The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA

 
The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
SmartMarket Report

The Business Value
of BIM in the
Middle East
Premier Partner:          Research Partners:

Contributing Partner:
                                               CG/LA
                                               INFRASTRUCTURE
The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
■ Design and Construction Intelligence

 SmartMarket Report

 Dodge Data & Analytics                  The Business Value of
                                         BIM in the Middle East
 Chief Executive Officer                 SmartMarket Report
 Michael Petrullo
                                         Executive Editor
                                                                                About Dodge Data &
 Dodge Data & Analytics                  Stephen A. Jones
 Research & Analytics/
                                                                                Analytics
                                         Managing Editor                        Dodge Data & Analytics is North
 Industry Insights
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 Senior Director, Research & Analytics
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 Senior Director, Industry
                                         Contributing Art Director              construction industry. Building product
 Insights Research
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 Director, Industry Insights Research    Contributing Art Director
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The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
SmartMarket Report
                                               Introduction

                                               T
                                                           he Middle East is home to           on investment (ROI) from BIM
                                                           some of the most innovative         implementation at their organization,
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST

                                                           building projects in the world.     with one quarter (25%) saying that they
                                                           Not only are these projects         believe their ROI is 50% or higher.
                                               iconic, but they are also complex and               Although many BIM experts in
                                               demanding for the project teams,                the region interviewed for this report
                                               which are often based around the                state that current use of BIM does not
                                               globe. In addition, the demand for tight        always extend throughout the supply
                                                                                                                                           Stephen A. Jones
                                               schedules on projects in this region is         chain, this study shows that BIM use        Senior Director
                                               particularly restrictive. These factors         by contractors is likely to be the area     Industry Insights Research
                                               suggest that companies in the Middle            with the greatest potential growth in       Dodge Data & Analytics
                                               East will benefit from wider use of             the region because respondents report       Stephen A. Jones leads
                                               building information modeling (BIM),            that having general or trade contractors    DD&A’s Industry Insights
                                               and our latest study reveals that, while        with strong BIM skills increases project    Research division. He
                                                                                                                                           is active in numerous
                                               the use of BIM in the Middle East is            outcomes and quality, increases
                                                                                                                                           industry organizations
                                               still at an early stage, it is poised for       innovation and reduces overall project      and frequently speaks at
                                               dramatic growth.                                duration and cost.                          industry events around
                                                                                                   Even the responses of the architects    the world. Before DD&A,
                                                   The study included many architects                                                      Jones was vice president
                                               and contractors who are currently using         and contractors who are not currently       with Primavera Systems
                                               BIM, and right now, the percentage is           using BIM suggest that it is poised         (now part of Oracle), a
                                                                                               for growth in the Middle East. All of       global leader in project
                                               almost evenly split between those using                                                     management software.
                                               it on 30% or fewer of their projects (46%)      them (100%) believe that BIM will be        Prior to that, he was
                                               and those using it on more than 30% of          important to the industry in five years,    principal and a Board of
                                                                                               and most believe it will be highly          Directors member with
                                               their projects (54%). However, in just                                                      Burt Hill, a major A/E firm
                                               two years, over three quarters (79%) of         important. Most (85%) are at least          (now merged with Stantec).
                                               current BIM users expect to be using it         interested in BIM or even actively
                                               on more than 30% of their projects.             evaluating the possibility of using it.
                                                   This expectation for a higher level             Encouragingly, some of the most
                                               of BIM use is likely fueled by the              important benefits that non-users say
                                               benefits they gain on their projects            would influence them to adopt BIM,
                                               from its use, including:                        such as improved multidisciplinary
                                               ■■Increased Efficiency Through
                                                                                               coordination, reduced number of field
                                                 Collaboration With Owners or                  coordination problems and improved
                                                 Other Project Team Members (71%)              communication between all parties, are
                                               ■■Reduced Field Coordination Conflicts
                                                                                               already being reported by BIM users in
                                                 During Construction (70%)                     that region.                                Donna Laquidara-Carr,
                                               ■■Reduced Errors and Omissions in
                                                                                                   While there are challenges (e.g.,       Ph.D., LEED AP
                                                                                               lack of trained BIM personnel, lack of      Industry Insights
                                                 Construction Documents (69%)                                                              Research Director
                                                                                               client demand), all of these positive       Dodge Data & Analytics
                                               Over half are also reporting business           factors seem well positioned to drive a
                                               benefits, including increasing their            vigorous level of BIM adoption in this      Donna Laquidara-Carr
                                               ability to market business to new                                                           currently provides
                                                                                               region in the near future.
                                                                                                                                           editorial direction,
                                               clients (63%), enhancement of their                 We would like to thank our premier      analysis and content
                                               organization’s image as an industry             partner Autodesk for helping us to bring    to DD&A’s SmartMarket
                                               leader (59%) and increasing their ability       these important findings to the industry.   Reports. Prior to this
                                                                                                                                           position, she worked for
                                               to offer new services (58%).                    In addition, we thank Pinnacle for their    nearly 20 years with DD&A’s
                                                   In fact, most respondents in the            support, and we also thank all of our       Dodge division, where she
                                               Middle East (80%) believe that they             research partners for their efforts to      gained detailed insight into
                                                                                                                                           the construction industry.
                                               are experiencing a positive return              engage the industry in the study.

                                                                                     Dodge Data & Analytics   1   www.construction.com              SmartMarket Report
The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
SmartMarket Report
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST

                                                                                                                                                      TABLE OF

                                                                                                                                                         CONTENTS
                                                                                                                                                       4 Executive Summary

                                                                                                                                                       8 Data
                                                                                                                                                        8 Introduction

                                                                                                                                                        9 BIM Use
                                                                                                                                                           9 BIM Implementation Levels
                                                                                                                                                           10 Years of Experience Using BIM
                                                                                                                                                           11 BIM Expertise Levels
                                                                                                                                                           12 Impact of BIM-Specifying Authorities and Project Management Consultants
                                                                                                                                                           13   data sidebar   Insights From BIM Experts on the Use of BIM in the Middle East

                                                                                                                                                       18 BIM Benefits
                                                                                                                                                          18 Experience of Overall Business Value From BIM
                                                                                                                                                           19 Project Performance Benefits of BIM
                                                                                                                                                           20 Project Process Benefits of BIM
                                                                                                                                                           21 Internal Business Benefits of BIM
Front Cover: Abu Dhabi Lourvre Image Courtesy of BuroHappold; Opposite: Hospital Image Courtesy of Lifang Vision Technology Co. Ltd, Chengdu, China

                                                                                                                                                           22 Top Differences Between Roles for BIM Benefits
                                                                                                                                                           22 Increasing BIM Benefits

                                                                                                                                                       26 BIM Teams
                                                                                                                                                          26 Importance of BIM for Team Formation
                                                                                                                                                           27 Value of GC BIM Skills
                                                                                                                                                           28 Importance of BIM for Trade Contractor Selection
                                                                                                                                                           29 Value of Trade BIM Skills
                                                                                                                                                           30 Trade Contractor Proficiency in BIM
                                                                                                                                                           31   sidebar    Education Now!

                                                                                                                                                       32 BIM Investments
                                                                                                                                                          32 BIM Investments

                                                                                                                                                       33 BIM ROI
                                                                                                                                                          33 Perceived ROI on BIM
                                                                                                                                                           34 Formal Measurement of BIM ROI
                                                                                                                                                           35 Top Benefits That Contribute to Increasing BIM ROI
                                                                                                                                                           36   sidebar    BIM for Smarter Design and Construction of Complex Projects

                                                                                                                                                       38 Non-Users
                                                                                                                                                          38 Non-Users’ Attitudes Toward BIM
                                                                                                                                                           39 Most Important Reasons for Not Adopting BIM
                                                                                                                                                           40 Non-Users’ Perceptions of Competitors’ and Clients’ Use of BIM
                                                                                                                                                           41 BIM Benefits That Would Convince Non-Users to Consider Adopting BIM

                                                                                                                                                      SmartMarket Report                    Dodge Data & Analytics   2   www.construction.com
The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
Front Cover:
                                                                                                         Use of BIM allowed the
                                                                                                         client to visualize how
                                                                                                         the complex dome of
                                                                                                         the Abu Dhabi Louvre
                                                                                                         would be able to provide
CONTENTS

                                                                                                         ventilation and lighting
                                                                                                         inside the building.

                                                                                                         This page:
                                                                                                         The efficiency of designing
                                                                                                         in BIM provided Stantec
                                                                                                         with the flexibility needed
                                                                                                         to handle scope changes
                                                                                                         during the design of the
                                                                                                         Mediclinic Parkview
                                                                                                         Hospital in Dubai.

           44 International Comparisons
              44 Users at a High Level of BIM Implementation
              44 BIM Requirement Policies by General Contractors
              45 BIM Benefits Compared With China
              46 Acceptable Levels of Trade Contractor BIM Skill
              47 Positive ROI
              47 Non-User Attitudes

           		Thought Leader Interview
           42 Christopher Tebb, BEng (Hons) MSc CEng MICE, Digital Delivery Lead, Middle East Unit, Mott MacDonald

           		Case Studies
           24 Improved Flexibility and Collaboration With BIM
              Mediclinic Parkview Hospital, Dubai, UAE

           48 Methodology

           49 Resources

                                           Dodge Data & Analytics   3   www.construction.com           SmartMarket Report
The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
Executive Summary

                                               BIM use expected to increase in the Middle East
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST

                                               While BIM is currently at an early stage of implementation in the Middle East, the study demonstrates that it is poised for
                                               significant growth. The majority (79%) of respondents currently using BIM expect to be at a high level of implementation
                                               in just two years, and 85% of current non-users are either interested in and/or are actively evaluating BIM. Strong project
                                               and business benefits reported by current BIM users will help drive the market, as will the perception of BIM’s growing
                                               importance to firms seeking to stay competitive.

                                               BIM Implementation in the                                         Users’ Forecast for Growth in Level of BIM
                                               Middle East                                                       Engagement (All Regions)
                                               Design and construction professionals in the Middle East          Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                               who are currently using BIM expect a significant increase             Low BIM Engagement (30% or Fewer Projects Involve BIM)
                                               in the percentage of their projects that will involve BIM             High BIM Engagement (Over 30% of Projects Involve BIM)
                                               over the next two years.
                                               ■■The chart shows that, today, only about half of BIM                                                  79%
                                                 users in the Middle East are engaging with it on
                                                 more than 30% of their projects, but that within two
                                                 years, well over three quarters (79%) say they will be
                                                 operating at that level of BIM implementation.                            54%
                                               ■■Among the project roles of BIM users, those who are
                                                                                                                  46%
                                                 primarily involved with construction activities (versus
                                                 design) predict they will be the most active, with 83%
                                                 of them forecasting that implementation level.

                                               Plans to increase BIM implementation throughout the                                              21%
                                               Middle East are robust, but there are some differences
                                               among specific regions.
                                               ■■30% or more of projects involve BIM: 82% of Saudi BIM

                                                 users forecast being at this level within two years.
                                               ■■60% or more of projects involve BIM: Users in the                Current Level of              Users’ Forecast for
                                                                                                                  BIM Engagement                2 Years From Now
                                                 UAE, however, predict even more aggressive growth,
                                                 with over half (51%) implementing BIM at this very
                                                                                                                 Top 5 Project-Related Benefits of BIM
                                                 advanced level.
                                                                                                                 (Percentage of BIM Users Reporting High Value)
                                                                                                                 Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017
                                               Benefits of BIM                                                   1_01_SMR_Batch1_01_Charts EXEC SUMM V2
                                               BIM users in the Middle East believe it generates                 Increased Efficiency Through Collaboration
                                                                                                                  _ES Impltn_#01.eps
                                                                                                                 With Owners or Other Team Members
                                               powerful benefits, both on their projects and for their own
                                                                                                                                                                      71%
                                               businesses. The chart shows the percentage of current
                                               BIM users who report receiving each of these project-             Reduced Field Coordination Conflicts
                                                                                                                 During Construction
                                               related benefits at either a high or very high level.
                                                   BIM users also report receiving several internal                                                                   70%
                                               business benefits from BIM at a high or very high level.          Reduced Errors and Omissions in
                                               ■■Marketing New Business to New Clients (63%)                     Construction Documents
                                               ■■Overall Enhancement of Organization’s Image as an                                                                    69%
                                                 Industry Leader (59%)                                           Reduced Rework
                                               ■■Offering New Services (58%)
                                                                                                                                                                 64%
                                               ■■Maintaining Repeat Business With Past Clients (46%)

                                               ■■Increased Profits (44%)                                         Better Cost Control/Predictability
                                                                                                                                                            57%

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The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
Executive Summary              CONTINUED

                                               Factors That Would Increase                                         Design Firms’ BIM Requirement Policy for
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST

                                               BIM Benefits                                                        Contractors (All Regions)
                                               The majority of users believe that more clearly defined             Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                               BIM deliverables between parties, and more use of
                                                                                                                       We Require Companies to be Experienced in BIM
                                               contracts to support BIM and collaboration, would                       We Encourage BIM Expertise, But Do Not Require It
                                               contribute greatly to increasing their ability to generate              BIM Expertise Does Not Affect Our Decisions
                                               benefits from BIM.

                                               BIM Requirements Policies                                                       13%
                                               Design teams that are working with BIM frequently
                                               encourage or require BIM capabilities from general
                                               contractors. As shown in the pie chart, this is true for                                           48%
                                               almost 90% of firms in the Middle East.                                     40%
                                                   Many general contractors who work with BIM
                                               in the Middle East also use BIM capability to qualify
                                               trade contractors.
                                                  • 17% require trade contractors to be experienced
                                                    in BIM.
                                                  • 33% encourage BIM expertise, but do not require it.            Positive Impacts From General and Trade
                                                  • 50% say that BIM expertise does not affect their               Contractors’  BIM Skills EXEC
                                                                                                                   1_04_SMR_Batch1_01_Charts (Percentage
                                                                                                                                                  SUMM Who Rate
                                                    decisions about trade contractors.                             V2_ESas
                                                                                                                   Value BIMPlcy_#02.eps
                                                                                                                           High or Very High)
                                                                                                                   Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                               Value of Contractors’ BIM Capabilities                                  Value of General Contractors’ BIM Skill to Design Firms
                                               The BIM skills of both general contractors and trade                    Value of Trade Contractors’ BIM Skill to General Contractors
                                               contractors generate significant value on projects.
                                                  The chart at right shows the percentage of design                                     63%
                                                                                                                          61%
                                               professionals that rated general contractors’ BIM
                                               capabilities as generating a high or very high level of each        53%
                                               benefit shown, compared with the same ratings provided                                             50%         50%
                                               by general contractors about trade contractors.
                                                                                                                                                                    40%
                                                                                                                                                        38%
                                               Trade Contractor BIM Expertise Levels                                                                                             33%33%
                                               General contractors in the Middle East report significant
                                                                                                                                                                          28%
                                               variation in the BIM skill level of trade contractors by
                                               region and by specialty.
                                               ■■BIM-capable mechanical/sheet metal/plumbing

                                                 contractors are cited as the most numerous among the
                                                 trades throughout the Middle East.
                                               ■■The UAE reports the least number of skilled trades

                                                 among any of the regions studied.
                                                                                                                    Increases           Increases       Reduces     Reduces       Increases
                                               ■■There are fewer concrete fabricators/contractors
                                                                                                                    Project             Innovation      Overall     Cost          My
                                                 with BIM skills than any of the other trades studied,              Outcomes/                           Project                   Profitability
                                                 followed by civil/site/geotechnical.                               Quality                             Duration

                                                                                                                   1_05_SMR_Batch1_01_Charts EXEC SUMM V2_
                                                                                                                   ES CntctrValBIM_#02.eps

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The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
Executive Summary            CONTINUED

                                               ROI for BIM                                                       Users’ Reported ROI on BIM
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST

                                               Since there is no accepted international standard                 Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                               for measuring return on investment (ROI) for BIM,                     Very Positive (50% ROI or Higher)
                                               users were asked to estimate their ROI based on a                     Positive (Up to 50% ROI)
                                               range from negative to break-even to several degrees                  Break-even or Negative ROI
                                               of positive. The chart summarizes these responses in
                                               three broad categories.
                                               ■■One quarter (25%) of BIM users believe they have

                                                 an ROI exceeding 50%, which is an outstanding                             20%
                                                                                                                                                25%
                                                 performance, and is a very positive sign for the
                                                 continued growth of BIM in the Middle East.
                                               ■■More contractors (29%) are in the top ROI group than

                                                 are design professionals, who, by contrast, comprise                             55%
                                                 the majority of the group reporting break-even or
                                                 negative performance. This finding aligns with Dodge
                                                 studies of BIM ROI around the world.
                                               ■■There are significant regional variances with the

                                                 Middle East, with 31% of users in Saudi Arabia
                                                 reporting the highest ROI tier, compared with only              1_06_SMR_Batch1_01_Charts EXEC SUMM V2
                                                                                                                 Top BIM Investments Planned by Users Over
                                                                                                                 _ES ROI_#01
                                                 18% in the UAE. Twice as many users in the UAE are in
                                                                                                                 Next 2 Years (Percentage Who Plan High or Very
                                                 the break-even or negative category (31%) than those in
                                                                                                                 High Levels of Investment)
                                                 Saudi Arabia (16%).                                             Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                               Top BIM Investments                                               Developing Internal Collaborative BIM Procedures
                                               Successful BIM programs require investment, both to                                                                61%
                                               launch and to support growth. The chart shows the top             Developing Custom 3D Libraries
                                               seven types of BIM investments that are cited by users as                                                    55%
                                               high or very high priorities over the next two years.
                                               ■■Although many people think of BIM as a technology
                                                                                                                 Developing Collaborative
                                                                                                                 BIM Processes With External Parties
                                                 initiative, the first and third investments both focus
                                                                                                                                                            53%
                                                 on collaborative processes, which underscores the
                                                 importance of digital workflows to maximize the                 BIM Training
                                                 power of BIM. Contractors are particularly focused on                                                      53%
                                                 the external processes, which makes sense because of            New/Upgraded Hardware
                                                 their need to coordinate the work of so many parties.
                                                                                                                                                         50%
                                               ■■Training, hardware and software form the core of

                                                 a BIM program, and users include all three in their             BIM Software
                                                 two-year plans. Contractors show a particularly high                                                    48%
                                                 commitment to training, which is typically an important         Software Customization/
                                                 aspect for all parts of their business.                         Interoperability Solutions
                                               ■■3D libraries and software customization also score
                                                                                                                                                      44%
                                                 among top investments. These enhancements to a
                                                 company’s BIM program can greatly contribute to
                                                 increased productivity.

                                                                                                                 1_08_SMR_Batch1_01_Charts EXEC SUMM V2
                                                                                                                 _ES Invst_#01

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The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
Executive Summary             CONTINUED

                                               Non-User Attitudes About BIM                                       Non-Users’ Attitudes About BIM
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST

                                               Design and construction professionals who are not                  Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                               currently involved with BIM characterized their interest               We Are Interested or Are Actively Evaluating It
                                               level and attitude about BIM. The pie chart shows a                    We Are Not Currently Interested in Using It
                                               simplified breakdown of the findings.                                  We Have Used It But Decided Not to Use It Anymore
                                               ■■The vast majority (85%) of non-users are either neutral

                                                 or interested in BIM, which bodes well for a continued                           5%
                                                 adoption pattern in the Middle East in the near future.                   10%
                                               ■■Contractors comprise a larger share of the currently

                                                 disinterested group than do designers, which
                                                 corresponds with Dodge BIM research around the
                                                 world showing that adoption is typically led by design
                                                                                                                                          85%
                                                 professionals in its earlier stages. This is almost
                                                 certain to level out in coming years, and in many cases
                                                 contractors eventually surpass designers for both
                                                 adoption and implementation.

                                               Non-User Perspective on the
                                               Importance of BIM in Five Years                                    1_09_SMR_Batch1_01_Charts EXEC SUMM V2
                                               100% of non-users believe that BIM will be important               _ES NonU Att_#01
                                                                                                                  Adoption Triggers
                                               to the industry in five years. And three quarters of them          Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017
                                               (75%) believe it will be of high or very high importance
                                               in that time. This is a very positive indicator that BIM              Top 5 Process or Outcome Improvements That,
                                               adoption will continue at a robust pace.                              If Validated, Would be Most Influential to Convince
                                                                                                                     Non-Users to Adopt BIM (All Regions)
                                               Top Reason Non-Users Are Not
                                               Adopting BIM                                                          1      Improved Multidisciplinary Coordination              85%
                                               Among 18 reasons surveyed, non-users cite a lack of
                                               demand from clients and/or other firms on projects                    2      Reduced Number of Field Coordination Problems        75%
                                               as the top reason they are not involved with BIM. This
                                               should change as adoption and implementation rapidly                  3      More Accurate Construction Documents                 75%
                                               expand and BIM requirements become more common.
                                                                                                                     4      Increased Ability to Use Lean Construction           70%
                                                                                                                            Techniques
                                               Non-Users’ Top Five Adoption Triggers
                                               Certain benefits, if they could be validated as achievable            5      Improved Communication Between All Parties
                                                                                                                            in the Design and Construction Process               70%
                                               through the use of BIM, would be very compelling to
                                               convince non-users to become involved with BIM.
                                               The table shows the top five out of 14 possible triggers
                                               included in the survey, and the percentage of non-users
                                               who rated them as having a high or very high impact on             1_10_SMR_Batch1_01_Charts EXEC SUMM V2
                                               their decision.                                                    _ES Infl to Adpt_#01
                                                  Each of these is a documented benefit of BIM
                                               according to Dodge research studies around the
                                               world. Therefore, as BIM use matures in the Middle
                                               East, it should be possible to validate these benefits
                                               to non-users, and further accelerate BIM adoption
                                               throughout the region.

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The Business Value of BIM in the Middle East - SmartMarket Report - CG/LA
Data:­Introduction
                                                      Section Hed1

                                                    F
                                                              or over a decade, Dodge Data & Analytics
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                              has been conducting research on the use and               Note About the Data
                                                              impact of building information modeling in the            The data and analysis in this report are
                                                              construction industry. The research has focused           based on an online survey conducted
                                                    not only on the immediate project benefits derived from             with 138 architects and contractors in the
                                                    using the software, but also on its potential to improve            Middle East from nine countries: Bahrain,
                                                    construction processes by enabling better communication             Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman,
                                                                                                                        Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab
                                                    and collaboration across project teams.
                                                                                                                        Emirates (UAE).
                                                        The scope of the research has expanded over the years               Respondents were asked about their level
                                                    from a focus on the U.S. construction market to a more              of BIM use. Those using BIM to create models
                                                    international one, with reports looking at BIM adoption             or to work with models created by others
                                                    in over a dozen global markets. That breadth of coverage            were classified as BIM users, and those not
                                                    allows for this new study on the business value of BIM in           using BIM at all were classified as non-users.
                                                    the Middle East to not only provide a thorough examination          Those groups were asked different questions
                                                                                                                        and thus analyzed separately. In total, there
                                                    of the responses of architects and contractors working
                                                                                                                        were 118 BIM users and 20 non-users who
                                                    in this region, but also offer a context for what they              responded to the study.
                                                    experience, compared with other global markets.                         The small sample of non-users, while
                                                        Study respondents are divided into two groups, those            not statistically significant, is useful to
                                                    currently using BIM and those who are not. The majority of          determine why some firms do not use BIM
                                                    the data examines the experiences of BIM users. It reveals          and what might lead such non-users to begin
                                                    the project performance and process benefits they gain              working with it.
                                                                                                                            BIM users were analyzed based on two
                                                    from using BIM, along with the internal business benefits
                                                                                                                        variables: location and role.
                                                    that BIM offers their company. It also looks at their level of
                                                                                                                        ■■Location: There were sufficient responses
                                                    BIM implementation, the degree to which they see benefits
                                                                                                                          from respondents based in Saudi Arabia
                                                    from use of BIM by other project team members, the
                                                                                                                          and the UAE to look at how those countries
                                                    investments they plan to make to improve their use of BIM
                                                                                                                          compare to each other and to the rest of the
                                                    in the future and the return on investment they see from
                                                                                                                          responses throughout the region.
                                                    BIM use.
                                                                                                                        ■■Role: Users were divided into two groups,
                                                        The findings are supported by the insights of several
                                                                                                                          those primarily working on design and those
                                                    BIM experts, who agreed to participate in a series of
                                                                                                                          primarily working on construction.
                                                    in-depth interviews to share their insights about the use
                                                    of BIM and its potential in the Middle East. Combined               For more information on these variables,
                                                    together, the quantitative study data and qualitative               along with more information about the
                                                    interviews present the portrait of a market poised for              research conducted, see the Methodology
                                                    significant growth.                                                 on page 48.
                                                        A similarly optimistic perspective on the use of BIM
                                                    in the Middle East can be drawn from looking at the
                                                    responses in the study by those who are not currently
                                                    using BIM. Their positive attitude toward it suggests that
                                                    BIM adoption is likely to continue to grow in this region.

                                                    SmartMarket Report                    Dodge Data & Analytics   8   www.construction.com
Data:­BIM Use
                                                    BIM Implementation Levels

                                                    A firm’s BIM implementation level is the percentage of its        Current and Forecasted BIM Implementation
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    projects that involve BIM. All respondents provided both          Levels (By Region)
                                                    a current level of BIM implementation and a forecast for          Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    what they believe their level will be two years from now,             Light BIM Implementation (Less Than 30% of Projects Involve BIM)
                                                    based on three tiers of implementation: light, medium                 Medium BIM Implementation (30%-60% of Projects Involve BIM)
                                                    and heavy.                                                            Heavy BIM Implementation (Over 60% of Projects Involve BIM)
                                                        The charts on this page show the total of these
                                                    responses grouped in two ways:                                    46%                            47%                     45%
                                                    ■■By Region: Saudi Arabia, UAE, and all others                                                                38%                     41%
                                                                                                                                33%
                                                      (combining Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait,
                                                      Lebanon, Oman and Qatar)                                                           21%
                                                                                                                                                           16%                      15%
                                                    ■■By Role: Respondents primarily involved with design

                                                      at their firm and respondents primarily involved with
                                                      construction at their firm                                       Saudi Arabia                  UAE                     All Others
                                                                                                                       (Current                      (Current                (Current
                                                    BIM Implementation by Region                                       Implementation)               Implementation)         Implementation)
                                                    As is typical in parts of the world where BIM is in a
                                                    relatively early phase of adoption, light implementation is                                                   51%                     50%
                                                                                                                                44%
                                                    currently the most common level across the Middle East                               38%
                                                    regions studied. However, the forecasts show dramatic                                                                           29%
                                                                                                                                                     24% 24%                 21%
                                                    reductions in light implementation and a corresponding             18%
                                                    robust prediction of growth in medium and heavy levels
                                                    just two years from now.
                                                        There are a couple of interesting differences
                                                                                                                       Saudi Arabia                  UAE                     All Others
                                                    by country.                                                        (Forecast 2 Years             (Forecast 2 Years       (Forecast 2 Years
                                                    ■■Saudi Arabia currently has the fewest users at the               From Now)                     From Now)               From Now)
                                                      heavy level of implementation (21%) and, although
                                                      forecasting strong growth, is still projected to lag the
                                                      other regions in heavy implementation in two years.                 Medium/Heavy BIM Implementation (Over 30% of Projects Involve BIM)
                                                    ■■The UAE and the All Others category currently have                  Light BIM Implementation (Less Than 30% of Projects Involve BIM)
                                                      similar levels of heavy implementation and remain at
                                                      near parity in their two-year forecasts, with half their             Design (Current)                   Design (In 2 Years)
                                                      users predicting heavy BIM implementation within
                                                      that time frame.                                                                                          23%
                                                    For a global perspective, the international comparisons                46%            54%
                                                    section of this report shows how the Middle East as a                                                                78%
                                                    whole compares with China and Australia for high and
                                                    very high levels of implementation (see page 44).

                                                                                                                       Construction (Current)               Construction (In 2 Years)
                                                    BIM Implementation by Role
                                                    The pie charts show the projected growth analyzed by
                                                    role. Where the groups are currently at parity, more of                                                      17%
                                                    the BIM users who are primarily involved in construction               45%            55%
                                                    activities (83%) are forecasting higher levels of BIM                                                                83%
                                                    implementation in two years than the design-oriented
                                                    users (78%). This finding corresponds to a trend in most
                                                    of Dodge’s BIM research around the world that shows
                                                    construction usage outpacing design.

                                                                                         Dodge Data & Analytics   9     www.construction.com                                  SmartMarket Report
                                                                                                                      2_01_SMR_Batch2_01_Charts USE_BENEFITS
BIM Use              CONTINUED

                                                    Years of Experience Using BIM

                                                    Variation by Region                                              Years of Experience With BIM (By Region)
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    Because the use of BIM is relatively new in the Middle           Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    East, only a small percentage of users in any region                 1-2 Years
                                                    have more than 10 years’ experience. Aligning with the               3-5 Years
                                                    findings about relative levels of BIM implementation                 6-10 Years
                                                    between regions (see page 9), Saudi Arabia (8%)                      More Than 10 Years
                                                    has significantly fewer users with six to 10 years of
                                                    experience than either the UAE (18%) or the average of                  59%
                                                    the other countries in the Middle East included in the
                                                    study (24%).                                                                                                                 47%
                                                                                                                                                          40%
                                                                                                                                                    36%
                                                    Variation by Role
                                                    Currently, far more of the design-related users have five        28%
                                                                                                                                                                           24%          24%
                                                    or more years of experience (46%) than those whose                                                          18%
                                                    activities primarily focus on construction (29%). This
                                                    finding aligns with a consistent pattern in all other BIM                       8%                                7%                      6%
                                                                                                                                            5%
                                                    research conducted by Dodge around the world, where
                                                    BIM adoption and use begins in the design community               Saudi Arabia                  UAE                    All Others
                                                    and evolves over time to engage contractors.
                                                       This pattern typically also leads to more aggressive
                                                    adoption and implementation eventually by contractors,
                                                    who report enjoying immediate tangible benefits on their
                                                                                                                     2_03_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                    projects and rapidly seek to employ BIM more widely.             _Exprnce_#02
                                                                                                                     BIM  Users With 5 or More Years of BIM
                                                    This trend is foreshadowed for the Middle East in the
                                                                                                                     Experience (By Role)
                                                    finding on page 9 that more construction-related users           Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017
                                                    are predicting a high level of BIM implementation two
                                                    years from now than their design counterparts.                     Design                         Construction

                                                                                                                              46%                          29%

                                                                                                                     2_04_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                                                                                     _Exprnce_Role_#01

                                                    SmartMarket Report                 Dodge Data & Analytics   10       www.construction.com
BIM Use          CONTINUED

                                                    BIM Expertise Levels

                                                    Although there is no internationally accepted standard            Self-Described BIM Expertise Level (By Region)
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    for BIM expertise, since 2009, Dodge has consistently             Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    asked users in its BIM research around the world                      Expert
                                                    to self-describe their skill level as basic, moderate,                Advanced
                                                    advanced or expert. Although subjective, these ratings                Moderate
                                                    tend to advance over time along with experience and                   Basic
                                                    implementation levels when Dodge revisits regions for
                                                    follow-up studies, so they serve as a useful baseline for
                                                    how a user community perceives itself.                             18%                 20%             24%

                                                    Variation by Region
                                                    The top chart shows a pattern that generally aligns
                                                    with the experience and implementation findings, with             46%                  42%             35%
                                                    Saudi Arabia currently reporting the fewest (18%) users
                                                    who self-describe as expert. A relatively large number of
                                                    basic users, such as in UAE (18%), often indicates a surge
                                                    in new adopters, which will typically evolve into higher                               20%             32%
                                                                                                                      26%
                                                    levels of implementation for that region over time, as
                                                    skills improve and usage gains traction.                                               18%
                                                                                                                       10%                                 9%

                                                    Variation by Role                                                  Saudi               UAE             All
                                                    The pie charts show that the users who are primarily               Arabia                              Others
                                                    design-oriented currently have over twice as many at
                                                    the expert level (24%) than their construction-oriented
                                                    colleagues (11%). This follows the pattern that Dodge
                                                    has observed in most of its BIM research, where design            2_05_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                    professionals lead the initial stages of adoption in a            _Skill_byRegion_#01
                                                                                                                      BIM Expertise Level Among Design and
                                                    market and therefore show more advanced skill levels.
                                                                                                                      Construction Users
                                                    The distribution of expertise levels typically becomes            Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017
                                                    more balanced as adoption and implementation expand,
                                                    and frequently, contractors eventually exceed designers               Expert
                                                    in both categories.                                                   Advanced
                                                                                                                          Moderate
                                                                                                                          Basic

                                                                                                                                       Design                         Construction

                                                                                                                                  12%                                 14%    11%
                                                                                                                                                     24%

                                                                                                                           24%
                                                                                                                                                                    29%
                                                                                                                                                                               46%
                                                                                                                                             40%

                                                                                                                      2_06_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                                                        Dodge Data & Analytics   11   _Skill_All Regions_#02.eps
                                                                                                                        www.construction.com            SmartMarket Report
BIM Use              CONTINUED

                                                    Impact of BIM-Specifying Authorities and
                                                    Project Management Consultants

                                                    To address this issue, explored specifically for this report        Negative Impact of BIM-Specifying
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    on the Middle East, BIM users were asked to what degree             Authorities and Project Management
                                                    they agree or disagree with the following statement: “We            Consultants (By Region)
                                                    are not able to implement BIM to the degree we would                Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    like to on projects because of BIM-specifying authorities               Strongly Disagree
                                                    and project management consultants.”                                    Disagree
                                                        While not a universally identified challenge, enough                Neutral
                                                    users report that it is challenging to warrant attention                Agree
                                                    by those in the Middle East who desire to advance BIM                   Strongly Agree
                                                    adoption and implementation in the region.
                                                                                                                        Saudi Arabia
                                                    Variation by Region                                                  12% 24%                       39%          24%
                                                    The findings shown in the chart are analyzed by region,                                                           0%
                                                                                                                        UAE
                                                    and indicate a range of responses.
                                                    ■■UAE: BIM users in UAE seem most troubled by this
                                                                                                                         10% 18%                  35%         18%    20%
                                                      issue, with over a third (38%) agreeing and the majority          All Others
                                                      of those expressing strong agreement.                                   32%                       24%   38%
                                                    ■■Saudi Arabia: Saudi users report the least amount of
                                                                                                                                  6%                                  0%
                                                      agreement (24%), and the highest percentage who
                                                      strongly disagree (12%). This may be due to more
                                                      accommodating BIM-specifying authorities and
                                                      project management consultants in that country, or
                                                                                                                        2_07_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                      it may be a function of their relatively lower levels of
                                                                                                                        _ImpctAuth_#01
                                                      implementation, in which case this may increase in
                                                      the future.
                                                    ■■All Others: No users in Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait,

                                                      Lebanon, Oman or Qatar strongly agree, but this group
                                                      has a similar overall percentage of agreement (38%) as
                                                      those from the UAE. In addition, 38% report some level
                                                      of disagreement with the statement, the highest among
                                                      the three regions.

                                                    Variation by Role
                                                    Construction users are more uncertain about the impact
                                                    of BIM-specifying authorities and project management
                                                    consultants than designers.
                                                      • Design-oriented users are evenly split in thirds between
                                                        agreement (34%), disagreement (33%) and those who
                                                        are neutral or not sure (33%).
                                                      • Half of construction users (49%) are neutral or not sure,
                                                        while 23% agree and 26% disagree.

                                                    SmartMarket Report                   Dodge Data & Analytics    12       www.construction.com
Data:­Insights From BIM Experts
                                                    Insights From BIM Experts
                                                    On the use of BIM in the Middle East

                                                    Dodge Data & Analytics conducted a series of in-depth interviews with seven
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    of the leaders advancing BIM in the Middle East, to gain their perspectives
                                                    on the market for BIM and the factors influencing its adoption.

                                                    T
                                                                he Middle East is a unique
                                                                market for BIM adoption.                   “If and when BIM is integrated, it will
                                                                While still at a relatively               greatly help the market to achieve its fast-
                                                                early stage in BIM
                                                                                                             paced development requirements.”
                                                    implementation compared with other
                                                    markets around the world studied by
                                                    Dodge Data & Analytics (see page          a few aspects of the Middle East that      company, also finds that “tight
                                                    44), it is also a region that embraces    make it a unique market for BIM:           program and frequent changes in
                                                    unique, complex, challenging              ■■High Volume of Work: Many                design to accommodate the latest
                                                    buildings while also being a highly         find that the large number of            trends during the project process
                                                    competitive market in terms of cost.        projects in the Middle East              makes it more complex. Innovative
                                                       To better understand the subtleties      supports a strong market for             technologies are inevitable to
                                                    of vertical building construction in        BIM use. According to Rajat              overcome such challenges.”
                                                    this region and how they influence          Shankar of Stantec, the “sheer         ■■Involvement of International

                                                    the adoption and implementation             volume of work” attracts                 Teams: The large, challenging
                                                    of BIM, Dodge Data & Analytics              companies from outside the               projects also attract the interest
                                                    interviewed seven leading BIM users         region, including those with             of global design firms and
                                                    in this region. All are enthusiastic        greater BIM experience.                  construction companies. Marwan
                                                    proponents for BIM, and all see its       ■■Complexity and Scale of Projects:        Abu Ebeid of Turner International
                                                    adoption as inevitable, although            Nearly all the participants also         Middle East believes that high-
                                                    the degree to which each has                believe that the large scale and         profile construction programs,
                                                    implemented BIM has varied from             complexity of many projects being        such as preparing for the World
                                                    only doing conceptual designs in            built in this region also makes BIM      Cup in Qatar and the Expo 2020 in
                                                    BIM to intensive BIM implementation         highly relevant here. Biju Koottala,     the United Arab Emirates (UAE),
                                                    across the project lifecycle and into       from BAM Higgs & Hill LLC,               are drawing global attention to
                                                    building operations.                        states that the use of BIM and 3D        the region. Roula Dahdaleh of
                                                       Despite this range of experience         modeling technologies help with          Consolidated Consulting Group
                                                    with BIM, there was wide agreement          the creation of “very unique and         regards the international flavor of
                                                    on the nature of the BIM market for         complex ideas” for buildings.            the construction industry as part of
                                                    vertical construction in the Middle       ■■Fast Track Contracting Methods:          what distinguishes the Middle East
                                                    East and what will encourage broader        Most also note that fast tracking        market from other global markets,
                                                    use of it in the future. For more           projects is a common practice            enhancing its need for BIM.
                                                    information on the use of BIM in            in the Middle East. Paul Watton
                                                                                                                                       THE DUBAI MUNICIPALITY
                                                    the Middle East in the infrastructure       from Khansahab believes that
                                                                                                                                       BIM MANDATE
                                                    sector, see pages 42 to 43.                 BIM offers a major improvement
                                                                                                                                       All of the BIM experts who
                                                                                                over existing approaches in this
                                                                                                                                       participated in the interviews agreed
                                                    Market for BIM in the                       environment: “If and when BIM is
                                                                                                                                       that the UAE leads the Middle East
                                                    Middle East                                 integrated, it will greatly help the
                                                                                                                                       in use of BIM, largely due to the
                                                                                                market to achieve its fast-paced
                                                    WHAT MAKES THE MIDDLE                                                              influence of the Dubai Municipality’s
                                                                                                development requirements.”
                                                    EAST UNIQUE?                                                                       BIM mandate. Currently, the
                                                                                                Pavithran K. Valappil, from a
                                                    Nearly all of the BIM experts agree on                                             mandate requires all buildings over
                                                                                                multinational construction

                                                                                        Dodge Data & Analytics   13   www.construction.com                  SmartMarket Report
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA
                                                        Data Sidebar: Insights From BIM Experts                    CONTINUED

                                                          The image features a station from Systra’s winning BIM design for a prototype for a 127 km Hyperloop line for passengers and
                                                          freight, which would reduce the journey time between Dubai and the Fujairah emirate from 2.5 hours to under 10 minutes. The
                                                          design of the prototype had to be completed in two days utilizing a collaborative BIM platform.

                                                          20 stories or larger than 200,000          is a good beginning to increase the       implementation of BIM at a sufficient
                                                          square feet, specialized buildings         use of BIM because it provides a path     level to demonstrate its benefits
                                                          such as hospitals and education            for companies to learn about the          effectively. Pavithran argues that for
                                                          buildings, government projects or          benefits of using BIM and be willing      the mandate to be effective, the level
                                                          any building requested by a foreign        to invest more broadly in its use.        of BIM use needs to be better defined
                                                          office to use BIM. Given the number            While all participants regard the     and a monitoring program should
                                                          of large, complex projects in Dubai        mandate as influential, a few do          be created to “ensure adoption and
                                                          and the number of projects led             not believe that it goes far enough.      measure the level of adoption.” He
                                                          by multinational companies, the            Watton states that the requirements       states, “Right now, there is no secure
                                                          mandate applies to many projects.          of the mandate are very easy              mechanism to ensure that the right
                                                              Abu Ebeid thinks that a mandate        to achieve and do not require             BIM model with the right information
                                                                                                                                               is in place,” and he regards the UK’s
                                                                    “Tight program and frequent changes in                                     Level 2 requirement in their mandate
                                                                                                                                               as a good model.
                                                                    design to accommodate the latest trends
                                                                    during the project process makes it more
Image courtesy of Systra

                                                                                                                                               EMERGING COUNTRIES
                                                                       complex. Innovative technologies are                                    FOR BIM USE
                                                                                                                                               Dahdaleh and Abu Ebeid believe
                                                                     inevitable to overcome such challenges.”

                                                          SmartMarket Report                   Dodge Data & Analytics    14    www.construction.com
Data Sidebar: Insights From BIM Experts                    CONTINUED

                                                      Jordan and Saudi Arabia have the
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                      greatest potential for wider BIM
                                                      adoption in the future. Dahdaleh                 “We work with engineers, ... planning and
                                                      credits the big firms seeking to stay        procurement. Now we are starting to work with the
                                                      competitive and large consultants            foremen and site supervision, the direct manpower.”
                                                      doing government work with driving
                                                      increased use of BIM in her home
                                                      country of Jordan.                         However, while he actively seeks out        understood across the industry to
                                                         Dahdaleh and Abu Ebeid agree            subcontractors who can implement            encourage adoption.
                                                      that the size of the construction          BIM, he cannot yet require BIM               • Pavithran believes that the UK
                                                      market in Saudi Arabia and the large       use contractually, so he must                  BIM Task Force is a good model
                                                      scale of many projects in that region      adjust the contract based on the               for providing the industry with the
                                                      account for its potential as a strong      subcontractor’s ability to use BIM.            education needed about benefits.
                                                      BIM market in the future.                     For Watton, this issue has made it        • Al Sheikh explains that he was
                                                                                                 more difficult for his company to use          able to draw support from their
                                                      BIM USE ACROSS THE
                                                                                                 BIM: “If Khansahab wants to do BIM,            offices in Athens, Cairo and
                                                      PROJECT TEAM
                                                                                                 we have to ... develop a model for             Ramallah to demonstrate the
                                                      One area of growth identified by
                                                                                                 everyone else and then turn it back            usefulness of BIM.
                                                      the experts interviewed is in BIM
                                                                                                 into 2D information so that people           • Dahdaleh suggests that the
                                                      use across the project team. Many
                                                                                                 can build from it.”                            software developers could be an
                                                      of them struggle to work with
                                                                                                                                                educational resource.
                                                      team members across the project
                                                                                                 Factors Influencing                          • Rajat believes that BIM should
                                                      lifecycle on a single model. Pavithran
                                                                                                 BIM Adoption and Use                           be part of the curriculum at
                                                      finds that, currently, “BIM is not
                                                                                                 in the Middle East                             architecture and engineering
                                                      implemented in a collaborative
                                                                                                                                                colleges, and that the graduates
                                                      approach; rather each team tends to        DRIVERS FOR GREATER BIM
                                                                                                                                                would not only possess needed
                                                      create their own models.” Dahdaleh         ADOPTION AND USE
                                                                                                                                                skills upon graduation, but that
                                                      reports that in Jordan “very few           While most of the BIM experts
                                                                                                                                                they could also serve as advocates
                                                      contractors are using BIM,” a fact         interviewed acknowledged the
                                                                                                                                                for BIM in the marketplace.
                                                      that posed a challenge during a            importance of the BIM mandate in
                                                                                                                                              • Watton argues that if the
                                                      project she recently constructed           Dubai in driving BIM use in the UAE,
                                                                                                                                                consultants understood BIM
                                                      that included a client mandate for all     there was also general agreement
                                                                                                                                                better and included it in their
                                                      contractors to use the model, bring        that the most important driver for
                                                                                                                                                scope of work, that this would
                                                      it to 5D and ultimately pass it on to      greater BIM adoption will be client
                                                                                                                                                allow the clients to see that
                                                      the client for use during operations       demand, rather than government
                                                                                                                                                “they would get a project that is
                                                      and maintenance. However, she does         mandate. In addition, the importance
                                                                                                                                                coordinated better, constructed
                                                      find that “in the Gulf, in the UAE, the    of practitioner awareness and
                                                                                                                                                better, [and] delivered on time or
                                                      contractors are a bit more advanced.”      engagement was also made clear.
                                                                                                                                                even early.”
                                                          Mohammed al Sheik from                     Therefore, the top drivers
                                                                                                                                              • Abu Ebeid recommends the
                                                      Consolidated Contractors Company           reported were those that would
                                                                                                                                                creation of a formal BIM manager
                                                      has seen the number of team                encourage practitioners and owners
                                                                                                                                                certificate program in order to
                                                      members involved in using BIM on           to consider using BIM.
                                                                                                                                                avoid misconceptions about the
                                                      his projects increase over time. “We       ■■Industry Education to Build
                                                                                                                                                capabilities of BIM created by
                                                      work with engineers, ... planning and        Awareness of BIM Benefits: Nearly
                                                                                                                                                people who claim that they are
                                                      procurement. Now we are starting             all participants at some point in
                                                                                                                                                BIM managers but do not have the
                                                      to work with the foremen and site            the interview referenced how the
                                                                                                                                                proper training.
                                                      supervision, the direct manpower.”           benefits of BIM need to be better

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Data Sidebar: Insights From BIM Experts                      CONTINUED

                                                                                                                                                         people are scrambling to get the
     THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                                                                                                                         right people.” He explains that he
                                                                     “It is so difficult to get skilled technicians                                      trains people but that the high level
                                                                      in this market that people are scrambling                                          of demand for workers with BIM
                                                                                 to get the right people.”                                               skills means that they often quickly
                                                                                                                                                         find new positions for more money:
                                                                                                                                                         “You try and build a team and then
                                                                                                                                                         you realize you are left with half
                                                            Demonstrating the Benefits of
                                                           ■■                                                industry, and he regards client             the people within two years.” The
                                                            BIM During the Construction                      education as a critical component           cost of finding and keeping skilled
                                                            Management Stage: The other                      of this because it will help them           technicians raises the cost of BIM
                                                            major way to increase client                     set up better requirements before           implementation as a whole, and
                                                            demand for BIM is to demonstrate                 the project begins.                         it forces Stantec to outsource to
                                                            its usefulness beyond design and                                                             other countries. As a solution to this
                                                                                                        OBSTACLES TO WIDER
                                                            construction into the operational                                                            dilemma, he states, “If you build
                                                                                                        ADOPTION OF BIM
                                                            phase of the building.                                                                       awareness [of the benefits of BIM],
                                                                                                        The top obstacles discussed by the
                                                             • Dirk Van der Ploeg, from BAM                                                              the whole market increases, the skill
                                                                                                        BIM experts can be attributed to the
                                                               Higgs & Hill LLC, thinks that client                                                      base increases and work comes
                                                                                                        early stage of implementation of BIM
                                                               awareness of the benefit of using                                                         back to the Middle East.”
                                                                                                        in the Middle East.
                                                               the model during this phase is                                                          ■■Lack of Time and Budget to
                                                                                                        ■■Shortage of People With BIM Skills:
                                                               growing, and that this will be                                                            Conduct BIM Planning/Training:
                                                                                                          Rajat describes the challenges
                                                               critical to help drive BIM use.                                                           While BIM is well suited for fast-
                                                                                                          faced by Stantec in trying to attract
                                                             • Pavithran reports that he would                                                           track projects, it is also best served
                                                                                                          and retain people with sufficient
                                                               like to explore the implementation                                                        if sufficient time and resources
                                                                                                          skills. “It is so difficult to get skilled
                                                               of BIM in the facility management                                                         are dedicated to BIM planning and
                                                                                                          technicians in this market that
                                                               phase for the benefit of the                                                              training from the project outset, and

                                                                                                                                                                         BIM was essential
                                                                                                                                                                         to the design and
                                                                                                                                                                         construction of
                                                                                                                                                                         the complex dome
                                                                                                                                                                         of the Louvre Abu
                                                                                                                                                                         Dhabi. For more
                                                                                                                                                                         information on the
                                                                                                                                                                         use of BIM for this
                                                                                                                                                                         project, see page 36.
Image Courtesy of BuroHappold

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THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA
                                                    Data Sidebar: Insights From BIM Experts                   CONTINUED

                                                          “The first project was not time or cost effective.
                                                            But now, the second, third, fourth, they are
                                                                becoming much more cost effective.”

                                                       a couple of participants find lack of    ■■  Initial Cost of Implementation:
                                                       time and budget to be an obstacle.           Several participants emphasize
                                                        • Pavithran reports that after they         that cost is a particularly prohibitive
                                                          win the bid, they are expected            factor in the Middle East. While BIM
                                                          to start work onsite and “the             may have a positive impact on costs
                                                          contractor will not get enough            ultimately, there may be reluctance
                                                          time to do BIM modeling and               to incur upfront costs on initial BIM
                                                          coordination.” He calls for changes       projects. A few express concerns
                                                          in project contracting and delivery       about high licensing fees, but most
                                                          method to tackle this issue.              attribute initial costs to the lack of
                                                        • Al Sheikh believes that creating          experience and the shortage of
                                                          proper training budgets at the            skilled workers.
                                                          onset of a project will help               • Dahdaleh’s experience
                                                          encourage wider BIM adoption                 corresponds to the Dodge
                                                          because insufficient attention is            study findings that experience
                                                          paid to this issue now. Providing            addresses the issue of cost: “The
                                                          proper BIM planning and training             first project was not time or cost
                                                          from the beginning has yielded               effective. But now, the second,
                                                          direct benefits: “I can minimize             third, fourth, they are becoming
                                                          the budget before the project                much more cost effective. It’s
                                                          begins because once we have a                the quality. You are sure that
                                                          model planned, we can extract the            everything is in the right place.” n
                                                          quantity requirements for all
                                                          the buildings.”

                                                         Methodology
                                                         Dodge Data & Analytics conducted telephone interviews with seven
                                                         people working in the Middle East on BIM.
                                                           • Marwan Abu Ebeid, Turner International, Middle East
                                                           • Roula Dahdaleh, Consolidated Consulting Group
                                                           • Biju Kouttala and Dirk Van der Ploeg, BAM Higgs & Hill LLC
                                                           • Pavithran K. Valappil, multinational company based in Dubai
                                                           • Rajat Shankar, Stantec International
                                                           • Paul Watton, Khansahab

                                                                                          Dodge Data & Analytics    17     www.construction.com   SmartMarket Report
Data:­BIM Benefits
                                                    Experience of Overall Business Value From BIM

                                                    The BIM journey is a unique experience for every                    Experience of Overall Business Value From
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    user, and each will view progress in a different way,               BIM (All Regions)
                                                    depending on their objectives. As a benchmark, Dodge                Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    consistently asks users in its BIM research around the                  We’re Getting Everything Out of BIM That We Believe It Can Provide Us
                                                    world to characterize their current status of achieving                 We’re Getting a Lot of Value From BIM But Believe There Is
                                                    what they believe is the overall potential value of BIM to              More to be Gained
                                                    their organization.                                                     We’re Just Scratching the Surface of How Much Value
                                                                                                                            BIM Can Provide Us
                                                       The chart shows that the vast majority (94%) of current
                                                                                                                            We’re Getting No Meaningful Value From BIM
                                                    Middle East users are finding value in BIM. Among those:
                                                      • Only 9% of all users believe they have tapped its full
                                                        potential, with UAE registering fewest (4%), and nearly                        6% 9%
                                                        twice as many designers (11%) reporting that belief
                                                        than contractors do (6%).
                                                      • The majority (53%) believe that they are already getting              31%
                                                        strong value but there is more to be gained.
                                                                                                                                                   53%
                                                    This overwhelmingly positive response is a good sign
                                                    that BIM usage should continue to advance vigorously
                                                    among its current users in the Middle East. More
                                                    intensive levels of BIM implementation by current
                                                    users may also influence non-users to adopt, since BIM
                                                    use by competitors is typically a powerful incentive
                                                    for non-users to adopt it. More information about the
                                                    attitudes, objections and adoption triggers of design and           2_08_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                                                                                        _ExpVal_#01
                                                    construction professionals who are not currently using
                                                    BIM is set forth in the Non-User section of this report
                                                    (pages 38–41).

                                                    SmartMarket Report                   Dodge Data & Analytics    18       www.construction.com
BIM Benefits            CONTINUED

                                                    Project Performance Benefits of BIM

                                                    The tangible contribution of BIM to improved project               Project Performance Benefits of BIM
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    performance is a compelling aspect of its business                 (Percentage of BIM Users by Region Who Report
                                                    value. Users were asked to rate that value on a one to five        High or Very High Degree of Benefit)
                                                    scale (none, low, medium, high or very high) for three             Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    critical metrics of project performance: improved safety,              Saudi Arabia
                                                    schedule acceleration and reduced construction cost.                   UAE
                                                                                                                           All Others
                                                    Variation by Region
                                                    The chart shows the percentage of users who feel                   Improved Safety
                                                    strongly (high or very high responses) that BIM is                                                               58%
                                                    generating each benefit, shown divided by the regions                                             27%
                                                    studied in this research.                                                                                                67%
                                                    ■■Over half of users in both Saudi Arabia and the All

                                                      Others regional category (Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan,                Reduced Overall Project Duration
                                                      Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar) believe that BIM                                                               51%
                                                      generates all three project performance benefits.                                                     37%
                                                    ■■UAE users are less enthusiastic, but 40% cite reduced
                                                                                                                                                                           65%
                                                      construction cost.
                                                                                                                       Reduced Total Construction Cost
                                                    While the lower ratings from UAE may truly indicate that                                                         56%
                                                    fewer benefits are being experienced there, they may also                                                40%
                                                    reflect a lower overall need to address these performance
                                                                                                                                                                   52%
                                                    metrics on their projects. Therefore, the relative positive
                                                    impact is less than in the other regions.
                                                       For a global perspective, the International
                                                    Comparisons section of this report shows how the total
                                                    Middle East user group compares with China for high/               2_11_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                    very high beneficial impact ratings (see page 45).                 _Bnfts 1_Proj_#01

                                                    Variation by Role
                                                    A higher percentage of contractors (62%) report reduced
                                                    construction cost than designers (43%), and while both
                                                    are strong results, the higher percentage of contractors
                                                    probably reflects their closer involvement with the details
                                                    of construction cost.

                                                                                        Dodge Data & Analytics    19       www.construction.com                           SmartMarket Report
BIM Benefits            CONTINUED

                                                    Project Process Benefits of BIM

                                                    BIM can significantly reduce inefficiencies in many                Project Process Benefits of BIM (Percentage
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    project processes. Users were asked to rate the beneficial         of BIM Users by Region Who Report High or Very
                                                    impact of BIM on seven project processes. These findings           High Degree of Benefit)
                                                    demonstrate overall strong belief in the power of BIM to           Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    improve project processes.                                              Saudi Arabia
                                                                                                                            UAE
                                                    Variation by Region                                                     All Others
                                                    Some regional differences are evident in the responses.
                                                    ■■UAE: Similar to the project performance benefits                 Increased Efficiency Through Collaboration
                                                                                                                       With Owners or Other Team Members
                                                      findings, the users in the UAE are generally the
                                                      least enthusiastic across all the project process                                                              72%
                                                      benefits, although they outpace Saudi Arabia in two                                                         64%
                                                      important measures: reduced field coordination conflicts                                                           79%
                                                      during construction; and reduced errors and omissions in
                                                                                                                       Reduced Field Coordination Conflicts
                                                      construction documents.                                          During Construction
                                                    ■■Saudi Arabia: Saudi users lead the other regions and
                                                                                                                                                               61%
                                                      are most positive about the impact of BIM on reducing
                                                                                                                                                                     71%
                                                      rework. That benefit is followed closely by Saudi users
                                                                                                                                                                          79%
                                                      citing increased efficiency through collaboration with
                                                      owners or other team members.                                    Reduced Errors and Omissions
                                                    ■■All Others: Three benefits are selected by a high
                                                                                                                       in Construction Documents
                                                      percentage of users from Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan,                                                            64%
                                                      Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman and Qatar (79%).                                                                      65%
                                                       • Increased efficiency through collaboration with                                                                 79%
                                                         owners or other team members
                                                                                                                       Reduced Rework
                                                       • Reduced field coordination conflicts during construction
                                                       • Reduced errors and omissions in                                                                                74%
                                                         construction documents                                                                        48%
                                                                                                                                                                        73%
                                                    The three lowest-rated benefits (better cost control/
                                                    predictability, less time documenting and more time                Better Cost Control/Predictability
                                                    designing, and faster client approval cycles) still garner                                                    63%
                                                    top scores from about half of all users, so BIM also                                                50%
                                                    provides significant value in these important areas.                                                      58%
                                                       The International Comparisons section of this report
                                                                                                                       Less Time Documenting,
                                                    provides a global perspective of how the total Middle East         More Time Designing
                                                    user group compares to China (see page 45).
                                                                                                                                                                   66%
                                                                                                                                                       49%
                                                    Variation by Role
                                                    Similar percentages of design and construction-related                                                  55%
                                                    users scored each benefit as having a high or very high            Faster Client Approval Cycles
                                                    impact with a few exceptions.                                                                           53%
                                                    ■■Far more contractors (83%) cite increased efficiency
                                                                                                                                                      43%
                                                      through collaboration with owners or other team
                                                                                                                                                                  63%
                                                      members than designers (66%), perhaps reflecting their
                                                      role coordinating the work of many parties.
                                                                                                                        More contractors (79%) are enthusiastic about reduced
                                                                                                                       ■■
                                                    ■■Related to that, 60% of contractors give top scores
                                                                                                                        field coordination conflicts than designers (66%), which
                                                      to faster client approval cycles, versus only 49% of
                                                                                                                        probably reflects their closer day-to-day involvement
                                                      design-related BIM users.                                        2_10_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts USE_BENEFITS
                                                                                                                        with that
                                                                                                                       _Bnfts     issue.
                                                                                                                              1_Process_#01
                                                    SmartMarket Report                   Dodge Data & Analytics   20        www.construction.com
BIM Benefits            CONTINUED

                                                    Internal Business Benefits of BIM

                                                    In addition to providing a number of valuable benefits to          Internal Business Benefits of BIM (Percentage
THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM IN THE MIDDLE EAST DATA

                                                    project processes and performance, BIM users report                of BIM Users by Region Who Report High or Very
                                                    numerous ways in which BIM contributes to the internal             High Degree of Benefit)
                                                    business success of their organizations. Users rated the           Dodge Data & Analytics, 2017

                                                    beneficial impact of BIM on seven aspects of their internal            Saudi Arabia
                                                    business. Although not as high-scoring as the project                  UAE
                                                    process benefits, these findings still demonstrate the                 All Others
                                                    power of BIM to improve users’ businesses.
                                                                                                                       Marketing New Business to New Clients
                                                    Variation by Region                                                                                           59%
                                                    Though generally consistent across the Middle East, in                                                        59%
                                                    some cases, the findings highlight interesting differences.                                                            76%
                                                    ■■Marketing new business to new clients is the overall

                                                      top-ranked internal benefit, but especially so in                Overall Enhancement of Organization’s
                                                                                                                       Image as an Industry Leader
                                                      the All Others regional category (Bahrain, Egypt,
                                                                                                                                                                    62%
                                                      Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar). This could be
                                                      because of the relatively higher BIM implementation                                                         59%
                                                      and experience levels of the respondents from these                                                         58%
                                                      countries, compared with those from Saudi Arabia                 Offering New Services
                                                      and the UAE, thereby enabling more experienced
                                                                                                                                                                    61%
                                                      practitioners to use beneficial outcomes from a higher
                                                                                                                                                              51%
                                                      number of completed BIM projects as a competitive
                                                      advantage in pursuing new work.                                                                                65%
                                                    ■■This finding is echoed in the relatively high percentage         Maintaining Repeat Business
                                                      (59%) of those in the All Others category who see                With Past Clients
                                                      a positive impact from BIM on maintaining repeat                                                      44%
                                                      business with past clients, compared with Saudi Arabia                                           38%
                                                      (44%) and UAE (38%).                                                                                        59%
                                                    ■■Over half (58%) of Saudi users report increased profits
                                                                                                                       Increased Profits
                                                      because of BIM. The other regions average only 38%.
                                                    ■■More in the UAE report that their BIM capability
                                                                                                                                                                  58%
                                                      generates improved recruiting and retention of staff                                            35%
                                                      than in other regions. As BIM use grows in the Middle                                             41%
                                                      East, finding and retaining skilled staff is a major             Fewer Claims/Litigation
                                                      challenge, so firms that learn how to use their BIM
                                                                                                                                                       39%
                                                      capability to attract talent will benefit. See pages 16 and
                                                                                                                                                  31%
                                                      31 for more on the challenge of retaining skilled staff.
                                                                                                                                                        41%
                                                    For a global perspective, the International Comparisons
                                                    section of this report shows how the Middle East BIM               Improved Recruiting and
                                                                                                                       Retention of Staff
                                                    users compares with those in China for high/very high
                                                                                                                                            24%
                                                    beneficial impact ratings (see page 45).
                                                                                                                                                            45%
                                                    Variation by Role                                                                                 33%
                                                    Unlike project process benefits, where designers and
                                                                                                                       only 44% of designers.
                                                    contractors’ responses were closely aligned, the gap
                                                                                                                          In fact, four of the top five greatest differences
                                                    between their perspectives on internal business benefits
                                                                                                                       between the experience of benefits by designers and
                                                    is dramatic. Overall, 61% of contractors report a high             2_09_SMR_Batch2_02_Charts        USE_BENEFITS
                                                                                                                       contractors   are in the category  of internal business
                                                    impact across all seven internal benefits, compared with           _Bnfts 1_Int_#01
                                                                                                                       benefits (see page 22).

                                                                                         Dodge Data & Analytics   21       www.construction.com                            SmartMarket Report
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