The Motorcycle Plan 2015-18 aims to make Melbourne safer
and more attractive for current and future motorcycle riders.
It also aims to integrate motorcycle use with other movement
modes as part of the City of Melbourne’s Transport Strategy
2012, as well as contribute to achieving the Council Plan goal
for a connected city –

“In Melbourne, all people will be able to move freely,
to communicate and trade without sacrificing
essential social or economic values”.
1. Introduction                                                                                                                                   5

2. Motorcycles in Melbourne                                                                                                                        7

3. Why support motorcycle use?                                                                                                                    10

4. Analysis of motorcycle crashes                                                                                                                 12

   4.1. Long-term crash trends                                                                                                                    13

   4.2. Medium term crash trends                                                                                                                  16

5. Motorcycle parking                                                                                                                            22

6. Action Plan                                                                                                                                   26

Glossary of Terms
The following terms are used throughout this document:

Plan - Motorcycle Plan 2015-2018.
City - The municipality of the City of Melbourne.
Central city - Defined on the map on page 4.
Motorcycle - Used as a collective term for motorcycles, scooters and other powered two-wheel vehicles.
Car - Refers to private cars, excluding taxis.

City of Melbourne Motorcycle plan 2015-18

June 2016

This report is provided for information and it does not purport to be complete. While care has been taken to ensure the content in the report
is accurate, we cannot guarantee it is without flaw of any kind. There may be errors and omissions or it may not be wholly appropriate for your
particular purposes. In addition, the publication is a snapshot in time based on historic information which is liable to change. The City of Melbourne
accepts no responsibility and disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information
contained in this report.

   To find out how you can participate in the decision-making process for City of Melbourne’s current and future
   initiatives, visit
Central city

The term ‘central city’ in this Motorcycle Plan refers to the area outlined on the
map, bounded by Victoria Street, Spring Street, Flinders Street, Swanston Street,
the Yarra River, Spencer Street, La Trobe Street, William Street and Peel Street.

The City of Melbourne is                     Section 6 sets out the Action Plan
committed to promoting                       to improve the safety of motorcyclists
                                             and promote motorcycling in the
motorcycling as an energy                    municipality. This Action Plan was
efficient, space saving and                  adopted by the Council on 2 July
sustainable mode of transport.               2013 (as part of the Road Safety
                                             Plan) following extensive
The City of Melbourne Road Safety            community engagement.
Plan 2013-2017 sets out environmental,
behavioural, regulatory and policy           This Motorcycle Plan and its accompanying
actions to help create an urban              Action Plan will help motorcyclists feel
environment that physically and socially     welcomed and supported through safe,
supports the needs of people when            comfortable roads, and on-street and
walking, cycling and motorcycling            off-street parking.
(as the most vulnerable road users).
                                             It will improve the safety of
This Motorcycle Plan 2015-2018 aims          motorcyclists through a supportive
to make Melbourne safer and more             road environment, as well as enhance
attractive for current and future            reciprocal awareness between
motorcycle riders. It focuses on             motorcyclists and other road users.
improving the road network to improve        It will also enable the support of
safety and convenience for riders, as        motorcyclists by regulations and
well as encouraging people to consider       policies that prioritise their safety needs
motorcycling for their daily travel needs.   on the roads across the municipality,
A status of current motorcycling in the      during the day and at night.
municipality is provided, along with an
Action Plan to achieve the vision of a       The Plan also commits to expanding
city that promotes a safe and efficient      motorcycle parking throughout the
transport network for all road users.        municipality, both in terms of the
                                             number of spaces and the options
The goals of this                            available to riders.
Motorcycle Plan are to:
                                             The City of Melbourne will continue to
                                             support motorcycle safety campaigns
1.   Investigate the benefits
                                             that encourage responsible road use
     of motorcycle use.
                                             and promote Melbourne as a safe city
                                             for all road users. Additional research
2. Improve the road infrastructure           will help us better understand traffic
   to deliver an efficient transport         conditions, motorcycling behaviour and
   network as per the City of                crashes, and monitor our performance.
   Melbourne Transport Strategy 2012.

3. Increase participation
   in motorcycling.

4. Make motorcycling safer.

5. Enhance the convenience of
   the motorcycling experience.

6. Expand motorcycle parking
   across the municipality.

7.   Increase compliance with
     the VicRoads’ make roads
     motorcycle friendly guidelines.

                                                                                           Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018   5
The Melbourne municipality covers an                  The number of motorcycles on Victorian             As part of its ongoing monitoring
area of 37.6km2 and shares boundaries                 roads has increased steadily in recent             of traffic volumes, the City of Melbourne
with seven other municipalities. The                  years. Motorcycles offer many an                   conducts surveys of inbound vehicles
distance from east to west and from                   attractive alternative form of transport           to the municipality twice a year. These
north to south is approximately 7km.                  to the car for daily commuting.                    surveys occur on typical weekdays from
About 800,000 people travel into the                  Recreational use is also increasing,               7am to 10am, generally in March
municipality to work, study or visit each             leading to more people riding on                   and September.
weekday. By 2016, close to 900,000                    weekends and growing numbers of
people are expected to travel into the                motorcycles along popular tourist                  The results of the surveys are
central city area and adjoining suburbs               routes, such as the Great Ocean Road               summarised in Table 1.
each weekday.                                         and the Yarra Ranges.
                                                                                                         The map below shows the
Motorcycles are a space-saving,                       A high proportion of trips to, from and            survey locations.
convenient and lower-cost alternative                 within the greater Melbourne area are
to private cars, and are well suited                  taken as a driver or passenger of a car
to the municipality’s inner urban                     or by public transport. For weekday
areas. As such, motorcycling can                      trips of 2km–7km, 44 per cent of people
play an important role in supporting                  travel in cars and 40 per cent on public
Melbourne’s liveability by reducing                   transport. For 7km–20km trips, 50 per
traffic congestion.                                   cent of people travel in cars1.

Survey locations

     ictorian Integrated Survey of Travel and Activity (VISTA) 2009 data, as presented in Table 1, page 8 of the City of Melbourne Bicycle
    Plan 2012-2016.

                                                                                                                Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018      7
Table 1: Inbound traffic, City of Melbourne

     DURING THE MONTH OF                    CARS             TRUCKS        MOTORCYCLES          BICYCLES        ALL VEHICLES

 July 2006                           48,788              6,664             873               2,053             58,378
 Per cent:                           83.6%               11.4%             1.5%              3.5%              100.0%
 March 2007                          45,583              9,047             1,173             2,890             58,693
 Percent:                            77.7%               15.4%             2.0%              4.9%              100.0%
 March 2008                          58,376              7,069             1,622             5,778             72,845
 Percent:                            80.1%               9.7%              2.2%              7.9%              100.0%
 March 2009                          56,611              5,470             1,538             4,602             68,221
 Percent:                            83.0%               8.0%              2.3%              6.7%              100.0%
 March 2010                          50,962              9,339             1,691             4,922             66,914
 Per cent:                           76.2%               14.0%             2.5%              7.4%              100.0%
 March 2011                          55,072              8,128             1,669             5,115             69,984
 Percent:                            78.7%               11.6%             2.4%              7.3%              100.0%
 March 2012                          49,316              7,456             1,442             5,312             63,526
 Per cent:                           77.6%               11.7%             2.3%              8.4%              100.0%
 March 2013                          49,728              9,836             1,748             6,441             67,753
 Percent:                            73.4%               14.5%             2.6%              9.5%              100.0%
 March 2014                          47,911              9,433             1,703             6,842             65,889
 Per cent:                           72.7%               14.3%             2.6%              10.4%             100.0%

The Table indicates that motorcycles for transport have grown steadily from 1.5 per cent in 2006 to 2.6 per cent
in 2014, which represents a 73 per cent increase over 8 years.

The March 2014 survey revealed the            A significant investment in time and       The City of Melbourne consulted with
highest number of motorcycles during          resources is required to encourage more    a number of groups representing
the 3-hour peak morning period was            people to use a motorcycle for transport   motorcyclists to help develop this
in King Street south of Flinders Street,      in the municipality. Riders need to        Motorcycle Plan. These included the
where motorcycles represented 3.1             feel legitimate, safe and supported.       Independent Riders’ Group (IRG),
per cent of all inbound vehicles (209         Consistent with the City of Melbourne      Victorian Motorcycle Council (VMC), the
motorcycles of 6,764 total vehicles). The     Road Safety Plan, we will support          Victorian Scooter Riders Association
largest proportion of motorcycles was         pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists,   (VSRA), the motorcycle representative
in Nicholson Street north of Victoria         who are the most vulnerable road           from the Road Safety Action Group Inner
Parade, where motorcycles represented         users. This is in preference to freight,   Melbourne, as well as a number of key
3.4 per cent of vehicles (80 motorcycles      multiple occupancy vehicles and            stakeholders including VicRoads, Public
of 2,325 total vehicles).                     single-occupancy vehicle movements.        Transport Victoria and Victoria Police.

Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018   9
Greater use of motorcycles                           As recent studies identify, even a                  Promoting a shift to more energy-
generates multiple benefits.                         relatively small shift from cars to                 efficient modes can considerably
                                                     motorcycles can significantly reduce                reduce transport fuel consumption and
This includes reducing                               congestion and travel times for all                 emissions. It is therefore a priority to
traffic congestion as well as                        road users. The Belgian study found                 promote transport alternatives that
fuel consumption and thus                            that a 10 per cent shift from cars to               reduce congestion and the growth
greenhouse gas emissions.                            motorcycles could reduce travel time by             of private vehicle travel across the
Motorcyclists also generally                         an average 8 minutes for the remaining              Melbourne municipality. Motorcycles
                                                     90 per cent of drivers, with queues                 are significantly more fuel efficient
enjoy lower costs and easier                         starting 15 minutes later and ending 40             than cars and produce less greenhouse
movement in traffic.                                 minutes earlier, and the number of ‘lost            gas emissions. Small scooters can
                                                     vehicle hours’ decreasing 63 per cent.              consume as little as 1.3 litres per 100km,
Motorcyclists generally enjoy shorter                Individuals switching to motorcycles                significantly less than any motor car.
travel times than car drivers. An                    enjoy faster travel times once queues
Australian study2 published in 2000                  start to form and are also ‘helping’                While cars can accommodate multiple
found that motorcycles achieved                      other commuters. The Belgian study                  passengers, the average vehicle
significant travel time savings over cars,           also estimated significant reductions               occupancy in cities around Australia is
and they were the only transport mode                in greenhouse gas emissions with                    1.1 to 1.2 people per vehicle (including
to indicate no time delays as part of a              greater motorcycle use, mainly achieved             the driver) at any point in time. Fuel
trip. The study estimated that a 30km                from reduced fuel use from less                     consumption and emissions per person
trip in metropolitan Melbourne can be                traffic congestion.                                 are therefore significantly higher for
three times faster by motorcycle than                                                                    those travelling by car as the additional
by car in peak hours. Further research               Motorcycles offer a low-cost alternative            passenger space is not utilised. A
is needed to obtain more recent data,                to cars in terms of capital and operating           motorcycle carrying just the rider
possibly using the latest available in the           costs. Scooters can cost as little as               transports the same number of people
Victorian Integrated Survey of Travel                $2,000 and small motorcycles around                 as the vast majority of car trips, while
and Activity (VISTA).                                $4,000, which is significantly lower than           using less fuel and taking up less road
                                                     the operating cost of a car. Since fuel             space, which reduces congestion and
Motorcyclists also reduce congestion                 consumption is much lower, there are                further reduces fuel consumption and
because they occupy less space on                    additional operational savings for riders.          emissions. In addition, the most fuel
the road and in congested conditions                 Toll road fees for motorcycles are also             efficient cars cost 10 to 15 times more
they do not further contribute to                    half the cost of passenger cars.                    than the most fuel-efficient scooters.
queues as they move through traffic                                                                      Switching to a fuel efficient scooter
(assuming filtering3). As illustrated by a           Motor vehicles are significant                      saves the user money and significantly
2011 Belgian4 study, a shift from cars to            contributors to energy consumption and              reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
motorcycles can increase road network                greenhouse gas emissions. In response
capacity and benefit all road users.                 to this environmental challenge,                    Electric and hybrid-electric scooters
In free flowing traffic, a motorcycle                infrastructure, technology and policy               have potential to significantly reduce
generally uses the same road space                   actions at all government levels aim to             emissions. There are currently
as a car. However, as traffic volume                 reduce the growth in private vehicle                (April 2015) five electric charging
increases, motorcycles start to use                  travel and encourage a shift to more                points located within the Melbourne
less and less space, eventually                      sustainable travel modes.                           municipality. To encourage the uptake
‘disappearing’ between the traffic                                                                       of electric and hybrid motorcycles,
queues through filtering. In stop-and-go             Fuel consumption and emission levels                additional low cost and conveniently
traffic, motorcycles filtering through               are highly sensitive to driving patterns,           located electric vehicle charging points
stationary traffic queues use little                 and are directly linked to distances                are required.
additional road space and do not                     travelled, average speed, acceleration
contribute to congestion.                            and deceleration characteristics, and
                                                     frequencies of starts and stops.

     otorcycles as transport: Volume 1 - Powered two wheelers in Victoria (Victorian Motorcycle Advisory Council Report 2000-1-1). Melbourne
    Australia: VicRoads on behalf of the Motorcycle Advisory Council by Oxford Systematics.
     iltering is generally defined as motorcycles passing alongside stationary and slow moving motor vehicles to progress towards the front of traffic
    queues. While various Victorian road rules prohibit elements of filtering, this matter is currently under consideration by the Victorian Government.
    VicRoads has advised it will continue monitoring the effects of the implementation of lane filtering in New South Wales to determine if this
    approach will provide a safe and enforceable solution for Victoria.
    Commuting by Motorcycle: Impact Analysis, I. Yperman, Transport & Mobility Leuven, Brussells, September 2011.

Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018   11
Motorcyclists are amongst the most
vulnerable of road users, making safety
critical for making riding more attractive
for a wider variety of potential users. In
Victoria, the likelihood of serious injury
or death in a crash is 34 times higher for
motorcyclists than for those in a car5.

To assess the long-term trends of                   •   July 2000–June 2001                            Table 5 and Table 6 show collision
motorcycle crashes, the Crashstats6                                                                    statistics for Victoria for 2000-01 and
                                                    •   July 2012–June 2013.
data for the Melbourne municipality was                                                                2012-13.
analysed during the following periods:              Table 2 lists crash statistics within the
                                                    Melbourne municipality from July                   Table 7 shows the total number of
•     July 2000–June 2001                           2000 to June 2001.                                 different motor vehicle registrations
                                                                                                       in Australia.
•     July 2007–June 2008
                                                    Table 3 and Table 4 list crash statistics
•     July 2012–June 2013.                          within the Melbourne municipality for
                                                    2007-2008 and 2012-2013.
To compare crash trends in the
municipality with state trends,
the Victorian data was analysed
during the following periods:

Table 2: Crashes, City of Melbourne, 1 July 2000–30 June 2001

                                             MOTORCYCLISTS                                  DRIVERS &                                 ALL ROAD
         NUMBER OF PEOPLE                                              CYCLISTS                                 PEDESTRIANS
                                              & PASSENGERS                                 PASSENGERS                                  USERS

    Killed                               1                       1                     10                   1                    13

    Seriously Injured                    42                      23                    215                  98                   379

    With non-serious injuries            76                      76                    807                  115                  1,078

    Total                                119                     100                   1,032                214                  1,470

Table 3: Crashes, City of Melbourne, 1 July 2007–30 June 2008

                                             MOTORCYCLISTS                                  DRIVERS &                                 ALL ROAD
         NUMBER OF PEOPLE                                              CYCLISTS                                 PEDESTRIANS
                                              & PASSENGERS                                 PASSENGERS                                  USERS

    Killed                               3                       0                     2                    3                    8

    Seriously Injured                    69                      75                    136                  79                   366

    With non-serious injuries            59                      126                   278                  93                   567

    Total                                131                     201                   416                  175                  941

    Victoria’s Road Safety and Transport Strategic Action Plan for Powered Two Wheelers 2009–2013.
     rashStats is the VicRoads publicly accessible crash database, which contains information on casualty crashes reported to Victoria Police. A
    casualty crash is defined as a crash in which somebody is injured and needs treatment or hospitalisation. Crashes that result in property damage
    only or those not reported to or by Victoria Police, are not included in this database.

                                                                                                                Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018         13
Table 4: Crashes, City of Melbourne, 1 July 2012–30 June 2013

                                       MOTORCYCLISTS                             DRIVERS &                          ALL ROAD
     NUMBER OF PEOPLE                                        CYCLISTS                            PEDESTRIANS
                                        & PASSENGERS                            PASSENGERS                           USERS

 Killed                            0                   0                    3                    0             3

 Seriously Injured                 58                  62                   101                  68            290

 With non-serious injuries         83                  156                  318                  104           666

 Total                             141                 218                  422                  172           959

Table 5: Crashes, Victoria, 1 July 2000–30 June 2001

                                       MOTORCYCLISTS                             DRIVERS &                          ALL ROAD
     NUMBER OF PEOPLE                                        CYCLISTS                            PEDESTRIANS
                                        & PASSENGERS                            PASSENGERS                           USERS

 Killed                            53                  6                    289                  61            409

 Seriously Injured                 760                 308                  4,714                734           6,520

 With non-serious injuries         1,172               762                  14,751               945           17,651

 Total                             1,985               1,076                19,754               1,740         24,580

Table 6: Crashes, Victoria, 1 July 2012–30 June 2013

                                       MOTORCYCLISTS                             DRIVERS &                          ALL ROAD
     NUMBER OF PEOPLE                                        CYCLISTS                            PEDESTRIANS
                                        & PASSENGERS                            PASSENGERS                           USERS

 Killed                            40                  6                    175                  32            255

 Seriously Injured                 903                 444                  3,299                565           5,216

 With non-serious injuries         1,050               1,031                8,793                778           11,679

 Total                             1,993               1,481                12,267               1,375         17,150

Table 7: Motor vehicle registrations (ABS Census)

                                            2001                     2008                      2013                 2014

 Passenger vehicles                2,682,536               3,120,048                 3,446,548            3,519,491

 Motorcycles                       94,741                  136,019                   169,406              174,336

 All vehicles                      3,317,682               3,921,574                 4,383,634            4,483,098

Table 2, Table 3 and Table 4 indicate                  Melbourne twice a year surveys                   78.8 per cent (94,741 to 169,406)
that in the Melbourne municipality:                    (7am–10am) indicates the mode                    during this period (see Table 7).
                                                       share for motorcycles was 2.2 per                However, there was a 19 per cent
•   From 1 July 2000 to 30 June 2001,                  cent in 2008 and 2.6 per cent in                 increase in the serious injury of
    there was 1 motorcyclist fatality                  2013, representing a growth of 18.2              motorcyclists or passengers (760
    (7.7% of all fatalities) and 42                    per cent.                                        to 903). When fatalities and serious
    motorcyclists or their passengers                                                                   injuries are combined, there was a
    were seriously injured (11.1% of all          •    Given the 19.4 per cent reduction in
                                                                                                        total 16 per cent increase (813 to
    serious injuries).                                 fatalities and serious injuries, and the
                                                                                                        943) over the 12 years.
                                                       corresponding 18.2 per cent increase
•   From 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2013,                  in mode share, it appears there was           Table 8 shows crash rates for
    there were no motorcyclists or                     a significant improvement in the              pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists.
    passenger fatalities, but 58 were                  safety of motorcyclists over the 5
    seriously injured (20.0% of all                    years from 2008 to 2013.                      The Table shows that on a per trip
    serious injuries).                                                                               basis, walking is statistically safer than
                                                  Table 5 and Table 6 indicate that                  cycling and motorcycling, with the risk
•   From 2001 to 2013, while the                  in Victoria:                                       exposure rates significantly lower in 2011
    number of motorcyclist or passenger
                                                                                                     than a decade before.
    fatalities dropped (from 1 to 0), the         •    From 1 July 2000 to 30 June 2001,
    number seriously injured increased                 there were 53 motorcyclist or                 Although motorcyclists are significantly
    38.1 per cent (from 42 to 58). When                passenger fatalities (13.0% of all            more exposed to risk than pedestrians
    fatalities and serious injuries are                fatalities) and 760 motorcyclists or          and cyclists, their exposure rate
    combined, there was a total increase               passengers were seriously injured             appears to have fallen almost three
    of 34.9 per cent (from 43 to 58) in                (11.7% of all serious injuries).              quarters in the decade from 2001 to
    fatalities and serious injuries over                                                             2011. This could be attributed to greater
                                                  •    From 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2013,
    the 12 years from 1 July 2000 to 30                                                              driver awareness in response to an
                                                       there were 40 motorcyclists or
    June 2013.                                                                                       increase in the number of motorcycles
                                                       passenger fatalities (15.7% of all
•   From 2008 to 2013, the number of                   fatalities) and 903 motorcyclists or          on our roads or the installation of
    motorcyclist or passenger fatalities               passengers were seriously injured             traffic engineering measures such
    dropped (from 3 to 0) and serious                  (17.3% of all serious injuries).              as controlled right-turn phases at
    injuries also dropped 15.9 per cent                                                              signalised intersections. Nevertheless,
                                                  •    From 2001 to 2013, the number                 improvements are still required to
    (from 69 to 58). When fatalities
                                                       of fatalities of motorcyclists or             improve safety for motorcyclists.
    and serious injuries are combined,
                                                       passengers dropped 24.5 per
    there was a total decrease of 19.4
                                                       cent (from 53 to 40) even though
    per cent (from 72 to 58) over the
                                                       motorcycle registrations increased
    5 years. Data from the City of

Table 8: Road users / crash ratio, Melbourne municipality, 2001, 2011

                                                        CRASHES PER 100,000 TRIPS

                ROAD USERS                                    2001                            2011                         CHANGE

Pedestrians                                      16                              5                                -66%

Cyclists                                         77                              45                               -42%

Motorcyclists                                    637                             188                              -71%

Source: City of Melbourne Road Safety Plan, pg. 14.

                                                                                                           Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018        15
To identify medium term trends in the     A total of 699 crashes were recorded          The tables below show the numbers
incidence of motorcycle crashes, the      involving motorcycles (3 fatal, 273           of crashes by time of day, by day of
latest available Crashstats data was      serious injury and 423 non serious            week, by month, by financial year, and
analysed, from 1 July 2008 to 30          injury crashes).                              by the Definitions for Coding Accidents
June 2013.                                                                              (DCA) crash types.

Location is LGA(s): Melbourne; User-defined Query; Vehicle type is motor cycle, moped, motor
scooter, date range is 01/07/2008 to 30/06/2013.

      SUMMARY BY TIME OF DAY                          SUMMARY BY DAY                              SUMMARY BY MONTH

         NAME         COUNT           %            NAME           COUNT            %             NAME        COUNT          %

 0.00 - 0.59          8         1%         Sunday                 47          7%         Jan                 55        8%

 1.00 - 1.59          8         1%         Monday                 89          13%        Feb                 57        8%

 2.00 - 2.59          6
The most common crash type for                       compensating for the behaviour of                  •    77 crashes (89.5%) involved a driver
motorcyclists was ‘out of control’ on the            other road users (such as sudden lane                   turning right across the path of a
carriageway. From 2008 to 2013, a total              changes by motor vehicles). A number                    motorcyclist
of 188 ‘out of control’ crashes7 involved            of these crashes may therefore not be
                                                                                                        •    9 crashes (10.5%) involved a
motorcycles (one fatal, 66 serious injury            ‘single-vehicle crashes’, which is another
                                                                                                             motorcyclist turning right across the
and 121 non-serious injury crashes).                 deficiency of the data collection.
                                                                                                             path of a driver.
The data indicates that, of these                    The second most common crash type
                                                                                                        Understanding the dynamics of
188 crashes:                                         for motorcyclists was a rear-end crash
                                                                                                        motorcycle crashes is critical for
                                                     type. From 2008 to 2013, a total of
•     112 crashes (59.6%) did not involve                                                               developing appropriate and effective
                                                     94 ‘rear-end’ crashes were reported
      a collision with either a vehicle or                                                              infrastructure, road management and
                                                     involving motorcycles (no fatal, 31
      an object. This indicates that, in                                                                education safety solutions. Further
                                                     serious injury and 63 non-serious injury
      the majority of the ‘out of control’                                                              research into the causes of motorcycle
                                                     crashes). The data indicates that of the
      crashes, the motorcyclist fell off the                                                            crashes is needed, including an
                                                     94 crashes:
      motorcycle and struck the road or                                                                 assessment of Victoria Police reports
      footpath surface.                              •   56 crashes (59.6%) involved a                  and incident fact sheets to better
                                                         motorcyclist ‘rear-ending’ a driver            understand the definitive causes of
•     92 crashes (48.9%) occurred at
                                                         (the reasons for this are unclear)             the crashes and develop possible
      intersections, with the remaining 96
      crashes (51.1%) occurring mid-block.           •   37 crashes (39.3%) involved a driver
                                                         ‘rear-ending’ a motorcyclist                   A recent report8 by Stephen Bardsley
•     It was raining during 41 (21.8%) of
                                                                                                        (Member of the Motorcycle Advisory
      the ‘out of control’ crashes. However,         •   1 crash (1.1%) involved a motorcyclist
                                                                                                        Group and spokesperson for the
      only 9 per cent of all motorcycle                  ‘rear-ending’ another motorcyclist.
                                                                                                        Victorian Scooter Riders Association)
      crashes from 2008 to 2013 occurred
                                                     A number of factors could influence                evaluating crash data from around
      in the rain. Therefore, ‘out of
                                                     these rear-end crashes. These                      the world shows that in the majority
      control’ crashes are much more
                                                     include the acceleration and braking               of crashes involving a motorcycle and
      likely to occur in the rain than other
                                                     characteristics of motorcycles, their              another vehicle, the motorist driving
      motorcycle crashes.
                                                     visibility on the road, loss of traction           the other vehicle is either responsible
•     It was dark during 56 (29.8%) of the           on some road surfaces or in the wet,               for the crash or played a significant
      ‘out of control’ crashes. However,             and inappropriate speed. As many of                role in the crash occurring. The report
      only 24.2 per cent of all motorcycle           these factors cannot be addressed                  further suggests that for some types of
      crashes from 2008 to 2013 occurred             by physical treatments, behavioural                crashes, such as right-of-way violations,
      in the dark. Therefore, ‘out of                techniques should be applied to reduce             motorists are an important contributing
      control’ crashes are slightly more             the incidence of rear-end crashes.                 factor in over 80 per cent of crashes.
      likely to occur in the dark than other
                                                     The third most common crash type
      motorcycle crashes.
                                                     involving motorcyclists were right-
Motorcycles are inherently more                      through crashes. This crash type
vulnerable to losing control as they                 involves a right turning vehicle colliding
are less stable than cars and there                  with a through vehicle travelling
are few physical measures to mitigate                through at an intersection. Over the
loss of control. These are typically                 5 years from 2008 to 2013, a total of
single-vehicle crashes, with potential               86 ‘right through’ crashes involving
causes including speeding, loss of                   motorcycles (no fatal, 50 serious injury
traction in the wet, on tram tracks or               and 36 non serious injury crashes) were
pit covers, and debris on the road.                  recorded. The data indicates that, of the
However, the statistics fail to record the           86 right-through crashes:
crashes resulting from motorcyclists

    These crashes refer to DCA types 170-179 and 180-189.
    Stop the Blame Game (Blaming the Victims), A Road Safety Report for the Attention of Victorian Government and Road Safety Authorities, June 2014.

                                                                                                                Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018           17
Most common crash types

                                                                                             Three most
                                                                                             common crash types
                                                                                             •   OFF PATH STRAIGHT out of
                                                                                                 control on carriageway

                                                                                             •   OPPOSING right through

                                                                                             •   SAME DIRECTION rear end

                                                                                             Victoria street
                                                                                             Crash type
                                                                                             right through

                                                                         St Kilda Road
                                                                         CRASH TYPE
                                                                         Off path straight
                                                                         out of control
                                                                         on carriageway

The map above9 shows the locations of motorcycle crashes by crash type in the municipality.
These crashes occurred over five years, from January 2007 to December 2011.

    Map source: City of Melbourne Road Safety Plan 2013-2017, pg. 18.

Locations of motorcycle crashes by severity

                                                                                             •   Fatal

                                                                                             •   Serious

                                                                                             •   Other

The map above10 shows the locations of motorcycle crashes by severity in the municipality.
These crashes occurred over five years, from January 2007 to December 2011.

     Map source: City of Melbourne Road Safety Plan 2013-2017, pg. 18.

                                                                                  Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018   19
Most common crash types

                          MANOEUVRING Entering parking              4%

                        SAME DIRECTION Lane change right                4%

                    SAME DIRECTION Right turn side swipe                4%

                         SAME DIRECTION Lane change left                4%

                              INTERSECTIONS Cross traffic               4%

                                     MANOEUVRING U turn                      7%

                               SAME DIRECTION Rear end                                     12%

                                   OPPOSING Right through                                  12%

         OFF PATH STRAIGHT Out of control on carriageway                                                         20%

                                                            0           5%          10%          15%           20%        25%

         Fatalities and injuries by age group

         18%                                                                                                                     LGA
         16%                                                                                                                     CBD
         10%                                                                                                                     VIC
                  0-4       5-12       13-15   16-17    18-21   22-25    26-29    30-39 40-49 50-59    60-74     75    Unknown

          LGA    (Local Government Area)

          CBD (Central City area, defined on page 4)
          MMA (Melbourne Metropolitan Area)
          VIC    (State of Victoria)


In response to the safety challenges for     for motorcyclists and cyclists, and will      Education activities will need to also
motorcyclists, the City of Melbourne         consider these vulnerable road users          focus on motorists, particularly as the
will continue supporting the Victorian       during the approval process for Traffic       majority of motorcycle crashes involve
Government’s work to promote low-risk        Management Plans for construction             a collision with another vehicle, and
driving and riding, and will also continue   sites and road works.                         in those crashes, the driver is often
considering motorcyclists in all aspects                                                   at fault. As noted above, a significant
                                             The City of Melbourne will also continue
of managing, designing and maintaining                                                     number of crashes reported as ‘single-
                                             supporting the Victorian Government’s
local roads.                                                                               vehicle’ crashes may be a result of
                                             training programs for motorcyclists,
                                                                                           motorcyclists compensating for
In addition, the City of Melbourne will      as well as education initiatives for
                                                                                           the behaviour of other road users,
identify potential on-road hazards           motorists to improve their care and
                                                                                           including motorists. The proportion of
that may increase safety risks for           attention towards pedestrians, cyclists
                                                                                           motorcycle crashes in which motorists
motorcyclists. A number of construction      and motorcyclists. Inexperienced
                                                                                           play a contributing factor (directly
sites around the municipality use steel      riders have a very high risk of crashing
                                                                                           or indirectly) is likely to be high, and
or concrete barriers with sharp edges        until they develop skills that enable
                                                                                           as such their education is critical to
that pose particular risks for riders,       them to recognise and avoid hazards.
                                                                                           improve safety for motorcyclists.
and using plastic barriers instead will      High-quality educational materials and
improve the safety of motorcyclists.         training resources are important for the      It is important to understand the role
Several locations feature ‘rigid’ steel      safety of riders. While the perception        that different road users play in crashes,
and concrete bollards and using plastic      and response to hazards is a critical skill   and to focus education activities and
bollards with a flexible base will also      for riders, it is only developed through      to change perceptions and attitudes
improve safety for motorcyclists.            many hours of experience.                     to more effectively improve behaviour
                                                                                           between, and safety for, all road users.
Other road infrastructure that may           Both the filtering and the use of bus
                                                                                           The City of Melbourne will continue
pose a risk to motorcyclists will also be    lanes by motorcycles are designed to
                                                                                           supporting opportunities for training
investigated, such as:                       ‘distance’ riders from motor vehicles
                                                                                           and education for all road users.
                                             and may thus help address the causes
•   posts on the outside of kerbs
                                             of some common crashes in which
•   vegetation which grows to such a         car motorists play a significant role,
    size that visibility is impacted         such as situations in which they fail to
                                             perceive a motorcycle within the traffic
•   tram separators that are difficult       environment before changing lanes or
    to see and are slippery for              performing other manoeuvres.
•   road paint, particularly at
    intersections and roundabouts
•   slippery metal plates with no skid-
    resistant plate covers.
The City of Melbourne will continue
supporting the use of safer barriers,
bollards and skid-resistant plate covers

                                                                                                 Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018           21
The space required for motorcycle             Safe motorcycle parking is especially      The above criteria were developed
parking is significantly smaller than         important in the central city, where       by the ‘Motorcycles in the City of
for cars. Four to six motorcycles, or         there are large numbers of pedestrians     Melbourne’ forum attended by
up to 10 scooters, can be parked in           and motorcycles. So that streets are       representatives from the City of
the space required for a single car.          safe for all users, motorcycle parking     Melbourne, Independent Riders Group
A shift from cars to motorcycles would        on the footpath has been prohibited        (IRG), Motorcycle Advisory Group
increase the parking available to serve       at three locations:                        (MAG), RACV, Victorian Automobile
commercial, residential and other land                                                   Chamber of Commerce (VACC), the
uses in a given area. In addition, the        •   Collins Street, southern footpath,     Federated Chamber of Automotive
unused areas of off-street parking                between Exhibition Street and          Industries (FCAI) and VicRoads.
facilities in residential and commercial          George Parade
buildings, as well as in parking garages                                                 The City of Melbourne conducted
                                              •   Flinders Lane, southern footpath,
within the municipality, could be used                                                   extensive surveys of motorcycle parking
                                                  between Port Phillip Arcade and
to accommodate more motorcycles.                                                         availability and practices across the
                                                  Elizabeth Street
This would enhance the convenience                                                       Hoddle Grid in 2007 and 2009 (see
and attractiveness of motorcycle use,         •   Exhibition Street, western footpath,   Table 9 below.) The surveys counted all
without competing for space with other            adjacent to Her Majesty’s Theatre.     motorcycles parking in the following
road users. In turn, increasing the use of                                               areas within the Hoddle Grid. The map
                                              Motorcycle parking is prohibited at        below shows the location and number
motorcycles would promote the City of
                                              the Collins Street and Flinders Lane       of parked motorcycles on:
Melbourne’s sustainable transport goals.
                                              locations since 2002 and in Exhibition
Motorcyclists should have convenient          Street since 2003. These locations were    •   footpaths
access to both on-street and off-             excluded from footpath motorcycle
                                              parking based on a thorough                •   private property abutting footpaths
street parking. With this in mind, and
despite the competition for limited           assessment according to the following      •   ‘herringbone’ style angled
space, the City of Melbourne supports         criteria:                                      centre-of-road spaces
motorcycle parking and is the only
                                              •   concentration of pedestrian            •   centre-of-road (either conventional
capital city in Australia where it is legal
                                                  movements in a location                    90 degree spaces or abutting
to park a motorcycle on the footpath.
                                                                                             tree plots).
Parking on footpaths is generally             •   existence of kerbside activities
permitted, provided that motorcycles               such as outdoor cafes and stalls
do not obstruct pedestrians or park on
footpaths where motorcycle parking            •   impact on urban amenity
has been expressly prohibited. We will        •   use of public transport services
continue supporting opportunities for             such as bus and tram stops
training and education for riders to
discourage the blocking of footpath and       •   impact on street furniture and
tram ramps, as well as promote parking            other fixtures (such as seats and
on footpaths away from the edge of                phone booths)
buildings, which are used by visually         •   nature of adjacent kerbside
impaired people for navigation.                   parking (such as disabled parking
                                                  bays and taxi zones)
There are more than 300 free on-street
parking spaces in Melbourne’s central         •   guidelines in support of the
city area designated specifically for             Disability Discrimination Act 1992
motorcycles. Motorcyclists are the only           (Commonwealth)
group with access to dedicated and
unrestricted on-street parking. All other     •   availability of alternative
on-street parking spaces available to             on-street and off-street parking
drivers are timed pay parking spaces              for motorcycles.
for short stays.

Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018   23
Motorcycle Parking Survey

The surveys were separated into individual street segments
for the following categories:

14 East-west main streets (Flinders, Collins, Bourke, Lonsdale
    and La Trobe streets)

21 E
    ast-west ‘little’ streets (Flinders Lane, Lt. Collins,
   Lt Bourke, and Lt. Lonsdale)

0 N
   orth-south main streets (Spencer, King, William, Queen,
  Elizabeth, Swanston, Russell, Exhibition and Spring streets).

18 Market street

Survey findings are summarised in Table 9.

Table 9: Motorcycle parking survey, City of Melbourne, 2007 & 2009

                            ON            ON PRIVATE          HERRINGBONE             CENTRE-OF-ROAD 90 DEGREE                  ON-STREET
                         FOOTPATH         PROPERTY           ANGLED SPACES              OR NEXT TO TREE PLOTS                   KERBSIDE

     East-West         330                12                10 motorcycles were       0 out of 30 spaces                    0 out of 2 spaces
     main streets      (8.5 per block)                      parked in 6 spaces11      occupied                              occupied

     East-West         193                52                N/A                       N/A                                   15 motorcycles were
     little streets    (5.8 per block)                                                                                      parked in 14 spaces12

     North-South       254                Negligible        52 motorcycles were       84 out of 154                         N/A
     main streets      (7.2 per block)                      parked in 42 spaces       spaces occupied

The surveys recorded a total of 777                  However, submissions to the City of              dedicated motorcycle parking can help
motorcycles (330, 193 and 254 across                 Melbourne’s draft Walking Plan in                achieve other road safety goals, such
the 3 street segments, respectively)                 August/September 2014 noted that                 as maintaining visibility at intersections
parked on the footpaths of all major                 motorcycles are frequently parked                and near driveways. We will also identify
‘big’ and ‘little’ streets within the                in ways that do not meet VicRoads                underutilised spaces on private land
Hoddle Grid. Importantly, 111 of the 254             motorcycle parking guidelines and                and within off-street parking garages,
motorcycles parked on the footpaths                  cause pedestrian congestion and                  and encourage their utilisation for
of the north-south main streets were                 obstruction. Pedestrian numbers in the           motorcycle parking.
parked in the section of Elizabeth Street            city are increasing. The draft Walking
between La Trobe and Lonsdale streets.               Plan proposes minimum crowding levels            The location of future dedicated
With the exception of this section, the              for pedestrians, and includes an action          motorcycle parking spaces will be
average number of motorcycles parked                 to assess footpaths where pedestrians            chosen to maximise convenience for
on the footpath per block was just over              are overcrowded and take action to               riders, support the safety of all road
two. In addition, the ‘herringbone’                  reduce crowding.                                 users and avoid negative impacts on
style angle motorcycle spaces were                                                                    surrounding land uses. Appropriate
generally occupied above capacity,                   A survey of motorcycles parked on                locations may include spaces at the
with motorcycles often parking in the                the footpaths was conducted by the               ends of car parking bays or loading
centre-of-road area, outside the                     Victorian Motorcycle Council (VMC)               zones next to kerb extensions, and near
designated spaces.                                   over 3 hours from 10:30am to 1:30pm on           corners where motorcycles will not
                                                     Wednesday 15 October 2014. The survey            interfere with sightlines for pedestrians
As part of its motorcycle parking                    found a total of 1,235 motorcycles               or drivers. Additional locations for
survey, the City of Melbourne also                   (excluding motorcycle couriers and               investigation could replace existing
analysed the impact of the motorcycles               motorcycle parked outside motorcycle             No Stopping areas with motorcycle
parked on the footpaths on pedestrian                dealers) parked within the area                  parking (as illegally parked vehicles
movement throughout the Hoddle                       bounded by Flinders, Spring, Victoria            often obstruct sightlines), as well as
Grid. Motorcycles were generally                     and Spencer streets.                             on the departure side of some
parked efficiently in the shadows of                                                                  signalised intersections.
the street furniture (which in itself                Despite providing extensive motorcycle
reduces the available footpath width for             parking (both on-street and on                   There are many demands on road
pedestrians). Therefore, in most streets             footpaths) in the central city area,             space in the municipality. These
surveyed, motorcycles did not present                demand for further parking is high               include: the widening of footpaths to
any significant additional obstruction               and growing, and pressure on certain             cater for greater pedestrian numbers,
for pedestrians. All locations surveyed              footpaths is increasing. Riders wishing          footpath trading or to improve road
had the highest level of service for                 to rely on the footpath and on-street            safety; providing for bicycle and car
pedestrians. This was the case even                  parking to commute must arrive early             parking; car sharing; public transport
in locations where motorcycles were                  each morning to secure a space close             stops; loading zones; taxi zones and
parked in areas with no nearby street                to their destination. In response, the           other uses. The appropriate use for
furniture narrowing the available                    City of Melbourne will continue to               each space will be determined by
footpath width.                                      identify and install free dedicated              an assessment of all relevant City of
                                                     on-street motorcycle parking zones.              Melbourne policies.
                                                     This may include locations where

      he herringbone spaces were occupied above capacity, as motorcycles were parked within the general centre of road area, but outside of
     the designated spaces.
     Similarly to the herringbone spaces, the kerbside spaces were occupied above capacity.

                                                                                                             Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018         25
The Action Plan lists a number of actions          M2. Audit roads for motorcycle safety      •   Integrate motorcycle parking
to improve the safety of motorcyclists                                                            signage in wayfinding for off-street
and promote motorcycling to 2018. The              •   Undertake road safety audits               car parking.
Action Plan was adopted by the Council                 of all roads with three or more
                                                       motorcycle crashes in the last five    •   Maintain a database of motorcycle
on 2 July 2013 (as part of the Road Safety
                                                       years – include motorcycle rider           parking across the municipality –
Plan) following extensive community
                                                       representatives in the audits.             monitor utilisation with the aim
engagement. It is therefore not intended
                                                                                                  of supporting future demand.
to change the actions set out below.
                                                   •   Explore the use of motorcycles
A separate implementation plan will                                                           M4. Develop a motorcycle plan, similar
                                                       fitted with instruments (e.g.
be developed.                                                                                 to the bicycle plan 2012/16.
                                                       cameras) to audit from the
                                                       perspective of the rider.
M1. Design with motorcycles in mind                                                           M5. Hold discussions with the state
                                                   •   Identify the issues associated with    government and community groups, to
•    Make the needs of motorcyclists a                 lane merging over short distances,     consider a change in the road rules to
     critical aspect of the design process             skid resistance, surface quality and   permit filtering by motorcycles.
     of the road environment.                          the maintenance of line markings
                                                       and signage.                           M6. Encourage motorcycling as a
•    Ensure that the City of Melbourne
                                                                                              sustainable form of transport, which
     officers and external consultants are         •   Prioritise the recommendations         assists in reducing traffic congestion.
     appropriately trained to design for               and develop a works program to be
     the needs of motorcyclists.                       delivered by 2017.                     •   Work with the motorcycle groups
•    Explore with Yarra Trams options                                                             to organise new activities to
                                                   •   Develop a Motorcycle Blackspot
     to address safety issues for                                                                 promote motorcycling in the City
                                                       app in collaboration with VicRoads
     motorcyclists (e.g. road surfaces                                                            (e.g. ride to work day).
                                                       and IMAP, to enable motorcyclists
     adjacent to tram tracks).                         to report site -specific road          •   Work with the Elizabeth Street
•    Consider the needs of motorcyclists               safety issues.                             motorcycle precinct to promote
     when implementing traffic calming                                                            motorcycle safety issues.
                                                   •   Explore the provision of an SMS
     measures – explore urban design                   notice service for road maintenance    •   Explore opportunities to promote
     options above traffic engineering                 and construction updates.                  road safety issues affecting
     interventions (e.g. road narrowing
                                                                                                  motorcyclists at major events
     rather than speed humps).                     M3. Provide appropriate
                                                                                                  (e.g. Phillip Island Grand Prix).
                                                   motorcycle parking
•    Ensure that the safety requirements
                                                                                              •   Encourage & promote the uptake of
     of motorcyclists are considered as            •   Explore opportunities to increase          the existing defensive riding training
     part of the design process for the                the level of motorcycle parking            programs & courses.
     placement of all on-road obstructions,            across the municipality.
     including kerbing, traffic islands,                                                      M7. Consider the safety implications of
     RRPM’s (raised bars) & crash barriers.        •   Develop Melbourne Planning             allowing bicycles & motorcycles access
                                                       Scheme amendments to –                 through future road closures & entry/
•    Ensure that the safety requirements
                                                   a. Increase & strengthen the              turn bans.
     of motorcyclists are considered as
     part of the design process for the                requirements to provide motorcycle
                                                                                              M8. Investigate the introduction of
     installation of future bicycle lanes.             parking in new developments (even
                                                                                              motorcycle boxes, in consultation with
                                                       when car parking is not required);
•    Consider safety improvements for                                                         all road user groups & relevant state
     motorcyclists, when assessing road            b. E
                                                       nsure that motorcyclists’             government agencies.
     safety measures for pedestrians                  requirements are considered &
                                                      provided for in new developments        M9. Investigate the introduction of early
     & cyclists.
                                                      (e.g. appropriate parking facilities    start up for motorcycles at traffic signals.
•    Explore opportunities to replace                 & safe access/egress to parking),
     existing permanent slippery metal                explore motorcycle parking rates for    M10. Continue to consult motorcycle
     pit covers with skid-resistant                   new developments;                       advocacy groups, via the motorcycles
     concrete covers.                                                                         in the City of Melbourne committee -
                                                   c. R
                                                       equire the provision of lockers for
•    Explore the use of skid-resistant line           protective clothing, as part of the     •   Regarding any future proposals to
     marking at appropriate locations.                provision for motorcycle parking in         ban/reduce parking on footpaths.
                                                      new developments.
•    Explore with Yarra Trams the                                                             •   Regarding safety and amenity issues.
     feasibility of providing skid-resistant       •   Maximise the use of ‘dead space’ in
     tram tracks, particularly at intersections.                                              M11. Identify blackspot motorcycle
                                                       off-street car parks for appropriate
                                                                                              crash locations, particularly along
                                                       motorcycle parking.
•    Advocate for new vehicle                                                                 popular motorcycle routes, and
     regulations requiring the installation        •   Advocate for the provision of          implement appropriate road safety
     of rear vision cameras on vans,                   motorcycle parking at rail stations    treatments designed to reduce both
     trucks, buses & trams.                            to support ‘park and ride’.            the incidence & severity of crashes.

M12. Develop behavioural programs to:          R6. Enhance the use of skid resistant            •   Encourage motorcyclists to
                                               metal plates for road works                          wear protective clothing, in
•   Encourage drivers to conduct regular                                                            order to reduce the injury
    vehicle safety checks.                     •   Investigate the feasibility of                   severity of crashes.
                                                   mandating the use of skid-resistant
•   Encourage drivers to check their blind                                                      •   Improve cyclists’, motorcyclists’
                                                   metal plate covers at all road
    spots for bicycles/motorcycles & to                                                             and drivers’ awareness of road
                                                   works sites.
    look/signal when turning.                                                                       safety issues (e.g. awareness of
                                               R7. Enhance the provisions for                       blind spots on trucks).
•   Raise driver awareness of motorcyclists
                                               vulnerable road users during road/               •   Increase the level of individual
    when turning right & travelling straight
                                               construction works                                   responsibility for road safety
    through intersections.
                                                                                                    among all users.
R1. Advocate for better data collection        •   Ensure that the safety of pedestrians,
                                                   cyclists and motorcyclists is            D5. Support Victoria’s road
•   Advocate for the establishment of              considered when approving traffic        safety strategy
    a national agency to coordinate the            management plans for road works
    collection and collation of crash data.        and building construction works.         •   Work closely with the State
                                                                                                Government to support the delivery
•   Work with academic bodies (e.g.            •   Undertake regular inspections and            of the key strategies, including:
    MUARC) to develop crash data                   audits, and enhance enforcement
    research and analysis.                         at the road-works sites, to ensure           •   Address the issues of drink
                                                   that any safety issues are promptly              driving, drug driving, speeding,
R2. Advocate for safer vehicles                    addressed.                                       distraction and fatigue.
                                                                                                •   Incorporate safe system
•   Advocate for blind spot monitoring         R9. Advocate for driving licence
                                                                                                    principles into the design
    equipment (e.g. mirrors) to be             curriculum changes, to focus on
                                                                                                    of roads and roadsides and
    installed on trucks to mitigate the        vulnerable road users
                                                                                                    the setting of speed limits
    danger of blind spots for cyclists and
                                               •   Advocate for a greater focus on                  and develop innovative
                                                   the needs of pedestrians, cyclists               infrastructure solutions.
•   Raise awareness of the presence of             and motorcyclists in the driving             •   Make greater use of motorcycle
    low noise-producing electric cars.             licence curriculum.                              safety technology and protective
•   Advocate for messages on car doors                                                              clothing. Better prepare new
                                               R10. Explore allowing motorcycles to                 riders to be safe and target
    or glass to mitigate car dooring.          use bus lanes, where appropriate                     enforcement of unsafe road use
R3. Advocate for increased                                                                          among all motorists.
                                               •   The Victorian Government is currently
enforcement of the road rules to                                                                •   Introduce initiatives to
                                                   developing a policy on allowing
support vulnerable road users                                                                       encourage everybody to share
                                                   motorcycles to use bus lanes, which
                                                   is expected to be available for public           the road safely.
•   Work with the Victoria Police with a
    view to increasing the enforcement of          consultation.                                •   Increase the availability of
    speeding, running red lights, failing to                                                        vehicle safety features in
                                               •   The City of Melbourne will contribute
    give way to pedestrians, cyclists and                                                           the Victorian car market and
                                                   to provide input to the development
    motorcyclists, car dooring.                                                                     encourage the uptake of
                                                   of this policy.
                                                                                                    these features.
•   Support Operation Halo.                    B1. Improve the relationship                     •   Support the public and private
R4. Advocate for positive enforcement          among road users                                     sectors to proactively develop
of the road rules governing vulnerable                                                              systems and policies that will
                                               •   City of Melbourne to consider the                improve the safety of their
road users
                                                   development of programs to achieve               employees and other people
•   Work with the Victoria Police to               the following:                                   on the roads.
    develop positive enforcement                   •   Design behavioural programs
    methods of the Road Rules governing                using a behaviour change
    the behaviour of pedestrians, cyclists             framework.
    and motorcyclists (e.g. reward
                                                   •   Increase the awareness, care and
    appropriate behaviour with praise,
                                                       attention by motorists towards
    small gifts etc.).
                                                       vulnerable road users.
                                                   •   Reduce driver distraction and
                                                       car dooring.
                                                   •   Reduce the incidence of
                                                       pedestrians being injured
                                                       when crossing roads while
                                                       distracted by conversation,
                                                       mobiles and headphones.

                                                                                                    Motorcycle Plan: 2015-2018         27
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