Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018

Crown copyright © See Copyright and terms of use for our copyright, attribution, and liability statements. Citation Stats NZ (2018). Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018. Retrieved from www.stats.govt.nz. ISBN 978-1-98-852866-3 (online) Published in March 2018 by Stats NZ Tatauranga Aotearoa Wellington, New Zealand Contact Stats NZ Information Centre: info@stats.govt.nz Phone toll-free 0508 525 525 Phone international +64 4 931 4600 www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 3 Contents Purpose and scope ___ 6
Summary ___ 6
Scope ___ 6
Next steps ___ 7
Three key enduring questions ___ 8
Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies ___ 10
Annual Enterprise Survey (AES ___ 10
Business Data Collection ___ 11
Health Research Council administrative data ___ 11
Household Use of Information and Communication Technology Survey ___ 12
Internet Service Provider Survey ___ 13
Kiwis Count annual report ___ 14
National Survey of Employers ___ 15
New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings ___ 16
Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS ___ 16
Result 10 measuring agency results ___ 17
Royal Society of NZ administrative systems ___ 18
Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS ___ 19
Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies ___ 21
Business Operations Survey: Module A ___ 21
Business Operations Survey: Module B ___ 22
Business price indexes ___ 23
Consumers price index ___ 24
Cyber threat report ___ 25
Economic Survey of Manufacturing ___ 26
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Supply Survey ___ 27
Labour cost index (all labour costs ___ 27
Linked employer-employee data (LEED ___ 28
Longitudinal business database ___ 29
National accounts (industry production and investment ___ 30
National accounts input-output tables ___ 31
Overseas merchandise trade .

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 4 Productivity statistics ___ 33
Quarterly Survey of International Trade in Services and Royalties ___ 34
Research and Development Survey ___ 35
Research into cyber security behaviours ___ 36
Screen Industry Survey ___ 37
Survey of adult skills (PIAAC ___ 38
Enduring question 3: What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? .. 40 Broadband deployment data ___ 40
Household Economic Survey ___ 40
Jobs online ___ 41
Labour market forecasting ___ 42
National Consumer Survey ___ 43
New Zealand General Social Survey ___ 43
Program for international student assessment (PISA ___ 44
Public Attitudes Towards Science and Technology Survey ___ 45
Teacher and Learning Survey (TALIS ___ 46
Appendix 1: Other data sources – administrative data ___ 48
Analysis of e-channel compliance rates ___ 48
Analytics on use of the Land Information New Zealand data service ___ 49
Customer Satisfaction and Perceptions Survey (Inland Revenue ___ 49
e-Learning provision, participation and performance ___ 50
Go live Survey: Customer experience in the new myIR ___ 51
Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand patent, design, and trademark data ___ 52
Migration administrative data ___ 53
Ministry of Business and Innovation (MBIE) Administrative System Investment Management System (IMS ___ 53
MyMSD login ___ 54
Appendix 2: Other data sources – one-off reports ___ 55
Community access to digital technologies: A literature review ___ 55
Government Use of Information and Communication Technology ___ 56
How can digital support participation in government ___ 57
Insights into digital harm: The online lives of New Zealand girls and boys ___ 57
Laptops for teachers ___ 58
Marae Survey .

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 5 Outcomes for teachers and students in the Information Communication Technology Proessional Development School Clusters Programme 2006–2008: A national overview .60 Result 10 customer research ___ 61
Southland dairy farm – Focus on farm technology for the long-term financial sustainability ___ 62
Understanding small agencies – Discovery phase report ___ 62
Young New Zealanders viewing sexual violence (first of three ___ 63
Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 2 research report ___ 64
Young New Zealander’s viewing sexual violence: Stage 3 research report ___ 65
Appendix 3: Other data sources – data not from central government agencies ___ 67
Consumer perceptions of the internet ___ 67
Digital nation New Zealand: Estimated net benefits of specific applications of internet of things (IoT) technology in New Zealand 2017 ___ 68
Digital nation New Zealand: Tech sector regional statistics 2016 ___ 69
Digital technologies in New Zealand schools ___ 70
Harmful digital communications in New Zealand ___ 70
Internet trends in New Zealand 2007–2015 ___ 72
Kiwis managing their online identity information ___ 73
New Zealand On Air: Public Awareness and Attitudes Survey ___ 74
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Science, technology and industry scoreboard ___ 76
Teens and “sexting” in New Zealand: Prevalence and attitudes ___ 77
The internet in New Zealand 2015 ___ 78
Ultra-Fast Broadband Business User Survey ___ 79
Where are the audiences ___ 80
Appendix 4: Stocktake stakeholders .

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 6 Purpose and scope The Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 provides an overview of the currently available ‘digital technologies’ statistics and data. The information sets included in the stocktake are relevant to three key enduring questions and a list of enduring supplementary questions. The stocktake is a collection of metadata for the datasets that inform these enduring questions. Information in the latest stocktake will be used to help identify gaps, overlaps, and deficiencies in current data. This will allow us to seek initiatives to address the issues we have with our ability to measure the progress of digital transformation across New Zealand.

The stocktake will feed into the Digital nation domain plan, which is a joint initiative by Stats NZ and the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The domain plan is scheduled to be published in June 2018. Summary The stocktake presents a comprehensive overview of data and information currently available that inform three key enduring questions, and the 35 supplementary enduring questions. These questions were identified by stakeholders and industry experts from a series of workshops held during 2016 and 2017 (see appendix 4: Stocktake stakeholders).

All three enduring questions are informed by supportive data or measures.

Almost 80 percent of the supplementary enduring questions are referenced in the stocktake as having data that may inform or provide contributory statistical measures. This data (or information) is held by 11 government agencies and by 14 other organisations and institutions from outside government. Stats NZ is a significant steward of relevant data that helped inform these questions. Scope To keep the domain plan and stocktake manageable, the stocktake is limited to official statistics (as defined in the Statistics Act 1975), statistics produced by Crown research institutes (CRIs), and the data used to compile these statistics.

The stocktake also limited to statistics that can be used to build a national picture.

The stocktake was compiled with the cooperation of many data custodians, including government agencies and CRIs. We would like to acknowledge their participation and support for the domain plan. Research reports, administrative data, previously compiled stocktakes, lists of databases or metadata in any storage formats, information published pre 2006 and planned or incomplete work, are out of scope for this stocktake. The stocktake primarily focuses on data that is actively maintained. We include 36 information sets that were considered highly relevant to the enduring questions of the Digital Nation Domain Plan but lay outside the scope of the stocktake:  appendix 1: Other data sources –administrative data  appendix 2: Other data sources – one-off reports  appendix 3 Other data sources – data not from central government agencies.

While we have taken every care to include all relevant datasets, we acknowledge the stocktake may not be complete. This may be because this stocktake may not reflect the current fast moving data and information environment.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 7 Next steps The stocktake provides a foundation for the next stage of the Digital nation domain plan process. The value of the stocktake lies in the support it provides for the gap analysis work that will be undertaken, see figure 1, Phases for completing Digital nation domain plan. Figure 1 Now that we have compiled a stocktake of information and data about the digital nation, we will analyse how well the official data informs our enduring, and supplementary, questions. The Digital nation domain plan aims to identify information needed to better measure the progress of digital transformation and prioritise any new initiatives that come out of the findings For each of the supplementary enduring questions and for each of the datasets, the subject experts will be asked ‘How well does this dataset inform us about that question?’ They will also be asked, overall considering all datasets, ‘How well informed is this question?’ The summary of the results of that analysis will be presented in the Digital nation domain plan.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 8 Three key enduring questions The data sources in the stocktake are relevant to the following key enduring questions, and their associated supplementary enduring questions. Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? This question provides the base-level information that supports all other enduring questions. Here, we define the nature and size of New Zealand’s digital transformation, and assess how it is changing over time.

Supplementary enduring questions 1.1.What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.2.What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders: 1.3.a.

to connect with and communicate with others? 1.3.b. to connect with and express cultural identity? 1.3.c. for leisure? 1.3.d. for creative and artistic purposes? 1.3.e. for trading goods and services? 1.3.f. to improve educational and skills attainment? 1.3.g. to improve employment outcomes? 1.3.h. for managing finances? 1.3.i. to improve health outcomes? 1.3.j. to improve environmental outcomes? 1.3.k. to access public services? 1.3.l. for democratic and civic participation? 1.4.How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations: 1.4.a. to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services? 1.4.b.

to improve production or delivery methods? 1.4.c. to improve business practices, workplace organisation, or external relations? 1.4.d. to promote, market, and sell products or services?

1.4.e. to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? This question will provide us with information about the importance and value of digital transformation. Crucially, we do not expect all the impacts to be positive: jobs may disappear, new forms of crime may emerge, inequality may widen. By answering these questions, we will be in a better position to mitigate these negative effects, while promoting the positive outcomes.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 9 Supplementary enduring questions 2.1.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: 2.1.a. New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? 2.1.c. structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 2.1.d. the material welfare of New Zealanders? 2.1.e. the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 2.1.f. New Zealand’s natural environment? 2.1.g. New Zealand’s culture and creative output? 2.1.h. the civic and democratic engagement of New Zealanders? 2.1.i. Māori and Pacific development?

2.1.j. tegional development? Enduring question 3: What limits New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? The final question will address the barriers to New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies. Policy-makers may desire greater levels of uptake in pursuit of particular goals, and this question identifies where the barriers to that uptake lie. Supplementary enduring questions 3 3.1 To what extent are New Zealanders aware of the availability and potential uses of digital technologies? 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

3.3 To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4 To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.5 To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the finance needed to make full use of digital technologies? 3.6 To what extent does the regulatory environment and government support the use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 10 Enduring question 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? This section lists sources relating primarily to the enduring question “How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies.” Annual Enterprise Survey (AES) Name of publication Annual enterprise survey Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.1: What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services?

Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business survey plus administrative data (IR10s from Inland Revenue) Information source type Direct measurements, derived statistics, and administrative data Frequency Annually Reference period Annual data 2005 to 2016 financial years. Objective Annual financial performance and financial position data for all industries in the economy (including those involved in ‘digital’ area) - using ANZSIC 2006 industry classification.

Digital technologies data will be related to the industry, telecommunication services industry, financial intermediation services directly measured for the banking and financing industry, and the computer system design and related services industry.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Income, sales, purchases, expenditure, salaries, profit, stocks, total assets, equities, and total liabilities. Note that these are higher level variables (lower splits are also available). Data access www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/annual-enterprise-survey- 2016-financial-year-provisional Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 11 Business Data Collection Name of publication Business data collection Enduring questions informed 1.3.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business survey plus administrative data (modelled GST data from Inland Revenue) Information source type Direct measurements, derived statistics and administrative data. Frequency Quarterly Reference period All industries from June 2016. Some industries back to 1990s (eg manufacturing, wholesale, retailing) Objective Quarterly financial performance data for all industries in the economy (including those involved in ‘digital’ area) - using ANZSIC 2006 industry classification.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Sales, purchase, salaries, profit. Earnings before interest and taxes. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/experimental/business-data-collection-initial-datarelease-updated-30-june-2017 Further information www.stats.govt.nz Health Research Council administrative data Name of publication Health Research Council administrative data Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.4.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services?

Information type Database Data custodian Health Research Council Information source Data collected as part of administrating funding

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 12 Information source type Contracts Frequency Ongoing Reference period Ongoing Objective Collected in course of administration Data collected (key variables, outputs) Type of research, Frascati classification, portfolio mapping category, goals, and priorities. Data access Not publically available. Further information Not publically available Household Use of Information and Communication Technology Survey Name of publication Household use of Information and Communication Technology survey Enduring questions informed 1: How are New Zealanders engaging with digital technologies? 1.2: What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.a: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3.c: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3.e: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for trading goods and services? 1.3.f: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment? 1.3.h: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve health outcomes? 1.3.k: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services? 1.3.l: How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for democratic and civil participation?

3: What limits New Zealanders' engagement with digital technologies? 3.2: To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 13 Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Periodically Reference period September quarters of HLFS 2006, 2009, 2012 Objective The Household Use of ICT survey measures the access and use of computers, the internet and mobile phones in New Zealand households. Information from this survey is used to understand how ICT is changing New Zealand's economy and society. The collection of this data along with the Business Use of ICT and Government Use of ICT surveys creates a comprehensive set of internationally comparable statistics.

The Household Use of ICT survey is a supplement to the Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) and was conducted every three years from 2006 - 2012. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Household internet connectivity, individual internet usage, purchases via the internet, individual use of egovt (government websites), individual ICT security Data access http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/inform ation_technology_and_communications/hhold-use-of-ict.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Internet Service Provider Survey Name of publication Internet service provider survey Enduring questions informed 1.2 What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Internet Service Provider Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics Frequency Annually Reference period The month of June is used for questions that require a time period.

Snapshot questions are based at 30 June, for the given year.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 14 Objective To capture an overview of internet infrastructure and usage, from a supply perspective. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Number of dial-up connections; number of broadband connections broken down by residential vs business connections, data caps, internet speeds, and connection technology; data usage over broadband; data usage of mobile phones; number of mobile phones accessing the internet; number of broadband connections with VoIP. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/internet-service-providersurvey-2017 Further information www.stats.govt.nz Kiwis Count annual report Name of publication Kiwis Count annual report Enduring questions informed 1.3.k.

How are New Zealanders using digital technologies to access public services?

2.1.h. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the democratic engagement of New Zealanders? 3.2. To what extent do New Zealander’s have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Report Data custodian State Services Commission Information source Kiwis Count survey Information source type Direct measurement and derived statistics Frequency Annually Reference period 2007–2017 Objective Measures the quality of public sector organisations' services by researching New Zealanders' perceptions and experiences. The State Services Commission (SSC) runs a nationwide survey asking New Zealanders about their experiences using public services, how they have been treated when using those services and how they rate the quality of the services they have used.

Results from individual services are then aggregated up to give overall scores of service quality and trust in public services.

SSC has run the Kiwis Count survey since 2007. The information gathered helps government agencies to improve the services they

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 15 provide. Annual results are shared with the public and interim (halfyearly) results are given to agencies to help identify services where issues may be developing and remedial action might need to be taken. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Satisfaction scores with online interactions with 42 public services. Trust in public services. Data access www.ssc.govt.nz/kiwis-count Further information www.ssc.govt.nz National Survey of Employers Name of publication National survey of employers Enduring questions informed 1.4 How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations? (1.4b particularly) 2 What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies?

Information type Survey Data custodian Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment Information source Survey of business Information source type Survey Frequency Annual Reference period 2012–ongoing Objective Understanding of workplace adoption of regulations, workplace standards Data collected (key variables, outputs) Employment standards and workplace practices Data access www.mbie.govt.nz/info-services/employment-skills/labour-marketreports/national-survey-of-employers/nse-2015-16 Further information www.mbie.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 16 New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings Name of publication New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings Enduring questions informed 1.2 What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? Information type Information release and database Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Census Information source type Census Frequency Five yearly (except for 2013) Reference period 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013, 2018 Objective Access to telecommunication systems is used to gather information about a range of communication systems and therefore various levels of access to flow-on services.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Dwellings access to internet, cell phone, and telephone (fixed line). Dwelling form contains other information about the dwelling and its occupants, and the related individual forms contain demographic information about occupants. Data access http://nzdotstat.stats.govt.nz Further information www.stats.govt.nz Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) Name of publication Progress in international reading literacy study (PIRLS) Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3. a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3. c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment. 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 17 Information type Database Data custodian Evidence Data and Knowledge (EDK), Ministry of Education (MoE) Information source International Survey Information source type International Survey Frequency Every 5 years Reference period 2011, 2016 Objective The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) is an educational research study on children's reading literacy achievement conducted in countries around the world.

As well as assessing students, PIRLS also collects background information from the students, their parents/caregivers, their reading teachers, and from the principals of the schools at which they attend. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Year five students with access to (in home) computer or tablet, internet connection, personal mobile phone. Frequency of use of digital device at home, school, some other place. Time spent using a computer for homework. Time spent on various internet activities. Frequency of digital technology use during school time. Numbers of computers in school.

Capacity to provide instruction by shortage or inadequacy of: technologically able staff, computer technology for teaching and learning, computer software/applications for reading instruction. Data access EMA has all national and international data sets as well as current national analysis used for reports. https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/pirls2016/international-results Further information www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/research/pirls Result 10 measuring agency results Name of publication Result 10 measuring agency results Enduring questions informed 1.3.k. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to access public services?

1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations? Information type Dataset

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 18 Data custodian Department of Internal Affairs Information source Information sourced from the agencies contributing to Result 10 Information source type Direct measurements Frequency Quarterly Reference period August 2012 - present Objective To demonstrate progress towards the Result 10 target. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Quarterly measurements of ten common transactions with government, reported by the percentage of transactions completed digitally.

Example: Proportion of applications for financial assistance made online in New Zealand Data access www.dia.govt.nz/Better-Public-Services-Measuring-Result-10 Further information www.dia.govt.nz Royal Society of NZ administrative systems Name of publication Royal society of NZ administrative systems Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 1.4.a How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services?

Information type Database Data custodian Royal Society of New Zealand Information source Data collected as part of administrating funding Information source type Contracts Frequency Ongoing Reference period 1993–ongoing Objective Collected in course of administration

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 19 Data collected (key variables, outputs) Output expense, provider type, Australia New Zealand Research Classification (ANZSRC) search engine optimisation, full time equivalent, headcount, vision Matauranga theme, research outputs. Data access Not publically available Further information Not publically available Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Name of publication Trends in international mathematics and science study (TIMSS) Enduring questions informed 1.2. What digital technologies are being used by New Zealanders? 1.3.

a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to connect with and communicate with others?

1.3. c. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders for leisure? 1.3. f. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve educational and skills attainment. 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies? 3.3. To what extent do New Zealanders have the skills and capabilities to make full use of digital technologies? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Database Data custodian Evidence Data and Knowledge (EDK), Ministry of Education (MoE) Information source The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Information source type International survey Frequency Every 4 years Reference period 2010, 2014 Objective Year 5 and Year 9 students and their teachers surveyed October and November 2014.

TIMSS 2018 reports and data will be available in 2019. Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is an educational research study on student achievement in mathematics and science around the world. It is designed to measure and interpret differences in national educational systems in order to help improve the teaching and learning of mathematics and science worldwide.

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 20 TIMSS also collects background information on student, classroom and school contexts through questionnaires. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Types of digital device in student’s home. Number of digital devices available in home. Types of leisure activities on digital devices. Use of computer to complete schoolwork. Activities related to schoolwork done using the internet. Percentage of teachers with adequate/inadequate access to technological resources. Digital devices available to use during mathematics/science lessons. Participation in the integration of information technology into mathematics.

How schools are affected by the shortage or inadequacy of various ICT skills/technology. Schools with a curriculum which emphasis on either E-learning of Technology. Data access EMA has all national and international data sets as well as current national analysis used for reports. https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2015/international-database Further information www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/research/timss

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 21 Enduring question 2: What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies? This section lists sources relating primarily to the Enduring question “What is the impact of New Zealanders engagement with digital technologies.” Business Operations Survey: Module A Name of publication Business operations survey: Module A Enduring questions informed 2.1.c.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: Structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 3.4. To what extent do New Zealanders have access to the infrastructure needed to make full use of digital technologies? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business Operations Survey: Module A Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Annually Reference period 2005–ongoing Objective The purpose of this survey is to collect information on the business operations of New Zealand businesses.

The data collected by this survey is needed to quantify business behaviour, capacity, and performance across a wide selection of industries. The information will help government and other organisations in developing a better understanding of enterprise capacity and performance in New Zealand Data collected (key variables, outputs) Businesses entering new export markets in the telecommunications, internet, and data services industry in New Zealand. New Zealand businesses who have a negative perception of the ICT infrastructure in their local area Data access http://datainfoplus.stats.govt.nz/item/nz.govt.stats/98568739-f933- 4c00-8d56-d523f20e68bb/76# Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 22 Business Operations Survey: Module B Name of publication Business operations survey: Module B Enduring questions informed 1.4.a. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to introduce new or significantly improved goods or services? 1.4.b. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to improve production or delivery methods? 1.4.d. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to promote, market, and sell products or services? 1.4.e. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations to access public services and comply with laws and regulations?

2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? 3. What limits New Zealander’s engagement with digital technologies? 3.2 To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Business Operations Survey Module B – section B Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Biennially (even years) Reference period 2006–ongoing Objective The purpose of this survey is to collect information on the business operations of New Zealand businesses. The data collected by this survey is needed to quantify business behaviour, capacity, and performance across a wide selection of industries. The information will help government and other organisations in developing a better understanding of enterprise capacity and performance in New Zealand.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) All variables are measured at individual Business level. Use of computers. Type of ICT support service provider. Use of computer

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 23 network, type of network technologies used. Percentage of staff provided with a cell phone. Experience of ICT security attack that resulted in loss of data, time or damage to software, type of loss occurred, cause of ICT security attack, ICT security measures in place. Outcomes achieved in which use of ICT was important. Steps taken to get more benefit from ICT (In the last two years). Use of internet, percentage of staff with access to internet, type of internet connection, types of broadband connection, plan to use fibreto-the-premise internet connection, reason for no plans to use fibre-tothe-premise internet connection, considerations in choosing between types of internet connection, activities done using internet, use of internet for dealing with local or central government.

Use of internet to order goods or services, use of internet to receiver orders to sell goods or services, way in which internet orders were received, percentage of total dollar sales internet sales represent, percentage of total dollar internet sales sold to customers outside New Zealand, business use of website, homepage or other web presence, types of features and facilities offered on web presence. Data access http://datainfoplus.stats.govt.nz/item/nz.govt.stats/98568739-f933- 4c00-8d56-d523f20e68bb/76# Further information www.stats.govt.nz Business price indexes Name of publication Business price indexes Enduring questions informed 2.1.a.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Commodity price survey Information source type Survey Frequency Quarterly Reference period 1998–ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 24 Objective The combined the producers price index (PPI) and capital goods price index (CGPI) information releases into one quarterly business price index information release from 19 May 2015. The release includes the quarterly PPI, CGPI, and farm expenses price index (FEPI) results. It will also use previously released labour cost index and overseas trade index information.

The PPI, CGPI, and FEPI tables will remain in separate Excel files. We will make no change to the time series on Infoshare or to series references. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Input/output costs for telecommunications industry, internet information media. Charges for fibre cables. Input/output business costs for internet services. Prices received by telecommunication industry, prices paid by telecommunication industry. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/search?Search=business%20price%20indexes http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/economic_indicators/pri ces_indexes/business-price-indexes-info-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Consumers price index Name of publication Consumers price index Enduring questions informed 2.1.a.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Administrative data, online internet collections, field collections Information source type Unknown Frequency Quarterly Reference period Ongoing Objective The consumers price index (CPI) measures the changing price of the goods and services New Zealand households buy. It provides a measure of household inflation. To calculate CPI we select a fixed 'basket' of goods and services. We choose the items and determine their relative importance based on

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 25 spending patterns.

The items in the CPI basket represent how New Zealand households spend their money. We collect the prices of the goods and services in the basket over time to measure how they change. Data collected (key variables, outputs) Prices for broadband plans, mobile data, internet plans. Software prices. Prices for anti-software. Prices for digital technology hardware. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/consumers-price-index Further information www.stats.govt.nz Cyber threat report Name of publication Cyber threat report Enduring questions informed 2.1.e. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting the health and wellbeing of New Zealanders? 3.2.

To what extent do New Zealanders have trust and confidence to make full use of digital technologies?

Information type Report Data custodian National Cyber Security Centre Information source Unknown Information source type Unknown Frequency Annually Reference period 2012–ongoing Objective The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) helps protect New Zealand’s most important information systems from advanced cyber threats and responds to cyber incidents that have a high impact on New Zealand. This report aims to provide insight into the types of cyber threats and incidents encountered by these systems.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Experience of cyber security issues in the last 12 months.

Type of security issues experienced. Awareness of Connect Smart. Actions taken due to interaction with Connect Smart. Approach to cyber security. Reasons for not taking steps to manage cyber security. Data access www.connectsmart.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/Colmar-Brunton-postConnect-Smart-Week-2016-research2.pdf Further information www.connectsmart.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 26 Economic Survey of Manufacturing Name of publication Economic survey of manufacturing Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? Information type Dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Stats NZ survey Information source type Survey Frequency Quarterly Reference period 1998–ongoing Objective These releases provide quick economic indicators of how the manufacturing sector is faring in the general economic conditions present at the time of the survey.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) The latest releases contain tables on:  sales, stocks, and purchases of goods and services for selected manufacturing industries  seasonally adjusted sales at September 2010 quarter prices  production statistics. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/manufacturing-and-production http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/manufa cturing_and_production/economic-survey-of-manufacturing-inforeleases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 27 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Supply Survey Name of publication Information and communication technology (ICT) supply survey Enduring questions informed 1.1 What digital technologies are being created by New Zealanders? 2.1.a In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.b.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting: New Zealand’s exports and international connectivity? Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Survey Information source type Direct measurements and derived statistics. Frequency Periodically Reference period 2006/07, 2007/08, 2009/10, 2011/12, 2014, 2017 Objective These releases provide information on the sale of goods and services from businesses associated with information and communication technology (ICT) industries. The ICT supply survey replaces the information technology survey.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Published software: IT tech support services: IT design and development: Hosting and IT infrastructure: value and percentage of local and export sales for each. Data access www.stats.govt.nz/topics/information-communication-and-technology http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/inform ation_technology_and_communications/ict-supply-survey-inforeleases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Labour cost index (all labour costs) Name of publication Labour cost index (all labour costs) Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 28 Information type Information release and dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Commodity Price Survey Information source type Survey Frequency Annual Reference period 1998–ongoing Objective These releases provide information on movements in base salary and ordinary time wage rates, overtime wage rates, and the following nonwage costs: annual leave and statutory holidays, superannuation, ACC employer premiums, and medical insurance Data collected (key variables, outputs) Salary and wage rates in the ICT industry. Data access http://archive.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/economic_indicators/pri ces_indexes/labour-cost-index-all-labour-costsinfo-releases.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Linked employer-employee data (LEED) Name of publication Linked employer-employee data (LEED) Enduring questions informed 1.3.g.

How are digital technologies being used by New Zealanders to improve employment outcomes?

2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? Information type Information release and database Data custodian Stats NZ Information source The LEED dataset is created by linking a longitudinal employer series from the business demography statistics (BF) to a longitudinal series of employer monthly schedule (EMS) payroll data from Inland Revenue. Information source type Unknown Frequency Updated quarterly Reference period 1999–ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 29 Objective Official quarterly statistics produced from the Linked employeremployee data (LEED) measure labour market dynamics, providing an insight into the operation of New Zealand's labour market.

Stat NZ releases other official labour market statistics which show changes in employment at an aggregate level. New statistics from LEED (ie job and worker flows) help explain what causes these aggregate movements and are therefore useful for explaining changes in the labour market. LEED uses existing administrative data drawn from the taxation system, together with business data from Statistics NZ's Business Frame (BF). The LEED dataset is created by linking a longitudinal employer series from the BF to a longitudinal series of Employer monthly schedule (EMS) payroll data from Inland Revenue.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) LEED provides statistics on filled jobs, job flows, worker flows, mean and median earnings for continuing jobs and new hires, and total earnings. Data access Stats NZ search result for linked employer-employee data http://archive.stats.govt.nz/tools_and_services/nzdotstat/tables-bysubject/leed-quarterly-tables.aspx Further information www.stats.govt.nz Longitudinal business database Name Longitudinal business database Enduring questions informed 1.4. How are digital technologies being used by New Zealand organisations?

2.1.c. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)? Information type Database Data custodian Stats NZ Information source Data supplied by range of government agencies, Stats NZ surveys, and non-government organisations Information source type De-identified microdata about businesses Frequency Unknown Reference period Ongoing

Stocktake for the digital nation domain plan 2018 30 Objective The Longitudinal business database (LBD) is a large research database. It holds de-identified microdata about businesses. Data comes from a range of Stats NZ surveys and government agencies. The data is linked together, or integrated, to form the LBD. Researchers use it to evaluate policies and analyse business performance. The database complements the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI), which contains microdata about people and households. The two databases are linked through tax data.

Data collected (key variables, outputs) Agriculture data; business financials data; business practices data; employment data; innovation data; international trade and tourism data.

Data access Data is protected by laws and other measures that guard privacy. Research projects must meet the conditions set to keep data safe. We grant access to data only when projects meet all these conditions. Research must be in the public interest. www.stats.govt.nz/integrated-data/longitudinal-business-database Further information www.stats.govt.nz National accounts (industry production and investment) Name of publications National accounts (industry production and investment) Enduring questions informed 2.1.a. In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting New Zealand’s production and productivity? 2.1.c.

In what ways are the use and creation of digital technologies affecting structural changes in the economy (new firms, new industries, new exports, and new ways of working)?

Information type Dataset Data custodian Stats NZ Information source ICT supply, annual enterprise survey, GDP quarterly data, Census of Population and Dwellings Information source type Stats NZ survey Frequency Two balanced years released yearly, one provisional year released yearly. Reference period 2010–ongoing

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