Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast

Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City
Transport Strategy
Technical Report
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report

                                     As Mayor, improving our transport system is one of my top priorities. Getting
                                     transport right is essential for economic growth and to protect our Gold Coast

                                     I want the Gold Coast to be a connected community, where families can live close
                                     to work, minutes from schools and have easy access to our incredible beaches and
                                     parks. By investing in public transport and getting the infrastructure priorities
                                     right, this strategy will see locals spend less time in traffic and more time enjoying
                                     our fantastic city. It will help to reduce congestion and lay the foundations for a
                                     more liveable, affordable and prosperous city.

                                     While the car will continue to play an important role in the way we move around
                                     the Gold Coast, all growing cities reach a point where relying solely on the car is
                                     not the best option to meet the growing transport task.

    The Gold Coast has reached that point. We are no longer a small, regional city. We are growing into a mature,
    world-class city and our transport system needs to grow and change accordingly.

    This strategy outlines the things Council can do to improve the city’s transport network. It also highlights how we
    will work together with the state and federal governments to improve public transport, roads, and walking and
    cycling facilities.

    We know that funding will be tight over the next few years. That is why our strategy contains a balance of low-
    cost actions that get the most out of our existing infrastructure in the short-term, and major infrastructure projects
    that can be delivered once funding becomes available in the longer-term.

    This strategy will make it quick and easy to get around the Coast and deliver a truly integrated transport network.
    It will give residents certainty about their transport options for decades to come and developers the confidence to
    begin investing again.

    Thank you to the hundreds of local residents and businesses who have helped shape this strategy. This strategy
    provides the overarching framework that will shape the city’s 10-year transport implementation plan and annual
    investment programs.

    I look forward to working with you in the years ahead to bring this transport vision to life. Together, we can create
    a better transport future for the Gold Coast.

    Mayor, Gold Coast City

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Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Draft Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report

      Contents                                                                                                Executive summary
      Foreword......................................................................ii                        Effective transport systems are integral to the success of              This will be achieved by:
                                                                                                              any modern city – they connect us to our families, friends,
                                                                                                                                                                                       creating liveable places – limiting urban sprawl,
                                                                                                              jobs, amenities and communities.
      Executive summary....................................................iv                                                                                                           developing new communities around sustainable transport,
                                                                                                              This technical report underpins the Gold Coast City                       and developing strong centres and high-quality public
                                                                                                              Transport Strategy 2031, which is our 20-year blueprint                   transport corridors
      Part A - Setting the scene.......................................... 1
                                                                                                              for the city’s future transport network, with a key focus
                                                                                                                                                                                       better parking management – returning the revenue
          1. Introduction................................................................................ 2   on the years leading up to the 2018 Commonwealth
                                                                                                                                                                                        raised from parking into centre improvement schemes and
                                                                                                              Games. It provides a plan to keep the city moving in
          2. How we travel today................................................................... 4                                                                                   better public transport services
                                                                                                              the face of higher energy costs and increasing traffic
          3. Our transport challenges............................................................. 9          congestion.                                                              providing excellent public transport – delivering rapid
                                                                                                                                                                                        bus corridors, expanding the light rail network, providing
          4. Options for meeting the challenges ..........................................17                  The Gold Coast is unique. It is a young, lineal city                      more park-and-ride in strategic locations, and providing
                                                                                                              extending for some 70 kilometres, with multiple activity                  more community transport services for the hinterland
                                                                                                              centres. The city plays host to more than 10.5 million
      Part B - Our vision.................................................... 21                                                                                                        communities
                                                                                                              tourists each year and thousands of day trippers from
          5. Overview of our plan for the future.......................................... 22                                                                                          encouraging more walking and cycling – providing a
                                                                                                              all around the region on any given weekend. We have
                                                                                                                                                                                        safe and connected network of pathways
                                                                                                              some coastal areas with higher-density and good public
      Part C - Key outcome areas..................................... 29                                      transport, walking and cycling, and we also have large                   providing a well-managed road network – catering for
                                                                                                              areas of low-density suburban development that are                        all road users, focusing on safe and efficient movement of
          6. Integrated transport and land use............................................. 30                highly car-dependent. These factors have combined to                      people and goods, delivering a ‘pinch point’ program to
                                                                                                              create a strongly entrenched car culture and                              improve road capacity, greater signal coordination, ‘turn left
          7. Car parking............................................................................... 40
                                                                                                              growing congestion.                                                       on red’ trials and removal of inefficient transit lanes
          8. Public transport network.......................................................... 48
                                                                                                              If not addressed, congestion will cost the Gold Coast                    changing our travel behaviour – undertaking schemes to
          9. Active transport network.......................................................... 68            in reduced productivity, poorer health and a greater                      encourage schools, workplaces and communities to walk,
                                                                                                              imbalance in work/ family life. The attractive lifestyle                  cycle, car pool and take public transport as part of their daily
          10. Road and freight network....................................................... 82                                                                                        travel.
                                                                                                              enjoyed by residents and visitors will be undermined.
          11. Changing travel behaviour..................................................... 100              We have an opportunity in the lead-up to the 2018                       To achieve our transport vision, Council must work in
                                                                                                              Commonwealth Games to halt existing trends and start                    partnership with the state and federal governments to
          12. Meeting the tourism sector's transport needs ...................... 108
                                                                                                              to create a future that is less car-dependent and more                  deliver an integrated transport network, regardless of
                                                                                                              sustainable. Our vision for 2031 is that the Gold Coast:                ownership or jurisdiction.
      Part D - Implementation........................................111
                                                                                                               enjoys smart growth – the majority of new
          13. Implementing the strategy.....................................................112                 development is based on compact, mixed-use centres that
                                                                                                                are focused on high-quality public transport
          14. Funding and revenue.............................................................116
                                                                                                               is a connected city – people and places are connected
          15. Monitoring and review...........................................................120               by an integrated, safe and efficient transport network
                                                                                                               makes sustainable travel choices – a significant
      Glossary of terms.................................................... 122                                 proportion of Gold Coast residents and visitors choose to
                                                                                                                walk, cycle and take public transport as part of their daily

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Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report

                                 1. Introduction
                                 The Gold Coast is a unique city bordered
                                 by rainforest hinterland that includes world
                                 heritage-listed national parks to the west, and
                                 54 kilometres of beautiful beaches to the east.
                                                                                              Gold Coast 2020 Vision
                                 Characterised by a relaxed lifestyle, premier
                                 sporting and entertainment events and an
                                 abundance of recreational pursuits, the Gold

    Part A - Setting the scene
                                 Coast is famous for fun. These attributes draw
                                 people to the city from all over Australia and                 City Plan 2012-2020
                                 the world to live, work and play.
                                 The Gold Coast has evolved rapidly over
                                 the past 50 years from a series of small
                                 coastal settlements to the sixth largest city in
                                 Australia. Our city is now home to 513,954                                                                         Gold Coast City Transport
                                 people and is forecast to reach almost                 Long-term plans and strategies                                   Strategy 2031
                                 800,000 people by 20311. Added to the
                                 pressure placed on the city by population
                                 growth, the Gold Coast has in excess of 10
                                 million visitors per year, creating additional
                                 demand on the city’s infrastructure.
                                                                                                   Operational Plan                             Transport Implementation Plan
                                 Effective transport systems are integral to the
                                 success of any modern city – they connect us
                                 to our families, friends, jobs, amenities and
                                 communities. As we continue to grow, Gold
                                 Coast City Council must plan for the future,
                                 to enhance these connections and to protect
                                                                                                 Annual City Budget
                                 our lifestyle. Unless we change our travel
                                 behaviour, traffic congestion will significantly
                                 affect our economy, lifestyle and environment.     Figure 1 How the Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 fits within Council’s planning framework

                                 Purpose of this technical report                   Planning context                                         n the release of Connecting SEQ 2031: An
                                                                                                                                               Integrated Regional Transport Plan for
                                 This technical report underpins the Gold           The Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031
                                                                                                                                               South East Queensland (2011)
                                 Coast City Transport Strategy 2031, which is       supersedes the previous Gold Coast City
                                 our blueprint for the city’s transport network     Transport Plan 1998. Since the release of the            n review of the local planning scheme
                                 over the next 20 years, with a particular          1998 plan, there have been considerable                  n the start of construction on the Gold Coast
                                 focus on the years leading up to the 2018          changes to our city, the region and the state              light rail project
                                 Commonwealth Games. It provides a plan to          along with other external factors that have              n the definition of new local government
                                 keep the Gold Coast moving in the face of          influenced the way people live and move                    boundaries (2008)
                                 higher energy costs, increasing congestion         around our city. Some of these include:
                                                                                                                                             n the announcement that the Gold Coast
                                 and the need for responsible financial
                                                                                    n an increase in the city’s population by                  will host the 2018 Commonwealth
                                                                                      39 per cent from 369,500 (1997) to                       Games (2011)
                                 The strategy will guide transport policy and         513,954 (2011)                                         n external issues that influence travel
                                 investment decisions, ensuring transport           n the release of the South East Queensland                 behaviour, such as the increasing price of
                                 funding is allocated in ways that deliver            Regional Plan 2009-2031 (2009)                           oil and higher obesity levels.
                                 maximum benefits for the people of the Gold
                                                                                                                                             1. ABS and Office of Statistical Research (2012) Estimated
                                 Coast and those who visit our city.                                                                            Resident Population

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Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. How we travel today
    South East Queensland Regional Plan                to align Council transport initiatives with State         Consultation showed us that public transport
    2009-2031                                          Government plans and strategies.                          is clearly the community’s biggest transport
    The South East Queensland Regional Plan                                                                      concern, 46 per cent were about the need for
    2009-2031 provides the framework for the           Planning our transport                                    better public transport, whereas 10.2% were
    overall development of the region. Population      future together                                           about roads and traffic. This strategy sets out
    projections propose a need to develop a total                                                                a plan for significant improvements to the
    of 143,000 new dwellings on the Gold Coast         Community consultation                                    public and active transport network, as well
    by 2031 (about 5700 new dwellings each year        Council has worked closely with the Gold                  as targeted road upgrades to ensure the Gold
    up until 2031).                                    Coast community to develop this strategy.                 Coast keeps moving into the future.                                                                                    Mode share                                                        18%
                                                       In late 2012, we released the draft transport             Key stakeholder consultation                                                                                           In 2009, 87 per cent of all trips made on the
    An important focus of the regional plan is to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         16%
                                                       strategy for community consultation. More                                                                                                                                        Gold Coast were by private vehicle (refer to
    continue the trend towards urban infill and                                                                  Council held a number of workshops with                                                                                                                                                  14%
                                                       than 2500 Gold Coast residents, businesses                                                                                                                                       Figure 3 Mode share on the Gold Coast) - a
    regeneration, and to ensure new communities                                                                  transport industry stakeholders, including
                                                       and organisations took part.                                                                                                                                                     steady increase from 83 per cent in 1992.                         12%
    are developed along public transport corridors                                                               representatives from Gold Coast City Council,
    and contain a mix of uses, like services and                                                                                                                                                                                        Public transport made up 4 per cent of trips,
                                                                                                                 the Department of Transport and Main Roads                                                                                                                                               10%
                                                       What people talked to us about                                                                                                                                                   up from 3 per cent in 1992. Cycling was                                                                                                      Figure 4
    employment, linked by direct walking and                                                                     and specialist planning consultancies. The                                                                                                                                                                                                                          No car households
    cycling paths.                                     n Public transport – 46% of comments                                                                                                                                             1 per cent, down from 3 per cent in 1992, and                      8%                                                                        by suburb
                                                                                                                 workshops took a collaborative and interactive                                                                         although walking increased slightly from 2007,                                                                                               (2006 Census data)
                                                       n Walking and cycling – 14.4% of comments                                                                                                                                                                                                           6%
    In contrast to previous decades, the Gold                                                                    approach to exploring transport solutions for                                                                          to 8 per cent in 2009, it is still lower than the
                                                       n Road network – 10.2% of comments
    Coast is expected to accommodate much                                                                        the city, which helped to determine realistic                                                                          10 per cent share in 19922.                                        4%
                                                       n Parking – 3.9% of comments
    of its future population growth in existing                                                                  public and active transport initiatives across
                                                       n Travel behaviour change – 2.1% of                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2%
    urban areas. The regional plan suggests                                                                      the Gold Coast that can be implemented by
    approximately 22 per cent of new dwellings                                                                   Council and the Department of Transport and                                                                                                                                               0%
                                                       n Other – 22.6% of comments (including                                                                                                                                           100%                                                                        C/gatta   Surfers Southport Nerang     Robina Coomera
    would be in the major broadhectare                                                                           Main Roads.
                                                         general support for the strategy, personal
    development areas of Coomera, Pimpama,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        85%
                                                         mobility vehicles and support to commence                                                                                                                                       80%                                                            Different travel experiences across the city
    Reedy Creek and Maudsland. The remaining

                                                                                                                                                                   (Modelling and Data Analysis Centre) 2011 Household Travel Surveys
    78 per cent would be achieved through                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Travel experiences vary across the city. For example, Figure 4 No car households by suburb and
    development or redevelopment within existing                                                                                                                                                                                         60%                                                            Figure 5 Percentage of walking trips to work by suburb show that those people living in higher-
    urban areas, giving a total of almost 100,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       density areas (Coolangatta, Southport and Surfers Paradise) are less likely to own a car and more

                                                                                                                                                                   Source: Department of Transport and Main Roads
    new infill dwellings over the next 20 years.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        likely to walk to work than those in lower-density areas (Nerang, Robina and Coomera). This
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        shows that in urban environments where there is the right mix of density, connectivity and quality
    Connecting SEQ 2031                                                                           Gold Coast                                                                                                                               6%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        public and active transport links people will embrace more sustainable transport options and
    Connecting SEQ 2031 is the strategic plan for                                             Transport Strategy                                                                                                                           4%                                                     4%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        reduce car ownership.
    meeting the transport challenges facing South                                                                                                                                                                 40%

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2%                                                           The Gold Coast’s outer, low-density suburbs are likely to continue to remain highly car-
    East Queensland and is an action of the South                                                                                                                                                            0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0%                                                           dependent, although there is room for significant improvement in public and active transport use
    East Queensland Regional Plan 2009-2031.                                                                                                                                                                                                      1992        2004        2007        2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        in these areas. The activity centres across the city have developed more densely, providing greater
    Council will partner with the Queensland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            public and active transport options. High-density mixed-use activity centres are vital economic
    and Commonwealth governments to deliver                                                                                                                                                                                             Figure 3 Mode share on the Gold Coast
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        drivers for the city and their accessibility must be strategically managed to ensure that they remain
    transport infrastructure and services to meet                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       attractive, functional and vibrant.
    the city’s transport needs over the next 20
    years. Connecting SEQ 2031 establishes                                                                                                                                                                                              Around 47 per cent of Gold Coast residents                        18%
    specific targets for the Gold Coast to increase                                                                                                                                                                                     use no public transport at all and are solely
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        reliant on cars for all trips. This is comparable                 16%
    the use of public and active transport and
    reduce car trips.                                        Discussion Paper -                                                                                                                                                         with the Sunshine Coast, where 50 per cent                        14%
                                                                                                                                    Workshops with                                                                                      of residents identify themselves as non-
                                                           “Our Transport Future”
    Working with government                                                                                                         key stakeholders                                                                                    public transport users. This is significantly                     12%

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        higher than Brisbane where 30 per cent of                         10%                                                                       Figure 5
    The Queensland Government is the lead
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        residents identify themselves as non-public                                                                                                 Percentage of walking
    agency with overall responsibility for planning                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8%                                                                       trips to work by suburb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        transport users.
    and providing public transport services,
    infrastructure, strategic transport planning,
    managing the state-controlled road network,                                                 Bold Future                                                                                                                                                                                                4%
    and the regulation of taxi services. The                                                community consultation
    Commonwealth Government also contributes
    funding for transport in Queensland (for                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    C/gatta   Surfers Southport Nerang     Robina Coomera
    example, the Gold Coast light rail project). The
    Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 aims                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Modelling Data and Analysis Centre (2011) Queensland
                                                       Figure 2 How consultation shaped the transport strategy                                                                                                                             Department of Transport and Main Roads

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Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report


                                                                                                                                                                                                               GCCC boundary
                       Beenleigh station
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pacific Motorway
                                                                                              Steiglitz                                                                                                                                                            Where and why people travel
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Multi-modal arterial                                                                                            Origin                    Commute profile - Gold Coast                            Destination
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Work trips, including business trips throughout
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Train station                                                                                                  Brisbane
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the work day, are the most common trip                                                                                                          Brisbane
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Train line
                            Yatala                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 purpose, responsible for 27 per cent of all trips          North GC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   North GC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   on the Gold Coast, followed by shopping trips
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Principal regional activity                                                                                 Helensvale and
                                                                                                                                                                                                               centre                                              at 17 per cent and social/recreation trips at             Oxenford
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Helensvale and
                                                                                                              Jacobs                                                                                                                                               15 per cent. The split of trip purpose on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              North of Southport
                                                                                                              Well                                                                                             Major activity centre                               Gold Coast is shown in Figure 7 2009 trip             North of Southport
                                                               Ormeau station
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   purpose - Gold Coast. Although work trips
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Nerang, Ashmore
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Specialist activity centre
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   make up less than a third of all trips (27 per         Nerang, Ashmore                                                                        and Carrara
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   cent), they account for 43 per cent of all               and Carrara
                                                                                                                                                                                                               District activity centre                            kilometres travelled on the Gold Coast.                    Southport                                                                           Southport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Surfers, Broadbeach
                                                                                                                                                                        South                                                                                                                                               and Mermaid
                                                                                                                                                                        Stradbroke                                                                                                                                            beachside                                                                       Surfers, Broadbeach
                                                                                              Coomera                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Surfers, Broadbeach                                                                     and Mermaid
                                                                                   Coomera station                                                                      Island                                                                                                         8%                                and Mermaid inland                                                                        beachside
                    Cedar                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Robina and Merrimac                                                                  Surfers, Broadbeach
                    Creek                                                                                         Hope                                                                                                                                                                                   27%                                                                                                  and Mermaid inland
                                                                                                                  Island                                                                                                                                                    11%                                          Burleigh and Varsity
                                                               Upper                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Robina and Merrimac
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              South GC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Burleigh and Varsity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          South GC inland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   South GC
                                                                                                                                                Runaway                                                                                                                                                                        Tweed                                                                           South GC inland
                                                                                                         Helensvale                             Bay                                                                                                                                                                                                     Scale:         Approximately 2,000 trips
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            12%                          17%
                                                                                                     Helensvale station                  Biggera
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Origin                 Commute profile - Greater Brisbane                          Destination

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         15%                                  (105,856)
                                                    Maudsland                                            Gold Coast                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                (64,702)
                                                                                                         Health and                                                                                                                                                                                                          North-East
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Work trips                  Education               (55,893)                                                                            North-West
                                                                                                         Knowledge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (50,605)
                      Mt                                                                                 Precinct                                             Southport                                                                                                   Shopping                    Accompany              North-West

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Source: MDAC 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              (42,588)                                                                               Inner

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (Source: Department of Transport and Main Roads Modelling, Data and Analysis Centre)
                                                                                                          Ashmore                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (65,523)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Social recreation           Personal                   Inner
                                                                                                                                                      Southport Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      business                 (95,122)
                                                                                                            Nerang station    Ashmore                                                                                                                                     Serve passenger
                                                                                                                              Plaza                                     Surfers                                                                                                                                                  CBD                                                                                 CBD
                                                                          Nerang                                                                                        Paradise                                                                                                                                               (34,641)                                                                            (189,761)
                                                                                                                               Bundall                                                                                                                             Figure 7 2009 trip purpose - Gold Coast                   South-East

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Key trip generators                                       South-West
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (85,796)                                                                           South-East
                                                                                                                                                                        Broadbeach                                                                                 Southport, Robina and Coomera are the                                                                                                           (17,812)
                                                                                                                                                    Mermaid Mermaid                                                                                                Gold Coast’s principal activity centres.                    (45,916)                                                                           South-West
                                                                                                                                                    Waters  Beach                                                                                                  Southport and Robina currently provide                       Logan                                                                               (91,054)
                                                       Hinze Dam                                                                                                                                                                                                   the bulk of civic, business and health                                                 Scale:               Approximately 5,000 trips
                                                                                                                               Robina station
                                                                                                                               Robina                  Varsity Central/                                                                                            services. Coastal centres such as Surfers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Brisbane is a radial city with a large number of work trips focused
                                                                                                                                                       Bond University                                                                                             Paradise and Broadbeach provide tourism
                                                                                     Mudgeeraba                                                  Varsity                                                                                                                                                                                  on a single CBD. The Gold Coast has a more even spread of work
                                                                                                                                                 Lakes              Burleigh                                                                                       accommodation, entertainment, retail
                                                                                                                                                                    Heads                                                                                                                                                                         destinations and trips as it is a multi-centred city.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and dining, while Burleigh Heads and
                                                                                                              Varsity Station                   Varsity Lakes station     West Burleigh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Coolangatta offer an attractive beach village
                                                                                                                                                          Treetops Plaza                                                                                                                                               Figure 8 Comparison of Gold Coast and Brisbane journey to work trips
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   atmosphere. Nerang and Helensvale are key
                                                                                                                             Creek                                                   Palm Beach                                                                    retail and commercial centres.                      commuters and Brisbane commuters. For                     By comparison, Brisbane’s journeys to work
                                                                                                                                                                                               Currumbin                                                                                                               the Gold Coast, it demonstrates how jobs                  are much more focused on one central CBD.
                                                                                                                                                                        Elanora                                                                                    Journeys to work                                    and residences are located all over the city,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Currently, 86 per cent of journeys to work are
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tugun                                                      The Gold Coast differs from other similar-sized     not focused on one major destination.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 within Gold Coast City Council boundaries,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   cities in that it does not have a dominant          The city’s structure presents opportunities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 with around 7 per cent heading north towards
                                           Map not to scale                                                                                                                                                                    Coolangatta                         central business district (CBD).                    and challenges: it helps balance transport
                                                                                                                                                                                          Gold Coast Airport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Brisbane. Work trips to Brisbane will continue
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       trips across the entire network, but makes                to be a major trip generator from the Gold
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Figure 8 Comparison of Gold Coast and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       providing high-quality public transport services          Coast, as well as construction jobs, with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Brisbane journey to work trips shows
                                                              Springbrook                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              across multiple centres difficult.                        workers travelling daily to the Logan and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the origin and destination of Gold Coast
    Figure 6 Gold Coast centres network                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ipswich regions.
                                                                                                                                                                    Tweed City

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Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       GCCC boundary
                      Tourist travel                                        modelling, and allow planning for projects to        Most of the roads identified on Figure 10                       Beenleigh station
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pacific Motorway
                                                                            take into account the effect that tourist travel     experience congestion on weekdays and                                                                                                 Steiglitz
                      Roughly half of all trips made by visitors are                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Multi-modal arterial
                                                                            has on the Gold Coast transport network.             weekends, creating inconvenience and delay
                      made by car (see Figure 9 Mode choices
                                                                                                                                 for residents and visitors. With growth in                                                                                                                                                                                                            Train station
                      of visitors). Visitors to the Gold Coast do,
                                                                            Weekend travel                                       both resident and visitor numbers expected                                                                                                                                                                                                            Train line
                      however, frequently choose to walk to                                                                                                                                           Yatala
                                                                            The Gold Coast experiences unique weekend            in future, a key challenge will be to manage
                      activities. Public transport is a popular option
                                                                            travel characteristics when compared to              demand and make improvements to these                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Roads with more
                      for visitors, with 14 per cent of all visitor trips                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              weekend traffic than
                                                                            similar-sized cities. The coastal strip’s beaches,   routes so that economic activity is supported.
                      taken by public transport (compared to only                                                                                                                                                                  Ormeau
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Jacobs                                                                                          peak weekdays
                      4 per cent of Gold Coast residents). Although         shops and dining areas attract a large number                                                                                                                                                              Well                                                                                            Roads with similar
                                                                            of discretionary trips from residents. In            Recreational boat travel
                      visitors take more than half of their trips by                                                                                                                                                                    Ormeau station
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       weekend traffic to peak
                      car, they have a low impact on total road             addition to the high demand placed on the            With an abundance of waterways, the Gold                                                                                                                                                                                                              weekdays

                      demand. During the peak holiday period,               network by tourists, the Gold Coast attracts         Coast is a haven for boating, water sports                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hope Island Road

                      visitors represent an estimated 3 per cent of all     large numbers of day trippers on weekends            and fishing. Canals are just one of a number                                                                            Pimpama
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Smith Street Motorway
                      drivers on the Gold Coast during the morning          from neighbouring areas such as Brisbane,            of water accesses and Council has a program
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  South                                Gold Coast Highway
                      peak period and 5 per cent in the afternoon.          Logan and Tweed Shire. As a result, a                to maintain these throughout the city.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Stradbroke                           Waterways Drive/Sea
                                                                            number of key roads experience traffic levels        Maintenance involves the removal of problem                                                       Coomera                  Coomera station                                                                       Island                               World Drive
                      The Department of Transport and Main Roads            on weekends matching or exceeding the                vegetation and dredging on canal banks to                    Cedar
                      is currently collecting more data on visitor                                                                                                                            Creek                                                                                        Hope                                                                                        Main Beach Parade
                                                                            weekday commuting peak. Figure 10 Roads              restore desired profiles.                                                                                                                                 Island
                      travel patterns and updating the transport            that experience high weekend traffic demand                                                                                                                 Upper                                                                                                                                          Thomas Drive
                      planning modelling tools to improve visitor                                                                Our local waterways, canal estates and                                                                 Coomera
                                                                            shows which roads currently experience these                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Hooker Boulevard/
                                                                                                                                 marinas have supported the development                                                                                                                                                                                                                Nerang - Broadbeach
                                                                            high traffic demands.
                                                                                                                                 of a significant marine sector on the Gold                                                                                                                                                                                                            Road
                                                                            Some major roads carry up to 50 per cent             Coast. Currently the Gold Coast has 26,992                                                                                                                                                                                                            Brisbane Road
                                                                            more traffic on weekends at peak times               registered boats and the southern portion of                                                                                                     Helensvale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Musgrave Avenue
                                              1%                            compared with weekday peak times. On these           South East Queensland has 69,778 registered                                                                                                  Helensvale station           Waters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Smith Street
                                                                            roads, the weekend period can account for            boats. The Navigation Channel network links
                                                                            as much as 60 per cent of total traffic for the      together the Broadwater, Moreton Bay, the                                                                                                                                                                                                             Nerang - Broadbeach
                                                                            whole week. By comparison, peak traffic for          Gold Coast Seaway (Ocean) and Gold Coast                                                     Maudsland
                                                           52%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Nielsens Road
                                                                            a major road not affected by weekend travel          Marine Precincts (Coomera and Steiglitz). It                                                                                                                              Griffith
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           University                            Southport                             Gooding Drive/Nerang -
                                                                            is typically 45 per cent less than the weekday       is the backbone of the local marine industry,                  Mt                                                                                                                                                                                     Broadbeach Road
                                                                            commuting peak and only accounts for about           supports the tourism sector and is significant              Tamborine
                                                                            20 per cent of all traffic for the week.             to the Gold Coast lifestyle.                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Bermuda Street
(Source: MDAC 2011)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Nerang station                                                                                    Rio Vista Boulevard
                                                                              Vehicle                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Surfers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Nerang                                                                                        Paradise                              Markeri Street
                                                                              Public transport                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Bundall                                                                 Pacific Motorway
                      Figure 9 Mode choices of visitors                       Walking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Robina Parkway
                                                                              Cycling                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Broadbeach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Christine Avenue

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Reedy Creek Road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Hinze Dam
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mudgeeraba                               Robina station

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Lakes                             Burleigh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Varsity Lakes station

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Reedy                                                     Palm Beach



                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Map not to scale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Gold Coast Airport

                                                                                                                                                                                  Figure 10 Roads that experience high weekend traffic

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Tweed City

7                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    8
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report

    3. Our transport challenges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Council’s Climate Change Strategy 2009-2014
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              provides direction for responding to climate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Beenleigh                                                            Accessibility       change challenges, such as developing plans to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              < 15 mins       reduce the city’s carbon emissions. In Australia,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              15 - 30 mins    cars produce an average of 0.3 kilograms of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              greenhouse gas per kilometre travelled4 and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              30 - 45 mins
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              in South East Queensland, transport activity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              45 - 60 mins
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              accounts for approximately 22 per cent of
    Traffic congestion                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        > 60 mins       carbon emissions5.
    Traffic congestion is fast becoming a major                              Gold Coast                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Energy from all sources is likely to become
    challenge for the Gold Coast as the city grows                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            more expensive in the future. The reduced
    and develops. If not addressed, congestion                                  Adelaide                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      supply of oil-based motor fuels as well as the
    will cost the Gold Coast in lower productivity,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           possible slowing of growth in oil production
    poorer health and a greater imbalance                                            Perth                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    will affect how we move around the city.
    of work/family life. Increasing congestion                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Relying on car-dependent lifestyles and
    levels will undermine the attractive lifestyle                               Brisbane                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     buildings and transport modes that are carbon
    enjoyed by our city’s residents and visitors. A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           intensive or use large amounts of fossil fuels
    gridlocked city is not an attractive place to live                       Melbourne                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        exposes us to major risks in the future.
    or visit.
                                                                                   Sydney                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     As well as increased carbon emissions and
    It is forecast that the avoidable costs of traffic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        reduced and expensive supply of fuel, the
    congestion in Australian cities will exceed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               city’s infrastructure will be impaired by other
    $20 billion by 20203, caused primarily by:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                gradual and long-term effects of climate
                                                                                             0%             2%            4%             6%         8%        10%       12%        14%                                                                                                                                        change. These include increased temperatures,
     workers spending more time in traffic
      rather than at work – causing a loss in                            Figure 11 Public transport mode share in Australian cities (2006)                                                                                                                                                                                    rising sea levels and increases in the intensity
      productivity for businesses                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             of extreme weather events such as cyclones,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Southport                       storm surges and heavy rainfall. Strengthening
     slowing down the movement of freight                               Car dependence                                                        by public transport and walking increase to                              14%

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the resilience of infrastructure to these
      as trucks fall behind schedule due to                                                                                                    over 45 minutes with the exception of a few
                                                                         Car travel has been the main focus of the                                                                                                                                                                                                            threats is essential for minimising risks to the
      congestion.                                                                                                                              pockets. Nearly 50 per cent of journeys to                                                                     Nerang
                                                                         Gold Coast’s transport system for the past                                                                                                                                                                                  Surfers Paradise         community and the economy.
                                                                                                                                               work (from within the Gold Coast) by public                                                                                                 Bundall
    In the urbanised areas of the Gold Coast,                            50 years, resulting in low public transport
    there is little scope for large-scale expansion                                                                                            transport would take 45 minutes or longer,
                                                                         use compared to many other Australian cities                                                                                                                                                                                                         A fast growing and
    of road capacity without affecting the quality                                                                                             which is nearly twice the average travel time
                                                                         (see Figure 11 Public transport mode share in                                                                                                                                                                        Broadbeach
    of life that attracts people to live and holiday                     Australian cities (2006).
                                                                                                                                               for current work commuting trips on the                                                                                                                                        multi-centred city
    here. A balanced approach to transport                                                                                                     Gold Coast.                                                                                                                                                                    Before World War II, Australian cities were
                                                                         The share of trips by car increased from                                                                                                                                                                                                             reasonably compact and relied heavily
    investment and management is required so                                                                                                   In summary, key ‘journey to work’ statistics
                                                                         83 per cent in 1992 to 87 per cent in 2009                                                                                                                                                                                                           on railways, tramways and buses as the
    that people who do not need to travel by car                                                                                               show:
                                                                         (see Figure 3 Mode share on the Gold Coast).                                                                                                                                                                Robina
    are provided with real transport alternatives                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             dominant mode of passenger transport. The
                                                                         Vehicle ownership rates across the city are                            Gold Coast work trips are nearly twice the                                                                                                                                   post-war era saw some major changes, such
    that leave room for those who do need to
                                                                         also rising. In 2001, there were 213,118 cars                           distance of all other trip purposes                                                                                                                                          as the increasing ability of ordinary families
    drive (such as tradespeople and freight traffic).
                                                                         registered on the Gold Coast. In 2012, this                            on average, Gold Coast workers commute                                                                                                                                       to own a private car. Car ownership gave
    One of the most harmful effects of traffic                           rose to 320,100 – an increase of 50 per cent.                           17.6 kilometres to work with an average                                                                                                                                      greater mobility and created demand for new
    congestion is its impact on the environment.                         The Gold Coast has an average of 1.8 motor                              travel time of 26 minutes                                                                                                                                                    car-based suburbs at the fringe of existing
    Stop-start driving, for example, produces                            vehicles per dwelling (excluding motorbikes
                                                                                                                                                22 per cent of work trips are less than                                                                                                                                      cities. Construction of modern roads to better
    large volumes of carbon emissions that                               and scooters).
                                                                                                                                                 5 kilometres and within active transport                                                                                                                    Coolangatta      link the Gold Coast with Brisbane and New
    contribute to climate change. The Gold
                                                                         Figure 12 Public transport and walking                                  range, however, only 6 per cent of people                                                                                                                                    South Wales opened up new development
    Coast’s natural environment – from our                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Coolangatta - Tweed
                                                                         accessibility to employment indicates that                              choose to walk or cycle to work                                                                                                                                              opportunities along the Coast and in new
    extensive waterways and expansive hinterland
                                                                         good walking and public transport access to                                                                                                                                                                                                          inland centres.
    – is sensitive to phenomena like climate                                                                                                    work trips generate 43 per cent of
                                                                         employment is best along the coastal areas                              kilometres travelled on the road network.
    change. To protect our natural environment,
                                                                         and a few inland pockets. About 19 per cent
    we must reduce or cease the practices that
    threaten to erode its beauty by developing
                                                                         of workers have an active travel or public                            Energy, oil and climate change
                                                                         transport journey of less than 30 minutes.
    transport systems that move our city into an                                                                                               The Gold Coast’s location, growth,
                                                                                                                                                                                                (Source: MDAC 2011)

                                                                         Moving a short distance inland from the
    environmentally healthy future.                                                                                                            development and demand for services increase
                                                                         coastal areas, journey times to employment                                                                                                                                                                                                           4. New South Wales Government (2011) A Walking Strategy for
                                                                                                                                               its exposure to the effects of climate change.                                                                                                                                    New South Wales

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              5. ICLEI Local Government for Sustainability (2009) South East
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Queensland Regional Plan Climate Change Project: Phase 2
    3. Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics (2007) Estimating Urban Traffic Congestion Cost Trends for Australian Cities, Working Paper 71                                                                      Figure 12 Public transport and walking accessibility to employment                                         Emissions Analysis

9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           GCCC boundary

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Pacific Motorway
                                                    1,000,000                                                                                                                                 Ormeau - Yatala
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Multi-modal arterial

                                                      900,000                      Estimate Resident Population (ERP)                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Train station
                                                                                   High forecast
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Train line
                                                      800,000                      Medium forecast
                                                                                   Low forecast                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2011 population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Jacobs Well - Alberton
                                                      700,000                                                                                                                                                                                     3,895-7,669                                                                              2031 population

                                                      600,000                                                                                                                                                                        Pimpama - Coomera



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Hope Island
                                                      100,000                                                                                                                                                   Kingsholme - Upper Co

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Paradise Point -
                                                                 1981    1986 1991 1996 2001 2006              2011      2016      2021 2026          2031                                                                                  Helensvale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            He                             Runaway Bay
                                                                          Estimated Resident Population                             Forecast                                                                                               18,664-33,960
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6                            18,173-23,054

                                                   Figure 13 Population growth and forecast                                                                                                                                                                10,481-11,514
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Oxenford - Maudsland
 The Gold Coast is a linear city and the spread    transport challenges that must be identified        networks, and encourage development of
 of urban development northwards has seen          and mitigated where possible, by careful and        road networks and urban forms that support                                                                                                                                             Biggera Waters - Labrador
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Parkwood - Arundel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pa                                          23,421-32,376
 the urban fringes of Brisbane, Logan and the      integrated transport planning.                      more sustainable cross-border travel options.                                                                                                 19,480-19,484
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pacific Pines - Gaven
 Gold Coast grow increasingly closer together.                                                                                                                                                                                   13,938-16,953
 Much of the urban development in the              Cross-border transport issues                       Planning an inclusive transport system
 western parts of the city is low density, with    The lineal and multi-centred form of urban          Accessibility is imperative for everyone in
 the major employment and activity centres         development on the Gold Coast also                  the community, including young people,                                                                                      Nerang           6,525-6,533
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6,5                                               Main Beach -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      South Stradbroke Island
 dispersed across the city.                        continues south across the New South Wales          older people, people pushing prams, people                                                                               28,119-41,918

 There has been considerable development           border into the Tweed Shire. Tweed is forecast      who use wheelchairs, people who have a                                                                                                              Ashmore - Benowa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Surfers Paradise
 of higher density urban development               to grow from a population of 74,000 in 2011         disability, and those who cannot afford a car.                                                                                                                                         22,869-37,844

                                                   to 120,000 in 2020, creating further transport      Census figures show that in 2011, 16.2% of                                                                                                                                Bundall
 along the Coast since the 1950s. However,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4,552-6,716
 the prominent form of development -               challenges for the Gold Coast.                      Gold Coast City’s population had a disability
 suburban and rural residential communities                                                            (compared to 17.9% of Queensland’s                                                                                                                  Carrara - Merrimac
                                                   Currently, bus services in Tweed are unable                                                                                                                                                               21,169-24,736
 that are separated from services and                                                                  population). In addition, the Gold Coast has                                                                                                                                                   Broadbeach Waters
                                                   to link into the go card electronic ticketing                                                                                                                                                                            Mermaid Waters -          8,139-11,262
 employment - is still in practice and is based                                                        a growing ageing population and Council                                                                                                                             Clear Island Waters
                                                   system and Gold Coast commuters are                                                                                                                                                                                        17,134-19,262                     Broadbeach -
 on very high levels of car dependency. In                                                             recognises, and is responding to, the needs of                                                                             Worongary - Tallai                                                            Mermaid Beach
                                                   unable to use their go cards south of
 many communities, walking and cycling                                                                 older people. In 2011, seniors (over 65 years                                                                               10,265-10,265                     Robina                                     11,925-21,756
                                                   the border. This lack of coordination                                                                                                                                                                          24,510-39,882
 connectivity is poor. Public transport                                                                of age) comprised 14.4% of the total Gold
                                                   discourages people from using public                                                                                                                                                                                                             Miami
 operations are made less efficient by canal                                                           Coast City population. By 2031, the number                                                                                                                                                6,833-8,264
                                                   transport for cross-border trips. In addition,                                                                                                                                                                                     Varsity Lakes
 developments with circuitous street layouts                                                           of residents aged 65 years or over is set to                                                         Guanaba - Springbrook                                                     17,436-33,977
                                                   integrated cross-border cycle links are                                                                                                                       4,295-4,830
 and long dead-end streets.                                                                            account for over 20 per cent of Gold Coast                                                                                                                                                                Burleigh Heads
                                                   needed to improve cycle connectivity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8,646-10,956
                                                                                                       City’s population.                                                                                                                       Mudgeeraba - Reedy Creek
 As the population reaches almost 800,000          There are also difficulties with cross-border
 by 2031, as shown in Figure 13 Population                                                             An accessible transport system enables people                                                                                                                                                                      Palm Beach
                                                   taxi travel, due to regulatory restrictions. This                                                                                                                                                                          Burleigh Wat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Waters                             15,211-23,715
 growth and forecast, the number of trips                                                              of all abilities to connect with family and
                                                   creates higher costs for users and makes the                                                                                                                                                                                 13,790-15669

 by residents on the Gold Coast is expected                                                            friends, creating a sense of belonging and                                                                                                                                                Elanora
                                                   area less attractive for taxi drivers to service,                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Currumbin
 to increase by 44 per cent from 2.6 million                                                           social inclusion which are fundamental aspects                                                                                                                                      12,348-12,406
                                                   decreasing the availability of taxis for the
 in 2011 to 3.7 million in 20316. The forecast                                                         of everyday Australian life. An accessible and                                                                                                                                             Currumbin Waters           Bilinga - Tugun
                                                   local community.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10,647-12,591
 distribution of population and employment                                                             connected transport network must meet                                                                                                                                                                                  7,170-11,403

 is shown in Figure 14 Population growth           Council will work with the Department               the needs of these groups, which includes                                                                                                                               Currumbin Valley -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Tallebudgera                                                  Coolangatta
                                                   of Transport and Main Roads, Tweed                  designing for appropriate gradients, seating,                                            Map not to scale                                                                  7,106-7,614                                                  5,904 - 7,384
 areas and Figure 15 Employment growth
 areas. Coupled with continued growth in           Shire Council and the New South Wales               kerb ramps and accessible signage.
 tourist numbers and the transport activity this   Government to investigate opportunities
 generates, the Gold Coast faces significant       to integrate the Tweed Shire and Gold
                                                                                                       6. Department of Transport and Main Roads (2012) Gold Coast
                                                   Coast public transport and active transport            Southern and Central Area Transport Strategy               Figure 14 Population growth areas

11                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                12
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031 - Technical Report - City of Gold Coast
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report


                                                                                                                                                                  GCCC boundary

                                                                                                                                                                  Pacific Motorway                                                                                                                           Physical inactivity                                                Funding availability                              expos and other public events which attract
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  large numbers of domestic and international
                                                                                                                                                                  Multi-modal arterial                                                                                                                       Almost one in two Gold Coast adults are                            Keeping pace with demands for funding
                        13858 - 39207                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             visitors and contribute to the Gold Coast’s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             overweight or obese and obesity in our                             to provide new infrastructure and maintain
                                                                                                                                                                  Train station                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   economic prosperity. Major events are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             children is increasing.                                            existing facilities and services is becoming
                                                                                                                                                                  Train line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      generally concentrated in major activity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                increasingly difficult for all levels of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             A lack of walkable urban environments,                                                                               centres like Southport, Surfers Paradise and
                                                                                                                                                                  2011 employment                                                                                                                                                                                               government. The fast-growing regions of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             increased dependency on cars and concerns                                                                            Broadbeach. Events also take place in Doug
                                                                                                                                                                  2031 employment                                                                                                                                                                                               Australia are particularly exposed to transport
                                                                   Jacobs Well - Alberton                                                                                                                                                                                                                    about safety (for example, traffic safety or                                                                         Jennings Park at The Spit, Skilled Stadium
                                                                       1,572 - 4,248                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            funding challenges due to the high cost of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             personal safety) have reduced opportunities                                                                          at Robina, Metricon Stadium at Carrara and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                new facilities and community expectations of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             for incidental exercise and increased physical                                                                       Parklands Showgrounds at Southport.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                world-class services that are free or cheap to
                                                             Pimpama - Coomera
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             inactivity. Incidental exercise associated with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                use. Competing demands from the health,           Events have specific transport needs, requiring
                                                                7,451 - 23,661                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the use of public transport is often under-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                education, law enforcement and welfare            high numbers of people to be moved, often
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             reported. One Australian study has shown
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sectors could lead to less government funding     to a single location, within a small window of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             that walking to and from public transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                being available for transport infrastructure.     time. This often means special public transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             adds up to 2 kilometres per day for an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  services are needed to cater for events.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             average Brisbane commuter 7 and, according
                                                                              Hope Island                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to medical experts, exercising for 30 minutes                      Tourism and events
                                        Kingsholme - Upper Coomera
                                                                ra            3,771 - 3,714                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Australia’s fastest-growing airport
                                               3,993 - 10,295                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                each day can improve health and assist with                        Tourism is a vital component of the Gold
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             weight loss (see Figure 16 Average time spent                      Coast’s economy, contributing almost one          Gold Coast Airport is Australia’s fastest-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             walking or cycling as part of daily travel).                       dollar in every five generated within the city.   growing airport. In 2011, it had more than
                                                                      7 - 14,749
                                                                                                      Paradise Point -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Transport infrastructure must support the         five million passenger movements. By 2031,
                                                                                   Coombabah           Runaway Bay
                                                                                   1,101 - 1,298       6,247 - 6,250                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            increasing numbers of visitors with transport     this could more than triple to 16.3 million
                                           Oxenford - Maudsland
                                               4,528 - 4,983                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    services that are easy to use, reliable and       passenger movements (14 million domestic

                                                                                                                                                                                         Source: Department of Transport and Main Roads (Modelling and Data Analysis Centre) 2011 Household Travel Surveys
                                                                                         Biggera Waters - Labrador
                                                                                               9,163 - 11,891                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   frequent, and take people where they want         and 2.3 million international). The airport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              35                                                                                                                  is a significant economic generator for
                                                                        Parkwood - Arundel                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      to go in order to maintain the Gold Coast’s
                                                                           5,355 - 10,082                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       appeal as a prime tourist destination. South      communities in the South East Queensland
                                                     Pacific Pines - Gaven
                                                                                               32,887 - 58,401                                                                                                                                                                                                30                                                                East Queensland regional population growth        and northern New South Wales regions. Its
                                                         2,912 - 3,700
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                will result in increases in visitor numbers to    fee structure makes it suitable for low-cost air
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              25                                                                the Gold Coast, as beaches will remain a key      carriers, meaning it is likely to have continued
                                                                                                                            Main Beach -
                                                              Nerang                                                        South Stradbroke Island                                                                                                                                                                                                                             regional attractor for day trippers.              strong growth in the budget tourism market.
                                                          12,950 - 15,946                                                   3,660 - 4,165
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              20                                                                                                                  To ensure the airport continues to play a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The potential for a Gold Coast cruise ship
                                                                             Ashmore -
                                                                             As                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 terminal will also have implications on the       strong role in the local economy, it is essential
                                                                                Benowa                  Bundall                                                                                                                                                                                               15           minutes                                              transport network. Council will need to           to provide an integrated ground transport
                                                                             41 - 10,875             9,552 - 12,672
                                                                                                                                 Surfers Paradise                                                                                                                                                                                                                               consider the transport infrastructure required    system that considers the surrounding road
                                                                                                                                 16,886 - 19,105
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10                                                                to support such a facility.                       network, parking, public transport and
                                                                                                           Broadbeach Waters
                                                                                    Carrara - Merrimac        4,206 - 4,546                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pedestrian and cycling access. It is particularly
                                                                                       6,049 - 6,787                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Events also play a significant role in the        important to connect the airport to the major
                                                                                                      Mermaid Waters -                                                                                                                                                                                          5                                                               economy and image of the Gold Coast (see
                                                                                                     Clear Island Waters          Broadbeach -                                                                                                                                                                                                               5                                                                    beachside accommodation precincts at the
                                                         Worongary - Tallai                             3,764 - 3,983             Mermaid Beach                                                                                                                                                                                                           minutes               Figure 17 Expected attendance at 2012 Gold        northern end of the coastal strip.
                                                           2,066 - 2,272                                                          11,333 - 12,578
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0                                                               Coast major events). The Gold Coast hosts
                                                                                                   13,554 - 22,985
                                                                                                                            Miami                                                                                                                                                                                          Public                        Non-public             major sporting events, music festivals,
                                                                                                                         2,655 - 3,018                                                                                                                                                                                 transport users                 transport users
                                     Guanaba - Springbrook
                                          919 - 1,456                                                       Varsity Lakes                Burleigh Heads                                                                                                                                                      Figure 16 Average time spent walking or cycling as
                                                                                                            4,104 - 5,474                12,978 - 16,182                                                                                                                                                     part of daily travel
                                                                          Mudgeeraba - Reedy Creek
                                                                               4,600 - 5,603
                                                                                                                                             Palm Beach
                                                                                               Burleigh Wate
                                                                                                                                             3,455 - 4,594
                                                                                                  4,379 - 4,448
                                                                                                                                Elanora                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            key tourism facts
                                                                                                                             2,766 - 3,406
                                                                                                                                                 1,806 - 1,822
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   •   In the year ended March 2012, 10.5 million people visited the Gold Coast.
                                                                                                                      Currumbin Waters
                                                                                                                                                    Bilinga - Tugun                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6.5 million were domestic day trip visitors and 4 million were overnight visitors.
                                                                                                                        3,327 - 5,301
                                                                                                                                                     4,413 - 8,143
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   •   These visitors contributed $4.3 billion to the local economy.
                                                                                                       Currumbin Valley -
                           Map not to scale                                                               Tallebudgera                                                Coolangatta
                                                                                                          1,767 - 2,247                                               3,696 - 5,310                                                                                                                                                                                                •   There are 2500 tourism-related businesses on the Gold Coast. These create
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       28,000 jobs, which is equivalent to 8000 full-time employees.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             7. Burke, M, Hatfield, E & Pascoe, J (2008) Urban planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                for physical activity and nutrition: A review of evidence and
 Figure 15 Employment growth areas                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              interventions, Urban Research Program, Brisbane.

13                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report


                                                                                                                       GCCC boundary

                                                                                                                       Pacific Motorway                                                                                                                         priority ‘Games Lanes’ to ensure that the
                                                                                                                       Multi-modal arterial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Games fleet arrive at events on time
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                permanent and temporary transit malls at
                                                                                                                       Train station
                                Various Locations                                                                                                                                                                                                                sporting venues, the Athletes' Village, and
                                                                                                                       Train line
                  Pan Pacific Masters                                                                                                                                                                                                                            the Main Media Centre to provide sufficient
                  10,000                                                                                               5,000 people                                                                                                                              pick-up and set-down space for spectators
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and Games workers, and separate secure
                                 Sanctuary Cove                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pick-up and set-down spaces for athletes
                  Sanctuary Cove                                                                                      Doug Jennings Park - The Spit                                                                                                              and the international media
                  International Boat Show
                  20,000                                                                                       Summafieldayze                                                                                                                                   a combined State Government and Council
                                                                                                               Nissan BRW Triathlon                                                                                                                              traffic management centre to coordinate
                     Parklands Show Grounds - Southport                                                                                                                                                                                                          the flow of both games-related traffic and
                  Big Day Out
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 the city’s background traffic
                                                                                                                    Broadwater Parklands, Southport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                additional fleet vehicles to cater for both
                                                                                                               Gold Coast Triathlon
                  Creamfields                                                                                  2,500                                                                                                                                             the city’s day-to-day transport needs as
                  5,000                                                                                        Gold Coast Film Festival
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 well as the needs of spectators, Games
                         Evandale Parklands - Bundall                                                          Brisbane to Gold Coast                                                                                                                            workers and volunteers, athletes, team
                                                                                                               Cycle Challenge
                  Multicultural Festival                                                                       10,000                                                                                                                                            officials, media, guests and other officials
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                improved networks of walkways, cycleways
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and supporting infrastructure for people to
                         Royal Pines Resort - Ashmore
                                                                                                                 Neil Shannon Park and Surfers Paradise                                                                                                          get to venues using active transport modes
                  RACV Ladies Masters
                  30,000                                                                                       Surfers Paradise Festival
                                                                                                               Opening Ceremony
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                travel behaviour change programs that
                                                                                                               30,000                                                                                                                                            increase awareness of public and active
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 transport choices for getting to and
                                                                                                               Armor All Gold Coast 600
                             Bundall Race Course
                                                                                                               130,000                                                                                                                                           from events
                  Magic Millions Carnival
                                                                                                                                                                                                         The Gold Coast’s Brittany                              travel demand management initiatives that
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Broben, silver medallist at the                              contribute to the reduction in background
                                Metricon Stadium                                                                                                                                                                                                                 traffic demands and free up road space
                  Gold Coast Suns
                  average attendance
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2012 London Olympic Games                                    during the Games.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   for 10m platform diving event.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               These essential activities will help deliver
                  Gold Coast Festival
                  of Cycling                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   a successful Commonwealth Games in
                                                                                                                         Surf Parade, Broadbeach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2018. They will provide benefits to the city
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               in the lead up to the Games and provide
                                                                                                                                                          Gold Coast 2018 – It’s our time
                                   Skilled Park                                                                Blues on Broadbeach
                                                                                                                                                                                                            predominantly on public transport. In addition,
                  Gold Coast Titans
                                                                                                               40,000                                                                                                                                          opportunities to drive real and lasting travel
                                                                                                                                                                                                            there will be approximately 6000 athletes
                  average attendance
                                                                                                                                                          to shine                                                                                             behaviour change on the Gold Coast after
                                                                                                                                                                                                            and team officials and 8400 associated
                  Gold Coast Sevens
                                                                                                               Broadbeach Jazz Festival                                                                                                                        the Games.
                  average attendance
                                                                                                               5,000                                      One of the Gold Coast’s most immediate            media, guests and other officials travelling
                                                                                                                                                          challenges is ensuring that the transport         throughout the city on a dedicated Games           Travel demand management initiatives will be
                                 Robina Parkway
                                                                                                                                 Kurrawa                  network is well-prepared for the 2018             fleet. At the same time, the transport system      implemented before and during the Games
                  Gatorade Triathlon
                                                                                                               QLD Masters State                          Commonwealth Games. Hosting the                   will need to meet the continuing travel needs      to reduce background traffic volumes. These
                                                                                                               Champions - 3,000
                  Series Race 4
                  2,000                                                                                        Australian Surf Life
                                                                                                                                                          Games is a fantastic opportunity to raise         of Gold Coast residents in a safe, efficient and   will be designed to provide lasting benefits for
                                                                                                               Saving Championships                       the profile of the Gold Coast, inspire the        reliable manner.                                   the city. For example, and similar to programs
                   Mudgeeraba Village - Nerang Velodrome                                                       Coolangatta Gold                           community and attract investment to the                                                              operating for the 2012 London Olympics,
                                                                                                               5,000                                                                                        The Host City Contract requires the Gold
                  Kokoda Challenge                                                                                                                        region.                                                                                              government employees could work from
                  2,000                                                                                                                                                                                     Coast to be in ‘readiness mode’ by 2017, with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               home or travel outside of peak periods to
                                                                                                                                                          All permanent or temporary Games-related          infrastructure in place for test events in the
                                                                                                                                Coolangatta                                                                                                                    reduce pressure on transport networks. This
                                                         Burleigh Heads        Currumbin Beach and Foreshore                                              transport infrastructure must be aligned with     lead-up to the Games.
                                                                                                               Quiksilver and Roxy Pro
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               could be continued after the Games to reduce
                                            Billabong World Junior        Swell Sculpture Festival             Snapper Rocks - 20,000                     the objectives of the Gold Coast City Transport
                                            Championships                 20,000                               Cooly Rocks On                                                                               As part of the bid process, the Queensland         daily travel demand.
                                            15,000                                                             30,000                                     Strategy 2031 so that investments are
                                                                          Bleach Festival                                                                                                                   Government, Council and the Gold Coast
                                            Breaker Burleigh Pro
                                            Burleigh Point - 5,000
                                                                          10,000                                                                          optimised and leave a positive and enduring                                                          The public and active transport experience
                                                                                                                                                                                                            2018 Organising Committee identified the
                                                                                                                                                          legacy for the city.                                                                                 during the Games must be positive, easy,
                                Map not to scale                                                                                                                                                            need for:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               convenient, inexpensive and sustainable to
                                                                                                                                                          During the Games, the city’s transport
                                                                                                                                                                                                             permanent and temporary park-and-ride            encourage the Gold Coast community to
                                                                                                                                                          network will cater for around 110,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                              sites for spectators and Games workers to        reduce its car use and to embrace new ways
                                                                                                                                                          spectators, as well as 50,000 Games
                                                                                                                                                                                                              access shuttle buses to venues                   of moving around the city after the Games.
 Figure 17 Expected attendance at 2013 Gold Coast major events
                                                                                                                                                          workers and volunteers who will be travelling

15                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                16
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report

 4. Options for meeting the challenges                                                                                                                                                            APPROACH: PRIORITISE CARS

                                                                                                                                                                                 n Build more and wider roads.
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Limited public transport and active transport options.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               APPROACH: PRIORITISE PEOPLE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n Cars still dominant mode, but more public transport,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   walking and cycling.
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Unsustainable and unaffordable.                               n Balanced transport system.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n Sustainable and affordable.
                                                                                                                                                                                 Example: Los Angeles, California
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Example: Melbourne, Australia
 Our city’s transport challenges are increasing as we develop into a mature city. Currently, 2.6 million trips are made on the Gold Coast every day. By
 2031, this will reach 3.7 million trips – an increase of 1.1 million trips per day, or a 44 per cent increase.
 How we manage these increased trips will define our success as a sustainable city.

 A new approach – prioritising people, not cars
 In the future, the car will remain the dominant mode of transport for most trips. But the growth pressures we are facing mean we need a better
 balance. Successful cities have balanced transport systems, with the right mix of car use and public transport, walking and cycling. They have
 achieved this balance by finding ways to prioritise for people, rather than cars (refer to Table 4.1: The benefits of prioritising people over cars).

                                                                                                                                                           How will we           n Cars are used for nearly all trips.                           n Cars are still used for the majority of trips. However, there
                                                                                                                                                           get around?           n People rarely walk or cycle.                                    are high-frequency public transport options (light rail, rail
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and bus) for many trips across the city.
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Public transport is unattractive and only used by people
                                                                                                                                                                                   who don’t have access to a car.                               n People walk and cycle for local trips.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n Public transport is an attractive and popular option.

                                                                                                                                                           What sort of          n More new roads are needed.                                    n Roads are shared with buses and light rail, which get
                                                                                                                                                           infrastructure        n Roads need to be widened in urban areas.                        priority on key routes.
                                                                                                                                                           will we need?                                                                         n Car parks are managed carefully across the city with
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Increased parking and multi-level car parks are required
                                                                                                                                                                                   across the city.                                                appropriate location and pricing.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n Fewer new roads are required.

                                                                                                                                                           What will our         n Traffic congestion increases.                                 n People will have real transport choice as public transport
                                                                                                                                                           lifestyle be like?    n More time is spent in traffic.                                  will be an attractive option.
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Urban sprawl continues, with emphasis on car-based            n People will spend less time stuck in traffic. For many peak
                                                                                                                                                                                   suburban development.                                           hour trips, public transport will be quicker than driving as it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   will have priority.
                                                                                                                                                                                 n The expanding road system significantly affects the
                                                                                                                                                                                   amenity of the city (‘paving paradise’).                      n A broad range of housing choices are still available, but
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   with stronger emphasis on higher-density settlements with
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Health and obesity problems increase due to car
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   a mix of local services and housing. People live closer to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   employment and local services.
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Transport options are limited for those who do not drive.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n Incidental or active exercise improves the health and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wellbeing of the community.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n Those who do not drive are connected to family, friends,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   work and services.

                                                                                                                                                           What are the          n Not an economically viable approach as increased              n Capacity of the transport network is significantly increased
                                                                                                                                                           economic                road capacity is quickly filled by more cars and more           and can move more people, more efficiently.
                                                                                                                                                           considerations?         congestion.                                                   n A balanced transport system supports economic growth.
                                                                                                                                                                                 n Focusing solely on cars leads to gridlock and is a risk to
                                                                                                                                                                                   economic growth.

                                                                                                                                                           What are the          n Economic growth is exposed to increases in the price, or      n Exposure to reduced oil supply and price increases is
                                                                                                                                                           climate change          reduced supply, of oil-based fuel.                              reduced. Alternative modes of travel and fuel sources are
                                                                                                                                                           impacts?              n Greenhouse gas emissions increase.                              actively encouraged.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 n Greenhouse gas emissions reduce on a per capita basis.
                                                                                                                                                          Table 4.1: The benefits of prioritising people over cars

17                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   18
Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031: Technical Report

 Developing the strategy                               better separation from cars for on-road          there is little benefit in duplicating major      testing light rail extensions from Surfers   A balanced strategy option with both bus           Light rail also offers greater attraction to infill
                                                        cyclists (92 per cent).                           public transport infrastructure in parallel        Paradise to Bundall and from Main Beach      priority and light rail                            and regeneration of urban areas due to its
 In developing the Gold Coast City Transport
                                                      Respondents understood the effects of traffic       corridors, such as extending both regional         to Sea World                                 A balanced strategy option made several            perceived more permanent nature and its
 Strategy 2031, Council worked closely with
                                                      congestion, with 89 per cent disagreeing that       rail and light rail south to Coolangatta          Gold Coast railway not extended beyond       assumptions:                                       ability to achieve full priority over general
 the Queensland Department of Transport
                                                      the city should have more cars on the streets.     the Pacific Motorway between Worongary             its current Varsity station terminus                                                            traffic when operating within a pre-existing
 and Main Roads and other government                                                                                                                                                                       extension of the light rail from Broadbeach
                                                                                                          and Tugun will be at capacity at six lanes in                                                                                                      road corridor.
 agencies to undertake transport planning,            This community and stakeholder feedback has                                                           a new light rail connection from Coomera       to Currumbin, then extending on to the
 option assessment and project evaluation.                                                                2031, but the effects of this congestion will      linking Harbour Town and Hope Island to                                                         This strategy delivers the optimum balance
                                                      helped shape the transport strategy.                                                                                                                  Gold Coast Airport and Coolangatta
 Contributions included the results of the                                                                also make public transport more attractive         primarily serve the major growth centre                                                         between road network improvements, better
                                                                                                                                                                                                           light rail extending from the Gold Coast
 phase one public consultation (undertaken            Investment scenario testing                        the construction of a four-lane arterial road      of Coomera                                                                                      freight movements, a safe and connected
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Health and Knowledge Precinct north to
 between 1 September 2011 and 14 October                                                                  in the Intra-Regional Transport Corridor will     a bus lane between Nerang and                                                                   cycleway network, and improvements to the
                                                      To develop an effective transport strategy                                                                                                            Harbour Town and west to link with the
 2011), as well as the results of the technical                                                           draw approximately 15,000 vehicles per             Broadbeach mostly catering for longer                                                           bus network to complement the light rail.
                                                      for 2031, a number of transport modelling                                                                                                             Gold Coast rail line at a new Parkwood
 work undertaken by the Department of                                                                     day from the Pacific Motorway at Nerang            distance east-west trips from Nerang’s
                                                      analyses were undertaken as part of the Gold                                                                                                          rail station
 Transport and Main Roads including the                                                                   and Coomera, which is equivalent to                catchment to the coastline                                                                      Testing the effects of external factors
                                                      Coast Southern and Central Area Transport                                                                                                            light rail extensions from Surfers Paradise to
 Gold Coast Southern and Central Area                                                                     approximately 2-3 years of traffic growth                                                                                                          In addition to the strategy development
                                                      Study under a range of investment scenarios:                                                          the Pacific Motorway upgraded to extend        Bundall and from Main Beach to Sea World
 Transport Study (December 2011). The results                                                             from the motorway                                                                                                                                  work, a number of ‘sensitivity tests’ were
                                                                                                                                                             six lanes south of Worongary to Tugun
 are summarised below.                                 ‘do minimum’ – essentially only                  the corridors that attract the most public                                                       bus lanes from Nerang to Broadbeach, and         conducted to identify how external factors
                                                        ‘committed’ transport upgrades. This                                                                a four-lane arterial road provided in the      Nerang to Southport
                                                                                                          transport usage are those with multiple,                                                                                                           and policy-related measures could influence
 Gold Coast City Transport Strategy 2031                provides a basis for comparing individual                                                            Intra-Regional Transport Corridor provided
                                                                                                          closely-spaced destinations. For example,                                                        a four-lane arterial road provided in the        transport system performance in 2031.
 phase one consultation                                 project investments                                                                                  between Coomera and Helensvale.
                                                                                                          the coastal area between Southport                                                                Intra-Regional Transport Corridor between        These tests involved:
 Council undertook a six-week consultation             tests of ten individual new transport links.      and Burleigh Heads, rather than those            Bus priority-focused strategy option             Coomera and Helensvale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              increasing the price and reduction in
 program between 1 September 2011 and                   This tested the benefits of individual            corridors with long sections of ‘dead                                                            the Pacific Motorway upgraded to extend
                                                                                                                                                           The bus priority-focused option made several                                                        the supply of parking in major activity
 14 October 2011 to gather community and                corridor upgrades such as extensions to           running’ such as the areas west of the                                                            six lanes south of Worongary to Tugun.
                                                                                                                                                           assumptions:                                                                                        centres, to review the effects on public
 stakeholder responses to Council’s discussion          light rail, bus lanes and new or widened          Pacific Motorway between Nerang and                                                                                                                  transport demand
 paper ‘Our Transport Future: connecting                major roads                                       Mudgeeraba or in Coomera and Upper                increased coverage and access to high-       The preferred transport strategy for the
 people and places’.                                                                                                                                         frequency public transport across the        Gold Coast                                          increasing the cost of car travel to simulate
                                                       four ‘medium’ investment scenarios to             Coomera (with the exception of the Gold
                                                                                                                                                             urbanised area                                                                                    the effects of increases in the price of oil,
                                                        understand the cumulative benefits of a           Coast – Brisbane rail line).                                                                    After reviewing the joint study work
 The discussion paper encouraged residents                                                                                                                                                                                                                     or the results of carbon pricing, to review
 and stakeholders to consider a 20-year vision          moderate investment approach. These                                                                 bus lanes along Southport-Burleigh Road      undertaken with the Department of Transport
                                                                                                        Formulating and testing transport                                                                                                                      the effects on public transport demand
 for the city. It posed a series of propositions to     scenarios embodied various combinations                                                             east-west bus lanes between Nerang           and Main Roads, a preferred strategy was
                                                                                                        strategy options                                                                                                                                      increasing public transport service levels
 residents which asked if they agreed that the          of projects including extensions of light                                                            and Southport, Nerang and Broadbeach,        identified and developed. The evaluation of
                                                        rail, the introduction of bus lanes and         The findings of the above investment scenario                                                     the strategy options comprised a multi-criteria      and reducing fares
 Gold Coast should transition from its current                                                                                                               Robina and Miami, Varsity and Burleigh
                                                        road upgrades                                   testing revealed two public transport network                                                     assessment at two levels:                           re-allocating some of the population
 car dependence to a city with a sustainable                                                                                                                 Heads, and Helensvale and Biggera Waters
                                                                                                        options of:                                                                                                                                            growth between 2011 and 2031 from
 transport network. Over 180 submissions               three ‘high’ investment scenarios to                                                                a four-lane arterial road provided in the     network level – to determine the best
 were received from the community and                   determine the potential ‘best case’             1. concentrating investments in the most                                                                                                               newly-developed areas into corridors
                                                                                                                                                             Intra-Regional Transport Corridor between      strategic fit and network philosophy
 stakeholder groups.                                    transport system performance under an              contestable areas, or                                                                                                                               proposed for light rail, to test changes
                                                                                                                                                             Coomera and Carrara                           link level – to understand the best
                                                        idealised infrastructure-rich investment                                                                                                                                                               in land development resulting from the
 Respondents overwhelmingly reported that a                                                             2. diversifying the expenditure across the city.    Gold Coast railway not extended beyond         performing upgrade option for each                 improved accessibility offered by light rail.
                                                        plan. The three scenarios centred on
 connected, sustainable Gold Coast City in the                                                                                                               its current Varsity station terminus           key link.
                                                        variations to an extensive network of           On this basis, three transport strategy options                                                                                                      The tests confirmed that public transport
 future should have:                                                                                                                                        no extension of the Gold Coast light rail    The network level multi-criteria assessment,
                                                        new public transport infrastructure and         were developed for testing, including:                                                                                                               patronage would increase further with these
  a reliable and frequent public transport             road upgrades.                                                                                       beyond Broadbeach in the south or the        which considered a range of performance            policy interventions or pricing changes.
                                                                                                         light rail focus                                   Gold Coast Health and Knowledge Precinct     measures for each option, revealed a
   system (100 per cent)                              Key lessons from the investment scenario                                                                                                                                                               Building a good-quality public and active
                                                                                                         bus priority focus                                 in the north.                                blended strategy with a focus on light rail        transport network will provide travel choice,
  a choice of transport modes for everyday           testing process:
                                                                                                         balanced strategy.                                                                              as the preferred overall strategy. This was        reduce reliance on fossil fuels and supply
   use and more flexible public transport
                                                       targeted investment in public transport                                                                                                           primarily because a network founded upon           transport network capacity that can adapt to
   options for people on the fringe of the city
                                                        could lead to a near three-fold increase        Light rail-focused strategy option                                                                a comprehensive light rail system suited the       external factors and accommodate the future
   (99 per cent)
                                                        in public transport mode share by 2031,         The light rail-focused option made several                                                        character of trips made on the Gold Coast.         transport task.
  safe travel options serving schools and              equating to a four-fold increase in             assumptions:
   education facilities (99 per cent)                   patronage compared with 2011
  a network of high standard cycling and                                                                testing of light rail extension options
                                                       vehicle-kilometres travelled will increase at
   walking paths (98 per cent)                                                                            from Griffith University Health and
                                                        a lower rate than trip growth if there is a
                                                                                                          Knowledge Precinct to Parkwood,
  vibrant community and cultural hubs                  shift in infrastructure funding to public and
                                                                                                          Harbour Town and Helensvale
   that meet local needs and enliven activity           active transport facilities
   (97 per cent)                                                                                         light rail extension from Broadbeach to the
                                                       identification of the two areas where
                                                                                                          airport and Coolangatta
  streets that are more friendly to all modes          public transport is forecast to carry the
   of transport (94 per cent)                           most passengers are along the coastline          light rail extension from Miami to Bond
                                                        and to/from Brisbane                              University and Robina

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