Towards a Sustainable
Growth Strategy to 2050
    STRATEGIC SPATIAL FRAMEWORK (NON STATUTORY)                                                                                                                                         CONTENTS:
    FOREWORD                                                     robust Local Plans and the pace of investment and          The Combined Authority will engage with its partners

    We are so fortunate to live and work somewhere that is
                                                                 development already well underway. We would like to
                                                                 thank the wide range of partners and stakeholders that
                                                                                                                            and other stakeholders over coming months to develop
                                                                                                                            the second half of our Strategic Spatial Framework,
                                                                                                                                                                                        04   Introduction
    home to successful and distinctive cities, market towns      have helped to develop this with us over recent months.    Phase Two by December 2018. This will set out a
    and rural communities. We are surrounded by beautiful                                                                   longer-term growth strategy to 2050, beyond current
    natural assets and some of the best agricultural land        It is central to the Combined Authority to work with       Local Plans and be the opportunity for teamwork                  Section 1
    in the country. Our growth is amongst the fastest in         and through our constituent councils and partner           taking account of the latest evidence on the future, and    06
    the country, reflecting our economic strengths, the          organisations, to address the opportunities and
                                                                 challenges for our area, to build on our strengths, but
                                                                                                                            engage the contributions key partners will make to meet          About Cambridgeshire and Peterborough
    impressive diversity of our jobs and skills base, and                                                                   our area’s future needs and ambitions, as well as make
                                                                 to use investment and influence to improve the lives of
    the quality of life that attract people here.
                                                                 everyone. It is also key in being clear to Government
                                                                                                                            full use of Government policy and support and future
                                                                                                                                                                                             Section 2
    But several parts of our area are not thriving, economic     and national agencies what the gaps are that we need
                                                                                                                            changes to strategic planning and national investment.
    opportunities and quality of life there are not what they    their help to fill and how utilities need to make their    We commend this document to you and look forward to              Strategic Spatial Issues
    should be, and it is vital that strategic planning focuses   contribution too.                                          working with our partners and stakeholders to make a
    on ensuring that all parts gain a share of our prosperity,                                                              real difference to the lives of people living and working
                                                                                                                                                                                             Section 3
    with inclusive growth that is spread and rebalanced          This Strategic Spatial Framework Phase One defines         in every part of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough.
    across our geography. There is clear evidence here on
    disadvantage that must be addressed both in strategic
                                                                 our immediate priorities for sustainable growth and
                                                                 includes wider actions we are taking and will take to      If you have any comments on the document, please                 Supporting Delivery of the Development Strategy in Local Plans to 2036
    planning and in better targeted education and skills         support the sustainable delivery of over 100,000 quality   email
    spend and “soft infrastructure” investment, so all areas     new homes and more than 90,000 additional jobs in                                                                           Section 4
    enjoy the same opportunities.                                Combined Authority plans and Local Plans.                                                                              32
    The Devolution Deal for Cambridgeshire and                   It signposts how our area might grow in the longer
                                                                                                                                                                                             Inclusive Growth
    Peterborough, which we signed with the Government in         term, including how we can take a more inclusive
    March 2017, provides the base for greater sub-regional       approach by using strategic planning to rebalance                                                                           Section 5
    and local decision making and leadership in how we           and share growth, create housing that people or all        James Palmer                                                40
    influence and shape our area’s future growth and             income levels and needs can afford, and promote            Mayor of Cambridgeshire & Peterborough                           Wider Spatial Context and Working with Neighbouring Areas
    prosperity, and meet the expectations of our residents.      future development in historically disadvantaged
                                                                 areas. It does many other things too, including
    The publication of Phase One of our Strategic Spatial                                                                                                                                    Section 6
                                                                 planning a comprehensively high bar on the quality
    Framework for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough
    is an important first milestone in achieving that
                                                                 of future growth and the recognition that the character
                                                                 of our environment and communities are strengths           Cllr Lewis Herbert                                               Next Steps: Opportunities for Developing the Strategic Spatial Framework to 2050
    ambition, meshing with our infrastructure investments,       we cherish as part of our ever-changing area.              Portfolio Holder for Strategic Planning

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INTRODUCTION                                                                                                                     The Cambridgeshire and Peterborough authorities have agreed
                                                                                                 Cambridgeshire and Peterborough
                                                                                                 Combined Authority strategic area

    Devolution has brought major new opportunities
                                                                                                                                     with Government to create a non-statutory spatial framework
    for the future of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough.
    More responsibility and funding now rests with
    local leaders and the Mayor - through the
                                                         Peterborough                                                                to support delivery of this growth.
    Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Combined
    Authority - to shape and deliver future growth                                                                                   This is the first phase of the strategic spatial framework. This document has three main functions:
    for the benefit of all our communities.

                                                                                                                                                                                 Defining the Combined
        Collectively that means delivering                                                                                                                                     Authority’s ambitions and         Signalling how Cambridgeshire
                                                                                                                                        Setting out how the Combined
                                                                                                                                                                              indicating opportunities for        and Peterborough authorities
                                                                                                                                           Authority will support the
                                                                                                                                                                            the development of the spatial       are working collaboratively and
                                                                                          East Cambridgeshire                          implementation of development
                                                           Huntingdonshire                                                                                                     framework, which will look        strategically to achieve growth -
                                                                                                                                       strategies in Local Plans to 2036
                                                                                                                                                                           beyond the current Local Plans           in line with the direction of
                                                                                                                                         - so that the jobs and homes
                                                                                                                                                                           to help establish the next phase      Government’s planning reforms
                      more than                                                                                                                 targets are met.
                                                                                                                                                                             of growth of Cambridgeshire        to fix our broken housing market.
            90,000 new jobs                                                                                                                                                    and Peterborough to 2050.

                                                                                                                                     This is not a traditional planning document but is                       The framework will be developed during 2018
                                                                                                                                                                                                              to set out a longer-term growth strategy to 2050.
                       and over                                                                                                                                                                               This will take account of the latest evidence

        100,000 new homes
                                                                             South Cambridgeshire                      Cambridge
                                                                                                                                     an opportunity to innovate, to develop a new                             to support the area’s needs and ambitions, as
                                                                                                                                                                                                              well as relevant changes to Government policy.
         by 2036, and helping establish                                                                                              approach that enhances the planning system to                            It will be aligned closely with other relevant
                                                                                                                                                                                                              strategies for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough
       the area’s future growth needs and
         ambitions beyond that to 2050.                                                                                              better deliver our future growth and prosperity.                         and will provide strategic guidance for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                              development of future local plans.

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                           BACKGROUND                                                      INEQUALITY                                                BUSINESS
                           Cambridgeshire and Peterborough has a                           But it is also an area of great diversity and,            There are 41,650 businesses across
                           national and international profile and influence,               like many places that are outwardly successful,           Cambridgeshire and Peterborough with
                           focused on the knowledge-based economy                          there are downsides too. There is a clear                 just under 35,000 of these, or over 80%,
                           and a world class university in Greater                         geographical pattern to deprivation in                    being micro businesses with nine or fewer

                           Cambridge, complemented by research and                         Cambridgeshire and Peterborough, which                    employees. Some 195 businesses qualify
                           manufacturing strengths in Peterborough and                     reflects different local economies.                       as ‘large’, with 250 or more employees 1. At
                           the market towns.                                                                                                         the time of the 2011 census, Cambridgeshire
                                                                                           More deprived areas cluster to the north                  and Peterborough had just over 400,000
                           Its cities and towns include some of the finest                 and within Cambridge and Peterborough                     employed residents 2.
                           historic buildings in the world, while there is                 themselves (indeed, Cambridge is ranked

                           ready access to the countryside and high quality                as the least equal city in the UK based on                Some 70,000 people commute into the area
                           landscapes, with strategic transport connections                income and wealth 1). Peterborough and                    for work while nearly 60,000 Cambridgeshire
                           including to London.                                            Fenland each contain areas that are among                 and Peterborough residents commute
                                                                                           the 10% most deprived nationally 2.                       outside the area 3. The majority of jobs are in
                           Its attractiveness as a place to live and work                                                                            education; health; professional, scientific and
                           is reflected by its continued population growth:                                                                          technical; retail; and business administration
                           Cambridge and Peterborough have consistently                                                                              and support services.
                           been in the top five fastest growing cities in the
                           UK in recent years 1.                                                                                                     However, local economies exist across the
                                                                                                                                                     area and different sectors have more or less
                                                                                                                                                     significance within particular places.

                                                                                                                                                     1   ONS Business Counts 2017.
                                                                                           1   Centre for Cities in Cities Outlook 2018, Table 13:   2   406,414 employed residents (Census 2011).
                           1   Most recently reported by the Centre for Cities in Cities       Gini coefficient.                                     3   69,756 in-commuters and 57,108 out-commuters
                               Outlook 2017, Table 1.                                      2   CLG, 2015. Indices of Multiple Deprivation                (Census 2011).

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Spalding                                               King’s Lynn

    POPULATION                                                                                                                                                              ECONOMY                                                  MARKET TOWNS                                      AFFORDABLE HOUSING
    The population of Cambridgeshire and                                                                                                                                    Peterborough has a diverse economy, including            A number of the market towns, including           There are significant differences in house
    Peterborough in 2016 was just under                                                                           Wisbech                                                   engineering and manufacturing; agriculture,              Huntingdon, St Neots and Ely, look to the         prices and rent levels across the area. To the
    850,000, with 496,000 jobs across the area 1.                                                                                                                           food and drink; digital and creative industries;         Cambridge economy and services, although          south focused on Cambridge, houses are
    With planned housing growth the population                                                    A47                                                                       the energy sector and financial services. The            they continue to develop and strengthen their     amongst the least affordable in the UK.
    is expected to increase to over a million                    Peterborough                                                                          Downham Market       city has a high concentration of companies               own local economies, retail and service offers.
                                                                                                                                                                            engaged in environment-related activities,                                                                 Cambridge has an affordability ratio of 12.97,
    people by 2036 2.                                                A47
                                                                                                                                                                            while its locational advantage close to strategic        To the north there is a stronger relationship     significantly higher than the national average
    The majority of the existing population live                                                                       March                                                                                                         between places such as Ramsey and                 of 7.72 1. Significant affordability challenges
                                                                                                                                                                            transport routes attracts logistics companies.
    in the thirteen main settlements within the                                                                                                                                                                                      Whittlesey with Peterborough, while Wisbech       are also prevalent throughout Cambridgeshire
    area: the cities of Peterborough, Cambridge                                                                                                                             Cambridge’s economic success is accelerated              is closer to King’s Lynn in Norfolk.              and Peterborough.
    and Ely; and the market towns of Whittlesey,                                                                                                                            by the “Cambridge Phenomenon”, a cluster
                                                                                                                   Chatteris                                                of knowledge-based industries with a global              The market towns have traditionally acted as      Devolution has enabled £170m investment to
    Wisbech, March, Chatteris, Littleport, Soham,                           A1(M)
                                                                                      Ramsey                                                   Littleport
                                                                                                                                                                            profile located in the city and its surrounds.           service centres for nearby smaller settlements,   fund extra affordable rent housing and shared
    Ramsey, St Ives, St Neots and Huntingdon.
                                                                                                                                                                            There are now around 1,000 technology and                providing retail, health and education as well    ownership, including council housing
    With an area of 338,960 hectares 3, around                                                                                                                              biotechnology companies in the cluster, 1,400            as employment opportunities.                      in Cambridge.
    12% of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is                                                                                                                               when providers of services and support
    developed. The rural areas outside the main                                                                                                                             organizations are included 1.
    settlements include many villages and small                            Huntingdon                   St Ives                                       Soham
    communities, while agricultural production is                                                                                                               A11         The establishment of these industries and their
    significant for the area.                                                                                                                                               development over time is inextricably linked
                                                                                                                               A10                                          with the education and research capabilities of
                                                                                                             A14                                                            the University of Cambridge. The strength of
                                                                                                                                                A14                         this relationship is particularly well illustrated by
                                                                                      St Neots                                                              Newmarket
                                                                                           A428                                                                             the fact that Cambridge is the leading UK city
                                                                                                                                                                            for publication of patent applications. Indeed,
                                                                                                                                                                            in 2016 Cambridge-based organisations and
                                                               Bedford                                               M11
                                                                                                                                       A11                                  individuals published more patents than the
                                                                                                                                                                            total of the next three highest-performing cities2.
                                                                                                                                                              Haverhill     Tourism is an important part of the local
                                                                                                                                                                            economy with an estimated 4.5 million people
    1   ONS 2016 mid-year estimates.
                                                                                                                                                                            visiting Cambridge each year.
    2   Forecast population at 2036 is 1,044,030 -
        Cambridgeshire County Council Research Group’s                                A1
                                                                                                         Royston                                                                                                                                                                       1   ONS, Ratio of house price to workplace-based
        2015-based population forecasts.                                                         A505                                        Saffron Walden                 1   Cambridge Phenomenon website.                                                                              earnings (lower quartile and median) 2016.
    3   Census 2011.                                                                                                                                                        2   Centre for Cities in Cities Outlook 2018, Table 5.                                                         Released 17 March 2017.

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     TRANSPORT                                                         NATURAL ENVIRONMENT                                  CONNECTIONS
     The area is served to varying degrees by                          The area contains a diverse range of natural         Many of the surrounding districts outside
     strategic and local transport routes. A number                    environments, the potential constraints and          Cambridgeshire and Peterborough have
     of key routes suffer severe congestion at                         limits of which upon growth will need to be          strong functional links with it. Peterborough
     peak times, particularly those connected to                       properly addressed and managed. The Ouse             has close ties with Lincolnshire and Rutland to

                                                                                                                                                                                     OUR STRATEGIC
     Cambridge, as well as parts of Peterborough                       and Nene Washes are of international                 the north and Northamptonshire to the west.
     and some of the market towns.                                     importance for wildfowl and migratory birds,         West Suffolk is part of the Cambridge Housing
                                                                       whilst low-lying fenland areas provide               Market Area, with Newmarket and Haverhill
     The long-term capacity challenges of the A14                      unique landscapes.                                   in particular having a strong relationship with
     are being addressed by the current improvements                                                                        Cambridge. The same is true of Royston in
     works, due to be completed in 2020. The                           Significant new and expanded habitat and

                                                                                                                                                                                     SPATIAL ISSUES
                                                                                                                            Hertfordshire and Saffron Walden in Essex.
     strategic rail network includes the East Coast                    greenspace creation includes the award-
     Main Line, West Anglia and other lines providing                  winning Great Fen and Wicken Fen.                    There are a number of strategic transport
     links to London, Birmingham, Ipswich, Liverpool                                                                        corridors that are critical to the area’s
     and Norwich. Recent years have seen a                             Flood risk is an important issue for parts of        economic success and growth, notably the
     significant increase in rail patronage.                           the strategic area, particularly low-lying land to   A14 providing strategic links to the east coast
                                                                       the north. Strategic scale flood risk and water      ports and the midlands; the M11 forming the
                                                                       management infrastructure directly protect           spine of the London-Stansted-Cambridge
     LIVING STANDARDS                                                  homes, infrastructure, land, businesses and          corridor; the A11 and A47 to Norwich; and the
                                                                       jobs for people afforded protection by them.         A428 to the west of Cambridge, connecting
     Parts of the area have amongst the best quality
     of life in the country based on employment,                       Conversely, being located in the East of             with Bedford and Milton Keynes.
     health and life expectancy, crime rates, and                      England, much of the area suffers from
     happiness and satisfaction 1.                                     severe water stress with longer-term supply
                                                                       implications for homes and businesses.               CAMBRIDGE - MK - OXFORD
     But there are significant disparities. For example,
                                                                                                                            In addition, the Government has announced
     both Peterborough and Fenland are amongst
                                                                                                                            its vision for the Cambridge, Milton Keynes
     some of the worst areas nationally for the
                                                                                                                            and Oxford corridor to stimulate economic
     number of premature deaths 2.
                                                                                                                            growth in the national interest. This includes
                                                                                                                            investment in new and upgraded road and rail
     1   Both East and South Cambridgeshire Districts have                                                                  infrastructure and a corridor-wide ambition for
         featured in the top ten areas with the best quality of life                                                        one million new homes by 2050 1.
         by a range of measures in recent annual surveys by the
         Halifax Building Society.
     2   Peterborough is 249th and Fenland is 250th out of 		                                                               1   Helping the Cambridge, Milton Keynes and Oxford
         a total of 324 local authority areas. Longer Lives: 2017                                                               corridor reach its potential. HM Government,
         Annual Update, Public Health England.                                                                                  November 2017.

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STRATEGIC SPATIAL ISSUES                                                       STRATEGIC PRIORITIES                               Other priorities focus on more effective delivery     The Combined Authority recognises the
                                                                                                                                       of existing plans, particularly planned housing       importance of ensuring that environmental
     The Mayor and the Combined Authority have        BECOMING THE UK’S             The Combined Authority has, therefore,             and jobs growth, and supporting infrastructure.       issues are considered fully alongside
     established a bold vision for the future of                                    a significant role in addressing issues                                                                  economic and social priorities, in accordance
                                                      CAPITAL OF INNOVATION                                                            A key purpose of this first version of the
     Cambridgeshire and Peterborough to be                                          that are critical for the future of not only                                                             with the principle of net environmental gain.
     “the leading place in the world to learn, live   AND PRODUCTIVITY.             Cambridgeshire and Peterborough, but the           Combined Authority’s Strategic Spatial
     and work”. This will be achieved through                                       UK as a whole.                                     Framework is to focus on actions and                  This includes addressing strategic water
     five big ambitions:                                                                                                               interventions to address the effective                issues (flood risk and supply), green
                                                                                    A number of the strategic priorities agreed with   implementation of existing plans to 2036.             infrastructure 1, open spaces and biodiversity,
                                                                                    government through the Devolution Deal, and                                                              pollution, clean energy and climate resilience
                                                      HEALTHY, THRIVING             reflected in the ambitions above, have spatial     The Combined Authority has built on the               in line with the climate risks outlined in the
                                                      AND PROSPEROUS                implications. In particular, there is a need for   priorities agreed with government to ensure           UK’s Climate Change Risk Assessment 2.
                                                      COMMUNITIES.                  a clear understanding of the levels and type       that a comprehensive approach is taken to
                                                                                    of development to meet high-level ambitions        delivering truly sustainable development.             Finally, quality must be built into all growth
                                                                                    for substantial economic growth and, critically,                                                         outcomes, in terms of the built environment
                                                                                                                                       In particular, it is essential that the benefits of   and provision of services and infrastructure
                                                                                    how this growth will be delivered.
                                                                                                                                       growth are inclusive and integrated across the        to serve existing and new communities.
                                                      ACCESS TO A GOOD              Some priorities are predicated on the              whole of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough,
                                                                                    potential for growth beyond the current levels     particularly benefitting the most deprived            For example, this will include reference to
                                                      JOB WITHIN EASY
                                                                                    established through adopted and emerging           parts. Accordingly, section 4 of this framework       Government’s A Green Future: Our 25 year
                                                      REACH OF HOME.                statutory plans – specifically the target to       addresses ‘Inclusive Growth’.                         plan to improve the environment highlighting
                                                                                    deliver a doubling of economic outputs,                                                                  the economic, social and health benefits of
                                                                                    which has been given further impetus by                                                                  investing in natural capital.
                                                                                    government’s announcements on the strategic
                                                      A WORKFORCE FOR THE MODERN    growth corridor from Cambridge to Oxford.
                                                      WORLD FOUNDED ON INVESTMENT
                                                      IN SKILLS AND EDUCATION.

                                                      ENVIRONMENTALLY                                                                                                                        1   Green infrastructure is the sub-regional network of
                                                                                                                                                                                                 protected sites, nature reserves, green spaces and
                                                      SUSTAINABLE.                                                                                                                               greenway linkages, providing multi-functional uses such
                                                                                                                                                                                                 as wildlife habitat, recreation, and flood protection.
                                                                                                                                                                                             2   HM Government (2017). UK Climate Change Risk
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Assessment 2017.

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     Against this background, the strategic spatial issues that have a direct bearing on Cambridgeshire
     and Peterborough’s prosperity and growth are set out in the table below.

     2030 AMBITIONS

                Becoming the UK’s
                                          RELATED ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED

                                          Housing – achieving accelerated rates of house building, including working with developers and        SUPPORTING DELIVERY
                                                                                                                                                OF THE DEVELOPMENT
                capital of innovation     the construction industry to restore the skills base and supply chains which were affected by the
                                          economic downturn; and to ensure an appropriate mix of housing, particularly affordable housing
                and productivity
                                          to meet the area’s social and economic needs.

                Healthy, thriving         Transport - ensuring that planning for and investment in strategic transport infrastructure is
                and prosperous

                                                                                                                                                STRATEGY IN LOCAL
                                          prioritised appropriately so that growth and regeneration is properly serviced and the effects of
                communities               congestion on productivity are addressed.

                Access to a good          Broadband – bringing superfast broadband access to 99% of premises across Cambridgeshire
                                          and Peterborough by the end of 2020 1.
                job within easy reach

                                                                                                                                                PLANS TO 2036
                of home
                                          Inclusive growth – recognising the need to build on and enhance the competitiveness and
                A workforce for the       success of existing sectors and places, whilst ensuring all residents can benefit from growth.
                modern world founded
                on investment in skills   Quality – maintaining and enhancing the quality of life and natural and built heritage of the area,
                                          including the historic environment.
                and education
                                          Environment – addressing environmental issues that have a key influence on achieving
                Environmentally           sustainable development and outcomes, including water, biodiversity and green space, and
                sustainable.              climate resilience.

                                          1   The target established through the Connecting Cambridgeshire initiative.

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     The Devolution Deal between the Combined Authority and government provides for the transfer of             CURRENT LOCAL PLANS
     significant resources and powers for infrastructure, housing, economic development, employment             All the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough             CAMBRIDGE AND SOUTH                             EAST CAMBRIDGESHIRE
     and skills, that will impact positively on the lives of residents by helping create more jobs, improving   local authorities have adopted Local Plans,         CAMBRIDGESHIRE                                  The East Cambridgeshire Local Plan
                                                                                                                with reviews to keep them up to date
     the skills and employment prospects of residents and boosting the productivity of Cambridgeshire           currently underway in Cambridge, South              The development strategy set out in the         (adopted 2015) seeks to provide 11,500
     and Peterborough. These resources and powers include:                                                      Cambridgeshire, Peterborough, East                  emerging Cambridge and South Cambridgeshire     homes and 9,200 jobs during the plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    period 2011- 2031.
                                                                                                                Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire. -               Local Plans to 2031 follows a sequential
                                                                                                                all of which should be adopted in 2018              approach to development.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Through sustainable growth it seeks to take
                                                                                                                or early 2019.                                                                                      advantage of the economic vitality of the
                                                                                                                                                                    This sequence maximises use of land within
                                                                                                                Collectively, the plans include targets for         and on the edge of Cambridge compatible         Cambridge sub-region, whilst retaining its
                                                                                                                more than 90,000 additional jobs and over           with protecting the Green Belt setting of the   distinct identity as a predominantly rural area.

         £170    £20                                        Strategic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Growth is focussed at its three market towns
                                                                                     Responsibility             100,000 new homes by 2036 1.                        historic city and then in new settlements
                                                                                                                                                                    linked to Cambridge by sustainable transport    of Ely, Soham and Littleport.

                                                                                     for a strategic
                                                                                                                A brief summary of the current Local Plan for       corridors and finally a limited amount of

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The plan aims to respond to local needs as

        million million
                                                                                                                each city and district council is included below.   development in the larger and more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    much as possible, including firm support for
                                                                                         review                 This provides the context for the actions           sustainable villages.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ‘community led development’, especially in

                                                             powers,                                            and objectives that follow, setting out how
                                                                                                                the Combined Authority will support the
                                                                                                                implementation of the local plans to help
                                                                                                                                                                    Together the plans provide for 33,500 new
                                                                                                                                                                    homes and 44,000 additional jobs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the form of Community Land Trust schemes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Other notable policies include its support
                                                                                                                meet Cambridgeshire and Peterborough’s                                                              for the horse racing industry, with East
         to deliver new             a year funding         including preparation         of 16+ skills          2030 Ambitions.                                                                                     Cambridgeshire being home to the famous
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Newmarket July Racecourse, as well as
       homes over a five-          over 30 years for             of a Local          provision in the area.                                                                                                         policies protecting what’s special about
      year period, focused           investment to            Transport Plan.                                                                                                                                       the area, such as the many national and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    international biodiversity sites. A Review of
      on affordable rented          boost growth.                                                                                                                                                                   the plan is well underway, broadly following
           and shared                                                                                                                                                                                               the principles of the current plan, with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    adoption due later in 2018.
      ownership housing.
                                                                                                                1   Plans that are adopted or have been submitted
                                                                                                                    for examination.

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     FENLAND                                            HUNTINGDONSHIRE                                    PETERBOROUGH
     The Fenland Local Plan (adopted May 2014)          The Huntingdonshire Local Plan 2036                The Peterborough Development Plan is
     is pro-growth and seeks to provide 11,000          will deliver at least 20,100 homes and             comprised of a number of Local Plans
     homes and 7,200 jobs during the plan period        approximately 14,400 additional jobs               adopted from 2011 onwards. Collectively,
     to 2031.                                           between 2011 and 2036.                             they seek a ‘bigger and better Peterborough’,     The Combined Authority’s aim is that                     PRINCIPLES                                      • Support regeneration projects in priority
                                                                                                           with around 25,000 homes (2009-2026)              economic output will double over the next 25                                                               areas, such as the most deprived parts
     Through sustainable growth it seeks to tackle      Huntingdonshire is part of the thriving                                                              years. Underpinned by a strong economic                  The Combined Authority will support the           of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough (as
                                                                                                           and over 200 hectares of employment land                                                                   local planning authorities in creating the
     and address current health inequalities,           Cambridge Sub-Region and the distribution          provided for.                                     and productivity plan GVA will increase from                                                               defined in section 4).
     community deprivation, lack of affordable          of growth will be primarily to four spatial                                                          £22bn to over £40bn 1.                                   right conditions for current jobs targets to
     housing, infrastructure deficit and low skills     planning areas around the towns of                 The spatial strategy heavily focusses growth                                                               be met. In doing so it will apply the           • Support the creation, expansion and
     and educational attainment.                        Huntingdon, St. Neots, St. Ives and Ramsey.        in and around Peterborough itself, with a         Cambridgeshire and Peterborough has a                    following principles:                             enhancement of education establishments,
                                                                                                           limited amount of growth identified for the       range of economic strengths, which provide a                                                               including for further education and universities.
     The focus of development is on the four            The strategy also supports a thriving                                                                solid foundation for further growth. It has the          • Over the longer term, develop an
                                                                                                           small scale villages which surround the city.                                                                overarching spatial planning response to      • Prioritise delivery of high quality housing,
     market towns with March (4,200) and                rural economy, providing opportunities for                                                           highest productivity and employment rate of
     Wisbech (3,550) being the major contributors.      communities to achieve local development           Over the years, a key challenge has been          the UK mayoral combined authorities 2, while               the area’s economic needs, with greater         including affordable housing, to support
                                                        aspirations while protecting the character of      protecting and enhancing the city’s fine          Cambridge has the highest skilled workforce                collaboration across the area to facilitate     jobs growth, reduce affordability pressures
     Except for very large allocations in the form of   existing settlements and intrinsic beauty of       historic core (including its cathedral), whilst                                                              complementary and sustainable patterns          and tackle affordable housing need.
                                                                                                                                                             of any UK city 3.
     urban extensions on the edge of market towns,      the open countryside.                              embracing rapid growth arising since the day                                                                 of strategic employment locations.
     the plan uses a criteria-based approach to                                                                                                                                                                                                                       • Protect and enhance the quality of the
                                                                                                           the city was nominated as a New Town.                                                                      • Ensure that investment in strategic             natural and built environment to ensure the
     assess new proposals in all settlements.           The development strategy has been shaped
                                                        by the fundamental principles of sustainability,   A Review of the development plan is well                                                                     infrastructure demonstrably supports            area remains attractive for its quality of life,
     In moving away from traditional planning           aiming to achieve a balance between social,        underway, with adoption of a single Local                                                                    economic growth, including for the most         and therefore as a location for business -
     which allocates most sites it seeks to             economic and environmental priorities.             Plan due in late 2018.                                                                                       deprived communities within the area (see       applying a natural capital and ecosystem
     encourage development in a more flexible,                                                                                                                                                                          section 4, ‘Inclusive Growth’).                 services approach.
     case by case way to provide growth.                Following the designation of the Strategic
                                                        Expansion Location of Alconbury Weald                                                                                                                         • Support development proposals for
                                                        which included a designated enterprise zone                                                                                                                     businesses in identified priority sectors
                                                        and up to 5,000 houses and associated                                                                                                                           in Local Plans and economic strategies,
                                                        infrastructure, two further expansion locations                                                                                                                 including building on the established
                                                        are proposed offering further opportunities                                                                                                                     innovative clusters of research and
                                                        to deliver new sustainable communities and                                                                                                                      development, environmental goods and
                                                        inward investment in Huntingdonshire.                                                                                                                           services, advanced manufacturing, and
                                                                                                                                                             1   Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Devolution Deal.       other knowledge-based industries.
                                                        It is anticipated that the Huntingdonshire                                                               March 2017.
                                                        Local Plan 2036: Proposed Submission                                                                 2   ONS, Combined Authority Economic Indicators,
                                                        2017 will be adopted in Autumn 2019.                                                                     March 2017.
                                                                                                                                                             3   Centre for Cities in Cities Outlook 2018, Table 10

18                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          19
     STRATEGIC EMPLOYMENT                          The Combined Authority supports the               MARKET TOWNS
     LOCATIONS                                     successful delivery of strategic employment
                                                   locations, including the designated Enterprise    The Market Towns Masterplan for Growth
     Most of the strategic development locations   Zones. The additional jobs provided at            initiative, piloted in St Neots in 2017, is an
     identified in Local Plans provide for         these and other locations will make an            integrated investment and regeneration
                                                                                                     programme for education and skills,                 Cambridgeshire and Peterborough can only                     A major challenge remains, therefore,            However, through its Devolution Deal with
     employment as part of a mix of uses.          important contribution to the overall target in
                                                                                                     commercial and industrial development               continue to succeed if our existing, growing                 how to ensure timely construction of these       government the Combined Authority has
     Of these, a number are designated as          Local Plans and the Combined Authority’s
                                                                                                     and supporting infrastructure. Its aim is           and new communities are places that people                   outstanding permissions and meet the             the opportunity to look at ways to accelerate
     Enterprise Zones.                             economic growth ambitions. The Authority
                                                                                                     to stimulate economic growth and create             really want to call home.                                    overall local plan targets within the expected   housing delivery, whether it is through
                                                   will, therefore, use its investment decisions,                                                                                                                     timescales. The reasons for this degree of       forward-funding of infrastructure, supporting
     It is envisaged that the zone at Alconbury                                                      employment opportunities in market towns.
                                                   influence and practical support to help                                                               A significant percentage of Cambridgeshire                   challenge are varied and complex,                skills in the construction sector or facilitating
     Weald will accommodate around 8,000                                                             The initiative will be rolled out to other market
                                                   achieve these outcomes.                                                                               and Peterborough’s growth is projected to                    and are not unique to Cambridgeshire             more effective ways of working between the
     new jobs by 2036, with an emphasis on                                                           towns in the area beginning in 2018.                consist of in-migration, a sign of the area’s                and Peterborough.                                local planning authorities and other partners.
     technology and innovation, advanced
                                                                                                                                                         economic strengths and attractiveness to
     manufacturing and engineering, incubator        Strategic Spatial Objective 1:
                                                                                                       Strategic Spatial Objective 2:                    those seeking work 1.                                        The structure of the housebuilding industry,     In tandem with this, the Combined Authority
     space for start-up businesses and
                                                     The Combined Authority will work with                                                                                                                            its delivery models and degree of competition    will work with partners to ensure that
     grow-on space for small and medium-                                                               Beginning in 2018 the Combined Authority          As a result, adopted, submitted, or about tobe
                                                     the local planning authorities and new                                                                                                                           are national issues that have been raised by     important policy objectives are met. With
     sized businesses.                                                                                 will roll out the Market Towns Masterplan         submitted Local Plans include allocations and
                                                     Business Board to ensure the effective                                                                                                                           government in planning reforms proposed          regard to housing this includes building
                                                                                                       for Growth initiative to other market towns       allowances for over 100,000 new homes to 2036.               under the White Paper, Fixing our Broken         more affordable homes as a key element of
     Alconbury's location between Cambridge          delivery of the strategic employment
     and Peterborough will help to enhance           locations identified in Local Plans and           with the support of local authorities.            Cambridge and Peterborough are both in the                   Housing Market.                                  achieving growth that is economically and
     the economic linkages between the               economic strategies, including the                These will complement proposals set               top ten cities nationally for housing growth 2.                                                               socially inclusive.
     complementary business clusters in              designated Alconbury and Cambridge                out in Local Plans.                               However, latest figures indicate planning                                                                     Working with the local planning authorities
     and around the two cities.                      Compass Enterprise Zones.                                                                           permissions for 28,507 new homes in                                                                           the Combined Authority has identified a
                                                                                                                                                         Cambridgeshire but only 3,236 (11%) under                                                                     number of areas where intervention and
     The Cambridge Compass Enterprise Zone
                                                                                                                                                         construction 3; while for Peterborough there                                                                  support will help enable more effective
     comprises a number of existing, new and
                                                                                                                                                         were over 8,188 permitted new homes                                                                           housing delivery and achievement of policy
     expanding employment locations: Lancaster
                                                                                                                                                         where construction had not started 4.                                                                         objectives.
     Way, Ely; Cambourne Business Park;
     Cambridge Research Park, Waterbeach;
                                                                                                                                                         1   For example, around 84% of population growth
     the new town of Northstowe; and Haverhill                                                                                                               in adopted and emerging plans in Cambridgeshire
     Research Park in Suffolk.                                                                                                                               is derived from economic migration rather than natural
                                                                                                                                                             change through births and deaths (Cambridgeshire and
                                                                                                                                                             Peterborough Memorandum of Cooperation, 2013).
                                                                                                                                                         2   Centre for Cities in Cities Outlook 2018, Table 14.
                                                                                                                                                         3   Research and Monitoring figures, Business
                                                                                                                                                             Intelligence, Cambridgeshire County Council.
                                                                                                                                                         4   Annual Monitoring Report 2017, Peterborough
                                                                                                                                                             City Council.

20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         21
Spalding                                                 King’s Lynn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FIGURE 4: STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SITES IN EXISTING LOCAL PLANS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Site               number of         Timescale
                                                                                                                                                                     Wisbech      4                                                                                 homes
     The current development strategy in adopted                     In addition to these allocated sites, the                                                                                                                1) Hampton urban extension         3,632           By 2036
     and emerging Local Plans includes proposals                     Devolution Deal with government refers to                                                                                                                2) Great Haddon urban extension    5,300           By 2036
     for expansion of the area’s cities and towns,                   a potential new settlement in Fenland based                         3                                                                                    3) Norwood                         2,300           By 2036
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Downham Market
     as well as an unprecedented number of                           on garden town principles; and a new                                                                                                                     4) Wisbech                         2,300 (550 in   By 2031
     new settlements.                                                Community Land Trust Scheme at Kennett                    Peterborough                                                                                                                      King's Lynn &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 West Norfolk)
                                                                     in East Cambridgeshire.                                                                          5      March
     These strategic sites 1 will provide over                                                                                       1                                                                                        5) March                           3,100           By 2031
     74,000 new homes 2, making a significant                        The Combined Authority will consider,                       2                                                                                            6) Chatteris                       1,400           By 2031
     contribution to the overall housing target.                     where necessary, how best it can support                                                                                                                 7) Ely (north)                     3,000           By 2031
     As such, their successful implementation is                     the delivery of these and other development                                                                                                              8) Littleport                      1,850           By 2036
     critical to meeting the area’s growth needs.                    sites, including addressing systemic                                                                 Chatteris            8
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Littleport                 9) Soham                           2,100           By 2036
                                                                     or infrastructure challenges and using                                  Ramsey                   6
     Figure 4 below sets out, in broad terms, the                                                                                                                                                                             10) Alconbury Weald                5,000           By 2036
                                                                     investment, influencing opportunities and                                                                         Ely 7                                  11) Ermine Street (south),         1,050           By 2036
     strategic sites. However, it should be noted                    other practical support as necessary.                                                                                                                    Huntingdon
     that the figures in the table are, to the best
     of the Combined Authority’s knowledge,                                                                                                                                                                                   12) St Neots East (Wintringham     WP: 2,800       By 2036
                                                                                                                                             10                                                                               Park and Loves Farm 2)             LF2: 1,020
     accurate and up to date, though if any                                                                                                                St Ives
                                                                                                                             Huntingdon 11                                                         9 Soham                    13) Cambourne West                 1,655 / 935     By 2031 Post 2031
     discrepancy does arise, the figures below
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14) Bourn Airfield New Village     1,360 / 2,140 By 2031 Post 2031
     do not in any way override policy set out in
     Local Plans for the area.                                                                                                                                                                                                15) Northstowe                     3,203 / 6,784 By 2031 Post 2031
                                                                                                                                                                     15               16                                      16) Waterbeach New Town            2,300 / 6,700 By 2031 Post 2031
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              17) Cambridge North-West           2,927           By 2031
                                                                                                                                          St Neots                             19                               Newmarket     (University site)
                                                                                                                                                      13                         20                                           18) NIAB (Darwin Green)            2,377 / 250     By 2031 Post 2031
                                                                                                                                         12                 14            17
                                                                                                                                                                                  21                                          19) Cambridge Northern Fringe      Potential for   Unknown
                                                                                                                                                                                  Cambridge                                   East (APP)                         7,600
                                                                                                                   Bedford                                                   22                                               20) Cambridge East (north of       1,300           By 2031
     1   For the purposes of this framework, sites or groups of                                                                                                                                                               Newmarket Road)
         sites in close proximity which will provide 1,000 or more
         homes included in adopted plans or draft plans which                                                                                                                                                                 21) Cambridge East (north of       1,257           By 2031
         have been submitted for examination.                                                                          KEY                                                                                                    Cherry Hinton)
     2   This is the total indicative figure including, in some                                                                                                                                                               22) Cambridge Southern Fringe
         cases, anticipated housing completions before and
                                                                                                                             Below 3000 homes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Trumpington Meadows                 637            By 2031
         after the end of the current local plan period.
                                                                                                                             Over 3000 homes                                                                                  Glebe Farm, Clay Farm & Bell School 996            By 2031
22                                                                                                                                                                                             Saffron Walden                                                                                        23
LAND COMMISSION                                                                                            CHALLENGES                                      These challenges have led to delays in some      MORE EFFECTIVE                                   To address these issues the Combined
                                                                  Strategic Spatial Objective 3:                                                                development coming forward at strategic                                                           Authority intends to develop a Memorandum
     A Land Commission has been established                                                                     Despite national policy and the mutual          development locations, or uncertainty            Against this background, the Combined            of Understanding between the Combined
     to bring forward land that will contribute to                The Combined Authority will work with         interests involved in creating an effective                                                      Authority’s aim, working with partners, is to
                                                                                                                                                                about the timing of the necessary investment                                                      Authority, the constituent local planning
     meeting the area’s growth needs. One of its                  the local planning authorities, developers,   environment for utilities planning and                                                           establish more effective engagement and
                                                                                                                                                                in infrastructure.                                                                                authorities and the key utilities providers.
     key aims will be to identify specific challenges             Homes England and other agencies              provision, significant challenges persist                                                        communication with the relevant utilities
     that are holding back the supply of private                  to ensure the effective delivery of the       in achieving the desired outcomes.              These include the need for grid reinforcement    providers to identify, understand and act        The MoU will define more effective ways of
     and public land for key strategic development                strategic housing sites identified in                                                         to provide more capacity to the Cambridge        upon relevant planning and growth issues.        partnership working between organisations,
     sites in local plans.                                        Local Plans.                                  These include:                                  southern cluster, which covers a number of                                                        setting out a commitment to share knowledge
                                                                                                                                                                development sites, including expansion of        This includes:                                   and information and engage proactively in the
     The Commission will work with partners to                    This will include through its investment      • A lack of co-ordination in spatial and
                                                                                                                  business planning cycles.                     the Cambridge Biomedical Campus.                 • Building a greater understanding between       infrastructure planning work undertaken by
     bring forward solutions to overcome these                    decisions, affordable housing investment,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   organisations of aims, objectives, funding     both local planning authorities and the utilities
     barriers, including for sites where complex                  the work of the Land Commission               • Different time periods covered by the         In that case the necessary infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and regulatory requirements.                   providers, to ensure the more timely delivery
     multiple ownership issues exist and land                     and other practical support where the           respective plans of local authorities         upgrades should have been understood                                                              of the infrastructure required to support the
     assembly solutions are needed.                               Combined Authority can assist local             and utilities providers.                      and implemented much earlier in the              • Building a shared evidence base to better      development strategy.
                                                                  authorities or facilitate other                                                               development process.                               understand the scale, volume and nature
     With regard to the potential development                     external inputs.                              • The fact that different utilities are
     locations outlined in the Devolution Deal, the                                                                                                             Another example involves the need for a new        of the infrastructure needed to support
                                                                                                                  governed by specific legislative provisions                                                      current and future growth strategies.            Strategic Spatial Objective 4:
     Combined Authority will work with partners                                                                   and regulation, with a lack of effective      water recycling facility to serve the new town
     on feasibility 1, assessing infrastructure needs                                                             engagement between organisations.             at Waterbeach.                                   • Ensuring that the strategic spatial planning     Working with the local authorities and

     and deliverability.                                                                                                                                                                                           and delivery of utilities infrastructure         energy, water and digital utilities providers,
                                                                                                                • In certain areas market failure prevents      While scoping work has been undertaken
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   is aligned and co-ordinated as far as            the Combined Authority will develop a
     However, it will be for the local planning                                                                   services being available in a timely          and the need for infrastructure identified,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   possible with the utilities providers’           Memorandum of Understanding that will
     authorities to assess these and other sites                                                                  manner to meet business and                   the timing of investment is uncertain.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   business investment and infrastructure           set out new, agreed ways of working to
     that might come forward through the relevant                                                                 consumer needs.                                                                                                                                   achieve more timely and effective delivery
     statutory planning processes.                              Provision of gas, electricity, digital                                                                                                             plans.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of utilities infrastructure.
                                                                connectivity and communications, water
                                                                supply, as well as managing waste water,
                                                                is fundamental to the functioning of new
                                                                buildings and places.
                                                                Legislation governs the provision of these
                                                                essential utilities, while regulators oversee
                                                                business planning and practices in the
                                                                interests of consumers.

     1   For example, £6.5m funding has been provided for
         feasibility work on the Wisbech Garden Town project.

24                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    25
VIABILITY                                                                                                                                              ACCESS TO A GOOD JOB WITHIN EASY REACH OF HOME
     The Combined Authority recognises that                                                               HEALTH AND CARE                                   Better connecting the whole of                             • The A428, which has seen a 43% increase        There has been strong growth in rail travel
     pursuing sustainable development requires             Strategic Spatial Objective 5:                                                                   Cambridgeshire and Peterborough has the                      in traffic since 2001. The stretch between     in recent years. Consequently, enhanced
     careful attention to viability. Infrastructure                                                       The Combined Authority recognises the             potential to reduce congestion and journey                   the A1 and A1198 is the only section of        frequency of trains and greater track and
                                                           Through the development of this Strategic      need for a more co-ordinated and proactive
     planning and the delivery of mixed tenure                                                                                                              times, provide greater travel choice, as well                the strategic east-west route between          carrying capacity is needed, including
                                                           Spatial Framework the Combined                 approach to providing health and care services.
     housing is central to the plan-making process                                                                                                          as providing access to new or expanding                      Cambridge and Milton Keynes that is            enhanced frequency between Cambridge
                                                           Authority will support Local Planning
     and creation of successful new communities.                                                          The levels of planned growth to 2036 provide      growth locations.                                            single carriageway. Highways England           and Peterborough and London, increased
                                                           Authorities in their viability discussions
                                                                                                          the opportunity to engage more effectively                                                                     have consulted on dual carriageway             track capacity at Ely and in the Cambridge
     The primary model to deliver affordable               with developers to ensure a consistent
                                                                                                          on public health issues and ensure that the                                                                    options; if consented the scheme is            area, and improved frequencies on cross-
     housing is through S106 agreements attached           and fair approach is adopted.                                                                    CURRENT CHALLENGES
                                                                                                          necessary services and facilities are provided                                                                 expected to commence in 2020 and               country routes.
     to planning permissions. More frequently                                                                                                                                                                            provide additional road capacity, reduce
     authorities in the Combined Authority area are                                                       for new and growing communities.                  Travel demand is expected to grow by 28%                                                                    Road and rail challenges facing our area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         congestion and delays and facilitate
     seeing viability assessments used to justify        AFFORDABLE HOUSING                                                                                 in Cambridge and 30% in Peterborough to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         more reliable journey times.                   are also compounded by issues around
     the reduction from the Local Authority policy                                                          Strategic Spatial Objective 6:                  2031 1. Further growth will, therefore, need to                                                             public transport infrastructure, with many
                                                         The Government has provided £170 million                                                           be accompanied by investment in necessary
     position in the quantum of affordable housing                                                                                                                                                                     • The A47 is the most important east-west        communities suffering from poor accessibility
                                                         additional funding for at least 2,500 new          The Combined Authority will work with           infrastructure improvements.
     and it is evident that while there are principles                                                                                                                                                                   route in the north of the area, carrying       to public transport. A strategic approach
                                                         affordable homes, in recognition of the high       the local authorities, housing partners,
     in common, the approach to viability can vary                                                                                                                                                                       up to 42,000 vehicles a day around             needs to be taken to address this across
                                                         levels of growth and exceptional housing           and health and care organisations, and          Some of our main transport corridors are:
     across the area.                                                                                                                                                                                                    Peterborough and 22,000 vehicles a day         the Combined Authority area.
                                                         market conditions across the area.                 other partners to ensure the effective          • The A14, which is strategically significant                on the single carriageway stretch around
     This presents a real challenge to ensure the                                                           delivery of health-related infrastructure                                                                    Wisbech. Significant levels of growth on the   The lack of high speed fibre-optic broadband
                                                         A programme for delivering this new housing                                                          in connecting the east coast ports to
     delivery of genuinely affordable housing,                                                              and services where the need for this                                                                         route at Wisbech and King’s Lynn require       access has been a constraint in recent years
                                                         is in development and will be reflected in the                                                       the midlands and beyond, as well as for
     including affordable rented properties, in                                                             arises from planned growth.                                                                                  improvements to this strategic route.          on economic growth, particularly in rural areas.
                                                         Combined Authority’s first Housing Strategy.                                                         the delivery of strategic developments
     our region. In order to tackle the common
                                                                                                                                                              at Northstowe and Alconbury Weald.
     challenge of delivering both infrastructure and     The Authority will work closely with partners                                                                                                                 • The A10 is a strategic north-south route
                                                                                                                                                              Major improvements to address capacity
     affordable housing, and to ensure a consistent      including planning authorities, housing                                                                                                                         with significant capacity constraints. It
                                                                                                                                                              constraints are underway with completion
     approach across the Combined Authority              authorities, developers and Community Land                                                                                                                      serves Cambridge, the proposed new
                                                                                                                                                              expected in 2020.
     Area, it is proposed that a single viability        Trusts to ensure an integrated and effective                                                                                                                    town at Waterbeach and significant
     approach is developed.                              approach to providing these new homes.                                                                                                                          growth north of Ely and at King’s Lynn.
     This will also give developers certainty of what
     is expected and can therefore be reflected
     in the consideration of land allocations and
                                                                                                                                                            1   Modelled forecasts informed by growth and Department
     negotiations with willing landowners.                                                                                                                      for Transport TEMPRO data.

26                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         27
                                                                                                                                                GOVERNMENT INVESTMENT                                    business and other partners in the corridor          DIGITAL CONNECTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                         to ensure these infrastructure projects and
                                                                                                                                                The Government has announced investment                  related growth are delivered.                        Connecting Cambridgeshire is an
                                                                                                                                                in strategic transport infrastructure to support                                                              ambitious programme which is improving
                                                                                                                                                its ambitions for the Cambridge, Milton                                                                       Cambridgeshire and Peterborough’s
     In early recognition of these challenges,       The outputs of these studies will be                                                       Keynes and Oxford corridor. In its vision for            LAND VALUE CAPTURE                                   broadband, mobile and Wi-Fi coverage,
     the Combined Authority has commissioned         considered as part of the Authority’s on-      Strategic Spatial Objective 7:
                                                                                                                                                the corridor 1 the Government:                           The Mayor of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough         whilst supporting online skills, business
     a number of possible strategic transport        going work to address strategic transport                                                                                                                                                                growth and technological innovation to meet
                                                                                                    The Combined Authority will develop                                                                  is clear that addressing disparities in wealth
     projects which it believes have the potential   and infrastructure solutions. In tandem                                                    • Commits to developing an Expressway                                                                         future digital challenges.
                                                                                                    and maintain a long-term investment                                                                  and opportunities will only be achieved through
     to deliver significant benefit to the area.     with this the Authority has developed a                                                      of high-quality east-west roads between
                                                                                                    programme of infrastructure projects,                                                                bold and imaginative thinking.
                                                     programme of transport studies and projects.                                                 Oxford and Cambridge, key elements of                                                                       This is a coordinated approach to drive
     These typically cover a large geography and                                                    including projects it seeks national
                                                                                                                                                  which will be built in the second Roads                This includes innovative approaches to funding       economic growth, help rural communities to
     have been identified as:                        The intention is that this approach will       support to deliver.
                                                                                                                                                  Investment Strategy period, from 2020                  in support of the infrastructure that existing and   thrive, improve health and well-being, and
                                                     develop into a long-term investment                                                          to 2025.                                                                                                    make it easier for people to get online and
     • A10 upgrade                                                                                  It will work with the highway authorities                                                            new communities need. Land Value Capture is
                                                     programme that will enable improved                                                                                                                                                                      access public services.
                                                                                                    and national agencies to ensure timely                                                               a mechanism that has the potential, if designed
     • Strategic rail study                          connectivity and as a key enabler for job                                                  • Will establish an independent East West
                                                                                                    and effective interventions to deliver                                                               in the right way, to unlock major infrastructure
                                                     creation, economic and housing growth.                                                       Rail Company, which will seek opportunities                                                                 The Connecting Cambridgeshire partnership
     • M11 extension                                                                                strategic transport solutions.                                                                       schemes of significant public benefit that
                                                                                                                                                  to accelerate delivery of the central section                                                               is led by Cambridgeshire County Council,
                                                     In September 2017 the Combined                                                               of East West rail between Bedford and                  otherwise would have had a prohibitive cost.         working with local councils in Cambridgeshire
     • A47 dualling                                                                                 This includes investment in strategic
                                                     Authority adopted the first version of the                                                   Cambridge, with the aim for passenger                                                                       and Peterborough, BT, the Government’s
                                                                                                    infrastructure; facilitating grant bids;                                                             There are a wide range of options and tools
     • A505 corridor study                           Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Local                                                        services to begin by the mid-2020s.                                                                         Broadband Delivery programme (BDUK) and
                                                                                                    feasibility studies and business case                                                                under the banner of Land Value Capture
                                                     Transport Plan (LTP).                                                                                                                                                                                    partners in business, health and education
                                                                                                    development; and working with                                                                        and these will be carefully explored by the
     • Oxford to Cambridge Expressway                                                                                                           • Announces match-funding of up to £5
                                                     A more comprehensive, longer-term LTP          government for timely delivery of                                                                    Combined Authority to understand the most            to achieve its aim of becoming the best
                                                                                                                                                  million of contributions for the development                                                                connected area in the country.
     • East-West rail                                will be produced during 2018 and 2019,         committed infrastructure projects.                                                                   appropriate application for our area.
                                                                                                                                                  of plans for a Cambridge South station, with
                                                     alongside the development of the                                                             possible construction from the early 2020s.                                                                 The programme has successfully
     • Huntingdonshire third river crossing
                                                     spatial framework.                                                                                                                                                                                       completed the first phase of the superfast
     • Wisbech Rail Connectivity and Wisbech                                                                                                    • Is commissioning Network Rail to                         Strategic Spatial Objective 8:
                                                     At the core of this relationship will be the                                                                                                                                                             fibre broadband rollout and announced
       Garden Town                                                                                                                                report by summer 2018 on rail growth                     Through the development of this Strategic          follow-on phases to reach as many homes
                                                     need for the LTP to guide the investment in                                                  in Cambridgeshire up to 2043.
     • Ely North rail junction improvements          transport infrastructure that is needed to                                                                                                            Spatial Framework, the Combined                    and businesses as possible across
                                                     meet the area’s growth ambitions.                                                          This investment is welcomed by the                         Authority will explore and put forward             Cambridgeshire and Peterborough by 2020.
     • Mass Rapid Transit                                                                                                                       Combined Authority and it will work                        proposals for Land Value Capture
                                                                                                                                                                                                           mechanisms to unlock otherwise                     The Combined Authority will support this
                                                                                                                                                proactively with government, local authorities,                                                               important initiative as a major element of its
                                                                                                                                                                                                           unachievable development with the
                                                                                                                                                                                                           aim of spreading wealth and opportunity            aim of enhanced digital connectivity.
                                                                                                                                                1   Helping the Cambridge, Milton Keynes and Oxford
                                                                                                                                                    corridor reach its potential. HM Government, 		        more widely.
                                                                                                                                                    November 2017.

28                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             29
                                                                                                                                                                           There are significant parts of the area with                  The LNP’s vision is to work to achieve a high
                                                                                                                                                                           poor access to high quality greenspace                        quality natural environment in Cambridgeshire
                                                                                                                                                                           where people can exercise and enjoy the                       and Peterborough that will benefit business,
                                                                                                                                                                           environment thereby improving physical and                    communities and individuals.
     There is now strong evidence for the benefits           domestic users are considered in advance                 summers predicted to lead to an increase             mental health, which in turn will reduce health
                                                                                                                                                                           expenditure and improve personal well-being                   A high level review of the current green
     that the natural environment creates for                of further planned growth.                               in heat related deaths 1.                                                                                          infrastructure strategies is being led by the
     people and places. It provides many key                                                                                                                               and labour productivity.
                                                             The Environment Agency estimates that                    New development should be designed in                                                                              LNP. It is also promoting the concept of
     services for sustainable growth, including                                                                                                                            Existing wildlife sites are also under                        net gain in natural capital and biodiversity,
     water quality, improved air quality, flood              34.5% of the area is at high risk of flooding            a way that minimises the impact of our
                                                             in the absence of flood defences. Increased              changing climate through the integration of          considerable pressure as a result of greater                  which offers a means for ensuring that
     management, pollination, climate change                                                                                                                               use by the public for recreational purposes                   all development contributes towards an
     mitigation and adaptation.                              incidences of heavy rainfall will make flood             green and blue infrastructure and through
                                                             risk more likely, while rising sea levels may            ensuring that the risk of overheating is             and by development. With additional                           enhanced natural environment that meets
     The physical characteristics of                         also contribute to flood risk, particularly              designed out of our buildings in ways that do        population growth and people’s needs to                       future strategic needs, and provides multiple
     Cambridgeshire and Peterborough make the                affecting low-lying parts to the north of                not increase reliance on energy and carbon           visit and enjoy the natural environment,                      benefits for our economy and local people.
     area vulnerable to climate change impacts.              Cambridgeshire and eastern Peterborough 1.               intensive means of cooling.                          these impacts are expected to worsen.
     Water resources are particularly scarce                                                                                                                               Investment in strategic green infrastructure 1
                                                             Although much of the area is below sea level,                                                                                                                                 Strategic Spatial Objective 10:
     with rainfall only around a third of the UK                                                                                                                           can address these issues, whilst helping
     average. If, as predicted, summers become               significant flood and drainage infrastructure                Strategic Spatial Objective 9:                                                                                   The Combined Authority will work with
                                                             that has evolved since the 1600s has                                                                          to establish the county as a high quality
     progressively warmer and drier, the large                                                                            Through the development of this Strategic        environment in which to live and work.                          One Defra, the Local Nature Partnership,
     agricultural sector in the area may see an              enabled the area to grow and prosper.
                                                                                                                          Spatial Framework, the Combined                                                                                  and local planning authorities to ensure
     overall decrease in crop yields 1.                      The Combined Authority will need to work                                                                      The Greater Cambridgeshire Local
                                                                                                                          Authority will work with the Environment                                                                         that the updated green infrastructure
                                                             with all organisations involved in flood risk                                                                 Nature Partnership (LNP) is an important
                                                                                                                          Agency, water companies, local planning                                                                          strategies for the area and natural capital
     Rivers and groundwater resources in much                management to identify the need and ensure                                                                    organisation for the Combined Authority to
                                                                                                                          authorities and other delivery agencies                                                                          and biodiversity principles are reflected
     of the area are heavily utilised for public             the delivery of strategic flood and drainage                                                                  work with to address these issues.
                                                                                                                          to assess the need for and delivery                                                                              appropriately in the development of the
     water supply, agriculture and other industry.           infrastructure in the future.
                                                                                                                          of infrastructure to address future                                                                              Strategic Spatial Framework. This will
     Many of the rivers are over-licensed and this                                                                                                                         It brings together the local authorities with a
                                                             Heat in the built environment is also a priority             environmental sustainability. Including                                                                          include a particular focus on strategically
     causes pressure on the natural environment.                                                                                                                           range of partner organisations which are key
                                                             risk for action identified in the UK Climate                 responding to our changing climate, both                                                                         important sites and sites with valued
                                                                                                                                                                           to the stewardship and enhancement of the
     This highlights the importance of ensuring              Change Risk Assessment, with hotter                          in terms of mitigation and adaptation.                                                                           public access opportunities.
                                                                                                                                                                           natural environment.
     future water supplies to business and

     1   Climate Change & Environment Strategy.
         Cambridgeshire County Council, 2008; Climate 		                                                                                                                   1   Green infrastructure is the sub-regional network
         Change Strategy. Peterborough City Council, 2007.   1   For further information see   1   Committee on Climate Change (2016). UK Climate       of protected sites, nature reserves, green spaces and
         Climate Change Strategy 2016-2021. Cambridge 		         organisations/environment-agency and search for 		       Change Risk Assessment 2017. Synthesis Report:       greenway linkages, providing multi-functional uses such
         City Council, 2016.                                     flood risk maps.                                         Priorities for the next five years.                  as wildlife habitat, recreation, and flood protection.

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