Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Creating Online Tests Blackboard 9.1 Niagara College Blackboard Support

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 2 Table of Contents Creating an Assessment . . 3 Test Creation Settings . . 7 Creating Individual Questions . . 9 Basic Question Types . 11 Essay Questions . . 11 Fill in the Blank Questions . . 11 Matching Questions . . 12 Multiple Choice Questions . . 14 Multiple Answer Questions . . 15 Ordering Questions . . 16 True/False Questions . . 17 Random Block Questions . . 17 From a Question Pool or Assessment .

. 19 Advanced Question Types . 21 Calculated Formula Questions . . 21 Calculated Numeric Questions . . 23 Either/Or Questions . . 23 File Response Questions . . 24 Fill in Multiple Blanks Questions . . 24 Hot Spot Questions . . 26 Jumbled Sentence Questions . . 27 Opinion Scale/Likert Questions . . 29 Quiz Bowl Questions . . 30 Short Answer Questions . . 31 Making a Test Available . . 33 Modifying or Removing an Assessment . . 39 Changing the Order of Test Questions . 40 Exporting a Test . 41 Importing a Test . 43 Removing a Test . 44 Using the Pool Manager . . 44 Differences between a Test and a Question Pool .

45 Exporting a Pool . 46 Importing a Pool . 47 Resetting Student Assessments . . 49 Grading Essay Questions . . 50

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 3 Creating Online Tests Blackboard has a sophisticated assessment method where you can determine the level of your student’s learning and progress through the course. A variety of question types such as multiple choice, short- answer, or matching questions are available. You assign the point values for each question, and can also include multimedia clips and randomize the assessment questions, if appropriate. Once the student submits the assessment, Blackboard grades the items it can (such as multiple choice or matching) and leaves an indicator in the Grade Center that a test is available for you to grade.

Once you evaluate the assessment, the grade is automatically recorded in the Grade Center. Creating an Assessment Before creating an assessment for your course, you should ask yourself several questions to ensure that a test is appropriate. You must consider both basic test issues as well as more complex, long-range course implication issues.

Some of the more basic questions include:  How many questions will be on the test?  Do I need to include instructions for answering each question or specific questions?  What will the point value be for each question? Of the entire test?  Does each question have one clear answer?  Are the assessment questions easy to understand? Other, more long-range questions include:  What type of questions will be on the assessment? Are they appropriate for the level of the course?  Is a test the best way to measure student learning on this topic(s)?  When should the students take the assessment? Does the timing make sense when considering the rest of the course activities?

Be sure that your assessment is appropriate in both tone and content, and that the assessment is available at the proper time in the course schedule. You should try to review your questions from a student’s point of view, to reduce student confusion and misunderstandings. Be sure that each question in the assessment is focused on one topic and has one clear answer. Finally, you may want to consider whether the students have the appropriate knowledge and skills to complete the assessment successfully. Remember, the purpose of the assessment is to measure student progress. Follow the steps below to begin creating an assessment: 1.

Ensure that you are in Edit Mode 2. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left hand side of the screen. 3. Under the Course Tools section click on the Test, Surveys and Pools link.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 4 4. The Test, Surveys and Pools page will then appear. 5. Click on the Test link to display the Tests page.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 5 6. If you would like to create a test, click on the Build Test button. If you would like to Import a Test from a pool of questions, you will click on the Import Test button. 7. If you click on the Build Test icon, you will need to enter a description of the assessment in the Name field.

8. Any descriptions regarding the test can be inputted into the Description field text box. 9. Enter any instructions for the test in the Instructions field. 10. Click on the Submit button to display the next page of the Test Canvas screen.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 6 11. Before creating and adding any questions to your assessment you should first specify your test settings by clicking the Question Settings link on the Test Canvas page. For more detailed information on the available options, refer to the Test Creations Settings section on the next page. 12. Select the appropriate question type from the Create Question drop-down box. 13. Complete the steps to create the selected question type. Detailed instructions on adding each available question type are available under the Creating Individual Questions section of this tutorial.

14. Repeat steps 11-12 until you add all of the questions to the test. 15. Click OK to complete the test.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 7 Test Creation Settings You can make changes to the operation of the test at any time on the Test Creations page. You access this page by clicking on the Question Settings button on the Test Canvas page. The table below identifies the options available to you on this page: Option Description Provide feedback for individual answers Allows you to provide feedback for individual answers, rather than just one set of feedback for correct/incorrect answers.

Add images, files, and external links to questions Allows you to attach graphics or other files to the questions in the test. Add images, files, and external links to answers Allows you to attach graphics or other files to the answers. Add categories, topics, levels of difficulty, and keywords to questions Allows you to create categories for the questions you create. This feature makes searching for questions from Pools or other Tests easier as you can search by keyword or category. Specify default point value for questions Use current assigned points Use default points Allows you to set the default point value for all of the questions on the test, although you can change the point value for individual questions.

Specify partial credit options for answers Allows you to have the option to allow Blackboard to assign partial credit for certain types of test questions.

Specify extra credit options for questions Allows you to have the option to turn questions into extra credit questions as opposed to regular questions. If this option is selected points are added to the score of the question is answered correctly; no points are taken away is the answer is answered incorrectly. Specify random ordering of answers Allows you to have answers randomized for certain types of test questions. Specify the horizontal or vertical display of answers Allows you to specify the orientation of answers for certain types of test questions.

Specify numbering options for answers Allows you to specify how answers are numbered for certain types of test questions.

Note: Instructors must set the Default Point Value before creating questions for it to be effective. If the default point value is changed, only questions created after it is modified will have the new point value. Questions created before the modification will have the old point value. For example, initially the Default Point Value is set to 10 by Blackboard. If you do not change this, all of the questions you create in the Assessment will have a default point value of 10. If you then change the Default Point Value to 1, and create additional questions in the Assessment, only the new questions will have a default point value of 1.

The questions created initially will still have a point value of 10.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 8 Follow the steps below to enable any Test Creation settings for your test: 1. Click on the Question Settings button to display the Test Creation Settings screen, pictured below. 2. Select the appropriate checkboxes to enable/disable the desired options. 3. Click on the Submit button to return to the Test Canvas screen and begin adding questions to your assessment.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 9 Creating Individual Questions One of the nicest features of Blackboard testing is the ability to select from a variety of question types so that you can assess the students in many different ways.

You will spend more time creating the test the first time, but after that, you can reuse questions or even entire tests for later assessments. The general procedure to begin to create a question is: 1. On the Test Canvas page, click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field and select the question type.

2. Click the appropriate question type to display the Create/Edit Question screen for the selected question type – see below for an example.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 10 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. If desired, chose the Answer Orientation. 5. Enter the question answers in the Answers section. 6. Click the Submit button at the bottom of the page. Extra Credit: When creating test questions they may now be marked as extra credit only. This means that the points possible for the entire test will not include the points for that question.

If the question is answered correctly, the question points will be added to the points correct, but if the question is answered incorrectly, there is no score penalty.

To mark a question as Extra Credit, locate the question in the Test Canvas click on the points in the upper right of the question to be presented with a pop up like this: Click the Extra Credit checkbox and Click Submit.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 11 Basic Question Types Essay Questions Essay questions in Blackboard work the same as essay questions on any test. You must provide the question text, and the student answers it in the space provided. Students are allowed to cut and paste from a word processing application to ensure correct spelling and grammar.

Students can also use the Math and Science Notation tool in answering essay questions.

You must manually grade each essay question and assign the appropriate number of points in the Grade Center. The sample answers will not be used by Blackboard to grade the question. These fields are meant for classes where teaching assistants perform grading duties. Follow the steps below to add an essay question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Essay. 2. The Create/Edit Essay Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Scroll down to the Answer section of the screen. 5. Enter a sample answer that graders can use to help grade the test if necessary.

6. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

7. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Fill in the Blank Questions Fill in the Blank questions are excellent questions for use in assessments because they force the students to think of their own answer to the question. One caution about using these types of questions is that the answer is based on an exact text match. This means that if the student misspells the answer, it will be marked wrong. The answers are not case-sensitive, but are order-sensitive. If the correct answer is supposed to be “Excel and Access” and the student answers “Access and Excel”, the question is marked wrong.

The fix for the spelling problem is to list the most common spelling errors in the “right” answer list. That way you don’t have to manually review each Fill in the Blank question to check for a spelling error. Another solution for this problem is to be sure to limit the number of words in the answer and make allowances for different word orders in the answer. You may also want to tell your students about the spelling issues so they can be more careful in their responses. Follow the steps below to add or modify a Fill in the Blank question: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Fill in the Blank.

2. The Create/Edit Fill in the Blank Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Scroll down to the Answers section to display that portion of the screen. 5. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of variations of the correct answers you are willing to accept for the question.

Note: Essay questions are not graded automatically by Blackboard. Once a student has completed a test with an essay question the instructor can review the student’s response and enter the appropriate grade.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 12 6. Enter all possible correct answers in the Answer fields, using only one field per answer. 7. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers.

8. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

9. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field. Matching Questions Matching questions are useful in testing student understanding of terminology and conceptual information in a class. For instance, you could have a student match the terminology with its definition to verify that the student can recognize appropriate terminology for the course. Follow the steps below to add a matching question to your test: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Matching. 2. The Create/Edit Matching Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field.

4. Under the Options sections you can choose how you want your answers to be numbered. From the Answer Numbering drop-down you can choose Arabic Numerals, Roman Numerals, Uppercase Letters, and Lowercase Letters.

5. If you wish, you can choose to allow partial credit by placing a check beside Allow Partial Credit. 6. You can also choose to have Blackboard display these answers in a random order, by placing a check beside the Show Answers in Random Order option. 7. Scroll down to the Question Items section of the page. 8. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of items to be matched. Note: Remember to take spelling errors into account when selecting the number of answers. Note: If you need additional fields, change the number of answers using the drop-down arrow.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 13 9.

Enter all possible items to be matched in the Question fields, using only one field per question. 10. Scroll down to the Answer Items section to display that portion of the screen. 11. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of answers students will be given for matching. 12. Enter all possible correct answers in the Answer fields, using only one field per answer. 13. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button. 14. A new page will display showing you your items to be matched. You need to tell Blackboard what the correct answers are. Click on the pull-down lists and choose the correct answers for each of your questions.

15. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 16. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 17. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 14 Multiple Choice Questions Multiple-choice questions are commonly used in Blackboard assessments because they allow the student to select the correct answer from a list and are much easier for Blackboard to grade.

You are limited to 20 options (potential answers) for a single multiple-choice question. Follow the directions below to create a multiple-choice question: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Multiple Choice. 2. The Create/Edit Multiple Choice Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Options sections you can choose how you want your answers to be numbered. From the Answer Numbering drop-down you can choose None, Arabic Numerals, Roman Numerals, Uppercase Letters, and Lowercase Letters.

5. From the Answer Orientation drop-down you can change whether you want this question’s answers to appear on one flat horizontal row underneath the question text or in a vertical column. 6. If you wish, you can choose to allow partial credit by placing a check beside Allow Partial Credit. 7. You can also choose to have Blackboard display these answers in a random order, by placing a check beside the Show Answers in Random Order option. 8. Scroll down to the Answers section to display that portion of the screen. 9. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of answers for the question. 10.

Enter all of the possible answers in the appropriate Answer field. 11. Select the correct answer by clicking in the radio button next to the appropriate answer number.