Forage Seed 2018 Award winning forage options - germinal.com
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germinal.com Forage Seed 2018 Award winning forage options Germinal GB Camp Road Witham St. Hughs Lincoln LN6 9QJ T: +44 (0) 1522 868 714 email@example.com
Introduction 01 Contents Time to take a fresh look at forage Introduction 01 Opportunities to increase performance from Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 02 – 16 homegrown feed have arguably never been greater in the UK livestock sector, such are Aber Clover Blends 17 the advances in plant breeding, the variety of Overseeding 18 – 19 forage crops available, and the new systems Puna II perennial chicory 20 – 21 of utilisation being successfully adopted. Tonic plantain 22 The timing is good – even vital – given the current challenges faced by dairy, beef and sheep farmers alike. There’s no doubt that a focus on forage is a Multi-species leys 23 route to more sustainable businesses, whether that’s to combat price volatility, the rising cost of imported protein, or the loss of subsidies. Lucerne 24 – 25 At Germinal we are committed to providing year-round quality forage solutions, by collaborating with the world’s leading plant breeders and Forage brassicas 26 – 33 testing the best new varieties in the most innovative systems. Our Aber High Sugar Grass varieties are proven performers in terms of dry Anaerobic digestion 34 – 35 matter yield, D-value and ME yield, boosting not only your production from forage but your environmental credentials too. This has been recognised Leisure Amenity 36 with the awards highlighted opposite. These industry leading ryegrasses are complemented by our range of Aber white clovers, whilst we have led the way with the introduction of alternative grazing species such as Puna II perennial chicory and Tonic plantain. In terms of protein crops, we offer the first 4-5 year duration red clovers with AberClaret and AberChianti, whilst modern lucerne varieties equipped to perform in our northern European conditions offer another viable alternative. Forage brassicas are another valuable source of homegrown protein, offering the versatility to bridge summer grazing gaps, extend autumn grazing or provide the basis for out-wintering. The hybrid brassicas Swift and Redstart exemplify our innovative approach in this area. In our 2018 Forage Seed catalogue, we hope you will find the stimulus to The innovation and technological advancement demonstrated by the IBERS take a fresh look at forage. Start by selecting the very best varieties of Aberystwyth University plant breeding programme in creating Aber High Sugar the most appropriate solution for your situation. The important stages Grass has been recognised with seven major agricultural and science industry of establishment, growing and utilisation will follow more easily if you make awards since 2003. the right initial choices. Aber ryegrass varieties are marketed exclusively by Germinal and feature throughout the mixtures in the Forage Seed 2018 catalogue. Ben Wixey National Agricultural Sales Manager, Germinal GB
02 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 03 LONG TE RM Aber HSG 1 Milk Achieving 50% of milk and Meat Production production from forage Aber HSG 1 is a long term, general purpose mixture for milk and Includes meat production. AberZeus HSG Improving grassland production and grass See page 11 Ideal for grazing, the mixture also offers the potential for a heavy silage cut in late May. Ideally suited for set stocking, it can be grazed with cattle, ewes or utilisation have been central to Lancashire dairy used to finish lambs. Aber HSG 1 produces a dense sward which will resist poaching and with good management will maintain its quality for 5 – 7 years. farmer Richard Corlett’s success in increasing Puna II perennial chicory can be included for added drought tolerance and sward variety. milk production from forage. Fig 01. His 220-cow Holstein Friesian herd is now up to 52% of production from forage Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date (over 4,300 litres from a herd yield of around 8,500 litres), up from 25% in 2009. Long term general purpose mix: 4.0 AberZeus HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May More regular grassland reseeding, using quality leys such as Germinal’s Aber 3.0 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 27 May HSG 4 Dairy System, has been a key part of his strategy, along with overseeding white clover. He’s also had a focus on soils (soil testing, liming as required, sward 3.0 AberGreen HSG Perennial Ryegrass 29 May lifting to address compaction), cut silage earlier for better quality, and created 4.0 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun better access to grazing. 1.0 AberDairy White Clover Blend 15.0 T = Tetraploid Heading date average for Aber HSG 1 is 29 May for central Britain. When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance of the leys. Fig 02. MAY JUNE Aber HSG 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Milk and Meat Production: OPTIMAL CUTTING Spread of WINDOW heading dates Key benefits in summary • Combines an outstanding grazing yield for the mixture of 106% and a grazing D-value of 77.7 • 100% Aber HSG grasses • Correct balance of diploid and tetraploid varieties • High palatability and increased dry matter intakes • Reduced nitrogen losses to the environment
04 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 05 ME DIUM TE R M LO N G T E R M Aber HSG 2 Early Cut Aber HSG 2 Later Cut Aber HSG 2 Early Cut is a specialist silage mixture for those Aber HSG 2 Later Cut is a specialist silage mixture for those aiming to cut a very high quality crop from the end of April to aiming to cut a very high quality crop in mid-to-late May. mid May. Combining the outstanding Aber High Sugar Grass AberGain with other Combining the outstanding hybrid Aber High Sugar Grass AberEcho with compatible Aber HSG perennial ryegrasses, this mixture delivers quality and compatible Aber perennial ryegrasses, this mixture delivers quality and yield and can persist for 5 years - twice as long as Italian ryegrass based yield and can persist for 3-4 years – twice as long as Italian ryegrass based swards. Aber HSG 2 Later Cut is a straight grass mixture that will perform swards. Aber HSG 2 Early Cut is a straight grass mixture that will perform under medium and high levels of nitrogen. AberClaret red clover can be under medium and high levels of nitrogen. AberClaret red clover can be included, whilst for those seeking longer lasting specialist silage mixtures included, whilst for those seeking longer lasting specialist silage mixtures we we recommend Aber Red 5 HSG. recommend Aber Red 5 HSG. Including red clover in The addition of red clover at 3kg/acre within the Aber HSG 2 mixtures will Including red clover in The addition of red clover at 3kg/acre within the Aber HSG 2 mixtures will your cutting mixtures increase the yield and quality of your silage. your cutting mixtures increase the yield and quality of your silage. More farmers are choosing to include red clover in their cutting mixture to: More farmers are choosing to include red clover in their cutting mixture to: • Increase overall forage production potential • Increase overall forage production potential • Improve the protein content of silage • Improve the protein content of silage • Reduce protein losses in the clamp • Reduce protein losses in the clamp • Benefit from red clover’s ability to contribute over 150 kgN/ha of nitrogen • Benefit from red clover’s ability to contribute over 150 kgN/ha of nitrogen through fixation through fixation • Improve soil structure and drought tolerance • Improve soil structure and drought tolerance Fig 06. Fig 04. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date Aber HSG 2 Aber HSG 2 Later Cut: 5.0 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun Early Cut: 5.0 AberEcho HSG Hybrid Ryegrass (T) 15 May 5.0 AberBite HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun 5.0 AberEve HSG Hybrid Ryegrass (T) 21 May 5.0 AberChoice HSG Perennial Ryegrass 09 Jun 5.0 AberClyde Perennial Ryegrass (T) 24 May 15.0 T = Tetraploid 15.0 T = Tetraploid Heading date average for Aber HSG 2 Later Cut is 6 June for central Britain. Heading date average for Aber HSG 2 Early Cut is 21 May for central Britain. When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance of the leys. of the leys. Fig 05. APRIL MAY Fig 07. MAY JUNE Aber HSG 2 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Aber HSG 2 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 14 15 Early Cut: Later Cut: Spread of OPTIMAL Spread of OPTIMAL CUTTING heading dates CUTTING heading dates WINDOW WINDOW Key benefits in summary Key benefits in summary • AberHybrid High Sugar Grass content • 100% Aber HSG content • Compatible heading date varieties • Compatible heading date varieties • Over twice the persistency of Italian ryegrass leys • Over twice the persistency of Italian ryegrass leys • Suitable for combination with red clover • Suitable for combination with red clover • Aber High Sugar Grasses enhance fermentation, especially when red • Aber High Sugar Grasses enhance fermentation, especially when red clover is included clover is included • Very high ME yield
06 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 07 ME DIUM TE R M Aber HSG 2 Multi Cut Striving for low-cost dairying Aber HSG 2 Multi Cut is a specialist silage mixture for farmers Reducing cost of production is a major aiming to produce large quantities of leafy high-quality silage from multiple cuts during the period of peak grass growth. objective for Farms Manager John Owen, The mixture contains intermediate and late heading Aber High Sugar Grass who runs spring and autumn calving herds varieties that provide abundant early season growth, and maintain quality and yield throughout the season. A balance of diploid and tetraploid varieties at the Gelli Aur campus at Coleg Sir Gâr, provides the optimum combination of good ground cover, persistency, high Carmarthenshire, on a fully commercial basis. D-value and outstanding silage yields. Aber HSG 2 Multi Cut is suited to an early May first cut, frequent following On-going development work is looking at methods to reduce silage feeding cuts, with three cuts in the clamp by mid-to-late June. Swards will be frequency to a weekly event, and this summer he has overseen comparisons suitable for late season grazing if required. between conventional 3-cut precision chopped grass harvesting and a lower- cost multiple cut system using a forage box. Underpinning his low-cost forage-based system is a commitment to reseeding, Fig 08. using modern Aber perennial ryegrass leys that provide the optimum Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date combination of yield and quality, season long production, persistency and the Aber HSG 2 ability to continue performing as medium/long term leys. Multi Cut: 3.5 AberClyde HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 25 May 4.0 AberZeus HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May 3.5 AberAvon HSG Perennial Ryegrass 01 June 4.0 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 June 15.0 T = Tetraploid Heading date average for Aber HSG 2 Multi Cut is 29 May for central Britain. When cutting for silage, aim to cut 10-15 days before average heading date for optimum quality. Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance of the leys. MAY JUNE Fig 09. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 Aber HSG 2 Multi Cut: OPTIMAL CUTTING Spread of WINDOW heading dates Key benefits in summary • Ideal for frequent early season cutting whilst avoiding stemmy later season growth • Very high ME yield/ha • Combines outstanding silage performance with dense and persistent sward • Suitable for combination with 4-5 year Aber red clovers • Aber High Sugar Grass content enhances silage fermentation
08 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 09 LONG TE RM LO N G T E R M Aber HSG 3 Long Term Grazing Aber HSG 3 + Timothy The biggest selling mixture in the Aber HSG range, Aber HSG 3 Aber HSG 3 Long Term Grazing is the most popular mixture Long Term Grazing is for cattle or sheep systems aiming to in the Aber HSG range, being ideally suited to cattle or sheep maximise returns from grazing, whether rotational or set stocked. grazing where the aim is to maximise returns using either a rotational or set stocked system. Aber HSG 3 is made up exclusively of Aber High Sugar Grass diploid perennial ryegrasses, which have the highest ratings for grazing quality and With all the attributes of Aber HSG 3, this mixture has the addition of Includes yield on the Recommended List. This mixture is unrivalled for persistency Timothy, a grass that will add ‘bottom’ to the sward and provide greater AberZeus under grazing; managed well it can continue to perform for 7 to 10 years, tolerance to wet conditions. Presto is chosen for its excellent spring growth HSG giving you maximum yields of the highest quality grazing. AberWolf HSG, See page 11 and palatability. one of the outstanding perennial ryegrasses on the Recommended List, is included for the first time this year. Fig 12. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date Fig 10. Aber HSG 3 Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date + Timothy: 3.0 AberZeus HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May Aber HSG 3: 3.0 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 27 May 3.0 AberZeus HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May 2.0 AberGreen HSG Perennial Ryegrass 29 May 3.0 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 27 May 3.0 AberAvon HSG Perennial Ryegrass 01 Jun 2.0 AberGreen HSG Perennial Ryegrass 29 May 2.0 AberChoice HSG Perennial Ryegrass 09 Jun 3.0 AberAvon HSG Perennial Ryegrass 01 Jun 1.0 Presto Timothy 3.0 AberChoice HSG Perennial Ryegrass 09 Jun 1.0 AberPasture White Clover Blend 1.0 AberPasture White Clover Blend 15.0 15.0 Heading date average for Aber HSG + Timothy is 30 May for central Britain. Heading date average for Aber HSG 3 is 31 May for central Britain. When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance of the leys. of the leys. MAY JUNE MAY JUNE Fig 11. Fig 13. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Aber HSG 3 Long Aber HSG 3 Term Grazing: + Timothy: Spread of Spread of heading dates heading dates Key benefits in summary Key benefits in summary Benefits of Timothy • Combines a very good grazing yield for the mixture of 103% • Combines a very good grazing • Good tolerance of wet conditions and an outstanding grazing D-value of 77.4 yield and an outstanding grazing • Excellent spring growth • Outstanding autumn production for the mixture D-value • High palatability • 100% Aber HSG diploid perennial ryegrasses • Outstanding autumn production • Adds extra ‘bottom’ to swards ensures strong extended grazing • Very persistent sward with good ‘bottom’ to reduce the impact of poaching potential • High palatability and dry matter intakes • Very persistent sward with • Reduced nitrogen losses to the environment good ‘bottom’ • Persists for up to ten years • High palatability and dry matter intakes • Reduced nitrogen losses to the environment • Persists for up to ten years
10 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 11 LONG TE RM Aber HSG 4 Dairy System AberZeus: The best Aber HSG to date Aber HSG 4 Dairy System is a mixture for milk producers who Includes are aiming for one or two high quality silage cuts followed by the AberZeus HSG best possible rotational grazing. The Aber High Sugar Grass AberZeus is the latest See page 11 First cut will be mid-to-late May, with the option of a second cut approximately top-performing variety from the award-winning 4 – 5 weeks later, or alternatively commence rotational grazing. The Aber HSG IBERS Aberystwyth University breeding programme varieties selected for this mixture significantly out-perform other grasses for grazing quality and grazing yields. This year Aber HSG 4 is further improved to enter the independent Recommended Grass and by the introduction of AberWolf HSG, the stand-out grass on the latest UK Recommended Lists. Clover Lists (England and Wales). An intermediate diploid perennial ryegrass, AberZeus excels under grazing management, with an overall dry matter yield of 107% against control Fig 14. varieties and a D-value of 77.5. This combination of production and quality Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date gives AberZeus an unrivalled ME yield of 108% of controls. Aber HSG 4 Dairy System: 3.0 AberZeus HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May It is also a strong performer both early and late in the grass growing 2.0 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 27 May season, with spring production at 115% of controls and autumn 3.0 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun production at 113% of controls. AberZeus has been bred for improved 2.0 AberBite HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun ground cover and persistency, alongside production and quality, and has good resistance to the common diseases of grassland. 4.0 AberChoice HSG Perennial Ryegrass 09 Jun 1.0 AberDairy White Clover Blend The variety is one of the highest on the list for resistance to Crown Rust, 15.0 and early data shows it is also performing well against Drechslera. T = Tetraploid Heading date average for Aber HSG 4 is 2 June for central Britain. AberZeus is included in a number of Aber HSG mixtures for 2018. When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance of the leys. MAY JUNE Fig 15. 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Aber HSG 4 Dairy System: OPTIMAL CUTTING Spread of WINDOW heading dates Key benefits in summary • Long-lasting ley with outstanding quality • Top yields of high ME silage at first cut • For cutting and rotational grazing • 100% Aber HSG perennial ryegrasses • Balance of diploid and tetraploid varieties • High palatability and dry matter intakes • Extended spring and autumn grazing
12 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 13 ME DIUM TE R M Aber Red 5 HSG Quality Silage Achieving the optimum forage balance Aber Red 5 HSG offers a significant breakthrough in silage Includes production, providing for the first time a mixture including AberZeus HSG 4-5 year persistency red clover. See page 11 Aber Red 5 HSG overcomes the normal restriction of red clover leys, extending the life of the red clover component beyond the normal 2-3 years up to five years with the inclusion of AberClaret. It is also now time to rethink the grasses that are paired with red clover. AberClaret can last five years, so the grasses must too. Aber Red 5 therefore includes intermediate and late perennial ryegrass which will also improve silage quality especially in the second cut. Fig 16. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date Aber Red 5 HSG Quality Silage: 2.0 AberZeus HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May 3.0 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 27 May 4.0 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun 2.0 AberClaret Red Clover 1.0 AberChianti Red Clover 12.0 T = Tetraploid When cutting red clover for optimum quality silage, aim to cut when 25% of clover flowers show. Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance of the leys. MAY JUNE Fig 17. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Aber Red 5 HSG Quality Silage: Spread of heading dates Cheshire dairy farmer David Symms believes Key benefits in summary high protein red clover and Aber High Sugar • Red clover with potential for five years persistency • 100% Aber HSG perennial grasses Grass makes the perfect mix for quality silage • Balance of diploid and tetraploid varieties compatible with long lasting and a balanced ration. red clover • 150kgN/ha nitrogen fixed from red clover It’s proving an effective formula for his 220 Holstein Friesian milking herd, • Reduced nitrogen losses to the environment allowing control of costs without any detriment to performance. • Aber High Sugar Grasses enhance fermentation, especially when red “We’re reducing bought-in feed and maintaining yields and milk quality,” clover is included he says. “Quality silage is also helping us to improve herd fertility.” The current silage mixture includes Aber High Sugar Grass hybrid tetraploids and intermediate diploid perennial ryegrasses, with AberClaret red clover.
14 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures 15 M E D IU M / LO N G T E RM New generation Aber HSG 6 Tetraploid long term red clovers Aber HSG 6 Tetraploid is a dual purpose cutting and grazing mixture comprising late heading tetraploid varieties that offer One of red clover’s traditional shortcomings a very high yield and quality combination. is its relatively short persistence, typically A compact heading date range in the first week of June makes this mixture remaining in the sward for just two to three ideal for very late first cuts. With the high ranking AberGain HSG, AberBite HSG and AberPlentiful HSG as its component perennial ryegrasses, this years when a longer productive life would make mixture provides access to some of the newest Aber High Sugar Grasses it more compatible with medium term leys. on the Recommended List. Now, a new generation of red clovers is being bred at IBERS Fig 18. Aberystwyth University, with the first varieties AberClaret and Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date AberChianti now on UK Descriptive Lists and commercially Aber HSG 6 available in Germinal’s Aber Red 5 HSG mixture. Tetraploid: 5.00 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun 4.25 AberBite HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun AberClaret and AberChianti are the first of a new generation of red 5.00 AberPlentiful HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 06 Jun clovers bred and selected by plant breeders at IBERS to last 4 years 0.75 AberDairy White Clover Blend and longer in a cutting sward, and to be significantly more tolerant 15.00 of grazing by dairy animals. Dry matter yields in IBERS long term T = Tetraploid trials were in excess of 14,500kg of dry matter in the fourth year and Heading date average for Aber HSG 6 is 5 June for central Britain. averaged over 13,500kg in each year of the trial. Over the four years, When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. AberClaret totalled around 60tDM/ha compared with 40-45tDM/ha Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance from the controls. of the leys. With greater persistency of red clover remaining a key objective, the latest breeding work at IBERS is focused in particular on resistance to the soil borne pathogens Sclerotinia and stem nematode. MAY JUNE Fig 19. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Aber HSG 6 Tetraploid: OPTIMAL CUTTING Spread of WINDOW heading dates Key benefits in summary • Very high first cut yield and D-value • Exclusively Aber High Sugar Grass tetraploid varieties • Late heading varieties to ensure highest quality for later cuts • High palatability and dry matter intakes • Reduced nitrogen losses to the environment • Suitable for cutting and rotational grazing
16 Aber High Sugar Grass cutting and grazing mixtures AberClover Blends 17 ME DIUM / LO N G T E R M AberXtend HSG Extended Grazing AberClover Blends At last, you can extend your grazing season, without The role of clover The roles of white and red clovers in modern sustainable Includes AberZeus compromising persistence, grazing yield and grazing quality. livestock farming are growing as new varieties offering higher HSG yields and greater persistency become available. See page 11 AberXtend HSG is the Aber HSG mixture for livestock farmers aiming to increase yields and lengthen the grazing season. The Recommended Lists Varieties of white clover bred at IBERS Aberystwyth University lead the way in both the UK and Ireland show how varieties such as AberDart HSG and and are now, for example, achieving optimum targets of a 30-35% contribution AberGain HSG top the lists for spring and autumn performance, but there is to total sward dry matter under a range of management systems. absolutely no compromise on the other main performance criteria, with top Grass and clover breeding at Aberystwyth has always maintained a strong scores for grazing D-value, ME yield and overall dry matter yields. With the affinity with real agricultural practice, which means selection and testing appropriate management, AberXtend HSG can perform to a high standard takes into account performance in the silo and in the rumen, as well as in for 5 – 7 years. the field under animal grazing and/or cutting regimes. This co-ordinated approach ensures the new varieties meet farmers’ needs. Aber grass and clover mixtures are offered as standard with a recommended AberClover blend. However, specific blends of white or red clover can be Fig 20. requested to suit a particular farming system or requirement. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date AberXtend Formulated from a combination of medium plus small leaf size Aber white clover HSG Extended 5.0 AberDart HSG Perennial Ryegrass 24 May varieties, providing a blend suitable for the dairy farm where high production is Grazing: 5.0 AberZeus HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May required under cattle grazing and cutting regimes. Good production from early spring 4.0 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun provides a balanced sward and good support for high yielding companion grasses. 1.0 AberPasture White Clover Blend Fig 22. % Variety 15.0 AberDairy: T = Tetraploid 50% AberHerald (medium leaf) Heading date average for AberXtend HSG is 28 May for central Britain. 50% AberDai (medium leaf) When cutting for silage, aim to cut 5-10 days before average heading date for optimum quality. Optimum spread of heading dates within mixtures for grazing and cutting results in better performance of the leys. Aber white clover varieties provide a unique blend of small and medium leaf size clovers selected for their suitability for cattle set stocking and rotational sheep grazing. Fig 23. MAY JUNE % Variety Fig 21. AberPasture: 15% AberDai (medium leaf) 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 45% AberHerald (medium leaf) AberXtend HSG Extended 30% AberPearl (small leaf) Grazing: 10% AberAce (small leaf) Spread of heading dates Key benefits in summary Small leaf size Aber white clover varieties combined with a medium leaf size variety • Mixture averages an outstanding 109% of control varieties on provide a blend suitable for sheep systems, ranging from continuous to rotational the Recommended List for early grazing yield and 111% for grazing on either upland or lowland farms. Inclusion of the new hybrid white clover autumn production AberLasting, the first to be developed with rhizomatous root characteristics, gives • The best Aber HSG perennial grasses selected for spring and increased persistency and drought tolerance. autumn yield Fig 24. % Variety • Outstanding season-long yield and quality AberSheep: 25% AberDai (medium leaf) • High palatability and dry matter intakes 35% AberPearl (small leaf) • Reduced nitrogen losses to the environment 10% AberLasting (small-medium leaf) 30% AberAce (small leaf) Benefits of AberClover Blends • Boosts output of milk and meat • Performs reliably on most soil types and from forage under most management systems • Improves soil structure • Tolerates moderately high applications • Improves the quality of grazing of nitrogen fertiliser • Helps to maintain a balanced grass/ • Reduces fertiliser requirements clover sward
18 Overseeding Overseeding 19 Overseeding Where a full reseed is impractical or unwarranted, short term productivity can be improved through a number of different overseeding methods. When overseeding, it pays to use the best available varieties that have been selected specifically for the purpose. Fig 25. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date Aber HSG Long Term 3.0 AberClyde Perennial Ryegrass (T) 24 May Overseeding: 3.0 AberGain HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun 4.0 AberBite HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) 04 Jun 10.0 T = Tetraploid Key benefits in summary • 100% tetraploids for rapid establishment • Perennial ryegrasses for persistency • High ranking Aber HSG varieties Fig 26. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date Overseeding helps Aber HSG Short Term 2.0 Dorike / AberTorch Italian Ryegrass (T) 16 May Overseeding: cut feeding costs 4.0 AberEve Hybrid Ryegrass (T) 21 May 4.0 AberNiche Festulolium 23 May 10.0 T = Tetraploid Key benefits in summary • Rapid establishment Improvement of in-bye acres by pan-busting, • High yielding under cutting liming and overseeding has created savings in • New festulolium for increased rooting bought-in feed after just one year on Donald McDonald’s Highland sheep farm. More productive swards have resulted in concentrate feeding to weaned lambs being delayed by a full month at the start of the winter, saving money in the short term and creating the opportunity to increase stocking rates in future. Top-ranking Aber High Sugar Grasses are being used in the overseeding programme, with white clover either included in the mix or stitched in later.
20 Puna II perennial chicory mixtures Puna II perennial chicory mixtures 21 The leading perennial chicory Puna II perennial chicory mixtures for UK farmers Fig 27. Kg/acre Variety Type Lamb Finisher: Puna II is the leading perennial chicory variety, 1.00 Puna II Perennial Chicory 2.00 AberClaret Red Clover selected through a long term breeding 1.25 AberChianti Red Clover 1.00 Tonic Plantain programme in New Zealand for its nutritive 5.25 value, productivity, palatability and persistency. Key benefits in summary • 2-3 years, intensive finishing mixture It is a broad-leaved perennial forage crop that can be grown in the UK as a pure stand or as a key part of mixed swards with clover, or grass and clover, • Red clover can contribute up to 150kgN/ha for medium-long term rotational grazing (2-5 year persistency). Perennial • Full production from May to September chicory should not be confused with short-lived common chicory grown • High protein forage suitable for finishing early lambs unsuccessfully previously. Selection strategy in breeding Puna II has included tolerance to the fungal disease Sclerotinia, which causes plant death, and an erect growth habit to Fig 28. improve compatibility with ryegrass. Kg/acre Variety Type Lamb Finisher 1.00 Puna II Perennial Chicory Key benefits of Puna II with White Clover: 1.50 AberChianti Red Clover • Outstanding animal performance (e.g. lamb growth rates of 300-400g/day) 1.00 AberClaret Red Clover • Yields up to 15tDM/ha in a season; crude protein up to 25%; D-value 70-80 1.00 Aran White Clover • High mineral content, including zinc, potassium and copper 1.00 Tonic Plantain 5.50 • Good tolerance to drought, acid soils and major pests • Rapid regrowth after grazing • Reduces the effect of internal parasites Key benefits in summary • Provides high quality feed through the summer • As Lamb Finisher, but with the benefit of white clover to improve ground cover during late season • Does not cause bloating • 2-3 years duration Fig 29. Kg/acre Variety Type Livestock Grazer/ 2.00 AberEcho HSG Hybrid Ryegrass (T) Beef Finisher/ 2.00 AberEve HSG Hybrid Ryegrass (T) Puna II HSG Medium Term Ley: 4.00 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 0.75 Puna II Perennial Chicory 1.50 Aran White Clover 1.00 Tonic Plantain 11.25 T = Tetraploid Key benefits in summary • 3-4 year medium term ley • Ideal for lambs, beef youngstock – finishing (or calves) or flushing ewes • The grasses in this mixture offer improved grazing and ground cover in autumn
22 Tonic plantain Multi-species leys 23 Tonic plantain Multi-species leys Tonic plantain is a broad leaved perennial Grazing Ley High ranking ryegrass varieties are combined with a diverse range of plant species suited to lower input systems in this long forage herb that is an ideal companion in mixed term grazing mixture. species swards with Aber red and white clovers Performance is achieved due to the complementary characteristics of and Aber High Sugar Grasses. different plant types, allowing leaf and root architecture to maximise the use of light, moisture and nutrients above and below ground. Plantain is a coarse rooted plant that is well adapted to a range of soil types. With similar total annual yields to Puna II perennial chicory, it has slightly Fig 31. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date better spring and autumn growth. Grazing Ley: 3.0 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 27 May Tonic plantain is highly productive and provides high quality feed that can 3.4 AberStar HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May boost liveweight gain in livestock. It is ideally suited to intensive or rotational 1.0 Presto Timothy 8 June grazing systems, with rapid regrowth post-grazing in dry summers. 0.6 Puna II Perennial Chicory 1.0 Tonic Plantain Key benefits of Tonic plantain 1.5 AberPasture White Clover Blend • More milk or meat production 1.5 AberClaret Red Clover • Increased daily liveweight gain 12.0 • Heavier weights at weaning • High dry matter production from early spring to late autumn • Reduces the effects of internal parasites Cutting Ley This cutting version of the multi species mixture concept • High in minerals, especially copper and selenium • Very palatable includes a vetch and an annual white clover to provide a boost in dry matter production in the first year. Fig 30. The mixture combines high ranking ryegrass varieties and other plant species, with the different characteristics of varying plant types allowing leaf Sheep grazing on and root architecture to maximise the use of light, moisture and nutrients a multi-species above and below ground. sward including Tonic plantain: Fig 32. Kg/acre Variety Type Heading Date Cutting Ley: 3.0 AberWolf HSG Perennial Ryegrass 27 May 3.0 AberStar HSG Perennial Ryegrass 25 May 1.0 Presto Timothy 8 June 1.0 Tonic Plantain 1.5 AberPasture White Clover 1.5 AberClaret Red Clover 5.0 Early English Vetch 1.0 FiXatioN Balansa Annual White Clover 17.0 Fig 33. Kg/acre Herb Herb option (for 0.6 Burnet Grazing Ley or 0.4 Alsike Clover Cutting Ley): 0.3 Sheep’s Parsley 0.2 Yarrow 0.5 Birdsfoot Trefoil 2.0
24 Lucerne Lucerne 25 Lucerne High protein forage solution Lucerne is a nitrogen-fixing legume, most commonly grown as a stand-alone crop for cutting and with some grazing potential. Varieties selected TIMBALE for UK conditions • Excellent nutritional value (thin stemmed with good leaf retention) • Good disease resistance • High yielding GALAXIE • Exceptional yields • Good disease resistance GALAXIE MAX • A blend of Timbale and Galaxie • Two of the leading lucerne varieties with cold tolerance for northern European climates Pre-inoculated Timbale, Galaxie and Galaxie Max from Germinal are pre-inoculated and and treated seed treated with SAS Energy: • Unique Seed Applied Solution (SAS Energy) to improve lucerne establishment • Multi-layered permeable coating with 100% active ingredients • Essential minerals and trace elements specific to lucerne requirements • Stimulates early vigour and improves root and leaf development Optimum seed rate • Timbale, Galaxie and Galaxie Max are sold in Precidose packs • Precidose ensures optimum plant population and prevents problems due to over or under seeding • Easy to use; 2 Precidose packs per hectare in good conditions • Increase to 2.3 packs/ha for later sowing or heavier conditions Proven performance In trials, SAS Energy treated seed drilled at Precidose rates achieved: • 14% INCREASE IN PLANT ESTABLISHMENT • 6% INCREASE IN FIRST CUT DRY MATTER YIELDS Over the last six years, lucerne has become a major year-round component of the milking cow forage ration at Harper Adams University farm. Fed in the milking ration at a forage dry matter ratio of one-part lucerne to three parts forage maize, it provides both protein and digestible fibre for a 380-cow herd averaging 10,000 litres a year. “Apart from reducing our bought-in protein, lucerne is a good source of digestible fibre and it allows us to maximise the maize in the ration,” says assistant farm manager Chris Ruffley. The farm grows around 45ha of the variety Galaxie as a four-year crop, Improved development of roots and foliage is which yields 12-15tDM/ha of 22% crude protein forage. seen in the lucerne seedlings on the right as a result of Precidose seed treatment
26 Forage brassicas Forage brassicas 27 Grow your own protein Planning your brassica crops to cut costs of production Regrowth Sowing to Potential * Grazing Period High protein forage brassicas present a significant opportunity to drive down costs Nil 8 Weeks Vollenda Appin of production, yet are not grown on a large Stego Stego majority of livestock farms. Summer/ Early Autumn Jun - Sep 10 Weeks According to Germinal’s 2017 Forage Use Survey, less than a third of UK Stubble turnip Swift livestock farmers are growing forage brassicas, with fewer still tapping into Forage rape Redstart Hybrid brassica the benefits of other homegrown high protein sources, such as red clover and lucerne. High With growing uncertainty over agricultural support and the likelihood of Swift 12 Weeks continued commodity price volatility, livestock farmers need to reduce their Appin Vollenda reliance on bought-in feed and fertiliser, and become more self-sufficient. Redstart “Homegrown forage protein crops will reduce the need for bought-in protein, which will always be expensive and susceptible to price volatility, and there are additional benefits too, such as improved soil fertility, soil structure and pest control,” says Germinal GB’s Ben Wixey. When do “There are now many modern forage brassica varieties that offer an you require excellent source of protein and can boost productivity as summer catch your brassica crops, autumn grazing or even out-wintering. These brassicas also work crop? very effectively as break crops in grassland reseeding, helping to reduce the threat of common pests such as leatherjackets and frit fly. This is more Regrowth Winter important as chemical pest control options become more restricted.” Potential * Tolerance Mr Wixey points out that the varying attributes and agronomy of forage Nil Low proteins means farmers should make the decision on which crop to grow Bittern Vollenda based on individual farm conditions and requirements. Vollenda Triumph “Look at where you can start building protein crops into a rotation if that fits Autumn/ with your system. When growing any crop, it’s important to pick the right Good Winter field and grow it well. It’s also important to know how much you are growing, Swift Oct - Feb to utilise it effectively and ensure you have enough of the crop to make a Moderate Appin difference in the ration.” Stubble turnip Redstart Hybrid brassica Maris Kestrel Kale Triumph Fodder beet High High Maris Kestrel Swift Bittern Appin Triumph Redstart Fodder beet *Rate and extent of regrowth depends on weather conditions.
28 Forage brassicas Forage brassicas 29 Forage brassica options Forage brassica options Maris Kestrel Maris Kestrel is established as the leading kale variety in the UK Swift Swift is the first of a revolutionary range of Kale and is suitable for all classes of stock. Hybrid brassica interspecies (rape x kale) hybrids developed in New Zealand to provide a new generation of Sow at 2-3kg/acre from May to the end of June. Feed from July to the following March. flexible and cost effective forage crops. Main uses Sow at 2-3kg/acre from May to the end of August. Feed • Ideal for out-wintering from July to the following March. • Good later summer/early autumn feed for cattle or sheep Main uses • Solution to late season grazing deficits • High energy grazing for cattle and sheep Key benefits • Summer, autumn and winter grazing • Outstanding leaf-to-stem ratio • Ideal for out-wintering systems • High whole plant D-value Key benefits • Vigorous early growth • Fast and vigorous growth • Resistant to lodging • Winter hardiness • Good winter hardiness • Regrowth potential • Long utilisation period • Good late season yield potential • Available with Cruiser SB • High energy and good protein source Bittern Bittern is a medium height kale with the versatility to be used Redstart Redstart is from the same breeding line as Kale either for grazing or as a game cover crop. Hybrid brassica Swift and offers similarly flexible and cost effective solutions to year-round quality forage Sow at 2-3kg/acre from May to the end of June. Feed from September to the following March. supply, but with higher feed quality. Main uses Sow at 2-3kg/acre from May to the end of August. Feed • Maintenance for dry cows from July to the following March. • Game cover Main uses • Cattle grazing following game cover use • High energy grazing for cattle and sheep Key benefits • Summer, autumn and winter grazing • Good leaf-to-stem ratio (44-48% leaf) • Ideal where fast growth is required, such as upland situations • Excellent palatability (high stem sugar content) • Winter hardy with very good frost tolerance Key benefits • Added versatility due to club root resistance • Very rapid and vigorous growth • Medium height with good lodging resistance • Winter hardiness • Regrowth potential • Good late season yield potential • High energy and good protein source
30 Forage brassicas Forage brassicas 31 Forage brassica options Forage brassica options Stego Stego is a high yielding forage rape ideally suited to finishing Appin Appin is a fast growing leafy grazing turnip providing a rapid Forage rape lambs as summer or autumn grazing. Grazing turnips source of palatable, easy-to-digest fodder for sheep and cattle. Drill at 2.5kg/acre (or broadcast at 4kg/acre) from March to July. Feed from Drill at 2kg/acre (or broadcast at 3kg/acre) from March to mid September. June to December. Feed from May to December. Main uses Main uses • Autumn / winter brassica for lamb finishing • Catch crops for overcoming summer grazing shortfalls • Extended grazing for cattle • Versatile autumn/winter grazing that reduces concentrate feeding period • Autumn / winter brassica for worm free lamb finishing Key benefits • Extended grazing for cattle • High leaf-to-stem ratio • High stem digestibility, so low plant residues after grazing Key benefits • Excellent disease resistance, including mildew • Vigorous establishment and quick maturity • Wide sowing window • Multi-crowned with excellent regrowth potential Vollenda Vollenda is a high yielding stubble turnip offering cost effective • Good root anchorage Stubble turnip feeding solutions in summer, autumn or winter for sheep or cattle. Drill at 2kg/acre (or broadcast at 3kg/acre) from March to August. Feed from Triumph Triumph is a very high yielding, yellow-fleshed, first crop swede, June to December. Swede suitable as over-winter grazing for all classes of stock. Main uses Drill from mid-May to the end of June at 250g/acre (precision drilled). • Catch crops for overcoming summer grazing shortfalls Graze from November through to March. • Versatile autumn/winter grazing that reduces concentrate feeding period • Valuable source of clean (worm free) grazing for lambs Main uses • High energy winter grazing for cattle and sheep Key benefits • Easy to establish (undersown or scratched into stubbles) Key benefits • Early vigour variety suitable for May sowing (July feeding) • Very high dry matter yields • Winter hardy variety ideal for later drilling (Nov – Jan feeding) • Winter hardy • Good resistance to bolting • Good dry rot and mildew tolerance • Available with Cruiser seed treatment
32 Forage brassicas Forage brassicas 33 Brassica mixtures Out-wintering stands test of time Brassica mixtures are being used increasingly by livestock farmers and are an effective way of tailoring a grazing crop more precisely to specific circumstances. Individual crops including kale, forage rape and turnips have their own strengths but also grow well in combination and, as such, offer advantages in a similar way to herbage mixtures. Potential advantages • Increased forage choice for livestock of brassica mixtures • Higher dry matter intakes • Greater overall production per hectare Four years’ experience of out-wintering in-calf Fig 34. Mixture Weight dairy heifers on brassicas have convinced Hugh Winter Feed: Bittern kale 1.0kg McClymont, farm manager at SRUC’s Crichton Swift hybrid brassica 1.0kg 2.0kg/acre Royal Farm, of the merits of this low-cost system. Main use Key features • Out-wintering for all ruminant livestock • A winter hardy blend of palatable fodder Strip-grazing Redstart or Swift hybrid brassica, with big baled silage pre- • Yield potential of over 12 tonnesDM/ha placed as supplementary fodder, has brought about tangible savings in roof space, bedding, muck handling and spreading, with no detriment to Fig 35. Mixture Weight the cattle. Late Sown Swift hybrid brassica 0.75kg “We’ve had no health problems and heifers calve down the following spring Winter Feed: Redstart hybrid brassica 0.75kg without difficulty at around BCS 3, having on average achieved their lifetime Appin grazing turnip 0.65kg growth rate target of 0.8kg/day,” he reports. “It takes about an hour each day Maris Kestrel kale 0.10kg to move the fence, but that’s time well spent looking at the stock.” 2.25kg/acre Key points on site selection, he says, are to choose relatively free-draining Main use Key features fields with shelter from well-grown hedges, good access to water and a • Out-wintering for sheep or cattle • Fast growing fodder for late sowing run-back area. Fig 36. Mixture Weight Summer Appin grazing turnip 0.5kg Multigraze: Swift hybrid brassica 1.0kg Stego rape 0.9kg Maris Kestrel kale 0.1kg 2.5kg/acre Main use Key features • Early lamb finishing • A blend of fast growing grazing turnips and • Supplementary summer grazing for dairy forage rape with the added high yield, quality or beef cattle and regrowth potential of Swift • Regrowth potential Fig 37. Mixture Weight Autumn Swift hybrid brassica 1.25kg Multigraze: Appin grazing turnip 0.90kg Maris Kestrel kale 0.10kg 2.25kg/acre Main use Key features • Late lamb finishing • A blend that combines the winter hardiness and • Flushing ewes quality feed value of Swift for later grazing and the • Improving late season grazing when grass rapid establishment of Appin grazing turnip growth is declining
34 Anaerobic digestion Anaerobic digestion 35 Grass as a feedstock for Aber High Sugar Grass for AD anaerobic digestion As with the supply of feed for livestock, where well managed Aber HSG leys are the cheapest source of nutrition for meat Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a growth area in renewable energy and milk production, Aber HSG offers great potential for with increasing numbers of farm businesses involved with their biogas production. own units or by growing feedstock. Studies carried out at IBERS show that Aber HSG ryegrasses perform well The use of grass leys as a feedstock is attracting interest due to the range compared to general grassland mixtures. All the Aber HSG varieties out- of advantages offered: performed mixed grassland with the conclusion that higher water soluble • Grass as a crop is relatively cheap and easy to grow in our climate and carbohydrate content in grass has a positive effect on both the yield and soil types rate at which biogas is produced. • It is cost effective compared to other biogas fuels (see Fig. 38) To help answer outstanding questions, Germinal is setting up further research at IBERS comparing Aber HSG varieties with alternative feedstocks • Equipment and infrastructure to grow and handle this feedstock is already that have a range of D-values and at varying harvest dates. in place • Grass can be used fresh (offering the highest rate of gas production) and would be cut and carried on a rotational basis; it can also be stored and Aber HSG mixtures Aber High Sugar Grass varieties that have been bred for higher water used as silage for AD soluble carbohydrate (sugar) content and rank high for D-value offer the ideal combination of characteristics for an AD feedstock, whether ensiled • Medium and long term grass leys offer a more environmentally sustainable or as a fresh crop. option than crops requiring annual cultivations • Grass leys allow more opportunity to spread the waste products from Fig 39. Kg/acre Variety Type the digesters, whether that is liquid or solid, without the need to plough AD Short term: 4.0 AberEcho HSG Hybrid Ryegrass (T) back under 5.0 AberEve HSG Hybrid Ryegrass (T) • Blackgrass control: 5.0 AberNiche Festulolium - Medium to long term grass leys cut three or more times a year will reduce 14.0 kg T = Tetraploid the blackgrass seed production; by constantly cutting the ley there is little if any seed returning to the soil Fig 40. Kg/acre Variety Type - The viability of old undisturbed blackgrass seed within soil reduces by 70% per annum, meaning after the 3 plus years of grassland, the AD Medium term: 6.0 AberEcho HSG Hybrid Ryegrass (T) blackgrass seed populations are reduced dramatically 8.0 AberMagic HSG Perennial Ryegrass 14.0 kg - 65% to 75% of blackgrass volunteers germinate in the autumn, so T = Tetraploid establishing your grass ley in the spring (even under-sown to a cereal crop) will help to further reduce the blackgrass populations Fig 41. Kg/acre Variety Type AD Long term: 5.0 AberMagic HSG Perennial Ryegrass Fig 38. Estimated Cost Methane Methane Cost 4.0 AberGreen HSG Perennial Ryegrass Fresh Weight £/Acre M3/Tonne M3/Acre £/M 3 Comparative (Tonnes/Acre/Year) 5.0 AberBite HSG Perennial Ryegrass (T) costs of methane Spring Barley 10 £480.00 108 1080 £0.44 14.0 kg T = Tetraploid production: (35%DM) 12 £480.00 108 1296 £0.37 Spring Triticale 12 £485.00 108 1296 £0.37 (35%DM) 14 £485.00 108 1512 £0.32 Winter Hybrid Rye 14 £535.00 108 1512 £0.35 (35%DM) 16 £535.00 108 1728 £0.31 18 £535.00 108 1944 £0.28 Hybrid Ryegrass 26 £635.00 90 2340 £0.27 (25%DM) 28 £635.00 90 2520 £0.25 30 £635.00 90 2700 £0.24
36 Leisure Amenity Leisure Amenity mixtures Find out more Germinal supplies a wide range of amenity mixtures for Should you require any more information or to request a selection of free equestrian, sports grounds, landscaping, turf and conservation. brochures and technical guides, please visit our website: These mixtures bring together species to suit the different www.germinal.com applications. All varieties are BSPB listed. @wearegerminal Horse Paddock WF1 Flowering Meadow A resilient mixture providing season- Rapid establishment to produce long nutritional grazing and the a first-year display and with potential for hay production. The perennials for longer term high density of ground cover helps to colour and persistency. resist poaching. Contacts: WFG2 Flowering Meadow Allsport Ryeblend Combines the wild flora species of Ben Wixey A very resilient and rapidly WF1 with ornamental grasses to National Agricultural Sales Manager establishing sward suitable for all provide a grassland meadow mixture T: 07990 578550 new sports pitches and for the suitable for acidic soils. repair of existing grounds. William Fleming WFG6 Heavy Clay Soils Scotland and North East England Popular Hardwearing Varieties selected for their suitability T: 07971 640428 An attractive and resilient sward that to heavy clay soils. Extra attention is establishes quickly and is suitable for required when preparing seedbeds in Helen Mathieu lawns, parks and sports pitches. heavy clay soils to ensure optimum Central, Eastern and North West soil moisture for a medium tilth. England and North Wales Emerald Multiscape A high quality turf with high shoot WFG9 Wetland and Pond Areas T: 07866 456056 density and year-round greenness, Suitable for aquatic habitats and damp suitable for all soil types. low lying sites, edge of ponds, rivers Bill Reilly and ditches. Avoid establishment Southern England and South Wales Low Maintenance Fineturf when there is risk of flooding. T: 07713 878069 A fine textured and resilient sward with good winter colour and reduced WF10 Cornfield Annuals Head office: mowing requirement. A mixture for recreating the colour firstname.lastname@example.org of cornfield annuals, once a feature Shaded Areas of traditional farming areas. Ideal for A fine leaved sward with good ground sowing on its own or supplementing cover, suitable for dry, shaded and perennial mixtures that are slower low nutrient areas. to establish. Prestige Golf & Bowling Greens A dense disease resistant sward with uniform surface that withstands close mowing and looks attractive throughout the season. Wildflower Conservation Contains cornfield annuals to provide Aber® and Aber® HSG are registered trademarks of Germinal Holdings Ltd. quick establishment and first year The mixtures in this brochure are correct at the time of going to press and the supplies of the colour. Perennial species provide varieties used in the mixtures should be adequate for this season. If, however, we do run short colour and persistency in future years. of some, they will be replaced by the next best variety on the Recommended List.
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