Remembering Terry Halifax

Remembering Terry Halifax

Remembering Terry Halifax

Remembering Terry Halifax Councillor, photographer died suddenly outside town hall Publication mail Contract #40012157 Volume 51 Issue 2 THURSDAY, MARCH 5, 2015 75 CENTS photo courtesy of Elizabeth Fraser Feature Employment Photos Looking back at 80 years of reindeer Athletes shine at Canada Winter Games Feds, Gwich'in team up to bring paid internships to help improve self-government

Remembering Terry Halifax

2 INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 Organizers of the Arctic Image Festival are preparing to showcase images of life above the Arctic Circle in the event's second year of oper- ation. Over three days the fes- tival will showcase photog- raphy, offer free workshops for aspiring photographers, and host a number of themed displays, celebrating the rich talent in the town and region. “The whole idea of the festival has been to celebrate photographers,” said organ- izer Peter Clarkson. “So many people are taking great images and we wanted to allow people to showcase that work.” Clarkson said the festival has encouraged a number of professional and amateur photographers in the area to submit their images for the public to see.

“With smartphones and digital cameras, photography has become something people use all the time now,” he said. “We want to promote the Arctic and the people docu- menting the beauty of the region.” The festival will host two theme displays during the three-day event – one on the 80th anniver- sary of the reindeer herd's arrival in the region in 1935, and one show- casing por- traits of elders in the com- munity. Clarkson said the elder portrait display came out of Robert Alexie Jr.'s love for photographing elders in the communities. Alexie Jr., for- mer president of the Gwich'in Tribal Council, died last year. “Robert really loved cap- turing elders and we decided to pay tribute to the elders and those who take photos of them,” he said. Each display will feature a number of images from a variety of photographers and Clarkson said he hopes to be able to display the images at various other events and festi- vals throughout the year. The festival will also host presentations from 20 photog- raphers who will present a series of 20 images. Each p r e s e n t e r will have 20 seconds to talk about each image. A number of workshops on wildlife, portrait, photo- journalism and Northern lights will be held profes- sional photographers. Peter Mather from White- horse will be hosting free workshops on wildlife and Northern lights, as well as photojournalism and story- telling through images. Maja Swannie Jacobs of Prince George, B.C., will offer workshops on portrait photography and Instagram. Jacobs will also join Inuvik pho- tographer Adri- enne Talbot to teach an intro- ductory work- shop on photog- raphy for people interested in learning basic techniques. A tribute to town councillor Terry Halifax, an avid photog- rapher and one of the ori- ginal founders of the festival, is currently being planned, said Clarkson. Halifax passed away suddenly last week at the age of 54.

“He was an important member of the photography community here,” said Clark- son. “So we want to do some- thing, but just aren't sure what that will be just yet.” Through grant money pro- vided by the Department of Industry, Tourism and Invest- ment, festival organizers were able to pur- chase a large printer to repro- duce images in a high-quality manner, up to 111 centimetres or 44 inches in size. “We thought it would be a great asset for the community,” Clarkson said, adding it's the first of its kind in the town. The festival hopes to use it throughout the year with other organizations, events and artists as a fundraising tool for future festivals. Visit the Arctic Image Festival website for more information.

Workshops on wildlife, portraits and other styles of photography to be offered during three-day event Image festival set for big year by Andrew Livingstone Northern News Services Andrew Livingstone/NNSL photo Peter Clarkson, one of the original founders of the Arctic Image Festival, and Weronika Murray, festival co-ordinator, stand with one of Terry Halifax's landscape photos from the inaugural festival from 2014. Festival organizers plan to commemorate Halifax, who passed away suddenly last week at the age of 54. community COFFEE Break "We decided to pay tribute to the elders and those who take photos of them." Peter Clarkson

Remembering Terry Halifax

INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 3 Failure isn't an option for Lloyd Binder. As the owner of the region's long-standing reindeer herd and one of the few remaining connections to its initial arrival to the territory, the Inuvik man has given his life to keeping the herd sustainable. “You really have to commit your- self to maintaining the herd,” he said. “It's like having 3,000 kids and you have to take care of them all.” Inside the front door of Binder's home are shelves and boxes full of frozen steaks and roasts. Outside in the front yard is a large band saw, used to slice some 300 carcasses and 35,000 kg of harvested reindeer that will be sold to community members and others looking for traditional meat.

Binder's life has involved rein- deer since he was born. His parents met at Reindeer Sta- tion, the government-built commun- ity where herders and their families lived and cared for thousands of reindeer brought to the region in the 1930s to help stave off starvation. He's a third-generation herder – his mother's parents were some of the first people to come to Canada from Norway to help take care of the reindeer herd in the early 1930s. The 63-year-old has a life-long connection to the reindeer. It's part of him and he feels a strong bond with the animals that he was born with, grew up with during the summers as a teen along the Arctic coast corralling and marking the animals, and has now managed for nearly 13 years.

“My interaction, it's part of me,” he said. “It's a real relationship where you are trying to get through each season and its satisfying. It's a powerful interaction. “There's a real satisfaction of achieving success at a challenging project. I was a natural sucker to take on the reindeer as a project.” He's one of the last original reindeer herd- ers in a long and storied history of a herd of animals that travelled long distances to call the Beaufort-Delta home 80 years ago on March 6.

In the mid-1920s the federal government wanted to supplement the tradition- al food source of caribou because the nomadic herds had become unpredictable due to environmental changes leading to a reduced har- vest. At the time, the caribou har- vest didn't yield enough to feed the expanding communities of Aklavik and Tuktoyaktuk. Deal with Alaskan In 1929, the Canadian govern- ment signed a contract with Alaskan entrepreneur named Carl Lomen to send a herd of 3,400 reindeer from Naboktoolik, Alaska, across the tun- dra to Reindeer Station, a herding community located about 100 km north of where Inuvik would be established in the 1950s. The Canadian government paid the Lomen Brothers Reindeer Com- pany $65 per reindeer at a total cost of $154,050 for the 2,370 reindeer that survived, according to NWT Archives documents from 1955. Fac- tor in inflation, it would have cost approximately $2.59 million today. The expectation was the reindeer would arrive in the territory in 1931 NNSL graphic Reindeer herder Andrew Behr travelled more than 2,400 km with some 3,400 reindeer over the course of five years to arrive in the Beaufort-Delta region in March, 1935. The trip was expected to take only 18 months, however, weather, and the unpredict- ability of the animals, made the journey far more challenging than anyone had expected. This map is based on historical data compiled by Dr. A. E. Porsild in the 1930s.

Last of the original reindeer herders 80th anniversary of the herd's arrival in 1935 is special for Lloyd Binder and his parents, who have a 70 year connection with it by Andrew Livingstone Northern News Services Correction In the Feb. 26 story “Town to vote on Jamboree bingo,” the Inuvik Speed Skating Club was misidentified. The Inuvik Drum apologizes for any confu- sion or embarrassment this may have caused. feature news NEWS Briefs Former MLA and Drum owner dies Tom Butters, founder of the Inu- vik Drum and a former MLA who held office for almost 21 years, died March 2 at the age of 89.

He was also a former town coun- cillor who started the newspaper in 1965 and ran it for 13 years before handing it over to Dan Holman in 1978 so he could focus on politics. “Butters was one of the more ethical, honest guys that has been my pleasure to know,” said Hol- man. “He was the town council, the mayor, the public works adminis- tration, he was everything. He was known so widely in the commun- ity.” Butters was first elected to office in 1970 and served five terms as an MLA until he retired in 1991. He had been minister of finance and minister of the Northwest Territor- ies Housing Corporation in his final years in office.

He was awarded the Order of Canada in 1994 for his contributions to Inuvik through the newspaper and his decades-long political service. Bingo decision delayed The decision on whether to allow a second bingo on Muskrat Jam- boree weekend was delayed until March after town council couldn't meet quorum Feb. 25. Mayor Floyd Roland was called out of town for a family emer- gency and wasn't able to attend the meeting where council was to vote. Councillors Terry Halifax, deputy mayor Jim McDonald and Kurt Wainman were in attendance, but five other councillors were away for a variety of reasons.

Council needs the mayor or dep- uty mayor in attendance, and a min- imum of four other councillors, in order to be able to hold a meeting. The decision on whether to grant the Muskrat Jamboree a special exception for a second bingo on the same day as the Inuvik Speed Skat- ing Club's mega bingo is expected to be made on March 11. Test projects announced for Highway Two new projects along the Inuvik-to-Tuktoyaktuk Highway will test alternate highway drain- age structures and innovative tech- niques for reinforcing deep-fill road embankments.

The territorial government is conducting research that will hope- fully reduce the effects of climate change on the Northern transporta- tion system. Using $669,000 from Transport Canada's Northern Transportation Adaptation Initiative, the territorial government will provide significant planning, logistics, construction and monitoring support. Continuous permafrost con- ditions in the region make the highway an ideal location for this research. These projects will be constructed next winter and mon- itored for several years. "It's a powerful interaction." Lloyd Binder photo courtesy of Philippe Morin The reindeer herd grazing on the tundra where it spends the winter months of the season. Please see Eighty, page 9 Dec. 26, 1929 March 6, 1935

Remembering Terry Halifax

4 INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 news When Terry Halifax believed in something, he would sacrifice any- thing to help. For nearly 15 years, since his first days in town as a muckraking journalist as editor of the Inuvik Drum, Halifax fell in love with the town. He first came to Inuvik in the late-90s to fill in at the newspaper, and was smitten by its charm and the people here. Eventually, he would call it home, setting up roots in the town, becoming an instant fixture. Teacher, photographer, town councillor, volunteer. Halifax was all these things. He saw something special happening here, underneath the grime and grit of it all. Halifax was leaving town hall on Feb. 25 after the regular meeting was cancelled, when he fell to the ground in front of the fire hall. Town senior administrative officer Grant Hood said Halifax was talking with deputy mayor Jim McDonald when he just collapsed.

“Up until that moment he was the Terry Halifax I knew,” said an upset Hood. “There was no indica- tion something was wrong. It's a tough day for a lot of people.” The fire department was holding its regular Wednesday practice when Halifax collapsed and were able to perform CPR quickly and transport him to the hospital. However, he was pronounced dead after doctors weren't able to save him. He was 54 years old. Halifax dedicated his time to the youth in the community because he wanted them to have a better chance at a successful future, said his part- ner Elizabeth Fraser.

“He'd seen the struggles over the years being a teacher here,” she said. “He wanted better opportunities for the children, he wanted them to have better choices. He had such pride in himself. I felt proud to call him my significant other because he cared so much and did so much in the com- munity.” He was a giving and selfless man who would do anything for the causes he believed in, said Fraser. “If he believed in it, he'd sacri- ficed anything to help,” she said. “He cared a lot about Inuvik's growth and services for the people and expanding upon things and making it a really great place to live. “He wanted to see the town in its glory again and he thought it was a place that deserved it.” Peter Clarkson, a former two- term mayor of Inuvik from 2000 to 2006, said Halifax was an import- ant member of the community who cared deeply about fighting for the vulnerable.

“He always wanted to make sure that the less fortunate had a voice and he was very interested in being that voice,” said Clarkson. “He was compassionate and he also had a vision for the community and the region. Whether it was business or the arts or some of the performing arts, he always had an interest.” Halifax first made his mark as a reporter with the Inuvik Drum in the late 1990s. He had worked in Fort Smith and Yellowknife before putting down roots in Inuvik in the early 2000s. The mark Halifax left on the town is great. Not only did Halifax operate a successful commercial and artistic photography business, he was involved in a number of causes that he believed in, said Clarkson. “Here you have a person who doesn't have kids, but comes in and makes an investment and decides to plant his roots here for 15 years and finds work in the community and in several different capacities and volunteers,” he said. “It just helped make life better for all the residents.” Halifax was first elected in 2004 and has sat on council since, a four- term councillor who contributed to the town and its people for the nearly 11 years he represented them, said Denny Rodgers, a close friend of Halifax and a former town mayor. “He had a great sense of humour and was a great community person,” he said. “He's very passionate about the community. Terry was passion- ate in his beliefs. He never really bowed down to many and he stood by what he believed in. He'd always defend that.” During his time on council, he was chairperson of both the com- munity energy planning committee and also the administration com- mittee.

“He brought the same enthusi- asm to those committees as he did to the full council meetings,” stated the town in a news release. “His knowledge and passion for greener energy was well known and attended a number of Federation of Canadian Communities Sustainability Confer- ences with an eye out for possible options for making Inuvik a greener community.” Halifax was involved in starting the Arctic Images Festival in 2013 as a means to showcase the beauty of the North above the Arctic Circle through images, something Halifax was deeply passionate about, said Clarkson. He was also a director-at- large for the Western Arctic Con- servative Association for more than five years.

Clarkson said Halifax was drawn to town council after spending years reporting on it for the Drum. “He wanted to get involved and ran in the fall of 2004 and has been on council ever since,” said Clarkson. “He wanted to make a contribution. Terry always wanted to be fair with people, whatever the issue was.” Halifax was rarely seen without a camera, photography a life-long passion. He operated his own pho- tography business and held dozens of workshops for youth and inspired many to pick up their cameras and document the world around them. “His passion was photography and he had a real eye for it,” said Clarkson. “When we developed the festival, not only was he a great participate and organizer, he entered some amazing images he's taken. “You never, you think you wake up the next day someone is going to be gone. It's an incredibly tragic day for Inuvik.” Halifax made life better Town councillor was invested in helping those in need, making Inuvik a better place by Andrew Livingstone Northern News Services photo courtesy of Elizabeth Fraser Terry Halifax, town councillor and avid photographer, is seen here with his partner, Elizabeth Fraser. Halifax died suddenly on Feb. 25 outside town hall. He was 54 years old.

Remembering Terry Halifax

INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 5 One moment someone is here. The next they are gone. I sat in town council chambers with councillor Terry Halifax last Wednesday night. The meeting was going to be cancelled because not enough councillors were available to meet quorum. However, they had to wait 15 minutes after the scheduled start time before they could officially cancel it. Halifax, Alana Mero, Jim McDonald and Grant Hood sat around with myself and a few others talking to pass the time. We joked, and laughed and talked about council issues.

I left before the council- lors did, as they waited to briefly discuss an in-cam- era issue. Terry shot me a smile and nodded as I left. I said goodbye and headed to my car. It was the last time I'd see him alive. The following day I spent hours on the phone talking to the people who knew the four-term coun- cillor. He had collapsed unexpectedly outside town hall, a building where he spent many days and nights fight- ing to make Inuvik a better place. He died at the hospital after being rushed for medical attention. He was 54.

A photographer, fearless muckrak- ing journalist, selfless friend, admir- able colleague, and firm believer in making Inuvik a great place to life. This was Terry, a man devoted to the people of this town – the ones he knew and the ones he didn't. Regardless of whether you knew him or not, he cared for each person and their well-being. His partner Elizabeth Fraser told me Terry would give his heart and soul to whatever cause he believed in. He was fiery and outspoken. People didn't always see eye to eye with him. However, his friends and colleagues said he had the utmost respect for their point of view, even if it wasn't the same as his. He respected the people he worked with, a symbol of the type of person Terry was.

He genuinely cared about the future of this town, and dedicated his time to helping make it a better place. He was involved in countless youth workshops on photography, worked with Children's First Soci- ety to get the new daycare building finished. He dedicated his time to finding better ways to bring affordable energy to residents being strangled by high rates. He wanted to make a differ- ence because he believed in this town. Fraser said he wanted to bring the town to the glory it deserved. He worked hard during his four terms on council to achieve that. Sadly, he won't get to see the work he's done in recent years come to fruition.

As a teacher, he saw the struggles youth experi- enced and wanted to help them find success in their lives. He dedicated his time to making Inuvik a place where youth were happy to live and felt they had options to have a bright future. As former mayor Peter Clarkson said, he fought for the vul- nerable, the little guy who didn't have a voice. Terry embodied what it meant to be a member of a community -- bold, dedicated, and forward-think- ing. You will truly be missed. Great man lost Andrew Livingstone/NNSL photo SLIDING INTO THE WEEKEND Lekisha Raymond, 12, and her brother Keefer, 4, take advantage of the warmer than usual temperatures on Feb. 27 by getting in some sledding on the snow hill near the Midnight Sun Recreation Complex. opinions DO YOU THINK IT'S A GOOD THING THAT THE IRC CUP A DIVISION IS MORE COMPETITIVE NOW? Yes, but I prefer that Inuvik still wins, but has to work really hard for it.

25% 25% No, I like when Inuvik teams are able to roll over the competition with ease. HAVE YOUR SAY Do you think there needs to be more after- care addictions services in the region? Go online to www.nnsl.com/inuvik to vote in this week's poll. NNSL WEB POLL THE ISSUE: TERRY HALIFAX WE SAY: DEDICATED TO TOWN Northern News Services ANDREW LIVINGSTONE Published Thursdays Also read in Aklavik • Fort McPherson • Ulukhaktok Sachs Harbour • Tsiigehtchic • Tuktoyaktuk SEND US YOUR COMMENTS Letters to the editor are welcomed by the Drum, especially new contributors. We attempt to publish a cross-section of public opinion. Not all letters will necessarily be published. Preference is given to short let- ters of broad interest or concern. Letters of over 200 words, open let- ters and those published elsewhere are sel- dom used. We reserve the right to publish excerpts, to edit for length or taste and to eliminate inaccurate or libellous statements. We may also choose to use a letter as the basis for a story. All letters submitted must be signed with a return address and daytime phone number.

Opinions expressed in letters and by columnists are those of the author and are not necessarily shared by the editor or publisher. INUVIK OFFICE: Shawn Giilck (Editor) Deanna Larocque (Office assistant) 169 Mackenzie Road, Box 2719 Inuvik, NT, X0E 0T0 Phone: (867) 777-4545 Fax: (867) 777-4412 Toll free: (855) 873-6675 E-mail: inuvikdrum@nnsl.com Website: www.nnsl.com/inuvik PUBLISHER: J.W. (Sig) Sigvaldason – jsig@nnsl.com GENERAL MANAGER: Michael Scott – mscott@nnsl.com ADVERTISING – Drumsales@nnsl.com Advertising Manager: Petra Memedi Call collect (867) 873-4031 or (867) 777-4545, and leave a message PUBLISHING OFFICE: Box 2820, Yellowknife, NT X1A 2R1 Phone: (867) 873-4031 Fax: (867) 873-8507 E-mail: nnsl@nnsl.com Website: www.nnsl.com Contents copyright. Printed in the North by Canarctic Graphics Limited. No photos, stories, advertisements or graphics may be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, without the written approval of the publisher. Member of the Alberta Press Council, an independent, voluntary body that serves to protect the public's right to full, fair and accurate news reporting. As a non-judicial, non-government review board, the Press Council considers com- plaints from the public about the conduct and performances of weekly and daily newspapers in Alberta and the NWT. The press council encourages the highest ethical and professional standards of journalism. It serves to preserve the freedom of the press and provide a forum for greater understanding. Complaints should go to: Alberta Press Council, P.O. Box 21067, Edmonton, AB., T6R 2V4 E-mail: abpress@telus.net Fax: 1-780-435-0441 www.albertapresscouncil.ca Subscriptions One year mail $65 • Two year mail $115 Online (entire content) $50/year Individual subscriptions, multiple user rates on request NORTHERN NEWS SERVICES LIMITED 100% Northern owned and operated Publishers of: Deh Cho Drum • Inuvik Drum • Kivalliq News Yellowknifer • NWT News/North • Nunavut News/North Hay River Hub Member of: Canadian Community Newspapers Association Alberta Press Council 2010 We acknowledge the financial support of the Government of Canada through the Canadian Periodical Fund (CPF) for our publishing activities. Yes, it's nice to see other teams compete with Inuvik and Tuk teams that have dom- inated the tournament for a long time. 50%

Remembering Terry Halifax

6 INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 news Andrew Livingstone/NNSL photo CASH COMES WITH PRIZE Leesha Setzer, 12, and Keegan Greenland, 11, stand with the two hockey sticks being used in a fundraiser during the Gwich'in Cup hockey tournament March 1 at the Midnight Sun Recreation Complex. The winner gets the stick and all the toonies and loonies taped to it.

Remembering Terry Halifax

INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 7 Inuvik athletes were front and centre at the 2015 Can- ada Winter Games in Prince George B.C., from Feb. 13 to March 1. Seventeen athletes from Inuvik were part of Team NWT at the games, compet- ing in both men's and women's curling, men's and women's hockey, figure skating and speedskating. While the results weren't what everyone was hoping for, the athletes represented the territory and their town with pride, competing at the highest level of sportsmanship expected of them.

Team NWT's women's curl- ing team is based in Inuvik, and two of the four players on the men's team, Deklen Crocker and Ethan Allen, represented the town in British Columbia. Athletes Alex Robertson, Christie Jackson and Winter Ross competed in individual sports, in speedskating and figure skating, respectively. photo courtesy of Bob Steventon Rayna Vittrekwa is in the competitive zone as she lets a rock go during girls curling action at the Canada Winter Games in Prince George, B.C. Northern News Services Inuvik athletes take on Canada photo stories ATHLETICS Feature by Andrew Livingstone photo courtesy of Canada Winter Games Inuvik's Deklen Crocker, a member of the territory's boys curling team, sits on the shoulders of biathlete Kjel Crook during the opening ceremonies of the 2015 Canada Winter Games on Feb. 13. photo courtesy of Janice Gilbert Alex Skinners takes control of the puck during men's hockey action on Feb. 23 at the Canada Winter Games in B.C.

Darcie Setzer, right, tries to poke the puck away from Prince Edward Island's Lydia Schurman during women's hockey action at the Canada Winter Games in Prince George, B.C. on Feb. 18. photo courtesy of George Sasaki photo courtesy of Ian Hyslop Team NWT participated in the opening ceremonies of the 2015 Canada Winter Games in Prince George, B.C. on Feb. 13. Inuvik had 17 athletes take part in five sports including figure skating, curling and hockey.

Remembering Terry Halifax

8 INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 news A partnership between the federal government and the Gwich'in Tribal Council will provide approximately $3 mil- lion for internship opportun- ities for council beneficiaries with the goal of improving self-governance in the future. The Gwich'in Internship Pilot Project will play a role in healthier, more self-sufficient and prosperous First Nation communities by creating job training opportunities. The project will provide Gwich'in participants year-long full- time internship positions within Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Can- ada and the Gwich'in Tribal Council. The paid internships will prepare Gwich'in partici- pants for jobs in the public service and provide them with professional work experience in a variety of government functions.

Each participant will receive a year-long, full-time job through paid work assign- ments with the federal depart- ment and the council. Both will hire three interns each year, beginning in September this year. It will give the coun- cil the opportunity to employ trained experienced staff to implement its land claim agreement and to operate its governance institutions. Gwich'in Tribal Council vice president, Norman Snow- shoe, said from first moment the council made the proposal to the territorial and federal governments, both provided encouragement to develop the plan.

“This project was an idea born at the GTC, it was developed by GTC and the GTC is paying its share to make sure it will be a success. “This announcement has been 18 months in the mak- ing,” Snowshoe said. “This is truly an example of what is possible when an aboriginal organization and a govern- ment roll up their sleeves and work together.” Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Min- ister Bernard Valcourt and Gwich'in Tribal Council Presi- dent James Wilson signed a memorandum of understand- ing late last month that will provide nine Gwich'in par- ticipants of the group's land claims agreement with work experience.

Valcourt said the federal government hopes the pilot project will help the council build a stronger, more experi- enced governing institution that will better serve its cit- izens. "Our government is pleased to work together with the Gwich'in Tribal Council to support Gwich'in partici- pants in the implementation of the Gwich'in Land Claims Agreement and in their efforts toward self-government,” Val- court stated in a news release. “This agreement will enable the Gwich'in Tribal Council to put trained and experienced staff in place to establish its governance institutions, serve its citizens and build a pros- perous future for the com- munities.” Patrick Tomlinson, director of intergovernmental relations and land claims implementa- tion for the Gwich'in Tribal Council, said the project was born out of the concern of building long-term capacity within council.

“Each successful candidate would be familiar with the three different systems of gov- ernment and also hopefully have picked up along the way a number of skills that would make them highly desirable,” Tomlinson said. The council brought the proposal to the federal and territorial governments more than one year ago and the wheels have been in motion ever since, culminating in Val- court signing the memoran- dum of understanding. “We brought it to both gov- ernments, and frankly, they were incredibly supportive,” Tomlinson said. “The GNWT and the premier were huge champions of this project within their own system for about a year and half and we're planning on signing it with the GNWT.” The cost of the program will be split between the gov- ernments involved, Tomlinson said, which was part of the initial pitch by the council. “It wasn't a program we went to them to pay for the whole thing, we wanted each partner to cover a third of the fees and expenses associated with their part of the project,” said Tomlinson.

Pilot project brings jobs to Gwich'in New partnership agreement creates nine paid internships with federal government, tribal council; GNWT set to sign on by Andrew Livingstone Northern News Services photo courtesy of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Minister Bernard Valcourt, left, and Gwich'in Tribal Council President James Wilson signed a memorandum of understanding on the Gwich'in Internship Pilot Project last week after meetings in Ottawa.

Remembering Terry Halifax

INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 9 photo stories – an 18-month trek, starting in western Alaska. Their estimations were far from correct. The logistical dif- ficulties of moving more than 3,000 reindeer across the chal- lenging terrain of the far North was lost on the government and Lomen. Andrew Bahr (or Anders Bahr) was chosen to guide the herd to the region. Bahr, a Sami from the Arctic regions of Scandinav- ian Europe, had arrived in Alaska during the Klondike gold rush in the late 1890s, and was considered the most dependable herder in the area. According to research published by George W. Scot- ter in 1982, Behr was in his sixties and retired in Seattle when the government and Lomen asked him to complete the task. Hundreds escaped Scotter wrote that Behr and a dozen men started the jour- ney on Dec. 26, 1929 and drove the herd northeast into the mountains, a preferred route for Behr. However, the concerns that the herd would be difficult to control came true when hundreds escaped and tried to return to the home range near the Napaktolik region in Alaska.

Behr and his men had to move the herd in order to encour- age the others to rejoin. The unpredictable winter weather and frigid temperatures made it challenging to keep the herd from breaking into smaller groups. This would be the beginning of a five-year journey for Behr that was predicted to only take 18 months to complete. This was a grand understatement by the government and Lomen, who had no clue what impact the terrain, weather and unpredictability of the herd may have on the time line. According to historical research, a single ice storm in 1934 as Behr tried to navigate the herd across the frozen Macken- zie Delta delayed the herd's arrival by almost a full year. The deep-freeze temperatures and vicious winds scared the ani- mals back to land and into a long roundup for Behr. This storm closed the window on crossing as winter ended, and the weary herding crew chose to station the herd near Shingle Point on the Arctic coast to wait for the following winter.

On March 6, 1935, after a seemingly easy trek across the frozen region, moving from island to island with the herd, Behr and some 2,370 rein- deer finally arrived at Reindeer Station. Of the reindeer that arrived, more than three-quarters of them were born on the five-year journey. He would become known as Arctic Moses, and is still recognized by his people as one of the great herders in their modern history. Government backs away Laplanders – or Sami – stayed to teach the Inu- vialuit how to look after the reindeer herd. At its peak, the ori- ginal Reindeer Station, some 70 km north of Inuvik, was a small community. With a population of as many as 90 people, mostly herders and their families, it was a self-sustaining community with a post office, school, church and trading post. The government was ill-prepared to operate such a project, Binder said, and was quick to get out of the business that didn't conform to the traditional lifestyles of the people in the region. The commercialization of the reindeer herd as an industry could have been successful and expanded, but Binder said the government didn't offer enough support to make it happen. His father, Otto, had been give his own herd in the 1940s, and was set up near Husky Lake, but without a proper summer grazing range, it was doomed to fail.

“The project didn't give enough support for community-based or individual herds,” he said. “The government was quick to get away from it.” By 1969 the original station was abandoned, its buildings and residents relocated to either Tuk- toyaktuk or Inuvik due to a short vegetation sea- son, the movement of the herd, and more modern herding techniques. In 1974, the herd was sold to Canadian Reindeer Ltd. Binder was born in 1952 at the original Reindeer Station. Growing up his nickname was quunek, Inuvialuktun for reindeer. His mother, Ellen, was the daughter of Anna and Mikkel Pulk, who, in 1932, were among the first wave of Norwegian Sami hired by the Canadian government to manage the herd when it arrived. Ellen met her husband, Otto, who was born in Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, but had moved to the region to herd. Binder and his parents moved to Aklavik when he was six, only spending their summers working with the herd, a time he said he viewed as a vacation from community living. It was a chance for him to spend time with his grandparents, who were still living at Reindeer Station and working with the herd. When he reached his mid-teens, he spent his summers at Richards Island, helping with herd management, including corralling, castration and marking of the animals. Herd changes hands It wasn't until 1998 that Binder's long connection with the reindeer herd came full circle. Binder, ready to leave his job with the territorial government for something different, was asked by previous owners Canadian Reindeer Ltd., to come in and manage the herd with the idea of taking it over.

Binder was asked to handle the land access issues that had come up when the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation had become owners of the land through their claims agreement. Binder said it took four years of negotiations, securing finan- cing and environmental assessments before all was said and done. Binder, along with a group of investors that included his parents, purchased the herd and have taken care of it for the last 13 years. The family had originally tried to buy the herd in the 1970s, but it never materialized.

“We'd always dreamed of owning it,” he said. “My father, especially. It had been a big part of his life and I'm happy he got to see we've turned the corner a little and there is hope.” It hasn't always been a good financial situation, Binder said. Times have been tough. Binder said up until eight or so years ago, the market for reindeer meat was limited. Caribou were still plentiful and hunting restrictions and natural resource manage- ment weren't as strict as they are today. But times have changed, and Binder said business has been improving. In fact, they're looking at ways to extend their herding season by a few weeks on each end to reduce predation on the herd by wolves and bears. "We lose up to 1,000 head a year and we want to be able to reduce that if we can,” he said.

Important task It was never an option for him to fail at this business. Binder sees himself as carrying on a family legacy and dream that puts a lot of pressure on him. With the support of his parents, who have given financial support when they could, he's pushed through the dark days. “Even in hard times they told me never to give up on it,” he said. “It's always been about my parents. I couldn't fail at it. People have said I'm crazy for not just giving up, but it's import- ant to me and to many people.” Binder knows he can't manage the herd forever. He figures he has about 10 years left in him, but admits that might be an opti- mistic time frame. He worries about what will happen when he can't care for the herd anymore. He worries more about whether someone can throw out the traditional business management style to operate the business.

“It has to have some business aspects to it, but the major difference is when you are in tough times, if you're a regular businessperson, you'd just liquidate the herd. But you can't do that. It would just be done with and the herd would be gone. The business model today doesn't work with reindeer husbandry.” Finding someone who is willing to give their life to keeping the herd in the region is the most important part of the future success. “We need to find someone to work their way in as chief herder and look at taking it over,” he said. “That occupies a lot of my thinking about the future.” Eighty years of reindeer Last, from page 3 photo courtesy of Emilie Migeon, www.lerenardetlarose.com The reindeer herd moves across the tundra north of Inuvik during the winter season. photo courtesy of the Anchorage Museum of History and Art.

Andrew Behr, holding the reins of two reindeer, led nearly 3,400 deer across 2,400 km of tundra from Alaska to the Beaufort-Delta from December 1929 to March 1935 at the request of the Canadian government. "People have said I'm crazy for not just giving up." Lloyd Binder photo courtesy of Mike Beaudoin Herding company shareholders Ellen (Pulk) Binder, left, chief herder Henrik Seva, Otto Binder and herd manager Lloyd Binder, kneeling, visit with a yearling reindeer bull.

Remembering Terry Halifax

10 INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 Horoscopes ARIES - Mar 21/Apr 20 You impress everyone with your creativity this week, Aries. Allow this creativity to be the inspiration behind projects you have been putting off of late. TAURUS - Apr 21/May 21 Keep your goals rela- tively simple for the next few days, Taurus. You can benefit from the positive reinforcement of completing tasks and getting things done. GEMINI - May 22/Jun 21 Gemini, you have been immersed in work and are starting to show the ill effects of keeping long hours. Now is a great time to take a few days off or enjoy a mini-vacation. CANCER - Jun 22/Jul 22 Cancer, you have a lot to get done, but resist the urge to micromanage every detail, as this could be a surefire path to burnout. You need to take a few breaths. LEO - Jul 23/Aug 23 Leo, avoid the temptation to get started on another new project. You already have plenty of other things on your plate. Finish those tasks before moving on to something new. VIRGO - Aug 24/Sept 22 It is sometimes easy to miss the forest for the trees, Virgo. Try taking a step back so you can look at a puzzling project from a new perspective.

LIBRA - Sept 23/Oct 23 Libra, you may be searching for a new adventure, but try to appre- ciate the here and now as well. It's easy to get swept up in fantasies, but don't let them carry you too far away. SCORPIO - Oct 24/Nov 22 Scorpio, you suspect that someone is hiding something, and that very well may be the case. Perhaps a welcome surprise is coming your way. Resist the urge to dig too deep. SAGITTARIUS - Nov 23/Dec 21 You can probably talk your way out of trouble, Sagittarius, but this time it's better to let things play out. Keep conver- sations light and free from controversy.

CAPRICORN - Dec 22/Jan 20 Capricorn, find bal- ance between your personal ambitions and things you have to accomplish at work and at home. Finding a middle ground is the best approach. AQUARIUS - Jan 21/Feb 18 Aquarius, you need a few extra people to contribute to a special task, but you do not know who to ask. If you think hard enough, you will know who you can depend on. PISCES - Feb 19/Mar 20 Your demeanor makes it easy for others to enjoy your company, and that will come in handy as your social schedule fills up in the days ahead.

Which NHL team is going to win the Stanley Cup? Delani Elias "The Pittsburgh Pengiuns." Everett Elanik "The Montreal Canadiens." Jayden Clarke "The Montreal Canadiens." Kristen Harder "The Montreal Canadiens." Justin Amos "The Chicago Blackhawks." Paris Wainman "The Vancouver Canucks." STREET talk with Andrew Livingstone inuvikdrum@nnsl.com alternatives My boss would like me to write a letter of complaint on what goes on when he is away from the office and I am left alone with two younger coworkers.

When they arrive at the office and clock in, they eat their breakfast in the break room, go on the computer and do per- sonal things, like plan vacations, pay bills and read personal e-mail. Sometimes they nap or leave the office for personal errands. At lunchtime we clock out for 30 minutes, but they continue their lunch break after they clock back in. They are best friends and hang out together. We all do the same work, and even though they see me working they continue to text, talk about their love life and plan what to do after hours.

By the time they decide to work, half the day is gone. One will work while the other stands there and continues to gossip, text or listen to iTunes. When they don't want me to listen to their conversation, they speak in Spanish, a language I don't speak. Next day, when the boss arrives, he wants to know what we each did because so little was accomplished. I started this job a few months ago and they have been here over a year. They work on the days the boss is in. It's the day he is out of the office that they abuse the system. My boss told me he wants me to write up these women in a report and they will not be fired.

But they will know who complained about them. I'm afraid of retaliation. I want to keep this job. I feel the boss should know what is going on but not use me. How can I write a report against them without them knowing I did it? Lizzie Lizzie, we all have an internal gauge, that no one gave us, which says this is fair and this is not fair. Fairness is valued in business and in life. When it is not met, everyone with a sense of justice notices. "It's not fair." That's where our head goes.

You weren't hired to make these two do their job. They have been there longer and you are not their supervisor. You come to work to do your job and get a pay cheque. But for some reason, perhaps your boss's shortcoming, they have got- ten away with this. Evaluating their actions one day a week is not what you were hired for. If it were me, this is what I would tell the boss. Unless I am their supervisor or manager I do not feel it is appropriate to report on their activities. But as a super- visor, with an appropriate title and compensation, I will get them to work on the days you are gone.

These two are not your friends. They are like misbehaving schoolchildren. Teacher is out of the room and they've gone crazy. Without authority, you might be writing yourself out of a job if you write them up. With proper authority, you could stop them from doing what they are doing. If you are granted authority, the first thing to say would be, this is an English-only office. Not because I am biased against Spanish but because you speak in code to hide your remarks from me. Employees are not allowed to do that dur- ing working hours. Then make it clear, when the boss is out of the office, it is just another day at work. Getting these two to work when the boss is absent is equivalent to increasing productivity by 20 per cent. That kind of performance can get you your next, better job. You can't write a report a supervisor would write without being a supervisor. As a supervisor, you would have protec- tion against these two. As an equal, you have no protection. Tamara Caught in between two lazy coworkers If you have any questions or comments for Wayne or Tamara, please forward e-mail to confidential@nnsl.com or write to Wayne & Tamara Mitchell, Station A, Box 2820, Yellowknife, NT, X1A 2R1 AGE: 9 GRADE: 4 Adrianna loves math and gym, but when she talks about what she learns about numbers, she gets excited. Challenged to find the answer, Adrianna is always eager to learn more and apply it to her life outside of the classroom. She really enjoys the tough questions she's been getting while learning multiplication. One day, she hopes to be a math teacher. Student of the week ADRIANNA HENDRICK DIRECT Answers with Wayne & Tamara Mitchell confidential@nnsl.com

INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 11 Inuvik was the big winner last weekend at the Yellow- knife Cager basketball tour- nament, bringing home two championship banners and making a deep run to the semi-finals with the junior boys team. The East Three Second- ary School U-19 senior boys team used strong defence and quick transitions to put up points and lead them to the school's first title in at least 20 years, beating St. Patrick High School of Yellowknife 61-56. The team pushed the ball up the court in quick transi- tion after rebounds in order to get quick points, said guard Cody Greenland. Doing so kept St. Pat's from setting up on defence and slowing down the pace of the game. “We worked the ball quickly and got our shots off,” he said. Tournament MVP Liam Larocque played a strong game under the basket, aggressive in rebounding and putting back points in domin- ant fashion.

“I played big,” he said. “I'm a big rebound guy, the garbage man.” Coach Wil- liam Logan said the team has been built around the defensive scheme of help- ing the helper -- when one guy gets beat, another player steps in to stop the shot or to close up lanes to the net. “It's been our plan for three years,” he said. “We don't shoot the strongest, so we worked on our strengths. The boys will tell you it's all about our defence.” Coach Allan Gillis said he knew going into the tourna- ment the team needed to have an edge, and being a defence- first, offence-second style coach, he said implementing a number of defensive looks was crucial to dealing with Yel lowk n i fe teams built on strong shoot- ing and ball control.

“Being fun- d a m e n t a l l y sound in our defence and playing an aggressive style of basketball was what we wanted,” he said. The junior girls team brought home the single A banner after a deci- sive win against Fort Smith in the final. The girls had played their first four games in the double-A division but were unable to put up a win. Chris-Lin Hvatum said despite the lop-sided scores in the first four games of the tournament, she said the squad plugged away hard on the court to improve their games each time, resulting in the banner coming back with them to Inuvik.

“We learned a lot and got better,” she said. “Our dribbling and ball movement improved with each game.” Mackenzie McDonald said despite the scores, the team never stopped hustling and were happy with how far they came from the first game all the way to beating Fort Smith in the final. “We were happy we won but the fact we put the effort in made it that much sweet- er,” she said. Hvatum said the final was their best game all season. “We started strong and finished strong,” she said. “We ran hard and there was a lot of movement and a lot of cutting.” Coach Steve Wagar said the team never gave up, even when down by 20 or 30 points in some of the previ- ous games of the tournament. “They played so strong and you could tell by the result of the final,” he said. “I couldn't be more proud. They left it all on the court.” The junior boys team came up on the end of a 20-point semi-final loss to eventual champs St. Pat's, but Nick Badgley said they played hard and were pleased with their results in the week- end tournament.

Senior boys win championship while junior girls bring home single-A banner East Three wins Cager titles by Andrew Livingstone Northern News Services "We don't shoot the strongest, so we worked on our strengths." William Logan sports & recreation SPORTS CARD BASKETBALL KIANNA GOESON GRADE: 6 According to her basketball coach, Kian- na is an animal on rebounding. When she started playing basketball she didn't think she would develop into a good player. However, with hard work and a drive to learn, Kianna has improved dramatically. She said she's gained a lot of self-confi- dence from playing the game, which lets her get her aggressive athletic approach out on the court.

Walter Strong/NNSL photo SKATING FOR CHAMPIONSHIP Inuvik speedskater Braeden Picek leads the way against Wren Acorn of Yellowknife at the Speed Skating Championships in the Ed Jeske Arena in Yellowknife on Feb. 28.

12 INUVIK DRUM, Thursday, March 5, 2015 DELTA MARKETPLACE NWT ADVERTISING HOTLINE • PHONE: (867) 777-4545 OR (867) 873-WORD(9673)• FAX: (867) 777-4412 Check out the NNSL “Job Bank” online at www.nnsl.com! NNSL WORD CLASSIFIEDS NOW RUN IN 5 NWT PAPERS Inuvik Drum • Deh Cho Drum • NWT News/North •Yellowknifer • Weekender • PLUS NNSL classifieds online: www.nnsl.com Book your classified online or email to: classifieds@nnsl.com RCMP Emergency 777-1111 Fire Emergency Only 777-2222 General Enquiries 777-2607 Ambulance Emergency 777-4444 24 hours REAL ESTATE The classifieds get results! • Notices • Real Estate • Employment • Business Opportunities • Pets ...and much, much more!

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