EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne

 
EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN
FOR OUR OPERATIONS
2016 - 2021
EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
CONTENTS
                                                                     Our Emissions Reduction Plan at a glance                             4         List of Figures

                                                                     Executive summary                                                    6         Figure 1: City of Melbourne greenhouse
                                                                                                                                                              gas emissions 2014-2015                10
                                                                     Caring for Country and environmental sustainability                  8
                                                                                                                                                    Figure 2: Our emissions reduction
                                                                     Our commitment to carbon neutrality                                  9                   pathway 2010-2021                      11

                                                                     Emissions reduction target                                           11        Figure 3: Emissions from City of
                                                                                                                                                              Melbourne’s large buildings            16
                                                                     1.   Develop a low carbon culture                                   13
                                                                                                                                                    Figure 4: The asset decision cycle               17
                                                                     2. Celebrate Melbourne without the emissions                        14
                                                                                                                                                    Figure 5: Organisational boundary for
                                                                     3. Zero carbon for our buildings                                    15                   City of Melbourne’s carbon inventory   22

                                                                     4. Queen Victoria Market renewal                                    18

                                                                     5. Carbon neutral goods and services                                19

                                                                     6. Zero carbon transport                                           20

                                                                     7. Reducing emissions from waste                                    21

                                                                     Technical notes                                                     22

                                                                     Implementation plan                                                 23

                                                                     References                                                          34

AN ECO
CITY
We provide solid foundations for the sustainability of Melbourne’s
communities. We embrace the unfamiliar if it helps us achieve our
ambitions. We continue to encourage our community to take positive
actions and we lead by example locally, nationally and globally.
                                                                     Disclaimer
                                                                     This report is provided for information and it does not purport to be complete. While care has
                                                                     been taken to ensure the content in the report is accurate, we cannot guarantee is without
                                                                     flaw of any kind. There may be errors and omissions or it may not be wholly appropriate for
                                                                     your particular purposes. In addition, the publication is a snapshot in time based on historic
                                                                     information which is liable to change. The City of Melbourne accepts no responsibility and
                                                                     disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying
melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                         on any information contained in this report.
EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF
melbourne’s TRADITIONAL OWNERS
The City of Melbourne respectfully
acknowledges the Traditional
Custodians of the Land. For
the Woiwurrung (Wurundjeri),
Boonwurrung, Taungurong, Dja Dja
Wurrung and the Wathaurung groups
who form the Kulin Nation, Melbourne
has always been an important meeting
place for events of social, educational,
sporting and cultural significance.
Today we are proud to say that
Melbourne is a significant gathering
place for all Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander people.

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EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
Tonnes of CO2 emissions to be reduced each year

OUR EMISSIONS REDUCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Reduction target achieved

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Reduction target will be achieved

PLAN AT A GLANCE
                                                                                                                                Science-based target to
                                                                                                                                avoid 1.5 degree global                                             Target achieved by street light energy savings
                                                                                                                              temperature rise by 2020–21                                           Target achieved by building energy savings

                                                                                                                         17,524
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Target achieved by renewable energy
How do we maintain carbon neutrality?                                                                                                                                                               Target achieved by offsets
Being carbon neutral means the net greenhouse gas emissions associated
with an organisation’s or city’s activities are equal to zero.

Our emission                                                                           Science-based target
                                                                                     to avoid 2 degree global

reduction targets                                                                  temperature rise by 2020–21                                                               Carbon neutrality: total

                                                                                   5,738
                                                                                                                                                                            annual emissions (2014-15)

                                                                                                                                                                45,242
                                       10% reduction by 2018

                                       5,359

Major sources of
greenhouse gas emissions
from our organisation
                                                                                                                            29%
                                                                                                                            Buildings                                                                                  39%
                                                                                                                              13,138                                                                                  Street lights

                                                                                                                                                                           10%
                                                                                                                                                                             other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         17,842

            4%
             QVM
                                                                                                                                                                            4,211

                                                                           13%
           1,928

                                                                           Citywide
                                                                                                                                                  5%
                                                                                                                                             Transport
                                                                           6,030                                                                  2,093

The journey so far:

              2003                                 2010                                     2012                              2015                                      2015                                              2016
  The City of Melbourne set a goal       The Australian Government              The City of Melbourne achieved         The City of Melbourne              More than 170 countries committed        The Australian Government signed the Paris Climate
    for its operations to become       developed the National Carbon          carbon neutral certification for our     achieved the target to                 to the Paris Climate Change             Change Agreement. The Victorian Government
   carbon neutral by 2020, and a     Offset Standard (NCOS) and Carbon         operations for the NCOS baseline      reduce emissions from our             Agreement, which set a target to       committed to carbon neutrality for the State of Victoria
   goal for zero net emissions by     Neutral Program for organisations.       year 2011-12. We have maintained       operations by 10 per cent             limit global temperature rise to            by 2050. The City of Melbourne calculated
   2020 across the municipality.                                              certification each subsequent year.       compared to 2010-11.               under 2oC by and recognised the           science-based emission reduction targets for its
                                                                                                                                                             role of cities for the first time.        operations and maintained carbon neutrality.

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Emissions Reduction Plan for our operations
EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
Executive summary
The City of Melbourne acknowledges
and respects the customs, traditions
                                                  the City of Melbourne, contributed a
                                                  further 13 per cent to total emissions
                                                                                                    Priorities for action
and knowledge of Aboriginal people                and the Queen Victoria Market
                                                                                                    This plan describes the actions we
and their unique relationship with the            contributed 4 per cent.
                                                                                                    will take to reduce emissions from
land, waterways and sea. We recognise
                                                                                                    our operations over five years from
our shared responsibility to Care for             Our emissions reduction target                    1 July 2016 to 30 June 2021, in seven
Country by addressing the causes of
                                                                                                    priority areas:
climate change that will impact on                The 2015 Paris Climate Change
present and future generations and                Agreement introduced science-based
our environment.                                  emission reduction targets to limit               1.   Develop a low carbon culture
                                                  global temperature rise to well below
Our Zero Net Emissions by                         2°C and to pursue efforts to limit it to          2. Celebrate Melbourne, without
                                                  1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. It also           the emissions
2020 Strategy1 sets clear,
                                                  recognised, for the first time, the role
ambitious objectives to reduce                    that cities play in reducing emissions.           3. Zero carbon for our buildings
our greenhouse gas emissions
to maintain carbon neutrality                     The City of Melbourne has calculated              4. Queen Victoria Market renewal
for our operations.                               the emissions that need to be reduced
                                                  by our organisation to contribute to this         5. Carbon neutral goods and services
Being carbon neutral means the net                international effort. We need to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions associated               our emissions by 1.5 per cent each
                                                                                                    6. Zero carbon transport
with an organisation’s or city’s activities       year or around 5,738 tonnes of carbon
are equal to zero2.                               dioxide equivalent to avoid a 2°C rise in
                                                                                                    7.   Reduce emissions from waste
                                                  global average temperature by 2050.
This Emissions Reduction Plan for our                                                               We are committed to reporting
Operations summarises the actions                 To do our share to avoid a 1.5°C rise             annually to the community on our
that the City of Melbourne will take to           in global average temperature by                  progress in delivering these actions.
reduce emissions from our activities              2050, we need to do even more, and
between 1 July 2016 and 30 June 2021,             reduce our emissions by approximately             The emissions of our organisation are
to maintain our carbon neutrality.                4.5 per cent each year, or 17,524 tonnes          less than one per cent of municipality-
                                                  of carbon dioxide equivalent. This is             wide emissions. To achieve zero net
Each year, the City of Melbourne                  based on our 2011-12 baseline year for            emissions by 2020 for the municipality,
measures and publicly reports the                 the National Carbon Offset Standard.              we need other organisations and
amount of emissions generated from                It is anticipated that these calculations         businesses located in the City of
our services. We undertake projects to            will need to be adjusted in response              Melbourne to start the journey toward
reduce emissions from our facilities and          to the projections of climate scientists,         carbon neutrality by first measuring,
services, and we purchase high quality            particularly in relation to the target            then reducing emissions, purchasing
certified carbon offsets to ensure that           needed to avoid a 1.5°C rise in average           renewable energy and offsetting any
any remaining emissions are reduced to            global temperature.                               residual emissions.
zero. This is called ‘zero net emissions’.
Since 2012 the City of Melbourne has              The City of Melbourne has met its 2018            By sharing the approach we are
been certified as a carbon neutral                emissions reduction target of 10 per              taking to reduce emissions at the
organisation according to the National            cent by 2018 compared to the 2010-11              City of Melbourne, we would like to
Carbon Offset Standard3.                          baseline year.                                    encourage other cities to also work
                                                                                                    toward carbon neutrality.
In 2014-15, we generated 45,242 tonnes            The actions described in this plan will
of carbon dioxide equivalent from our             achieve further emission reductions of
operations. The emissions from energy             4.5 per cent per year to meet or exceed
use in street lights (39 per cent) and            the 1.5°C science-based target.
buildings (29 per cent) accounted for
68 per cent of the organisation’s total
greenhouse gas emissions. The services
provided by Citywide, a subsidiary of

1. City of Melbourne Zero Net Emissions by 2020 Strategy Update 2014.
2. The terms ‘carbon neutral’ and ‘zero net emissions’ are interchangeable in meaning.
3. According to the National Carbon Offset Standard (NCOS) organisations report on all emissions within operational control. The Queen Victoria
   Market is a wholly owned subsidiary and the City of Melbourne is responsible for capital works at the site including the planned $250 million
   redevelopment. However the City of Melbourne does not have operational control of Citywide’s operations. For that reason, only the services
   that Citywide supplies to the City of Melbourne are included in the City of Melbourne organisational emissions inventory according to the
   National Carbon Offset Standard.

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EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
Caring for country and                                                                                                             Our commitment to carbon
environmental sustainability                                                                                                       neutrality
We seek to understand and
embrace reconciliation by respecting
                                          Sometimes, the term ‘environmental
                                          sustainability’ reduces the concept of
                                                                                      The increased heatwaves, storms, and
                                                                                      floods resulting from climate change
                                                                                                                                   The Zero Net Emissions                             Carbon neutral                                    2. Transparency in what we do
                                                                                                                                   by 2020 strategy includes                                                                            The City of Melbourne will be
and honouring the knowledge held
by Aboriginal people about Caring
                                          nature to its usefulness as a natural
                                          resource. For example, when we
                                                                                      will impact on present and future
                                                                                      generations and the plants, animals,
                                                                                                                                   a commitment to reduce                             decision-making                                   transparent to stakeholders about
for Country.                              describe energy, water and resource         land, water and seasons of Melbourne.        emissions and to maintain                          principles                                        our emissions impact, how we go
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        about reducing that impact and
                                          efficiency we are describing nature as      This Emissions Reduction Plan describes      carbon neutrality for our
Caring for Country acknowledges                                                                                                                                                                                                         all associated decision-making
                                          a commodity to be conserved, but not        the actions the City of Melbourne and        operations.4                                       Three essential principles form the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        processes and assumptions.
the responsibility held by present        acknowledging the deeper meaning of         its stakeholders will take to reduce                                                            basis of the City of Melbourne’s Carbon
generations to respect the traditional    custodianship. Similarly, the concept       our contribution to climate change,          Being carbon neutral means the net                 Neutral Strategy, and are incorporated
knowledge, custodianship and kinship      of ‘triple bottom line’ represents          while acknowledging the need to go           greenhouse gas emissions associated                into every step of our efforts to maintain        3. Cost effectiveness
that Aboriginal people have with the      a balance between competing                 further than the environmental, social       with an organisation’s or city’s                   carbon neutrality. The principles are:
land and its inhabitants. In the urban                                                                                                                                                                                                  The City of Melbourne will prioritise
                                          environmental, social and economic          and economic ‘pillars’ of environmental      activities are equal to zero.5 For an
context of Melbourne it is important we                                                                                                                                                                                                 actions which achieve the greatest
                                          values from an economic perspective         sustainability to integrate reconciliation   organisation to attain carbon neutral
do not reduce Caring for Country to the                                                                                                                                               1.   Compliance with the NCOS Carbon              emissions reduction at the lowest cost.
                                          without acknowledging the value of          into this work. The Emissions Reduction      certification it needs to measure
mere conservation of natural resources.                                                                                                                                                    Neutral Standard
                                          animals, plants, rivers and the land in     Plan is guided by principles which           and report its emissions annually,
We need to respect the deep sense         traditional terms, or for their own sake.   require our decisions to deliver positive    take action to reduce emissions and                This is considered the Australian                 4. Leadership by example
of responsibility held for thousands                                                  social outcomes. As part of this,            purchase certified offsets equivalent              Standard for achieving and claiming
of years by generations of the Kulin                                                                                                                                                                                                    The City of Melbourne will seek to
                                                                                      the plan acknowledges the cultural           to any remaining emissions. The                    carbon neutrality for an organisation
Nation. It is a holistic approach that                                                                                                                                                                                                  deliver an approach to carbon neutrality
                                                                                      change needed to support stronger            formal requirements are described in               or product.
emphasises the connections between                                                                                                                                                                                                      that demonstrates leadership to the
                                                                                      relationships with Aboriginal and Torres     the National Carbon Offset Standard
cultural, environmental, economic and                                                                                                                                                                                                   Melbourne community.
                                                                                      Strait Islander people, and to integrate     (NCOS) and certified by the Carbon
societal systems.                                                                                                                                                                     2. Social responsibility
                                                                                      an ethic of Caring for Country.              Neutral Program.
                                                                                                                                                                                      The City of Melbourne must consider               5. Biodiversity
                                                                                                                                   This Emissions Reduction Plan                      the social impact of all decisions to
                                                                                                                                   summarises the actions that the City                                                                 The City of Melbourne will prioritise
                                                                                                                                                                                      reduce carbon emissions and in the
                                                                                                                                   of Melbourne will take to reduce                                                                     actions which have a positive impact
                                                                                                                                                                                      purchase of offsets. Decisions that
                                                                                                                                   its operational emissions between                                                                    on biodiversity in Melbourne, Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                      have positive social outcomes will
                                                                                                                                   1 July 2016 and 30 June 2021. It also                                                                and overseas.
                                                                                                                                                                                      be prioritised.
                                                                                                                                   introduces science-based targets
                                                                                                                                   to demonstrate the reduction in                                                                      6. Transparency of suppliers
                                                                                                                                                                                      3. Timeliness
                                                                                                                                   emissions needed for us to contribute
                                                                                                                                   to international efforts to limit global                                                             The City of Melbourne will encourage
                                                                                                                                                                                      The City of Melbourne became a
                                                                                                                                   temperature rise to under 2°C by 2050.                                                               our suppliers to be transparent about
                                                                                                                                                                                      certified carbon neutral organisation
                                                                                                                                   Lastly, it demonstrates how we exceed                                                                their emissions impacts, what actions
                                                                                                                                                                                      in 2012 and has since maintained
                                                                                                                                   these targets to achieve zero net                                                                    they take to minimise their impacts
                                                                                                                                                                                      carbon neutral certification without
                                                                                                                                   emissions for our operations.                                                                        and their associated decision making
                                                                                                                                                                                      compromising cost effectiveness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        processes and assumptions.
                                                                                                                                                                                      or quality.
                                                                                                                                   The emissions of our organisation are
                                                                                                                                   less than one per cent of municipality-                                                              These principles ensure the emission
                                                                                                                                                                                      In addition to these essential principles,
                                                                                                                                   wide emissions. To achieve zero net                                                                  reduction projects identified in this plan
                                                                                                                                                                                      the following important principles are
                                                                                                                                   emissions by 2020 for the municipality,                                                              will be effective, transparent and cost-
                                                                                                                                                                                      taken into consideration where feasible,
                                                                                                                                   we need other organisations and                                                                      effective. They also take into account
                                                                                                                                                                                      for all decisions made. The principles, in
                                                                                                                                   businesses located in the City of                                                                    the need to lead by example, have a
                                                                                                                                                                                      priority order are:
                                                                                                                                   Melbourne to start the journey toward                                                                positive impact on biodiversity and
                                                                                                                                   carbon neutrality by first measuring,                                                                engage our supply chain.
                                                                                                                                                                                      1.   Certainty in emissions reduction
                                                                                                                                   then reducing emissions, purchasing
                                                                                                                                   renewable energy and offsetting any                The City of Melbourne will prioritise
                                                                                                                                   residual emissions.                                activities and offsets that deliver a
                                                                                                                                                                                      high level of confidence in the resulting
                                                                                                                                   By sharing the approach we are taking              emissions reductions.
                                                                                                                                   to reducing emissions at the City of
                                                                                                                                   Melbourne, we seek to encourage other
                                                                                                                                   cities, businesses and organisations
                                                                                                                                   to take responsibility for their
                                                                                                                                   environmental impacts and work
                                                                                                                                   toward carbon neutrality.

                                                                                                                                   4. The City of Melbourne Zero Net Emissions wby 2020 Strategy Update 2014 p.4. The baseline
                                                                                                                                      year for this target is 2010-11.
                                                                                                                                   5. The terms ‘carbon neutral’ and ‘zero net emissions’ are used interchangeably in this
                                                                                                                                      document.

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EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
Emissions reduction target

Scope of the                                         The remaining 10 per cent of emissions
                                                     from our operations were generated
                                                                                                                                             Paris Climate Change                                                               The actions described in this Emissions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Reduction Plan demonstrate our
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4.5 per cent each year which is 17,524
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent
Emissions                                            by the supply of additional goods
                                                     and services, as well as natural gas,
                                                                                                                                             Agreement                                                                          commitment to the Paris Pledge for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Climate Action.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              based on our 2011-12 baseline year for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the National Carbon Offset Standard.
Reduction Plan                                       refrigerants and indirect (scope 3)                                                     The Paris Climate Change Agreement                                                                                                               It is anticipated that these calculations

The City of Melbourne reviewed all
                                                     emissions from waste, and water.                                                        introduced a science-based target to
                                                                                                                                             limit global temperature rise to under
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Science-based                                                 will need to be adjusted in response
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to the projections of climate scientists,
sources of emissions reported under
the National Carbon Offset Standard
                                                     The Australian Government’s Carbon
                                                     Neutral program guidelines require
                                                                                                                                             20C by 2050. For the first time, cities,                                           targets                                                       particularly in relation to the target
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              needed to avoid a 1.5°C rise in average
                                                                                                                                             investors and businesses were formally
(NCOS) and prioritised the largest                   all sources of emissions greater than                                                   recognised for the role they play in                                                                                                             global temperature.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The science-based target for the City of
sources of emissions to identify                     one per cent of total emissions to be                                                   reducing greenhouse gas emissions                                                  Melbourne’s operations is based on our
emission reduction projects.                         included in the Emissions Reduction                                                                                                                                                                                                      Figure 2 illustrates how the City
                                                                                                                                             in addition to national efforts. Along                                             share of the emissions that need to be
                                                     Plan, and no greater than five per                                                                                                                                                                                                       of Melbourne will exceed the
                                                                                                                                             with many cities, the City of Melbourne                                            reduced to avoid a 1.5°C to 2°C rise in
In 2014-15, we generated 45,242 tonnes               cent of emissions to be excluded on                                                                                                                                                                                                      science-based emission reduction
                                                                                                                                             signed the Paris Pledge for Climate                                                average global temperature by 2050.
of carbon dioxide equivalent from our                that basis.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              targets, maintaining carbon
                                                                                                                                             Action,6 which states:
operations. The emissions from energy                                                                                                                                                                                           It was calculated by using the allocation                     neutrality between 2016-2021. It also
use in street lights (39 per cent) and               The guidelines also require local                                                                             “[W]e the undersigned, affirm                                                                                              illustrates that the City of Melbourne
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of global emissions to the various
buildings (29 per cent) accounted for                governments to report on indirect                                                                             our strong commitment to a                                                                                                 has achieved its earlier target of a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sectors of the Australian economy to
68 per cent of the organisation’s total              emissions (called ‘scope 3’ emissions)                                                                        safe and stable climate in which                                                                                           10 per cent reduction in emissions by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                calculate the proportion of emissions
greenhouse gas emissions. The supply                 which relate to the supply chain and                                                                          temperature rise is limited to under                                                                                       2018 compared to the 2010-11 baseline.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                that government operations need to
chain also includes services identified              downstream impacts.                                                      Transport                            2 degrees Celsius.                                           reduce. A science-based target was
with local government operations                                                                                                                                                                                                then developed to compare with our
such as the management of recreation                                                              5%                                                               We pledge our support to ensuring                            effort to reduce emissions over the
facilities, parks and gardens which                                                                     10%                   Buildings
                                                                                                                                                                   that the level of ambition set by the
                                                                                                               Transport                                                                                                        next five years.7
contribute to our emissions and are                                                                           4%                                                   agreement is met or exceeded.
included within the scope of the                                                        29%                                                                                                                                     For the City of Melbourne’s operations,
Emissions Reduction Plan.
                                                                            5%                                                Streetlights
                                                                                                                                                                   We will do this by taking concrete
                                                                                  10%                           Buildings                                                                                                       we need to reduce our emissions by
                                                                                                              13%                                                  steps now, and without waiting                               1.5 per cent each year or around 5,738
The services provided by Citywide, a                                                    4%                                                                         for the entry into force of the
                                                                                                          Transport           Citywide                                                                                          tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent
subsidiary of the City of Melbourne,                          29%                                                                                                  agreement in 2020, both individually                         to avoid the 2°C rise in global average
                                                                                                               Streetlights
contributed a further 13 per cent to total                                  5%                                                                                     and cooperatively, to reduce                                 temperature. To do our share to
emissions. The majority of Citywide’s                                             10%    13%              Buildings           QVM                                  greenhouse gas emissions to a safe                           avoid the 1.5°C rise in global average
emissions were generated by diesel                                                                39%                                                              level and build resilience against
                                                                                        4%                     Citywide                                                                                                         temperature by 2050 we need to
use in the collection of waste and                             29%                                                                                                 those changes already occurring.”                            reduce our emissions by approximately
                                                                                                          Streetlights        Other
other services. A further five per cent
of emissions were generated by the                                                      13%
                                                                                                               QVM
transport fuel from corporate vehicle                                     39%                             Citywide
fleet and contracted services such
as street cleaning, lawn mowing and                                                                            Other
garden maintenance.                                                                                       QVM
                                                       Figure 1: City of
                                                                      39%Melbourne greenhouse gas emissions 2014-2015                                                          60,000

The Queen Victoria Market contributed
four per cent of total emissions.                                                                         Other
While these are not directly under                                                                                                                                             50,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Target to avoid
our operational control; the City of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Building upgrades
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 degree C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rise in global
Melbourne is responsible for capital

                                                                                                                                               Total emissions (tonnes CO2e)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          temperature
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Streetlights                        Net emissions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10% emission
works at the site including the planned                                                                                                                                        40,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        reduction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            (offset)

renewal project.                                                                                                                                                                                                        target met
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Total emissions (tonnes CO2e)                                                                               MREP

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Target to avoid   Streetlights
                                                                                                                                                                               30,000                                                                                                                                     1.5 degree C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rise in global    Building
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Melbourne Renewable Energy Project           temperature       upgrades
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            QVM carbon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            neutrality
                                                                                                                                                                               20,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Science based
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            target (20C)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Science based
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            target (1.50C) est
                                                                                                                                                                               10,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Purchase Carbon offsets

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Carbon neutral
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          target

6.   The full text of the Paris Pledge for Climate Action is at: parispledgeforaction.org/read/                                                                                         2010/11   2011/12   2012/13   2013/14     2014/15    2015/16     2016/17   2017/18         2018/19      2019/20         2020/21

7.   Further information on the method to allocate emissions is at: sciencebasedtargets.org/
     methods/
                                                                                                                                               Figure 2: Our emissions reduction pathway 2010-2021
8.   The reporting systems for emissions from our supply chain and subsidiaries also improved
     over this period.

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EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
1. Develop a low carbon culture

Emissions reduction                       In addition to these major work
                                          programs, emissions from transport
                                                                                    The City of Melbourne is reducing
                                                                                    greenhouse gas emissions and ensuring
                                                                                                                                     The City of Melbourne actively
                                                                                                                                     promotes low carbon living to residents
                                                                                                                                                                                      Actions over the next
pathway                                   fuel will be addressed through the
                                          supply chain and vehicle fleets, and
                                                                                    our buildings and operations are
                                                                                    carbon neutral, because our community
                                                                                                                                     in the municipality as part of its Zero
                                                                                                                                     Net Emissions by 2020 Strategy. By               five years:
As represented in Figure 2: Our           the number of carbon neutral goods        expresses strong support for actions             engaging visitors to our community
                                          and services increased. Emissions will    that address climate change.9                    facilities in the actions needed to reduce       1.   Integrate Aboriginal
emissions reduction pathway 2010-2021,
                                          be further reduced through the Queen                                                       emissions, we can enhance our efforts                 knowledge, cultural diversity
our main actions to reduce operational
                                          Victoria Market renewal program, which    Every day, thousands of people attend            to reduce emissions and deliver on                    and social inclusion in the
emissions include a program of capital
                                          integrates carbon neutral design.         or participate in public events, sports          community expectations.                               delivery of the Emissions
works to upgrade energy efficiency
                                                                                    and entertainment in the municipality.                                                                 Reduction Plan.
and renewable energy in our buildings,
                                          We will also purchase electricity from    Community members use our libraries,             The City of Melbourne has more
and the upgrade of street lights to
                                          a new supply of renewable energy by       childcare and healthcare centres and             than 1,400 employees, and a low                  2. Promote the City of
high efficiency LED technology. The
                                          delivering the Melbourne Renewable        many other community buildings, and              carbon culture will also support the                Melbourne’s carbon neutrality
Australian Government’s Clean Energy
                                          Energy Project. We will then offset any   enjoy Melbourne’s beautiful parks and            implementation of the plan over                     and options for patrons at
Finance Corporation (CEFC) is financing
                                          residual emissions, to ensure that the    gardens. These activities, and those             the next five years. We conduct                     our facilities to contribute
these programs.
                                          City of Melbourne maintains carbon        of shoppers, tourists, workers and               sustainability basics training as part of           to emission reductions
                                          neutrality for its operations.            commuters all generate greenhouse                staff induction, and behaviour change               through sustainable choices
                                                                                    gas emissions through the energy,                programs are run throughout the year                for transport, purchases and
                                                                                    and transport fuel used to operate,              to save energy in our buildings.                    avoiding waste.
                                                                                    clean and maintain facilities and
                                                                                    manage waste.                                    In order to successfully implement the           3. Conduct staff training
                                                                                                                                     Emissions Reduction Plan we need to                 and behaviour change
                                                                                    As caretakers of public assets, we need          regularly monitor and report on our                 programs to ensure
                                                                                    to consider the needs of present and             progress to the public, councillors and             facilities and equipment
                                                                                    future generations, and at the same              the executive leadership team. The                  are operated efficiently.
                                                                                    time respect the diversity and cultural          Australian Government Carbon Neutral
                                                                                    heritage of our community. We need to            program also requires us to report
                                                                                                                                                                                      4. Establish internal monitoring
                                                                                    ensure that we integrate reconciliation          progress annually.
                                                                                                                                                                                         and reporting for the
                                                                                    and social inclusion into our actions,
                                                                                                                                                                                         implementation of the plan.
                                                                                    as well as sensitivity to heritage and
                                                                                    the needs of the community when
                                                                                                                                                                                      5. Report progress in
                                                                                    upgrading our facilities.
                                                                                                                                                                                         implementing the plan
                                                                                                                                                                                         to the public and to
                                                                                                                                                                                         councillors annually.

                                                                                    9.   The need for the City of Melbourne to continue to address climate change through the Zero
                                                                                         Net Emissions by 2020 Strategy by reducing greenhouse gas emissions was a prominent
                                                                                         theme in the 2016 Future Melbourne community consultation.

12    melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                       Emissions Reduction Plan for Our Operations       13
EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
2. Celebrate Melbourne                                                                                                      3. Zero carbon for our buildings
without the emissions
Melbourne’s liveability, thriving culture                                                                                   Melbourne’s most recognised landmarks          We are committed to ensure we make        Energy savings and emissions
and environmental sustainability are a                                                                                      are also the some of the largest users of      the right decisions about community       reductions in buildings can be
                                            Actions over the next five years:
source of community pride. Since 2012                                                                                       energy. The good news is that each year,       assets, with the right information,       delivered in three ways:
the historic Melbourne Town Hall, City                                                                                      lighting, heating and cooling technology       by establishing the right data and
                                            1.   Continue to offset the emissions   5. Develop practical information
Baths, Queen Victoria Market and all                                                                                        is becoming more efficient and in many         processes as outlined in our Asset        1.   Right decisions: Install energy
                                                 generated by Christmas lights         for premier event partners and
of the community facilities and services                                                                                    cases renewable energy can be installed        Management Strategy 2015-25. This              efficient equipment and renewable
                                                 and projections.                      community event planners
provided by the City of Melbourne have                                                                                      to reduce the emissions generated              strategy incorporates the measurement          energy technology in existing
                                                                                       on how to reduce and offset
been carbon neutral. Even the Christmas                                                                                     by these buildings. We have already            and monitoring of the greenhouse               buildings and invest in new green
                                            2. Calculate the emissions                 emissions from venues, catering,
light decorations and the electric                                                                                          installed solar panels on many of the          gas emissions generated by buildings           buildings that exceed best practice.
                                               from premier events such as             transport and waste.
barbeques in our parks are carbon                                                                                           rooftops of buildings we own, and are          into the evaluation of their condition,
neutral. In less than five years we have       Melbourne Spring Fashion Week                                                now investigating more difficult sites.        function and capacity to meet             2. Right information: Develop the
saved or offset more than 200,000              and New Year’s Eve.                  6. Promote walking, cycling and                                                        service needs. It also promotes an
                                                                                       public transport to event patrons.                                                                                               asset management plans, designs
tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent                                                                                         There are more than 40 community               evidence-based approach to managing          and specifications for each building
already - which is worth celebrating.       3. Develop a carbon neutral ticketing                                           buildings in the City of Melbourne’s           resources. The Emissions Reduction           in our portfolio to reduce emissions
                                               option for patrons attending         7.   Work with suppliers and event      portfolio including arts centres, libraries,   Plan supports these commitments by           through the capital works program.
Now we are working to reduce                   Melbourne Music Week and                  partners to reduce packaging       child care and health care centres,            closing the loop between emissions
the emissions from our events and              Melbourne Spring Fashion Week.            and food waste and increase        sports pavilions and recreation centres        data, information about opportunities
                                                                                         the number of carbon neutral                                                                                                3. Right data and processes: Improve
celebrations too. Melbourne is well                                                                                         with swimming pools. In addition, there        to reduce emissions, best practice
                                                                                         products and services.                                                                                                         the energy intelligence of our
known for its annual festivals such         4. Identify sponsorship or crowd                                                are many smaller buildings such as             zero carbon buildings, and the capital
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        buildings so that we know when
as Moomba, Melbourne Music Week,               funding to offset emissions from                                             public toilet blocks, information centres,     works program. This will ensure that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the equipment inside our buildings
Melbourne Spring Fashion Week and              free public events such as Moomba                                            newspaper stands and street furniture          each stage of the asset decision
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        is not operating efficiently, and
New Year’s Eve. Together, these events         and New Year’s Eve and promote                                               such as electric barbeques and parking         cycle contributes toward meeting our
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        which buildings need to reduce
attract thousands of patrons and               it through event publicity.                                                  meters. The variety of these community         emissions reduction objectives.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        emissions further.
visitors from interstate and overseas.                                                                                      assets presents a challenge in applying
Each year, more than a thousand                                                                                             a systematic approach to reduce                                                          The integration of these three elements
community and business events such                                                                                          their emissions.                                                                         is needed to ensure best practice
as weddings, charity runs, product                                                                                                                                                                                   energy efficiency and renewable energy
launches and cultural festivals are                                                                                                                                                                                  technology is delivered across the life
hosted in our buildings, streets, parks                                                                                                                                                                              cycle of assets.
and gardens. The City of Melbourne
has also been a major sponsor of the
Sustainable Living Festival held in
February each year. We will continue
to calculate the emissions generated
by events, and work with our event
partners and suppliers to reduce
emissions as much as possible so
that gradually our events become
carbon neutral.

14     melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                                                        Emissions Reduction Plan for our Operations           15
EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN FOR OUR OPERATIONS 2016 - 2021 - City of Melbourne
Right information: Develop                 Right data and processes:
                                                                                     asset management plans,                    Improve the energy intelligence                        Actions over the next
                11%
                                                Melbourne Town Hall                  designs and specifications                 of our buildings                                       five years:
                                                Melbourne Town Hall
                                                                                     for each building.
                             30%                                                                                                In recent years, the City of Melbourne                 1.   Deliver emissions reductions
        10%                                     Administration Building                                                         has upgraded many buildings with
                                                                                     In the past, our capital works program                                                                 from building assets by making
                                                                                     has upgraded building equipment,           high-efficiency technology for lighting,                    the right decisions, with the
                                                City Baths                                                                      heating, cooling and ventilation.
                                                                                     facades and other components as                                                                        right information and the right
                                                                                     needed and gradually improved the          However, the performance of these                           data and processes related to
       18%                                      Kensington Pool                      energy performance of buildings by         high-technology assets is often lower                       their energy performance.
                                                                                     selecting more efficient equipment.        than expected. Research suggests
                             12%                Carlton Baths                        This has allowed for a lot of trial and    that even in green buildings designed
                                                                                                                                                                                       2. Develop a green information
                                                                                     error when it comes to installing new      for energy efficiency, savings of more
                                                                                                                                                                                          technology plan to guide
                  19%                                                                technology. However the opportunity        than 15 per cent in energy consumption
                                                North Melbourne Swimming Pool                                                                                                             actions to reduce emissions
                                                                                     to improve the energy performance of       can be realised by providing facility
                                                                                                                                                                                          through the optimisation
                                                                                     a building by taking a holistic approach   managers with regular feedback on
                                                                                                                                                                                          of current technology,
                                                                                     to its function and design has been        energy performance through real time
     Figure 3: Emissions from City of Melbourne’s large buildings                                                                                                                         procurement of new
                                                                                     missing. This has been exacerbated         monitoring and reporting of energy
                                                                                                                                                                                          technology and future
                                                                                     by applying a method of like-for-like      demand.10 In order to transparently
                                                                                                                                                                                          planning for the data centre
                                                                                     replacement, which means installing        manage our community assets and
                                                                                                                                                                                          and technology services.
                                                                                     more efficient versions of existing        improve their energy performance,
Information technology can be used        Right decisions: Install energy            equipment when it is at the end of         we will monitor the performance of
to improve the energy performance         efficient equipment, renewable                                                        our building assets and continue to
                                                                                     its service-life. This gradual approach
of assets, and it performs an essential
                                          energy, and invest in new                  is too slow when compared to best          report the associated greenhouse
function for the organisation. However                                                                                          emissions to the community.
it also generates emissions from          green buildings                            practice zero carbon buildings.
data centres and related systems                                                                                                                                                                                     Build
                                          Twenty-nine per cent of our greenhouse     We will develop best practice asset                                                                                           New assets
infrastructure. This energy use is                                                   management plans, designs and
                                          gas emissions come from energy use
expected to grow over coming                                                         specifications that take a holistic
                                          in the City of Melbourne’s buildings.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CAPITAL EXPENSE
decades as data monitoring, response                                                 view of building performance. This
                                                                                                                                                                                  Design
                                          Six buildings, including Melbourne                                                                                                     Assets to
and communications increase in their                                                 will ensure that decisions about the
                                          Town Hall and the adjacent Town                                                                                                      meet service
applications. We estimate that around                                                allocation of funds to capital works
                                          Hall Administration building were                                                                                                    requirements
30 per cent of the energy used by                                                    projects are based on the right
                                          identified as the highest priorities to                                                                                                                                Renew, upgrade
Council House 1 was required by the                                                  information to reduce emissions from                                                                                          and expand
                                          reduce emissions. We will reduce the
data centre situated in that building                                                our buildings as much as possible.                                                                                           Existing assets
                                          energy demand of these high priority
until recently. To improve efficiency,
                                          buildings by upgrading heating, cooling,
four of the existing data hosting
                                          ventilation and lighting equipment and
systems were consolidated into one,
                                          installing renewable energy.
which has reduced energy demand
while maintaining service levels.         We also have a growing portfolio of new
                                          green buildings including Council House

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 OPERATING EXPENSE
A green information technology plan                                                                                                                                             Assess, plan
                                          2, and Library at The Dock. We are
will be developed to guide further work                                                                                                                                         and decide
                                          committed to delivering best practice                                                                 Dispose
including the optimisation of existing                                                                                                                                            • Strategic
                                          environmentally sustainable design                                                                    or retire
                                                                                                                                                                               service review
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Deploy / activate
technology, the procurement of new                                                                                                                                                                                                              Asset to
                                          for new building projects and major                                                              Assets that are no                    • Research
technology, and the sub-metering                                                                                                            longer required                 • Asset data analysis                                            deliver service
                                          re-developments.
needed to monitor the performance                                                                                                                                               • Community
of this technology. It will also guide                                                                                                                                          engagement
the future design needed to reduce
emissions from the data centre while                                                                                                                                                                                Manage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and Maintain
maintaining temperature control and
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Asset to an agreed
continuity of service.                                                                                                                                                                                            service level

                                                                                                                                Figure 4: The asset decision cycle

                                                                                                                                10. Climate Works.(2016) Low Carbon, High Performance - How buildings can make a major
                                                                                                                                    contribution to Australia’s emissions and productivity goals. Prepared for the Australian
                                                                                                                                    Sustainable Built Environment Council.

16       melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                                                                   Emissions Reduction Plan for Our Operations                  17
4. Queen Victoria Market Renewal                                                                                             5. Carbon neutral goods and
                                                                                                                             services
Melbourne is well known for its diverse      The master plan for the $250 million
                                                                                                                             Greenhouse gas emissions associated
and vibrant food culture and the fresh       renewal of the market over the next
                                                                                        Actions over the next five           with goods and services we purchased
                                                                                                                                                                          Actions over the next
produce available at the Queen Victoria      four years includes design objectives
Market. It is the largest open-air market    to deliver a zero carbon development.      years:                               were 5,676 tonnes of carbon dioxide
                                                                                                                                                                          five years:
                                                                                                                             equivalent or 13 per cent of our total
in the southern hemisphere and has           This will maximise energy efficiency
                                                                                        1.   Continue to calculate, report   emissions in 2014-15. The majority
served the community continuously            and embed renewable energy and                                                                                               1.   Continue to measure and
                                                                                             and offset emissions from the   of these emissions are produced by
since 1878.                                  investment in off-site renewable energy.                                                                                          report emissions from major
                                                                                             Queen Victoria Market.          outsourced services rather than the
                                             While the rooftops of the market                                                                                                  categories of supply and
                                                                                                                             supply of products.
It also contributed 1,928 tonnes             sheds and open spaces provide an                                                                                                  require contractors to report
of carbon dioxide equivalent in              opportunity to capture solar energy,       2. Ensure the new Queen                                                                any large sources of emissions
                                                                                                                             Each year we request suppliers to
2014-15, which is four per cent of           they also add to the climate change           Victoria Market design                                                              from sub-contractors.
                                                                                                                             calculate their emissions from energy
our organisation’s greenhouse gas            vulnerability of the site due to solar        includes investment in
                                                                                                                             use, transport fuel, waste and any other
emissions. The majority of these             gain and heat stress. The master              adequate renewable energy
                                                                                                                             activities generating a large amount         2. Train contract managers
emissions are generated by electricity       plan includes climate resilience in the       infrastructure to supply the
                                                                                                                             of emissions. These are included in             in key concepts relating
used for lighting and refrigeration,         design objectives to cool the precinct        electricity needs of traders
                                                                                                                             our emissions inventory as scope 3              to carbon neutrality to
however emissions from transport,            and enhance biodiversity with green           and shoppers and integrate
                                                                                                                             emissions (indirect emissions) and              enable them to evaluate,
gas and water use also make a small          infrastructure, stormwater harvesting         zero carbon design objectives
                                                                                                                             reported according to the National              negotiate and manage
contribution. A large array of 1,328         and water sensitive design.                   into the redevelopment tender
                                                                                                                             Carbon Offset Standard. The activities          carbon neutral services.
solar panels covering one third of the                                                     process.
                                                                                                                             of our supply chain are therefore
market rooftop was installed in 2003,        Action is needed to reduce the
                                                                                                                             included in the scope of this plan.          3. Organise supply chain
and now requires updating. An energy         emissions generated by the                 3. Specify high energy efficiency
                                             redevelopment of the market in both                                                                                             workshops to encourage
performance contract has also been                                                         standards for lighting,           In 2016 we conducted a materiality
                                             the design and the construction                                                                                                 businesses to reduce emissions
completed which included an energy                                                         refrigeration, heating and        assessment of our 26 supply categories
                                             process, particularly the increasing                                                                                            and develop carbon neutral
audit and installation of energy efficient                                                 cooling equipment.                to better understand the environmental
                                             electricity demand of the new design                                                                                            products and services.
lighting. These actions reduced the                                                                                          and social impacts of our purchasing
energy intensity of the market, however      and the embodied energy of building        4. Integrate green infrastructure    practices. As part of this assessment,
the introduction of a night market has       materials and waste. We also need                                                                                            4. Work with other local
                                                                                           into the design to decrease       we have identified priorities for reducing
increased its operating hours, which has     to install further renewable energy                                                                                             governments and similar
                                                                                           demand for air conditioning by    emissions across the supply chain.
decreased the overall emissions saved.       infrastructure to supply the increased                                                                                          organisations to amplify
                                                                                           increasing shading, pre-cooling   A number of suppliers have already
                                             electricity needed for lighting and                                                                                             market demand for carbon
                                                                                           air intake, and cooling the       committed to deliver carbon neutral
                                             refrigeration for traders. A zero waste                                                                                         neutral goods and services.
                                                                                           precinct.                         services to the City of Melbourne as
                                             objective is included in the master plan                                        part of their contract.
                                             for the design, construction and the                                                                                         5. Communicate organisational
                                                                                        5. Reduce emissions from waste
                                             operational phases of the renewal.                                              To increase the number of major                 expectations for carbon neutral
                                                                                           and the embodied energy
                                             This will address emissions from                                                contracts with carbon neutral                   goods and services in the
                                                                                           of construction materials by
                                             embodied energy and reduce                                                      services, we need to consider                   procurement policy, tenders
                                                                                           integrating the zero waste
                                             emissions from waste.                                                           the impact of emissions across                  and related documents.
                                                                                           design objectives into the
                                                                                           redevelopment plans and           the decision-making life cycle
                                                                                           tender process.                   of purchasing and procurement.
                                                                                                                             This includes the development,
                                                                                                                             category management plans, tender
                                                                                                                             documentation, key performance
                                                                                                                             indicators and contract management
                                                                                                                             and reporting.

18     melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                                                     Emissions Reduction Plan for Our Operations   19
6. Zero carbon transport                                                                                                      7. Reducing emissions from waste
Transport fuels contribute five per cent      the hydrogen generated does not                                                 The waste generated by the City of
of our organisation’s total emissions.        contribute carbon dioxide emissions.                                            Melbourne’s operations includes waste       Actions over the next
                                                                                         Actions over the next
A further 13 per cent of emissions are        Therefore both electric vehicles and                                            from our offices and public facilities
contributed by Citywide11, and the            hydrogen fuel cell vehicles can be         five years:                          including community buildings,
                                                                                                                                                                          five years:
majority of these emissions are also          zero emissions technology.                                                      parks and gardens. Residential
generated by transport fuels.                                                            1.   Promote walking, cycling        waste collection is included in the         1.   Continue to promote
                                              In recent years, new vehicle models with        and public transport options    scope of the Emissions Reduction                 waste avoidance, diversion
Our staff regularly travel by walking,        zero emission technology have not been          to staff for commuting and      Plan because it is under the City                from landfill and recycling
cycling and using public transport and        available in the Australian market and          business travel.                of Melbourne’s operational control               through staff and community
electric bicycles to avoid emissions          this has made them difficult to purchase                                        through supply contracts, however                engagement programs.
from the use of vehicles. The emissions       or lease. However as they become           2. Ensure vehicle leasing and        the residential waste itself is the
from any work-related air travel are          available we will gradually increase          purchase arrangements             responsibility of householders              2. Ensure waste collection,
offset. The staff members responsible         the number of zero emission vehicles          support efforts to increase       and therefore not included in our              office cleaning and parks and
for enforcing local laws - our on-street      over the next five years and ensure           vehicles that use zero            operations. The collection of waste            gardens maintenance contracts
compliance team - have pioneered the          there are adequate vehicle charging           carbon technology.                by trucks is a large contributor to            support emission reductions
use of bicycle transport in their roles.      stations in car parks owned by the                                              our transport emissions.                       from waste.
                                              City of Melbourne.                         3. Design car park charging
Our corporate vehicle fleet comprises                                                       facilities for the projected      The City of Melbourne’s Waste and           3. Continue to collect and report
80 cars including nine fully electric         By far the largest proportion of vehicle      increase in electric vehicles.    Resource Recovery Plan addresses               data on waste from community
vehicles and two plug-in hybrid               emissions comes from the trucks that                                            the emissions generated by waste               and office facilities.
electric vehicles. We maintain carbon         collect waste and the use of lawn                                               across the municipality and includes
                                                                                         4. Continue to survey, monitor
neutrality for our vehicle fleet in several   mowers and other vehicles to maintain                                           waste avoidance campaigns, recycling
                                                                                            and report the use of transport                                               4. Ensure the updated Waste
ways: offsetting electricity emissions        parks and gardens. Vehicle towing and                                           programs and the diversion of organic
                                                                                            fuel and require transparent                                                     and Resource Recovery Plan
and transport fuel, charging electric         street cleaning services also contribute                                        waste from landfill. We do not own
                                                                                            reporting of transport-related                                                   addresses greenhouse gas
vehicles in car parks owned by the City       significant vehicle emissions. These                                            or operate any landfills, however the
                                                                                            emissions from suppliers                                                         emissions by promoting waste
of Melbourne, and by increasing the           services are not directly delivered                                             waste collected from our facilities is
                                                                                            and contractors.                                                                 avoidance, diversion from
weighting given to fuel efficiency in the     by our organisation, but through                                                taken to recycling stations and landfills      landfill and recycling.
evaluation of new vehicle models for          contracted suppliers and Citywide,                                              outside the municipality. The indirect
                                                                                         5. Work with our wholly owned
inclusion in the fleet.                       which is a subsidiary company of the                                            emissions associated with recycling and
                                                                                            subsidiary Citywide to reduce
                                              City of Melbourne. We will gradually                                            landfills for the waste collected at our
We are also exploring using other new                                                       emissions from transport fuels.
                                              increase the adoption of low emission                                           facilities is included in our operational
zero emission technology models such          and zero emission vehicles through the                                          emissions inventory.
as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. These         management of these supply contracts.
vehicles operate similarly to petrol fuel
vehicles but without the greenhouse
emissions. Hydrogen is not a fossil fuel
because it is generated by applying
electricity to water molecules. When
the electricity used for this process
is sourced from renewable energy,

20     melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                                                    Emissions Reduction Plan for our Operations   21
Technical notes                                                                                                                 Implementation Plan

Baseline year                                Scope                                                                              The following table identifies the
                                                                                                                                implementation process and timeframe
                                                                                                                                                                              Delivery mechanisms:

                                                                                                                                for delivery for each of the actions         •   Business as usual – influencing
The baseline year for the Emissions          All emissions reported annually
                                                                                                                                identified in the Emissions Reduction            existing programs, projects and
Reduction Plan is 2011-12. In 2012 the       under the National Carbon Offset
                                                                                                                                Plan for our Operations to 2021.                 works to incorporate the delivery
organisation first achieved Carbon           Standard are included in the scope
                                                                                                                                                                                 of the Emissions Reduction
Neutral certification according to           of the Emissions Reduction Plan.                                                   The implementation of the Emissions              Plan actions
the Australian Government National           The organisational boundary for the                                                Reduction Plan will be subject to future
Carbon Offset Standard and Carbon            emissions inventory is illustrated in                                                                                           •   Future planning –subject to separate
                                                                                                                                annual budget and service planning
Neutral Program Guidelines.                  the figure below.                                                                                                                   approval, budget or business case,
                                                                                                                                priorities. The City of Melbourne work
                                                                                                                                                                                 to be determined through future
                                                                                                                                areas are identified in the following
The baseline year for the Zero Net           The emissions boundary for                                                                                                          annual planning and budgets
                                                                                                                                table as is the delivery mechanism
Emissions by 2020 Strategy is                reporting under the National Carbon
                                                                                                                                and timeframe.                               •   Clean Energy Finance Corporation
2010-11. The City of Melbourne               Offset Standard for the purpose
purchased accredited carbon offsets          of maintaining carbon neutral                                                                                                       (CEFC) loan funding – part of a
for emissions generated in 2010-             certification is different to that                                                                                                  separately budgeted capital works
11 however it was not until 2012             required under the National Greenhouse                                                                                              or renewal projects financed by the
that the organisation was certified          Emissions Reporting Scheme (NGERS).                                                                                                 CEFC loan
carbon neutral.                              For NGERS reporting, all of Citywide’s
                                             emissions are included within the City
The calculation of the emission              of Melbourne’s organisational emissions
reductions needed to achieve the             boundary, and less emphasis is placed
10 per cent reduction in emissions           on emissions generated by supply                                                   Priority area 1: Develop a low carbon culture
by 2018 were compared to the                 chain activity (scope 3 emissions).
2010-11 baseline to make it consistent       This reflects the different objectives
with the municipality-wide targets                                                                                               ACTION                                                                                  DELIVERY      TIMEFRAME FOR
                                             and needs of mandatory (NGERS) and                                                              ACTION                                              WORK AREA
in the Zero Net Emissions by 2020                                                                                                NUMBER                                                                                  MECHANISM     DELIVERY
                                             voluntary (NCOS) reporting schemes.
Strategy Update 2014.
                                                                                                                                 Strategy 1.1: Integrate Aboriginal knowledge, cultural diversity and social inclusion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2016    2017   2018      2019
                                                                                                                                 in the delivery of the Emissions Reduction Plan.

                                                                                                                                 1.1.1       Investigate options to integrate Aboriginal         Aboriginal              Business
                                                                                                                                             knowledge into the Low Carbon Future work           Melbourne,              as usual
                                                                                                                                             program. For example, knowledge sharing             Urban
                                                      CITY OF                                                                                with Aboriginal organisations about the             Sustainability
                                                     MELBOURNE                                                                               potential for careers and community projects
                                                                                                                                             in low carbon industries, and information
                                                                                                                                             sharing with staff in Urban Sustainability
                                                                                                                                             about Caring for Country.

                                                                                                                                 1.1.2       Develop project proposals to support the            Aboriginal              Future
                                                                                                                                             integration of Aboriginal knowledge, cultural       Melbourne,              planning
                                                                                                                                             diversity and social inclusion across the           Urban
                                                                                                                                             strategies and actions identified in the            Sustainability
     FACILITIES /                                              QUEEN VICTORIA               SUPPLY
                                     CITY WIDE                                                                                               Emissions Reduction Plan.
     OPERATIONS                                                   MARKET                     CHAIN
                                                                                                                                 Strategy 1.2: Integrate Aboriginal knowledge, cultural diversity and social inclusion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2016    2017   2018      2019
                                                                                                                                 in the delivery of the Emissions Reduction Plan.
  – Administration              – Waste collection            – Operations             – Property Maintenance
  – Childcare                   – Parks and Gardens           – Waste Collection       – Vehicle Towing                          1.2.1       Organise and support events that promote            Urban                   Business
                                                                                                                                             sustainable living through sponsorship,             Sustainability,         as usual
  – Community and Cultural      – Asphalt Production          – Air Travel             – Street Cleaning
                                                                                                                                             information stalls, expert speakers and             Events
  – Library and Information                                   – Paper                  – Parks and Gardens                                   communications material that promotes               Melbourne,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Future
  – Leased                                                                             – Paper, Promotion and Marketing                      actions patrons can take to reduce                  Corporate Affairs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         planning
  – Parking Meter Network                                                              – Civil Design and Traffic Engineering                their emissions.                                    and Strategic
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Marketing
  – Street Lighting Network                                                            – Postage and Courier Services
  – Parks, Recreation and sporting                                                     – Recreation Services                     1.2.2       Develop communication materials and online          Urban                   Business
  – Employee Commuting                                                                 – Coin Collection                                     communication campaigns to promote the              Sustainability,         as usual
                                                                                                                                             carbon neutrality of our organisation at            Events
  – Fleet                                                                              – Travel
                                                                                                                                             community facilities, information centres           Melbourne,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Future
                                                                                       – Aged and Disability                                 and events.                                         Corporate Affairs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                 and Strategic
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Marketing
Figure 5: Organisational boundary for City of Melbourne’s carbon inventory

22     melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                                                               Emissions Reduction Plan for Our Operations      23
Priority area 2: Celebrate Melbourne without the emissions
 ACTION                                                                              DELIVERY       TIMEFRAME FOR               ACTION                                                                             DELIVERY       TIMEFRAME FOR
               ACTION                                          WORK AREA                                                                    ACTION                                            WORK AREA
 NUMBER                                                                              MECHANISM      DELIVERY                    NUMBER                                                                             MECHANISM      DELIVERY

 Strategy 1.3: Conduct staff training and behaviour change programs to ensure facilities                                        2.0         The Events and Urban Sustainability shared        Events               Business
                                                                                                    2016   2017   2018   2019
 and equipment are operated efficiently.                                                                                                    work plan will be reviewed in the first year to   Melbourne, Urban     as usual
                                                                                                                                            refine the actions described below.               Sustainability
 1.3.1         Introduce staff to the energy saving features   Urban                 Business
               of their work place at induction sessions for   Sustainability,       as usual                                   Strategy 2.1: Continue to offset the emissions generated by Christmas lights and projections.
               new staff, and promote actions to save energy   People and
               through internal staff engagement.              Culture,                                                         2.1.1       Collect data to measure the energy used           Urban                Business
                                                               Corporate Affairs                                                            by Christmas lights and projections and           Sustainability,      as usual
                                                               and Strategic                                                                purchase an equivalent amount of offsets to       Corporate Affairs
                                                               Marketing                                                                    make them carbon neutral. Investigate ways        and Strategic
                                                                                                                                            to communicate the carbon neutrality of the       Marketing, Events
 Strategy 1.4: Establish internal monitoring and reporting for the implementation of the Plan.                                              Christmas lights to the community.                Melbourne,
                                                                                                                                                                                              Property Services
 1.4.1         Establish an executive level Steering           Executive             Business
               Committee to meet quarterly to guide            Leadership            as usual                                   Strategy 2.2: Calculate the emissions from premier events such as Melbourne Spring Fashion Week and New Year’s Eve.
               implementation of the plan. The committee       Team, Urban
               should also monitor implementation of the       Sustainability                                                   2.2.1       Commission emissions inventories for the          Urban                Future
               CEFC loan.                                                                                                                   events to determine the total emissions and       Sustainability,      planning
                                                                                                                                            emissions per patron. This work can build         Events Melbourne,
 1.4.2         Progress on each action will be reported        Executive             Business                                               on the inventories already developed for          Smart City Office,
               through Organisational Plan reporting.          Leadership            as usual                                               Moomba and Melbourne Music Week.                  Property Services
                                                               Team, Urban
                                                               Sustainability,                                                  Strategy 2.3: Develop a carbon neutral ticketing option for patrons attending Melbourne Music Week and Melbourne Spring
                                                               branches with                                                    Fashion Week.
                                                               responsibility for
                                                               implementation                                                   2.3.1       Investigate the requirements of formal carbon     Events               Future
                                                                                                                                            neutral certification for events and develop      Melbourne, Urban     planning
 Strategy 1.5 Report progress in implementing the plan to the public and to councillors annually.                                           the carbon management and ticketing               Sustainability,
                                                                                                                                            process needed to offer patrons the option to     Corporate Affairs
                                                                                                                                            purchase carbon neutral tickets.                  and Strategic
 1.5.1         Brief councillors annually and publicly         Urban                 Business                                                                                                 Marketing
               release a progress report on the emission       Sustainability,       as usual
               reduction plan each year as part of the         Corporate Affairs                                                2.3.2       Work with event partners to develop a             Events               Future
               carbon neutral disclosure requirements of       and Strategic                                                                streamlined emissions inventory, extend           Melbourne, Urban     planning
               the Australian Government Carbon Neutral        Marketing                                                                    carbon neutral ticketing to non-City of           Sustainability,
               Program guidelines.                                                                                                          Melbourne events,                                 Smart City Office
                                                                                                                                            and investigate transferability to other City
                                                                                                                                            of Melbourne events, such as Melbourne
                                                                                                                                            Knowledge Week.

                                                                                                                                Strategy 2.4: Identify sponsorship or crowd funding to offset emissions from free public events such as Moomba
                                                                                                                                and New Year’s Eve and promote it through event publicity.

                                                                                                                                2.4.1       Identify potential sponsors with strategic        Events               Business
                                                                                                                                            alignment to carbon neutral events and            Melbourne, Urban     as usual
                                                                                                                                            conduct due diligence. Investigate potential      Sustainability
                                                                                                                                            for matched funding with a crowd-
                                                                                                                                            funding campaign.

                                                                                                                                2.4.2       Develop crowd funding and associated              Events               Business
                                                                                                                                            communication campaign to promote                 Melbourne, Urban     as usual
                                                                                                                                            participation and ownership of carbon             Sustainability,
                                                                                                                                            neutrality by the community.                      Corporate Affairs
                                                                                                                                                                                              and Strategic
                                                                                                                                                                                              Marketing

24       melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                                                       Emissions Reduction Plan for our Operations   25
Priority area 3: Zero carbon for our buildings
 ACTION                                                                            DELIVERY      TIMEFRAME FOR               ACTION                                                                               DELIVERY         TIMEFRAME FOR
               ACTION                                          WORK AREA                                                                 ACTION                                             WORK AREA
 NUMBER                                                                            MECHANISM     DELIVERY                    NUMBER                                                                               MECHANISM        DELIVERY

 Strategy 2.5: Develop practical information for premier event partners and community event                                  Strategy 3.1: Deliver emissions reductions from building assets by making the right decisions, with
                                                                                                 2016   2017   2018   2019                                                                                                         2016   2017   2018    2019
 planners on how to reduce and offset emissions from venues, catering, transport and waste.                                  the right information and the right data and processes related to their energy performance.

 2.5.1         When the events guide is next reviewed,         Events              Business                                  3.1.1       Right decisions (existing buildings):              Capital Works,        CEFC loan
               include information on how venues and event     Melbourne, Urban    as usual                                              Implement the high priority projects               Property              funding
               planners can reduce emissions and purchase      Sustainability,                                                           identified to install energy efficient equipment   Services, Urban
               carbon offsets.                                 Corporate Affairs                                                         and renewable energy technology in                 Sustainability
                                                               and Strategic                                                             existing buildings.
                                                               Marketing
                                                                                                                             3.1.2       Right decisions (existing buildings): Develop      Capital Works,        Future
 2.5.2         Develop website content and/or fact sheets      Events              Future                                                detailed project plans and implement the           Property              planning
               tailored to small, medium and large events      Melbourne, Urban    planning                                              low priority energy efficiency and renewable       Services, Urban
               on how to reduce emissions from venues,         Sustainability,                                                           energy upgrade projects identified for stage 2     Sustainability
               catering, transport and waste, how to           Corporate Affairs                                                         of the CEFC works plan.
               purchase offsets and the process of carbon      and Strategic
               neutral certification (for large events).                                                                     3.1.3       Right decisions (new buildings): Integrate         City Design           Future
                                                               Marketing
                                                                                                                                         zero carbon objectives into the plans,             Studio, Capital       planning
                                                                                                                                         specifications, and tender documents for           Works, Property
 Strategy 2.6: Promote walking, cycling and public transport to event patrons.                                                           the redevelopment of new green buildings           Services, Urban
                                                                                                                                         including but not limited to Council House 1       Sustainability.
               Work with event partners to promote walking,                        Business as                                           and City Village.
 2.6.1                                                         Events
               and cycling to event patrons in line with the   Melbourne, Urban    usual                                                 Right information:                                                       Business as
                                                                                                                             3.1.4                                                          Capital Works,
               Bicycle Plan 2016-2020.                         Sustainability,                                                           Develop the asset management plans, designs                              usual
                                                                                                                                                                                            Property Services
                                                               Corporate Affairs                                                         and specifications for each building in our
                                                               and Strategic                                                             portfolio to reduce emissions through the
                                                               Marketing, Health                                                         capital works program.
                                                               and Wellbeing,
                                                               Urban Strategy.                                               3.1.5       Right data and processes:                          Capital Works,        Business as
                                                                                                                                         Improve the energy intelligence of our             Property Services     usual
 2.6.2         Work with event partners and public transport   Events              Business                                              buildings so that we know when the
               providers to promote public transport to        Melbourne, Urban    as usual                                              equipment installed is not operating                                     Future
               event patrons and investigate combined          Sustainability,                                                           efficiently, and which buildings need to                                 planning
               event/public transport tickets or carbon        CASM, Urban                                                               reduce emissions further.
               neutral transport services.                     Strategy,
                                                               Melbourne Metro                                               Strategy 3.2: Develop a green information technology plan to guide actions to reduce emissions through the optimisation of
                                                                                                                             current technology, procurement of new technology and Future planning for the data centre and technology services.
 Strategy 2.7: Work with suppliers and event partners to reduce packaging and food waste and increase the number of carbon
 neutral products and services.                                                                                              3.2.1       Develop a green information technology             Technology            Business as
                                                                                                                                         plan to guide actions to reduce emissions          Services, Urban       usual
 2.7.1         Share information with suppliers and event      Events              Business                                              through the optimisation of current                Sustainability,
               partners to reduce commercial organics          Melbourne, Urban    as usual                                              technology, procurement of new technology          Capital Works,
               going to landfill (such as that developed       Sustainability,                                                           and Future planning for the data centre and        Smart City Office
               for commercial organics in the Waste and        Engineering,                                                              technology services.
               Resource Recovery Plan 2015-18 Action           Finance and
               7.3), and consider further actions for          Procurement                                                   3.2.2       Incorporate green information technology           Finance and           Business as
               tender documentation.                                                                                                     recommendations into the category                  Procurement,          usual
                                                                                                                                         management plan and tender documents for           Technology
 2.7.2         Provide information to suppliers and event      Events              Business                                              information technology services.                   services, Urban
               partners about carbon neutral goods and         Melbourne, Urban    as usual                                                                                                 Sustainability,
               services such as an information session         Sustainability,                                                                                                              Smart City Office
               with case studies and representatives of        Finance and
               the Australian Government Carbon Neutral        Procurement
               Program and fact sheets/website contents.

26       melbourne.vic.gov.au/ecocity                                                                                                                                                                      Emissions Reduction Plan for our Operations     27
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