The Multiple Listing Service of the Northwest Minnesota Association of REALTORS

The Multiple Listing Service of the Northwest Minnesota Association of REALTORS® Rules and Regulations Updated 12/2007 Revised 02/12/2008, 7/29/2008 Revised 2/2009, 4/2009 Revised 2/2010 Revised 1/2011 Revised 2/2012 Revised 7/2012 Revised 5/2015 Revised 03/2018 Revised 02/2019 Revised 03/2019 Revised 05/2019

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Rules and Regulations for the Northwest Minnesota MLS Operated as a Committee of the Northwest Minnesota Association of REALTORS® Listing Procedures Section 1 - Listing Procedures Listings of real or personal property of the following types, which are listed subject to a real estate broker’s license, and are located within the territorial jurisdiction of the multiple listing service, and are taken by participants on Exclusive Agency and Exclusive Right to Sell forms, shall be delivered to the multiple listing service within 3 business days of the contract begin date and after all necessary signatures of seller(s) have been obtained: (Amended 11/01) a. single family homes for sale or exchange b. vacant lots and acreage for sale or exchange c. two-family, three-family, and four-family residential buildings for sale or exchange d. condominium, townhouse, Planned Unit Development e. new construction; to include builder models, floor plans, and structures being built (Amended 11/07) Note 1: The multiple listing service shall not require a participant to submit listings on a form other than the form the participant individually chooses to utilize provided the listing is of a type accepted by the service, although a property data form may be required as approved by the multiple listing service. However, the multiple listing service, through its legal counsel:
  • may reserve the right to refuse to accept a listing form which fails to adequately protect the interests of the public and the participants
  • assure that no listing form filed with the multiple listing service establishes, directly or indirectly, any contractual relationship between the multiple listing service and the client (buyer or seller) The multiple listing service shall accept exclusive right-to-sell listing contracts and exclusive agency listing contracts and may accept other forms of agreement which make it possible for the listing broker to offer compensation to the other participants of the multiple listing service acting as subagents, buyer agents, or both. (Amended 11/96) The listing agreement must include the seller’s written authorization to submit the agreement to the multiple listing service. (Amended 11/96) The different types of listing agreements include:
  • exclusive right-to-sell
  • open
  • exclusive agency
  • net The service may not accept net listings because they are deemed unethical and, in most states, illegal. Open listings are not accepted, except where required by law, because the inherent nature of an open listing is such as to usually not include the authority to cooperate and compensate other brokers and inherently provides a disincentive for cooperation. (Amended 4/92) The exclusive right-to-sell listing is the conventional form of listing submitted to the multiple listing service in that the seller authorizes the listing broker to cooperate with and to compensate other brokers. (Amended 4/92) The exclusive agency listing also authorizes the listing broker, as exclusive agent, to offer cooperation and compensation on blanket unilateral bases, but also reserves to the seller the general right to sell the property on an unlimited or restrictive basis. Exclusive agency listings and exclusive right-to-sell listings with named prospects exempt should be clearly distinguished by a simple designation such as a code or symbol from exclusive right-tosell listings with no named prospects exempt, since they can present special risks of procuring cause controversies and administrative problems not posed by exclusive right-to-sell listings with no named prospects exempt. Care should be exercised to ensure that different codes or symbols are used to denote exclusive agency and exclusive right-to-sell listings with prospect reservations. (Amended 4/92)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Note 2: A multiple listing service does not regulate the type of listings its members may take. This does not mean that a multiple listing service must accept every type of listing. The multiple listing service shall decline to accept open listings (except where acceptance is required by law) and net listings, and it may limit its service to listings of certain kinds of property. But, if it chooses to limit the kind of listings it will accept, it shall leave its members free to accept such listings to be handled outside the multiple listing service.

  • Note 3: A multiple listing service may, as a matter of local option, accept exclusively listed property that is subject to auction. If such listings do not show a listed price, they may be included in a separate section of the MLS compilation of current listings. (Adopted 11/92) Section 1.1 - Types of Properties Following are some of the types of properties that may be published through the service, including types described in the preceding paragraph that are required to be filed with the service and other types that may be filed with the service at the participant’s option provided, however, that any listing submitted is entered into within the scope of the participant’s licensure as a real estate broker: (Amended 11/07)
  • residential
  • motel-hotel
  • residential income
  • mobile homes
  • subdivided vacant lot
  • mobile home parks
  • land and ranch
  • commercial income
  • business opportunity
  • industrial
  • new construction
  • farms Section 1.1.1 - Listings Subject to Rules and Regulations of the Service Any listing taken on a contract to be filed with the multiple listing service is subject to the rules and regulations of the service upon signature of the seller(s).

Section 1.2 - Detail on Listings Filed with the Service A listing agreement or property data form, when filed with the multiple listing service by the listing broker, shall be complete in every detail, including photo, which is ascertainable as specified on the property data form. Section 1.2.1 - Limited Service Listings Listing agreements under which the listing broker will not provide one, or more, of the following services: a. arrange appointments for cooperating brokers to show listed property to potential purchasers but instead gives cooperating brokers authority to make such appointments directly with the seller(s) b.

accept and present to the seller(s) offers to purchase procured by cooperating brokers but instead gives cooperating brokers authority to present offers to purchase directly to the seller(s) c. advise the seller(s) as to the merits of offers to purchase d. assist the seller(s) in developing, communicating, or presenting counter-offers e. participate on the seller’s(s’) behalf in negotiations leading to the sale of the listed property will be identified with an appropriate code or symbol (e.g., LR or LS) in MLS compilations so potential cooperating brokers will be aware of the extent of the services the listing broker will provide to the seller(s), and any potential for cooperating brokers being asked to provide some or all of these services to listing brokers’ clients, prior to initiating efforts to show or sell the property.

(Adopted 5/01) Section 1.2.2 – NOT ADOPTED Section 1.2.3 - Co-Listings

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 In the event a participant jointly lists a property with another participant, only one data entry shall be processed through the MLS Service. Section 1.3 - Exempt Listings If the seller refuses to permit the listing to be disseminated by the service, the participant may then take the listing (office exclusive) and such listing shall be filed with the service but not disseminated to the participants. Filing of the listing should be accompanied by certification signed by the seller that he/she does not desire the listing to be disseminated by the service.

Section 1.4 - Change of Status of Listing Any change in listed price or other change in the original listing agreement shall be made only when authorized in writing by the seller and shall be filed with the service within 3 business days (excepting weekends, holidays, and postal holidays) after the authorized change is received by the listing broker.

Section 1.5 - Withdrawal of Listing Prior to Expiration Listings of property may be withdrawn from the multiple listing service by the listing broker before the expiration date of the listing agreement, provided notice is filed with the service, including a copy of the agreement between the seller and the listing broker which authorizes the withdrawal. Sellers do not have the unilateral right to require an MLS to withdraw a listing without the listing broker’s concurrence. However, when a seller(s) can document that his or her exclusive relationship with the listing broker has been terminated, the multiple listing service may remove the listing at the request of the seller.

(Adopted 11/96) Section 1.6 - Contingencies Applicable to Listings Any contingency or conditions of any term in a listing shall be specified and noticed to the participants. Section 1.7 - Listing Price Specified The full gross listing price stated in the listing contract will be included in the information published in the MLS compilation of current listings, unless the property is subject to auction. (Amended 11/92) Section 1.8 - Listing Multiple Unit Properties All properties which are to be sold or which may be sold separately must be indicated individually in the listing and on the property data form.

When part of a listed property has been sold, proper notification should be given to the multiple listing service.

Section 1.9 - No Control of Commission Rates or Fees Charged to Participants The multiple listing service shall not fix, control, recommend, suggest, or maintain commission rates or fees for services to be rendered by participants. Further, the multiple listing service shall not fix, control, recommend, suggest, or maintain the division of commissions or fees between cooperating participants or between participants and nonparticipants. Section 1.10 - Expiration of Listings Listings filed with the multiple listing service will automatically be removed from the compilation of current listings on the expiration date specified in the agreement, unless prior to that date the MLS receives notice that the listing has been extended or renewed.

(Amended 11/01) If notice of renewal or extension is received within 3 business days after the listing has been removed from the compilation of current listings, the extension or renewal will be allowed. 3 business days after the contract expiration date, a new contract will be needed and must be entered as a new listing following the new listing procedures and policies. Extensions and renewals of listings must be signed by the seller(s) and filed with the service. (Revised 3/11)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Section 1.11 - Termination Date on Listings Listings filed with the service shall bear a definite and final termination date, as negotiated between the listing broker and the seller. M-New Section 1.12 –Service Area Only listings of the designated types of property located within the service area of the MLS are required to be submitted to the service. Listings of property located outside the MLS’s service area will be accepted if submitted voluntarily by a participant but cannot be required by the service. (Amended 11/17) M Note: Associations must choose whether the service will accept listings from beyond its service area into the MLS compilation.

(Amended 11/17) Section 1.13 - Listings of Suspended Participants When a participant of the service is suspended from the MLS for failing to abide by a membership duty (i.e., violation of the Code of Ethics, association bylaws, MLS bylaws, MLS rules and regulations, or other membership obligations except failure to pay appropriate dues, fees, or charges), all listings currently filed with the MLS by the suspended participant shall, at the participant’s option, be retained in the service until sold, withdrawn or expired, and shall not be renewed or extended by the MLS beyond the termination date of the listing agreement in effect when the suspension became effective.

If a participant has been suspended from the association (except where MLS participation without association membership is permitted by law) or MLS (or both) for failure to pay appropriate dues, fees, or charges, an association MLS is not obligated to provide MLS services, including continued inclusion of the suspended participant’s listings in the MLS compilation of current listing information. Prior to any removal of a suspended participant’s listings from the MLS, the suspended participant should be advised, in writing, of the intended removal so that the suspended participant may advise his clients.

Section 1.14 - Listings of Expelled Participants When a participant of the service is expelled from the MLS for failing to abide by a membership duty (i.e., violation of the Code of Ethics, association bylaws, MLS bylaws, MLS rules and regulations, or other membership obligations except failure to pay appropriate dues, fees, or charges), all listings currently filed with the MLS by the expelled participant shall, at the participant’s option, be retained in the service until sold, withdrawn, or expired, and shall not be renewed or extended by the MLS beyond the termination date of the listing agreement in effect when the expulsion became effective.

If a participant has been expelled from the association (except where MLS participation without association membership is permitted by law) or MLS (or both) for failure to pay appropriate dues, fees, or charges, an association MLS is not obligated to provide MLS services, including continued inclusion of the expelled participant’s listings in the MLS compilation of current listing information. Prior to any removal of an expelled participant’s listings from the MLS, the expelled participant should be advised, in writing, of the intended removal so that the expelled participant may advise his clients.

Section 1.15 - Listings of Resigned Participants When a participant of the service resigns from the MLS, the MLS is not obligated to provide services, including continued inclusion of the resigned participant’s listings in the MLS compilation of current listing information. Prior to any removal of a resigned participant’s listings from the MLS, the resigned participant should be advised, in writing, of the intended removal so that the resigned participant may advise his clients.

Selling Procedures Section 2 - Showings and Negotiation Appointments for showings and negotiations with the seller for the purchase of listed property filed with the multiple listing service shall be conducted through the listing broker, except under the following circumstances: a. the listing broker gives the cooperating broker specific authority to show and/or negotiate directly, or b. after reasonable effort, the cooperating broker cannot contact the listing broker or his representative; however, the listing broker, at his option, may preclude such direct negotiations by cooperating brokers.

(Amended 4/92)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Section 2.1 - Presentation of Offers The listing broker must make arrangements to present the offer as soon as possible, or give the cooperating broker a satisfactory reason for not doing so. (Amended 4/92) Section 2.2 - Submission of Written Offers The listing broker shall submit to the seller all written offers until closing unless precluded by law, government rule, regulation, or agreed otherwise in writing between the seller and the listing broker. Unless the subsequent offer is contingent upon the termination of an existing contract, the listing broker shall recommend that the seller obtain the advice of legal counsel prior to acceptance of the subsequent offer.

Participants representing buyers or tenants shall submit to the buyer or tenant all offers and counter-offers until acceptance, and shall recommend that buyers and tenants obtain legal advice where there is a question about whether a pre-existing contract has been terminated. (Amended 11/05) Section 2.3 - Right of Cooperating Broker in Presentation of Offer The cooperating broker (or buyer agent) or his representative has the right to participate in the presentation to the seller or lessor of any offer he secures to purchase or lease. He does not have the right to be present at any discussion or evaluation of that offer by the seller or lessor and the listing broker.

However, if the seller or lessor gives written instructions to the listing broker that the cooperating broker not be present when an offer the cooperating broker secured is presented, the cooperating broker has the right to a copy of the seller’s or lessor’s written instructions. None of the foregoing diminishes the listing broker’s right to control the establishment of appointments for such presentations. (Amended 4/92) Where the cooperating broker is not present during the presentation of the offer, the cooperating broker can request in writing, and the listing broker must provide, written affirmation stating that the offer has been submitted to the seller, or written notification that the seller has waived the obligation to have the offer presented.

M Section 2.4 - Right of Listing Broker in Presentation of Counter-offer The listing broker or his representative has the right to participate in the presentation of any counter-offer made by the seller or lessor. He does not have the right to be present at any discussion or evaluation of a counter-offer by the purchaser or lessee. However, if the purchaser or lessee gives written instructions to the cooperating broker that the listing broker not be present when a counter-offer is presented, the listing broker has the right to a copy of the purchaser’s or lessee’s written instructions. (Adopted 11/93) Section 2.5 - Reporting Sales to the Service Status changes, including final closing of sales and sale prices, shall be reported to the multiple listing service by the listing broker within 48 hours after they have occurred.

If negotiations were carried on under Section 2 a. or b. hereof, the cooperating broker shall report accepted offers and prices to the listing broker within 48 hours after occurrence and the listing broker shall report them to the MLS within 48 hours after receiving notice from the cooperating broker. Pending listings will be charged a $25.00 fine if not entered into the system within 3 business days. (Adopted 9/10) Sale of Another Property For the purposes of this section a listing with an accepted purchase agreement contingent on the sale of a home is exempt from the 2.5 rule and can be marketed active-contingent.

Once the sale of a home contingency has been removed it must go into a pending status and follow rule 2.5 that the listing must be pended within three business days. Home Inspection For the purposes of this section a listing with an accepted purchase agreement contingent on a home inspection, defined with a specific length of time is exempt from the 2.5 rule and can be marketed active-contingent. Financing Any listing Contingent on Financing must show up in a pending status. Other Any other contingency will show in a pending status. (Adopted 3/14/19)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Coming Soon Prior to being entered into the system or advertised, all Coming Soon Listings must have a valid, fully executed contract: 1.

Exclusive Right to Sell 2. Exclusive Agency Coming Soon listings must include a disclaimer written in the contract that the listing is not available for showings and must include at least one exterior photo of the listing. Coming Soon Listings are not available for showing by any Realtor, including the listing brokerage; and no offers are to be presented to the seller during the Coming Soon timeframe.

Coming Soon Listings must include an offer of cooperation and compensation that becomes effective on the GoLive Date; and Coming Soon Listings must include a Go-Live Date which must be no later than 3 days after the entry date; and Coming Soon listings shall automatically convert to active status on the GoLive Date. The Coming Soon 3-day timeframe cannot be shortened or extended after entry into the MLS. There shall be no syndication permitted of Coming Soon Listings. Coming Soon listings may be included in IDX and VOW data feeds and may not be re-syndicated.

Coming Soon Listings may be promoted on social media.

Any social media activity must comply with the REALTOR® Code of Ethics.(Adopted 09/18 Note 1: The listing agreement of a property filed with the MLS by the listing broker should include a provision expressly granting the listing broker authority to advertise; to file the listing with the MLS; to provide timely notice of status changes of the listing to the MLS; and to provide sales information including selling price to the MLS upon sale of the property. If deemed desirable by the MLS to publish sales information prior to final closing (settlement) of a sales transaction, the listing agreement should also include a provision expressly granting the listing broker the right to authorize dissemination of this information by the MLS to its participants.

(Amended 11/01) Note 2: In disclosure states, if the sale price of a listed property is recorded, the reporting of the sale price may be required by the MLS.

In states where the actual sale prices of completed transactions are not publicly accessible, failure to report sale prices can result in disciplinary action only if the MLS: 1. categorizes sale price information as confidential and 2. limits use of sale price information to participants and subscribers in providing real estate services, including appraisals and other valuations, to customers and clients; and to governmental bodies and third-party entities only as provided below. The MLS may provide sale price information to governmental bodies only to be used for statistical purposes (including use of aggregated data for purposes of valuing property) and to confirm the accuracy of information submitted by property owners or their representatives in connection with property valuation challenges; and to third-party entities only to be used for academic research, statistical analysis, or for providing services to participants and subscribers.

In any instance where a governmental body or third-party entity makes sale price information provided by the MLS available other than as provided for in this provision, a listing participant may request the sale price information for a specific property be withheld from dissemination for these purposes with written authorization from the seller, and withholding of sale price information from those entities shall not be construed as a violation of the requirement to report sale prices. (Adopted 11/11) Note 3: As established in the Virtual Office Website (“VOW”) policy, sale prices can only be categorized as confidential in states where the actual sale prices of completed transactions are not accessible from public records.) (Adopted 11/11) Section 2.6 - Reporting Resolutions of Contingencies The listing broker shall report to the multiple listing service within twenty-four (24) hours that a contingency on file with the multiple listing service has been fulfilled or renewed, or the agreement cancelled.

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Section 2.7 - Advertising of Listings Filed With the Service A listing shall not be advertised by any participant other than the listing broker without the prior consent of the listing broker. Section 2.8 - Reporting Cancellation of Pending Sale The listing broker shall report immediately to the multiple listing service the cancellation of any pending sale, and the listing shall be reinstated immediately. Section 2.9 - Disclosing the Existence of Offers Listing brokers, in response to inquiries from buyers or cooperating brokers shall, with the seller’s approval, disclose the existence of offers on the property.

Where disclosure is authorized, the listing broker shall also disclose if asked whether offers were obtained by the listing licensee, by another licensee in the listing firm, or by a cooperating broker. (Amended 11/08) Section 2.10 - Availability of Listed Property Listing brokers shall not misrepresent the availability of access to show or inspect listed property. (Amended 11/05) Refusal to Sell Section 3 - Refusal to Sell If the seller of any listed property filed with the multiple listing service refuses to accept a written offer satisfying the terms and conditions stated in the listing, such fact shall be transmitted immediately to the service and to all participants.

Prohibitions Section 4 - Information for Participants Only Any listing filed with the service shall not be made available to any broker or firm not a member of the MLS without the prior consent of the listing broker.

Section 4.1 - For Sale Signs Only the for sale sign of the listing broker may be placed on a property. (Amended 11/89) Section 4.2 - Sold Signs Prior to closing, only the sold sign of the listing broker may be placed on a property, unless the listing broker authorizes the cooperating (selling) broker to post such a sign. (Amended 4/96) Section 4.3 - Solicitation of Listing Filed With the Service Participants shall not solicit a listing on property filed with the service unless such solicitation is consistent with Article 16 of the REALTORS®’ Code of Ethics, its Standards of Practice, and its Case Interpretations.

Note: This section is to be construed in a manner consistent with Article 16 of the Code of Ethics and particularly Standard of Practice 16-4. This section is intended to encourage sellers to permit their properties to be filed with the service by protecting them from being solicited, prior to expiration of the listing, by brokers and salespersons seeking the listing upon its expiration.

Without such protection, a seller could receive hundreds of calls, communications, and visits from brokers and salespersons who have been made aware through MLS filing of the date the listing will expire and desire to substitute themselves for the present broker. This section is also intended to encourage brokers to participate in the service by assuring them that other participants will not attempt to persuade the seller to breach the listing agreement or to interfere with their attempts to market the property. Absent the protection afforded by this section, listing brokers would be most reluctant to generally disclose the identity of the seller or the availability of the property to other brokers.

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 This section does not preclude solicitation of listings under the circumstances otherwise recognized by the Standards of Practice related to Article 16 of the Code of Ethics. Section 4.4 - Use of the Terms MLS and Multiple Listing Service No MLS participant, subscriber, or licensee affiliated with any participant shall, through the name of their firm, their URLs, their e-mail addresses, their website addresses, or in any other way represent, suggest, or imply that the individual or firm is an MLS, or that they operate an MLS. Participants, subscribers and licensees affiliated with participants shall not represent, suggest, or imply that consumers or others have direct access to MLS databases, or that consumers or others are able to search MLS databases available only to participants and subscribers.

This does not prohibit participants and subscribers from representing that any information they are authorized under MLS rules to provide to clients or customers is available on their websites or otherwise. (Adopted 11/07) Section 4.5 - Photographs Submitted to the Service Photographs of listed property sent to the MLS service shall depict the property for sale to include at least one photo of the subject/home exterior, and shall not include marketing or promotional messages made on behalf of the listing broker or seller. A seller may expressly direct that photographs of their property not appear in MLS compilations.

Section 4.6 - Remarks Information. Remarks of listed property sent to the MLS Service shall depict the property for sale and shall not include marketing or promotional messages made on behalf of the listing broker or seller. Section 4.7 - Relatives. Relatives may voluntarily be disclosed in the public remarks. Relatives are immediate family comprised of spouses, parents, children, siblings, and grandparents. (Amended 01/13) Section 4.8 - Year Built: If an actual year built cannot be established through the public records, then an estimated year built may be used but source of information must be documented.

Remodel dates will not be allowed. (Adopted 4/08) Division of Commissions Section 5 - Compensation Specified on Each Listing The listing broker shall specify, on each listing filed with the multiple listing service, the compensation offered to other multiple listing service participants for their services in the sale of such listing. Such offers are unconditional except that entitlement to compensation is determined by the cooperating broker’s performance as the procuring cause of the sale (or lease) or as otherwise provided for in this rule. The listing broker’s obligation to compensate any cooperating broker as the procuring cause of the sale (or lease) may be excused if it is determined through arbitration that, through no fault of the listing broker and in the exercise of good faith and reasonable care, it was impossible or financially unfeasible for the listing broker to collect a commission pursuant to the listing agreement.

In such instances, entitlement to cooperative compensation offered through MLS would be a question to be determined by an arbitration hearing panel based on all relevant facts and circumstances including, but not limited to, why it was impossible or financially unfeasible for the listing broker to collect some or all of the commission established in the listing agreement; at what point in the transaction did the listing broker know (or should have known) that some or all of the commission established in the listing agreement might not be paid; and how promptly had the listing broker communicated to cooperating brokers that the commission established in the listing agreement might not be paid.

(Amended 11/98) In filing a property with the multiple listing service of an association of REALTORS®, the participant of the service is making blanket unilateral offers of compensation to the other MLS participants, and shall therefore specify on each listing filed with the service, the compensation being offered to the other MLS participants. Specifying the compensation on each listing is necessary, because the cooperating broker has the right to know what his compensation shall be prior to his endeavor to sell.* (Amended 11/96) The listing broker retains the right to determine the amount of compensation offered to other participants (acting as buyer agents, or in other agency or non-agency capacities defined by law) which may be the same or different.

(Amended 11/96) This shall not preclude the listing broker from offering any MLS participant compensation other than the compensation indicated on any listing published by the MLS, provided the listing broker informs the other broker, in writing, in advance of submitting an offer to purchase, and provided that the modification in the specified compensation is not the result of any agreement among all or any other participants in the service. Any superseding offer of compensation must be expressed as either a percentage of the gross sales price or as a flat dollar amount. (Amended 5/10)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 *The compensation specified on listings filed with the multiple listing service shall appear in one of two forms. The essential and appropriate requirement by an association multiple listing service is that the information to be published shall clearly inform the participants as to the compensation they will receive in cooperative transactions, unless advised otherwise by the listing broker, in writing, in advance of submitting an offer to purchase. The compensation specified on listings published by the MLS shall be shown in one of the following forms: 1.

by showing a percentage of the gross selling price 2. by showing a definite dollar amount (Amended 5/10) Note 1: The multiple listing service shall not have a rule requiring the listing broker to disclose the amount of total negotiated commission in his/her listing contract, and the association multiple listing service shall not publish the total negotiated commission on a listing which has been submitted to the MLS by a participant. The association multiple listing service shall not disclose in any way the total commission negotiated between the seller and the listing broker. Note 2: The listing broker may, from time to time, adjust the compensation offered to other multiple listing service participants for their services with respect to any listing by advance published notice to the service so that all participants will be advised.

(Amended 4/92) Note 3: The Multiple listing service shall make no rule on the division of commissions between participants and nonparticipants. This should remain solely the responsibility of the listing broker. Note 4: Multiple listing services, at their discretion, may adopt rules and procedures enabling listing brokers to communicate to potential cooperating brokers that gross commissions established in listing contracts are subject to court approval, and that compensation payable to cooperating brokers may be reduced if the gross commission established in the listing contract is reduced by a court.

In such instances, the fact that the gross commission is subject to court approval and either the potential reduction in compensation payable to cooperating brokers or the method by which the potential reduction in compensation will be calculated must be clearly communicated to potential cooperating brokers prior to the time they submit an offer that ultimately results in a successful transaction. (Amended 5/10) Note 5: Nothing in these MLS rules precludes a listing participant and a cooperating participant, as a matter of mutual agreement, from modifying the cooperative compensation to be paid in the event of a successful transaction.

(Adopted 5/10) Note 6: Multiple listing services must give participants the ability to disclose to other participants any potential for a short sale. As used in these rules, short sales are defined as a transaction where title transfers, where the sale price is insufficient to pay the total of all liens and costs of sale, and where the seller does not bring sufficient liquid assets to the closing to cure all deficiencies. Multiple listing services may, as a matter of local discretion, require participants to disclose potential short sales when participants know a transaction is a potential short sale.

In any instance where a participant discloses a potential short sale, they may, as a matter of local discretion, also be permitted to communicate to other participants how any reduction in the gross commission established in the listing contract required by the lender as a condition of approving the sale will be apportioned between listing and cooperating participants. All confidential disclosures and confidential information related to short sales, if allowed by local rules, must be communicated through dedicated fields or confidential “remarks” available only to participants and subscribers.

(Amended 5/09) Section 5.0.1 - Disclosing Potential Short Sales Participants may, but are not required to, disclose potential short sales (defined as a transaction where title transfers, where the sale price is insufficient to pay the total of all liens and costs of sale and where the seller does not bring sufficient liquid assets to the closing to cure all deficiencies) to other participants and subscribers. (Amended 5/09) When disclosed, participants may, at their discretion, advise other participants whether and how any reduction in the gross commission established in the listing contract, required by the lender as a condition of approving the sale, will be apportioned between listing and cooperating participants.

(Adopted 5/09)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Section 5.1 - Participant as Principal If a participant or any licensee (or licensed or certified appraiser) affiliated with a participant has any ownership interest in a property, the listing of which is to be disseminated through the multiple listing service, that person shall disclose that interest when the listing is filed with the multiple listing service and such information shall be disseminated to all multiple listing service participants. Ownership or relatives may be disclosed in the public remarks section of the MLS.

Section 5.2 - Participant as Purchaser If a participant or any licensee (including licensed and certified appraisers) affiliated with a participant wishes to acquire an interest in property listed with another participant, such contemplated interest shall be disclosed, in writing, to the listing broker not later than the time an offer to purchase is submitted to the listing broker.

(Adopted 2/92) Section 5.3 - Dual or Variable Rate Commission Arrangements The existence of a dual or variable rate commission arrangement (i.e., one in which the seller/landlord agrees to pay a specified commission if the property is sold/leased by the listing broker without assistance and a different commission if the sale/lease results through the efforts of a cooperating broker; or one in which the seller/landlord agrees to pay a specified commission if the property is sold/leased by the listing broker either with or without the assistance of a cooperating broker and a different commission if the sale/lease results through the efforts of a seller/landlord) shall be disclosed by the listing broker by a key, code, or symbol as required by the MLS.

The listing broker shall, in response to inquiries from potential cooperating brokers, disclose the differential that would result in either a cooperative transaction or, alternatively, in a sale/lease that results through the efforts of the seller/landlord. If the cooperating broker is a buyer/tenant representative, the buyer/tenant representative must disclose such information to their client before the client makes an offer to purchase or lease. (Amended 5/01) Service Charges Section 6 - Service Fees and Charges The following service charges for operation of the multiple listing service are in effect to defray the costs of the service and are subject to change from time to time in the manner prescribed: A.

Initial Participation Fee: An applicant for participation in the service shall pay an application fee of $500.00 with such fee to accompany the application.

Note: The initial participation fee shall approximate the cost of bringing the service to the participant. B. Recurring Participation Fee: The monthly participation fee of each participant shall be an amount equal to $35.00 times each salesperson and licensed or certified appraiser who has access to and use of the service, whether licensed as a broker, sales licensee, or licensed or certified appraiser who is employed by or affiliated as an independent contractor with such participant. Licensees noted as listing member or co-listing member must be billable users of the service. Payment of such fees shall be made on receipt of the monthly invoice/statement.

(Amended 05/15) However, MLSs must provide participants the option of a no-cost waiver of MLS fees, dues, and charges for any licensee or licensed or certified appraiser who can demonstrate subscription to a different MLS or CIE where the principal broker participates. MLSs may, at their discretion, require that broker participants sign a certification for nonuse of its MLS services by their licensees, which can include penalties and termination of the waiver if violated. * (Adopted 11/17) M Note 1: A multiple listing service may elect to have such fees payable on a quarterly or even on a monthly basis.

However, added administrative services are necessitated by increased frequency of such payments. Note 2: Multiple listing services that choose to include affiliated unlicensed administrative and clerical staff, personal assistants, and/or individuals seeking licensure or certification as real estate appraisers among those eligible for access to and use of MLS information as subscribers may, at their discretion, charge recurring fees. (Amended 11/17) R

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Section 6.1 - Fines 1. Late/rejected listings: All listings must be submitted to the MLS Secretary for approval within 3 business days of the contract begin date noted on the listing contract. Listings that are not submitted and approved to the service within the allotted 3 days will receive the following fine(s): Business day #4: $25.00 Business day #8: additional $25.00 Business day #10: additional $25.00 Everyday thereafter an additional $25.00 fine until listing is submitted and approved. 2. Withdrawn Listings: Listings may be withdrawn from the multiple listing service by participants prior to the listing’s expiration date.

Participants must submit the sellers’ written agreement to be withdrawn from the MLS to the MLS secretary within 3 business days of sellers notice. (Amended 03/07) 3. Unauthorized use: Any member, affiliated unlicensed administrative and clerical staff, personal assistants, and individuals seeking licensure or certifications as real estate appraisers who are under the direct supervision of an MLS participant or the participant’s licensed designee are found transmitting, retransmitting, or providing MLS information in any manner to any unauthorized individual, office, firm, or unauthorized licensee, or found sharing their password with unauthorized individuals, or any other actions which circumvent the spirit and intention of the Northwest Minnesota MLS bylaws, rules, and regulations, the Designated REALTOR office will be charged a fine of $1,000.00.

Second offense would result in a $1,000.00 fine and automatic suspension until fines are paid in full. Third offense is $2,000.00 fine, suspension and possible termination at discretion of the Board of Directors. (Amended 11/07) 4. Agent Transfer Notification: Offices are required to notify the service immediately with agent transfers. Failure to notify the service within 5 business days will be subject to a $100.00 fine.

5. Virtual Tours: Links to a virtual tour on any listing must be input as an unbranded tour in the unbranded tour link field. Unbranded tours must link out directly to the virtual tour. It must only describe the property for sale and its vicinity. No other contact or promotional information is allowed, including links to other areas of any web site where there is promotional information. Every effort will be made to notify the agent, the office secretary, and the broker of the agent of said violations to help ensure a reduction in fines. Violations will be reset each year on January 1st. Violations are per agent, per incident, not per listing.

Violators will be encouraged to ensure all listings are corrected at the time violation is noted.

Violations: 1) The first violation will be a warning with 3 business days to correct the violation. After the third business day and violation remains uncorrected, a $25.00 fine will be applied with automatic removal of the link(s) by the MLS. 2) The second violation by the same agent will result in an immediate $25.00 fine. Violation must be corrected within 3 business days. After the third business day and the violation remains uncorrected, a $50.00 fine will be applied with automatic removal of the link(s) by the MLS.

3) The third violation by the same agent will result in an immediate $25.00 fine with three (3) business days to correct the violation.

After the third business day and violation remains uncorrected, a $100.00 fine will be applied with automatic removal of the link(s) by the MLS. 4) Further violations will be referred to the MLS Committee for review. 6. Waiving Fees and/or Fines: Each participant of the multiple listing service has the right to request a review of any MLS fees and/or fines applied. Documentation for the initial request to waive such fees/fines must be received by the MLS office within 60 days after receipt of the first invoice noting such fees/fines. If the initial request is rejected, the MLS participant may request a review before the MLS committee with 60 days of the initial denial and will be placed on the agenda for the next available MLS committee meeting.

All fees/fines are still expected to be paid as per MLS policy section 7.1, subsection a. Approved waived fines will be credited on the next participants invoice. (Adopted 7/08)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Compliance with Rules Section 7 - Compliance with Rules – Authority to Impose Discipline By becoming and remaining a participant or subscriber in this MLS, each participant and subscriber agrees to be subject to the rules and regulations and any other MLS governance provision. The MLS may, through the administrative and hearing procedures established in these rules, impose discipline for violations of the rules and other MLS governance provisions. Discipline that may be imposed may only consist of one or more of the following: a. letter of warning b.

letter of reprimand c. attendance at MLS orientation or other appropriate courses or seminars which the participant or subscriber can reasonably attend taking into consideration cost, location, and duration d. appropriate, reasonable fine not to exceed $15,000 e. suspension of MLS rights, privileges, and services for not less than thirty (30) days nor more than one (1) year f. termination of MLS rights, privileges, and services with no right to reapply for a specified period not to exceed three (3) years (Adopted 11/07) Note: A participant (or user/subscriber, where appropriate) can be placed on probation.

Probation is not a form of discipline. When a participant (or user/subscriber, where appropriate) is placed on probation the discipline is held in abeyance for a stipulated period of time not longer than one (1) year. Any subsequent finding of a violation of the MLS rules during the probationary period may, at the discretion of the Board of Directors, result in the imposition of the suspended discipline. Absent any subsequent findings of a violation during the probationary period, both the probationary status and the suspended discipline are considered fulfilled, and the individual’s record will reflect the fulfilment.

The fact that one or more forms of discipline are held in abeyance during the probationary period does not bar imposition of other forms of discipline which will not be held in abeyance. (Revised 05/14) M Section 7.1 - Compliance with Rules The following action may be taken for noncompliance with the rules: a. for failure to pay any service charge or fee within two (2) months of the date due, and provided that at least ten (10) days’ notice has been given, the service shall be suspended until service charges or fees are paid in full. A 1.5% finance charge will be applied on portions over 30 days old.

(Amended 11/07) b. for failure to comply with any other rule, the provisions of Sections 9 and 9.1 shall apply Section 7.2 - Applicability of Rules to Users and/or Subscribers Non-principal brokers, sales licensees, appraisers, and others authorized to have access to information published by the MLS are subject to these rules and regulations and may be disciplined for violations thereof provided that the user or subscriber has signed an agreement acknowledging that access to and use of MLS information is contingent on compliance with the rules and regulations. Further, failure of any user or subscriber to abide by the rules and/or any sanction imposed for violations thereof can subject the participant to the same or other discipline.

This provision does not eliminate the participant’s ultimate responsibility and accountability for all users or subscribers affiliated with the participant. (Adopted 4/92)

03.15.19 MLS Rules and Regulations Updates for 2019 Meetings Section 8 - Meetings of MLS Committee The multiple listing service committee shall meet on the 1st Thursday of every month except December for the transaction of its business at a time and place to be determined by the committee or at the call of the Chairperson. Section 8.1 - Meetings of MLS Participants The committee may call meetings of the participants in the service to be known as meetings of the multiple listing service. Section 8.2 - Conduct of the Meetings The Chairperson or Vice Chairperson shall preside at all meetings or, in their absence; a temporary Chairperson from the membership of the committee shall be named by the Chairperson or, upon his failure to do so, by the committee.

A quorum for the transaction of business shall consist of at least 5 eligible participants.

Enforcement of Rules or Disputes Section 9 - Consideration of Alleged Violations The Committee (Board of Directors) shall give consideration to all written complaints having to do with violations of the rules and regulations. By becoming and remaining a participant, each participant agrees to be subject to these rules and regulations, the enforcement of which are at the sole discretion of the Committee (Board of Directors). M Section 9.1 - Violations of Rules and Regulations If the alleged offense is a violation of the rules and regulations of the service and does not involve a charge of alleged unethical conduct or request for arbitration, it may be administratively considered and determined by the multiple listing service committee, and if a violation is determined, the committee may direct the imposition of sanction, provided the recipient of such sanction may request a hearing before the professional standards committee of the association in accordance with the bylaws and rules and regulations of the association of REALTORS® within twenty (20) days following receipt of the committee’s decision.

(Amended 11/96) If, rather than conducting an administrative review, the multiple listing committee has a procedure established to conduct hearings, the decision of the multiple listing committee may be appealed to the Board of Directors of the association of REALTORS® within twenty (20) days of the tribunal’s decision being rendered. Alleged violations involving unethical conduct shall be referred to the association’s grievance committee for processing in accordance with the professional standards procedures of the association. If the charge alleges a refusal to arbitrate, such charge shall be referred directly to the Board of Directors of the association of REALTORS®.

(Amended 2/98) Section 9.2 - Complaints of Unethical Conduct All other complaints of unethical conduct shall be referred to the Minnesota Association of Realtors. Section 9.3 Complaints of Unauthorized Use of Listing Content Any participant who believes another participant has engaged in the unauthorized use or display of listing content, including photographs, images, audio or video recordings, and virtual tours, shall send notice of such alleged unauthorized use to the MLS. Such notice shall be in writing, specifically identify the allegedly unauthorized content, and be delivered to the MLS not more than sixty (60) days after the alleged misuse was first identified.

No participant may pursue action over the alleged unauthorized use and display of listing content in a court of law without first completing the notice and response procedures outlined in this Section 9.3 of the MLS rules.

Upon receiving a notice, the committee (Board of Directors) will send the notice to the participant who is accused of unauthorized use. Within ten (10) days from receipt, the participant must either: 1) remove the allegedly unauthorized content, or 2) provide proof to the committee (Board of Directors) that the use is authorized. Any proof submitted will be considered by the Committee (Board of Directors), and a decision of whether it establishes authority to use the listing content will be made within thirty (30) days.

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