Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Crown copyright © See Copyright and terms of use for our copyright, attribution, and liability statements. Citation Stats NZ (2018). Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018. Retrieved from www.stats.govt.nz. ISBN 978-1-98-852866-3 (online) Published in March 2018 by Stats NZ Tatauranga Aotearoa Wellington, New Zealand Contact Stats NZ Information Centre: info@stats.govt.nz Phone toll-free 0508 525 525 Phone international +64 4 931 4600 www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 3 Contents Purpose and scope .

. 6 Summary . 6 Scope . 6 Next steps . 7 Three key enduring questions . . 8 Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies . 10 Annual Enterprise Survey (AES . . 10 Business Data Collection . . 11 Health Research Council administrative data . . 11 Household Use of Information and Communication Technology Survey . . 12 Internet Service Provider Survey . . 13 Kiwis Count annual report . . 14 National Survey of Employers . . 15 New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings . . 16 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS . . 16 Result 10 measuring agency results .

. 17 Royal Society of NZ administrative systems . . 18 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS . . 19 Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies . 21 Business Operations Survey: Module A . . 21 Business Operations Survey: Module B . . 22 Business price indexes . . 23 Consumers price index . . 24 Cyber threat report . . 25 Economic Survey of Manufacturing . . 26 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Supply Survey . . 27 Labour cost index (all labour costs . . 27 Linked employer-employee data (LEED . . 28 Longitudinal business database .

. 29 National accounts (industry production and investment . . 30 National accounts input-output tables . . 31 Overseas merchandise trade . . 32

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 4 Productivity statistics . . 33 Quarterly Survey of International Trade in Services and Royalties . . 34 Research and Development Survey . . 35 Research into cyber security behaviours . . 36 Screen Industry Survey . . 37 Survey of adult skills (PIAAC . . 38 Enduring question 3: What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? .. 40 Broadband deployment data . . 40 Household Economic Survey . . 40 Jobs online . . 41 Labour market forecasting . . 42 National Consumer Survey . . 43 New Zealand General Social Survey . . 43 Program for international student assessment (PISA .

. 44 Public Attitudes Towards Science and Technology Survey . . 45 Teacher and Learning Survey (TALIS . . 46 Appendix 1: Other data sources – administrative data . 48 Analysis of e-channel compliance rates . . 48 Analytics on use of the Land Information New Zealand data service . . 49 Customer Satisfaction and Perceptions Survey (Inland Revenue . . 49 e-Learning provision, participation and performance . . 50 Go live Survey: Customer experience in the new myIR . . 51 Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand patent, design, and trademark data . . 52 Migration administrative data . . 53 Ministry of Business and Innovation (MBIE) Administrative System Investment Management System (IMS .

. 53 MyMSD login . . 54 Appendix 2: Other data sources – one-off reports . 55 Community access to digital technologies: A literature review . . 55 Government Use of Information and Communication Technology . . 56 How can digital support participation in government . . 57 Insights into digital harm: The online lives of New Zealand girls and boys . . 57 Laptops for teachers . . 58 Marae Survey . . 59

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 5 Outcomes for teachers and students in the Information Communication Technology Proessional Development School Clusters Programme 2006–2008: A national overview .60 Result 10 customer research . . 61 Southland dairy farm – Focus on farm technology for the long-term financial sustainability . . 62 Understanding small agencies – Discovery phase report . . 62 Young New Zealanders viewing sexual violence (first of three . . 63 Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 2 research report . . 64 Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 3 research report .

. 65 Appendix 3: Other data sources – data not from central government agencies . 67 Consumer perceptions of the internet . . 67 Digital nation New Zealand: Estimated net benefits of specific applications of internet of things (IoT) technology in New Zealand 2017 . . 68 Digital nation New Zealand: Tech sector regional statistics 2016 . . 69 Digital technologies in New Zealand schools . . 70 Harmful digital communications in New Zealand . . 70 Internet trends in New Zealand 2007–2015 . . 72 Kiwis managing their online identity information . . 73 New Zealand On Air: Public Awareness and Attitudes Survey .

. 74 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Science, technology and industry scoreboard . . 76 Teens and “sexting” in New Zealand: Prevalence and attitudes . . 77 The internet in New Zealand 2015 . . 78 Ultra-Fast Broadband Business User Survey . . 79 Where are the audiences . . 80 Appendix 4: Stocktake stakeholders . 82

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 6 Purpose and scope The Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 provides an overview of the currently available ‘digital technologies’ statistics and data. The information sets included in the stocktake are relevant to three key enduring questions and a list of enduring supplementary questions. The stocktake is a collection of metadata for the datasets that inform these enduring questions. Information in the latest stocktake will be used to help identify gaps, overlaps, and deficiencies in current data. This will allow us to seek initiatives to address the issues we have with our ability to measure the progress of digital transformation across New Zealand.

The stocktake will feed into the Digital nation domain plan, which is a joint initiative by Stats NZ and the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The domain plan is scheduled to be published in June 2018. Summary The stocktake presents a comprehensive overview of data and information currently available that inform three key enduring questions, and the 35 supplementary enduring questions. These questions were identified by stakeholders and industry experts from a series of workshops held during 2016 and 2017 (see appendix 4: Stocktake stakeholders).

All three enduring questions are informed by supportive data or measures.

Almost 80 percent of the supplementary enduring questions are referenced in the stocktake as having data that may inform or provide contributory statistical measures. This data (or information) is held by 11 government agencies and by 14 other organisations and institutions from outside government. Stats NZ is a significant steward of relevant data that helped inform these questions. Scope To keep the domain plan and stocktake manageable, the stocktake is limited to official statistics (as defined in the Statistics Act 1975), statistics produced by Crown research institutes (CRIs), and the data used to compile these statistics.

The stocktake also limited to statistics that can be used to build a national picture.

The stocktake was compiled with the cooperation of many data custodians, including government agencies and CRIs. We would like to acknowledge their participation and support for the domain plan. Research reports, administrative data, previously compiled stocktakes, lists of databases or metadata in any storage formats, information published pre 2006 and planned or incomplete work, are out of scope for this stocktake. The stocktake primarily focuses on data that is actively maintained. We include 36 information sets that were considered highly relevant to the enduring questions of the Digital Nation Domain Plan but lay outside the scope of the stocktake:  appendix 1: Other data sources –administrative data  appendix 2: Other data sources – one-off reports  appendix 3 Other data sources – data not from central government agencies.

While we have taken every care to include all relevant datasets, we acknowledge the stocktake may not be complete. This may be because this stocktake may not reflect the current fast moving data and information environment.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 7 Next steps The stocktake provides a foundation for the next stage of the Digital nation domain plan process. The value of the stocktake lies in the support it provides for the gap analysis work that will be undertaken, see figure 1, Phases for completing Digital nation domain plan. Figure 1 Now that we have compiled a stocktake of information and data about the digital nation, we will analyse how well the official data informs our enduring, and supplementary, questions. The Digital nation domain plan aims to identify information needed to better measure the progress of digital transformation and prioritise any new initiatives that come out of the findings For each of the supplementary enduring questions and for each of the datasets, the subject experts will be asked ‘How well does this dataset inform us about that question?’ They will also be asked, overall considering all datasets, ‘How well informed is this question?’ The summary of the results of that analysis will be presented in the Digital nation domain plan.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 8 Three key enduring questions The data sources in the stocktake are relevant to the following key enduring questions, and their associated supplementary enduring questions. Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? This question provides the base-level information that supports all other enduring questions. Here, we define the nature and size of New Zealand’s digital transformation, and assess how it is changing over time.

Supplementary enduring questions 1.1.What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.2.What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders: 1.3.a.

to connect with and communicate with others? 1.3.b. to connect with and express cultural identity? 1.3.c. for leisure? 1.3.d. for creative and artistic purposes? 1.3.e. for trading goods and services? 1.3.f. to improve educational and skills attainment? 1.3.g. to improve employment outcomes? 1.3.h. for managing finances? 1.3.i. to improve health outcomes? 1.3.j. to improve environmental outcomes? 1.3.k. to access public services? 1.3.l. for democratic and civic participation? 1.4.How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations: 1.4.a. to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services? 1.4.b.

to improve production or delivery methods? 1.4.c. to improve business practices, workplace organisation, or external relations? 1.4.d. to promote, market, and sell products or services?

1.4.e. to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? This question will provide us with information about the importance and value of digital transformation. Crucially, we do not expect all the impacts to be positive: jobs may disappear, new forms of crime may emerge, inequality may widen. By answering these questions, we will be in a better position to mitigate these negative effects, while promoting the positive outcomes.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 9 Supplementary enduring questions 2.1.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: 2.1.a. New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? 2.1.c. structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 2.1.d. the material welfare of New Zealanders? 2.1.e. the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 2.1.f. New Zealand’s natural environment? 2.1.g. New Zealand’s culture and creative output? 2.1.h. the civic and democratic engagement of New Zealanders? 2.1.i. Māori and Pacific development?

2.1.j. tegional development? Enduring question 3: What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? The final question will address the barriers to New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies. Policy-makers may desire greater levels of uptake in pursuit of particular goals, and this question identifies where the barriers to that uptake lie. Supplementary enduring questions 3 3.1 To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

3.3 To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4 To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.5 To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the finance needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.6 To what extent does the regulatory environment and government support the use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 10 Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? This section lists sources relating primarily to the enduring question “How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies.” Annual Enterprise Survey (AES) Name of publication Annual enterprise survey Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.1: What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services?

Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business survey plus administrative data (IR10s from Inland Revenue) Information source type Direct measurements, derived statistics, and administrative data Frequency Annually Reference period Annual data 2005 to 2016 financial years. Objective Annual financial performance and financial position data for all industries in the economy (including those involved in ‘digital’ area) - using ANZSIC 2006 industry classification.

Digital technologies data will be related to the industry, telecommunication services industry, financial intermediation services directly measured for the banking and financing industry, and the computer system design and related services industry.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Income, sales, purchases, expenditure, salaries, profit, stocks, total assets, equities, and total liabilities. Note that these are higher level variables (lower splits are also available). Data access www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/annual-enterprise-survey- 2016-financial-year-provisional Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 11 Business Data Collection Name of publication Business data collection Enduring questions informed 1.3.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business survey plus administrative data (modelled GST data from Inland Revenue) Information source type Direct measurements, derived statistics and administrative data. Frequency Quarterly Reference period All industries from June 2016. Some industries back to 1990s (eg manufacturing, wholesale, retailing) Objective Quarterly financial performance data for all industries in the economy (including those involved in ‘digital’ area) - using ANZSIC 2006 industry classification.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Sales, purchase, salaries, profit. Earnings before interest and taxes. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/experimental/business-data-collection-initial-data- release-updated-30-june-2017 Further information www.stats.govt.nz Health Research Council administrative data Name of publication Health Research Council administrative data Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.4.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services?

Information type Database Data custodian Health Research Council Information source Data collected as part of administrating funding

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 12 Information source type Contracts Frequency Ongoing Reference period Ongoing Objective Collected in course of administration Data collected (key variables, outputs) Type of research, Frascati classification, portfolio mapping category, goals, and priorities. Data access Not publically available. Further information Not publically available Household Use of Information and Communication Technology Survey Name of publication Household use of Information and Communication Technology survey Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? 1.3.f: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment? 1.3.h: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve health outcomes? 1.3.k: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.3.l: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for democratic and civil participation?

3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ

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