FAO Statistical Pocketbook Coffee 2015. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

FAO Statistical Pocketbook Coffee 2015. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

FAO Statistical Pocketbook Coffee 2015

FAO Coffee Pocketbook 2015 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 2015

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Foreword Today, more people are consuming more coffee than ever before. As the middle classes of the developing world continue to swell, as their incomes rise and coffee remains affordable, the luxury of the occasional coffee has become a daily habit in an ever- growing number of countries.

The rising demand has also afforded producers with new options and opportunities. Coffee has become an important contributor to cash income for many smallholders, who produce most of the world’s beans. The annual output has now reached almost nine million tonnes, one million tonnes more than a decade ago. The gross value of production of green coffee now exceeds US$16 billion, and its export value reached US$24 billion in 2012.

While rising demand offers unprecedented opportunities to growers, they also have to live up to a growing set of challenges. Many are confronted with inadequate access to credit, high price volatility, as well as bureaucratic hurdles at home and market bar- riers abroad. And, they are operating in a global value chain where a vast and often unorganized number of small coffee growers are exposed to the market power of a few, large traders and roasters. In addition, many smallholders find it hard to cope with the vagaries of weather in the short-run and the deteriorating growing conditions brought about by climate change over the longer-term.

This Pocketbook puts numbers to these developments, assesses short-term changes and long-term trends in production, consumption, trade and prices, and provides useful background information on related shifts in poverty, health and rural development. It is part of the FAO Statistical Yearbook suite of products and is organized around two major sections: thematic spreads with data-driven visualizations, and comprehensive country and regional profiles. FAO is strongly committed to helping countries strengthen their national statistical sys- tems and improve the timeliness and quality of their data.

This includes a commitment to improve and broaden the information necessary to support evidence-based decision making by all stakeholders in the coffee value chain.

Pietro Gennari Chief Statistician and Director, ESS 1

2

Contents Overview 6 Economy 8 Poverty 10 Dietary energy supply 12 Coffee production 14 Coffee trade 16 Coffee prices 18 Country Profiles 22 Definitions 191 Notes 194 3

Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania FIGURE 1: Classification of countries 4

5

Overview A combination of declining mortality rates, prolonged life expectancy and younger pop- ulations in regions with high fertility con- tributes to continuous, albeit declining pop- ulation growth in the world.

While rates continue to slow, the world’s population has nevertheless doubled since the late 1960s, to over 7 billion people today. Generally, population growth is high where income lev- els are low. This is especially true in cities. Since 2008, more people live in cities than in rural areas.

0.0 2.5 5.0 7.5 10.0 1961 2000 2015 2050 billion people Rural population Urban population Data after 2015 are projections CHART 1: Rural and urban population Tokelau Niue Republic of Moldova Latvia Lithuania N. Mariana Islands Georgia Bulgaria Ukraine Estonia Uganda Chad Rwanda Eritrea Liberia Niger Kuwait Bahrain United Arab Emirates Qatar −5 0 5 10 percent Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values CHART 2: Population, average annual growth (2004-2014) Sierra Leone Botswana Swaziland Lesotho DR Congo Central African Republic Mozambique Côte d'Ivoire Chad Angola Luxembourg France Israel Australia Italy Singapore Spain Switzerland Iceland Japan 50 60 70 80 percent Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values CHART 3: Life expectancy at birth, countries with the highest and lowest values (2013) 500 1 000 1 500 2 000 2000 2005 2010 million people Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania CHART 4: Total economically active population (2000 to 2014) 6

Percent No Data ~< 15 15 ~< 32 32 ~< 47 47 ~< 64 64 ~< 100 FIGURE 2: Rural population, share of total population (2014) 7

Economy Changes in the wider economy, including growing global integration – and there- fore trade, currency movements and inter- national prices – affect the performance of commodities in the agricultural sector, in- cluding coffee production. During the global economic downturn of the last decade, some sectors were particularly hard hit. Agricul- ture was affected too, but the coffee sec- tor has demonstrated remarkable resilience.

Since 2008, the value of coffee production has grown at over 3.5 percent per year, which is faster than 2.5 percent overall growth in agriculture.

25 50 75 100 A f r i c a A s i a O c e a n i a A m e r i c a s E u r o p e percent Agriculture Industry Services CHART 5: Value added, share of GDP (2013) New Zealand Austria Germany Luxembourg Singapore Denmark Lebanon Spain Sweden Australia Japan Italy Belgium Netherlands Finland United States of America Norway Iceland France Slovenia 40 000 80 000 120 000 US$ CHART 6: Agriculture value added per worker, countries with the highest values Ireland Bahamas United Arab Emirates Malta Zimbabwe Greece Bulgaria Samoa Luxembourg Namibia Sierra Leone Liberia Algeria Uzbekistan Paraguay Mongolia Tajikistan Ethiopia Angola Turkmenistan 0 10 20 percent Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values CHART 7: Life expectancy at birth, countries with the highest and lowest values (2013) 5 10 15 2000 2005 2010 percent Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania CHART 8: Value added in agriculture as share of GDP 8

Percent No Data ~< 3 3 ~< 7 7 ~< 12 12 ~< 23 23 ~< 59 FIGURE 3: Value added in agriculture, share of GDP (percent, 2010 to 2013*) 9

Poverty Most coffee is produced in developing coun- tries. Yet the benefits from the expansion of the coffee industry in recent years have not always trickled down to the poorest. Among the largest coffee producing countries, many still have more than 10 percent of their pop- ulations living below US$1.25 a day. How- ever, change is on the way, and coffee plays a pivotal role in this process. Coffee produc- tion and the proceeds from it have allowed a growing number of small and poor farm- ers to escape the poverty trap.

By adapting new technologies or by switching to better varieties, many now harvest higher crops of better quality beans.

TABLE 1: People living on less than 2005 PPP $1.25 a day (mln) 1990 2015* East Asia & Pacific 939 86 Europe & Central Asia 7 1 Lat Amer & Caribbean 53 27 Mid East & N Africa 13 7 South Asia 620 311 Sub-Saharan Africa 290 403 World 1 923 836 * forecast Slovenia Ukraine Slovakia Norway Denmark Iceland Czech Republic Belarus Romania Finland Panama Rwanda Chile Guatemala Brazil Lesotho Colombia Honduras Zambia South Africa 40 50 60 70 percent Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values CHART 9: Income share held by highest 20 (percent) (2010-2014) Malaysia Turkey Kazakhstan Belarus Sri Lanka Azerbaijan Ukraine Montenegro Czech Republic Brazil Guinea Lesotho Haiti Togo Zambia Honduras DR Congo Guinea−Bissau Zimbabwe Madagascar 0 20 40 60 percent Countries with highest values Countries with lowest values CHART 10: Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (population share) 20 40 60 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 % of population East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia Lat Amer & Caribbean Mid East & N Africa South Asia Sub−Saharan Africa World CHART 11: Share of population living on less than 2005 PPP $1.25 a day (%) 10

Percent No Data ~< ~< 4 4 ~< 15 15 ~< 39 39 ~< 88 FIGURE 4: Share of population living less than US$ 1.25 per day (2007 - 2012) 11

Dietary energy supply TThe dietary energy supply (DES) is the food available for human consumption, expressed in kilocalories per person per day. In 1961 the average global calorie availability was as low as 2 196 kcal/cap/day; by 2011, it had reached 2 870 kcal/cap/day, and con- sisted primarily of a base of staple grains, and meat and dairy products. Consumers of coffee have traditionally come from high- income countries but now include the grow- ing middle classes in developing countries.

In terms of calories, coffee and other stimu- lants still make up a very small part of food available for consumption.

Cereals (excl. beer) Meat and offals Milk (excl. butter) Starchy roots Sugar and sweeteners Veg. oils and animal fats CHART 12: Share of dietary energy supply, kcal/capita/day (2009-2011) Jordan South Africa China Kazakhstan Oman Iran (Islamic Republic of) Saudi Arabia Brazil Kuwait Lebanon Algeria Morocco Ghana United Arab Emirates Republic of Korea Tunisia Cuba Egypt Argentina Turkey 2 500 3 000 3 500 kcal/cap/day 2000 2015 CHART 13: Dietary energy supply, top 20 countries in 2015 Central African Republic Zambia Haiti Namibia Madagascar Afghanistan North Korea Congo Tajikistan Ethiopia Timor−Leste Tanzania Zimbabwe Kenya Chad Yemen Swaziland Rwanda Uganda Bolivia 1 800 2 000 2 200 kcal/cap/day 2000 2015 CHART 14: Dietary energy supply, bottom 20 countries in 2015 2 400 2 600 2 800 3 000 2000 2005 2010 2015 kcal/cap/day Africa Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Oceania World CHART 15: Dietary energy supply 12

Percent No Data 87 ~< 111 111 ~< 121 121 ~< 128 128 ~< 136 136 ~< 161 FIGURE 5: Average dietary energy supply adequacy, percent (2014-2016) 13

Coffee production Over the past 50 years, both production and consumption of coffee have risen consider- ably. Consumers have reaped some of the benefits through a greater variety of cof- fee products, improved quality and lower real prices. Now over 70 countries pro- duce coffee, and over 50 percent comes from just three countries. Some coffee produc- ing countries have seen considerable bene- fits through higher yields and growing vol- umes of sales.

But many, especially small- holders, who produce the majority of the world’s coffee, are also facing growing chal- lenges from climate change and more diffi- cult natural growing conditions. TABLE 2: Fastest growing coffee producers based on quantities (average annual growth rate, 2000 to 2013) % China 17 Angola 17 Myanmar 14 Guyana 13 Nepal 13 Papua New Guinea Madagascar Tanzania Costa Rica Venezuela Philippines Nicaragua Laos Côte d'Ivoire Uganda Mexico Guatemala Peru Ethiopia Honduras India Colombia Indonesia Viet Nam Brazil 0 1 000 2 000 3 000 mln tonnes 2000 2013 CHART 16: Countries with the highest coffee production quantities in 2013 Nicaragua Kenya Philippines Madagascar El Salvador Venezuela Cameroon Côte d'Ivoire Tanzania Guatemala Honduras Uganda India Peru Ethiopia Viet Nam Mexico Colombia Indonesia Brazil 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000 1 000 ha 2000 2013 CHART 17: Countries with the highest harvested area of coffee in 2013 1 000 2 000 3 000 2000 2005 2010 2013 1 000 mln tonnes Brazil Colombia India Indonesia Viet Nam CHART 18: Production quantities of top 5 coffee producers 2000 - 2013 14

Hg/Ha No Data 39 ~< 2 418 2 418 ~< 4 300 4 300 ~< 6 613 6 613 ~< 9 672 9 672 ~< 29 255 FIGURE 6: Coffee yield (2013) 15

Coffee trade Coffee is not only traded in large quanti- ties, it also comes in a multitude of differ- ent qualities, varieties and forms. These in- clude arabica and robusta, roasted or green, as well as instant and solubles. Coffee ex- ports are also a key source of foreign ex- change and national income for many de- veloping countries. In 2012, total exports of 7 million tonnes accounted for a value of US$24 billion. Just 10 years ago, the value was only US$5.1 billion for a total of 5.5 mil- lion tonnes.

TABLE 3: Fastest growing coffee exporters based on export value (average annual growth rate, 2000 to 2013) % Burkina Faso 102 Niger 75 Egypt 74 Bulgaria 74 Gambia 72 United States of America Tanzania Kenya Papua New Guinea El Salvador Uganda Costa Rica Nicaragua India Mexico Belgium Ethiopia Guatemala Peru Indonesia Honduras Germany Colombia Viet Nam Brazil 0 2 000 4 000 6 000 million US$ 2000 2012 CHART 19: Top 20 coffee exporters in 2012 Saudi Arabia Venezuela Finland Australia Netherlands Poland Algeria Russian Federation Republic of Korea Sweden United Kingdom Canada Switzerland Spain France Belgium Japan Italy Germany United States of America 0 2 000 4 000 6 000 million US$ 2000 2012 CHART 20: Top 20 coffee importers in 2012 10 000 20 000 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 mln US$ Coffee, extracts Coffee, green Coffee, roasted CHART 21: Value of coffee imports 16

million US$ No Data −9 508 ~< −76 −76 ~< −9 −9 ~< ~< 4 4 ~< 5 722 FIGURE 7: Net trade of coffee in 2012 17

Coffee prices Approximately 60 percent of the world’s cof- fee production is arabica, while the other 40 percent is robusta. The former is gen- erally considered of superior quality and fetches a higher price. The latter tends to be hardier and has a bitter taste. In develop- ing countries, including China and Indone- sia, robusta is now the bean of choice. Up until 2013, prices of arabica were declining, primarily due to the growing availability of the cheaper robusta beans on world markets.

Between 2013 and 2014, however, prices of both types rose, arabica from US$2.90 to US$4.18 and robusta from US$1.96 to US$2.09.

3 6 9 12 1960 1980 2000 $/kg Coffee, arabica Coffee, robusta CHART 22: Annual coffee prices, 1960 to 2014, real 2010 US$ Brazil Philippines Ethiopia Bolivia Indonesia Sri Lanka El Salvador Peru Ecuador Nigeria Colombia Burundi Dominican Republic Vanuatu Honduras Kenya Yemen Venezuela Panama United States of America 2 000 4 000 6 000 US$ per tonne CHART 23: Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) in 2000, top 20 countries Laos Togo Nepal Bolivia Viet Nam Philippines Ecuador Sri Lanka Peru El Salvador Colombia Thailand Brazil Panama Dominican Republic Kenya Venezuela Yemen Saudi Arabia United States of America 0 5 000 10 000 US$ per tonne CHART 24: Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) in 2013, top 20 countries 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 2001 2005 2010 2013 US$ per tonne Brazil Colombia India Indonesia Viet Nam CHART 25: Producer prices, green coffee, top 5 coffee producers 18

index No Data 34 ~< 120 120 ~< 158 158 ~< 181 181 ~< 220 220 ~< 753 FIGURE 8: Producer Price Index (2004-2006 = 100) (2012) 19

Afghanistan 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 12 21 31 Population, rural (mln) 10 16 24 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 097 1 884 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 35.8 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 38.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 49 55 61 Primary completion rate (% age group) 28.8 28.8 Improved water source (% pop) 4.9 22.1 64.2 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 21 23.2 29 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 39.2 45.2 26 Number of people undernourished (mln) 6 9.4 8.1 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 37.8 24 Food exports (mln US$) 95 37 161 Food imports (mln US$) 170 158 1 081 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 50 0 Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 1 205 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 2 022 2 466 3 537 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 69 86 120 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 1 872 1 792 2 089 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 2 006 1 515 1 873 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 308 275 216 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 98.6 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 0.4 0.4 0.4 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 98.6 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 8 10 14 22

Albania 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 3 3 3 Population, rural (mln) 2 2 1 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 350 5 305 9 961 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 0.7 0.5 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 25.4 14.3 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 29.6 15.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 72 74 78 Primary completion rate (% age group) 94.4 Improved water source (% pop) 96.5 95.7 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 79.4 83.8 91.2 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Algeria 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 26 32 40 Population, rural (mln) 13 12 10 GDP per capita (current US$) 10 113 9 886 12 893 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 7.1 6.4 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 67 69 71 Primary completion rate (% age group) 76.7 77.3 105.5 Improved water source (% pop) 93.9 89.4 83.9 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 88.6 92.2 95.2 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 7.1 8.7

Angola 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 10 14 22 Population, rural (mln) 6 7 9 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 232 3 387 7 488 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 54.3 43.4 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 36.6 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 58.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 41 45 52 Primary completion rate (% age group) 34.2 54.3 Improved water source (% pop) 42.4 45.7 54.3 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 29.2 42.2 60.1 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 64.6 51.1 15.3 Number of people undernourished (mln) 7.4 7.1 3.4 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 33.3 5.7 9.4 Food exports (mln US$) 0 0 19 Food imports (mln US$) 353 334 2 707 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) 704.15 Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 4 621 1 400 1 004 Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 0 330 Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 1 362 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 799 1 323 4 565 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 38 63 213 Area harvested, coffee (ha) 60 000 30 000 40 707 Yield, coffee (hg/ha) 833 1 420 3 194 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) 5 4 13 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 1 611 1 810 2 502 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 446 1 639 2 219 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 195 153 254 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 20.8 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 12.4 12.4 12.4 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 20.8 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 79 80 79 25

Argentina 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 33 37 42 Population, rural (mln) 4 4 3 GDP per capita (current US$) Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 2 5.1 1.4 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 72 74 76 Primary completion rate (% age group) 99 110.2 Improved water source (% pop) 93.8 96.5 98.7 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 86.5 91.7 97.2 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Armenia 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 3 3 3 Population, rural (mln) 1 1 1 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 736 2 919 7 527 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 10.7 1.8 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 48.3 32 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 47.9 31.7 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 68 71 75 Primary completion rate (% age group) 89.4 100.1 Improved water source (% pop) 90.6 92.6 99.8 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 88.8 88.9 90.5 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 27.3 21.4 6.3 Number of people undernourished (mln) 0.9 0.7 0.2 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 17.4 25.5 21.9 Food exports (mln US$) 0 4 59 Food imports (mln US$) 118 161 589 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 109 17 Roasted (1 000 US$) 109 5 512 Extracts (1 000 US$) 60 10 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 13 428 25 190 Roasted (1 000 US$) 4 1 188 Extracts (1 000 US$) 376 5 250 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 591 607 1 171 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 65 68 129 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 2 179 2 253 2 862 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 835 1 888 2 117 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 267 347 692 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 66.1 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 6.9 7 8.1 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 66.1 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 2 2 2 27

Australia 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 17 19 24 Population, rural (mln) 2 2 2 GDP per capita (current US$) 28 604 35 253 42 834 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 77 79 82 Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) 100 100 100 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 100 100 100 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Austria 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 8 8 9 Population, rural (mln) 3 3 3 GDP per capita (current US$) 31 053 38 548 44 056 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 76 78 81 Primary completion rate (% age group) 99.9 98.3 Improved water source (% pop) 100 100 100 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 100 100 100 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Azerbaijan 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 8 8 10 Population, rural (mln) 4 4 4 GDP per capita (current US$) 8 513 4 459 16 593 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 0 0.3 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 49.6 5.3 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 42.5 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 65 67 71 Primary completion rate (% age group) 95.8 89.5 92 Improved water source (% pop) 69.9 74 80.2 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 62.1 82 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 23.6 22.5

Bahrain 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 0 1 1 Population, rural (mln) 0 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) 35 398 45 063 42 444 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 73 75 77 Primary completion rate (% age group) 99.7 99.1 Improved water source (% pop) 94.9 98.9 100 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 99 99.1 99.2 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 0.9 0.9 Food exports (mln US$) 1 28 147 Food imports (mln US$) 226 334 877 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 0 43 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 47 223 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 4 26 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 150 285 162 Roasted (1 000 US$) 660 75 1 556 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 591 2 900 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 19 26 44 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 91 122 207 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 44.5 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 1.3 2.8 2.8 Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 44.5 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 0 0 0 31

Bangladesh 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 107 132 159 Population, rural (mln) 86 101 111 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 239 1 606 2 853 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 70.2 58.6 43.2 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 56.6 48.9 31.5 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 58.7 52.3 35.2 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 60 65 71 Primary completion rate (% age group) 45.5 74.6 Improved water source (% pop) 68 76 84.8 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 33.4 44.5 57 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 34.7 23.1 16.9 Number of people undernourished (mln) 39.9 30.5 26.8 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 32.8 23.8 15.9 Food exports (mln US$) 15 13 71 Food imports (mln US$) 627 1 320 4 712 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 12 0 0 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 0 0 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 4 120 88 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 88 67 Extracts (1 000 US$) 30 430 2 314 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 10 755 14 982 22 700 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 64 89 135 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 2 041 2 285 2 470 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 2 049 2 184 2 344 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 62 74 106 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 87.8 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 1.1 4.6 4.7 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 87.8 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 91 97 106 32

Barbados 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 0 0 0 Population, rural (mln) 0 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) 13 025 14 714 15 299 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 71 73 75 Primary completion rate (% age group) 99.1 104 Improved water source (% pop) 95.4 99.1 99.8 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 82.3 90.1 91.6 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Belarus 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 10 10 9 Population, rural (mln) 3 3 2 GDP per capita (current US$) 8 084 7 300 17 055 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 0 0.3 0 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 41.9 5.5 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 50.8 9 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 71 69 72 Primary completion rate (% age group) 94.2 100 99.8 Improved water source (% pop) 99.5 99.6 99.6 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 95.2 94.9 94.3 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Belgium 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 10 11 Population, rural (mln) 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) 30 798 37 404 40 609 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 76 78 80 Primary completion rate (% age group) 79.1 90.1 Improved water source (% pop) 100 100 100 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 100 100 100 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Belize 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 0 0 0 Population, rural (mln) 0 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 166 7 215 8 215 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 9.1 12.2 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 71 71 74 Primary completion rate (% age group) 93.8 100.8 109.1 Improved water source (% pop) 72.9 85.1 99.3 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 75.9 82.7 90.5 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 7.3 6.5 6.3 Number of people undernourished (mln)

Benin 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 5 7 11 Population, rural (mln) 3 4 6 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 362 1 525 1 733 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 47.3 51.6 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 36.2 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 39.7 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 53 55 59 Primary completion rate (% age group) 18.7 37.3 75.7 Improved water source (% pop) 57.1 66.1 76.1 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 5 9 14.3 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 28.5 23.9 8.1 Number of people undernourished (mln) 1.6 1.7 0.9 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 34.7 34.9 35.9 Food exports (mln US$) 17 40 373 Food imports (mln US$) 92 106 1 612 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 0 0 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 0 0 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 1 75 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 9 141 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 98 2 221 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 812 1 414 2 509 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 48 85 152 Area harvested, coffee (ha) 1 000 1 261 355 Yield, coffee (hg/ha) 1 200 2 181 1 972 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) 0 0 0 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 2 159 2 262 2 792 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 2 052 2 149 2 481 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 82 94 112 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 45.4 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 23.8 25 26.1 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 45.4 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 19 20 15 37

Bhutan 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 1 1 1 Population, rural (mln) 0 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 332 3 596 7 167 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 24 2.4 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 12 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 16.7 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 52 60 68 Primary completion rate (% age group) 24 51 98.4 Improved water source (% pop) 86.1 98.1 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 35 46.9 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 35.3 27.4 17.1 Food exports (mln US$) 10 10 33 Food imports (mln US$) 14 20 124 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 60 0 4 Roasted (1 000 US$) 22 0 2 Extracts (1 000 US$) 418 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 104 103 145 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 69 69 97 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 94.1 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 14.3 28.4 28.4 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 1.2 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 94.1 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) -2 -6 -8 38

Bolivia 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 7 8 11 Population, rural (mln) 3 3 3 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 740 4 330 5 934 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 5.2 26.9 8 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 66.4 45 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 87 61.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 59 63 67 Primary completion rate (% age group) 70.2 96 89.4 Improved water source (% pop) 68.6 78.9 88.1 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 28.3 37 46.4 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 36.5 34.6 16.6 Number of people undernourished (mln) 2.7 2.9 1.8 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 16.7 15 13.3 Food exports (mln US$) 143 254 1 004 Food imports (mln US$) 74 236 494 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) 494.01 916.63 1 375.29 Producer price index (2004-06=100) 31 85 142 Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 14 132 10 337 18 583 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 16 120 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 1 1 Roasted (1 000 US$) 2 20 209 Extracts (1 000 US$) 62 2 336 9 221 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 1 631 2 321 3 753 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 59 82 136 Area harvested, coffee (ha) 27 547 24 404 30 013 Yield, coffee (hg/ha) 8 850 11 349 9 414 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) 24 28 28 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 1 996 2 066 2 277 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 634 1 745 1 804 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 304 331 450 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 92 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 8.8 18.7 20.8 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 92 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 99 99 115 39

Bosnia and Herzegovina 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 4 4 4 Population, rural (mln) 2 2 2 GDP per capita (current US$) 6 158 9 387 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 0.3 0 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 17.9 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 67 75 76 Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) 97.1 97.6 99.6 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 95.1 95.4 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Botswana 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 1 2 2 Population, rural (mln) 1 1 1 GDP per capita (current US$) 8 094 10 274 15 247 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 24.4 13.4 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 30.6 19.3 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 44.8 24.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 63 50 47 Primary completion rate (% age group) 88.5 89.1 97.7 Improved water source (% pop) 91.9 94.8 96.8 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 38.6 52 64.3 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 28.6 35.6 24.8 Number of people undernourished (mln) 0.4 0.6 0.5 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 4.9 3 2.4 Food exports (mln US$) 71 99 106 Food imports (mln US$) 167 308 564 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 13 11 14 Roasted (1 000 US$) 21 2 32 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 2 5 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 1 011 1 514 1 430 Roasted (1 000 US$) 638 878 3 620 Extracts (1 000 US$) 27 316 2 117 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 219 202 295 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 97 89 130 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 2 153 2 117 2 326 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 743 1 723 1 952 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 473 357 333 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 41.2 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 30.3 37.2 37.2 Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 41.2 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 18 21 18 41

Brazil 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 150 175 202 Population, rural (mln) 39 33 29 GDP per capita (current US$) 9 997 11 015 14 555 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 16.2 9.6 3.8 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 24.9 8.9 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 67 70 74 Primary completion rate (% age group) Improved water source (% pop) 88.5 93.5 97.5 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 66.8 74.6 81.3 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 14.3 12.3

Brunei Darussalam 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 0 0 0 Population, rural (mln) 0 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) 77 076 74 475 69 474 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 74 76 79 Primary completion rate (% age group) 100.1 115.9 97.9 Improved water source (% pop) Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Bulgaria 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 9 8 7 Population, rural (mln) 3 2 2 GDP per capita (current US$) 9 333 9 075 15 695 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 0 0.6 1.9 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 21 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 72 72 74 Primary completion rate (% age group) 99.5 96.6 96.9 Improved water source (% pop) 99.9 99.7 99.5 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 99.5 99.8 100 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Burkina Faso 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 9 12 17 Population, rural (mln) 8 10 12 GDP per capita (current US$) 848 1 080 1 630 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 48.9 44.5 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 51.1 46.7 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 65.8 52.8 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 49 50 56 Primary completion rate (% age group) 19.5 25.4 62.7 Improved water source (% pop) 43.6 59.9 81.7 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 7.7 11.6 18.6 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 23.2 26.6 20.7 Number of people undernourished (mln) 2.2 3.1 3.6 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 29.1 19.2 22.4 Food exports (mln US$) 20 35 176 Food imports (mln US$) 75 128 367 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 93 Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 6 0 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 6 74 Roasted (1 000 US$) 50 100 152 Extracts (1 000 US$) 1 300 4 535 12 993 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 941 1 281 2 286 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 51 69 124 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 2 317 2 331 2 707 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 2 058 2 173 2 561 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 137 145 159 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 51.4 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 13.7 13.9 15.2 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.1 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 51.4 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 24 26 31 45

Burundi 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 6 7 10 Population, rural (mln) 5 6 9 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 050 723 747 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 84.2 86.4 81.3 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 66.9 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 68.9 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 47 48 54 Primary completion rate (% age group) 40.6 23.9 70 Improved water source (% pop) 68.8 71.8 75.3 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 41.7 44.3 47.5 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Number of people undernourished (mln) Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 55.9 48.1 39.3 Food exports (mln US$) 0 2 0 Food imports (mln US$) 21 23 173 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) 1 853.53 1 394.18 299.11 Producer price index (2004-06=100) 26 59 27 Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 56 541 30 941 66 386 Roasted (1 000 US$) 11 3 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 1 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 11 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 9 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 985 873 1 388 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 102 91 145 Area harvested, coffee (ha) 42 229 62 000 45 000 Yield, coffee (hg/ha) 7 742 10 877 8 085 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) 33 67 36 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) Animal products (kcal/cap/day) Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 77.1 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 3.8 4.8 4.9 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 77.1 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 10 7 6 46

Cambodia 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 9 12 15 Population, rural (mln) 8 10 12 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 004 1 368 2 944 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 44.5 10.1 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 17.7 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 20.8 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 55 62 72 Primary completion rate (% age group) 65.9 97.3 Improved water source (% pop) 21.5 41.5 71.3 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 2.8 16.3 36.8 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 29 32 15 Number of people undernourished (mln) 2.9 3.9 2.3 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 46.5 37.8 29.8 Food exports (mln US$) 7 5 177 Food imports (mln US$) 12 73 399 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) 3 920.5 Producer price index (2004-06=100) 36 87 178 Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 0 10 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 Extracts (1 000 US$) 3 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 9 1 792 Roasted (1 000 US$) 13 177 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 230 4 535 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 1 173 1 832 4 405 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 47 74 181 Area harvested, coffee (ha) 221 365 435 Yield, coffee (hg/ha) 7 240 8 219 9 195 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) 0 0 0 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 2 034 2 114 2 488 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 799 1 924 2 195 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 139 191 216 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 94 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 0 23.1 26.2 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0.2 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 94 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 41 43 42 47

Cameroon 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 12 16 23 Population, rural (mln) 7 9 11 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 768 2 404 2 739 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 24.9 27.6 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 40.2 39.9 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 52.1 55 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 54 52 55 Primary completion rate (% age group) 55.6 48.7 72 Improved water source (% pop) 51.3 61.7 74.1 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 39.9 42.2 45.2 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 36.7 32.3 10.2 Number of people undernourished (mln) 4.8 5.1 2.3 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 24.6 22.1 22.7 Food exports (mln US$) 259 172 602 Food imports (mln US$) 212 215 934 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) 441.44 491.59 922.07 Producer price index (2004-06=100) 32 89 124 Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 173 832 94 799 86 650 Roasted (1 000 US$) 506 13 574 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 292 0 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 1 30 Roasted (1 000 US$) 5 15 134 Extracts (1 000 US$) 1 143 1 647 2 864 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 1 958 2 684 5 586 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 57 77 160 Area harvested, coffee (ha) 209 552 252 630 212 000 Yield, coffee (hg/ha) 4 819 3 412 1 972 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) 101 86 42 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 2 055 2 133 2 596 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 897 1 987 2 438 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 137 128 149 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 76.3 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 5.9 7.6 11 Organic area (% total agricultural area) 0 Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 76.3 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 123 126 121 48

Canada 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 28 31 36 Population, rural (mln) 6 6 7 GDP per capita (current US$) 31 118 37 259 41 899 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 77 79 81 Primary completion rate (% age group) 97.4 96.5 Improved water source (% pop) 99.8 99.8 99.8 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 99.8 99.8 99.8 Prevalence of undernourishment (%)

Cabo Verde 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 0 0 1 Population, rural (mln) 0 0 0 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 610 3 772 6 210 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 21 13.7 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 26.6 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 44.3 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 66 70 75 Primary completion rate (% age group) 56.5 105.6 94.7 Improved water source (% pop) 80.4 82.7 89.3 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 35.8 44.3 64.9 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 13.4 18.7 10 Number of people undernourished (mln)

Central African Republic 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 3 4 5 Population, rural (mln) 2 2 3 GDP per capita (current US$) 780 701 584 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 83.2 62.4 62.8 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 62 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 69.4 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 46 44 50 Primary completion rate (% age group) 30.2 45.3 Improved water source (% pop) 58.8 62.5 68.2 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 14.6 17.2 21.5 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 48.4 44.1 44.5 Number of people undernourished (mln) 1.5 1.6 2.1 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 49.3 52.1 58.2 Food exports (mln US$) 17 12 16 Food imports (mln US$) 35 18 59 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 12 711 8 095 884 Roasted (1 000 US$) 4 0 0 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 0 0 Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 389 0 0 Roasted (1 000 US$) 4 1 34 Extracts (1 000 US$) 59 7 148 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 500 744 986 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 62 91 121 Area harvested, coffee (ha) 24 097 17 203 14 000 Yield, coffee (hg/ha) 5 940 7 499 4 857 Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) 14 13 7 Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 1 887 1 967 1 926 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 712 1 756 1 886 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 192 227 268 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 0.6 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 17.5 17.8 18 Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 0.6 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 33 39 30 51

Chad 1990 2000 2014 Overview Population, total (mln) 6 8 13 Population, rural (mln) 5 7 10 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 111 998 2 022 Poverty headcount, $1.25 a day (% pop) 61.9 36.5 Poverty headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% pop) 54.8 46.7 Rural pov headcount, nat’l poverty lines (% rural pop) 58.4 52.5 Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 46 47 51 Primary completion rate (% age group) 16.6 22.2 38.8 Improved water source (% pop) 39.8 44.7 50.7 Improved sanitation facilities (% pop) 7.8 9.7 11.9 Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 55.7 40.1 36.1 Number of people undernourished (mln) 3.6 3.3 4.8 Macroeconomics Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 29.3 42.3 52.6 Food exports (mln US$) 33 52 39 Food imports (mln US$) 27 32 154 Producer prices, green coffee (US$ per tonne) Producer price index (2004-06=100) Exports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) Roasted (1 000 US$) Extracts (1 000 US$) Imports, coffee Green (1 000 US$) 0 0 0 Roasted (1 000 US$) 0 99 Extracts (1 000 US$) 0 290 99 Production and consumption Food prod value, gross (constant 2004-06 1 000 l$) 747 1 030 1 584 Food prod index (2004-2006=100) 56 77 120 Area harvested, coffee (ha) Yield, coffee (hg/ha) Production quantity, coffee (mln tonnes) Dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 1 818 1 985 2 171 Vegetal (crop) products (kcal/cap/day) 1 500 1 798 1 991 Animal products (kcal/cap/day) 148 149 119 Environment Renewable water res withdrawn (% total) 76.4 Terrestrial protected areas (% total land area) 9.5 9.5 16.6 Organic area (% total agricultural area) Water withdrawal by agriculture (% total) 76.4 GHG emissions from ag (CO2 eq, gigagrams) 33 39 36 52

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