PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University

 
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
PROSPECTUS 2019/202 0
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
DISCLAIMER:

THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS INTENDED FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.
IT MAY BE CHANGED OR UPDATED WITHOUT FORMAL NOTICE THROUGHOUT THE ACADEMIC YEAR.
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
Content
PREFACE.............................................................................................................. 2
ADMISSION, ENROLMENT AND ACADEMIC OPTIONS........................................................... 4
  ADMISSION ....................................................................................................................................... 4
  ENROLMENT ..................................................................................................................................... 4
ACADEMIC EXCHANGE / STUDY ABROAD ....................................................................... 5
  THUAS MISSION................................................................................................................................ 5
  COURSE INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................ 5
  STUDENT PREREQUISITES ..................................................................................................................... 5
  EXCHANGE PARTNER SLOTS AVAILABLE FOR ACADEMIC YEAR 2018/2019 ............................................. 6
  APPLICATION PROCEDURE FOR EXCHANGE AND FREEMOVER SLOTS................................................................... 6
CAREER PROSPECTS ................................................................................................ 9
CENTURIA STUDY ASSOCIATION ................................................................................ 11
THE FACULTY ...................................................................................................... 13
SSMS… IN FOUR YEARS............................................................................................ 18
  PROGRAMME STRUCTURE ................................................................................................................... 18
  PROGRAMME OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................... 18
  PROGRAMME CURRICULUM ................................................................................................................. 19
  YEAR 1 - Introducing Safety and Security .................................................................... 20
    Semester 1 - Module 1 ....................................................................................... 20
    Semester 1 - Module 2 ....................................................................................... 21
    Semester 2 - Module 3 ....................................................................................... 23
    Semester 2 - Module 4 ....................................................................................... 25
    Track Courses.................................................................................................. 27
  YEAR 2 ............................................................................................................. 30
    Module 5: Safety and Citizenship .......................................................................... 30
    Module 6: Industrial Safety ................................................................................. 32
    Module 7: Managing Disasters and Crises ................................................................. 34
    Module 8: International Perspectives on Safety and Security ......................................... 36
    Track Courses.................................................................................................. 38
  YEAR 3 ............................................................................................................. 39
    Module 9 & 10: Minors ....................................................................................... 39
    Module 11: Innovations in Safety and Security .......................................................... 41
    Module 12: Rethinking Safety and Security .............................................................. 43
  YEAR 4 ............................................................................................................. 45
    Final Graduation Phase ...................................................................................... 45
APPENDICES 1 - 5 ................................................................................................ 46
APPENDIX 1: EDUCATION PROGRAMME (OLP) ................................................................ 47
APPENDIX 2: COMPETENCIES .................................................................................... 57
APPENDIX 3: SSMS BOOK LIST ................................................................................... 59
  YEAR 1 ............................................................................................................. 60
  YEAR 2 ............................................................................................................. 63
  YEAR 3 ............................................................................................................. 65
APPENDIX 4: ACADEMIC CALENDAR ............................................................................ 67
APPENDIX 5: THUAS CAMPUS LOCATION ...................................................................... 69
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
Preface
Dear SSMS student,

Welcome to Safety and Security Management Studies (SSMS) at the Hague University of Applied
Sciences!

Safety and security are high on the agenda in our contemporary global community. In recent years,
the idea took hold that apparently isolated incidents such as the airline disaster on Tenerife, the
Heizel tragedy, the Dutroux case, the explosion in the fireworks plant in Enschede and the political
assassination of Theo van Gogh, could actually be regarded as symptoms of a more fundamental, all-
encompassing global problem of an increasing lack of safety and security.

Additional risks and threats, such as petty crime, societal problems resulting from rapid migration,
road safety, and environmental problems, became part of the “insecurity frame” as well as the scope
of solutions provided within the concept of integrated safety and security.

Today there is an increasing need for professionals with the ability to translate this very concept into
everyday practice in specific, local contexts, in view of the many different types of safety and security
challenges that had been (or still need to be) identified. Such specialists in safety and security
management would be capable of working in a broad range of professional settings. They try to solve
issues by taking into account different viewpoints and applying a range of diverse methodologies,
whether they work for government institutions, larger commercial enterprises, not- for-profit
organisations, or security companies.

Throughout the SSMS programme you will learn about these various angles and issues by exploring
academic source material, practising skills in workshops, and working in teams during projects. Of
course, you will also enjoy the support of our enthusiastic and knowledgeable team of lecturers to
help you along the way. Finally, this Prospectus aims to guide you through the programme providing
information on course content and reading material amongst others.

We hope it will serve you well, and that you will enjoy the upcoming academic year.

Sincerely,

The SSMS Team
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
Admission, Enrolment and Academic Options
Admission
THUAS will need to assess your secondary school certificate before we decide on your eligibility. In
order to make sure your certificate is judged fairly THUAS works together with NUFFIC, an organisation
specialised in comparing international qualifications. One of the main eligibility criteria is for you to
have at least one of the following subjects: mathematics, economics, or business studies.

Since our international Bachelor programmes are taught entirely in English you will need a good
command of the English language, both spoken and written. Bachelor candidates who were educated
in the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Ireland, United States, Canada (except for Quebec), Australia,
New-Zealand, South Africa or Malta, or students holding a diploma (including English as an exam
subject) stated on the website’s diploma list (see link below), need not take an English proficiency
test. All other prospective students are required to hand in a valid and sufficient TOEFL (Test of
English as a Foreign Language), TOEIC, IELTS (International English Language Testing System) or
Cambridge ESOL (CAE/CPE) certificate to the Enrolment Center.

If you do not meet the minimum entrance requirements, and you are 21 years or older, the Admission
Test 21+ offers you the opportunity to still be admitted to the bachelor programme of your choice.

Detailed information about application requirements can be found here:

https://www.thehagueuniversity.com/study-choice/admissions-and-finances/application-
requirements

Enrolment
All prospective students have to apply for enrolment via Studielink:

https://app.studielink.nl/front-office/#52

It is important to read the detailed information on enrolment. This information can be found here:

https://www.thehagueuniversity.com/study-choice/admissions-and-finances

Study Skills and Academic Advice
In Semester 1 (Modules 1 and 2) of Year 1 of the SSMS programme, optional non-credit workshops on
different study skills are offered. The workshops are open to all students. Possible topics to be
included this year are how to cope with academic reading and writing, how to manage your time and
set realistic goals, how to prepare efficiently and effectively for exams, how to cope with stress, and
how to create a positive study environment.

All students in the SSMS programme also have access to academic and career advice, and to
information on school and department policies and regulations. Contact Mr. Rick Arons
(f.k.arons@hhs.nl) for more details.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                             4
Prospectus 2019 / 2020
PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
Academic Exchange / Study Abroad
THUAS mission
The mission of THUAS is to prepare students to be global citizens. Students who are interculturally
competent demonstrate the knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to thrive in a world characterised
by global mobility and social, culture, economic, political and environmental interconnectivity. Global
citizenship reflects an awareness and appreciation of diverse people, cultures and environments
throughout the world and the ability to manage this interconnectedness harmoniously and
productively.

Course Information
Studying abroad for one semester, provides students the experience in order to become a global
citizen and therefore underlines the THUAS mission.
In this section you will find the goals of the outbound student Exchange, the available ꞌslotsꞌ
(placements) with the partner universities, the requirements and the application procedure. If you
choose to study at a non-partner university please refer to the requirements as a ꞌfree moverꞌ. In
technical terms such an exchange qualifies as a Minor/Elective in the SSMS Program and Exam
Regulations (PER), thus is valid for 30 ECTS.

More information can be found at:

https://dehaagsehogeschool.sharepoint.com/sites/StudentServices/SitePages/Internati
onal(1).aspx?web=1

www.wilweg.nl/english-information?icn=metanavigatie&ici=english-information

http://ec.europa.eu/education/opportunities/higher-education/study-mobility_en.htm

Student Prerequisites
The student should meet the following requirements in order to qualify for the outbound Exchange
program. The student must also comply with the procedure as specified below.

The student must be enrolled in the SSMS programme, and must remain enrolled for the full period
of the exchange. Grading and assessment remain subject to the partner university regulations. The
final responsibility lies with Exam Board and the SSMS programme (THUAS).

The student must have successfully completed Year 1 (propaedeutic year), i.e. obtained all of its 60
ECTS credits. Furthermore, the student must obtain min. 50 ECTS in Year 2 before the start of the
exchange period. If the student does not have 50 ECTS in Year 2 his/her application can be withdrawn.

Finally, it is the student’s responsibility to have sufficient financial means to go on exchange, including
necessary insurance.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                             5
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PROSPECTUS 2019/2020 - The Hague University
Exchange Partner Slots Available for Academic Year 2019/2020
  Country             University                            Website                           No. of    No. of
                                                                                              Slots /   Semesters
                                                                                              Year
  Japan               Ritsumeikan          Asia   Pacific   http://en.apu.ac.jp/home/         1         1
                      University

  UK                  Lincoln University                    https://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/   1         1

  Spain               Universidad          Europea    de    http://valencia.universidadeurope 2         1
                      Valencia                              a.es/

  United              Metropolitan State                    https://msudenver.edu/            1         1
  States of           University Denver
  America
  THUAS               Brazil,   China,    Czech             https://dehaagsehogeschool.shar
  partners            Republic, Finland, Hong               epoint.com/sites/StudentService
                      Kong, Spain, South Korea,             s/SitePages/UNEP-–-University-
                      Taiwan, UK, Uruguay, USA              wide-Nomination-Exchange-
                                                            Process.aspx

N.B. Please note that the number of credits the student obtains will be converted into the
     equivalent number of ECTS credits, rounded off in full numbers.

Application Procedure for Exchange and Freemover Slots
Study with partner universities
Application procedure
The application for studying abroad is a lengthy procedure.

Students who wish to participate in the outbound exchange with a partner university must indicate
the following:

                   1. choice of exchange university;
                   2. short explanation for motivation;
                   3. number of ECTS in Year 1 and 2 at the moment of applying;

Email this to Dr. Marc-Olivier Del Grosso (m.o.delgrosso@hhs.nl) and to the Faculty Coordinator for
Student Exchange, Ms. Irene van der Wal (i.m.v.vanderwal@hhs.nl).

Application to the ‘host’ university
Each student who has been granted an exchange slot should ensure that he/she fulfil the appropriate
application procedure of the host university. The student will be advised on this by the faculty
exchange coordinator Ms. Irene van der Wal.

Be aware that most application procedures at the host university must be usually finalised by the 1st
of April. Exchange preparations will take considerable time and effort on the student’s part (including
visa requirements, if applicable, etc.).

Financial considerations
If the student has been selected for exchange with THUAS partners, the regular tuition fee required
by the partner university will be waived for the selected student. Hence, only THUAS tuition fee is
applicable. However, please note that all other costs (travel, housing, books, etc.) must be borne by
the student. The student should make sure that he/she can financially afford the exchange that
he/she applies for.
The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                       6
Prospectus 2019 / 2020
A student selected for exchange may apply for a scholarship. The Erasmus+ scholarship is available
for students travelling within Europe and The Holland Scholarship for those who spend an exchange
outside Europe. Refer to the website for details and deadlines:
https://dehaagsehogeschool.sharepoint.com/sites/StudentServices/SitePages/Scholarships(1).aspx

Upon return
The exchange university should provide the student and Exchange Coordinator with a certified grade
transcript of the student. It should clearly state the number of credits obtained by the student. If
applicable, it should also contain a legend and/or instructions as to how to convert the local credits
into ECTS credits for the purpose of the SSMS programme.

Study with THUAS partner universities
The Hague University has also THUAS-wide Exchange places available. Application for these places go
via Team Internationalisation:
https://dehaagsehogeschool.sharepoint.com/sites/ServicePlein/Gedeelde%20documenten/THUAS%20
wide%20exchange%20catalogue%202019_2020%20sem1.pdf

https://dehaagsehogeschool.sharepoint.com/sites/StudentServices/Gedeelde%20documenten/THUAS
%20wide%20exchange%20catalogue%202019_2020%20sem2.pdf

The places are meant for students who have completed at least their first year successfully and meet
any requirements that your programme has set to go on exchange. The rounds are run simultaneously
to any exchange programmes that (might) exist on your programme or faculty level. Please be aware
that next to the above you need to have an explicit approval of your programme to go on exchange
with a THUAS-wide partner.

Study with non-partner universities: freemovers
If there is no formal agreement on student exchange between your programme and/or the Faculty of
Public Management, Law & Safety and the university you wish to attend, you may be able to apply to
this university as a freemover. Going on a ‘study abroad’ semester as a freemover means that you
arrange your study abroad independently. In university terminology, freemovers can also be called
visiting students, fee-paying students or study abroad students.

You are free to choose your destination university. Universities that accept freemovers normally list
this on their website.

You will need to pay tuition fees to the host university, while remaining enrolled at The Hague
University of Applied Sciences, so you pay tuition fees to both institutions. Make sure that you attend
a recognised and accredited university and meet the course requirements that apply to regular
exchange students.
Please note that if we speak of non-partner universities it refers to non-partner universities of your
programme or the faculty Public Management, Law & Safety. Even if the chosen university has a
partnership with another THUAS programme outside our faculty, it is considered as a non-partner
university. Please be aware that you might be considered a freemover in order to avoid taking slots
from other programmes students.

  NB: Before embarking on a semester abroad as a freemover, approval from the Exam Board and
      faculty exchange coordinator is mandatory. Students cannot make direct contact with
      partner universities from other THUAS programmes, but need to communicate through the
      faculty exchange coordinator Ms. Irene van der Wal.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                           7
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A different application procedure applies to studying with a non-partner university: all students who
have arranged themselves for a study programme with the faculty of another, non-partner university
and who wish to have the corresponding credits count for the equivalent of exchange (30 ECTS credits)
in the SSMS programme, must obtain Exam Board approval prior to this study programme. You will
find the applicable procedure below.
Please note that students cannot make direct contact with partner universities from other THUAS
programmes, but need to communicate through the faculty exchange coordinator Ms. Irene van der
Wal.

The Exam Board will decide upon determining the following:
    the university of choice has been accredited under domestic law;
    the country/region of choice does not pose an unacceptable risk in terms of safety and health
       of the student.

Procedure
It is the student’s responsibility to arrange for the study programme with the university of interest.

This entails:
    1. the student should receive approval from the university of interest;
    2. all the necessary practical arrangements for the study program need to be completed by the
        student (including financing, housing, etc.).

Please write a letter of application to Dr. Marc-Olivier Del Grosso indicating the following:

      1. Name of the university chosen;
      2. Contact details (email; telephone no.) of the responsible contact person for inbound students
         with the university’s faculty;
      3. (Preliminary) choice of courses, and the number of ECTS credits (or equivalent) these
         represent;
      4. Should the university of interest not apply ECTS, please provide for the official ECTS
         equivalence of the applicable host university credits in your application letter. This
         information may be obtained from the host university, the country’s ministry of education,
         from Nuffic (the Netherlands organisation for international cooperation in higher education),
         or other authority;
      5. Your number of ECTS in Year 1 and 2 at the moment of application.

The Exam Board aims at informing you of the decision within 10 working days.

Upon return
The same procedure as described for exchange partner universities applies.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                           8
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Career Prospects
The core of the professional practice is – in our vision – being of service to the public good. This is
also true when safety and security experts are active in the private sector. Safety and security are
always an issue of common concern and public interest not only in this sector, but also in trade and
industry. Our Faculty is located in The Hague, the international city for peace and safety, which offers
ample opportunities to look across borders.

Students are trained as integral safety and security experts, who as competent, young professionals
can facilitate integral collaboration between relevant parties dealing with safety issues. Young
professionals are active in the broad safety and security field as content experts, managers, advisers
or project leaders.

Future Career and Competencies
What are some of the career paths available to an SSMS graduate?
Your specialist field – focusing on an array of safety and security issues – offers a wide range of career
options. After all, this is a world where safety is no longer the sole responsibility of public institutions
such as the police force. Therefore, the list of potential employers is extensive. There is an ever-
increasing demand for professionals who are able to organise and manage safety- and security-related
elements in the work field.
On successful completion of the four-year programme, students can find jobs at:
• International organisations in the field of urban development and the quality of urban
  management
• International organisations in the area of conflict mediation
• International police and security organisations
• Local non-governmental organisations active in the area of urban safety
• National public organisations operating in the field of safety, such as the police force
• Government bodies at the local, regional, national and multi-national level
• International industrial organisations
In order to prepare our students in the best way possible for the challenges of the professional
environment, the SSMS programme also provides a more competency-based education. In addition to
abstract and theoretical approaches, the SSMS learning experience includes practice- and goal-
oriented exercises and assignments which allow students to obtain a set of concrete skills that can be
directly applied in the field.
These competencies must be developed in order for the SSMS students to obtain the required
knowledge, proficiency and attitude to be able to start as a career in the relevant sectors. In
Appendix 3 you will find some such professional competencies and corresponding final learning goals.

SSMS Professional Network
The Safety and Security Management Studies (SSMS) course is constantly developing in line with global
safety and security developments. Since safety and security concern a wide scope of disciplines,
capabilities and knowledge areas, SSMS is concentrated around the fields of International Security,
Public Safety and Industrial Safety. As such, the programme content is engineered around relevant
academic lectures and projects, professional skills and coaching programmes and attuned professional
internships.

SSMS has developed a network of professional organisations that adequately fit the nature of the
programme as well as student career goals. See below an overview of these organisations. The
network is under constant development tailored to the needs of SSMS and its professional partners,
and therefore subject to change.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                9
Prospectus 2019 / 2020
Centuria Study Association
Centuria is the official study association of the Safety and Security Management Studies programme;
its purpose is to provide extracurricular activities to students and staff members, and to serve as a
networking nexus with internal as well as external participants. Moreover, it also serves the duty of
representing SSMS to potential new students and other parties that are interested in establishing a
connection with the programme.
Centuria was established in 2014 by a group of Year 2 students who aimed to connect the student
body across all four years. It quickly developed into a full-grown and acknowledged association that
also cooperates with several other study associations at THUAS.
The Centuria board is composed of five students, who are selected based upon their merit and their
skills in their respective job responsibilities. Under the board members there are committees which
have different tasks and there is a chance for anyone from SSMS to apply for a position on a
committee.
Centuria offers a wide variety of activities, ranging from social events, projects, and guest lectures
that connect with the curriculum or that expand it further. These events are managed and organised
by committees within Centuria. The association participates during the Introduction Camp and the
Introduction Day for new students at the beginning of the academic year.
Throughout the remainder of the year, we also organise excursions, sports activities, and of course
our very successful mixers where students have the opportunity to get to know each other and the
staff members in a more friendly and relaxed manner.
Centuria always strives to establish itself even further within the programme, and the school, by
expanding its curricular and non-curricular activities in order to enrich students’ educational,
collective and individual experience.

You can find more information here: https://www.centuria-sa.org/

Our social media
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/centuriastudyassociation/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/centuria_sa/
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/centuria-study-association/

                                                            Centuria Email:
                                                            info@centuria-sa.com

                                                            Benjamin Eckholm, President:
                                                            b.eckholm@student.hhs.nl

                                                            Arnis Cimermanis, Vice-President:
                                                            a.cimermanis@student.hhs.nl

                                                            Lars van Gessel, Treasurer:
                                                            l.d.vanGessel@student.hhs.nl

                                                            Philippa Purrio, Public Relations:
                                                            p.t.purrio@student.hhs.nl

                                                            Cormac Walsh, Event Manager:
                                                            c.f.walsh@student.hhs.nl
The Faculty
Lecturers are in charge of the curriculum. They are primarily responsible for development and
realisation of the educational program. The team includes full-time and part-time lecturers, all active
in safety and security or related fields. Students may turn to the lecturers with matters regarding
lessons or exams. They may do so immediately before or after lessons, by appointment and/or by
using e-mail.

  Mario Flips
                                           Job description       Programme Director IVK & SSMS
                                           Fields of expertise   Finances, Management

                                           Contact details       Availability     Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room             RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone        +31 622 925 128
                                                                 Email            m.j.g.w.flips@hhs.nl

  Mirad Böhm
                                           Job description       Programme Manager SSMS, Lecturer, SSMS
                                                                 Marketing
                                           Fields of expertise   Communications, Crisis Management
                                           Contact details       Availability Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room         RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone    +31 638 829 229
                                                                 Email        m.i.bohm@hhs.nl

  Dr. Menandro Abanes
                                           Job description       Lecturer
                                           Fields of expertise   Sociology,     Intergroup   Relations,   Research
                                                                 Methods
                                           Contact details       Availability     Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room             RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone        +31 638 292 201
                                                                 Email            m.s.abanes@hhs.nl

  Dr. Hüseyin Akdogan
                                           Job description       Lecturer
                                           Fields of expertise   Policing, Criminal Justice, Public Administration
                                           Contact details       Availability     Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room             RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone        +31 638 298 311
                                                                 Email            h.akdogan@hhs.nl

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                        13
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Rick Arons
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Academic Advisor, Chair Assessment
                                                                 Committee
                                           Fields of expertise   General Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, First & Second
                                                                 Language Acquisition, Pedagogy, Teacher
                                                                 Training
                                           Contact details       Availability    Thursday to Friday
                                                                 Room            RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone       +31 638 292 261
                                                                 Email           f.k.arons@hhs.nl

  Gohar Baghdasaryan
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Academic Advisor
                                           Fields of expertise   Journalism, Media Relations & Public Affairs, Crisis
                                                                 Communication
                                           Contact details       Availability     Tuesday to Friday
                                                                 Room             RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone        +31 628 374 743
                                                                 Email            g.baghdasaryan@hhs.nl

  Frits van Balveren
                                           Job description       Internships and External Relations
                                           Fields of expertise   Military Force Protection; Strategic & Operational
                                                                 Level Airfield Leadership,; Air Operations
                                                                 Specialist
                                           Contact details       Availability    Monday to Thursday
                                                                 Room            RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone       +31 613 463 695
                                                                 Email           f.c.h.vanbalveren@hhs.nl

  Dominic Christian
                                           Job description       Lecturer

                                           Fields of expertise   EU Law & Compliance Management, Quality
                                                                 Management, Nuclear Safety & Security
                                           Contact details       Availability     Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room             RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone        -
                                                                 Email            d.christian@hhs.nl

  Dr. Marc-Olivier Del Grosso
                            Job description                      Lecturer, SSMS Internationalisation

                                           Fields of expertise   Sociology,     Political   Science,   International
                                                                 Relations
                                           Contact details       Availability     Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room             RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone        +31 638 292 309
                                                                 Email            m.o.delgrosso@hhs.nl

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                         14
Prospectus 2019 / 2020
Ingrid Hommenga
                                           Job description       Management Support IVK/SSMS, Internships and
                                                                 External Relations
                                           Fields of expertise   Administrative Assistance
                                           Contact details       Availability    Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room            RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone       +31 638 292 328
                                                                 Email           i.w.m.hommenga@hhs.nl

  Charlotte Irwin
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Academic Advisor
                                           Fields of expertise   Project Management, Operational Management,
                                                                 Business Administration, International Business
                                                                 Law
                                           Contact details       Availability  Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room          RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone     +31 638 292 228
                                                                 Email         c.l.c.irwin@hhs.nl

  Dr. Anna Matczak
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Curriculum Committee

                                           Fields of expertise   Criminology & Criminal Justice, Restorative
                                                                 Justice, Penal Policies
                                           Contact details       Availability       Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room               RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone          +31 638 298 334
                                                                 Email              a.matczak@hhs.nl

  Dr. Heinrich Matthee
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Curriculum Committee
                                           Fields of expertise   Conflict Studies
                                           Contact details       Availability       Thursday & Friday
                                                                 Room               RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone          -
                                                                 Email              h.matthee@hhs.nl

  Dr. Hana Oberpfalzerová
                                           Job description       Lecturer
                                           Fields of expertise   Peace & Conflict Studies, Research Methods

                                           Contact details       Availability       Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room               RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone          +31 638 292 291
                                                                 Email              h.oberpfalzerova@hhs.nl

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                         15
Prospectus 2019 / 2020
Hessel Prins
                                           Job description       Management Support, Lecturer, Assessment
                                                                 Committee
                                           Fields of expertise   Business Administration
                                           Contact details       Availability   Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room           RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone      +31 638 292 250
                                                                 Email          h.prins@hhs.nl

  Dr. Inês Trigo de Sousa
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Assessment Committee, Coordination
                                                                 Graduation Year
                                           Fields of expertise   Globalisation & Development in the Global
                                                                 South, Political Economy
                                           Contact details       Availability    Tuesday to Friday
                                                                 Room            RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone       +31 638 298 285
                                                                 Email           i.m.r.desousa@hhs.nl

  Senj Temple
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Academic Advisor, Curriculum
                                                                 Committee, Chair Programme Committee
                                           Fields of expertise   Applied Linguistics, Communication Skills
                                                                 Training in English, Academic & Professional
                                                                 Writing Skills
                                           Contact details       Availability   Tuesday to Friday
                                                                 Room           RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone      +31 628 374 996
                                                                 Email          s.e.temple@hhs.nl

  Dr. Vana Tsimopoulou
                                           Job description       Lecturer
                                           Fields of expertise   Risk Management, Crisis & Disaster Management

                                           Contact details       Availability    Tuesday to Thursday
                                                                 Room            RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone       +31 638 292 301
                                                                 Email           v.tsimopoulou@hhs.nl

  Dr. Klaas Voss
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Chair Curriculum Committee
                                           Fields of expertise   International Security, Geopolitics, Intelligence
                                                                 Studies, Contemporary & Military History
                                           Contact details       Availability    Monday to Friday
                                                                 Room            RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone       +31 638 325 838
                                                                 Email           k.voss@hhs.nl

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                         16
Prospectus 2019 / 2020
Michael Wilson
                                           Job description       Lecturer, Internships and External Relations
                                           Fields of expertise   Business, Economics, Management

                                           Contact details       Availability   Tuesday to Thursday
                                                                 Room           RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone      +31 611 296 310
                                                                 Email          m.r.wilson@hhs.nl

  Natalia Wojtowicz
                                           Job description       Lecturer
                                           Fields of expertise   Wargaming & Simulation, Game Design, Civil-
                                                                 Military Cooperation
                                           Contact details       Availability   Tuesday to Friday
                                                                 Room           RZ 3
                                                                 Telephone      -
                                                                 Email          n.h.wojtowicz@hhs.nl

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                          17
Prospectus 2019 / 2020
SSMS… in Four Years
Programme Structure
SSMS is a full-time multidisciplinary programme, drawing from various social science disciplines in
order to arrive at grounded understandings of safety and security problems and at effective safety
and security-enhancing professional interventions.

The programme consists of a first year (or propaedeutic year), followed by a three-year main phase.
Each year is subdivided into four ten-week modules. The programme is made up of a major and several
minor options. The major consists of (compulsory) courses taught as part of the programme. The
minor consists of elective courses offered within the programme or in other programmes either at
The Hague University of Applied Sciences (THUAS) or other universities or colleges. Each module in
the first three years consists of three theoretical courses, a project that reflects current professional
practice, and so-called track courses including research methods and a training programme focused
on acquiring professional skills. Academic and career advice is available to all students. Every module
has a separate manual with all the relevant and detailed information on the various courses. You are
strongly advised to read the information in these Module Manuals thoroughly, and continue to use
them as a useful reference for the duration of the module.

Projects give students the opportunity to look at a problem from a more practical, and more
importantly, realistic perspective. The goal of Projects is to challenge students and require them to
apply knowledge which they have learned in other courses. Students will employ various tools and
methods to do this and will at the same time hone their professional competences.

Theory Courses present and discuss a variety of topics and subjects related to safety and security in
a more abstract manner. Students will have to complete a substantial amount of reading. Moreover,
they are expected to be able to logically connect the various theory courses that will be offered
throughout the programme as they build on each other, adding different crucial aspects to the
knowledge base of the SSMS student.

Track Courses focus on skills and competences that professionals will require regardless of the career
path they will choose for themselves. This includes formal language skills (in this case English),
professional behaviour and communication skills, personal attitude and interaction, and finally
significant research skills necessary for any work field.

Programme Overview
Year 1
The first year introduces you to a large variety of courses within the SSMS curriculum, which require
you work with textbooks extensively. At the same time, you work on improving your English as well
as your professional skills, such as presenting and debating.
Year 2
Year two is also largely theoretical: you delve deeper into the courses in the curriculum, continuously
improving your English and maintaining your focus on your professional skills.
Year 3
In the third year you choose one of two minors (elective courses). You deepen your knowledge of
safety- and security-related issues by combining theoretical and methodological courses.
Furthermore, projects take on a more realistic nature as you will be expected to deal with partner
organisations and clients. In other words, projects advance from simulated to real-life activities.
Year 4
Your internship, complemented by your final thesis, will complete your fourth and final year of the
SSMS programme.
Programme Curriculum
SSMS Year 1 (cohort 2019)
Module 1                                 AF     ECTS       Module 2                                      AF           ECTS       Module 3                                  AF     ECTS     Module 4                                         AF       ECTS        Year
Intro in safety and security             Ex              3 Political science                             Ex               3      Introduction to law                       Ex            3 Business administration                          Ex              3       12
Public governance                        Ex              3 Sociology                                     Ex               3      Criminology                               Ex            3 Quality management                               Ex              3       12
Security risk management                 Ex              3 Policy making                                 Ex               3      Psychology                                Ex            3 Economics                                        Ex              3       12
Fundamentals of applied research                                                                         Ex               4      Introduction to applied research design                                                                    Ex/Rep          4         8
English language                                                                                         Com              *      English language                                                                                           CumEx           4         4
Introduction to professional abilities                                                                   CumEx            6      Project 3 and professional abilities 3    Rep           3 Project 4 and professional abilities 4           Rep             3       12
                                                                                                                                                                           Ass                                                              Ass
                                                                                                                                                                           Att                                                              Att
Study and career advice                                                                                                 NA Study and career advice                                                                                                      NA          NA
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  60

SSMS Year 2 (cohort 2018)
Module 5                                 AF       ECTS       Module 6                                    AF           ECTS       Module 7                                  AF      ECTS     Module 8                                        AF       ECTS       Year
Society today                            Ex              3   Safety risk management                      Ex                  3   Crisis and disaster management            Rep        3     Crisis communication                            Rep             3       12
Culture and diversity                    Ex              3   Safety theories                             Ex                  3   International relations and geopolitics   Ex         3     National security systems                       Ex              3       12
Interactive policy                       Ex              3   Safety practice                             Rep                 3   Civil war and conflict studies            Ex         3     Managing international conflict                 Ex              3       12
Project 5 and professional abilities 5   Rep             4   Project 6                                   Rep                 6   Project 7 and professional abilities 7    Rep        4     Project 8 and professional abilities 8          Rep             4       18
                                         Com                                                             Pres                                                              Pres                                                             Pres
                                         Att                                                             Att                                                               Att                                                              Att
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ass
Research methods 5                       Ex              *                                                                       Research methods 7                        Rep           * Research methods 8                               Rep          6           6
Study and career advice                                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                             NA          NA
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               60

 SSMS Year 3 (cohort 2017)
Module 9 (Minor)                         AF        ECTS Module 10 (Minor)                                   AF         ECTS Module 11                                      AF       ECTS Module 12                                   AF              ECTS       Year
Applied Intelligence                     Rep1        15 Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism                     Rep1         15 Change management                              Ex          3 Interorganisational cooperation             Ex                     3          36
                                         Rep2                                                               Rep2            Media and communication                        Ex          3 Rethinking safety and security              Ex                     3           6
                                         Pres                                                               Ex                                                                           Cyber security                              Ex                     3           3
                                         Ex                                                                 Att
                                                                                                                                  Thesis research skills                   Rep         4 Thesis research tutorial                    Rep                    3           7
                                         Att                 ---------------------------------------------- -------
                                                             Advanced Criminology                           Rep                   Research project                         Rep1        5 Consultancy project                         Rep                    3           8
                                                                                                            Ex                                                             Rep2                                                      Pres
                                                                                                            Pres                                                           Pres                                                      Att
                                                                                                            Att                                                            Att
                                                                                                                                  Advanced English writing                                                                                                         NA
                                                                                                                                  Study and career advice                                                                                                          NA
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              60

 SSMS Year 4 (cohort 2016)
Module 13                                           ECTS Module 14                                                    ECTS        Module 15                                        ECTS Module 16                                                    ECTS       Total
                        Research proposal (Rep)                                                                              6                                                                                                                                          6
                  Year 4 Internship (Rep/Pres)                                                                                                                                       30                                                                                30
                                                                                              Thesis (Thes/Pres)                                                                                                                                        24             24
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  60
YEAR 1
                                    Introducing Safety and Security
                                           Projects and Theory Courses
Semester 1 - Module 1
Intro in Safety and Security
Lecturer        Dr. Heinrich Matthee (h.matthee@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-101-17
Credits         3
This foundation course offers an introduction to the SSMS programme and its professional field of
practice. It discusses the substantive fields of action of the SSMS professional, the various
interventionist options open to the SSMS practitioner, as well as the different stakeholder approaches
that SSMS professionals can pursue to effectively manage risks and improve safety and security. A
designated lecture details and highlights the specific structure, logic, and spirit of the SSMS
programme at THUAS.
Key   Literature
•     Anderson, E. (1994). The code of the streets. The Atlantic Monthly, 273(5), 80-94.
•     Desmond, M. (2006). Becoming a firefighter. Ethnography, 74(4), 387-421.
•     Maesschalck, J., and Ringeling A. (2008). What goes up, must come down? The career of ‘safety and security' as a policy
      issue. Pp. 315-322 in L. Cachet et al., Governance of security in the Netherlands and Belgium. Den Haag: Boom Uitgeverij.

Public Governance
Lecturer        Dr. Inês Trigo de Sousa (i.m.r.desousa@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-102-17
Credits         3
Most safety and security management professionals spend a good deal of their time working in and
dealing with bureaucracies: more or less permanent, hierarchically structured, goal-oriented
organisations designed for getting centralised decisions –“policies”- carried out through lower-level
personnel. Bureaucracy is the predominant form of human organisation of public and private life. This
introductory course highlights the functioning of public –governmental- bureaucracies such as fire
departments, schools, ministries, armies, the police, intelligence agencies and municipalities. It
discusses the various kinds of people that inhabit the bureaucratic world and the political context in
which they must operate. In doing so, this course seeks to offer a realistic picture of what government
agencies actually do and why they do it.
Key Literature
• Wilson, J.Q. (2000). Bureaucracy: What government agencies do and why they do it. New York: Basic Books.

Security Risk Management
Lecturer        Dr. Hüseyin Akdogan (h.akdogan@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-111-17
Credits         3
This course offers a normative theoretical introduction to a generic method of risk analysis and risk
management: the so-called 'rational systems approach' developed by Carl Roper. Drawing on numerous
real-life examples, Roper’s five discrete and cumulative ‘steps’ of risk analysis are extensively
discussed and critically analysed in lively interactive lectures. These steps are:
    1) making an inventory of the persons or things that need protection (assess assets);
    2) taking stock of the persons or circumstances that endanger these assets (assess threats);
    3) making an inventory of the weaknesses of assets (assess vulnerabilities);
    4) determination and prioritisation of risks, and
    5) determination of potential countermeasures.
Key Literature
Roper, C. (1999). Risk management for security professionals. Boston: Butterworth Heinemann.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                               20
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Semester 1 - Module 2
Political Science
Lecturer        Dr. Klaas Voss (k.voss@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-107-17
Credits         3
“Politics is the art of the possible” - Otto von Bismarck, 1867
Like any modern-day political scientist, Bismarck understood that the study of politics leads into the
world of compromise, a world of fragile balances of power and conflicting interests, overshadowed
by the perennial question of how human beings structure relationships of power and influence in their
societies. In this course, we will cover the milestones in the history of political thought, discuss the
emergence of the modern state and explore different systems of governance. Students will learn how
and why countries democratise and become familiar with different types of democracies, electoral
systems and mechanisms for sharing power. They will also become acquainted with more sinister or
violent forms of political organisation, such as authoritarian regimes, dictatorships, or fragile and
failing states.
At the end of the course, students will have attained a new and much broader perspective on current
events and the political challenges of the modern world. They will discover familiar and recurrent
themes in Southeast Asian election processes, Western European populism or United States trade
policies and they will be able to identify the familiar tunes of influential ideologies, such as liberalism,
Marxism, or fascism. Far from an abstract concept, politics will become much more visible as a social
force in everyday life.
Key Literature
• Garner, R., Ferdinand, P., & Lawson, S. (2016). Introduction to politics (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sociology
Lecturer        Dr. Menandro Abanes (m.s.abanes@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-108-17
Credits         3
Sociology mainly deals with the way people live together and interact with each other in societies.
One of the challenges of this discipline is to engage students to make sense of what’s happening in
our societies. How do societies work? How do we view and respond to the social changes and cultural
differences of people who live with us? In this course, we will learn sociological perspectives which
will locate our own experiences within the larger scale of society characterised by social structure
and system. We will also be able to view familiar scenes in a new light, find new meanings in the old
and new ways of doing things, and gain understanding and insight of the rapidly globalising and, at
the same time, increasingly diversifying world. We will look into the three main themes of sociology:
identity, social order, and stratification. Each of these themes poses an issue with safety and security
management in societies. Practical examples and small activities to highlight certain sociological
concepts and how they relate with safety and security issues in our societies will be given and
conducted.
Key Literature
• Macionis, J. J., & Plummer, K. (2012). Sociology: A global introduction (5th ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                                21
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Policy Making
Lecturer        Dr. Marc-Olivier Del Grosso (m.o.delgrosso@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-109-17
Credits         3
Policy making is a complex and politically sensitive issue because many things can go wrong. The aim
of this course is to familiarise students with the issues and practice of policy and decision making in
organisations, whether public or private (e.g. governments and businesses), but also mixtures of both
(e.g. hybrid and civil society organisations). Using analytically distinct phases in the process of policy
making and based on scientific key literature, this course provides insight into the challenges,
problems and dilemmas that policy makers face in their decision making and in the ways they handle
this in practice. At the end of the course the student is familiar with a number of major obstacles and
pathologies that hinder the ideal of a rational policy practice, including ingrained routines, lack of
money, time pressure, resistance, bounded rationality, path dependency, bureaucracy, coping
strategies and role conflicts.
Key Literature
• Allison, G. and P. Zelikow (1999), ‘Introduction’, in: G. Allison and P. Zelikow, Essence of decision. Explaining the Cuban
   missile crisis. New York [etc.]: Longman, pp. 1-12.
• Weiss, C.H. (1987), ‘Where politics and evaluation research meet’, in: D.J. Palumbo (ed.), The politics of program
   evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, pp. 47-70.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                              22
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Semester 2 - Module 3
PROJECT III and Professional Abilities 3: Getting the Problem right
Lecturer        Dr. Anna Matczak (a.matczak@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-115-19
Credits         3
In many countries of the world public authorities must deal with complex problems that have a
negative impact on the lives of their citizens and on the state’s safety and security. Examples of such
problems are urbanisation, terrorism, human trafficking, radicalisation, and poverty, which are often
referred to as “wicked” problems. Countless policies and solutions have been proposed and
implemented to deal with these problems often without sustainable results or with tangible negative
side effects. Wicked problems are difficult to solve for as many as four reasons:
      1.    lack of understanding and context-based knowledge,
      2.    the large number of stakeholders involved,
      3.    the large economic burden,
      4.    and the interconnected nature of these problems with other problems.
Understanding the complexity of these problems is essential for the design of feasible solutions. Who
are the stakeholders involved? What makes the phenomenon a problem? Which aspects make the
problem hard to solve? These and other relevant questions need to be answered in order to have a
more complete understanding in order to ‘get the problem right’.

Introduction to Law
Lecturer        Charlotte Irwin (c.l.c.irwin@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-103-18
Credits         3
This is an introductory course into law and international legal frameworks. It starts with the question
why we need to study and have a professional awareness of laws within our professional worlds. The
course is intended to provide students with an understanding of the structures of legal systems and
the basic principles underlying legal frameworks that need to be taken into consideration in the fields
of Safety and Security Management. This course will analyse the fundamental pillars underlying the
study of law, i.e. sources of law, interaction and differences between international relations and law
and law of state responsibility.
As its introductory nature suggests, the course touches only briefly on specialised fields of law such
as public and private, common and civil law systems, EU law and International.
Key Literature
• Wacks, R. (2017). Law: A very short introduction. London: Oxford University Press.

Criminology
Lecturer        Dr. Anna Matczak (a.matczak@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-112-17
Credits         3

Criminology is the study of crime, those who commit and fall victims to crime, but it also is the study
of criminal justice and attitudes to crime and punishment. The course introduces key theoretical and
practical debates relevant to the study of criminology. More specifically, the course will explore how
crime, punishment, criminal justice is defined; how much we know about crime, and how crime,
punishment and criminal justice can be researched; how crime can be explained and prevented.
Amongst other themes of the course are: crime control, public opinion and civic participation in criminal
justice, public and cultural criminology.
Key Literature
• Siegel, L. (2014). Criminology: The core. Boston: Cengage Learning.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                         23
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Psychology
Lecturer        Dr. Fenna van Marle (f.c.m.vanmarle@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-113-17
Credits         3
Psychology deals with questions of human behaviour and human cognition, both in individuals and in
groups. Understanding human behaviour and cognition is of great importance for the Safety and
Security Manager.

Understanding human cognition, the way we organise and use information, is essential to
understanding processes within individuals and groups as well as between individuals and groups. This
teaches us about the mechanisms behind non-conformity, human errors, stereotypes and conflicts. In
addition, it provides information about possible solutions to these problems that occur in fields such
as public safety, industrial safety and international security.
Finally, this course explores themes such as risk and group dynamics, including the limitations of the
human mind and the effects of these in both everyday life and in extraordinary situations.
Key Literature
• Schneier, B. (2008). ‘The psychology of security’. In: Vaudenay, S. (Ed.) AFRICACRYPT 2008: 50-79. Berlin Heidelberg:
   Springer-Verlag.
• Smith, E. R., Mackie, D. M., & Claypool, H. M. (2015). Social psychology (4th ed.). New York: Taylor & Francis.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                           24
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Semester 2 - Module 4
PROJECT IV and Professional Abilities 4: Crime Prevention Through
Environmental Design (CPTED)
Lecturer        Dr. Anna Matczak (a.matczak@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-120-19
Credits         3
By altering the physical environment it is possible to change behaviour. In this project students will
apply Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) as a toolkit to an assigned space,
depending on the client organisation. Mapping risks and dangers in a physical environment is complex
given the diversity in stakeholders. From a CPTED perspective the end user must be taken into
consideration. This being primarily professionals and citizens with potentially conflicting interests and
diverse roles in the domain of safety and security management. In this project the aim is to apply the
CPTED principles and to analyse the need of an assigned space. It must be taken into consideration
that the proposed interventions can lead to discomfort with end users such as police officers, security
personnel, inhabitants, tourists and others who use the space. The proposed interventions should be
put forward in an early stage. This is crucial in order to assess possible problems when implementing
the interventions. The CPTED design process rests upon the combined input of designers and
professionals in law enforcement and safety and security management. It is possible that in certain
places the method of CPTED prescribes manipulation of the physical environment while the end user
regards these adaptations as interfering with the informal function they assign to the assigned space.
Through interviews and the showing of pictures of problematic spaces in terms of CPTED respondents
must be asked what meaning they attach to a certain space and how they consider the proposed
changes.
Key Literature
• Armitage, R. (2017). Design, crime and the built environment. Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 234.
• Cozens, P., & Love, T. (2015). A review and current status of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED).
   Journal of Planning Literature, 30(4), 393-412.

Business Management
Lecturer        Charlotte Irwin (c.l.c.irwin@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-116-17
Credits         3
Business administration is the area of administration that concerns the right way to organise, set up,
and administer businesses. This introductory course focuses on some of the main processes of
business. Issues to be discussed include strategic and operational management, resource control, the
structuring and changing of organisations, project management, decision making and problem solving.
Key Literature
• Lomine, L., Muchena, M., & Pierce, R. (2014). Oxford IB diploma programme: Business management. Oxford: Oxford
   University Press.

Quality Management
Lecturer        Dominic Christian
Code            SSMS-117-17
Credits         3
This course focuses on how an organisation controls and improves the quality of its products or services
and its capability to provide maximum safety for the organisation, its staff and environment through
so-called quality and safety management systems. A number of such systems will be discussed,
including ISO 45000, ISO 14000 and ISO 9001.
Key Literature
• Hoyle, D. (2007). Quality management essentials. London/New York: Routledge.
• Webber, L., & Wallace, M. (2007). Quality control for dummies. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                                        25
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Economics
Lecturer        Michael Wilson (m.r.wilson@hhs.nl)
Code            SSMS-118-17
Credits         3
Economics, and safety and security management are two different fields of study which are
nonetheless closely related to each other. Economics observes and studies the human activities
focused on the processes of production, distribution and consumption.
The main focus of this course is to help the student understand the fundamental issues of economics
so as to expand his / her understanding of the surrounding world in relation to choices made,
behavioural tendencies and interaction of people. We will focus on the structure of some important
economic technics and their application to the economic phenomena that surround us and how they
link to security matters and safety issues. This class will render you a smarter participant in the
economy and allow you to better comprehend both, the potential and limits of economic policy in
relation to security.
Key Literature
• Hazlitt, H. (2010). Economics in one lesson (Reprint ed.). Crown Publications.
• Ziogas C. (2008). Economics for the IB diploma (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Safety and Security Management Studies                                                         26
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