ANNUAL REVIEW 2017 - EuroGeographics
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2 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 3 CONTENTS OUR OUR MEMBERS 3 ITALY 34 MEMBERS PRESIDENT’S REPORT 4-5 LITHUANIA 35 ABOUT US 6-7 POLAND 36 A FEW HIGHLIGHTS FROM 2017 8-13 PORTUGAL 37 MEMBERS’ CASE STUDIES ROMANIA 38 14-15 Our members are the National Mapping, Cadastral and Land ALBANIA 16-17 RUSSIA 39 Registration Authorities in Europe. AUSTRIA 18 SERBIA 40 BELGIUM 19 SLOVAKIA 41 As the official bodies responsible for national cadastre, land registration, geodetic surveying and BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA 20 SLOVENIA 42 mapping activities in Europe, EuroGeographics’ members fulfil an essential role providing official, definitive and detailed geospatial information and services. These are underpinned by professional, CROATIA 21 SPAIN 43 scientific and technical expertise and support a wide range of requirements for national decision CZECH REPUBLIC 22-23 SWEDEN 44 making, including positioning, navigation and emergency response. DENMARK 24-25 SWITZERLAND 45 By simplifying access to their data, members are driving applications to realise a wide range of social, economic and environmental benefits, as well as quicker, more efficient, secure and reliable land ESTONIA 26 THE NETHERLANDS 46 registration in support of an equitable property market. FRANCE 27 TURKEY 47 GEORGIA 28 UKRAINE 48-49 GREAT BRITAIN 29 LIST OF MEMBERS 50-51 GERMANY 30-31 MANAGEMENT & HEAD OFFICE 52-53 HUNGARY 32 FINANCES 54-57 IRELAND 33
4 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 5 PRESIDENT’S REPORT A society empowered by our members’ authoritative geospatial services In an ever-changing world, Environment Agency. The aim is to make more national EuroGeographics’ members play an authoritative geospatial information available through the important and often critical role in European Commission’s flagship initiative for earth observation helping to address the key global and monitoring, and our new Copernicus KEN is established to and regional issues that affect develop this important relationship. society, such as climate change, sustainable development, a digital The importance of harmonised European geospatial data from economy, migration, security and official national sources is also recognised at the global level. health. With these challenges We are delighted that EuroGlobalMap, our open data which was extending beyond national borders, society now expects a updated and enhanced in 2017, is being included in the United borderless digital economy and property market, as well as Nations Second Administrative Level Boundaries (SALB) initiative. fully connected national databases for stronger cross-border Internationally, we contribute to the United Nations Committee emergency planning and environmental monitoring. of Experts on Global Geospatial Information Management (UN- At our 2017 General Assembly, our members set out a clear GGIM) and made a number of important interventions on behalf strategic response to these important issues of today and of our Association at its Seventh Session in New York. We are tomorrow, as well as critical applications required for the public also a permanent member of the Executive Committee of UN- good. Together, we have laid the foundations to achieve GGIM: Europe, for which we provide the secretariat. our ambition of a society empowered by the use of trusted In addition, EuroGeographics continues to provide a voice geospatial services from official national sources. for members in the European institutions and, in 2017, our European Location Services are integral to our future plans. activities culminated in invitations to contribute to European At its April 2017 meeting, the EuroGeographics Management Commission consultations on both the Directive on the Re-use Board reconfirmed its commitment to delivering this fundamental of Public Sector Information (PSI) and the review of the resource for Europe by approving the programme of work and Database Directive. investment required to develop operational services. In May, we For EuroGeographics and its members, 2017 was an extremely launched the Open ELS project, itself a core component of this busy and productive year with our Association growing once wider vision. The Project, co-financed by the European Union’s again as we welcomed Malta Land Registry and Registers of Connecting Europe Facility, aims to develop pan-European Scotland to the membership. I am delighted to present this open data services using authoritative geospatial information review of our joint activities. along with an associated business model, whilst also respecting EuroGeographics members’ national policy, legislative and business requirements. The European Commission and its institutions continue to have access to our pan-European geospatial information and related services through our agreement with Eurostat. Our collaboration with the European Commission was further strengthened Ingrid Vanden Berghe when we signed a partnership agreement with the European EuroGeographics’ President
6 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 7 ABOUT US Knowledge Exchange We offer standardised, transparent pricing and licensing agreements, including an open data licence for our 1:1 million scale EuroGeographics members place tremendous value on European topographic dataset, EuroGlobalMap which is produced collaborating to find solutions to common challenges. This with support from The National Institute of Geographic and Forest willingness to share experiences and best practice is central to Information (IGN France). the success of our Knowledge Exchange Networks (KENs) which EuroGeographics - Connecting you to maps, geospatial and provide an open forum for discussing issues of mutual interest. The development and delivery of our dataset of official land information for Europe administrative and statistical regions, EuroBoundaryMap, along The KENs organise a comprehensive calendar of annual events, with our 1:250 000 scale multi-themed topographic mapping, including webinars, workshops and conferences, and also issue EuroRegionalMap, is coordinated by Germany’s Federal Agency EuroGeographics is an independent international not-for-profit organisation representing Europe’s National a range of publications such as the results of research, policy for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG). Mapping, Cadastral and Land Registration Authorities. We believe in a society empowered by the use of papers and best practice guidelines. our members’ authoritative geospatial data and services. European Location Services EuroGeographics also collaborates with organisations beyond Our strength lies in our extensive membership and we are proud to represent 63 organisations from 46 the national mapping, cadastral and land registry sector. This EuroGeographics is working with its members to further countries covering the whole of geographical Europe. We deliver benefits for each regardless of the includes those which have common interests, complementary develop European Location Services. The goal is to provide geographical, technical, political, organisational, linguistic and business parameters in which they work. expertise and programmes of work which support our members’ the single access point for international users of harmonised, activities and promotes them to a wider, yet relevant, audience. pan-European, authoritative geospatial information and services. What we do These partnerships complement and add to the development of The Open ELS Project, co-financed by the European Union’s our KEN activities, bringing greater opportunities for professional EuroGeographics supports the public good by representing our members’ interests, maintaining networks Connecting Europe Facility, is part of wider operational development. In this way, we help our members improve their that help our members improve their capabilities and role, and by facilitating access to and use of our European Location Services. It aims to provide certainty about capabilities and role, and contribute more effectively to the wider members’ geospatial data and services. By providing a single point of contact, we enable government, what is free, what is charged for and under what terms and public good. business and citizens to benefit from their collective expertise, products and services. conditions. The Project will also maximise the benefits and use of authoritative geospatial information by making it easy to find, European geospatial data and services access and re-use. Representation from official national sources EuroGeographics is committed to representing members’ interests in the European institutions and Facilitating access to and the use of our members’ geospatial internationally to ensure that their roles, capabilities and concerns are understood. We are registered on data and services is a core strategic goal of the Association. the EU Transparency Register and are bound by its code of conduct. We are an observer organisation We do this in two ways. First, we promote the importance of at the United Nations Global Geospatial Information Management Initiative (UN-GGIM) and are also a our members’ authoritative geospatial data and services, a key permanent member of the UN-GGIM: Europe Executive Committee, for which we provide the secretariat. strategic objective within our representation activity. Secondly, We are a passionate advocate for European geospatial data from official sources. By providing a strong, we produce pan-European products and we are developing independent voice, we support our members in making this case to their national governments, as well as European Location Services. internationally through our networks and partnerships. Products and Services Our representation activity is based upon the principle of constructive participation. This enables us to demonstrate members’ relevance by delivering value to policy development and legislative programmes EuroGeographics currently offers four European geospatial data in those areas where they have a track record, significant expertise and a legitimate interest. products. All are harmonised to standard specifications, so users can be confident that the information provided is consistent, comparable and easily shared — regardless of its national source. The data is updated annually and can be used in a wide range of applications including analysis, planning and research.
10 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 11 New Visit to the Spanish Cadastre Members Mick Cory visited the General Directorate for the Cadastre, Spain to find out more about its work and discuss European Location Services, to which Spanish Cadastre is an important contributor. Applications from the Malta Land Registry and Registers of Scotland were approved by members at our 2017 Extraordinary General Assembly in May. As a result, we now represent 63 organisations from 46 countries. Products EuroGeographics Data Producers met in Collaboration and Representation November at the Directorate General for Territory Portugal. The 55 experts from across Europe EuroGeographics represented members at a number of international and regional events: discussed the achievements, progress, working plans and technical issues related to creation of • Delegates discussed data quality and usability at our joint international workshop with EuroSDR and Ordnance Survey Contributing to our pan-European products. • EuroGeographics joined 100 delegates from 15 countries at the 10th Regional conference for Cadastre UN Boundary • and Spatial Data Infrastructure in Skopje, FYRO Macedonia Our President Ingrid Vanden Berghe joined Kristian Moller, Director General, Agency for Data Supply Information Initiative and Efficiency, Denmark to chair a workshop on NMGAs in a digital economy at the 2017 Cambridge Conference, an international meeting organised by Ordnance Survey Great Britain We announced that harmonised European open • Our Secretary General and Executive Director Mick Cory gave the opening address at the VIII Iberian data from official national sources is to be included Conference on Spatial Data Infrastructures (JIIDE) and the II National Meeting on Infrastructures for in the United Nations Second Administrative Level Geographical Information (ENIIG) which took place in Lisbon, Portugal on 15 November 2017 Boundaries (SALB) initiative. General Assembly Our Strategy for 2017-2020 was unanimously Visit to the State approved by members. Committee on Colin Bray, Chief Executive Officer & Chief Survey Officer, Ordnance Survey Ireland and United Nations Property of the Amalia Velasco Martín-Varés, International Affairs Representation Republic of Belarus Coordinator, Spanish Directorate General for Cadastre were elected to our Management Board. It was an honour to join the hosts of our 2017 We continue to contribute to the United We were delighted to visit and find out more about General Assembly, the Federal Office for Metrology Nations Committee of Experts on Global the work of the State Committee on Property of and Survey (BEV) for celebrations marking 200 Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM) the Republic of Belarus. Discussions focused on Years of Cadastre in Austria and the countries of and made a number of important interventions closer cooperation including the provision of data the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. We on behalf of our Association at its Seventh and participation in our Knowledge Exchange were also pleased to participate in the Common Session in New York. Networks (KENs). Vision Conference.
12 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 13 Participating in Group on Earth Observation (GEO) EuroGeographics was recognised as a Participating Organisation in the Group on Earth Observations (GEO). We hope to develop our collaboration with the earth observation community by acting as the interface between GEO and the European National Mapping, Cadastral and Land Registration Authorities. Cooperation with the European Environment Agency Knowledge Exchange Our cooperation agreement with the European Environment Agency (EEA) signals a commitment to make more national Joint Cadastre and authoritative geospatial information available through Copernicus, the European Commission’s flagship initiative for earth observation and monitoring. The newly-created Copernicus Knowledge Exchange Network (CoKEN) builds on this partnership. Land Registration The Quality Knowledge Exchange Network (QKEN) marked its 20th anniversary during its Plenary hosted workshop, Lausenne, by Germany’s Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG). Switzerland A successful workshop was held in November on the challenges and opportunities of land use and European Location Services Our President, Ingrid Vanden Berghe gave the cover products was organised by our INSPIRE KEN, welcome address at the joint CLR KEN and UNECE the EEA and EuroSDR. Delegates focused on sharing WPLA workshop in Lausanne Switzerland. Discussions knowledge, experience and research to help fulfil user European Location Services Programme Management arrangements were put into place, and agreed by the focused on the importance of stable and efficient requirements and legal obligations. Management Board. The ELF project completed its project work and handed over ownership to EuroGeographics. In systems of land administration, the challenges and March, Mick Cory was joined by Haico Van der Vegt from Kadaster to speak about the journey to European Location The Copernicus Knowledge Exchange Network (CoKEN) opportunities presented by the digital age, and the Services at a joint meeting of National Mapping Authorities and National Statistical Institutes hosted by Eurostat. was formally established, and held its first meeting in needs, developments and opportunities arising from December in Brussels. the third dimension. The Open ELS Project, co-financed by the European Union’s Connecting Europe Facility, was launched in May 2017. By the end of the year research by the Open ELS Project revealed that open data is available from most European NMCAs. The survey found that that 98% of respondents provide at least some of their data free of charge and, of these, 37% make all their data available under an open licence. Sustainable Development Goals and Land Administration Marine Updated Open Data Cadastre Report Users of our pan-European open data benefit from At the 10th session of the UNECE Working Party for a series of enhancements to EuroGlobalMap. Three Land Administration (WPLA), Mick Cory and Dr Daniel Our joint report on Marine Cadastre, commissioned themes are now generalised from our more detailed Steudler, Chair of the Cadastre and Land Registry KEN with our Common Vision partners, CLGE, ELRA, products, giving even greater confidence that the called for further work on the impact of the Sustainable EULIS and PCC, was published. The objective is information provided is consistent, comparable and Development Goals (SDGs) on cadastre and land to raise awareness and trigger discussions about easily shared. registries in Europe. potential benefits in Europe’s Blue Economy.
16 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 17 Albania Albania marks major milestone with Albania enhances property development of national geoportal data and modernises registration services Delivering an The portal, https://geoportal.asig.gov. ASIG is also responsible for drafting Albania’s Central More than 2,680 cadastral zones from phase before being passed to the data al, is a crucial step in the development geoinformation standards, which are a total of just over 3,000 have been quality team. The Improvement, Update INSPIRE compliant of a sustainable, modern and efficient based on those of INSPIRE. During 2017, Office of Immovable completed so far. In addition, IPRO and First Registration Project is being national geoportal National Spatial Data Infrastructure it prepared standards for the themes on Property Registration has developed and improved funded by revenue generated from (NSDI). It enables search, view, download, transport network, geology, elevation, working procedures, quality control, IPRO services. Each cadastral zone is was a significant and transformation services which meet orthoimagery, Coordinate Reference (IPRO) continues product standards, and has been allocated specialists including a lawyer achievement ISO and OGC standards. Systems, protected sites, land use, and its commitment to continuously training its staff to deliver and a cartographer. geographical grid systems. this priority activity. for Albania’s Public users can freely access 85 completing the IPRO is one of a number of organisations datasets, such as orthoimagery, cadastre, Large-scale digital maps for the main IPRO has also started a digitisation in the Western Balkans working with State Authority infrastructure, protected areas, land economic area of Albania, Tirana-Durres first systematic project to enhance data from 1995 to Kadaster, The Netherlands’ Cadastre, for Geospatial use and geology. The user-friendly are being created through a joint registration of 2000 which is held in its maps and Land Registry and Mapping Agency as Information (ASIG) design also includes tools for creating and editing geospatial data, a 3D Map agreement with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). They will immovable property registers. The process involves improving and updating the immovable property part of a project to modernise services in the region. The participants aim in 2017. Viewer, thematic maps and a multi- be shared with local authorities and the in the electronic registry with data on 556,200 properties to strengthen their institutional functional search. The development public through the national geoportal. title registry. in 180 cadastral zones, completing the and organisational capacity as of the geoportal was made possible process of initial registration of 168,000 service providers. thanks to a donation from the Norwegian In addition, rhe project, the Geospatial real estate properties in 23 urban Government through Kartverket, the Information for Sustainable Territorial cadastral zones, and creating a digital IPRO hosted the first project workshop Norwegian Mapping Authority. Development in the High Intensity immovable property register for 724,200 in Tirana which saw representatives Area Development of Tirana-Durres, properties in 203 cadastral zones. from Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, focuses on technology transfer, including Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo hardware and software infrastructure, as During 2017, 61 cadastral zones were and Serbia join Kadaster to well as training for ASIG employees. completed as part of the first phase with share experiences. a further 32 completed in the second Geoinformation Standards The co-operation agreement between ASIG and JICA National Geoportal
18 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 19 Austria Belgium Celebrating the 200th Implementing INSPIRE through a federal Anniversary of the Cadastre in Austria platform for spatial information in Belgium The Austrian In Belgium, the Cadastre celebrated federal platform for its 200th Anniversary spatial information in 2017. www.geo.be is This jubilee marked a special occasion contributing to better for the Federal Office for Metrology and cooperation in the Surveying (BEV) which commemorated the history, evolution and importance of implementation of the the cadastre for the Austrian economy INSPIRE Directive. and society. In 2014, the National Geographic Institute In 1817, Emperor Franz I commissioned of Belgium (NGI) began development the military service to survey the entire of the federal geo-platform (www.geo. area of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy be) making publicly available the spatial and plot the boundaries of all parcels data and services from the Federal in cadastral maps thereby creating the Public Services (SPF) and in conformity cornerstone for the establishment of with the INSPIRE Directive. This has the cadastre. The territory covered an and decision making at all levels of public been realized in partnership with the area of more than 300,000 square the INSPIRE Directive. Both datasets recommendations. NGI also offers set- administration and plays an important FPS Economy (Statistics Belgium), the kilometres comprising over 50 million and services are documented in a up support and hosting of the network role in the economy and society. FPS Finance (General Administration for parcels of land. multilingual federal geo-catalogue, which services on behalf of the partners. Patrimonial Documentation, previously Continuous interaction with the land is national and international in scope, and the Land Register), the Royal Belgian To ensure the geo-broker role, NGI has The so-called “Franziszeischer Kataster” register ensures the basis for a secured accessible via www.geo.be. Meteorological Institute, the Royal extended the partnership to a group was finalised in 1861 and was the first land administration under the rule of Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, To allow the development of the geo- of experts of Spatial Applications Data complete registration of every single law. The current Austrian land register the Royal Observatory of Belgium and platform, a partnership between the Division from the Leuven University parcel of land in today’s Austria on is a digital public register documenting the Royal Belgian Institute for Space federal spatial data owners and NGI and a consortium of private companies approximately 54,000 map sheets. All the location, the boundaries and other Aeronomy and the Belgian Interregional has been established with bilateral GeoSolutions/GeoCad. The federal geo- the original maps are kept in the archives relevant additional information of nearly Environment Agency, which are all agreements describing the concrete platform become operational in 2017 and of the BEV and digital copies of these 10.2 million parcels of land that can be involved in the implementation of the distribution of tasks, the data and is now looking to Horizon 2020. documents can be obtained from the used online at all times. INSPIRE Directive and provide spatial services to deliver and the support BEV Geodata Portal. datasets covering most of the themes required. NGI acts as a geo-broker and The highlight of the 200th anniversary The Austrian Cadastre has developed from Annex I to III. is responsible for validating the federal celebrations was a ceremony on 4 into an indispensable information October 2017 at the Festive Hall of metadata, datasets and services in NGI is leading the work and is in charge system with technological progress and the Austrian Academy of Sciences in compliance with INSPIRE. NGI supports of the development and maintenance continuous adjustments of the legal Vienna where around 250 guests from the partners in the implementation of the technical geo-platform, which framework contributing to its success. Austrian government, politics, business of the Directive by offering INSPIRE currently provides a network of spatial Today, it provides the basis for planning and science gathered with official expertise, and support through specific datasets and discovery, viewing and representatives from all over Europe. training, workshops, guidance and download of services according to
20 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 21 Bosnia & Herzegovina Croatia Benefiting the public by delivering essential Continuing the modernisation data and services in Bosnia and Herzegovina of the Croatian Cadastre Data and services To provide relevant e-services, a special An increase in The State Geodetic Administration (SGA) SGA has also developed a methodology portal www.Katastar.ba was developed. is at the heart of this continuing work for the homogenisation of cadastral maps provided by the This has been providing free access online transactions, to build an effective land management which originate from the 19th century Federal Administration to information since 2014 and in 2017 a improved cadastral system that contributes to the and are still in official use. Following record number of 8 million views were development of society and an effective extensive testing using three types of for Geodetic and recorded. Registered users can access maps and a new real estate market. transformation parameters; identical Real Property Affairs portal services via the Web Map Services application for A joint information system, comprising a points, existing geodetic records, and (WMS), Web Feature Services (WFS) and boundaries of isolated areas, this has (FGA) are essential Web Coverage Service (WCS) protocols. producing geodetic common database of the cadastre and now been implemented in more than one to the infrastructure The system is capable of providing reports are helping land registries and a single application hundred cadastral municipalities. payable services but all government for real estate data, was established benefitting the general agencies can access the data at no cost. to modernise land with the Ministry of Justice. As a result, More than 55,000 geodetic reports public in Bosnia administration citizens benefit from better, faster and are submitted in cadastral offices every Working in a demanding and developing simpler access to land registration and year, making them the most widely and Herzegovina. environment, means that the future- in Croatia. cadastral data through an online one- used product for surveyors. SGA has oriented management and dedicated stop-shop. In May 2017, this service was built an application for establishing The demand for better quality services, staff of FGA are well aware of the role, expanded with a new module for issuing and implementing such reports using accompanied by greater accountability challenges and international trends in official cadastral documents. Geographic Markup Language (GML). and transparency, lies at the core of land administration. With the support This is currently being tested. public sector reforms and e-government of international partners, such as the strategies. Customer awareness and a World Bank, the Swedish International need for value for money are important Development Cooperation Agency drivers for change within FGA. (SIDA) and Government of Norway, FGA is improving the availability, Continued implementation of the land accessibility and efficiency of its administration sector reform, and creation service to the public, professional of new client-oriented products, have users and government organisations. been facilitated by the new Cadastre IT system. By formulating, establishing/ Data improvement to provide more creating, disseminating and setting-up accurate and reliable real estate data databases of harmonised real estate via a high-quality, timely, and easy-to- data, data on property transactions, use customer service, is evidence of address data and other geographical the continued development of land information, FGA is progressively using administration to support the reform of information technology to improve public institutions and European Union services and transparency in the land aspirations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. administration sector. Cadastral map before and after homogenisation
22 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 23 Czech Republic Czech Republic completes digitisation of cadastral maps In 2017, the Czech The long-term aim was to combine demand for enriched cadastral content, digitised records on ownership and up-to-datedness of the database Office for Surveying, other material rights, technical data and and more precise localisation of Mapping and cadastral maps from different sources in the real estate cadastre parcels. one database. This ensures easy access Furthermore, it contributes to better Cadastre completed to real estate information and smooth links between the cadastre and other the digitisation of its and speedy registration of rights into geographical databases. the real estate cadastre. In addition, cadastral maps. it also promotes the use of cadastral The Office has been responsible for the information in the geoinformation real estate cadastre, land registration The milestone is the final goal in the and land surveying and state mapping systems of public administrations. transformation of the Real Estate activities since 1993. Priorities now focus Cadastre and Land Registry. Digitisation of data is complemented by on the development of new electronic the development of quicker and more services, new cadastral mapping and At the beginning of the social and efficient electronic services as well as new procedures for updating land use economic transformation of the Czech new applications. Approximately half of information, building objects, public law Republic in 1993, the decision was taken all submissions for registration into the restrictions. Linking with other registries to renew the land registry, including real estate cadastre are electronically to offer a wide range of high quality the registration of material rights and delivered, especially by notaries, state information to customers is also vital to the multi-purpose real estate cadastre. authorities, courts and banks. future plans. Historical real estate records were used together with information from historical Digitised information also enables land registries and other sources. the Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre to respond to Cadastral map Digital cadastral map with orthophoto Original Stable cadastre map – Imperial imprint
24 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 25 Denmark Modernisation of the Danish Delivering a digital foundation for growth real property data registers in Denmark The Danish Geodata Denmark estimates As a result of the open data policy, and both international and national modelling SDFE’s efforts to make data easy to find, standards. Based on the experiences Agency continues to that the value of use and combine with other data, the from the pilot project, SDFE will play a major role in its open geospatial online portal ‘Kortforsyningen’ received commence full scale production a record 4.5 billion data requests during during 2018. the modernisation data has more than 2017. Private companies are now using of the Danish doubled since the SDFE’s data in new and innovative ways, and it is evident that geospatial real property introduction of the information creates added value for the data registers. open data policy users in many applications. Some recent use-cases relate to buying real estate, It is currently testing a new IT system in 2013. renting city bikes, assessing the risk for to support the updating of the new burglary, and illustrating the geospatial The Danish Agency for Data Supply and registers in the Danish Real Property distribution of tax rates. Efficiency (SDFE) was established in Data Program. January 2016 when the former Danish SDFE is a key contributor to the Danish In Denmark, a number of administrative Geodata Agency (GST) was divided Digitisation Strategy and is responsible The Danish Minister of Energy, Utilities and Climate, Lars Chr. Lilleholt (centre) processes ensure that property changes into two new and separate agencies. for the national ’Data Distributor’, a one- declares the Danish Geodata Agency’s new premises in Aalborg open. Director- Use of SDFE’s open data are consistent with building regulations SDFE aims to create a better digital stop distribution channel giving access General of the Danish Geodata Agency, Pia Dahl Højgaard, is pictured right with and spatial planning. Before a change Mayor of Aalborg, Thomas Kastrup-Larsen on the left. foundation for growth, not only in the to a range of interoperable basic public can be registered in the cadastre, it must private sector, but also by freeing up data on individuals, businesses, real be first approved by the municipality. time and resources in the public sector. property, geospatial data etc. The first Within the Real Property Data Program, It is in charge of collecting, managing service, Place Names went online in these administrative processes will be and making available geographic and November 2017, and it is planned to be modernised and digitised. The focus administrative public sector data to fully operational by mid-2019. here is on being able to reuse data and Danish decision-makers, businesses and citizens. SDFE has a well-established mapping on being able support the municipality’s programme with a yearly updating cycle formal review of the case. As part of a broader plan for open data for topographic information for Denmark. Following the Agency’s move to Aalborg, within the Danish Digitisation Strategy, Creating a new digital topographic map a significant number of qualified new all of SDFE’s data were made publicly for Greenland, however called for a staff have been recruited and, after a available in 2013. In 2017, a follow-up different approach. In 2017, after three Distribution of basic data focused training period, are already able analysis was carried out to estimate years’ intensive work, SDFE finalised a to process many cases independently. the impact of open geospatial data in pilot project to map four areas equivalent However, the casework time has not yet Denmark. The socio-economic value to approximately twice the size of been reduced to the level of before the was calculated on the premise that it Denmark in close cooperation with the relocation and work continues to improve generates both a production/market Government of Greenland. services for users and stakeholders alike. and an efficiency effect. The analysis estimated that the value of free and open The project had already delivered the The Land Cadastre Project under the The Danish Geodata Agency moved Danish Real Property Data Program to Lindholm Brygge 31 in Aalborg on 1 geospatial data was almost €500 million digital elevation models and orthophotos November, 2016. in 2016, more than twice as much as upon which the topographic vector estimated in 2012. data was produced. In parallel with the data production, a digital geographic infrastructure was established, based on Mapping Greenland
26 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 27 Estonia France Switch to new height system Reference datasets in France simplifies cross-border projects in Estonia respond to public policy needs Estonia is benefiting Following approval by the Minister of Preparations for using the Amsterdam Delivering reference IGN’s public partnerships also extend the Environment, the Regulation on the Ordnance Datum were thorough with to the fields of space and geoportals from the transition Geodetic System saw Estonia switch an extensive reconstruction of Estonia’s databases to respond and in 2017 it signed several European to a new height from the Baltic Height System (BK77) levelling network taking place between to the needs of public contracts related to space geodesy for to the European Vertical Reference 2003 and 2016. Today, the network Galileo. In addition, it was entrusted to reference system System (EVRS) which is used by many consists of 3,144 benchmarks, 4,238 km policies is a key provide new quality evaluation services that helps to reduce European countries, including its of levelling lines and an average distance activity for France’s for industrial production related to closest neighbours. Its introduction between benchmarks of 1.4 km. The Sentinel data and a comparative costs, simplifies the not only benefits the implementation accuracy of the levelling network is National Institute study of Digital Terrain Model (DTM) implementation of of international construction and ± 1.7 mm. of Geographic quality by the European Space Agency. 3D representation for a hydrology study infrastructure projects but also the by the Hydratec start-up cross-border projects management of pan-European spatial As a result of the switchover, the and Forest Visits to the IGN Geoportal, which and enhances databases, data exchange and southern region has seen an average Information (IGN). features in 10 major governmental websites and now incorporates a 3D navigation at sea as all nautical charts 15 cm increase in absolute height marine navigation. and data of shipping routes of the Baltic with an average of 23 cm in the north. This reflects user demand for less viewer, have increased. To position the These differences are due to differing Geoportal at the heart of the government Sea now use a common system. generic reference data and postglacial land uplift values. For information system, the infrastructure is a requirement for more specific Due to the transition, the Estonian example, Estonia’s highest point was being migrated to the inter-ministerial reference databases. geoid model also needed updating previously 317.2 m above sea level and is cloud web-hosting service. This will with the new model, EST-GEOID2017, now 317.4 m. In 2017, the productivity of the Land foster mutualisation of public geographic used for converting GNSS height Parcel Information System greatly data and services. In this spirit, the The Urban Planning Geoportal values to EH2000. An online calculator improved and benefited from the Urban Planning Geoportal (geoportail- is available via the Estonian National Ministry of Agriculture’s confidence. urbanisme.gouv.fr) gained momentum in Land Board’s geoportal. IGN also worked in partnership with the 2017 by incorporating more than 3,000 Tax Administration, to approve the new urban planning documents. technical basis for the convergence of The IGNfab incubator continues to the cadastral vector map and the large- foster start-up innovation – from the scale topographic database, and the development of a hydraulic simulation Road Safety Administration, with whom it tool based on the IGN iTowns 3D setup the national database of reference platform to a platform enabling forest points of the road network. The latter has operators to find new wood resources. Producing the national Land Parcel now ordered IGN to setup an ambitious In addition, the Minecraft on-demand Information System (LPIS) information system to map speed service (minecraft.ign.fr), which combines limits. In terms of future development video games and 3D cartography to of altimetry data, IGN has tested High generate maps of the user’s favourite Density Lidar data. places, received an award at the 2017 International Cartographic Conference. Estonian levelling network Height corrections (cm) for conversion Estonian geoid model ESTGEOID2017 The Minecraft on-demand service from BK77 heights to EH2000 heights
28 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 29 Georgia Great Britain Implementing land Helping the UK become a registration reform in Georgia global leader in geospatial Georgia has seen role in significantly improving the mediation. Detailed statistical data is Ordnance Survey (OS) By combining their geospatial and international engagement. Today OS is coverage, completeness and accuracy available at https://napr.gov.ge/chart. property expertise, HMLR and OS are working with countries all over the world, a sharp increase in of the national cadastre database by continues to deliver supporting and encouraging disruptive taking exemplar work and expertise Activities also include a pilot project land registrations as recording previously unregistered rural for the systematic registration of land on its ambitious forces in the PropTech and GeoTech to support projects in several nations. land plots. markets. The benefits of this investment From Smart City projects in Singapore a result of ambitious plots supported by the World Bank. This strategy to remain at are expected to be seen across the to automated change detection work in The reform, which has improved the covers 12 settlements selected by issue reform implemented accessibility of land registration to and geographic diversity. A nationwide the forefront of the legal, financial and property sectors, the UAE. OS is also supporting several stimulating growth for the wider developing nations to enable them by the National citizens across Georgia, is underpinned methodology and recommendations geospatial industry. economy and bringing more to realise the benefits from accurate, by a legislative framework, technical will be developed using the analysis of Agency of Public support and a new cadastral standard the results. The strategy focusses on three areas – opportunities to the UK. maintained geospatial data. One example is the collaboration with World Registry (NAPR) to ensure the high quality of the Best for Britain, Global Growth and Fit for OS data continues to support the UK Bank to help build geospatial data The reform not only supports under the Ministry cadastral data. In addition to simplified procedures concerning the legalisation improvement of registration and the Future – which have been at the core Government in the delivery of key policies and public services at every expertise in Tanzania. of the last 12 months’ activity. of Justice. of land ownership rights, they also cadastre accuracy and coverage in the level of government. From the Ministry provide a mechanism for NAPR to country, but also has a positive impact In August 2017, OS announced a of Housing, Communities & Local All services within the reform are free for mediate in disputes and address for Georgia, contributing to the strategic partnership to help propel the Government – where OS provide citizens with cadastral survey fees being the problem of overlapping of land efficiency and sustainability of land UK towards becoming a global leader essential location data that helps monitor reimbursed by the Government until the boundaries. Enquiries and the collection administration system, welfare of in the land and property market. The the development of new housing – to end of 2017. of documents from other administrative landowners, land market development pilot partnership sees HM Land Registry emergency services – where data authorities are also done by NAPR. and economic growth. (HMLR) join OS at its Geovation Hub is used to coordinate planning and The objective is to address the main and aims to encourage and support response to events, such as flooding. legislative issues and challenges to To date, more than 400,000 land plots innovation and property technology eliminate barriers to land registration. In have been registered and 783 cases businesses. Geovation is based at a The last year has seen OS support the particular, the project plays an important have been successfully resolved through dedicated location-data lab in London Government’s Industrial Strategy, which that supports and enables open aims to build a Britain fit for the future. innovation and collaboration across Building on previous years, OS continues many sectors. The Geovation mission to position location data at the heart of is to expand the use of location and technology, innovation and infrastructure land and property data in the UK’s projects. Highlights include: The Internet innovation community. of Things (CityVerve) demonstrator project in Manchester, embedding Participants in the pilot programme geospatial and digital twin concepts receive up to £20,000 in grant funding into the 5G initiative in Bournemouth, and a range of resources and services partnering with Microsoft on machine that will help them develop their to machine learning in geospatial data businesses. Geovation provides the capture, and helping shape national support that participants need, including infrastructure capable of supporting access to experienced software autonomous vehicles through the developers, geospatial expertise from E-CAVE project. OS and property expertise from HMLR. Business mentors are also available These tech and innovation projects to assist with business proposals and are not just benefiting Great Britain. investor relationships. but they’re also essential to OS’s
30 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 31 Germany Aligning German reference data BKG Germany fulfills INSPIRE Directive using with INSPIRE Annex I data themes experience of European Projects A transformation Germany’s Federal As a result, Germany met the November When implementing INSPIRE, BKG’s 2017 deadline for all European Union focus was not only on fulfilling the legal specification to align Agency for member countries to provide their spatial mandate, but also on actively contributing reference data with Cartography and data of the themes of INSPIRE Annex I in to the INSPIRE initiative with Europe-wide a compliant and interoperable way. interoperable spatial data. The results INSPIRE Annex I Geodesy (BKG) has of the European Location Framework data themes has used its experience BKG has fulfilled this legal requirement (ELF) Project were taken into account and implemented it for its own spatial and BKG’s implementation also used been created by the of harmonising and data products. INSPIRE-compliant spatial its previous experience of harmonising surveying authorities edge matching data is available for regional level of and edge-matching European detail, (approximately 1:250 000 scale) georeference data for EuroGeographics of the Laender of the EuroGeographics for the following INSPIRE themes: products, EuroBoundaryMap and Federal Republic of products to Administrative Units, Hydrography, EuroRegionalMap. The benefit of this Transport Network, Protected Sites, approach is that the implemented Germany (AdV). comply with the Geographical Names and Land Cover. schema transformations can be directly INSPIRE Directive. It is provided as open data by the BKG applied to both products, for which Under the INSPIRE Directive, the German Service Center via INSPIRE-compliant BKG is production manager. It will cadastral and mapping administrations target object is defined, accompanied The improvement in accuracy is an download services Web Feature Service now discuss their release as INSPIRE- have to provide INSPIRE compliant by a human readable and executable important step in the application of GNSS (WFS) and view services Web Map compliant European Locations data sets which are usually transformed transportation rule (HALE Alignment). technology provided by the German Service (WMS) from a dedicated area of Services with EuroGeographics. from the original source data. Whereas satellite positioning service, SAPOS. its website: www.geodatenzentrum.de/ the source and target models are well Germany: Integrated Geodetic Today SAPOS, which integrates ‘cm geodaten/gdz?l=down_inspire. defined, there was a strong need for Spatial Reference geoid GCG2016’, can be also used to a clear description of mapping rules Professional understanding of determine normal height. The integrated to transform the source data in a official geodetic spatial reference in geodetic spatial reference is considered harmonised way. Germany has evolved consistently a basic infrastructure and part of AdV’s GGP-Rahmennetz AdV has created a complete, formal over past decades, with the “Repeated legal remit. and executable data transformation measurements in the German main specification to transform authoritative height network (DHHN)” in particular data to INSPIRE Annex I data sets. contributing to new approaches. The transformation rules are defined Today Germany has established the by the HUMBOLDT Alignment Editor integrated geodetic spatial reference as (HALE) Alignments, which can be a holistic approach to the geometrically directly executed or easily transformed and physically defined components. to other schema transformation tools. AdV has placed this at the centre of its HALE Alignments are used as a formal product view and definition for geodetic description of the transformation rules. spatial reference. Special attention was These are much more precise than the also given to the quality assurance Excel sheets which were previously used. of the reference framework, which is The transformation rules are interactively realised by the unified field of geodetic documented and published at www.adv- control points. online.de. For each source object the INSPIRE Administrative Units INSPIRE Hydro - Physical Waters INSPIRE Rail Transport Network
32 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 33 Hungary Ireland Hungary continues to benefit Ordnance Survey Ireland 2017 achievements from access to national spatial data In 2017, the Institute Since 2002, the operation and structures of the different land cover The National Mapping development of the Land Parcel categories making them suitable for of Geodesy, Identification System (LPIS), an exclusive identifying different agricultural crops. Agreement came Cartography (FÖMI) reference, land area identification The fusion of radar and optical data into operation on 1 and spatial information system for provided better results, proving that radar was integrated into agricultural and rural development features can give added information to January 2017 and the Government support, has been carried out by FÖMI describe the crops’ condition. Radar- provides Ordnance and now its successor. A major task based information is also important Office of the has been to prepare the system for the for other remote sensing tasks, Survey Ireland Capital City of challenges of the 2014-2020 Common such as grassland monitoring, (OSI) with a secure, Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform. Within identification of agricultural damages Budapest, Hungary. this framework, the entire national and crop monitoring and will further centrally funded Now known as the Department of system and its basic data were reviewed improve results. license agreement. to ensure that the LPIS complies with Geodesy, Remote Sensing and Land OSi CEO Colin Bray, General Manager and Geospatial Solutions Lorraine McNerney CAP, keeps up to date with changes By enabling a platform approach to Offices, it continues to deliver its with ESRI President, Jack Dangermond at ESRI’s 2017 FedGIS conference. in the land surface and ensures the providing the public sector and academia professional tasks and services. enforceability of the policy. with direct access to national mapping, it OSi hosted a series of training seminars Income from national spatial data has is a vital step in realising OSi’s vision of National Data As part of the consortium led by the explaining what Linked Data is and how it increased. To enable bilateral exchange being the national providers of trusted, Infrastructure Strategy is constructed. Ministry of Agriculture, the Department of information, data has also been made maintained geospatial data and platforms has been participating in a European The draft National Geospatial Strategy, available free of change to a number Union Nature Conservation Strategy to ensure the State’s location data is easy completed by OSi at the end of 2016, is Tailte Éireann of government authorities. In addition, to find, share and use. Project. A precursory high-resolution to be incorporated into the overarching The development of the Conceptual citizens can download two property National Data Infrastructure Strategy ecosystem map was created with the European Forum for Data Model for Tailte Éireann, the sheets each year at no cost. being developed by the Office of the intelligent combination of national Government body to be formed from the Geography and Statistics, Government Chief Information Officer. Free instant public access to the Corine in-situ thematic and Copernicus land merger of OSi, the Property Registration cover data. In 2018, the results will be Dublin This is a very positive development, Authority and the Valuation Office, is and Copernicus High Resolution Layers via the Copernicus browser – www.map. enriched with earth-observation based Hosted by Ireland’s Central Statistics demonstrating a strong understanding being facilitated by ESRI Ireland and is fomi.hu/copernicus – has been enriched information and used for the assessment Office (CSO) and OSi, the 2017 of the role of geospatial information expected to be completed in 2018. to include Sentinel 2A mosaics, spectral of ecosystem services (MAES). conference showcased the benefits of amongst policy makers for evidence- indices and water-logging frequency collaboration between the statistical based decision-making. ESRI FedGIS Research into the use of radar and mapping communities, particularly maps, with Open Street Map and archive polarimetry for agricultural purposes Collaboration to record conference 2017 orthophotos as basemap. No registration in facilitating the development of also continued in 2017. Polarimetric radar valuable decision-making tools. OSi Ireland’s geospatial OSi CEO Colin Bray and General is required to use the online service. features are sensitive to the geometrical and CSO are working together to fulfil information as linked data Manager, Geospatial Solutions Lorraine Ireland’s reporting responsibilities under on the web McNerney spoke at ESRI’s 2017 FedGIS the United Nations 2030 agenda for conference at the invitation of ESRI Following a collaboration to make Sustainable Development. This was President, Jack Dangermond. Colin also geospatial information available as further endorsed by Lorraine McNerney joined Susan Gordon, Deputy Director of Linked Data at data.geohive.ie, the who presented Ireland’s progress at the the US National Geospatial-Intelligence ADAPT Centre for Digital Content Fifth High Level Forum on UN-GGIM. Agency to discuss how GIS is Technology, Trinity College Dublin and used to innovate and modernise across government.
34 EuroGeographics Annual Review 2017 35 Italy Lithuania A new website to better meet Implementing the digital agenda in Lithuania user demands unveiled in Italy State Enterprise A new e-commerce An interactive map on the geo-products Centre of Registers page enables users to visualise a low- website, available resolution preview before selecting (SECR) is contributing in both Italian and which they want to purchase. There to the implementation are more than 362,000 items available, English, was launched including 254,000 aerial photos of Italy of Digital Agenda by the Italian Military taken between 1940 and 2010, 6,800 in Lithuania. printed maps, 66,000 geodetic elements, Geographic Institute 3,700 10 km by 10 km Digital Terrain (IMGI) in June 2017. Model cells, 2,300 relief maps and 2,700 It is responsible for administering the elements of orography. The website also Real Property Cadastre and Register that offers atlases, books and all issues of the contains cadastral data on residential Developed to better meet user needs, and non-residential buildings and “Universo” magazine, which has been www.igmi.org is accessible via desktops, The home page engineering utilities, as well as land published by IMGI since 1920. tablets and mobile phones. It features parcels. Information about engineering reorganised and updated content to information, is prepared. The cadastral Lithuania is focused on delivering The free of charge coordinates networks and transport communication provide clearer and more accurate data is then signed with the qualified innovations and the transfer of public conversion tool, Verto online (https:// is collected when buildings, structures information. Professional users can easily electronic signature, automatically services into the electronic environment. www.igmi.org/en/verto-on-line) converts and utilities are built, reconstructed or consult technical sheets and metadata transferred into the Real Property SECR constantly strives to improve user in real time the coordinates of the most undergo major repairs. The cadastral for each product; a user account is only Cadastre and Register and stored perception of spatial information and to popular reference systems used in Italy: data collected may be harmonised required for purchases. in the electronic archive. The digital facilitate decision-making by citizens, Roma40, ED50 and ETRS89, based on with the Measurement Code for the documents replace millions of pages of business, state and municipal institutions. ETRS89 and ETRF2000. Floor Area of Buildings prepared by paper documents previously required Its aim is to create three-dimensional the Council of European Geodetic IMGI is now working to further improve to complete the process. Cadastral data models of buildings and structures on the Surveyors (CLGE) and the International services by developing new applications. for buildings and structures is used for basis of data stored in the Real Property Property Measurement Standards of various purposes such as mass valuation Cadastre and Register, and to open them the International Property Measurement models for the annual estimation of to the users with the help of electronic Topographic map 1:25 000 scale Standards Coalition. average market values, which are used regional geo-informational environment coverage and technical characteristics for calculating taxes and other purposes. service at www.regia.lt. The majority of surveyors in Lithuania use the e-Surveyor advanced electronic The electronic system reduces costs service developed by SECR for data and ensures the high quality of mass processing. Using this service, an valuation results. electronic file of cadastral data for a building or structure, including spatial Guided tours page
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