Individual Year Group Plans Science 2020-2021 - Co-op Academy ...

 
Individual Year Group Plans Science 2020-2021 - Co-op Academy ...
Individual Year Group Plans
Science 2020-2021
Intent
At Coop Academy Brownhill School, we strongly believe that, as a core subject, Science holds a place at the heart of our curriculum. We feel that the knowledge
and skills in science should be progressive and prepare the children for life beyond our school. All children deserve the best chance for success in their future
education and employability, therefore the skills we teach will not only reflect the National Curriculum, but the skills essential in our ever-changing world and
diverse society.
The teaching of Science at Coop Academy Brownhill offers children opportunities to:

   •   Sort, group, compare, classify and identify
   •   Collaborate with others to develop ideas
   •   Research independently
   •   Evaluate evidence and present their conclusions clearly and accurately
   •   Ask and answer scientific questions
   •   Plan, hypothesise and predict
   •   Design and carry out investigations
   •   Use scientific equipment (including ICT)
   •   Interpret results and findings
   •   Draw inferences
   •   Communicate tasks and experiments
   •   Develop knowledge and understanding of the life processes of living things
   •   Develop knowledge and understanding of the world around them
Implementation
The following principles and practices underpin the implementation of the Science curriculum at Coop Academy Brownhill.
   • Children are taught a sequence of skills and knowledge enabling strong and relevant links to be made to previous learning. These will be referred to in
        lessons to develop schemes in the long-term memory. E.g. In Year 4 you made a circuit with a lamp, in Year 6 we are going to make a circuit with
        multiple components.
   • The use of knowledge organisers are to aid teachers in planning the knowledge and skills and children and parents understanding the expectations by
        the end of the unit.
   • Class books/novels are used effectively to strengthen pupils understanding of scientific topics.
   • High quality visits and visitors are planned to give meaning and context to knowledge that they have learnt.
   • Tier 2 and 3 vocabulary is taught within the unit and reinforced throughout the year.
   • Where possible links are made to other curriculum areas ensuring that we allow for repetition of learning in a variety of contexts.
   • Learning is revisited to deepen understanding.
   • The cooperative values and ways of being, British values and PHSE are threaded through the science curriculum to link science to their lives.
Impact
•   Children will become increasingly critical and analytical within their thinking. Asking questions and making scientific judgements from real life
    experiences and experiments.
•   Children will develop the ability to reach clear conclusions and develop a reasoned argument to explain findings.
•   Children will develop their ability to work scientifically, using a variety of skills and techniques to explore and explain different subject areas.
•   Children will have a sound and developed knowledge of the different scientific areas and the careers that these could lead to.
•   Children will build an increasing understanding of scientific terminology and language.
•   Children will become increasingly aware of how science has shaped the world around them.
•   Children will develop enquiry skills to pursue their own interests within a topic and further questioning.
•   Where applicable, children will have encountered or participated in high-quality visits/visitors to further appreciate the impact of Science.
Overview
                Autumn 1              Autumn 2               Spring 1                Spring 2           Summer 1             Summer 2
Nursery         Materials            Seasons and        Materials and forces   Plants, seasons and   Animals including    Animals including
                                       weather                                      weather          Humans – Senses          Humans
Reception       Materials            Seasons and         Forces and plants         Materials –       Animals including      Seasons and
                                       weather                                      recycling            Humans               weather
 Year 1         Materials              Seasons           Animals including      Animals including        Working               Plants
                                                             Humans                  Humans            Scientifically
 Year 2      Living things and     Living things and    Everyday materials     Everyday materials    Animals including         Plants
               their habitats        their habitats                                                      Humans
 Year 3       Rocks and soils      Animals including           Plants                Plants                Light         Forces and magnets
                                        Humans
 Year 4           Sound                Electricity       States of matter –    States of matter –    Animals including    Living things and
                                                          solid, liquid and       water cycle            Humans             their habitats
                                                                gases
 Year 5       Properties and        Properties and       Animals including      Living things and    Earth and space           Forces
            change of materials   change of materials          Humans             their habitats
 Year 6           Light               Electricity         Living things and       Evolution and      Animals including    Animals including
                                                            their habitats         inheritance           Humans               Humans
Reception – Animals including Humans
              Prior knowledge                                  Key Knowledge                                         Later Knowledge                              Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                          I know exercise makes my heart beat faster.   Year 1                                                         •     Germs
I know activity can affect my heart beat.        I know exercise makes my blood flow faster    I know vertebrates have backbones. I know different types of   •     Heart beat
I know animals change over time. They start      around my body.                               vertebrates; mammals, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds.       •     Healthy
as babies and become adults.                     I know the food we eat can be healthy or      I know fish have gills and fins and live in water.             •     Unhealthy
I know to stay healthy I need to keep clean      unhealthy.                                    I know amphibians have gills when young and lungs when         •     Exercise
and eat healthy foods.                           I know exercise makes my body healthy.        older.                                                         •     Fast
I know we have a nose to smell.                  I know good hygiene keeps me healthy. I.e.    I know reptiles have dry, scaly skin and lay eggs on land.     •     Slow
I know we have eyes to see.                      washing hands.                                I know mammals give birth to live young and have fur.          •     Animal homes
I know we have ears to hear.                     I know animals have homes, this is where      I know birds have wings, feathers, a beak, lay eggs and        •     Burrow
I know we have hands to feel.                    they live.                                    normally fly.
                                                                                                                                                              •     Sky
I know my body can move in different ways        I know animal homes are different to our      I can name some carnivores and know they eat meat.
                                                                                                                                                              •     Stable
like skipping, crawling, using my hands and      homes.                                        I can name some herbivores and know they eat plants.
                                                                                                                                                              •     Coop
legs.                                            I know some animals eat plants.               I can name some omnivores and know they eat both plants
                                                                                                                                                              •     Shed
I know some names of animals.                    I know some animals eat meat.                 and meat.
                                                 I know some animals eat plants and meat.                                                                     •     Pen
                                                 I can name some farm animals like sheep,      Year 2
                                                 pig, and cow.                                 I know all animals and humans need water, food and air to
                                                                                               survive.
                                                                                               I know humans need exercise to keep muscles, and bones
                                                                                               healthy.
                                                                                               I know humans need a balanced diet to keep healthy. This
                                                                                               means eating a variety of foods.
                                                                                               I know good hygiene is washing our bodies every day,
                                                                                               washing our hands after we have used the toilet and brushing
                                                                                               our teeth twice a day.

Real experiences:
Farm visit – to a farm or farm come to school.
Running races to see how heart rate changes.
Pack a healthy and unhealthy lunch.
Trying different healthy foods.
Reception – Forces
               Prior knowledge                                Key Knowledge                                        Later Knowledge                          Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                         I can identify things which are magnetic.    Year 3                                                         •   Magnet
I can make toys work by pressing, pulling,      I can talk about how things move.            I can compare how things move on different surfaces.           •   Magnetic
pushing and lifting.                                                                         I know magnetic forces can act at a distance.                  •   Stick
I can talk about things I can pull.                                                          I know magnets have two poles; a north pole and a south        •   Up
I can talk about things I can push.                                                          pole.                                                          •   Down
I can talk about mixing and grating when                                                     I know one end of a magnet attracts and the other repels.      •   Spin
baking.                                                                                      I know opposite poles attract and like poles repel.            •   Stretch
                                                                                             I know that objects that are pulled by a magnet are said to    •   Pull
                                                                                             be magnetic.                                                   •   Push
                                                                                             I know that objects that are not pulled by a magnet are said
                                                                                                                                                            •   Rub
                                                                                             to be non-magnetic.
                                                                                                                                                            •   Slide
                                                                                             I know that magnets can be useful in everyday items
                                                                                                                                                            •   Roll
                                                                                             I know that magnets have different strengths.
                                                                                                                                                            •   Bounce
                                                                                             Year 5                                                         •   Fast
                                                                                             I know that a force is a push or pull against an object.       •   Slow
                                                                                             I know that friction is the resistance that one object has
                                                                                             when it meets another object.
                                                                                             I know that unsupported objects fall towards earth because
                                                                                             of gravity.

Real experiences:
Experiment with magnets and forces, seeing what materials attract and repel (stick) to a magnet.
Experiment with toys cars on different surfaces to see how different surfaces affect the speed.
Reception – Light
              Prior knowledge                               Key Knowledge                                         Later Knowledge                            Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                       I know about day and night and different      Year 3                                                       •     Sun
I can identify the colours of the rainbow.    activities you do in the day and night.       I know that I need light to see things.                      •     Moon
I know that light comes from the sun, a       I know that a shadow is formed when light     I know darkness is the absence of light.                     •     Day
candle, a torch, a lightbulb etc.             is blocked.                                   I know that light is reflected from surfaces.                •     Night
I can talk about the difference between day   I know that a rainbow can be seen after (or   I know that light from the sun can be dangerous and that     •     Shadow
and night.                                    when it is raining) and the sun is shining.   there are ways to protect my eyes.                           •     Rainbow
                                                                                            I know that shadows are formed when the light from a         •     Bright
                                                                                            source is blocked by an opaque object.                       •     Reflect
                                                                                            I know that if an object is moved closer to the source the   •     Shines
                                                                                            shadow gets bigger and if it is moved further away it gets
                                                                                                                                                         •     Block
                                                                                            smaller.
                                                                                                                                                         •     Rain
                                                                                            I know that light bounces off some surfaces better than
                                                                                                                                                         •     Shade
                                                                                            others.
                                                                                                                                                         •     Object
                                                                                            Year 6
                                                                                            I know that we need light to be able to see things.
                                                                                            I know that light travels in straight lines.
                                                                                            I know that these lines are called beams or rays.
                                                                                            I know how we see light is through reflection or
                                                                                            illumination.
                                                                                            I know that light travels as a wave.
                                                                                            I understand why shadows are formed.
                                                                                            I can investigate the distance between light source and
                                                                                            object, and the impact on shadows.
Real experiences:
Create shadows using shadow puppets.
Create shadows in the outdoor area and shadow drawings.
Look for rainbows when in the outdoor area.
Use different light toys in the dark tent.
Reception – Materials
               Prior knowledge                                Key Knowledge                                        Later Knowledge                         Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                         I know what objects are made out of           Year 1                                                       •   Wood
I can talk about objects being                  (paper is wood, the bottle is plastic etc.)   I can name and identify a variety of materials; wood,        •   Paper
soft/shiny/rough/dull/smooth.                   I can talk about different ways to make ice   plastic, glass, metal, water and rock.                       •   Plastic
I can talk about why ice melts (warmth of the   melt. (Holding it in our warm hands,          I know that different materials have different properties;   •   Metal
classroom).                                     putting it in a bowl on the radiator,         hard, soft, stretchy, shiny, dull, rough, smooth, bendy,     •   Glass
I can talk about things being hot or cold.      pouring warm water on.)                       waterproof, absorbent, transparent and opaque.               •   Float
I can talk about what happens when different    I know which materials/objects float.         I can describe some simple properties of a variety of        •   Sink
materials get wet.                              I know which materials/objects sink.          everyday materials.                                          •   Melt
                                                                                              I can compare and group materials by their properties.       •   Freeze
                                                                                                                                                           •   Warm
                                                                                              Year 2
                                                                                                                                                           •   Cold
                                                                                              I can find wood, metal, plastic, glass etc.
                                                                                              I know what the material could be used for.
                                                                                              I know that one material can be used for more than one
                                                                                              thing.
                                                                                              I know that one thing can be made from various materials.
                                                                                              I know why materials are used for different purposes.

                                                                                              Year 4
                                                                                              I know there are 3 mains states of matter, solids, liquids
                                                                                              and gases.
                                                                                              I know changes of state means when a material changes
                                                                                              from one type to another. E.g. solid to liquid.
                                                                                              I know melting is when a solid changes to a liquid.
                                                                                              I know evaporation is when a liquid changes to a gas.
                                                                                              I know condensation is when gas cools into a liquid.
                                                                                              I know freezing is when a liquid turns into a solid.

                                                                                              Year 5
                                                                                              I know the difference between reversible and irreversible
                                                                                              changes.
Real experiences:
Reception – Plants
              Prior knowledge                              Key Knowledge                                       Later Knowledge                                Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                      I know that a plant/ flower comes from a    Year 1                                                          •   Flower
I know plants grow in soil.                  seed.                                       I know plants are living things that normally grow from the     •   Grow
I know that I have to give plants water.     I know that a plant/flower needs sunlight   ground.                                                         •   Plant
I know plants need sunlight.                 and water to grow and stay alive.           I know that plants grow from seeds or bulbs.                    •   Soil
I name the names of common fruits and        I know that plants/flowers need to be       I know that roots grow under the                                •   Sun
vegetables i.e. I know that apples grow on   planted in soil.                            ground                                                          •   Water
trees.                                       I know that some fruits grow on trees.                                                                      •   Seed
                                             I know that some vegetables grow in the     Year 2                                                          •   Dig
                                             ground.                                     I can describe how seeds and bulbs grow into (mature)           •   Leaf
                                                                                         plants.
                                                                                                                                                         •   Vegetable
                                                                                         I can observe seeds and bulbs growing into plants.
                                                                                                                                                         •   Fruit
                                                                                         I know that all plants need water, light and the right
                                                                                         temperature to grow and stay healthy.

                                                                                         Year 3
                                                                                         I know how seeds are dispersed by wind, animals and by
                                                                                         explosion.
                                                                                         I know roots hold the plant in the ground and soak up water
                                                                                         and minerals from the ground.
                                                                                         I know that plants need; light, water, nutrients and soil and
                                                                                         room to grow and that different plants have different needs.

Real experiences:
Grow a plant/flower
Look at pictures of plants/flowers
Look and group pictures of vegetables and how they grow
Keep a class plant diary
Reception – Seasons
                Prior knowledge                                    Key Knowledge                                           Later Knowledge                             Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                             I know the names of the four seasons.             Year 1                                                       •    Autumn
I know that I need to wear my coat when it is       I know that the leave fall off the trees in the   I can name the four seasons; Autumn, Winter, Spring and      •    Winter
cold.                                               Autumn.                                           Summer.                                                      •    Spring
I know I need to wear a sunhat when it is hot.      I know that is it hot and the sun shines in       I know that weather is the way that the air outside feels.   •    Summer
I know I need to wear my wellies when it is         the summer.                                       I know that in autumn the leaves fall.                       •    Rain
wet.                                                I know that it snows in winter.                   I know that in winter the trees do not have any leaves.      •    Sun
I know that sometimes the leaves fall off the       I know that flowers grow in spring.               I know in spring new leaves and buds begin to grow.          •    Snow
trees.                                                                                                I know in summer the leaves start to grow again and they     •    Grow
I know that sometimes it is hot and sometimes                                                         are green.                                                   •    Flowers
it is cold.                                                                                           I know in the winter the day is shorter and in the summer
                                                                                                                                                                   •    Fall
                                                                                                      the day is longer.
                                                                                                                                                                   •    Leaves
                                                                                                      I know that each season has different weather.
                                                                                                                                                                   •    Hot
                                                                                                      I know that in autumn and winter the weather is cold and
                                                                                                                                                                   •    Cold
                                                                                                      wet.
                                                                                                      I know that in spring the weather starts to get warmer and
                                                                                                      in summer the weather is warm and sunny.
                                                                                                      I can name different types of weather; wind, rain, fog,
                                                                                                      sleet, cloudy, snow, sunny, hail,

                                                                                                      Year 5
                                                                                                      I know that the earth moves by spinning on its own axis
                                                                                                      and it takes 24 hours (1 day) to completely rotate.
                                                                                                      I know that the side of the earth facing the sun is in
                                                                                                      daytime and the side of the earth facing away from the
                                                                                                      sun is night- time.
                                                                                                      I know that when the sun rises and sets, it is not the sun
                                                                                                      that moves, it is the Earth rotating
Real experiences:
Go on a leaf hunt, collecting leaves that have fallen from the trees to use for crafts.
Look at pictures of different weather.
Watch videos of different weather
Year 1 – Animals including Humans
              Prior knowledge                               Key Knowledge                                          Later Knowledge                                Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                       I know vertebrates have backbones. I know      Year 3                                                           •     Vertebrates
I know some names of animals.                 different types of vertebrates; mammals,       I know a skeleton is a strong rigid structure inside bodies      •     Fish
I know activity can affect my heartbeat.      fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds.             made of bone.                                                    •     Mammal
I know we have a nose to smell.               I know fish have gills and fins and live in    I know humans and some animals have a skeleton.                  •     Amphibians
I know we have eyes to see.                   water.                                         I know the 12 common parts of the skeleton; skull, clavicle,     •     Reptile
I know we have ears to hear.                  I know amphibians have gills when young        scapula, rib cage, humerus, spinal column, pelvis, ulna,         •     Bird
I know we have hands to feel.                 and lungs when older.                          radius, femur, fibula and tibia.                                 •     Gills
                                              I know reptiles have dry, scaly skin and lay   I know a muscle is a tissue that can contract and helps the      •     Live young
Reception                                     eggs on land.                                  body move.                                                       •     Egg
I know some animals eat plants.               I know mammals give birth to live young
                                                                                                                                                              •     Herbivore
I know some animals eat meat.                 and have fur.                                  Year 4
                                                                                                                                                              •     Carnivore
I know some animals eat plants and meat.      I know birds have wings, feathers, a beak,     I know the main types of teeth are incisors, canines, pre-
                                                                                                                                                              •     Omnivore
I can name some farm animals like sheep,      lay eggs and normally fly.                     molars, molars and they help us to eat different things.
                                                                                                                                                              •     Sense
pig, and cow.                                 I can name some carnivores and know they       I know incisors are at the front for cutting.
I know exercise makes my heart beat faster.   eat meat.                                      I know canines are at the front for biting.                      •     Tongue- taste
I know exercise makes my blood flow faster    I can name some herbivores and know they       I know pre-molars are flat for crushing.                         •     Nose- smell
around my body.                               eat plants.                                    I know molars are at the back for grinding.                      •     Eyes- sight
                                              I can name some omnivores and know they        I know what a food chain is and I can describe different         •     Skin- touch
                                              eat both plants and meat.                      chains.                                                          •     Ears- hearing
                                              I know and can label these parts of the        I know producers are at the start, they make their own food.     •     Head
                                              body; eyes, ears, nose, mouth, head, legs,     E.g. grass.                                                      •     Legs
                                              neck, knees, hair, arms, face, elbows and      I know predators are animals that eat other animals. E.g. fox.   •     Neck
                                              teeth.                                         I know prey are animals that get eaten by other animals. E.g.    •     Knees
                                              I know there are 5 senses; touch, taste,       rabbit.                                                          •     Hair
                                              smell, sight and hearing.                      I know consumers are living things that eat other plants or      •     Arms
                                              We touch using our body.                       animals.                                                         •     Face
                                              We taste using our tongue.                                                                                      •     Elbows
                                              We smell using our nose.                                                                                        •     Teeth
                                              We see using our eyes.
                                              We hear using our ears.

Real experiences:
Visit from an owl.
Visit to Yorkshire museum to look at dinosaur teeth and compare herbivore and carnivores.
Taste different types of foods blindfolded.
Make paper cup telephones to show we hear through our ears.
Year 1 – Materials
              Prior knowledge                                 Key Knowledge                                           Later Knowledge                                Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                        I know objects have names I know material       Year 2                                                            •     Material
I can talk about objects being soft, shiny,    is the ‘stuff’ an object is made of.            I can find wood, metal, plastic, glass etc.                       •     Wood
rough, dull and smooth.                        I can name and identify a variety of            I know what the material could be used for.                       •     Plastic
I can talk about why ice melts (warmth of      materials; wood, plastic, glass, metal, water   I know that one material can be used for more than one            •     Glass
the classroom).                                and rock.                                       thing.                                                            •     Metal
I can talk about things being hot or cold.     I know that different materials have            I know that one thing can be made from various materials.         •     Water
I can talk about what happens when             different properties; hard, soft, stretchy,     I know why materials are used for different purposes.             •     Rock
different materials get wet.                   shiny, dull, rough, smooth, bendy,                                                                                •     Hard
                                               waterproof, absorbent, transparent and          Year 3                                                            •     Soft
Reception                                      opaque.                                         I know the three main types of rock are sedimentary, igneous
                                                                                                                                                                 •     Stretchy
I know what objects are made out of (paper     I can describe some simple properties of a      and metamorphic.
                                                                                                                                                                 •     Shiny
is wood, the bottle is plastic etc.)           variety of everyday materials.                  I know that Sedimentary rocks are formed from particles of
                                                                                                                                                                 •     Dull
I can talk about different ways to make ice    I can compare and group materials by their      sand, shells, pebbles, and other fragments of material.
                                                                                                                                                                 •     Rough
melt. (holding it in our warm hands, putting   properties.                                     I know that Igneous rock is formed when magma cools and
it in a bowl on the radiator, pouring warm                                                     solidifies.                                                       •     Smooth
water on.)                                                                                     I know that Metamorphic rocks are formed under extreme            •     Bendy
I know which materials/objects float.                                                          pressure and heat.                                                •     Waterproof
I know which materials/objects sink.                                                           I know that Sedimentary rocks are usually crumbly, allow          •     Absorbent
                                                                                               water to pass through them, made of layers and stuck              •     Transparent
                                                                                               together with mineral crystals                                    •     Opaque
                                                                                               I know sedimentary rocks can contain fossils within their         •     Properties
                                                                                               layers.
                                                                                               I know that Igneous rocks are very hard and contain crystals.
                                                                                               I know that Metamorphic rocks are usually hard and may
                                                                                               contain tiny crystals or fossils

                                                                                               Year 4
                                                                                               I know there are 3 mains states of matter, solids, liquids and
                                                                                               gases.
                                                                                               I know a solid is a material that stays in one place and can be
                                                                                               held.
                                                                                               I know a solid cannot flow like a liquid.
                                                                                               I know a solid always takes up the same amount of space and
                                                                                               does not spread out.
                                                                                               I can name some solids.
                                                                                               I know a liquid can flow and be poured easily.
I know liquids change their shape depending on the container
                                                                                         they are in.
                                                                                         I can name some liquids.
                                                                                         I know a gas is often invisible.
                                                                                         I know gases do not keep their shape.
                                                                                         I can name some gases.

                                                                                         Year 5
                                                                                         I know that objects are made from materials according to
                                                                                         their suitability/properties.

Real experiences:
Experiment to see which material would be best to make an umbrella for a teddy.
Using torches to see which materials are transparent.
Having a material hunt around the school.
Making shadow puppet out of different materials to investigate transparent and opaque.
Year 1 – Plants
             Prior knowledge                                Key Knowledge                                            Later Knowledge                                Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                       I know plants are living things that normally   Year 2                                                            •   Plant
I know plants grow in soil.                   grow from the ground.                           I can describe how seeds and bulbs grow into (mature) plants.     •   Flower
I know that I have to give plants water.      I know that plants can grow.                    I can observe seeds and bulbs growing into plants.                •   Tree
I know plants need sunlight.                  I can name the main parts of a plant;           I know that all plants need water, light and the right            •   Grow
I name the names of common fruits and         flower, leaves, stem and roots.                 temperature to grow and stay healthy.                             •   Deciduous
vegetables i.e. I know that apples grow on    I can name the main parts of a tree; leaves,                                                                      •   Evergreen
trees.                                        twigs branches, crown, trunk and roots.         Year 3                                                            •   Leaf/ leaves
                                              I can name some common wild and garden          I know the main parts of a flowering plant.                       •   Petal
Reception                                     plants.                                         I know that the flower has colour and smell to attract insects.   •   Roots
I know that a plant/ flower comes from a      I can name some common trees.                   I know that leaves make food for the plant.
                                                                                                                                                                •   Seeds
seed.                                         I know that an evergreen plant keeps its        I know the stem helps hold the plant up and carries water
                                                                                                                                                                •   Branch
I know that a plant/flower needs sunlight     leaves all year.                                from the roots to the rest of the plant.
                                                                                                                                                                •   Trunk
and water to grow and stay alive.             I know that plants grow from seeds or           I know roots hold the plant in the ground and soak up water
                                                                                                                                                                •   Bulb
I know that plants/flowers need to be         bulbs.                                          and minerals from the ground.
planted in soil.                              I know a deciduous plant loses its leaves in    I know that plants need; light, water, nutrients and soil and     •   Stem
I know that some fruits grow on trees.        autumn and grows new ones in spring.            room to grow and that different plants have different needs.      •   Trunk
I know that some vegetables grow in the       I know that flowers are brightly coloured       I know how water is transported within plants.                    •   Vegetable
ground.                                       and grow at the end of a stem.                  I know the job of the flower is to make new plants.               •   Fruit
                                              I know that roots grow under the ground.        I know the main parts of a flower are; petal, stamen and
                                              I know that a stem is a thin, upright part of   carpel.
                                              a plant on which the flowers and leaves         I know how pollen gets from one plant to another.
                                              grow.                                           I know when the pollen joins the egg of a new flower seeds
                                              I know that a vegetable is a plant that you     are formed.
                                              can cook and eat.                               I know how seeds are dispersed by wind, animals and by
                                                                                              explosion.

Real experiences:
Trip to Harlow Carr gardens to see a wide range of plants and grow their own plant in a greenhouse.
A plant hunt around the school grounds.
Leaf hunt to hunt for evergreen and deciduous tree leaves.
Drawing and studying real plants with flowers to describe their structure.
Grow a plant/flower
Year 1 – Seasons
             Prior knowledge                                Key Knowledge                                              Later Knowledge                                Key Vocabulary

Nursery                                       I can name the four seasons; Autumn,           Year 5                                                               •    Weather
I know I need to wear my coat when it is      Winter, Spring and Summer.                     I know that the earth moves by spinning on its own axis and it       •    Temperature
cold.                                         I know that weather is the way that the air    takes 24 hours (1 day) to completely rotate.                         •    Seasons
I know I need to wear a sunhat when it is     outside feels.                                 I know that the side of the earth facing the sun is in daytime and   •    Autumn
hot.                                          I know that in autumn the leaves fall.         the side of the earth facing away from the sun is night- time.       •    Winter
I know I need to wear my wellies when it      I know that in winter the trees do not         I know that when the sun rises and sets, it is not the sun that      •    Summer
is wet.                                       have any leaves.                               moves, it is the Earth rotating                                      •    Spring
I know sometimes the leaves fall off the      I know in spring new leaves and buds                                                                                •    Weather forecast
trees.                                        begin to grow.                                                                                                      •    Snow
I know that sometimes it is hot and           I know in summer the leaves start to grow
                                                                                                                                                                  •    Sun
sometimes it is cold.                         again and they are green.
                                                                                                                                                                  •    Wind
                                              I know in the winter the day is shorter and
                                                                                                                                                                  •    Rain
Reception                                     in the summer the day is longer.
                                                                                                                                                                  •    Sleet
I know the names of the four seasons.         I know that each season has different
I know that the leave fall off the trees in   weather.                                                                                                            •    Ice
the Autumn.                                   I know that in autumn and winter the                                                                                •    Cloudy
I know that is it hot and the sun shines in   weather is cold and wet.                                                                                            •    Fog
the summer.                                   I know that in spring the weather starts to                                                                         •    Day
I know that it snows in winter.               get warmer and in summer the weather is
I know that flowers grow in spring.           warm and sunny.
                                              I can name different types of weather;
                                              wind, rain, fog, sleet, cloudy, snow, sunny,
                                              hail,
Real experiences:
A season hunt in the playground to look for signs of seasonal changes.
Writing our own UK weather forecast and presenting it to the whole class.
Measuring the temperature outside and keeping a weather diary.
Year 2 – Animals including Humans
             Prior knowledge                                 Key Knowledge                                          Later Knowledge                                Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                        Animals and humans have offspring and          Year 3                                                           •    Offspring
I know animals change over time. They          they grow into adults.                         I can name some breads, cereals and potatoes and know            •    Growth
start as babies and become adults.             I know a life cycle are the changes that an    that they give me energy over a long period of time. These       •    Lifecycle
                                               animal or a plant goes through from the        are also known as carbohydrates.                                 •    Exercise
Reception                                      beginning to the end of its life.              I can name some fruits and vegetables and know they give         •    Balanced diet
The food we eat can be healthy or              I can describe some life cycles, including,    me vitamins and minerals.                                        •    Lungs
unhealthy.                                     frog, butterfly, human, plant.                 I can name some meat and fish and know they help my              •    Muscles
Exercise makes my body healthy.                I know all animals and humans need water,      muscles grow strong. These are also known as protein.            •    Bones
Good hygiene keeps me healthy. i.e.            food and air to survive.                       I can name some milk and dairy products and know they            •    Bacteria - hygiene
washing hands.                                 I know humans need exercise to keep            contain calcium which helps my teeth and bones.
                                                                                                                                                               •    Disease
                                               muscles, and bones healthy.                    I can name some fats and sugars and know these are not
Year 1                                         I know humans need a balanced diet to          needed as part of our balanced diet.
I know vertebrates have backbones. I know      keep healthy. This means eating a variety of   I know that a balanced diet keeps me healthy.
different types of vertebrates; mammals,       foods.
fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds.             I know good hygiene is washing our bodies      Year 5
I know fish have gills and fins and live in    every day, washing our hands after we have     I know the stages of the human life. Fertilised egg, foetus,
water.                                         used the toilet and brushing our teeth         baby, child, teenager, adolescent, adult, old age, and death.
I know amphibians have gills when young        twice a day.                                   I know what gestation is and that different animals have
and lungs when older.                                                                         different gestation periods.
I know reptiles have dry, scaly skin and lay                                                  I know what the average life expectance in the UK is.
eggs on land.
I know mammals give birth to live young                                                       Year 6
and have fur.                                                                                 I know that tobacco can cause shortness of breath, difficulty
I know birds have wings, feathers, a beak,                                                    sleeping, lung disease, addiction, cancer and death.
lay eggs and normally fly.                                                                    I know alcohol can cause addiction, loss of control, organ
I can name some carnivores and know they                                                      damage, cancer and death.
eat meat.                                                                                     I know that illegal substances can cause addiction, loss of
I can name some herbivores and know they                                                      control, organ damage, cancer and death.
eat plants.                                                                                   I know exercise is important; it can tone muscles, reduce fat,
I can name some omnivores and know they                                                       increase fitness, improve mental health, strengthen the
eat both plants and meat.                                                                     heart and improve skin.
I know and can label these parts of the
body; eyes, ears, nose, mouth, head, legs,
neck, knees, hair, arms, face, elbows and
teeth.
I know there are 5 senses; touch, taste,
smell, sight and hearing.
We touch using our body.
We taste using our tongue.
We smell using our nose.
We see using our eyes.
We hear using our ears.

Real experiences:
Video of eggs hatching – YouTube
Match pictures of offspring to animals
Compare offspring to adults
Order stages of human life
Record food diary.
Investigate how exercise effects our body.
Brushing teeth.
Washing hands.
Egg incubator – living eggs.
Year 2 – Living Things and their Habitats
              Prior knowledge                                  Key Knowledge                                           Later Knowledge                               Key Vocabulary
Nursery (Plants)                                I can describe things that are living, dead      Year 3 (Plants)                                                 •   Living
I know plants grow in soil.                     and have never been alive.                       I know that plants need; light, water, nutrients and soil and   •   Dead
I know that I have to give plants water.        I can compare things that are living, dead       room to grow and that different plants have different           •   Never been alive
I know plants need sunlight.                    and have never been alive and give reasons       needs.                                                          •   Habitats;
                                                why.                                                                                                                 woodlands/rainforest/
Reception (Plants)                              I can identify which living thing belongs in a   Year 4                                                          •   Basic needs
I know that a plant/ flower comes from a        particular habitat.                              I know plants can be grouped into flowering and non-            •   Survival
seed.                                           I can explain why a living thing is suited to    flowering plants.                                               •   Micro-habitats
I know that a plant/flower needs sunlight       its habitat.                                     I know flowering plants include grasses, cereals, garden        •   Food chain
and water to grow and stay alive.               I can explain how different habitats provide     shrubs and deciduous trees.                                     •   Environment
I know that plants/ flowers need to be          the basic needs for survival.                    I know non-flowering plants include algae, coniferous trees
                                                                                                                                                                 •   Shelter
planted in soil.                                I can describe how the animal is dependent       and ferns.
                                                                                                                                                                 •   Deciduous (recapped
                                                on the habitat and the habitat is                I know a habitat is where an animal or plant lives.
                                                                                                                                                                     from year 1)
Year 1 (Plants)                                 dependent on the animal.                         I know habitats can change.
                                                                                                                                                                 •   Conditions (relating to
I know plants are living things that normally   I can identify different plants and animals      I know the seasons can change habitats with the weather.
                                                                                                                                                                     weather)
grow from the ground.                           in their habitats.                               I know humans can change habitats by dropping litter or
I know that plants can grow.                    I can identify and name animals in their         cutting down trees.
                                                habitats.
                                                I can identify and name both animals and         Year 5
                                                plants in a micro-habitat.                       I know what a life cycle is and know how things are born,
                                                I can explain how animals get their food         how they grow and how they reproduce.
                                                from plants relating to a food chain.            I know the life cycles of a mammal, insect, bird, and
                                                I can explain how animals get their food         amphibian.
                                                from other animals relating to a food chain.     I know that living things create other living things
                                                I can identify and name different sources of
                                                food.                                            Year 6
                                                                                                 I know how to classify living things into groups.
                                                                                                 I can explain similarities and differences between living
                                                                                                 things.
                                                                                                 I can discuss what makes a group.
                                                                                                 I can label characteristics for living things.
                                                                                                 I can classify living things based on set characteristics.
Real experiences:
School hunt using ipads; children record things that they have found that are living, dead and have never been alive.
Video; tree getting made into the pencil – opportunity to discuss at what point it is alive, at what point it is dead and why people might think it has never been alive [or which part has
never been alive on the pencil].
Investigation: is ‘Siri’ alive? [based on a misconception that something that talks is alive]
School trip to Meanwood Urban Farm (with a discussion of why the farm animals are adapted to this environment, what does the environment offer the animal, what does the animal
offer the habitat)
Looking at animals and the food chain: looking at school dinners, what are the meals and where do they come from?
Photograph matching task of different animals and different images of habitats – looking at what the animals that live in rainforests have in common, looking at which animals that live in
hot habitats have in common – why are they adapted to this habitat? (some discussion related to real life news articles about Australian fire destroying habitats – how has this habitat
become dangerous? Build on knowledge from materials session about plastic pollution damaging the sea habitat) https://www.ywt.org.uk/habitats
Case study: sun bears.
Visit Rodley Nature Reserve http://www.rodleynaturereserve.org/explore/educational-opportunities/
Year 2 – Materials
               Prior knowledge                                 Key Knowledge                                          Later Knowledge                               Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                         I can find objects that are made from wood,      Year 3                                                         •   Suitable
I can talk about objects being soft, shiny,     metal, plastic, glass etc.                       I know the three main types of rock are sedimentary,           •   Unsuitable
rough, dull and smooth.                         I know what properties, wood, plastic, glass,    igneous and metamorphic.                                       •   Flexible
                                                metal, rock, brick, paper, and card have and                                                                    •   Rigid
Reception                                       what each material could be used for.            Year 4                                                         •   Strong
I know what objects are made out of (paper      I know wood is hard, strong, and stiff and       I know there are 3 mains states of matter, solids, liquids     •   Transparent
is wood, the bottle is plastic etc.)            floats.                                          and gases.                                                     •   Opaque
I know which materials/objects float.           I know plastic is shiny, waterproof, strong      I know a solid is a material that stays in one place and can   •   Absorbent
I know which materials/objects sink.            and bendy.                                       be held.                                                       •   Waterproof
                                                I know glass is transparent, smooth and stiff.   I know a solid cannot flow like a liquid.
                                                                                                                                                                •   Float
Year 1                                          I know Metal is strong, hard and shiny.          I know a solid always takes up the same amount of space
                                                                                                                                                                •   Macintosh
I know objects have names I know material       I know water is runny, wet and clear.            and does not spread out.
                                                                                                                                                                •   Properties
is the ‘stuff’ an object is made of.            I know rock is hard and strong.                  I can name some solids.
                                                                                                                                                                •   Materials
I can name and identify a variety of            I know that one material can be used for         I know a liquid can flow and be poured easily.
materials; wood, plastic, glass, metal, water   more than one thing.                             I know liquids change their shape depending on the             •   Change
and rock.                                       I know that objects can be made from             container they are in.                                         •   Solid
I know that different materials have            various materials.                               I can name some liquids.                                       •   Compare
different properties; hard, soft, stretchy,     I know why materials are used for different      I know a gas is often invisible.                               •   Recycle
shiny, dull, rough, smooth, bendy,              purposes.                                        I know gases do not keep their shape.
waterproof, absorbent, transparent and          I know who Charles Macintosh is, why he is       I can name some gases.
opaque.                                         important and what material he created.
I can describe some simple properties of a      I know that bending, stretching, squashing       Year 5
variety of everyday materials.                  and twisting a solid material changes its        I know that objects are made from materials according to
I can compare and group materials by their      shape.                                           their suitability/properties.
properties

Real experiences:
Design and make a boat to test if it floats.
Test materials to see which was the most absorbent – to see which would be appropriate for an animal bed.
Design and make a tunnel to test for strength and rigidity.
Material hunt – can they find one material used differently (e.g. wood used for door/trays/pencil)
Material hunt - can they find one purpose used from different materials (e.g. a spoon made from plastic, wood)
Experiment: can we squash/bend/twist plasticine, dried plasticine elastic band, bread dough, bread roll
Year 2 – Plants
              Prior knowledge                                   Key Knowledge                                         Later Knowledge                                Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                         I can describe how seeds and bulbs grow        Year 3                                                            •    Germination
I know plants grow in soil.                     into (mature) plants.                          I know the main parts of a flowering plant.                       •    Seeds (dispersal)
I know that I have to give plants water.        I can observe seeds and bulbs growing into     I know that the flower has colour and smell to attract insects.   •    Bulbs
I know plants need sunlight.                    plants.                                        I know that leaves make food for the plant.                       •    Mature
I name the names of common fruits and           I know that all plants need water, light and   I know the stem helps hold the plant up and carries water         •    Sprout
vegetables i.e. I know that apples grow on      the right temperature to grow and stay         from the roots to the rest of the plant.                          •    Shoot
trees.                                          healthy.                                       I know roots hold the plant in the ground and soak up water       •    Leaves
                                                                                               and minerals from the ground.                                     •    Flower
Reception                                                                                      I know that plants need; light, water, nutrients and soil and     •    Fruit
I know that a plant/ flower comes from a                                                       room to grow and that different plants have different needs.
                                                                                                                                                                 •    Root
seed.                                                                                          I know how water is transported within plants.
                                                                                                                                                                 •    Temperature
I know that a plant/flower needs sunlight                                                      I know the job of the flower is to make new plants.
                                                                                                                                                                 •    Nutrition/Nutrients
and water to grow and stay alive.                                                              I know the main parts of a flower are; petal, stamen and
                                                                                                                                                                 •    Reproduce
I know that plants/flowers need to be                                                          carpel.
planted in soil.                                                                               I know how pollen gets from one plant to another.                 •    Life cycle
I know that some fruits grow on trees.                                                         I know when the pollen joins the egg of a new flower seeds
I know that some vegetables grow in the                                                        are formed.
ground.                                                                                        I know how seeds are dispersed by wind, animals and by
                                                                                               explosion.
Year 1
I know plants are living things that normally
grow from the ground.
I know that plants can grow.
I can name the main parts of a plant; flower,
leaves, stem and roots.
I can name the main parts of a tree; leaves,
twigs branches, crown, trunk and roots.
I can name some common wild and garden
plants.
I can name some common trees.
I know that an evergreen plant keeps its
leaves all year.
I know that plants grow from seeds or
bulbs.
I know a deciduous plant loses its leaves in
autumn and grows new ones in spring.
I know that flowers are brightly coloured
and grow at the end of a stem.
I know that roots grow under the ground.
I know that a stem is a thin, upright part of
a plant on which the flowers and leaves
grow.
I know that a vegetable is a plant that you
can cook and eat.

Real experiences:
Experiment with ways to prove that plants need water to stay healthy (with/without water – egg cress)
Experiment with ways to prove that plants need light to stay healthy. (dark Vs. light – garden beans)
Experiment with ways to prove that plants need a suitable temperature to stay healthy. (Hot Vs. cold – daffodils?) https://www.stem.org.uk/resources/elibrary/resource/33360/plants-
ready-steady-grow
Watch flowers germinate (Youtube)
School visits to Harlow Carr – “Spring into Spring”
Visit the school garden with Mr Ingle
Year 3 – Animals including Humans
               Prior knowledge                                  Key Knowledge                                  Later Knowledge                             Key Vocabulary
Year 1                                          I can name some breads, cereals and             Year 4                                          •   Nutrition
I know vertebrates have backbones.              potatoes and know that they give me energy      I know the digestive system is the body         •   Balanced diet
I know different types of vertebrates;          over a long period of time. These are also      breaking down food for energy.                  •   Carbohydrates
mammals, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds.     known as carbohydrates.                         I know and can label the main parts of the      •   Proteins
I know and can label these parts of the body;   I can name some fruits and vegetables and       digestive system. The mouth, tongue,            •   Vitamins
eyes, ears, nose, mouth, head, legs, neck,      know they give me vitamins and minerals.        oesophagus, stomach, large intestine, small     •   Minerals
knees, hair, arms, face, elbows and teeth.      I can name some meat and fish and know          intestine.                                      •   Calcium
I know there are 5 senses; touch, taste,        they help my muscles grow strong. These         I know the food enters the mouth and            •   Skeleton
smell, sight and hearing.                       are also known as protein.                      travels down the oesophagus.                    •   Skull
We touch using our body.                        I can name some milk and dairy products         I know that in the stomach the food is
                                                                                                                                                •   Clavicle
We taste using our tongue.                      and know they contain calcium which helps       broken down by acid.
                                                                                                                                                •   Scapula
We smell using our nose.                        my teeth and bones.                             I know the food goes into the small intestine
                                                                                                                                                •   rib cage
We see using our eyes.                          I can name some fats and sugars and know        and the body absorbs the nutrients.
                                                                                                                                                •   humerus
We hear using our ears.                         these are not needed as part of our             I know the food leaves the body after the
                                                balanced diet.                                  large intestine.                                •   spinal column
Year 2                                          I know that a balanced diet keeps me            I know the main types of teeth are incisors,    •   pelvis
I know all animals and humans need water,       healthy.                                        canines, pre-molars, molars and they help us    •   ulna
food and air to survive.                        I know humans cannot make their own food,       to eat different things.                        •   radius
I know humans need exercise to keep             we have to grow it, hunt it or gather it.       I know incisors are at the front for cutting.   •   femur
muscles, and bones healthy.                     I know a skeleton is a strong rigid structure   I know canines are at the front for biting.     •   fibula
I know humans need a balanced diet to keep      inside bodies made of bone.                     I know pre-molars are flat for crushing.        •   tibia
healthy. This means eating a variety of         I know humans and some animals have a           I know molars are at the back for grinding.     •   muscles
foods.                                          skeleton.                                                                                       •   contract
                                                I know the 12 common parts of the               Year 6                                          •   heart
                                                skeleton; skull, clavicle, scapula, rib cage,   I know that drugs like smoking and drinking     •   brain
                                                humerus, spinal column, pelvis, ulna, radius,   and illegal substances can be harmful to my     •   lungs
                                                femur, fibula and tibia.                        circulatory system.
                                                I know a muscle is a tissue that can contract   I know that tobacco can cause shortness of
                                                and helps the body move.                        breath, difficulty sleeping, lung disease,
                                                                                                addiction, cancer and death.
                                                                                                I know alcohol can cause addiction, loss of
                                                                                                control, organ damage, cancer and death.
                                                                                                I know that illegal substances can cause
                                                                                                addiction, loss of control, organ damage,
                                                                                                cancer and death.
                                                                                                I know exercise is important; it can tone
                                                                                                muscles, reduce fat, increase fitness,
improve mental health, strengthen the heart
                                                                and improve skin.

Real experiences:
Using the food pyramid to create a balanced meal
Comparing different foods for nutrition
Use blue tac to show the need for warming up muscles
Group animals with/without skeletons
Investigate strongest muscles
Investigate which muscles are used during different exercises
Year 3 – Light
                Prior knowledge                                Key Knowledge                                           Later Knowledge                                   Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                        I know that I need light to see things.          Year 6                                                         •   darkness
I can identify the colours of the rainbow.     I know darkness is the absence of light.         I know that we need light to be able to see things.            •   absence
I know that light comes from the sun, a        I know that light is reflected from surfaces.    I know that light travels in straight lines.                   •   light source
candle, a torch, a lightbulb etc.              I know that light from the sun can be            I know that these lines are called beams or rays.              •   reflection, reflective,
I can talk about the difference between day    dangerous and that there are ways to             I know how we see light is through reflection or                   reflect
and night.                                     protect my eyes.                                 illumination.                                                  •   bounce
                                               I know that shadows are formed when the          I know that light travels as a wave.                           •   shadow
Reception                                      light from a source is blocked by an opaque      I understand why shadows are formed.                           •   opaque
I know about day and night and different       object.                                          I understand the concept of refraction.                        •   light
activities you do in the day and night.        I know that if an object is moved closer to      I know that white light is comprised of all colours (rainbow   •   surface
I know that a shadow is formed when light is   the source the shadow gets bigger and if it is   phenomena)
                                                                                                                                                               •   mirror
blocked.                                       moved further away it gets smaller.              I can investigate the distance between light source and
                                                                                                                                                               •   sunray
I know that a rainbow can be seen after (or    I know that light bounces off some surfaces      object, and the impact on shadows.
                                                                                                                                                               •   shiny
when it is raining) and the sun is shining.    better than others.

Real life experiences:
Make a shadow puppet theatre to investigate changes in shadow size.
Observe how a shadow of a stick changes during the course of a day.
Play mirror games to help children answer questions about how light behaves.
Design and make a tunnel/maze for light to pass through
Year 3 – Magnets and Forces
               Prior knowledge                               Key Knowledge                                             Later Knowledge                           Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                       I know a force is a push or a pull which acts   Year 5                                                         •     force
I can make toys work by pressing, pulling,    on an object to make it speed up, slow          I know that water resistance is a force that is caused by      •     push
pushing and lifting.                          down or change shape.                           water and an object moving in opposite directions.             •     pull
I can talk about things I can pull.           I can compare how things move on different      I know that a force is a push or pull against an object.       •     surface
I can talk about things I can push.           surfaces.                                       I know that friction is the resistance that one object has     •     pole
I can talk about mixing and grating when      I know magnetic forces can act at a distance.   when it meets another object.                                  •     attract
baking.                                       I know magnets have two poles; a north          I know that unsupported objects fall towards earth because     •     repel
                                              pole and a south pole.                          of gravity.                                                    •     magnetic
Reception                                     I know one end of a magnet attracts and the     I know that forces can make an object change direction         •     non-magnetic
I can identify things which are magnetic.     other repels.                                   I know that forces can make an object change its shape
                                                                                                                                                             •     bar magnet
I can talk about how things move.             I know opposite poles attract and like poles    I know that forces can make an object move faster or slower.
                                                                                                                                                             •     ring magnet
                                              repel.                                          I know that pulleys can be used to make a small force lift a
                                                                                                                                                             •     button magnet
                                              I know that objects that are pulled by a        lighter load
                                                                                                                                                             •     horseshoe magnet
                                              magnet are said to be magnetic.                 I know that gears or cogs can be used to change the speed,
                                              I know that objects that are not pulled by a    force or direction of a motion.
                                              magnet are said to be non-magnetic.
                                              I know that magnets can be useful in
                                              everyday items
                                              I know that magnets have different
                                              strengths.
Real experiences:
Sort objects into magnetic and non-magnetic.
Observe how an object moves on different surfaces.
Explore the behaviour and everyday use of different magnets (bar, ring, button, and horseshoe).
Compare strength of magnets by seeing how many paperclips they can hold.
Year 3 – Materials (Rocks)
               Prior knowledge                                   Key Knowledge                                            Later Knowledge                            Key Vocabulary
Nursery                                          I know the three main types of rock are          Year 4                                                            • Igneous
I can talk about things being hot or cold.       sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic.            I know there are 3 mains states of matter, solids, liquids and    • Sedimentary
                                                 I know that Sedimentary rocks are formed         gases.                                                            • Metamorphic
Year 1                                           from particles of sand, shells, pebbles, and     I know a solid is a material that stays in one place and can be   • fossil/
I can name and identify a variety of             other fragments of material.                     held.                                                                 fossilisation
materials; wood, plastic, glass, metal, water    I know that Sedimentary rocks are usually        I know a solid cannot flow like a liquid.                         • living things
and rock.                                        crumbly, allow water to pass through them,       I know a solid always takes up the same amount of space and       • permeable/ non-
I know that different materials have             made of layers and stuck together with           does not spread out.                                                  permeable
different properties; hard, soft, stretchy,      mineral crystals                                 I can name some solids.                                           • magma
shiny, dull, rough, smooth, bendy,               I know sedimentary rocks can contain fossils     I know a liquid can flow and be poured easily.                    • heating
waterproof, absorbent, transparent and           within their layers.                             I know liquids change their shape depending on the container      • pressure
opaque.                                          I know that Igneous rock is formed when          they are in.
                                                                                                                                                                    • mineral
I can describe some simple properties of a       magma cools and solidifies.                      I can name some liquids.
                                                                                                                                                                    • crystals
variety of everyday materials.                   I know that Igneous rocks are very hard and      I know a gas is often invisible.
                                                                                                                                                                    • lava
                                                 contain crystals.                                I know gases do not keep their shape.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Earth’s crust
Year 2                                           I know that Metamorphic rocks are formed         I can name some gases.
I can find objects that are made from wood,      under extreme pressure and heat.                                                                                   • sediment
metal, plastic, glass etc.                       I know that Metamorphic rocks are usually        Year 6                                                            • particles
I know what properties, wood, plastic, glass,    hard and may contain tiny crystals or fossils.   I know that evolution takes place over millions of years.         • sand
metal, rock, brick, paper, and card have and     I know that fossils are formed from living       We know this because fossils have shown differences from          • shells
what each material could be used for.            things.                                          living things today.                                              • pebbles
I know wood is hard, strong, stiff and floats.   I can explain how a fossil is formed.                                                                              • heat
I know plastic is shiny, waterproof, strong            • An animal dies and the soft parts of                                                                       • layers
and bendy.                                                 its body decompose leaving the                                                                           • decompose
I know glass is transparent, smooth and stiff.             hard parts, like the skeleton,                                                                           • decaying
I know Metal is strong, hard and shiny.                    behind.                                                                                                  • organic matter
I know water is runny, wet and clear.                  • This becomes buried by small
I know rock is hard and strong.                            particles of rock called sediment.
I know that one material can be used for               • The sediment surrounding the
more than one thing.                                       skeleton thickens and starts to turn
I know that objects can be made from                       to stone.
various materials.                                     • The skeleton dissolves and a mould
I know why materials are used for different                is formed
purposes.                                              • Minerals crystallise inside the
I know that bending, stretching, squashing                 mould and a cast is formed.
and twisting a solid material changes its        I know that soil is made from; minerals
shape.                                           (small stone fragments: clay, silt or sand),
organic Matter (decaying plants and
                                       animals), water (which the nutrients in the
                                       minerals and the organic matter dissolve
                                       into) and air (which fills the gaps between
                                       the mineral and organic matter parts).

Real experiences:
Sorting / grouping rocks
Fossil Dig
How to erode rocks – experiment
How durable and permeable are rocks?
Matching fossils to the animal
Sorting different types of soils
Testing the permeability of soils
Year 3 – Plants
              Prior knowledge                                 Key Knowledge                                           Later Knowledge                              Key Vocabulary

Nursery                                         I know the main parts of a flowering plant.     Year 4 (Living things and their habitats)                     •   roots
I know plants grow in soil.                     I know that the flower has colour and smell     I know plants can be grouped into flowering and non-          •   stem / trunk
I know that I have to give plants water.        to attract insects.                             flowering plants.                                             •   leaves
I know plants need sunlight.                    I know that leaves make food for the plant.     I know flowering plants include grasses, cereals, garden      •   flowers
I name the names of common fruits and           I know the stem helps hold the plant up and     shrubs and deciduous trees.                                   •   nutrients
vegetables i.e. I know that apples grow on      carries water from the roots to the rest of     I know non-flowering plants include algae, coniferous trees   •   soil
trees.                                          the plant.                                      and ferns.                                                    •   transport
                                                I know roots hold the plant in the ground                                                                     •   petal
Reception                                       and soak up water and minerals from the                                                                       •   stamen
I know that a plant/ flower comes from a        ground.
                                                                                                                                                              •   carpel
seed.                                           I know that plants need; light, water,
                                                                                                                                                              •   pollination
I know that a plant/flower needs sunlight       nutrients and soil and room to grow and
                                                                                                                                                              •   pollen
and water to grow and stay alive.               that different plants have different needs.
                                                                                                                                                              •   egg
I know that plants/flowers need to be           I know how water is transported within
planted in soil.                                plants.                                                                                                       •   seed
I know that some fruits grow on trees.          I know the job of the flower is to make new                                                                   •   dispersal
I know that some vegetables grow in the         plants.                                                                                                       •   nectar
ground.                                         I know the main parts of a flower are; petal,                                                                 •   fertilisation
                                                stamen and carpel.
Year 1                                          I know how pollen gets from one plant to
I know plants are living things that normally   another.
grow from the ground.                           I know when the pollen joins the egg of a
I know that plants can grow.                    new flower seeds are formed.
I can name the main parts of a plant; flower,   I know how seeds are dispersed by wind,
leaves, stem and roots.                         animals and by explosion.
I can name the main parts of a tree; leaves,
twigs branches, crown, trunk and roots.
I can name some common wild and garden
plants.
I can name some common trees.
I know that an evergreen plant keeps its
leaves all year.
I know that plants grow from seeds or
bulbs.
I know a deciduous plant loses its leaves in
autumn and grows new ones in spring.
I know that flowers are brightly coloured
and grow at the end of a stem.
I know that roots grow under the ground.
I know that a stem is a thin, upright part of a
plant on which the flowers and leaves grow.
I know that a vegetable is a plant that you
can cook and eat.

Year 2
I can describe how seeds and bulbs grow
into (mature) plants.
I can observe seeds and bulbs growing into
plants.
I know that all plants need water, light and
the right temperature to grow and stay
healthy.

Real life experiences
Observe how water is transported in plants using celery and food colouring.
Grow plants under different conditions and observe the effects on them.
Plant dissection – dissect and label the parts of the flower.
Keep a plant diary when growing a plant/flower/vegetable
Watch videos to show seed dispersal/pollination
Year 4 – Animals including Humans
               Prior knowledge                                  Key Knowledge                                           Later Knowledge                            Key Vocabulary
Year 1                                          I know the digestive system is the body         Year 6                                                            • digestion
I know and can label these parts of the         breaking down food for energy.                  I know what the circulatory system is and that it is made up of   • food chain
body; eyes, ears, nose, mouth, head, legs,      I know and can label the main parts of the      the heart, lungs, and blood vessels.                              • producer
neck, knees, hair, arms, face, elbows and       digestive system. The mouth, tongue,            I know arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart around      • predator
teeth.                                          oesophagus, stomach, large intestine, small     the body.                                                         • prey
I know there are 5 senses; touch, taste,        intestine.                                      I know veins carry deoxygenated blood from the body to the        • consumer
smell, sight and hearing.                       I know the digestive journey is from the        heart.                                                            • molars
We touch using our body.                        mouth to the small intestine.                   I know capillaries move nutrients, oxygen and carbon dioxide      • pre-molars
We taste using our tongue.                      I know the food enters the mouth and            around the body.                                                  • canines
We smell using our nose.                        travels down the oesophagus.                    I know the heart pumps blood around the body.
                                                                                                                                                                  • incisors
We see using our eyes.                          I know that in the stomach the food is          I know blood moves food, water and oxygen around the body.
                                                                                                                                                                  • mouth
We hear using our ears.                         broken down by acid.                            I know that drugs like smoking and drinking and illegal
                                                                                                                                                                  • tongue
I can name some carnivores and know they        I know the food goes into the small intestine   substances can be harmful to my circulatory system
                                                                                                                                                                  • oesophagus
eat meat.                                       and the body absorbs the nutrients.
I can name some herbivores and know they        I know the food leaves the body after the                                                                         • stomach
eat plants.                                     large intestine.                                                                                                  • large intestine
I can name some omnivores and know they         I know the main types of teeth are incisors,                                                                      • small intestine
eat both plants and meat                        canines, pre-molars, molars and they help                                                                         • absorbed
                                                us to eat different things.                                                                                       • acids
Year 3                                          I know incisors are at the front for cutting.
I can name some breads, cereals and             I know canines are at the front for biting.
potatoes and know that they give me             I know pre-molars are flat for crushing.
energy over a long period of time. These are    I know molars are at the back for grinding.
also known as carbohydrates.                    I know what a food chain is and I can
I can name some fruits and vegetables and       describe different chains.
know they give me vitamins and minerals.        I know producers are at the start, they make
I can name some meat and fish and know          their own food. E.g. grass.
they help my muscles grow strong. These         I know predators are animals that eat other
are also known as protein.                      animals. E.g. fox.
I can name some milk and dairy products         I know prey are animals that get eaten by
and know they contain calcium which helps       other animals. E.g. rabbit.
my teeth and bones.                             I know consumers are living things that eat
I can name some fats and sugars and know        other plants or animals.
these are not needed as part of our
balanced diet.
I know a muscle is a tissue that can contract
and helps the body move.
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