Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change

Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change

Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change

Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change Integrated Transportation Assessment Report PO Box 2592, Shortland Street Auckland 1140 P: +64 9 531 5006 www.tdg.co.nz New Zealand 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc April 2010

Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change

10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change Transportation Assessment Report Quality Assurance Statement Prepared by: Samantha Boone Transportation Engineer Reviewed by: Daryl Hughes Associate Approved for Issue by: Daryl Hughes Associate Status: Final report Date: 3 May 2010

Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change

Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Table of Contents Executive Summary . . 1 1. Introduction . . 2 2. Existing Environment . . 3 2.1 Location . . 3 2.2 Transport Network . . 3 3. Existing Travel Patterns . . 10 3.1 Daily Traffic Volumes . . 10 3.2 Hourly Traffic Volumes . . 10 3.3 Intersection Turning Volumes . . 13 3.4 Road Safety Record . . 16 4. Accessibility . . 18 4.1 Private Vehicle Accessibility . . 18 4.2 Public Transport Accessibility . . 18 4.3 Walking Accessibility .

. 20 4.4 Cycling Accessibility . . 20 5. Proposed Private Plan Change . . 24 6. Proposed Transport Provisions . . 26 6.1 Vehicle Access . . 26 6.2 Pedestrian Access . . 27 6.3 Public Transport Provisions . . 27 6.4 Parking and Loading . . 27 7. Trip Generation . . 29 7.1 Trips Generated by the Business Centre . . 29 7.2 Trips Generated by Proposed New Residential Areas . . 31 8. Trip Distribution . . 33 8.1 Business Centre Trip Distribution . . 33 8.2 Trip Distribution of Proposed New Residential Areas . . 34 9. Traffic Effects . . 40 9.1 Sidra Model . . 40 9.2 Model Results . . 42 9.3 Traffic Effects Conclusions .

. 49 10. Planning and Policy Framework . . 50 10.1 Regional Policy Statement . . 50 10.2 Regional Growth Strategy . . 51 10.3 Auckland Regional Land Transport Strategy . . 52 10.4 Auckland Passenger Transport Plan 2006 – 2016 . . 53

Progressive Enterprises Ltd Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change

Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 10.5 District Plan . . 53 10.6 Summary . . 54 11. Summary and Conclusions . . 55

1 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Executive Summary Progressive Enterprises Ltd has purchased a section of land at the corner of Whitford-Maraetai Road and Beachlands Road, at Beachlands, with the intention of constructing a mixed use development; hence they are pursuing a Private Plan Change, to create the “Beachlands Village Business Centre” zone to enable this.

The location of the proposed Business Centre provides accessibility to a range of transport modes, including private vehicle, public transport, walking and cycling, which will provide a wide mode choice for employees and customers of the Centre.

Key transport provisions for the centre include new connections to the existing road network; vehicle access points; pedestrian links; and parking and loading areas. These will be designed so as to provide an integrated transport environment suitable for such a development. The traffic generating potential of the development was assessed using the potential market demand of the surrounding area for such activities which will be enabled by the Private Plan Change. To assess the effects of the trips generated by the Business Centre this traffic was added to base scenarios which included the potential traffic generation of a number of new residential areas provided for by various plan change in the areas; namely Beachlands Village New Avenues, Pine Harbour Marina and Spinnaker Bay.

It was found that the extent of potential development can be accommodated by the immediate road network while maintaining appropriate levels of safety and performance. If higher level of development is implemented at a later stage, the assessment showed that modifying the layout of the Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road roundabout can mitigate any adverse effects that may arise. Accordingly, this report concludes that the potential adverse effects of additional traffic generated by development enabled by the Private Plan Change will be no more than minor. The proposed Business Centre can be achieved in a manner that is consistent with, and encourages, key regional and district transportation objectives and policies.

Therefore, it is found that there is no traffic engineering or transportation planning reason to preclude acceptance of this proposal, and the full extent of development enabled by the Private Plan Change will have no more than minor effects on the safety and efficiency of the surrounding road network using the appropriate transport provisions described in the report.

2 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 1. Introduction Manukau City Council (Council) is developing a Plan Change to enable the establishment of residential and mixed-use development in Beachlands, Manukau City. This is supported by the publication of a document entitled “Discussion Document for Beachlands Village - New Avenues”. The entire area of that Plan Change lies to the southeast of the existing Beachlands settlement. Progressive Enterprises Ltd (Progressive) has purchased a section of land within this area with the intention of constructing the mixed use element, and is pursuing their own Private Plan Change, to create the “Beachlands Village Business Centre” zone to enable this.

The result will be that Council’s Plan Change will now deal exclusively with the residential element of their original area.

This Integrated Transport Assessment was prepared for Progressive by Traffic Design Group Ltd (TDG) to describe the traffic engineering and transportation planning aspects of the proposal. The transportation issues that are central to this proposal include: „ the ability of the site to meet key national, regional and local policies relating to the site accessibility and sustainability „ the ability of the surrounding road network to safely and efficiently support the development potential of the site that will be enabled by the Private Plan Change „ the ability of the site accesses to provide safe and efficient movement of vehicles, public transport users, cyclists and pedestrians – into, within or out of the site.

These and other matters will be addressed in the detail of this report. The report will focus on the Beachlands Village Business Centre (Business Centre), but when assessing possible future effects, will also consider the neighbouring Beachlands Village New Avenues area that is to be rezoned for residential purposes in line with the Beachlands Village New Avenues Structure Plan, as well as the proposed Pine Harbour Marina Zone Proposed Private Plan Change (Pine Harbour Plan Change) and anticipated future residential expansion proposed at Spinnaker Bay. By way of summary, it has been found that: „ the development of the Business Centre enabled by the Private Plan Change is consistent with, and encourages key regional transport policies „ the extent of development enabled by the Private Plan Change can be accommodated by the surrounding road network while maintaining appropriate levels of safety and performance.

Accordingly, this report concludes that the potential adverse effects of additional traffic generated by development enabled by the Private Plan Change will be no more than minor, given the proposed transport provisions.

3 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 2. Existing Environment 2.1 Location The Private Plan Change site is located to the southwest of the Beachlands Road / Whitford- Maraetai Road roundabout, southeast of the existing Beachlands settlement.

Figure 1 shows the location of the proposed Private Plan Change site in relation to the existing road hierarchy and as defined by the Manukau District Plan (District Plan), and also demonstrates the remaining Beachlands Village New Avenues area. Figure 2 shows the site location on an aerial photograph.

The proposed Business Centre area is currently Special Rural 1 Zone. It is currently undeveloped, providing a greenfields site between the existing Beachlands settlement to the north, and Jack Lachlan Drive, which provides the only link to the Pine Harbour Marina and residential area. 2.2 Transport Network 2.2.1 Road Network The Proposed Business Centre area is bounded by Beachlands Road and Karaka Road to the north, Whitford-Maraetai Road to the east, and Jack Lachlan Drive to the south. An extension of Constellation Avenue will form a key connection to the town centre. 2.2.1.1 Whitford-Maraetai Road Whitford-Maraetai Road is classified as a District Arterial Road under the District Plan, and therefore forms part of the Primary Road Zone.

Roads within this zone are concerned with providing for the safe and efficient through-movement of vehicles. Whitford-Maraetai Road generally provides a two-way two-lane carriageway of around 6m in width, with a centre line. Wide shoulders are provided, which are sealed to varying extent along the length of the road. Whitford-Maraetai Road is shown in Photograph 1 below: Photograph 1: Whitford-Maraetai Road, north of Beachlands Road, looking north

DRIVE ETAI MARA M A R A E D R IV E W H IT FO R D - M A R A E TA I ROAD T A I PONY P A R K PL FERN C O LU M B IA SCALE: J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560w1c.dwg Thursday, 29 April 2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Road Hierarchy 11:30,000 National Route Regional Arterial Road District Arterial Road Site Location

Beachlands Road C o n s te ll a ti o n A v e n u e Liberty Crescent W h it fo rd M a ra e ta i R o a d Intrepid Crescent SITE J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560w1c.dwg Thursday, 29 April 2010 DATE DESCRIPTION REVISION DRAWN: DATE: SCALE: DWG NO:10560W1C 28.04.2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Site Location Quentin O'Shaughnessy 1:2,000 @ A3 2 A 24/03/2010 Create from aerials and boundary data

6 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Beachlands Road meets Whitford-Maraetai Road at a recently constructed three-leg roundabout, shown in Photograph 2 (although this is not shown on the aerial photograph). An informal fourth leg provides access to a quarry and other properties to the east. It should be noted that the design and construction of this roundabout is over-designed to allow for significant future increases in traffic flows.

The design of the roundabout was carried out to accommodate a formed fourth leg into the Private Plan Change area.

Photograph 2: Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road roundabout, looking south 2.2.1.2 Beachlands Road Beachlands Road is a Collector Road in the vicinity of the site, and forms part of the Secondary Road Zone in the District Plan. The Secondary Road Zone provides for locally generated vehicle movements and direct property access. Beachlands Road is currently the only access road to/from the current Beachlands Village. This zone is typically a low speed traffic environment, providing comparative safety for pedestrians and cyclists, where traffic calming measures may be employed.

Beachlands Road generally provides a carriageway of some 10m -12m in width, with one lane in each direction separated by a centre line. In the vicinity of the site, footpaths are provided on the north side of the road, separated from the road carriageway by a berm. In most locations on the south side of the road there is no footpath provided. Beachlands Road is shown in Photograph 3.

7 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Photograph 3: Beachlands Road, east of Constellation Avenue, looking east 2.2.1.3 Constellation Avenue Constellation Avenue is defined as a Local Road under the District Plan, and therefore forms part of the Secondary Road Zone.

It is the only access point from the residential area of Spinnaker Bay to the wider transport network. Constellation Avenue has a two-way carriageway, divided by solid and flush medians in the first block, with lanes of around 4m in width. Following this, a carriageway width of some 10m is provided. The carriageway is formed with kerbs, with footpaths on both sides of the road separated from the carriageway by grass berms. Constellation Avenue connects with Beachlands Road at a priority T-intersection, controlled with ‘Give Way’ signs and markings, as shown in Photograph 4. Photograph 4: Beachlands Road / Constellation Avenue intersection, looking north 2.2.1.4 Karaka Road Karaka Road is defined as a Local Road under the District Plan, forming part of the Secondary Road Zone.

It has a two-way undivided carriageway of some 5m-5.5m in width, providing a low speed environment, and runs parallel to Beachlands Road. Informal shoulders and berms flank the carriageway, without kerbs or footpaths.

8 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 2.2.1.5 Jack Lachlan Drive Jack Lachlan Drive also forms part of the Secondary Road Zone, providing a two-way two-lane carriageway divided by a centreline, with a width of around 7m. It is currently the only access road to Pine Harbour. Wide unsealed shoulders are provided along its length on both sides of the carriageway. 2.2.2 Walking & Cycling Facilities Walking and cycling is well provided for around the existing Beachlands settlement.

Wide traffic lanes or slow speed environments allow for vehicles and cyclists to safely share the road within Beachlands. There are only limited footpaths in the area; however the informal nature of the existing local road network, with no kerbs and narrow roads, provides a safe shared space for pedestrians and motorists.

Other links for pedestrians and cyclists are provided within and around Beachlands, as shown in Figure 3. A number of off-road links for pedestrians and cyclists are provided within Beachlands and Spinnaker Bay. Additionally there is a foot/cycle path provided along the shorefront from Maraetai to Beachlands; this is completed from Maraetai Beach to Kelly’s Beach, and is formed as a dirt path from Kelly’s Beach to Shelly Bay in Beachlands. Whitford-Maraetai Road forms part of a popular recreational cyclist route. As part of the recent Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road roundabout construction, cycle lanes were introduced along the realigned Whitford-Maraetai Road and Beachlands Road approaches to the roundabout.

KEY SITE LOCATION OFF-ROAD ROUTE FOR CYCLISTS OR PEDESTRIAN CYCLE LANE CYCLE ROUTES PROPOSED PONY P A R K PL FERN C O L U M B IA J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560A7a.dwg Tuesday, 30 March 2010 DATE DESCRIPTION REVISION DRAWN: DATE: SCALE: DWG NO:10560A7A 30.03.2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Cycle Routes SP N.T.S 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

10 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 3. Existing Travel Patterns 3.1 Daily Traffic Volumes Manukau City Council (Council) provided daily traffic counts on Beachlands Road and Whitford- Maraetai Road in the vicinity of the Business Centre.

The latest average daily traffic (ADT) volumes counted on these roads are summarised in the table below: DAILY TRAFFIC VOLUME (vpd) Road Location Weekday Average 7 day Average Date Beachlands Road West of Whitford- Maraetai Road 7,066 6,790 April 2007 Beachlands Road West of Whitford- Maraetai Road 7,557 7,252 December 2008 Whitford-Maraetai Road South of Beachlands Road 8,123 7,765 October 2007 Whitford-Maraetai Road South of Beachlands Road 8,749 8,253 October 2009 Whitford-Maraetai Road North of Beachlands Road 4,337 4,373 October 2007 Table 1: Daily Traffic Volumes The 7-day ADT’s are slightly lower than the weekday ADT’s for Beachlands Road and Whitford- Maraetai Road south of Beachlands Road, showing that the prevalence of commuter movements during the week from Beachlands.

However, this difference is small, which shows that the area is similarly frequented during the weekend. This is in line with the recreational destination provided by the beach settlement. The ADT’s for 7-days and weekdays only on Whitford-Maraetai Road north are almost the same.

The older 2007 ADT’s on Whitford-Maraetai Road south of Beachlands road have been included to provide a comparison with this road north of Beachlands. The traffic volume almost halves from south to north of Beachlands Road, showing that Beachlands is a key origin/destination in the area. 3.2 Hourly Traffic Volumes Council also provided hourly traffic volumes in the vicinity of the Business Centre. The latest hourly traffic volumes counted on Whitford-Maraetai Road south of Beachlands Road are shown in Graph 1.

11 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 00:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 Hour beginning Hourly traffic volume (vph) Saturday Sunday Weekday Average Graph 1: Whitford-Maraetai Road South, Hourly Traffic Volumes, Week Beginning 12 October 2009 Graph 1 shows that Whitford-Maraetai Road, south of Beachlands Road, experiences typical commuter peak patterns during the week, from 7.00am to 8.00am and 5.00pm to 6.00pm.

During the weekend, traffic volumes remain steady during the day on both Saturday and Sunday from around 10.00am to 5.00pm.

The latest hourly traffic volumes counted on Whitford-Maraetai Road north of Beachlands Road are shown in Graph 2.

12 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 100 200 300 400 500 600 00:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 Hour beginning Hourly traffic volume (vph) Saturday Sunday Weekday Average Graph 2: Whitford-Maraetai Road North, Hourly Traffic Volumes, Week Beginning 1 October 2007 Graph 2 shows that Whitford-Maraetai Road, north of Beachlands Road, experiences some commuter peaks during the week, also from 7.00am to 8.00am and 4.00pm to 5.00pm however, these are significantly lower than the weekend peak periods.

During the weekend, traffic volumes peak around mid-afternoon on both Saturday and Sunday. This shows that the settlements northeast of Beachlands are smaller, attracting people as a recreational destination. The hourly traffic volumes counted on Beachlands Road in 2007 are shown in Graph 3. The latest volumes recorded in 2008 have not been used as these were recorded during a school holiday period.

13 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 00:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 Hour beginning Hourly traffic volume (vph) Saturday Sunday Weekday Average Graph 3: Beachlands Road Hourly Traffic Volumes, Week Beginning 16 April 2007 Graph 3 shows that Beachlands Road displays similar traffic patterns to Whitford-Maraetai Road south. Typical commuter peak patterns are seen during the week, from 7.00am to 8.00am and 5.00pm to 6.00pm.

During the weekend, traffic volumes remain steady during the day on both Saturday and Sunday from around 9.00am to 5.00pm.

3.3 Intersection Turning Volumes TDG undertook traffic surveys of vehicle movements at the intersections of Beachlands Road with Whitford-Maraetai Road and with Constellation Avenue on Friday 5 February 2010 from 4.00pm to 7.00pm and Saturday 6 February 2010 from 11.00am to 5.00pm. The peak hour was found to be 4.45pm to 5.45pm on Friday evening and 11.15am to 12.15pm on Saturday; the vehicle movements during the peak hours are shown in Figures 4 and 5. On Friday evening a high left turn movement from Whitford-Maraetai Road south to Beachlands Road (almost double that of the through movement) was recorded.

This demonstrates a strong commuter trend of Beachlands residents working elsewhere in the Auckland region. Similarly, there is a strong right turn movement from Beachlands Road east into Constellation Avenue compared to the other turning movements at this intersection, which reinforces this trend. During the Saturday peak hour both intersections show relatively balanced turning movement volumes in each direction.

SCALE: J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560w1c.dwg Friday, 30 April 2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Weekday Existing Peak Hour Intersection Volumes 4n.t.s. Friday 5 February 2010 Peak Hour : 4:45 - 5:45pm C o n s t e l l a t i o n A v e n u e 2 3 ( ) 2 5 ( ) 62 (1) 418 (11) 213 (9) 27 (0) 129 (7) 107 (2) 2 1 ( 5 ) 4 1 ( 9 ) 7 9 ( 3 ) 7 9 ( 7 ) Beachlands Road W h it f o r d - M a r a e t a i R o a d Key XXX : Light Vehicles (XX) : Heavy Vehicles

SCALE: J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560w1c.dwg Friday, 30 April 2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Saturday Existing Peak Hour Intersection Volumes 5n.t.s.

Saturday 6 February 2010 Peak Hour : 11:15am - 12:15pm C o n s t e l l a t i o n A v e n u e 2 8 ( 1 ) 1 6 ( ) 28 (0) 249 (7) 268 (12) 23 (0) 113 (3) 183 (10) 1 6 6 ( 3 ) 1 9 5 ( 6 ) 8 2 ( 1 ) 1 2 4 ( 5 ) Beachlands Road W h it f o r d - M a r a e t a i R o a d Key XXX : Light Vehicles (XX) : Heavy Vehicles

16 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 3.4 Road Safety Record A search of the road safety record of the road network surrounding the Private Plan Change area was undertaken using the New Zealand Transport Agency Crash Analysis System for the period from 2004 to 2009. The search area is bounded by Beachlands Road from Whitford-Maraetai Road to Sunkist Bay Road, Whitford-Maraetai Road and Jack Lachlan Drive to the Tui Brae. A total of 40 crashes were recorded within the search area, 17 of which occurred at intersections, and 23 of which occurred midblock.

Four were serious injury crashes, 17 were minor injury crashes and 19 were non-injury crashes. The crash locations and injury types are summarised in the table below: Injury Type Location Fatal Serious Minor Non-injury Total Whitford-Maraetai Road / Jack Lachlan Drive 0 1 0 0 1 Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road (before construction of roundabout upgrade) 0 1 3 6 10 Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road (during/after construction of roundabout upgrade) 0 0 2 0 2 Beachlands Road / Bell Road 0 0 1 0 1 Beachlands Road / Sunkist Bay Road 0 0 0 2 2 Karaka Road / Bell Road 0 0 1 0 1 Whitford-Maraetai Road (midblock) 0 0 4 5 9 Jack Lachlan Drive (midblock) 0 0 2 2 4 Beachlands Road (midblock) 0 2 3 2 7 Karaka Road (midblock) 0 0 1 2 3 Total 0 4 17 19 40 Table 2: Crash Locations and Injury Type Of the crashes that occurred at intersections, the main cause was failure to give way with 12 crashes.

There were three loss of control crashes, two of which were related to maintenance on the road. One crash was caused by a driver evading enforcement.

The majority of intersection crashes, 11 of a total of 17 crashes at five intersections, occurred at the intersection of Whitford-Maraetai Road and Beachlands Road. This intersection shows a pattern of crashes caused by failure to give way. However, this intersection was recently upgraded from a priority T-intersection, with Beachlands Road being the minor leg, to a roundabout. This new layout, which was completed in January 2009, better accommodates the strong left turn in and right turn out from Beachlands Road, and is likely to reduce the occurrence of crashes at this intersection. Indeed, the incidence of crashes appears to have reduced as a result of the roundabout upgrade.

Of the total of 12 crashes that occurred at this intersection, ten occurred before the roundabout was constructed while the remaining two occurred during the construction period. There have been no reported crashes at this roundabout in the year post- construction.

17 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Of the mid-block crashes, loss of control was the most common type, with 13 crashes; seven of these related to alcohol, five related to speed, and the remaining five related to a variety of factors including fatigue, rain, inexperience and distraction. The remaining five crashes were all unrelated, comprising a rear end crash, an overtaking crash, a head on crash, an alcohol related crash, and failure to give way from a private driveway.

The above analysis demonstrates typical crash statistics for a rural route.

Council appears to have successfully addressed the safety concern at Beachlands Road / Whitford-Maraetai Road intersection for the future.

18 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 4. Accessibility The Business Centre will be well located in the existing and proposed Beachlands residential community and will be readily accessible via the existing and planned transport networks, as described below. Catchments for the various modes of travel described below are based on Census 2006 mesh block data and full development projections for the proposed Beachlands Village New Avenues, Spinnaker Bay and Pine Harbour new residential areas.

4.1 Private Vehicle Accessibility For private vehicles travelling from outside Beachlands, the Business Centre will be accessible from Whitford-Maraetai Road, which forms the eastern frontage of the site. Whitford-Maraetai Road is a District Arterial and therefore aims to provide efficient through-movement of vehicles, so will carry vehicles from further afield. This will provide links to the site via other roads on the primary road network from surrounding areas such as Maraetai, Whitford and Clevedon. Local connectivity will be provided by existing and proposed lower-hierarchy roads in the vicinity, including Beachlands Road, which will provide the main route to the site for existing residential areas within Beachlands.

In addition, extensions of Constellation Avenue and Karaka Road will connect Spinnaker Bay and the proposed Beachlands Village New Avenues residential areas to the proposed Business Centre.

4.1.1 Private Vehicle Catchment Although the potential catchment area for cars could include all households within a 30 to 45 minute drive of the site, it is less likely that customers who are within reach of a nearer comparable business or shopping centre will travel longer distances to access the proposed Business Centre. 4.2 Public Transport Accessibility One bus service, route 689, is currently provided to Beachlands. This travels from the Botany town centre through Whitford to Shelly Bay Road in Beachlands with the return journey travelling from Beachlands to Maraetai and back to Whitford and the Botany town centre, bypassing Beachlands.

This service runs seven times during weekdays and five times on Saturday, with no Sunday service.

It is considered that although the current bus service is adequate, a higher frequency and extended route could be provided if demand for public transport by employees and users of the facilities warrant this. In addition, Beachlands is serviced by a ferry from Pine Harbour which travels to the Auckland City Centre. There are currently 13 services per day in each direction. 4.2.1 Public Transport Catchment Passenger transport studies reveal that a typical walking distance for bus passengers to a bus stop is approximately 400m. Therefore, those households currently and proposed to be within 400m the bus route are considered to be within the public transport catchment area for the site.

Figure 6 presents the bus route to Beachlands and the catchment area for this route.

KEY SITE LOCATION 400m BUS CATCHMENT AREA BUS ROUTE PO NY PA RK PL FERN CO LU MB IA J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560A7a.dwg Tuesday, 30 March 2010 DATE DESCRIPTION REVISION DRAWN: DATE: SCALE: DWG NO:10560A7A 30.03.2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Bus Catchment Area SP N.T.S 6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

20 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc There are around 5,300 households currently within this catchment area; this equates to around 17,000 persons within the bus service catchment area.

However, as Botany Town centre is a major bus terminal, providing connections to and from wider destinations such as Auckland City, Manukau, and Newmarket, bus travel has a potentially higher catchment. The ferry service lies just within 2km of the site, which is outside the usual public transport catchment; however employees travelling to and from the Auckland city centre could be expected to use this service as it provides a faster travel time to the Auckland City Centre from Beachlands than other methods of transport (approximately 35 minutes).

4.3 Walking Accessibility The existing site benefits from its placement adjacent to several surrounding residential areas, and therefore pedestrian connectivity around the site is good. Footpaths adjacent to roads, shared informal space within the road corridor, as well as several other off-road pedestrian routes in the vicinity of the site offer a network of route choices for pedestrians. The main routes which are anticipated to provide access to the site are generally along the same routes that vehicles will use to access the Business Centre from within Beachlands, namely Beachlands Road, Karaka Road and Constellation Avenue and its proposed extension.

4.3.1 Walking catchment The Austroads Guide to Traffic Engineering Practice Part 13 – Pedestrians indicates that the practical walking distance for non recreational walking trips is in the order of 1.5km. The primary catchment area for pedestrians shown in Figure 7 has therefore been based on a 1.5km walking distance from the site. The number of households currently and proposed to be within this catchment area is approximately 2,000 households, which equates to around 6,000 persons 4.4 Cycling Accessibility There will be cycle parking provided within the Business Centre so it is considered that users and employees of the centre may access the Business Centre by cycling.

There are currently no dedicated cycle lanes along roads within Beachlands, except directly adjacent to the site on the Beachlands Road approach to the Whitford-Maraetai Road roundabout. However, it is considered that the relatively low traffic volumes in the vicinity of the site provide a safe on-road route for cyclists within Beachlands to the Business Centre.

Outside of Beachlands, the recreational cycle route often utilised along Whitford-Maraetai Road, with on-road cycle lanes on the approach to Beachlands Road provides a potential route for cyclists from outside of Beachlands to access the site. It is considered that employees or recreational cyclists during the weekend may use this route.

KEY SITE LOCATION WALKING CATCHMENT AREA PONY PA RK PL FERN CO LU M BI A R1500 SCALE: J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560A7a.dwg Tuesday, 30 March 2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Walking Catchment Area 7N.T.S

22 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 4.4.1 Cycle Catchment The Ministry of Transport document, Getting there – on foot, by cycle. A strategy to advance walking and cycling in New Zealand Transport indicates that the average cycle trip distance is 3km. This distance has therefore been used to establish the cycle catchment area for the Business Centre. The catchment area for cyclists has therefore been calculated based on the number of households within a 3km radius of the site.

This catchment area is shown in Figure 8 and contains some 3,400 households, which equates to around 10,200 persons.

KEY SITE LOCATION CYCLE CATCHMENT AREA PONY PA RK PL FERN CO LU M BI A R3000 SCALE: J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560A7a.dwg Tuesday, 30 March 2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Cycling Catchment Area 8N.T.S

24 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 5. Proposed Private Plan Change The proposed Private Plan Change area is currently Special Rural 1 Zone. It is proposed to change the zoning to the new “Beachlands Village Business Centre” zone, which will accommodate the retail and commercial needs of the existing and future Beachlands settlement.

The proposed Concept Plan for the new zone is shown in Figure 9.

The Beachlands Village Business Centre Zone will enable a wide range of retail and commercial activities in order to service the needs of the growing community. The Private Plan Change will provide for: „ One supermarket of up to 5,000sqm GFA (excluding loading areas) „ Convenience shops „ Entertainment facilities and cinemas „ Commercial services „ Offices „ Hotels, motels and travellers accommodation „ Garden centres „ Building improvement centres „ Service stations „ Community and healthcare services and facilities and medical centres „ Community buildings and facilities „ Care centres, pre-school centres and educational facilities „ Cafes, restaurants and takeaway food premises „ Taverns „ Retail sales, retail activities, shops and stalls, and „ Associated parking, loading and access.

To enable an assessment to be carried out to determine the ability of the surrounding transportation network to accommodate the traffic generated by the site, a market analysis and design exercise was carried out to ascertain the likely development potential. This has resulted in the proposed Concept Plan for the new zone, as shown in Figure 9.

SCALE: J:\10550-99\10560\Drawings\10560w1c.dwg Friday, 30 April 2010 Beachlands Village Business Centre Plan Change Concept Plan 9n.t.s. Plan Produced by Connect Urban Deisgn Ltd

26 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 6. Proposed Transport Provisions 6.1 Vehicle Access 6.1.1 Road Connections The proposed road connections for the Business Centre are shown as blue lines in Figure 9. It is proposed to link the Business Centre to the existing road network in three places: „ Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road roundabout „ Beachlands Road / Constellation Avenue, and „ Karaka Road.

The Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road intersection was recently upgraded from a priority T-intersection to a four leg roundabout, including a minor link to the quarry to the east, aligned to allow for a fifth leg to the southwest. It is expected that the fifth leg into the Business Centre site will form the main access point into the Business Centre area. The access road will be of similar composition to the existing legs of the roundabout, with one lane in each direction separated by a solid median on the approach to the roundabout, but will likely have narrower lanes to slow vehicles down as they enter the Business Centre area.

Karaka Road will be extended east into the site, to provide a link through the Business Centre, which is expected to continue around to the north to form a leg of the Whitford-Maraetai Road / Beachlands Road roundabout, as described above.

Constellation Avenue will be extended to the south to provide a link from Beachlands Road to Karaka Road where it enters the Business Centre area. It will continue south to connect with the new avenues proposed by the Beachlands Village New Avenues Structure Plan. Another new road aligned north-south, Karo Road, will join the Karaka Road extension at the bend to the east. This road will link to the new avenues proposed by the Beachlands Village New Avenues Structure Plan. All of the proposed roads and extensions connecting to the external road network will generally be classified as Local Business Roads under the District Plan, providing access through a business area.

The extension of Karaka Road through the Business Centre will be classed as such, but will also have more of a collector function. Appropriate carriageway provisions will be made according to the expected road types.

6.1.2 Access Points The proposed access points to the Business Centre are shown as blue arrows in Figure 9. Vehicle access and egress will be distributed to the wider road network at a number of points around the Business Centre area. The main vehicle access point is proposed to be from Karaka Road, linking to the surface car park in the northern block of the Business Centre. Another access point will link this car park to Beachlands Avenue.

27 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Two access points to basement parking areas in both the northern and southern blocks of the Business Centre will be provided towards the west end of Karaka Road and Seventh View Avenue, respectively.

Vehicle access to the southern block of the Business Centre will be provided from Karo Road; access will be provided opposite this to the eastern block. Other access points to the eastern block are likely to be provided from the extension of Karaka Road and from Whitford-Maraetai Road. The Whitford-Maraetai Road link will only provide ingress to the site.

6.2 Pedestrian Access Pedestrians will be well catered for around the Business Centre area: footpaths will be provided on both sides of all new roads within and around the area, which will have priority over driveways. The use of pedestrian priority combined with traffic calming, will ensure that the Business Centre will experience relatively slow speeds thereby providing an amenable and safe environment for other transport modes such as cyclists. An internal network of footpaths, pedestrian ramps and stairs within the Business Centre will provide pedestrians safe and convenient access around and within parking areas.

A key pedestrian link between Beachlands Road and Seventh View Avenue to the south will be provided via an open space north-south network through the middle of the Business Centre. 6.3 Public Transport Provisions It is anticipated that the existing bus service through the Beachlands settlement will continue to travel its existing route, but with an additional stop at the Business Centre. The frequency of the bus service can be increased as demand for the service rises.

Bus stops and other associated facilities are expected to be provided on Beachlands Road adjacent to the Business Centre for passengers travelling in both directions. The bus stop will align with the key north-south pedestrian link through the site. 6.4 Parking and Loading Parking for the Business Centre will be provided primarily within the centre of the northern block, and is therefore likely to be screened by the surrounding development and landscaping. Underground parking is also proposed, which will be well-connected internally to the above- ground areas. The basement parking areas will be accessed from the west end of Karaka Road and Seventh View Avenue, as mentioned above.

Furthermore, there is expected to be some on-street parking allowed on the roads through and immediately around the Business Centre. It is considered that the on-street parking directly adjacent to the Business Centre, particularly on Karo Road and the extension of Karaka Road which run through the Centre, is integral to the site and should be counted within the District Plan requirement. Parking provisions will include spaces for mobility impaired users and taxis.

28 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc A number of loading areas will be required for the Centre, particularly for any retail development.

It is expected that loading arrangements for the major retail tenancies (those which can expect to be serviced by vehicles such as articulated trucks) will be on the western edge of the development, accessed off the Constellation Avenue extension as shown in Figure 9 with trucks travelling via Beachlands Road.

A number of smaller loading areas will be required, for use by vans or smaller single-unit trucks, to service smaller tenancies. These are generally expected to be provided within parking areas adjacent to the appropriate tenancies. It is anticipated that the parking and loading requirements of the existing District Plan will be adequate to apply to the proposed new zone; therefore there is no need for specific provisions in the Private Plan Change. However, it is expected that this provision will include the use of shared parking and loading facilities and on-street parking, as described in the policies and explanations of the Private Plan Change document.

29 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc 7. Trip Generation 7.1 Trips Generated by the Business Centre It is necessary to calculate the development potential of the site to ensure that the transportation network can accommodate the generated traffic flows. The marketing analysis undertaken by Market Economics established the additional area of various activities that could be developed given the demand from households within the catchment area for the Business Centre. A robust assessment of the expected development on the site has been undertaken by Market Economics, using a projected completion date of 2016.

In addition, a sensitivity analysis has been carried out of the maximum development potential of the site, once all of the residential plan change areas have been fully implemented. The future year for this scenario is 2026. The market analysis split the development into the following activities: „ retail and associated services „ cinema „ community facilities „ medical service providers (including a wide variety of medical facilities such as GPs, dental, optometry, physiotherapy, chiropractic and others) „ childcare „ hotel, and „ office. It is also anticipated that a service station will be provided, and therefore this has been included in the development also.

This has been assessed as having a gross floor area of some 200sqm with a site area of 4,000sqm, which is considered to represent a typical service station. It should be noted that the Market Economics analysis of the two scenarios provides the total demand for these activities for the catchment in each future year, which is not necessarily representative of what will eventually be developed at the Business Centre, but represents a worst case scenario from a transportation perspective, which has been used to develop a robust analysis.

The industry-recognised Roads and Traffic Authority, New South Wales guideline “Guide to Traffic Generating Developments” (“RTA Guide”), supplemented by the local Transfund New Zealand report Trips and Parking Related to Land Volume 1 and local surveyed trip rates, was used to estimate the vehicle trips that would be generated by the aforementioned activities. The total trip generation of the Business Centre during the weekday evening and Saturday peak periods, which are generally the worst cases for a shopping centre, have been assessed. Where Saturday peak trip rates were unavailable these were estimated to be the same as the weekday evening peak period, except for the office/services activities which were estimated as 10% of the weekday evening peak trip rate as most offices would be little used on Saturdays.

The tables below show the trip generation for the 2016 interim year and the 2026 future sensitivity test, using individual rates for each activity. Retail and services, cinemas and community facilities have been assessed using trip rates for a shopping centre as these are activities that are typically found in a shopping centre.

30 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Trip Rate Trips Generated (vph) Activity Area PM Sat PM Sat Supermarket 4,000sqm GFA 13.2/100sqm GFA 11.6/100sqm GFA 528 464 Shopping Centre 5,400sqm GFA 12.5/100sqm GFA 16.3/100sqm GFA 675 880 Medical 2,500sqm GFA 8.8/100sqm GFA 8.8/100sqm GFA 220 220 Childcare 3,000sqm GFA 9.0/100sqm GFA 9.0/100sqm GFA 269 269 Office 4,900sqm GFA 2.0/100sqm GFA 0.2/100sqm GFA 98 10 Hotel 1,000sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 13 13 Service Station 200sqm GFA + 4,000sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 220 220 Total - 2,023 2,076 Table 3: Trip Generation of Business Centre 2016 Scenario using Individual Rates Trip Rate Trips Generated (vph) Activity Area PM Sat PM Sat Supermarket 4,000sqm GFA 13.2/100sqm GFA 11.6/100sqm GFA 528 464 Shopping Centre 11,000sqm GFA 7.6/100sqm GFA 7.5/100sqm GFA 836 825 Medical 3,700sqm GFA 8.8/100sqm GFA 8.8/100sqm GFA 326 326 Childcare 4,500sqm GFA 9.0/100sqm GFA 9.0/100sqm GFA 404 404 Office 7,200sqm GFA 2.0/100sqm GFA 0.2/100sqm GFA 144 14 Hotel 1,000sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 13 13 Service Station 200sqm GFA + 4,000sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 220 220 Total - 2,470 2,266 Table 4: Trip Generation of Business Centre 2026 Scenario using Individual Rates The trip rates shown in the tables above do not take into account shared trips between the various activities, which will occur given the nature of the development, therefore the total trips calculated above are very unlikely to occur in reality.

It is considered that the supermarket, retail and services, cinema, community, medical and childcare activities should all be treated as an overall shopping centre use, which takes account of the high incidence of shared trips. This is common traffic engineering practice. Hotel and office activities are considered less likely to have shared trips, and are therefore still assessed separately. The assessed trip generation of the Business Centre for the 2016 and 2026 scenarios is shown in the tables below: Trip Rate Trips Generated (vph) Activity Area PM Sat PM Sat Shopping Centre 14,900sqm GFA 7.6/100sqm GFA 7.5/100sqm GFA 1,132 1,118 Office 4,900sqm GFA 2.0/100sqm GFA 0.2/100sqm GFA 98 10 Hotel 1,000sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 13 13 Service Station 200sqm GFA + 4,000sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 220 220 Total - 1,463 1,360 Table 5: Trip Generation of Business Centre 2016 Scenario using Individual Rates

31 Progressive Enterprises Ltd, Beachlands Village Business Centre Private Plan Change: Integrated Transportation Assessment Report 10560-1_ITA_Final.doc Trip Rate Trips Generated (vph) Activity Area PM Sat PM Sat Shopping Centre 23,200sqm GFA 5.9/100sqm GFA 5.6/100sqm GFA 1,369 1,299 Office 7,200sqm GFA 2.0/100sqm GFA 0.2/100sqm GFA 144 14 Hotel 1,000sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 1.3/100sqm GFA 13 13 Service Station 200sqm GFA + 4,000sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 0.3 x sqm GFA + 0.04 x sqm site area 220 220 Total - 1,746 1,547 Table 6: Trip Generation of Business Centre 2026 Scenario using Individual Rates The trip generation shown in the table above has been used to assess the potential traffic effects that the activities enabled under the Private Plan Change will have on the transport network immediately surrounding the site during each future year.

7.2 Trips Generated by Proposed New Residential Areas The Structure Plan provided by Council in their Beachlands Village New Avenues Discussion Document detailed the anticipated layout of the proposed new residential areas surrounding the proposed new Business Centre. Council have indicated that the high density residential area is likely to be changed to medium density. Using the areas of varying residential lot density shown in their Structure Plan, but changing the high density area to medium density, the number of households within the residential area was estimated at approximately 760.

Similarly the Pine Harbour Concept Plan has been used to estimate the number of households of various types that are proposed within the Pine Harbour Private Plan Change. This showed that a total of 480 residences are proposed as follows: „ 124 studios/one bedroom apartments „ 162 two bedroom apartments „ 124 three or more bedroom apartments, and „ 70 terraced houses.

The retail and office components of the development proposed for Pine Harbour are relatively small, 1,633sqm and 3,267sqm respectively. It is therefore considered that trips generated from these activities will only originate from within Beachlands and therefore will have a negligible effect on the intersections modelled, and therefore have not been assessed. Existing residential development at Spinnaker Bay has been counted to be approximately 150 households. The Manukau City Council has indicated that 420 lots will be developed in total at Spinnaker Bay. Assuming one household per lot this means that around 270 households may still be developed in the Spinnaker Bay area.

To estimate the number of trips generated by the proposed new residential area, the RTA Guide trip rates for residential activities was used. It is considered that the dwelling house definition applies best to residential activity in the Beachlands Village New Avenues and Spinnaker Bay areas, as well as the terraced houses proposed within the Pine Harbour Plan Change. This gave a weekday peak hour trip rate of 0.85/dwelling.

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