670 series 2.0 IEC SPA Communication Protocol Manual - ABB Group

 
670 series 2.0 IEC SPA Communication Protocol Manual - ABB Group
Relion® Protection and Control

670 series 2.0 IEC
SPA Communication Protocol Manual
670 series 2.0 IEC SPA Communication Protocol Manual - ABB Group
Document ID: 1MRK 511 306-UEN
                     Issued: May 2014
                            Revision: -
                   Product version: 2.0

© Copyright 2014 ABB. All rights reserved
Copyright
            This document and parts thereof must not be reproduced or copied without written
            permission from ABB, and the contents thereof must not be imparted to a third
            party, nor used for any unauthorized purpose.

            The software and hardware described in this document is furnished under a license
            and may be used or disclosed only in accordance with the terms of such license.

            This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for use in the
            OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.openssl.org/)

            This product includes cryptographic software written/developed by: Eric Young
            (eay@cryptsoft.com) and Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).

            Trademarks
            ABB and Relion are registered trademarks of the ABB Group. All other brand or
            product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks or registered
            trademarks of their respective holders.

            Warranty
            Please inquire about the terms of warranty from your nearest ABB representative.
Disclaimer
             The data, examples and diagrams in this manual are included solely for the concept
             or product description and are not to be deemed as a statement of guaranteed
             properties. All persons responsible for applying the equipment addressed in this
             manual must satisfy themselves that each intended application is suitable and
             acceptable, including that any applicable safety or other operational requirements
             are complied with. In particular, any risks in applications where a system failure and/
             or product failure would create a risk for harm to property or persons (including but
             not limited to personal injuries or death) shall be the sole responsibility of the
             person or entity applying the equipment, and those so responsible are hereby
             requested to ensure that all measures are taken to exclude or mitigate such risks.

             This document has been carefully checked by ABB but deviations cannot be
             completely ruled out. In case any errors are detected, the reader is kindly requested
             to notify the manufacturer. Other than under explicit contractual commitments, in
             no event shall ABB be responsible or liable for any loss or damage resulting from
             the use of this manual or the application of the equipment.
Conformity
             This product complies with the directive of the Council of the European
             Communities on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to
             electromagnetic compatibility (EMC Directive 2004/108/EC) and concerning
             electrical equipment for use within specified voltage limits (Low-voltage directive
             2006/95/EC). This conformity is the result of tests conducted by ABB in
             accordance with the product standard EN 60255-26 for the EMC directive, and
             with the product standards EN 60255-1 and EN 60255-27 for the low voltage
             directive. The product is designed in accordance with the international standards of
             the IEC 60255 series.
Table of contents

                                Table of contents

                                Section 1   Introduction.......................................................................3
                                            This manual........................................................................................3
                                            Intended audience..............................................................................3
                                            Product documentation.......................................................................4
                                                Product documentation set............................................................4
                                                Document revision history.............................................................5
                                                Related documents........................................................................6
                                            Document symbols and conventions..................................................7
                                                Symbols.........................................................................................7
                                                Document conventions..................................................................8
                                                Functions included in 670 series IEDs..........................................9

                                Section 2   SPA application..............................................................19
                                            SPA communication protocol...........................................................19
                                              Application...................................................................................19
                                              Setting guidelines........................................................................20

                                Section 3   SPA operation principle..................................................21
                                            Operation principle...........................................................................21
                                                  Introduction of SPA protocol...................................................21
                                                  SPA protocol..........................................................................21
                                              Communication ports...................................................................28
                                            Design..............................................................................................28

                                Section 4   SPA settings...................................................................31
                                            Settings.............................................................................................31

                                Section 5   SPA technical data.........................................................33
                                            Technical data..................................................................................33

                                Section 6   Establishing connection and verifying the SPA/IEC-
                                            communication ..............................................................35
                                            Establishing connection and verifying the SPA/IEC-
                                            communication ................................................................................35
                                               Entering settings..........................................................................35
                                                  Entering SPA settings............................................................35
                                               Verifying the communication.......................................................36
                                                  Verifying SPA communication................................................36
                                               Fibre optic loop............................................................................36
                                               Optical budget calculation for serial communication with
                                               SPA/IEC .....................................................................................36

670 series 2.0 IEC                                                                                                                               1
Communication Protocol Manual
Table of contents

                    Section 7   SPA functions.................................................................39
                                Event function EVENT......................................................................39
                                   Identification................................................................................39
                                   Function block.............................................................................39
                                   Signals.........................................................................................40
                                   Settings........................................................................................41
                                   Operation principle......................................................................43
                                Setting guidelines.............................................................................44
                                      EventMask (Ch_1 - 16)...........................................................44
                                      LONChannelMask or SPAChannelMask................................44
                                      MinRepIntVal (1 - 16).............................................................44
                                Logical signal status report BINSTATREP.......................................45
                                   Identification................................................................................45
                                   Functionality................................................................................45
                                   Function block.............................................................................45
                                   Signals.........................................................................................46
                                   Settings........................................................................................47
                                   Operation principle......................................................................47

                    Section 8   Glossary.........................................................................49
                                Glossary...........................................................................................49

2                                                                                                         670 series 2.0 IEC
                                                                                              Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                Section 1
                                                                                               Introduction

Section 1                       Introduction

1.1                             This manual

                                The communication protocol manual describes the communication protocols
                                supported by the IED. The manual concentrates on the vendor-specific
                                implementations.

1.2                             Intended audience

                                This manual addresses the communication system engineer or system integrator
                                responsible for pre-engineering and engineering for communication setup in a
                                substation from an IED perspective.

                                The system engineer or system integrator must have a basic knowledge of
                                communication in protection and control systems and thorough knowledge of the
                                specific communication protocol.

670 series 2.0 IEC                                                                                              3
Communication Protocol Manual
Section 1                                                                                                                      1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Introduction

1.3            Product documentation

1.3.1          Product documentation set

                                                                                                                                               Deinstalling & disposal
                                              Planning & purchase

                                                                                                                                               Decommissioning
                                                                                               Commissioning

                                                                                                                                 Maintenance
                                                                    Engineering

                                                                                                                  Operation
                                                                                  Installing
               Engineering manual
               Installation manual

               Commissioning manual
               Operation manual

               Application manual

               Technical manual

               Communication
               protocol manual
               Cyber security
               deployment guideline
                                                                                                                              IEC07000220-4-en.vsd

               IEC07000220 V4 EN

               Figure 1:           The intended use of manuals throughout the product lifecycle

               The engineering manual contains instructions on how to engineer the IEDs using
               the various tools available within the PCM600 software. The manual provides
               instructions on how to set up a PCM600 project and insert IEDs to the project
               structure. The manual also recommends a sequence for the engineering of
               protection and control functions, LHMI functions as well as communication
               engineering for IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 61850 and DNP3.

               The installation manual contains instructions on how to install the IED. The
               manual provides procedures for mechanical and electrical installation. The chapters
               are organized in the chronological order in which the IED should be installed.

               The commissioning manual contains instructions on how to commission the IED.
               The manual can also be used by system engineers and maintenance personnel for
               assistance during the testing phase. The manual provides procedures for the
               checking of external circuitry and energizing the IED, parameter setting and

4                                                                                                                          670 series 2.0 IEC
                                                                                                               Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                     Section 1
                                                                                                    Introduction

                                configuration as well as verifying settings by secondary injection. The manual
                                describes the process of testing an IED in a substation which is not in service. The
                                chapters are organized in the chronological order in which the IED should be
                                commissioned. The relevant procedures may be followed also during the service
                                and maintenance activities.

                                The operation manual contains instructions on how to operate the IED once it has
                                been commissioned. The manual provides instructions for the monitoring,
                                controlling and setting of the IED. The manual also describes how to identify
                                disturbances and how to view calculated and measured power grid data to
                                determine the cause of a fault.

                                The application manual contains application descriptions and setting guidelines
                                sorted per function. The manual can be used to find out when and for what purpose
                                a typical protection function can be used. The manual can also provide assistance
                                for calculating settings.

                                The technical manual contains application and functionality descriptions and lists
                                function blocks, logic diagrams, input and output signals, setting parameters and
                                technical data, sorted per function. The manual can be used as a technical reference
                                during the engineering phase, installation and commissioning phase, and during
                                normal service.

                                The communication protocol manual describes the communication protocols
                                supported by the IED. The manual concentrates on the vendor-specific
                                implementations.

                                The point list manual describes the outlook and properties of the data points
                                specific to the IED. The manual should be used in conjunction with the
                                corresponding communication protocol manual.

                                The cyber security deployment guideline describes the process for handling cyber
                                security when communicating with the IED. Certification, Authorization with role
                                based access control, and product engineering for cyber security related events are
                                described and sorted by function. The guideline can be used as a technical
                                reference during the engineering phase, installation and commissioning phase, and
                                during normal service.

1.3.2                           Document revision history
                                Document revision/date                     History
                                 -/May 2014                                 First release

670 series 2.0 IEC                                                                                                     5
Communication Protocol Manual
Section 1                                                               1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Introduction

1.3.3          Related documents
               Documents related to REB670   Identify number
               Application manual            1MRK 505 302-UEN
               Commissioning manual          1MRK 505 304-UEN
               Product guide                 1MRK 505 305-BEN
               Technical manual              1MRK 505 303-UEN
               Type test certificate         1MRK 505 305-TEN

               Documents related to REC670   Identify number
               Application manual            1MRK 511 310-UEN
               Commissioning manual          1MRK 511 312-UEN
               Product guide                 1MRK 511 313-BEN
               Technical manual              1MRK 511 311-UEN
               Type test certificate         1MRK 511 313-TEN

               Documents related to RED670   Identify number
               Application manual            1MRK 505 307-UEN
               Commissioning manual          1MRK 505 309-UEN
               Product guide                 1MRK 505 310-BEN
               Technical manual              1MRK 505 308-UEN
               Type test certificate         1MRK 505 310-TEN

               Documents related to REG670   Identify number
               Application manual            1MRK 502 051-UEN
               Commissioning manual          1MRK 502 053-UEN
               Product guide                 1MRK 502 054-BEN
               Technical manual              1MRK 502 052-UEN
               Type test certificate         1MRK 502 054-TEN

               Documents related to REL670   Identify number
               Application manual            1MRK 506 338-UEN
               Commissioning manual          1MRK 506 340-UEN
               Product guide                 1MRK 506 341-BEN
               Technical manual              1MRK 506 339-UEN
               Type test certificate         1MRK 506 341-TEN

6                                                                          670 series 2.0 IEC
                                                               Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                      Section 1
                                                                                                     Introduction

                                Documents related to RET670                  Identify number
                                Application manual                           1MRK 504 138-UEN
                                Commissioning manual                         1MRK 504 140-UEN
                                Product guide                                1MRK 504 141-BEN
                                Technical manual                             1MRK 504 139-UEN
                                Type test certificate                        1MRK 504 141-TEN

                                670 series manuals                           Identify number
                                Operation manual                             1MRK 500 118-UEN
                                Engineering manual                           1MRK 511 308-UEN
                                Installation manual                          1MRK 514 019-UEN
                                Communication protocol manual, IEC           1MRK 511 304-UEN
                                60870-5-103
                                Communication protocol manual, IEC 61850     1MRK 511 302-UEN
                                Edition 1
                                Communication protocol manual, IEC 61850     1MRK 511 303-UEN
                                Edition 2
                                Communication protocol manual, LON           1MRK 511 305-UEN
                                Communication protocol manual, SPA           1MRK 511 306-UEN
                                Accessories guide                            1MRK 514 012-BEN
                                Cyber security deployment guideline          1MRK 511 309-UEN
                                Connection and Installation components       1MRK 513 003-BEN
                                Test system, COMBITEST                       1MRK 512 001-BEN

1.4                             Document symbols and conventions

1.4.1                           Symbols

                                                 The caution icon indicates important information or warning related
                                                 to the concept discussed in the text. It might indicate the presence
                                                 of a hazard which could result in corruption of software or damage
                                                 to equipment or property.

                                                 The information icon alerts the reader of important facts and
                                                 conditions.

                                                 The tip icon indicates advice on, for example, how to design your
                                                 project or how to use a certain function.

670 series 2.0 IEC                                                                                                   7
Communication Protocol Manual
Section 1                                                                         1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Introduction

               Although warning hazards are related to personal injury, it is necessary to
               understand that under certain operational conditions, operation of damaged
               equipment may result in degraded process performance leading to personal injury
               or death. It is important that the user fully complies with all warning and
               cautionary notices.

1.4.2          Document conventions
               •   Abbreviations and acronyms in this manual are spelled out in the glossary. The
                   glossary also contains definitions of important terms.
               •   Push button navigation in the LHMI menu structure is presented by using the
                   push button icons.
                   For example, to navigate between the options, use      and     .
               •   HMI menu paths are presented in bold.
                   For example, select Main menu/Settings.
               •   LHMI messages are shown in Courier font.
                   For example, to save the changes in non-volatile memory, select Yes and
                   press    .
               •   Parameter names are shown in italics.
                   For example, the function can be enabled and disabled with the Operation setting.
               •   Each function block symbol shows the available input/output signal.
                   •    the character ^ in front of an input/output signal name indicates that the
                        signal name may be customized using the PCM600 software.
                   •    the character * after an input/output signal name indicates that the signal
                        must be connected to another function block in the application
                        configuration to achieve a valid application configuration.
               •   Logic diagrams describe the signal logic inside the function block and are
                   bordered by dashed lines.
                   •    Signals in frames with a shaded area on their right hand side represent
                        setting parameter signals that are only settable via the PST or LHMI.
                   •    If an internal signal path cannot be drawn with a continuous line, the
                        suffix -int is added to the signal name to indicate where the signal starts
                        and continues.
                   •    Signal paths that extend beyond the logic diagram and continue in
                        another diagram have the suffix ”-cont.”

8                                                                                    670 series 2.0 IEC
                                                                         Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                                          Section 1
                                                                                                                         Introduction

1.4.3                               Functions included in 670 series IEDs
Table 1:            Main protection functions
 IEC 61850 or function      ANSI       Description
 name
 Differential protection
 BBP3PH4B                    87B        Busbar differential protection, 2 zones, three phase/4 bays
                                        Package including functions BUTPTRC_B1-BUTPTRC_B4, BCZTPDIF, BZNTPDIF_A,
                                        BZNTPDIF_B, BZITGGIO, BUTSM4
 BBP3PH8B                    87B        Busbar differential protection, 2 zones, three phase/8 bays
                                        Package including functions BUTPTRC_B1-BUTPTRC_B8, BCZTPDIF, BZNTPDIF_A,
                                        BZNTPDIF_B, BZITGGIO, BUTSM8
 BBP1PH12B                   87B        Busbar differential protection, 2 zones, single phase/12 bays
                                        Package including functions BUSPTRC_B1-BUSPTRC_B12, BCZSPDIF, BZNSPDIF_A,
                                        BZNSPDIF_B, BZISGGIO, BUSSM12
 BBP1PH24B                   87B        Busbar differential protection, 2 zones, single phase/24 bays
                                        Package including functions BUSPTRC_B1-BUSPTRC_B24, BCZSPDIF, BZNSPDIF_A,
                                        BZNSPDIF_B, BZISGGIO, BUSSM24
 BDCGAPC                     87B        Status of primary switching object for busbar protection zone selection
 T2WPDIF                     87T        Transformer differential protection, two winding
 T3WPDIF                     87T        Transformer differential protection, three winding
 HZPDIF                      87         1Ph High impedance differential protection
 GENPDIF                     87G        Generator differential protection
 REFPDIF                     87N        Restricted earth fault protection, low impedance
 L3CPDIF                     87L        Line differential protection, 3 CT sets, 23 line ends
 L6CPDIF                     87L        Line differential protection, 6 CT sets, 35 line ends
 LT3CPDIF                    87LT       Line differential protection 3 CT sets, with inzone transformers, 23 line ends
 LT6CPDIF                    87LT       Line differential protection 6 CT sets, with inzone transformers, 35 line ends
 LDLPSCH                     87L        Line differential coordination function
 LDRGFC                      11REL      Additional security logic for differential protection
 Impedance protection
 ZMQAPDIS, ZMQPDIS           21         Distance protection zone, quadrilateral characteristic
 ZDRDIR                      21D        Directional impedance quadrilateral
 ZMCPDIS, ZMCAPDIS           21         Distance measuring zone, quadrilateral characteristic for series compensated lines
 ZDSRDIR                     21D        Directional impedance quadrilateral, including series compensation
 FDPSPDIS                    21         Phase selection, quadrilateral characteristic with fixed angle
 ZMHPDIS                     21         Full-scheme distance protection, mho characteristic
 ZMMPDIS, ZMMAPDIS           21         Fullscheme distance protection, quadrilateral for earth faults
 ZDMRDIR                     21D        Directional impedance element for mho characteristic
 ZDARDIR                                Additional distance protection directional function for earth faults
 ZSMGAPC                                Mho Impedance supervision logic
 FMPSPDIS                    21         Faulty phase identification with load enchroachment
 ZMRPDIS, ZMRAPDIS           21         Distance protection zone, quadrilateral characteristic, separate settings
 FRPSPDIS                    21         Phase selection, quadrilateral characteristic with settable angle
Table continues on next page

670 series 2.0 IEC                                                                                                                  9
Communication Protocol Manual
Section 1                                                                                                          1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Introduction

 IEC 61850 or function     ANSI       Description
 name
 ZMFPDIS                    21         High speed distance protection
 ZMFCPDIS                   21         High speed distance protection for series compensated lines
 ZMCAPDIS                              Additional distance measuring zone, quadrilateral characteristic
 ZMRPSB                     68         Power swing detection
 PSLPSCH                               Power swing logic
 PSPPPAM                    78         Pole slip/out-of-step protection
 OOSPPAM                    78         Out-of-step protection
 ZCVPSOF                               Automatic switch onto fault logic, voltage and current based
 LEXPDIS                    40         Loss of excitation
 PPLPHIZ                               Phase preference logic
 ROTIPHIZ                   64R        Sensitive rotor earth fault protection, injection based
 STTIPHIZ                   64S        100% stator earth fault protection, injection based
 ZGVPDIS                    21         Underimpedance protection for generators and transformers

Table 2:           Backup protection functions
 IEC 61850 or function      ANSI      Description
 name
 Current protection
 PHPIOC                     50         Instantaneous phase overcurrent protection
 OC4PTOC                    51_67      Four step phase overcurrent protection
 PH4SPTOC                   51         Four step single phase overcurrent protection
 EFPIOC                     50N        Instantaneous residual overcurrent protection
 EF4PTOC                    51N_67     Four step residual overcurrent protection
                            N
 NS4PTOC                    46I2       Four step directional negative phase sequence overcurrent protection
 SDEPSDE                    67N        Sensitive directional residual over current and power protection
 LCPTTR                     26         Thermal overload protection, one time constant, Celsius
 LFPTTR                     26         Thermal overload protection, one time constant, Fahrenheit
 TRPTTR                     49         Thermal overload protection, two time constants
 CCRBRF                     50BF       Breaker failure protection
 CCSRBRF                    50BF       Breaker failure protection, single phase version
 STBPTOC                    50STB      Stub protection
 CCPDSC                     52PD       Pole discordance protection
 GUPPDUP                    37         Directional underpower protection
 GOPPDOP                    32         Directional overpower protection
 BRCPTOC                    46         Broken conductor check
 CBPGAPC                               Capacitor bank protection
 NS2PTOC                    46I2       Negative sequence time overcurrent protection for machines
 AEGPVOC                    50AE       Accidental energizing protection for synchronous generator
Table continues on next page

10                                                                                                                    670 series 2.0 IEC
                                                                                                          Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                             Section 1
                                                                                                            Introduction

 IEC 61850 or function      ANSI      Description
 name
 VRPVOC                      51V       Voltage restrained overcurrent protection
 GSPTTR                      49S       Stator overload protection
 GRPTTR                      49R       Rotor overload protection
 Voltage protection
 UV2PTUV                     27        Two step undervoltage protection
 OV2PTOV                     59        Two step overvoltage protection
 ROV2PTOV                    59N       Two step residual overvoltage protection
 OEXPVPH                     24        Overexcitation protection
 VDCPTOV                     60        Voltage differential protection
 STEFPHIZ                    59THD     100% Stator earth fault protection, 3rd harmonic based
 LOVPTUV                     27        Loss of voltage check
 PAPGAPC                     27        Radial feeder protection
 Frequency protection
 SAPTUF                      81        Underfrequency protection
 SAPTOF                      81        Overfrequency protection
 SAPFRC                      81        Rate-of-change frequency protection
 FTAQFVR                     81A       Frequency time accumulation protection
 Multipurpose protection
 CVGAPC                                General current and voltage protection

Table 3:           Control and monitoring functions
 IEC 61850 or function     ANSI       Description
 name
 Control
 SESRSYN                    25         Synchrocheck, energizing check, and synchronizing
 SMBRREC                    79         Autorecloser
 TR1ATCC                    90         Automatic voltage control for tap changer, single control
 TR8ATCC                    90         Automatic voltage control for tap changer, parallel control
 TCMYLTC                    84         Tap changer control and supervision, 6 binary inputs
 TCLYLTC                    84         Tap changer control and supervision, 32 binary inputs
 SLGAPC                                Logic Rotating Switch for function selection and LHMI presentation
 VSGAPC                                Selector mini switch
 DPGAPC                                Generic communication function for Double Point indication
 SPC8GAPC                              Single Point Generic Control 8 signals
 AUTOBITS                              AutomationBits, command function for DNP3.0
 SINGLECMD                             Single command, 16 signals
                                       Command function block for LON and SPA
 VCTRSEND                              Horizontal communication via GOOSE for VCTR
 GOOSEVCTRRCV                          Horizontal communication via GOOSE for VCTR
Table continues on next page

670 series 2.0 IEC                                                                                                    11
Communication Protocol Manual
Section 1                                                                                                 1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Introduction

IEC 61850 or function      ANSI       Description
name
 I103CMD                              Function commands for IEC60870-5-103
 I103GENCMD                           Function commands generic for IEC60870-5-103
 I103POSCMD                           IED commands with position and select for IEC60870-5-103
 I103IEDCMD                           IED commands for IEC60870-5-103
 I103USRCMD                           Function commands user defined for IEC60870-5-103
 Apparatus control and interlocking
 SCILO                      3         Logical node for interlocking
 BB_ES                      3         Interlocking for busbar earthing switch
 A1A2_BS                    3         Interlocking for bus-section breaker
 A1A2_DC                    3         Interlocking for bus-section disconnector
 ABC_BC                     3         Interlocking for bus-coupler bay
 BH_CONN                    3         Interlocking for 1 1/2 breaker diameter
 BH_LINE_A                  3         Interlocking for 1 1/2 breaker diameter
 BH_LINE_B                  3         Interlocking for 1 1/2 breaker diameter
 DB_BUS_A                   3         Interlocking for double CB bay
 DB_BUS_B                   3         Interlocking for double CB bay
 DB_LINE                    3         Interlocking for double CB bay
 ABC_LINE                   3         Interlocking for line bay
 AB_TRAFO                   3         Interlocking for transformer bay
 SCSWI                                Switch controller
 SXCBR                                Circuit breaker
 SXSWI                                Switch controller
 RESIN1                               Reservation input 1
 RESIN2                               Reservation input 2
 POS_EVAL                             Evaluation of position indication
 QCRSV                                Bay reservation
 QCBAY                                Apparatus control
                                      Function for handling the status of Local/Remote switch
 LOCREM                               Handling of LRswitch positions
 LOCREMCTRL                           LHMI control of PSTO
                                      Function for handling Internal Local/Remote switch
 Secondary system supervision
 CCSSPVC                    87        Current circuit supervision
 FUFSPVC                              Fuse failure supervision
 VDSPVC                     60        Fuse failure supervision based on voltage difference
 Logic
 SMPPTRC                    94        Tripping logic
 TMAGAPC                              Trip matrix logic
 ALMCALH                              Logic for group alarm
 WRNCALH                              Logic for group warning
Table continues on next page

12                                                                                                           670 series 2.0 IEC
                                                                                                 Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                              Section 1
                                                                                                             Introduction

 IEC 61850 or function    ANSI   Description
 name
 INDCALH                         Logic for group indication
 AND                             Configurable logic blocks, AND
 OR                              Configurable logic blocks, OR
 INV                             Configurable logic blocks, inverter
 PULSETIMER                      Configurable logic blocks, PULSETIMER
 GATE                            Configurable logic blocks, controllable gate
 TIMERSET                        Configurable logic blocks, timer
 XOR                             Configurable logic blocks, exclusive OR
 LLD                             Configurable logic blocks, LLD
 SRMEMORY                        Configurable logic blocks, set-reset memory
 RSMEMORY                        Configurable logic blocks, reset-set memory
 ANDQT                           Configurable logic blocks Q/T, ANDQT
 ORQT                            Configurable logic blocks Q/T, ORQT
 INVERTERQT                      Configurable logic blocks Q/T, INVERTERQT
 XORQT                           Configurable logic blocks Q/T, XORQT
 SRMEMORYQT                      Configurable logic Q/T, set-reset with memory
 RSMEMORYQT                      Configurable logic Q/T, reset-set with memory
 TIMERSETQT                      Configurable logic Q/T, settable timer
 PULSETIMERQT                    Configurable logic Q/T, pulse timer
 INVALIDQT                       Configurable logic Q/T, INVALIDQT
 INDCOMBSPQT                     Configurable logic Q/T, single-indication signal combining
 INDEXTSPQT                      Configurable logic Q/T, single-indication signal extractor
 FXDSIGN                         Fixed signal function block
 B16I                            Boolean 16 to Integer conversion
 BTIGAPC                         Boolean 16 to Integer conversion with Logic Node representation
 IB16                            Integer to Boolean 16 conversion
 ITBGAPC                         Integer to Boolean 16 conversion with Logic Node representation
 TIGAPC                          Delay on timer with input signal integration
 TEIGAPC                         Elapsed time integrator with limit transgression and overflow supervision
 Monitoring
 CVMMXN, CMMXU,                  Measurements
 VMMXU, CMSQI
 VMSQI, VNMMXU
 AISVBAS                         Function block for service value presentation of secondary analog inputs
 SSIMG                     63    Gas medium supervision
 SSIML                     71    Liquid medium supervision
 SSCBR                           Circuit breaker condition monitoring
 EVENT                           Event function
                                 Function for event reporting for LON and SPA
Table continues on next page

670 series 2.0 IEC                                                                                                     13
Communication Protocol Manual
Section 1                                                                                                        1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Introduction

 IEC 61850 or function     ANSI      Description
 name
 DRPRDRE, A1RADR-                     Disturbance report
 A4RADR, B1RBDR-
 B6RBDR
 SPGAPC                               Generic communication function for Single Point indication
 SP16GAPC                             Generic communication function for Single Point indication 16 inputs
 MVGAPC                               Generic communication function for Measured Value
 BINSTATREP                           Logical signal status report
 RANGE_XP                             Measured value expander block
 LMBRFLO                              Fault locator
 I103MEAS                             Measurands for IEC60870-5-103
 I103MEASUSR                          Measurands user defined signals for IEC60870-5-103
 I103AR                               Function status auto-recloser for IEC60870-5-103
 I103EF                               Function status earth-fault for IEC60870-5-103
 I103FLTPROT                          Function status fault protection for IEC60870-5-103
 I103IED                              IED status for IEC60870-5-103
 I103SUPERV                           Supervison status for IEC60870-5-103
 I103USRDEF                           Status for user defiend signals for IEC60870-5-103
 L4UFCNT                              Event counter with limit supervision
 Metering
 PCFCNT                               Pulse-counter logic
 ETPMMTR                              Function for energy calculation and demand handling
 System protection and control
 SMAIHPAC                             Multipurpose filter

Table 4:           Station communication functions
 IEC 61850 or function     ANSI      Description
 name
 Station communication
 SPA                                  SPA communication protocol
 ADE                                  LON communciation protocol
 PROTOCOL                             Operation selection between SPA and IEC60870-5-103 for SLM
 CHSERRS485                           DNP3.0 for TCP/IP and EIA-485 communication protocol
 DNPFREC                              DNP3.0 fault records for TCP/IP and EIA-485 communication protocol
 IEC61850-8-1                         Parameter setting function for IEC61850
 GOOSEINTLKRCV                        Horizontal communication via GOOSE for interlocking
 GOOSEBINRCV                          Goose binary receive
 GOOSEDPRCV                           GOOSE function block to receive a double point value
 GOOSEINTRCV                          GOOSE function block to receive an integer value
 GOOSEMVRCV                           GOOSE function block to receive a measurand value
Table continues on next page

14                                                                                                                  670 series 2.0 IEC
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1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                                                Section 1
                                                                                                                               Introduction

 IEC 61850 or function          ANSI          Description
 name
 GOOSESPRCV                                   GOOSE function block to receive a single point value
 GOOSEVCTRCONF                                GOOSE VCTR configuration for send and receive
 VCTRSEND                                     Horizontal communication via GOOSE for VCTR
 GOOSEVCTRRCV                                 Horizontal communication via GOOSE for VCTR
 MULTICMDRCV,                                 Multiple command and transmit
 MULTICMDSND
 FRONT, LANABI,                               Ethernet configuration of links
 LANAB, LANCDI,
 LANCD
 MU1_4I_4U MU2_4I_4U                          Process bus communication IEC61850-9-2
 MU3_4I_4U MU4_4I_4U
 MU5_4I_4U MU6_4I_4U
 PRP                                          Duo driver configuration
 Scheme communication
 ZCPSCH                          85           Scheme communication logic for distance or overcurrent protection
 ZC1PPSCH                        85           Phase segregated Scheme communication logic for distance protection
 ZCRWPSCH                        85           Current reversal and weak-end infeed logic for distance protection
 ZC1WPSCH                        85           Current reversal and weak-end infeed logic for phase segregated communication
 ZCLCPSCH                                     Local acceleration logic
 ECPSCH                          85           Scheme communication logic for residual overcurrent protection
 ECRWPSCH                        85           Current reversal and weak-end infeed logic for residual overcurrent protection
 Direct transfer trip
 LAPPGAPC                        37_55        Low active power and power factor protection
 COUVGAPC                        59_27        Compensated over- and undervoltage protection
 SCCVPTOC                        51           Sudden change in current variation
 LCCRPTRC                        94           Carrier receive logic
 LCNSPTOV                        47           Negative sequence overvoltage protection
 LCZSPTOV                        59N          Zero sequence overvoltage protection
 LCNSPTOC                        46           Negative sequence overcurrent protection
 LCZSPTOC                        51N          Zero sequence overcurrent protection
 LCP3PTOC                        51           Three phase overcurrent
 LCP3PTUC                        37           Three phase undercurrent

Table 5:                Basic IED functions
 IEC 61850 or function         Description
 name
 INTERRSIG                      Self supervision with internal event list
 SELFSUPEVLST                   Self supervision with internal event list
 TIMESYNCHGEN                   Time synchronization module
Table continues on next page

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Section 1                                                                                                   1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Introduction

IEC 61850 or function    Description
name
 SYNCHBIN,                Time synchronization
 SYNCHCAN,
 SYNCHCMPPS,
 SYNCHLON,
 SYNCHPPH,
 SYNCHPPS,
 SYNCHSNTP,
 SYNCHSPA,
 SYNCHCMPPS
 TIMEZONE                 Time synchronization
 DSTBEGIN,                GPS time synchronization module
 DSTENABLE, DSTEND
 IRIG-B                   Time synchronization
 SETGRPS                  Number of setting groups
 ACTVGRP                  Parameter setting groups
 TESTMODE                 Test mode functionality
 CHNGLCK                  Change lock function
 LONGEN                   Misc Base Common
 SMBI                     Signal matrix for binary inputs
 SMBO                     Signal matrix for binary outputs
 SMMI                     Signal matrix for mA inputs
 SMAI1 - SMAI20           Signal matrix for analog inputs
 3PHSUM                   Summation block 3 phase
 ATHSTAT                  Authority status
 ATHCHCK                  Authority check
 AUTHMAN                  Authority management
 FTPACCS                  FTP access with password
 SPACOMMMAP               SPA communication mapping
 SPATD                    Date and time via SPA protocol
 DOSFRNT                  Denial of service, frame rate control for front port
 DOSLANAB                 Denial of service, frame rate control for OEM port AB
 DOSLANCD                 Denial of service, frame rate control for OEM port CD
 DOSSCKT                  Denial of service, socket flow control
 GBASVAL                  Global base values for settings
 PRIMVAL                  Primary system values
 ALTMS                    Time master supervision
 ALTIM                    Time management
 ALTRK                    Service tracking
 ACTIVLOG                 Activity logging parameters
 FSTACCS                  Field service tool access via SPA protocol over ethernet communication
 PCMACCS                  IED Configuration Protocol
 SECALARM                 Component for mapping security events on protocols such as DNP3 and IEC103
Table continues on next page

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                                                                                Introduction

 IEC 61850 or function   Description
 name
 DNPGEN                  DNP3.0 communication general protocol
 DNPGENTCP               DNP3.0 communication general TCP protocol
 CHSEROPT                DNP3.0 for TCP/IP and EIA-485 communication protocol
 MSTSER                  DNP3.0 for serial communication protocol
 OPTICAL103              IEC60870-5-103 Optical serial communication
 RS485103                IEC60870-5-103 serial communication for RS485
 IEC61850-8-1            Parameter setting function for IEC61850
 HORZCOMM                Network variables via LON
 LONSPA                  SPA communication protocol
 LEDGEN                  General LED indication part for LHMI

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18
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                             Section 2
                                                                                                          SPA application

Section 2                       SPA application

2.1                             SPA communication protocol

2.1.1                           Application
                                SPA communication protocol as an alternative to IEC 60870-5-103. The same
                                communication port as for IEC 60870-5-103 is used.

                                When communicating with a PC connected to the utility substation LAN, via WAN
                                and the utility office LAN, as shown in figure 2, and using the rear Ethernet port on
                                the optical Ethernet module (OEM), the only hardware required for a station
                                monitoring system is:

                                •        Optical fibres from the IED to the utility substation LAN.
                                •        PC connected to the utility office LAN.

                                                       Utility LAN

                                 Remote monitoring

                                                                               WAN

                                                                                                                       Substation LAN

                                                                                             IED          IED               IED

                                                                                                                IEC05000715-3-en.vsd
                                IEC05000715 V3 EN

                                Figure 2:            SPA communication structure for a remote monitoring system via a
                                                     substation LAN, WAN and utility LAN

                                The SPA communication is mainly used for the Station Monitoring System. It can
                                include different IEDs with remote communication possibilities. Connection to a
                                computer (PC) can be made directly (if the PC is located in the substation) or by
                                telephone modem through a telephone network with ITU (former CCITT)
                                characteristics or via a LAN/WAN connection.

                                    glass
Section 2                                                                             1MRK 511 306-UEN -
SPA application

                  Functionality
                  The SPA protocol V2.5 is an ASCII-based protocol for serial communication. The
                  communication is based on a master-slave principle, where the IED is a slave and
                  the PC is the master. Only one master can be applied on each fibre optic loop. A
                  program is required in the master computer for interpretation of the SPA-bus codes
                  and for translation of the data that should be sent to the IED.

                  For the specification of the SPA protocol V2.5, refer to SPA-bus Communication
                  Protocol V2.5.

2.1.2             Setting guidelines
                  The setting parameters for the SPA communication are set via the local HMI.

                  SPA, IEC 60870-5-103 and DNP3 uses the same rear communication port. Set the
                  parameter Operation, under Main menu /Settings /General settings /
                  Communication /SLM configuration /Rear optical SPA-IEC-DNP port /
                  Protocol selection to the selected protocol.

                  When the communication protocols have been selected, the IED is automatically
                  restarted.

                  The most important settings in the IED for SPA communication are the slave
                  number and baud rate (communication speed). These settings are absolutely
                  essential for all communication contact to the IED.

                  These settings can only be done on the local HMI for rear channel communication
                  and for front channel communication.

                  The slave number can be set to any value from 1 to 899, as long as the slave
                  number is unique within the used SPA loop.

                  The baud rate, which is the communication speed, can be set to between 300 and
                  38400 baud. Refer to technical data to determine the rated communication speed
                  for the selected communication interfaces. The baud rate should be the same for the
                  whole station, although different baud rates in a loop are possible. If different baud
                  rates in the same fibre optical loop or RS485 network are used, consider this when
                  making the communication setup in the communication master, the PC.

                  For local fibre optic communication, 19200 or 38400 baud is the normal setting. If
                  telephone communication is used, the communication speed depends on the quality
                  of the connection and on the type of modem used. But remember that the IED does
                  not adapt its speed to the actual communication conditions, because the speed is set
                  on the local HMI.

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1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                   Section 3
                                                                                        SPA operation principle

Section 3                       SPA operation principle

3.1                             Operation principle

                                The SPA bus uses an asynchronous serial communications protocol (1 start bit, 7
                                data bits + even parity, 1 stop bit) with data transfer rate up to 38400 bit/s. For
                                more information on recommended baud rate for each type of IED, refer to
                                Technical reference manual. Messages on the bus consist of ASCII characters.

3.1.1.1                         Introduction of SPA protocol

                                The basic construction of the protocol assumes that the slave has no self-initiated
                                need to talk to the master but the master is aware of the data contained in the slaves
                                and, consequently, can request required data. In addition, the master can send data
                                to the slave. Requesting by the master can be performed either by sequenced
                                polling (for example, for event information) or only on demand.

                                The master requests slave information using request messages and sends
                                information to the slave in write messages. Furthermore, the master can send all
                                slaves in common a broadcast message containing time or other data. The inactive
                                state of bus transmit and receive lines is a logical "1".

3.1.1.2                         SPA protocol

                                The tables below specify the SPA addresses for reading data from and writing data
                                to an IED with the SPA communication protocol implemented.

                                The SPA addresses for the mA input service values (MIM3 to MIM16) are found
                                in table 6.

                                Table 6:          SPA addresses for the MIM function
                                 Function block                                   SPA address
                                 MIM3-CH1                                          4-O-6508
                                 MIM3-CH2                                          4-O-6511
                                 MIM3-CH3                                          4-O-6512
                                 MIM3-CH4                                          4-O-6515
                                 MIM3-CH5                                          4-O-6516
                                 MIM3-CH6                                          4-O-6519
                                 MIM4-CH1                                          4-O-6527
                                 MIM4-CH2                                          4-O-6530
                                 MIM4-CH3                                          4-O-6531
                                Table continues on next page

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Section 3                                                                 1MRK 511 306-UEN -
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                    Function block                 SPA address
                     MIM4-CH4                      4-O-6534
                     MIM4-CH5                      4-O-6535
                     MIM4-CH6                      4-O-6538
                     MIM5-CH1                      4-O-6546
                     MIM5-CH2                      4-O-6549
                     MIM5-CH3                      4-O-6550
                     MIM5-CH4                      4-O-6553
                     MIM5-CH5                      4-O-6554
                     MIM5-CH6                      4-O-6557
                     MIM6-CH1                      4-O-6565
                     MIM6-CH2                      4-O-6568
                     MIM6-CH3                      4-O-6569
                     MIM6-CH4                      4-O-6572
                     MIM6-CH5                      4-O-6573
                     MIM6-CH6                      4-O-6576
                     MIM7-CH1                      4-O-6584
                     MIM7-CH2                      4-O-6587
                     MIM7-CH3                      4-O-6588
                     MIM7-CH4                      4-O-6591
                     MIM7-CH5                      4-O-6592
                     MIM7-CH6                      4-O-6595
                     MIM8-CH1                      4-O-6603
                     MIM8-CH2                      4-O-6606
                     MIM8-CH3                      4-O-6607
                     MIM8-CH4                      4-O-6610
                     MIM8-CH5                      4-O-6611
                     MIM8-CH6                      4-O-6614
                     MIM9-CH1                      4-O-6622
                     MIM9-CH2                      4-O-6625
                     MIM9-CH3                      4-O-6626
                     MIM9-CH4                      4-O-6629
                     MIM9-CH5                      4-O-6630
                     MIM9-CH6                      4-O-6633
                     MIM10-CH1                     4-O-6641
                     MIM10-CH2                     4-O-6644
                     MIM10-CH3                     4-O-6645
                     MIM10-CH4                     4-O-6648
                     MIM10-CH5                     4-O-6649
                     MIM10-CH6                     4-O-6652
                    Table continues on next page

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                                                                              SPA operation principle

                                Function block                          SPA address
                                 MIM11-CH1                              4-O-6660
                                 MIM11-CH2                              4-O-6663
                                 MIM11-CH3                              4-O-6664
                                 MIM11-CH4                              4-O-6667
                                 MIM11-CH5                              4-O-6668
                                 MIM11-CH6                              4-O-6671
                                 MIM12-CH1                              4-O-6679
                                 MIM12-CH2                              4-O-6682
                                 MIM12-CH3                              4-O-6683
                                 MIM12-CH4                              4-O-6686
                                 MIM12-CH5                              4-O-6687
                                 MIM12-CH6                              4-O-6690
                                 MIM13-CH1                              4-O-6698
                                 MIM13-CH2                              4-O-6701
                                 MIM13-CH3                              4-O-6702
                                 MIM13-CH4                              4-O-6705
                                 MIM13-CH5                              4-O-6706
                                 MIM13-CH6                              4-O-6709
                                 MIM14-CH1                              4-O-6717
                                 MIM14-CH2                              4-O-6720
                                 MIM14-CH3                              4-O-6721
                                 MIM14-CH4                              4-O-6724
                                 MIM14-CH5                              4-O-6725
                                 MIM14-CH6                              4-O-6728
                                 MIM15-CH1                              4-O-6736
                                 MIM15-CH2                              4-O-6739
                                 MIM15-CH3                              4-O-6740
                                 MIM15-CH4                              4-O-6743
                                 MIM15-CH5                              4-O-6744
                                 MIM15-CH6                              4-O-6747
                                 MIM16-CH1                              4-O-6755
                                 MIM16-CH2                              4-O-6758
                                 MIM16-CH3                              4-O-6759
                                 MIM16-CH4                              4-O-6762
                                 MIM16-CH5                              4-O-6763
                                 MIM16-CH6                              4-O-6766

                                The SPA addresses for the pulse counter values PCFCNT:1 to PCFCNT:16 are
                                found in table 7.

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Section 3                                                                                1MRK 511 306-UEN -
SPA operation principle

                    Table 7:          SPA addresses for the PCFCNT function
                     Function block          SPA address CNT_VAL              SPA address NEW_VAL
                     PCFCNT:1                 6-O-2788                        6-O-2787
                     PCFCNT:2                 6-O-2794                        6-O-2793
                     PCFCNT:3                 6-O-2800                        6-O-2799
                     PCFCNT:4                 6-O-2806                        6-O-2805
                     PCFCNT:5                 6-O-2812                        6-O-2811
                     PCFCNT:6                 6-O-2818                        6-O-2817
                     PCFCNT:7                 6-O-2824                        6-O-2823
                     PCFCNT:8                 6-O-2830                        6-O-2829
                     PCFCNT:9                 6-O-2836                        6-O-2835
                     PCFCNT:10                6-O-2842                        6-O-2841
                     PCFCNT:11                6-O-2848                        6-O-2847
                     PCFCNT:12                6-O-2854                        6-O-2853
                     PCFCNT:13                6-O-2860                        6-O-2859
                     PCFCNT:14                6-O-2866                        6-O-2865
                     PCFCNT:15                6-O-2872                        6-O-2871
                     PCFCNT:16                6-O-2878                        6-O-2877

                    I/O modules
                    To read binary inputs, the SPA-addresses for the outputs of the I/O-module
                    function block are used, that is, the addresses for BI1 – BI16. For SPA addresses,
                    refer to section Related documents in Product Guide.

                    Single command, 16 signals
                    The IEDs can be provided with a function to receive signals either from a
                    substation automation system or from the local HMI. That receiving function block
                    has 16 outputs that can be used, for example, to control high voltage apparatuses in
                    switchyards. For local control functions, the local HMI can also be used.

                    Single command, 16 signals function consists of three function blocks;
                    SINGLECMD:1 to SINGLECMD:3 for 16 binary output signals each.

                    The signals can be individually controlled from the operator station, remote-control
                    gateway, or from the local HMI on the IED. For Single command, 16 signals
                    function block, SINGLECMD:1 to SINGLECMD:3, the address is for the first
                    output. The other outputs follow consecutively after the first one. For example,
                    output 7 on the SINGLECMD:2 function block has the 5O533 address.

                    The SPA addresses for Single command, 16 signals functions SINGLECMD:1 to
                    SINGLECMD:3 are found in table 8.

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                                                                                         SPA operation principle

                                Table 8:          SPA addresses for SINGLECMD function
                                 Function block                SPA address CMD Input          SPA address CMD output
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd1               4-S-4639                       5-O-511
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd2               4-S-4640                       5-O-512
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd3               4-S-4641                       5-O-513
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd4               4-S-4642                       5-O-514
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd5               4-S-4643                       5-O-515
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd6               4-S-4644                       5-O-516
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd7               4-S-4645                       5-O-517
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd8               4-S-4646                       5-O-518
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd9               4-S-4647                       5-O-519
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd10              4-S-4648                       5-O-520
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd11              4-S-4649                       5-O-521
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd12              4-S-4650                       5-O-522
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmdt13             4-S-4651                       5-O-523
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd14              4-S-4652                       5-O-524
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd15              4-S-4653                       5-O-525
                                 SINGLECMD1-Cmd16              4-S-4654                       5-O-526
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd1               4-S-4672                       5-O-527
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd2               4-S-4673                       5-O-528
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmdt3              4-S-4674                       5-O-529
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd4               4-S-4675                       5-O-530
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd5               4-S-4676                       5-O-531
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd6               4-S-4677                       5-O-532
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd7               4-S-4678                       5-O-533
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd8               4-S-4679                       5-O-534
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd9               4-S-4680                       5-O-535
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd10              4-S-4681                       5-O-536
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd11              4-S-4682                       5-O-537
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd12              4-S-4683                       5-O-538
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd13              4-S-4684                       5-O-539
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd14              4-S-4685                       5-O-540
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd15              4-S-4686                       5-O-541
                                 SINGLECMD2-Cmd16              4-S-4687                       5-O-542
                                 SINGLECMD3-Cmd1               4-S-4705                       5-O-543
                                 SINGLECMD3-Cmd2               4-S-4706                       5-O-544
                                 SINGLECMD3-Cmd3               4-S-4707                       5-O-545
                                 SINGLECMD3-Cmd4               4-S-4708                       5-O-546
                                 SINGLECMD3-Cmd5               4-S-4709                       5-O-547
                                 SINGLECMD3-Cmd6               4-S-4710                       5-O-548
                                Table continues on next page

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Section 3                                                                                                         1MRK 511 306-UEN -
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                     Function block                           SPA address CMD Input                 SPA address CMD output
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd7                         4-S-4711                              5-O-549
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd8                         4-S-4712                              5-O-550
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd9                         4-S-4713                              5-O-551
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd10                        4-S-4714                              5-O-552
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd11                        4-S-4715                              5-O-553
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd12                        4-S-4716                              5-O-554
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd13                        4-S-4717                              5-O-555
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd14                        4-S-4718                              5-O-556
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd15                        4-S-4719                              5-O-557
                       SINGLECMD3-Cmd16                        4-S-4720                              5-O-558

                    Figure 3 shows an application example of how the user can, in a simplified way,
                    connect the command function via the configuration logic circuit in a protection
                    IED for control of a circuit breaker.

                    A pulse via the binary outputs of the IED normally performs this type of command
                    control. The SPA addresses to control the outputs OUT1 – OUT16 in SINGLECMD:
                    1 are shown in table 8.
                                    SINGLECMD                                                                PULSETIMER
                        BLOCK                       ^OUT1                                           INPUT                 OUT   To output board, CLOSE
                                                    ^OUT2                                  #1.000   T
                                                    ^OUT3
                                                    ^OUT4
                                                    ^OUT5
                                                    ^OUT6
                                                    ^OUT7                     AND                            PULSETIMER
                                                    ^OUT8           INPUT1           OUT             INPUT                OUT   To output board, OPEN
                                                                    INPUT2          NOUT             T
                                                    ^OUT9                                  #1.000
                                                                    INPUT3
                                                   ^OUT10
                                                                    INPUT4N
                                                   ^OUT11
                                                   ^OUT12
                                                   ^OUT13
                                                   ^OUT14
                                                   ^OUT15
                                                   ^OUT16

                                        SYNCH OK

                                                                                                                                  IEC05000717-2-en.vsd
                    IEC05000717 V2 EN

                    Figure 3:                      Application example showing a simplified logic diagram for control
                                                   of a circuit breaker

                    The MODE input defines if the output signals from SINGLECMD:1 is off, steady
                    or pulsed signals. This is set in Parameter Setting Tool (PST) under: Setting /
                    General Settings / Control / Commands / Single Command.

                    Event function
                    Event function is intended to send time-tagged events to the station level (for
                    example, operator workplace) over the station bus. The events are there presented
                    in an event list. The events can be created from both internal logical signals and
                    binary input channels. All the internal signals are time tagged in the main

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                                                                                      SPA operation principle

                                processing module, while the binary input channels are time tagged directly on
                                each I/O module. The events are produced according to the set event masks. The
                                event masks are treated commonly for both the LON and SPA channels. All events
                                according to the event mask are stored in a buffer, which contains up to 1000
                                events. If new events appear before the oldest event in the buffer is read, the oldest
                                event is overwritten and an overflow alarm appears.

                                Two special signals for event registration purposes are available in the IED,
                                Terminal Restarted (0E50) and Event buffer overflow (0E51).

                                The input parameters can be set individually from the Parameter Setting Tool
                                (PST) under: Setting / General Setting / Monitoring / Event Function as follows:

                                •       No events
                                •       OnSet, at pick-up of the signal
                                •       OnReset, at drop-out of the signal
                                •       OnChange, at both pick-up and drop-out of the signal
                                •       AutoDetect, event system itself make the reporting decision, (reporting criteria
                                        for integers has no semantic, prefer to be set by the user)

                                The Status and event codes for the Event functions are found in table 9.

                                Table 9:           Status and event codes

                                                                Single indication1)   Double indication
                                    Event block     Status      Set event     Reset   Intermedi Closed 10 Open 01 Undefined
                                                                              event   ate 00                      11
                                    EVENT:1
                                    Input 1          22O1        22E33        22E32   22E0      22E1      22E2    22E3
                                    Input 2          22O2        22E35        22E34   22E4      22E5      22E6    22E7
                                    Input 3          22O3        22E37        22E36   22E8      22E9      22E10   22E11
                                    Input 4          22O4        22E39        22E38   22E12     22E13     22E14   22E15
                                    Input 5          22O5        22E41        22E40   22E16     22E17     22E18   22E19
                                    Input 6          22O6        22E43        22E42   22E20     22E21     22E22   22E23
                                    Input 7          22O7        22E45        22E44   22E24     22E25     22E26   22E27
                                    Input 8          22O8        22E47        22E46   22E28     22E29     22E30   22E31
                                    Input 9          22O9        22E49        22E48   -         -         -       -
                                    Input 10         22O10       22E51        22E50   -         -         -       -
                                    Input 11         22O11       22E53        22E52   -         -         -       -
                                    Input 12         22O12       22E55        22E54   -         -         -       -
                                    Input 13         22O13       22E57        22E56   -         -         -       -
                                    Input 14         22O14       22E59        22E58   -         -         -       -
                                    Input 15         22O15       22E61        22E60   -         -         -       -
                                    Input 16         22O16       22E63        22E62   -         -         -       -

                                    EVENT:2          230..       23E..        23E..   23E..     23E..     23E..   23E..
                                    EVENT:3          240..       24E..        24E..   24E..     23E..     24E..   24E..
                                    -                -           -            -       -         -         -       -
                                    -                -           -            -       -         -         -       -
                                    -                -           -            -       -         -         -       -
                                    EVENT:20         410..       41E..        41E..   41E..     41E..     41E..   41E..

                                These values are only applicable if the Event mask is masked ≠ OFF.

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Communication Protocol Manual
Section 3                                                                                                          1MRK 511 306-UEN -
SPA operation principle

                    Connection of signals as events
                    Signals coming from different protection and control functions and must be sent as
                    events to the station level over the SPA-bus (or LON-bus) are connected to the
                    Event function block according to figure 4.
                                                                                   EVENT
                                                                Block   BLOCK
                                                     ILRANG             ^INPUT1
                                                       PSTO             ^INPUT2
                                                   UL12RANG             ^INPUT3
                                        UL23RANG                        ^INPUT4
                                                   UL31RANG             ^INPUT5
                                                     3I0RANG            ^INPUT6
                                                    3U0RANG             ^INPUT7
                                                        FALSE           ^INPUT8
                                                                        ^INPUT9
                                                                        ^INPUT10
                                                                        ^INPUT11
                                                                        ^INPUT12
                                                                        ^INPUT13
                                                                        ^INPUT14
                                                                        ^INPUT15
                                                                        ^INPUT16

                                                                                   IEC07000065-2-en.vsd
                    IEC07000065 V2 EN

                    Figure 4:            Connection of protection signals for event handling

3.1.1               Communication ports
                    The serial communication module (SLM) is a mezzanine module placed on the
                    analog/digital conversion module (ADM) and is used for LON, SPA,
                    IEC60870-5-103, or DNP communication.

                    There are two types of IO connectors: 1) snap-in for plastic fibre cables and 2) ST/
                    bayonet for glass fibre cables. The SLM can be equipped with either type or a
                    combination of both, which is identified by a tag.

                    Connect the incoming optical fibre to the RX receiver input, and the outgoing
                    optical fibre to the TX transmitter output. Pay special attention to the instructions
                    concerning handling and connection of fibre cables.

                    For setting the transfer rate (baud rate) and slave number, please refer to the
                    Application Manual and Commissioning Manual respectively.

3.2                 Design

                    Using the rear SPA port for either local or remote communication with a PC
                    requires the following equipment:

                    •        Optical fibres
                    •        Opto/electrical converter for the PC
                    •        PC

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                                                                                                          Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                           Section 3
                                                                                SPA operation principle

                                The software needed in the PC, either local or remote, is PCM600. (Note! SPA
                                cannot be used with PCM600 2.6).

                                When communicating between the local HMI and a PC, the only hardware required
                                is a front-connection cable. Note! SPA cannot be used from LHMI front, except for
                                using "FSTACCS", that is, Field Service Tool Access.

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30
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                             Section 4
                                                                                             SPA settings

Section 4                       SPA settings

4.1                             Settings

Table 10:        SPA Non group settings (basic)
 Name                    Values (Range)           Unit   Step   Default   Description
 SlaveAddress             1 - 899                 -      1      30        Slave address
 BaudRate                 300 Bd                  -      -      9600 Bd   Baudrate on serial line
                          1200 Bd
                          2400 Bd
                          4800 Bd
                          9600 Bd
                          19200 Bd
                          38400 Bd

Table 11:        LONSPA Non group settings (basic)
 Name                    Values (Range)           Unit   Step   Default   Description
 Operation                Off                     -      -      Off       Operation
                          On
 SlaveAddress             1 - 899                 -      1      30        Slave address

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32
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                 Section 5
                                                                                           SPA technical data

Section 5                       SPA technical data

5.1                             Technical data

                                Table 12:       SPA communication protocol
                                 Function                                    Value
                                 Protocol                                    SPA
                                 Communication speed                         300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 or 38400
                                                                             Bd
                                 Slave number                                1 to 899

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Communication Protocol Manual
34
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                        Section 6
                   Establishing connection and verifying the SPA/IEC- communication

Section 6                       Establishing connection and verifying the
                                SPA/IEC- communication

6.1                             Establishing connection and verifying the SPA/IEC-
                                communication

                                About this chapter
                                This chapter contains instructions on how to establish connection and verify that
                                the SPA/IEC-communication operates as intended, when the IED is connected to a
                                monitoring or control system via the rear SPA/IEC port.

6.1.1                           Entering settings
                                If the IED is connected to a monitoring or control system via the rear SPA/IEC
                                port, the SPA/IEC port has to be set either for SPA or IEC use.

6.1.1.1                         Entering SPA settings

                                The SPA/IEC port is located on the rear side of the IED. Two types of interfaces
                                can be used:

                                •    for plastic fibres with connector type HFBR
                                •    for glass fibres with connectors type ST

                                When using the SPA protocol, the rear SPA/IEC port must be set for SPA use.

                                Procedure

                                1.   Set the operation of the rear optical SPA/IEC port to “SPA”.
                                     The operation of the rear SPA port can be found on the local HMI under
                                     Main menu/Configuration/Communication/Station communication/Port
                                     configuration/SLM optical serial port/PROTOCOL:1
                                     When the setting is entered the IED restarts automatically. After the restart
                                     the SPA/IEC port operates as a SPA port.
                                2.   Set the slave number and baud rate for the rear SPA port
                                     The slave number and baud rate can be found on the local HMI under Main
                                     menu/Configuration/Communication/Station communication/SPA/SPA:1
                                     Set the same slave number and baud rate as set in the SMS system for the IED.

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Communication Protocol Manual
Section 6                                                        1MRK 511 306-UEN -
Establishing connection and verifying the SPA/IEC- communication

6.1.2                Verifying the communication
                     To verify that the rear communication with the SMS/SCS system is working, there
                     are some different methods. Choose one of the following.

6.1.2.1              Verifying SPA communication

                     Procedure

                     1.    Use a SPA-emulator and send “RF” to the IED. The answer from the IED
                           should be the type and version of it, for example, “REL670 2.0...”.
                     2.    Generate one binary event by activating a function, which is configured to an
                           event block where the used input is set to generate events on SPA. The
                           configuration must be made with the PCM600 software. Verify that the event
                           is presented in the SMS/SCS system.

                     During the following tests of the different functions in the IED, verify that the
                     events and indications in the SMS/SCS system are as expected.

6.1.3                Fibre optic loop
                     The SPA communication is mainly used for SMS. It can include different
                     numerical IEDs with remote communication possibilities. The fibre optic loop can
                     contain < 20-30 IEDs depending on requirements on response time. Connection to
                     a personal computer (PC) can be made directly (if the PC is located in the
                     substation) or by telephone modem through a telephone network with ITU
                     (CCITT) characteristics.

                     Table 13:          Max distances between IEDs/nodes

                      glass        < 1000 m according to optical budget
                      plastic      < 25 m (inside cubicle) according to optical budget

6.1.4                Optical budget calculation for serial communication with
                     SPA/IEC
                     Table 14:          Example
                                                                                 Distance 1 km         Distance 25 m
                                                                                 Glass                 Plastic
                      Maximum attenuation                                         - 11 dB               - 7 dB
                      4 dB/km multi mode: 820 nm - 62.5/125 um                    4 dB                  -
                      0.16 dB/m plastic: 620 nm - 1mm                             -                     4 dB
                      Margins for installation, aging, and so on                  5 dB                  1 dB
                      Losses in connection box, two contacts (0.5 dB/contact)     1 dB                  -
                     Table continues on next page

36                                                                                                      670 series 2.0 IEC
                                                                                            Communication Protocol Manual
1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                        Section 6
                   Establishing connection and verifying the SPA/IEC- communication

                                                                                        Distance 1 km   Distance 25 m
                                                                                        Glass           Plastic
                                Losses in connection box, two contacts (1 dB/contact)   -               2 dB
                                Margin for 2 repair splices (0.5 dB/splice)             1 dB            -
                                Maximum total attenuation                               11 dB           7 dB

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1MRK 511 306-UEN -                                                                                                    Section 7
                                                                                                                   SPA functions

Section 7                       SPA functions

7.1                             Event function EVENT

7.1.1                           Identification
                                 Function description                        IEC 61850        IEC 60617              ANSI/IEEE C37.2
                                                                             identification   identification         device number
                                   Event function                            EVENT                                   -
                                                                                                    S00946 V1 EN

                                When using a Substation Automation system with LON or SPA communication,
                                time-tagged events can be sent at change or cyclically from the IED to the station
                                level. These events are created from any available signal in the IED that is
                                connected to the Event function (EVENT). The event function block is used for
                                LON and SPA communication.

                                Analog and double indication values are also transferred through EVENT function.

7.1.2                           Function block
                                                    EVENT
                                      BLOCK
                                      ^INPUT1
                                      ^INPUT2
                                      ^INPUT3
                                      ^INPUT4
                                      ^INPUT5
                                      ^INPUT6
                                      ^INPUT7
                                      ^INPUT8
                                      ^INPUT9
                                      ^INPUT10
                                      ^INPUT11
                                      ^INPUT12
                                      ^INPUT13
                                      ^INPUT14
                                      ^INPUT15
                                      ^INPUT16

                                                    IEC05000697-2-en.vsd
                                IEC05000697 V2 EN

                                Figure 5:                   EVENT function block

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Communication Protocol Manual
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