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Table of contents 1. Foreword 02 6.5.2. Industrial and commercial sector 42 2. Executive summary 06 6.5.3. Residential sector 43 3. Introduction 12 6.5.4. Transport sector 43 3.1. Licence/regulatory obligations 13 6.6. The demand outlook 45 3.2. Environmental and planning considerations 13 6.6.1. Power generation sector gas demand 45 3.3. Overview of the Gas Networks Ireland system 14 6.6.2. Industrial and commercial sector gas demand 46 4. The future of the gas network 16 6.6.3. Residential sector gas demand 46 4.1. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) 20 6.6.4. Transport sector gas demand 46 4.2. Renewable gas 20 6.6.5. Total annual gas demand 49 4.3 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) 21 6.6.6. Peak day gas demand 49 4.4 Hydrogen 22 6.6.7. Role of gas in power generation 50 4.5 Climate Action Plan and the NECP 25 7. Gas supply 54 4.6 The energy policy landscape 27 7.1. Moffat Entry Point 56 5. Historic demand & supply 28 7.2. Corrib gas 56 5.1. COVID-19 demand impact 29 7.3. Kinsale gas 57 5.2. ROI annual primary energy requirement 29 7.4. Renewable gas 57 5.3. Historic annual gas demand 30 7.5. Other supply developments 59 5.4. Historic peak day gas demand 32 8. Gas growth 60 5.5. Ireland’s weather 32 8.1. Residential new connections growth 61 5.6. Wind powered generation 32 8.2. Industrial & commercial sector development 63 5.7. Electricity interconnectors 32 8.2.1 Data centres 63 5.8. Historic gas supply 33 8.2.2 Combined Heat & Power (CHP) 64 6. Gas demand forecasts 34 8.2.3 Other developments 64 6.1. Gas demands 35 8.3. New towns and suburbs policy 65 6.2. Gas demand forecasting 35 8.4. Transport 66 6.3. Gas demand scenarios 36 8.5. Renewable gas 68 6.4. Alignment of NDP scenarios with ENTSOG ten 9. Commercial market arrangements 70 year Network Development Plan 37 9.1. Republic of Ireland gas market 71 6.5. Demand forecast assumptions 38 9.2. European developments 71 6.5.1. Power generation sector 38
Gas Networks Ireland Table of contents 01 9.2.1 Capacity allocation mechanism 71 Data freeze and rounding In order to complete the detailed analysis and 9.2.2 Balancing 72 modelling required to produce this document, the demand and supply scenarios were defined in July 2020, based on the most up to 9.2.3 Tariffs 72 date information at the time. In presenting the data obtained for publication in the Network 9.2.4 Transparency 72 Development Plan, energy values have been rounded to one decimal place, and aggregated 9.2.5 European Green Deal 72 growth/contraction rates are expressed as whole numbers to aid clarity. In certain cases, 10. Gas network capacity 74 rounding may lead to slight variance in sum totals. 10.1 Capital investment 75 Disclaimer Gas Networks Ireland has followed accepted 10.1.1 Investment planning 75 industry practice in the collection and analysis of data available. However, prior to taking 10.1.2 Regulatory capital allowance 75 business decisions, interested parties are advised to seek separate and independent 10.1.3 Unregulated projects 76 opinion in relation to the matters covered by the present Network Development Plan 10.1.4 Completed capital programmes 77 and should not rely solely upon data and information contained therein. Information 10.1.5 Future system capacity 77 in this document does not purport to contain all the information that a prospective investor 11. CRU commentary 80 or participant in the Republic of Ireland’s gas market may need. Copyright notice All rights reserved. This entire publication Appendix 1: Historic demand 83 is subject to the laws of copyright. This publication may not be reproduced or Appendix 2: Demand forecasts 87 transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or manual, including photocopying Appendix 3: Energy efficiency assumptions 91 without the prior written permission of Gas Networks Ireland. Appendix 4: Transmission network modelling 92 Glossary 93
02 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 Foreword 1.0 Foreword Welcome to the 2020 ten-year Network Development Plan (NDP) published by Gas Networks Ireland. This document provides a view of how the gas network may develop over a ten-year period. It is based on current supply and demand for gas, as well as projections for gas consumption and development of infrastructure. The document follows a process of engagement and consultation, both internally and through informal consultation with key industry stakeholders.
Gas Networks Ireland Foreword 03 As noted in Section 3, the primary in line with pre-COVID-19 levels on purpose of the NDP is to assess the gas aggregate. The impact of current network’s capacity based on existing ongoing COVID-19 related economic and forecast supply and demand in restrictions are incorporated in our gas order to guarantee the adequacy of demand projections. However, given the gas transportation system and the ongoing and dynamic nature of the security of supply. As such, the supply pandemic and associated restrictions, and demand assumptions which define certain modelling assumptions may the scenarios presented in this NDP evolve and become replaced relatively are based on a prudent assessment quickly – in this event, assumptions of current energy policy in Ireland. will be further calibrated in next year’s The Best Estimate scenario aligns to NDP as necessary. Throughout 2020, existing policy measures in place per gas supplies have been available Ireland’s National Energy and Climate to customers 24/7/365, which is Plan (NECP) for 2021 – 2030. Gas testament to the underlying resilience Networks Ireland continue to monitor of the gas network and the long- latter half of the forecast horizon. While ongoing energy policy development term investment strategies delivered the capacity on the interconnector and will incorporate additional policy and underpinned by the Network pipelines is more than adequate to measures into the NDP Best Estimate Development Plan process. meet all gas demand projections over scenario as they are developed. the 10 year horizon, the potential Over the 10 year forecast horizon constraint arises at the associated Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, considered in this document, gas compressor station installations. Gas Networks Ireland have demand in Ireland is anticipated Gas Networks Ireland will keep this implemented the recommendations to increase, with strong growth of potential constraint under review in and guidelines from the HSE and Irish 23% projected in the Best Estimate subsequent Network Development Government to minimise the spread scenario. The main drivers for growth Plans. Measures are being explored to of the COVID-19 virus, and frequently are within the Power Generation relieve this constraint in the medium update relevant Government sector, and include a significant and long term. Departments on our activities. projected growth in electricity demand, The COVID-19 pandemic has had a the need for additional gas-fired power Natural gas remains the fuel most notable impact on gas demand in the generation to meet this demand, and required to assist Ireland’s transition Industrial and Commercial sector, but the anticipated closure of certain non- to a low carbon economy, as it is the gas demand in the Power Generation gas fired thermal generation plant. optimal complementary energy source and Residential sectors have not been The ambitious targets assumed for to intermittent renewable energy such materially impacted and overall gas integration of renewable electricity as wind and solar, given its flexibility. usage on the network is generally sources result in the displacement of a Natural gas continues its key role in certain amount of gas demand in this Ireland’s energy system providing sector, thus off-setting the portion of approximately 30% of the country’s growth that might otherwise occur. primary energy needs. Approximately “Gas Networks Ireland Industrial and Commercial sector gas 700,000 households and businesses in continue to monitor demand is also projected to grow, as is Ireland rely on natural gas for a secure ongoing energy policy Transport. The Residential sector is the and competitive source of heating. In only sector showing negative growth 2019, 52% of Ireland’s electricity was development and will over the 10 years, this trend reflects powered by natural gas1. incorporate additional the current policy positions that are policy measures into the built into the modelling assumptions. Gas Networks Ireland welcomes the submission by the Department NDP Best Estimate scenario Given the scope for growth, the current of the Environment, Climate and as they are developed.” technical supply capacity at Moffat Communications (DECC), of Ireland’s is anticipated to be exceeded in the National Energy and Climate Plan 1 System and Renewable Data Summary Report – EirGrid
04 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 1.0 Foreword (continued) for 2021 – 2030 to the European natural gas network can be utilised as Commission. In recognising that a national vehicle refuelling network, “We are currently developing Ireland must significantly increase giving the commercial transport sector its commitments to tackling climate access to a cleaner, cheaper fuel with a Hydrogen Innovation disruption, Gas Networks Ireland a similar operational performance to Centre at the Brownsbarn published “Vision 2050 - A Net Zero diesel. Heavy goods vehicles (HGV) AGI site in Dublin. In addition, Carbon Gas Network for Ireland” in account for 20% of all energy related various studies are ongoing October 2019 which sets out one carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in potential pathway to reducing Ireland’s the road transport sector, despite internally to assess the total carbon emissions by one third, by accounting for only 3% of the total unique aspects of the Irish creating a net zero carbon gas network number of road vehicles. Gas Networks gas network in this context.” by 2050 through a combination of Ireland is targeting the conversion of technologies. 24% of heavy goods vehicles and 13% of buses to Compressed Natural Gas Renewable gas will provide an (CNG) by 2030. To date, public access Dublin. In addition, various studies are indigenous and sustainable energy stations at Dublin Port and Cashel have ongoing internally to assess the unique source, contributing significantly been constructed, commissioned and aspects of the Irish gas network in this to the reduction of emissions from are fully operational. A further nine context. Irish agriculture. The introduction publicly accessible sites are contracted of renewable gas onto the Irish gas with Forecourt Operators, with project Gas Networks Ireland wishes to network for the first time in 2019 at plans in place to deliver these stations acknowledge the key role the Kinsale Cush, Co. Kildare marked a significant over the next 2 years. gas fields have played in the supply milestone for the gas network. The of natural gas to Ireland since 1978, development of this first renewable Gas Networks Ireland welcomes the marking over four decades of gas injection facility delivers the European Commission’s ‘Green Deal’, operation. Gas Networks Ireland is capacity to facilitate enough renewable in particular the ambition for a net fully committed to ensuring that gas gas for 11,000 homes. As with other zero emissions EU economy by 2050. will continue to flow through its other renewable energy technologies, As part of the EU Green Deal, the entry points and that security of gas renewable gas requires state policy Commission announced its strategies supply will not be negatively impacted. and incentive supports to allow this for Energy System Integration and Gas Networks Ireland will continue industry to develop and grow to a long- Hydrogen in July 2020. Both strategies to ensure that a resilient, robust and term competitive fuel. Gas Networks signal a review of the gas legislative safe gas network is maintained to Ireland also recognises that the framework in 2021 which will deliver “a ensure security of supply to customers renewable gas industry needs to take competitive decarbonised gas market”. through appropriate and efficient a series of steps to deliver long-term Gas Networks Ireland will continue investment. competitiveness and this will require to monitor these developments and a coordinated approach across all progression on delivering on the EU We would like to acknowledge the stakeholders. Green Deal and will proactively engage contribution of all stakeholders with EU and national stakeholders during the process of preparing this Gas Networks Ireland is developing a in the context of considerations and document. We welcome feedback at: network of Compressed Natural Gas implications for the Irish gas market. email@example.com (CNG) re-fuelling stations for public and private network operators. This Gas Networks Ireland is active in a will help establish a network of CNG number of European gas organisations refuelling facilities along Irelands TEN-T that are assessing the readiness Core Road Network, as required under of existing gas networks to carry EU and National Policy on alternative hydrogen, including blends of natural Denis O’Sullivan, fuels, and thus facilitating a transition gas and hydrogen. We are currently Managing Director, to both natural gas and renewable developing a Hydrogen Innovation Gas Networks Ireland gas as alternative fuels. The existing Centre at the Brownsbarn AGI site in
06 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 2.0 Executive summary The Network Development Plan (NDP) provides a view of how the gas network may develop over a ten-year period. It is based on current supply and demand for gas, as well as projections for growth in gas consumption and development of infrastructure. This report is being published in accordance with Gas Networks Ireland’s statutory requirements.
Gas Networks Ireland Executive summary 07 The assessment horizon covered in Net Zero Carbon Gas Network for this report covers the ten-year period Ireland. Through a combination of Through a combination from 2019/20 to 2028/29 inclusive. technologies, Gas Networks Ireland The input data and assumptions used sets out one potential pathway of technologies, Gas for modelling gas supply and demand to reducing Ireland’s total carbon Networks Ireland sets out scenarios over the ten-year period emissions by one third by creating a net one potential pathway to were finalised in July 2020, in line zero carbon gas network. Vision 2050 reducing Ireland’s total with the modelling ‘Data Freeze’ date. outlines one potential role that the gas Further to this modelling data freeze, network and key technologies such as carbon emissions by one production of the report extended to renewable gas, compressed natural third by creating a net September 2020, and hence any non- gas for transport, Carbon Capture and zero carbon gas network. modelling information such as historic Storage (CCS) and hydrogen can play gas demand, project status and other in tackling climate change while also ancillary developments in the gas and ensuring that Ireland has a sustainable wider energy industry, available up and secure energy future. Vision 2050 until 30th September 2020 have been demonstrates how the gas network growth in 2019/20 against the previous included in this report. supports decarbonisation for domestic year. Gas demand in this sector customers, industrial users, transport, decreased by 1.6%. Within this figure The COVID-19 pandemic has had a agriculture and power generation. a tale of 2 halves has emerged over notable impact on gas demand in the 2019/20 gas year, whereby I/C gas Ireland, since restrictions were first Gas Networks Ireland is currently demand was up by 3.5% in the first half applied in March 2020. Commentary preparing a Network Implementation of the gas year (October 2019– March has been included in this NDP on Plan in compliance with S.I. No. 2020), whereas I/C gas demand was the resulting short-term impacts the 435/2004 – European Communities down by 7.4% in the second half of pandemic has had on gas demand, (Environmental Assessment of Certain the gas year (April 2020 – September as observed since March 2020. It is Plans and Programmes) Regulations 2020), when compared against the still very early stages in assessing 2004, as amended (“SEA Regulations”) same periods in 2018/19. This trend is the potential medium to long-term and S.I. No. 477/2011- European linked to the economic impact of the impact on the Irish economy and Communities (Birds and Natural COVID-19 related ongoing restrictions. consequentially on projected gas Habitats) Regulations, as amended Residential sector gas demand demand in Ireland. The assumptions (“AA Regulations”). The Network increased by 5.6% in 2019/20, the made in the NDP on the potential Implementation Plan will set out in majority portion of this growth being short-term future economic impact more detail on the manner in which weather-related, with the balance being of COVID-19 are based on the best projects identified in the Network related to new connections. available information at the time of the Development Plan will be developed modelling ‘Data Freeze’. However, given and the potential for cumulative effects In the power generation sector, annual the fluid nature of the pandemic and on the environment that may arise gas demand for 2019/20 was 2.2% the associated economic impact, the from these projects. above 2018/19 levels. This was despite gas demand forecasting assumptions an increase in installed wind generation for NDP 2020 carry a high degree of Annual Republic of Ireland (ROI) gas over the same period, and a reduction uncertainty. Next year’s NDP (2021) demands for 2019/20 were 1.5% higher in electricity demand following the will re-visit these assumptions and than 2018/19 demands following introduction of the COVID-19 related adjust them accordingly as further on from a similar increase (2.0%) in restrictions in March 2020. information becomes available on the the previous year. It is notable in the potential longer-term economic impact context of the COVID-19 pandemic, Gas fired power generation accounted of the COVID-19 pandemic. and the associated unprecedented for approximately 52% of Ireland’s changes to how we now operate in our electricity generation in 2019, as the Gas Networks Ireland, together with daily lives, Industrial and Commercial gas network continues to complement its parent company Ervia, published (I/C) annual gas demand was the only renewable generation. The partnership in October 2019, the Vision 2050 - A sector which experienced negative between flexible gas-fired power
08 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 2.0 Executive summary (continued) generation and intermittent namely Low, Best estimate and High The development of peak day demands renewable generation will be a key demand scenarios. These scenarios are across the various scenarios shows factor in enabling Ireland’s renewable designed to represent a broad range of the same broad trends as the annual integration ambition into the future, as likely outcomes and are informed by a demand forecasts. However, there are a set out in the Climate Action Plan and range of external and internal factors. number of key differences, particularly the National Energy and Climate Plan. The NDP Best Estimate scenario is regarding the power generation sector aligned to the ENTSOG/ENTSOE TYNDP gas demand profile. Over the forecast In 2019 approximately 47% of Ireland’s Best Estimate and National Trends horizon 1-in-50 peak day demand is gas demand (ROI) was supplied from scenarios. predicted to grow by 19.1%, and by indigenous sources. The balance of 21.5% for the average year peak in the supply, almost 53% came through the In the Best Estimate demand scenario Best Estimate demand scenario. subsea interconnectors via the Moffat annual ROI gas demand is expected Entry Point in Scotland. July 2020 to grow by 23% between 2019/20 and The Corrib gas field is expected to marked the final commercial volumes 2028/29 with 7% growth forecast in meet approximately 27% of annual Gas of gas supply from the Kinsale gas the Low demand scenario and growth Networks Ireland system demands fields onto the Gas Networks Ireland of 45% forecast in the High demand (35% of ROI demand) in 2020/21, with transmission system via the Inch Entry scenarios respectively over the same the Moffat Entry Point providing the Point. horizon. These trends are dominated remaining 73%. by the strong continued requirement In order to inform how the gas network for gas fired power generation in There are a large number of properties may develop over a ten-year period, the electricity system to meet the located close to the gas network and to provide a comprehensive projected levels of demand growth in which are not connected to natural analysis, Gas Networks Ireland has the electricity system. gas. It is estimated that there are over developed three gas demand scenarios 700,000 households in Ireland using for the period 2019/20 to 2028/29, oil for central heating of which 300,000
Gas Networks Ireland Executive summary 09 Networks Ireland has developed a K Cashel on the M8 motorway. The “Gas Networks Ireland combined offering of natural gas, stations are fully operational and renewable gas and dark fibre services have been integrated with Circle K’s now facilitates direct grid (through its subsidiary Aurora systems, and as such CNG is now injection projects through a Telecom) to provide the data centre sold through the forecourt in a similar connection policy framework sector with its primary source of fashion to diesel and petrol. A further energy and fibre connectivity. Natural nine publicly accessible sites are and is also supporting gas can be used for onsite energy contracted with Forecourt Operators, remote cluster developments generation leveraging the existing with project plans in place to deliver with Central Grid Injection reliable gas network infrastructure, these stations over the next 2 years. In (CGI) infrastructure.” offering data centre operators a addition, a private fast-fill CNG station primary source of power for data is fully operational at the Clean Ireland centres requiring 99.999% availability, Recycling premises in Smithstown flexible on-site generation capacity Industrial Estate, Shannon, Co. Clare. are located in close proximity to the to complement flexible grid power Clean Ireland Recycling have replaced gas network and could be readily connections, or back up generation a portion of their diesel-powered fleet connected to gas resulting in significant to cater for grid power outages. with dedicated CNG waste collection benefits from an environmental Gas Networks Ireland expects the vehicles, the first of their kind to be perspective, considering natural gas penetration of gas connections in this operated in Ireland. The company plan emits 22% less CO2 and negligible levels sector to increase in the coming years. to transition the rest of their fleet to of nitrogen dioxide (NOx) & sulphur these lower-emission CNG trucks in the dioxide (SOx) versus oil. Where there Gas Networks Ireland is targeting the coming years. is no natural gas network available, conversion of 24% of heavy goods Gas Networks Ireland supports deep vehicles (HGV) and 13% of buses In 2017, Gas Networks Ireland retrofit investment to bring as many of to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) launched its Compressed Natural Gas Ireland’s homes to a B2 energy rating by 2030. By the end of the current Vehicle Fund making up to €20,000 standard. However, where homes NDP period (2028/29), Gas Networks available to businesses towards the using oil (to provide heating and hot Ireland is expecting to see annual purchase of a new Natural Gas Vehicle water) are located on or close to the CNG demand of circa 837.8 GWh/yr. (NGV). The Vehicle Fund has made a natural gas network, Gas Networks Gas Networks Ireland is conducting a total of €700k of funding available to Ireland recommends upgrading these project for a nationwide CNG fuelling transport operators, supporting the homes to a B2 BER by carrying out network, co-located in existing purchase of a range of commercial basic insulation, switching to high forecourts, on major routes and/or vehicles including trucks, buses efficiency condensing gas boilers and close to urban centres. This will help and vans powered by Compressed controls, replacing lighting with LED satisfy the requirements of the EU’s Natural Gas (CNG), and is part of a equivalents and installing solar PV (European Union) Alternative Fuels process to promote natural gas as a panels. This work can be carried out at Directive which aims to establish CNG transport fuel in Ireland. The Vehicle up to one third of the cost of the deep refuelling facilities along the TEN-T Fund is supported by the Commission retrofit works, and with significantly Core Road Network. The initial phase for Regulation of Utilities (CRU) and less disruption. This proposal means of this network rollout is through the is co-financed by the European that up to 300,000 homes could be Causeway Study which has begun to Union’s TEN-T Programme under the upgraded to a B2 BER at one third of deliver this essential infrastructure. Connecting Europe Facility as part of the cost of the alternative deep retrofit The CNG Stations will be strategically the Causeway Project. This has been costs, reducing CO2 emissions while located to deliver the required successfully allocated supporting also future proofing these homes for outputs of the Causeway Study and to 39 dedicated natural gas vehicles in renewable gas as it becomes available maximise utilisation of the assets. the market. These vehicles alone are in greater quantities on the network. expected to utilise up to 20 GWh/ of Public access stations have been CNG, emitting approximately 4,600 Ireland has rapidly emerged as a constructed at the Circle K Service tonnes less of CO2 per year. prime data hosting destination. Gas Station in Dublin Port, and at Circle
10 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 2.0 Executive summary (continued) Gas Networks Ireland commissioned establish the basis for “the coordinated the first renewable gas grid injection planning and operation of the energy “Gas Networks Ireland facility in Cush, County Kildare, and it system as a whole, across multiple energy was officially declared an Entry Point in carriers”. In parallel, the EC’s Hydrogen will continue to ensure May 2020. Gas Networks Ireland now Strategy sets out an ambitious roadmap that a resilient, robust facilitates direct grid injection projects for the development of a European and safe gas network is through a connection policy framework hydrogen economy by 2030. According maintained to customers and is also supporting remote cluster to the Commission, hydrogen “offers a developments with Central Grid solution to decarbonise industrial processes through appropriate and Injection (CGI) infrastructure. As with and economic sectors where reducing efficient investment” other renewable energy technologies, carbon emissions is both urgent and renewable gas requires state policy hard to achieve”. Both strategies signal and incentive supports to allow this a “review of the legislative framework to industry to develop and grow to a design a competitive decarbonised gas Networks Ireland will mitigate against long-term competitive fuel. With market, fit for renewable gases”, by 2021. these modelled system constraints to the pending implementation of the Gas Networks Ireland will continue maintain system resilience and security support scheme for the production to monitor these developments of supply. Any such mitigating works and grid injection of biomethane, Gas and proactively engage with EU and are identified as part of the Network Networks Ireland has produced three national stakeholders, in the context of Implementation Plan. renewable gas production forecasts considerations and implications for the (Low, Best Estimate and High) based Irish gas market. During late 2017 and early 2018, the on assumed different levels of support. gas network has again demonstrated The National Energy and Climate Plan Gas Networks Ireland is in the fourth its resilience through extreme weather (NECP) has proposed an indicative year of its fourth regulatory Price events Storms Emma and Ophelia, with target of 1.6 TWh/yr biomethane Control period (PC4) which concludes no loss of gas supply to households, production by 2030, which will be in September 2022. The CRU has businesses or the power generation reviewed in 2023 as part of the review given a capital allowance of €554m sector. process for the NECP. In maintaining for investment in the distribution and alignment to current policy measures, transmission networks. Gas Networks Ireland will continue to the NDP Best Estimate scenario ensure that a resilient, robust and safe assumes 1.4 TWh/yr of renewable gas Capacity limitations are identified on gas network is maintained to customers in the supply mix by the end of the the network and addressed through through appropriate and efficient current NDP period (2028/29), but appropriate capital investment investment. In the context of Brexit, in further scope remains for renewable programmes in order to ensure addition to continued collaboration with gas production beyond the NECP continuity of supply to all customers. our UK counterparts, Gas Networks indicative target. In 2019, 11 projects were completed Ireland is fully committed to ensuring The landmark European ‘Green Deal’ including 3 AGI Capacity Upgrades, that gas will continue to flow through was announced by the European 7 Reinforcements of the Distribution its interconnectors and that gas supply Commission (EC) in December 2019, Network and 1 CNG station located in will not be negatively impacted following with the intention of transforming the Cashel. These projects were subject completion of the transitional period. EU into a “fair and prosperous society, to the appropriate consenting and with a modern, resource-efficient and planning regimes as set out in Section 3. competitive economy where there are no net emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050”. Gas Networks Ireland continuously Following this, of keen interest to Gas undertakes detailed system modelling Networks Ireland was the adoption of of the network in order to assess the the constituent EU strategies for Energy capacity of the network. The Best System Integration and Hydrogen Estimate demand scenario identified announced in July 2020. The Strategy for in Section 6 is modelled to identify any Energy System Integration sets out to potential capacity constraints. Gas
12 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 3.0 Introduction Key messages: The gas network currently consists of 2,477 km of high pressure steel transmission pipelines and 12,044 km lower pressure polyethylene distribution pipelines. Natural gas is available in 21 counties and there are circa 700,000 users in Ireland. The Network Development Plan (NDP) provides a view of how the gas network may develop over a ten-year period. It is based on current supply and demand for gas, as well as projections for growth in gas consumption and development of infrastructure.
Gas Networks Ireland Introduction 13 3.1 Licence/regulatory The project of common interest (PCI large capital projects and proposed obligations 12.6), the Ervia Cork Carbon Capture new technologies, these projects are Gas Networks Ireland is a wholly Utilisation & Storage (CCUS) project, subject to the appropriate consenting owned subsidiary of Ervia and was was included on the 4th list of PCI and planning regimes as set out established in accordance with the projects as published in October under the Gas Acts 1976 to 2009, Gas Regulation Act 2013, as amended. 2019. This potential project will involve the Planning and Development Acts It owns and operates the natural gas the development of the necessary 2000 to 2011 and other relevant transmission and distribution networks infrastructure to transport captured National and European law. In in Ireland. As Ireland’s gas Transmission CO2 from a CCUS cluster of heavy order to assist with its obligations System Operator (TSO), Gas Networks industry (oil refinery) and two gas in this regard, Gas Networks Ireland Ireland is required to submit a ten-year fired CCGTs to enable the CO2 to be implements an environmental and Network Development Plan to the transported either to local geological planning assessment procedure for Commission of Regulation of Utilities store or if unavailable to another store works designed and planned for Gas (CRU) in accordance with Article 22 of managed by another CCUS project Networks Ireland. This procedure EU Directive 2009/73/EC and Article 11 developer. includes an environmental assessment of the EC2 (Internal Market in Natural tool known as ‘envirokit’ supported Gas and Electricity) (Amendment) The project of common interest (PCI by a guidance document known Regulations 2015. Gas Networks 12.4), the Northern Lights project, was as ‘enviroplan’. Together they are a Ireland is also obliged to submit a long- included on the 4th list of PCI projects bespoke environmental planning term development statement to the as published in October 2019. The and assessment tool modelled on CRU in accordance with condition 11 of project, being led by the Norwegian environmental legal and regulatory its Transmission System Operator and company Equinor and in which Ervia is requirements and best environmental Distribution System Operator licences. a partner, is a commercial CO2 cross- practice, including requirements The publication of the NDP also border transport connection project pursuant to the EIA Directive (85/337/ satisfies the requirements of Section between several European capture EEC), as amended and the Habitats 19 of the Gas (Interim) (Regulations) Act initiatives where the captured CO2 will Directive (92/43/EEC), as amended. This 2002, as amended by the European be transported by ship to a storage site procedure ensures that environmental Communities (Security of Natural Gas on the Norwegian continental shelf. and planning matters and appropriate Supply) Regulations 2007 (S.I. No. 697 mitigation measures are considered of 2007). This requires the CRU to The 5th PCI list is expected to and communicated during the design monitor and publish a report outlining be published by the European and project planning stages of all gas supply and demand in Ireland over Commission in October 2021. ENTSOG Gas Network Ireland projects. Gas seven years. will evaluate all candidate gas projects Networks Ireland is currently preparing as required, as part of its Ten-Year a Network Implementation Plan which In accordance with Article 3 of Network Development Plan (TYNDP) will be screened for the purposes of Regulation (EU) 347/2013, as amended, and project promoters will need to compliance with the SEA (Strategic on guidelines for trans-European apply to the European Commission for Environmental Assessment) and AA energy infrastructure, Gas Networks inclusion on the 5th PCI list in 2021. (Appropriate Assessment) Regulations Ireland is obliged to confer with and which will set out in more detail regional groups on relevant regional 3.2 Environmental and the manner in which projects identified and national infrastructure plans. planning considerations in the Network Development Plan will The purpose of the NDP is to assess be developed and it will also assess the The project of common interest (PCI the gas network’s capacity based potential for cumulative effects on the 5.3), Shannon LNG, has been included on existing and forecast supply and environment that may arise from these on the 4th PCI list published in October demand in order to guarantee the projects. 2019. This independent third-party adequacy of the gas transportation project potentially involves a new system and security of supply. entry point near Ballylongford in Co. While it outlines a number of capital Kerry and a connection to the ROI gas projects which will be delivered over transmission system. the coming years, future proposed 2 European Commission
14 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 3.0 Introduction (continued) 3.3 Overview of the Gas From just 31 km of transmission The distribution infrastructure is Networks Ireland system pipeline in 1978, the Gas Networks typically operated at 4 barg and Gas Networks Ireland builds, develops Ireland network currently consists less than 100 mbarg for inner city and operates Ireland’s world-class gas of 2,477 km of high pressure steel networks. infrastructure, maintaining over 14,521 transmission pipelines and 12,044 km of gas pipelines and two sub-sea km lower pressure polyethylene The natural gas network has interconnectors. distribution pipelines, as well as Above demonstrated resilience and reliability Ground Installations (AGIs), District through severe winter weather The Gas Networks Ireland transmission Regulating Installations (DRIs) and conditions, particularly during January network includes onshore Scotland, compressor stations. AGIs and DRIs are and December 2010 when record interconnectors and the onshore used to control and reduce pressures sub-zero temperatures were recorded. ROI network. The interconnector on the network. During late 2017 and early 2018, the (IC) sub-system comprises of two gas network again demonstrated its subsea interconnectors between ROI The ROI onshore part of the system resilience through extreme weather and Scotland; compressor stations consists primarily of a ring-main events, storm Emma and Ophelia, with at Beattock and Brighouse Bay. The system with spur lines serving various no loss of gas supply to households, interconnector system connects network configurations. businesses or the power generation to Great Britain’s (GB) National sector. Natural gas is available in 21 Transmission System (NTS) at Moffat The gas infrastructure is differentiated counties and there are circa 700,000 in Scotland. It also supplies gas to by the following pressure regimes: users in Ireland. Gas Networks Ireland the Northern Ireland (NI) market via is responsible for connecting all new ྲྲ High pressure transmission Twynholm, Scotland and the Isle of gas customers to the network, and for infrastructure which operates above Man (IOM) market via the second work on service pipes and meters at 16 barg; subsea interconnector (IC2). customers’ premises, on behalf of all ྲྲ Distribution infrastructure which gas suppliers in Ireland. operates below 16 barg. Figure 3-1: Gas Networks Ireland total network breakdown 2,477 km 12,044 km transmission distribution pipeline pipeline Total network length 14,521 km
Gas Networks Ireland Introduction 15 Figure 3-2: Overview of the Gas Networks Ireland transmission system Existing Pipelines Pipelines Owned by Others Interconnection Points Entry Point Scotland Renewable Gas Entry Point Moﬀat Coleraine Beattock Terregles Derry City Ballymoney Limavady Twynholm AGI Ballymena Brighouse Bay Kirkcudbright Strabane Antrim Magherafelt Cookstown Carrickfergus Omagh Coalisland Belfast Dungannon Lurgan Corrib Gas Field Portadown Craigavon Enniskillen Armagh Banbridge Bellanaboy Tullykenney Derrylin Newry Lough Egish Ballina r2 Cootehill cto Isle of Man Crossmolina Carrickmacross Dundalk n ne rco r1 e Int to Castlebar Bailieborough Kingscourt Virginia ec nn co Westport Claremorris Kells Drogheda er Int Navan Ballinrobe Gormanston Ballymahon Mullingar Trim Tuam Headford Athlone Kilcock Loughshinny Enﬁeld Ballinasloe Galway Prosperous Dublin Tullamore Naas Craughwell Kildare Bray Tynagh Portarlington Blessington Loughrea Monasterevin Ballymore Eustace Gort Portlaoise Kilcullen Wicklow Cush Rathdrum Athy Ennis Sixmilebridge Nenagh Carlow Arklow Ballina Ballyragget Shannon Kilkenny Limerick Aughinish Askeaton Tipperary Town Cashel Great Carrick-on-Suir Island Cahir Listowel Charleville Wexford Mitchelstown Clonmel Waterford Ardﬁnnan Tramore Mallow Belview Fermoy Port Cork Macroom Bandon Whitegate Ballineen Kinsale Inch Terminal Kinsale Head Gas Field Seven Heads Gas Field ] The Kinsale gas ﬁelds and the associated Inch Entry Point are currently undergoing a decommissioning process.
16 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 4.0 The future of the gas network Key messages: Gas Networks Ireland, together with its parent company Ervia, published “Vision 2050 - A Net Zero Carbon Gas Network for Ireland” on the 3rd of October 2019. Replacing diesel in HGVs and buses with CNG can deliver immediate emissions reductions, air quality improvement (by eliminating particulate matter) and noise reduction. CCS can capture up to 100% of the CO2 emissions produced from the use of fossil fuels in electricity generation and industrial processes, significantly reducing the amount of carbon dioxide entering the atmosphere. Hydrogen may be stored indefinitely and may be used in heat, transport, industry or power generation. Gas Networks Ireland welcomes the strength of the ambition and the associated governance set out in the Climate Action Plan and recognises that Ireland must significantly increase its commitments to tacking climate disruption.
Gas Networks Ireland The future of the gas network 17 Gas Networks Ireland, together with its parent company Ervia, published “Vision 2050 – A Net Zero Carbon Gas Network for Ireland”3 on the 3rd of October 2019. Through a combination of technologies, Gas Networks Ireland sets out one potential pathway to reducing Ireland’s total carbon emissions by one third by creating a net zero carbon gas network. Vision 2050 outlines one potential role that the gas network and key technologies such as renewable gas, compressed natural gas (CNG) for transport, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and hydrogen can play in tackling climate change while also ensuring that Ireland has a sustainable and secure energy future. Vision 2050 demonstrates how the gas network supports decarbonisation for domestic customers, industrial users, transport, agriculture and power generation. Today, gas is used to generate approximately 52% of Ireland’s electricity. A move to achieving a 70% renewable energy share in electricity generation (RES-E), such as from wind and solar, is planned by 2030 Ireland has a secure energy supply at CCS, meaning Ireland can continue to as part of ambitious national climate all times. benefit from the reliability of the gas action targets. And while Ireland network in a low carbon future. has excellent renewable resources, Natural Gas is the earth’s cleanest renewable energy, by its very fossil fuel. It emits 40% less CO2 than In line with emerging energy policy and nature, is intermittent – sometimes coal and 22% less CO2 than oil4. It also climate ambition targets, Gas Networks the wind doesn’t blow, or the sun produces negligible levels of nitrogen Ireland is continuously reviewing and doesn’t shine. As such, for renewable dioxide (NOx) and sulphur dioxide (SOx) developing further potential pathways energy to achieve its full potential, compared to oil or coal. Switching from to achieve a decarbonised gas network investment in complementary energy these higher carbon fuels to natural by 2050, with a view to complementing is required. Natural gas is the optimal gas can deliver immediate emissions and enhancing the pathway set out complementary energy source for benefits. The existing gas network is in Vision 2050. It is intended to share renewable energy such as wind and already capable of taking on significant these pathways as the Vision 2050 solar. Achieving 70% RES-E will require new energy demands. Crucially, publication is refreshed through future a significant reliance on gas powered up to 100% of the carbon dioxide editions. electricity generation to provide the emissions from gas powered electricity balance of requirements and to ensure generation can be captured through 3 https://www.gasnetworks.ie/vision-2050/future-of-gas/GNI_Vision_2050_Report_Final.pdf 4 Government of Ireland, 2019, Climate Action Plan, https://www.gov.ie/en/publication/ccb2e0-the-climate-action-plan-2019/
18 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 4.0 The future of the gas network (continued) Figure 4-1: The future of the gas network Natural gas imports Indigenous natural gas Biomethane BIO injection CNG Local anerobic RNG digestion H H C H H Biomethane Oﬀ site agri anerobic digestion BIO Industrial & CNG Hydrogen commercial Residential transport H2
Gas Networks Ireland The future of the gas network 19 Gas ﬁred Industrial & Data heat pumps commercial centres Residential NGV CNG CNG CO2 Power CO2 capture unit CO2 compression CO2 underground generation & conditioning storage Electrical Network Wind Solar CO2 Electrolysis O2 H2 Steam methane reformer Biomethane injection
20 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 4.0 The future of the gas network (continued) 4.1 Compressed (Transport) provides more detail in sustainable feedstock and consider Natural Gas (CNG) relation to CNG. how the supports necessary to reach CNG is natural gas stored under high such a target would be funded5. Gas pressure. Replacing diesel in HGVs 4.2 Renewable gas Networks Ireland is active in facilitating and buses with CNG can deliver Renewable Gas is biomethane (purified the emergence and uptake of this new immediate emissions reductions, air biogas) produced from existing waste energy source via the existing gas quality improvement (by eliminating streams and a variety of sustainable network. A network of renewable gas particulate matter) and noise biomass sources, including grass, injection points is under development reduction. CNG is particularly well animal waste, crop residues and food with the first commissioned in 2019. suited to delivering the high power waste. It is net zero carbon, extremely Gas Networks Ireland is working and distance requirements of heavy- versatile and fully compatible with with Teagasc, Marine and Renewable duty transport including HGVs, buses existing gas network infrastructure. Energy Ireland (MaREI) and other key and ships. Bio-CNG is renewable gas It is identical in standard to natural stakeholders to develop plans for a stored under high pressure. It can be gas and can be used for all the same renewable gas industry for Ireland used as a renewable transport fuel applications, using the same machinery in partnership with farmers and in the same way as CNG but delivers (boilers, appliances, etc.). It can be communities. Gas Networks Ireland even greater emissions savings. Gas blended with, or can act as a substitute has implemented a registry system Networks Ireland is conducting studies for, natural gas. to issue certificates for renewable gas for a nationwide CNG fuelling network, injected into the Gas Networks Ireland co-located in existing forecourts, on Action 130 of the Climate Action grid (Green Gas Certificates). This major routes and/ or close to urban Plan sets out the Government’s system provides proof of the origin centres. This comprehensive refuelling intention to set a target for the level of and sustainability of renewable gas station network will allow a transition energy to be supplied by indigenous sources which will stimulate the use of to both natural gas and renewable biomethane injection in 2030, taking renewable gas by industry and other gas as alternative fuels. Section 8.4 account of the domestic supplies of sectors. Figure 4-2: Renewable gas story Cleaner environment Cleaner energy Agriculture for electricity, heat & transport Food production The renewable gas story Renewable gas Farm & food waste injected into the gas network Renewable gas Anaerobic digester transported Bio-fertiliser Carbon neutral renewable gas 5 https://www.gov.ie/en/publication/43721d-annex-of-actions/
Gas Networks Ireland The future of the gas network 21 Figure 4-3: Carbon capture and storage CO2 Gas-ﬁred CCGT Carbon CO2 CO2 CO2 power plant or capture unit compression transportation underground industry and storage conditioning Existing or new All of the CO2 The captured CO2 CO2 is transported The CO2 is injected power plant / separated from is compressed by pipeline or ship into the depleted emissions point exhaust gas and dried to a suitable store oil and gas ﬁeld or a saline aquifer for permanent storage It is envisioned that a number of captured CO2 is then compressed Climate Action Plan further identified Centralised Grid Injection facilities will and conditioned and transported to a the potential for CCS and set about the be geographically dispersed across the suitable storage site, either an offshore establishment of a Steering Group to country at locations in close proximity depleted gas field or a saline aquifer. examine and oversee the feasibility of to the existing gas grid. Renewable the utilisation of CCS in Ireland. gas producers within 60km of the From a policy perspective, the Irish Working in conjunction with the existing gas grid will be able to avail of Government’s National Mitigation Government’s CCS Steering Group, these facilities, using high capacity gas Plan6 (NMP) (2017) recognised that Gas Networks Ireland and Ervia are storage trailers to transport their gas “CCS could facilitate decarbonisation currently carrying out a study into via road, and inject into the national of our electricity sector while allowing the feasibility of CCS for Ireland. In gas grid. The locations of these Central an appropriate level of gas fired October 2019, EirGrid, published their Gas Injection facilities are not yet generation to balance intermittent Tomorrow’s Energy Scenarios (TES) finalised, and Gas Networks Ireland is renewable generation”. The policy 2019 report. The TES sets out a range currently assessing their feasibility. document committed to an action of credible pathways for Ireland’s clean to “explore the feasibility of utilising energy transition, with specific focus 4.3 Carbon Capture suitable reservoirs of CO2 storage” on what it means for the electricity and Storage (CCS) while also recognising that a feasibility transmission system over the next 20 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a study should be undertaken to years. The TES is based on Government suite of technologies that can capture determine the potential application of policy objectives around renewable up to 95% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) CCS in Ireland in the future. energy share in electricity (RES-E) and emissions produced from the use of emission reductions targets. Two of fossil fuels in electricity generation Leading on from the NMP, in June 2019 the three scenarios modelled deliver and industrial processes, significantly the Government published its “Climate 70% RES-E by 2030 with both scenarios reducing the amount of carbon Action Plan 2019 – To Tackle Climate deploying CCS as a decarbonising dioxide entering the atmosphere. The Breakdown”. Action 33 from the technology. The scenario which does 6 https://www.gov.ie/en/publication/48d4e-national-mitigation-plan/
22 Gas Networks Ireland Network Development Plan 2020 4.0 The future of the gas network (continued) Gas Networks Ireland in conjunction Ervia Cork Carbon Capture Utilisation & “The Norwegian government with Ervia is investigating the potential Storage (CCUS) Project (PCI 12.6). This for a large-scale CCS project in Ireland project will involve the development has committed to supporting to capture the CO2 from a number of of the necessary infrastructure to the Northern Lights gas-fired CCGT power plants (so that transport captured CO2 from a CCUS project with c. €1.5 bn to they can provide low-carbon electricity) cluster of heavy industry (oil refinery) and from large-scale industrial emitters. and two gas fired CCGTs to enable the develop a store which will The initial phase of the feasibility CO2 to be transported either to local be open to receive CO2 study looked to quantify the potential geological store or if unavailable to from across Europe. “ for CCS across electricity generation another store managed by another and industry and concentrated on CCUS project developer. The import indigenous storage at the depleted infrastructure and geological store not deploy CCS does not meet either Kinsale Head gas field. Initial will also be made available as a the RES-E or the emissions reduction assessments of the potential for storage backup storage facility to other CCUS targets. EirGrid identify the benefit at the Kinsale field are positive and over developments. The utilisation of CO2 of ‘pursuing both CCS and renewable the coming years Ervia will progress was included in the project scope to gas options for Ireland as this reduces further the feasibility and the potential account for the reuse of a proportion the reliance on a single option, while for CCS with indigenous storage. of CO2 as a feedstock to industry. helping to mitigate as much as possible a long-term reliance on non-abated During this phase of the feasibility In May 2020 Ervia applied to the CEF fossil fuels’. study, Ervia engaged with the fund to undertake pre-Front End Norwegian company Equinor, a world Engineering and Design (FEED) studies Currently in Ireland, natural gas leader in CCS technology. In September of the key components of a CO2 fired power generation makes up 2019, Ervia signed a Memorandum transportation network under the Ervia approximately 52% of Ireland’s current of Understanding with Equinor and PCI. Following on from this, in October electricity needs and at certain will now work with Equinor and the 2020 Ervia received notification that times of the year, June/July 2018, this Norwegian Government’s wider the application was successful. The has averaged at over 70% and has ‘Northern Lights’ project which aims to study will examine different scenarios peaked at up to 90%. Ireland also has drive CCS development across Europe. of CO2 emissions, including volume and a large percentage of its electricity The Norwegian government has supply profiles, and will focus initially needs met by renewable generation committed to supporting the Northern on the Cork CCUS cluster but will be (approximately 31% in 2019) which Lights project with c. €1.5 bn to develop applicable to all other potential clusters in the long term is expected to need a store which will be open to receive in Ireland. low-carbon dispatchable generation CO2 from across Europe. If successful, to back it up and to provide electricity the project would see carbon Ervia and Gas Networks Ireland will when there isn’t any renewable emissions from Ireland’s electricity continue to assess CCS options for generation available. production and large industry power generation and industry, and captured and exported via ship to be in addition for low-carbon hydrogen Given Ireland’s limited alternative permanently stored in Norway’s vast production. options for low-carbon dispatchable geological reserves in the North Sea. generation, CCS on gas-fired power This is known as the ‘Export Option’ 4.4 Hydrogen generation has emerged as a viable and will be explored further, in parallel Hydrogen is a carbon free flammable option. with the indigenous storage option. gas that can be produced from Through an export model, Ireland can renewable electricity and be stored Globally it is also recognised that there access CCS solutions with lower risk indefinitely. are certain manufacturing industries and commitment. that have no solution to decarbonise Internationally hydrogen is primarily other than CCS. These include oil The project has been granted Project produced for the industrial gas market refining, cement manufacturing and of Common Interest (PCI) status in by separating it from natural gas. It is incineration, all of which are operating October 2019 which enables it to apply anticipated that this process will be in Ireland and producing significant for Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) enhanced by capturing and storing the emissions. funding. The title of the project is the resulting carbon dioxide in the short
Gas Networks Ireland The future of the gas network 23 to medium term and in the long term Brownsbarn AGI site with funding Power to gas renewable hydrogen production from from the Gas Innovation Fund. This Power to gas describes the production water electrolysis will dominate. is facility is independent of the gas of hydrogen by electrolysis, the network and will use certified blends chemical decomposition of water into The EC has recently released a of natural gas and hydrogen for the hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen communication ‘A hydrogen strategy purposes of assessing the compatibility produced is classified as green for a climate-neutral Europe ‘. This of elements of the distribution network hydrogen when it is produced by landmark document sets out the and appliances typically used in renewable electricity and carbon does ambition for hydrogen in Europe Ireland. The facility will be able to begin not feature in the production process and the phases it foresees in its the process of evaluating aspects or gas itself. Green hydrogen is the development. There is recognition of the network that are particular to preferred production method in the that hydrogen is required to achieve Ireland and provide an opportunity long term once both the production full decarbonisation of the energy use for Gas Networks Ireland staff and equipment and renewable electricity and will be needed to decarbonise stakeholders to gain experience of sources such as offshore wind scale up high heat applications in industry hydrogen blends. sufficiently. and heavy use transport. Hydrogen is also envisaged as playing a role in Gas Networks Ireland in conjunction Renewable electricity developers have space heating and dispatchable power with Ervia maintain links with a engaged with Gas Networks Ireland, generation. The EC has signalled an number of Ireland’s leading academic exploring the potential for hydrogen intention to put substantial investment institutions who are conducting production and this has resulted in into hydrogen and establish it as a research into the potential role of several connection enquiries being major pillar in a future decarbonised hydrogen in Ireland. Gas Networks submitted and responded to. This is a energy system. Ireland is part of the Energy Systems particularly interesting development Integration Partnership Programme in two respects. Firstly, it provides Research (ESIPP) and works closely with an early indication of the level of Gas Networks Ireland is active in a University College Dublin (UCD) in a interest there may be from renewable number of European gas organisations number of projects including modelling developers to enter a new green that are assessing the readiness how power to gas may interact with hydrogen production market. Secondly of existing gas networks to carry gas network. Gas Networks Ireland it has encouraged us to start looking hydrogen and blends of natural gas are an associate partner in the into the implications of hydrogen and hydrogen. There is increasing GenComm project led by Belfast producers connecting to the network, confidence of the ability of the Metropolitan College and in which raising questions such as where the polyethylene distribution networks the National University of Ireland appropriate locations for connection in particular to carry up to 100% Galway (NUIG) and Viridian are key are, and the need for storage to ensure hydrogen. The polyethylene material participants. This Interreg funded both gas quality and the available itself is compatible and experience is project plans to produce renewable quantity can be maintained for being gained through demonstration hydrogen for supply to buses in Belfast. customers. Further engagement with projects on new and existing networks. Gas Networks Ireland are associate prospective producers will also result Work on assessing the compatibility of partners in the Hydrogen Utilisation in the development of the technical steel transmission pipelines in ongoing and Green Energy (HUGE) project in requirements and identifying the costs and there is progress in identifying the association with NUIG examining the associated with hydrogen injection. challenges and mitigations associated potential role of hydrogen in remote with transporting hydrogen. The communities. The EC launched its ‘Strategy for evaluation of the suitability of the Energy System Integration’ on 8th gas network in Ireland will be a major Gas Networks Ireland are currently of July 2020. This is one of the most focus for Gas Networks Ireland in the working with Hydrogen Ireland ambitious and all-encompassing coming years to establish the suitability Association which is proposing project elements of the European ‘Green Deal’ of safely transporting hydrogen and HyLight – a project focused on the (refer to Section 9.2.5), providing the blends of hydrogen. production and injection of hydrogen basis for “the coordinated planning and to the gas network. operation of the energy system as a Gas Networks Ireland is developing whole, across multiple energy carriers, a Hydrogen Innovation Centre at the infrastructures, and consumption
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