Healthy Options WA Commonly Supplied Foods and Drinks Guide

 
Healthy Options WA Commonly Supplied Foods and Drinks Guide
Healthy Options WA

Commonly Supplied Foods
and Drinks Guide
Acknowledgments

The Healthy Options Commonly Supplied Foods and Drinks Guide adapts elements from Queensland
Health’s A Better Choice – Healthy Food and Drink Supply Strategy for Queensland Health Facilities
(2007) and the Queensland Departments of Health and Education, Training and the Arts, Smart Choices
– Healthy Food and Drink Supply Strategy for Queensland Schools (2005). Both strategies build on the
NSW Department of Health and NSW Department of Education and Training Fresh Tastes @ School NSW
Healthy School Canteen Strategy: Canteen Menu Planning Guide (2004, revised 2006).

The Healthy Options Commonly Supplied Foods and Drinks Guide has been modified to comply with the
requirements of the Western Australia Department of Health’s Healthy Options WA: Food and Nutrition
Policy for WA Health Services and Facilities.

The Department of Health wishes to thank and acknowledge the invaluable advice and contribution of
members of Healthy Options WA Nutrition Advisory Group and Healthy Options WA Implementation
Working Group.

The Department of Health also wishes to thank the Western Australian School Canteen Association
Incorporated for assistance in the development of these guidelines.
Contents
Section                                                                                                                                                                                                    Page

Overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

Using Nutrition Information Panels ..................................................................................................................................................... 4

Fruit, vegetables and legumes .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

Dairy products and alternatives ............................................................................................................................................................ 9

Breakfast cereals ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 11

Breads and sandwiches..........................................................................................................................................................................12

Rice and noodles ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 15

Meat, fish, poultry, eggs and alternatives ..................................................................................................................................... 16

Mixed hot meals ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 19

Hot savoury items...................................................................................................................................................................................... 21

Oils, sauces, dressings and condiments ...................................................................................................................................... 24

Savoury snack foods ............................................................................................................................................................................... 26

Sweet snack foods, cakes and biscuits ......................................................................................................................................... 27

Ice-creams, ice confections and dairy desserts ....................................................................................................................... 30

Confectionery .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 32

Drinks ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 33

Index A–Z ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 36

APPENDIX 1 Healthy Options WA – Green, Amber and Red categories ................................................................. 39

APPENDIX 2 Healthy Options WA – Nutrient criteria ........................................................................................................... 43

APPENDIX 3 Terminology used in tables.................................................................................................................................... 45

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1
Overview
The Commonly Supplied Foods and Drinks Guide is a guide for catering services within WA Health to assist
with interpreting and applying the Healthy Options WA: Food and Nutrition Policy for WA Health Services
and Facilities. The guide complements the information provided in the Healthy Options WA policy. It
provides detailed categorisation using ‘traffic light’ categories for the foods and drinks commonly supplied by
food outlets or catering services. It also provides ‘tips’ about how to make some foods healthier.

This guide does not imply the Department of Health endorsement of any specific products. The food
categorisation scheme is designed to assist food outlets to comply with supply guidelines rather than
endorsing specific products. In addition, the guide does not address food safety issues. WA Health services
are still required to fulfil their regulatory responsibilities for food supply under the Health Act 1911 and the
Health (Food Hygiene) Regulations 1993.

During the production of the guide, some small refinements were made to the classifications of some foods
and drinks. The Department of Health will continue to review and revise the food categorisation system over
time to reflect government dietary and nutrition-related guidelines, emerging evidence and changes to the
food supply.

The tables are based on the definitions of Green, Amber and Red foods provided on pages 10–15 of the
Healthy Options WA: Food and Nutrition Policy for WA Health Services and Facilities (see Appendix 1 for
key tables).

Foods and drinks have been classified in the category they are most likely to fit: Green, Amber or Red.
Varieties of foods and drinks may differ due to ingredients used or cooking techniques, so certain products
may fit into more than one category as shown.

For items that may fit either the Amber or Red category, check the label against the Amber- Red nutrient
criteria. These are provided in Appendix 2 (or on page 21–23 of the Healthy Options WA: Food and
Nutrition Policy for WA Health Services and Facilities). Visit the Healthy Options WA website for additional
details on recipe guidelines.

An explanation of the terminology used in the tables is provided in Appendix 3.

Comparing the Healthy Options WA criteria to Nutrition Information Panels
The Healthy Options WA nutrient criteria are based on the amount of energy (kilojoules), saturated fat,
sodium and/or fibre contained in the item per serve or per 100 grams. The term ‘serve’ in the Healthy
Options WA policy means the saleable item (to the consumer), such as a serving on a plate or in a
sandwich, packet or drink container. In cases where both per serve and per 100 grams are listed in the
nutrient criteria table, both criteria need to be complied (e.g. the amount per 100 grams and the total
amount for the item as sold).

Note that the serve size quoted on some food and drink Nutrition Information Panels may not be the same
as the serve size actually sold or commonly consumed.

2
To ensure that the Healthy Options WA criteria are applied correctly for processed foods and drinks, it is
necessary to consider:
   The number of servings per package/container as indicated on the Nutrition Information Panel. In cases
   where the packet or container has more than one serve or it is intended to be divided into more than
   one saleable item (such as a large quiche or cake), the total amount of energy (kilojoules), saturated fat,
   sodium and/or fibre must be divided by the number of saleable servings to determine the nutrient content
   (e.g. an 800 gram pizza cut into four individual serves for sale will give a serve size of approximately 200
   grams).
   Whether the Healthy Options WA nutritional criteria indicate it is necessary to assess the item according
   to the nutrients per serve, per 100g or both. For example, some nutrients in a ready-to-eat meal are
   assessed per 100g and some are assessed per serve. In these cases, both criteria need to be complied
   (e.g. amount per 100 grams and the total amount for the item as sold).

Remember that:
Any foods and drinks that exceed any one of the Amber- Red nutrient criteria relating to the amount
of energy, saturated fat and salt (sodium), or fails to meet the minimum levels of fibre, are classified as
Red. Those that are within all of the specified levels of relevant nutrient criteria are classified as Amber.

For more information about reading labels and categorising processed products, see refer to
Nutrition Information Panels at http://www.healthyoptions.health.wa.gov.au/caterers/info_panels.cfm

                                                                                                              3
Using Nutrition Information Panels
An example: Sultana and Oat Slice (in an individual package)

Step 1:
Identify the correct assessment table. This food belongs in the group Snack food items – snack food bars
(refer to Appendix 2 in the Healthy Options WA policy document for the nutritional criteria) and should be
assessed against the Amber- Red criteria.

Step 2:                                              Nutrition Information Panel for Sultana and Oat Slice
                                                                  Servings per package: 2
Snack food items – snack food bars are
                                                                  Average serving size: 60g
assessed per item or serve. Look at the
                                                                           QUANTITY             QUANTITY
average serving size as sold.
                                                                             PER                  PER
                                                                           SERVING                100G
                                               ENERGY                       1068kJ                   1780kJ
    This slice is pre-packaged with            PROTEIN                        8.0g                   13.3g
    a total weight of 120 grams.               FAT
    This is two times the average
                                               - Total                       11.3g                   18.8g
    serving size on the label
                                               - Saturated                    8.0g                   13.3g
    (i.e. 60g x 2 = 120g)
                                               CARBOHYDRATE                  31.9g                   53.1g
      serving size sold is 120g                - Sugars                      15.7g                   26.2g
                                               SODIUM                       102mg                    170mg
                                               FIBRE                         4.45g                    7.4g

Step 3:
Look at the ‘quantity per serving’ column
        Nutrition Information Panel for Sultana and Oat Slice
                     Servings per package: 2
                     Average serving size: 60g
                              QUANTITY             QUANTITY
                                PER                  PER
                              SERVING                100G
ENERGY                            1068kJ             1780kJ                    Energy (kilojoules)
PROTEIN                            8.0g               13.3g
FAT
- Total                           11.3g               18.8g
- Saturated                        8.0g               13.3g                          Saturated fat
CARBOHYDRATE                      31.9g               53.1g
- Sugars                          15.7g               26.2g
SODIUM                            102mg              170mg
FIBRE                             4.45g                  7.4g                           Fibre

4
Step 4:
                                                    Nutrition Information Panel for Sultana and Oat Slice
The amount in the package (serving
                                                                 Servings per package: 2
size) sold is 120g. This is two times
                                                                 Average serving size: 60g
the average serving size listed in the
                                                                          QUANTITY                 QUANTITY
Nutrition Information Panel.
                                                                            PER                      PER
                                                                          SERVING                    100G
   Values in the quantity per serving
  column will need to be doubled to           ENERGY                       1068kJ                   1780kJ
  determine the total amount of these         PROTEIN                        8.0g                   13.3g
  nutrients provided by the size sold         FAT
   (i.e. 120g slice).                         - Total                       11.3g                   18.8g
                                              - Saturated                    8.0g                   13.3g
   Energy: 1068 kilojoules x 2 = 2136
   kilojoules per serve sold                  CARBOHYDRATE                  31.9g                   53.1g
                                              - Sugars                      15.7g                   26.2g
   Saturated fat: 8.0g x 2 = 16.0g per
   serve sold                                 SODIUM                       102mg                    170mg
   Fibre: 4.45g x 2 = 8.9g per serve sold     FIBRE                         4.45g                    7.4g

Compare the adjusted per serve values against the nutritional criteria to distinguish Amber-Red foods
and drinks.

              Snack food items (assess per item or per serve)
              Item                           Nutrient criteria
                                              Energy      Saturated     Sodium         Fibre (g)
                                                (kJ)      fat (g) per   (mg) per       per serve
                                             per serve       100g        serve
              Snack food bars, muesli          >600kJ        >3g            -
Fruit, vegetables and legumes
Fruit1
    Item                                   Likely category               Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions

                                                                         Any fresh fruit in season – whole, sliced, cubed, wedges
                                                                         or quarters.
    Fresh and frozen                                                     Fruit salad with a mixture of interesting fruit served cold
                                                   Green
    (with no added sugar)                                                is a refreshing, healthy dessert alternative. Serve with a
                                                                         dollop of reduced-fat yoghurt, fromage frais or reduced-fat
                                                                         custard to add interest and variety.

                                                                         Plain dried fruit is Green.
                                                                         Snack packs of dried fruit should not exceed 600kJ
                                                                         energy limit.
                                                   Green                 If fruit is mixed with products each ingredient must meet
    Dried fruits
                                                                         the criteria if independently assessed. Note if fruit is mixed
                                                                         with nuts a 600kJ energy limit applies – see section 6.2 for
                                                                         mixed fruit and nut packs.
                                                   Amber                 Snack packs of dried fruit >600kJ energy limit.
                                                                         Canned fruit in natural juice with no added sugar. Artificial
                                                   Green
    Canned                                                               sweeteners are permitted.
                                                   Amber                 Canned fruit in syrup containing added sugar.
                                                                         96–100% fruit juice, no added sugar and small serve size
    100% fruit juice2                              Green
                                                                         up to 250ml.

                                                                         96–100% fruit juice, no added sugar and large serve size
    100% fruit juice2                              Amber
                                                                         greater than 250ml.

Vegetables
    Item                                    Likely category              Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions

    All plain vegetables
    Includes fresh, frozen,
                                                                         Any vegetables in season.
    canned, cooked, baked                          Green
                                                                         Use salt-reduced, canned vegetables where possible.
    potatoes or corn-on-
    the-cob

                                                                         Use no dressing or low- or no-oil dressings (see ‘Oils,
                                                                         sauces, dressings and condiments section’).
    Salads
                                                   Green                 Salads can be served as a salad plate, box or tub. It is
    Such as garden, mixed,
                                                                         preferable to leave salads undressed and serve dressings
    pasta, potato, rice
                                                                         separately where possible.
    or noodle, tabouleh,
    coleslaw or egg                                                      Salads containing croutons, bacon or coated meats
                                                   Amber                 that have been shallow-fried are Amber and should be
                                                                         chosen carefully.

1
    See the ‘Confectionery’ section for fruit leather.
2
    See the ‘Drinks’ section for all other varieties of fruit juice and vegetable juice.

    6
Item                      Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                            Vegetables roasted on trays lined with baking paper.
                              Green         Use a mixture of vegetables such as pumpkin, parsnips,
 Roasted vegetables                         red onion or corn.
 Not including potatoes                     Vegetables roasted using poly- or mono-unsaturated
                              Amber         oil spray (see ‘Oils, sauces, dressings and
                                            condiments section’).
 Deep-fried                                 Deep-fried foods are high in saturated fat. Serve in small
                               Red
 vegetables                                 serve sizes.
                                            Baked potatoes can be cooked in their skins (no fat), split
                                            and filled with Green choices of sandwich fillings; they can
Whole baked potato            Green
                                            also be filled with creamed corn, tabouleh, savoury lean
                                            mince or baked beans topped with reduced-fat cheese.
                                            Potato chips may be Amber if they are roasted on trays
                                            lined with baking paper or lightly coat with a poly- or mono-
                                            unsaturated oil spray.
                                            Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for oven baked
                                            potato products:
                              Amber
                                            Amber: 400mg sodium per 100g.
                                            Serve in small amounts – no maximum serve size is
                                            stipulated but it is recommended that serves are no more
                                            than 200 grams.
Potato chips –                              Deep-fried foods are high in saturated fat. Serve in small
                               Red
deep-fried                                  serve sizes.
                                            100% vegetable juice, no added sugar or sodium. See the
100% vegetable juice          Green
                                            ‘Drinks’ section for all other varieties of vegetable juice.

                                                                                                            7
Legumes
Item                  Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                        Baked beans can be used in sandwiches and jaffles as a
Baked beans               Green
                                        meat alternative. Use salt-reduced varieties where possible.
                                        Lentil patties can be grilled and used in rolls and
                                        sandwiches or served with salads.
Lentil patties            Green
                                        If shallow-frying use very small amounts of poly- or
                                        mono-unsaturated oil (e.g.a light spray).
                                        Falafels can be grilled and used in rolls and sandwiches or
                                        served with salads.
Falafels                  Green
                                        If shallow-frying use very small amounts of poly- or
                                        mono-unsaturated oil (e.g. a light spray).
                                        Deep-fried foods are high in saturated fat. Serve in small
Deep-fried products        Red
                                        serve sizes.

8
Dairy products and alternatives
Milk and milk alternatives3
    Item                                  Likely category             Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                                                      Small serve sizes up to 300ml serve.
    Reduced-fat and                                                   For most people, two years and over, it is recommended
                                                 Green
    unflavoured4                                                      low- or reduced-fat dairy alternatives be provided
Yoghurt
 Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                           Reduced fat yoghurt with
Breakfast cereals
Item                  Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                        Wholegrain cereal (no added fruit) with 7g of fibre per 100g cereal is Green.
                          Green         Offer wholegrain cereals, whole-wheat flake and puffed
Wholegrain cereal
                                        cereals, porridge and whole-wheat breakfast biscuits.
(no added fruit)
                                        Serve with reduced-fat milk.
                                        Wholegrain cereal (no added fruit) with >10g sugar per
                          Amber
                                        100g and/or >7g fibre per 100g cereal is Amber.
                                        Wholegrain cereal with added fruit and >7g of fibre per
                          Green
Wholegrain cereal                       100g cereal is green.
(added fruit)                           Wholegrain cereal with added fruit and added sugar
                          Amber
                                        is Amber.
                                        Refined cereal with 10g sugar per 100g cereal and/or
                           Red
                                        added saturated fats and/or confectionery is Red.
Any cereal with                         Any cereal, including wholegrain, with added confectionery
                           Red
added confectionery                     is Red.

                                                                                                     11
Breads and sandwiches
Breads
 Item                       Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions

                                              Breads can be used in a variety of different ways for snacks
 Breads
                                              and/or main meal choices. Provide a variety of breads to
 Including multigrain,
                                              add interest to the menu.
 wholemeal, high-bre
                                              Toasted breads or jaffles served with fillings are a tasty
 white, rye, lavash/
                                Green         alternative to sandwiches. They are often popular winter
 other at breads,
                                              foods. Bread cases can be filled with similar fillings to
 bagels, plain foccacias,                     baked potatoes.
 baguettes and plain
                                              Offer Green sandwich fillings where possible (see
 English mufns
                                              ‘Sandwich fillings’).

                                              Plain, un-iced breads are Green choices.
                                              Offer small to medium serves (40–60g) per person. Offer
                                Green
                                              wholegrain varieties (if possible), reduced-fat options
                                              and/or those containing nuts for more fibre.
                                              Small to medium serves of these breads with reduced-
                                              fat and or reduced-sugar and added fibre may fit into the
                                              Amber category.
                                              The Amber-Red nutrient criteria for cakes is applied
                                              to fruit and/or vegetable breads. If the bread per serve is
                                              3g saturated fat, >300mg sodium or
Item                   Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                         Offer wholegrain options if possible. Rice cakes,
                                         crispbreads and crackers can be served with interesting
                                         fruit, vegetable or cheese toppings such as:
Crispbreads, lavish,
                                             reduced fat ricotta or cottage cheese with sliced
water crackers,
                                             strawberries or peaches
plain rice and corn        Green
                                             tomato, basil and reduced-fat cheese
cakes
                                             cherry tomato, onion and avocado
                                             low-fat or reduced-fat dips such as salsas, tzatziki,
                                             hommus, vegetable-based varieties including beetroot
                                             or eggplant.
Flavoured rice and
                           Amber         Flavoured varieties may be high in salt.
corn cakes

Sandwich fillings
Item                   Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                         Sandwiches will be Green when filled with Green
                                         ingredients.
                                         It is recommended that raw salad and vegetables are
                                         provided as fillings where possible. Provide a variety of
                                         fillings including both meat and vegetarian options. Where
                                         roast vegetables are used ensure they are drained of oil and
                                         served with lots of salad greens.
                           Green
                                         Use lean cuts of meat (roast beef, roast chicken with no
                                         skin, lean turkey or chicken breast), eggs, tinned fish (in
                                         spring water or brine) or reduced-fat cheeses in combination
                                         with a variety of raw salads and vegetables
                                         – these are Green choices.
Sandwich fillings
                                         For further details check the filling ingredients against
                                         relevant food listed in this guide
                                         Sandwiches will be Amber when filled with a combination of
                                         Green and Amber ingredients, e.g. sandwiches with full-fat
                           Amber         cheese are Amber.
                                         Avoid high-fat luncheon meats such as salami, Strasbourg or
                                         Mortadella – check against Amber-Red nutrient criteria.
                                         Sandwiches will be Red when filled with any Red
                                         ingredients.
                            Red
                                         Avoid high-fat luncheon meats such as salami, Strasbourg or
                                         Mortadella – check against Amber-Red nutrient criteria.

                                                                                                     13
Spreads
 Item                 Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
 Peanut butter and                      Offer reduced-salt varieties where available and use
 other nut spreads,                     sparingly – make sure you can see the bread through
 fish, chicken and                      the spread!
                          Amber
 meat paste, yeast                      Peanut butter and other nut spreads are not recommended
 and vegetable                          for children and infants less than 12 months. Some people
 extract spreads                        can be allergic to products containing nuts.
                          Green         10g fat per 100g of hommus is Amber.
 Chocolate spreads                      These spreads have limited nutritional value. Honey is not
                           Red
 and honey                              suitable for infants under 12 months.
                          Amber         All diet jams that are sweetened with artificial sweeteners.
 Jam
                           Red          All other jams.

14
Rice and noodles
Item                   Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                         Plain, unflavoured rice and noodles that contain no added
Plain                      Green
                                         fat or oil are in the Green category.
                                         Flavoured rice based dishes can be high in salt and
Fried rice                 Amber         saturated fat. Choose reduced-fat and reduced-salt
                                         versions for a better choice.
                                         Flavoured noodle based dishes can be high in salt and
Hot noodle cups            Amber         saturated fat. Choose reduced-fat and reduced-salt
                                         versions for a better choice.
Hot noodle cups with
                                         Avoid products with fried noodles and those that are based
fried noodles and/or        Red
                                         on cream or coconut milk sauces (i.e. laksa, curry).
creamy sauces
                                         Use lean, uncoated and uncrumbed meats or seafoods and
Sushi                      Green
                                         a variety of vegetable fillings for Green options.
                                         Use lean, uncoated and uncrumbed meats or seafoods and
Rice paper rolls           Green
                                         a variety of vegetable fillings for Green options.

                                                                                                      15
Meat, fish, poultry, eggs and alternatives
Plain meat, poultry, fish, eggs and alternatives
    Item                               Likely category           Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
    Lean meats                                                   These foods are a good source of protein and can be
    Including. roast beef,                                       used for hot rolls, sandwiches, salad plates, pizza topping
    lean chicken (no skin),                   Green              etc. Offer leaner options (i.e. fat trimmed or skinless) that
    pork, lamb and turkey                                        use reduced-fat cooking techniques (oven-baked, grilled,
    (no skin)                                                    steamed, use non-stick cookware).
    Chicken with skin                        Amber               Chicken with the skin included is Amber.
    Fresh and plain
                                              Green              Fresh, plain or frozen fish is Green.
    frozen fish
    Plain or flavoured                                           Plain or flavoured canned fish in spring water with no added
                                              Green
    canned fish                                                  salt is Green.
    Including. salmon, tuna
    or sardines                              Amber               Plain or flavoured canned fish in brine or oil is Amber.

                                                                 Eggs that are boiled, scrambled or poached are Green.
                                                                 Shallow-fried eggs (spray-on oil or minimal oil) are
                                              Green              also Green.
    Eggs
                                                                 Whole eggs are not recommended for children and infants
                                                                 less than 12 months.
                                                                 Frittatas cooked with no oils (oven baked) may be Green if
                                              Green
                                                                 only Green ingredients are used.
                                                                 Frittatas cooked with poly- or mono-unsaturated oils and
    Frittatas                                Amber
                                                                 Amber ingredients.
                                                                 Frittatas cooked with saturated fat or oils and other Red
                                               Red
                                                                 ingredients (e.g. salami or cream).
    Deep-fried meat,
                                                                 Deep-fried foods are high in saturated fat. Serve in small
    poultry and                                Red
                                                                 serve sizes.
    alternatives

Nuts6
    Item                               Likely category           Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
    Plain nuts (unsalted)                                        All plain and dry roasted nuts and seed/nut or seed pastes
                                             Green
                                                                 with no added sugar, salt and fat are Green.
    Plain nuts (salted)                      Amber               Salted nuts are Amber.
    Mixed fruit and                                              When sold in snack packs, mixed fruit and nuts should not
                                              Green
    nut packs                                                    exceed 600kJ energy per pack.

6
    Nuts products, e.g. peanut butter, are not recommended for children and infants less than 12 months. Whole nuts are not recommended for children
    less than 5 years of age.

16
Meat, poultry, fish and alternatives
 Item                      Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                             These products can be Green depending on the recipe
                                             ingredients and the cooking method. For example, if
                                             reduced-fat lean meat is used and they are not crumbed,
                               Green         are oven-baked or grilled and cooked with either no fat or
                                             only a very small amount of a poly- or mono-unsaturated oil
                                             they might be a Green option (e.g. a light spray).
                                             Maximum serve size allowed is 150 grams.

 Meat patties, burger                        Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for patties (assess
 patties, savoury                            per 100g or total serve):
 mince                                       Amber: 700mg sodium (maximum
                                             1050g per serve). Maximum serve size allowed is 150 grams.
                                             Serve on a wholemeal bun to boost the nutritional value and
                                             serve with lots of a salad or vegetables.
                                             Vegetable patties can be grilled and used in rolls and
                               Green
  Vegetable patties                          sandwiches or served with salads.
  (not crumbed)                              If using a small amount of poly- or mono-unsaturated oil
                               Amber
                                             (e.g. a light spray), vegetable patties are Amber.
                                             Most frankfurters are high in sodium placing them in the
                                             Red category. However, reduced-fat and reduced-sodium
                                             varieties may be an Amber choice. Serve on a wholemeal
                                             bun to boost the nutritional value.
                               Amber
                                             Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for frankfurters
                                             (assess per 100g or total serve):
  Frankfurters                               Amber: 700mg sodium (maximum
                                             1050g per serve). Maximum serve size allowed is 150 grams.

                                                                                                        17
Item                        Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                               Many sausages are high in saturated fat and energy (kJs)
                                               placing them in the Red category. However, reduced-fat and
                                               reduced-sodium varieties may be an Amber choice.
                                 Amber         Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for sausages
 Sausages (beef, pork,                         (assess per 100g or total serve):
 lamb and chicken)
                                               Amber: 700mg sodium (maximum
                                               1050g per serve). Maximum serve size allowed is 150 grams.
                                               Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for crumbed foods
                                               (assess per 100g or total serve):
 Crumbed meat,                   Amber
 chicken, fish or                              Amber: 700mg sodium (maximum
                                               1050g per serve). Maximum serve size allowed is 150 grams.
 Deep-fried battered
 products
                                               All deep-fried products are high in saturated fat. Serve with
 Including saveloys and           Red
                                               small serve sizes.
 sausages (beef, pork,
 lamb or chicken).
                                               These foods are usually high in saturated fat and/or salt
                                               putting them in the Amber or Red category. They are not
                                               as nutritious as lean cuts of meat such as roast beef. Use
                                               lean, reduced-fat versions in small amounts and serve with
 Processed meats                 Amber         a bread-based product and plenty of salad.
 Including ham, corned                         Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for processed
 beef, pastrami, bacon,                        meats (assess per 100g):
 diced processed                               Amber: 700mg sodium.
                                               Maximum serve size allowed is 50g. Approximately 2 slices.
 High-fat processed                            Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for processed
 meats                                         meats (assess per 100g):
                                  Red
 Including salami, devon                       Red: >900kJ, >3g saturated fat or >700mg sodium.
 or polony                                     Maximum serve size allowed is 50g. Approximately 2 slices.

18
Mixed hot meals
Prepared on site
Item                       Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                             These products may be Green, Amber or Red depending
                                             upon the ingredients used and the cooking method.
                                             Guidelines for preparing meals on site:
                                               Add vegetables to meals.
                                               Serve with a side salad, rice, pasta, noodles or steamed
                                               vegetables.
                                               If using packet sauces, gravies or condiments choose
                                               reduced fat, reduced salt versions where possible.
                                             Meals will be Green if made with only Green ingredients.
                                             It is recommended to:
Mixed meals
                                                 Supply low- or reduced-fat options that contain high
prepared on site                                 amounts of vegetables, avoid large portions and plenty
Including casseroles,          Green
                                                 of salad or vegetables.
curries, stews, risotto,                         Use lean meats trimmed of outer fat with minimal
fried or savoury rice,                           marbling. Marinate meat and poultry to keep tender, add
stir-frys or noodle                              flavour and minimise the amount of oil used in cooking.
based asian meals,
                                             Meals will be Amber if made with a combination of Green
pasta, spaghetti                             and Amber ingredients.
bolognaise, lasagne,           Amber
                                               For example, meals that include full-fat cheese, poly-
and pasta bakes
                                               or mono-unsaturated fats or oils etc.
                                             Meals will be Red if they include any Red ingredients.
                                               For example, cream, butter, ghee, coconut cream or
                                               coconut milk – these can be high in saturated-fat and fit
                                               the Red category.
                                Red            For dishes containing these Red ingredients consider
                                               replacing with healthier alternatives, such as skim
                                               evaporated milk; natural low-fat yoghurt in place
                                               of cream; or try reduced-fat, coconut-flavoured
                                               evaporated milk.

                                                                                                           19
Commercial and packaged meals
 Item                   Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                          These products can be Green depending on the recipe
                                          ingredients and the cooking method.
                                          For example, if the majority of the recipe contains Green
                            Green
                                          ingredients, reduced-fat lean meat is used and if only a very
                                          small amount of a poly- or mono-unsaturated oil
 Commercial fresh or                      (e.g. a light spray) is used during cooking they will be Green.
 frozen meals                             Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for commercial
 and packaged meals                       meals:
 for vending machines       Amber         Amber:
Hot savoury items
Oven baked potato products
Item                  Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                        Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for oven baked
                                        potato products:
                                        Amber: 400mg sodium per 100g. Serve in small amounts – no
                           Red
                                        maximum serve size is stipulated but recommended that
                                        serves are no more than 200 grams.
                                        All deep-fried products are high in saturated fat. Serve in
                                        small serve sizes.

Pizza
Item                  Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                        Pizzas are usually Amber or Red, however they can
                                        be Green if the topping consists of lean meats, lots of
Reduced fat pizza         Green         vegetables or fruit and/or reduced-fat cheese. Use muffin,
                                        pita bread or Turkish bread as a base.
                                        Maximum serve size allowed is 200g (2000kJ).
                                        Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for pre-made
                                        pizza:
                                        Amber: 400mg sodium per 100g (maximum 800mg per serve).
                                        Maximum serve size allowed is 200g (2000kJ).

                                                                                                       21
Quiche
 Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                           Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for pre-made quiche:
                                           Amber: 400mg
                                           sodium per 100g (maximum 800mg per serve).

Savoury pastries and pies
 Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
 Meat and chicken                          For Amber versions choose reduced-fat pastry (e.g. filo) and
 pies, sausage rolls,                      avoid high-fat ingredients such as bacon and full-fat cheese. A
 party pies, vegetable                     number of companies make reduced-fat versions.
 and meat pasties,
                                           Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for savoury
 chicken and potato          Amber
                                           pastries:
 pies, cheese and
 spinach triangles,                        Amber: 400mg
 samosas and                               sodium per 100g (maximum 800mg per serve). Maximum
 savoury croissants                        serve size allowed is 200g (2000kJ).
 Any deep-fried                            All deep-fried foods are high in saturated fat. Serve in small
                              Red
 products                                  serve sizes.

22
Spring rolls, chiko rolls and dim sims
Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                          Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for dim sims and
                                          spring rolls:
                                          Amber: 400mg sodium per 100g. Maximum serve size allowed is
                                          200g (2000kJ).
Deep fried spring
                                          All deep-fried foods are high in saturated fat. Serve in small
rolls, chicko rolls,         Red
                                          serve sizes.
dim sims

                                                                                                       23
Oils, sauces, dressings and condiments
Fats and oils

 Item                     Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions

 Poly- or mono-                             Use poly- or mono-unsaturated varieties as Amber choices
 unsaturated spread           Amber         and use sparingly. If used as a spread, make sure you can
 (margarine)                                still see the bread.
 Saturated spread
 (lard, tallow, copha,
                               Red          Avoid saturated fats, these are Red.
 butter, ghee and dairy
 blend spreads)
 Poly- or mono-
 unsaturated oils
 (canola, sunower,           Amber         Use small amounts of poly- or mono-unsaturated varieties.
 olive, soybean or
 peanut)
 Saturated oils                             Avoid saturated oils these contain high amounts of
                               Red
 (palm and coconut)                         saturated fat and are Red.
 Cream and                                  Avoid using cream and cream-based sauces these contain
                               Red
 coconut milk                               high amounts of saturated fat and are Red.

24
Sauces and condiments
Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                          Use sparingly. Use reduced-salt and/or reduced-fat
Tomato, sweet chilli,                     varieties where available; try relishes, pickles, mustard,
                            Amber
BBQ, soy, chutney                         chutney or reduced-fat mayonnaise or hommus for a
                                          better choice.
                                          Use sparingly. Use reduced-salt and/or reduced-fat
                                          varieties where available.
                            Amber         Nut and peanut containing sauces are not recommended
Satay or peanut                           for children and infants less than 12 months. Note some
                                          people can be allergic to products containing nuts.
                                          Use sparingly. Examples of Red options include those with
                             Red
                                          added saturated fats and/or oils, cream and/or sodium.
                                          Vegetable-based dips, salsas or relishes such as beetroot,
                                          eggplant, avocado, hommus, tatziki, tomato, bean or
                            Green
                                          capsicum with no added fat, salt or sugar are Green.
Dips,                                     Reduced-fat yoghurt dips can also be Green.
mayonnaise,
                                          Dips will be Amber if they contain a combination of Green
mustard or
                            Amber         and Amber ingredients. For example dips made with full
mustard-based
                                          fat yoghurt.
mayonnaise
                                          Examples of Red options include cheese-based dips such
                             Red          as aioli, sour cream, tapenades or pesto. Or those that
                                          have added cream and/or oil.
                                          Use sparingly. If using meat juices ensure that all fat
                                          is drained from the pan and thicken with cornflour or
                            Amber         dextrinised flour (flour burned slowly in an oven) over roux.
                                          If using packet gravy use reduced-salt, reduced-fat
Gravy                                     versions.
                                          Examples of Red options include those with added
                                          saturated fats and/or oils.
                             Red
                                          If using packet gravy Red options are those that are not
                                          reduced-salt, reduced-fat.
                                          Green choices include lemon juice, balsamic vinegar,
                            Green         reduced-fat yoghurt or commercially prepared 100%
                                          fat-free dressings.
                                          Use poly- or mono-unsaturated oils such as canola,
Salad dressings             Amber         sunflower, olive and peanut oils or a low-oil, no-oil or
                                          reduced-fat commercial dressing.
                                          Examples of Red options include those with added
                             Red          saturated fats and/or oils and sodium or dressings that are
                                          cream-based.

                                                                                                        25
Savoury snack foods
 Item                     Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                            Popcorn that is air-popped, no added fat, flavourings or
 Plain popcorn                Green         seasonings (such as salt) is a high fibre, low-fat
                                            Green choice.
                                            Flavoured popcorn may be either Amber or Red. Check
                                            the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for savoury snack foods
                              Amber         and biscuits:
                                            Amber: 200mg sodium per serve.
                                            Savoury biscuits may be either Amber or Red. Check
                                            against the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for savoury
                                            snack foods and biscuits, as some products are too high in
                              Amber         saturated fat and sodium.
                                            Amber: 200mg sodium per serve.
 Chips (potato chips
 and other crisps, corn
                                            Crisps and chips are generally high in energy (kJs) and/or
 chips and similar
                               Red          saturated fat and/or sodium with limited nutritional value.
 salty products)
                                            Serve in small serve sizes.
 Including other
 extruded products

26
Sweet snack foods, cakes and biscuits
Snack food bars and muesli bars7

    Item                                   Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions

                                                             Choose carefully as some products are high in added sugar
                                                             and saturated fat. Watch the serve size. These
                                                             foods are also sticky and can contribute to tooth decay if
                                                             eaten regularly.
                                                 Amber
                                                             Check against the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for snack
    Cereal-based bars,                                       food bars, muesli bars and fruit bars:
    fruit bars and
                                                             Amber: 600kJ per serve, >3g saturated fat per serve or
Cakes, muffins, sweet tarts, slices and pastries
    Item                                Likely category            Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                                                   Provide fruit- or vegetable-based muffins, include
                                                                   wholegrain and fat-reduced options if possible. Choose
                                                                   serve size carefully. For example, 2 mini-muffins or one
                                              Amber                50–60g muffin per person.
    Muffins8
                                                                   Check the Amber-Red nutrient criteria for muffins:
    (all sizes and types)
    Including low-fat or                                           Amber: 3g saturated fat per serve,
                                                                   >300mg sodium per serve or 300mg sodium per serve or 300mg sodium per serve or
Scones or pikelets
Item                   Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                         Provide plain scones and/or pikelets that contain fruit
                                         and/or vegetables – include wholegrain options if possible.
Scones or pikelets –                     Provide a small to medium serve (40–60g) per person.
                           Green
plain or fruit                           Offer fruit purees as a sauce or whipped ricotta cheese
                                         mixed a small amount of honey and/or vanilla or reduced-
                                         fat vanilla yoghurt.
                                         Offer spreads separately where possible and use sparingly.
Scones or pikelets
                           Amber         Use poly- or mono-unsaturated margarine and/or artificially
with spread
                                         sweetened jam.
Scones or pikelets
                                         Avoid these spreads as they have limited nutritional value
with jam and cream          Red
                                         and increase the amount of energy (kilojoules) provided.
and/or butter
Scones or pikelets
with added                  Red          Scones or pikelets with added confectionery are Red.
confectionery

                                                                                                       29
Ice-creams, ice confections and dairy desserts9
    Item                               Likely category            Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                                                  Plain milk-based ice-creams, particularly small serves, may
                                                                  fall into the Amber category. Choose serve size carefully.
                                                                  Check ice-creams and ice confections against the
                                             Amber                Amber-Red nutrient criteria for ice-creams, milk- or
    Standard uncoated                                             soy-based ice confections:
    reduced- and low-fat
                                                                  Amber: 3g saturated fat
                                                                  per serve.
    Chocolate coated                            Red               Ice-creams containing confectionary are Red.
                                                                  Check premium ice-creams against the Amber-Red
                                                                  nutrient criteria for ice-creams, milk- or soy-based ice
                                             Amber                confections and high fat dairy desserts.
                                                                  Amber: 3g saturated fat
                                                                  per serve.
                                                                  Check frozen yoghurt against the Amber-Red nutrient
                                                                  criteria for milk- or soy-based ice confections.
                                             Amber
                                                                  Amber: 3g saturated fat
                                                                  per serve.
                                                                  Check mousse against the Amber-Red nutrient criteria
                                                                  for high-fat dairy desserts.
                                             Amber
                                                                  Amber: 3g saturated fat
                                                                  per serve.

9
    For cheesecake, see the ‘Sweet snack foods, cakes and biscuits’ section.

30
Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                          Choose the serve size carefully and check against the
                                          Amber-Red nutrient criteria for milk- or soy-based
                            Amber         ice confections.
Ice confections,
ice blocks, sorbet,                       Amber: 3g saturated fat
                                          per serve.

                                                                                                   31
Confectionery
These foods have limited nutritional value and usually high in energy (kJs), sugar and/or saturated fat. For
this reason small serves are recommended. Serve size is the saleable item – e.g. packets of sweets or
peppermints, individual bars of chocolates, individually wrapped chocolate frogs and rolls of toffees.

 Item                        Likely category    Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions

 Packets of lollies
 (boiled, jellies, juice                        Confectionery in packets or individual serves are high
                                  Red
 jellies, liquorice, jelly                      in sugar.
 beans and gum)
 Loose sweets                     Red           Loose sweets are high in sugar.
 Chocolate or
                                  Red           Chocolate or carob bars are high in sugar and energy.
 carob bars
 Boxed chocolates                 Red           Boxes of chocolates are high in sugar and energy.
 Fruit leather                    Red           Fruit leather can be high in sugar.
                                                Cough lollies that do not contain ingredients that have a
 Cough lollies                    Red
                                                therapeutic benefit are considered to be confectionery.
                                                Products for therapeutic benefit are not included in the
 Medicated cough                                scope of the healthy options traffic light criteria.
                             Not applicable
 lollies/lozenges                               These products should not be categorised as either Green,
                                                Amber or Red.
 Sugar free chewing
                                  Red           Chewing gum, mints or sweets may contain added sugar.
 gum, mints or sweets

32
Drinks
Water
 Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                           Fresh water should be easily accessible in all health
 Water (plain)
                             Green         service settings. Water is the best thirst quencher.
 Fresh or bottled
                                           Offer chilled water.
 Carbonated waters
 (plain)
 Mineral water or            Green         Plain, unsweetened waters are Green.
 soda water

Fruit juice and fruit drinks
 Item                    Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                           Frequent consumption of fruit juice in large sizes (greater
                                           than 250ml) should be avoided as this may contribute to
                                           excess energy (kJs) and sugar intake.
 Juices (>97% juice)         Green
                                           97–100% fruit juices with no added sugar with a maximum
 Fresh, frozen or                          serve size of 250ml are Green.
 canned
                                           Serves up to 250ml are Green.
                                           97–100% fruit juices with no added sugar in a serve size
                             Amber
                                           above 250ml are Amber.
                                           Frequent consumption of fruit juices (other than 100% juice
                                           with no added sugar) is not recommended. While these
 Juices (35–96% juice)                     are allowed as Amber or Red choices, small sizes are
                             Amber         recommended – no greater than 250ml.
 Fresh, frozen or
 canned                                    35–96% juice with a maximum serve size of 250ml
                                           are Amber.
                               Red         35–96% juice in serves greater than 250ml are Red.
                                           All sugar-sweetened fruit drinks that contain less than 35%
 Fruit drinks
                               Red         fruit juice are Red.
 (< 35% juice)
                                           The maximum serve size is 375ml.
                                           Carbonated fruit juices may be either Green, Amber
 Carbonated fruit        Green, Amber,     or Red.
 juices                     or Red         See the criteria above for juices >96%, juices 35–96% and
                                           fruit drinks containing < 35% juice.
 Cordials                      Red         Cordials have limited nutritional value and are Red.

                                                                                                         33
Sugar sweetened carbonated drinks
 Item                      Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
 Soft drinks/
                                             Soft drinks and carbonated sweetened drinks are Red.
 carbonated                     Red
                                             The maximum serve size is 375ml.
 sweetened drinks
 Flavoured mineral
                                             Flavoured mineral waters with added sugar are Red.
 waters (with added             Red
                                             The maximum size is 375ml.
 sugar)
 Flavoured mineral
 waters (no                    Green         Flavoured mineral water with no added sugar are Green.
 added sugar)

Other sugar sweetened drinks
 Item                      Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                             Sports drinks contain electrolytes such as potassium,
                                             magnesium, calcium and sodium in addition to sugar –
                                             nutrients that only serious and endurance athletes need
                                             to consider. Excessive consumption of sports drinks can
 Sports drinks                  Red          increase the risk of excess weight gain. The Australian
                                             Institute of Sport does not promote the use of sports drinks
                                             by school children. It is recommended that the supply of
                                             sports drinks to children is restricted in paediatric settings.
                                             The maximum serve size is 375ml.
                                             Energy drinks have limited nutritional value and can also
                                             be high in caffeine and added sugar. Energy drinks are not
 ‘Energy’ drinks                Red          recommended for children, pregnant or lactating women
                                             and individuals sensitive to caffeine.
                                             The maximum serve size is 375ml.

Artificially sweetened drinks
 Item                      Likely category   Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions
                                             Artificial sweeteners can be useful in providing flavour and
                                             reduce the amount of added sugar consumed. However,
                                             like sugar sweetened carbonated drinks, artificially
                                             sweetened carbonated drinks can cause dental erosion if
                                             used frequently. These drinks can also be high in caffeine.
 All artificially                            It is recommended that in adult settings information is
 sweetened ‘diet’,                           provided that these drinks, like sweetened carbonated
                               Amber         drinks, are very acidic and can cause dental erosion in
 ‘low-joule’, ‘no sugar’
 or ‘low sugar’ drinks                       children if used frequently.
                                             Given the current lack of data in the overall adult
                                             population, artificially sweetened carbonated drinks fit
                                             under the Amber category in adult settings. In adult settings
                                             it is recommended that outlets provide a warning to inform
                                             the public that they are not suitable for children.

34
Tea
     Item                             Likely category             Guidelines, comments and serving suggestions

                                                                  Plain and herbal teas are good sources of anti-oxidants.
                                                                  Use decaffeinated varieties and use reduced-fat milk or
     Freshly made
                                              Green               milk alternatives for a better choice.
     Including tea that is
     plain, has no added                                          If offering freshly made iced tea, provide varieties made
     sugar, caffeinated or                                        from tea leaves.
     decaffeinated or
                                                                  Tea prepared with full-fat milks and milk alternatives, or with
     herbal
                                              Amber               greater than 300ml reduced-fat milk (
Index
                                            Page                                              Page
A                                                     Chocolate spread                           14
Aioli                                           25    Chutney                                    25
Articially sweetened drinks                    34    Coconut milk                               24
Asian meals – stir frys and noodle-based        19    Coconut oil                                24
                                                      Coffee                                     35
B                                                     Coffee – iced                            9,35
Bacon                                           18    Commercial meals                           20
Bagel – plain                                   12    Condiments                              24,25
Baguettes – plain                               12    Confectionery                              32
Baked beans                                      8    Copha                                      24
Baked potatoes                                   6    Cordial                                    33
Balsamic vinegar                                25    Corn chips                                 26
BBQ sauce                                       25    Corned beef                                18
Beef – corned                                   18    Cough lollies/lozenges                     32
Beef – crumbed                                  18    Crackers – plain                           13
Beef - mince                                    17    Cream                                      24
Beef sausage                                    18    Creamed rice                               10
Biscuits – savoury                              26    Crisps – potato                            26
Biscuits – sweet and premium                    27    Crisp bread                                13
Boxed chocolate                                 32    Croissants                              22,28
Bread                                           12    Crumbed meat                               18
Bread – fruit and nut                           12    Curry                                      19
Breakfast bars                                  27    Custard                                    10
Breakfast cereal                                11
Burger patties                                  17    D
Butter                                          24    Dairy blend                                24
                                                      Dairy desserts                          30,31
C                                                     Dairy snacks                               10
Cakes                                            28   Danish – sweet                             28
Canned fruit                                      6   Deep-fried battered meat products          18
Carbonated water, fruit juice                33,34    Deep-fried cakes                           28
Carob bars                                       32   Deep fried legumes                          8
Casserole                                        19   Deep fried meat                            16
Cereal bars                                      27   Deep fried vegetables                       7
Cheesecake                                       28   Devon                                      18
Cheese and spinach triangles                     22   Dim sims                                   23
Cheese – reduced-fat, full-fat                   10   Dip                                        25
Chicken – crumbed                                18   Donuts                                     28
Chicken – diced processed meat                   18   Dried fruit                                 6
Chicken – lean, deep-fried, mince             17,18
Chicken nuggets                                  18   E
Chicken pie                                      22   Eggs                                      16
Chicken sausage                                  18   Energy drinks                             34
Chicken spread/paste                             14   English mufn – plain                     12
Chiko rolls                                      23
Chips                                      7,21,26    F
Chocolate bars/boxed chocolate                   32   Falafels                                   8
Chocolate coated ice-creams                      30   Fats – poly or monounsaturated spread     24
Chocolate milk/hot chocolate drink                9   Fats – spreads, oils                      24

36
Page                                                 Page
Fish – canned, frozen, plain              16    Lentil patties                                  8
Fish – crumbed                            18    Lollies                                        32
Fish llets and sh ngers (crumbed)      18
Fish spread                               14    M
Flat bread                                12    Margarine                                      24
Foccacia bread – plain                    12    Mayonnaise                                     25
Frankfurters                              17    Meat – lean, deep fried                        16
Fresh meals – commercially produced       20    Meat paste                                     14
Fried rice                                15    Meat patties                                   17
Frittata                                  16    Meat pie                                       22
Fromage Frais                             10    Milk-based puddings                            10
Frozen meals                              20    Milk – coconut                                 24
Frozen yoghurt                            30    Milk – avoured (reduced-fat and full-fat)      9
Fruit and nut packs                       16    Milk – reduced-fat, full-fat                    9
Fruit bars                                27    Milkshakes                                      9
Fruit bread                               12    Mince – savoury                                17
Fruit – dried, canned, fresh, frozen,      6    Mixed hot meals                                19
 fruit salad, 100% fruit juice                  Mocha drink                                     9
Fruit drinks                              33    Mono-unsaturated spread                        24
Fruit leather                             32    Mousse                                         30
                                                Mufn – plain English mufn                    12
G                                               Mufns – sweet                                 28
Garlic bread                              12    Multigrain bread                               12
Gelato                                    31    Mustard and mustard-based mayonnaise           25
Gems – potato                             21
Ghee                                      24    N
Gravy                                     25    Noodle cups                                    15
                                                Noodle meals                                   19
H                                               Nut bread                                      12
Ham                                       18    Nuts – plain, unsalted, mixed fruit,           16
Hash browns                               21     nut packs
Hommus                                    25    Nut spreads                                    14
Honey                                     14
Hot chocolate drink                        9    O
Hot meals                                 19    Oils                                           24

I                                               P
Iced coffee                              9,35   Packaged meals                                  20
Ice-confections                         30,31   Palm oil                                        24
Ice-cream                                  30   Pasta dishes                                 19,20
Iced tea                                   35   Pasta meals –pre-made products                  20
                                                Pastrami                                        18
J                                               Pastries – savoury                              22
Jam                                       14    Patties – chicken, beef, sh                    17
Juice                                     33    Patties – lentil                                 8
                                                Patties – vegetable                             17
L                                               Peanut butter                                   14
Lamb sausage                              18    Peanut sauce                                    25
Lard                                      24    Pesto                                           25
Lasagne                                   19    Pie – savoury, party, meat, vegetable           22
Lavish                                    13    Pikelet                                         29

                                                                                                37
Page                                                 Page
Pizza – reduced-fat, commercial, frozen           21   Sour cream                                     25
Polony                                            18   Soy-based ice confections                      30
Popcorn                                           26   Soy sauce                                      25
Potato chips                                    7,26   Spaghetti bolognaise                           19
Potato – gems, hash browns, scallops,             21   Sports drinks                                  34
 wedges                                                Spreads                                        14
Potato pie                                       22    Spring rolls                                   23
Pork mince                                       17    Stews                                          19
Pork sausage                                     18    Stir-fry                                       19
Processed meats                                  18    Sugar free chewing gum, mints or sweets        32
                                                       Sushi                                          15
Q                                                      Sweet chilli sauce                             25
Quiche                                           22    Sweets (confectionery)                         32

R                                                      T
Rened cereal                                    11    Tallow                                         24
Rice – plain, fried, sushi, rice-paper rolls     15    Tapenade                                       25
Rice cakes – plain and avoured                  13    Tart – sweet                                   28
Rice paper rolls                                 15    Tea – freshly made and commercial              35
Rice pudding                                     10     iced tea
Risotto                                          19    Tomato sauce                                   25
Roast beef                                       16    Tuna                                           16
Roasted vegetables                                7    Tzatziki                                       13

S                                                      V
Salad                                              6   Vegetables – canned, cooked, baked              6
Salad dressings                                   25    fresh, deep-fried, frozen, plain, roasted
Salami                                            18   Vegetables – crumbed products                  18
Salmon – canned                                   16   Vegetable extract/spread/paste                 14
Salsa                                             25   Vegetable juice 100%                            7
Samosas                                           22   Vegetable pastry                               22
Sandwich llings                               13,14   Vending machine meals                          20
Sardines                                          16
Satay sauce                                       25   W
Saturated fats and oils                           24   Water – bottled, carbonated, avoured,         33
Sauce                                          24,25    mineral
Sausages – beef, chicken, lamb, pork              18   Water crackers                                 13
Sausage roll                                      22   Wedges                                         21
Saveloys                                          18   White bread                                    12
Savoury bread, twists, pull-aparts                12   Wholemeal bread                                12
Savoury mince                                     17   Wholegrain cereal                              11
Savoury rice                                      19
Scallops – potato                                 21   Y
Scone                                             29   Yeast extract                                  14
Scrolls                                           28   Yoghurt                                        10
Slice – sweet                                     28   Yoghurt drinks                                 10
Slushies                                          31   Yoghurt – frozen                               30
Smoothies                                          9
Soft drinks                                       34
Sorbet                                            31
Soup                                              20

38
APPENDIX 1
Healthy Options WA – Green, Amber and Red categories

Green foods and drinks11
     GREEN foods and drinks
                                            Examples
     (fill the menu)
                                            Multigrain, wholemeal, rye, hi-fibre white breads or rolls, burritos, English
     Breads                                 muffins, focaccia, lavash, Lebanese, pita, raisin/fruit, tortillas and Turkish
                                            breads. Plain corn and rice cakes, crispbreads.
                                            All plain rice (particularly low GI rice), pasta, noodles, polenta, couscous
     Cereal foods
                                            and buckwheat.
                                            Wholegrain breakfast cereal that is high in fibre and low in salt and added
     Breakfast cereals                      sugar (e.g. wheat biscuits, cereal flakes with a variety of grains, bran,
                                            untoasted muesli, porridge).
                                            All fresh, dried and frozen plain vegetables.
     Vegetables                             Salads (no or low-reduced-fat dressings only).
                                            Salt reduced canned vegetables.
                                            All fresh and frozen fruits.
     Fruit                                  Plain dried fruits (e.g. sultanas).
                                            Fruit canned in natural juice or water with no added sugar.
                                            Low- or reduced-fat plain and flavoured milks – maximum size 300ml.
                                            Low- or reduced-fat plain and flavoured yoghurts/reduced-fat diet/low-joule
     Dairy12                                flavoured yoghurts.
                                            Reduced fat-cheese and custard.
                                            Low-fat smoothies (no added sugar).
                                            Low- or reduced-fat, calcium-fortified soy milk.
     Dairy alternatives13                   Low- or reduced-fat plain and flavoured soy yoghurts.
                                            Reduced-fat soy cheese and custard.
                                            Lean chicken, turkey, beef, pork, lamb and veal with fat and skin removed.
     Meat, fish, poultry                    All fresh and plain frozen fish.
     and eggs                               Plain tuna, salmon, sardines canned in spring water with no added salt.
                                            Eggs.
                                            All forms of dried and prepared beans and peas (e.g. baked beans, red
     Legumes                                kidney beans, soy beans, mung beans, lentils,
                                            chick-peas, split peas, bean curd, tofu).
                                            All plain or dry roasted, unsalted nuts and seeds.
     Nuts and seeds*
                                            All nut and seed pastes with no added sugar, salt, or fat.
                                            Plain water, including mineral or soda water.
     Drinks                                 100% fruit juice with no added sugar (small serve up to 250ml).
                                            Soda water and plain mineral water.
Plain= unflavoured, unseasoned and/or unsalted.
* Note that some people can be allergic to certain nuts/products containing nuts.

11
     Adapted from NSW Department of Health and NSW Department of Education and Training, Fresh Tastes @ School NSW Healthy School
     Canteen Strategy: Canteen Menu Planning Guide, 2006.
12
     Where possible milk and soy drinks should contain at least 80mg calcium per 100g.
13
     Where possible milk and soy drinks should contain at least 80mg calcium per 100g.

                                                                                                                                    39
Amber foods and drinks14
                                     Examples
     AMBER foods and drinks
                                     * All labels need to be checked against the nutrition criteria in
     (select carefully)
                                     Appendix 2 to confirm Amber or Red status
                                     Refined and processed breakfast cereals with added sugars and/or
     Breakfast cereals*              saturated fat. Examples include some toasted mueslis, flavoured and/or
                                     sugar sweetened corn, rice or wheat based cereals.
                                     Full-fat/full-cream plain and flavoured milk/soy milk.
                                     Low- or reduced-fat plain and flavoured milk/soy milk – serve sizes
     Dairy foods and drinks,         greater than 300ml.
     and dairy alternatives          Full-fat yoghurt, frozen yoghurt, custard and cheese and equivalent
                                     soy products.
                                     Where possible offer the ‘Green’ low-fat alternative.
                                     Use in small amounts only, as larger serve sizes can provide too much
     Processed meats*                saturated fat and/or salt. Examples include lean ham, lean bacon, sliced
                                     chicken or turkey, corned beef and pastrami.
                                     Check label against the nutrient criteria. Examples may include some
                                     reduced-fat or reduced-salt versions of products such as oven-baked
     Savoury commercial
                                     savoury pastries, steamed dim sims, pasta products, pizza, oven-baked
     products*
                                     potato products, grilled meat patties (not crumbed), grilled or oven baked
                                     meatballs and chicken drumsticks.
                                     Use sparingly. Choose poly- or mono-unsaturated varieties. Examples of
     Margarine, mayonnaise/          spreads include peanut butter and other nut spreads, fish, chicken and meat
     salad dressing, spreads         paste, yeast and vegetable extract spreads. Some spreads contain nut
     and oils                        products that are a common allergen.
                                     Choose reduced salt varieties where available.
                                     Use sparingly. Choose reduced-salt varieties where available. Examples
     Sauces and gravy                include tomato sauce, sweet chilli sauce and gravy. Some sauces
                                     (e.g. satay) also contain nut products that are a common allergen.
                                     Some breakfast bars, cereal bars, dried fruit bars and sweet biscuits that
     Snack food bars and
                                     are a small to medium serve size or have been modified (e.g. reduced levels
     sweet biscuits*
                                     of fat and/or sugar and include fibre) may fit into the Amber category.
     Savoury snack foods and         Examples most likely to fit here include oven-baked snack biscuits, plain
     biscuits*                       popcorn and some dry biscuits.
                                     Some un-iced unfilled cakes, sweet and savoury muffins, fruit breads,
                                     sweet pastries and slices that are a small to medium serve size or have
     Some cakes, muffins,
                                     been modified (e.g. reduced levels of fat and/or sugar and include fibre) may
     sweet pastries and
                                     fit into the Amber category. Examples include small reduced-fat fruitcake,
     slices*
                                     reduced-fat fruit or vegetable based muffins and plain wholemeal biscuits
                                     with fruit or nuts.
     Ice-creams, milk- or soy-       Ice-creams that are not coated in chocolate, premium or of a large serve
     based ice confections           size may fall into the Amber category (e.g. plain milk-based ice-creams and
     and dairy desserts*             frozen yoghurts).
     Ice blocks, fruit-based
                                     Check the serve size and choose according to the nutritional criteria.
     ice confection/slushies*

14
 Adapted from NSW Department of Health and NSW Department of Education and Training, Fresh Tastes @ School NSW Healthy School Canteen
Strategy: Canteen Menu Planning Guide, 2006.

40
Examples
 AMBER foods and drinks
                                       * All labels need to be checked against the nutrition criteria in
 (select carefully)
                                       Appendix 2 to confirm Amber or Red status
                                       100% fruit juice (no added sugar) in serve sizes larger than 250ml.
                                       Other fruit juice drinks containing between 35–96% fruit juice with a
                                       maximum serve size of 250ml. These drinks contribute to excess kilojoules
 Drinks*                               and tooth decay because of their high sugar and acidity level and should not
                                       be consumed in large amounts or frequently.
                                       Artificially sweetened soft drinks in adult settings. These are not suitable for
                                       children (see ‘Other considerations’ section).
Plain= unflavoured, unseasoned and or unsalted.

                                                                                                                     41
Red foods and drinks14

 RED foods and drinks                     Examples
 (only occasionally)                      (Check labels against nutrient criteria).

                                          Commercial, frozen or freshly prepared ready to eat meals or pre made
 Ready to eat meals
                                          pasta products for vending machines that do not meet the nutrient criteria.
                                          High fat processed meats such as salami, mortadella, luncheon meats,
 Processed meats                          reconstituted meats, devon, polony and fatty bacon or ham that exceed the
                                          nutrient criteria.
                                          Shallow-fried foods using small amounts of poly- or mono-unsaturated
                                          oils. (Foods cooked with brushed or sprayed oil only may be classified
 Fried foods
                                          as Amber).
                                          All deep fried foods.
                                          Includes pies, pastries and sausage rolls, pastas, pizzas, oven baked potato
 Savoury commercial
                                          products, dim sims, spring rolls, burger patties and meatballs, hot dogs,
 products
                                          frankfurters and sausages and quiche that do not meet nutrient criteria.
                                          Cream filled biscuits, chocolate biscuits and any sweet biscuit that exceed
 Snack food bars and
                                          the nutrient criteria in a single serve (2 biscuits).
 sweet biscuits
                                          High fat high sugar muesli, breakfast or snack bars.
 Savoury snack foods and                  Includes some flavoured popcorns and biscuits.
 biscuits                                 All crisps, corn chips and other similar salty products.
                                          Plain and flavoured cakes, cream-filled cakes, sweet pastries, sweet pies
 Cakes, muffins, sweet
                                          and slices. Medium to large serves of sweet and savoury muffins.
 pastries and slices
                                          Choose lower or reduced-fat varieties where possible.
 Crisps, corn chips and
 similar salty snack                      Greater than 600kJ per serve or per packet.
 products
 Confectionery/lollies                    All types including chocolates.
 Ice-creams, milk
 and soy-based ice
                                          Chocolate coated and premium ice-creams.
 confections and dairy
 desserts
                                          Slushies, ice blocks and ice confections with added sugar.
 Sugar sweetened drinks                   Sugar sweetened drinks* such as carbonated soft drinks, energy drinks,
 and ices                                 sports drinks and flavoured mineral waters where the serve size or
                                          container provides greater than 300kJ.
* Products where a sweetener such as sucrose, fructose, glucose or fruit juice has been used to sweeten drinks and ices.

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