Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...

 
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
Island Plan                    Your Island
                               Your Say
Strategic issues and options
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
3

Contents
Minister's foreword				            4

Strategic issues and options		     5

The Jersey context				             10

Spatial strategy options			        16

A sustainable island environment   27

A sustainable island economy		     39

Sustainable island communities		   45
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
4   Foreword                                 Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                       Strategic issues and options           Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                       5

    Minister's foreword                                                                                    Strategic issues and
                                                                                                           options
    Work has begun to update the
    Island Plan for the next decade and
    to ensure we continue to protect                                                                       This is the Island Plan Strategic Issues and Options summary
    our beautiful environment.                                                                             consultation document. It asks for your views on some of the
                                                                                                           big issues that will inform the development of the new Island
    The Island Plan doesn’t just govern                                                                    Plan, which plays a big part in shaping your island.
    where buildings can and can’t
    be built. It determines how we’ll
    protect our natural environment; it
                                                                                                           There are 27 questions set out in this              Write to us:
    shapes the island that our children                                                                    document, each with some summary
                                                                                                                                                               Island Plan Review Team
    will grow up in, the places and                                                                        information. We welcome comment on every
                                                                                                           issue and option or, if you are interested in       FREEPOST 505
    communities in which we’ll grow                                                                                                                            Strategic Policy, Performance and Population
                                                                                                           just one or two, please specifically comment
    older; and how we support Jersey’s                                                                     on those.                                           19-21 Broad Street
                                                            Deputy John Young
                                                                                                                                                               St Helier
    changing needs. That is why it is                       Minister for the Environment
                                                                                                           The questions are arranged around four              Jersey
    so important for all islanders to                                                                      themes:                                             JE1 1AF
    have a chance to give their views.                                                                     • the spatial strategy: where should                If you need help to make your response,
                                                                                                             development go?                                   or would like to access the consultation in
    In creating an Island Plan that’s fit for the      This is our first phase of consultation to inform
                                                                                                                                                               an alternative language or format, please
    2020s, we have to think not only about how         the next Island Plan: it describes some of the      • a sustainable island environment: to what
                                                                                                                                                               contact us.
    we conserve the landscape of our island but        critical challenges that the island faces and         extent should we protect our seas, coast
    also how we enhance the environment of our         sets out some of the options that we have, as         and countryside; and manage change in St          As well as this summary consultation
    urban centres. We must also be bold in our         a community, to respond to them.                      Helier and the island’s other built-up areas?     document, we have also published a more
    response to the Climate Emergency and we                                                                                                                   detailed, technical consultation document. If
                                                                                                           • a sustainable island economy: what is the
    should consider how we might accommodate           We want to understand, from all islanders,                                                              you have a keen interest in one or more of the
                                                                                                             best use of land and buildings to support
    technologies that can support the island’s         what your preferences are for addressing                                                                consultation themes, we do encourage you
                                                                                                             Jersey’s economy?
    transition to a low carbon future.                 these issues: this is your opportunity to help                                                          to read and respond to the full consultation
                                                       shape your future, and the direction that           • sustainable island communities: how               document. This version is available at gov.je/
    Creating good quality places, which nurture        the new Island Plan takes in tackling these           should we plan for and deliver the homes          islandplanreview
    strong communities, is a priority, as is           challenges.                                           that we need as well as creating great
    continuing to support a sustainable island                                                               places to live?                                   This Strategic Issues and Options consultation
    economy.                                           I do hope you’ll get involved.                                                                          will inform the initial work to produce the
                                                                                                           You can give us your views in several ways.         new Island Plan. There will be more stages
                                                                                                           We encourage you to complete the online             to complete before we have a new Island
    All these issues need to be considered in
                                                                                                           consultation at gov.je/islandplanreview.            Plan (see timeline overleaf). This includes
    detail, and we will have to develop new
                                                                                                           Alternatively, you can:                             further opportunity for you to engage with
    planning policies that will strike a balance       Deputy John Young
    between competing interests that is right for      Minister for the Environment                                                                            and comment on the new Island Plan as it is
                                                                                                           Request a survey response form to be sent to        developed.
    the next ten years and beyond; a stepping          Government of Jersey
                                                                                                           you by emailing or calling the team:
    stone towards the future we all want to see for
    Jersey.                                                                                                Email: islandplan@gov.je
                                                                                                           Telephone: 01534 448441 or 01534 448458
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
6   Strategic issues and options            Island Plan 2021 - 2030                 Strategic issues and options   Island Plan 2021 - 2030   7

    Your Island, Your Say

    Alongside the Island Plan consultation, we
    are also keen to hear your views on other big

                                                                      Your Island
    issues that will affect your island. Go to
    gov.je/yourisland to have your say on:

                                                                      Your Say
    • a new planning framework for Southwest St
      Helier
    • plans to prepare for flood risk caused by
      climate change
    • how you can play your part in tackling
      climate change in Jersey.

    Data protection
    Your personal information (name, address,
    contact details) will not be shared outside of
    the Island Plan Review Team or published
    online as part of the consultation, but we
    may use it to notify you of progress and/or
    further consultations relating to the Island
    Plan. Under Jersey’s Data Protection Law you
    have the right to ask us not to contact you
    again (withdraw your consent to the further
    processing of your information). This will,
    however, mean that we will be unable to keep
    you informed throughout the various stages
    of the Island Plan Review. Should you wish
    to exercise this right please contact us on tel.
    01534 448441 or email islandplan@gov.je.
    For further information on how the Island Plan
    Review Team handles personal data please
    visit gov.je/howweuseyourinfo.
    If you have any queries, or require further
    information, please contact the Island Plan
    Review Team:
    Email: islandplan@gov.je
    Telephone: 01534 448441 or 01534 448443
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
8   Introduction                                  Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                                                               9

                                                                                                               Question 1:

    Introduction
                                                                                                               Do you think that Future Jersey
                                                                                                               represents what the Island Plan should
                                                                                                               be working towards achieving between
                                                                                                               now and 2030?
                                                                                                               • strongly agree
                                                                                                               • agree
    The Island Plan will set out and plan for the island's growth
                                                                                                               • neither agree nor disagree
    over the next ten years. It also provides a planning framework
                                                                                                               • disagree
    against which planning decisions are made. Planning is about
                                                                                                               • strongly disagree
    delivering sustainable development - balancing the future
                                                                                                               • don’t know
    economic, environmental and social needs of the island in
    a way that's best for Jersey, in order to create a sustainable                                             Submit your answer here
    future.

    The States Assembly adopted the current
    Island Plan in 2011, and revised it in 2014.                "An island loved for its beautiful
    Much has changed since then, and the law                    coast and countryside, rich
    requires an updated plan to be prepared and                 heritage, diverse wildlife and
    lodged in the States Assembly by 2021.                      clean air, land and water.
    The new Island Plan the must be ambitious,                  An island where a sense of
    but realistic, and based on a sound                         community really matters – a
    assessment and understanding of evidence.                   safe place to grow up and
                                                                enjoy life. An island that offers
    As we are at the start of the process, we
    are collecting the evidence to set us on the
                                                                everyone the opportunity
    right track. Your views, expressed through                  to contribute to, and share
    this consultation, will form a key part of that             in, the success of a strong,
    evidence, along with a wide range of studies                sustainable economy."
    and reports. We will publish each part of our
                                                                Future Jersey vision (2017)
    evidence base on
    gov.je/islandplanreview as it
    becomes available.
    We expect to focus the development                      The vision is aspirational. It challenges us, as
    of the new Island Plan on achieving                     a community, to work together to protect and
    islanders’ ambitions for the future, as set             enhance what we value about Jersey, and to
    out in the Future Jersey vision (2017).                 make it the best it can be.
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
10                                                            11

     The Jersey context
     To help you understand the context in which we are
     asking these questions, and the limits within which we
     can review the plan, we have set out some key issues
     here.
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
12   The Jersey context                                    Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                                             The Jersey context                                 Island Plan 2021 - 2030                           13

     Population, migration and housing                                                                                                         The Government of Jersey has established a Migration Policy Board to review future policy in
                                                                                                                                               this area. The board is scheduled to produce a review of evidence in autumn this year, which will
     The number of people who live and work in the island, how old they are, and how they live are                                             inform the development of initial policy proposals, having regard to any implications arising from
     all key factors that we need to plan for.                                                                                                 Brexit, up to the end of 2019. It is anticipated that the development of a preferred policy, and
                                                                                                                                               associated mechanisms, will be undertaken in early 2020, with the publication of a draft policy
     Jersey’s population has continued to grow. The majority of this increase 8,800 out of an
                                                                                                                                               in April 2020. This is aligned to ensure that it informs the development of the new draft Island
     increase of 11,400 (or 77%) between 2009 to 2018 has come from net inward migration (the
                                                                                                                                               Plan.
     number of people coming to the island minus the number of people leaving the island). The
     other factor that affects population is natural growth (the difference between the number of                                              In the absence of a clear migration policy direction, and associated regulatory levers to
     births and the number of deaths). Table 1, below, shows Jersey’s estimated resident population                                            effectively manage migration, the preparation of the new Island Plan would need to be based
     at the end of each year since 2011, and the annual change between years.                                                                  on planning assumptions about migration and population levels over the plan period. This would
                                                                                                                                               need to reflect the evidence of migration and population change, based on trends.
                                                                                                                                               Population scenarios have been used to assess the potential future demand for homes2 . The
       Year                  Resident population at year end                                     Annual change                                 table below presents the number of additional homes, and different types of homes, that are
       2009                  96,200                                                              +800                                          likely to be needed under different population scenarios. Housing issues are considered in more
                                                                                                                                               detail in the sustainable island communities section below.
       2010                  97,100                                                              +900
       2011                  98,100                                                              +1,000                                                                   Objective assessment of housing need
       2012                  99,000                                                               +900                                          Year End
                                                                                                                                                                          Nil migration             +325                    +700    +1,000
       2013                  100,0001                                                            +1,000
                                                                                                                                                Non-qualified             -1,750                    -830                    250     1,110
       2014                  101,000                                                             +1,000
                                                                                                                                                Owner occupier            3,040                     3,280                   3,570   3,800
       2015                  102,700                                                             +1,700
                                                                                                                                                Qualified rent            50                        340                     670     930
       2016                  104,200                                                             +1,500
                                                                                                                                                Social rent               890                       910                     910     920
       2017                  105,600                                                             +1,400
       2018                  106,800                                                             +1,200
     Table 1 – Resident population of Jersey
                                                                                                                                                Total                     2,230                     3,700                   5,400   6,760
                                                                                                                                               Table 3 – Objective assessment of housing need

     Jersey’s population is also ageing. As in most developed economies, people are living longer.
     The proportion of the island’s population who are older (65+) and very old (85+) is projected                                             Putting children first
     to grow significantly. We expect the number of people aged 65 and over will rise from about
     18,900 to 29,900 over the next 20 years; the number of people aged 85 and over will more than                                             Jersey’s children and young people are our future. There is a need to ensure that the Island Plan
     double, from 2,600 to 5,600, over the same period.                                                                                        Review, and policy framework that the new Island Plan will provide, appropriately reflects the
                                                                                                                                               rights and needs of children and upholds the principles of the United Nations Convention of the
     While the next Census will not be completed until late 2021 (after the new Island Plan is                                                 Rights of the Child (UNCRC)
     scheduled for adoption), Statistics Jersey have made population projections for the next plan
     period, based upon a range of migration scenarios (Table 2).                                                                              We know that the physical environments in which our children grow up can have a profound
                                                                                                                                               effect on their physical and emotional wellbeing, often to the same extent as the social and
                                                                                                                                               economic factors that are traditionally understood to influence children’s life outcomes.
                                  Resident population end of year                                                                              Ensuring that our children have access to high-quality infrastructure – such as schools, health
       Year End                                                                                                                                care facilities and community amenities – is key to ensuring that our children have the best start
                                  Nil migration              +325                       +700                       +1,000                      in life and demonstrates the Government’s commitment to ‘putting children first’.
       2025                       104,900                    108,400                    112,500                    115,700                     Each of the options considered in the Island Plan process will be tested to understand how it
       2030                       105,400                    110,900                    117,200                    122,300                     might affect children. We will also take extra steps to engage children and young people in the
                                                                                                                                               development of the plan, to ensure that their voices are heard.
     Table 2 – Population projections

     1
       There was a delay in the availability of one of the main sources of data necessary for the population estimation methodology in 2013.   2
                                                                                                                                                 Objective Assessment of Housing Need (2018)
     Consequently, analysis for the two years 2013 and 2014 was combined into one period and the two-year change was published in June 2015.   https://www.gov.je/Government/Pages/StatesReports.aspx?ReportID=4193
     The population estimate for 2013 given here is a rounded average of the unrounded year-end 2012 and 2014.
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
14   The Jersey context                                    Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                            The Jersey context                     Island Plan 2021 - 2030   15

     Health and wellbeing                                                  the planning assessment and delivery of the        International environmental
                                                                           proposed hospital.                                 obligations
     The built and natural environment has a big
     impact on our health and wellbeing. Good                              Any proposal for a new hospital would still        Jersey is party to a number of international
     places, spaces and buildings support people                           need to be assessed and secure planning            agreements and conventions, such as: the
     to be more physically active, to feel safe and                        permission, having regard to normal planning       Bern Convention on the Conservation of
     secure, and promote social activity and play.                         considerations, under the current or new           European Wildlife and Natural Habitats;
                                                                           Island Plan, depending on when the proposal        the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations
     One of the Government’s strategic priorities                          emerges.                                           Framework Convention on Climate Change;
     is to improve islanders’ wellbeing and                                                                                   and the Granada Convention for the
     mental and physical health. One of the most                           Climate change                                     Protection of the Architectural Heritage of
     important ways that the new Island Plan can                                                                              Europe, which require us to take certain
     support this objective is to create places                            Climate change is perhaps the greatest             courses of action, amongst other things, to
     in which people can remain active and                                 challenge facing our society. The global           protect our biodiversity and heritage assets.
     engaged in local life, and stay connected to                          impacts of increased temperatures and
     their support networks of family, friends and                         severe weather are stark and intensifying, and     The new Island Plan policies will need to
     neighbours.                                                           will affect Jersey.                                genuinely address these commitments
                                                                                                                              and help to ensure that the island remains
     Community is a strong foundation of                                   The States Assembly has declared a climate         compliant with them.
     wellbeing, especially as people age. Strong                           emergency and the Council of Ministers is
     communities thrive in places that provide for                         preparing a plan to aim for carbon neutrality
     people at different stages in their life, have                        by 2030.3
                                                                                                                              Planning for a sustainable
     good transport connections, and shared
                                                                                                                              economy
                                                                           The new Island Plan presents a significant
     spaces in which people can come together.                                                                                The prosperity of our island, and the funding
                                                                           opportunity for a proactive response to
     As we develop a more community-based                                                                                     of the services on which we rely, depends on
                                                                           the challenges of climate change through
     health and care model, we can improve how                                                                                a sustainable, vibrant and inclusive economy,
                                                                           the development and adoption of policy
     we connect our support for physical spaces                                                                               underpinned by a skilled local workforce.
                                                                           measures to deliver:
     and the social networks in which people live.
                                                                                                                              Jersey has a rich economic history, based
                                                                           • climate change mitigation: taking action to
                                                                                                                              on fisheries, agriculture, tourism and the
     Our Hospital                                                            reduce the impact of human activity on the
                                                                                                                              now-dominant financial sector. The planning
                                                                             climate system, mainly through reducing
     Provision of a safe, sustainable and affordable                                                                          system has played a key role in successfully
                                                                             greenhouse gas emissions; and
     health care system and hospital facilities                                                                               enabling and maintaining all of these sectors
     is essential to address Jersey’s ageing                               • climate change adaptation: making                within our economy, and the new Island
     population and increasing demand.                                       changes to natural or human systems to           Plan will need to ensure a sustainable local
                                                                             respond to the impacts of climate change,        economy into the future. It will have regard
     The current General Hospital has served the                                                                              to outputs from work which is ongoing to
                                                                             mitigate harm and exploit opportunities.
     island well, but it’s no longer fit for purpose:                                                                         develop a Future Economy Programme for
     almost every area of the current hospital fails                       This consultation asks some big questions          the island.
     to meet modern health standards. As part                              that will affect our carbon emissions. For
     of providing a modern standard of care in                             example, where we locate development
     the coming years, and delivering a planned                            will impact on people’s need to travel, their
     change in health care which will support                              journey distances, and the choices they
     islanders living longer, there is a need to                           might have as to how they travel – whether
     develop a new hospital for the island.                                they need to take a car, or whether they can
     The project to deliver the new hospital will                          choose to walk, cycle or travel by bus. Equally,
     progress in close alignment with the Island                           we may choose to plan for new renewable
     Plan Review. Depending on the progression                             energy infrastructure, and plan to better
     of each project, the new Island Plan will                             protect and enhance the levels of natural
     either contain: the preferred site for the new                        habitat, green space and trees to capture
     hospital, once this has been identified and                           carbon, provide cooling, and reduce surface
     assessed as an integral part of the hospital                          water run-off. These issues are explored in
     project; or an enabling policy to facilitate                          more detail below.

     3
         https://www.gov.je/news/2019/pages/carbonneutralityenvironmentministerstatement.aspx
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
16                                                                   Spatial strategy options                   Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                      17

                                                                     The objective of the Island Plan is to deliver          To do this, we have set out six broad spatial
                                                                     sustainable development where a balance is              options. Each has been presented in this
                                                                     struck between:                                         chapter in an abstract map form. The

     Spatial strategy
                                                                                                                             opportunities and challenges of the options
                                                                     • the need to protect our sensitive coast               are outlined to help you think about the
                                                                       and countryside, biodiversity, and heritage           implications of each.
                                                                       assets, and

     options
                                                                                                                             It is very likely that a combination of these
                                                                     • the need to develop new housing, land for             options will be necessary to meet Jersey’s
                                                                       employment opportunities, major public                future development needs, although these
                                                                       infrastructure and community facilities,              decisions will be made, following public
                                                                       including open space and an improved                  engagement, as part of the plan-making
                                                                       public realm.                                         process.
                                                                     A fundamental issue, and key part of the                We have also posed a question about future
                                                                     Island Plan Review, is setting a strategic              land reclamation as a longer-term option to
     At 45 square miles in area, Jersey’s land is a precious and     direction as to where in the island we choose           deal with Jersey’s development needs.
                                                                     to locate new development. This is known
     limited resource. Against the context of a growing population   as the spatial strategy. It is of fundamental
     and a need to sustain and grow the economy, there will be       importance, and will determine how the many
                                                                     tensions inherent in planning for a sustainable
     competing demands upon it.                                      future can be balanced over the coming
                                                                     years.
                                                                     Successive Island Plans have generally
                                                                     focused new development in and around
                                                                     established centres. Historically, the town of
                                                                     St Helier has absorbed much of the island’s
                                                                     economic and population growth – spilling
                                                                     beyond the boundaries of the parish of St
                                                                     Helier to embrace parts of the parishes of St
                                                                     Saviour and St Clement – and it remains the
                                                                     island’s commercial centre and home to more
                                                                     than a third of our resident population.
                                                                     This general approach to the distribution
                                                                     of development has meant that 85% of the
                                                                     island remains as relatively open countryside,
                                                                     a fact that Jersey can be proud of, and which
                                                                     contributes to the special character of the
                                                                     island. The spatial strategy of the current
                                                                     Island Plan continues with this approach: it
                                                                     is based on a ‘settlement hierarchy’, where
                                                                     the majority of new development is directed
                                                                     to the town area and where smaller urban
                                                                     centres are only expected to accommodate
                                                                     proportionately limited amounts of new
                                                                     development.
                                                                     We want your views on whether the current
                                                                     strategy for distributing new development in
                                                                     the island is still right for the next plan period.
Island Plan Strategic issues and options - Your Island Your Say - Government of ...
18   Spatial strategy options                Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                     Spatial strategy options              Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                      19

     Option 1)                                                                                           Option 2 (a)
     Increasing density within the town of St Helier                                                     Outward expansion of town to the north, east and west

                                                          The town of St Helier stretches from First
                                                          Tower in the west, to La Pouquelaye in the                                                        The urban fringes of the town comprise open
                                                          north, and Greve D’Azette in the east.                                                            countryside that could be developed to help
                                                                                                                                                            meet development needs.

                                                          Increasing the density of new development                                                         Building on the edge of town would represent
                                                          here would maintain and give greater                                                              a change from the current Island Plan.
                                                          emphasis to the existing policy direction of
                                                          the current Island Plan.

       Opportunities                                         Challenges
        • reduces development pressure                       • increases the size, scale, and height
          on the island’s most sensitive                       of new buildings
          landscapes
                                                             • changes the character of the town
        • encourages the reuse and
                                                             • increases the potential loss of or           Opportunities                                       Challenges
          redevelopment of ‘brownfield’ sites
                                                               damage to listed buildings and
        • greatly reduces the need for travel                  places, and their settings                  • reduces development pressure on the               • results in the loss of open countryside
          and reduces journey distances                                                                      island’s most sensitive landscapes                  and agricultural land
                                                             • increases the risk of adverse impact
        • enables more travel choice, to walk,                 on the amenity of existing buildings        • reduces development pressure on the               • changes the character of the town’s
          cycle or catch a bus                                                                               island’s existing built-up areas                    urban fringe
                                                             • reduces the amount of on-site
        • supports a more vibrant town centre                  parking provision provided as part of       • reduces the need for travel to some               • increases the urbanisation of the
          during the day and the evening                       new development                               extent and reduces journey distances                parishes of St Clement and St Saviour

        • enables more efficient provision                   • increases pressure on existing              • enables more travel choice, to walk,              • the impacts of climate change,
          of community services and                            communities and community                     cycle or catch a bus                                particularly flood risk, to and from
          infrastructure                                       infrastructure – open space, play                                                                 development would need to be
                                                                                                           • supports a more vibrant town centre,
                                                               space, and community facilities such                                                              managed
        • enables the development of mixed                                                                   during the day and the evening
                                                               as youth centres and meeting places                                                             • increases the potential for damaging
          and vibrant communities                                                                          • enables more efficient provision of
                                                               – if no new provision is made                                                                     change to sensitive habitats and risk to
                                                                                                             community services
                                                             • the range of housing types is limited                                                             biodiversity
                                                               to more compact forms – terraced            • enables the development of mixed
                                                               houses and flats                              and vibrant communities

                                                             • the impacts of climate change,              • enables a greater range of housing
                                                               particularly flood risk, to and from          types to be provided
                                                               development would need to be
                                                               managed
                                                             • increases the pressure on urban
                                                               habitats, trees and wildlife corridors
20   Spatial strategy options               Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                       Spatial strategy options               Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                       21

     Option 2 (b)                                                                                         Option 3)
     Outward expansion of town to the south                                                               Increasing density in other built up areas

                                                         There is also potential to change the existing                                                       Other built-up areas include the coastal strip
                                                         use of parts of the harbour to enable the                                                            from St Aubin to Gorey; Red Houses and Les
                                                         expansion of the town to the south. Such                                                             Quennevais; and a range of smaller built-up
                                                         schemes would need to be commercially                                                                areas including parish centres.
                                                         viable and address current safety issues.
                                                                                                                                                              Increasing the density of new development
                                                         The current Island Plan includes the                                                                 here would maintain and give greater
                                                         development of the St Helier Waterfront,                                                             emphasis to the existing policy direction of
                                                         which is effectively an expansion of the town                                                        the current Island Plan.
                                                         to the south.

                                                                                                             Opportunities                                        Challenges
                                                                                                             • reduces development pressure on                    • increases the size, scale, and height
                                                                                                               the island’s countryside and most                    of new buildings
        Opportunities                                        Challenges                                        sensitive landscapes
                                                                                                                                                                  • changes the character of the island’s
       • reduces development pressure on the               • changes the character of the harbour            • encourages the reuse and                             built-up area outside of the town of
         island’s countryside and most sensitive                                                               redevelopment of ‘brownfield’ sites                  St Helier
                                                           • risks the potential loss of or damage to
         landscapes
                                                             maritime listed buildings and places,           • reduces the need for some local                    • increases the potential loss of or
       • reduces development pressure on the                 and their settings                                travel and reduces some journey                      damage to listed buildings and
         island’s existing built-up areas                                                                      distances                                            places, and their settings
                                                           • may challenge the setting of Elizabeth
       • encourages the reuse and                            Castle                                          • enables some greater travel choice,                • increases the risk of adverse impact
         redevelopment of ‘brownfield’ sites                                                                   to walk, cycle or catch a bus                        on the amenity of existing buildings
                                                           • requires better integration and
       • greatly reduces the need for travel and             connection of the town to the harbour           • supports more vibrant local centres                • increases the need for travel to St
         reduces journey distances                           for pedestrian and cycle access                   outside of the town of St Helier                     Helier and increases some journey
       • enables more travel choice, to walk,              • limits the range of housing types                                                                      distances
                                                                                                             • enables some efficiency in the
         cycle or catch a bus                                to more compact forms – terraced                  provision of community services and                • increases pressure on existing
                                                             houses and flats                                  infrastructure                                       communities and community
       • supports a more vibrant town centre
         during the day and the evening                    • is dependent upon relocating existing                                                                  infrastructure – open space, play
                                                                                                             • enables the development of mixed
                                                             harbour operations                                                                                     space, and community facilities such
       • enables more efficient provision of                                                                   and vibrant communities
                                                                                                                                                                    as youth centres and meeting places,
         community services and infrastructure             • needs to be financially and                     • the range of housing types is mixed                  if no new provision is made
                                                             environmentally viable and deliverable
       • enables the development of mixed                                                                                                                         • the impacts of climate change,
                                                             in the plan period
         and vibrant communities                                                                                                                                    particularly flood risk, to and from
                                                           • the impacts of climate change,                                                                         development, would need to be
       • enables the delivery of a more efficient
                                                             particularly flood risk, to and from                                                                   managed
         and ‘future-proofed’ port operation
                                                             development, would need to be
                                                             managed                                                                                              • increases the pressure on urban
                                                                                                                                                                    habitats, trees and wildlife corridors
22   Spatial strategy options               Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                         Spatial strategy options               Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                        23

     Option 4)                                                                                              Option 5)
     Outward expansion of other built up areas                                                              A new settlement or the significant expansion
                                                                                                            of an existing settlement
                                                         The edges of the other built-up areas
                                                         (described under Option 3) generally
                                                                                                                                                                The boldest option would be to create a
                                                         comprise open countryside. Most is currently
                                                                                                                                                                new settlement, or significantly expand an
                                                         defined as Green Zone but some is within
                                                                                                                                                                existing one. The development of a significant
                                                         the Coastal National Park. Some of the land
                                                                                                                                                                amount of new housing in Les Quennevais
                                                         on the edges of existing built areas could be
                                                                                                                                                                and Maufant are examples of this approach,
                                                         used to help meet development needs.
                                                                                                                                                                where it has been undertaken in the past.
                                                         Expanding these built-up areas, by
                                                                                                                                                                This would likely require an extensive process
                                                         releasing land on the edge of them for new
                                                                                                                                                                of land acquisition and the development of
                                                         development, would represent a change from
                                                                                                                                                                open countryside. This would represent a
                                                         the policy direction of the current Island Plan.
                                                                                                                                                                significant change from the policy direction of
                                                                                                                                                                the current Island Plan.

        Opportunities                                        Challenges
                                                                                                               Opportunities                                        Challenges
        • reduces development pressure on                    • results in the loss of open
          some of the island’s most sensitive                  countryside and agricultural land               • reduces development pressure on                    • results in the significant loss of open
          landscapes                                                                                             some of the island’s most sensitive                  countryside and agricultural land
                                                             • changes the character of parts of the
                                                                                                                 landscapes
        • reduces development pressure on                      countryside                                                                                          • changes the character of the
          the island’s existing built-up areas                                                                 • reduces development pressure on                      countryside
                                                             • increases the urbanisation of rural
                                                                                                                 the island’s existing built-up areas
        • reduces the need for some local                      parishes                                                                                             • likely to increase the urbanisation of
          travel and reduces some journey                                                                      • may enable some efficient provision                  a rural parish
                                                             • increases the need for travel to St
          distances                                                                                              of community services
                                                               Helier and increases some journey                                                                    • increases the need for travel to St
        • enables some greater travel choice,                  distances                                       • enables the development of a new                     Helier and increases some journey
          to walk, cycle or catch a bus                                                                          mixed and sustainable community                      distances
                                                             • the impacts of climate change,
        • supports more vibrant urban centres                  particularly flood risk, to and from            • the range of housing types can be                  • may reduce travel choice, to walk,
          outside of the town of St Helier                     development, would need to be                     mixed to meet the island’s needs                     cycle or catch a bus
                                                               managed
        • enables more efficient provision of                                                                                                                       • would require the provision of
          community services                                 • increases the potential for damaging                                                                   new community infrastructure and
                                                               change to sensitive habitats and risk                                                                  services
        • enables the development of mixed
                                                               to biodiversity
          and vibrant communities                                                                                                                                   • the impacts of climate change,
                                                                                                                                                                      particularly flood risk, to and from
        • the range of housing types is mixed
                                                                                                                                                                      development, would need to be
                                                                                                                                                                      managed
                                                                                                                                                                    • increases the potential for damaging
                                                                                                                                                                      change to sensitive habitats and risk
                                                                                                                                                                      to biodiversity
24   Spatial strategy options               Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                                                                                                                      25

     Option 6)                                                                                            Question 2:

     Development in the countryside                                                                       What do you think about each of the following spatial options as a way of
                                                                                                          meeting the island’s development needs (mainly homes) between 2021
                                                                                                          and 2030?
                                                         This option would involve relaxing rules about
                                                         converting, demolishing and rebuilding,
                                                         and extending existing buildings in the          Option 1: Increasing density within the town   Option 4: Outward expansion of other built-
                                                         countryside. It would mean increasing the        of St Helier:                                  up areas:
                                                         density of development in the countryside        • very acceptable,                             • very acceptable
                                                         and developing more areas of under-used
                                                         or open land around the edge of existing         • fairly acceptable,                           • fairly acceptable
                                                         clusters of buildings in the countryside.        • not very acceptable,                         • not very acceptable
                                                         The redevelopment and consolidation              • not at all acceptable                        • not at all acceptable
                                                         of buildings or building clusters in the
                                                                                                          • don't know                                   • don't know
                                                         countryside would represent a significant
                                                         change from the policy direction of the
                                                         current Island Plan.
                                                                                                          Option 2 (a): Outward expansion of the town    Option 5: a new settlement or the significant
                                                                                                          of St Helier to the north, east and west:      expansion of an existing settlement:
        Opportunities                                        Challenges                                   • very acceptable                              • very acceptable
        • reduces development pressure on                    • increase development pressure on           • fairly acceptable                            • fairly acceptable
          the island’s existing built-up areas                 the island’s countryside and most          • not very acceptable                          • not very acceptable
                                                               sensitive landscapes
        • the range of housing types is mixed                                                             • not at all acceptable                        • not at all acceptable
                                                             • changes the character of the island’s
        • encourages the reuse and                                                                        • don't know                                   • don't know
                                                               countryside; potential fundamentally
          redevelopment of already developed
          (brownfield) land                                  • increases the urbanisation of rural
                                                               parishes                                   Option 2 (b): Outward expansion of the town    Option 6: development in the countryside:
                                                             • increases the potential loss of or         of St Helier to the south:
                                                                                                                                                         • very acceptable
                                                               damage to listed buildings and             • very acceptable
                                                               places, and their settings                                                                • fairly acceptable
                                                                                                          • fairly acceptable
                                                             • increases the need for travel and                                                         • not very acceptable
                                                               increases journey distances                • not very acceptable
                                                                                                                                                         • not at all acceptable
                                                             • reduces travel choice, to walk, cycle      • not at all acceptable
                                                                                                                                                         • don't know
                                                               or catch a bus                             • don't know
                                                             • undermines efficient provision
                                                               of community services and
                                                               infrastructure                             Option 3: Increasing density within other      Submit your answers here
                                                                                                          built-up areas:
                                                             • unlikely to engender mixed
                                                               community and meet the needs of all        • very acceptable
                                                               elements of the community                  • fairly acceptable
                                                             • the impacts of climate change,             • not very acceptable
                                                               particularly flood risk, to and from
                                                               development would need to be               • not at all acceptable
                                                               managed                                    • don't know
                                                             • increases the potential for damaging
                                                               change to sensitive habitats and risk
                                                               to biodiversity
26   Spatial strategy options                Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                                                    27

     Future land reclamation
     Jersey has a long history of land reclamation.

                                                                       A sustainable island
     The shoreline of St Helier, in particular, has
     advanced over several hundred years as
     land has been reclaimed to accommodate
     the growth and defence of the town and the

                                                                       environment
     operation of the port. Land reclamation has
     also provided a disposal route for the island’s
     solid waste.
     Any land reclamation would have significant
     environmental implications.
     While not an option that would likely yield
     land for development during the plan period,
     further land reclamation may be a longer-
                                                                       This section sets out some of the big issues facing our
     term option to be explored, subject to an                         seas, coast and countryside, and seeks your views about
     assessment of its environmental implications.
                                                                       how we might meet them. It also considers the potential
                                                                       impacts of meeting our needs for development on our urban
     Question 3:                                                       environments – particularly St Helier.
     What do you think about further
     land reclamation as a way of                                      Travel and transport issues are highlighted and your views are
     meeting the island’s future
     development needs?
                                                                       sought about how we should travel and what priority different
     • very acceptable                                                 users should enjoy on our roads and streets.
     • fairly acceptable
     • not very acceptable
     • not at all acceptable
     • don’t know

     Submit your answer here
28   A sustainable island environment        Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                         A sustainable island environment        Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                     29

                                                                                                             Offshore renewable
                                                                                                             energy
                                                                                                             The scientific evidence of climate change is         resources to generate significant amounts
                                                                                                             overwhelming. The latest science indicates           of renewable energy for the island. Equally,
                                                                                                             that we need to take accelerated action to           Jersey’s very large tidal range makes it
                                                                                                             reduce carbon emissions to avoid the worst           attractive to proven technologies, such as
                                                                                                             impacts of rising global temperatures. In light      tidal barrages, and emerging technologies,
                                                                                                             of this, the States Assembly has formally            such as tidal lagoons.
                                                                                                             declared a climate emergency and has
                                                                                                             proposed the development of a plan, by the           The development of any form of marine
                                                                                                             end of 2019, to identify how the island might        renewable energy in Jersey’s waters would
                                                                                                             become carbon-neutral by 2030.                       have environmental implications that need
                                                                                                                                                                  to be explored and understood. The current
                                                                                                             A significant increase in locally-generated          Island Plan encourages proposals for new
                                                                                                             renewable energy will very likely be required        offshore renewable energy developments,
                                                                                                             to achieve this aim. There is excellent              subject to the rigorous and transparent
                                                                                                             physical potential for exploiting offshore wind      testing of their impact.
     Protection of the marine
     environment
     Our coast and the sea around the island              Unlike the rich planning policy regimes for the      Question 5:                                           Question 6:
     are integral to island life. Jersey’s marine         island’s territorial landmass, where we identify     To what extent do you agree with                      To what extent do you agree with
     environment is of outstanding scenic, historic       and protect areas of different landscape
                                                                                                               the statement?                                        the statement?
     and cultural value and its character and use is      sensitivity, we currently treat our marine
     embedded within the island’s sense of place          environment as a single planning zone.
     and identity. It is also an area of increasingly                                                          We should continue to encourage                       We should specifically identify
     intense activity, where complex interactions                                                              the development of offshore                           where the development of
     take place between physical, biological,               Question 4:                                        renewable (wind and tidal)                            offshore renewable energy
     social, cultural and economic activities. These        To what extent do you agree                        energy.                                               schemes might be appropriate.
     competing uses can create tensions and                 with the statement?
     present challenges as to how our seas might
     be managed.                                                                                               • strongly agree                                      • strongly agree
                                                            We should specifically identify
     To manage these pressures with confidence              areas in the island’s coastal                      • agree                                               • agree
     we need to develop a clear, robust framework
                                                            waters where different forms of                    • neither agree nor disagree                          • neither agree nor disagree
     to guide decisions about the future. This
     should be based on clear evidence and
                                                            development and use might be                       • disagree                                            • disagree
     its development should be open and                     acceptable.
                                                                                                               • strongly disagree                                   • strongly disagree
     transparent. The new Island Plan provides an
     opportunity to do this.                                                                                   • don’t know                                          • don’t know
                                                            • strongly agree
     Unlike many other places, the regulation of            • agree
     development through the planning system in                                                                                                                      Submit your answers here
     Jersey embraces the full extent of the island’s        • neither agree nor disagree
     marine territorial limits. The current Island          • disagree
     Plan identifies a single Marine Zone. Within
     this zone, there is a presumption against all          • strongly disagree
     developments, except those that are essential          • don’t know
     for navigation, access to water, fishing and
     fish farming, and coastal defence.
                                                            Submit your answer here
30   A sustainable island environment               Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                                       A sustainable island environment       Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                     31

     Landscape protection
     Jersey's countryside and coast is a defining                the Green Zone, where there is a general
     feature of the island and plays a major part in             presumption against all forms of new
     the quality of life that islanders enjoy. Despite           development. As a result, the majority of the
     its size, the island has a rich diversity of high           island’s countryside and much of its coastline
     quality landscapes that support a variety of                – comprising about 85% of the island –
     habitats and a unique biodiversity.                         benefits from a high level of protection
                                                                 against new development.
     Jersey has obligations, through law and
     convention, to protect its natural environment,             The new Island Plan will need to address the
     and specifically its biodiversity. Stewardship              tension between continued protection of the
     of the natural environment is not, however,                 coast and the countryside, and the potential
     just about protecting the quantity of green                 loss of green space or erosion of landscape
     space – it is also about the quality of the                 character, to help meet demand for homes
     ecosystems that this environment sustains,                  and infrastructure, and to accommodate
     from soil and water quality to the health of                changes to farming and those arising from
     key indicator species, such as butterflies and
     breeding birds.
                                                                 climate change.
                                                                                                                                  Development on the coast
     Successive Island Plans have afforded
                                                                   Question 7:                                                    and in the countryside
     a high level of protection from all forms
                                                                   Which of the following                                         Pressure for development along the coast
     of development around the coast and in                        statements do you most agree                                   and in the countryside is generated by                Question 8:
     the countryside, with the focus for new                       with? (please select one)                                      both a general scarcity of land that can be
                                                                                                                                                                                        What do you think about the
     development aimed towards existing built-up                   • all of the island’s coast and countryside                    developed, and the needs and aspirations of
     areas.                                                                                                                       those living and working in the countryside.          current level of development that
                                                                     should enjoy the same level of
                                                                     protection from development                                  Examples of proposed developments within              is allowed around the island’s
     Jersey has a rich and varied landscape with                                                                                  the countryside include:                              coastline and in the countryside?
     a number of different character areas (see                    • the island’s most sensitive landscape
     figure 1 below). Currently, the island’s most                                                                                • the redevelopment of existing land and
                                                                                                                                                                                        (please select one)
                                                                     character areas should enjoy a higher
     sensitive landscape character areas are                         level of protection from development                           buildings to create new homes
     contained within the Coastal National Park,                                                                                                                                        Do you think that:
                                                                   • an alternative approach should be                            • changing the use of land and buildings,
     where there is the strongest presumption
                                                                     taken (please explain)                                         particularly in relation to equine uses             •    more development in these areas
     against all forms of new development.
                                                                                                                                  • intensification of agricultural development,             should be allowed
     The remainder of the countryside is within
                                                                   Submit your answer here                                          including the processing of agricultural            •    less development in these areas
                                                                                                                                    products                                                 should be allowed
                                                                                                                                  • the diversification of the agricultural             •    the current level of development
                                                                                                                                    industry, including the provision of farm                allowed in these areas is appropriate
                                                                                                                                    shops
                                                                                                                                                                                        •    each case should be dealt with on a
                                                                                                                                  • the demand for tourism and leisure                       merits-based approach
                                                                                                                                    activities.
                                                                                                                                                                                        •    none of the above (please explain)
                                                                                                                                  The current Island Plan does allow home
                                                                                                                                  improvements, as well as changes to support
                                                                                                                                  businesses and provide employment in the              Submit your answer here
                                                                                                                                  countryside, in certain circumstances.
                                                                                                                                  The Coastal National Park area has the lowest
                                                                                                                                  number of these exceptions.
                                                                                                   Character Type
                                                                                                     Cliffs and Headlands
                                                                                                                                  There is tension about the level of protection
                                                                                                     Coastal Plain
                                                                                                     Enclosed Valleys
                                                                                                                                  given to the coast and the countryside and
                                                                                                     Escarpment
                                                                                                     Interior Agricultural Land
                                                                                                                                  the amount of new development that might
                                                                                                     Urban Area
                                                                                                                                  be permitted, by exception, in these areas.
     Figure 1: Jersey's landscape character areas
32   A sustainable island environment                  Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                               A sustainable island environment        Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                      33

                                 St Helier

                                                           La Pouquelaye
                                   First Tower
                                                                                                            St Saviour

                                                                                       D’Hautree

                                                                                   Mont Millais

                                                                                                  Bagot

                                                                                                   Plat Douet
                                                                                                                St Clement

     Figure 2: The highlighted area shows the extent of the Town of St Helier

     St Helier’s townscape                                                                                                   Conservation Areas
     character                                                                                                               In other Channel Islands, and in the UK, the         Once designated, new development in a
     Jersey has a range of urban centres –                             While the character of St Helier is often             principle of protecting areas of distinctive         Conservation Area would be required to
     from its capital, St Helier, which has been                       overlooked, in favour of the high-quality             historic and architectural quality and               protect and enhance the special character
     described as a town with many of the                              landscapes of Jersey’s coast or countryside,          character – through the designation of               of the area through its design and use of
     attributes of a small city, to historic parish                    it has a complex and rich urban environment,          Conservation Areas – is well established.            materials. Conservation Areas can also help
     centres and lower density suburban estates                        with areas of unique identity and character. St                                                            to protect other features – such as trees,
                                                                                                                             Conservation Areas are designed to                   street furniture, and the spaces between
     – all with their own characteristics and                          Helier also has the greatest concentration of         protect places that have a special quality
     challenges.                                                       the island’s listed buildings and places, with                                                             buildings – which contribute to the character
                                                                                                                             and character, a strong sense of place,              of an area.
                                                                       around 40% of the island’s heritage assets,           and a feeling of continuity. This cannot be
     Approximately 15% of the island is currently                      which add to the character and identity of the
     designated as Built-Up Area, with three main                                                                            satisfactorily safeguarded and enhanced just
                                                                       town.                                                 through the protection of individual historic
     areas: the town of St Helier; the coastal strip,
     extending to Gorey in the east and St Aubin                                                                             buildings: it is where the whole is greater than
     in the west; and other settlements, including
                                                                           Question 9:                                       the sum of the parts.                                  Question 10:
     Red Houses/Les Quennevais and parish and                              How important is it to you that                   Conservation Areas might be identified and             Where an area has a distinct
     other urban centres.                                                  new development in the town                       designated by reference to their:                      historic and architectural
     Successive Island Plans have targeted                                 of St Helier should protect and                                                                          character, how important to
                                                                                                                             • special architectural and historic
     new development within and around the                                 enhance the existing character of                   importance
                                                                                                                                                                                    you is it that it is protected and
     edge of these built up areas, where there                             the area in which it is located?                                                                         enhanced?
     are existing local services and transport                                                                               • distinctive character
     provision. The majority of new development                            • very important                                  • uniqueness or value as a good example of             • very important
     has been in and around the town of St                                                                                     an unusual local type
     Helier, other main urban settlements and the                          • important                                                                                              • important
     coastal strip.                                                                                                          • condition and scope for improvement and
                                                                           • not important                                                                                          • not important
                                                                                                                               enhancement.
     Continuing to meet the demand for                                     • not at all important                                                                                   • not at all important
     development will be a challenge for all                                                                                 Conservation Areas were first proposed in
     urban areas, and particularly for St Helier,                          • depends on the nature of the proposals                                                                 • don’t know
                                                                                                                             Jersey in the 1987 Island Plan, but have not
     which is the natural focus of commercial and                            and the context of the site
                                                                                                                             been introduced. Changes to the law are
     residential development.                                              • don’t know                                      required to enable their designation and this          Submit your answer here
                                                                                                                             is underway.
                                                                           Submit your answer here
34   A sustainable island environment       Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                  A sustainable island environment        Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                        35

     Development density                                                                             Tall buildings
                                                                                                                                                          The current Island Plan defines tall buildings
     Land is one of Jersey’s most precious                                                           The predominant building heights in St               as those either above approximately
     resources and it is essential that it is used                                                   Helier are two to five storeys, but there are        18 metres in height, or rising more than
     wisely and efficiently. Successive Island                                                       also tall buildings ranging in height up to 16       seven metres above their neighbours. The
     Plans have sought to encourage more dense                                                       storeys. The town's existing tallest buildings       current plan generally presumes against
     development and compact forms of housing –                                                      generally lack quality, however, and do little       the development of tall buildings, although
     a higher number of homes within a particular                                                    to contribute to the overall character and           exceptions may be permitted in town where
     site – in suitable locations, on the basis that                                                 distinctiveness of the place.                        they are fully justified in urban design terms.
     this is more land-efficient and generally more
                                                                                                     Recent developments on the Waterfront and            There is currently a presumption against the
     sustainable. Higher density developments
                                                                                                     Esplanade have raised the average height             development of tall buildings out of town.
     can deliver a number of well-recognised
                                                                                                     of development in the south-west of town
     benefits, for example helping to:
                                                                                                     to between five and seven storeys. Outside           Tall buildings do, though, offer the
     • support regeneration in town, by offsetting                                                   of town, tall buildings are very rare and            advantages of higher-density development,
       the high cost of land, so providing a                                                         are limited to a small number of residential         including supporting regeneration and
       commercial incentive to bring vacant,                                                         schemes, such as those at Le Marais.                 helping to protect open countryside and
       derelict and under-used land back into use                                                                                                         green fields in the rest of the island from
                                                                                                                                                          development.
     • protect open countryside and green fields
       from development                                                                                                                                   Tall buildings can also have a significant
                                                                                                                                                          visual impact on the character of an area,
     • provide a critical mass to support and
                                                                                                                                                          and increasing densities can create pressure
       sustain public transport and community
                                                                                                                                                          on existing infrastructure, unless additional
       services
                                                                                                                                                          provision is made.
     • make basement parking economically
       viable
     • create more favourable conditions for                                                          Question 12:                                          Question 13:
       investment in infrastructure and the public                                                    Which of the following statements                     If the development of tall
       realm                                                                                          do you most agree with?                               buildings were allowed, which of
     • improve energy efficiency and reduce                                                           (please select one)                                   the following statements do you
       carbon emissions                                      Question 11:                                                                                   most agree with?
     • encourage positive social interaction and             Which of the following                   • we should allow the development of tall             (please select one)
       sense of community.                                   statements do you most agree               buildings.
                                                             with? (please select one)                • we should only allow the development                • we should allow the development of
                                                                                                        of tall buildings in exceptional                      tall buildings in certain parts of the
     Higher density developments do raise design                                                        circumstances.                                        Town of St Helier (please specify).
                                                             • we should seek lower densities than
     challenges and often require more innovative
                                                               we do now, recognising that this       • we should not allow the development of              • we should allow the development of
     and imaginative design approaches to create
                                                               would need more land to deliver the      tall buildings.                                       tall buildings throughout the Town of St
     high-quality, attractive and healthy living
                                                               development we need.                                                                           Helier (see figure 2).
     environments. Larger high-density residential
     developments can also impact on the local               • we should seek higher densities of                                                           • we should allow the development
     character of an area and can create pressure              development, recognising that this                                                             of tall buildings in other parts of the
     on existing communities and community                     would need less land to deliver the                                                            island, including town and elsewhere
     infrastructure.                                           development we need.                                                                           (please specify).
                                                             • we should adopt a flexible approach
     In higher density areas it is important that              and assess each site on a case-by-
                                                                                                                                                            Submit your answers here
     complementary developments ensure that                    case basis.
     all residents can enjoy their neighbourhood,
     accessing open space, play facilities and
                                                             Submit your answer here
     other community infrastructure.
36   A sustainable island environment         Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                         A sustainable island environment   Island Plan 2021 - 2030   37

     Travel and transport
                                                                                                                 Question 14:
     How we travel and transport people and                Reducing the use of petrol and diesel vehicles
     goods has an effect on the local and global           will be vital in any plan to achieve a carbon         How important is it to you that
     environment, people’s health, and the                 neutral future for Jersey. Transport accounts         new development in the island
     overall quality of life that we might enjoy in        for around a third of local greenhouse                is located in places that might
     Jersey.                                               gas emissions. Reducing people’s need                 enable people to travel less or
                                                           to travel – giving them a choice of a more            to make shorter journeys?
     Jersey is a small place and there is huge
                                                           environmentally friendly option, such as              • very important
     potential to create a transport system that
                                                           walking or cycling, or reducing the distance
     is balanced in favour of sustainable modes
                                                           that they need to travel – can contribute to          • important
     of transport – walking, cycling and public
                                                           delivering a carbon-neutral island.                   • not important
     transport. The Common Strategic Policy
     recognises the role that active travel and            By ensuring that new development is well              • not at all important
     transport networks can play in delivering             located to workplaces, schools and shops,
     great liveable communities, in order to               and good transport routes, means that people          • don’t know
     achieve a vibrant, inclusive and healthy              may need to travel less and, if they do need
     island. The new Island Plan will need to help         to travel, their journey lengths may be shorter.      Question 15:
     deliver this objective.                               This helps to provide people with genuine
                                                                                                                 How important is it to you
                                                           choices about how they get around.
     But the car currently dominates our transport                                                               that new development in the
     system and pattern of movement. This                  To achieve this, we would need to focus               island is located in places
     results in congestion, localised poor air             new development in those areas of the                 where people can access good
     quality and greenhouse gas emissions, and             island where employment opportunities,
     a higher rate of accidents.                                                                                 bus routes, cycle paths and
                                                           schools, shopping and other services exist.
                                                           This generally means the town of St Helier.           footpath routes?
     There are more than 20,000 peak-period
                                                           It can also be achieved by delivering new
     vehicle movements into and out of St Helier
                                                           development where there is good access                • very important
     each day, meaning peak-hour congestion
                                                           to local services, frequent buses, or good
     is a feature of life for many islanders. Peak                                                               • important
                                                           walking and cycling routes.
     period travel on key routes has reduced
                                                                                                                 • not important
     by 5% since 2010 (while population has
     increased by 9%), but this may be balanced                                                                  • not at all important
     by increased travel outside of the peak
                                                                                                                 • don’t know
     period. Certainly, much of the island’s road
     infrastructure – which is constrained and
     cannot be expanded – is at or near capacity.                                                                Submit your answers here
     The use of sustainable and active modes of
     travel is increasing in Jersey: bus ridership
     has increased by more than 30% since
     2013, with 4.76 million passengers in 2018;
     evidence also shows that cycle use is the
     highest it has ever been, and that walking
     to work during peak hour remains high.
     Compared to other places though, our
     rates of cycling and public transport use
     are relatively low, and the predominant use
     of road space by vehicular traffic continues
     to detract from the quality of our town and
     public realm.
38   A sustainable island environment                   Island Plan 2021 - 2030                                                                                                   39

                                                                                                                   A sustainable island
                                                                                                                   economy
                                                                                                                   The planning system can support all sectors of the island’s
     Figure 3: The highlighted area shows St Helier's core retail area
                                                                         Question 16:                              economy and we need to plan for the needs of the economy
     Use of road space                                                   To what extent do you agree               over the next ten years. But we need to consider how best we
     An intricate network of roads, lanes and                            with each of the following                should do this and how flexible we should be around the use
     streets knit Jersey together, and form an                           statements? (Give one answer              of land and buildings, particularly in the countryside.
     important part of our 'public realm'. Many                          for each statement)
     roads and streets cater for high volumes of
     movement by vehicles and/or pedestrians,                            a) We should give greater priority to
     while others are quiet local streets. Streets                       pedestrians, cyclists and buses on the    We also want your views about the options available to us to
     and roads are also places where people shop,                        roads and streets of St Helier’s core     source minerals – crushed rock and sand – to support the
     visit for leisure or tourism or form an important                   retail area (see fig. 3)
     part of their local neighbourhoods.                                                                           island’s development needs, and to deal with its waste.
     There is a growing need to provide high                             b) We should give greater priority to
     quality places to make Jersey – and                                 pedestrians, cyclists and buses on the
     particularly St Helier – a more attractive place                    Town of St Helier’s (see fig. 2 on page
     to live, work and visit. Recent tourism and                         32) network of roads and streets.
     retail studies have highlighted the need to
     improve St Helier’s public realm, by which
     we mean its streets and public spaces,                              c) We should give greater priority to
     particularly in its core retail area (see figure 3).                pedestrians, cyclists and buses on the
                                                                         island’s wider network of roads, lanes
     Reducing the volume and dominance of
                                                                         and streets outside St Helier.
     motor traffic would improve how pedestrians
     and cyclists experience our roads, lanes
     and streets. Some dedicated cycle routes
                                                                         • strongly agree
     have already been created, but to continue
     to improve cycling facilities a reallocation of                     • agree
     road space – involving a change in priority for                     • neither agree nor disagree
     our car-dominated roads – will be required.
     This would affect traffic flows – potentially                       • disagree
     requiring traffic-free routes – and kerb-                           • strongly disagree
     side parking on different parts of our road
     network.                                                            • don’t know

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