American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...

 
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act
Clean Cities Project Awards
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards

Table of Contents
Introduction........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

California: Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Drayage Truck Replacement Program...................................................................................................6

California: Low Carbon Fuel Infrastructure Investment Initiative (LCFI3).......................................................................................................8

California: San Bernardino Associated Governments Alternative Fuel Truck Project................................................................................ 10

California: UPS Ontario—Las Vegas Corridor Extension—Bridging the Gap.................................................................................................12

Connecticut: Connecticut Clean Cities Future Fuels Project............................................................................................................................. 14

Georgia: DeKalb County / Metropolitan Atlanta Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicle Project................................. 16

Idaho: Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project.......................................................................................................................................18

Illinois: Chicago Area Alternative Fuels Deployment Project........................................................................................................................... 20

Indiana: No One Silver Bullet, But a Lot of Silver Beebees................................................................................................................................22

Kansas: Midwest Region Alternative Fuels Project..............................................................................................................................................24

Kentucky: Hybrid Horsepower for Kentucky Schools..........................................................................................................................................26

Maryland: Maryland Hybrid Truck Goods Movement Initiative.........................................................................................................................28

Michigan: Michigan Green Fleets.............................................................................................................................................................................. 30

New Jersey: New Jersey Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses, and Infrastructure Project..................................32

New York: Long Island Regional Energy Collaborative “Promoting a Green Economy through Clean
Transportation Alternatives”.......................................................................................................................................................................................34

New York: New York State Alternative Fuel Vehicle and Infrastructure Deployment Program..............................................................36

North Carolina: Carolina Blue Skies and Green Jobs Initiative.........................................................................................................................38

Ohio: The Ohio Advanced Transportation Partnership...................................................................................................................................... 40

Texas: Texas Alternative Fuels Pilot Project............................................................................................................................................................42

Texas: Development of a National Propane Refueling Network, Clean School Bus/Vehicle Incentive,
and Green Jobs Outreach Program......................................................................................................................................................................... 44

Texas: North Central Texas Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Investments............................................................................. 46

Utah: Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies................................................................................. 48

Virginia: Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program......................................................................................................................... 50

Washington: Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition Petroleum Reduction Project........................................................................................52

Wisconsin: Wisconsin Clean Transportation Program........................................................................................................................................ 54

                                                                       VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE                           |    cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                                                  2
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards

Introduction                                                               The composition of light-duty vehicles by fuel type is displayed
                                                                           in Figure 1. The light-duty vehicles were dominated by liquefied
Clean Cities advances the nation’s economic,                               petroleum gas (LPG) or propane vehicles and compressed natural
                                                                           gas (CNG) vehicles (51% and 28%, respectively). Significant
environmental, and energy security by supporting local
                                                                           numbers of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and electric vehicles
actions to cut petroleum use in transportation. Clean Cities               (EVs) were deployed (15% and 5%, respectively). Smaller
carries out this mission through a network of nearly 100                   numbers of neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs) (1%) and
coalitions, which bring together stakeholders in the public                plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) (0.1%) comprised the
and private sectors to deploy alternative and renewable                    remainder of the deployed light-duty vehicles.
fuels, idle-reduction measures, fuel economy improvements,
and emerging transportation technologies. The program                                                                 PHEV
also administers the Alternative Fuels Data Center                                                                      5
                                                                                                                          EV
(AFDC) website (afdc.energy.gov) and contributes to the                                        NEV
                                                                                                                          211
                                                                                                65
FuelEconomy.gov website (fueleconomy.gov).

Since 1993, Clean Cities has awarded nearly $400 million in                                            HEV
                                                                                                                          CNG
cumulative funding for hundreds of projects across the country                                         665
                                                                                                                          1,294
that contribute to the program’s primary goal of reducing petro-
leum use in the U.S. by 2.5 billion gallons per year by 2020.

Clean Cities-funded projects have included:                                                                    LPG
                                                                                                              2,302
• Introducing all-electric and hybrid electric vehicles into public
  and private fleets
• Converting conventional vehicles to run on natural gas and                 Figure 1. Light-Duty Vehicles Deployed
  propane
• Installing idle-reduction equipment in school buses and tractor
  trailers                                                                 The composition of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles deployed
• Developing fueling stations for alternative and renewable                by the Clean Cities Recovery Act effort is displayed in Figure 2.
  fuels, including biodiesel, ethanol, electricity, natural gas, and       CNG and LPG dominated the medium- and heavy-duty vehicles
  propane.                                                                 deployed (45% and 29%, respectively), as they did in the light-
                                                                           duty segment. HEVs and liquefied natural gas (LNG) vehicles
Visit cleancities.energy.gov/partnerships/ to learn more about             were deployed in significant numbers (16% and 8%, respec-
Clean Cities-funded projects.                                              tively). Smaller numbers of hydraulic hybrid vehicles (HHVs)
                                                                           (1%), PHEVs (1%), and EVs (0.4%) were deployed.
American Recovery and Reinvestment
Act Project Awards                                                                                PHEV
                                                                                          HHV      26                           EV
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act                                                                             19
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean                               38
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million in federal government
investment, a significant portion of the program’s cumulative                                              HEV
funding. These projects have advanced the transformation of                                                698
vehicle fleets across the nation by establishing 542 alternative                                                           CNG
fueling stations and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and                                                          2,031
advanced vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support                                       LPG
U.S. energy independence, contribute to regional economic                                             1,321
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.
                                                                                                                 LNG
Vehicles Deployed                                                                                                360

Clean Cities efforts under the Recovery Act deployed 9,035
                                                                             Figure 2. Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Deployed
vehicles overall. These vehicles comprised roughly even numbers
of light-duty vehicles (4,542 vehicles) and medium- and heavy-
duty vehicles (4,493 vehicles).

                                            VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE       |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                       3
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards

Figure 3 displays the reduction of petroleum consumption by                                 vehicles reduced more than 69,000 short tons of GHGs, with
vehicle fuel type and weight class for Clean Cities Recovery Act                            medium- and heavy-duty HEVs having the greatest impact.
projects through December 2014. The deployed advanced tech-                                 Medium- and heavy-duty HEVs were responsible for 66%
nology vehicles achieved more than a 56 million gasoline gallon                             of vehicle GHG reductions, despite representing only 8% of
equivalent (GGE) reduction in petroleum consumption. The large                              vehicles deployed overall.
numbers of CNG and LPG vehicles in both the light-duty and
medium- and heavy-duty weight classes were responsible for                                  Installed Infrastructure
the largest reductions in petroleum use. The 360 LNG vehicles                               The Clean Cities Recovery Act efforts were responsible for the
represented just 4% of the overall 9,035 vehicles, but the vehicles                         installation of 1,380 alternative fuel stations. Figure 5 displays
displaced more than 10 million GGEs of petroleum use or 18% of                              the number of installed stations by fuel type. EV charging stations
the total petroleum displacement.                                                           dominated with 62% of the installed stations. A significant
                                                                                            number of LPG and CNG stations were installed (19% and 10%
                                    Petroleum Gasoline Gallon Equivalents                   of stations, respectively). Smaller numbers of E85 (5%), biodiesel
                                                                                            (3%), and LNG (1%) stations were    Fig. 5
                                                                                                                                  installed.
                                        Reduced by Vehicle Fuel Type
                         30
  Million GGEs Reduced

                         25
                         20                                                                                                                        LNG
                                                                                                                                     CNG            9
                         15
                                                                                                                                     143
                         10
                                                                                                                                           LPG
                          5
                                                                                                                                           263
                         0                                                                                            EV                               Biodiesel
                              CNG     LPG   LNG    HEV     EV      HHV   PHEV   NEV                                   855                                 43
                                      Medium and Heavy-duty        Light-duty
                                                                                                                                                         E85
                                                                                                                                                          67
  Figure 3. Petroleum Reduced by Deployed Vehicles

Medium- and heavy-duty vehicles typically use more fuel on
a per vehicle basis than light-duty vehicles, and although there                               Figure 5. Number of Alternative Fuel Stations
were nearly equal numbers of light-duty and medium- and heavy-
duty vehicles deployed by the Recovery Act efforts, medium-                                 The installed infrastructure was responsible for the avoidance of
and heavy-duty vehicles accounted for 75% of the petroleum                                  98 million GGEs of petroleum use (Figure 6). Although repre-
displacement.                                                                               senting just 10% of the stations, the CNG stations represented
                                                                                            65% of the petroleum displacement. E85 stations and LPG
Figure 4 displays greenhouse gases (GHGs) reduced by vehicle
                                                                                                                            Fig. 6
fuel type and weight class through December 2014. In total,
                                                  Fig. 4
                                                                                                                                                 EV
                                                                                                                                                 0.3

                                    GHGs Reduced by Vehicle Fuel Type                              Biodiesel                  E85
                         60,000                                                                        5                       14
   GHGs reduced (tons)

                         50,000
                         40,000                                                                                      LPG
                                                                                                                      12                   CNG
                         30,000                                                                                                             64
                         20,000                                                                       LNG
                                                                                                       4
                          10,000
                               0
                                     CNG    EV    HEV      LNG     LPG    NEV   PHEV

                                      Medium and Heavy-duty        Light-duty                  Figure 6. Petroleum Reduced by Station Fuel Type
  Figure 4. GHGs Reduced by Deployed Vehicles
                                                                                               (Million GGEs)

                                                                 VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE   |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                        4
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards

stations displaced significant amounts of petroleum (14% and
12%, respectively). The biodiesel and LNG stations displaced                                     EV
lower amounts of petroleum (5% and 4%, respectively). The                                        811
EV stations were responsible for less than 1% of the petroleum                                                      CN
                                                                                                                      G
displacement due to installed infrastructure.

                                                                                                                          45
                                                                                                                            ,09
The installed infrastructure was responsible for reducing more                                    E85

                                                                                                                               3
than 185,000 tons of GHGs (Figure 7). CNG refueling stations                                     49,391
                                                                                                               Natural Gas
represented 40% of infrastructure-related GHG reductions, while                                                  73,922
E85 and Biodiesel represented 27% and 25%, respectively.

                                                                                                                           RNG
LNG and LPG stations each represented 4% of infrastructure                                       Biodiesel
GHG reductions. It should be noted that a single CNG station

                                                                                                                               28,
                                                                                                  46,278

                                                                                                                                  82
at the Fair Oaks Dairy Farm in Indiana using renewable natural

                                                                                                                                    9
gas (see page 21) accounted for nearly 40% of the CNG station
reductions.
                                                                                                                              LNG
                                                                                                        LPG
                                                                                                                              7,191
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Award Impacts                                                        7,738
Each individual Clean Cities Recovery Act project award
included a diverse group of stakeholders who worked together             Figure 7. GHGs Reduced by Station Fuel Type (Tons GHG)
to lay the foundation for their communities to adopt alternative
fuels and petroleum reduction strategies. Although each Recovery
Act project benefited from large funding amounts, most projects
included multiple sub-projects that met specific fleet and com-
munity needs. This document provides a snapshot of the impact
of each project and highlights the partners and Clean Cities
coalitions that helped transform local and regional transportation
markets through 25 projects that impacted 45 states.

                                          VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE    |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                     5
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                                California

Heavy-Duty Natural Gas
                                                                                             States: Arizona, California, and Indiana
Drayage Truck Replacement
Program
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean                                                CA
                                                                                                                                                         IN

Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects
                                                                                                                     AZ
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced                                                                                      Primary recipient
                                                                                                                                               state
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.                                                                                    Additional states
                                                                                                                                               impacted
energy independence, contribute to regional economic
                                                                                                 Funding:                        Congressional Districts1:
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.
                                                                                                 ■■   $9,408,389 Award           ■■   Arizona’s 4th Congressional District
Project Summary:
                                                                                                 ■■   $24,331,611 Local          ■■   California’s 8th, 24th-53rd
                                                                                                      matching funds                  Congressional Districts
The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)                                                                         ■■   Indiana’s 4th-7th and 9th
Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Drayage Truck Replacement Program                                                                              Congressional Districts
addressed a significant need to reduce diesel emissions and
associated public health risks from goods movement at the Ports
of Los Angeles and Long Beach. The two ports, located adjacent
                                                                                                 Lessons Learned and Impact
to one another, constitute America’s largest port complex and
are ranked among the busiest container ports in the world. This                                  In the initial year of the project, maintenance issues and
project replaced 219 older, heavy-duty diesel trucks servicing the                               lack of qualified technicians resulted in long wait times for
ports or other goods-movement operations in the region with new                                  repairs. This proved problematic for small owner/operators
liquefied natural gas (LNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG)                                     without back-up trucks available. Over the course of the
trucks powered by cleaner natural gas engines. The project also                                  project, mechanic training workshops offered at community
included education, outreach, and training activities to promote                                 colleges and dealer training programs increased the
                                                                                                 number of qualified technicians to meet growing demand.
the use of alternative fuel vehicles. Learn more at afdc.energy.gov/
                                                                                                 In addition, once the 12L CNG engines became available,
case/1203.
                                                                                                 drivers reported fewer maintenance issues and less
                                                                                                 downtime because the engines were better matched to the
Technology Types:
                                                                                                 trucks’ drayage duty cycle.
     LNG and CNG

                                                                                                  Total Infrastructure         Total Petroleum
                    LPG           LNG         CNG        EV          Biodiesel      E85              Installations              Displacement                   Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure          0          0           0            0            0          0                       0                            -                              -

                                                                                                                               Total Petroleum
                   NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV      HHV         CNG       LNG     EV      Total Vehicles Deployed            Displacement                   Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles            0       0           0      0        0           17       202     0                     219                   5,179,333.89                        3,217.71

                 Grand Total Petroleum Displacement             Grand Total GHG Reductions
                             5,179,333.89                                3,217.71

                             1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                               are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                               districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                    VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE              |        cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                     6
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
California

Partners:
• California Air Resources Board               •   Los Angeles Clean Cities Coalition            • Southern California Association of
• California Energy Commission                 •   Port of Long Beach                              Governments Clean Cities Coalition
• Clean Cities Coachella Valley Region         •   Port of Los Angeles                           • Western Riverside County Clean Cities
• Long Beach Clean Cities Coalition            •   South Coast Air Quality Management              Coalition
                                                   District

Case Studies:                                  company applied for funding to purchase
                                               an additional four heavy-duty LNG trucks.
Pacific 9 Transportation Success Story         The funds covered about $100,000 for
The drayage truck project helped Pacific       each of the new vehicles, which each cost
9 Transportation acquire its first 14          $153,135. Pacific 9 obtained financing to
LNG trucks, which it uses to move              cover the balance of the purchase price.
shipping containers from the ports. When       Learn more at afdc.energy.gov/case/1203
SCAQMD issued a later solicitation, the        and www.pac9.com.

                                                                                                      SCAQMD has helped deploy more
                                                                                                      than 700 LNG vehicles operating at
                                                                                                      the ports and along major goods-
                                                                                                      movement corridors in the region.
                                                                                                      Photo from Port of Los Angeles

                                           VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE   |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                    7
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                                 California

Low Carbon Fuel Infrastructure
                                                                                               State: California
Investment Initiative (LCFI3)
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects                                                                                              Primary
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across                                                                                                recipient state

the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced                                                            CA
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.
energy independence, contribute to regional economic
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.
                                                                                                    Funding:                      Congressional Districts1:
Project Summary:                                                                                    ■■   $6,917,200 Award         ■■   California’s 4th, 6th, 7th, 13th-17th,
The California Department of General Services (DGS) and                                             ■■   $14,488,844 Local             19th, 27th, 29th, 33rd, 35th, 36th,
Propel Fuels built 36 alternative fuel stations to provide public                                        matching funds                38th, 39th, 42nd, 43rd, 46th-50th,
                                                                                                                                       52nd, and 53rd Congressional Districts
access to low-carbon alternative fuels for more than 600,000
flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) statewide. The project included
a comprehensive development program focused on identify-
ing and establishing lease agreements for station locations;                                        Lessons Learned and Impact
designing, engineering, and permitting plans for infrastructure                                     This project doubled the number of biofuel stations
and signage; engaging contractors to manage construction                                            available to California drivers. By leveraging available
and build stations; and marketing the stations to the public                                        credits through the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard
and fleets to increase adoption of the fuels. These stations                                        (LCFS) and RINS and by purchasing fuel under advance
serve the public, as well as government and private fleets, by                                      contracts to avoid spot-market pricing, project partner
distributing fuels such as ethanol (E85) for use in FFVs and                                        Propel Fuels was able to keep fuel prices low. Strong
biodiesel. Learn more at cleancities.energy.gov/partnerships/                                       branding, communication, and education efforts resulted
search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&project_search=california#arra-low.                                           in the Propel Fuel stations having among the highest
                                                                                                    renewable fuel sales volumes in the country.
Technology Types:
    Biodiesel and E85
                                                                                                     Total Infrastructure              Total Petroleum
                    LPG           LNG         CNG        EV          Biodiesel       E85                Installations                   Displacement         Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure          0          0           0            0            27          36                        63                       10,486,323.07              52,455.51

                                                                                                                                       Total Petroleum
                   NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV      HHV         CNG        LNG     EV        Total Vehicles Deployed                 Displacement         Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles            0       0           0      0        0           0          0      0                        0                              -                            -

                 Grand Total Petroleum Displacement             Grand Total GHG Reductions
                            10,486,323.07                                52,455.51

Partners:
• California Department of General Services                                                •   Sacramento Clean Cities
• CALSTART, Inc.                                                                           •   San Diego Regional Clean Cities
• East Bay Clean Cities                                                                    •   San Joaquin Valley Clean Cities
• Long Beach Clean Cities                                                                  •   Silicon Valley Clean Cities
• Propel Fuels, Inc.                                                                       •   Western Riverside County Clean Cities

                             1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                               are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                               districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                    VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE                 |        cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                      8
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
California

Case Studies:

California Ramps Up Biofuels
Infrastructure
New Propel Fuels biodiesel and E85
fueling stations are cropping up across
California as Clean Cities stakeholders
work to expand the availability of biofuels.
The stations have the potential to support
the displacement of 39 million gallons           One of 36 new alternative fuel stations
of petroleum and 187,500 tons of carbon          is announced at an event at a new
dioxide emissions per year, and they will        Propel Fuels station in Oakland,
create more than 450 green jobs. Learn           California, in August 2010. Photo by
more at afdc.energy.gov/case/1056.               Cara Wasilewski, NREL 18220

                                           VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE    |    cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                   9
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Clean Cities Project Awards - Alternative Fuels ...
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                               California

San Bernardino Associated
                                                                                               State: California
Governments Alternative Fuel
Truck Project
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
                                                                                                                                                       Primary
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean                                                                                           recipient state
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across                                                           CA
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.
energy independence, contribute to regional economic
                                                                                                   Funding:                        Congressional Districts1:
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.                                                 ■■   $9,950,708 Award           ■■   California’s 8th, 27th, 31st, 35th,
                                                                                                   ■■   $9,308,000 Local                39th, 41st, 45th, and 46th
Project Summary:                                                                                        matching funds                  Congressional Districts
San Bernardino Associated Governments (SANBAG) partnered
with the California Energy Commission (CEC) and Ryder
Systems, Inc., to deploy 204 state-of-the-art compressed natural                                   Lessons Learned and Impact
gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) heavy-duty tractor-                                      Ryder successfully introduced a significant number of
trailer trucks in leased service. The project demonstrated the                                     alternative fuel vehicles to national-scale trucking fleets
feasibility of using cleaner-burning, lower-carbon natural gas in                                  and learned the importance of tailoring trucks to the
commercial trucking operations. It also supported the develop-                                     specific needs of each user. Because tank space and
ment of a low-carbon supply-chain transportation solution for                                      weight play important roles in individual fleet operations,
Ryder customers seeking to displace petroleum diesel fuel with                                     the company determined developing correct vehicle
domestically produced natural gas. Ultimately, the project helped                                  specifications for the customer is critical to success. CNG
achieve a substantial, quantifiable reduction in ozone precursor                                   achieved economic parity with conventional fuel for the
and greenhouse gas air pollutant emissions within the jurisdiction                                 majority of participating fleets.
of the South Coast Air Quality Management District. In addition
to the deployment of the heavy-duty natural gas tractors, the
                                                                                             Technology Types:
project also constructed two publicly accessible fueling stations
in Fontana and Orange, California, offering CNG and LNG,                                           CNG and LNG
and a CNG/LNG maintenance facility in Rancho Dominquez,                                            Driver training
California. Learn more at cleancities.energy.gov/partnerships/
search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&project_search=sanbag#arra-                                                  Facility modifications
sanbernardino.
                                                                                                    Total Infrastructure         Total Petroleum
                   LPG           LNG         CNG           EV          Biodiesel       E85             Installations              Displacement             Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure         0          2           2               0             0          0                       4                   320,990.97                      164.10

                                                                                                                                 Total Petroleum
                  NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV         HHV         CNG        LNG     EV     Total Vehicles Deployed            Displacement             Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles           0       0           0          0       0           169       35      0                    204                   4,144,133.85                   1,675.42

                 Grand Total Petroleum Displacement               Grand Total GHG Reductions
                            4,465,124.82                                    1,839.52

                            1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                              are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                              districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                      VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE              |        cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                       10
California

Partners:
• California Energy Commission (CEC)          • San Bernardino Associated                         • Southern California Clean Cities
• Ryder System, Inc.                            Governments (SANBAG)                                Coalition

Case Studies:                                                                                     Golden Eagle Distributors Inc. to
                                                                                                  Convert Entire Fleet to CNG
Ryder Opens Natural Gas Vehicle                                                                   Golden Eagle Distributors, Inc., in
Maintenance Facility                                                                              partnership with Ryder Systems, Inc., is
Ryder opened its first natural gas                                                                converting its entire heavy-duty fleet in
vehicle maintenance facility in Rancho                                                            Tucson, Arizona, to CNG. To support
Dominguez, California, which meets the                                                            distribution operations, Golden Eagle
stringent industry and government safety                                                          agreed to lease 23 CNG vehicles by the
standards for natural gas maintenance.                                                            end of 2011. The vehicles are part of a
The facility includes two natural gas                                                             strategic alternative fuel program focused
fueling stations and three maintenance          In Rancho Dominguez, California,                  on reducing transportation-generated
facilities. Ryder will deploy a total of        Ryder opened its first natural gas                emissions and fuel costs. The Tucson fleet
202 heavy-duty natural gas vehicles in          vehicle maintenance facility. It meets            conversion is the first step in a larger,
the region and at completion, the Ryder/                                                          multi-year CNG plan; Golden Eagle will
                                                the stringent industry and government
SANBAG project will displace more than                                                            convert all fleet vehicles to CNG in their
                                                safety standards for natural gas
1.5 million gallons of diesel annually with                                                       six branch operations throughout the state.
                                                maintenance, including upgrades to
100% domestically produced low-carbon                                                             To service this growing fleet, Golden
                                                electrical, lighting, air handling, and
natural gas. Learn more at afdc.energy.                                                           Eagle is working toward opening its own
                                                ventilation systems. Photo from Ryder
gov/case/1063.                                                                                    CNG fueling stations in Tucson and at
                                                Systems, Inc.
                                                                                                  several other branch locations, including
                                                                                                  Casa Grande and Buckeye. Learn more at
                                                                                                  afdc.energy.gov/case/1059.

                                          VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE    |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                  11
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                           California

UPS Ontario—Las Vegas
                                                                                             States: California and Nevada
Corridor Extension—Bridging
the Gap
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects
                                                                                                                   NV                                Primary
                                                                                                                                                     recipient state
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations
                                                                                                                 CA                                  Additional state
                                                                                                                                                     impacted

and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.
energy independence, contribute to regional economic
                                                                                                 Funding:                       Congressional Districts1:
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.                                               ■■   $5,591,611 Award          ■■   California’s 31st, 35th, 41st, and
                                                                                                 ■■   $10,721,968 Local              42nd Congressional Districts
Project Summary:                                                                                      matching funds            ■■   Nevada’s 1st, 3rd, and 4th
The UPS Ontario—Las Vegas Corridor Extension—Bridging                                                                                Congressional Districts
the Gap project provided funding to partially offset the cost
to purchase liquefied natural gas (LNG) trucks and construct
a publically accessible LNG fueling station in Las Vegas,                                        Lessons Learned and Impact
Nevada, located adjacent to McCarran International Airport                                       Although the incremental cost of an LNG truck is
and the intersection of Interstates 215 and 15. As a result,                                     expensive, UPS found the operational costs can be lower
UPS deployed 48 heavy-duty Class 8 LNG tractor trucks.                                           due to lower fuel and maintenance costs compared to
The station also supports an additional 150 LNG vehicles in                                      diesel. UPS placed the LNG tractors on its highest mileage
UPS’s California, Nevada, and Utah operations. The project                                       routes to ensure maximum savings.
also included an outreach effort to generate additional usage
at the LNG station and ensure continued viability of the LNG
corridor. Learn more at cleancities.energy.gov/partnerships/
search?utf8=ü&project_search=ontario#arra-ups.

Technology Types:
    LNG
                                                                                                  Total Infrastructure         Total Petroleum
                   LPG           LNG         CNG        EV           Biodiesel      E85              Installations              Displacement            Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure         0          1           0             0            0          0                        1                   1,052,967.91                   1,050.93

                                                                                                                               Total Petroleum
                  NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV       HHV         CNG       LNG     EV      Total Vehicles Deployed            Displacement            Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles           0       0           0      0         0           0        48      0                      48                   2,112,936.21                    347.10

                 Grand Total Petroleum Displacement             Grand Total GHG Reductions
                            3,165,904.12                                 1,398.03

Partners:
• Clean Energy Fuels, Inc.                                                                • Southern California Association of Governments Clean Cities
• Eastern Sierra Regional Clean Cities Coalition                                            Coalition
• South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)                                    • United Parcel Service (UPS)

                            1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                              are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                              districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                   VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE               |        cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                    12
California

Case Studies:                                  helped UPS with the purchase of 48
                                               new LNG tractor-trailer trucks, as
Southern California Natural Gas                well as the construction of a new LNG
Success Story                                  fueling station in Las Vegas, NV. The
The Southern California Clean Cities           station supports a long-planned 700-mile
coalition is working to reduce emissions       regional LNG fueling corridor across
in the South Coast Air Basin region            the southwestern United States along
by converting heavy-duty truck fleets          one of the nations’ most heavily traveled
to clean-burning LNG. This project             truck routes. Learn more at youtube.com/
                                               watch?v=GA3uWS0zVuY.

                                                                                                      Shipping company UPS purchased 48
                                                                                                      new LNG-powered heavy-duty tractor
                                                                                                      trailer trucks and constructed a new
                                                                                                      LNG fueling station in Las Vegas to
                                                                                                      serve these trucks. Photo from UPS,
                                                                                                      NREL 12409

                                           VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE   |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                   13
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                                  Connecticut

Connecticut Clean Cities Future
                                                                                                 State: Connecticut
Fuels Project
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across
                                                                                                                                                       CT
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations                                                           Primary
                                                                                                                      recipient state
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.
energy independence, contribute to regional economic
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.

Project Summary:                                                                                     Funding:                            Congressional Districts1:
                                                                                                     ■■   $13,195,000 Award              ■■   Connecticut’s 1st-5th
The Greater New Haven Clean Cities Coalition, together with                                                                                   Congressional Districts
                                                                                                     ■■   $16,054,106 Local
its partners, developed and implemented a state-wide, fuel-                                               matching funds
neutral effort that deployed 276 alternative fuel vehicles and 18
public- and private-access fueling stations for fleets. The project
deployed a diverse array of alternative fuels and advanced
                                                                                                     Lessons Learned and Impact
vehicles, including compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied
                                                                                                     While large fleets get a lot of attention, a majority of
natural gas (LNG), hybrid electric vehicles, electric vehicle (EV)
                                                                                                     fleets across the country are small and often rely on other
charging stations, and biodiesel. The Connecticut Clean Cities
                                                                                                     small fleets for inspiration and advice on the best ways to
Future Fuels Project displaced more than 5.3 million gasoline                                        increase the efficiency of their operations. In this project,
gallon equivalents of petroleum and strengthened the availability                                    every partner fleet grew as a result of participation—
of alternative fuels for fleets and commercial consumers along                                       with some purchasing as many as 70% more alternative
major corridors in the state. The effort also included a targeted                                    fuel vehicles than they originally anticipated. During the
outreach and education effort, which raised awareness and                                            process, partners also realized environmental benefits,
fostered greater understanding of alternative fuels and advanced                                     public relations benefits, and reduced maintenance and
vehicle technologies. Learn more at www.ct-futurefuels.com/.                                         fuel costs that have continued over time.

Technology Types:
    CNG and LNG                               Biodiesel
    Hybrid electric vehicles                  Driver training
    EV charging stations

                                                                                                      Total Infrastructure              Total Petroleum
                    LPG           LNG         CNG           EV           Biodiesel      E85              Installations                   Displacement           Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure          0          1           8                8            1          0                        18                       2,817,435.63                  4,057.13

                                                                                                                                        Total Petroleum
                   NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV          HHV         CNG       LNG     EV      Total Vehicles Deployed                 Displacement           Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles            0       0           0          1        0          256       19      0                      276                      2,507,300.77                   379.40

                 Grand Total Petroleum Displacement                 Grand Total GHG Reductions
                             5,324,736.40                                    4,436.54

                             1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                               are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                               districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                       VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE               |        cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                        14
Connecticut

Partners:
• Capitol Clean Cities of Connecticut                                    •   NANA Corporation (Ella Grasso Turnpike Shell Station)
• City of Bridgeport                                                     •   Norwich Clean Cities
• City of Meriden                                                        •   Norwich Public Utilities
• Connecticut Southwestern Area Clean Cities                             •   Russo Lawn & Landscape, Inc.
• CTTRANSIT                                                              •   The Yellow Cab Company
• Enviro Express, Inc.                                                   •   Town of Fairfield
• Greater New Haven Clean Cities Coalition                               •   Town of Glastonbury
• JRC Services LLC                                                       •   Yale University
• Metro Taxi

Case Studies:                                   Norwich Public Utilities Success Story
Natural Gas Fueling Station                     Norwich Public Utilities assembled the
Success Story                                   largest municipal fleet of natural gas
                                                vehicles in Connecticut, with 33 CNG
In December 2010, Clean Cities coalitions
                                                vehicles, as well as a hybrid electric
in Connecticut, in partnership with Enviro
                                                bucket truck, two hybrid SUVs, and 15
Express, opened the first LNG transporta-
                                                biodiesel vehicles. Learn more at
tion fueling center east of the Mississippi.
                                                afdc.energy.gov/case/203.
The station also provided CNG fueling
facilities. Learn more at afdc.energy.gov/
case/1048 and afdc.energy.gov/case/403.

                                                  Norwich Public Utilities operates 33
                                                  CNG vehicles, including this sewer-jet
                                                  truck used to clean out sewer lines.
                                                  Photo from MotorWeek

                                                Metro Taxi Success Story
  In the LNG station’s first five months
  of operation, Enviro Express solid-           Metro Taxi, operator of Connecticut’s
  waste collection trucks used 110,000          largest taxi fleet, launched 110 CNG-
  diesel gallon equivalents of LNG. Photo
                                                fueled Ford Transit Connects and Honda
  from Greater New Haven Clean Cities           Civics into service. Learn more at
  Coalition, NREL 19683                         www.ct-futurefuels.com/2014/05/
                                                metro-taxi-fleet.html and youtube.com/
                                                watch?v=aT3yaoRSesc.

                                            VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE       |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                    15
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                                Georgia

DeKalb County / Metropolitan
                                                                                              States: Georgia and Texas
Atlanta Alternative Fuel
and Advanced Technology
Vehicle Project
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act                                                                      TX                        GA
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across                                                                                     Primary
                                                                                                                                              recipient state
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations                                                                                   Additional state
                                                                                                                                              impacted
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.                                       Funding:                        Congressional Districts1:
energy independence, contribute to regional economic                                              ■■   $14,983,167 Award          ■■   Georgia’s 4th-6th, 10th, 11th, and
                                                                                                       $24,681,387 Local               13th Congressional Districts
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.                                                ■■

                                                                                                       matching funds             ■■   Texas’ 3rd-5th, 24th, 30th, 32nd, and
                                                                                                                                       33rd Congressional Districts
Project Summary:
Clean Cities-Georgia, along with its partners, collaborated on
the DeKalb County / Metropolitan Atlanta Alternative Fuel
                                                                                                  Lessons Learned and Impact
and Advanced Technology Vehicle Project. The effort aimed to
                                                                                                  The project was a catalyst for CNG growth in Georgia.
increase the use of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehi-
                                                                                                  Even though the project funded only seven stations, CNG
cles in Metro Atlanta and bolster fueling infrastructure to reduce
                                                                                                  availability grew from a single station in 2009 to nearly
U.S. dependence on imported petroleum, increase fuel economy,
                                                                                                  30 public stations (nearly all of which were funded due
and reduce emissions. As a result of the project, the region gained
                                                                                                  to local market momentum and without government
a landfill gas conversion facility capable of producing renewable
                                                                                                  support)—either open or in in the planning stages—by
natural gas (RNG) at a DeKalb County landfill, five publicly
                                                                                                  the conclusion of the project. Participating fleets have
accessible compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling stations, and
                                                                                                  continued to grow their CNG fleets to take advantage of
upgraded one station to accommodate additional CNG fueling
                                                                                                  expanding infrastructure options and other fleets have
capacity. More than 200 alternative fuel and advanced technol-
                                                                                                  also started deploying CNG vehicles.
ogy vehicles have also been deployed by Metro Atlanta-based
companies, as well as city and county governments. In addition
to the environmental and health benefits, this project has helped                           Technology Types:
maintain Atlanta’s competitiveness to attract new businesses and
                                                                                                  CNG and RNG                                   Hybrid electric vehicles
jobs. Learn more at cte.tv/project/dekalb-countymetropolitan-at-
lanta-alternative-fuel-and-advanced-vehicle-project.                                              Hydraulic hybrid vehicles

                                                                                                       Total Infrastructure      Total Petroleum
                    LPG           LNG         CNG        EV           Biodiesel       E85                 Installations           Displacement              Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure          0          0           7             0             0          0                         7                  1,238,737.60                   1,232.04

                                                                                                                                 Total Petroleum
                   NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV       HHV         CNG        LNG     EV     Total Vehicles Deployed             Displacement              Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles            0       0           0      50        0           179        0      0                      229                  1,382,752.82                   2,293.77

                  Grand Total Petroleum Displacement             Grand Total GHG Reductions
                             2,621,490.42                                  3,525.81

                             1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                               are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                               districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                    VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE               |         cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                      16
Georgia

Partners:
• American Fueling Systems                    •   City of Atlanta                                    •   PS Energy Group
• Atlanta Airport Marriott                    •   Clean Cities-Georgia                               •   Snapping Shoals EMC
• Atlanta Airport Renaissance                 •   Coca-Cola Refreshments                             •   The Parking Spot
• Atlanta Gas Light                           •   DeKalb County                                      •   United Parcel Service (UPS)

Case Studies:                                                                                        Coca-Cola Success Story
                                                                                                     As part of their commitment to the
Clean Cities-Atlanta Success Story                                                                   environment, Coca-Cola has added more
The goal of the Clean Cities-Atlanta                                                                 than 750 hybrid electric delivery trucks to
Petroleum Reduction program is to                                                                    their U.S. and Canadian fleets. The hybrid
increase the use of alternative fuels and                                                            electric delivery trucks represent about
alternative fuel vehicles in the Atlanta                                                             10 percent of Coca-Cola’s overall North
metro area. The project has tripled the                                                              American fleet. Learn more at youtube.
number of natural gas refueling stations in                                                          com/watch?v=v9GlvJZEMco.
                                                  Funding for this project increased
the metro area and has funded 40 natural
gas vehicles for the DeKalb County                the availability of alternative fuels              The Parking Spot Success Story
Sanitation Department, 36 shuttle buses           with the development of six public-
                                                                                                     In 2012, the Parking Spot, an off-site
that are used at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta       access, CNG fueling stations in the
                                                                                                     airport shuttle bus company, began adding
International Airport, 30 vehicles for            metropolitan Atlanta region. Photo                 31 compressed natural gas buses to their
Coca-Cola Refreshments, as well as 70             from Center for Transportation and the
                                                                                                     three lots near the Hartsfield-Jackson
                                                  Environment
vehicles for UPS. Learn more at youtube.                                                             Atlanta International Airport. The project
com/watch?v=qpP00682lZQ.                                                                             has fielded more than 200 alternative and
                                              Snapping Shoals EMC Success Story                      advanced technology vehicles, six CNG
                                              Snapping Shoals Electric Membership                    refueling stations, and a landfill gas to
                                              Corporation first began adding alternative             renewable natural gas processing facility.
                                              fuel vehicles to their fleet in 1998. The              Since then, the company estimates they
                                              utility started by purchasing 23 CNG                   have displaced more than 725,000 gallons
                                              vehicles. The utility has saved an esti-               of petroleum fuel. Learn more at youtube.
                                              mated $550,000–$600,000 in fuel costs                  com/watch?v=3CDLMc77DTQ.
                                              since 1998 and has displaced 236,347
                                              gallons of petroleum since mid-2002.
                                              Learn more at afmi.cleancitiesgeorgia.org/
  The county sanitation trucks that           images/Case%20Studies/NG%20Case%20
  unload solid waste at the Seminole          Study%20-%20Snapping%20Shoals%20
  Road Municipal Landfill in DeKalb           EMC.pdf.
  County fuel up on renewable natural
  gas produced from landfill gas
  dispensed on-site. Photo
  by Roberto Gordon/DeKalb County,
  NREL 26760

                                          VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE       |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                     17
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                                Idaho

Idaho Petroleum Reduction
                                                                                            State: Idaho
Leadership Project
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act                                                                                         Primary recipient state

(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations                                                             ID
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.
energy independence, contribute to regional economic
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.

Project Summary:                                                                                Funding:                        Congressional Districts1:
                                                                                                ■■   $5,519,862 Award           ■■   Idaho’s 1st and 2nd
The Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project served to                                      ■■   $6,839,077 Local                Congressional Districts
assist with establishing compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel                                           matching funds
availability and use throughout the state. To accomplish this,
Treasure Valley Clean Cities and Republic Services worked
together to achieve a significant reduction in diesel fuel use by                               Lessons Learned and Impact
converting a portion of Republic Services’ trash and recycling                                  The success of this project resulted in a national
truck fleet in the Boise area to run on CNG. The effort also                                    commitment from Republic Services to transition their entire
led to the installation of the first permanent, public CNG                                      refuse fleet to CNG. The availability of public infrastructure
fueling stations in Idaho, which were located at the company’s                                  and a prolonged and robust marketing campaign
fleet facilities in Boise and Nampa. Another component of                                       highlighting the benefits of shifting to CNG also led to a
the project included outreach efforts to encourage other fleet                                  number of small, local fleets and private citizens also making
operators and the public in the Boise area to use CNG. Learn                                    the transition. Dealerships and conversion shops have since
more at shifttocng.com.                                                                         started training their technicians to meet growing demand.

Technology Types:
    CNG
                                                                                                 Total Infrastructure         Total Petroleum
                   LPG           LNG         CNG        EV          Biodiesel      E85              Installations              Displacement              Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure         0          0           4            0            0          0                        4                  2,966,005.99                      2,145.83

                                                                                                                              Total Petroleum
                  NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV      HHV         CNG       LNG     EV      Total Vehicles Deployed            Displacement              Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles           0       0           0      0        0           40        0      0                      40                   1,117,959.84                          -

                 Grand Total Petroleum Displacement            Grand Total GHG Reductions
                            4,083,965.83                                2,145.83

Partners:
• City of Boise
• City of Caldwell
• Republic Services
• Treasure Valley Clean Cities

                            1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                              are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                              districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                   VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE              |        cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                   18
Idaho

Case Studies:                                  the country, acquire 87 CNG refuse and
                                               recycling trucks, train maintenance tech-
Republic Services Success Story                nicians, and conduct community outreach.
Clean Cities Recovery Act funding              Learn more at afdc.energy.gov/case/1425
helped Republic Services, one of the           and afdc.energy.gov/uploads/publication/
largest waste and recycling companies in       casestudy_cng_refuse_feb2014.pdf.

                                                                                                      Republic Services hauls more than 100
                                                                                                      million tons of refuse annually for 13
                                                                                                      million customers. Photo from Republic
                                                                                                      Services, NREL 25212

                                           VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE   |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                  19
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                             Illinois

Chicago Area Alternative Fuels
                                                                                           States: Ilinois and Indiana
Deployment Project
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across                                               Primary

                                                                                                                                       IL IN
                                                                                                        recipient state
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations                                             Additional
                                                                                                                                       IL
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced                                               state impacted

vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.
energy independence, contribute to regional economic
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.
                                                                                               Funding:                        Congressional Districts1:
Project Summary:
                                                                                               ■■   $14,999,658 Award          ■■Illinois’
                                                                                                                               Primary     1st-11th and 14th
                                                                                                                                        funding
The Chicago Area Alternative Fuels Deployment Project                                          ■■   $24,625,322 Local            Congressional
                                                                                                                               recipient state    Districts
increased the number of alternative fuel and hybrid vehicles on                                     matching funds             ■■   Indiana’s 1st Congressional District
the road and installed alternative fueling and electric vehicle
charging stations throughout the Chicago region. The project
brought together a wide variety of project partners representing                               Lessons Learned and Impact
large and small private companies, municipalities, nonprofits, and                             Project partners with a motivated and educated internal
utilities. Together, they deployed a diverse array of alternative                              champion were able to achieve successful deployments
fuels and advanced vehicles, including electric vehicles (EVs),                                of AFVs throughout their respective organizations—from
compressed natural gas (CNG), propane, E85, and hybrid tech-                                   management to maintenance shop. Some of the most
nologies. By embracing all types of partners and fuels, Chicago’s                              successful projects were also tied to high volume fuel users.
transportation landscape was transformed through the addition of                               Non-financial incentives like HOV lane access were also
green vehicles and fueling stations that helped promote energy                                 deemed important tools for building AFV markets.
security, reduce transportation costs, and improve air quality. In
total, the project deployed more than 400 clean vehicles and 235
alternative fueling stations. Learn more at chicagocleancities.org/
success-stories/planting-the-seed.

Technology Types:
    EVs and EV charging stations                  E85
    CNG                                           Hybrid electric vehicles
    Propane                                       Driver training

                                                                                                Total Infrastructure         Total Petroleum
                    LPG          LNG         CNG         EV        Biodiesel        E85            Installations              Displacement             Total GHG Reductions
Infrastructure         1          0          17          206            0           11                   235                  9,587,039.66                   14,814.75

                                                                                                                             Total Petroleum
                  NEV      LPG        PHEV   HEV        HHV      CNG        LNG      EV    Total Vehicles Deployed            Displacement             Total GHG Reductions
Vehicles           0       0           1      97         0        314        0       0                   412                    3,312,413.11                 1,621.85

                 Grand Total Petroleum Displacement           Grand Total GHG Reductions
                           12,899,452.77                                16,436.60

                            1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                              are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                              districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                   VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE             |        cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                                    20
Illinois

Partners:
• Chicago Area Clean Cities                     • Doreen’s Pizza                                   •   Green Taxi Program
• Chicago Area Electric Vehicle Charging        • DuPage County – Division of                      •   Groot Industries
  Station Project                                 Transportation                                   •   I-Go Car Sharing
• City of Chicago, Department of Fleet          • Exel-Diageo                                      •   Ozinga Ready Mix
  and Facility Management                       • Foodliner                                        •   Peoples Gas
• City of Chicago, Department of                • Forest Preserve District of DuPage               •   SCR Medical Transportation
  Transportation                                  County                                           •   Village of Downers Grove
• Clean Energy                                  • Gas Technology Institute                         •   Waste Management
• ComEd                                         • GO Airport Express

Case Studies:                                   Ozinga Success Story
Ethanol Flex Fuel Success Story                 Ozinga worked with Chicago to purchase
                                                14 CNG concrete mixer trucks. The
Chicago funded the purchase of E85 flex
                                                critical first-hand experience gained
fuel vehicles. The City now has 1,861
                                                through these grant vehicles allowed them
E85 vehicles, representing more than
                                                to quickly expand their alternative fuel
25% of its 7,000 vehicle fleet. Learn more
                                                plans using their own funds. Learn more
at chicagocleancities.org/success/etha-
                                                at chicagocleancities.org/success/ozinga/.
nol-flex-fuel/ and http://www.afdc.energy.
gov/case/1844.
                                                Green Taxi Program Success Story                       Chicago used $100,000 of its
                                                Chicago’s Green Taxi Incremental Cost                  Recovery Act Funding to help
                                                Allowance Program put 120 new taxis on                 Foodliner purchase six CNG vehicles
                                                the road, including 49 new hybrids and                 for the fleet at its Franklin Park, IL,
                                                71 CNG vehicles. The program helped                    facility. Photo from Chicago Area Clean
                                                the taxi industry purchase cost-effective              Cities
                                                hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles, which
                                                moved the City closer to reaching carbon
                                                emission goals set out in the Chicago
                                                Climate Action Plan. Learn more at
                                                www.chicagocleancities.org/success-stories/
                                                green-taxi-program.

                                                Foodliner Success Story
                                                Foodliner, a national carrier of bulk food
                                                products, had been considering a move
                                                to CNG. Recovery Act funding spurred
                                                                                                       Chicago’s Department of Business
                                                the company to action and helped them
                                                purchase six dedicated CNG Class 8                     Affairs and Consumer Protection
                                                Freightliner chassis trucks (M2-112)                   implemented the successful Green
                                                equipped with Cummins Westport (CWI                    Taxi Incremental Cost Allowance
                                                ISL-G) 9-liter heavy-duty natural gas                  Program using $1 million of its
  Chicago has three fueling stations for        engines. Learn more at chicagocleancities.             Recovery Act funding. Thanks to this
  E85 flex fuel vehicles that help fuel         org/success/foodliner/.                                effort, 120 new taxis were put on the
  a fleet of 1,861 E85 vehicles. Photo by                                                              road, including 49 new hybrids and 71
  Heather Proc, NREL 19956                                                                             CNG vehicles. Photo from Chicago Area
                                                                                                       Clean Cities

                                            VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE   |   cleancities.energy.gov
                                                                    21
Clean Cities Recovery Act Project Awards                                                                                                                         Indiana

No One Silver Bullet, But a Lot                                                           States: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California,
of Silver Beebees                                                                         Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia,
                                                                                          Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana,
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act                                       Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota,
                                                                                          Missouri, North Dakota, Nevada, New Jersey,
(Recovery Act) funded 25 cost-share projects under the Clean
                                                                                          New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon,
Cities program totaling nearly $300 million. These projects                               Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas,
have advanced the transformation of vehicle fleets across                                 Vermont, Wisconsin, and West Virginia
the nation by establishing 542 alternative fueling stations
and putting more than 9,000 alternative fuel and advanced                                                                                                                  VT
                                                                                                                                  ND
vehicles on the road. Together, these projects support U.S.                                              OR
                                                                                                                                  SD
                                                                                                                                            MN
                                                                                                                                                   WI                      NY
                                                                                                                                                            MI                      RI
energy independence, contribute to regional economic                                                         NV
                                                                                                                                             IA                       PA         CT
                                                                                                                                                                                 NJ
                                                                                                                                                        OH
                                                                                                                                                 IL IN
development, and reduce harmful vehicle emissions.                                                      CA                                    MO
                                                                                                                                                          WV
                                                                                                                                                                                 DE
                                                                                                                                                                                MD
                                                                                                                                                       KY

                                                                                                                  AZ                   OK
Project Summary:                                                                                                       NM                        AR
                                                                                                                                                           AL GA
                                                                                                                                                 LA
Through the No One Silver Bullet, But a Lot of Silver Beebees                                                                     TX

project, the Indiana Office of Energy Development and the                                                                                         Primary recipient   FL
                                                                                                                                                  state
Greater Indiana Clean Cities Coalition partnered with nine                                                                                        Additional states

public- and private-sector organizations to implement a com-                                                                                      impacted

                                                                                           Funding:
prehensive alternative fuels plan for their state. The initiative                          ■■   $10,125,000 Award         ■■   $12,046,731 Local matching funds
focused on developing a plan designed to assist with the
creation and retention of jobs, as well as growing Indiana’s                               Congressional Districts1:
alternative fuels market. To accomplish this, the effort focused                           ■■ Alabama’s 1st and 2nd                     ■■ Missouri’s 1st-3rd, 6th, and 8th
                                                                                              Congressional Districts                      Congressional Districts
on fuel neutrality—implementing the right fuel with the right                              ■■ Arizona’s 3rd and 4th                     ■■ North Dakota’s At Large
fleet—based on fleet function, budgetary needs, and desired                                   Congressional Districts                      Congressional District
results. The involvement of Sysco Food Distribution expanded                               ■■ Arkansas’ 4th                             ■■ Nevada’s 2nd-4th Congressional

the reach of the project well beyond Indiana. The project                                     Congressional District                       Districts
                                                                                           ■■ California’s 1st-53rd                     ■■ New Jersey’s 1st, 3rd-5th, 7th-
resulted in the deployment of 19 compressed natural gas (CNG)
                                                                                              Congressional Districts                      9th, and 12th Congressional
vehicles, 250 propane vehicles, and 88 hybrid vehicles, along                              ■■ Connecticut’s 1st-5th                        Districts
with 115 propane stations, three CNG stations, and three E85                                  Congressional Districts                   ■■ New Mexico’s 2nd and 3rd

stations. Learn more at cleancities.energy.gov/partnerships/                               ■■ Delaware’s At Large                          Congressional Districts
search?utf8=&project_search=beebees.                                                          Congressional District                    ■■ New York’s 1st-27th Congressional

                                                                                           ■■ Florida’s 1st-27th                           Districts
                                                                                              Congressional Districts                   ■■ Ohio’s 1st, 5th, 6th, 8th, 13th, and

    Lessons Learned and Impact                                                             ■■ Georgia’s 1st, 2nd, and 8th                  14th Congressional Districts
    This project focused on matching the right fuel with the                                  Congressional Districts                   ■■ Oklahoma’s 2nd-4th

                                                                                           ■■ Iowa’s 1st, 2nd, and 4th                     Congressional Districts
    right fleet based on function, budget, and desired results.
                                                                                              Congressional Districts                   ■■ Oregon’s 2nd, 4th, and 5th
    Maintaining an open dialogue between fleets and the                                    ■■ Illinois’ 1st-18th                           Congressional Districts
    local Clean Cities coalition, along with fostering strong                                 Congressional Districts                   ■■ Pennsylvania’s 1st-18th

    relationships with technical experts and manufacturers                                 ■■ Indiana’s 1st-9th                            Congressional Districts
    allowed any issues to be addressed quickly. This resulted                                 Congressional Districts                   ■■ Rhode Island’s 2nd Congressional

                                                                                           ■■ Kentucky’s 1st-4th                           District
    in not only a resolution for the fleet with the issue, but in
                                                                                              Congressional Districts                   ■■ South Dakota’s At Large
    many cases, an improvement to future product offerings                                                                                 Congressional District
                                                                                           ■■ Louisiana’s 3rd and 4th
    from the manufacturer. The coalition continues to receive                                 Congressional Districts                   ■■ Texas’ 1st-36th Congressional

    inquiries about how to replicate successful projects from                              ■■ Massachusetts’ 1st and 2nd                   Districts
    this award with other fleets.                                                             Congressional Districts                   ■■ Vermont’s At Large Congressional

                                                                                           ■■ Maryland’s 1st and 6th-8th                   District
                                                                                              Congressional Districts                   ■■ Wisconsin’s 1st-3rd and 7th

Technology Types:                                                                          ■■ Michigan’s 6th and 7th                       Congressional Districts
                                                                                              Congressional Districts                   ■■ West Virginia’s 1st Congressional
    CNG and RNG                             E85                                            ■■ Minnesota’s 1st-8th                          District
    Propane                                 Hybrid electric vehicles                          Congressional Districts

                            1 Congressional district information was generated using United States Census Bureau TIGER/Line® Shapefiles. Districts for infrastructure projects
                              are listed based upon the physical address of the refueling location. For vehicles, they are listed based upon the census places and congressional
                              districts that intersect a limited driving radius from the garage location of the vehicle.

                                                VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE               |      cleancities.energy.gov
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