2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...

 
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Queensland Cycle Strategy
                                      2011–2021

Transport and Main Roads
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
This document has been produced by the Department of Transport and Main Roads.

PO Box 673
Fortitude Valley QLD 4006
Phone:		         13 23 80
Website:         www.tmr.qld.gov.au

Images supplied courtesy of Queensland Health, Sustainable Transport Consultants,
Sunshine Coast Regional Council, Department of Local Government and Planning,
and the Mad Cycologists.

Copyright protects this publication. Except for purposes permitted by the
Copyright Act 1968, no part may be produced by any means without the prior permission
of the department.
© The State Government of Queensland (Department of Transport and Main Roads)

creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/au
This work is licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence
To attribute this material, cite State of Queensland (Department of Transport and Main Roads) (2011)
Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021

ISBN - 978-1-920719-16-6

2                                                                                                Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021   3
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Table of contents

       Table of contents
       Executive summary                                            5   Priority area four
                                                                        Developing a cycling economy                                    68
       Part A – Setting the scene                                  13     4.1 Supporting cycle tourism                                  70
       About the Queensland Cycle Strategy                         14     4.2 Supporting the bicycle industry                           72
                                                                          4.3 Supporting recreation and sports cycling                  73
       Achievements since 2003                                     14
         Cycling infrastructure                                    14   Signature project four
                                                                        Recreation trails                                               74
         Cycling culture                                           15
         Planning for improved cycling infrastructure              15   Part C – Implementation                                         77
         Providing technical guidance and support                  15
         Cycling research                                          15   Implementing the strategy                                       78
       Cycling in Queensland today                                 18     5.1 A coordinated approach                                    78
         Why do people cycle?                                      18     5.2 Funding the strategy                                      79
         Encouraging more cycling                                  19     5.3 Performance indicators and strategy monitoring            79
         Cycling for the commute to work                           21   Glossary                                                        82
         Boosting cycling through infrastructure improvements      20
       Growing cycling in Queensland                               21   References                                                      83
         Vision                                                    21
         Policy linkages and opportunities                         21
         Targets                                                   21
         Priority areas                                            22

       Part B – Priorities for action                              23
       Priority area one
       Building safe, direct and connected cycle networks          24
         1.1 Building connected cycle networks                     25
         1.2 Developing cycle network plans                        28
         1.3 Making cycling a part of all government transport
             infrastructure projects                               29
       Signature project one
       Connected networks for cities and towns across Queensland   31

       Priority area two
       Growing a cycling culture                                   48
         2.1 Supporting travel behaviour change to boost cycling   49
         2.2 Encouraging active school travel                      51
         2.3 Providing information and wayfinding                  52
         2.4 Promoting cycling and community education             53
         2.5 Supporting cycling events                             55
         2.6 Engaging cycling change champions                     56
         2.7 Ensuring road rules and legislative frameworks
             support cycling                                       58
       Signature project two
       Bicycle education		                                         59

       Priority area three
       Creating cycle-friendly communities                         60
         3.1 Integrating cycling into planning and development     61
         3.2 Including end-of-trip facilities in development       64
         3.3 Delivering a safe cycle network                       66
       Signature project three
       Active towns                                                67

4                                                                                                 Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Executive summary

Executive summary
Getting more people cycling, more       The Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021 will support Queensland household
often, for more types of trips will     efforts to meet the Queensland Government’s Toward Q2: Tomorrow’s
help make our cities and towns more     Queensland targets of:
sustainable, vibrant and friendly.
                                        •   cutting Queensland households’ carbon footprint by one-third by 2020
Supporting cycling as an attractive         through reduced electricity and car use
way to travel means more people can
enjoy this affordable, practical and    •   reducing Queenslanders’ obesity levels.
healthy transport choice that offers
door-to-door convenience.               Implementing the strategy involves state government agencies, local
                                        governments, local communities and businesses, all working in partnership.
More cycling can help manage
congestion, improve quality of life     The previous Queensland Cycle Strategy was released in 2003. Since then,
and reduce pollution.                   significant progress has been made to support more cycling. Achievements
                                        include:
Cycling is also a popular fitness and
recreation activity.                    •   retrofitting 295 kilometres of cycle networks since 2006 in partnership
                                            with local governments in south-east Queensland
In many parts of Queensland, cycling
can provide affordable access to jobs   •   a record expenditure by the Queensland Government of more than
and services for people who cannot          $100 million to expand cycling networks in regional and metropolitan
easily access public transport or a         areas across Queensland in 2009–10 and an average of $90 million per
car.                                        year in subsequent years

The Queensland Cycle Strategy           •   promoting best practice end-of-trip facilities through the delivery of the
2011–2021 builds on the significant         Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital and King George Square cycle
commitments to cycling already              centres
made by the Queensland
Government, local governments and       •   requiring end-of-trip facilities for all new major developments in
other organisations. In 2010, the           designated local government areas through the Queensland Development
Queensland Growth Management                Code
Summit included an action to release
a new Queensland Cycle Strategy.        •   supporting mass cycle events, such as Bike Week and Cycle Queensland

                                        •   delivering the 2006 TravelSmart Brisbane North project targeting about
                                            75 000 households, and achieving a 50% increase in cycling.

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                      5
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Executive summary

Our vision                                 Targets
Our vision for cycling in Queensland       The Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021 target is to get more people to cycle,
is:                                        more often for school, work, recreation, shopping and social trips.

                                           Currently there is no state-wide data           Cycling commute to work targets
                                           available that tracks how often people
                                           cycle for all types of trips.
                                                                                      60000

                                           Until this is available, progress on
                                           the strategy will be tracked through
                                           a target to double cycling’s share of
                                                                                      50000                        2.8%
Achieving this vision would mean:          commute trips to work by 2021, and                                      56 000
                                                                                                                   commute
                                           tripling these trips by 2031.              40000                        cycle trips
•       Queenslanders of all ages and                                                                              per day
        abilities can make the choice to   With population growth, doubling
        cycle for transport, recreation,   the commute trips by bicycle by 2021       30000
        fitness and health                 represents a 180% increase.
                                                                                      20000
•       residents in Queensland            The strategy will monitor the
        cities and towns can ride on       percentage of females cycling to                      1.4%
                                                                                                 21 000
        safe, direct cycle routes with     work. Internationally, the proportion      10000      commute
        secure bicycle parking at their    of female riders is recognised as                     cycle trips
        destination                        an indicator of the ‘friendliness’ of                 per day
                                           cycling environments. In 2006, only            0
•       school and university students     19% of cycling journeys to work were                     2006              2021
        have safe and direct cycling       made by females.
        routes, with secure bicycle
        parking
                                             How can cycling benefit you?
•       cycling is supported by all
        levels of government and the         Improved health and fitness
        community.                           Cycling is a great way to improve your
                                             cardiovascular fitness, tone the body
                                             and shed some unwanted kilos.
    Cycling facts
                                             Save time
    •     In 2011, it is estimated           Get the recommended physical activity of at
          that 814 000 people ride           least 30 minutes on most days of the week,
          a bike in Queensland               by combining exercise with your
          each week (18% of                  cycling trip.
          residents).
                                             Save money
    •     In 2011, it is estimated
          that close to 60% of               Once you have your bike
          Queensland households              and accessories, cycling
          have access to a bicycle.          is basically free. That
                                             means you do not
    •     In 2010, Australians               have to pay for fuel,
          bought more than                   parking, registration
          1.3 million new bicycles,          or insurance. This can
          compared to one                    save thousands of
          million cars, making it
                                             dollars each year.
          the eleventh year in a
          row that bicycle sales             Environmentally
          outstripped car sales.             friendly
    •     In 2009, more than                 Relying on ‘pedal power’,
          364 000 Queenslanders              cycling produces no
          rode a bike for recreation,        emissions and has minimal
          exercise or sport – an             impacts on the environment.
          11% increase from the
          previous two years.

6                                                                                             Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Executive summary

      Priority areas
      The Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021 has four
      priority areas for action:

      •    building safe, direct and connected cycle networks
      •    growing a cycling culture
      •    creating cycle-friendly communities
      •    developing a cycling economy.

      Each priority area outlines actions to be implemented
      and identifies signature projects that contribute to the
      delivery of the priority.

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                        7
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Executive summary

Priority area one – building safe, direct and connected cycle networks
Principal Cycle Network Plans will be prepared       Strategic cycle network, Complete 5, Connect To and Educated Ways
for regions across the state to identify
important cycle connections for progressive
delivery of connected networks.

The Queensland Government has adopted
a Cycling Infrastructure Policy to make sure
cycling is incorporated into all government
transport infrastructure projects.

The policy will result in provision for cycling
in transport infrastructure projects (roads,
public transport and other), upgrades and
maintenance on the principal cycle network.

Delivering a connected network will also
make it safer to cycle. New types of cycle
facilities will be trialled that provide better
separation of cyclists and motor vehicles.

People consistently report they would walk
and cycle more if there were safer facilities,
with 91% of cyclists reporting they feel safe
when cycling on off-road paths.

Enhanced safety will be supported with
targeted reductions in speed limits, along
with a program to address locations where
cycle crashes are an issue.

The signature project for this priority is to roll
out connected networks across Queensland
cities and towns with populations of more
than 20 000 residents (see box below).

Delivery of infrastructure will be guided by
Principal Cycle Network Plans (where they are
available), with priority given to projects that
fit into one of the following categories:
                                                                                                        Did you know?
Strategic cycle network – links to connect                                                               Cycling five
centres and key attractors. Some of these             Signature project one                        kilometres to and from
routes may be protected cycleways or                                                               work each day instead
veloways                                              Connected networks for cities                 of driving would save
                                                      and towns across Queensland                   about 720 kilograms
Complete 5 – completing the principal cycle                                                          of greenhouse gas
                                                      SP 1.1 Develop a delivery program in
network within five kilometres of key centres                                                           emissions per
                                                      partnership with local government for
to deliver a connected cycle network                                                                         year.
                                                      strategic cycle networks, Complete 5,
                                                      Educated Ways and Connect To, updated
Educated Ways – ensuring safe and
                                                      annually as part of the Queensland Transport
connected routes are provided to major
                                                      and Roads Investment Program.
schools, universities and TAFEs, focusing on
a three kilometre catchment around schools            SP 1.2 Focus criteria for existing and new cycling
                                                      infrastructure-related funding programs on delivering
Connect To – putting cycle links in place to          strategic cycle network routes, Complete 5, Educated
key public transport stations and stops (up to        Ways and Connect To. Coordinate and streamline the
five kilometres), supported by bicycle parking        application processes across the various funding
and end-of-trip facilities.                           sources.

8                                                                                          Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Executive summary

Priority area two – growing a cycling culture                                       Improving children’s
Getting more people to cycle will take time. Community attitudes to
                                                                                    health through active
cycling will only change when people experience cycling as being safe and           school travel
convenient. Building a cycling culture is about Queensland being a place
                                                                                    Forty years ago, almost half of
where cycling is widely supported, encouraged and celebrated.
                                                                                    children walked or cycled to
                                                                                    school, with about one-third
Continuing to roll out the successful TravelSmart program will help send the
                                                                                    being driven or using other
cycling message to people in their everyday lives and get more people cycling       means of transport. Today, more
to work and school, for shopping and recreation.                                    than 70% of primary school
                                                                                    children are driven to and from
By providing tailored information about local cycling opportunities and             school every day.
facilities, previous TravelSmart programs have boosted the number of people
cycling by more than 50%.                                                           This trend can have negative
                                                                                    repercussions on our children’s
                                                                                    health. In 2008, about 26%
The Queensland Government will continue to promote cycling messages to
                                                                                    of Queensland children aged
support safe interaction between cyclists and motorists. This will include
                                                                                    between five and 15 years were
communication activities that highlight cycling’s broad appeal.                     found to be overweight or obese.

Cycling events such as Bike Week and the annual Cycle Queensland ride will          Encouraging children to be active
continue to be evaluated and supported as a way for cyclists to come together       while travelling to and from
and help encourage new cyclists to ‘give it a try’.                                 school for even just a few trips a
                                                                                    week has multiple benefits.
Connected cycle networks will be supported by providing regulatory and              Having more children cycling to
directional signs, maps and other useful information. The strategy will             and from school and creating
investigate using new technology to provide this information, such as               a cycling culture among the
applications for use with mobile phones and GPS devices.                            upcoming adults of tomorrow, is
                                                                                    a strong focus for the Queensland
The Queensland Government will lead by example through increasing the use           Cycle Strategy 2011–2021. This
of cycling in daily operations, as well as supporting businesses and health         will help to address physical
professionals to encourage more people to cycle.                                    inactivity and the rising incidence
                                                                                    of overweight and obese
To lessen the barriers to cycling, legal impediments to riding and new types of     children.
safer cycling facilities will be identified and addressed.                          Active school travel programs will
                                                                                    continue to be rolled out across
Historical travel to school mode share in greater Brisbane                          the state. More active school
                                                                                    travel will be supported through
70%                                                                                 the delivery of bicycle education
                                                                                    programs to schools, so children
60%
                                                                                    learn how to cycle safely and with
50%                                                                                 confidence.

40%

30%

20%                                                                                           Did you know?

10%                                                                                       About three-quarters
                                                                                             of residents in
 0%                                                                                       Queensland cities and
         1976          1986           1992               2004       2007   2009
                                                                                          towns live within five
        Walk      Car as passenger    Public Transport      Cycle                           kilometres of an
                                                                                             activity centre.
  Signature project two
  Bicycle education
  SP 2.1 Pilot and deliver nationally accredited bicycle education programs suitable for children and adults.

  SP 2.2 Develop and maintain resources to inform and support schools, parents and carers when teaching children
  to ride.

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                       9
2011-2021 Queensland Cycle Strategy - Publications.qld ...
Executive summary

Priority area three – creating cycle-friendly communities
When new communities are                 workplaces, schools, universities,           Signature project three
designed for cycling and walking, the    shops and activity centres. Providing
community can reduce its reliance on     these facilities in new buildings            Active towns
car travel.                              is important, as is finding ways to          SP 3.1 Pilot active towns
                                         retrofit facilities in existing buildings.   programs in association with
With a significant part of future                                                     relevant state government
growth across Queensland in new          The signature project for this priority      agencies, local government and
communities, there is the opportunity    area is to pilot active towns programs       the bicycle industry. Evaluate
to have best practice cycle facilities   in partnership with state agencies,          outcomes, and if results are
in place from the outset.                local governments, the bicycle               positive, expand to other towns
                                         industry and bicycle user groups.            and cities as funding becomes
Turning attention to providing for                                                    available.
cycling in existing cities and towns     Active towns programs focus
will continue to be an important         infrastructure provision and
focus.                                   encouragement intensively in a small
                                                                                               Did you know?
                                         number of communities, with the
A big part of creating cycle-friendly    aim of rapidly increasing cycling and              Residents are more
communities will be ensuring end-of-     walking.                                           physically active in
trip facilities are provided at places                                                       communities with
people want to cycle to, such as                                                              pedestrian and
                                                                                              bicycle-friendly
                                                                                              infrastructure.

10                                                                                        Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Executive summary

Priority area four –developing a cycling economy
Not only does cycling help people
stay fit and healthy, it can also
deliver economic benefits.
Through supporting cycle tourism
initiatives, the Queensland
Government can help attract more
visitors to regional and coastal
communities. With the right
facilities, these places become
a cycling holiday destination of
choice.

In addition, the strategy proposes
support for the bicycle industry to
continue to provide and expand
bicycle availability. Cycling
for sport and recreation is also
supported, in recognition of the
growing popularity of mountain
biking, road riding and BMX.

Recreation trails are the signature
project for this priority area.
Recreation trails aim to vitalise
local economies by continuing to
construct trails that encourage
walking, cycling and horse
riding. Recreation trails bring
more visitors to areas. They
also support local residents
and visitors to become healthier
through physical activity.

             Did you know?
           Cyclists currently
          save the economy
        $63.9 million per year
        in reduced congestion
        costs and $9.3 million
          in greenhouse gas
              emissions.

   Signature project four
   Recreation trails
   SP 4.1 Develop and deliver
   recreation trails and coastal
   pathways through partnerships
   with local governments and
   communities to support
   local economies and
   increase recreational cycling
   opportunities.

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                               11
Executive summary

Implementing the strategy
The Queensland Cycle Strategy           Because so many diverse groups         The strategy aims to implement
2011–2021 is a whole-of-government      are involved in achieving cycling      additional funding programs, as well
strategy. It has been developed         outcomes, a coordinated approach       as focus existing funding programs
collaboratively by state and local      to strategy implementation is          to ensure the strategy’s vision and
governments in consultation with        essential. This includes regular       targets are achieved.
the cycling industry and bicycle user   progress reporting through an annual
groups.                                 report card, and the development of
                                        detailed performance indicators to
                                        measure the success of all priority
                                        areas in the strategy.

12                                                                                    Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part A – Setting the scene

                                                            Part A

                                      Setting the scene

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                    13
Part A – Setting the scene

About the Queensland Cycle Strategy
Getting people cycling more often for more types of trips will make       Achievements
our cities and towns more sustainable, vibrant and friendly.              since 2003
Supporting cycling as an attractive way to travel means more people
can enjoy this affordable, practical and healthy transport choice that    Significant progress has been made
offers door-to-door convenience.                                          since the previous Queensland Cycle
                                                                          Strategy was released in 2003. Parts of
More cycling can help manage congestion, improve quality of life and      the state are showing that investment
reduce pollution. In many parts of Queensland, cycling can provide        in safe, direct and connected cycling
affordable access to jobs and services for people who cannot easily       facilities, combined with promotion,
access public transport or a car.                                         gets more people cycling.

Cycling is also a popular fitness and recreational activity.              The new Queensland Cycle Strategy
                                                                          2011–2021 will build on these
The Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021 builds on the significant         investments and achievements. Some
Queensland Government commitments to cycling that are already             of the key achievements delivered since
in place. In 2010, the Queensland Growth Management Summit                the release of the previous strategy are
included an action to release a new Queensland Cycle Strategy.            detailed below.

The strategy will support the achievement of objectives in the            Cycling infrastructure
government’s state-wide plan Toward Q2: Tomorrow’s Queensland
that focuses on:                                                          Ensuring connected networks are in place
                                                                          is a critical factor to achieving more cycling.
•    making Queensland greener by reducing car use                        Recent infrastructure improvements include:

•    making Queenslanders healthier by reducing obesity.                  •   delivering new cycling facilities across
                                                                              Queensland since 2006, by building
The strategy will also help reduce greenhouse gas emissions from              cycling facilities as part of state road
other forms of transport, supporting Climate Q: toward a greener              projects
Queensland.
                                                                          •   retrofitting 295 kilometres of cycle
Implementing this strategy involves state government agencies,                network since 2006 in partnership
local governments, local communities and businesses working in                with local governments in south-east
partnership.                                                                  Queensland

As a whole-of-government strategy, funding and resources for              •   providing $40 million over 15 years to
implementation of the strategy are the responsibility of a range of           support road, BMX, mountain bike and
agencies and are linked with multiple government strategies at local,         elite cycling infrastructure, through the
state and national levels. It is anticipated that state agencies, local       Sport and Recreation Infrastructure
governments and other strategy partners will continue to incorporate          Program
cycling initiatives within existing policy and program priorities, and
will seek additional funding for specific projects as required.           •   setting the standard for new types
                                                                              of end-of-trip facilities, through the
                                                                              delivery of the Royal Brisbane and
                                                                              Women’s Hospital and King George
                                                                              Square cycle centres

                                                                          •   requiring end-of-trip facilities to include
                                                                              secure bike racks, lockers and change
                                                                              rooms where cyclists, joggers and
                                                                              walkers can shower, change and secure
                                                                              their belongings

                                                                          •   providing $44 million in funding
                                                                              over the last 10 years for the delivery
                                                                              of safe cycling and pedestrian

14                                                                                Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part A – Setting the scene

    infrastructure around schools,          Planning for improved cycling                •     publishing A Guide to
    through the Transport Infrastructure    infrastructure                                     Signing Cycle Networks and
    Development Scheme                                                                         accompanying cycle note
                                            Bicycle network planning is supported              Producing Bicycle Network Maps
•   completing 100 kilometres of the        by:                                                and Cycling Transport Access
    Brisbane Valley rail trail through                                                         Guides to support the provision
    local, state and federal government     •   including a Desired Regional                   of consistent and legible
    and community collaboration                 Outcome of Integrated Transport in             directional and information
                                                the South East Queensland Regional             signage for cycle networks
•   implementing green bicycle lanes            Plan which incorporates policies               across the state
    across Cairns to improve safety at          to promote public transport use,
    problem crash locations.                    walking and cycling                      •     providing training to over
                                                                                               300 designers and engineers
Local governments across Queensland         •   developing Principal Cycle Network             over three years through the
are also delivering infrastructure for          Plans for south-east Queensland and            Designing for Pedestrians and
cycling and walking.                            far north Queensland                           Cyclists course.

Cycling culture                             •   including cycling infrastructure         Cycling research
                                                in the Queensland Transport and
A cycling culture is growing in                 Roads Investment Program which           Research efforts that support cycling
Queensland, supported by events,                provides for the coordinated delivery    include:
behaviour change programs and                   of transport infrastructure across
information, such as:                           Queensland including integrated          •     working with the Queensland
                                                transport networks that support                University of Technology on a
•   Bike Week, the nine-day Cycle               active transport                               cyclist visibility study. The study
    Queensland ride, Gold Coast Cycle                                                          found that using lighting and
    Challenge, Ride to Work and Ride to     •   supporting local governments to                reflective clothing on moving
    School                                      update their cycle network plans               parts of the body while cycling
                                                as part of Cycle Network Program               can significantly improve
•   delivering the TravelSmart                  funding and Sport and Recreation               visibility of cyclists to motorists1
    Communities program – the                   Services Local Sport and Recreation
    Brisbane North project involved             Program                                  •     investigating the effect of road
    about 75 000 households and                                                                lane width on cyclist safety in
    achieved a 50% increase in cycling      •   publishing the Active and Healthy              urban areas2
    trips                                       Communities guidelines for local
                                                governments to create supportive         •     funding a Griffith University
•   working in partnership with local           environments for physical activity             study to examine the barriers
    government to deliver TravelSmart           and healthy eating                             to cycling, particularly how
    Schools projects – the Noosa                                                               neighbourhood design
    program achieved a 25% increase         •   installing counters to collect cyclist         influences cycling participation
    in cycling to school and cycle skills       and pedestrian numbers across
    training was provided to 1100 year          the cycle network in south-east          •     collecting and analysing cyclist
    four students                               Queensland.                                    and pedestrian traffic data.

•   Share the Road campaign to              Providing technical guidance and
    encourage motorists to drive safely     support
    around cyclists and cyclists to obey
    the road rules                          Quality cycling facilities are supported
                                            through:
•   70% of local governments actively
    promoting walking and 50% actively      •   developing cycle notes and other
    promoting cycling through a range of        technical guidance that assist state     1 Wood, J., Lasherex, P., Marszlaek, R. and King, M.
    activities                                  and local government planners and        (2009), “Drivers’ and cyclists’ experiences of sharing
                                                                                         the road: incidents, attitudes and perceptions of
                                                engineers to deliver best practice       visibility”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41(4),
                                                                                         772-776.
•   publishing local government cycling         cycle facilities tailored to local
    and TravelSmart maps.                       requirements                             2 Schramm, A. and Rakotonirainy, A. (2009), The effect
                                                                                         of road lane width on cyclist safety in urban areas,
                                                                                         Paper presented to Australasian Road Safety Research,
                                                                                         Policing and Education Conference, 10 -13 November
                                                                                         2009, Sydney, New South Wales.

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                                               15
Part A – Setting the scene

                                                                                                                Bicentennial
     South-east Queensland
                                                  Eenie Creek cycleway,     Toowong Cycle and
                                                  Noosa                     Pedestrian Overpass,                bikeway upgrade,
                                                                            Brisbane                            Brisbane

     Since the first regional cycle network
     plan for south-east Queensland was
     released in 2003, progress has been
     made in delivering new cycle links
     across the region. Highlights include:

     •   Goodwill Bridge, Gardens Point to
         Southbank

     •   Kurilpa pedestrian and cycle bridge
         from North Quay to South Brisbane
                                                      Ted Smout Bridge
     •   Toowong pedestrian and cycle link            cycleway, Redcliffe

         across the Centenary Motorway

     •   Normanby cycle and pedestrian                                                               Noosa
         facility

     •   Gateway cycleway pedestrian and
         cycle facility
                                                                                            Mooloolaba
     •   Brassall bikeway from Brassall to
         Ipswich CBD                                                                               Caloundra
     •   Ted Smout Bridge cycleway
                                                     Brassall bikeway,
                                                     Ipswich
     •   Princess Alexandra Hospital
         bikeway beside the Boggo Road
         busway

     •   Eleanor Schonell Bridge pedestrian                                                                      Redcliffe
         and cycle facility from the University
         of Queensland to Dutton Park

     •   Bicentennial bikeway upgrade at
         Milton                                                                                              Brisbane

     •   Eenie Creek Bridge and cycleways
         in Noosa                                                                            Ipswich             Logan

     •   cycle centres at King George Square          Red Bridge,
                                                      Logan
         and Royal Brisbane and Women’s
         Hospital busway stations

     •   progressive delivery of V1 bikeway
         from Brisbane CBD to Eight Mile                                                                          Gold Coast
         Plains

     •   pedestrian and cycle crossings of
         the Brisbane River at Jindalee and
         Indooroopilly.

     The Queensland Government’s climate
     change strategy, ClimateQ: Toward a          Normanby Cycle and                      Royal Brisbane        Gateway cycleway,
                                                                                           and Women’s
     greener Queensland, recognises the           Pedestrian Link,
                                                  Brisbane                                      Hospital
                                                                                                                Brisbane

     key role that cycling can make towards                                                 cycle centre,
                                                                                                Brisbane
     reducing transport greenhouse gas
     emissions in its ‘Faster, Better, Safer
     Walking and Cycling initiative’ to
     identify and fill gaps in the inner-city
     cycle network.

16                                                                                                 Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part A – Setting the scene

                     Hook turn   Narrow bridge
                  storage box,
                        Cairns
                                 signage,
                                 Cairns
                                                                                               Cycling across Queensland
                                                                                               Highlights include:

                                                                                               •   Cairns inner-city cycle
                                                                                                   facility from the CBD to
                                                                                                   Aeroglen, providing a high
                                                                                                   quality commuter facility
                                                                  Green bicycle
                                                                  lane treatment,
                                                                                                   and demonstrating safe
                                                                  Cairns                           implementation of cycling
                                                                                                   facilities within a rail corridor

                                                                                               •   safety upgrades on the Captain
                                                                                                   Cook Highway near Cairns,
                                                                                                   including 1.5 metre wide
                                                                                                   shoulders for cyclists, as well
                                                                                                   as reduced speed limits, green
                                                                                                   paint and rubber kerbs at the
                                                                                                   roundabouts to separate cyclists
                                                                                                   and other vehicles

                                                                                               •   construction of cycle lanes on
                                                                                                   Mulgrave Road in Cairns as part
                                                                                                   of the upgrade, including bicycle
                                                                                                   push buttons to activate traffic
                                                                                                   signals and a trial protected
                                                 Cairns
                                                                                                   cycleway

                                                                                               •   initiation of the ‘bike bus’
                                                                                                   program, allowing groups of
                                                         Townsville                                students to safely travel to
                                                                                                   school on a specified route with
                                                                                                   supervisors
              Mount Isa
                                                                      Mackay                   •   provision of cycle lanes to
                                                                                                   the University of Southern
                                                                                                   Queensland, Toowoomba

                                                                                               •   provision of cycle lanes and
                                                                                                   bicycle traffic signal push
                                                                                                   buttons in Roma

                                                                                               •   completion of the 21 kilometre
                                                                                                   Bluewater Trail in Mackay.

                                                   Roma
                                                               Toowoomba
                                                                                    Brisbane

  Bicycle lane,                  Bicycle push buttons,            Bicycle lanes,                                      Shared path under Douglas
  Roma                           Roma                             Toowoomba                                                  Arterial, Townsville

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                                                 17
Part A – Setting the scene

Cycling in Queensland today
Why do people cycle?                                          Figure 1 – main reason for cycling against frequency of use for
More people associate cycling with recreation                 south-east Queensland residents
and exercise than as a transport choice for
journeys to work, school or education.                        120%

However, people who cycle to work, school or                  100%           8%                                               12%
education facilities ride more often than the                                                                                                  35%
                                                                             17%             32%
majority of people who only cycle for recreation               80%                                            36%
and exercise (Figure 1).                                                                                                      35%

Historical travel trends of residents in greater               60%                                                                             23%
                                                                                             37%              32%
Brisbane show the share of cycling trips for work-
related purposes increased significantly from                  40%           75%
21% in 1992 to 36% in 2009 (Figure 2).                                                                                        54%
                                                                                                                                               42%
                                                               20%                           30%              32%
A survey of people’s main considerations
when choosing how to travel found that many
of the reasons people cycle are similar to why                  0%
                                                                        Work/Education Social/Recreation   Sport/Fitness     Shopping     Other Reason
people drive. The top six things people consider
                                                                                     Infrequent               Moderate              Frequent
important when choosing a transport mode are
the same for cyclists and drivers (Figure 3).
                                                              Source: Department of Transport and Main Roads (2010),
                                                              Transport User Analysis of south-east Queensland residents.
Figure 2 – cycling by trip purpose for greater Brisbane

                                                              Figure 3 – considerations for car driver and cyclist travel choice

                                                               Consideration in choosing how to travel                     Car drivers    Cyclists

                                                               Reliability (consistent travel time)

                                                               Able to leave anytime

                                                               Ease of access from home

                                                               Convenience

                                                               Flexibility

Source: Department of Transport and Main Roads (2010),         Able to go anywhere
Transport User Analysis of south-east Queensland residents.
                                                               Shortest travel time

     Cycling facts                                             No waiting time before travel

                                                               Protection from weather
     •   In 2011, it is estimated that 814 000
         people ride a bike in Queensland each                 Cost
         week (18% of residents).
                                                               Comfort

     •   In 2011, it is estimated that close to                Familiarity
         60% of Queensland households have
                                                               Stress
         access to a bicycle.
                                                               Safety
     •   In 2010, Australians bought more than
         1.3 million new bicycles, compared                    Make the best use of travel time
         to one million cars, making it the
         eleventh year in a row that bicycle                  Source: Department of Transport and Main
         sales outstripped car sales.                         Roads (2010), Transport User Analysis of                                     Top 1–3
                                                              south-east Queensland residents.
                                                                                                                                           Top 4–6
     •   In 2009, more than
         364 000 Queenslanders rode a bike for                                                                                             Top 7–10
         recreation, exercise or sport – an 11%
         increase from the previous two years.

18                                                                                                            Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part A – Setting the scene

Encouraging more cycling
Figure 4 illustrates the barriers to cycling reported in a      People consistently report they would walk and cycle
survey of south-east Queensland residents. Many barriers        more if there were safer facilities, with 91% of cyclists
relate to the quality of infrastructure (feel unsafe, no bike   reporting they feel safe when cycling on off-road paths
paths, no end-of-trip facilities).                              (Figure 5).

Figure 4 – barriers to cycling                                  Figure 5 – situations where cyclists report feeling safe

                                                                    91%             Off-road on bike paths

                                                                           82%            Paths shared with pedestrians

                                                                                    80%             Off-road on footpaths

Source: Department of Transport and Main Roads (2010),                                          58%          On-road in bike lanes
Transport User Analysis of south-east Queensland residents.
                                                                                                                 On-road with
                                                                  9% of cyclists report                 17%
                                                                                                                 NO bike lanes
                                                                  NEVER feeling safe
                                                                Source: Queensland Transport (2009), Sustainable Transport Survey.

Goodwill Bridge, Brisbane

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                                  19
Part A – Setting the scene

Cycling for the commute to work                                      Figure 6 –commute to work cycling mode share
                                                                     (by local government area)
Data for cycling participation across Queensland is
collected as part of the Australian Bureau of Statistics
census which captures journey to work. The census is
                                                                                                                                       Mode share change (1996–2006)
carried out every five years, with the most recent data
from 2006.                                                                                                                                          Positive

In 2006, about 20 000 people cycled to work on an                                                                                                   Decline 0 to 0.5
average weekday in Queensland. Despite population
growth, this number has declined from about 23 000 in                                                                                               Decline 0.5 to 1.0
1991.
                                                                                                                                                    Decline over 1.0
On average, 1.1% of white collar workers and 1.8% of blue
collar workers cycle to work each day.
                                                                                                            3.2          Cairns
There is significant variation in cycling participation rates
for the commute to work across the state, with parts of
Brisbane as low as 0.5% and parts of Cairns at 10%.
                                                                                                                      2.9       Townsville

Cycling participation rates for the commute to work
have declined across all the major towns and cities                                                                                   1.7         Mackay
since 1996, with the exception of inner Brisbane (Figure
6). This increase is related to the provision of cycling
infrastructure that delivered safe, direct and connected                                                                  Rockhampton              1.5
routes.
                                                                                                                                  Gladstone           1.7
Boosting cycling through infrastructure                              Toowoomba
                                                                                      Brisbane
                                                                                                                                         Bundaberg            2.0
                                                                                         1.5
improvements                                                           1.3
                                                                                        0.4 0.5                                   Maryborough                 1.4
                                                                              Ipswich                                                                                    0.8
There has been significant investment in cycling                                          Logan                                                     Gympie
infrastructure to provide direct, off-road connections to
                                                                                                          1.2
Brisbane’s CBD (particularly from the south and west).
                                                                                                     Gold Coast                                              see inset

Investment has seen increased levels of cycling
participation in suburbs surrounding these quality
facilities.                                                          Between 2001 and 2006, cycle trips to work in the
                                                                     south and west increased from 3.1% to 3.7%, as people
Between 1986 and 2006, the share of cycling trips to work            could more easily access the CBD from suburbs south
in the CBD increased from 0.5% to 3% for suburbs within              of the river with the opening of the Goodwill Bridge.
12 kilometres of the city (Figure 7) – a five-fold increase.         By comparison, Brisbane’s northside mode share only
                                                                     increased from 1.9% to 2.2%.
Cycling increases were higher in southern and western
suburbs, highlighting the positive influence of dedicated            In 2006, inner Brisbane suburbs such as West End and
cycle facilities in attracting more people to cycling.               Woolloongabba experienced more than 7% of journeys
                                                                     to work by bicycle.

Figure 7 – change in cycling mode share around key Everton
                                                   infrastructure
                                                           Park in inner Brisbane
                                                                            Kedron
                                             1986                                                                                                    2006
                                                                                                                                                     2006
                                                                                         Everton Park
                                                                                                          Kedron
                                                                                                                                                    75kms of
                                                                                                                                                       2006
                                                                                                                                                    major    cycle
                                                                                                                                                      75kms of
                                                                                                                                                    infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                      major cycle
                                         The Gap            Kelvin GroveThe Gap
                                                                                                                                                         infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                    OffOffroad    cycling
                                                                                            Kelvin Grove                                                   road cycling
                                                                                                                                                    infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                      infrastructure
                                                                                               Balmoral                Balmoral
                                                                                                     Brisbane                                            Cycle mode
                                                                    Brisbane             Auchenflower
                                                                                                        City                                             share (%)
                                                                                                                                                    Cycle7 tomode
                                                                       City
                                                                                                                                                               10
                                                                                                                Woolloongabba                       share53 to 7
                                                                                                                                                             (%)
                                                                                                                                                            to 5
                                                                                               St Lucia                               Carindale
                                                       Auchenflower                                                                                        721 to
                                                                                                                                                               to32 10
                                                                                                                                                               to
                                                                                 Woolloongabba                                                             50 toto1 7
                                                                                        Graceville                                                         3 to 5
                                                                St Lucia                                              Carindale                            2 to 3
                                                                           Jindalee
                                                                                                                      Mount Gravatt                        1 to 2
                                                                                                                                                           0 to 1
                                                      Graceville
                                       Jindalee
20                                                                                          Mount GravattQueensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part A – Setting the scene

Growing cycling in Queensland
Vision                                                     Targets
Our vision for cycling in Queensland is:                   The Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021 target is to
                                                           get more people to cycle more often for school, work,
                                                           recreation, shopping and social trips.

                                                           Currently there is no state-wide data available that tracks
                                                           how often people cycle for all types of trips.

                                                           Until this becomes available, progress on the strategy will
                                                           be tracked through a target to double cycling’s share of
Achieving this vision would mean:                          commute trips to work by 2021, and triple these trips by
                                                           2031.
•   Queenslanders of all ages and abilities can make                               Figure 8 –cycling commute to work targets
    the choice to cycle for transport, recreation,         With population
    fitness and health                                     growth, doubling        60000
                                                           the commute
•   residents in Queensland cities and towns can ride      trips by bicycle
    on safe, direct cycle routes with secure bicycle       by 2021 will mean       50000                        2.8%
    parking at their destination                           a 180% increase                                      56 000
                                                           in the number of                                     commute
                                                                                   40000                        cycle trips
•   school and university students have safe and           weekday work
                                                                                                                per day
    direct cycling routes, with secure bicycle parking     trips by bicycle
                                                           (Figure 8).             30000
•   cycling is supported by all levels of government
    and the community.                                     The strategy
                                                           will monitor            20000
                                                           the percentage                      1.4%
Policy linkages and opportunities                          of females                        21 000
                                                           cycling to work.        10000     commute
Incorporating a health benefit into daily travel           Internationally,                  cycle trips
                                                                                             per day
Cycling is a convenient, safe and attractive option        the proportion of
                                                                                       0
for many trips, encouraging more people to make            females riding is
                                                                                                2006          2021
active travel choices as part of daily travel. This will   recognised as an
contribute to the Toward Q2 target to cut obesity by       indicator of the ‘friendliness’ of cycling environments. In
one-third across Queensland.                               2006, only 19% of cycling journeys to work in Queensland
                                                           were made by females.
Providing an affordable and convenient travel choice
Many Queenslanders can easily access goods,                Targets for other
services, facilities and jobs by safe, direct cycle        cycling trips will be                  Did you know?
connections.                                               established as
                                                           state-wide                         Cycling five kilometres
Protecting the environment and transitioning to a low      data becomes                       to and from work each
carbon future                                              available.                      day instead of driving would
Greenhouse gases and other environmental                                                   save about 720 kilograms of
emissions are reduced by increasing levels of              The strategy                     greenhouse gas emissions
cycling. This supports the Toward Q2 target to cut         provides a basis                per year – 5% of the average
Queenslanders’ carbon footprint by one-third through       for setting targets               Queensland household’s
reducing car and electricity use.                          at regional and local                    greenhouse
                                                           government levels                        emissions.
Managing congestion                                        through more detailed
By encouraging people to replace some car trips with       planning processes, such
cycling, congestion can be better managed.                 as Integrated Regional Transport
                                                           Plans and local government transport plans. The state-wide
Making transport more resilient to oil shortages           targets should be considered as a minimum.
By establishing cycling as an attractive travel choice,
the vulnerability to reduced oil supply and rising oil     Achieving progress towards the Queensland Cycle Strategy
prices can be minimised.                                   2011–2021 targets will contribute directly to Toward Q2:
                                                           Tomorrow’s Queensland green and healthy targets.

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                            21
Part A – Setting the scene

Priority areas
The Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021 has four priority areas for action. The strategy sets out a signature project for
each priority. These signature projects will focus implementation to achieve the vision of ‘more cycling, more often’.

Each priority area is also supported by a set of actions designed to help achieve the strategy vision and targets. These
actions have short, medium or long-term timeframes for implementation, or are existing and will be continued.

  1    Building safe, direct and connected cycle networks
  Safe, direct and connected cycle networks will provide          Signature project one – Connected networks for cities and
  facilities to support the many trips for which the bicycle is   towns across Queensland
  a viable, convenient and enjoyable transport choice. This       SP 1.1 Develop a delivery program in partnership with
  includes:                                                       local government for strategic cycle networks, Complete 5,
  •    building connected cycle networks                          Educated Ways and Connect To, updated annually as part of
  •    developing cycle network plans                             the Queensland Transport and Roads Investment Program.
  •    making cycling a part of all government                    SP 1.2 Focus criteria for existing and new cycling
       infrastructure projects.                                   infrastructure-related funding programs on delivering
                                                                  strategic cycle network routes, Complete 5, Educated Ways
                                                                  and Connect To. Coordinate and streamline the application
                                                                  processes across the various funding sources.

  2 Growing a cycling culture
  A cycling culture is about Queensland being a place             Signature project two – bicycle education
  where cycling is widely supported, encouraged and               SP 2.1 Pilot and deliver nationally-accredited bicycle
  celebrated. This includes:                                      education programs suitable for children and adults.
  •    supporting travel behaviour change to boost cycling        SP 2.2 Develop and maintain resources to inform and support
  •    encouraging active school travel                           schools, parents and carers when teaching children to ride.
  •    providing information and wayfinding
  •    promoting cycling and community education
  •    supporting cycling events
  •    engaging cycling change champions
  •    ensuring road rules and legislative frameworks
       support cycling.

  3 Creating cycle-friendly communities
  When communities and suburbs are designed to be                 Signature project three – active towns
  ‘cycleable’ and ‘walkable’, the community as a whole            Active towns focus infrastructure provision and
  can reduce its reliance on car travel. This includes:           encouragement intensively in a small number of communities
  •    integrating cycling into planning and development          with the aim of rapidly increasing cycling and walking.
  •    including end-of-trip facilities in developments           SP 3.1 Pilot active town programs in association with relevant
  •    delivering a safe cycle network.                           state government agencies, local government and the bicycle
                                                                  industry. Evaluate outcomes and, if results are positive,
                                                                  expand to other towns and cities as funding becomes
                                                                  available.

  4 Developing a cycling economy
  Developing a cycling economy is about inviting                  Signature project four – recreation trails
  community and business to partner with government               Recreation trails for walking, cycling and horse riding can
  to take advantage of the value-adding benefits of               vitalise local economies and have health benefits.
  cycling, it is also about supporting all forms of cycling
                                                                  SP 4.1 Develop and deliver recreation trails and coastal
  including outdoor recreation and sport. This includes:
                                                                  pathways through partnerships with local governments
  •    supporting cycle tourism                                   and communities to support local economies and increase
  •    supporting the bicycle industry                            recreational cycling opportunities.
  •    supporting recreation and sports cycling.

22                                                                                               Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part B – Priorities for action

                                                                  Part B

                                      Priorities for action

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                           23
Part B – Priorities for action

                                    Priority area one
                                   Building safe,
                                       direct and
                                       connected
                                  cycle networks

Roma Street Parklands, Brisbane

24                                       Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part B – Priorities for action

Most trips in Queensland, even short     The strategy will focus on providing      The action tables in the following
ones, are made by car.                   facilities to activity centres, school    section include an implementation
                                         and universities to support as many       priority. The intended timeframes
Cycling offers many advantages over      cycling trips as possible.                are:
driving, such as avoiding congestion
and car parking costs.                   Activity centres are areas of             •    Short: 2011 – 2013
                                         employment, residential and/or
At a comfortable cycling speed of        retail activity. Larger cities can have   •    Medium: 2014 – 2017
15 kilometres per hour, a trip of five   several activity centres.
kilometres becomes an easy 20                                                      •    Long: 2018 – 2021
minute bicycle ride for most people.     In Queensland, cycling on footpaths
                                         is permitted.                             •    Existing: current action.
Having safe and attractive bicycle
routes to the places people need         This expands the off-road cycle
to go is the key to making cycling a     network, making it more attractive for
desirable choice.                        existing cyclists, and is important in
                                         supporting new cyclists who are not
Where there is no public transport       comfortable cycling on busy roads.
                                                                                                                ow?
service, walking and cycling are                                                                   Did you kn
                                                                                                                 2011
often the only transport options         Ensuring footpaths are cycle-friendly                   During the s many
                                                                                                          nd flo d
                                                                                                                 o
available when people do not have        and wide enough to share with                    Queensla                    dated by
access to a car. By making it easy to    pedestrians, where possible, can                        a  th  s were inun
                                                                                       cyc  le p                      ality and
cycle, greater opportunities will be     support an expanded off-road                                a te rs. The qu
                                                                                        ris in g w                     ities was
provided for people without a car (or    network and help achieve ‘more                      ie n c e  o f these facil with
                                                                                       resil                           ds ,
                                                                                                           er the floo
who choose not to use their car) to      cycling, more often’.                            proven aft              in g a simple
access jobs, education, shopping and                                                         o s t o  n ly requir           y
                                                                                          m                    ecome full
recreation.                                                                                     clean to b           al.
                                                                                                         operation

1.1 Building connected cycle networks

The Queensland Government                The principles for providing cycling       This signature project will focus on
will give priority to developing a       infrastructure include:                   delivering cycling networks for cities
connected network of safe active                                                   and towns with a population of more
transport routes, with a focus on:       •   providing clearly defined             than 20 000 people.
                                             operating space for cyclists
•   improving active transport links         through on and off-road cycling       For this reason, this initiative will
    to and between activity centres,         facilities                            target infrastructure funding to towns
    tertiary education institutions                                                with the highest population, and
    and schools                          •   ensuring the cycle network            greater traffic levels, and the need for
                                             provides a high degree of             safe and connected networks.
•   integrating cycling and walking          connectivity and direct routes.
    with public transport.                                                         Boosting cycling in smaller towns is
                                         Delivering a connected network            aided by their compact size and lower
Levels of cycling are directly           across the state means significant        populations.
related to the quality of cycling        investment. It will take time
infrastructure.                          to put all the links in place to          Less population translates into less
                                         provide continuous, direct cycling        traffic, meaning that cyclists can
Communities with safe, direct            connections.                              safely cycle on local streets.
and connected cycling routes
demonstrate higher levels of cycling.    To prioritise delivery of a connected     This reduces the need for expensive
                                         cycle network, the Queensland Cycle       cycling networks that are essential in
Cycling needs safe and attractive        Strategy 2011–2021 has a signature        larger cities to support more cycling.
space in the transport system to         project – ‘Connected networks for
function.                                cities and towns’.                        Table 1.1 details actions to build
                                                                                   connected cycle networks.

Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                                25
Part B – Priorities for action

 Table 1.1 – building connected cycle networks
 Action         Description                                                                                           Priority   Agency*
 1.1.1          Review criteria for funding Safe School Travel to give highest priority to initiatives that support   Short      TMR
                pedestrian, cyclist and bus access to schools.
 1.1.2          Incorporate trunk cycling and pedestrian networks into Priority Infrastructure Plans and              Existing   LG
                Infrastructure Charges Schemes to ensure cycling facilities are delivered as part of the                         TMR
                development process.
 1.1.3          Continue to implement cycle network facilities in line with prioritised works programs.               Existing   LG
                                                                                                                                 TMR
 1.1.4          Continue to manage funding programs which maintain eligibility to local recreational cycling          Existing   SRS
                facilities.                                                                                                      LG
 1.1.5          Improve safety for cyclists on key cycle routes by investigating areas in towns where                 Medium     TMR
                car parking can be relocated, reconfigured or removed to make room for bicycle lanes,                            LG
                recognising that on these routes the safe and efficient movement of vehicles including
                bicycles has a higher priority than parking.
 1.1.6          Continue to provide bicycle park’n’ride at public transport stations and stops.                       Existing   TTA
                                                                                                                                 TMR
 1.1.7          Investigate establishing bicycle hire outlets at major train stations.                                Long       TMR
                                                                                                                                 LG

 1.1.8          Provide local cycle and pedestrian links to new and upgraded public transport stations and            Short      TMR
                stops as part of public transport infrastructure projects.                                                       LG
 1.1.9          Work with Austroads to enhance guidance on the design of local cycle and pedestrian-friendly          Existing   TMR
                streets into road design guidelines.
 1.1.10         Develop good practice guidance and supporting traffic regulations for the design and                  Medium     TMR
                implementation of protected cycleways and veloways; pursue a nationally consistent
                approach, where possible.
 1.1.11         Pilot and evaluate protected cycleways and veloways, where appropriate.                               Medium     TMR
                                                                                                                                 LG
 1.1.12         Identify the whole-of-life cost of new cycle network facilities during design and project             Existing   TMR
                prioritisation, and ensure that the network owner incorporates the completed facility into its                   LG
                asset management program.
 1.1.13         Apply maintenance minimisation principles in design and operation of new cycling facilities,          Existing   TMR
                such as selection of landscaping and urban design that minimises manual maintenance and                          LG
                path damage, and restricting heavy vehicles from driving across paths.
 1.1.14         Pilot initiatives with private sector organisations to provide cycle connections and end-of-trip      Medium     TMR
                facilities to large industrial workplaces.                                                                       LG

*Refer to the glossary on page 82

     Success story – Cairns cycling infrastructure
     The first protected cycleway on             The kerbing, in conjunction with
     the state-controlled road network           a reduced speed limit at the
     was delivered in Cairns in 2009.            roundabout, was used for the first
     It provided an off-road bike path           time in this way on the
     located between the footpath and            state-controlled road network. This
     the angle or parallel parking bays          encouraged motorists to slow down
     on Mulgrave Road, as part of the            and stay within their lane.
     road upgrade.

     In addition, a $1.8 million
     roundabout upgrade program on
     the Captain Cook Highway north
     of Cairns included rubber kerbing
     and dividers to separate cyclists
     and other vehicles.

26                                                                                                        Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
Part B – Priorities for action

                                                                                                                Northern cycleway

Separating cyclists from cars –           Veloways                                 A northern cycleway for Brisbane City
on track to protected cycleways
                                          The veloway concept is about cycling     An investigation is underway to
To encourage more people to take up       infrastructure that is wide enough to    identify the route for a north Brisbane
cycling, cycle facilities are needed      cater for at least two cyclists riding   cycleway. The cycleway will provide
that are safe and attractive to the       side by side, with space for faster      a high quality cycle corridor from
widest possible range of users.           moving cyclists to safely overtake.      the CBD to Kedron and ultimately
                                                                                   Chermside, integrated with existing
Protected cycleways are physically        These facilities encourage people        land uses and future growth. It will
separated from motor vehicle traffic      of all ages and abilities to ride, for   separate cyclists from other traffic.
by kerbs and/or parking.                  sports training, a social trip, or
                                          commuting.                               It will connect cycle facilities that are
Protected cycleways promote                                                        being delivered as part of the Airport
accessibility and safety for cyclists.    Veloways provide a very high             Link project at Bowen Hills, through
                                          standard cycling facility (wide path,    Albion and Wooloowin, linking into
Some Australian cities have delivered     straight alignment, good sight lines)    the existing bikeway at Kedron Brook
protected cycleways, recognising          and are intended for major cycling       and the Royal Brisbane and Women’s
that these are one of the best ways to    links where high numbers of cyclists     Hospital cycle centre.
encourage new cyclists.                   are expected. Veloways are generally
                                          designed for higher travel speeds.

    Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021                                                                                          27
Part A – Setting the scene

1.2 Developing cycle network plans
Ensuring the right planning is in place        Regional plans incorporate strategies          Local government cycle plans
is an important part of delivering a           which support active transport and
connected network. Cycle network               promote the development of cycle               Local government active transport
plans aim to:                                  network plans. Regional plans may              networks should complement
                                               identify principal cycle networks as           principal cycle network routes.
•      connect destinations by a direct        part of transport network maps.
       and safe cycle network                                                                 Together, the Principal Cycle Network
                                               Principal Cycle Network Plans                  Plans and local government cycle
•      address barriers to cycling                                                            plans in each region, will form the
                                               The Queensland Government will                 basis for Infrastructure Charges
•      guide infrastructure delivery in        prepare and implement Principal                Schedules and cycle overlay maps for
       the area.                               Cycle Network Plans in partnership             planning schemes.
                                               with local governments to guide the
Cycling facilities can be progressively        development of principal cycle routes          Table 1.2 details
delivered through a range of                   and regional recreation routes across          actions to support
mechanisms, such as:                           the state.                                     the delivery of
                                                                                              cycle network
•      building cycling facilities as part     South-east Queensland and far north            plans.
       of new road and public transport        Queensland currently have Principal
       infrastructure                          Cycle Network Plans in place.

•      making provision for cyclists
       during road maintenance and
       upgrades                                   Cycle network planning principles
•      incorporating cycling facilities           Providing a safe, direct and coherent cycle network is pivotal in getting
       into planning and development of           more people cycling, more often. Principal cycle network routes need
       new communities                            to be available at regular intervals within the road system to ensure a
                                                  connected and convenient cycle network. When considering the density
•      developing specific projects to            and standards of cycle networks, the following principles can be applied:
       provide on and off-road cycling
       facilities.                                •   Ideally for principal or arterial cycle connections, a network of cycle
                                                      routes spaced no more than 1000 metres apart should be identified
Cycling in Regional Plans                             (regional plans and Principal Cycle Network Plans).

The Department of Local Government                •   For secondary or district cycle connections, a network of cycle routes
and Planning is progressively                         approximately 200–500 metres apart should be provided to support
preparing regional plans across                       the principal routes (local government cycle network plans).
Queensland.
                                                  •   The type of bicycle facilities provided should be determined by
                                                      the form, function and use of the cycle route relative to the road
                                                      environment and the range of likely users.

    Table 1.2 – cycle network strategies and plans
    Action      Description                                                                                    Priority     Agency*
    1.2.1       Continue to prepare Principal Cycle Network Plans for all regions in Queensland.               Short        TMR
    1.2.2       Review and update Principal Cycle Network Plans on a regular basis:                            Existing     TMR
                a.      major review every five years
                b.      mapping updates coordinated with local government access audits.
    1.2.3       Publish recommended standards for cycle facilities as a companion document to Principal        Medium       TMR
                Cycle Network Plans and integrate these standards into national and state road design
                standards.
    1.2.4       Prepare local cycle network plans to identify a grid of local seamless connections which       Short        LG
                provide access to the principal cycle network to guide planning schemes and works programs.

*Refer to the glossary on page 82

28                                                                                                   Queensland Cycle Strategy 2011–2021
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