The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC

 
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
The Transparent Solution:
Biodiesel’s Growing Role
           Graham Noyes
           World Energy Alternatives, LLC
           Tel 530.478.9196
           Fax 530.478.9197
           grahamn@worldenergy.net

                  www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
Biodiesel is a simple and effective
alternative to Petroleum Diesel

9   Runs in Diesel Engines

9   Reduces Emissions

9   Reduces Oil Dependence

9   Meets Federal Standards

9   Stimulates Our Economy

                              www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
Biodiesel Runs in Any Diesel
Engine Without Modification

z   Specify D6751-02
z   Specify cloudpoint
z   Use 20% blend, B20
z   Does not Void Warranty
z   Pay .20- .25 per gallon
z   Pour into tank
z   Schedule early filter change
z   Resume business as usual
                                   www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
How does Biodiesel Perform?
Better than Petroleum Diesel Fuel

z   High Cetane
z   High lubricity
z   Comparable BTU content
z   Readily mixes with diesel

                                www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
What does World Energy know
about biodiesel’s current role?

z   Supplier for most American fleets
z   Largest biodiesel capacity in the U.S.
z   Strategically allied with Gulf Oil
z   Partnered with BP (regionally)
z   Nation-wide distribution network
z   Longest cold-weather experience

                                       www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
What Is Driving the Switch to
Biodiesel?

                          www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
Opportunity to Reduce
Petroleum Dependence

z   Displace 302 million barrels of crude oil by 2016
z   Displace 2.9 billion barrels of crude from 2002-2016
z   Reduce imports from 70 percent to 65 percent by 2016

                                          www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
Truly Renewable Power Source
                                  MJ Fossil Used per MJ Fuel

z   Biodiesel yields 3.2 units
                                 1.2
    of fuel energy for every
                                  1
    unit of fossil fuel
                                 0.8
    consumed in its life
    cycle.                       0.6
                                 0.4
z   Petroleum diesel yields
                                 0.2
    0.83 units of fuel energy
    per unit of fossil energy     0
                                       Petroleum   Biodiesel
    consumed.                            Diesel
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
Regulatory Compliance

z   EPAct:
    –   2250 gallons of B20 = 1 vehicle ($450 at .20)
z   Limited to 50 percent of compliance
z   Executive Order 13149
    –   20 percent petroleum reduction

                                             www.worldenergy.net
The Transparent Solution: Biodiesel's Growing Role - Graham Noyes World Energy Alternatives, LLC
Slow Down Global Warming

z   78 percent reduction per US Department of
    Energy and US Department of Agriculture

                                     www.worldenergy.net
Recycles CO2
  g CO2 per bHP-h of work

                               z   Biodiesel emits 78.5%
700
                                   less CO2 than petroleum
600                                diesel
500
                               z   Blends exhibit
400                                proportionate benefits
300                                –   B20 emits 15.66% less
200                                    CO2 than petroleum diesel
100
 0
       Petroleum   Biodiesel
Stimulate the US Farm Economy

z   Soybean oil demand increase
    from 51 million bushels to
    318 million bushel
z   $7.8 billion reduction in direct
    payments to farmers
z   $63.4 billion improvement in
    US trade deficit
z   $100 billion increase in net
    farm income
                                       www.worldenergy.net
Meet EPA 2006 Standards for
Clean Diesel…

z   Soy Envirodiesel at 0-1 ppm sulfur.
z   Zero aromatics
z   Specify 15 ppm standard

                                      www.worldenergy.net
…Without Sacrificing Lubricity

 Lubricant      HFFR (microns)
 None           536
 1% Biodiesel    321
 Additive 1     338
 Additive 2     398
 Additive 3     343
 Additive 4     348
 Additive 5     515
                                 www.worldenergy.net
Emissions Reductions

B20 emissions reductions compared to
 petroleum diesel:
 –   Carbon monoxide         -20%
 –   Unburned hydrocarbons   -30%
 –   Particulate matter      -22%
 –   Sulfates                -20%
 –   NPAH                    -50%
 –   Mutagenicity            -20%
                                    www.worldenergy.net
HEAVY HC SPECIATION
                                                            - CUMMINS N14 ENGINE
                                                       B100                       B20                        2D
    octadecenoic acid methyl ester
octadecadienoic acid methyl ester
   hexadecanoic acid methyl ester
                    C18 n-octadecane
                   C17 n-heptadecane
                   diphenyl methanone
                trimethyl pentadecane
                    C16 n-hexadecane
                 trimethyl naphthalene
           methyl ethyl naphthalene
              1.1'-biphenyl, 3-methyl-
         1,1'-ethylidenebis-benzene
                   C15 n-pentadecane
      2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-dione
             tetramethyl hexadecane
 hexanedioic acid, bis methylethyl
                  dimethyl naphthalene
                        ethyl naphthalene
                    C14 n-tetradecane
                     trimethyl dodecane
                                  undecanol
                    methyl naphthalene
                         C13 n-tridecane
  tetrahydro dimethyl naphthalene
                         methyl tridecane
                             nonanoic acid
                       hexyl cyclohexane
                     dimethyl undecane
                        C12 n-dodecane
                                1-dodecene
                  butoxyethoxy ethanol
                                     nonanol
        octanoic acid (caprylic acid)
               ethyl dimethyl benzene
                               benzoic acid
                        C11 n-undecane
            methylisopropylbenzene
                         phenyl ethanone
        C4-Benzene or C2-benzene
               methyl propyl benzene
                          diethyl benzene
                              ethyl hexanol
       Heptenoic acid, methyl ester
                           C10 n-decane
                                   Heptanol
                  ethyl methyl benzene
                             C9 n-nonane
          xylene (dimethyl benzene)
                            ethyl benzene
                      tetramethyl butane

                                               0   2    4   6    8   10   0   2   4     6   8   10   0   2   4    6   8   10   0
           Tier I Health Effects Data
           supplied by SWRI, 1997-8                             RELATIVE EMISSION RATE (MG/HP-HR)
NOx Reductions

z   Fuel alone is insufficient
z   Compatible with All Clean Diesel Technologies
z   Amenable to timing retards, EGR, retrofits

                                     www.worldenergy.net
Public Health Risk Reduction

z   Lovelace Research Institute 211(b) test results
z   NO pronounced toxicity at any level (B100)
z   NO mortality or clinical abnormality
z   NO neurotoxic or internal pathologic response
z   NO adverse effect on fertility and reproductive systems
z   Corroboration of Tier I findings concerning decreased
    mutagenicity activity in living organisms

                                            www.worldenergy.net
Pure Biodiesel is Safer to Drink,
Burn and Spill

z   B100 reduces acute toxicity
    to marine life by 20x
z   Flashpoint exceeds 300 F
z   Less Toxic than Table Salt
z   B20 biodegrades twice as
    fast as petroleum diesel
z   B20 CONTAINS
    PETROLEUM AND
    REMAINS HAZARDOUS
                                  www.worldenergy.net
How do we Deliver?
SUPPLY BULK BIODIESEL TO YOUR AREA.

z   World Energy has multiple
    production facilities.
z   All product meets ASTM
    biodiesel standards and is
    subject to World Energy Quality
    Control.
z   Envirodiesel™ is transported in
    insulated, steam-coiled jumbo
    railcars to Rail Distribution
    Nodes.
z   Diesel transport vehicles bring
    Envirodiesel™ to local
    Distribution Nodes.

                                      www.worldenergy.net
How do we Deliver?
Partner with Local Distributors.

z   World Energy partners with local
    distributors to make
    Envirodiesel™ available from
    distributors in your community
    who can serve you best.
z   Local distributors follow World
    Energy handling and distribution
    guidelines to ensure top quality
    product.
z   You purchase and receive only
    fully blended product as you
    need it.
z   Blend rates are insured through
    dual meter slips.
                                       www.worldenergy.net
How do we Deliver?
According to Your Custom Requirements.

z   World Energy is licensed to sell
    petroleum diesel in your state
    and can sell to you directly.
z   World Energy has been awarded
    the national DESC contract and
    is registered as a federal vendor.
z   World Energy can help guide you
    through federal and state red
    tape for procurement and
    reporting.
z   World Energy can supply your
    existing contractor with biodiesel
    to fulfill your needs.

                                         www.worldenergy.net
Who is Already Using Biodiesel
to Solve These Problems?

z   Aspen
z   Yellowstone NP
z   Northstar at Tahoe
z   Malmstrom AFB
z   Glacier NP
z   Breckenridge
z   The US Post Office
z   US Dept. of Agriculture
z   North Carolina DOT
                              www.worldenergy.net
Who is Already Using Biodiesel
to Solve These Problems?

z   Commonwealth Edison
z   The State of Delaware
z   Alabama Power
z   Georgia Power
z   Reliant Energy
z   Pacific Gas & Electric
z   New Jersey Transit
z   South West Ohio Transit
                              www.worldenergy.net
Who is Already Using Biodiesel
to Solve These Problems?

z   Transit of Northern Kentucky
z   Austin Energy
z   The State of Alabama
z   Virginia DOT
z   Peterson Air Force Base
z   Camp Pendleton USMC
z   Manhattan Post Office
z   Pacific Waste
                                   www.worldenergy.net
Who is Already Using Biodiesel?

z   State of Connecticut
z   San Diego Gas & Electric
z   Florida Power & Light
z   Madison Gas & Electric
z   Aspen
    The US Navy
                                         www.worldenergy.net

z
z   Duke Power
z   San Luis Obispo Police
                               www.worldenergy.net
References

z   National Renewable Energy Laboratory, “Life
    Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum
    Diesel for Use in an Urban Bus,” prepared for US
    Department of Energy’s Office of Fuels
    Development, May 1998
z   John Urbanchuck, “An Economic Analysis of
    Legislation for a Renewable Fuels Requirement
    for Highway Motor Fuels,” AUS Consultants,
    November 2001
z   Randall Von Wedel, “Technical Handbook for
    Marine Biodiesel,” prepared for National
    Renewable Energy Laboratory, April 1999
                                                   www.worldenergy.net
References

z   Tier 1 Environmental Effects Testing for
    Biodiesel, conducted by Southwest Research
    Institute, March 1998
z   Tier 2 Testing of Biodiesel Exhaust Emissions,
    conducted by Lovelace Respiratory Research
    Institute, May 2000

                                                     www.worldenergy.net
World Energy Alternatives, LLC

z   Western US
     Graham Noyes
     408 Broad St., #11B
     Nevada City, CA 95959
     Tel 530.478.9196
     Fax 530.478.9197
     grahamn@worldenergy.net
z   Corporate Headquarters
     90 Everett Avenue
     Chelsea, MA 02150
     Tel 617.889.7300
     Fax 617.887.2411
     keithc@worldenergy.net    www.worldenergy.net
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