Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023

Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park Authority
                                                                                                Exmoor National Park
                                                                                                PartnershipPlan 2018-2023
Exmoor House, Dulverton, Somerset, TA22 9HL
             Tel: 01398 323665
  email: info@exmoor-nationalpark.gov.uk
     www.exmoor-nationalpark.gov.uk




                                              Exmoor National Park PartnershipPlan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Partnership Plan 2018-23




Exmoor National Park
PartnershipPlan 2018-2023




Exmoor National Park Authority
Exmoor House, Dulverton, Somerset, TA22 9HL
Tel: 01398 323665
email: info@exmoor-nationalpark.gov.uk
www.exmoor-nationalpark.gov.uk




FRONTCOVER:
“The King” by Jessamy Keily, part of the ‘Dark Skies’ series encapsulating the beauty of Exmoor.
JinKs Art, www.jinksart.com

INSIDECOVER:
“Sunrise On Porlock Hill” by Andrew Wheatley



©ExmoorNationalParkAuthority



April 2018
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Partnership Plan 2018-23




    Contents
    Map of Exmoor National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4                      People - Exmoor for all: where everyone feels welcome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
    Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7         The Exmoor Experience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
    Our Vision for Exmoor National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8                                  Well-managed Recreation and Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
    Special Qualities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10              Thriving Tourism Built on Sustainability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
    Our Ambitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
    Purpose of The Partnership Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15                         Place - inspiring landscapes: diverse and beautiful, rich in wildlife and history . . . . . . . . . . . 34
          What Is It? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15             Celebrated Landscapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
          Who Is It For? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15                Wildness and Tranquillity with Dark Night Skies, and Sensitive Development . . . . . . . . . . 38
          How Has It Been Prepared? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16                                Valued Historic Environment and Cultural Heritage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
          How Is The Plan Used? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16                            Rich in Wildlife . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
          How Does It Fit With Other Plans and Strategies? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
                                                                                                                                                                                    Prosperity - working landscapes: thriving communities and a vibrant local economy . . . . . 44
    Exmoor National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20                      Working Landscapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
         Our Story . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20            Strong Local Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
         Exmoor’s Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20                        Thriving Communities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
         National Park Designation and Statutory Purposes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22                                                       A Valued Asset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
         Responsibilities of Public Bodies Regarding National Parks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
2                                                                                                                                                                                   Where People, Place and Prosperity Come Together: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54                                                           3
    Changing Landscapes: The Challenges and Opportunities Facing Exmoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24                                                                             Moorland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
                                                                                                                                                                                          Farmland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
                                                                                                                                                                                          Woodland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
                                                                                                                                                                                          Rivers and Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
                                                                                                                                                                                          Coast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
                                                                                                                                                                                          Settlements and the Built Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
                                                                                                                                                                                    Monitoring and Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
                                                                                                                                                                                    Delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The Milky Way from Brendon Common
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Keith Trueman
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park                                                              Partnership Plan 2018-23



                                                                                       UK National Parks

    ExmoorNationalPark




4                                                                                                                5




    © Copyright Exmoor National Park 2018




    Key




                                            0   3         6   9       12 kilometres


    Scale 1:140,000                         0       2.5           5            7.5                   10 miles
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Partnership Plan 2018-23




                           Foreword
                           “The essential requirements of a National Park are that it
                           should have great natural beauty, a high value for open air
                           recreation, and substantial continuous extent”
                                                                                                                  Hobhouse Report 1947




                                                                                             Robin Milton,                Sarah Bryan,
                                                                                               Chairman                  Chief Executive
                                                                                                   Exmoor National Park Authority


                                                                                                                                                  7
                           ExmoorNationalParkisauniqueandveryspecial          publictoconsidertheissuesfacingExmoor,and
                           place;adistinctivelandscapeshapedbygenerations       agreehowbesttorespond.
                           ofpeople,whohavefarmedandmanagedthe
                                                                                      Wearenowpleasedtopresentthe2018-2023
                           environment.Todayitiscelebratedandenjoyedfor
                                                                                      PartnershipPlan.Itbringstogethertheambitionsof
                           itswonderfulvarietyofheatherandgrassmoors,its
                                                                                      ourpartnersinacollectivevisionforExmoor.It
                           ancientwoodlandsandforests,picturesquevillages,
                                                                                      describeshowwehopetoworkwithallthosewho
                           dramaticcoastlines,magnificentherdsofReddeer,
                                                                                      loveandcareforExmoor,whethertheylivehere,
                           nativeponies,andatnightthemagicofitsdarkskies.
                                                                                      workhereorcometoenjoyitsbeautifullandscape,
                           Wearerightlyproudofourlandscape,ourheritage
                                                                                      wildlifeandheritage.Itrecognisestheimportance
                           andourwildlife.                                         ofournaturalandculturalcapitalanditrespondsto
                           Overthelastfiveyears,wehaveworkedclosely            theGovernment’sagendaforNationalParks,which
                           withourmanypartnerstodeliverthe2012-17              emphasisestheimportanceofconnectingyoung
                           PartnershipPlan.Wearedelightedwithallthathas      peoplewithnature,sustainablelandmanagement,
                           beenachieved,butbelievethereismoretodo.           internationaltourism,localfood,heritage,
                                                                                      landscape,healthandwell-being.Itsupportsthe
                           Wehaveseensignificantpoliticalchange,in               aspirationssetoutintheGovernment’s25YearPlan
                           particularthedecisiontoleavetheEuropeanUnion        fortheEnvironment.
                           andtheresultingdiscussiononfutureagricultural
                                                                                      Wepassionatelywanttoseeahealthyand
                           supportandenvironmentalprotection.Wehave
                                                                                      beautifulenvironment,thrivingcommunitiesand
                           seentheproductionoftheGovernment’s8Point
                                                                                      successfulbusinesses.Wealsowanttoseemore
                           PlanforNationalParks,andmostrecentlyAGreen
                                                                                      peopleenjoying,visitingandcelebratingExmoor,
                           Future:Our25YearPlantoImprovethe
                                                                                      andfuturegenerationscontinuingtobeinspired
                           Environment,whichsetsouttheGovernment’s
                                                                                      byitsbeautyandextraordinarysenseofplace.
                           ambitiontoleavetheenvironmentinabetterstate
Seaside Safari, Lynmouth   thanitfoundit.Againstthisbackdropofchange,         We look forward to working with you on our
Steve Guscott              wehavebeentalkingwithourpartnersandthe             Partnership Plan for Exmoor.
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park                                                                                      Partnership Plan 2018-23




    OurVisionforExmoorNationalPark
      l Exmoor’sdistinctanddiverselandscape is         l Thereisincreasedpublic awareness and
        maintainedandenhanced,withanincreased           enjoyment oftheNationalPark;awarm
        awarenessofitsimportance                          welcomeandhigh quality experience for

      l Thereisanincreasedextentofwildlife
                                                             everyoneseekinginspiration,tranquillityand
                                                             activeoutdoorrecreation,leadingtogreater
        habitats andlinkagesbetweenthem,more             understandingofExmooranditswayoflife,
        habitatsareingoodconditionand                   andawiderappreciationofthecontribution
        populationsofvaluednativeplantsand              thatNationalParksmaketoqualityoflife
        animalsarethriving
                                                           l Exmoor’scommunities retainacontinuityof
      l Thereisanenhancedknowledgeofthe                connectionwiththeland;andcommunities
        historic environment ofExmoor;increased            aretakingtheleadinshapingfuture
        awarenessofthevalueofitscultural heritage,     developmenttomeettheirneedsand
        andthemostimportanthistoricalsites,             aspirationsincludingaccesstoservices,
        settlements,buildingsandfeaturesare              housing,communicationsandinfrastructure
        conservedandtheirhistoricalcharacter
        retained                                           l Thereisastrong, diverse and resilient

      l Exmoor’snatural resources areused
                                                             economy wherefarming,forestry,land
                                                             managementandruralenterprisesare
        sustainably,andthefullbenefitsofits             playingaleadroleinconservingand
        ecosystemsareunderstoodandharnessed.
8                                                            enhancingExmoor’sspecialqualities;                                       9
        Pollutionisminimised,airandwaterarehigh       producinghighqualityfoodandother
        quality,andsoilsareconservedandingood         produce,andconservinglocalbreeds.There
        condition                                            isasustainabletourismandrecreation
      l Weareclosertoachievingacarbon-neutral          economyinharmonywithlocal
        National Park tohelpmitigateclimate               communitiesandtheenvironment
        change,andhaveintroducedmeasuresto
        adapttochangesinclimatethatarealready
        happening




    Porlock Bay Oysters on Shore
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park                                                                                          Partnership Plan 2018-23




     TheQualitiesthatmake
     Exmoorspecialare:
       l Largeareasofopenmoorlandprovidinga         l Adeeplyruralcommunitycloselylinkedto
         senseofremoteness,wildnessandtranquillity     thelandwithstronglocaltraditionsandways
         rareinsouthernBritain                           oflife

       l Adistinctanddiverselandscapeofsoftly       l Afarmedlandscapewithlocallydistinctive
         roundedhillsandridges,withheatherand         breedssuchasRedDevoncattle;Devon
         grassmoors,spectacularcoast,deeplyincised     Closewool,andExmoorHornsheep,and
         woodedvalleys,highseacliffs,fastflowing        herdsoffreelivingExmoorponies

                                                          l Anexceptionalrightsofwaynetwork,with
         streams,traditionaluplandfarmsand
         characteristicbeechhedgebanks
                                                            pathsthatareoftenruggedandnarrowin
       l Atimelesslandscapemostlyfreefrom              character,alongwithextensiveareasofopen
         intrusivedevelopment,withstrikingviews         countryandpermittedaccess,providing
         insideandoutoftheNationalPark,and           superbopportunitiesforwalking,ridingand
         wherethenaturalbeautyofExmoorandits         cycling

                                                          l Alandscapethatprovidesinspirationand
         darkskiescanbeappreciated

       l Amosaicofhabitatssupportingagreat            enjoymenttovisitorsandresidentsalike
10       diversityofwildlifeincludingherdsofwild                                                                                               11
         Reddeer,richlichencommunities,rare
         fritillarybutterflies,bats,andotherspecies
         uncommoninsouthernBritain

       l Acomplexandrichhistoriclandscapethat
         reflectshowpeoplehavelivedin,exploited
         andenjoyedExmooroverthepast8000years,
         includingburialmoundsonridges,discrete
         stonesettings,ancientfarmsteadsand
         settlements,picturesquevillagesand
         historicestates




                                                                                                             Red deer stags in velvet at Cornham
                                                                                                                                       Nigel Stone
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Exmoor National Park                                                                                                                                          Partnership Plan 2018-23




     OurAmbitions
                            PEOPLE                                               PLACE                                                  PROSPERITY




                                            Exmoor for All:                                  Inspiring Landscapes:                                  Working landscapes:
                                     Where everyone feels welcome                Diverse and beautiful, rich in wildlife and history             Thriving communities and a
                                                                                                                                                   vibrant local economy
                                       More people enjoy Exmoor,                     The natural beauty, distinct character
                                      are inspired, get involved, and               and diversity of Exmoor’s landscapes are                  Exmoor’s land-based communities
                                     learn about its special qualities               celebrated, conserved and enhanced                        and businesses are supported to
                                                                                                                                                provide healthy food and good
                                 Exmoor has a first class rights of way              Exmoor is somewhere you can experience                      quality timber, and ensure that
                                network. The paths, open access and                  tranquillity, openness, wildness and dark                 Exmoor’s landscapes continue to
                                recreational facilities are enhanced to               night skies. Development is sensitive to                  be well managed and cared for
                                  offer more and better experiences                    the National Park’s special qualities and
                                   for people who want to explore                     conserves its scenic quality and setting                    The local economy is more
                                     and enjoy the National Park                                                                                  sustainable with increased
                                                                                     Exmoor’s historic environment is better                  innovation, entrepreneurship and
                                  The tourism economy is vibrant,                    understood, cared for and protected. Its                   improved economic prospects
                               innovative and growing, and celebrates                 cultural heritage and rural traditions
                                   Exmoor’s distinctive character                      are valued for their place in telling                    Exmoor’s local communities are
                                                                                      Exmoor’s story and shaping its future                    thriving, with strong connections
12                                                                                                                                                    to the National Park                    13
                                                                                      Exmoor is richer in wildlife. Habitats are
                                                                                  in good condition, expanded, connected, and                 Exmoor is celebrated for the value it
                                                                                     support a greater abundance of species                    brings to the region and nationally




                                                                                            Where People, Place and
                                                                                           Prosperity come together:

                                     Moorland                  Farmland              Woodland                     Rivers and                Coast                 Settlements & the
                                  The extent of           Exmoor’s distinctive        Exmoor’s                     streams             Exmoor’s stunning          built environment
                                 Exmoor’s open            farmed landscapes          woodlands                  Exmoor’s rivers,         coast is better                Thelocal
                                   moorland is              continue to be           are diverse,              streams and their          understood,             distinctivenessand
                                  retained and              conserved and          well-managed,               associated valleys         enjoyed and              historiccharacter
                                  restored. The            enhanced as part        productive and                 are in good              conserved.                 ofExmoor’s
                                habitats within it        of an active farming      enhance the                 condition. Their                                   settlementsand
                               are enhanced and            system delivering       natural beauty,              native flora and                                   builtenvironment
                                  the area and             a healthy natural         wildlife and             fauna thriving, and                                 areconservedand
                               quality of heather             and cultural       cultural heritage of              flood risk is                                        enhanced.
                                   is increased.             environment.         the National Park.                reduced.



                                                                                    Monitoring and research:
                                                                                    Our knowledge and understanding of Exmoor’s special qualities is increased through
                                                                                    monitoring and research to inform future decision making and delivery of our Ambitions.
Exmoor National Park - Partnership Plan 2018-2023
Partnership Plan 2018-23




                         PurposeofThePartnershipPlan
                         Exmoor is many things to many people. To some                   Foreveryone,though,itisaspecialplace,protected
                         a home and to others a livelihood, an adventure                 forthenationasaNationalPark.Thisfive-year
                         playground or a place to escape. It is also an area             PartnershipPlanestablishestheAmbitionsand
                         full of resources and opportunities to provide                  strategiesrequiredtomaintainthespecialqualities
                         benefits beyond its boundary.                                    ofthearea.ThePlandoesnotseektopreservethe
                                                                                         areainaspicbutbalancetheneedsofdifferent
                                                                                         interestsnowandinthefuture.It’satrue
                                                                                         PartnershipPlan,developedinconsultationwith
                                                                                         partnerorganisations,communities,visitorsand
                                                                                         businesses.AndwhiletheNationalParkAuthority
                                                                                         facilitatesthePlan,werelyonourpartnerstohelp
                                                                                         bringittolife.




                         What is it?                                                     Who is it for?

                             l It’sastatutoryplanthattheNationalPark                l It’sforthewholeNationalPark,notjustthe
                               Authorityisrequiredtoprepareeveryfive                    NationalParkAuthority

                                                                                           l It’sforourpartners.ThePlancanonlybe
                               years
                                                                                                                                                   15
                             l ThefundamentalbasisforthePlan,andfor                   achievedifweworktogethertodeliverit.
                               theworkoftheNationalParkAuthority,are                  Thisinvolvesawiderangeofpartnerswhoall
                               theNationalParkstatutorypurposesandduty                 haveanimportantroletoplay

                             l Itdescribesthespecialqualitiesofthe                   l It’sforExmoor’slandandpropertyowners
                               NationalPark,andsetsoutalong-termVision                andmanagers,withoutwhosesupportand
                               forwhatwewanttoachieve                                  co-operationthespecialqualitiesofthe

                             l Itidentifiestheopportunitiesandchallenges
                                                                                             NationalParkwouldnotbemaintainedand
                                                                                             enhanced
                               facingExmoorthatweneedtorespondto
                                                                                           l It’sforthepeoplewholiveandworkhere:
                             l ItsetsouttheAmbitionsthatwewillfocuson               Exmoor’slocalcommunitiesandbusinesses
                               overthefive-yeartimeframeofthePlan
                                                                                           l It’sforthewiderpublic.ThePlansetsout
                             l ItreflectstheGovernment’svisionand                        whatisimportantaboutExmoorandwhatis
                               prioritiesforallNationalParksand                         beingdonetoconserveandenhancethe
                               demonstrateshowExmoorcanhelpdeliver                      NationalPark
                               these1
                                                                                           l Thesectionsthatfollowareforeveryonewho
                                                                                             hasaninterestintheNationalPark,the
                                                                                             NationalParkAuthority,partnerorganisations,
                                                                                             localcommunitiesandbusinesses,andthe
                                                                                             widerpublic:it’sourPlan




Conygar Tower, Dunster   1
                          GovernmentVisionforEnglishNationalParksandtheBroads;
Nigel Stone              Government’s8PointPlanforEngland’sNationalParks
Exmoor National Park                                                                                                                                          Partnership Plan 2018-23




                         ThisPlanisforeveryonewho                                                      HowthePlanFitsTogether
                              caresaboutExmoor,the
                           place,itscommunitiesand                                                           Statutory

                        thebenefitstheNationalPark                                                        Purposes & duty                                  Special Qualities



                                providestothenation
     How has it been prepared?                          How is The Plan used?                                                             Exmoor
       l It’sbasedonevidencefromtheStateofthe    l AsthebasisfortheNationalParkAuthority                                National Park
                                                                                                                                      Partnership Plan
         ParkReport                                       BusinessPlan,guidingourworkprioritiesand

       l It’sinformedbyourpublicopinionsurvey
                                                           resourceallocation

                                                         l TodevelopNationalParkAuthoritypolicies                                    2018-23
       l It’sbeendevelopedwithourpartnership
         groups
                                                           anddecisionmaking                                                           Vision &
16     l It’sbeenthroughpublicconsultation
                                                         l Tobringtogetherawiderangeofpeopleand                                  Ambitions                                                   17
                                                           organisationsaroundasetofcommongoals

                                                         l Toco-ordinateactionamongstpartnersand
                                                           developprojectswherewecanwork
                                                           togetheronissuesofsharedinterest
                                                                                                                 Public
                                                         l Todrawinfundingtodelivertheoutcomes                                                             State of the
                                                                                                                Opinion
                                                           identified
                                                                                                                Survey                                            Park Report
                                                         l TomonitorprogressagainstourVisionand
                                                           Ambitions




                                                                                                                        Delivery
                                                                                                                      Programme                          Monitoring
                                                                                                                     & Action Plans




                                                                                                                                                           View across Porlock Vale to Selworthy
                                                                                                                                                                                       Nigel Stone
Exmoor National Park                                                                                                     Partnership Plan 2018-23




     How does it fit with other plans and strategies?

        l It’sthesinglemostimportantdocumentfor
          theNationalPark

        l Itsitswithinthecontextofinternationaland                            National Park                    Condition of the
          nationallegislation,policyandstrategyand                                Purposes                       National Park’s
          doesnotoverrideany                                                                                    special qualities as set
          otherspecificlegislative                                                                                  out in the State of
          requirementsor                                                                                            the Park Report
          consentprocesses

        l ItisaccompaniedbytheStateofthe
          ParkReportwhichexaminestheissuesand             Legislation.
          trendsaffectingtheNationalPark’sspecial       National and local
          qualities,andprovidestheevidencebasefor     strategic plans and
          thePartnershipPlan                                 programmes                         Exmoor
        l Itprovidestheframeworkforotherplansand                                         National Park
          strategiessuchastheLocalPlanwhichsets                                        Partnership Plan                    Public
          outthepoliciesfordeterminingplanning                                          - long-term vision                consultation
          applications                                                                       and Ambitions for
                                                                                              Exmoor National
        l ItgiveseffecttoNationalParkpurposes
                                                                                                    Park
        l Itreflectspublicviewsandopinionsfollowing
18        consultation                                                                                                                                   19
                                                                                                                          Individual
        l ItisimplementedthroughaseparateDelivery                                                              corporate plans for
          Programme                                         Exmoor National Park                                     delivery bodies e.g.
                                                            Local Plan setting out                                    Exmoor National
                                                              planning policies                    Delivery            Park Authority
                                                              governing spatial                  Programme              Business Plan
                                                             development in the                for partnership
     Beautiful Demoiselle                                       National Park                groups with actions
     Nigel Stone                                                                                to achieve the
                                                                                              Partnership Plan
                                                                                                  Ambitions
Exmoor National Park




    ExmoorNationalPark
    Our Story                                                 Some of Exmoor’s highlights
    ThestoryofExmoorbeginsmillionsofyearsago           l Wild,windsweptopenmoorland,oneofonly
    withthemovementoftectonicplates.Fromthat              threeuplandareasinsouthernBritain
    eruptedthegenesisofthelandscapeweseetoday:
    rawmaterialthatwasshapedandreshapedby               l Europe’sveryfirstInternationalDarkSky
    geologicalandgeomorphologicalprocesses,as                Reserve
    wellashumanintervention.                                l ThetallesttreeinEngland
    It’seasytoforgetthatExmoorisinnosmallpartan     l ThehighestcliffsinEngland
    environmentmadebypeople.Butmillenniaof
    farming,mining,fuel-making,settlement,defence          l 55kmofstunningcoastline,partoftheBristol
    andrecreationhavelefttheirmark,formingthe             Channelwiththesecondhighestandlowest
    uniquelandscapethatisnowExmoorNationalPark.          tidesintheworld

    Atjust693squarekilometres,Exmoorisoneofthe        l Almost250speciesofbirdandover1,000
    UK’ssmallestNationalParks.Butwhatitlacksinsize      differentfloweringplantsandgrasses

                                                               l OneofthebestplacestoseewildReddeerin
    itmorethanmakesupforinbeautyandvariety,
    thankstospectacularcoastline,expansive
                                                                 England
    moorland,steepwoodedvalleyswithfastflowing
    riversandstreams,androllingfarmland.                 l Free-livingnativeExmoorponies,perfectly
20 ThevalueofExmoorisnotonlyaesthetic.Froma             adaptedtouplandconditions
    conservationpointofview,themoorlandsandoak          l Nearly10,000recordsonExmoor’sHistoric
    woodlandsaredesignatedinternationallyforthe             EnvironmentRecord,representinghuman
    habitatsandspeciestheysupport.Andour                   activitystretchingback8,000years
    archaeologicalandculturalheritageisremarkable:
    newsitesanddiscoveriesarefrequentinthe              l OneofthefirstNationalParksinEnglandto
    NationalPark,andweenjoyarichtraditionoflocal        gaintheEuropeanCharterforSustainable
    art,literature,musicandfood.                            Tourism

    Thentherearethenightskies,whichreallyareout       l Thelongeststretchofcoastalwoodlandin
    ofthisworld.We’reofficiallyanInternationalDark          EnglandandWaleswithrarewhitebeam
    SkyReserve,thankstothewondrousstarryroof              treesuniquetoExmoor
    that’svisiblewhenthesungoesdown.                    l Over1,600veterantreesthroughoutthe
    Thesespecialqualitiesgoalongwaytoexplaining          NationalPark,andthehighestbeech
    whyExmoorinspiresmorethantwomillionvisits             plantationinEngland
    everyyear.Oncepeoplearehere,ourfantastic            l Over1,300kmofpathsandbridlewaysand
    rightsofwaynetworkandopenaccesslandensure            around17,600hectaresofopenaccessland
    theyhaveeveryopportunitytogetupcloseand              toenjoy
    personalwithalandscapethatiswithoutrival.
                                                               l OneofthemosttranquilplacesinEngland
    That’swhatmakesExmoorsospecial:thepeople,
    theplace,andtheirsharedprosperity.




                                                                                                                   Horner Water
                                                                                                                       Robin Offer
Exmoor National Park                                                                                                                                 Partnership Plan 2018-23




     National Park designation and statutory purposes          Responsibilities of public bodies regarding
                                                               National Parks
     ExmoorNationalParkwasdesignatedin1954,in
     recognitionofitssignificanceandvalueata             ‘RelevantAuthorities’shouldhaveregardto
     nationallevel,andisoneofafamilyof15National     NationalParkpurposeswhenmakingdecisionsor
     ParksintheUK.TheNationalParkdesignation           carryingoutactivitiesrelatingtooraffectingland
     reflectedits‘spectacularcoastline,fineheather,         withintheNationalPark.Authoritiesandpublic
     brackenandgrassmoorland,beautifulwooded              bodiesmustshowtheyhavefulfilledthisduty.2
     valleys,antiquitiesingreatprofusion...including      WheretheiractivitiesoutsideNationalParksmight
     stonecircles,barrows,hutcirclesaswellas            haveanimpactinsidethem,theGovernmentsays
     earthworks…notablewildlife…andisfirstrate            theyshouldhaveregardtoNationalParkpurposes.3
     countryformotoring,andforwalkingandriding’
                               (the1947HobhouseReport).

     ExmoorNationalParkAuthorityhasthefollowing
     statutorypurposes:

        l Toconserveandenhancethenaturalbeauty,
          wildlifeandculturalheritageofthearea

        l Topromoteopportunitiesfor
          theunderstanding
          andenjoymentof
          itsspecial
          qualitiesby
22        thepublic                                                                                                                                                                23
     Wherethereisconflict
     betweenthesetwopurposes
     thatcannotbereconciled,thefirst
     purposetakesprecedence(knownas‘the
     SandfordPrinciple’).

     TheNationalParkAuthorityleadsactiontoachieve
     thesepurposes,and,whiledoingso,must
     seek to foster social and economic
     well-being of the National Park’s
     communities.




                                                                                                                      2
                                                                                                                        Section11AoftheNationalParksandAccesstothe
                                                                                                                      CountrysideAct1949,asamendedbySection62(2)ofthe
                                                                                                                      EnvironmentAct(1995).
     Kestrel                                                                                                          3
                                                                                                                         DEFRA(2005)GuidanceNote:Dutiesonrelevantauthorities
     Mark Asher                                                                                                       tohaveregardtothepurposesofNationalParks,Areasof
                                                                                                                      OutstandingNaturalBeautyandtheNorfolkandSuffolkBroads
                                                                                                                      DEFRA,London(Paras4-8)andNaturalEngland(2011)
                                                                                                                      England’sstatutorylandscapedesignations:apracticalguide
                                                                                                                      toyourdutyofregard
Exmoor National Park                                                                                                                                                                                     Partnership Plan 2018-23




     ChangingLandscapes:
     the challenges and opportunities facing Exmoor
     TheUKfacesaperiodofunprecedentedchangeasit          Natural processes and climate change: changing       Tourism and recreation-led change: whilethereare      buildingsinsettlements(whichareoftennot
     leavestheEuropeanUnion.ThisPlaniswritteninthe       weatherpatternsaffectingwildlifeandhabitats,     greatopportunitiestopromoteenjoymentofthe         controlledbyplanning)suchastheuseofuPVC
     yearafterBrexitandsothefuturedirectionofnational    increasingerosionandfloodrisk,andbringingnew   NationalPark,andthenumberofvisitorstoExmoor     windows,highwayssignageandstreetfurniture
     policyandfundingisstilltobedetermined.Whilethis     pests,diseasesandpossiblyfavouringinvasive     cangenerallybeaccommodatedwithout                   canalsohaveanincrementalimpactonthebuilt
     bringsuncertainty,italsoprovidesgreat                   non-nativespecies.                                  significantimpact,therearesomepopular               environmentandstreetscene.Otherchangescan
     opportunities.Asaconsequence,wehave                                                                          countrysidevisitorlocationsandsettlementswhere     be‘hidden’inthelandscape,suchastheincrease
                                                                  Farming, Forestry and Land Management:
     deliberatelykeptthisPartnershipPlanbroadinscope,                                                           pressuresneedtobecarefullymanaged.                inforestrytracks.Publicconsultationparticularly
                                                                  changestofarmpracticeonExmoorincludingthe
     settingoutwhatwewanttoachieve,butleaving                                                                                                                          highlightedthecumulativeeffectofgameshoots
                                                                  numbersandbreedsofgrazingstock,levelsof       Changes outside the National Park: growthand
     flexibilityforhowitwillbedelivered.Thisallowsusto   swaling(burning)onthemoors,under-managed        developmentinareassurroundingExmooraffect           infrastructureandmanagement.
     respondtothechangesandopportunitiestocome.            woodlands,andchangestohowconservation           itssettingandviews,particularlyprominent           Valuing Exmoor’s natural and cultural capital:
     Therearemanyforcesforchangeaffecting                    fundinghasbeentargeted,drivenprimarilyby      structuressuchascommunicationmastsandlarge-       Exmoorisaworkinglandscape.Thenaturaland
     Exmoor’slandscapes,someofthemglobal,others             Europeanandnationalagriculturaland               scalewindturbinesthatarelocatedsomedistance      culturalenvironmentsprovidemanypublic
     verylocalisedineffect.Whilewemaynothave               environmentalpolicy.AsweleavetheEuropean       awaybutcanstillbeseenfromthehighmoors.         benefitsincludingsupportinglivelihoods,foodand
                                                                  Union,thereisanopportunitytodevelopmore       Lightpollutionfromsurroundingareas(including
     controloveralloftheseimpacts,weneedto                                                                                                                             timberproduction,andcleanwaterandair.They
                                                                  locallytailoredagri-environmentschemes.           thelightsalongtheSouthWalescoast)also
     understandandbeawareofthesechangessothat                                                                                                                          alsoprovideabasisforrecreationandleisure,
                                                                                                                       reducestheoutstandingqualityofdarknightskies.
     wecanrespondandadapttothemforthefuture.             Development-led change: thisincludesnew                                                                    enhancingourhealthandwellbeingandrooting
     Detailsofthetrendsandchangesaffecting                   agriculturalbarnsrequiredtotakestockoffthe     Incremental and cumulative change: someofthe          usinplaceandhistory.Understandingthedifferent
24   Exmoor’sspecialqualitiesaresetoutintheStateof       moorsinwintertocomplywithagri-environment      changesarequitesubtleandhappenoveralong         servicesandbenefitsthattheenvironment                        25
     theParkReport thataccompaniesthisPartnership            fundingrules;infrastructuresuchasmastsand      timeperiod,andthereforearenotimmediately          provideswillhelpustovaluethesebetter,and
     PlanandtheLandscapeCharacterAssessment.                 antennaetodeliverbroadbandandmobilephone       obvious,suchasthelossofheather,asbracken,       makethecaseforinvestmenttomaintainand
     Asummaryisgivenbelow.                                    coverage;thecapacityfornewhousing.             gorseandscrubtakeover.Small-scalechangesto       enhancethemforthefuture.




                                                                                                                                                                                                             View east from Little Hangman
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Nigel Stone
Exmoor National Park                                                                                              People l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     People
     Exmoor for All: where everyone feels welcome
     WehaveasimpleambitionforExmoorNationalPark:      delightedthat99%ofvisitorssurveyedratedtheir
     thateveryoneenjoysandnurturesit,whethervisitors   experiencehereas“good”or“verygood”.
     orresidents,andbenefitsfromitsspecialqualities.
     Whethertheycomefromnearorfar,andwhatever         Themajorityoflocalpeoplewhorespondedtothe
     theydowhilethey’rehere,wewanttheareato          publicopinionsurveyfeltthatthespecialqualities
     enhancetheirwellbeing,encouragetheirsenseof        capturewhatisimportantaboutExmoortothem.
     identityandadventure,andfacilitatetheirenjoyment
                                                              Thisiswhatwe’rebuildingonoverthefiveyears
     ofallthatExmoorhastooffer.
                                                              ahead:continuingtocareforaplacethatisloved,
     Atthemoment,Exmoorwelcomesmorethan                cherishedandcelebratedbythepeoplewholive
     1.3millionvisitorseachyear,equatingtoaround      here,andwhovisit.Aplacethatcanshapelives,and
     2.15millionvisitordays.Thesearefiguresofwhich     society.Aplaceforpeople,whatevertheirageor
     we’rejustifiablyproud,andwe’reevenmore              background,andwherevertheycomefrom.




26                                                                                                                                                         27




     View over Porlock Bay from Bossington Hill
Exmoor National Park                                                                                           People l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     The Exmoor Experience

        Ambition: More people enjoy Exmoor, are inspired, get
                  involved, and learn about its special qualities

     Exmoor’suniqueenvironmentnourishesmindand            Our Strategy:

                                                                 l Be inspired: peoplehavearangeofhigh-
     body.Whetheritisthroughphysicalactivity,cultural
     exploration,orsimplyenjoyingthepeaceand
     tranquillity,thisplacehassomuchtooffer.                 qualityopportunitiestolearnaboutand
                                                                   understandExmoorthroughdigitaland
     Wewantasmanypeopleaspossibletobenefitfrom             printedinformationandinterpretation,formal
     theNationalPark.Butweknowtherearesectorsof           andinformaleducation,attendingeventsor
     societythatwedon’tcurrentlyreach.Nationally,12%        visitingNationalParkCentresandother
     ofchildrennevervisitthecountryside,andthereare        informationcentres

                                                                 l Get involved: morepeoplevolunteer,
     fewervisitorstoExmooraged25to44:a‘missing
     generation’.What’smore,welongtosharethis
     amazinglandscapewithpeoplefromadiverserange            enablingdeeperexperiencesand
     ofbackgrounds.                                               connectionswithExmoorandsupporting
                                                                   NationalParkpurposes

                                                                 l Be connected: morepeopleare
     NationalParksarenationalassets,buttherearereal
28   barriersforsomepeopletoaccessthem.These                                                                                                     29
     includepracticalissuessuchaslackoftransport,and       enabledtoexperience,enjoyand
     societalonessuchaslackofexperienceor                   understandExmoor,
     confidencetoexplorethecountryside.                       particularlyyoungpeople
                                                                   andpeoplefromdiverse
     Ourtaskissimple:enableasmanypeopleaspossible         backgrounds.Individual
     tofeelconnectedtoExmoor’slandscape,whether              healthandwellbeing
     theycomefromnearorfar.Thatway,theycanlearn          isenhancedasa
     moreabouttheNationalPark,perhapsgetinvolved            resultofengaging
     throughvolunteering,acquirenewskills,havefun,           withtheNational
     andhelptomaintainExmoor’sspecialqualities.              Park




                                           Exmoor - a place to dream,
                                               discover and explore
Exmoor National Park                                                                                       People l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Well-managed Recreation and Access

        Ambition: Exmoor has a first class rights of way network. Our paths,
                  open access and recreational facilities are enhanced to
                  offer more and better experiences for people who want
                  to explore and enjoy the National Park

     Exmoorhasafantasticnetworkofpathsforpeopleto     Our Strategy:

                                                                 l Easy-to-use paths: footpathsandother
     explore,with1,300kilometresofpublicrightsofway
     andpermittedpaths,manyofthemwildand
     rugged,alongwith17,595hectaresofopenaccess             rightsofwayaremaintainedinverygood
     land.Thisprovidesunrivalledopportunitiesfor              condition
     walking,riding,cycling,orjustenjoyingtheview.        l More opportunities to enjoy Exmoor: new
     WiththehighestcliffsinmainlandBritain,Exmoor’s          andenhancedroutesandotherrecreational
     dramaticcoastlinealsomakesitanidealspotfor            facilitiesarecreated
     watersportsincludingcoasteering,kayakingor
     surfing.                                                   l Well-managed popular sites, big events and
                                                                   activities: publicenjoymentisenhanced
30
     Putsimply,inonesmallareayou’vegotallthe              whileminimisingnegativeimpacts                                                    31
     ingredientsforagreatadventure.

     Allthisispossiblethankstothehardworkand
     investmentthatgoesintomaintainingourveryhigh-
     qualitynetworkofpathsandrecreationalfacilities.
     Exmoorleadsthewayintheproportionofrightsof
     waythatareopenandconsideredeasytouse,butit
     isnoeasytask.Keepingthemintopcondition
     requiressignificantlevelsofresourceeachyear.
     Moreover,theeffectsofachangingclimate,with
     longergrowingperiodsforvegetationand
     increasingerosionfromheavier,moreintenserainfall,
     meansthatkeepingthenetworkingoodcondition
     ismorechallengingthanever.



                                                 Exmoor’s first class rights of way network includes
                                                 wild and rugged paths for adventurous exploration
                                                          and accessible routes for quiet enjoyment.
                                                      Long distant walking routes include the iconic
                                                    South West Coast Path, walking in the footsteps
                                                  of the Romantic Poets along the Coleridge Way, or
                                                crossing two moors in one along the Two Moors Way



                                                         96% of rights of way are open and considered                        Horse riding on Exmoor
                                                          easy to use, the highest of all National Parks                                   Nigel Stone
Exmoor National Park                                                                                              People l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Thriving Tourism Built on Sustainability

        Ambition: The tourism economy is vibrant, innovative and growing,
                  and celebrates Exmoor’s distinctive character

     TourismisoffundamentalimportancetoExmoor.It           Our Strategy:

                                                                    l Destination Exmoor: theExmoorbrandis
     contributestotheeconomicandsocialvibrancyof
     ourcommunities.
                                                                      usedtoraiseawarenessoftheNationalPark,
     Withthatinmind,weseektosustainablyextendthe             andtodriveahighqualityofprovision.This
     valuethattourismbringstothelocaleconomy,                  helpslengthentheseasonandbuildthe
     makingsensitiveuseoftheNationalPark’sspecial              capacityandresilienceofthetourism
     qualitiesandretaininghighlevelsofvisitor                   industry

                                                                    l Exmoor Food and Drink: newandenhanced
     satisfaction.

     Currently99%ofvisitorstoExmoorratetheoverall             routesandotherrecreationalfacilitiesare
     qualityoftheexperienceashighorveryhigh.Thisis          created

                                                                    l CareMoor for Exmoor: businessesand
     afantasticachievementforeveryoneinvolved,and
     somethingofwhichwearejustifiablyproud.Visitor
     numbershaveremainedsteadyoverthelastfew                   visitorscontributetokeepingExmoorspecial,
                                                                      helpingtoconserveandenhancethe
32   years,butthenumberofvisitordaysisincreasing,                                                                                                      33
     withmorepeoplestayingforaholidayorshortbreak,           NationalPark’sspecialqualities
     bringingaddedvaluetothelocaleconomy.There
     hasalsobeenawelcomeincreaseinvisitorscoming
     outofseasoninlateautumnandearlyspring.

     Now,wewanttobuildonoursuccess,enablinglocal
     businessestobenefitfromExmoor’sNationalPark
     status.ThisincludescontinuingtobuildtheExmoor
     brand,tocelebrateitsspecialqualitiesandestablishit
     asapremiumdestinationthatpeoplecometoyear
     afteryear.Oneparticularfocusismarketingpremium
     goodsandserviceslikedelectableExmoorfoodand
     drink,whichfurtherbooststhelocaleconomy.And
     thankstotheCareMoorforExmoorschemethis
     yieldsadirectbenefittotheconservationofthe
     NationalPark’sspecialqualities.




                                                       The tourism industry brings
                                                   around £115 million into the local
                                                     economy and is one of the main
                                                             sources of employment
                                                                                                                                                 Dunster
                                                                                                                                               Steve Guscott
Exmoor National Park                                                        Place l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Place
     Inspiring Landscapes: diverse and beautiful, rich in wildlife and history
     NationalParksarenationaltreasures,thejewelsinthe
     crownofourbeautifulcountryside,cherishedat
     homeandadmiredoverseas.

     WewantExmoorNationalParktocontinueasaliving,
     vibrantlandscapeofcompellingnaturalbeauty,
     diversewildlife,andrichculturalheritage.By
     celebratingExmoorasauniqueplace,wewill
     encouragestewardshipofit,ensuringitisnurtured
     anditsvaluerecognised.

     Thatway,wecanhelpthegovernmentfulfilits
     ambitionfortheUKtohavethebestnatural
     environmentintheworld,andforustoleavethe
     planetinabetterconditionforfuturegenerations.




34                                                                                                                            35




                                                                                    Valley of Rocks and Wringcliff Bay
                                                                                                 © Historic England Archive
Exmoor National Park                                                                                            Place l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Celebrated Landscapes

        Ambition: The natural beauty, distinct character and diversity of
                  Exmoor’s landscapes are celebrated, conserved and enhanced

     Exmoor is remarkable, even among other National           themselves a part of Exmoor’s charm. The presence
     Parks, for the very diversity of its landscapes. It is    of several large estates has had a significant effect
     justly famous not only for windswept, open,               on the landscape. Some continue to this day, but
     heather moors, but also dramatic high coastal             others can only be glimpsed through relics
     cliffs, seascapes, intimate wooded valleys and             of designed landscapes or model
     attractive enclosed farmland.                             farms, providing a window to
                                                               the past. The many traditional
     Exmoor is one of the few upland areas in southern         farms on Exmoor that have been in the same family
     Britain, offering far-reaching views across the            for generations create the characteristic patchwork
     National Park and to surrounding areas including          of fields separated by hedgebanks. Recent trends
     the seascape of the Bristol Channel. The mix of           show that these farms are expanding, or being sold
     geology, landform, climate and human interaction          off as smallholdings or for equestrian use, which
     create distinct habitats rich in wildlife, and full of    changes their character.
     clues in the landscape as to how people lived and
                                                               It is the natural beauty of these landscapes that
36   worked here over generations. The wild herds of
                                                               justifies Exmoor’s status as a National Park, and is
                                                                                                                                                          37
     Red deer and free-roaming Exmoor ponies are
     iconic parts of the Exmoor experience: they are           the primary draw for visitors. Exmoor’s magnificent
     what every visitor wants to see.                          landscapes have changed over time and will
                                                               continue to change. We want to ensure these
     Interspersed through the landscape are the towns,         beautiful places continue to be looked after,
     villages, hamlets and farmsteads which are                celebrated and understood.


                                                              “Nowhere else in Britain can greater variety
     Our Strategy:                                            of scene be found than within the
       l Conserve character: Exmoor’sdiverse                 comparatively small territory of
         landscapesandseascapesaremaintained,             the Exmoor National Park”
         withlocalenhancementstotheircharacter
                                                              (SH Burton 1975)
       l Celebrate natural beauty: peopleexperience
         andunderstandExmoor’sbeautifullandscapes

       l Be Inspired: wetellthestoriesofExmoor’s
         naturalandculturalheritageandhowthey
         haveevolvedandchangedovertime




     85% of visitors to Exmoor
     are motivated to visit
     by the landscape
                                                                                                                                          Sillery Sands
                                                                                                                                              Dan James
Exmoor National Park                                                                                              Place l Partnership Plan 2018-23




    Wildness and Tranquillity with
    Dark Night Skies, and Sensitive Development
       Ambition: Exmoor is somewhere you can experience tranquillity,
                 openness, wildness and dark night skies. Development
                 is sensitive to the National Park’s special qualities and
                 conserves its scenic quality and setting

    NationalParksareourbreathingspaces,andin
    Exmooryoucantakeabreakfromthebustleof
    busymodernlivestorefreshyourspiritand
    rechargeyourbatteries.Exmoorisoneofthefew
    placesinsouthernBritainwhereyoucanenjoy
    remoteness,wildnessandtranquillity.The
    expansive,openmoorsarewildandexhilarating,
    andcreateasenseofunrestrainedfreedom.

    Exmoorhasanunrivalleddiversityoflandscapeby
38 dayandastellarsky-scapebynight.Weareproud                                                                                                           39
    thatExmoorwasdesignatedasthefirstDarkSky            Our Strategy:
    ReserveinEurope.TheNationalParkisremarkably
    freefromlightpollution,providingunrivalledviews        l Protect wildness: Exmoor’swild
    ofourspectacularstarryskies.                             characterispreserved

    WithintheNationalPark,planningpolicieshelpto          l Celebrate natural beauty: thetranquilnature
    ensurethatnecessarydevelopmentcanbe                       ofExmoorisprotected,facilitatingthesimple,
    accommodated,whileprotectingtheessential                   quietenjoymentoftheNationalPark
    characterofthisveryspecialplace.However,               l Discover dark skies: morepeopleare
    Exmoorisnotanisland,andgrowthand                        encouragedtodiscoverthemagicofExmoor
    developmentinsurroundingareascanaffectthe                 DarkSkyReserve;anditisprotectedfrom
    settingoftheNationalParkorevenlong-distant              lightpollution
    viewsfromExmoor.Landmanagementpractices,
    andsomerecreationalactivities,ifnotmanaged             l Sympathetic development: development
    sympathetically,candetractfromthescenicquality           withinandaffectingtheNationalPark
    andtranquillityoftheNationalPark.Wewantto              enhanceslandscapeandseascapecharacter
    ensurethatdevelopment,landmanagement,and                  andthebuiltenvironment,utilising
    recreationaresensitivetoExmoor’sspecialqualities.       high-qualitydesign




                                                Exmoor is one of the best places in
                                                 the country to enjoy star-gazing,
                                                     with 92% pristine dark skies
                                                      and minimal light pollution                                                 Blagdon Cross startrails
                                                                                                                                                Adrian Cubitt
Exmoor National Park                                                                                          Place l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Valued Historic Environment
     and Cultural Heritage
        Ambition: Exmoor’s historic environment is better understood,
                  cared for and protected. Its cultural heritage and
                  rural traditions are valued for their place in telling
                  Exmoor’s story and shaping its future

     Thereissomethingundeniablycompellingabout          Our Strategy:

                                                               l Increase understanding: thewholeofour
     ourconnectionwiththepast.Whetherit’svisiting
     anancientburialsite,exploringtheroomsofa
     historicbuilding,witnessingalocalcustom,or            historicenvironmentisbetterunderstood
     understandingtherhythmofatraditionalruralway         andExmoor’sculturallandscapes,customs
     oflife,itgivesusasenseofwherewe’vecomefrom       andtraditionsaremorewidelyknownand
     andofourownplaceintime.                              valued

     Withtheseeminglyever-increasingpaceof                l Nurture heritage: ourhistoricenvironmentis
     change,itfeelsmoreimportantthaneverto                well-managedandbetterprotected
40   preservealinkbetweenthepastandpresent.             l Get involved: morepeopleareinvolvedin                                                  41
     Knowledgeofourhistoryencouragesustotakea            learningaboutandconservingExmoor’s
     longerview,evenaswelookforward.                       historicenvironmentandculturalheritage
     Exmoor’shistoriclandscapesprovidearecordof          l Build heritage skills: theskills,knowledge
     howpeoplehavelivedhereforthousandsofyears.          andtraditionsthathaveshapedExmoor’s
     Exmoorisparticularlyimportantbecausethereare          landscapesarekeptalive.Innovationensures
     somanyundisturbedarchaeologicalsitesand                theyaresustainedinwaysthatarerelevantto
     monumentsandprobablymoretobediscovered.               thecontemporaryworld
     Weneedtoensurethatthewholeofourhistoric
     environmentisunderstood,well-managed,and
     betterprotected.Wealsowanttoensurethat
     Exmoor’sculturallandscapes,customsand
     traditionsaremorewidelyknownandvalued.
     Furtherresearchwillcontributegreatlytoour
     understandingofthepast.




                               Exmoor has 200 scheduled monuments,
                           740 listed buildings, 16 conservation areas,
                       2 registered parks and gardens and over 11,000
                          entries on the Historic Environment Record
                                                                                                                           All Saints’ Church, Dulverton
                                                                                                                                                 Pete Rae
Exmoor National Park                                                                                                                            Place l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Rich in Wildlife

        Ambition: Exmoor is richer in wildlife. Habitats are in
                  good condition, expanded, connected, and
                  support a greater abundance of species

     Exmoor’sspectacularmoorland,richoakwoodland,       WeneedtoensurethatExmoor’swildlifeisingood
     rollingfarmland,clearstreamsanddramatic            condition,wellconnected,andresilientsothatwe
     coastlineformamosaicofhabitatsincludingheath,    canpassontherichnessanddiversityofhabitats
     blanketbog,ancientwoodlands,species-rich            andspeciestofuturegenerations.Fortunately,
     grassland,andhighqualityfreshwaterandmarine       therearemanypartnersandvolunteerswillingto
     habitats.Thisisoneofthekeyattractionsfor        getinvolvedinhelpingtoachievethis.
     peoplevisitingtheNationalPark,andisalsohighly
     valuedbypeoplelivingandworkinghere.

     Notablespeciesinclude16ofthe17breeding
     BritishbatspeciesfoundintheUK,otters,dormice,
     andsomeoftheUK’srarestbutterfliesincluding        Our Strategy:
     theheathandhighbrownfritillary.Awiderangeof
                                                               l Conserve and enhance wildlife: Exmoor’s
42   birdscanalsobeseenonExmoor,bothcommon                                                                                                                                      43
     andrarerspecies,manyofwhicharenational               richmosaicofwildlifehabitatsandtheir
     conservationprioritiesincludingmoorland,                 associateddiversityofspeciesaremaintained,
     woodlandandfarmlandspecialists,awiderangeof          enhanced,expanded,andthereforemade
     birdsofprey,andseabirdsalongExmoor’scoast.           moreconnectedandresilient
     Thenetworksofancientsessileoakwoodlands             l Control invasive species: thespreadof
     containrarelichensandoneofthedensest                  non-nativeinvasiveplantandanimalspecies
     collectionsofveterantreesinEurope,illustrating        isbeingcontrolledand
     thelonghistoryoftreeandwoodland                       populationsarereducing,
     managementonExmoor.Thebeautifulriversthat             suchthatnativespeciescan
     riseonExmoorareimportantandsensitivehabitats         re-establish
     thatsupportawiderangeofwildlifeincludingthe
     internationallyvulnerableAtlanticsalmon.               l Increase understanding:
                                                                 habitatsandspeciesonExmoorarebetter
     Thankstocarefulmanagementbyfarmersandland             understoodandtrendsandchangesintheir
     managers,muchofExmoor’swildlifeisfaringwell          conditionanddistributionaremonitoredso
     comparedwithotherpartsofthecountry.But               thatconservationeffortscanbeeffectively
     changesinlandmanagementfavoursomehabitats            targeted
     andspeciesoverothers,andclimatechangeis
     addingtothechallengesfacedbymanyspecies.           l Get involved: Peoplelivinginandvisitingthe
     TherearealsoongoingthreatstoExmoor’swildlife         NationalParkunderstandandareinspiredby
     fromdiseaseandinvasivenon-nativespecies,and           Exmoor’sspecialwildlifeandcanbecome
     alsodisturbancefromrecreationalactivities.             engagedwithitsconservation


         Some of Exmoor’s moorland birds are not faring so well, such as curlew, merlin,
     kestrel and Dartford warbler, or are no longer found here at all: lapwing, ring ouzel
                and red grouse. Other species typically associated with lowland areas are                          Reed bunting
                 increasing on Exmoor including linnet, reed bunting and yellowhammer                              Mike Richards (rspb-images.com)
Exmoor National Park                                                                                               Prosperity l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Prosperity
     Working landscapes: thriving communities and a vibrant local economy
     NationalParksarenationaltreasures,thejewelsinthe   encouragestewardshipofit,ensuringitisnurtured
     crownofourbeautifulcountryside,cherishedat           anditsvaluerecognised.
     homeandadmiredoverseas.
                                                                Thatway,wecanhelpthegovernmentfulfilits
     WewantExmoorNationalParktocontinueasaliving,      ambitionfortheUKtohavethebestnatural
     vibrantlandscapeofcompellingnaturalbeauty,            environmentintheworld,andforustoleavethe
     diversewildlife,andrichculturalheritage.By           planetinabetterconditionforfuturegenerations.
     celebratingExmoorasauniqueplace,wewill




44                                                                                                                                                                     45




                                                                                                                                             West Ilkerton Farm
                                                                                                                                                   Victoria Eveleigh
Exmoor National Park                                                                                              Prosperity l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Working Landscapes

        Ambition: Exmoor’s land-based communities and businesses
                  are supported to provide healthy food and good
                  quality timber, and ensure that Exmoor’s landscapes
                  continue to be well managed and cared for

     Exmoor’slandscapeshavebeencreatedthrough            Our Strategy:
                                                                l Prepare for the future: collaborativeworking
     theinteractionofpeopleandnatureovercenturies.
     Forexample,withoutthegrazingoftraditional
                                                                  thatinfluencesagricultural,forestryand
     breedsofcattleandsheep,Exmoorponies,and
                                                                  environmentalpolicyandfundingtosupport
     ReddeerExmoor,wouldbeaverydifferentplace.
                                                                  thefutureofhillfarmingandforestryonExmoor
     Theongoingmanagementoftheselandscapesis
     crucialtomaintainingExmoor’sspecialqualities.        l Innovate: newapproachestorural
                                                                  developmentandenvironmental
     Theextensivegrasslandfarmingsystemsthat
                                                                  managementaretrialled
     predominateonExmoorcanalsoprotectother
     elementsofnaturalcapitalsuchashealthysoils          l Grown on Exmoor: themarketforlocal
                                                                  producesuchashealthyfoodandgood-
46
     andpeatbogsthatlockupcarbon,holdbackwater
                                                                                                                                                                     47
     toreducefloodrisk,andprovidecleanwaterfor             qualitytimbercontinuestogrow
                                                                l Game shoots: gameshootingcontinuesto
     aroundhalfamillionpeople.

     Buttherearemanychallengesahead,particularly            provideabalancedcontributiontoExmoor’s
     theuncertaintyoverfutureagricultural,forestryand       specialqualitiesandlocaleconomy
     environmentalpolicyandfundingasweleavethe
     EuropeanUnion.Manyuplandfarmbusinesses
     struggletobeviableduetothevolatilityofmarket
     valuesforproductssuchasbeef,sheepandtimber,
     andfluctuationsininputcosts,andsubsidies
     provideanimportantpartoffarmincome.Farmers
     willneedhelptodiversifyorincreasetheirfarming
     income.Likemanyruralareas,Exmoorhasanageing
     populationandsofarmsuccessionandsupporting
     youngfarmersandnewentrantsisimportantto
     ensurethatskillsandexperienceareretained.           l Iconic Exmoor species: healthypopulations
                                                                  ofwildReddeerandExmoorponiesare
                                                                  maintained
                                                                l Local breeds: ExmoorHornandDevon
                                                                  Closewoolsheep,RedRubyDevoncattleand
                                                                  othertraditionaluplandbreedscontinuetobe
                                                                  anessentialpartofExmoor’slandmanagement

                                                              Traditional breeds are specialist
                                                              grazers, keeping grass and scrub
                                                              under control and allowing a wider                                         Hill Barn, Kersham Hill
                                                              range of plants to flourish                                                              Nigel Stone
Exmoor National Park                                                                                      Prosperity l Partnership Plan 2018-23




     Strong Local Economy

        Ambition: The local economy is more sustainable with
                  increased innovation, entrepreneurship and
                  improved economic prospects

     ExmoorNationalParkisaworld-classenvironment,     Our Strategy:

                                                              l Prepare for the future: innovationand
     enjoyedbymillionsofpeople,andgenerating
     millionsofpoundsthroughthevalueofthe
     businessesbasedhere.Thesebusinessesareproud          increasedproductivityareencouraged.Key
     tobeassociatedwithExmoorandmakethemost             sectorssuchasfarming,tourismand
     oftheuniqueopportunitiesandexperiencesthat           business,particularlymicrobusinesses,are
     beinglocatedintheNationalParkprovides.              moreresilient,andstronglinksaremade
                                                                betweenthem

                                                              l Sustainable growth: economic
     Wearekeentoencourageeconomicactivityinthe
     NationalPark,especiallyifitbenefitsfromand
     enhancesthelocalenvironment.Exmoorhas                 developmentiscompatiblewithExmoor’s
     alwaysbeenhometoentrepreneursand                      specialqualities
     innovators,anditisimportantthatthiscontinues,     l Rural pathways to employment: peopleare
48   whereconsistentwithNationalParkpurposes.That         supportedtoenterthejobmarket,including                                               49
     way,wewillsupportnewideasandinvestment              througharangeofapprenticeships
     thathelptomakelifeintheNationalParkmore
     sustainableandresilient.                               l Exmoor’s environmental economy:
                                                                traditionalandnewskillsareretained,
                                                                attractedanddevelopedbasedonExmoor’s
                                                                naturalandculturalcapital




                            More than 50% of businesses in National Parks
                                   believe their performance is improved
                                              by being in a National Park
                                                                                                                                       Shearwell Data
                                                                                                                                             Nigel Stone
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