How to manage your new pullets - Extension Poultry Specialist Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University - Compatibility Mode
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How to manage your new pullets R. Scott Beyer, PhD Extension Poultry Specialist Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University
Modern Egg Layers • Produces eggs in 17 -20 weeks from hatch • Consumes just 3 lbs feed for each dozen eggs produced • Can lay at up to 90% production rate for 2 years
About your new pullets…… • They are a hybrid strain meant for high egg production. • They have been vaccinated, not beak trimmed • They are about 16/17 weeks old
Protection from Predators • The number on thing in Kansas that causes the death of your pullets is: – Avian flu – Avian pox – Worms The number one killer of – Coccidiosis backyard chickens is your – Snakes dog, or your neighbor’s – Raccoons dog. – Animal abuse – Winter temperatures – Hot summers – None of these
Good Fresh Feed Start your pullets on layer feed as soon as you get home! 15/18% protein 3/5% Calcium
• Commercially available feeds • Mostly corn and soybeans • Maybe some wheat/sorghum • Vitamins and minerals should be added • Formulations vary based on age and purpose • Starter • Grower • Layer
Never offer scratch feed to laying hens in production
Crumbles and pellets are ok, but you may be paying for something you don’t need
Other Feed Considerations • Flax provides omega 3s • Marigold provides yolk color • BOTH of these they can get from grass!
Feed Management • Store feed to prevent rodent infestation • You loose feed and money! • Rodents are a source of Salmonella! • Types of feeders • Hanging-type preferred • Slows down rodents • Self feeder
What kind of grit? A full feed does not require additional grit!
“My chickens are free range”
Clean Water • Automatic devices best • Beware of freezing temps • Your birds were raised on nipple drinkers – show them your water system.
AIR • Birds don’t sweat, the pant • Heavy panting is heat stress – Causes watery eggs – Then egg shells
If you want eggs, your pullets need LIGHT • When you get home, its ok to use natural daylight for a few days • Be sure you have nests open BEFORE laying • When you get your first egg (2-3 weeks), from then on out, be sure that the birds get that exact day length for the rest of the year! • Use a combo of artificial and natural light, use a timer.
Lights for this hatch of pullets: • Make it simple, when your hens start laying, be sure they have a total of of 16 hours light per day • Keep it this way till state fair time in 2020 • Then leave lights off and use only natural light. • After molt in 6-8 weeks, turn your lights back to 16 hours
Anyone can make an Omelet! “Give someone an omelet, they will eat for a breakfast.“ “Teach someone to make their own omelet, they will eat for a lifetime.”
Make it Yourself Choose your ingredients
Make it Yourself Go to a cooker Break 2 eggs!
Make it Yourself Add a quick shot of water (about 2 tablespoons)
Make it Yourself Scramble them!
Make it Yourself Pour the eggs in Immediately, did a hole from the side and push to the middle
Make it Yourself Tilt your pan, allow the liquid eggs to fill the hole
Make it Yourself Add your ingredients on ONE SIDE
Make it Yourself Then flip the other side over the ingredients
Make it Yourself Plate it up!!!!
Make it Yourself Ta Da!!!!!!
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