Greenville County Schools - South Carolina

 
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

Greenville County
Schools
South Carolina

  PAGE   DATA

    2    Background Information
    3    Trends in Overall Reading, Mathematics, and Science
         Proficiency

 		READING
    4    Reading Performance and Improvement at the
         Proficient or Above Level
    5    Reading Performance and Improvement at the
         Advanced Level
    6    Reading Proficiency Gaps
    7    Standardized Residuals for Reading

 		MATHEMATICS
    8 Mathematics Performance and Improvement at the
      Proficient or Above Level
    9    Mathematics Performance and Improvement at the
         Advanced Level
   10    Mathematics Proficiency Gaps
    11   Standardized Residuals for Mathematics

 		SCIENCE
   12    Science Performance and Improvement at the
         Proficient or Above Level
   13    Science Performance and Improvement at the
         Advanced Level
   14    Science Proficiency Gaps
   15    Standardized Residuals for Science

   16    High School Graduation Rates
   17    College Readiness Data
   18    Methodology and Technical Notes

© 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION
PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

Background Information
 Description of district: 2008–2011
                                                                      2008                         2009                          2010                          2011
District characteristics
   Locale1                                                               21                              21                         21                            21
   Number of schools                                                     94                              94                         94                            96
Student characteristics
   Enrollment                                                       69,444                       70,441                        70,969                       71,930
   District size rank2                                                  53                           50                            49                           47
   Percent low-income students3                                         39                           42                            46                           46
   Percent non-White students                                           39                           39                            39                           37
   Percent of students by race/ethnicity
      African American                                                   27                              26                         26                            24
      Asian4                                                              2                               3                          3                             2
      Hispanic                                                           10                              10                         11                            12
      White                                                              60                              60                         60                            59
      American Indian/Alaska Native                                       0                               0                          0                             0
      Hawaiian Native/Pacific Islander4                                  —                                0                          0                             0
      Two or more races5                                                 —                                0                          0                             3
      Not reported                                                        1                               1                          1                             0
   Percent English language learners                                      4                               8                          9                             9
   Percent students with disabilities                                    15                              15                         14                            14
District expenditures
   Total current expenditures per pupil                             $8,174                       $8,063                        $7,875                             —
   Instructional expenditures per pupil                             $4,640                       $4,698                        $4,530                             —
State expenditures
   Total current expenditures per pupil                             $9,268                       $9,352                        $9,173                             —
   Instructional expenditures per pupil                             $5,258                       $5,367                        $5,252                             —
SOURCE: Analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD) and from the U.S. Census
Bureau.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability. See methodology section.
1
  As defined by CCD, locale code 11 represents a large city, code 12 represents a midsize city, and code 21 represents a suburb of a large urban area.
2
  District size rank is based on enrollment in local school districts in the 50 states and DC, and does not include other district types or territories.
3
  Low-income students are defined as eligible for Free or Reduced-Price School Lunch (FRSL).
4
  Prior to 2011, some states combined Asian and Hawaiian Native/Pacific Islander categories.
5
  As of 2011, all states reported a “Two or more races” category; however, some states began reporting this category as early as 2009.
NOTES: CCD data for 2012 and 2011 expenditures data from the U.S. Census were not available at time of this analysis.

 State test information: 2009–2012
                                                                                                              Grades included in analysis
Subject/level       Most recent test included in analysis                                      2009              2010            2011                   2012
Reading
   Elementary       Palmetto Assessment of State Standards (PASS)                              3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5
   Middle           Palmetto Assessment of State Standards (PASS)                              6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8
   High             High School Assessment Program (HSAP)                                        10                 10                 10                 10
Mathematics
   Elementary       Palmetto Assessment of State Standards (PASS)                              3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5
   Middle           Palmetto Assessment of State Standards (PASS)                              6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8
   High             High School Assessment Program (HSAP)                                        10                 10                 10                 10
Science
   Elementary       Palmetto Assessment of State Standards (PASS)                              3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5            3, 4, 5
   Middle           Palmetto Assessment of State Standards (PASS)                              6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8            6, 7, 8
   High             End-of-Course Examination Program (EOCEP)                                    10                 10                 10                 10
SOURCE: State education agency.
— Not available.
NOTES: Italics indicate tests were not comparable to other years. 2011 and 2012 data at the high school level are based on end-of-course exam results which
include some data for middle school students (less than 1 percent). In 2011, the state implemented new federal race/ethnicity data collection and reporting
requirements; as a result, trends for racial/ethnic subgroups should be interpreted with caution. At the high school level in 2011, the state began a rolling imple-
mentation of the Biology EOCEP for accountability purposes, replacing the Physical Science EOCEP. The transition was completed in 2012; 2011 and 2012 results
are comparable neither to each other nor to prior years and, thus, were excluded from trend analysis.

2     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                  PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                              Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                 SOUTH CAROLINA

Trends in Overall Reading, Mathematics, and Science Proficiency
 Percentage of all students in the district and the state1 scoring at or above proficient in reading, mathematics, and
 science in elementary, middle, and high school: 2009–2012

D I S T R I C T P R O F I C I E N C Y R AT E                                S TAT E 1 P R O F I C I E N C Y R AT E
                   Elementary                                                                Elementary
Percent                                                                  Percent

100                                                                      100                                                       Reading
                                                                                                                                   Mathematics
 80                                                                       80
                                                                                                                                   Science
 60                                                                       60

 40                                                                       40

 20                                                                       20

  0                                                                         0
          2009      2010         2011        2012                                  2009       2010        2011         2012

                      Middle                                                                    Middle
Percent                                                                  Percent

100                                                                      100

 80                                                                       80

 60                                                                       60

 40                                                                       40

 20                                                                       20

  0                                                                         0
          2009      2010         2011        2012                                  2009       2010        2011         2012

                        High                                                                     High
Percent                                                                  Percent

100                                                                      100

 80                                                                       80

 60                                                                       60

 40                                                                       40

 20                                                                       20

  0                                                                         0
          2009      2010         2011        2012                                  2009       2010        2011         2012

SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
NOTES: See tables on pages 4, 8 and 12 for details.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                           © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION     3
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

Reading Performance and Improvement at the Proficient or Above Level
 Percentage of students in the district and the state1 scoring at or above proficient in reading: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                         Decile ranks
                                                                                                                  Average                                Average
                                        2009               2010               2011               2012              change                  2012           change
Elementary
   District
      All                                  79                 81                 82                 82                    1                    3                 3
      African American                     65                 67                 68                 67                    1                    5                 4
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             65                 71                 72                 72                    2                    4                 2
      White                                86                 87                 89                 89                    1                    3                 3
      Low income                           67                 71                 72                 71                    2                    4                 3
      Non-low income                       89                 90                 91                 92                    1                    3                 3
   State1
      All                                  78                 78                 78                 78                    0                   —                 —
      African American                     66                 67                 67                 65                    0                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                 72                 73                 72                    0                   —                 —
      White                                87                 86                 87                 87                    0                   —                 —
      Low income                           69                 70                 71                 70                    0                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       90                 90                 90                 91                    0                   —                 —
Middle
   District
      All                                  70                 69                 71                 73                    1                    3                 3
      African American                     53                 50                 51                 53                    0                    6                 5
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             58                 61                 63                 65                    2                    6                 3
      White                                79                 78                 80                 82                    1                    3                 3
      Low income                           55                 55                 57                 60                    2                    5                 3
      Non-low income                       81                 82                 83                 86                    1                    3                 4
   State1
      All                                  69                 68                 69                 70                    0                   —                 —
      African American                     55                 54                 53                 55                    0                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                 65                    †                   —                 —
      White                                80                 79                 79                 81                    0                   —                 —
      Low income                           58                 57                 57                 60                    1                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       83                 83                 83                 84                    1                   —                 —
High
   District
      All                                  56                 61                 69                 65                    3                    1                 4
      African American                     31                 37                 45                 41                    4                    3                 3
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             41                 45                 55                 51                    4                    3                 6
      White                                69                 73                 81                 76                    3                    2                 5
      Low income                           33                 41                 51                 44                    4                    3                 3
      Non-low income                       68                 74                 80                 78                    4                    1                 5
   State1
      All                                  49                 54                 60                 57                    3                   —                 —
      African American                     31                 37                 42                 39                    3                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      White                                63                 66                 72                 69                    2                   —                 —
      Low income                           32                 39                 45                 42                    4                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       64                 68                 74                 72                    3                   —                 —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
NOTES: Details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks are found in the methodology section. Positive change values appear in color. Decile
ranks appear in color when the district’s 2012 performance or average change in proficiency is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state.

4     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                 PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                              Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                       SOUTH CAROLINA

Reading Performance and Improvement at the Advanced Level
 Percentage of students in the district and the state1 scoring at the advanced2 level in reading: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                         Decile ranks
                                                                                                                  Average                                Average
                                        2009               2010               2011               2012              change                  2012           change
Elementary
   District
      All                                  42                 45                 46                 50                    3                    3                 3
      African American                     21                 25                 24                 28                    2                    4                 4
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             26                 30                 33                 35                    3                    4                 3
      White                                52                 55                 57                 61                    3                    2                 3
      Low income                           25                 29                 31                 34                    3                    4                 3
      Non-low income                       56                 61                 61                 67                    4                    3                 3
   State
      All                                  39                 43                 42                 45                    2                   —                 —
      African American                     23                 26                 25                 26                    1                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                 33                 34                 35                    1                   —                 —
      White                                52                 55                 54                 58                    2                   —                 —
      Low income                           26                 30                 30                 32                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       57                 61                 60                 65                    2                   —                 —
Middle
   District
      All                                  30                 37                 40                 41                    4                    3                 2
      African American                     14                 18                 17                 19                    2                    5                 6
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             18                 23                 26                 28                    3                    6                 3
      White                                39                 46                 50                 52                    4                    3                 2
      Low income                           15                 20                 23                 25                    3                    4                 2
      Non-low income                       42                 51                 54                 56                    5                    4                 3
   State
      All                                  30                 35                 36                 38                    2                   —                 —
      African American                     15                 18                 19                 20                    1                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                 29                    †                   —                 —
      White                                41                 47                 49                 50                    3                   —                 —
      Low income                           18                 22                 23                 25                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       45                 52                 54                 56                    3                   —                 —
High
   District
      All                                  26                 31                 39                 32                    2                    1                 3
      African American                      8                 11                 16                 11                    2                    3                 3
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             14                 18                 25                 19                    2                    3                 7
      White                                36                 40                 50                 41                    3                    2                 4
      Low income                            9                 13                 21                 14                    2                    3                 3
      Non-low income                       35                 42                 50                 44                    3                    1                 4
   State
      All                                  21                 25                 30                 24                    2                   —                 —
      African American                      9                 12                 14                 10                    1                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      White                                30                 35                 42                 34                    2                   —                 —
      Low income                            9                 13                 17                 12                    1                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       31                 37                 44                 37                    3                   —                 —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
2
  “Advanced” includes any levels above proficient.
NOTES: Details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks are found in the methodology section. Positive change values appear in color. Decile
ranks appear in color when the district’s 2012 performance or average change in proficiency is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                            © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION              5
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

Reading Proficiency Gaps
 Percentage-point gaps in reading proficiency rates between disadvantaged and advantaged groups: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                            Decile ranks
                                                                                                                       Average                          Average
                                                2009         2010                      2011             2012            change               2012        change
Elementary
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -21          -21                        -21              -22                  0                  7               5
      Hispanic vs. White                         -21          -16                        -16              -17                  1                  8               4
      Low income vs. non-low income              -22          -20                        -19              -21                  1                  7               5
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                   -1          -2                         -1                0                  0                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †          -2                         -2               -2                  0                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income                -2           0                          0                0                  1                —                —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -22          -20                        -19              -20                  1                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -22          -15                        -14              -15                  2                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -23          -19                        -18              -19                  1                —                —
Middle
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -26          -28                        -29              -29                 -1                  9               7
      Hispanic vs. White                         -20          -17                        -17              -17                  1                  6               4
      Low income vs. non-low income              -26          -27                        -26              -26                  0                  9               5
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                   -1          -2                         -3               -3                 -1                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †           †                          †               -1                  †                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income                -1          -1                          0               -1                  0                —                —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -27          -28                        -28              -28                  0                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -21          -18                        -16              -16                  2                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -28          -28                        -26              -25                  1                —                —
High
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -39          -36                        -36              -35                  1                  9               4
      Hispanic vs. White                         -29          -28                        -26              -25                  1                  7               6
      Low income vs. non-low income              -35          -33                        -29              -34                  1                  9               5
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                   -7          -6                         -5               -5                  1                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †           †                          †                †                  †                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income                -3          -4                          0               -4                  0                —                —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -32          -30                        -27              -28                  2                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -22          -21                        -18              -18                  2                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -31          -27                        -23              -27                  1                —                —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
NOTES: In the first four columns, negative numbers indicate an achievement gap, where the disadvantaged group performed lower than the advantaged group.
(Positive numbers indicate the disadvantaged group performed higher than the advantaged group.) Negative average change values indicate the achievement
gap widened; positive numbers indicate the achievement gap narrowed. Average change values appear in color when the gap is closing; details on the defini-
tion of a gap closure and average change are found in the methodology section. Details on the calculation of decile ranks are also found in the methodology
section. 2012 decile ranks appear in color when the 2012 gap is among the 30 percent (1–3) of districts with the smallest gaps in the state. Decile ranks of average
change appear in color when the average change in gaps is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state and meets the conditions for a gap closure.

6     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                  PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                                Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                         SOUTH CAROLINA

Standardized Residuals for Reading
 Standardized residuals1 for regressions of the percentage of students in the district scoring at or above proficient in
 reading, controlling for district poverty level: 2009–2012

                       Elementary                                               Middle                                                   High
Residual
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50                                                                                                                                            0.39
                                                                                                                                      0.19                 0.21
0.00
                                  -0.14      -0.15                                                                      -0.06
-0.50                  -0.38                                                                            -0.43
           -0.72                                                                        -0.65
-1.00                                                                        -0.90
                                                                  -1.06
-1.50
-2.00

            2009       2010        2011       2012                2009        2010        2011          2012             2009         2010      2011       2012

SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
1
  Positive residuals indicate higher-than-expected performance, and negative residuals indicate lower-than-expected performance, given the district’s poverty
level. Residuals are expressed in standard units. Regressions were weighted by district size.
NOTES: See below for details.

 Standardized residuals1 for regressions of the percentage of students in the district scoring at or above proficient in
 reading, controlling for district poverty level: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                             Decile ranks2
                                                                                                                          Average                       Average
                                                                2009           2010             2011            2012       change             2012       change
Elementary                                                      -0.72          -0.38            -0.14           -0.15        0.20              6.00        3.00
Middle                                                          -1.06          -0.90            -0.65           -0.43        0.22              8.00        3.00
High                                                            -0.06           0.19             0.39            0.21        0.10              5.00         4.00
Count of positive residuals in
reading/total available                                           0/3            1/3             1/3             1/3            3/3             6.33           3.33
Count of positive residuals in
reading, mathematics, and science/total available                 0/9            2/9             1/9             3/9            8/9             6.56           4.00
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability. See methodology section.
1
  Positive residuals indicate higher-than-expected performance, and negative residuals indicate lower-than-expected performance, given the district’s poverty level.
Residuals are expressed in standard units. Regressions were weighted by district size.
2
  For the count of “positive residuals” rows, the decile rank is the average rank for the three education levels.
NOTES: For details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks, see methodology section. Positive average change values and decile ranks in the
top 30 percent (1–3) of the state appear in color. Counts of residuals also appear in color when all available residuals are positive.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                               © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION            7
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

Mathematics Performance and Improvement at the Proficient or Above Level
 Percentage of students in the district and the state1 scoring at or above proficient in mathematics: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                         Decile ranks
                                                                                                                  Average                                Average
                                        2009               2010               2011               2012              change                  2012           change
Elementary
   District
      All                                  76                 76                 79                 81                    2                    3                 5
      African American                     58                 59                 62                 63                    2                    5                 5
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             67                 70                 74                 74                    2                    4                 4
      White                                84                 83                 86                 88                    2                    3                 4
      Low income                           64                 65                 69                 70                    2                    4                 5
      Non-low income                       86                 86                 88                 91                    2                    3                 3
   State1
      All                                  72                 72                 75                 75                    1                   —                 —
      African American                     57                 58                 60                 61                    1                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                             67                 67                 71                 72                    2                   —                 —
      White                                83                 83                 84                 85                    1                   —                 —
      Low income                           62                 63                 66                 67                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       86                 86                 87                 88                    1                   —                 —
Middle
   District
      All                                  66                 67                 72                 72                    3                    4                 3
      African American                     46                 46                 53                 51                    2                    8                 5
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             58                 59                 68                 66                    3                    8                 4
      White                                75                 76                 80                 81                    2                    5                 3
      Low income                           50                 52                 60                 59                    3                    7                 3
      Non-low income                       78                 80                 82                 85                    3                    5                 4
   State1
      All                                  68                 67                 70                 71                    1                   —                 —
      African American                     52                 52                 56                 56                    2                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                 70                    †                   —                 —
      White                                79                 78                 80                 81                    1                   —                 —
      Low income                           56                 56                 60                 61                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       81                 81                 84                 85                    1                   —                 —
High
   District
      All                                  53                 54                 57                 57                    2                    3                 4
      African American                     25                 27                 30                 32                    2                    6                 3
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             45                 45                 49                 45                    0                    6                 8
      White                                65                 66                 68                 68                    1                    4                 5
      Low income                           32                 34                 39                 38                    2                    6                 4
      Non-low income                       64                 66                 68                 70                    2                    4                 4
   State1
      All                                  50                 51                 51                 54                    1                   —                 —
      African American                     31                 32                 31                 35                    1                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      White                                64                 64                 66                 66                    1                   —                 —
      Low income                           34                 36                 37                 39                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       64                 65                 66                 68                    1                   —                 —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
NOTES: Details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks are found in the methodology section. Positive change values appear in color. Decile
ranks appear in color when the district’s 2012 performance or average change in proficiency is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state.

8     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                 PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                              Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                       SOUTH CAROLINA

Mathematics Performance and Improvement at the Advanced Level
 Percentage of students in the district and the state1 scoring at the advanced2 level in mathematics: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                         Decile ranks
                                                                                                                  Average                                Average
                                        2009               2010               2011               2012              change                  2012           change
Elementary
   District
      All                                  34                 39                 44                 45                    4                    2                 4
      African American                     14                 19                 21                 21                    2                    4                 6
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             22                 28                 31                 33                    4                    4                 4
      White                                43                 48                 53                 55                    4                    3                 4
      Low income                           18                 24                 28                 29                    4                    4                 4
      Non-low income                       47                 54                 59                 61                    5                    2                 4
   State
      All                                  30                 35                 39                 38                    3                   —                 —
      African American                     14                 18                 21                 20                    2                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                             22                 27                 33                 32                    3                   —                 —
      White                                41                 47                 51                 51                    3                   —                 —
      Low income                           18                 23                 27                 26                    3                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       46                 52                 57                 57                    4                   —                 —
Middle
   District
      All                                  24                 27                 31                 33                    3                    4                 2
      African American                      8                 10                 12                 12                    2                    7                 5
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             14                 18                 21                 21                    3                    8                 5
      White                                32                 34                 40                 42                    4                    4                 2
      Low income                           10                 13                 17                 17                    2                    6                 3
      Non-low income                       34                 39                 44                 47                    4                    4                 2
   State
      All                                  26                 27                 30                 31                    2                   —                 —
      African American                     11                 12                 14                 15                    1                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                 27                    †                   —                 —
      White                                37                 38                 41                 42                    2                   —                 —
      Low income                           14                 16                 18                 19                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       40                 42                 45                 48                    3                   —                 —
High
   District
      All                                  29                 28                 27                 31                    0                    3                 5
      African American                      7                  9                  8                 10                    1                    6                 4
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             19                 16                 16                 19                    0                    6                 6
      White                                39                 37                 36                 40                    0                    3                 6
      Low income                           12                 11                 12                 14                    1                    4                 4
      Non-low income                       39                 38                 37                 42                    1                    4                 6
   State
      All                                  26                 24                 23                 27                    0                   —                 —
      African American                     10                  9                  8                 11                    0                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      White                                37                 35                 33                 37                    0                   —                 —
      Low income                           12                 12                 11                 14                    0                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       38                 36                 35                 40                    1                   —                 —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
2
  “Advanced” includes any levels above proficient.
NOTES: Details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks are found in the methodology section. Positive change values appear in color. Decile
ranks appear in color when the district’s 2012 performance or average change in proficiency is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                            © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION              9
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

Mathematics Proficiency Gaps
 Percentage-point gaps in mathematics proficiency rates between disadvantaged and advantaged groups: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                            Decile ranks
                                                                                                                       Average                          Average
                                                2009         2010                      2011             2012            change               2012        change
Elementary
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -25          -25                        -24              -25                  0                  8               6
      Hispanic vs. White                         -16          -14                        -13              -14                  1                  7               6
      Low income vs. non-low income              -23          -21                        -19              -21                  1                  7               7
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                    0           0                          0               -1                  0                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                           -1           1                          1               -1                  0                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income                 2           2                          2                1                  0                —                —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -25          -24                        -23              -22                  1                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -16          -13                        -11              -11                  2                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -22          -21                        -18              -18                  2                —                —
Middle
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -29          -29                        -27              -30                  0                  9               7
      Hispanic vs. White                         -17          -17                        -11              -16                  1                  8               6
      Low income vs. non-low income              -27          -27                        -22              -26                  1                  9               5
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                   -2          -3                         -2               -5                 -1                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †           †                          †               -4                  †                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income                -2          -2                          1               -3                  0                —                —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -33          -31                        -27              -30                  1                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -21          -19                        -12              -15                  2                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -31          -29                        -24              -26                  2                —                —
High
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -40          -39                        -38              -36                  1                  9               4
      Hispanic vs. White                         -20          -21                        -19              -23                 -1                  9               7
      Low income vs. non-low income              -32          -32                        -28              -33                  0                  9               5
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                   -8          -6                         -3               -5                  1                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †           †                          †                †                  †                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income                -2          -3                          1               -4                  0                —                —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -39          -37                        -36              -34                  2                —                —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -19          -20                        -17              -21                  0                —                —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -32          -30                        -27              -30                  1                —                —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
NOTES: In the first four columns, negative numbers indicate an achievement gap, where the disadvantaged group performed lower than the advantaged group.
(Positive numbers indicate the disadvantaged group performed higher than the advantaged group.) Negative average change values indicate the achievement
gap widened; positive numbers indicate the achievement gap narrowed. Average change values appear in color when the gap is closing; details on the defini-
tion of a gap closure and average change are found in the methodology section. Details on the calculation of decile ranks are also found in the methodology
section. 2012 decile ranks appear in color when the 2012 gap is among the 30 percent (1–3) of districts with the smallest gaps in the state. Decile ranks of average
change appear in color when the average change in gaps is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state and meets the conditions for a gap closure.

10     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                 PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                                Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                         SOUTH CAROLINA

Standardized Residuals for Mathematics
 Standardized residuals1 for regressions of the percentage of students in the district scoring at or above proficient in
 mathematics, controlling for district poverty level: 2009–2012

                       Elementary                                               Middle                                                   High
Residual
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50
                                             0.06
0.00
                                  -0.12
-0.50      -0.37       -0.26                                                                                                                    -0.29
                                                                                                                                      -0.40
                                                                                        -0.62           -0.65           -0.63                             -0.67
-1.00                                                                        -0.95
-1.50                                                             -1.25

-2.00

            2009       2010        2011       2012                2009        2010        2011          2012             2009         2010       2011      2012

SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
1
  Positive residuals indicate higher-than-expected performance, and negative residuals indicate lower-than-expected performance, given the district’s poverty
level. Residuals are expressed in standard units. Regressions were weighted by district size.
NOTES: See below for details.

 Standardized residuals1 for regressions of the percentage of students in the district scoring at or above proficient in
 mathematics, controlling for district poverty level: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                              Decile ranks2
                                                                                                                          Average                        Average
                                                                2009           2010             2011            2012       change              2012       change
Elementary                                                      -0.37          -0.26            -0.12            0.06        0.14               6.00         4.00
Middle                                                          -1.25          -0.95            -0.62           -0.65        0.21               8.00        3.00
High                                                            -0.63          -0.40            -0.29           -0.67         0.00              8.00         5.00
Count of positive residuals in
mathematics/total available                                       0/3            0/3             0/3             1/3            2/3              7.33          4.00
Count of positive residuals in
reading, mathematics, and science/total available                 0/9            2/9             1/9             3/9            8/9              6.56          4.00
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability. See methodology section.
1
  Positive residuals indicate higher-than-expected performance, and negative residuals indicate lower-than-expected performance, given the district’s poverty level.
Residuals are expressed in standard units. Regressions were weighted by district size.
2
  For the count of “positive residuals” rows, the decile rank is the average rank for the three education levels.
NOTES: For details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks, see methodology section. Positive average change values and decile ranks in the
top 30 percent (1–3) of the state appear in color. Counts of residuals also appear in color when all available residuals are positive.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                              © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION            11
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

Science Performance and Improvement at the Proficient or Above Level
 Percentage of students in the district and the state1 scoring at or above proficient in science: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                         Decile ranks
                                                                                                                  Average                                Average
                                        2009               2010               2011               2012              change                  2012           change
Elementary
   District
      All                                  71                 71                 71                 75                    1                    3                 6
      African American                     52                 50                 50                 55                    1                    5                 6
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             59                 59                 60                 64                    2                    5                 4
      White                                81                 81                 81                 84                    1                    3                 6
      Low income                           58                 57                 58                 63                    2                    4                 5
      Non-low income                       83                 84                 84                 87                    1                    3                 5
   State1
      All                                  66                 64                 66                 69                    1                   —                 —
      African American                     49                 46                 47                 52                    1                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                 55                 58                 62                    4                   —                 —
      White                                79                 78                 81                 82                    1                   —                 —
      Low income                           54                 53                 55                 60                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       83                 82                 83                 85                    1                   —                 —
Middle
   District
      All                                  68                 69                 71                 75                    2                    4                 4
      African American                     51                 50                 50                 55                    1                    6                 8
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             59                 60                 62                 67                    3                    6                 6
      White                                76                 79                 80                 83                    2                    4                 3
      Low income                           54                 56                 58                 62                    3                    6                 5
      Non-low income                       79                 81                 82                 87                    2                    4                 3
   State1
      All                                  67                 69                 69                 72                    2                   —                 —
      African American                     50                 53                 53                 57                    2                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                 69                    †                   —                 —
      White                                79                 80                 81                 83                    1                   —                 —
      Low income                           54                 57                 58                 62                    3                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       82                 83                 84                 86                    1                   —                 —
High
   District
      All                                  26                 33                 44                 51                    ‡                    2                 ‡
      African American                      7                 15                 19                 25                    ‡                    3                 ‡
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    ‡                    †                 ‡
      Hispanic                             16                 21                 28                 32                    ‡                    5                 ‡
      White                                35                 41                 55                 63                    ‡                    3                 ‡
      Low income                           11                 19                 24                 31                    ‡                    4                 ‡
      Non-low income                       33                 42                 55                 63                    ‡                    2                 ‡
   State1
      All                                  20                 24                 34                 41                    ‡                   —                 —
      African American                      7                 10                 15                 21                    ‡                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    ‡                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                  †                    ‡                   —                 —
      White                                30                 34                 47                 54                    ‡                   —                 —
      Low income                            9                 12                 19                 26                    ‡                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       31                 35                 48                 56                    ‡                   —                 —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
NOTES: Details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks are found in the methodology section. Positive change values appear in color. Decile
ranks appear in color when the district’s 2012 performance or average change in proficiency is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state. A rolling implementation
of a new science end-of-course exam affected the comparability of results at the high school level; data from 2011 and 2012 are considered comparable neither
to each other nor to previous years. 2011 and 2012 data at the high school level are based on end-of-course exam results which include some data for middle
school students (less than 1 percent). Italicized values are not comparable to other years.

12     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                              Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                       SOUTH CAROLINA

Science Performance and Improvement at the Advanced Level
 Percentage of students in the district and the state1 scoring at the advanced2 level in science: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                         Decile ranks
                                                                                                                  Average                                Average
                                        2009               2010               2011               2012              change                  2012           change
Elementary
   District
      All                                  19                 20                 21                 21                    1                    3                 5
      African American                      6                  7                  6                  7                    0                    4                 5
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                              9                  9                  9                 11                    1                    4                 5
      White                                25                 27                 28                 28                    1                    4                 7
      Low income                            8                  9                 10                 10                    1                    4                 5
      Non-low income                       28                 31                 32                 32                    1                    4                 6
   State
      All                                  16                 17                 18                 18                    1                   —                 —
      African American                      5                  6                  6                  6                    0                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                 10                 11                 10                    0                   —                 —
      White                                24                 26                 28                 26                    1                   —                 —
      Low income                            7                  9                 10                 10                    1                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       27                 29                 31                 30                    1                   —                 —
Middle
   District
      All                                  20                 25                 27                 31                    4                    3                 3
      African American                      7                  9                  9                 12                    1                    6                 7
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                    †                 †
      Hispanic                             12                 15                 17                 20                    3                    7                 6
      White                                26                 33                 35                 40                    4                    4                 3
      Low income                           10                 13                 15                 18                    3                    5                 4
      Non-low income                       28                 36                 37                 44                    5                    4                 3
   State
      All                                  20                 25                 26                 29                    3                   —                 —
      African American                      8                 10                 10                 13                    2                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    †                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                 22                    †                   —                 —
      White                                29                 35                 37                 40                    3                   —                 —
      Low income                           10                 14                 15                 18                    2                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       32                 39                 41                 45                    4                   —                 —
High
   District
      All                                  13                 20                 28                 35                    ‡                    2                 ‡
      African American                      2                  8                  9                 11                    ‡                    4                 ‡
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    ‡                    †                 ‡
      Hispanic                              7                 12                 16                 18                    ‡                    5                 ‡
      White                                19                 25                 37                 46                    ‡                    2                 ‡
      Low income                            5                  9                 13                 17                    ‡                    4                 ‡
      Non-low income                       18                 26                 38                 45                    ‡                    2                 ‡
   State
      All                                  10                 14                 20                 27                    ‡                   —                 —
      African American                      3                  4                  6                 10                    ‡                   —                 —
      Asian                                 †                  †                  †                  †                    ‡                   —                 —
      Hispanic                              †                  †                  †                  †                    ‡                   —                 —
      White                                16                 21                 29                 37                    ‡                   —                 —
      Low income                            3                  6                  9                 14                    ‡                   —                 —
      Non-low income                       17                 22                 30                 39                    ‡                   —                 —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
2
  “Advanced” includes any levels above proficient.
NOTES: Details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks are found in the methodology section. Positive change values appear in color. Decile
ranks appear in color when the district’s 2012 performance or average change in proficiency is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state. A rolling implementation
of a new science end-of-course exam affected the comparability of results at the high school level; data from 2011 and 2012 are considered comparable neither
to each other nor to previous years. 2011 and 2012 data at the high school level are based on end-of-course exam results which include some data for middle
school students (less than 1 percent). Italicized values are not comparable to other years.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                         © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                13
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

Science Proficiency Gaps
 Percentage-point gaps in science proficiency rates between disadvantaged and advantaged groups: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                           Decile ranks
                                                                                                                      Average                          Average
                                                2009         2010                     2011             2012            change               2012        change
Elementary
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -29          -31                       -32              -30                  0                  7               6
      Hispanic vs. White                         -22          -22                       -22              -20                  1                  6               5
      Low income vs. non-low income              -25          -27                       -26              -25                  0                  8               7
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                    2           1                         2                1                  0                 —               —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †           1                         1               -1                 -1                 —               —
      Low income vs. non-low income                 3           3                         2                1                 -1                 —               —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -27          -29                       -31              -27                  0                 —               —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -20          -19                       -21              -18                  1                 —               —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -25          -25                       -25              -22                  1                 —               —
Middle
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -26          -29                       -30              -29                 -1                  9               9
      Hispanic vs. White                         -17          -18                       -18              -16                  0                  6               7
      Low income vs. non-low income              -25          -25                       -24              -25                  0                  8               7
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                    3          -1                         -2              -2                 -2                 —               —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †           †                          †              -2                  †                 —               —
      Low income vs. non-low income                 2           1                          1              -1                 -1                 —               —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -28          -30                       -30              -29                  0                 —               —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -20          -20                       -19              -16                  1                 —               —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -28          -27                       -26              -24                  1                 —               —
High
   Internal district gap
      African American vs. White                 -28          -27                       -36              -39                  ‡                  9               ‡
      Hispanic vs. White                         -20          -20                       -27              -31                  ‡                  8               ‡
      Low income vs. non-low income              -22          -23                       -32              -32                  ‡                  9               ‡
   Internal district vs. internal state1 gap
      African American vs. White                   -6          -2                         -3               -6                 ‡                 —               —
      Hispanic vs. White                            †           †                          †                †                 ‡                 —               —
      Low income vs. non-low income                 0           0                         -3               -2                 ‡                 —               —
   External gap: district disadvantaged vs. state1 advantaged
      African American vs. White                 -23          -20                       -29              -29                  ‡                 —               —
      Hispanic vs. White                         -14          -13                       -19              -21                  ‡                 —               —
      Low income vs. non-low income              -19          -17                       -24              -25                  ‡                 —               —
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less than 5 percent of test takers at a level. See methodology section.
‡ Calculation could not be performed due to a change in the state test.
1
  Unless otherwise indicated in the NOTES section below, state values exclude the district’s results; see methodology section.
NOTES: In the first four columns, negative numbers indicate an achievement gap, where the disadvantaged group performed lower than the advantaged group.
(Positive numbers indicate the disadvantaged group performed higher than the advantaged group.) Negative average change values indicate the achievement
gap widened; positive numbers indicate the achievement gap narrowed. Average change values appear in color when the gap is closing; details on the defini-
tion of a gap closure and average change are found in the methodology section. Details on the calculation of decile ranks are also found in the methodology
section. 2012 decile ranks appear in color when the 2012 gap is among the 30 percent (1–3) of districts with the smallest gaps in the state. Decile ranks of aver-
age change appear in color when the average change in gaps is in the top 30 percent (1–3) of the state and meets the conditions for a gap closure. A rolling
implementation of a new science end-of-course exam affected the comparability of results at the high school level; data from 2011 and 2012 are considered
comparable neither to each other nor to previous years. 2011 and 2012 data at the high school level are based on end-of-course exam results which include some
data for middle school students (less than 1 percent). Italicized values are not comparable to other years.

14     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                                Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                         SOUTH CAROLINA

Standardized Residuals for Science
 Standardized residuals1 for regressions of the percentage of students in the district scoring at or above proficient in
 science, controlling for district poverty level: 2009–2012

                       Elementary                                               Middle                                                   High
Residual
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50                                                                                                                                  0.29
                                                                                                                                                           0.09
0.00
                       -0.01                 -0.05                                                                                              -0.01
-0.50      -0.24                  -0.26                                                                                 -0.28
                                                                                                        -0.49
-1.00                                                             -0.88      -0.77      -0.76
-1.50
-2.00

            2009       2010        2011       2012                2009        2010        2011          2012             2009         2010       2011      2012

SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
1
  Positive residuals indicate higher-than-expected performance, and negative residuals indicate lower-than-expected performance, given the district’s poverty
level. Residuals are expressed in standard units. Regressions were weighted by district size.
NOTES: See below for details.

 Standardized residuals1 for regressions of the percentage of students in the district scoring at or above proficient in
 science, controlling for district poverty level: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                             Decile ranks2
                                                                                                                          Average                       Average
                                                                2009           2010             2011            2012       change             2012       change
Elementary                                                      -0.24          -0.01            -0.26           -0.05        0.03              6.00         5.00
Middle                                                          -0.88          -0.77            -0.76           -0.49        0.12              7.00         4.00
High                                                            -0.28           0.29            -0.01            0.09        0.08              5.00         5.00
Count of positive residuals in
science/total available                                           0/3            1/3             0/3             1/3            3/3              6.00          4.67
Count of positive residuals in
reading, mathematics, and science/total available                 0/9            2/9             1/9             3/9            8/9              6.56          4.00
SOURCE: Analysis of state test data.
— Not available. † Data were suppressed due to unreliability. See methodology section.
1
  Positive residuals indicate higher-than-expected performance, and negative residuals indicate lower-than-expected performance, given the district’s poverty level.
Residuals are expressed in standard units. Regressions were weighted by district size.
2
  For the count of “positive residuals” rows, the decile rank is the average rank for the three education levels.
NOTES: For details on the calculation of average change and decile ranks, see methodology section. Positive average change values and decile ranks in the
top 30 percent (1–3) of the state appear in color. Counts of residuals also appear in color when all available residuals are positive.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                              © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION            15
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

 Greenville County Schools
 SOUTH CAROLINA

High School Graduation Rates
 Three estimated high school graduation rates: 2006–2009

                 Averaged Freshman                                         Urban Institute                                      Manhattan Institute
                  Graduation Rate                                             Method                                                Method
Percent

100

 80

 60

 40

 20

  0
          2006       2007         2008         2009             2006         2007          2008           2009           2006        2007         2008         2009
                                         All students           African American                  Asian             Hispanic         White

 Estimated high school graduation rates for the classes of 2006–2009

                                            2006                                    2007                         2008                 2009          Average change
Average of the three graduation rate measures
  All                                         —                                       57                           —                     66                           4
  African American                            —                                       42                           —                     52                           5
  Asian                                       —                                        †                           —                      †                           †
  Hispanic                                    —                                       48                           —                     63                           8
  White                                       —                                       65                           —                     74                           4
Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate
  All                                         —                                      61                            —                     69                          4
  African American                            —                                      46                            —                     55                          5
  Asian                                       —                                       †                            —                      †                          †
  Hispanic                                    —                                      45                            —                     74                         14
  White                                       —                                      69                            —                     74                          3
Urban Institute method1
  All                                         —                                      55                            —                     62                           3
  African American                            —                                      40                            —                     47                           3
  Asian                                       —                                       †                            —                      †                           †
  Hispanic                                    —                                      50                            —                     53                           1
  White                                       —                                      61                            —                     70                           5
Manhattan Institute method1
  All                                         —                                      56                            —                     68                           6
  African American                            —                                      41                            —                     55                           7
  Asian                                       —                                       †                            —                      †                           †
  Hispanic                                    —                                       †                            —                      †                           †
  White                                       —                                      66                            —                     76                           5
SOURCE: Analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD).
— Not available. † Data were suppressed if a subgroup represented less than 5 percent of the population or due to unreliability; rules vary by method.
See methodology section.
1
  The Urban Institute method is also known as Swanson’s cumulative promotion index (SCPI) and the Manhattan Institute method is also known as Greene’s
graduation indicator (GGI).
NOTES: Gaps in lines represent missing or suppressed data. Average of the three graduation rates is based on the average of any available values from the three
individual methods. Positive change values appear in color. Details on the calculation of average change are found in the methodology section. Diploma counts
for 2010 or later were not released in time for this year’s analysis. For districts that were eligible for The 2012 Broad Prize, results are generally the same as those
reported last year. Diploma counts in 2006 and 2008 were unavailable for this district.

16     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                                                   PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                                               Greenville County Schools
                                                                                                                                        SOUTH CAROLINA

College Readiness Data
 Test scores and participation rates for college readiness examinations: 2009–2012

                                                                                                                                                            Average
                                                       2009                      2010                     2011                      2012                     change
SAT Reasoning Test1
  Mean total score (reading, mathematics, and writing)
     All                                     1,472                              1,458                     1,448                    1,448                          -8
     African American                        1,204                              1,231                     1,198                    1,208                          -2
     Asian                                   1,577                              1,612                     1,617                    1,594                           6
     Hispanic                                1,348                              1,352                     1,395                    1,363                           9
     White                                   1,561                              1,534                     1,527                    1,530                         -10
  Participation rate
     All                                        53                                  57                       60                        60                          2
     African American                           42                                  49                       51                        50                          3
     Asian                                        †                                  †                        †                         †                          †
     Hispanic                                   41                                  46                       48                        52                          3
     White                                      56                                  59                       62                        61                          2

ACT1
  Mean composite score (English, reading, mathematics, and science)
     All                                      21.4                 21.4                                    21.3                      21.5                        0.0
     African American                         16.7                 17.0                                    16.8                      17.4                        0.2
     Asian                                    23.0                 24.6                                    25.7                      23.5                        0.3
     Hispanic                                 19.6                 19.6                                    20.2                      19.6                        0.1
     White                                    22.7                 22.8                                    22.7                      22.8                        0.0
  Participation rate
     All                                       34                   37                                       38                        41                          2
     African American                          24                   32                                       33                        31                          2
     Asian                                       †                    †                                       †                         †                          †
     Hispanic                                  20                   25                                       32                        34                          5
     White                                     37                   38                                       38                        41                          1

Advanced Placement (AP) (all subjects)2
  Percent of tests taken with scores of 3 or above
    All                                            61                               59                       57                        56                         -2
    African American                               32                               36                       31                        33                          0
    Asian                                          72                               72                       66                        63                         -3
    Hispanic                                       47                               49                       51                        50                          1
    White                                          63                               61                       59                        58                         -2
  Participation rate
    All                                            21                               22                       23                        25                          1
    African American                                7                                7                        6                         8                          0
    Asian                                           †                                †                        †                         †                          †
    Hispanic                                       12                               15                       15                        19                          2
    White                                          26                               27                       29                        30                          1
SOURCE: Analysis of data from the Common Core of Data (CCD), ACT, and the College Board (copyright © 2009–2012 The College Board. www.collegeboard.com).
— Not available.
† Test scores were suppressed if fewer than 15 students took the test. Participation rates were suppressed due to unreliability or if the subgroup represented less
than 5 percent of district enrollment in the relevant grades. Results for subgroups were suppressed when less than 90 percent of all test takers’ racial/ethnic iden-
tity was reported. See methodology section.
1
  Describes the most recent test results for graduating seniors.
2
  Describes test results for juniors and seniors taking any AP test in the given year.
NOTES: Subgroup participation rates may not reflect the “all students” rate due to some test takers not reporting their race/ethnicity. Positive change values
appear in color. Details on the calculation of average change are found in the methodology section. CCD data for 2012 were not available at the time of this
analysis; participation rates for 2012 were estimated using 2011 enrollment data.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                                           © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                17
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

Methodology and Technical Notes

Understanding the Data Report
This data report contains all of the data collected and analyzed for this district for the purpose of selecting The
Broad Prize finalists. Tables of summarized results for all the eligible districts and three former winners, which can
be used for making comparisons of this district’s performance and improvement with other eligible districts, are
also publicly available on the Broad Prize web site at www.broadprize.org/resources/75_districts.html.

The Broad Prize finalists are determined by a panel of education experts from around the country, based on a re-
view of the data and analyses for the 75 Broad Prize-eligible districts. Neither a strict formula nor set of weighting
factors is applied to the various analyses calculated. Broad Prize Review Board members consider all of the data
and analyses available and, based on each member’s knowledge and expertise, select four finalists. The Review
Board considers both performance as of the most recent year and improvement over the four most recent years
on the various measures included in this report.

The rest of this section discusses the data collection and analysis procedures used to produce the data report.
First, it describes the criteria and data sources for identifying the eligible districts. Second, it reviews each of the
quantitative achievement measures that the Review Board used in March 2013 to identify the four finalists and
the data on which the measures were based.

Eligible Districts
To be eligible for The Broad Prize, school districts must meet certain criteria set by The Broad Foundation that are
related to district size, poverty, and urbanicity. Winners from the previous three years were ineligible. The criteria
for eligibility in 2013 were as follows:

• K–12 districts serving at least 42,500 students that have at least 40 percent of students eligible for free or
  reduced-price school lunch (FRSL), at least 40 percent of students from minority groups, and an urban designa-
  tion (Locale Code 11, 12, or 21 in the CCD1) were identified. In states where more than 10 districts qualify under
  these criteria, only the 10 largest qualifying districts are eligible (70 districts met these criteria in 2013).

• In states with no districts meeting the above criteria, the next largest districts in the nation with at least 40
  percent FRSL, at least 40 percent minority, and an urban designation were identified, in order to bring the total
  number of eligible districts to 75. Only one district per state can qualify under these criteria (5 districts were
  included in 2013 based on these criteria).2

1 CCD locale code 11 represents a large city; code 12 represents a mid-size city; and code 21 represents a large suburb. Sable, J. (2008).
  Documentation to the NCES Common Core of Data Local Education Agency Universe Survey: School Year 2006–07 Version 1a (NCES 2009‑301).
  National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
2 These include Indianapolis, Indiana; Des Moines, Iowa; Norfolk, Virginia; St. Paul, Minnesota; and Newark, New Jersey.

18     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                                            PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

                                                                Methodology and Technical Notes

For The 2013 Broad Prize, data on school district demographics obtained from the National Center for Education
Statistics (NCES) Common Core of Data (CCD) for 2011 (the most recent year for which data were available) were
used to determine the list of 75 eligible districts.

The 75 eligible school districts were located in 31 states and the District of Columbia.3

Data Used for Measures of Student Achievement
Detailed data on various measures of student achievement were obtained for each district from federal and state
records and other sources. Wherever possible, data were collected by grade level; race/ethnicity (African Ameri-
can, Asian, Hispanic, and White); and income status (low income and non-low income). The achievement data ex-
amined included performance on state achievement tests, estimated graduation rates based on federal counts of
high school enrollments and completions, and college readiness data obtained from the College Board and ACT.

Reading, Mathematics, and Science Proficiency as Determined by State Tests
Key indicators of student performance include scores on state-mandated achievement tests used for federal
accountability and trends in these scores over time. Proficiency data in reading, mathematics, and science were
collected from each state for 2009 through 2012.4 These data were used to calculate the percentage of students
in each district scoring at or above proficient levels on state-mandated tests in reading, mathematics, and science
in each of grades 3 through 12 where available. Weighted by the number of test takers at each grade level, these
data on student achievement were aggregated across elementary grades (3–5), middle grades (6–8), and high
school grades (9–12). These state assessment data were analyzed (using methods described later) to calculate
actual versus expected performance, to directly compare district performance with other districts in the same
state, and to measure gaps and changes in gaps between low- and non-low-income students as well as between
White and African American students and White and Hispanic students.

Important Note Regarding State Test Data
Because states establish their own assessment and proficiency standards, districts’ performance on state tests
cannot be directly compared across states. To provide context for these data, summary tables containing infor-
mation about state or district performance on recent administrations of the National Assessment of Education
Progress (NAEP), the NAEP Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA), and a Northwestern Evaluation Association
(NWEA) proficiency-standards mapping study (ongoing since 2006) were provided to the Review Board and are
available online at www.broadprize.org/resources/75_districts.html but are not included in this data report.

3 States without eligible districts this year were Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri,
  Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming. Hawaii was ineligible
  because it has a statewide school system.
4 The data were provided directly by state agencies or downloaded from their websites.

PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL                                                            © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION         19
The 2013 Broad Prize for Urban Education

Methodology and Technical Notes

High School Graduation Rates
Another key measure of a district’s performance is the graduation rate. While using longitudinal student data
generates the most accurate graduation rate, such data are not currently available from most states. In the absence
of longitudinal data, cross-sectional data can be used to generate estimates of rates of on-time high school
graduation. There are several methods generally considered to be reliable estimators of graduation rates, three
of which are used in this report and are described in the next section on methods of analysis.

To generate estimates that are comparable across the 75 Broad Prize-eligible districts, RTI obtains diploma counts
and enrollment data for the districts from the federal CCD. The data used to create graduation rate estimates
include total and subgroup enrollments and completion counts for each district for the high school classes of
2006 through 2009 (the most recent years that were available at time of analysis). The different methods vary in
terms of the specific years of enrollment data used in the calculations.

It should be noted that district diploma counts for 2010 were not released in time for The 2013 Broad Prize analysis.
Therefore, the same range of years reported for the 2012 Broad Prize (2006 to 2009) was included for the Review
Board’s review in 2013.

College Readiness Measures
Measures of students’ college readiness include participation rates and scores for SAT and ACT as well as Advanced
Placement (AP) participation and passing rates. These tests are designed to assess readiness for college-level work.
Scale scores for each SAT subject (reading, writing, and mathematics) range from 200 to 800. Scale scores for the
composite ACT test (covering English, mathematics, reading, and science) range from 1 to 36. With schools’ per-
mission, the College Board (which administers SAT) and ACT provided mean test scores for each district for 2009
through 2012, along with the number of seniors who had taken the test (regardless of when they took the test
during high school).5

Another measure of college readiness is the extent to which students take and pass AP examinations. These ex-
aminations provide a standardized measure of student performance in college-level courses taken while in high
school. AP grades are reported on a five-point scale:

5 = Extremely well qualified
4 = Well qualified
3 = Qualified (equivalent to passing)
2 = Possibly qualified
1 = No recommendation

Again, with permission from each district, the College Board provided data for the district for 2009 through 2012
on the number of AP examinations taken by juniors and seniors and the number of passing scores (3 or above).
Exam passing rates were calculated using these data, with the number of exams taken used as the denominator.
5 When students had taken the test more than once, the most recent score was reported.

20     © 2013 THE ELI AND EDY THE BROAD FOUNDATION                                           PREPARED BY RTI INTERNATIONAL
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