MASTER PLAN PLASTICS AND CHEMISTRY - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE BERLIN-BRANDENBURG CAPITAL REGION - Cluster ...
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MASTER PLAN PLASTICS AND CHEMISTRY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE BERLIN-BRANDENBURG CAPITAL REGION
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Contents 5 Contents 1 Introduction and framework����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8 1.1 Tasks of the Cluster�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������8 1.2 Tasks of the Master Plan – necessity of updating��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������9 1.3 Overall objectives and political framework�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������10 2 The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenburg��������������������������������������������������������������� 12 2.1 Sector structure���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������12 2.2 Research landscape in Brandenburg������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������12 2.3 Networks with relevance to the Cluster Plastics and Chemistry��������������������������������������������������������������������������������19 3 Strategy of the direction of the fields of action�������������������������������������������������������������������� 24 3.1 Opportunities – challenges – framework�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������24 3.2 Further development of the existing structure of the fields of action�������������������������������������������������������������������������26 4 Fields of action������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 30 4.1 Specialist fields of action�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������30 4.2 Cross-sectoral fields of action������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������45 5 Key focal points and guidelines��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 56 5.1 Digitalisation �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������57 5.2 Real-world laboratories and test fields ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������58 5.3 Work 4.0 and skilled employees��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������59 5.4 Start-ups and new businesses ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������59 5.5 Strengthen cross-clusters �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������59 5.6 Internationalisation ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������61 6 Imprint ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 64
8 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Introduction and framework 1 Introduction and framework With the Master Plan of 2014, the Cluster Plastics and The Master Plan is based on the Regional Innovation Strat- Chemistry Brandenburg focused on three specific fields of egy of the State of Brandenburg, which will be updated in action with particularly high innovation potential and growth 2019 as innoBB 2025 plus and will provide new impetus opportunities in the market: “Bio-based speciality chem- to make technological, economic and social developments icals”, “Biopolymers” and “Lightweight construction/com- a success for the region. The key focal topics “Digitalisa- posites”. In addition, there were three cross-sectoral topics tion”, “Real-world laboratories and test fields”, “Work 4.0 of relevance to the industry: “Locations for the plastics and and skilled employees” as well as “Start-ups and new busi- chemical industry”, “Logistics for the plastics and chemical nesses” set the framework for the further development of industry” and “Securing skilled employees for the plastics the Cluster and for mastering the challenges in a dynam- and chemical industry”. The results in terms of content and ic environment. structure achieved in the Cluster together with the players from industry and scientific institutions have had an impact In essence, the Master Plan consists of a presentation and are based on agreements in the Master Plan. of the fields of action with the respective strategic object ives. Exemplary thematic areas within the fields of action However, the framework has changed significantly since the are used to outline current and emerging opportunities in publication of the first Master Plan in 2014; particularly the Brandenburg and to highlight particular priorities for action. global challenges in the field of sustainability have continued The measures and activities proposed by the Cluster play- to increase. The structural change in Brandenburg is already ers in the course of the Master Plan process are compiled associated with massive transformations of the framework in a separate Cluster document and updated throughout the of the industrial economy as well as the employment fields ongoing work in the Cluster. of the working population. This updated Master Plan active- ly addresses new challenges with the field of action “Mar- kets and technologies”. Furthermore, the Cluster is facing 1.1 Tasks of the Cluster new challenges in the context of digitalisation. This circum- stance is also taken into account in this update of the Mas- The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry regards itself as a support- ter Plan Plastics and Chemistry Brandenburg. ing and driving link between industry and science, networks and lobbies, chambers, politics and public administration in Both the plastics industry as well as the chemical indus- Brandenburg as part of the industrial nation of Germany. In try are undergoing change. Sustainability is a topic that the this capacity, it acts as a signpost and impulse generator with Cluster Plastics and Chemistry has been working on for the aim of actively supporting all partners and securing and some time. Many companies and institutions are already developing the innovative and competitive capacity of the re- facing this challenge today. Sustainability here means not gional economy. To this end, knowledge and competencies only ecological goals but also social and economic sustain- are expanded in a targeted and demand-oriented manner and ability, so that product and process innovations can develop opportunities are identified for the Cluster players in order to their full effect. The new Master Plan therefore anchors the jointly master the challenges in the industries. idea of sustainability as a model for the plastics and chem- ical industry in Brandenburg and seizes it as an opportuni- To achieve this, the Cluster offers its players active, coordin ty for the competitiveness and future viability of the Cluster ating and communicative support in players. In the coalition agreement of the Brandenburg state government, which was drawn up at the same time as the • the identification of innovation and growth potential Master Plan, it was explicitly agreed that all Master Plans should be focused on ecological and social challenges.1 All • networking and development of cooperation projects fields of action of the Master Plan will actively address this demand. • the promotion of knowledge and technology transfer 1 Coalition agreement of the parties SPD, CDU and Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, version dated 25/10/2019, https://www.brandenburg.de/media/ bb1.a.3780.de/191024_Koalitionsvertrag_Endfassung.pdf, accessed 13/11/2019.
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Introduction and framework 9 • networking the players and internationalisation of the the support of the Cluster. In 2017 and 2018 alone, 58 pro- Cluster jects were initiated, which involve not only regional but also national and international partners and partners from other • identification and development of synergies with other clusters (cross-clusters).2 clusters With the campaign “Nachhaltig heute in Brandenburg” • securing and developing a skilled workforce [“Brandenburg – Sustainable Today”], launched in 2017, a special focus is already being placed on the topic of sustain- • ensuring an optimal logistics connection to regional ability. The campaign’s web presence illustrates in words, markets pictures and video where sustainable management, work and research is already being carried out in Brandenburg • ensuring decent work in cooperation with company today.3 co-determination • the presentation of the performance and innovation 1.2 Tasks of the Master Plan – necessity of capability of the Cluster as well as the acting players updating through active Cluster marketing The Master Plan is a common strategic working basis and Acting in a coordinating function, the Cluster management design tool of the Cluster in the cooperation of industry, represents the interface between the individual players and science, administration and economic development of the committees. The Cluster is represented externally by the State of Brandenburg. It lays the foundation for the Cluster Cluster spokesperson. The Cluster Advisory Board, consist- work of the coming years. ing of representatives from industry, science, associations, networks and social partners as well as the state govern- The aim of the Master Plan is to identify technological and ment and the Economic Development Agency Brandenburg application-related research, development and innovation (WFBB), is responsible for the strategic and c ontent-related topics that are of current and future importance, both from in- orientation of the Cluster as a whole and the goals pur- dustry and science, including the cross-sectoral and integra- sued in the individual fields of action. The Cluster Advisory tive topics relevant to the Cluster, in order to then coordinate Board is headed by the Cluster spokesperson. In the indi- them within the framework of the objectives of the innovation vidual fields of action, field spokespersons are responsible strategy of the State of Brandenburg (innoBB 2025 plus) and for ensuring the exchange of information between the play- implement them with the available resources. ers involved and coordinating measures for the further de- velopment of the fields of action. As the Cluster has evolved since the publication of the first Master Plan in June 2014, so has the framework that influ- Cluster work has achieved numerous successes in recent ences work in the Cluster’s industries. Changes in the regu- years, which are reflected in economic statistics and concrete latory environment have to be taken into account, as do new measures. For instance, since 2014, the Innovation Prize for content-related key focal points in the Cluster industries Plastics and Chemistry has been awarded by the Ministry and economic and technical developments, especially on for Economic Affairs, Labour and Energy to companies that sustainability issues. provide new impetus with outstanding ideas and solutions. Innovative ideas are also at the forefront of the research and development projects that were and are being initiated with 2 Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labour and Energy (ed.) (2019): Jahresbericht 2018 zum Ergebnis- und Wirkungsmonitoring. [2018 Annual Report on Results and Effects Monitoring] Cluster Plastics and Chemistry, Potsdam. 3 Initiative “Nachhaltig heute in Brandenburg” [“Brandenburg – Sustainable Today”] of the Economic Development Agency Brandenburg (WFBB) to highlight the various entrepreneurial efforts for sustainability and to encourage people and companies to get involved in Brandenburg in a sustainable way, https://nachhaltigheute.de/.
10 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Introduction and framework 1.3 Overall objectives and political 2019 to 2024, especially with a central commitment to sus- framework tainability and the sustainability strategy of the federal government6. The State of Brandenburg already has a sus- The Master Plan is based on the requirements of the play- tainability strategy7 which aims to align the economy to- ers of the Cluster. In addition, there are overriding objectives wards sustainable development and to use the economic and political frameworks that are substantiated in strategies potential of natural resources for sustainable regional devel- and laws at state, federal and European level. These must opment. This is being revised and aligned8 with the United be taken into account when formulating the Master Plan. Nations Agenda 2030. The Regional Innovation Strategy of the State of Branden- The Master Plan is also based on the “Brandenburg In- burg updated in 2019 (innoBB 2025 plus4) for the four dustrial Policy Guidelines”9, which identify innovation Brandenburg-specific clusters has a structuring influence on and digitalisation as well as securing skilled employees and the work of the Cluster Plastics and Chemistry and defines the qualification as important operative fields of action. strategic framework of innovation policy and thus the content orientation of the clusters to complement the Joint Innovation At the national level, it is particularly the “High-Tech Strategy Strategy of the States of Berlin and Brandenburg (innoBB 2025”10 that points the way forward with its objectives of “sub- 20255). The innoBB 2025 plus formulates guidelines that stantially reducing the input of plastics into the environment”, provide for an expansion and opening of innovation efforts achieving “extensive greenhouse gas neutrality for industry” and a prioritisation of sustainable innovations. Cross-indus- and “sustainable management in cycles”. The “National Bi- try, cross-cluster cooperation and the international presence oeconomy Strategy”11 takes this up with the objectives of of the clusters are to be reinforced. A further focus is on the “expanding biological knowledge through research, creating creation of innovative value chains. An increased use of bi- bio-based innovations through biological knowledge, con- ogenic raw and residual materials in line with a sustainable serving natural resources through bio-based innovations, bioeconomy is also planned. The focus will also be on the re- combining ecology and economy through resource conserva- pair and recycling possibilities of materials and components. tion, ensuring sustainability through bioeconomic solutions”. The key focal points for the clusters were identified as digital- isation, real-world laboratories and test fields, Work 4.0 and At the European level, the strategy “A sustainable bio skilled employees as well as start-ups. A detailed presenta- economy for Europe”12, which pursues the goal of a sustain- tion of the interrelation of the objectives, measures and activ- able and circular European bioeconomy, and the “European ities of the fields of action with the innovation strategy of the Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy”13, which aims state is provided in Chapter 5 Key focal points and guidelines. at an “intelligent, innovative and sustainable plastics indus- try”, support the efforts of the federal government, the state The coalition agreement of the new state government and the Cluster Plastics and Chemistry to create a sustain specifies concrete key focal points for the legislative period able plastics and chemical industry. 4 innoBB 2025 plus | Regional Innovation Strategy of the State of Brandenburg innoBB 2025 plus, adopted on 4 June 2019 by the Government of the State of Brandenburg. 5 Joint innovation strategy of the States of Berlin and Brandenburg innoBB 2025, adopted by the two state governments in January 2019. 6 The Federal Government (2018): Deutsche Nachhaltigkeitsstrategie – Aktualisierung 2018 [German Sustainability Strategy – Update 2018], https://www.bundesregierung.de/resource/blob/975274/1546450/65089964ed4a2ab07ca8a4919e09e0af/2018-11-07-aktualisi- erung-dns-2018-data.pdf?download=1, accessed 13/11/2019. 7 Ministry of the Environment, Health and Consumer Protection (2014): “natürlich. nachhaltig. Brandenburg. Nachhaltigkeitsstrategie für das Land Brandenburg” [natural. sustainable. Brandenburg. Sustainability Strategy for the State of Brandenburg], Potsdam. 8 Coalition agreement of 25/10/2019, Chapter 4 “Sustainability”, p. 58. 9 Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labour and Energy of the State of Brandenburg (2019): Leitlinien Industriepolitik Brandenburg [Brandenburg Industrial Policy Guidelines], Potsdam. 10 Federal Ministry of Education and Research (2018): Hightech-Strategie 2025. Forschung und Innovation für die Generationen heute und morgen [High-tech strategy 2025. Research and innovation for today’s and tomorrow’s generations], Berlin. 11 Bioeconomic Strategy of the Federal Government, Cabinet version, 15/01/2020. 12 European Commission (2018): A sustainable bioeconomy for Europe: strengthening the connection between economy, society and the environment. Updated Bioeconomy Strategy, Brussels. 13 European Commission (2018): European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy. COM (2018) 28 final, Brussels.
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 11 2 T he Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenburg
12 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 2 The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenburg 2.1 Sector structure 2.2 Research landscape in Brandenburg Plastics and chemicals are two industry sectors that shape The diverse knowledge and research landscape of the cap- Brandenburg’s economy and have a regional and national ital region Berlin-Brandenburg with its considerable concen- impact. As suppliers to many industries, both at home and tration of universities and non-university research institutes abroad, the companies in the Cluster make an important in the field of plastics and chemistry provides an indispens contribution to the global value creation network with their able basis for a strong location. From basic research and ap- products and services. plication-oriented development to qualification in the various sub-disciplines, the region is home to institutions that have Together, the Cluster comprises 13,620 employees subject made a name for themselves as teaching and research loca- to social insurance contributions, who generate a turnover tions on a regional, national and international level and are of around 3.73 billion euros in 571 companies.14 The figures recognised as partners for the regional economy. below show how many companies were listed in Branden- burg in 2018 with more than 20 employees subject to social 2.2.1 University locations insurance contributions: Five universities in Brandenburg work on research topics specific to plastics and chemistry and also provide services. • 32 chemical companies In addition, some of the universities offer expertise in produc- tion technology and digitalisation. There are also universities • 81 companies manufacturing plastic and rubber in neighbouring states with which the Cluster cooperates products15 closely. Examples are listed in the following table. This makes the Cluster Plastics and Chemistry one of the smaller Brandenburg-specific clusters, albeit one that is eco- nomically very powerful. Companies in the plastics and chemical industry, ranging from regionally oriented microenterprises to global corpor ations, are spread throughout the state and contribute to economic development and employment. Furthermore, there are the chemical and industrial locations S chwedt/ Oder, Premnitz, Guben, Schwarze Pumpe and Schwarzhei- de as well as the Prignitz region and the Ruppiner Land with their mix of medium-sized and structurally significant large companies. 14 Data on the number of companies and turnover refer to the year 2017, data on employees subject to social insurance contributions refer to the year 2018. Source: Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (2019). 15 Source: Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg, 2018.
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 13 14 24 20 Prenzlau Szczecin 19 UCKERMARK 14 PRIGNITZ OSTPRIGNITZ- 11 RUPPIN Perleberg OBERHAVEL Neuruppin BARNIM 24 4 Eberswalde Oranienburg 10 MÄRKISCH- Rathenow HAVELLAND 10 ODERLAND 1 10 C A 9 6 Seelow I D 7 3 11 E BERLIN H F B G Słubice 12 14 10 8 2 C POTSDAM- ODER-SPREE 2 MITTELMARK Magdeburg 13 Beeskow Bad Belzig Luckenwalde DAHME- 9 SPREEWALD TELTOW- FLÄMING 14 Lübben SPREE- (Spreewald) NEISSE OBER- 2 36 SPREE- C Forst (Lausitz) WALD- 15 Herzberg (Elster) LAUSITZ 9 13 ELBE-ELSTER Halle/Saale 2 Senftenberg Leipzig 38 38 143 C 14 38 5 38 13 10 Figure 1: Universities (numbers) and non-university research institutes (letters) related to the Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenburg
14 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur Table 1: Universities with Cluster relevance in Brandenburg and neighbouring federal states, including a selection of their key focal points University Key focal points (selection) 1. Beuth University of Applied Department II – Mathematics – Physics – Chemistry Sciences, Berlin Department VIII – Mechanical Engineering, Event Technology, www.beuth-hochschule.de Process Engineering, Laboratories • Inorganic and analytical chemistry and services • Chemical and pharmaceutical technology • Plastics processing and testing • Organic and macromolecular chemistry and services • Physical chemistry • Thermal process engineering 2. Brandenburg University Faculty 2 – Environment and Natural Sciences of Technology Institute of Materials Chemistry Cottbus-Senftenberg • Inorganic chemistry • Materials chemistry www.b-tu.de • Organic and pharmaceutical chemistry • Physical chemistry • Technical chemistry • Polymer materials Institute of Environmental and Process Engineering • Chemical reaction technology • Process and plant technology Faculty 3 – Mechanical Engineering, Electrical and Energy Systems Institute of Mechanical Engineering and Management • Biopolymers and plastics processing • Materials science • Factory planning and operation Institute of Production Research • Polymer-based lightweight design 3. FU Berlin Department of Biology, Chemistry, Pharmacy • Biochemistry and relationship to pharmacy www.fu-berlin.de • Supramolecular architectures at biological interfaces • Molecular research, stereoselective and macromolecular synthesis • Biomedical research, medical biochemistry, and structural biochemistry • Nanoscale functional materials, nanotechnology • Function and chemical reactivity
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 15 4. Eberswalde University for Faculty of Wood Engineering Sustainable Development • Working Groups Chemistry and Physics of Wood and madera wood research www.hnee.de 5. Merseburg University of Department of Engineering and Natural Sciences Applied Sciences • Chemical and environmental technology • Green engineering www.hs-merseburg.de • Mechanical engineering, mechatronics, physics 6. Humboldt University of Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Berlin Institute of Chemistry • General and inorganic chemistry www.hu-berlin.de • Analytical and environmental chemistry • Organic and bio-organic chemistry • Physical chemistry • Theoretical chemistry 7. Brandenburg University of Department of Engineering Applied Sciences • e.g. manufacturing and production technology, materials testing, etc. Department of Business and Management www.th-brandenburg.de • e.g. production optimisation and logistics systems, etc. 8. Wildau Technical University Research field 4: Production and Materials of Applied Sciences • Research Group Composite Material Technologies • Research Group Polymer High-Performance Materials www.th-wildau.de • Research Group Transport Logistics IMEP Institute for Material, Development and Production Institute of Life Sciences and Biomedical Technologies • Biosystems technology, including characterisation of conductive or switchable polymers, investigation of polymer films • Research Group Microsystems Technology/Systems Integration, including polymers for medical technology Joint lab: Leibniz Institute IHP/TH Wildau • Photonics, laser and plasma technologies, including validation and further development of electron-activated vacuum deposition (EVD) for the deposition of thin, defect-free polymer or polymer composite layers • Research Group Polymer High-Performance Materials • Research Group Microsystems Technology/Systems Integration, including polymers for medical technology • Research Group Transport Logistics • Department of Factory Planning and Factory Operation with the model factory “Zentrum Effiziente Fabrik Senftenberg” (ZEF)
16 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 9. TU Berlin Faculty II – Mathematics and Natural Sciences Institute of Chemistry www.tu-berlin.de • Inorganic and analytical chemistry • Organic chemistry • Physical and theoretical chemistry • Technical chemistry with a variety of specialised fields, including bioinorganic chemistry, natural product-oriented synthesis chemistry, biocatalysis, bioenergetics of solar fuels Faculty III – Process Sciences Department of Polymer Technology and Polymer Physics • Plastics in the manufacturing process • Material and component development, including natural fibre composites, renewable raw materials, recycling of plastic products • Medical technology applications 10. TU Dresden School of Science Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Food Chemistry www.tu-dresden.de • Inorganic chemistry • Organic chemistry • Physical chemistry • Analytical chemistry • Macromolecular chemistry • Food chemistry • Biochemistry School of Engineering Sciences Faculty of Mechanical Engineering • Process engineering and natural materials technology • Materials science • Mechanical engineering 11. University of Potsdam Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Institute of Chemistry, working/research groups: www.uni-potsdam.de • Inorganic chemistry • Organic and analytical chemistry • Physical and theoretical chemistry • Polymer and colloid chemistry • Didactics of chemistry • Functional nanostructures
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 17 2.2.2 Non-university research institutes specialised spectrum of expertise in the field of plastics and The non-university research institutes based in Branden- chemistry. In addition, there is cooperation with non-univer- burg with relevance to the Cluster have a broad and highly sity research institutes in Berlin. Table 2: Non-university research institutes with Cluster relevance in Brandenburg including a selection of their key focal points Research institute Key focal points (selection) A. Federal Institute for Materials Departments Research and Testing (BAM) • Analytical chemistry; reference materials • Chemical safety engineering www.bam.de • Containment of hazardous goods • Material and environment • Materials science • Material protection and surface technology • Non-destructive testing B. German Research Centre for Department of Geochemistry Geosciences (GFZ) • Inorganic and isotopic geochemistry • Organic geochemistry www.gfz-potsdam.de • Fluid system modelling • Interfacial geochemistry • Chemistry and physics of geomaterials C. Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Biopolymers Polymer Research (IAP) • Lignocellulose • Starch modification / Molecular properties www.iap.fraunhofer.de • Fibre technology • Material development and structural characterisation Functional polymer systems • Functional materials and components • Polymers and electronics • Chromogenic polymers • Sensors and actuators Synthesis and polymer technology • Microencapsulation/Particle applications • Polymer synthesis • Membranes and functional films • Shape memory polymers
18 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur Life science and bioprocesses • Functional protein systems • Biomaterials and healthcare • Biological building blocks and bioprocess development Pilot Plant Centre PAZ (Saxony-Anhalt) • Polymer synthesis • Polymer processing Polymer materials and composites PYCO • Thermosets • Polymer development • Construction • Simulation • Multi-material design • Semi-finished products, materials, FRP • Manufacturing process • Recycling & repair • Alternative curing methods • Fire protection in the groups • Polymer development • Semi-finished products • Design & manufacturing • Testing & analytics Center for Applied Nanotechnology CAN (Hamburg) • Quantum materials • Nanomedical applications • Home and personal care • Nanoscale energy and structural materials D. Fritz Haber Institute of the Departments Max Planck Society • Inorganic chemistry • Interfacial science www.fhi-berlin.mpg.de • Physical chemistry E. Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Division Renewable Energies Materials and Energy • e.g. electrochemical conversion of CO2 www.helmholtz-berlin.de Division Energy Materials • including catalysis for energy
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 19 F. Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Institute of Biomaterial Science GmbH • M ultifunctional, polymer-based materials for applications in regenerative medicine www.hzg.de G. Institut für Dünnschichttechno- • Development of synthesis processes for speciality chemicals logie und Mikrosensorik e. V. • Polymers, including synthesis of thermostable polymers and electrically (IDM) conductive polymers www.idm-teltow.de H. Max Planck Institute of Colloids Colloid Chemistry and Interfaces • Synthesis of colloidal structures of polymeric units • Biorefinery and sustainable chemistry www.mpikg.mpg.de • Novel self-assembly polymers • Old chemistry for new advanced materials Mechano(bio)chemistry I. Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Departments Engineering and Bioeconomy • Bioengineering (ATB) • Technology assessment and substance cycles www.atb-potsdam.de Research programm • Material and energetic use of biomass 2.3 Networks with relevance to the Cluster KB – Arbeitgeber- und Wirtschaftsverband der A Plastics and Chemistry Kunststoff Verarbeitenden Industrie Berlin-Brandenburg The companies, science and employees in the Cluster Plas- The employers’ and trade association of the plastics tics and Chemistry Brandenburg are supported by networks, processing industry in Berlin and Brandenburg, AKB, repre- chambers, industry and business associations, trade unions sents the economic and sociopolitical interests of companies and other stakeholders with their contributions to the devel- in the plastics processing industry in the Berlin-Brandenburg opment of chemical and plastics companies in the State of region. Brandenburg. www.akb-kunststoff.de In addition to links with the regionally active players, the Cluster also maintains close cooperation with clusters and networks that operate across borders.
20 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur undesverband Deutsche Startups e. V. – Chemie B Composites United e. V. (CU) Plattform CU (formerly Carbon Composites) is an association of com- The association has represented more than 900 start-ups panies and research institutes from Germany, Austria and in Germany since 2012. The Chemicals Platform from the Switzerland, which are also active in Brandenburg in the federal association of German start-ups (Bundesverband field of high-performance fibre-reinforced composites, and Deutsche Startups e. V. – Chemie Plattform) actively ad- has over 200 members. dresses strategic and structural developments. The Chem- icals Platform sees itself as a contact for sustainable and www.composites-united.com digital change in chemistry. w ww.deutschestartups.org/community/plattformen/ chemie/ VS – Deutscher Verband für Schweißen und D verwandte Verfahren e. V. The DVS is a technical-scientific association that focuses on the dialogue between all players and on research into joints, VP Berlin-Brandenburgischer Verband für B including in the non-metallic field. The members are organ- Polymerforschung ised in thematic and regional working groups. The BVP is an association of universities, non-university re- search institutes, companies and other players with the aim w ww.die-verbindungs-spezialisten.de of promoting, coordinating and systematically developing polymer research and teaching in Berlin and Brandenburg. bvp.physik.hu-berlin.de FIRM e. V. FIRM is a network oriented towards regional project devel- opment and technology transfer. Its aim is to strengthen the innovative competence and competitiveness of research CeChemNet Central European Chemical Network and development institutions in connection with companies CeChemNet is an inter-site network linking six chemical and local administrations in the long term. parks in Central Germany. w ww.firm-ev.de www.cechemnet.de KV Gesamtverband Kunststoffverarbeitende G Cluster Chemistry/Plastics Central Germany Industrie e. V. A cross-state platform initiated by the industry and com- The GKV is the umbrella organisation of the German plastics prising SMEs, associations, educational and research insti- processing industry. In this role, it pools and represents the tutes, service providers, politicians and administrations in common interests of its member associations and communi Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. cates these interests to politicians and the general public. www.cluster-chemie-kunststoffe.de www.gkv.de
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur 21 hambers of Crafts Cottbus, Frankfurt (Oder) and C Netzwerk Leichtbau Metall Brandenburg (LMB) Potsdam The network includes companies and institutions involved The Chambers of Crafts are the partner of their members, in lightweight metal construction and hybrid components. the general public and politicians. They support their mem- In addition to lightweight construction with metals, hybrid bers in their daily challenges and take up future trends and components are also considered as lightweight construc- offer potential solutions, from basic, further and advanced tion solutions. training to operational guidance and the application of tech- nical innovations. w ww.leichtbau-bb.de www.hwk-cottbus.de www.hwk-ff.de www.hwk-potsdam.de NORKUN – Norddeutsches Kunststoff Netzwerk NORKUN is a technology-oriented network with the purpose of supporting cooperation between research, development and industry and the transfer of knowledge in the production, IG BCE Landesbezirk Nordost processing and application of plastics internationally and in The north-east regional district of the industrial union repre- the northern German federal states. In addition, research ca- sents the interests of its members from the mining, chem- pacities for SMEs are arranged, young talent for this industry ical and energy industries (IG BCE) in the states of Berlin, is promoted in schools as well as in the vocational and uni- Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony versity education, and lobbying and qualified external rep- and Saxony-Anhalt. The IG BCE is the initiator and design- resentation for this industry is pursued. er of “decent work” and fair payment. w ww.norkun-saz.de https://nordost.igbce.de PlasticsEurope Deutschland e. V. hambers of Commerce and Industry Cottbus, C Association of Plastics Manufacturers in Germany and East Brandenburg and Potsdam part of the pan-European organisation PlasticsEurope. The Chambers of Commerce and Industry are the self-gov- PlasticsEurope is one of the leading European trade as- erning organisations of the commercial economy in the re- sociations. The association maintains centres in Brussels, spective districts. The main tasks include promoting the Frankfurt, L ondon, Madrid, Milan and Paris and cooperates economy in the districts, advocating the overall interests of closely with other European and national plastics associa- the associated companies and promoting, for example, ap- tions. More than 100 member companies produce more than prenticeships and training. 90% of the plastics in the 27 EU member states and Croatia, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. w ww.cottbus.ihk.de w ww.ihk-ostbrandenburg.de w ww.plasticseurope.de w ww.ihk-potsdam.de Kunststoff-Verbund Brandenburg Berlin KuVBB e. V. The Kunststoff-Verbund Brandenburg Berlin stands for the cooperation, training and public relations of all interested parties in this industry and maintains contacts to other net- works and the relevant political bodies. w ww.kuvbb.de
22 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – The Cluster Plastics and Chemistry Brandenbur POLYKUM e. V. CI Verband der Chemischen Industrie e. V., V Due to the important, historically well-established structure Landesverband Nordost of its local chemicals and plastics industry, Saxony-Anhalt The Landesverband Nordost of the Verband der Chemischen was early in developing a stable network landscape, which Industrie e. V. (North-East Chemical Association of the Ger- also has an impact on Brandenburg. A typical example is the man Chemical Industry Association, VCI) represents the eco- activity of POLYKUM e. V. “Association for the Promotion of nomic policy interests of its member companies. It represents Polymer Development and Plastics Technology in Central the interests of the chemical-pharmaceutical industry of the Germany” [“Fördergemeinschaft für Polymerentwicklung und states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomer- Kunststofftechnik in Mitteldeutschland”]. The network aims to ania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia towards policy- increase the competitiveness of the network players through makers, authorities, organisations, media and the public. It is intensive cooperation and mutual support within the frame- integrated into the VCI network at federal level and in Brus- work of a cooperation network. sels. The member companies can contribute to shaping opin- ion by actively participating in the bodies, committees and www.polykum.de working groups of the Landesverband Nordost. w ww.nordostchemie.de PolymerMat e. V. PolymerMat e. V. is a network which pools the interests of the companies of the plastics industry in Thuringia. It provides a DI Verein Deutscher Ingenieure, Bezirksverein V platform for cooperation between companies in the plastics Berlin-Brandenburg e. V. industry in innovation and in the implementation of new tech- The VDI is an association representing engineers and tech- nological excellence in the plastics sector. The aim of the as- nology. The Bezirksverein (BV) Berlin-Brandenburg is one sociation is to support its members, to increase their scope of 45 VDI district associations. In its region, it is responsible of action through (joint) innovations and to strengthen and for supporting its currently around 6,000 members and all expand their market position. Together with POLYKUM e. V., those interested in technology. events are planned and carried out to increase the visibility of activities in the economic region of Central Germany. Working group Plastics Technology The working group Plastics Technology has set itself the task www.polymermat.de of presenting the diversity of plastics, their production, pro- cessing and possible applications to engineers and support- ing them in their daily requirements. POLYSAX www.vdi-bb.de/ak/kunststoff.php POLYSAX – Bildungszentrum Kunststoffe Bautzen e. V. – is an initiative of industry and industry-related institutions and Working group Plastics and Lightweight Construction at the same time a platform for vocational education training Technologies Cottbus at the Brandenburg University of in plastics technology, university courses in industrial engi- Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg neering specialising in plastics technology and in-house train- The working group has set itself the general task of present- ing/qualification in Saxony. POLYSAX is your contact for an ing plastic-based lightweight construction technologies as inspiring, technically demanding apprenticeship or a univer- a cross-sectoral technology to all players through various sity course at one of the many companies in the plastics pro- events and networking them to pursue activities in this field. cessing industry in Saxony, as well as for opportunities for in-house training. www.vdi-bb.de/ak/kunststoffe_cb.php w ww.polysax.de
3 S trategy of the direction of the fields of action
24 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Strategy of the direction of the fields of action 3 Strategy of the direction of the fields of action Since 2014, the fields of action “Bio-based speciality chem already been taken up as a challenge. In addition to the up- icals”, “Biopolymers”, “Lightweight construction/composites”, grading of the companies through digitally supported pro- “Locations”, “Logistics” and “Securing skilled employees for duction and business processes, the logistics connection is the plastics and chemical industry” have had numerous posi- a central prerequisite for international competitiveness. The tive effects on the plastics and chemical industry in Branden- connection to international corridors for freight traffic18 and burg. The sustainability topics that were already enshrined the establishment of intermodal terminals and freight traffic at that time have since increased in importance, as have centres has significantly improved the logistical accessibil digitalisation and fierce international competition. Securing ity for companies in Brandenburg.19 Nevertheless, there re- skilled employees remains one of the central challenges. mains a need for railway accessibility at other locations in It is therefore important to continue down the proven path Brandenburg. All those involved cite a sufficient availabil and to develop suitable solutions for the new or intensified ity of staff as a central challenge for the economic develop- challenges. ment of the companies. Here it is important to involve those living in rural areas and to attract young people as well as those already in employment for tasks in the plastics and 3.1 Opportunities – challenges – framework chemical industry. The approaches to bio-based speciality chemicals and plas- tics that have so far been developed in Brandenburg by a number of companies and research institutes form an excel- lent starting point for the realisation of a sustainable recyc ling economy and bioeconomy. The specific characteristics of Brandenburg as a state with a strong agricultural and for- estry sector are being used to gradually transform the econ- omy from one that is fossil-based to an economy based on renewable resources that works in cycles. Brandenburg acts in accordance with the national bioeconomy strategy of the federal government16 and the European Union17. Bio-based speciality chemicals and starting materials for plastics are already being produced on a pilot scale and/or industrially. New technologies for processing and use as well as findings on recyclability should also be included as opportunities. For example, the scientific institutions in Brandenburg have ac- quired new expertise in the fields of polymer-based light- weight construction and functional integration in plastics and have initiated corresponding application-related industrial projects. Biofunctional polymers, for instance, have been developed as a new field with a broad application potential. The improvement of the transport and therefore logis- tics links between the chemical and plastics locations has 16 Bioeconomic Strategy of the Federal Government, Cabinet version, 15/01/2020. 17 “A sustainable bioeconomy for Europe: strengthening the connection between economy, society and the environment”, revised version of the Bioeconomy Strategy of the European Commission, 18/10/2018, https://biooekonomierat.de/aktuelles/eu-stellt-neue-biooekonomie-strate- gie-vor/, accessed 26/09/2019. 18 Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) includes the development of Europe-wide transport routes, especially rail and road routes. https://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/infrastructure/ten-t_en, accessed 26/09/2019. 19 For example, the closing of the gap in the freight line between Ruhland (Oberspreewald-Lusatia) and Horka (Görlitz district) will enable existing and future companies in southern Brandenburg to have a direct rail connection to Eastern Europe and China.
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Strategy of the direction of the fields of action 25 SWOT analysis Strengths Weaknesses • High research density with significant potential • Relatively small size of the Cluster in comparison for technology transfer to other federal states, resulting in a broad geo- graphical distribution of companies and research • R&D cooperation in promising areas institutes • Broad coverage of the value chain in chemical • Great dependence of the chemical industry on oil parks • Value chain often not closed • Good cooperation between private and public players • Relatively low degree of networking within the industry • Cluster formation and networking • Relatively low R&D activities and few research • Close links between plastics processing and other staff in SMEs industries • Lack of unique selling points, no clear occupation • Relatively high acceptance of the chemical of technology fields industry by the population • Networking of universities and SMEs in the area • Predominantly positive development of the of personnel transfer developable plastics and chemical industry in the state • Lack of qualified employees, too few trainees Opportunities Risks • New markets in Asia, Africa, Latin America • High energy and raw material costs • New technologies (e.g. bio- and nanotechnolo- • Availability of raw materials gies) • Fragmented value chains • New technological solutions in the context of • Relocation of production facilities to the raw climate change material base or to the user industry • Chemicals and plastics industry as problem • Increased competition with companies in Asia and solvers Latin America • Cascade utilisation and joint production for opti- • Decreasing supply of skilled workers and ten mal value creation of biogenic raw materials dency of academically oriented people to migrate • Rising demand for sustainable products • Low productivity and research and development • Substitution of petroleum for new materials activities of the economy (e.g. fibre composites) • Global significance of the industrial use of biogenic raw materials is increasing
26 Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Strategy of the direction of the fields of action In order to meet the requirements of a sustainable bioecon concept of sustainability in order to better cover sustainable omy from an economic point of view, clearly defined CO2 production and material recycling in this area. The new field saving effects in the biogenic value creation must be made of action has been extended to include plastics processing visible. This also includes the cost-effective use of renew so that processing technologies can also be included in the able energies. Here, designated real-world laboratories and Master Plan. As cross-sectoral topics relevant to the in- test fields20 can develop and test incentive mechanisms dustry, “Locations and logistics for plastics and chemicals” through improved, more flexible energy cost components. and “Securing skilled employees for the plastics and chem- The provision of demand-oriented information infrastructure ical industry” continue to be central fields of action. Due to is also an important framework condition, which is being fur- the close cooperation of the players in the previous fields of ther developed in Brandenburg with the initiatives launched action “Locations” and “Logistics”, these will be combined by the state and federal government.21 into one field of action in organisational terms. The field of action “Markets and technologies” will be newly es- tablished to detect new trends and areas of potential and 3.2 Further development of the existing assess their relevance for the Cluster’s players. The tasks structure of the fields of action here represent a service and communication function for the other fields of action and form a common interface for The working structures of the fields of action are well estab- cross-cluster topics with the other clusters in Brandenburg lished and represent an important success factor in the im- and Berlin. The interaction of the three specialist fields of ac- plementation and further development of the goals set. In tion with the three cross-sectoral topics relevant to the in- keeping with the comprehensive sustainability requirements, dustry is outlined in Figure 2. consideration is given not only to biogenic production but also to the requirements of recycling management and en- Digital technologies provide support in all fields of action, ergy and resource efficiency. both in research and development and in production through to recycling and are listed in each field of action. The present Master Plan pursues the approach of offering technologically and economically attractive goals with an innovative perspective. For the companies in particular, it is important to find solutions that are as specific and imple- mentable as possible and that are open to new technologies. The structure of the fields of action with complementary in- tegrative topics creates the ability to fit in with the overall in- novation strategy of the states of Brandenburg and Berlin (innoBB 2025 plus). In a further development of the previous specialist struc- ture, the fields of action “Sustainable speciality chemicals” and “Sustainable plastics industry” have emerged from the fields of action “Bio-based speciality chemicals” and “Biopolymers” and now, under the umbrella of sustainability, also include the topics of bioeconomy, energy and resource efficiency and recycling. The term “lightweight construction/ composite materials” has also been expanded to include the 20 Here the concept “Real-world laboratories and test fields” is taken up with the same intention as presented in the innovation strategy innoBB 2025 plus, Regional Innovation Strategy of the State of Brandenburg, published in June 2019. 21 The federal programmes, in particular the Federal Broadband Expansion Programme of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastruc- ture (BMVI), pursue network expansion. Brandenburg has laid the foundation for the expansion of a gigabit network with the state development programme “Brandenburg Glasfaser 2020”. https://mwe.brandenburg.de/de/brandenburg-treibt-den-breitbandausbau-voran/bb1.c.478824.de, accessed 26/09/2019.
Master Plan Cluster Plastics and Chemistry – Strategy of the direction of the fields of action 27 I. Sustainable II. Sustainable plastics III. P lastics process speciality industry ing and light- chemicals weight construc- tion technologies • Expansion of bio-based • Establishing a recycling • Developing sustainable value creation systems economy for plastic lightweight construction materials materials • Further development of bio- and process • Biopolymers • Function-integrative technologies, utilisation lightweight design • Functional integration of interfacial processes • Multi-material design and catalysis • Additive manufacturing • Economic and energy- • Battery chemicals • Digitalisation of produc efficient manufacturing and electrochemical tion and distribution technologies conversion processes • Additive manufacturing • Chemical design for heat storage materials • Reusing and recycling • Digitalisation of produc • Material characterisation tion and distribution and material models of processes lightweight construction materials and semi- finished products • Lightweight design in the construction industry • Digitalisation of produc tion and distribution processes IV. Securing skilled • Career and study guidance • University education employees • Initial and continuing vocational • Training management personnel education and training V. Sites and logistics • Funding the further development of • Improving logistic links for the locations plastics and chemistry locations • Brandenburg’s location advantages • Internationalising to support location for the economic use of renewable development energies VI. M arkets and • Identifying and exploring topics of the future via market observation and technology technologies analysis • Identifying cross-cluster potential • Communicating the cluster’s potential for providing solutions to questions of sustainability Figure 2: Overview of the fields of action in the Cluster Plastics and Chemistry
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