Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Creating Online Tests Blackboard 9.1 Niagara College Blackboard Support

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 2 Table of Contents Creating an Assessment . . 3 Test Creation Settings . . 7 Creating Individual Questions . . 9 Basic Question Types . 11 Essay Questions . . 11 Fill in the Blank Questions . . 11 Matching Questions . . 12 Multiple Choice Questions . . 14 Multiple Answer Questions . . 15 Ordering Questions . . 16 True/False Questions . . 17 Random Block Questions . . 17 From a Question Pool or Assessment . . 19 Advanced Question Types . 21 Calculated Formula Questions . . 21 Calculated Numeric Questions . . 23 Either/Or Questions . . 23 File Response Questions . . 24 Fill in Multiple Blanks Questions . . 24 Hot Spot Questions . . 26 Jumbled Sentence Questions . . 27 Opinion Scale/Likert Questions . . 29 Quiz Bowl Questions . . 30 Short Answer Questions . . 31 Making a Test Available . . 33 Modifying or Removing an Assessment . . 39 Changing the Order of Test Questions . 40 Exporting a Test . 41 Importing a Test . 43 Removing a Test . 44 Using the Pool Manager . . 44 Differences between a Test and a Question Pool . 45 Exporting a Pool . 46 Importing a Pool . 47 Resetting Student Assessments . . 49 Grading Essay Questions . . 50

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 3 Creating Online Tests Blackboard has a sophisticated assessment method where you can determine the level of your student’s learning and progress through the course. A variety of question types such as multiple choice, short- answer, or matching questions are available. You assign the point values for each question, and can also include multimedia clips and randomize the assessment questions, if appropriate. Once the student submits the assessment, Blackboard grades the items it can (such as multiple choice or matching) and leaves an indicator in the Grade Center that a test is available for you to grade. Once you evaluate the assessment, the grade is automatically recorded in the Grade Center. Creating an Assessment Before creating an assessment for your course, you should ask yourself several questions to ensure that a test is appropriate. You must consider both basic test issues as well as more complex, long-range course implication issues.

Some of the more basic questions include:  How many questions will be on the test?  Do I need to include instructions for answering each question or specific questions?  What will the point value be for each question? Of the entire test?  Does each question have one clear answer?  Are the assessment questions easy to understand? Other, more long-range questions include:  What type of questions will be on the assessment? Are they appropriate for the level of the course?  Is a test the best way to measure student learning on this topic(s)?  When should the students take the assessment? Does the timing make sense when considering the rest of the course activities?

Be sure that your assessment is appropriate in both tone and content, and that the assessment is available at the proper time in the course schedule. You should try to review your questions from a student’s point of view, to reduce student confusion and misunderstandings. Be sure that each question in the assessment is focused on one topic and has one clear answer. Finally, you may want to consider whether the students have the appropriate knowledge and skills to complete the assessment successfully. Remember, the purpose of the assessment is to measure student progress. Follow the steps below to begin creating an assessment: 1. Ensure that you are in Edit Mode 2. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left hand side of the screen. 3. Under the Course Tools section click on the Test, Surveys and Pools link.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 4 4. The Test, Surveys and Pools page will then appear. 5. Click on the Test link to display the Tests page.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 5 6. If you would like to create a test, click on the Build Test button. If you would like to Import a Test from a pool of questions, you will click on the Import Test button. 7. If you click on the Build Test icon, you will need to enter a description of the assessment in the Name field. 8. Any descriptions regarding the test can be inputted into the Description field text box. 9. Enter any instructions for the test in the Instructions field. 10. Click on the Submit button to display the next page of the Test Canvas screen.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 6 11. Before creating and adding any questions to your assessment you should first specify your test settings by clicking the Question Settings link on the Test Canvas page. For more detailed information on the available options, refer to the Test Creations Settings section on the next page. 12. Select the appropriate question type from the Create Question drop-down box. 13. Complete the steps to create the selected question type. Detailed instructions on adding each available question type are available under the Creating Individual Questions section of this tutorial.

14. Repeat steps 11-12 until you add all of the questions to the test. 15. Click OK to complete the test.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 7 Test Creation Settings You can make changes to the operation of the test at any time on the Test Creations page. You access this page by clicking on the Question Settings button on the Test Canvas page. The table below identifies the options available to you on this page: Option Description Provide feedback for individual answers Allows you to provide feedback for individual answers, rather than just one set of feedback for correct/incorrect answers.

Add images, files, and external links to questions Allows you to attach graphics or other files to the questions in the test. Add images, files, and external links to answers Allows you to attach graphics or other files to the answers. Add categories, topics, levels of difficulty, and keywords to questions Allows you to create categories for the questions you create. This feature makes searching for questions from Pools or other Tests easier as you can search by keyword or category. Specify default point value for questions Use current assigned points Use default points Allows you to set the default point value for all of the questions on the test, although you can change the point value for individual questions. Specify partial credit options for answers Allows you to have the option to allow Blackboard to assign partial credit for certain types of test questions.

Specify extra credit options for questions Allows you to have the option to turn questions into extra credit questions as opposed to regular questions. If this option is selected points are added to the score of the question is answered correctly; no points are taken away is the answer is answered incorrectly. Specify random ordering of answers Allows you to have answers randomized for certain types of test questions. Specify the horizontal or vertical display of answers Allows you to specify the orientation of answers for certain types of test questions.

Specify numbering options for answers Allows you to specify how answers are numbered for certain types of test questions. Note: Instructors must set the Default Point Value before creating questions for it to be effective. If the default point value is changed, only questions created after it is modified will have the new point value. Questions created before the modification will have the old point value. For example, initially the Default Point Value is set to 10 by Blackboard. If you do not change this, all of the questions you create in the Assessment will have a default point value of 10. If you then change the Default Point Value to 1, and create additional questions in the Assessment, only the new questions will have a default point value of 1. The questions created initially will still have a point value of 10.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 8 Follow the steps below to enable any Test Creation settings for your test: 1. Click on the Question Settings button to display the Test Creation Settings screen, pictured below. 2. Select the appropriate checkboxes to enable/disable the desired options. 3. Click on the Submit button to return to the Test Canvas screen and begin adding questions to your assessment.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 9 Creating Individual Questions One of the nicest features of Blackboard testing is the ability to select from a variety of question types so that you can assess the students in many different ways. You will spend more time creating the test the first time, but after that, you can reuse questions or even entire tests for later assessments. The general procedure to begin to create a question is: 1. On the Test Canvas page, click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field and select the question type.

2. Click the appropriate question type to display the Create/Edit Question screen for the selected question type – see below for an example.

Creating Online Tests - Blackboard 9.1

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 10 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. If desired, chose the Answer Orientation. 5. Enter the question answers in the Answers section. 6. Click the Submit button at the bottom of the page. Extra Credit: When creating test questions they may now be marked as extra credit only. This means that the points possible for the entire test will not include the points for that question. If the question is answered correctly, the question points will be added to the points correct, but if the question is answered incorrectly, there is no score penalty.

To mark a question as Extra Credit, locate the question in the Test Canvas click on the points in the upper right of the question to be presented with a pop up like this: Click the Extra Credit checkbox and Click Submit.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 11 Basic Question Types Essay Questions Essay questions in Blackboard work the same as essay questions on any test. You must provide the question text, and the student answers it in the space provided. Students are allowed to cut and paste from a word processing application to ensure correct spelling and grammar. Students can also use the Math and Science Notation tool in answering essay questions.

You must manually grade each essay question and assign the appropriate number of points in the Grade Center. The sample answers will not be used by Blackboard to grade the question. These fields are meant for classes where teaching assistants perform grading duties. Follow the steps below to add an essay question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Essay. 2. The Create/Edit Essay Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Scroll down to the Answer section of the screen. 5. Enter a sample answer that graders can use to help grade the test if necessary. 6. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

7. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Fill in the Blank Questions Fill in the Blank questions are excellent questions for use in assessments because they force the students to think of their own answer to the question. One caution about using these types of questions is that the answer is based on an exact text match. This means that if the student misspells the answer, it will be marked wrong. The answers are not case-sensitive, but are order-sensitive. If the correct answer is supposed to be “Excel and Access” and the student answers “Access and Excel”, the question is marked wrong.

The fix for the spelling problem is to list the most common spelling errors in the “right” answer list. That way you don’t have to manually review each Fill in the Blank question to check for a spelling error. Another solution for this problem is to be sure to limit the number of words in the answer and make allowances for different word orders in the answer. You may also want to tell your students about the spelling issues so they can be more careful in their responses. Follow the steps below to add or modify a Fill in the Blank question: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Fill in the Blank. 2. The Create/Edit Fill in the Blank Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Scroll down to the Answers section to display that portion of the screen. 5. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of variations of the correct answers you are willing to accept for the question.

Note: Essay questions are not graded automatically by Blackboard. Once a student has completed a test with an essay question the instructor can review the student’s response and enter the appropriate grade.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 12 6. Enter all possible correct answers in the Answer fields, using only one field per answer. 7. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 8. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

9. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field. Matching Questions Matching questions are useful in testing student understanding of terminology and conceptual information in a class. For instance, you could have a student match the terminology with its definition to verify that the student can recognize appropriate terminology for the course. Follow the steps below to add a matching question to your test: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Matching. 2. The Create/Edit Matching Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Options sections you can choose how you want your answers to be numbered. From the Answer Numbering drop-down you can choose Arabic Numerals, Roman Numerals, Uppercase Letters, and Lowercase Letters.

5. If you wish, you can choose to allow partial credit by placing a check beside Allow Partial Credit. 6. You can also choose to have Blackboard display these answers in a random order, by placing a check beside the Show Answers in Random Order option. 7. Scroll down to the Question Items section of the page. 8. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of items to be matched. Note: Remember to take spelling errors into account when selecting the number of answers. Note: If you need additional fields, change the number of answers using the drop-down arrow.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 13 9. Enter all possible items to be matched in the Question fields, using only one field per question. 10. Scroll down to the Answer Items section to display that portion of the screen. 11. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of answers students will be given for matching. 12. Enter all possible correct answers in the Answer fields, using only one field per answer. 13. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button. 14. A new page will display showing you your items to be matched. You need to tell Blackboard what the correct answers are. Click on the pull-down lists and choose the correct answers for each of your questions.

15. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 16. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 17. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 14 Multiple Choice Questions Multiple-choice questions are commonly used in Blackboard assessments because they allow the student to select the correct answer from a list and are much easier for Blackboard to grade. You are limited to 20 options (potential answers) for a single multiple-choice question. Follow the directions below to create a multiple-choice question: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Multiple Choice. 2. The Create/Edit Multiple Choice Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Options sections you can choose how you want your answers to be numbered. From the Answer Numbering drop-down you can choose None, Arabic Numerals, Roman Numerals, Uppercase Letters, and Lowercase Letters.

5. From the Answer Orientation drop-down you can change whether you want this question’s answers to appear on one flat horizontal row underneath the question text or in a vertical column. 6. If you wish, you can choose to allow partial credit by placing a check beside Allow Partial Credit. 7. You can also choose to have Blackboard display these answers in a random order, by placing a check beside the Show Answers in Random Order option. 8. Scroll down to the Answers section to display that portion of the screen. 9. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of answers for the question. 10. Enter all of the possible answers in the appropriate Answer field. 11. Select the correct answer by clicking in the radio button next to the appropriate answer number.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 15 12. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 13. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 14. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit.

Multiple Answer Questions Multiple answer questions are similar to the multiple-choice questions in appearance, but differ because the student can select more than one answer for the question, as opposed to the multiple-choice question where only one answer can be selected. You can use these types of questions for scenario or case- based tests, where you want the student to consider and select several appropriate methods or answers. Follow the steps below to create a multiple answer question: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Multiple Answer. 2. The Create/Edit Multiple Answer Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Options sections you can choose how you want your answers to be numbered. From the Answer Numbering drop-down you can choose None, Arabic Numerals, Roman Numerals, Uppercase Letters, and Lowercase Letters.

5. From the Answer Orientation drop-down you can change whether you want this question’s answers to appear on one flat horizontal row underneath the question text or in a vertical column. 6. If you wish, you can choose to allow partial credit by placing a check beside Allow Partial Credit. 7. You can also choose to have Blackboard display these answers in a random order, by placing a check beside the Show Answers in Random Order option. 8. Scroll down to the Answers section to display that portion of the screen. 9. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of answers for the question. 10. Enter all of the possible answers in the appropriate Answer field. 11. Select the correct answers by clicking in the checkbox next to the appropriate answers for the question.

12. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 13. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 14. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 16 Ordering Questions Ordering questions allow you to have students place a series of items in the correct order. You can use this question type to test student understanding of the importance of sequencing in processes and flows. Students will receive partial credit if even one of the steps is placed in the correct location, so you may want to advise them of that fact before they begin the test. If the total question is worth 4 points and 2 of the steps are in the correct order, the student will receive 2 points.

Follow the steps below to add an ordering question to a test: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Ordering. 2. The Create/Edit Ordering Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Options sections you can choose how you want your answers to be numbered. From the Answer Numbering drop-down you can choose Arabic Numerals, Roman Numerals, Uppercase Letters, and Lowercase Letters. 5. If you wish you can choose to allow partial credit by placing a check beside Allow Partial Credit. 6. Scroll down to the Answers section to display that portion of the screen. 7. Use the drop-down arrow to select the number of correct answers for the question. 8. Enter the answers in the correct order in the available Answer field. 9. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button. 10. A new page will display showing you your items to be ordered. You need to tell Blackboard what order you want your answer to appear to your students. You can drag and drop to choose the order number in which you want them to appear. The double ended arrow will allow you to drag and drop.

11. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 17 12. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 13. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field. True/False Questions True/False questions are easy to write and grade; however you should limit their use in your assessments as a general rule because they tend to be low complexity by nature. If you choose to add True/False questions to your test, be aware that you are limited to the words True and False. You do not have the option to change these designators.

Follow the steps below to add True/False questions to a test: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select True/False. 2. The Create/Edit True/False Question screen will appear. 3. Enter the question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Options section you can change whether you want this question’s answers to appear on one flat horizontal row underneath the question text or in a vertical column. From the Answer Orientation drop-down choose either Vertical or Horizontal.

5. Scroll down to the Answers section to display that portion of the screen and select the correct answer. 6. If you have chosen to provide feedback, enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 7. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 8. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field. Random Block Questions Random Block questions are questions that you already created for another test or that exist in a question pool. You can choose to use the Random Block and then select the criteria for the questions that will go into the block (e.g. question type). This way, you can create a new test, reusing some of the best questions from previous tests.

Follow the steps below to include a Random Block question in your test: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Reuse Question field to select Create Random Block. 2. The Create Random Block screen will appear.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 18 3. Select the appropriate pool(s) from the Pool list in the upper left. 4. Select the desired question type(s) from the list. 5. Click the Submit button to add the question(s) to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 6. Your question will now look something like this: 7. Click on Preview questions that match criteria to expand and view the questions.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 19 8. If you would like to remove some questions, place a checkmark next to them and click the Delete button. You will be prompted if this is OK. Click OK and the question(s) will be removed. 9. If you would like to change the Point Value for some questions, simply place a checkmark next to the question(s), fill in a value in the Points box and click Update. From a Question Pool or Assessment Another option for adding questions to your test is to search pre-existing questions available to you in previous assessments or in Question Pools. Again, this timesaving feature allows you to include questions that you have already created into a test in process.

Follow the steps below to search a pool or assessment for a question: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Reuse Question field to select Find Questions. 2. The Find Question Mode pop-up will appear. 3. Choose either to copy the questions or Link to them. Linking merely means that if a change is made to the question, it also changes the original and any others that may be linked in other Tests, pools or Surveys. 4. Click Continue. 5. The Find Questions screen will appear.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 20 6. Using the Browse Criteria on the left, you can narrow your search by Pools, Tests, Question Types, Categories, Topics, Levels of Difficulty and Keywords. 7. Once your search has been refined, place a checkmark next to each question that you would like to add and click the Submit button to add the question(s) to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 8. If desired, enter the total points possible for the question(s) in the Point Value field(s) and click Submit.

Note: By default, All items are selected and will display every question from all Tests and Pools within your course.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 21 Advanced Question Types Calculated Formula Questions One of the best ways to minimize student cheating on an online assessment is to randomize both the order of your questions and, if it’s a multiple choice assessment, the order of your answers. If your assessments use math word problems, you can take that one step further by randomizing the numbers used in your word problems. A Calculated Formula question contains a formula that the instructor defines, as well as the variables that can be set to change for each user. The variable range is created by specifying a minimum value and a maximum value for each variable. From this variable range Blackboard will automatically create randomly generated answer sets. The option to make the correct answer a specific value or a range of values is available. Partial credit may also be granted for answers falling within a defined range.

Follow the steps below to add a calculated formula question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Calculated Formula. 2. The Create/Edit Calculated Formula Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your formula based question in the Question Text field. For example, say you wish to create a simple word problem like “What is the area of a rectangle of length 25 and width 10?”. But you also want to randomize the integers 25 and 10 in the question so that each student sees a completely different set of numbers. To do that, in the question text box, key in your word problem putting your variables – the integers you want to randomize – in square brackets – see below.

4. In the Answer Formula box, enter in the formula that Blackboard will use to calculate the numeric result to your word problem. In the case of our example, the formula would be: lw.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 22 5. Under the Options section enter how exact your students’ numeric answers must be in the Answer Range +/- box. You can enter in the numeric or percentage variation from the exact answer you are willing to accept. For example plus or minus one, plus or minus 10 percent, and so on. In the case of our example, we are doing simple multiplication and we want our students’ answers to be exact so we will leave the Answer Range at zero meaning the students’ answers will be either right or wrong.

6. If you wish to allow partial credit, click on the Partial Credit check box. 7. If you require your students to key in not only the correct numeric answer but also the units, click on the Units Required box. 8. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button. 9. Key in the Minimum and Maximum values for each of the variables in your word problem. When Blackboard randomizes the variables in your word problem, the lowest value it will display for [x] will be whatever you enter in the Minimum Value box and the highest value will be whatever you enter in the Maximum Value box. If you set your minimum to 1 and your maximum to 5, some students will see a question saying that the length is 1, some will see that it is 2, and so on. 10. Select how many decimal places you require for the answer in the Decimal Places drop-down. 11. Enter the number of answer sets you want Blackboard to generate based on the formula and minimum and maximum values you defined in the Number of Answer Sets text box. 12. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Calculate button to begin generating your answer sets.

13. A set of randomly generated answer sets will appear that Blackboard will randomly choose from when student take the assessment, as well as the correct answer for each answer set. You may modify or remove any of the answer sets if necessary at this point.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 23 14. If you have chosen to provide feedback, enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 15. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 16. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Calculated Numeric Questions Besides giving you the ability to ask True/False and Multiple Choice questions in your online assessments, Blackboard also gives you the ability to ask questions with numeric answers. These questions are automatically graded by Blackboard, and you can even specify a margin of error. This question is very similar to a Fill in the Blank question where the student is asked to enter a value to complete a particular statement. The option to make the correct answer a specific value or a range of values is available. Partial credit may also be granted for answers falling within a defined range. Follow the steps below to add a calculated numeric question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Calculated Numeric. 2. The Create/Edit Numeric Answer Question screen will appear.

3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. For example, say your question was “John has 5 cookies and Sandra takes away 3 cookies. How many cookies does John have left? ” 4. Scroll down to the Answers section and enter the correct numeric value for your question in the Correct Answer text box – in our example 2. 5. If you wish to accept a numeric variation from the exact answer you may enter it into the Answer Range +/- text box. For example plus or minus 1. 6. If you have chosen to provide feedback, enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers.

7. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 8. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Either/Or Questions In addition to True/False questions, Blackboard also lets you create Either/Or questions in your online assessments. When an Either/Or question is created students are presented with a statement and asked to respond using a selection of pre-defined two-choice answers, such as:  Yes/No  Agree/Disagree  Right/Wrong  True/False Follow the steps below to add an either/or question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Either/Or.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 24 2. The Create/Edit Either/Or Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. For example, “Is Ottawa the Capital of Canada?” 4. Under the Options section you can select from the Answer Orientation drop-down whether you want this question’s answers to appear on one flat horizontal row underneath the question text or in a vertical column. 5. Scroll down to the Answers section and select the answer type for your question from the Answer Choices drop-down. You can choose between Yes/No, Agree/Disagree, Right/Wrong, or True/False.

6. Under Correct Answer, click on the button next to the correct answer. 7. If you have chosen to provide feedback, enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 8. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 9. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. File Response Questions Just like the Assignment Manager, a File Response question allows a student to submit a file in answer to a question. When using this type of question you must manually grade each file and assign the appropriate number of points in the Grade Center.

Follow the steps below to add a File Response question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select File Response. 2. The Create/Edit File Response Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. For example, “Write a 500 word essay in Microsoft Word on what you like most about the Niagara Region and attach the file below.” 4. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

5. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Fill in Multiple Blanks Questions Fill in the Blank questions are excellent questions for use in assessments because they force the students to think of their own answer to the question. This question type builds on Fill in the Blank questions with multiple fill in the blank responses that can be inserted into a sentence or paragraph. Separate sets of answers are defined for each blank. One caution about using these types of questions is that the answer is based on an exact text match. This means that if the student misspells the answer, it will be marked wrong. The answers are not case-sensitive, but are order-sensitive. If the correct answer is supposed to be “Excel and Access” and the student answers “Access and Excel”, the question is marked wrong.

The fix for the spelling problem is to list the most common spelling errors in the “right” answer list. That way you don’t have to manually review each Fill in the Blank question to check for a spelling error.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 25 Another solution for this problem is to be sure to limit the number of words in the answer and make allowances for different word orders in the answer. You may also want to tell your students about the spelling issues so they can be more careful in their responses. Follow the steps below to add a Fill in Multiple Blanks question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Fill in Multiple Blanks. 2. The Create/Edit Fill in Multiple Blanks Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. Instead of typing in blanks, though, you need to use variables in square brackets, and each variable can only be used once. For example, if the question is “The capital of Canada is _ and the capital of Ontario is ” you’d key in the text shown below: 4. Under the Options section, choose if you want to give partial credit. Unless you check Allow Partial Credit, your students will have to answer every blank in this question correctly to obtain any credit.

5. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button. 6. A new page will appear, showing you your question’s text and asking you to key in one or more correct answers for each variable in your question. By default, each variable will have one correct answer. If you know your students might misspell an answer, you can change the number of answers for each variable and then enter in all variations of the answer you are willing to accept.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 26 7. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button. 8. If you have chosen to provide feedback, scroll down to the Feedback portion of the screen and enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 9. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

10. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Hot Spot Questions From time to time you may want to use images in your Blackboard assessments. For example, let’s say you want to assess your students’ understanding of which province Niagara College is located in. Instead of creating a text-based, multiple-choice question—“The province Niagara College is located in is a) British Columbia, b) Ontario,” and so on—you can have your students click on an image, in this case a map of Canada, and Blackboard will grade your students on whether they click on the correct part of the image.

Follow the steps below to add a Hot Spot question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Hot Spot. 2. The Create/Edit Hot Spot Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Upload Image section click the Browse My Computer or Browse Course button beside the Attach File field. 5. Locate and select the image on your computer (or in your course) that you want to use in the question. 6. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 27 7. Blackboard will upload your image and display it to you. Click and drag your mouse over an area in the image to specify the hot spot area for the correct answer. You need to start dragging in the upper left corner of the area and drag down to the lower right of the area. You should then see a box appear on your image outlining the area of the image which is correct. If you make a mistake, or if you just want to try again, click on the Clear button.

8. Once you have drawn a Hot Spot over the correct area of your image, scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 9. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Jumbled Sentence Questions Jumbled Sentence questions are similar to Fill in Multiple Blanks questions, but instead of blanks, the students see pull-down lists with choices defined by the instructor from which they can choose the appropriate answer. This can be a big advantage over Fill in Multiple Blanks questions, because it eliminates the problem of Blackboard grading student responses based on an exact text match. With Jumbled Sentence questions students simply choose the correct answer instead of typing it in. Follow the steps below to add a jumbled sentence question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Jumbled Sentence. 2. The Create/Edit Jumbled Sentence Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. Instead of typing in blanks, though, you need to use variables in square brackets, and each variable can only be used once. For example, if the question is “The capital of Canada is _ and the capital of Ontario is ” you’d key in the text shown below:

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 28 4. Under the Options section, choose if you want to give partial credit. Unless you check Allow Partial Credit, your students will have to answer every blank in this question correctly to get any credit. 5. Under the Answers section, enter in the correct answers to your question as well as a few distracters - answers that seem legitimate but are wrong. By default you can key in four answers, but you can bump that number up anywhere from 5 to 20 answers if you want. 6. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click the Next button. 7. A new page will display showing you your question’s text as it is going to appear to your students. You need to tell Blackboard what the correct answers are. Click on the pull-down lists and choose the correct answers for each of your variables.

8. If you have chosen to provide feedback, enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 9. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 29 10. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Opinion Scale/Likert Questions Likert type questions are designed to measure the attitudes or reactions of your students, by having them read a statement and then specify their level of agreement with that statement. The Likert scale responses that a student chooses from are: “Strongly Agree,” “Agree,” “Neither Agree nor Disagree,” and so on. Likert scale questions are very rarely used within an assessment, but are better suited within a survey instead.

Follow the steps below to add an opinion scale/likert question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Opinion Scale/Likert. 2. The Create/Edit Opinion Scale/Likert Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. 4. Under the Options sections you can choose how you want your answers to be numbered. From the Answer Numbering drop-down you can choose Arabic Numerals, Roman Numerals, Uppercase Letters, and Lowercase Letters.

5. From the Answer Orientation drop-down you can change whether you want this question’s answers to appear on one flat horizontal row underneath the question text or in a vertical column. 6. If you wish you can choose to allow partial credit by placing a check beside Allow Partial Credit. You can also choose to have Blackboard display these answers in a random order, by placing a check beside the Show Answers in Random Order option. 7. Under the Answers section, Blackboard automatically sets up a six point Likert scale for you: Strongly Agree, Agree, Neither Agree nor Disagree, Disagree, Strongly Disagree, and Not Applicable. If you want to remove the Not Applicable and turn this back into a five point Likert scale, just click on the Remove button to the right of Answer 6.

8. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 30 9. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Quiz Bowl Questions This type of question allows you to add Jeopardy-style questions to an assessment. Students are given a clue in the form of an answer. They must then respond by entering the correct question into a text box. A response must include both a phrase and a question word, such as Who, What, or Where, to be marked as correct. Partial credit may be given if the question word is not included in the answer. Follow the steps below to add a Quiz Bowl question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Quiz Bowl. 2. The Create/Edit Quiz Bowl Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. Remember, just like Jeopardy, you are keying in the answer, not the question.

4. Under the Options section you can choose to allow partial credit for those students who forget to phrase their response in the form of a question. To allow partial credit, click on the Allow Partial Credit check box and then, in the Partial Credit Percent text box, key how much partial credit you’re going to allow. In this case, key in “50” [leave out the percent character] so that students who forget to phrase their responses in the form of a question will only get 50% of the points possible for this question.

5. Under the Interrogatives section, you need to choose which words must appear in your students’ responses in order for your students to receive full credit. By default, Blackboard recognizes four interrogatives: “Who,” “What,” “When,” and “Where.” To add more interrogatives, click on the

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 31 Number of Interrogatives drop-down list and then key in any additional interrogative you want Blackboard to recognize. To remove interrogatives, just click on the appropriate Remove button. 6. Under the Answer Phrases section, key in every possible correct answer phrase. Blackboard grades your students’ answers on an exact text match. If your students make even minor spelling mistakes, the answer will be marked wrong. Therefore, you need to key in every possible spelling permutation your students might think of.

7. If you have chosen to provide feedback, enter the text to be displayed to the student for the correct and incorrect answers. 8. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 9. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit. Short Answer Questions Short Answer questions are very similar to the Essay question type in Blackboard. You provide the question text, and the student types the answer in the space provided. The main difference between Essay and Short Answer questions in Blackboard is that you can specify the length of the answer by limiting it to a specified number of rows in the text box. Instructors must manually grade each Short Answer question and assign the appropriate number of points in the Grade Center. Follow the steps below to add a short answer question to the assessment: 1. Click on the drop-down arrow in the Create Question field to select Short Answer. 2. The Create/Edit Short Answer Question screen will appear. 3. Enter your question in the Question Text field. For example, “Define eLearning.” 4. Under the Answer section choose how many rows should be in the answer box. By default, your students will see an answer box with space for three rows of text. You can change that by clicking Note: The number of rows is meant as a guideline only when entering an answer; it does not impose an absolute limit on answer length.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 32 on the Set the number of rows that will display in the answer field drop-down list and choosing a larger number. 5. Enter a sample answer in the space provided that graders can use to help grade the test if necessary. 6. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen and click on the Submit button to add the question to the assessment and return to the Test Canvas screen. 7. If desired, enter the total points possible for that question in the Point Value field and click Submit.

Note: Short Answer questions are not graded automatically by Blackboard. Once a student has completed a test with a Short Answer question the instructor can review the student’s response and enter the appropriate grade.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 33 Making a Test Available After creating the test, you need to make the test available to the students through one of the Course Content Areas. The students will not be able to take the test until you complete this step. Follow the steps below to make the test available: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the content area in which you would like to place the test in. 2. Click on the appropriate Content Area link (such as Assignments or Course Documents). 3. Click on the Add Interactive Tool button and then select Test from the drop down.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 34 4. This will display the Create Test screen. 5. Select the appropriate test from the list. 6. Click on the Submit button to display the Test Added screen. 7. The Test Options screen will now appear.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 35 8. If you want the test to appear in a new window, select the Yes radio button beside the Open Test in new window option. 9. Scroll down the page to the Test Availability section. Note: If you choose to launch the test in a new window, students who have a pop-up blocker installed may have problems accessing the test. It is advised that if you choose this option, you remind students to disable any pop-up blockers before taking the test.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 36 10. Select the desired options for this assessment:  Make the link available: Allows you, the instructor, to control whether a test is available to students. Tests are usually made “unavailable” when you do not want students to access them yet. You can make a test “available” or “unavailable” at any time. Instructors may make the link available, and then use the Display After and Display Until fields to limit the amount of time the link appears.

 Add a new announcement for this Test: Allows Blackboard to automatically create an announcement telling students a new assessment has been posted.  Multiple attempts: This option allows students to take the test multiple times. The status of multiple attempts is displayed to students at the top of the Assessment. Select Allow unlimited attempts for the students to take the test as many times as they wish. Select Number of attempts to indicate a specific number of attempts that is allowed. Fill in the applicable number in the field provided.

 Force Completion: Students must complete the Assessment the first time it is launched if Force Completion is selected. Students may not exit the Assessment and continue working on it at a later date. The Save button is available for Students to save the Assessment as they work through it, but they may not exit and re-enter the Assessment. If the Force Completion option is enabled, it is noted and explained to Students at the top of the Assessment. If Force Completion is not enabled, Students may save their progress and complete the Assessment at another time.

 Set Timer: Select this option to set a time limit for finishing the Assessment. If this option is selected, enter the amount of time to allow for the Test in the hours and minutes boxes below. The time elapsed is displayed to the student during the Assessment. A one- minute warning is also displayed as students approach the time limit.  Display After/Display Until: Select the date and time when the Test will become available or become unavailable to Students. This field is optional; the Instructor may control availability through the Make the link available option without setting specific dates.

 Password: Select this check box to require a password for students to access this Assessment. If this check box is selected, enter a password in the field below. Passwords

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 37 cannot be longer than 15 characters. Passwords are case-sensitive. 11. Scroll down the page to the Self-assessment Options section: 12. Select the desired assessment options.  Include this test in Grade Center score calculations: Select this option to include this test in the Grade Center calculations. If the test is not included, the score will not be included as part of the students final grade.

 Hide the score of this test from the Grade Center: Select this option to hide this test score in the Grade Center. If selected, this item behaves as a survey. The display in the Grade Center will read Complete / Incomplete and N/A or zero appears on the grade details pages. If this item is checked, scores will never be recorded in the Grade Center, and the instructor cannot see any responses. Students will see scores when the test is submitted but the results are not stored and cannot be seen by the instructor. 13. Scroll down the page to the Test Feedback section: 14. Select the desired feedback to be displayed to students upon completion of the test. One or more options may be selected.

 Score: Present the final score to Students.  Submitted answers: Present the Student’s answers.  Correct Answers: Present the correct answers to the questions.  Feedback: Present question feedback to the student. 15. Scroll down the page to the Test Presentation section. Note: The “Feedback” method requires that you have entered feedback in the appropriate area when creating test questions. WARNING: Do not check the Hide the score of this test from the Grade Center option if you ever want to see the students’ scores on the assessment, or want to calculate the scores in the Grade Center. Once this option is selected you will not be able to see the students' scores or results. There is no way to undo this.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 38 16. Select the desired presentation mode for the test:  All at Once: Present the entire Assessment on one screen.  One at a Time: Display one question at a time. The screen includes navigation tools to move between questions. The Submit button will only appear on the last page of the Test. o Prohibit Backtracking: Prevent students from returning to questions they have already answered. If backtracking is prohibited, the buttons

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 39 Modifying or Removing an Assessment Read this section carefully! It is possible to make changes to a Test at any time, but this should only be done before the test has been made available to students. If changes are needed, other than textual changes, we recommend you create a new test. Any changes other than textual changes to existing fields will invalidate existing Test attempts and could corrupt the entire Test and its Grade Center entries. When you remove a Test from a content area (e.g. Course Documents) you also remove all student attempts that were recorded in the Grade Center! So, we recommend you think very carefully before you remove a test that has been deployed.

Follow the steps below to modify an assessment: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link to expand this menu. 3. Click on the Test, Surveys and Pools link. 4. Click on Tests. 5. Click the Action Item arrow button to the right of the test you want to change and select Edit to display the Test Canvas screen. 6. Click on the Action item button to the right of the individual question you want to change to display the question in its creation screen.

7. Select ‘Edit’ from the drop down list.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 40 8. Make the necessary changes. 9. Click Submit to submit your changes to Blackboard and return to the Test Canvas screen. Changing the Order of Test Questions You can modify the order of the test questions at any time before the test is deployed, so you don’t have to create the questions in the order you want them displayed on the test. Follow the steps below to change the order of test questions: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link from the Control Panel section and then click on Tests, Surveys, and Pools to display the Tests screen.

3. Click on the Tests link and select the test you would like to modify. 4. Click on the Action item button to the right of the test you want to change to display the test in the Test Canvas screen. 5. Hover your mouse coursor on the double sided arrow to the left of the question you want to move. You cursor should change to a four sided arrow. Left click and hold while you drag your mouse either up and down. This is a new feature in Blackboard 9, which is referred to as Drag and Drop.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 41 6. Select a new location for the question from the available list. Exporting a Test You can import Blackboard tests from other courses. Before you can import the test to your course, you must first export the test from the original course so it will remain in the proper format. When you export a test, you do not remove the test from the original course, you simply make a copy in an export file for later use.

Follow the steps below to export a test: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link from the Control Panel section and then click on Tests, Surveys, and Pools to display the Tests screen. 3. Click on the Tests link and select the test you would like to export.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 42 Note: Download instructions are for Firefox and may appear different for other browsers such as Internet Explorer. 4. Click on the Export link to the right of the test you want to export to display the File Download screen. 5. Click on the Save File radio button and click OK.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 43 Importing a Test Importing a test allows you to save time by reusing tests you already created in another course. You must have exported the test from the other course before you can import it into your current course. You can import a test into more than one Blackboard course. Follow the steps below to import a test into your Blackboard course: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link from the Control Panel section and then click on Tests, Surveys, and Pools to display the Tests screen.

3. Click on the Tests link and select the Import Test button. 4. Click on the Browse My Computer or Browse Course button to locate the test you want to import. 5. Click on the Submit button to initiate the import process and return to the Tests screen. Note: Depending on the size of the test it may take a few minutes to process. Once complete you can begin using the imported test immediately.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 44 Removing a Test If you no longer need a test in your Blackboard course, you can always remove it. Once you click on the Delete button and acknowledge your intentions, you will not be able to retrieve your test if you decide you want it later. So be sure that you really do not intend to use the test for anything else in the course. Before you remove the test, you may want to take a few moments and add the questions on the test to your Question Pool, if they aren’t there already. Refer to the Question Pool portion of this tutorial for further instructions.

Follow the steps below to remove a test from your course: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link from the Control Panel section and then click on Tests, Surveys, and Pools to display the Tests screen. 3. Click on the Tests link and then click on the Action Item arrow button to the right of the test you want to remove to display the drop down menu. 4. Click Delete to remove the test. Using the Pool Manager Creating a question pool is very useful because you can store questions for repeated use. This saves you time in not having to re-create the questions each time, as well as ensuring consistency in the question itself. Another benefit is the ability to import pools from other courses, so if you teach the same course repeatedly, you do not have to continually create your question pools.

Note: Question pools are course specific. You cannot pull individual questions or tests from other courses to add to your assessments, but you can import entire pools into your course.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 45 Differences between a Test and a Question Pool Although each item contains test questions, the functions of a test and the Question Pool are very different. You can create a pool that holds questions for a test, but you cannot convert it into a test or schedule the Pool for students to take as you can with a test. Other differences between a pool and a test include the fact that you cannot include a Random Block type of question in a Question Pool and that the pool questions don’t have any point values associated with them. You add the point value to the question when you place it on a test. Also, once you place a pool question on a test, you shouldn’t attempt to make any changes to the question until all of your students have completed the test, as some portions of the question will be unavailable until the test is complete. Follow the steps below to access and create a question pool: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link from the Control Panel section and then click on Tests, Surveys, and Pools.

3. Click on Pools. 4. Click on the Build Pool button to display the Pool Information page. 5. Complete the Name, Description and Instructions fields as appropriate. 6. Click on the Submit button to submit your changes and display the Pool Canvas page.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 46 7. Before creating and adding any questions to your pool you should first specify your pool settings by clicking the Question Settings link on the Pool Canvas page. For more detailed information on the available options, refer to the Test Creations Settings section of this tutorial. 8. Select the appropriate question type from the Create Question drop-down box. 9. Complete the steps to create the selected question type. Detailed instructions on adding each available question type are available under the Creating Individual Questions section of this tutorial.

10. Repeat steps 7-9 until you add all of the questions to the pool. 11. Click OK to complete the pool. Exporting a Pool You can import pools from other Blackboard courses. Before you can import a pool into your course, you must first export a pool from the original course so it will remain in the proper format. When you export a pool, you do not remove the pool from the original course, you simply make a copy in an export file for later use. Follow the steps below to export a pool: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link from the Control Panel section and then click on Tests, Surveys, and Pools.

3. Click on Pools. 4. Click on the Action item arrow button to the right of the pool you want to export. 5. Click on the Export link. 6. Click on the Save File button to display the Save As dialog box. Note: At this point, you have the option to create new questions that Blackboard will add to the pool you just created, or you can add questions from other pools or assessments to this pool. This example will use the first option for demonstration purposes.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 47 7. Click on the OK button to save the file. Importing a Pool Importing a pool allows you to save time by reusing questions you already created in another pool or course. You must have exported the pool from the other course before you can import it into your current course. You can import a pool into more than one Blackboard course. Follow the steps below to import a pool into your Blackboard course: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side on the screen. 2. Click on the Course Tools link from the Control Panel section and then click on Tests, Surveys, and Pools.

3. Click on Pools. 4. Click on the Import Pool button to display the Pool Import screen. Note: You can also import pools of questions downloaded from textbook publishers’ websites. Many publishers are now providing these pools in a Blackboard-compatible format.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 48 5. Click on the Browse My Computer or Browse Course button to locate the pool you want to import. 6. Click on the Submit button to initiate the import process and return to the Pool Manager screen. Note: Depending on the size of the pool it may take a few minutes to process. Once complete you can begin using the imported pool immediately for tests.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 49 Resetting Student Assessments Occasionally a student will have a problem taking an assessment. Since most assessments are not designed for multiple tries, your student will not be able to re-enter the assessment to take it again. You have the ability to reset a student’s assessment to allow the student to re-take a particular assessment, as long as the student has attempted to answer at least one question on the assessment. Follow the steps below to reset a student’s assessment: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Grade Center link in the Control Panel area. Select the Full Grade Center link. 3. Locate the student’s name and move the cursor over the Attempt in Progress icon ( ). 4. Click the Action Link, and then select View Grade Details from the contextual menu. 5. Click on the Clear Attempt button on the right side of the screen in the row for that attempt that is to be reset.

6. When the confirmation box appears, click the OK button to clear the attempt for the student. Note: Be sure to communicate to the student that the assessment is ready to be taken again.

Blackboard Staff/Faculty Support Creating Online Tests Niagara College Blackboard Support / September 2012 Page 50 Grading Essay Questions Blackboard cannot grade essay or short-answer questions for you. In some instances, you may also need to override the automatic grade that Blackboard assigned because the student should receive partial credit or because there was a problem with the question. Follow the steps below to manually grade a student’s assessment: 1. Enter your Blackboard course and access the Control Panel on the left side of the screen. 2. Click on the Grade Center link in the Control Panel area. Select the Full Grade Center link. 3. Locate the student’s name and move the cursor over the Needs Grading icon ( ) 4. Click the Action Link, and then select View Grade Details from the contextual menu. 5. Click in the View Attempt button on the right side of the screen to display Grade Assessment screen.

6. Review the necessary questions, which are those questions with a yellow exclamation mark to the left of the question as pictured below. 7. Click in the Points field. 8. Enter the appropriate number of points for the student’s response to the question. 9. Review any other necessary questions, changing the points as appropriate. 10. Scroll down to the bottom and click on the Submit button to display the Assessment Grade Updated screen.