-                                                      animal fats
lants still make up a very small part of food
available for consumption.

                                                               CHART 12: Share of dietary energy supply,
                                                                      kcal/capita/day (2009-2011)



                                           2000       2015                                       2000    2015

                           Turkey                                        Bolivia
                       Argentina                                        Uganda
                            Egypt                                      Rwanda
                             Cuba                                    Swaziland
                           Tunisia                                       Yemen
                Republic of Korea                                         Chad
                     United Arab                                         Kenya
                        Emirates
                           Ghana                                     Zimbabwe
                          Morocco                                      Tanzania
                           Algeria                                 Timor−Leste
                          Lebanon                                      Ethiopia
                           Kuwait                                     Tajikistan
                            Brazil                                       Congo
                   Saudi Arabia                                    North Korea
                            Iran                                    Afghanistan
           (Islamic Republic of)
                         Oman                                       Madagascar
                      Kazakhstan                                       Namibia
                            China                                          Haiti
                     South Africa                                        Zambia
                           Jordan                                Central African
                                                                       Republic
                               2 500    3 000      3 500                       1 800       2 000      2 200
                                          kcal/cap/day                                       kcal/cap/day


         CHART 13: Dietary energy supply, top 20              CHART 14: Dietary energy supply, bottom 20
                          countries in 2015                                    countries in 2015



                               Africa   Asia    Latin America and the Caribbean        Oceania      World


           3 000
 kcal/cap/day




           2 800



           2 600



           2 400
                   2000                        2005                     2010                            2015

                                         CHART 15: Dietary energy supply




12
111 ~< 121
                                                          121 ~< 128
                                                          128 ~< 136
                                                          136 ~< 161
                                                          87 ~< 111
                                                          No Data
                                                        Percent




FIGURE 5: Average dietary energy supply adequacy, percent (2014-2016)




                                                                        13
Coffee production
Over the past 50 years, both production and                            TABLE 2: Fastest growing coffee producers
consumption of coffee have risen consider-                            based on quantities (average annual growth
ably. Consumers have reaped some of the                                           rate, 2000 to 2013)
benefits through a greater variety of cof-
fee products, improved quality and lower                                                                        %
real prices. Now over 70 countries pro-                                      China                             17
duce coffee, and over 50 percent comes from
                                                                             Angola                            17
just three countries. Some coffee produc-
ing countries have seen considerable bene-                                   Myanmar                           14
fits through higher yields and growing vol-                                  Guyana                            13
umes of sales. But many, especially small-                                   Nepal                             13
holders, who produce the majority of the
world’s coffee, are also facing growing chal-
lenges from climate change and more diffi-
cult natural growing conditions.



                                              2000    2013                                             2000   2013

                            Brazil                                                Brazil
                       Viet Nam                                             Indonesia
                      Indonesia                                             Colombia
                       Colombia                                               Mexico
                             India                                          Viet Nam
                       Honduras                                              Ethiopia
                        Ethiopia                                                   Peru
                             Peru                                                 India
                     Guatemala                                                Uganda
                         Mexico                                             Honduras
                         Uganda                                            Guatemala
                    Côte d'Ivoire                                           Tanzania
                             Laos                                        Côte d'Ivoire
                      Nicaragua                                            Cameroon
                     Philippines                                           Venezuela
                      Venezuela                                           El Salvador
                      Costa Rica                                          Madagascar
                       Tanzania                                           Philippines
                    Madagascar                                                    Kenya
                    Papua New                                              Nicaragua
                        Guinea
                                     0   1 000     2 000      3 000                        0    500 1 000 1 500 2 000
                                              mln tonnes                                                1 000 ha


CHART 16: Countries with the highest coffee                                CHART 17: Countries with the highest
                         production quantities in 2013                       harvested area of coffee in 2013



                                                       Brazil         India          Viet Nam
                                                       Colombia       Indonesia

                    3 000
 1 000 mln tonnes




                    2 000



                    1 000




                            2000                           2005                                2010           2013

                            CHART 18: Production quantities of top 5 coffee producers 2000 - 2013




14
FIGURE 6: Coffee yield (2013)
                                     Hg/Ha
                                       No Data
                                       39 ~< 2 418
                                       2 418 ~< 4 300
                                       4 300 ~< 6 613
                                       6 613 ~< 9 672




15
                                       9 672 ~< 29 255
Coffee trade
Coffee is not only traded in large quanti-                   TABLE 3: Fastest growing coffee exporters
ties, it also comes in a multitude of differ-                    based on export value (average annual
ent qualities, varieties and forms. These in-                         growth rate, 2000 to 2013)
clude arabica and robusta, roasted or green,
as well as instant and solubles. Coffee ex-                                                               %
ports are also a key source of foreign ex-                          Burkina Faso                        102
change and national income for many de-                             Niger                                 75
veloping countries. In 2012, total exports
of 7 million tonnes accounted for a value of                        Egypt                                 74
US$24 billion. Just 10 years ago, the value                         Bulgaria                              74
was only US$5.1 billion for a total of 5.5 mil-                     Gambia                                72
lion tonnes.



                                      2000   2012                                                2000     2012

                  Brazil                                                United States
                                                                          of America
             Viet Nam                                                       Germany
            Colombia                                                             Italy
             Germany                                                            Japan
            Honduras                                                        Belgium
            Indonesia                                                          France
                   Peru                                                         Spain
           Guatemala                                                     Switzerland
             Ethiopia                                                        Canada
             Belgium                                               United Kingdom
               Mexico                                                        Sweden
                  India                                           Republic of Korea
            Nicaragua                                            Russian Federation
           Costa Rica                                                         Algeria
              Uganda                                                           Poland
           El Salvador                                                   Netherlands
           Papua New                                                        Australia
               Guinea
                Kenya                                                        Finland
           Tanzania                                                        Venezuela
       United States                                                    Saudi Arabia
         of America
                           0   2 000     4 000       6 000                               0   2 000     4 000   6 000
                                   million US$                                                   million US$


 CHART 19: Top 20 coffee exporters in 2012                   CHART 20: Top 20 coffee importers in 2012



                                              Coffee, extracts      Coffee, roasted
                                              Coffee, green




       20 000
 mln US$




       10 000



              0
              1960             1970           1980               1990             2000             2010

                                      CHART 21: Value of coffee imports




16
FIGURE 7: Net trade of coffee in 2012
                                             million US$
                                               No Data
                                               −9 508 ~< −76
                                               −76 ~< −9
                                               −9 ~< 0
                                               0 ~< 4




17
                                               4 ~< 5 722
Coffee prices
Approximately 60 percent of the world’s cof-
fee production is arabica, while the other
40 percent is robusta. The former is gen-                                           Coffee, arabica      Coffee, robusta
erally considered of superior quality and                             12
fetches a higher price. The latter tends to
be hardier and has a bitter taste. In develop-                            9
ing countries, including China and Indone-
sia, robusta is now the bean of choice. Up




                                                                   $/kg
until 2013, prices of arabica were declining,                             6
primarily due to the growing availability of
the cheaper robusta beans on world markets.                               3
Between 2013 and 2014, however, prices
of both types rose, arabica from US$2.90                                   0
to US$4.18 and robusta from US$1.96 to                                    1960           1980            2000
US$2.09.
                                                                     CHART 22: Annual coffee prices, 1960 to
                                                                                    2014, real 2010 US$


                       United States                                             United States
                         of America                                                of America
                              Panama                                             Saudi Arabia
                          Venezuela                                                    Yemen
                               Yemen                                                Venezuela
                               Kenya                                                    Kenya
                          Honduras                                        Dominican Republic
                              Vanuatu                                                 Panama
            Dominican Republic                                                          Brazil
                              Burundi                                                Thailand
                          Colombia                                                  Colombia
                              Nigeria                                              El Salvador
                              Ecuador                                                    Peru
                                 Peru                                                Sri Lanka
                         El Salvador                                                  Ecuador
                           Sri Lanka                                               Philippines
                          Indonesia                                                  Viet Nam
                               Bolivia                                                 Bolivia
                           Ethiopia                                                     Nepal
                         Philippines                                                     Togo
                                Brazil                                                   Laos

                                         2 000   4 000     6 000                                 0    5 000 10 000
                                             US$ per tonne                                              US$ per tonne


CHART 23: Producer prices, green coffee (US$ CHART 24: Producer prices, green coffee (US$
                 per tonne) in 2000, top 20 countries                      per tonne) in 2013, top 20 countries



                                                    Brazil         India            Viet Nam
                                                    Colombia       Indonesia


            4 000
 US$ per tonne




            3 000

            2 000

            1 000

                   0
                       2001                       2005                                  2010                  2013

                           CHART 25: Producer prices, green coffee, top 5 coffee producers




18
index
                                                                 No Data




     FIGURE 8: Producer Price Index (2004-2006 = 100) (2012)
                                                                 34 ~< 120
                                                                 120 ~< 158
                                                                 158 ~< 181
                                                                 181 ~< 220




19
                                                                 220 ~< 753
Afghanistan
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                    12      21      31
     Population, rural (mln)                                    10      16      24
     GDP per capita (current US$)                                     1 097   1 884
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                            35.8
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                    38.3
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    49      55      61
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                     28.8    28.8
     Improved water source (% pop)                              4.9    22.1    64.2
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     21     23.2     29
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        39.2    45.2     26
     Number of people undernourished (mln)                       6      9.4     8.1
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                               37.8     24
     Food exports (mln US$)                                     95      37     161
     Food imports (mln US$)                                    170     158    1 081
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)
     Roasted (1 000 US$)
     Extracts (1 000 US$)
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                           0      50       0
     Roasted (1 000 US$)
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        0       0    1 205
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)       2 022   2 466   3 537
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            69      86     120
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                     1 872   1 792   2 089
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                   2 006   1 515   1 873
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                            308     275     216
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                           98.6
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)            0.4     0.4     0.4
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                    0
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                         98.6
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   8      10      14




22
Albania
                                                          1990    2000    2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                     3       3           3
 Population, rural (mln)                                     2       2           1
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             4 350   5 305    9 961
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                             0.7      0.5
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                    25.4     14.3
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)            29.6     15.3
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    72      74       78
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                             94.4
 Improved water source (% pop)                                     96.5     95.7
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    79.4    83.8     91.2
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Algeria
                                                              1990      2000      2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     26        32        40
     Population, rural (mln)                                     13        12        10
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             10 113     9 886    12 893
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                      7.1       6.4
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     67        69        71
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                      76.7      77.3     105.5
     Improved water source (% pop)                              93.9      89.4      83.9
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     88.6      92.2      95.2
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                          7.1       8.7
Angola
                                                          1990     2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                     10       14       22
 Population, rural (mln)                                      6        7           9
 GDP per capita (current US$)                              4 232    3 387    7 488
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                              54.3     43.4
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                               36.6
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                       58.3
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     41       45       52
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                      34.2              54.3
 Improved water source (% pop)                              42.4     45.7     54.3
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     29.2     42.2     60.1
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         64.6     51.1     15.3
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                       7.4      7.1      3.4
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                        33.3      5.7      9.4
 Food exports (mln US$)                                       0        0       19
 Food imports (mln US$)                                     353      334     2 707
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)                              704.15
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                         4 621    1 400    1 004
 Roasted (1 000 US$)
 Extracts (1 000 US$)
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                            0        0      330
 Roasted (1 000 US$)
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                         0        0     1 362
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)         799     1 323    4 565
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                             38       63      213
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)                              60 000   30 000   40 707
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                      833     1 420    3 194
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                     5        4       13
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                      1 611    1 810    2 502
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                    1 446    1 639    2 219
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                             195      153      254
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                      20.8
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)            12.4     12.4     12.4
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                          0
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                    20.8
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   79       80       79




                                                                              25
Argentina
                                                              1990     2000      2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     33       37        42
     Population, rural (mln)                                      4        4         3
     GDP per capita (current US$)
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                       2       5.1       1.4
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     72       74        76
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                                99      110.2
     Improved water source (% pop)                              93.8     96.5      98.7
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     86.5     91.7      97.2
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Armenia
                                                          1990    2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                     3        3           3
 Population, rural (mln)                                     1        1           1
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             3 736    2 919    7 527
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                             10.7      1.8
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                     48.3      32
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)             47.9     31.7
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    68       71       75
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                              89.4    100.1
 Improved water source (% pop)                             90.6     92.6     99.8
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    88.8     88.9     90.5
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        27.3     21.4      6.3
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                      0.9      0.7      0.2
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                       17.4     25.5     21.9
 Food exports (mln US$)                                      0        4       59
 Food imports (mln US$)                                    118      161      589
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                                  109       17
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                109     5 512
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                60       10
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                                13 428   25 190
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                  4     1 188
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                               376     5 250
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)        591      607     1 171
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            65       68      129
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                     2 179    2 253   2 862
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                   1 835    1 888    2 117
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                            267      347      692
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                     66.1
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)            6.9       7       8.1
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                         0
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                   66.1
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   2        2           2




                                                                             27
Australia
                                                              1990     2000      2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     17       19        24
     Population, rural (mln)                                      2        2         2
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             28 604   35 253    42 834
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     77       79        82
     Primary completion rate (% age group)
     Improved water source (% pop)                              100      100       100
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     100      100       100
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Austria
                                                           1990     2000      2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                       8        8            9
 Population, rural (mln)                                       3        3            3
 GDP per capita (current US$)                              31 053   38 548    44 056
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                      76       78        81
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                                99.9      98.3
 Improved water source (% pop)                               100      100       100
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      100      100       100
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Azerbaijan
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     8       8       10
     Population, rural (mln)                                     4       4        4
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             8 513   4 459   16 593
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                              0       0.3
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                    49.6      5.3
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)            42.5
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    65      67       71
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                     95.8    89.5      92
     Improved water source (% pop)                             69.9     74      80.2
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                            62.1      82
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        23.6    22.5
Bahrain
                                                          1990     2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      0        1           1
 Population, rural (mln)                                      0        0           0
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             35 398   45 063   42 444
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     73       75       77
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                      99.7     99.1
 Improved water source (% pop)                              94.9     98.9     100
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      99      99.1     99.2
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
 Number of people undernourished (mln)
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                         0.9      0.9
 Food exports (mln US$)                                       1       28      147
 Food imports (mln US$)                                     226      334      877
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                            0        0       43
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          0       47      223
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                         0        4       26
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                          150      285      162
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                        660       75     1 556
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                         0      591     2 900
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)          19       26       44
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                             91      122      207
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                             44.5
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)             1.3      2.8      2.8
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                           44.5
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                    0        0           0




                                                                              31
Bangladesh
                                                              1990     2000     2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                    107      132      159
     Population, rural (mln)                                     86      101      111
     GDP per capita (current US$)                              1 239    1 606    2 853
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                     70.2     58.6     43.2
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)             56.6     48.9     31.5
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)     58.7     52.3     35.2
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     60       65       71
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                      45.5              74.6
     Improved water source (% pop)                               68       76      84.8
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     33.4     44.5      57
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         34.7     23.1     16.9
     Number of people undernourished (mln)                      39.9     30.5     26.8
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                        32.8     23.8     15.9
     Food exports (mln US$)                                      15       13       71
     Food imports (mln US$)                                     627     1 320    4 712
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                           12        0        0
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          0        0        0
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                           0
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                            4      120       88
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          0       88       67
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        30      430     2 314
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)       10 755   14 982   22 700
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                             64       89      135
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                      2 041    2 285   2 470
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                    2 049    2 184    2 344
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                              62       74      106
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                      87.8
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)             1.1      4.6      4.7
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                      0.1
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                    87.8
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   91       97      106




32
Barbados
                                                          1990     2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      0        0           0
 Population, rural (mln)                                      0        0           0
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             13 025   14 714   15 299
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     71       73       75
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                               99.1     104
 Improved water source (% pop)                              95.4     99.1     99.8
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     82.3     90.1     91.6
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Belarus
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                    10      10        9
     Population, rural (mln)                                     3       3        2
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             8 084   7 300   17 055
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                      0      0.3       0
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                    41.9      5.5
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)            50.8       9
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    71      69       72
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                     94.2    100      99.8
     Improved water source (% pop)                             99.5    99.6     99.6
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    95.2    94.9     94.3
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Belgium
                                                          1990      2000      2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                               10        11
 Population, rural (mln)                                                0            0
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             30 798    37 404    40 609
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     76        78        80
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                      79.1                90.1
 Improved water source (% pop)                              100       100       100
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     100       100       100
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Belize
                                                              1990    2000     2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     0        0        0
     Population, rural (mln)                                     0        0        0
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             5 166    7 215    8 215
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                     9.1     12.2
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    71       71       74
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                     93.8    100.8    109.1
     Improved water source (% pop)                             72.9     85.1     99.3
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    75.9     82.7     90.5
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         7.3      6.5      6.3
     Number of people undernourished (mln)
Benin
                                                          1990    2000    2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                     5       7      11
 Population, rural (mln)                                     3       4          6
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             1 362   1 525   1 733
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                            47.3    51.6
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                            36.2
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                    39.7
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    53      55      59
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                     18.7    37.3    75.7
 Improved water source (% pop)                             57.1    66.1    76.1
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      5       9     14.3
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        28.5    23.9     8.1
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                      1.6     1.7     0.9
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                       34.7    34.9    35.9
 Food exports (mln US$)                                     17      40     373
 Food imports (mln US$)                                     92     106    1 612
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                           0       0          0
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                         0       0          0
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                           0
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                           0       1      75
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                         0       9     141
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        0      98    2 221
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)        812    1 414   2 509
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            48      85     152
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)                              1 000   1 261    355
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                    1 200   2 181   1 972
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                    0       0          0
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                     2 159   2 262   2 792
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                   2 052   2 149   2 481
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                             82      94     112
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                           45.4
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)           23.8     25     26.1
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                   0.1
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                         45.4
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                  19      20      15




                                                                           37
Bhutan
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     1       1       1
     Population, rural (mln)                                     0       0       0
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             2 332   3 596   7 167
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                             24      2.4
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                             12
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                    16.7
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    52      60      68
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                      24      51     98.4
     Improved water source (% pop)                                     86.1    98.1
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                             35     46.9
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
     Number of people undernourished (mln)
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                       35.3    27.4    17.1
     Food exports (mln US$)                                     10      10      33
     Food imports (mln US$)                                     14      20     124
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)
     Roasted (1 000 US$)
     Extracts (1 000 US$)
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                          60       0       4
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                        22       0       2
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                      418
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)        104     103     145
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            69      69      97
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                   94.1
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)           14.3    28.4    28.4
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                   1.2
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                 94.1
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   -2      -6      -8




38
Bolivia
                                                          1990     2000       2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      7        8         11
 Population, rural (mln)                                      3        3             3
 GDP per capita (current US$)                              3 740    4 330     5 934
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                      5.2     26.9            8
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                      66.4        45
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)               87       61.3
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     59       63         67
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                      70.2      96       89.4
 Improved water source (% pop)                              68.6     78.9      88.1
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     28.3      37       46.4
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         36.5     34.6      16.6
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                       2.7      2.9        1.8
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                        16.7      15       13.3
 Food exports (mln US$)                                     143      254      1 004
 Food imports (mln US$)                                      74      236        494
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)            494.01   916.63   1 375.29
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)                          31       85        142
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                        14 132   10 337    18 583
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          0       16        120
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                  0             0
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                            0        1             1
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          2       20        209
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        62     2 336     9 221
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)        1 631    2 321     3 753
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                             59       82        136
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)                              27 547   24 404    30 013
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                     8 850   11 349     9 414
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                    24       28         28
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                      1 996    2 066     2 277
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                    1 634    1 745     1 804
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                             304      331        450
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                         92
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)             8.8     18.7      20.8
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                        0.1
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                       92
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   99       99        115




                                                                                39
Bosnia and Herzegovina
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     4       4        4
     Population, rural (mln)                                     2       2        2
     GDP per capita (current US$)                                     6 158    9 387
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                             0.3       0
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                             17.9
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    67      75       76
     Primary completion rate (% age group)
     Improved water source (% pop)                             97.1    97.6     99.6
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                            95.1     95.4
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Botswana
                                                          1990    2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                     1        2           2
 Population, rural (mln)                                     1        1           1
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             8 094   10 274   15 247
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                             24.4     13.4
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                     30.6     19.3
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)             44.8     24.3
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    63       50       47
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                     88.5     89.1     97.7
 Improved water source (% pop)                             91.9     94.8     96.8
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    38.6      52      64.3
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        28.6     35.6     24.8
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                      0.4      0.6      0.5
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                        4.9       3       2.4
 Food exports (mln US$)                                     71       99      106
 Food imports (mln US$)                                    167      308      564
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                          13       11       14
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                        21        2       32
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        0        2           5
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                        1 011    1 514    1 430
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                       638      878     3 620
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                       27      316     2 117
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)        219      202      295
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            97       89      130
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                     2 153    2 117    2 326
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                   1 743    1 723    1 952
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                            473      357      333
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                            41.2
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)           30.3     37.2     37.2
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                          41.2
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                  18       21       18




                                                                             41
Brazil
                                                               1990        2000         2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     150         175          202
     Population, rural (mln)                                      39          33           29
     GDP per capita (current US$)                               9 997      11 015      14 555
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                      16.2         9.6          3.8
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                          24.9          8.9
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                      67          70           74
     Primary completion rate (% age group)
     Improved water source (% pop)                               88.5        93.5         97.5
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      66.8        74.6        81.3
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                          14.3        12.3
Brunei Darussalam
                                                          1990     2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      0        0           0
 Population, rural (mln)                                      0        0           0
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             77 076   74 475   69 474
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     74       76       79
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                     100.1    115.9     97.9
 Improved water source (% pop)
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Bulgaria
                                                              1990     2000     2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                      9        8        7
     Population, rural (mln)                                      3        2        2
     GDP per capita (current US$)                              9 333    9 075   15 695
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                       0       0.6      1.9
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                                21
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     72       72       74
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                      99.5     96.6     96.9
     Improved water source (% pop)                              99.9     99.7     99.5
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     99.5     99.8     100
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Burkina Faso
                                                          1990    2000    2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                     9      12       17
 Population, rural (mln)                                     8      10       12
 GDP per capita (current US$)                              848    1 080    1 630
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                            48.9     44.5
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                    51.1     46.7
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)            65.8     52.8
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    49      50       56
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                     19.5    25.4     62.7
 Improved water source (% pop)                             43.6    59.9     81.7
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     7.7    11.6     18.6
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        23.2    26.6     20.7
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                      2.2     3.1      3.6
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                       29.1    19.2     22.4
 Food exports (mln US$)                                     20      35      176
 Food imports (mln US$)                                     75     128      367
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                                           93
 Roasted (1 000 US$)
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        0       6           0
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                           0       6       74
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                        50     100      152
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                     1 300   4 535   12 993
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)        941    1 281    2 286
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            51      69      124
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                     2 317   2 331   2 707
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                   2 058   2 173    2 561
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                            137     145      159
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                    51.4
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)           13.7    13.9     15.2
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                    0.1
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                  51.4
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                  24      26       31




                                                                            45
Burundi
                                                                1990       2000     2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                        6          7       10
     Population, rural (mln)                                        5          6        9
     GDP per capita (current US$)                               1 050        723      747
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                      84.2        86.4     81.3
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                                   66.9
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                           68.9
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                       47         48       54
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                       40.6       23.9       70
     Improved water source (% pop)                               68.8       71.8      75.3
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      41.7       44.3      47.5
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
     Number of people undernourished (mln)
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                         55.9       48.1      39.3
     Food exports (mln US$)                                         0          2        0
     Food imports (mln US$)                                        21         23      173
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)            1 853.53   1 394.18   299.11
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)                            26         59       27
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                         56 541     30 941    66 386
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                      11        3
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                      0        0
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                                         0        1
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                       0       11
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                      0        9
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)           985        873     1 388
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                              102         91      145
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)                               42 229     62 000    45 000
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                      7 742     10 877     8 085
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                      33         67       36
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                 77.1
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)               3.8        4.8      4.9
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                           0
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                               77.1
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                     10          7        6




46
Cambodia
                                                          1990     2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                     9        12      15
 Population, rural (mln)                                     8        10      12
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             1 004    1 368    2 944
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                             44.5     10.1
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                              17.7
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                      20.8
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    55        62      72
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                              65.9     97.3
 Improved water source (% pop)                             21.5     41.5     71.3
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     2.8     16.3     36.8
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         29        32      15
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                      2.9      3.9      2.3
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                       46.5     37.8     29.8
 Food exports (mln US$)                                      7         5     177
 Food imports (mln US$)                                     12        73     399
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)                    3 920.5
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)                         36        87     178
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                           0         0      10
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                              0
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                                             3
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                           0         9    1 792
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                  13     177
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        0       230    4 535
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)       1 173    1 832    4 405
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            47        74     181
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)                               221       365     435
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                    7 240    8 219    9 195
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                    0         0          0
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                     2 034    2 114    2 488
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                   1 799    1 924    2 195
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                            139       191     216
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                      94
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)             0      23.1     26.2
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                     0.2
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                    94
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                  41        43      42




                                                                             47
Cameroon
                                                               1990      2000      2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                      12        16        23
     Population, rural (mln)                                       7         9        11
     GDP per capita (current US$)                               2 768     2 404     2 739
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                                24.9      27.6
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                        40.2      39.9
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                52.1       55
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                      54        52        55
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                       55.6      48.7       72
     Improved water source (% pop)                               51.3      61.7      74.1
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      39.9      42.2      45.2
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                          36.7      32.3      10.2
     Number of people undernourished (mln)                        4.8       5.1       2.3
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                         24.6      22.1      22.7
     Food exports (mln US$)                                      259       172       602
     Food imports (mln US$)                                      212       215       934
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)             441.44    491.59   922.07
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)                           32        89       124
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                        173 832    94 799    86 650
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                         506        13       574
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                          0       292         0
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                             0         1        30
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                           5        15       134
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                       1 143     1 647     2 864
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)         1 958     2 684     5 586
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                              57        77       160
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)                              209 552   252 630   212 000
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                      4 819     3 412     1 972
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                    101        86        42
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                       2 055     2 133     2 596
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                     1 897     1 987     2 438
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                              137       128       149
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                               76.3
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)              5.9       7.6       11
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                          0
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                             76.3
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   123       126       121




48
Canada
                                                           1990      2000      2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      28        31        36
 Population, rural (mln)                                       6         6            7
 GDP per capita (current US$)                              31 118    37 259    41 899
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                      77        79        81
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                                 97.4      96.5
 Improved water source (% pop)                               99.8      99.8      99.8
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      99.8      99.8      99.8
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
Cabo Verde
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     0       0       1
     Population, rural (mln)                                     0       0       0
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             1 610   3 772   6 210
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                             21     13.7
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                            26.6
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                    44.3
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    66      70      75
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                     56.5   105.6    94.7
     Improved water source (% pop)                             80.4    82.7    89.3
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    35.8    44.3    64.9
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        13.4    18.7     10
     Number of people undernourished (mln)
Central African Republic
                                                          1990     2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      3        4           5
 Population, rural (mln)                                      2        2           3
 GDP per capita (current US$)                               780      701      584
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                     83.2     62.4     62.8
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                                62
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                       69.4
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     46       44       50
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                      30.2              45.3
 Improved water source (% pop)                              58.8     62.5     68.2
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     14.6     17.2     21.5
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         48.4     44.1     44.5
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                       1.5      1.6      2.1
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                        49.3     52.1     58.2
 Food exports (mln US$)                                      17       12       16
 Food imports (mln US$)                                      35       18       59
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                        12 711    8 095     884
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          4        0           0
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                         0        0           0
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                          389        0           0
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          4        1       34
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        59        7      148
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)         500      744      986
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                             62       91      121
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)                              24 097   17 203   14 000
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                     5 940    7 499    4 857
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                    14       13           7
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                      1 887    1 967   1 926
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                    1 712    1 756    1 886
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                             192      227      268
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                       0.6
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)            17.5     17.8      18
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                     0.6
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   33       39       30




                                                                              51
Chad
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     6       8      13
     Population, rural (mln)                                     5       7      10
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             1 111    998    2 022
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                            61.9    36.5
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                    54.8    46.7
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)            58.4    52.5
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    46      47      51
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                     16.6    22.2    38.8
     Improved water source (% pop)                             39.8    44.7    50.7
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                     7.8     9.7    11.9
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                        55.7    40.1    36.1
     Number of people undernourished (mln)                      3.6     3.3     4.8
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                       29.3    42.3    52.6
     Food exports (mln US$)                                     33      52      39
     Food imports (mln US$)                                     27      32     154
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)
     Roasted (1 000 US$)
     Extracts (1 000 US$)
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                           0       0       0
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                 0      99
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        0     290      99
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)        747    1 030   1 584
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            56      77     120
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                     1 818   1 985   2 171
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                   1 500   1 798   1 991
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                            148     149     119
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                   76.4
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)            9.5     9.5    16.6
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                 76.4
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                  33      39      36




52
Chile
                                                          1990    2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                    13       15       18
 Population, rural (mln)                                     2        2           2
 GDP per capita (current US$)                             9 199   14 623   21 714
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                     4.9      2.2      0.8
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                              14.4
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                      27.9
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    74       77       80
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                              83.2     96.7
 Improved water source (% pop)                             90.4     94.8     98.8
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    84.8     91.6     98.9
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         7.1
China
                                                               1990      2000      2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                    1 192     1 310     1 425
     Population, rural (mln)                                     864       828       642
     GDP per capita (current US$)                               1 623     3 780    11 778
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                      70        72        75
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                      105.9      100       96.2
     Improved water source (% pop)
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                          23.4      16.2       9.8
     Number of people undernourished (mln)                      290.4     212.7    139.8
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                                    13        9.2
     Food exports (mln US$)                                     7 371    11 300    36 567
     Food imports (mln US$)                                    10 104    15 163    96 838
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)
     Roasted (1 000 US$)
     Extracts (1 000 US$)
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)
     Roasted (1 000 US$)
     Extracts (1 000 US$)
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)       218 326   371 541   571 823
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                       2 545     2 802     3 132
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                         64.6
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)             13.6      15.5      16.7
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                         0.4
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                       64.6
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   446       279       544




54
Colombia
                                                           1990         2000        2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      33           40          49
 Population, rural (mln)                                      11           11          12
 GDP per capita (current US$)                               7 752       8 414      12 025
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                       6.3         17.9         5.6
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                            48        30.6
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                   56.8       42.8
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                      68           71          74
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                       73.6        94.9       113.4
 Improved water source (% pop)                               88.4        89.9        91.2
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                      68.9        74.6        80.2
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                          12.8          9.9         9.5
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                        4.5          3.9         4.6
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                         16.7          8.9         6.7
 Food exports (mln US$)                                      598        1 063       2 717
 Food imports (mln US$)                                      261          944       4 360
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)             902.94     1 348.01    2 061.32
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)                            22          81         110
Exports, coffee
                                                          1 414 719   1 069 360   1 914 285
 Green (1 000 US$)

 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                            0         462      41 764
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                     58 152      115 662     250 383
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                              0           0     175 259
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                            0         901       3 505
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                           3         106      13 624
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)         8 602      10 664      14 105
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                              70           87         117
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)                               1e+06      675 342     771 728
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                      8 450       9 434       8 464
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                    845          637         653
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                       2 678       2 786       2 829
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                     2 146       2 317       2 305
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                              417          462         499
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                                             54.3
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)             19.3        19.7        21.2
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                              0.1
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                                           54.3
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   102           99          98




                                                                                      55
Comoros
                                                              1990    2000    2014
 Overview
     Population, total (mln)                                     0       1       1
     Population, rural (mln)                                     0       0       1
     GDP per capita (current US$)                             1 540   1 343   1 400
     Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)
     Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)
     Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)
     Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                    56      58      61
     Primary completion rate (% age group)                     38.6    65.5    73.8
     Improved water source (% pop)                              87      92     95.1
     Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                    17.7    28.3    35.4
     Prevalence of undernourishment (%)
     Number of people undernourished (mln)
 Macroeconomics
     Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                       41.4    48.6    34.5
     Food exports (mln US$)                                     11       6      27
     Food imports (mln US$)                                     16      13      81
     Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)
     Producer price index (2004-06=100)
 Exports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                           0       0      34
     Roasted (1 000 US$)
     Extracts (1 000 US$)
 Imports, coffee
     Green (1 000 US$)                                           0       0       0
     Roasted (1 000 US$)                                                20       1
     Extracts (1 000 US$)                                        0       0      35
 Production and consumption
     Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)         52      62      74
     Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                            80      95     113
     Area harvested, coffee (ha)                               610     650     890
     Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                    1 475   1 508   1 483
     Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                    0       0       0
     Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)
     Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)
     Animal products (kcal/cap/day)
 Environment
     Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                            47
     Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)                    0.7    10.1
     Organic area (% total agricultural area)                                   1.6
     Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                          47
     GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   0       0       0




56
Congo
                                                          1990     2000     2014
Overview
 Population, total (mln)                                      2        3           5
 Population, rural (mln)                                      1        1           2
 GDP per capita (current US$)                              5 264    4 623    5 680
 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop)                                       32.8
 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop)                               46.5
 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop)                       74.8
 Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                     55       52       59
 Primary completion rate (% age group)                      60.6     57.1      73
 Improved water source (% pop)                                       69.2     75.3
 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop)                              12.7     14.6
 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)                         43.6     35.9      29
 Number of people undernourished (mln)                       1.1      1.1      1.3
Macroeconomics
 Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                        12.9      5.3      4.8
 Food exports (mln US$)                                      14       16       17
 Food imports (mln US$)                                      67      136      623
 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne)            406.13   301.98
 Producer price index (2004-06=100)                          62      116      123
Exports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                           64       65    12 259
 Roasted (1 000 US$)
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                         0        0       38
Imports, coffee
 Green (1 000 US$)                                            4        0           1
 Roasted (1 000 US$)                                          0      110      405
 Extracts (1 000 US$)                                       265        0     1 233
Production and consumption
 Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$)         204      270      446
 Food prod index (2004-2006=100)                             63       83      136
 Area harvested, coffee (ha)                               3 230    5 166   10 800
 Yield, coffee (hg/ha)                                     4 192    3 000    2 963
 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes)                     1        2           3
 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day)                      1 995    2 170   2 132
 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day)                    1 871    2 041    1 973
 Animal products (kcal/cap/day)                             129      137      222
Environment
 Renewable water res withdrawn (% total)                              8.7
 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area)             5.4      9.1     30.4
 Organic area (% total agricultural area)
 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total)                            8.7
 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams)                   12       12       12




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