Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...

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Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...
Cardrona Village
Character Guidelines
Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...

1    Introduction
		Purpose of the guidelines 			 3
		 Cardrona Village characteristics 		4
		 Character design principles 			    5

2    Village structure
		Structuring elements
		Site layout 					10

3    Building design elements
		Building character				14
		Materials					19
		Applying colour					21

4    Public open space design
		Cardrona Valley Road				22
		Village green					24
		Secondary streets and lanes			               25   Acknowledgements: This guideline is produced by Queenstown Lakes District
                                                    Council with support from Urbanism+ Ltd and Pocock Design:Environment
		Riverside landscape				25
		Landscaping and planting in Cardrona Village 26   January 2012
		Palette of materials				27                        Amended March 2021

Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...
1       Introduction


These Character Guidelines reflect the      1.1a The Planning Framework
commitment of the Cardrona Valley
community and the Queenstown Lakes          The Queenstown Lakes District
District Council to encourage Cardrona      Plan provides a planning framework
Valley to develop as a cohesive and         for Cardrona Village through the
integrated Village with a character that    Settlement Zone Chapter 20.
is appropriate to its history and the
surrounding environment.                    All owners and designers must refer to
                                            the Guidelines as part of undertaking
To accomplish this, the guidelines          certain types of development where
identify the key existing characteristics   a resource consent is required.
that make Cardrona distinctive and          The Guidelines will be considered
suggest ways that the community can         on a case by case basis to the
build upon and complement these             development.
characteristics as the village grows.
                                            The Guidelines are referenced within
The Council also recommends that all        the District Plan in the Settlement
projects that will significantly affect     Zone and Signs Chapter and seeks
the town or village centre are reviewed     to inform and guide appropriate
by the Urban Design Panel; which will       development outcomes within the
consider how the proposal has applied       areas governed by this document.
these guidelines. The most value from
the panel process usually arises when
projects are brought to the panel in the
conceptual stages of the project when
the panel’s advice can most readily
be incorporated.

Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...

The extraordinary natural environment    Development history                       Landscape setting
(1), high country scenery, and the
recreational activities based on this    For centuries prior to European arrival   The Cardrona Valley is set in a high
environment are qualities that attract   the valley formed part of the route       country alpine environment with
recreational visitors and residents      for Maori travelling between the West     development contained within the
to the area. The village lies on the     Coast and southern Otago. European        valley floor close to the Cardrona River
quickest route between Queenstown        settlement began with large pastoral      (2). Here the environment has a more
and Wānaka, close to the access          runs back in the 1850s, followed          domesticated character, including
roads to Cardrona Ski field, Snow        rapidly by the discovery of gold in       plant species associated with farming
Farm and Snow Park. The historic         the 1860s which brought the influx of     and residential development.
Cardrona Hotel remains an iconic         miners that led to the establishment of
stage post along that journey.           the town.                                 The village lies 25kms up the valley         2
                                                                                   from Wānaka at a point where the
                                         At its peak in the 1870s, Cardrona is     wide open pastoral terraces of the           Within the town large specimen trees
                                         estimated to have had a population        valley floor transition to a narrower and    feature prominently, in some cases
                                         of between 3000 and 4000, with four       more steeply inclined river valley, rising   defining historic land uses in the
                                         hotels, three European stores, four       towards the Crown Range Pass. Crack          absence of former buildings. The
                                         Chinese stores, four butchers, a          Willows and Poplars are the dominant         town’s past is also reflected in the
                                         post office, bakery, blacksmith, bank,    tree species in the valley, particularly     sluice faces visible around its edges.
                                         school, police headquarters and a         below the village. A number of other         The close connection of the village to
                                         jail. Despite only a few historic         large exotics are prominent around           both its cultural and natural landscape
                                         buildings surviving, the remnants of      former and existing farm houses.             setting is a key component to the
                                         that era underpin the character of                                                     Village Character.
                                         Cardrona today.
1                                                                                                                               The valley’s flora features dramatic and
                                         Recent development is confined to a                                                    attractive seasonal variation providing
                                         handful of houses and three clusters of                                                design cues for further planting as well
                                         visitor accommodation units.                                                           as material and colour palettes.

Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...

Built elements of the village                   The above key characteristics give rise
                                                to the following key design values:
The Cardrona Hotel (1) is the most
significant remaining building from             Buildings are enveloped by a
the gold rush era and provides the              powerful natural and cultural
visual and functional focal point for the       landscape
community. The simple rectangular
façade and minor lean-to form an                This means:
iconic frontage to the road and screen
                                            1     • Buildings are discrete, small
more recent visitor accommodation
                                                    scaled, yet distinctive forms in
additions to the rear. Just next to the
                                                    the landscape
hotel and from the same era are the
small post office and store buildings             • Buildings reinforce landscape
(2). An historic schoolhouse and a hall,            views and viewshafts
are located approximately 250m north
                                                  • Buildings are surrounded by
of the hotel, within a Council reserve.
                                                    sufficient space to accommodate
                                                    mature trees and other vegetation
More recent developments include
                                                    (2 and 4)
a small number of stand-alone
houses and the relatively large scale       2     • The Village has distinct edges
‘Benbrae Development’ (3), a visitor                formed by low escarpments to
accommodation complex comprised                     the east and west and the arrival
of multiple stand alone units that take             gateways along the highway to
styling cues from miners’ huts. A large             both north and south.
number of Cardrona’s lots remain
vacant and, of these, approximately
a dozen remain in the ownership of
absentee title holders that date back
to the gold rush.


Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...
The village is anchored around its           Buildings are simple and appear
highway ‘main street’.                       handmade, based on the traditional
                                             ‘shed’ and cottage forms found in
This means:                                  the district.

  • Commercial and retail                    This means:
    development is focussed on
    the linear strip of the highway            • Buildings are composed of a
    that starts at Soho Street and               primary volume based on simple,
    runs south approximately 220m,               familiar shapes, supplemented
    and on a (future) village green      4       by secondary volumes such as            5
    opposite the Cardrona Hotel                  verandas, lean-tos and chimneys
  • This stretch of the highway must           • Buildings are oriented and laid
    transition into a more pedestrian-           out on sites relative to one
    focussed street                              another to create clearly ‘public’
                                                 fronts with entrances and clearly
  • Buildings here should relate
                                                 ‘private’ spaces, generally at the
    positively to public spaces,
    fronting up to the highway and
    village green                              • Larger buildings are composed of
                                                 collections of primary volumes
  • All development in the Village
    is well connected to the main              • Buildings are constructed and
    street area.                                 clad in basic, familiar materials
                                                 (5), primarily timber, stone, plaster
                                                 and corrugated iron
                                               • Buildings are clearly visible from
                                                 the street and are not hidden
                                                 behind high walls or fences
                                               • Colours, signage and fencing
                                                 reflect the historical context.

Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...
2       Village Structure

The character of Cardrona Village will change significantly as more of the zoned
land is developed. When new development is being planned, the following broad
considerations should lead the design process:


Cardrona Valley/Crown Range road

Cardrona Valley Road transitions to the
Crown Range Road at the Cardrona
Hotel, the heart of the village. Existing
development is located along this
north–south road axis. It makes sense
for retail and commercial development
to coalesce along this strip to benefit
from the flow of passing traffic and the
existing focal point of the Hotel.

Reinforce the village heart

The full length of Cardrona Valley Road
within the village boundaries is too
long to sustain a vibrant retail frontage.
The Commercial Precinct overlay as
shown on the Plan Maps concentrates
commercial development on the
straight stretch of the road either side
of the Hotel and around the envisaged
village green.


Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...
The village green                        Connection to the river

The proposed village green is intended   The Cardrona River flows through
to be located in a central and visible   the valley parallel to the road. Yet it
location in the village heart on the     is not currently visible from the road.
east side of the highway, more or less   An opportunity exists to integrate
opposite the Cardrona Hotel, where       this small alpine valley river into
it would serve as a social focal point   the village fabric.
for the community and visitors. The
current use of this space as Hotel       This can be done by:
carparking can in the long-term be
offset by on-street parallel parking       • Extending Soho Street, up to and
along the road.                              over the river
                                           • Creating a lane & vista leading to
                                             the river from the village green
                                             and/or the main street
                                           • Buildings along the riverside
                                             establishing courtyards, frontages
                                             and activities overlooking their      2
                                             river facing boundaries while
                                                                                   Riverside buildings fronting onto river
                                             avoiding high walls hedges or
                                             fences that create a visual barrier
                                             to the river side reserve (2).

Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...
The movement network /                           • forms small tight blocks so           • enables lots orientated east-          Service lane
subdivision pattern                                as to encourage a traditional           west, rather than north-south and
                                                   village development pattern with        locating the principal private open    A service lane running parallel to
The largest undeveloped area zoned                 dwelling fronts facing other fronts     spaces to the rear or the side of      the main street is recommended at
for expansion of the village lies to               across the street and backs             dwellings to avoid the challenge       approximately 30 to 60m to the east
the east of the main road, up to the               facing backs across back yards          of residents trying to protect their   of the ‘main street’ section of the
identified river flood plain, and on the           (1), while avoiding rear lots           privacy by high fences or walls on     highway. This would enable deliveries
opposite bank, up to the sluice face,                                                      the street edge.                       and storage areas, and access to
                                                 • has relatively straight streets in
once a bridge is constructed. Soho                 order to provide clear view shafts                                             onsite car parking to take place
Street provides the most likely link               to connect to the surrounding                                                  without detracting from the amenity of
through which to forge this crossing.              landscape, with particular                                                     the street frontage. It could also serve
It is important that the network of                emphasis eastwards towards                                                     as a rear lane to other activities such
streets and lanes created:                         the stream and the clay cliffs /                                               as visitor accommodation with a main
                                                   sluice face                                                                    frontage to a street or lane further east.
    • is well-connected and that cul-
      de-sacs are avoided in order to
      encourage walking

 A good subdivision pattern has houses with low fences facing each other across the
 street. High walls can be used at the rear to provide privacy.

Cardrona Village Character Guidelines - Queenstown Lakes ...
                                                                                                                   car parking
                                                                                                                          Street     Service alley
Main street site design (2)               • avoid parking forecourts, and
                                            where possible vehicular access
Development at ground level along           from the street frontage
the main street strip and around the      • create occasional pedestrian
proposed village green should be                                                                                                         Shared space
                                            lanes to access activities at the                                                            pedestrian/
retail/ commercial/ tourist related and     rear of the site and beyond                                                                  service lane
needs to front onto, and interact with,
                                          • align the main walls and rooflines

the main street and village green.
To achieve this:                            parallel to the street boundary

                                                                                               alley R
  • build up to, or within 2m of,         • avoid parking layouts requiring

                                                                                          ona V
    the street (or village green)           vehicles to reverse onto Cardrona
    boundary, except where creating         Valley Road.

    a pedestrian amenity forecourt,
    such as an outdoor eating area                                                                                                 All buildings
  • create an active edge of                                                                                                       front street or
    shopfronts and entrances facing                                                                                                Village Green
    the street (or village green)
  • locate service, storage and any
    on-site car parking at the rear of
    the site

                                                                                 Village Green indicative layout

Visitor accommodation site design         • set accommodation units a
                                            minimum 3m from the street
A large proportion of future                frontage or neighbouring sites
development within Cardrona
                                          • locate on-site parking to the
is anticipated to be for visitor
                                            rear or side of the buildings and
accommodation. The scale of
                                            avoiding parking forecourts
development should respect the fine
grained scale fitting for a small rural   • limit the building footprint to 50%   1                            Aerial
village and be laid out in a manner         of the site area
that supports an intimate pedestrian                                                         Diagrams illustrate
                                          • limit the height of visually solid
streetscape. To achieve this:               front garden walls or fences to                  traditional residential
                                                                                             lot layouts with houses
  • break down larger scale                 0.9m
                                                                                             fronting streets, low
    developments into several             • restrict development to three                    front fences and
    adjoining footprints                    storeys - the 12m maximum                        recessed garages.
  • arrange such footprints in a            height for visitor accommodation
    manner that private and semi-           buildings within the zone enables
    private courtyards are created          the expression of traditional gable
                                            roof forms, but is not intended to
  • align the main walls and rooflines      enable a fourth storey
    parallel to the street boundary
                                          • avoid parking layouts requiring
  • ensure main entrances address           vehicles to reverse onto Cardrona
    and enliven the streetscape             Valley Road.
    with such features as entrance
    canopies, verandas or porticos

                                                                                  2   Plan

Residential site design (1 and 2)           • plan the building layout so that
                                              the main living area opens directly
In addition to visitor accommodation,         to a sunny outdoor living space
future growth can be anticipated to
                                            • locate dwellings at least 3m from
attract people who choose to live
                                              street fronts and 1m from side or
in Cardrona for the attractions and
                                              rear boundaries
amenities afforded by the setting,
as well as for work opportunities. It       • limit the building footprint to 50%
is important that future residential          of the site area
development supports the desired
                                            • locate garages further to the rear
traditional village structure. Therefore:     of the site than the main frontage
  • create discrete individual dwelling       of the dwelling with straight line
    units                                     access from the road

  • create public fronts facing the         • where possible, combine
    street and private backs                  driveways to rear parking with
                                              neighbours                            3
  • provide a small front yard for
    each unit that can allow visitors       • limit the height of visually solid    Excessive cut into natural contours
    to cross a threshold (front gate),        front walls or fences to 0.9m
    move through a semi-private               and use traditional materials and
    space, before arriving at the front       designs including schist walls and
    door to the private realm                 picket fences. Occasional high
                                              hedges are encouraged
  • include a transitional structure,
    such as an entrance canopy,             • avoid parking layouts requiring
    porch or veranda at the front             vehicles to reverse onto Cardrona
    entrance facing the street                Valley Road.

  • locate a kitchen, living or dining
    space with a window facing the


The natural contour of the land should
be respected and should not be
significantly disrupted (3).
To achieve this:                                                                            Mitigate cuttings with
  • minimise earthworks and avoid
    excessive cut and fill in all land
    modifications for subdivision, and
    site works to establish building
    platforms, driveways, streets, and
    lanes; restrict retaining walls to a
                                                      2.5m max
    maximum height of 2.5m
  • when retaining ground higher
    than 2.5m, a second retaining
    wall should be set back a
    minimum of 3.5m from the first
    and should also be restricted to
    2.5m in height (4).

                                                      2.5m max

                                                                                 3.5m min
                                           Maximum heights for retaining walls
3     Building design


                           A ‘key community outcome’ identified         The shed lends itself more readily to    Early cottages were small and usually
                           in the Cardrona 2020 Community               Cardrona where there is an anticipated   single storied, consisting of a small
                           consultation process in 2003 is “to          demand for visitor accommodation         shed-like primary volume adorned
                           enhance the historic theme in the main       and the zone rules enable buildings up   by lesser secondary elements such
                           Cardrona township area and for all           to 12m high. Early examples of large     as a veranda, lean-to and chimney.
                           new buildings to respect the existing        sheds include the former three storied   However this building type can also
                           character and scale of the township”.        Brunswick Flour Mill at Kawarau Falls,   successfully be adapted to the larger
1                          Relatively little is left of Cardrona’s      and the Arranmore Stable next to         sizes demanded by contemporary uses
                           historic building fabric. In order to find   the runway at Queenstown airport.        through the aggregation of several
The shed                   appropriate design cues for the types        Recent examples of contemporary          primary and secondary elements.
                           of buildings anticipated in Cardrona,        interpretations of the shed are the      Alternatively a grouping of discrete
                           it is necessary to search wider in           Club House at Jacks Point (3) and the    small cottages can collectively form a
                           the Queenstown Lakes District.               Amisfield winery near Lake Hayes.        visitor accommodation complex. In
                           The buildings of the early settlers,                                                  such instances it is important that a
                           in particular the rural shed (1) and                                                  traditional neighbourhood site layout
                           the cottage (2) provide examples of                                                   is adhered to in accordance with
                           buildings that sit well in the dramatic                                               the residential site design principles
                           landscapes and can be adapted to                                                      above, and the repetition of the same
2                          contemporary uses without losing                                                      or similar unit type throughout the
The cottage                the defining features of their identity.                                              complex is avoided.
                           These building types are based on
                           simple, easy to construct forms.

The shed redefined

Traditional building components                                                       20.0m
                                         Secondary elements (6) include:
                                           • Lean-tos of a width up to                                          8.0m
The primary element of the shed (4) is
                                             2/3rds the width of the primary
composed of:                                 structure added to any side with     4 Primary element shed
  • a rectangular footprint up to 20m        roof pitches between 8 and 20
    long and 8m wide                         degrees

  • a gable roof pitched between 25        • Strong fireplaces and chimneys
    to 40 degrees with minimal or no         typically located at the gable end
    eve overhang                           • Verandas and porches (usually in
  • up to a maximum of 3 storeys             lean-to form).
    within a maximum height of 12m
  • few, if any secondary elements
    adorning the primary form.                                                                                5 Primary element cottage

The primary element of the cottage (5)
is composed of:
  • a rectangular footprint up to 12m
    long and 5m wide
  • hipped or gable roofs pitched
    between 25 to 40 degrees with
    minimal eaves
  • usually one storey, but
    occasionally two storeys within a
    maximum height of 8m.

                                                                                  6 Cottage combining primary and secondary elements

Larger Buildings                          To activate the street façade of main
                                                                                 street and village green buildings:
                                         • Larger buildings can be
                                           composed of groups of adjoining         • use simple, familiar building
                                           primary elements (1) and                  forms (3) built up to, or within
                                           secondary elements                        two metres of the street or
                                                                                     village green boundary
                                         • Each primary element should
                                           have a discrete roof form               • form shop fronts and entrances
                                                                                     along the street edge
                                         • Exact repetition should be
1                                          avoided with subtle variations          • add verandas and shopfront
                                           introduced to the forms                   parapets (avoiding overstated
Two primary forms and secondary link
                                                                                     support structures)
                                         • Arrange the primary volumes to
                                           define usable outdoor spaces.           • provide between 40% and 60%
                                                                                     of openings (windows and doors)
                                       Main Street and Village Green                 to the below veranda component
                                       Buildings (2)                                 of the façade
                                                                                   • express the façade depth by
                                       Along the 210m stretch between                avoiding windows flush with the
                                       Soho Street and the change in                 cladding (2)
                                       direction of Cardrona Valley Road
                                       just north of the Rivergold Way             • provide level access between the
                                       intersection, buildings may be built up       footpath and the internal ground
                                       to the street boundary, but should not        floor.
                                       exceed two storeys and 8m in height
                                       within 15m of the street frontage.

Main street corner building

The Cardrona Hotel                        Residential Buildings

  • Façades of new buildings should       New residential buildings should
    not be overly elaborate so as to      be composed of the primary and
    compete with Cardrona’s iconic        secondary elements of the traditional
    signature building. This collection   cottage, and on occasions the
    of single storey buildings and        traditional rural shed with a maximum
    the associated historic post          height of two storeys and 8m (4).
    office and store need to be set
    apart from other development in       The primary element of each house       3
    order that this distinctive form      should address the street in the        Archetypal main street building forms
    is not overwhelmed by any new         following manner:
                                            • The street façade should be
  • A gap of at least 3m should               parallel to the street boundary
    be provided between these                 and incorporate the entry door
    historic buildings and any new            and windows
                                            • Where a veranda facing the street
                                              is proposed it should occupy the
                                              full width of the street façade.
                                              Details such as brackets and post
                                              mouldings should be restrained
                                              and simple
                                            • The components of the veranda
                                              should not be larger than
                                              required for structural support.
                                              (150 x 150mm posts would be
                                            • Symmetry and non-functional
                                              ornaments should be restricted to   The primary elements of the house should address the street
                                              the street façade.
Visitor Accommodation Buildings             • Groupings of separate buildings    Signage and Shop Front Lighting                  • Above ground floor signage
                                              should each address the public                                                        should be restricted to building
Visitor accommodation developments            streetscape or laneways within     Design signage and lighting as an                  names in cut out lettering or
take on a number of different formats         the private development in         integral part of the building façade (2).          painted directly onto the façade
from single multi-unit buildings to           a manner set out above for         This will help reduce visual clutter             • Avoid ubiquitous corporate
groupings of individual units and an          residential buildings              and maintain the integrity of the                  signage, colours and ‘chain
associated office unit. These formats       • Visitor accommodation buildings    overall site design.                               brand’ architecture
can readily be adopted to fit within          should not exceed three storeys        • Signage needs to reference the             • Buildings occupied by
the constraints of the traditional            in height, however groupings of          historic Cardrona character (3),             commercial franchises,
rural shed or cottage building types          cottage forms should generally           with regard to size, font style and          nationwide or international
when treated as aggregations of cells         be single storied and should not         colours                                      businesses should show respect
comprising primary shed or cottage            exceed two storeys.
components (1).                                                                      • All signage should be integrated             for their context
                                                                                       into the architecture of the               • Shop front lighting (and
  • An aggregation of primary shed
                                                                                       building                                     pedestrian canopy lighting) needs
    forms could accommodate
    multiple units as well as dining,                                                                                               to maintain night time pedestrian
    lobby and conference facilities,                                                                                                amenity and safety. Design with
    whereas a grouping of individual                                                                                                restraint so as to avoid a ‘service
    cottage forms lend themselves to                                                                                                station’ level of over-saturation
    accommodating individual units                                                                                           Avoid light spill.
  • Visitor accommodation
    developments should feature a
    clearly defined main entry facing
    the street and parallel to the
    street boundary

                                        1                                        2                                            3


Materials and finishes should be          Materials Appropriate for Cardrona                                                     • Tongue and grooved boarding is
complimentary to the traditional                                                                                                   the traditional material for areas
palette of materials found in the         Those materials traditionally used in                                                    such as veranda soffits
District. Respecting this limited         Cardrona should form the basis for                                                     • Timber shingles were also a
palette offers an effective way of        evaluating which new materials are                                                       traditional roofing material and
generating cohesiveness.                  acceptable.                                                                              are appropriate
The District’s early buildings were         • Recycled and re-used materials                                                     • Contemporary imitations, in
built from the materials at hand,             contribute an aged look                                                              composite material, aluminium
                                              and in addition enhance the          2
which were typically processed to                                                                                                  and plastic can replicate the
the minimum extent necessary (1).             sustainability of the structure by    Picket fences are a common feature             traditional profiles however
The construction process involved             avoiding the embodied energy                                                         never acquire the subtleties and
crafting the buildings with simple            costs of new material                                                                character of aged timber and,
hand tools, with little pre-fabrication                                            Timber (3)                                      hence, should be avoided.
                                            • Buildings should typically
and components were often recycled.           be constructed in a limited
                                              palette of materials, with each      Timber was the primary structural and
                                              building element, be it primary      cladding material of the early settlers
                                              or secondary, clad in a single       in Cardrona. The remaining historical
                                              material                             buildings are all clad in painted
                                                                                   weatherboards with either bevel back
                                            • New mass production                  or rusticated profiles.
                                              technologies can easily conflict
                                              with such a traditional approach
                                              and their use should therefore be        • Much of the expression of the
                                              constrained                                façade arises from the trim,        3
1                                                                                        including window and door           Cardrona Community Hall
                                            • Replicating traditional materials          facings and boxed corners, which
 Traditional timber shed                      is often unsuccessful.                     are typically wide timber facings

Corrugated Iron (5)                        Plaster (6)

                                            Corrugated iron is the longstanding        There is a tradition in the District
                                            roofing material of preference.            of using plaster to bag stonework,
                                            Traditionally roofs remained unpainted,    and in more recent times to disguise
                                            with the galvanised iron weathering to     the block module in concrete and
                                            a mat patina.                              produce a monolithic surface. This
                                              • Galvanised steel is a reasonably       can effectively create a sympathetic
                                                durable product in the dry             contrast to the texture of timber,
4                                               local environment and remains          stonework or corrugated iron.
 A contemporary mortared schist shed            available                                  • Where used, plaster should
                                              • Painted or ‘colorsteel’ roofs                be either limewashed or matt
                                                                                             painted.                         Materials Not Appropriate
                                                have a sheen and consistency                                                  for Cardrona
Mortared Schist (4)                             of appearance that lacks the
                                                character of the traditional
                                                                                                                              Building materials that try to look
There is a strong Western and                   weathered appearance, however
                                                                                                                              like something they are not, are
Central Otago tradition of building in          new paint colours are now
                                                                                                                              inappropriate as construction or
local schist, traditionally featuring a         available with low reflectivity that
                                                                                                                              cladding materials, e.g. fake stone or
smeared earth/ lime mortar joint.               more closely replicate the duller
                                                                                                                              monolithic finishes over composite
                                                mat quality of weathered metal
    • This style is recommended for all                                                                                       sheet cladding, pressed tile roofing,
      stone external walls of buildings       • Zincalume is too bright and                                                   slim profile schist and fibre cement
      and is also effective for boundary        reflective and should not be used.                                            sheet cladding.
      walls when schist predominates
      on the associated building                                                       5
    • Schist should not be used for
      secondary elements (other than
      chimneys), and additions,
      ‘feature walls’, columns or plinths
      unless it is also used to clad the
      primary form.

                        The local flora and geology of the         • Provide for timeless colours, not
                        Cardrona Valley offer a wide and             what is fashionable. Heritage
                        varied colour palette. It is important       colour charts from Resene, Aalto
                        that colours applied to the built form       and other manufacturers provide
                        should complement these colours as           suitable guidance (avoid colours
                        well as respecting the colour palette        brighter in hue than appear on
                        of traditional buildings in the District     these charts)
                        (1 and 2).
                                                                   • Consider developing a basic
1                                                                    palette for each development
                        Traditional buildings in the region
                                                                     which can be varied between
                        feature subdued colour, particularly
                                                                     buildings. No more than 40% of
                        for the larger areas of cladding, with
                                                                     the buildings in any single large
                        stronger rustic colours used for trim.
                                                                     development should have the
                        Roofs are predominantly grey, rustic
                                                                     same colour scheme
                        red or rustic green. The remaining
                        heritage buildings in Cardrona all         • Avoid relying too greatly on
                        feature cream cladding, with strong          muted colours, as it can simply
                        darker colours used to express the           make a development appear
                        architectural trim and detail. Early         depressed and faded (3).
2                       photographic records indicate some           Splashes of strong colour can
                        earlier buildings were unpainted.            greatly enliven a streetscape
                                                                   • Avoid excessive use of corporate
                                                                     colours that turn buildings into
                                                                   • Solar heating panels may breach
                                                                     reflectivity levels over a small area
                                                                     on roofs.


4       Public open space design


Beyond the Town Boundary                    It is important that the road clearly       Power lines along the eastern
                                            transitions from highway to village         side of the road need to be
As one travels through the valley, the      street at these entrances.                  undergrounded and their
power of the landscape lies in the                                                      poles removed
                                              • Reinforce and enhance the
simple clarity of the transition from the       existing groves of columnar           • Enable parallel parking along
natural alpine grasslands of the valley         exotic trees that signify the           each side of the road on a grass
walls to the modified rural landscape           entrance points to the village          swale edge
of the valley floor, including the sluice       and mark the transition from the
faces visible around Cardrona. This                                                   • Complete informal 1.8 to 2.2m
                                                open road to a 70kph zone, while
needs to be protected from visual                                                       wide pathways along the west         1
                                                phasing out existing beech trees
intrusion. Minimise the visual impacts                                                  side of the road, using crushed
                                                                                                                             North entrance
of man-made structures on the road            • Narrow the carriageway between          gravel or limestone. Avoid the
edge such as utility poles and signage.         the village entrances and the           use of a raised kerb and channel;
For example the new power poles                 village core to slow the traffic        instead use concrete nibs under
recently installed up Cardrona Valley           and clearly indicate a change of        road edges to avoid edge break.
Road have a greater visual impact than          road character                          Separate path from parking/swale
the old posts that are of a smaller scale                                               by at least one metre
                                              • Introduce a line of street
and have an historical visual reference.        trees (such as fastigiate Oak         • Introduce street lights at regular
                                                or Hornbeam) at intervals               intervals between street trees –
Entrances to the Village                        of between 15 and 30m as                see ‘Palette of Materials’ section
                                                permitted by underground
                                                                                      • Avoid introducing excessive
The township features a variety of              services along both sides of the                                             2
                                                                                        clutter by way of traffic and
established exotic trees associated             road from the village entrances
                                                                                        parking signage or bollards.         South entrance
with its early settlement. However              at both ends and up to the
street trees along the road itself are          identified village core, to clearly
restricted to the clusters at each end          mark the linear extent of the
that signify the entrances (1 and 2).           town, enhance containment of
Upright columnar exotic varieties are           the road edge and assist in
effective in this and other locations           traffic calming.
however the use of native beech is out
of context.

Transition Zone                          The Village Core                             however keep clear of stretch of
                                                                                      heritage buildings along west side
  • Introduce a transition zone on         • A distinct and more intense
    either side of the village core,         character is sought through this       • Create crushed gravel pathways
    between the 70kph zones and              section to reinforce its role as the     without raised kerbs along both
    the ‘mainstreet’ component of the        village focal area. Further narrow       sides of the road
    village core                             down the carriageway through           • Continue the line of street lights
                                             the village core to encourage            from the transition zone, except
  • Create two new thresholds
                                             traffic speeds safe for informal         in the immediate vicinity of the
    between the 70kph zone and a
                                             crossing (approximately 30kph).          hotel where existing heritage
    central 50kph zone by locating
                                             Avoid using a flush median to            lamps are retained (1)
    the last two fastigiate varieties
                                             keep the width constrained
    directly opposite one another                                                   • Integrate the placement of large
    and close as possible to the           • Underground the existing                 rocks into the landscape and
    carriageway and vary the                 overhead power lines along               consider using this at control
    paving treatment to a rough              the east side of the road, in            points for pedestrian crossing
    cobble effect                            an alignment that avoids the             area in front of the hotel
                                             proposed alignment of street
  • Introduce a line of smaller street                                              • Limit streetscape furniture
                                             trees below
    trees from the varieties (other                                                   materials to timber, stone and
    than fastigiates) on page 26 at        • Enable parallel parking in               steel
    between 15 and 30m spacings              compacted gravel swales on                                                    1
                                             both sides of the road, where the      • Use black for the colour of the
  • Enable parallel parking along                                                     light poles and limit the colour     Entrance to village
                                             reserve width permits. However
    each side of the road within                                                      of other furniture to the natural
                                             exclude parking in front of the
    grass swales                                                                      colour of the construction
                                             Hotel frontage
  • Continue the line of street                                                       material such as timber and stone
                                           • Introduce smaller exotic
    lights from the town boundary                                                   • Avoid visual clutter including
                                             deciduous trees (distinct from
    thresholds                                                                        overstated and/or superfluous
                                             entrance and transition zones)
  • Avoid introducing excessive              to both sides of street at 15 to         bollards and road signage
    clutter by way of traffic and            20m spacings between parallel            inappropriate in the village core.
    parking signage and bollards.            carparks (incorporating irrigation)

                                                                                                            Arrowtown Village Green

2                                                                                                 3


A village green is proposed opposite   • Design to accommodate multiple     • The predominant surface should            • Further reinforce edges and
the Cardrona Hotel and is envisaged      outdoor community uses from          be lawn with low alpine planting            create informal seating using
as an informal open space clearly        picnics, outdoor market days and     and small scale exotics (see                large locally sourced stones.
defined by the active edges of           community festivities                Tree Schedule below) for edge
buildings around its perimeter.                                               definition prior to realisation of
                                                                              active built edges


                                           • Create an informal character and      • Although a rural ‘feel’ is
                                             avoid raised kerb and channel           envisaged, aim for a high level of
                                                                                     amenity, including street furniture
                                           • Consider lanes that are shared by
                                                                                     and lighting. Focus on quality
                                             pedestrians and vehicles
                                                                                     and robustness in materials and
                                           • Include on-street car parking on        finishes and avoid over-design
                                             lanes to minimise the amount            or elaborate detail. Include street
                                             of on-site car parking and to           trees of a scale appropriate to
                                             use space efficiently, as space         the narrow intimate scale of the
                                             for moving is also used for             lanes. Consider a rustic style
                                             manoeuvring. These spaces               of lighting (2).
                                             could be formed of semi-grassed
                                             permeable pavers or crushed
                                             gravel, to avoid the need for
                                             painted traffic markings
                                                                                 4.4     RIVERSIDE
1                                                                                        LANDSCAPE (3)                          3

The movement network should be                                                   The Cardrona River which flows parallel to the road through the valley is the
extended from Cardrona Valley Road                                               principal natural feature within the village. Its wide flood zone, in particular along
as a series of intimately scaled rural                                           the western bank, provides an opportunity to create a public amenity area,
village lanes conducive to walking as                                            reinforcing the close relationship between the village and its dramatic setting.
opposed to urban roads. The following
elements should be addressed (1):                                                  • Focus on retaining a wilderness quality to this area while enabling public
                                                                                     access through narrow informal paths
    • Provide a low speed environment
      for vehicles by reducing the width                                           • Base the planting palette on species currently occurring in the river flats and
      of the carriageway                                                             wetlands, however use other willow species than crack willows.


The following tree and plant species are appropriate for the public realm in and around the Cardrona Village.

Type     Species                     Common name              Height    Historic        Type     Species                     Common name          Height   Historic

Exotic Aesculus hippocastanum        Horse Chestnut           10m+      Yes             Hedges     Cupressus macrocarpa      Macrocarpa           Yes      Yes
trees                                                                                              Acer campestre            Field Maple          Yes
       Quercus robur fastigiata      Fastigiated Oak          15-20m
         Carpinus betulus                                                                          Buxus sempervirens        Box                  Yes
                                     Fastigiated Hornbeam     9-12m
         fastigiata                                                                                (& varieties)
         Corylus avellana            Hazelnut                 3-7m      Yes                        Carpinus betulus          Common Hornbeam               Yes
         Cornus capitata             Evergreen Dogwood        7-14m                                Chaenomeles x Hybrid      Flowering Quince     Yes
         Fraxinus ornus              Manna Ash                9-15m                                Coprosma propinqua        Mikimiki
         Pyrus                       Flowering Pear           5-10m                                Coprosma rugosa           Coprosma
         Juglans regia               Common Walnut            10m+      Yes                        Corylus avellena          Common or European   Yes
         Malus (old varieties)       Crab Apple               4-7m      Yes
                                                                                                   Corokia cotoneaster       Zig-Zag Shrub                 Yes
         Quercus robur               German Oak               10m+      Yes
                                                                                                   Cupressus macrocarpa      Macrocarpa           Yes
                                                                                                   Escallonia x exoniensis   Escallonia           Yes      Yes
Type     Species                     Common name              Height    Historic                   Fagus sylvatica           European Beech
                                                                                                   Lavandula angustifolia    Lavender             Yes
Native Hoheria lyallii               Mountain Ribbonwood      3m
trees                                                                                              Lonicera nitida           Honeysuckle          Yes
       Nothofagus solandri (var.
                                     Mountain Beech                     Yes                        Lonicera pileata
         Sophora microphylla         Kowhai                   4m                                   Prunus laurocerasus       Cherry Laurel        Yes
                                                                                                   Rosmarinus officinalis    Rosemary             Yes
                                                                                                   Taxus baccata             Common Yew           Yes
                                                                                                   Taxus baccata             Columnar Yew         Yes


Streets and

Description   Crushed local       Grass swales with   Crushed local     Crushed local      ‘Crazy paving’       Chip seal and     Crushed local
              aggregate or        Cyprus Oaks at 20   aggregate with    aggregate with     schist flagstones in grass swales      aggregate or grass
              hoggin, no raised   to 40m centres      medium sized      small deciduous    concrete or mortar
              kerbs                                   deciduous trees   trees at approx
                                                      at approx 20m     20m centres
Location      All footpaths       Cardrona Valley/    Swales inside     Cardrona Valley/   Pedestrian          Lanes with         Riverside
                                  Crown Range Rd      50kph zone        Crown Range        crossings           vehicular access   walkways
                                  Swales inside                         Rd swales,
                                  70kph zone                            ‘mainstreet’

Street furniture

Description        Standard rubbish   Bike stand      Bollard         Street light We-ef   Standard park seat Feature rocks
                   bin                                                lamp on Wilson

Location           All locations      All locations   All locations   All locations        Village Green and   As required

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