SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk

 
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018
PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
Contents Page
Section 1: Reading Booklet					    Page 3-12

Section 2: Questions						         Page 13-32

Section 3: Answers						           Page 33-53

Section 4: Mark Scheme					        Page 54-83
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
1   Paper 3: Reading

    Section 1: Reading Booklet
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
The Giant Panda Bear                       Grannie

   Albion’s Dream

Reading
Booklet
2018 key stage 2 English reading booklet
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
2
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
Contents
The Giant Panda Bear   pages 4 – 5

Grannie                page 6

Albion’s Dream         pages 8 – 10

                                     3
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
Panda bears are very popular animals, partly because of their unusual appearance and partly
    because there is something mysterious and fascinating about them. However, their numbers are
    falling. It is thought that only around 1600 giant pandas still survive in the wild.

    Giant pandas have the same type of body shape as other bears. They have thick black and white fur,
    which some scientists think may be to disguise them in the snowy and rocky surroundings where
    they live. An adult can grow up to 1.5 metres and weigh up to 150 kilograms. They might look cute
    but they have razor-like claws. They also have powerful jaws for crushing and grinding bamboo!

    Giant pandas in the wild live on mountainous slopes in western China. Their habitat is densely
    populated with fir trees and bamboo. It is the forests in these mountains that attract the panda
    as bamboo is their favourite food.

    In the wild, their main diet is bamboo. To survive, they need to eat for most of the day. In fact,
    they eat 15 to 30 kilograms of food every day and spend 10 to 16 hours feeding. In zoos, they
    have a specially prepared diet of bamboo, eggs, fish and honey.

    Newborn cubs weigh around 150 grams (about the weight of an apple) and are all white at
    birth. The black spots develop after about a month. They begin eating bamboo at six months
    and weigh 31 to 36 kilograms at the end of the first year. Cubs stay with their mother for two
    to three years, reach maturity at five to seven years and live in the wild for about 25 years.

    •   Giant panda bears have to eat every day which means, unlike other bears, they cannot
        hibernate in the winter.
    •   Giant pandas’ bodies are able to digest meat but they rarely eat it.
    •   Until recently, scientists thought that pandas spent most of their lives alone, but new
        studies show that small groups of pandas can share a large territory.

4
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
Why are people concerned about the giant panda?
Many people fear that giant pandas will become extinct as only a few are born in the wild
each year and they do not always survive. Bamboo supplies are diminishing in panda
habitats, cutting off a vital food supply. In addition, poaching and humans moving into the
pandas’ territory have also reduced their numbers.
There are very few pandas in zoos, although this is changing. Where there are pandas in
captivity, important programmes are in place to try to increase their numbers and find out
more about these puzzling creatures.

How can people help?
There are projects where people are invited to ‘adopt a panda’.
The money goes towards researching, protecting and monitoring
them. It also goes towards supporting them in the wild.

What about the future?
In two of China’s main research
centres, 19 cubs have been born.
There are now over 300 pandas in
captivity and the next challenge is to
return them to the wild. The Chinese
government has created 50 panda
reserves to continue the work.

    Did you know?
    In China, the panda is a symbol of peace.
    The Chinese word for panda is ‘Xiongmao’ (giant cat bear) because a panda’s eyes
    are shaped like a cat’s. Over the centuries, pandas have also been called ‘spotted
    bear’ and ‘black and white bear’.

                                                                                              5
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
Grannie
    I stayed with her when I was six then went
    To live elsewhere when I was eight years old.
    For ages I remembered her faint scent
    Of lavender, the way she’d never scold
    No matter what I’d done, and most of all
    The way her smile seemed, somehow, to enfold
    My whole world like a warm, protective shawl.

    I knew that I was safe when she was near,
    She was so tall, so wide, so large, she would
    Stand mountainous between me and my fear,
    Yet oh, so gentle, and she understood
    Every hope and dream I ever had.
    She praised me lavishly when I was good,
    But never punished me when I was bad.

    Years later war broke out and I became
    A soldier and was wounded while in France.
    Back home in hospital, still very lame,
    I realised suddenly that circumstance
    Had brought me close to that small town where she
    Was living still. And so I seized the chance
    To write and ask if she could visit me.

    She came. And I still vividly recall
    The shock that I received when she appeared
    That dark cold day. Huge grannie was so small!
    A tiny, frail, old lady. It was weird.
    She hobbled through the ward to where I lay
    And drew quite close and, hesitating, peered.
    And then she smiled: and love lit up the day.

6
SATs (KEY STAGE 2) 2018 - PAPER 3: ENGLISH READING - SchoolExams.co.uk
In this text, Edward describes a strange incident that happened to
    him in an old farmhouse owned and inhabited by his Uncle Jack.

                      Albion’s Dream

    There were rooms in the old farmhouse which I never saw used and which smelt
    of a past that held extraordinary fascination for me: little windows where unknown
    ancestors had sat on autumn evenings; old leather-lined bookcases with books
    that no one had handled for fifty years; dust that no one had bothered to remove;
    piles of candle wax in unlikely corners; huge chamber pots and cracked basins, and
    everywhere a great generosity of space.

    Outside there was a big lawn hardly walked on, flowerbeds hardly looked at, a
    vegetable garden which always produced too much, a vast horse chestnut with
    enough conkers to satisfy the needs of a whole village of boys, a second lawn that
    nobody ever sat on, and the poignant smells of animals and harvests of a bygone age.

8
There also lived with Jack an elderly spinster called Em Sharp who was the true
guardian of the place and of the memories of the family. The farmhouse never got any
cleaner under her care, but it never got any dirtier either. In fact, she was determined
that nothing should change, and nothing did.

There were times, as I grew older, when I went to stay with Jack on my own. I followed
him on his work around the farm, or explored the empty rooms of the farmhouse. One
day – I was twelve years old – it was raining and Jack had taken the car on business.
Left to my own devices, I visited the dogs and young chicks, watched Em Sharp for
a while as she prepared lunch, then made my way upstairs into the largest and most
remote of the empty rooms, where one of the big bookcases had attracted my curiosity.

I pulled out some of the books, glancing idly at the contents, and then, as I went to
return one of them to its place, my eye was caught by something in the dark recesses
of the shelf. I reached in and drew it out. It was a large red dice, but like no other dice I
had ever seen.

I took it to the window to inspect it. Each face had a symbol: a tower, a sword, a broken
circle, something that looked like a pillar of stone. It was obvious that the dice had
been fashioned by hand, for I could even make out the tiny blade marks, and none of
the faces was precisely even.

As I sat and puzzled over the symbols, it dawned on me that the dice ought to belong
to a game of some kind. So I returned to the bookcase to make a thorough search.

I looked behind every book and even used my hand to sweep out the shallow gap
under the bottom shelf. There must have been ten years’ worth of assorted debris
under there. Finally I began to edge the entire bookcase away from the wall. It was
extremely heavy and it took me some time to get it out far enough to look behind.
There was a thick network of cobwebs and dust. I thought for a moment and plunged
my hand in the gap.

There was something there, a flat box. It was covered with grime and falling apart.
Opening it, I found a board, counters, cards, and a number of little figures. I wiped
away the dirt from the lid and made out the title. Albion’s Dream it said.

At that moment I heard Em Sharp’s voice coming up the stairs.

                                                                                                9
“Edward. EDWARD!” she called. “What on Earth are you up to in there?”

     The door opened.

     It took her a few seconds to work out what I was doing; then she leapt towards me.

     “Give me that immediately, Edward.” I drew back cautiously. “That box is mine. It’s
     nothing to do with you. It belongs to me.” She came forward with frightening intensity,
     her hand reaching out for the box. I hesitated. If it really was hers, I had no right… But
     a stronger sense of justice broke out in me. I had found it by my own efforts. For the
     time being, at least, it should be mine.

10
2   Paper 3: Reading

    Section 2: Questions
Instructions

Questions and answers
You have one hour to complete this test, answering the questions in the answer
booklet. Read one text and answer the questions about that text before moving
on to read the next text. There are three texts and three sets of questions.
In this booklet, there are different types of question for you to answer in different
ways. The space for your answer shows you what type of answer is needed.
Write your answer in the space provided. Do not write over any barcodes.
 hort answers
 S
Some questions are followed by a short line or box. This shows that you only
need to write a word or a few words in your answer.
 everal line answers
S
Some questions are followed by a few lines. This gives you space to write more
words or a sentence or two.
 onger answers
 L
Some questions are followed by more answer lines. This shows that a longer,
more detailed answer is needed. You can write in full sentences if you want to.
 elected answers
 S
For some questions you do not need to write anything at all and you should tick,
draw lines to or circle your answer. Read the instructions carefully so that you
know how to answer the question.

Marks
The number under each line at the side of the page tells you the number of marks
available for each question.

As this is a reading test, you must use the information in the texts to help you to
answer the questions. When a question includes a page reference, you should
refer to the text on that page to help you with your answer.
You have one hour to read the texts in the reading booklet and answer the
questions in this booklet.

                             g00050A0324                                  Page 3 of 24
Questions 1 – 15 are about The Giant Panda Bear (pages 4 – 5)
                                                          R026289 – 28 September 2017 3:40 PM – Version 1

1     According to the text, approximately how many giant pandas currently live in
      the wild?

                                                                                           1 mark

                                                          R026271 – 28 September 2017 3:42 PM – Version 2

2     According to some scientists, how does giant pandas’ fur help them
      to survive in the wild?

                                                                                           1 mark

                                                          R024186 – 28 September 2017 3:43 PM – Version 1

3     Look at page 4.

      Pandas can grow up to 1.5 metres and weigh up to 150 kilograms.

      What else in the text tells us that giant pandas could be dangerous animals?

                                                                                           1 mark

    Page 4 of 24                g00050A0424
R027321 – 28 September 2017 3:45 PM – Version 1

   4       Look at page 4.

           According to the text, what do pandas spend the majority of their
           time doing?

                                                                                                   1 mark

                                                                   R024196 – 1 December 2017 3:17 PM – Version 1

   5       Number these facts about the life of the giant panda cub from 1 – 5 in
           the order in which they happen.

           The first one has been done for you.

                A cub eats bamboo for the first time.

                A cub leaves its mother.

                A cub develops black spots.

                A cub weighs 31 to 36 kilograms.

                A cub weighs about the same as an apple.      1
                                                                                                   1 mark

                                      g00050A0524                                   Page 5 of 24
KS2 item template version 2
R024189 – 1 December 2017 3:19 PM – Version 3

   6       Look at page 4.

           According to the text, give one way that giant pandas are…

           (a) similar to other bears.

                                                                                                   1 mark

           (b) different from other bears.

                                                                                                   1 mark

                                                                  R024184 – 28 September 2017 3:14 PM – Version 2

   7       Look at the section headed: Other interesting facts.

           Complete the sentence below.

           Recent studies show that…

                                                                       Tick one.

               giant pandas always spend most of their lives alone.

               most giant pandas live in captivity.

               giant pandas only live in the wild in China.

               some giant pandas live in the same area.                                            1 mark

       Page 6 of 24                      g00050A0624
KS2 item template version 1.1
R027323 – 30 October 2017 12:11 PM – Version 1

   8       Look at the section headed: Why are people concerned about the
           giant panda?

           Find and copy one word which shows that there are lots of things we
           do not yet know about giant pandas.

                                                                                               1 mark

                                                               R024205 – 30 October 2017 12:12 PM – Version 1

   9       … cutting off a vital food supply.

           What does the word vital mean in this sentence?

                              Tick one.

                essential

                available

                useful

                healthy
                                                                                               1 mark

                                          g00050A0724                           Page 7 of 24
KS2 item template version 2
R024199 – 28 September 2017 3:53 PM – Version 1

  10       According to the text, why are giant pandas under threat of extinction?

           Give two reasons.

             1.

             2.                                                                                 2 marks

                                                                R024203 – 28 September 2017 3:23 PM – Version 2

  11       According to the text, how are people trying to help giant pandas survive?

                                                                                                 1 mark

       Page 8 of 24                  g00050A0824
KS2 item template version 1.1
R024194 – 1 December 2017 4:13 PM – Version 2

  12       Look at the section headed: What about the future?

           Find and copy one word that shows that helping the giant panda is
           not easy.

                                                                                               1 mark

                                                              R026272 – 28 September 2017 3:57 PM – Version 3

  13       Look at page 5.

           What is one name that pandas have been called in the past because of
           their fur?

                                                                                               1 mark

                                    g00050A0924                                 Page 9 of 24
KS2 item template version 1.1
R026292 – 28 September 2017 3:59 PM – Version 3

  14       Which statement is the best summary for the whole of page 5?

                                                               Tick one.

                How the giant panda first got its name.

                How charities raise money for giant pandas.

                How people are working to save giant pandas.

                How giant pandas’ territory is changing.
                                                                                                  1 mark

                                                                 R024210 – 28 September 2017 3:38 PM – Version 3

  15       Using information from the text, tick one box in each row to show whether
           each statement is a fact or an opinion.

                                                                  Fact        Opinion

             Giant pandas are fascinating animals.

             Giant pandas’ main food in the wild is bamboo.

             Giant panda cubs weigh about 150g
             when born.
                                                                                                  1 mark

       Page 10 of 24                 g00050A01024
KS2 item template version 1.1
Questions 16 – 29 are about Grannie (page 6)
                                                          R026431 – 1 December 2017 3:35 PM – Version 1

16   Find and copy one word from the first verse that shows that the poet’s
     grannie made him feel safe when he was a boy.

                                                                                          1 mark

                                                         R026428 – 28 September 2017 4:09 PM – Version 1

17   How did the poet’s grannie react when he behaved badly?

                                                                                          1 mark

                                                         R026432 – 29 September 2017 8:27 AM – Version 1

18   The poet describes his grannie as standing mountainous between me and
     my fear. This makes her sound big and powerful.

     What other impressions do you get of his grannie in the same verse?

     Give two impressions.

      1.

      2.                                                                                 2 marks

                             g00050A01124                                  Page 11 of 24
R026435 – 29 September 2017 8:51 AM – Version 1

  19       What was one effect of the poet getting injured in the war?

                                                                                                 1 mark

                                                                R026438 – 29 September 2017 8:55 AM – Version 1

  20       Look at the verse beginning: Years later...

           Find and copy a group of words that means the same as ‘took the
           opportunity’.

                                                                                                 1 mark

                                                                R026437 – 29 September 2017 8:58 AM – Version 1

  21       What does the poet ask his grannie to do?

                                                                                                 1 mark

       Page 12 of 24                 g00050A01224
KS2 item template version 2
R026439 – 29 September 2017 9:01 AM – Version 1

  22       She came. And I still vividly recall...

           What do the words vividly recall mean?

                                                                                                 2 marks

                                                                 R026440 – 29 September 2017 9:03 AM – Version 1

  23       Explain what the poet finds weird about his grannie in the last verse.

                                                                                                 2 marks

                                                                   R026442 – 1 December 2017 3:36 PM – Version 1

  24       She hobbled through the ward to where I lay
           And drew quite close and, hesitating, peered.

           Why does she hesitate?

                                                                                                  1 mark

                                      g00050A01324                                Page 13 of 24
KS2 item template version 2
R026449 – 30 October 2017 12:31 PM – Version 1

  25       What is one thing that did not change about the grannie as she got older?

                                                                                                1 mark

                                                                 R026445 – 1 December 2017 3:38 PM – Version 1

  26       Look at the last verse, beginning: She came.

           Find and copy a group of words that shows that his grannie makes a
           difference to the poet during her visit.

                                                                                                1 mark

                                                                R026443 – 30 October 2017 12:32 PM – Version 1

  27       The experience in the last line could best be described as…

                              Tick one.

                amusing.

                shocking.

                puzzling.

                comforting.
                                                                                                1 mark

       Page 14 of 24                      g00050A01424
KS2 item template version 2
R026452 – 1 December 2017 3:51 PM – Version 1

  28       Number the following sentences from 1 – 5 to show the order in which they
           happen in the poem.

           The first one has been done for you.

                The poet arrives in France.

                The poet lives with his grannie.    1

                The poet is injured.

                The poet’s grannie visits him.

                The poet writes to his grannie.                                                     1 mark

                                                                    R026447 – 30 October 2017 12:34 PM – Version 1

  29       The poet describes different stages of his life.

           Tick the two verses that are mainly about the poet’s adult life.

                  Verse 1                                     Verse 2

                  Verse 3                                     Verse 4
                                                                                                    1 mark

                                       g00050A01524                                 Page 15 of 24
KS2 item template version 2
Questions 30 – 40 are about Albion’s Dream (pages 8 – 10)
                                                                 R026967 – 30 October 2017 12:35 PM – Version 1

30      Look at the first paragraph.

        What suggests that the inside of the old farmhouse was not very well
        looked after?

        Give two things.

         1.

         2.                                                                                      1 mark

                                                                 R026990 – 30 October 2017 12:35 PM – Version 1

31      Look at the first two paragraphs.

        Which sentence below best describes the farmhouse?

                                                                     Tick one.

              It had always been a lifeless place.

              No one ever went there by choice.

              It seemed stuck in the past.

              The outside was better looked after than the inside.
                                                                                                 1 mark

     Page 16 of 24                  g00050A01624
R028170 – 30 October 2017 12:36 PM – Version 1

  32       Look at page 9.

           Find and copy one word which shows that Em Sharp was in charge of
           the house.

                                                                                              1 mark

                                                              R026982 – 30 October 2017 12:46 PM – Version 1

  33       Look at the second paragraph on page 9.

           Left to my own devices...

           This means that Edward...

                                                  Tick one.

                had lost something.

                was confident with equipment.

                had a good imagination.

                was free to do what he wanted.                                                1 mark

                                            g00050A01724                      Page 17 of 24
KS2 item arithmetic template version 2.1 (2017)
R026983 – 1 December 2017 3:55 PM – Version 1

  34       When Edward was exploring the bookcase, he noticed something in
           the dark recesses of the shelf.

           Which of the following words is closest in meaning to recesses?

                           Tick one.

                wood

                spaces

                contents

                design
                                                                                                 1 mark

                                                                 R026988 – 30 October 2017 12:47 PM – Version 1

  35       ...it dawned on me that the dice ought to belong to a game...

           Which of the following is closest in meaning to dawned on me as it is
           used here?

                                       Tick one.

                began to worry me

                became clear to me

                made me feel better

                puzzled me
                                                                                                 1 mark

       Page 18 of 24                    g00050A01824
KS2 item template version 1.2
R026964 – 30 October 2017 12:48 PM – Version 1

  36       How do you know that the bookcase had not been moved for a
           long time?

           Give two ways.

             1.

             2.                                                                                1 mark

                                                               R026968 – 30 October 2017 12:49 PM – Version 1

  37       How can you tell that Edward was determined to find the game?

           Give one piece of evidence that shows his determination.

                                                                                               1 mark

                                   g00050A01924                                Page 19 of 24
KS2 item template version 1.2
R026974 – 29 September 2017 9:53 AM – Version 1

  38       Look at page 10.

           What impressions do you get of Em Sharp at this point in the extract?

           Give two impressions, using evidence from the text to support your answer.

                           Impression                        Evidence

                                                                                                3 marks

       Page 20 of 24                    g00050A02024
KS2 item template version 1.2
R026970 – 29 September 2017 9:59 AM – Version 1

  39       In the last paragraph, Edward does not want to give the game to
           Em Sharp.

           Give two reasons why he does not want to part with it.

             1.

             2.                                                                                2 marks

                                                               R026963 – 29 September 2017 9:58 AM – Version 1

  40       Edward found a game. How can you tell that there was something strange
           about the game?

           Explain two ways, using evidence from the text to support your answer.

             1.

             2.

                                                                                               3 marks

                                   g00050A02124                                 Page 21 of 24
KS2 item template version 1.2
3           Paper 3: Reading

            Section 3: Answers

    Guidance Notes
    This document provides the agreed answers to the reading
    questions with explanations, exemplars and references to
    points in the Standards and Testing Agency’s English Reading
    test mark scheme which follows this.
1   You are asked to look at the text, The Giant Panda Bear, and to             11mark
                                                                                        mark
          answer the question ‘approximately how many giant pandas
          currently live in the wild?’

          The correct answer is (around) 1600.

          Note
          ‘around’ is bracketed as it is acceptable but not essential for the award
          of 1 mark.

          However, if you provide more than the required content you will not
          receive the mark available. For example, The following answers ‘only
          around 1600’ and ‘1600 giant pandas’ would not be credited with
          a mark. To avoid this, make sure you only provide the information
          required by the question.

      2   You are asked to answer the question ‘According to some                     1 mark
          scientists, how does giant pandas’ fur help them to survive in the
          wild?                                                                       1 mark

          Acceptable answers for the award of 1 mark refer to disguise/
          camouflage, eg.

          • to hide them in snow and rocks
          • to help them blend into the snowy mountains

          Note
          ‘Answers relating to fur which do not recognise how it helps disguise or
          camouflage the panda are not creditworthy eg. It keeps them warm.

          Key Point
          Make sure you read the question carefully and do exactly what the
          questions asks you to do. For this question, the key phrase is –
          ‘according to some scientists’ – by following those words in the text you
          will arrive at the correct answer for this question – ‘to disguise them’.
          You will note that answers which are not based on the text such as ‘it
          keeps them warm’ are not acceptable because the reference to snow
          is not about the panda keeping warm but rather about it being able to
          camouflage itself.

34
 34
2
      3   You are given the quotation from page 4, ‘Pandas can grow up                1 mark
          to 1.5 metres and weigh up to 150 kilograms.’ and are asked
          to answer the question ‘What else in the text tells us that giant
          pandas could be dangerous animals?’

          Acceptable answers for the award of 1 mark refer to either:
          1. their razor-like claws, eg.
                  their claws are sharp
          or
          2. their powerful jaws, eg.
                  they have strong jaws for crushing things.

          Note
          Answers which refer simply to claws and jaws without some indication
          of threat are not acceptable, eg.

          • It tells us about their claws and jaws

          Also,

          Answers which swap the qualities of the claws and jaws are not
          creditworthy, eg’

          • they have powerful claws
          • razor-like jaws

          The key word in the question that you should have highlighted is the
          adjective ‘dangerous’. This question requires you to explain how the text
          reveals how the claws and jaws are dangerous. This is a question which
          requires you to make inferences about the ways in which the claws and
          jaws of the giant panda are dangerous.

35
 35
4
      3   You are asked the question ‘According to the text, what do pandas             1 mark
          spend the majority of their time doing?’

          Acceptable answers for one mark refer to eating/feeding, eg.

          • most of the day they eat bamboo
          • they mostly just feed
          • they need to eat all day

          Note
          Answers which refer to another activity in addition to eating/feeding are
          not creditworthy, eg.

          •      eating bamboo and sleeping

          The only evidence in the text about what pandas spend the majority
          of their time doing is in the diet section. The information in there focus-
          es only on the time sent feeding. Therefore, to achieve the mark availa-
          ble, you may only refer to the amount of time spent feeding.

          Once again, read the question carefully and focus on precisely what it
          asks

          Remember: This is a reading test so your answers to all the question
          must only use information included in the text. Do not introduce knowl-
          edge that is not included in the text.

      5
      3   You are given facts about the life of the giant panda cub and are             1 mark
          asked to number them in the order in which they happen.

          A cub eats bamboo for the first time.                   3

          A cub leaves its mother.                                5

          A cub develops black spots.                             2

          A cub weighs 31 to 36 kilograms.                        4

          A cub weighs about the same as an apple.                1

36
 36
6
      3   You are asked to look at page 4 and answer the question,                 1 mark
          ‘According to the text, give one way that giant pandas are:

          (a)    similar to other bears
          Acceptable answers refer to them having the same body shape as
          other types of bear, eg’
          • pandas have the same type of body
          • they are shaped as bears are.

          Note
          Answers drawing on general knowledge of other bears which is
          not given as a direct comparison in the text are not creditworthy,
          eg.
          • they are both furry
          • they like honey

          (b) different from other bears.                                          1 mark
          Acceptable answers refer to :

          1. giant pandas can’t/don’t hibernate, eg.
          • panda bears aren’t able to hibernate when it’s cold
          2. Giant pandas needing to eat every day.
          Answers which refer to their unusual appearance are also acceptable,
          eg.
          • They have thick black and white fur

          Note
          As was the case with 6a, answers drawing on general knowledge of
          other bears which is not given as a direct comparison in the text are
          not creditworthy, eg.

          • they live on mountain slopes in China but bears live in wild forests
          • they don’t eat meat that often.

37
 37
Remember your answer must be based on the text you have
          read. Never introduce information which is not in the text.

          This two part question requires you to make comparisons within
          the text. The first part asks you to find a similarity to other bears.
          This information can be found in the ‘Appearance’ section: ‘Giant
          pandas have the type of body shape as other bears’. The second
          part asks you to identify a difference from other bears. There are
          two possible ways to answer this. In the section ‘Other interesting
          facts’ we are told giant panda bears have to eat every day which
          means, unlike other bears, they cannot hibernate in the winter.
          In your answer you may focus either on them not being able to
          hibernate in the winter or on their need to eat every day.

      7   You are asked to look at the section headed: Other interesting           1 mark
          facts and then tick one choice from four phrases to complete the
          sentence ‘Recent studies show that..’

                                                                   Tick one

          giant pandas always spend most of their lives alone.

          most giant pandas live in captivity.

          giant pandas only live in the wild in China.

          some giant pandas live in the same area.

38
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3
      8    You are asked to look at the section headed: Why are people          1 mark
           concerned about the giant panda? and to find and copy one
           word which shows that there are lots of things we do not yet
           know about giant pandas.

           The correct answer is ‘puzzling’.

           Remember

           With a find and copy question, you must do precisely that and
           copy exactly the number of words required. Failure to do exactly
           as asked will mean no marks will be awarded.

      9    You are given the quotation...cutting off a vital food supply and    1 mark
           asked to select the correct word from a choice of four that gives
           the meaning of the word vital.

           The correct answer is ‘essential’.

      10   You are asked to refer to the text to identify two reasons why       2 marks
           giant pandas are under threat of extinction.

           Two marks are available for identification of two of the following
           reasons:

           1. Very few are being born each year
           2. Not all baby giant pandas born in the wild survive
           3. Giant pandas’ food supplies are diminishing or being cut off
           4. Humans moving into giant pandas’ territory/destruction of the
              pandas’ habitat
           5. Humans killing/hunting pandas
           6. There are very few giant pandas in captivity
           7. There are only about 1600 pandas in captivity

           Note
           Answers that rephrase or define extinction without specifying why
           pandas are under threat are not creditworthy, eg.
           • because their numbers are going down and there won’t be any left
           • because there is not a large number of them

39
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3
      11   You are asked to refer to the text and identify how people are         1 mark
           trying to help giant pandas survive.

           Answers that refer to one of the following points will be awarded
           one mark:

           1. Joining the ’adopt a panda’ project, eg.

                  • there are projects where people are invited to adopt them
                  • by adopting them.

           2. The creation of panda reserves, eg.

                  • panda reserves have been built to help the pandas
                  • by creating 50 panda reserves.

           3. breeding programmes, eg.

                  • In zoos people ae trying to raise how many pandas there are
                  • They are trying to make giant pandas breed.

           4. People donating money towards supporting them in the wild/
           researching/protecting/monitoring

           Note
           Answers that refer to people trying to return them to the wild are
           not creditworthy because it is not something that is being done at
           the moment (it is something that will take place in the future.)
           To receive the mark available, it is essential you use appropriate
           detail from the text to support your answer. A response such as, ‘By
           supporting them in the wild and monitoring them’ fails to identify
           precisely how people are trying to help giant pandas survive.

40
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3
      12   You are asked to look at the section headed: What about the          1 mark
           future? And to find and copy one word that shows that helping
           the giant pandas is not easy.

           The correct answer for one mark is :
           • Challenge

           Remember one word only

      13   You are asked to look at page 5 and answer the question ’What        1 mark
           is one name that pandas have been called in the past because of
           their fur?’

           One mark is available for either of the following:

           1. spotted bear
           2. black and white bear

           Note
           Once again you need to read the question carefully. The key
           words in the question are ‘in the past’. Therefore, any reference
           to ‘Xiongmao’ is not acceptable because that is a current name for
           the giant panda.

      14   You are asked to select one statement from a choice of four          1 mark
           statements which is the best summary of the whole of page 5.

           The correct answer for one mark is ‘How people are working to
           save giant pandas.’

41
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15
      3    You are given three statements about giant pandas and are asked     1 mark
           to complete the table with ticks to show whether each one is fact
           or opinion.

           One mark will be given for correctly identifying in all three
           sentences that:

           ‘Giant pandas are fascinating animals’ is opinion
           ‘Giant pandas’ main food in the wild is bamboo is fact
           ‘Giant panda cubs weigh about 150g when born is fact

      16   This question is about the poem ‘Grannie’. You are asked to find    1 mark
           and copy one word from the first verse that shows that the poet’s
           grannie made him feel safe when he was a boy.

           One mark is available for any one of the following:

           1. protective
           2. enfold
           3. warm
           4. smile

      17   This questions asks ‘How did the poet’s grannie react when he       1 mark
           behaved badly?

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to not punish him. Eg.

           • she did not scold him
           • she didn’t tell him off
           • but never punished me when I was bad

           Answers which focus on grannie’s seeming acceptance of his
           behaviour without reference to her not punishing him are not
           creditworthy, eg.

           •     she behaved like it was no big deal
           •     she stayed the same

42
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18
      3    You are told that the poet describes his grannie as standing          2 marks
           mountainous between me and my fear and that this makes her
           sound big and powerful.

           You are asked to identify two other impressions that you get of his
           grannie in the same verse.

           One mark is available for referring to any of the following up to a
           maximum of 2 marks:

           1. she is gentle/kind’ eg.
           • grannie is very caring to the poet
           2. she is protective, eg.
           • you’re safe when you’re near her
           3. she is understanding, eg.
           • She is thoughtful because she knows how he feels
           4. She is tolerant, eg.
           • she is lenient

           Note
           Because this question asks you to simply ‘Give two impressions…’,
           appropriate single word responses such as: ‘gentle’, ‘protective’,
           ‘understanding’ and ‘lenient’ are creditworthy.

      19   You are asked ‘What was one effect of the poet getting injured in     1 mark
           the war?

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to any of the following:

           1. his grannie could visit/was nearby, eg.
           • it meant his grannie could come and see him
           • the hospital was near where his granny lived
           2. he is lame, eg’
           • he couldn’t walk properly
           • his legs didn’t work the way they should
           3. he can’t fight anymore, eg.
           • He couldn’t fight in the war
           4. he is sent home/he is in hospital,eg.
           • He had to come back to England earlier than he expected

43
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20
      3    You are asked to look at the verse beginning: ‘Years later’ and to      1 mark
           find and copy a group of words that means the same as ‘took
           the opportunity’.

           The correct answer is: (And so I) seized the chance (To write and
           ask if she could visit me).

           Note
           The essential words to gain the mark are ‘seized the chance’.
           Some or all of the words in brackets are acceptable in addition to
           the target words.

      21   This question asks, ‘What does the poet ask his grannie to do?’         1 mark

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to coming to visit him, eg.

           • he asks his grannie to come and see him
           • to visit

      22   You are given the quotation ‘She came. And I still vividly recall...’   2 marks
           and you are asked to explain what the words vividly recall mean.

           2 marks will be awarded for responses referring to both
           remembrance and clarity, eg.

           • remember clearly
           • remember strongly
           • see it like it was happening now

           1 mark will be awarded for responses that refer to one of the
           following:

           1. remembrance, eg.
           • he can remember it from a long time ago
           • remember vividly

           2. clarity, eg.
           • clearly recall

44
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Note
           In this question you are told that it is worth up to two marks.
           Since two words are highlighted, one mark will be available for
           an explanation of each of the two words. Compare question 20
           where an explanation of the phrase ‘took the opportunity’ was
           worth only one mark.

           Remember - always take note of how many marks are available
           for each question.

      23
       3   You are asked to explain what the poet finds weird about his           2 marks
           grannie in the last verse.

           2 marks will be awarded for either of the following:

           1. how memory has changed his perception of his grannie, eg.
           • grannie seemed smaller than he remembered
           • he thought she was small compared to his memory of her, but
           she wasn’t really, it was him who had grown bigger
           • he remembered her as strong and powerful like a mountain but
           now she looks frail and weak

           2. how time has changed his perception of his grannie, eg.
           • when he was a child she was huge and now she’s tiny
           • she was so small and tiny now that he was older

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to the grannie being small/
           frail with no recognition that his perception of her has changed,
           eg.
           • that his grannie used to be big but now is small
           • a tiny frail old lady.

           Note
           Responses that refer to her age alone are not creditworthy, eg.
           • she has got much older

           This time there are two marks available for linking two ideas
           associated with the word ‘weird’. Look carefully at the lines around
           the word. The poet is shocked that his grannie, who had in his
           childhood appeared to be so huge, was now so small. Time has
           changed his perception of his grannie. Now he is fully grown and
           his memories are based on when he was so small.

45
 45
24
       3   You are given the quotation:                                       1 mark
           She hobbled through the ward to where I lay
           And drew quite close and, hesitating, peered.
           You are asked ‘Why does she hesitate?'

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to either of the following:

           1. a lack of recognition, eg.
           • she had not seen her grandson since he was a child and she was
           not sure if it was him
           • she doesn’t know if she will recognise him.

           2. his state of health, eg.
           • she does not know how sick he is
           • she is nervous about seeing his injuries.

           Note
           No marks will be awarded for:

           1. Responses which refer only to not having seen him for a long
           time, eg.
           • she hasn’t seen him for ages

           2. Responses which refer to grannie’s feelings without a reason
           why she feels that way, eg.
           • she is worried about the poet.

46
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25
      3    You are asked to identify one thing that did not change about the     1 mark
           grannie as she got older

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to any of the following:

           1. her smile, eg.
           • The way she smiled

           2. She can make him feel better/ her love eg.
           • she still made the boy happy
           • she was loving
           • she still cares for him.

           3. Where she lives, eg.
           • she still lives in the same town.

      3
      26   You are asked to look at the last verse beginning: ‘She came’ and     1 mark
           to find and copy a group of words that shows that his grannie
           makes a difference to the poet during her visit.

           1 mark will be awarded for:
           • (And then she smiled: and) love lit up the day.

           Note
           Some or all of the words in brackets are acceptable in addition to
           the essential words outside the brackets.

      27
      3    You are asked to tick the box next to the one word of the choice of   1 mark
           four that best describes the experience in the last line.

           The correct answer is: comforting

47
 47
28
       3   Number the following sentences from 1 – 5 to show the order in          31marks
                                                                                     mark
           which they happen in the poem.

           The poet arrives in France.                                2

           The poet lives with his grannie.                           1

           The poet is injured.                                       3

           The poet’s grannie visits him.                             5

           The poet writes to his grannie.                            4

      29   You are told that the poet describes different stages of his life and   1 mark
           asked to tick two verses of the four given that are mainly about
           the poet’s adult life.
      3
           The correct answer is: verses 3 and 4.

      30
      3    You are asked to look at the first paragraph of ‘Albion’s Dream’        1 mark
           and identify two things that suggest that the old farmhouse was
           not very well looked after.

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to any two of the following:

           1. dusty, eg.
           • The house had dust everywhere
           2. piles of candlewax. eg.
           • no-one had bothered moving the candle wax that was in all the
           corners.
           3. cracked basins, eg.
           • There were basins that were cracked
           4. smells old/of the past.

           Note
           References to untouched books/unused rooms are also
           acceptable, eg.
           •      books that hadn’t been handled for a very long time
           •      there were rooms that he never saw used.

48
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31   You are asked to look at the first two paragraphs and identify        1 mark
           which of the four given sentences best describes the farmhouse.

           The correct answer for 1 mark is: It seemed stuck in the past.

      32
       3   You are asked to look at page 9 and find and copy one word            1 mark
           which shows that Em Sharp was in charge of the house.

           The correct answer for 1 mark is: guardian.

      33
       3   You are asked to look at the second paragraph on page 9.              1 mark
           Left to my own devices...
           and identify which of the given four choices would complete
           correct the sentence This means that Edward...

           The correct answer for 1 mark is: was free to do what he wanted.

      34
       3   You are given the quotation... When Edward was exploring the          1 mark
           bookcase, he noticed something in the dark recesses of the shelf...
           and you are asked which of the four given words is closest in
           meaning to recesses.

           The correct answer for 1 mark is: spaces.

      35
       3   You are given the quotation ...it dawned on me that the dice          1 mark
           ought to belong to a game...
           And you are asked to identify which of the given four phrases is
           closest in meaning to dawned on me as it is used here.

           The correct answer for 1 mark is: ...became clear to me...

49
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36
       3   You are asked to give two ways that you know that the                 1 mark
           bookcase had not been moved for a long time.

           1 mark is awarded for reference to any two of the following:

           1. Cobwebs/dust, eg.
           • the cobwebs were very thick
           • there was dust all over it.

           2. old/assorted debris, eg.
           • there was piles of stuff on the floor behind it.

           3. The grimy box/things behind the bookcase being grimy, eg.
           • The game behind it was all grimy.

           Note
           Reference to the quotation in the first paragraph of the text, ‘old
           leather-lined bookcases with books that no one had handled in
           fifty years’ is also accepted.

      37   You are asked to give one piece of evidence that shows Edward’s       1 mark
           determination to find the game.

           1 mark will be awarded for reference to any of the following:

           1. conducting a thorough search/looking everywhere, eg.
           • he’s searching in every nook and cranny
           • he looked behind every single book
           • it took me some time.
           2. ignoring the dirt/cobwebs behind the bookcase, eg.
           • he even stuck his hand in all the dirt behind it
           • used my hand to sweep out the shallow gap
           3. moving the bookcase, eg.
           • The bookcase was really heavy but he still tried to move it.

           Note
           General definitions of determination without relevant reference to
           the text are not creditworthy, eg.
           • he didn’t give up

           Remember: The key instruction in the question is ‘give one piece
           of evidence’

50
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3
      38    You are asked to look at page 10 and give two impressions you                        3 marks
            get of Em Sharp at this point in the extract. You are asked to give
            evidence from the text to support your answer.

            Below is a table of acceptable points and acceptable evidence. For
            3 marks you need to identify and support with textual evidence
            two impressions/acceptable points.

            Two acceptable points with at least one evidence will merit 3
            marks.
            Two unsupported acceptable points will merit 2 marks.
            One acceptable point with evidence will merit 2 marks.
            One unsupported acceptable point will merit 1 mark.

               Acceptable points /
                                                      Acceptable Evidence
                  Impressions

           1. She was angry                • Give me that immediately, Edward
                                           • That box is mine / it’s nothing to do with you /
                                           it belongs to me
                                           • She came forward with frightening intensity
                                           • She leapt towards me

           2. She was scary / mean         • I drew back cautiously
                                           • She came forward with frightening intensity /
                                           her hand reaching out for the box
                                           • She leapt towards me
                                           • Give me that immediately, Edward
                                           • That box is mine / it’s nothing to do with you /
                                           it belongs to me

           3. she was busy / demanding     • Give me that immediately, Edward

           4. She was possessive           • That box is mine / it’s nothing to do with you/it
                                           belongs to me
                                           • Give me that immediately, Edward

           5. She was hiding something /   • That box is mine / it’s nothing to do with you /
           secretive                       it belongs to me

           6. She was defensive /          • Give me that immediately, Edward
           concerned about the game        • That box is mine / it’s nothing to do with you /
                                           it belongs to me
                                           • She leapt towards me

           7. She was quick                • She leapt towards me

51
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39
       3   You are asked to look at the last paragraph and give two reasons      2 marks
           why Edward does not want to part with the game/give it to Em
           Sharp.

           1 mark can be awarded for any reference to the points below up
           to a maximum of 2 marks.

           1. he worked hard to find it, eg.
           • he had to move a heavy bookcase to find it
           • he went to a lot of effort to get it.

           2. he found it, (so it belongs to him) eg.
           • because he found it so technically it belongs to him not Em Sharp
           • he found it so he should have it

           3. he questions her claim to it, eg.
           • he didn’t know if it was hers
           • he wasn’t 100% sure it was Em Sharp’s

           4. he feels a sense of injustice/she’s being mean to him, eg.
           • She had no reason to take the game off him
           • It wouldn’t be fair for him to give it up now.

           Note
           Answers must be based on Edward’s thoughts and feelings about
           not wanting to part with it and not what he might like to do with
           it.

           Speculative answers will not be rewarded, eg.

           •      he wants to find out more about it.

52
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40
       3   You are asked to explain two ways you can tell that there was          3 marks
           something strange about the game that Edward found. You
           should give evidence from the text to support your answer.

           There are six acceptable points:

           1. it was hidden/in an unusual location
           2. the unusual dice
           3. Em Sharp’s unusual/negative reaction to the discovery of the game
           4. the unusual/mysterious name of the game
           5. it was split up
           6. Edward’s reaction to the game/Em Sharp.

           3 marks will be awarded for two acceptable points, at least one with
           evidence, eg.

           • Because it was hidden behind the shelf and looked like it hasn’t
           been opened.
           Em Sharp was very angry that he had it in his hands (AP1 + evidence,
           AP3)

           • The dice had some very odd symbols on it that Edward had not
           seen before on a regular dice. The title of the game seems creepy
           (AP2 + evidence, AP4).

           2 marks will be awarded for either two acceptable points or one
           acceptable point with evidence, eg.

           • It had weird symbols on the dice. Em Sharp was very determined to
           get it. (AP 2 +AP3)

           • It had a weird name to it ‘Albion’s Dream’ (AP4 + evidence)

           1 mark will be awarded for one acceptable point, eg’.

           • Some of its parts were randomly placed on the bookshelf (AP5)

           • Because he did not let go of the game even though he was told to.
           AP6)

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4   Paper 3: Reading

    Section 4: Mark schemes
2018 national curriculum tests

Key stage 2

     English reading
     test mark schemes
     Reading answer booklet
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

  Contents
  1. Introduction                                    3

  2. Structure of the test                           3

  3. Content domain coverage                         4

  4. Explanation of the mark schemes                 6

  5. Mark schemes for the English reading test       8
  Section 1: The Giant Panda Bear                     8
  Section 2: Grannie                                 16
  Section 3: Albion’s Dream                          23

   Page 2 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

1. Introduction
The Standards and Testing Agency (STA) is responsible for the development and delivery of
statutory tests and assessments. STA is an executive agency of the Department for Education.

The 2018 tests assess the national curriculum. This test has been developed to meet the
specification set out in the test framework1 for English reading at key stage 2 and assesses the
aspects of comprehension that lend themselves to a paper test.

A new test and new mark schemes will be produced each year.

Key stage 2 tests are marked by external markers, who receive training to ensure the mark
schemes are applied consistently and fairly. The mark schemes are provided to show teachers
how the tests are marked. The pupil examples are based on responses gathered from the test
trialling process.

Scaled score conversion tables are not included in this document. Conversion tables will be
produced as part of the standards maintenance process. Scaled score conversion tables2 for
the 2018 tests will be published in July 2018. The standards confirmation meeting will take
place in June 2018.

2. Structure of the test
The key stage 2 English reading test comprises:
    • a reading booklet containing three texts that increase in demand throughout the booklet
    • a reading answer booklet containing questions totalling 50 marks.

1    www.gov.uk/government/publications/key-stage-2-english-reading-test-framework
2    www.gov.uk/guidance/scaled-scores-at-key-stage-2

                                                                                     Page 3 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

3. Content domain coverage
The 2018 test meets the specification set out in the test framework. Table 1 sets out the areas of the content
domain that are assessed in the test.

Table 1: Content domain coverage for the 2018 key stage 2 English reading test

             2a            2b               2c            2d              2e             2f            2g            2h
         Give /        Retrieve         Summarise    Make             Predict        Identify /    Identify /    Make
         explain the   and record       main ideas   inferences       what might     explain how   explain how   comparisons
         meaning       information      from more    from the         happen         information   meaning is    within the
         of words in   / identify key   than one     text / explain   from details   / narrative   enhanced      text.
         context.      details from     paragraph.   and justify      stated and     content is    through
                       fiction and                   inferences       implied.       related and   choice of
                       non-fiction.                  with                            contributes   words and
                                                     evidence                        to meaning    phrases.
                                                     from the text.                  as a whole.

  Qu.                                            Section 1: The Giant Panda Bear
   1                        1
   2                        1
   3                                                       1
   4                        1
   5                        1
   6                                                                                                                  2
   7                        1
   8          1
   9          1
  10                        2
  11                        1
  12          1
  13                        1
  14                                        1
  15                                                       1
  Qu.                                                   Section 2: Grannie
  16          1
  17                        1
  18                                                       2
  19                        1
  20          1
  21                        1
  22          2
  23                                                       2
  24                                                       1

        Page 4 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

            2a            2b               2c            2d              2e             2f            2g            2h
        Give /        Retrieve         Summarise    Make             Predict        Identify /    Identify /    Make
        explain the   and record       main ideas   inferences       what might     explain how   explain how   comparisons
        meaning       information      from more    from the         happen         information   meaning is    within the
        of words in   / identify key   than one     text / explain   from details   / narrative   enhanced      text.
        context.      details from     paragraph.   and justify      stated and     content is    through
                      fiction and                   inferences       implied.       related and   choice of
                      non-fiction.                  with                            contributes   words and
                                                    evidence                        to meaning    phrases.
                                                    from the text.                  as a whole.

 25                                                       1
 26                                                       1
 27                                                       1
 28                                        1
 29                                                       1
Qu.                                                 Section 3: Albion’s Dream
 30                                                       1
 31                                        1
 32                                                       1
 33          1
 34          1
 35          1
 36                        1
 37                                                       1
 38                                                       3
 39                                                       2
 40                                                       3
Total       10            13               3             22                                                          2

                                                                                                      Page 5 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

  4. Explanation of the mark schemes
  The range of marks available for each question is given at the side of the page in the reading answer
  booklet. Incorrect or unacceptable answers are given a mark of 0. No half marks are awarded.

  The mark scheme for each question contains acceptable points, which are indicated either by a
  numbered list or a square bullet point (if there is only one possible answer). These must be treated as
  marking principles, not the exact response a pupil needs to give.

  They also contain examples of some frequently occurring correct answers given by pupils in the
  trials. These are shown in italics and are introduced by round bullet points. Many pupils will, however,
  have different ways of wording an acceptable answer. In assessing each answer, markers focus
  on the content of what has been written and not on the quality of the writing, expression or
  grammatical construction.

  For ‘find and copy’ questions, the correct answer is indicated by the word(s) outside the brackets. The
  word(s) inside the brackets indicate the maximum quotation that is allowed. Copying must be accurate
  but minor copying errors or introductions such as ‘The answer is…’ / ‘It’s…’ will be permitted.

  The mark schemes may also indicate commonly occurring but incorrect answers that should not be
  accepted.

  Recording marks awarded

  Pupils’ test papers are scanned so that marking can be conducted on screen by trained markers.

  For each question, markers record the award of 3, 2, 1 or 0 marks as appropriate, according to the mark
  scheme criteria. There is provision in the software to record questions not attempted. The software
  aggregates marks automatically.

   Page 6 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

              The diagram below exemplifies the content of the mark schemes:

                              Qu.   Requirement                                                                                Mark

                              40    Edward found a game. How can you tell that there was something strange about               Up to
                                    the game?                                                                                   3m

                                    Explain two ways, using evidence from the text to support your answer.
Content domain reference:
Aspect of reading assessed          Content domain: 2d – make inferences from the text / explain and justify inferences with
by this question.                   evidence from the text

                                    Acceptable points:
Acceptable points (APs):                1. it was hidden / in an unusual location
These are to be treated
as marking principles and               2. the unusual dice
should guide marking.
Pupils do not have to use               3. Em Sharp’s unusual / negative reaction to the discovery of the game
the exact wording.
                                        4. the unusual / mysterious name of the game
                                        5. it was split up
                                        6. Edward’s reaction to the game / Em Sharp.
Criteria for the                    Award 3 marks for two acceptable points, at least one with evidence, e.g.
award of marks
                                     • Because it was hidden behind the shelf and looked like it hasn’t been opened.
                                       Em Sharp was very angry that he had that in his hands. [AP1 + evidence, AP3]
Examples of responses                • The dice had some very odd symbols on it that Edward had not seen before on a
produced in the trials and             regular dice. The title of the game seems creepy. [AP2 + evidence, AP4]
awarded 3 marks
                                    Award 2 marks for either two acceptable points, or one acceptable point with evidence,
Examples of responses               e.g.
produced in the trials and           • It had weird symbols on the dice. Em Sharp was very determined to get it.
awarded 2 marks
                                       [AP2 + AP3]
                                     • It had a weird name to it ‘Albion’s Dream’. [AP4 + evidence].
Examples of responses
produced in the trials and          Award 1 mark for one acceptable point, e.g.
awarded 1 mark
                                     • Some of its parts were randomly placed on the bookshelf. [AP5]
                                     • Because he did not let go of the game even though he was told to. [AP6].

                                                                                                          Page 7 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

5. Mark schemes for the English reading test
Section 1: The Giant Panda Bear
 Qu.     Requirement                                                                                  Mark

  1      According to the text, approximately how many giant pandas currently live in the wild?       1m

         Content domain: 2b – retrieve and record information / identify key details from fiction
         and non-fiction

         Award 1 mark for:
           ■■   (around) 1600.

  2      According to some scientists, how does giant pandas’ fur help them to survive in the wild?   1m

         Content domain: 2b – retrieve and record information / identify key details from fiction
         and non-fiction

         Award 1 mark for reference to disguise / camouflage, e.g.
           • to hide them in snow and rocks
           • to help them blend into the snowy mountains.

         Do not accept answers relating to fur which do not recognise how it helps disguise or
         camouflage the panda, e.g.
           • it keeps them warm.

       Page 8 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

Section 1: The Giant Panda Bear
 Qu.   Requirement                                                                                    Mark

  3    Look at page 4.                                                                                1m

       Pandas can grow up to 1.5 metres and weigh up to 150 kilograms.

       What else in the text tells us that giant pandas could be dangerous animals?

       Content domain: 2d – make inferences from the text / explain and justify inferences with
       evidence from the text

       Award 1 mark for reference to either of the following:

           1. their razor-like claws, e.g.
                 • their claws are sharp.

           2. their powerful jaws, e.g.
                 • they have strong jaws for crushing things.

       Do not accept answers which refer simply to claws and jaws without some indication
       of threat, e.g.

                 • it tells us about their claws and jaws.

       Do not accept answers which swap the qualities of the claws and jaws, e.g.

                 • they have powerful claws
                 • razor-like jaws.

  4    Look at page 4.                                                                                1m

       According to the text, what do pandas spend the majority of their time doing?

       Content domain: 2b – retrieve and record information / identify key details from fiction
       and non-fiction

       Award 1 mark for reference to eating / feeding, e.g.
        • most of the day they eat bamboo
        • they mostly just feed
        • they need to eat all day.

       Do not accept answers which refer to another activity in addition to eating / feeding, e.g.
        • eating bamboo and sleeping.

                                                                                       Page 9 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

Section 1: The Giant Panda Bear
 Qu.     Requirement                                                                                 Mark

  5      Number these facts about the life of the giant panda cub from 1 – 5 in the order in which   1m
         they happen.

         The first one has been done for you.

         Content domain: 2b – retrieve and record information / identify key details from fiction
         and non-fiction

         Award 1 mark for the correct sequence:

          A cub eats bamboo for the first time.        3

          A cub leaves its mother.                     5

          A cub develops black spots.                  2

          A cub weighs 31 to 36 kilograms.             4

          A cub weighs about the same as an apple.     1

  6a     Look at page 4.                                                                             1m

         According to the text, give one way that giant pandas are…

         (a) similar to other bears.

         Content domain: 2h – make comparisons within the text

         Award 1 mark for reference to them having the same body shape as other bears, e.g.
           • pandas have the same type of body
           • they are shaped as bears are.

         Do not accept answers drawing on general knowledge of other bears which is not given
         as a direct comparison in the text, e.g.
           • they are both furry
           • they like honey.

       Page 10 of 32
2018 key stage 2 English reading test mark schemes

Section 1: The Giant Panda Bear
 Qu.   Requirement                                                                                    Mark

  6b   (b) different from other bears.                                                                1m

       Content domain: 2h – make comparisons within the text

       Award 1 mark for reference to any of the following:

             1. giant pandas can’t / don’t hibernate, e.g.
                   • panda bears aren’t able to hibernate when it’s cold.

             2. giant pandas needing to eat every day.

       Also accept answers which refer to their unusual appearance, e.g.

                   • they have thick black and white fur.

       Do not accept answers drawing on general knowledge of other bears which is not given
       as a direct comparison in the text, e.g.
        • they live on mountain slopes in China but bears live in wild forests
        • they don’t eat meat that often.

  7    Look at the section headed: Other interesting facts.                                           1m

       Complete the sentence below.

       Recent studies show that…

       Tick one.

       Content domain: 2b – retrieve and record information / identify key details from fiction
       and non-fiction

       Award 1 mark for:

       giant pandas always spend most of their lives alone.
       most giant pandas live in captivity.
       giant pandas only live in the wild in China.
       some giant pandas live in the same area.                 ✓

  8    Look at the section headed: Why are people concerned about the giant panda?                    1m

       Find and copy one word which shows that there are lots of things we do not yet know
       about giant pandas.

       Content domain: 2a – give / explain the meaning of words in context

       Award 1 mark for:
        ■■   puzzling.

                                                                                      Page 11 of 32
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