Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Crown copyright © See Copyright and terms of use for our copyright, attribution, and liability statements. Citation Stats NZ (2018). Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018. Retrieved from www.stats.govt.nz. ISBN 978-1-98-852866-3 (online) Published in March 2018 by Stats NZ Tatauranga Aotearoa Wellington, New Zealand Contact Stats NZ Information Centre: info@stats.govt.nz Phone toll-free 0508 525 525 Phone international +64 4 931 4600 www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 3 Contents Purpose and scope . . 6 Summary . 6 Scope . 6 Next steps . 7 Three key enduring questions . . 8 Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies . 10 Annual Enterprise Survey (AES . . 10 Business Data Collection . . 11 Health Research Council administrative data . . 11 Household Use of Information and Communication Technology Survey . . 12 Internet Service Provider Survey . . 13 Kiwis Count annual report . . 14 National Survey of Employers . . 15 New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings . . 16 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS . . 16 Result 10 measuring agency results . . 17 Royal Society of NZ administrative systems . . 18 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS . . 19 Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies . 21 Business Operations Survey: Module A . . 21 Business Operations Survey: Module B . . 22 Business price indexes . . 23 Consumers price index . . 24 Cyber threat report . . 25 Economic Survey of Manufacturing . . 26 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Supply Survey . . 27 Labour cost index (all labour costs . . 27 Linked employer-employee data (LEED . . 28 Longitudinal business database . . 29 National accounts (industry production and investment . . 30 National accounts input-output tables . . 31 Overseas merchandise trade . . 32

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 4 Productivity statistics . . 33 Quarterly Survey of International Trade in Services and Royalties . . 34 Research and Development Survey . . 35 Research into cyber security behaviours . . 36 Screen Industry Survey . . 37 Survey of adult skills (PIAAC . . 38 Enduring question 3: What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? .. 40 Broadband deployment data . . 40 Household Economic Survey . . 40 Jobs online . . 41 Labour market forecasting . . 42 National Consumer Survey . . 43 New Zealand General Social Survey . . 43 Program for international student assessment (PISA . . 44 Public Attitudes Towards Science and Technology Survey . . 45 Teacher and Learning Survey (TALIS . . 46 Appendix 1: Other data sources – administrative data . 48 Analysis of e-channel compliance rates . . 48 Analytics on use of the Land Information New Zealand data service . . 49 Customer Satisfaction and Perceptions Survey (Inland Revenue . . 49 e-Learning provision, participation and performance . . 50 Go live Survey: Customer experience in the new myIR . . 51 Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand patent, design, and trademark data . . 52 Migration administrative data . . 53 Ministry of Business and Innovation (MBIE) Administrative System Investment Management System (IMS . . 53 MyMSD login . . 54 Appendix 2: Other data sources – one-off reports . 55 Community access to digital technologies: A literature review . . 55 Government Use of Information and Communication Technology . . 56 How can digital support participation in government . . 57 Insights into digital harm: The online lives of New Zealand girls and boys . . 57 Laptops for teachers . . 58 Marae Survey . . 59

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 5 Outcomes for teachers and students in the Information Communication Technology Proessional Development School Clusters Programme 2006–2008: A national overview .60 Result 10 customer research . . 61 Southland dairy farm – Focus on farm technology for the long-term financial sustainability . . 62 Understanding small agencies – Discovery phase report . . 62 Young New Zealanders viewing sexual violence (first of three . . 63 Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 2 research report . . 64 Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 3 research report . . 65 Appendix 3: Other data sources – data not from central government agencies . 67 Consumer perceptions of the internet . . 67 Digital nation New Zealand: Estimated net benefits of specific applications of internet of things (IoT) technology in New Zealand 2017 . . 68 Digital nation New Zealand: Tech sector regional statistics 2016 . . 69 Digital technologies in New Zealand schools . . 70 Harmful digital communications in New Zealand . . 70 Internet trends in New Zealand 2007–2015 . . 72 Kiwis managing their online identity information . . 73 New Zealand On Air: Public Awareness and Attitudes Survey . . 74 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Science, technology and industry scoreboard . . 76 Teens and “sexting” in New Zealand: Prevalence and attitudes . . 77 The internet in New Zealand 2015 . . 78 Ultra-Fast Broadband Business User Survey . . 79 Where are the audiences . . 80 Appendix 4: Stocktake stakeholders . 82

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 6 Purpose and scope The Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 provides an overview of the currently available ‘digital technologies’ statistics and data. The information sets included in the stocktake are relevant to three key enduring questions and a list of enduring supplementary questions. The stocktake is a collection of metadata for the datasets that inform these enduring questions. Information in the latest stocktake will be used to help identify gaps, overlaps, and deficiencies in current data. This will allow us to seek initiatives to address the issues we have with our ability to measure the progress of digital transformation across New Zealand.

The stocktake will feed into the Digital nation domain plan, which is a joint initiative by Stats NZ and the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The domain plan is scheduled to be published in June 2018. Summary The stocktake presents a comprehensive overview of data and information currently available that inform three key enduring questions, and the 35 supplementary enduring questions. These questions were identified by stakeholders and industry experts from a series of workshops held during 2016 and 2017 (see appendix 4: Stocktake stakeholders).

All three enduring questions are informed by supportive data or measures. Almost 80 percent of the supplementary enduring questions are referenced in the stocktake as having data that may inform or provide contributory statistical measures. This data (or information) is held by 11 government agencies and by 14 other organisations and institutions from outside government. Stats NZ is a significant steward of relevant data that helped inform these questions. Scope To keep the domain plan and stocktake manageable, the stocktake is limited to official statistics (as defined in the Statistics Act 1975), statistics produced by Crown research institutes (CRIs), and the data used to compile these statistics. The stocktake also limited to statistics that can be used to build a national picture.

The stocktake was compiled with the cooperation of many data custodians, including government agencies and CRIs. We would like to acknowledge their participation and support for the domain plan. Research reports, administrative data, previously compiled stocktakes, lists of databases or metadata in any storage formats, information published pre 2006 and planned or incomplete work, are out of scope for this stocktake. The stocktake primarily focuses on data that is actively maintained. We include 36 information sets that were considered highly relevant to the enduring questions of the Digital Nation Domain Plan but lay outside the scope of the stocktake:  appendix 1: Other data sources –administrative data  appendix 2: Other data sources – one-off reports  appendix 3 Other data sources – data not from central government agencies. While we have taken every care to include all relevant datasets, we acknowledge the stocktake may not be complete. This may be because this stocktake may not reflect the current fast moving data and information environment.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 7 Next steps The stocktake provides a foundation for the next stage of the Digital nation domain plan process. The value of the stocktake lies in the support it provides for the gap analysis work that will be undertaken, see figure 1, Phases for completing Digital nation domain plan. Figure 1 Now that we have compiled a stocktake of information and data about the digital nation, we will analyse how well the official data informs our enduring, and supplementary, questions. The Digital nation domain plan aims to identify information needed to better measure the progress of digital transformation and prioritise any new initiatives that come out of the findings For each of the supplementary enduring questions and for each of the datasets, the subject experts will be asked ‘How well does this dataset inform us about that question?’ They will also be asked, overall considering all datasets, ‘How well informed is this question?’ The summary of the results of that analysis will be presented in the Digital nation domain plan.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 8 Three key enduring questions The data sources in the stocktake are relevant to the following key enduring questions, and their associated supplementary enduring questions. Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? This question provides the base-level information that supports all other enduring questions. Here, we define the nature and size of New Zealand’s digital transformation, and assess how it is changing over time.

Supplementary enduring questions 1.1.What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.2.What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders: 1.3.a. to connect with and communicate with others? 1.3.b. to connect with and express cultural identity? 1.3.c. for leisure? 1.3.d. for creative and artistic purposes? 1.3.e. for trading goods and services? 1.3.f. to improve educational and skills attainment? 1.3.g. to improve employment outcomes? 1.3.h. for managing finances? 1.3.i. to improve health outcomes? 1.3.j. to improve environmental outcomes? 1.3.k. to access public services? 1.3.l. for democratic and civic participation? 1.4.How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations: 1.4.a. to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services? 1.4.b. to improve production or delivery methods? 1.4.c. to improve business practices, workplace organisation, or external relations? 1.4.d. to promote, market, and sell products or services?

1.4.e. to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? This question will provide us with information about the importance and value of digital transformation. Crucially, we do not expect all the impacts to be positive: jobs may disappear, new forms of crime may emerge, inequality may widen. By answering these questions, we will be in a better position to mitigate these negative effects, while promoting the positive outcomes.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 9 Supplementary enduring questions 2.1. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: 2.1.a. New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? 2.1.c. structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 2.1.d. the material welfare of New Zealanders? 2.1.e. the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 2.1.f. New Zealand’s natural environment? 2.1.g. New Zealand’s culture and creative output? 2.1.h. the civic and democratic engagement of New Zealanders? 2.1.i. Māori and Pacific development?

2.1.j. tegional development? Enduring question 3: What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? The final question will address the barriers to New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies. Policy-makers may desire greater levels of uptake in pursuit of particular goals, and this question identifies where the barriers to that uptake lie. Supplementary enduring questions 3 3.1 To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

3.3 To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4 To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.5 To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the finance needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.6 To what extent does the regulatory environment and government support the use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 10 Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? This section lists sources relating primarily to the enduring question “How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies.” Annual Enterprise Survey (AES) Name of publication Annual enterprise survey Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.1: What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services?

Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business survey plus administrative data (IR10s from Inland Revenue) Information source type Direct measurements, derived statistics, and administrative data Frequency Annually Reference period Annual data 2005 to 2016 financial years. Objective Annual financial performance and financial position data for all industries in the economy (including those involved in ‘digital’ area) - using ANZSIC 2006 industry classification.

Digital technologies data will be related to the industry, telecommunication services industry, financial intermediation services directly measured for the banking and financing industry, and the computer system design and related services industry. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Income, sales, purchases, expenditure, salaries, profit, stocks, total assets, equities, and total liabilities. Note that these are higher level variables (lower splits are also available). Data access www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/annual-enterprise-survey- 2016-financial-year-provisional Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 11 Business Data Collection Name of publication Business data collection Enduring questions informed 1.3.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business survey plus administrative data (modelled GST data from Inland Revenue) Information source type Direct measurements, derived statistics and administrative data. Frequency Quarterly Reference period All industries from June 2016. Some industries back to 1990s (eg manufacturing, wholesale, retailing) Objective Quarterly financial performance data for all industries in the economy (including those involved in ‘digital’ area) - using ANZSIC 2006 industry classification.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Sales, purchase, salaries, profit. Earnings before interest and taxes. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/experimental/business-data-collection-initial-data- release-updated-30-june-2017 Further information www.stats.govt.nz Health Research Council administrative data Name of publication Health Research Council administrative data Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.4.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services?

Information type Database Data custodian Health Research Council Information source Data collected as part of administrating funding

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 12 Information source type Contracts Frequency Ongoing Reference period Ongoing Objective Collected in course of administration Data collected (key variables, outputs) Type of research, Frascati classification, portfolio mapping category, goals, and priorities. Data access Not publically available. Further information Not publically available Household Use of Information and Communication Technology Survey Name of publication Household use of Information and Communication Technology survey Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? 1.3.f: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment? 1.3.h: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve health outcomes? 1.3.k: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.3.l: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for democratic and civil participation?

3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 13 Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Periodically Reference period September quarters of HLFS 2006, 2009, 2012 Objective The Household Use of ICT survey measures the access and use of computers, the internet and mobile phones in New Zealand households. Information from this survey is used to understand how ICT is changing New Zealand's economy and society. The collection of this data along with the Business Use of ICT and Government Use of ICT surveys creates a comprehensive set of internationally comparable statistics.

The Household Use of ICT survey is a supplement to the Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) and was conducted every three years from 2006 - 2012. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Household internet connectivity, individual internet usage, purchases via the internet, individual use of egovt (government websites), individual ICT security Data access http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/inform ation_technology_and_communications/hhold-use-of-ict.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Internet Service Provider Survey Name of publication Internet service provider survey Enduring questions informed 1.2 What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Internet Service Provider Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics Frequency Annually Reference period The month of June is used for questions that require a time period. Snapshot questions are based at 30 June, for the given year.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 14 Objective To capture an overview of internet infrastructure and usage, from a supply perspective. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Number of dial-up connections; number of broadband connections broken down by residential vs business connections, data caps, internet speeds, and connection technology; data usage over broadband; data usage of mobile phones; number of mobile phones accessing the internet; number of broadband connections with VoIP. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/internet-service-provider- survey-2017 Further information www.stats.govt.nz Kiwis Count annual report Name of publication Kiwis Count annual report Enduring questions informed 1.3.k. How are New Zealanders using digital technologies to access public services?

2.1.h. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the democratic engagement of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealander’s have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian State Services Commission Information source Kiwis Count survey Information source type Direct measurement and derived statistics Frequency Annually Reference period 2007–2017 Objective Measures the quality of public sector organisations' services by researching New Zealanders' perceptions and experiences. The State Services Commission (SSC) runs a nationwide survey asking New Zealanders about their experiences using public services, how they have been treated when using those services and how they rate the quality of the services they have used. Results from individual services are then aggregated up to give overall scores of service quality and trust in public services.

SSC has run the Kiwis Count survey since 2007. The information gathered helps government agencies to improve the services they

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 15 provide. Annual results are shared with the public and interim (half- yearly) results are given to agencies to help identify services where issues may be developing and remedial action might need to be taken. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Satisfaction scores with online interactions with 42 public services. Trust in public services. Data access www.ssc.govt.nz/kiwis-count Further information www.ssc.govt.nz National Survey of Employers Name of publication National survey of employers Enduring questions informed 1.4 How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations? (1.4b particularly) 2 What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies?

Information type Survey Data custodian Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment Information source Survey of business Information source type Survey Frequency Annual Reference period 2012–ongoing Objective Understanding of workplace adoption of regulations, workplace standards Data collected (key variables, outputs) Employment standards and workplace practices Data access www.mbie.govt.nz/info-services/employment-skills/labour-market- reports/national-survey-of-employers/nse-2015-16 Further information www.mbie.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 16 New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings Name of publication New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings Enduring questions informed 1.2 What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? Information type Information release and database Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Census Information source type Census Frequency Five yearly (except for 2013) Reference period 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013, 2018 Objective Access to telecommunication systems is used to gather information about a range of communication systems and therefore various levels of access to flow-on services.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Dwellings access to internet, cell phone, and telephone (fixed line). Dwelling form contains other information about the dwelling and its occupants, and the related individual forms contain demographic information about occupants. Data access http://nzdotstat.stats.govt.nz Further information www.stats.govt.nz Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) Name of publication Progress in international reading literacy study (PIRLS) Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3. a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3. c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment. 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 17 Information type Database Data custodian Evidence Data and Knowledge (EDK), Ministry of Education (MoE) Information source International Survey Information source type International Survey Frequency Every 5 years Reference period 2011, 2016 Objective The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) is an educational research study on children's reading literacy achievement conducted in countries around the world. As well as assessing students, PIRLS also collects background information from the students, their parents/caregivers, their reading teachers, and from the principals of the schools at which they attend. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Year five students with access to (in home) computer or tablet, internet connection, personal mobile phone. Frequency of use of digital device at home, school, some other place. Time spent using a computer for homework. Time spent on various internet activities. Frequency of digital technology use during school time. Numbers of computers in school.

Capacity to provide instruction by shortage or inadequacy of: technologically able staff, computer technology for teaching and learning, computer software/applications for reading instruction. Data access EMA has all national and international data sets as well as current national analysis used for reports. https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/pirls2016/international-results Further information www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/research/pirls Result 10 measuring agency results Name of publication Result 10 measuring agency results Enduring questions informed 1.3.k. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services?

1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Information type Dataset

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 18 Data custodian Department of Internal Affairs Information source Information sourced from the agencies contributing to Result 10 Information source type Direct measurements Frequency Quarterly Reference period August 2012 - present Objective To demonstrate progress towards the Result 10 target. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Quarterly measurements of ten common transactions with government, reported by the percentage of transactions completed digitally.

Example: Proportion of applications for financial assistance made online in New Zealand Data access www.dia.govt.nz/Better-Public-Services-Measuring-Result-10 Further information www.dia.govt.nz Royal Society of NZ administrative systems Name of publication Royal society of NZ administrative systems Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.4.a How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services?

Information type Database Data custodian Royal Society of New Zealand Information source Data collected as part of administrating funding Information source type Contracts Frequency Ongoing Reference period 1993–ongoing Objective Collected in course of administration

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 19 Data collected (key variables, outputs) Output expense, provider type, Australia New Zealand Research Classification (ANZSRC) search engine optimisation, full time equivalent, headcount, vision Matauranga theme, research outputs. Data access Not publically available Further information Not publically available Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Name of publication Trends in international mathematics and science study (TIMSS) Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3. a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3. c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment. 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Database Data custodian Evidence Data and Knowledge (EDK), Ministry of Education (MoE) Information source The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Information source type International survey Frequency Every 4 years Reference period 2010, 2014 Objective Year 5 and Year 9 students and their teachers surveyed October and November 2014. TIMSS 2018 reports and data will be available in 2019. Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is an educational research study on student achievement in mathematics and science around the world. It is designed to measure and interpret differences in national educational systems in order to help improve the teaching and learning of mathematics and science worldwide.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 20 TIMSS also collects background information on student, classroom and school contexts through questionnaires. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Types of digital device in student’s home. Number of digital devices available in home. Types of leisure activities on digital devices. Use of computer to complete schoolwork. Activities related to schoolwork done using the internet. Percentage of teachers with adequate/inadequate access to technological resources. Digital devices available to use during mathematics/science lessons. Participation in the integration of information technology into mathematics.

How schools are affected by the shortage or inadequacy of various ICT skills/technology. Schools with a curriculum which emphasis on either E-learning of Technology. Data access EMA has all national and international data sets as well as current national analysis used for reports. https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2015/international-database Further information www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/research/timss

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 21 Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? This section lists sources relating primarily to the Enduring question “What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies.” Business Operations Survey: Module A Name of publication Business operations survey: Module A Enduring questions informed 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: Structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business Operations Survey: Module A Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Annually Reference period 2005–ongoing Objective The purpose of this survey is to collect information on the business operations of New Zealand businesses. The data collected by this survey is needed to quantify business behaviour, capacity, and performance across a wide selection of industries. The information will help government and other organisations in developing a better understanding of enterprise capacity and performance in New Zealand Data collected (key variables, outputs) Businesses entering new export markets in the telecommunications, internet, and data services industry in New Zealand. New Zealand businesses who have a negative perception of the ICT infrastructure in their local area Data access http://datainfoplus.stats.govt.nz/item/nz.govt.stats/98568739-f933- 4c00-8d56-d523f20e68bb/76# Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 22 Business Operations Survey: Module B Name of publication Business operations survey: Module B Enduring questions informed 1.4.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services? 1.4.b. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to improve production or delivery methods? 1.4.d. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to promote, market, and sell products or services? 1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations?

2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 3. What limits New Zealander’s engagement with digital technologies? 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business Operations Survey Module B – section B Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Biennially (even years) Reference period 2006–ongoing Objective The purpose of this survey is to collect information on the business operations of New Zealand businesses. The data collected by this survey is needed to quantify business behaviour, capacity, and performance across a wide selection of industries. The information will help government and other organisations in developing a better understanding of enterprise capacity and performance in New Zealand. Data collected (key variables, outputs) All variables are measured at individual Business level. Use of computers. Type of ICT support service provider. Use of computer

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 23 network, type of network technologies used. Percentage of staff provided with a cell phone. Experience of ICT security attack that resulted in loss of data, time or damage to software, type of loss occurred, cause of ICT security attack, ICT security measures in place. Outcomes achieved in which use of ICT was important. Steps taken to get more benefit from ICT (In the last two years). Use of internet, percentage of staff with access to internet, type of internet connection, types of broadband connection, plan to use fibre- to-the-premise internet connection, reason for no plans to use fibre-to- the-premise internet connection, considerations in choosing between types of internet connection, activities done using internet, use of internet for dealing with local or central government. Use of internet to order goods or services, use of internet to receiver orders to sell goods or services, way in which internet orders were received, percentage of total dollar sales internet sales represent, percentage of total dollar internet sales sold to customers outside New Zealand, business use of website, homepage or other web presence, types of features and facilities offered on web presence. Data access http://datainfoplus.stats.govt.nz/item/nz.govt.stats/98568739-f933- 4c00-8d56-d523f20e68bb/76# Further information www.stats.govt.nz Business price indexes Name of publication Business price indexes Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Commodity price survey Information source type Survey Frequency Quarterly Reference period 1998–ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 24 Objective The combined the producers price index (PPI) and capital goods price index (CGPI) information releases into one quarterly business price index information release from 19 May 2015. The release includes the quarterly PPI, CGPI, and farm expenses price index (FEPI) results. It will also use previously released labour cost index and overseas trade index information. The PPI, CGPI, and FEPI tables will remain in separate Excel files. We will make no change to the time series on Infoshare or to series references. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Input/output costs for telecommunications industry, internet information media. Charges for fibre cables. Input/output business costs for internet services. Prices received by telecommunication industry, prices paid by telecommunication industry. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/search?Search=business%20price%20indexes http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/economic_indicators/pri ces_indexes/business-price-indexes-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Consumers price index Name of publication Consumers price index Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Administrative data, online internet collections, field collections Information source type Unknown Frequency Quarterly Reference period Ongoing Objective The consumers price index (CPI) measures the changing price of the goods and services New Zealand households buy. It provides a measure of household inflation. To calculate CPI we select a fixed 'basket' of goods and services. We choose the items and determine their relative importance based on

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 25 spending patterns. The items in the CPI basket represent how New Zealand households spend their money. We collect the prices of the goods and services in the basket over time to measure how they change. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Prices for broadband plans, mobile data, internet plans. Software prices. Prices for anti-software. Prices for digital technology hardware. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/consumers-price-index Further information www.stats.govt.nz Cyber threat report Name of publication Cyber threat report Enduring questions informed 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Report Data custodian National Cyber Security Centre Information source Unknown Information source type Unknown Frequency Annually Reference period 2012–ongoing Objective The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) helps protect New Zealand’s most important information systems from advanced cyber threats and responds to cyber incidents that have a high impact on New Zealand. This report aims to provide insight into the types of cyber threats and incidents encountered by these systems.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Experience of cyber security issues in the last 12 months. Type of security issues experienced. Awareness of Connect Smart. Actions taken due to interaction with Connect Smart. Approach to cyber security. Reasons for not taking steps to manage cyber security. Data access www.connectsmart.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/Colmar-Brunton-post- Connect-Smart-Week-2016-research2.pdf Further information www.connectsmart.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 26 Economic Survey of Manufacturing Name of publication Economic survey of manufacturing Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? Information type Dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Stats NZ survey Information source type Survey Frequency Quarterly Reference period 1998–ongoing Objective These releases provide quick economic indicators of how the manufacturing sector is faring in the general economic conditions present at the time of the survey.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) The latest releases contain tables on:  sales, stocks, and purchases of goods and services for selected manufacturing industries  seasonally adjusted sales at September 2010 quarter prices  production statistics. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/manufacturing-and-production http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/manufa cturing_and_production/economic-survey-of-manufacturing-info- releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 27 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Supply Survey Name of publication Information and communication technology (ICT) supply survey Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 2.1.a In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Periodically Reference period 2006/07, 2007/08, 2009/10, 2011/12, 2014, 2017 Objective These releases provide information on the sale of goods and services from businesses associated with information and communication technology (ICT) industries. The ICT supply survey replaces the information technology survey.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Published software: IT tech support services: IT design and development: Hosting and IT infrastructure: value and percentage of local and export sales for each. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/information-communication-and-technology http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/inform ation_technology_and_communications/ict-supply-survey-info- releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Labour cost index (all labour costs) Name of publication Labour cost index (all labour costs) Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 28 Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Commodity Price Survey Information source type Survey Frequency Annual Reference period 1998–ongoing Objective These releases provide information on movements in base salary and ordinary time wage rates, overtime wage rates, and the following non- wage costs: annual leave and statutory holidays, superannuation, ACC employer premiums, and medical insurance Data collected (key variables, outputs) Salary and wage rates in the ICT industry. Data access http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/economic_indicators/pri ces_indexes/labour-cost-index-all-labour-costsinfo-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Linked employer-employee data (LEED) Name of publication Linked employer-employee data (LEED) Enduring questions informed 1.3.g. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve employment outcomes?

2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? Information type Information release and database Data custodian Stats NZ Information source The LEED dataset is created by linking a longitudinal employer series from the business demography statistics (BF) to a longitudinal series of employer monthly schedule (EMS) payroll data from Inland Revenue. Information source type Unknown Frequency Updated quarterly Reference period 1999–ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 29 Objective Official quarterly statistics produced from the Linked employer- employee data (LEED) measure labour market dynamics, providing an insight into the operation of New Zealand's labour market. Stat NZ releases other official labour market statistics which show changes in employment at an aggregate level. New statistics from LEED (ie job and worker flows) help explain what causes these aggregate movements and are therefore useful for explaining changes in the labour market. LEED uses existing administrative data drawn from the taxation system, together with business data from Statistics NZ's Business Frame (BF). The LEED dataset is created by linking a longitudinal employer series from the BF to a longitudinal series of Employer monthly schedule (EMS) payroll data from Inland Revenue.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) LEED provides statistics on filled jobs, job flows, worker flows, mean and median earnings for continuing jobs and new hires, and total earnings. Data access Stats NZ search result for linked employer-employee data http://archive.stats.govt.nz/tools_and_services/nzdotstat/tables-by- subject/leed-quarterly-tables.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Longitudinal business database Name Longitudinal business database Enduring questions informed 1.4. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations?

2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? Information type Database Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Data supplied by range of government agencies, Stats NZ surveys, and non-government organisations Information source type De-identified microdata about businesses Frequency Unknown Reference period Ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 30 Objective The Longitudinal business database (LBD) is a large research database. It holds de-identified microdata about businesses. Data comes from a range of Stats NZ surveys and government agencies. The data is linked together, or integrated, to form the LBD. Researchers use it to evaluate policies and analyse business performance. The database complements the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI), which contains microdata about people and households. The two databases are linked through tax data.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Agriculture data; business financials data; business practices data; employment data; innovation data; international trade and tourism data. Data access Data is protected by laws and other measures that guard privacy. Research projects must meet the conditions set to keep data safe. We grant access to data only when projects meet all these conditions. Research must be in the public interest. www.stats.govt.nz/integrated-data/longitudinal-business-database Further information www.stats.govt.nz National accounts (industry production and investment) Name of publications National accounts (industry production and investment) Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source ICT supply, annual enterprise survey, GDP quarterly data, Census of Population and Dwellings Information source type Stats NZ survey Frequency Two balanced years released yearly, one provisional year released yearly. Reference period 2010–ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 31 Objective These releases provide comprehensive industry data on production, investment, and capital stock. This data has been analysed in a supply- use balancing framework to reconcile the production, income, and expenditure measure of gross domestic product (GDP). It provides benchmarks for the level of economic activity, which update and maintain the quality of quarterly GDP statistics. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Economy wide total Software as a total of gross fixed capital formation. Industry group level totals of software gross fixed capital formation. No industry breakdown for data.

Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/national-accounts http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/economic_indicators/Na tionalAccounts/industry-production-investment-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz National accounts input-output tables Name of publication National accounts input-output tables Enduring questions informed 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Data tables Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Variety of StatsNZ surveys, administrative data, external data sources. Information source type Derived Frequency Every five years. Reference period 2013 Objective Input-output tables are a powerful analytical tool for describing the structure of New Zealand’s economy. They show the relationships between industries, the goods and services they produce, and who uses them. Input-output tables have many uses, including: estimating the effect changes in government policy have on key economic variables, examining the impact of changes in producer prices or wages on the consumer’s price index, exploring the reliance of industries on imports, and estimating their contribution to exports.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 32 Data collected (key variables, outputs) This release includes nine tables. The first two tables, called supply and use tables, are compiled annually as part of supply-use balancing. This process reconciles the production and expenditure measures of gross domestic product by balancing the flows of goods and services within the economy. The third table is the imports table. This table shows the detailed allocation of goods and services imports to use categories. See the section ‘Data quality points to note’ for more information on this table. The remaining six tables are analytical tables derived from the first three tables.

Data access http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/economic_indicators/Na tionalAccounts/input-output%20tables-2013.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Overseas merchandise trade Name of publication Overseas merchandise trade Enduring questions informed 1.1. What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 2.1.b. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Monthly Reference period 1988–ongoing Objective These releases provide statistics on the value of New Zealand's merchandise trade with the rest of the world.

The overseas merchandise trade releases contain tables on:  exports, imports, and re-exports – actual and trend  exports by destination, imports by country of origin  exports and imports of main commodities  exports and imports by top 10 HS categories – seasonally adjusted (available on a quarterly basis only)

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 33  exports and imports by standard international trade classification (SITC)  imports by broad economic categories – actual and seasonally adjusted (seasonally adjusted broad economic categories only available quarterly)  exchange rates  livestock slaughtered for export  imports of crude oil. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Imports and exports of digital devices (computers, cellphones, tablets etc). Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/imports-and-exports http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/imports _and_exports/overseas-merchandise-trade-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Productivity statistics Name of publication Productivity statistics Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Household Labour Force Survey, New Zealand Income Survey, Linked employer employer-employee database, Quarterly Employment Survey, business data collection, Census of Population and Dwellings, Agricultural Census, quotable value, quarterly gross domestic product, national accounts, backdated gross domestic product. Information source type Capital inputs, labour inputs Frequency Annually Reference period 1978–ongoing Objective Productivity is a measure of how efficiently inputs (capital and labour) are used within the economy to produce outputs (goods and services). A higher productivity rate means a nation can produce more, or can produce the same amount using less.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 34 Data collected (key variables, outputs) Productivity indexes for ICT-intensive industries in New Zealand. Capital productivity growth rate for ICT-intensive industries in New Zealand. Labour productivity growth rate for ICT-intensive industries in New Zealand. Multifactor productivity growth rate for ICT-intensive industries in New Zealand. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/productivity http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/economic_indicators/pro ductivity Further information www.stats.govt.nz Quarterly Survey of International Trade in Services and Royalties Name of publication Quarterly Survey of International Trade in Services and Royalties Enduring questions informed Question 2.1.b In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity?

Information type Information release and database. Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Balance of payments release, import payments and export receipts. Goods and services release. Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Quarterly Reference period 2007–ongoing Objective The purpose of this survey is to collect information on international trade in selected services and royalties. This information is used in compiling balance of payments statistics, which are a record of New Zealand’s international economic transactions. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Import payments and export receipts of ICT services, by country. List of ICT services:  IT technical consulting and support services  IT design and development services  Non-customised software available online  Hosting and IT infrastructure provisioning services  IT infrastructure and network management services

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 35  Database information services  Financial transaction processing  Other data processing  Internet access services  Telecommunication services. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/balance-of-payments Further information www.stats.govt.nz Research and Development Survey Name of publication Research and development survey Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.4.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services? 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics Frequency Biennial Reference period 2008–ongoing Objective These releases provide information on research and development (R&D) in New Zealand, including level of R&D activity, employment, and expenditure by private sector enterprises, government departments, government- owned trading entities, and universities.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Research and development expenditure. Type of research and development by sector. Source of funding for research and development expenditure. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/research-and-development http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/businesses/research_and_de velopment/info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 36 Research into cyber security behaviours Name of publication Research into cyber security behaviours Enduring questions informed 1.3.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others? 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Report Data custodian Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet and Colmar Brunton Information source Online survey Information source type Unknown Frequency Periodically Reference period 2014, 2015, 2016 Objective The following report outlines findings from cyber security research carried out by Colmar Brunton in 2014, 2015 and 2016. The research aims to access the impact of Connect Smart and gauge New Zealanders’ cyber security behaviours. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Experience of cyber security issues in the last 12 months. Type of security issues experienced. Awareness of Connect Smart. Actions taken due to interaction with Connect Smart. Approach to cyber security. Reasons for not taking steps to manage cyber security. Data access www.connectsmart.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/Colmar-Brunton-post- Connect-Smart-Week-2016-research2.pdf Further information www.connectsmart.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 37 Screen Industry Survey Name of publication Screen industry survey Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.3.d. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for creative and artistic purposes? 1.4.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services? 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Annually Reference period 2011/2012–ongoing Objective Provide information on businesses involved in the screen industry. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Production and post-production activities, film and video distribution, film exhibition, and television broadcasting. Type of screen industry undertaken (production activities, post-production, film distribution, film exhibition, free-to-air TV, subscription TV, online only distribution of content).

Region of screen production activities. Funding and financing for screen productions. Overseas funding or financing for screen production. Sales income for types of screen productions (includes online only programmes). Amount spent on upgrading or purchasing equipment. Data access Information is fully available. As it is a supply based survey, detailed data about usage is not included. Lower level breakdowns can be provided. www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/screen-industry-201516 http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/film_an d_television/screen-industry-survey-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 38 Survey of adult skills (PIAAC) Name of publication Survey of adult skills (PIAAC) Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3. a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others? 1.3. c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment.

1.3. g. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve employment outcomes? 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 2.1.h. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the civic and democratic engagement of New Zealanders 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Database Data custodian Ministry of Education Information source Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Information source type International survey Frequency Every 5 years Reference period 2016, 2011 Objective The programme for the international assessment of adult competencies (PIAAC) developed and conducts the survey of adult skills. The survey measures adults’ proficiency in key information-processing skills - literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments -and gathers information and data on how adults use their skills at home, at work and in the wider community. Data collected (key variables, outputs) People in employment: experience with computer in a job, frequency of internet use for email, frequency of internet use for work related information, frequency of internet use for conducting transactions, frequency of computer use for Word, frequency of computer use for programming language, frequency of computer use for real time discussions, frequency of computer use for social media, level of

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 39 computer use, skills needed for computer use, whether lack of skills affect career. All respondents (aged 16–64 years): Use of a computer, experience with computer in everyday life, frequency of internet use for email, frequency of internet use for conducting transactions, frequency of computer use for Word, frequency of computer use for programming language, frequency of computer use for real time discussions, frequency of computer use for social media.

This information can be cross tabulated with a range of background information on the respondent, such as their social and political engagement, health status, income, educational attainment, and participation. Data access TSPA has all national and international data sets as well as current national analysis used for reports. Confidentialised data collected from PIAAC is available to the public: www.oecd.org/skills/piaac/publicdataandanalysis/#d.en.408927 Further information www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/research/piaac

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 40 Enduring question 3: What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? This section lists sources relating primarily to the Enduring question “What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies.” Broadband deployment data Name of publication Broadband deployment data Enduring questions informed 3.4 To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Database Data custodian Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment Information source Data collected by broadband deployment organisations Information source type Provided by broadband deployment companies Frequency Quarterly Reference period Unknown Objective Indicating current broadband accessibility by region Data collected (key variables, outputs) Access to ultra-fast broadband by area Data access www.mbie.govt.nz/info-services/sectors-industries/technology- communications/fast-broadband Further information www.mbie.govt.nz Household Economic Survey Name of publication Household economic survey Enduring questions informed 3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 41 Information source Household Economic Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics Frequency Annually Reference period 2012/13, 2013/14 , 2014/15 Objective To estimate the average household expenditure. To assess the material wellbeing of NZ households. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Includes demographic variables such as household size and composition and tenure of household. Household telecommunication and subscriber TV services (Questions elaborated in 2012/13 and 2015/16 and listed internet enabled cellular phone, another cellular phone, another type of phone, internet connection, desktop computer handheld computer, laptop computer, other internet enabled devices, wired or wireless enabled network).

Household possession of telephone/personal computer, reason for not owning telephone/computer. Household access to both a computer and internet access inside home, reason for no access to both computer and internet access in home. Data access http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/people_and_communitie s/Households/household-economic-survey-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Jobs online Name of publication Jobs online Enduring questions informed 3.3 To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Report Data custodian Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment Information source Data collected from online job websites Information source type Modelled from job ad data Frequency Monthly Reference period 2009–ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 42 Objective Indicating present labour demand by occupation, industry, and region Data collected (key variables, outputs) Job ads by region, industry and occupation Data access www.mbie.govt.nz/info-services/employment-skills/labour-market- reports/jobs-online Further information www.mbie.govt.nz Labour market forecasting Name Labour market forecasting Enduring questions informed 3.3 To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Report Data custodian Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment Information source Modelled data Information source type Derived statistics Frequency Twice a year Reference period 2008–ongoing Objective Forecasting New Zealand's employment by industry, region, and occupation Data collected (key variables, outputs) Employment by industry, occupation and region Data access www.mbie.govt.nz/info-services/employment-skills/labour-market- reports/forecasting/short-term-employment-forecasts Further information www.mbie.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 43 National Consumer Survey Name of publication National consumer survey Enduring questions informed 3.6 .To what extent does the regulatory environment and government support the use of digital technologies? Information type Survey Data custodian Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment Information source Survey of individuals Information source type Survey Frequency Every 2 years Reference period 2016–ongoing Objective Better understanding of what consumers know about their rights, what issues they have experienced, and how they have resolved said issues. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Confidence and trust in purchasing goods and services, dispute resolution services Data access www.consumerprotection.govt.nz/assets/PDFs/NCS-Final-Report- Summary-Findings.pdf Further information www.mbie.govt.nz New Zealand General Social Survey Name of publication General social survey Enduring questions informed Question 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source New Zealand General Social Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics Frequency Every two years Reference period 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 44 Objective The New Zealand General Social Survey (NZGSS) provides information on the well-being of New Zealanders aged 15 years and over. It covers a wide range of social and economic outcomes and shows how people are faring. In particular the survey provides a view of how well-being outcomes are distributed across different groups within the New Zealand population. Data collected (key variables, outputs) How safe or unsafe people feel using the internet for online transactions.

Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/well-being http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/people_and_communitie s/well-being/nzgss-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Program for international student assessment (PISA) Name of publication Program for international student assessment (PISA) Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3. a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3. c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment? 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Database Data custodian Evidence Data and Knowledge (EDK), Ministry of Education (MoE) Information source The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Information source type International survey Frequency Every 3 years Reference period 27 July to 4 September 2015

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 45 Objective PISA assesses how far students near the end of compulsory education have acquired some of the knowledge and skills that are essential for full participation in society. In all cycles, the domains of reading, mathematical and scientific literacy are covered not merely in terms of mastery of the school curriculum, but in terms of important knowledge and skills in adult life. Students complete a two-hour test and a background questionnaire. Principals' complete a school questionnaire. PISA 2018 reports and data will be available in 2019. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Computers available for education purpose. Computers with internet connection. Number of portable computers. Number of interactive whiteboards. Number of projectors. Number of computers for teachers. Students with a computer at home. Students with education software at home. Students with a link to the internet at home. Students with a cell phone with internet access at home. Students with a desktop computer at home. Students with a tablet computer at home. Students with cell phone at home (without internet access, with internet access). Student activities online. Frequency of various activities using digital devices. Age first used digital device. Age when student first used a computer. Age when student first accessed the internet. Frequency of internet use at school. Frequency of internet use outside of school. Opinions and experiences with digital media and digital devices. Data access All data collected from PISA is available to the public: www.oecd.org/pisa/data Further information www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/research/pisa Public Attitudes Towards Science and Technology Survey Name of publication Public attitudes towards science and technology survey Enduring questions informed 3.1 To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies?

3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment Information source Survey of individuals Information source type Survey Frequency Every 3–4 years

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 46 Reference period 2002–2014 Objective Collected in course of administration Data collected (key variables, outputs) General attitudes towards science and technology, world views, reason for being interested in science and technology Data access www.curiousminds.nz/assets/Uploads/report-on-public-attitudes- towards-science-and-technology.pdf Further information www.mbie.govt.nz Teacher and Learning Survey (TALIS) Name of publication Teacher and learning survey (TALIS) Enduring questions informed 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment?

3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.5. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the finance needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Database Data custodian Evidence Data and Knowledge (EDK), Ministry of Education (MoE) Information source The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Information source type International survey Frequency Every 4 years Reference period 2014 Objective The OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) is an international, large-scale survey that focuses on teachers and teaching. TALIS examines:  the way in which teachers' work is recognised, appraised and rewarded  the degree to which teachers' professional-development needs are being met  the beliefs and attitudes about teaching that teachers bring to the classroom

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 47  the teaching practices that teachers adopt  the role of school leaders and the support that they give teachers  the extent to which certain factors may relate to teachers' feelings of job-satisfaction and self-efficacy. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Professional development for teachers which covered either ICT skills for teaching or new technologies in the workplace. Whether the developments have a positive impact on teaching. Perceived need, by teachers, for professional development in either ICT skills or new technologies in the workplace.

Frequency of student use of ICT for projects or class work. Limitations on school’s capacity to provide quality instruction because of either shortage of digital technology for instruction or insufficient internet access. Data access EMA has all national and international data sets as well as current national analysis used for reports. All data collected from TALIS is available to the public: www.oecd.org/edu/school/talis-2013-results.htm Tables in excel for all statistics is available for download. Raw datasets are also available.

Further information www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/research/timss

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 48 Appendix 1: Other data sources – administrative data The following data sources for administrative data were considered highly relevant to the enduring questions of the Digital Nation Domain Plan but are outside the scope of the stocktake. Analysis of e-channel compliance rates Name of publication Analysis of e-channel compliance rates Enduring questions informed 1.3.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services?

1.3.k. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? 3. What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Inland Revenue Information source Analysis of e-channel compliance rates Information source type Exploratory study, literature review Frequency One off Reference period 2011 Objective This exploratory study focuses on assessing both the positive and negative aspects of customer migration to Inland Revenue’s online channel, using a spectrum of information covering a review of relevant literature, contact with international tax agency sources, and analysis of Inland Revenue’s tax and administrative data. The study also examines whether filing tax returns online has an impact on tax compliance among non-business individuals and businesses within New Zealand tax system.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) The report provides a list of recommendations on the basis of lessons learnt from other tax administrations, and suggestions about how social media and social marketing technologies can be used effectively in delivering tax-related services online. Data access Not publicly available Further information www.ird.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 49 Analytics on use of the Land Information New Zealand data service Name of publication Analytics on use of the Land Information New Zealand Data Service Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? Information type Database Data custodian Land information New Zealand (LINZ) Information source LINZ Data Service (LDS) Information source type Administrative data Frequency Ongoing Reference period 2011-ongoing Objective To inform the development and provide insights into the reuse of LINZ open data Data collected (key variables, outputs) Ongoing measurement of customer registrations and data access, including downloads and API by format, user, projection Data access LDS Analytics is internal. Used for administrative/business improvement initiatives only.

LDS itself is open to the public. Some datasets (those that contain personal information) have restricted access https://data.linz.govt.nz Further information www.linz.govt.nz Customer Satisfaction and Perceptions Survey (Inland Revenue) Name of publication Customer Satisfaction and Perceptions Survey Enduring questions informed 1.3.k How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? Information type Report Data custodian Inland Revenue Information source Daily surveys done by Colmar Brunton reported quarterly to Inland Revenue Information source type Direct measurements.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 50 Frequency Daily. Reference period Ongoing Objective To measure customers’ perceptions of Inland Revenue, and their satisfaction with various aspects of the service that Inland Revenue provides, because this allows us to:  understand how they feel about IR, the services it provides, and about meeting their tax obligations  understand what parts of their interactions with IR they are happy with, and what could be improved  use these insights to determine which areas have the greatest influence on customers’ satisfaction or their perceptions of IR  better target resources by identifying priority areas for improvement.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Satisfaction and perception measures of Inland Revenue's main services and channels including digital ones. Data access Limited information of results available to the public on the website: http://www.ird.govt.nz/aboutir/reports/cust-survey/customer- satisfaction-results-index.html Detailed results provided to Inland Revenue. Further information www.ird.govt.nz e-Learning provision, participation and performance Name of publication e-Learning provision, participation and performance Enduring questions informed 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment?

Information type Report Data custodian Ministry of Education Information source Analysis of administrative data Information source type Analysis of administrative data Frequency Periodically Reference period 2005–2014

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 51 Objective This report examines courses delivered in the university, polytechnic, and private training establishment sectors looking at the use (or not) of e-learning. It updates our two earlier reports that made an initial analysis of these topics to see the extent of the change since 2005. Data collected (key variables, outputs) ‘No access’: where no part of the course is accessible online (referred to in this report as No ICT (Information and Communication Technologies.) ‘Web-supported’: where a course provides students with limited access to online materials and resources.

‘Web-enhanced’: where a course expects students to access online materials and resources. ‘Web-based’: where a course requires students to access the accompanying online materials and resources. Data access www.educationcounts.govt.nz/publications/e-Learning/e-learning- provision,-participation-and-performance Further information www.moe.govt.nz Go live Survey: Customer experience in the new myIR Name of publication Go live Survey: Customer experience in the new myIR. Enduring questions informed 1.3.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services?

1.3.k. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Information type Survey Data custodian Inland Revenue Information source Customer surveys Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics Frequency Daily during survey period Reference period February to May 2017 Objective Inland Revenue implemented a new online GST filing system in February 2017. It was one of the major first steps in Inland Revenue’s Business Transformation programme. It is the first time Inland Revenue made online filing the first default option for customers.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 52 Each day between 7 February and 15 May 2017, the GO live survey asked Goods and Services Tax (GST) customers about their experience in the new system. The survey was simple. It asked customers to rate their experience (easy to difficult), and gave them the opportunity to say why it was easy or hard. Customers allocated their comments to predefined categories, and this made it easy to report on their comments daily. We sent daily reports and weekly summaries to Transformation’s feedback hub.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Satisfaction and perception measures of Inland Revenue's new digital GST filing system Data access Not publicly available Further information www.ird.govt.nz Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand patent, design, and trademark data Name Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand (IPONZ), patent, design, and trademark data Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders 1.4a How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services Information type Database Data custodian Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment Information source Data collected as part of Intellectual Property (IP) administration Information source type Administrative data Frequency Ongoing Reference period Unknown Objective Administering New Zealand's intellectual property system Data collected (key variables, outputs) Registered patents, trademarks and designs Data access Not publically available Further information www.mbie.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 53 Migration administrative data Name Migration administrative data Enduring questions informed 3.3 To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment Information source Data collected as part of migration administration Information source type Administrative data Frequency Ongoing Reference period Unknown Objective Administering New Zealand's migration Data collected (key variables, outputs) Visa type, occupation, origin, destination Data access Not publically available Further information www.mbie.govt.nz Ministry of Business and Innovation (MBIE) Administrative System Investment Management System (IMS) Name of publication MBIE Administrative System Investment Management System (IMS) Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders 1.4.a How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services Information type Database Data custodian MBIE Information source Data collected as part of administrating funding Information source type Contracts Frequency Ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 54 Reference period 2008–ongoing Objective Collected in course of administration Data collected (key variables, outputs) Research type, research output, revenue, collaborations. Data access Not publically available. Further information www.mbie.govt.nz MyMSD login Name MyMSD login Enduring questions informed 1.3.k. How are New Zealanders using digital technologies to access public services? 2.1.h. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the democratic engagement of New Zealanders? Information type Datasets, dashboards, reports Data custodian Ministry of Social Development (MSD) Information source Captured for operational monitoring of uptake of myMSD digital channel Information source type Direct measurement and derived statistics Frequency Not published.

Reference period From September 2015 Objective To monitor change in uptake of myMSD. This data provides a detailed picture of MSD Client uptake of a digital channel and its change and rate of change over time since the channel was deployed. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Detailed operational activity by MSD clients with respect to benefit application and change in circumstances with respect to benefit eligibility Data access Internal to MSD Further information Unknown

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 55 Appendix 2: Other data sources – one-off reports The following data sources for one-off reports were considered highly relevant to the enduring questions of the Digital Nation Domain Plan but are outside the scope of the stocktake. Community access to digital technologies: A literature review Name of publication Community access to digital technologies: A literature review Enduring questions informed 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies?

3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Department of Internal Affairs Information source Literature from multiple sources including Ministry for Social Development, Ministry for Business, Employment and Innovation, Department of Labour, Stats NZ, and other agencies and individuals Information source type Literature Frequency One off report, published 2011 Reference period 2011 Objective The purpose of this literature review was to find the evidence needed to better answer the following questions:  What are the factors (including precursors) that relate to the readiness of a community to adopt digital technologies?  What are the key success factors or intervention strategies that build this readiness and support the application of new technologies in communities, especially those considered ‘hard to reach’ communities – Māori, Pacific, rural and regional?  What are the barriers and risks to the effective uptake of new technologies?

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Household Access to Broadband, by Region (December 2006 and 2009 quarters) Location of Internet Use over last 12 months for individuals aged 15 years and over (December 2006 and 2009 quarters). Use of Internet by Ethnic Group and Income Level (2007 & 2009). Internet Activities over last 12 months for individuals aged 15 years and over (December 2006 and 2009 quarters). Broadband connection by Rural-Urban (2007 & 2009).

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 56 Data access www.dia.govt.nz/pubforms.nsf/URL/Digital-divide-Literature- Review.pdf/$file/Digital-divide-Literature-Review.pdf, available from: www.dia.govt.nz/Resource-material-Our-Research-and-Reports-Index Further information www.dia.govt.nz Government Use of Information and Communication Technology Name of publication Government use of information and communication technology Enduring questions informed 1.3.k. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services?

1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency One off Reference period 2006 Objective This one-off release collected information about the state of government information and communication technology (ICT) use, emerging technology uptake, and factors hampering ICT use by government organisations. It provided a picture of how new ICT changes the way that government organisations carry out their roles. When combined with information about business and household use of ICT, a comprehensive set of data was created about the use of ICT in New Zealand.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Government staff with access to internet at work. Government organisations that use a broadband connection. Total government expenditure on ICT. Government organisations with plans to invest in ICT. Data access http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/government_finance/cen tral_government/govt-use-of-ict-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 57 How can digital support participation in government? Name of publication How can digital support participation in government? Enduring questions informed 1.3.k. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.3.l. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for democratic and civic participation? 1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations?

2.1.h. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the civic and democratic engagement of New Zealanders? Information type Report Data custodian Department of Internal Affairs Information source Interviews with the public and agencies Information source type Interviews Frequency One-off Reference period 2018 Objective Determine how citizens are willing to participate in government decision making through digital technology. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Qualitative interviews, aggregated into report Data access Internal document Further information www.dia.govt.nz Insights into digital harm: The online lives of New Zealand girls and boys Name of publication Insights into digital harm: The online lives of New Zealand girls and boys Enduring questions informed 1.3.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 58 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Ministry for Women and Netsafe Information source Focus group interviews Information source type Focus group interviews Frequency Periodically Reference period 2017 Objective The key objectives of this research were to:  better understand young people’s online behaviour and experiences of digital harm  provide a gendered understanding of digital harm  Identify promising directions to prevent and reduce digital harm, including: contributing to activities that raise awareness about digital harm and possible solutions and providing an evidence base to inform government policy and service provider practice. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Gendered differences in online activities. Relationship between offline and online worlds. Perception of online control. Knowledge and/or experience of digital harm. Impact of digital harm. Barriers to help. Helpful support received.

Data access http://women.govt.nz/documents/insights-digital-harm-online-lives- new-zealand-girls-and-boys Further information www.women.govt.nz Laptops for teachers Name of publication Laptops for teachers Enduring questions informed 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment? Information type Report Data custodian Ministry of Education Information source Questionnaires and focus groups

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 59 Information source type Questionnaires and focus groups Frequency Periodically Reference period 2004–2006 Objective This evaluation report presents findings from three annual cycles of national questionnaires and focus groups with years 4 to 6 teachers in New Zealand primary schools. An annual questionnaire asked teachers about various aspects of their laptops experience, including school support for laptops, professional development, their use of laptops at home and in school, and their goals for future use. Each year, two focus groups were held, one in an urban area and one in a rural area. The focus groups allowed teachers to talk about their experiences and changes in their use of the laptop over the three years. In this final report, questionnaire results are presented together with the results from focus groups held over three years.

The purpose of this evaluation was to investigate the impacts of the Laptops for Teachers Scheme (TELA scheme) on years 4 to 6 teachers’ work over a period of three years (2004–2006) and to record emerging changes in laptop use. The investigation focused on the Ministry of Education expectation that teacher access to a laptop for their individual professional use would lead to gains in confidence and expertise in the use of ICTs, to efficiencies in administration, would contribute to teacher collaboration and support the preparation of high quality lesson resources. It was also anticipated that teacher would use their laptop in the classroom for teaching and learning. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Confidence with information communication technology, more effective communication and collaboration, efficiencies gained, use of laptops for classroom practice, influences on teacher laptop use, teachers' main goal for their laptop use Data access www.educationcounts.govt.nz/publications/e Further information www.moe.govt.nz Marae Survey Name of publication Marae survey Enduring questions informed 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report and database Data custodian Te Puni Kōkiri

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 60 Information source Survey Information source type Survey Frequency One-off Reference period 2011 Objective Stocktake on the status of New Zealand marae. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Internet access Data access Restricted access Further information www.tpk.govt.nz Outcomes for teachers and students in the Information Communication Technology Professional Development School Clusters Programme 2006–2008: A national overview Name of publication Outcomes for teachers and students in the information communication technology professional development school clusters programme 2006–2008: A national overview Enduring questions informed 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment?

Information type Report Data custodian Ministry of Education Information source Questionnaires and focus groups Information source type Questionnaires and focus groups Frequency One-off Reference period 2006–2008 Objective This report focuses on the effectiveness of the 2006–2008 Information and Communication Technologies Professional Development (ICTPD) School Clusters Programmes and supplements previous evaluations of the first six ICT PD programmes. It is the last report of an ongoing evaluation of the ICT PD teacher professional development initiative, which has been implemented in New Zealand since 1999.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 61 Data collected (key variables, outputs) How effective was the 2006-8 ICT PD programme in meeting goals of:  increasing teachers' ICT skills, confidence and knowledge related to the educational applications of ICTs, and  promoting quality classroom learning experiences for students Data access www.educationcounts.govt.nz/publications/e-Learning/outcomes-for- teachers-and-students-in-the-ict-pd-school-clusters-programme-2006- 2008-a-national-overview/executive_summary Further information www.moe.govt.nz Result 10 customer research Name of publication Result 10 customer research Enduring questions informed 1.3.k. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services?

1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Information type Report Data custodian Department of Internal Affairs Information source A qualitative and quantitative study of customer experiences Information source type Outcomes of a qualitative and quantitative study Frequency One-off Reference period 2013 Objective To better understand users of government services and their experiences. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Information about the variety of experiences users of government services have, and opportunities to make improvements. Data access www.ict.govt.nz/programmes-and-initiatives/government-service- innovation/result-10/research-exec-intro-methodology-concl Further information www.dia.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 62 Southland dairy farm – Focus on farm technology for the long-term financial sustainability Name of publication Southland dairy farm - Focus on farm technology for long-term financial sustainability Enduring questions informed 1.4.b. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to improve production or delivery methods? Information type Case study Data custodian Ministry for Primary Industries Information source On-farm analysis Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics Frequency One-off Reference period 2014/2015 Objective To show how the use of technology supports farmer’s decision-making and enhances farming performance Data collected (key variables, outputs) Farm details, livestock details, specific farming details, feed-to-milk efficiency and change, animal health, environmental performance, financial performance.

Data access www.mpi.govt.nz/growing-and-harvesting/dairy/farm-systems- change/dairy-farm-case-studies/#southland Further information www.mpi.govt.nz Understanding small agencies – Discovery phase report Name of publication Understanding small agencies – Discovery phase report Enduring questions informed 3.1. To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.6. To what extent does the regulatory environment and government support the use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 63 Information type Report Data custodian Department of Internal Affairs Information source Service design interviews with agencies Information source type Interviews Frequency One-off Reference period 2017 Objective Gain understanding in to the mutuality and capability of smaller government agencies ability to work with digital technologies to deliver their services to citizens. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Qualitative interviews, aggregated into report Data access Internal document Further information www.dia.govt.nz Young New Zealanders viewing sexual violence (first of three) Name of publication Young New Zealanders viewing sexual violence Enduring questions informed 1.3.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Office of Film & Literature Classification and Colmar Brunton Information source Focus group interviews Information source type Focus group interviews Frequency One off Reference period 2016

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 64 Objective The Classification Office commissioned Colmar Brunton to carry out research to understand and explore the views of young New Zealanders (aged 14 to 17). In undertaking this research the Classification Office hoped to gather evidence about the impact of media representations of sexual violence, specifically on children and teenagers. Our five core questions were:  What do young people think ‘sexual violence’ is? What does the term mean?

 How are young people affected by sexual violence in the media? What are the potential harms?  What things in entertainment media might mitigate these harms/impacts?  Are there positive depictions of sexual violence that may have different effects on young people?  What restrictions and warnings are appropriate for particular depictions of sexual violence? Data collected (key variables, outputs) Use of entertainment media. Views about meaning and perception of sexual violence. Recognition of sexual violence in entertainment media. Awareness of sexual violence on social media. Audience reaction to viewing sexual violence. Harms associated with viewing sexual violence. Depictions that are more/less harmful. Depictions of sexual violence with a positive effect. Gender differences.

Data access www.classificationoffice.govt.nz/news/latest-news/research-young- new-zealanders-viewing-sexual-violence-2/ Further information www.classificationoffice.govt.nz Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 2 research report Name of publication Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 2 research report Enduring questions informed 1.3.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others? 1.3.c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure?

2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 65 Data custodian Office of Film & Literature Classification Information source Focus group interviews Information source type Focus group interviews Frequency One off Reference period 2017 Objective 46 participants consulted from 20 different organisations including non- government agencies, government officials, and academics, to explore the potential effects on young people of exposure to sexual violence in entertainment media. Four workshops were held, grouped around location and area of expertise, each approximately three hours long. Short video clips from films and television shows were shown to participants to prompt discussion.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Issues identified with depictions of sexual violence. Impact on young people exposed to depictions of sexual violence. Data access www.classificationoffice.govt.nz/news/latest-news/young-new- zealanders-viewing-sexual-violence-stage-2 Further information www.classificationoffice.govt.nz Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 3 research report Name of publication Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 3 research report Enduring questions informed 1.3.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Office of Film & Literature Classification Information source Face-to-face interviews Information source type Face-to-face interviews

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 66 Frequency One off Reference period 2017 Objective After the first two stages of research, it became clear that we needed to explore young people’s views about this topic in more depth and outside of a group discussion setting. We also saw it as imperative to consult a more diverse group of young people, including those who identified as survivors of sexual violence, lesbian/gay/ bisexual/trans/queer/intersex (LGBTQI) youth, and young people from rural areas.

With these objectives in mind, we conducted 24 paired interviews with 48 young people aged 13 to 18 from around New Zealand. Groups were divided by gender and age. Each interview was one-to-two hours in duration and was moderated using a semi-structured topic guide that expanded on the issues outlined in the Research Purpose. This research sought specific, targeted evidence from young persons as to the impact of media representations of sexual violence, specifically on young people. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Use of social media. Interactions with disturbing content online. Opinions about piracy. Views and reactions to depictions of sexual violence. Data access www.classificationoffice.govt.nz/news/latest-news/young-new- zealanders-viewing-sexual-violence-stage-3/ Further information www.classificationoffice.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 67 Appendix 3: Other data sources – data not from central government agencies The following data sources for date not from central government agencies were considered highly relevant to the enduring questions of the Digital Nation Domain Plan but are outside the scope of the stocktake. Consumer perceptions of the internet Name of publication Consumer perceptions of the internet Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

2.1.d: In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the material welfare of New Zealanders? 3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.1: To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? Question 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian InternetNZ Information source Telephone survey Information source type Survey Frequency Periodically Reference period 2016–ongoing Objective Each year we commission research about Kiwis' attitudes to the Internet. We commissioned market research company UMR to undertake a survey and ask New Zealanders about their hopes and fears regarding the Internet.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Access to internet (home and work) by income and age. Device used to access the internet by age. Internet connection type. Amount of time spent on internet. Internet use by activity. Perception of benefits of internet use. Unprompted concerns of internet use. Prompted concerns

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 68 of internet use (cyber bullying, misleading information, speed of internet, cost of internet access, threats to privacy, concern for prosecution for downloading copyrighted material). Concern for personal security (age and income), security measures taken by device and measure type. Usage of Signal and WhatsApp by age and income. Overall view of the internet (by age and income). Data access https://internetnz.nz/2017-internet-research Further information https://internetnz.nz/ Digital nation New Zealand: Estimated net benefits of specific applications of internet of things (IoT) technology in New Zealand 2017 Name of publication Digital nation New Zealand: Estimated net benefits of specific applications of IoT technology in New Zealand 2017 Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

2.1.d: In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the material welfare of New Zealanders? 3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.1: To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? Question 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Dataset, IoT Data custodian International Data Corporation Information source Survey Information source type Survey Frequency Periodically Reference period 2016, 2017 Objective Perceptions and impact of The Internet of Things

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 69 Data collected (key variables, outputs) Organisation’s plans for deployment of IoT based solutions, perceived business impact of IoT, aspects of IoT solutions which will influence sourcing decisions. Data access https://figure.nz/table/bkC1SRWvEFKM9k1t https://grace2.figure.nz/__api__/dataset/XyQcnVb70vz9aPMm/download Further information https://iotalliance.org.nz Digital nation New Zealand: Tech sector regional statistics 2016 Name of publication Digital nation New Zealand: Tech sector regional statistics 2016 Enduring questions informed 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Dataset Data custodian New Zealand Institute of Economic Research Inc (NZIER) Information source Some of this data was estimated through a NZIER Model, covering fifteen regional economies in New Zealand (Nelson and Tasman are combined into one region), 106 industries and 205 commodities. It is based on Statistics New Zealand 2007 input-output tables, which have been updated and modified to include 2014 data. Information source type Modelling, input-output tables Frequency Periodically Reference period 2015 Objective These tables were published on Figure.NZ as digital support for the NZTech report titled Digital Nation New Zealand, from tech sector to digital nation. The aim of this report is to deepen understanding and discussions about the benefits technology brings and the role that it could play in redefining the New Zealand we live in. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Economic impacts of technology sector growth in New Zealand regions Data access https://figure.nz/chart/SbPiP6SQwQZkZVbW Further information https://nztech.org.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 70 Digital technologies in New Zealand schools Name of publication Digital technologies in New Zealand schools Enduring questions informed 1.3.f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment? 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian 20/20 Trust and Research NZ Information source Primary data from school survey Information source type Direct measurements Frequency Every 2 years Reference period 1993–2017 Objective To monitor progress in deploying and using digital technologies in schools as well as barriers facing schools.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Digital technology infrastructure; use of technologies, barriers to use Data access Published reports available on request. Also at: https://2020.org.nz/resources/digital-technologies-schools/ Further information 20/20 Trust: www.2020.org.nz Harmful digital communications in New Zealand Name of publication Harmful digital communications in New Zealand Enduring questions informed 1.3.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 71 Data custodian Netsafe Information source Population survey Information source type Population survey Frequency Annually Reference period 2017–ongoing Objective While new technologies offer a number of benefits and opportunities, their use is accompanied by challenges and potential risks. This includes the different forms of abuse and intimidation that the Act seeks to address. As part of its functions as the Approved Agency, Netsafe has conducted the first in a series of Annual Population Surveys (APS). The objective of the APS is to gauge attitudes and behaviours and to start monitoring national trends regarding potentially harmful digital communications in Aotearoa-New Zealand.

This report presents the main findings of the 2017 APS. The APS is the first nationally representative study that looks at adult New Zealanders and digital communications in the context of the Act. Key aspects of the Act - such as the communication principles - and key internet safety concepts have informed the development of the research instrument and the analysis of its findings. The study provides insights regarding New Zealanders’ access to and use of digital technologies. It also explores people’s level of awareness of the Act. A key focus of the study is to measure participants’ experiences of digital communications, including perceptions and experiences of harm and distress in the last 12 months. Finally, the study presents relevant insights regarding New Zealanders’ personal responses, and access to services and resources to deal with unwanted digital communications as well as potential harm and distress.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Range of digital and online activities. Perceived risks and challenges of online activity. Ability to keep safe and secure online. Actions taken to protect self or others online. Reason for taking action. Reason for not taking action. How effective were you actions to protect yourself online. Opinions on what digital communication should not include. Awareness of rights and responsibilities under NZ legislation. Awareness of unwanted digital communications. Experience of online incident which had a negative impact on one’s life. Platform on which harmful digital communication occurred. Various types of impact of negative online experience. Types and effectiveness of response to impact. Use of support services. Helpfulness of support service. Data access www.netsafe.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/HDC-in-New- Zealand_APS-2017_January-2018-1.pdf Further information www.netsafe.org.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 72 Internet trends in New Zealand 2007–2015 Name of publication Internet trends in New Zealand 2007–2015 Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others? 1.3.c: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure?

1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? 1.3.k: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.3.l: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for democratic and civil participation? 3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.1: To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

3.4: to what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian New Zealand Work Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology Information source Survey using telephone, face to face interviews and online platforms Information source type Survey Frequency One off Reference period 2007–2015 Objective Since 2007, the World Internet Project New Zealand (WIPNZ) has surveyed New Zealanders every two years to track their usage of the internet and its impact on their lives. Survey responses have been gathered both by telephone interview and online in 2013 and 2015, while the first three waves of the survey used telephone interviews alone. Between 2007 and 2015, over 7000 questionnaires have been completed. This report reviews changes over the period 2007–2015,

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 73 showing the key trends and investigating how internet usage and its effects vary across major social groupings. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Usage over time by device. Access to internet by device. Perceptions of the internet’s importance. Online activities and behaviours. Attitudes towards various forms of media as information and entertainment sources (by age). Popularity of social media types. Online consumer transactions. Financial interactions with public sector. Internet use by age, income, rural/urban. Confidence levels of internet users by age. Online behaviour by gender, age, income Data access https://workresearch.aut.ac.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/71329/WI PNZtrends-07-15.pdf Further information https://workresearch.aut.ac.nz/about-the-institute Kiwis managing their online identity information Name of publication Kiwis managing their online identity information Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? 1.3.k: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.3.l: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for democratic and civil participation? 2.1. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the material welfare of New Zealanders? 3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.1. To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies?

3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Victoria University of Wellington

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 74 Information source Focus group interviews, individual interviews Information source type Focus group interviews, individual interviews Frequency Periodically Reference period 2013/2014, 2015 Objective The objectives of the study were to get an in-depth understanding of the online identity information behaviours of New Zealanders (ie what they do online with their personal information, or not do, and why they do it), in commercial transactions, transactions with government, and on social networking sites (SNSs). Another objective was to better understand people’s actual experiences with forms of cybercrime or cyber-enabled crime and how they have responded to these bad online experiences.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Demographic variables (age group, gender, geographic location, ethnic background, personal income band, educational background, Internet access). Internet use (frequency, different locations, bandwidth use at home, personal costs involved), the type of devices they use to go on to the Internet and how they use these devices). General: activities online in last 12 months. Activities done online, purchase of goods and services online, sharing of private information online, person information shared online with a government agency, types of information provided online, use of social networking sites. Protection of identity information on the internet, use of privacy statements on the internet, response to events on the internet. Data access www.victoria.ac.nz/sog/researchcentres/egovt/research- projects/research- 2007/KOI_Final_Report_and_Recomendations_February2015.pdf Further information www.victoria.ac.nz/sog New Zealand Digital Skills Survey Name of publication New Zealand digital skills survey Enduring questions informed 1.3.f.How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment?

2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 3.3.To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 75 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian NZTech Information source Survey Information source type Survey Frequency Periodically Reference period 2017 Objective During August and September 2017, the Digital Skills Forum surveyed the tech sector to create an evidence based picture of the skills needed across technology and digital roles. It also set out to forecast the skills in demand in the short/medium term to better inform education and immigration policy.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Number of people employed in each digital skill area. Number and types of roles currently needed. Number and type of additional skilled people needed over the next few years. Biggest challenges to more information skills. Most effective methods of developing organisations digital capabilities. Biggest challenges to meeting resource requirements. Importance of soft skills. Disruptive technologies most likely to create skills demands. Data access https://nztech.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Digital-Skills-for-a- digital-nation-online.pd f Further information https://nztech.org.n z New Zealand On Air: Public Awareness and Attitudes Survey Name of publication NZ On Air: Public Awareness and Attitudes Survey Enduring questions informed 1.3.d. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for creative and artistic purposes?

2.1.g. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s culture and creative output? Information type Report Data custodian NZ On Air Information source Phone and online surveys

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 76 Information source type Survey Frequency Annually Reference period 2016ongoing Objective NZ On Air commissioned Colmar Brunton to research and track New Zealanders’ understanding of:  NZ On Air  NZ On Air’s role in funding local content  their views on that content. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Percentage of New Zealanders who support NZ on Air’s mission, Views on NZ on Air’s priorities, New Zealander’s views on NZ on Air’s support for digital media, Perceptions of content supported by NZ on Air (includes views on digital media) Data access www.nzonair.govt.nz/document-library/public-awareness-and- attitudes-survey-2017 Further information www.nzonair.govt.nz Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Science, technology and industry scoreboard Name of publication Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Science, technology and industry scoreboard Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Report Data custodian Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Information source Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development surveys. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development datasets. micro-data Information source type Unknown

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 77 Frequency Every two years Reference period 1999–ongoing Objective The biennial OECD Science, technology and industry (STI) scoreboard features indicators traditionally used to monitor developments in science, technology, innovation and industry, and complements them with experimental indicators that provide new insights into areas of policy interest. These include: investment in knowledge-based capital, skills in the digital era, the international mobility of researchers, the digital transformation in firms and industries, innovation strategies, the internationalisation of research, changing patterns in trade competitiveness and productivity, as well as the use of technology in everyday life.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) International comparisons which includes New Zealand. Data access www.oecd-ilibrary.org/science-and-technology/oecd-science- technology-and-industry-scoreboard_20725345 Further information www.oecd-library.org Teens and “sexting” in New Zealand: Prevalence and attitudes Name of publication Teens and “sexting” in New Zealand: prevalence and attitudes Enduring questions informed 1.3.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian Netsafe Information source Online survey data Information source type Online survey data Frequency Periodically

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 78 Reference period 2017 Objective The purpose of this report is to present the findings of the first quantitative study conducted in New Zealand about the sending, receiving, and requesting of nude or nearly nude images or videos through digital technology by young people. The study focused on teens aged 14–17 years old. Currently, public attention centres on the potential risks faced by young people sharing nude content online, and the apparent pervasiveness of this behaviour. However, statistical evidence explaining its extent among young people is non-existent. Arguably, this lack of reliable research about sexting contributes to the sense of alarmism in media coverage of the topic. This study helps to address this by undertaking a survey-based research project that collected data from a representative sample of New Zealand teens. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Knowledge of others ever having shared nude pictures or videos. Knowledge of someone who has ever shared nudes or nearly nudes by gender. Perceived frequency of sharing nudes or nearly nudes. Experience of sharing nudes in the past 12 months. Level of agreement with statements regarding the sharing of nudes.

Data access www.netsafe.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/SEXTING-NZ- Report-Dec-7-2017v2-2.pdf Further information www.netsafe.org.nz The internet in New Zealand 2015 Name of publication The internet in New Zealand 2015 Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3.l: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for democratic and civil participation? 3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.1: To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4: to what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 79 Information type Report Data custodian New Zealand Work Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology Information source Survey using telephone, face to face interviews and online platforms Information source type Survey Frequency One off Reference period 2015 Objective The survey questionnaire has undergone substantial updating since the 2013 survey to keep pace with changing digital technologies and question changes agreed with our international partners, which in particular extended coverage of the areas of security and privacy. This report presents an analysis of the usage of and attitudes towards the internet of the resulting sample of 1377 New Zealanders. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Usage by device. Access to internet by device. Access to ultra-fast/fibre broadband. Online activities and behaviours. Attitudes towards privacy online. Attitudes towards various forms of media as Information sources. Diversity of users. Reasons for being a non user. Comparison of internet/device use by income bracket. User behaviour and attitudes by age and gender and income.

Data access https://workresearch.aut.ac.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/71328/W IPNZ-Report-060515.pdf Further information https://workresearch.aut.ac.nz/about-the-institute Ultra-Fast Broadband Business User Survey Name of publication Ultra-Fast Broadband Business User Survey Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.4. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Dataset

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 80 Data custodian Telecommunications Users Association of New Zealand (TUANZ) Information source Survey Information source type Survey Frequency Periodically Reference period 2010, 2015 Objective Survey on business use of Ultra-Fast Broadband (UFB) Data collected (key variables, outputs) Uptake of Ultra-Fast Broadband or fibre among TUANZ members. Availability of UFB or fibre at premises among TUANZ members. Areas in which TUANZ members would invest to use UFB. Types of advice needed by TUANZ members for UFB. Self-reported fibre connection among TUANZ members. Broadband speed that TUANZ members wish to buy in the future. Internet connection speed at branch offices of TUANZ members. Broadband data volume purchased by TUANZ members.

Data access https://tuanz.org.nz/fibre-readiness/ Further information https://tuanz.org.nz Where are the audiences? Name of publication Where are the audiences? Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? Information type Report Data custodian NZ On Air Information source Survey Information source type Survey Frequency Biennial Reference period 2014-ongoing Objective For NZ On Air to have an accurate understanding of audience behaviour and trends in terms of the media New Zealanders use.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 81 The 2016 study informs NZ On Air’s content funding strategies across different media platforms, and provide a public source of information for all stakeholders about audience behaviour in 2016 and how that is evolving over time. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Weekly time spent on digital technologies for leisure/entertainment. Daily reach of specific entertainment channels, sites, and stations. Daily reach of all media (by age group). Use of various online entertainment sources. Use of unauthorised platforms (streaming, torrenting [file sharing] downloading). Percentage who had watched web series. Devices personally own or have access to (working tv, pc or laptop, radio, smartphone, broadband, tablet.

Data access www.nzonair.govt.nz/document-library/where-are-the-audiences-2016 Further information www.nzonair.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 82 Appendix 4: Stocktake stakeholders Here is a list of the data custodians and industry experts who provided the data and information that inform three key enduring questions, and the 35 supplementary enduring questions. The level of involvement of these stakeholders in the stocktake process has varied. Several other agencies and organisations have an interest in statistics concerning digital technology in New Zealand whether as users, producers, or data custodians. They may not be listed below as not all are actual data custodians.

 Auckland University of Technology  Colmar Brunton  Department of Internal Affairs  Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet  Evidence Data and Knowledge  Health Research Council  Inland Revenue  International Data Corporation  InternetNZ  Land information New Zealand  Ministry for Women  Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment  Ministry of Education  National Cyber Security Centre  Netsafe  New Zealand Institute of Economic Research Inc  New Zealand On Air  NZTech  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development  ResearchNZ  Royal Society of New Zealand  State Services Commission  Stats NZ  Te Puni Kōkiri  Telecommunications Users Association of New Zealand  20/20 Trust

You can also read