Doing Sustainability - Strategic Audit Environmental management systems in Victorian Government 2012-13

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Doing Sustainability - Strategic Audit Environmental management systems in Victorian Government 2012-13
Strategic Audit
Environmental management systems
in Victorian Government 2012-13

Doing Sustainability - Strategic Audit Environmental management systems in Victorian Government 2012-13
Published by the Commissioner
for Environmental Sustainability
Melbourne, Victoria, January 2014
©The State of Victoria, Commissioner
for Environmental Sustainability 2014

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Environmental Sustainability does not guarantee
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Doing Sustainability - Strategic Audit Environmental management systems in Victorian Government 2012-13
From the Commissioner4

Section 16
Environmental performance                                                                       7
Whole-of-government assessment 2012-13                                                          7
      Greenhouse gas emissions                                                                  8
      Energy use in office buildings                                                            9
      Waste in office buildings                                                                11
      Water use in office buildings                                                            12
      Paper use                                                                                17

Section 218
Environmental management system case studies                                                   19
      Carbon neutrality at Zoos Victoria                                                       20
      Museum Victoria case study update                                                        29
      Victorian Electoral Commission moves into a new sustainable mode                         32
      Parks Victoria shining the light on the business case for environmental sustainability   36
      Public Record Office Victoria environment strategy update                                38
      State Library of Victoria sustainability report update                                   43

Section 346
Sustainability in major projects                                                               47
Sustainability Investment Guidelines                                                           49
      Overview – Statement of purpose                                                          50
      PART A – The Sustainability Investment Process                                           51
      1 ] CONCEPTUALISE Sustainability opportunities                                           51
      2 ] PROVE Sustainability and the business case                                           55
      3 ] PROCURE                                                                              66
      4 ] IMPLEMENT Delivery                                                                   68
      5 ] REALISE Monitor and review                                                           68
      PART B – Sustainability Investment: The Fact Sheets                                      69
      1 ] Energy reduction                                                                     70
      2] W
          ater efficiency                                                                     72
      3 ] Climatic resilience                                                                  74
      4 ] Materials resource efficiency                                                        76
      5 ] Transport and travel                                                                 78
      6 ] Health, well-being and productivity                                                  80
      7 ] Community, amenity and built form                                                    82
      8 ] Emissions and environment protection                                                 84
      9 ] Ecosystem services                                                                   86
      Source Material                                                                          88

Endnotes                                                                                       90

Doing Sustainability - Strategic Audit Environmental management systems in Victorian Government 2012-13
From the Commissioner

    From the Commissioner
    Each year the Office of the Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability publishes an environmental
    management systems audit of mandated government departments and agencies pursuant to the
    Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability Act 2003 (section 8). This is the fifth and final audit
    prepared subject to my commission.

    Sustainability reporting continues to evolve, develop in importance and provide significant insights
    about organisational efforts in respect of environmental best practice in both the public sector and
    private enterprise.

    Very recently the Boston Consulting Group and MIT Sloan Management Review published a report
    on ‘leading companies’ and their sustainability commitments – Sustainability’s Next Frontier. Walking
    the talk on the sustainability issues that matter most.1 Using case studies which involved Avis Budget
    Group, Domtar, Hilton Worldwide, Dell, Kaiser Permanente and GM-Honda, the reporters concluded
    that five critical attributes typify best practice. These include – leadership and high level management
    commitment; developing strategic processes; formulating sustainability business cases; measuring
    progress and effecting change to promote better outcomes.

    Whilst private enterprise responds to different stimuli than public administration, the desire for
    efficiencies, sustainable practices and the opportunistic advancement of environmental, economic and
    social co-benefits clearly underpins best practice.

    As corporate social responsibility increasingly drives environmental reporting across sectors it is
    encouraging to observe commitment to this work in government agencies. This has occurred in Victoria
    as a direct consequence of the operation of the Department of Treasury and Finance Financial Reporting
    Directions (24-24C) and as a function of good leadership in agencies where environmental reporting is
    adopted without being mandated.

    In the first section of this year’s audit the reader will find a comparative discussion of the environmental
    performance across the whole of government. Energy, waste, paper use, transportation, water
    consumption and greenhouse gas emissions are all considered and contrasted across portfolios.
    Comparative studies over time are made difficult by changes in departmental structures and by the
    different organisational requirements of agencies, but as measurement is a pivotal criteria for improved
    outcomes such studies remain both necessary and important.

    Key findings from the first section of this audit include:

    • In 2012-13 we have recorded a 10% reduction in total office-based greenhouse gas emissions since
      2009-10, with decreases in air travel, waste to landfill and vehicle use emissions.

    • Office-building emissions increased by 1.5% over this most recent reporting period as a result of the
      reduction in the purchase of green power.

    • Only 6% of electricity used in 2012-13 was purchased as green power, a 75% decrease since 2009-10.

    • 84% of office waste was recycled in 2012-13.

    • Executive fleet continues to make a negligible contribution to whole of government efforts to reduce
      emissions, as comparatively few executives, in leadership positions, have rejected the option of a six
      cylinder vehicle.

Doing Sustainability - Strategic Audit Environmental management systems in Victorian Government 2012-13
In this audit I continue the practice of augmenting the material required with
case studies of the environmental management systems of non-mandated
agencies. In this audit the

•   attainment of carbon neutrality by Zoos Victoria,
•   materials use and lifecycle work of Museum Victoria,
•   organisational culture of the Victorian Electoral Commission,
•   renewable energy innovations of Parks Victoria,
•   strategic implementation of Public Record Office Victoria,
•   ongoing efforts by the State Library of Victoria

are all considered for their illustrations of great leadership, team work,
strategic planning and practical, committed and continuing implementation.
Each provides a guide to better environmental practice in quite diverse and
non-mandated organisational structures.

I commend the organisations, their leadership and their
environmental management teams for this inspirational work

In this audit I also provide ‘Sustainability Investment Guidelines’ in respect
of major projects where benefits of a project might be understood as both
qualitative and quantifiable and where a cost benefit ratio is improved by the
incorporation of sustainability approaches.

These guidelines correspond with the Department of Treasury and Finance’s
Investment Lifecycle Guidance for High Value, High Risk projects. Green
Star Education V1 is used as an example of the potential available through
innovate approaches. Issues considered as sustainability investment streams
include energy reduction; water efficiency; climatic resilience; materials
resource efficiency; transport and travel; health, well-being and productivity;
community, amenity and built form; emissions and environment protection;
and ecosystem services. For an extended discussion of the way we conceive
of the environment as ecosystem services see the Victorian State of the
Environment Report 2013, published by my office in 2013, which is found at under publications.

Fact sheets on each of the Sustainability Investment streams provide clear
illustration of the benefits attainable in terms of sustainability potential
in clear form.

Professor Kate Auty
PhD, MEnvSc, Dip Int Env Law (UNITAR), BA(Hons)LLB, GAICD
Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability, Victoria

Environmental performance


Section 1
Environmental performance
Since 2003, Victorian Government departments, the Environment Protection Authority (EPA) Victoria and
Sustainability Victoria have been required to implement environmental management systems (EMS). This
requirement was introduced with an office-based focus and was modelled on the ISO 14001 standard.2

The Financial Reporting Direction 24C enables the government to report on its office-based
environmental impacts in a consistent manner. The direction states that every year by 31 January, the
Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability will report to the Minister for Environment and Climate
Change on progress of defined entities EMSs.3

This section presents environmental performance and analysis for the 2012-13 period in accordance with
the reporting requirements of Financial Reporting Direction 24C.4 The whole-of-government performance
is aggregated from data provided in the annual reports of Victorian Government departments, EPA
Victoria and Sustainability Victoria.5

Whole-of-government assessment 2012-13
Reporting is a key component of any environmental management regime. It provides a way to evaluate
actions and track progress towards the objectives identified in environmental strategies, plans, policies or

The Financial Reporting Direction 24C sets minimum reporting requirements for office-based activities

• energy use – stationary energy: building consumption such as electricity (including green power),
  natural gas, LPG, heating oil, diesel and solid fuel
• waste production – which includes waste to landfill, waste sent for recycling and composted waste
• paper use – paper used for printing, photocopying and similar processes
• water consumption – including domestic water use, rainwater and reused water
• transportation – vehicle fleet energy use, air travel and staff commuting
• greenhouse gas emissions – those associated with building energy use, vehicle fleet use, air travel
  and waste production (any offsets purchased are also reported)
• procurement – a discussion of whether and how procurement activities are environmentally

The Financial Reporting Direction 24C also requires departments and agencies to measure and report
both relative resource use, such as energy consumption per floor area or per number of full time
equivalent employees, or greenhouse gas emissions per kilometres travelled, as well as total resource
use or ‘absolute’ consumption such as total energy use or total greenhouse gas emissions.

Both kinds of indicators are valuable. Relative resource use or ‘intensity’ indicators (often referred to as
efficiency indicators or business activity indicators) are valuable because they track an organisation’s
resource use independently of growth or organisational changes.7

Absolute indicators are important because they show how individual organisations are contributing to the
protection of global environmental limits.

Environmental performance

    The total reported greenhouse gas emissions from Victoria’s Government agencies decreased annually
    over the reporting period, falling by 10% between 2009-10 and 2012-13. The largest decreases were for
    emissions related to air travel (54%), office waste to landfill (32%) and vehicle use (16%).

    Energy use is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions by Victorian Government agencies
    accounting for 71% of emissions in 2012-13. Vehicle use and air travel accounted for 22% and 7% of total
    emissions respectively, with office-based waste only accounting for 0.3% of total emissions.

    Office building energy emissions increased by 1.5% over the reporting period. This increase is mainly
    due to the reduced purchase of GreenPower which has negated gains made in energy efficiency over
    the period (see Energy use in office buildings).

    Table 1: Greenhouse gas emissions from Victorian Government agencies 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                                         Annual emissions (tonnes CO2-e)                          % change
                                                                                                                  2009-10 to
        Emission sourceA                         2009 -10         2010-11         2011-12         2012-13           2012-13

        Office building energy                     66,823           62,987          68,875          67,807              +1.5%

        Vehicle use                                24,955           23,458          20,301          20,936               -16%

        Air travelB                                13,958           14,911           6,894           6,433               -54%

        Office waste to landfill                       394             342             305             268               -32%

        Total tonnes CO2-e                        106,130         101,698           96,375          95,443               -10%

          Data excludes emissions associated with water and paper use.
        	The multiplier used to calculate air travel emissions was revised in 2011-12. Consequently, emissions prior to 2011-12
          appear to be over-estimated (see Air travel).

                                      10% decrease in total office-based greenhouse
                                      gas emissions since 2009-10

Figure 1: Greenhouse gas emissions from Victorian Government agencies 2009-10 to 2012-13


        Tonnes CO2-e





                                 2009-10              2010-11           2011-12              2012-13

                                      Office building energy             Vehicle use
                                      Air travel                         Office waste to landfill

Energy use in office buildings includes heating, ventilation and air conditioning, water heating, appliances,
lighting and installed equipment such as computers.

Reducing energy consumption not only provides an opportunity to decrease office running costs, but is
also important for the environment with energy use the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions by
Victorian Government agencies (see Greenhouse gas emissions).

Total energy use by Victorian Government agencies decreased by 12% between 2009-10 to 2012-13.
Energy intensity (measured as use per m2) also decreased by 5% over the same period.

Table 2: Energy use, intensity and GreenPower purchased for office buildings 2009-10 to

                                                                                                          % change
                                                                                                          2009-10 to
 Energy                                    2009 -10       2010-11         2011-12          2012-13          2012-13

 Total building energy (mj)          285,072,746      291,916,710     283,506,942      250,536,411               -12%

 Building energy per m2 (mj)                   419              430            420              399               -5%

 Electricity purchased as
                                              24%               26%           14%                6%              -75%
 GreenPower %

Note: Includes the Department of Primary Industries (now Department of Environment and Primary Industries) large ongoing
research component at many of its sites which accounts for a significant component of overall energy consumption.

Environmental performance

     A portion of electricity purchased by Victorian Government agencies includes renewable sources or
     GreenPower. Green power generates less pollution than power from fossil fuels and produces no net
     increase in greenhouse gas emissions.

     Electricity purchased as GreenPower declined from 24% of the total electricity used in 2009-10 to only
     6% in 2012-13, a reduction of 75% over the period. Several agencies ceased or significantly decreased
     the purchase of GreenPower in 2012-13, continuing the large decline in the Victorian Government’s use
     of GreenPower that began in 2011-12. The main reason for this decline is the removal of mandatory
     purchases of GreenPower for government agencies.

     This has resulted in an increase in the greenhouse gas emissions associated with electricity use despite
     gains made in energy efficiency over the period (see Greenhouse gas emissions).

     Figure 2: Energy use, intensity and GreenPower purchased for office buildings
     2009-10 to 2012-2013

                               300,000,000                                                               450

                                                                                                                Building energy per m2 (mj)
         Energy (megajoules)


                               200,000,000                                                               300


                               100,000,000                                                               150

                                                           26%                                           100
                                50,000,000    24%
                                                                           14%                           50

                                        0                                                    6%          0
                                             2009-10     2010-11         2011-12          2012-13

                                                       Non-GreenPower (mj)
                                                       Electricity purchased as GreenPower (mj)
                                                       Building energy per m2 (mj)

     Note: Includes the Department of Primary Industries (now Department of Environment and Primary Industries) large ongoing
     research component at many of its sites which accounts for a significant component of overall energy consumption.

                                             12% decrease in total energy use since 2009-10.
                                             6% of electricity used in 2012-13 was purchased as
                                             GreenPower, a 75% decrease since 2009-10.

Waste is separated into different waste streams in Victorian Government offices including waste to
landfill, waste (including paper) sent for recycling and composted organic waste. It should be noted that
variations in data reported strongly reflect changes in waste audit methodology.

Between 2009-10 and 2012-13, total waste generated decreased by 33% leading to a decrease in waste
to landfill by 41%. The recycling rate has remained mostly unchanged over the period, with 84% of total
waste recycled in 2012-13.

With the exception of 2010-11, waste per full time equivalent employee (FTE) has also remained fairly
constant over the period with each generating 93 kg of waste in 2012-13.

Table 3: Total waste generated, waste intensity and recycling rate 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                                                                              % change
                                                                                              2009-10 to
 Waste                                2009 -10     2010-11       2011-12         2012-13        2012-13

 Total waste (kg)                   1,945,566     1,531,606    1,626,564       1,296,823           -33%

 Waste recycled (kg)                1,590,986     1,245,451     1,374,718      1,088,791           -32%

 Waste to landfill (kg)               354,579      286,155       251,846         208,032            -41%

 Recycling rate (%)                        81.8        81.3          84.5           84.0                3%

 Waste per FTE (kg)                       94.8         76.1          98.6           92.8             -2%

Note: Excludes Sustainability Victoria data.

5,187 kg of waste produced in office buildings per working day in 2012-13.
84% of office waste was recycled in 2012-13.

Environmental performance

     Figure 3: Total waste generated, waste intensity and recycling rate 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                 2,000,000                                                                   110

                                 1,800,000                                                                   100

                                 1,600,000                                                                   90

                                                                                                                    Waste per FTE (kg)
              Total waste (kg)

                                 1,200,000                      81%
                                 1,000,000                                                        84%
                                  400,000                                                                    20
                                  200,000                                                                    10
                                        0                                                                    0
                                             2009-10          2010-11            2011-12        2012-13

                                             Waste recycled             Waste to landfill        Waste per FTE

     Office buildings account for as much as 10% of a capital city’s water use.8 Office-based water use
     data includes water consumption for drinking, washing, cleaning and toilet flushing, and base building
     requirements such as heating and cooling systems.

     Departments and agencies have implemented a range of initiatives which have delivered reductions in
     potable water use in office-based accommodation. These range from installing dual flush toilets and flow
     restrictors on taps to harvesting and reusing water from roofs.

     Total water use decreased by 17% between 2009-10 and 2012-13. Despite this, water use per FTE
     increased by 2% over the same period.

     Table 4: Total water use and water intensity across government offices 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                                                                                                 % change
                                                                                                                 2009-10 to
      Water                                      2009 -10        2010-11            2011-12       2012-13          2012-13

      Total litres                            204,117,690     191,455,220      186,066,090     168,986,313                        -17%

      Litres per FTE                                 9,997         9,604               9,627       10,201                                2%

676,000 litres of water used in office buildings per working day in 2012-13.
41 litres of water used per full time equivalent employee per working day in 2012-13.

Figure 4: Total water use and water intensity across government offices 2009-10 to 2012-13

                      220,000,000                                                         11,000
                      200,000,000                                                         10,000
                      180,000,000                                                         9,000
                      160,000,000                                                         8,000

                                                                                                   Litres per FTE
       Total litres

                      140,000,000                                                         7,000
                      120,000,000                                                         6,000
                      100,000,000                                                         5,000
                       80,000,000                                                         4,000
                       60,000,000                                                         3,000
                       40,000,000                                                         2,000
                       20,000,000                                                         1,000
                               0                                                          0
                                    2009-10          2010-11    2011-12         2012-13

                                              Total litres     Litres per FTE

Vehicle fleet
Vehicle environmental performance
Managing the environmental performance of the motor vehicle fleet primarily involves reducing
greenhouse gas emissions associated with travel by for example, improving the efficiency of fleet
operations and reducing the total number of kilometres travelled.

Victorian Government vehicle use efficiency has continued to improve with reductions in vehicle energy
(16%), kilometres travelled (13%) and CO2 emissions per 1,000 km (4%) between 2009-10 and 2012-13.
Noting however, a 3% increase in vehicle energy use and emissions compared to the previous year.

Vehicle use is most easily reduced by switching to more sustainable transport (walking, cycling and
public transport), as well as alternatives to travel, such as video and teleconferencing.

Environmental performance

     Table 5: Motor vehicle use, intensity and emissions 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                                                                                                                % change
                                                                                                                                2009-10 to
      Vehicle use                                           2009 -10            2010-11         2011-12          2012-13          2012-13

      Vehicle energy (mj)                              355,344,560       335,670,108        288,290,895      297,922,930                                        -16%

      Vehicle kilometres                                103,007,874      100,887,187         95,753,012       89,820,973                                        -13%

      Vehicle kilometres per
                                                            412,031             403,549         383,012          359,284                                        -13%
      work day

      Vehicle tonnes CO2 per
                                                                 0.24              0.23             0.21             0.23                                           -4%
      1,000 km

                                                     13% decrease in kilometres travelled in vehicles since 2009-10.
                                                     359,284 km vehicle travel per working day in 2012-13.

     Figure 5: Motor vehicle use 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                       110,000,000                                                                     450,000    Vehicle kilometres per work day
                                       100,000,000                                                                     400,000
            Vehicle total kilometres

                                        60,000,000                                                                     250,000
                                        50,000,000                                                                     200,000
                                        10,000,000                                                                     50,000
                                                -                                                                      -
                                                       2009-10          2010-11           2011-12          2012-13

                                                     Vehicle total kilometres             Vehicle kilometres per work day

Victorian Government vehicle fleet mix
The size of the government vehicle fleet decreased by 11% between 2009-10 and 2012-13. In addition,
the overall composition continues to move to a lower intensity fleet with decreases in six-cylinder (13%)
and four-cylinder (35%) petrol vehicles, and increases in hybrid vehicles (26%) over the period.

The shift to more fuel efficient passenger vehicles has resulted in a reduction of the average vehicle
emission rate (based on manufacturer specifications) from 215 g CO2/km in 2009-10 to 182 g CO2/km in
2012-13, a decrease of 15%. The higher actual average emission intensity reported (230 g CO2/km) could
be due to vehicle selection choices and/or the way a vehicle is driven.

The executive fleet, due to its consistent profile, specifically its high proportion of 6 cylinder vehicles, is
making negligible contribution to this reduction.

Figure 6: Victorian Government motor vehicle fleet composition and average
vehicle greenhouse intensity 2009-10 to 2012-13

                           4,000                                                                                  220
      Number of vehicles


                                                                                                                        g CO2 /km
                           2,000                                                                                  190
                              0                                                                                   160
                                      2009-10             2010-11                2011-12         2012-13

                                            6 Cylinder        4 Cylinder          LPG          LPG dual fuel
                                            Diesel            Electric            Hybrid       Ave g CO2 /km

Figure 7: Victorian Government motor vehicle composition for operational and
executive fleets 2012-13

      Number of vehicles



                            400                             11%            11%
Environmental performance

     Air travel
     Air travel information is obtained from the whole-of-government travel services contract, and covers
     domestic and international flights.

     Total government air travel distance decreased by 41% between 2009-10 and 2012-13.

     Emissions related to air travel also decreased by 54% over the period. The calculation of emissions
     from air travel is complex and continually evolving. In addition to the reduction in total kilometres travelled,
     a change to the multiplier used for data 2011-12 onwards has contributed to the downward trend in
     emissions associated with air travel (see previous strategic audit report).9

     Table 6: Air travel; total kilometres travelled and attributed emissions 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                                                                                                                                            % change
                                                                                                                                                            2009-10 to
      Air travel                                                   2009 -10              2010-11          2011-12            2012-13                          2012-13

      Total air travel kilometres                               32,204,449          29,275,013         20,765,631          19,138,997                                            -41%

      Air travel kilometres
                                                                    128,818              117,100            83,063            76,556                                             -41%
      per work day

                                                           41% decrease in total air travel kilometres since 2009-10.
                                                           76,556 km travelled per working day in 2012-13.

     Figure 8: Air travel; annual and per work day total kilometres travelled 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                              35,000,000                                                                        130,000
                                                                                                                                          Air travel per work day (kilometres)

              Total air travel (kilometres)

                                              30,000,000                                                                        110,000
                                              25,000,000                                                                        90,000

                                              10,000,000                                                                        40,000
                                               5,000,000                                                                        20,000
                                                       -                                                                        0
                                                              2009-10          2010-11         2011-12           2012-13

                                                           Total air travel kilometres             Air travel kilometres per work day

Data on the amount of paper purchased continues to be regarded as reliable, with stationery suppliers
providing robust data to departments and agencies.

Total paper use declined by 19% between 2009-10 and 2012-13. However, the average paper used
per full time equivalent employee has remained steady over the past few years at around 14 reams per

As noted in the previous strategic audit, the increased use of electronic communication tools by
government (online publishing and social media) is expected to reduce the amount of paper used (copy
paper and paper for external publications). While not impact free, this decrease will produce a further
decrease in the environmental impacts of paper use and a reduction in operational costs.

Table 7: Total paper use and use per full time equivalent employee 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                                                                                              % change
                                                                                                              2009-10 to
 Paper                                               2009 -10       2010-11         2011-12        2012-13      2012-13

 Total paper use (reams)                             391,506         387,986        367,493         318,421                                    -19%

 Paper use per FTE (reams)                               14.3            14.1             14.2         13.6                                    -4%

Figure 9: Total paper use and use per full time equivalent employee 2009-10 to 2012-13

                                 450,000                                                                      15
                                 400,000                                                                      13
       Total paper use (reams)

                                                                                                                   Paper use per FTE (reams)

                                 350,000                                                                      12
                                 300,000                                                                      10
                                 250,000                                                                      8
                                 200,000                                                                      7
                                 150,000                                                                      5
                                 100,000                                                                      3
                                  50,000                                                                      2
                                      0                                                                       0
                                           2009-10           2010-11            2011-12          2012-13

                                               Total paper use (reams)           Paper use per FTE (reams)

159 million sheets of paper used in 2012-13.
27 sheets of paper used per full time equivalent employee per working day in 2012-13.

Environmental management system case studies


Section 2
Environmental management
system case studies
In the time I have been the Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability in Victoria my office has
been reporting on the organisational environmental management of various agencies.

There are a great many agencies across Victoria which are not required to report pursuant to the
Financial Reporting Direction 24C. They nevertheless do provide reports to the Victorian public
about their efforts. They do this not only to showcase good practice and demonstrate economic and
environmental co-benefits but also to provide examples of leadership within their organisational
contexts and more broadly.

I have been pleased to celebrate some of these non-compulsory achievements.

In this strategic audit I have asked some agencies to again provide us with a report on their
activities and to update the Victorian public on their progress in achieving better organisational
environmental outcomes.

The organisations we report on here would regard themselves as leaders but they also see
themselves as broadly representative of an ethic of care about environmental management systems.
I commend their efforts.

I also thank their environmental management system coordinators and staff for their participation
in this exercise.

In doing so it is important to acknowledge all the environmental management coordinators across
the Victorian public service for the hard work they do in bringing the public sector into line with best
practice as it is unfolding in the private sector (upon which we have also reported in the time I have
been the Commissioner).

Environmental management system case studies

     2011 Refreshing our memory – Zoos Victoria does:
     •   proactive training and education – building capabilities and becoming adaptable
     •   engage agents of change and give them authority to act
     •   actively promote organisational commitment to a culture of environmental sustainability
     •   align and integrate through ISO certification and a carbon neutrality target
     •   source outside information and collaborate with external constituents

     2013 Carbon Footprint and Carbon Neutral Certification
     The impacts of climate change, unprecedented population growth and dramatic loss of habitat have
     signalled the rapid rise of the environment as a priority in global affairs. Globally, organisations and
     individuals are changing their behaviour to reduce their impact on the environment.

     Zoos Victoria has witnessed first-hand the devastating impacts of climate change.

     Some of the species in the Zoos collection have been brought to edge of extinction as a result
     of human activity.

         In 2012, Healesville Sanctuary initiated a captive-breeding program to prevent the extinction of the
         last lowland Leadbeater’s Possums at Yellingbo Nature Conservation Reserve. This population has
         declined by 62% during the past 10 years, and now only 40 individuals remain.

          Leadbeater’s Possum was one of the species most severely impacted by the 2009 Black Saturday
         Bushfires. In the Central Highlands, 45% of the best montane habitats for the species was burnt.
         The survey results following the fire indicate the species is far more fire-sensitive than was previously
         recognised, with no possums persisting at sites burnt in 2009, regardless of fire severity. The Black
         Saturday fire wiped out a major population stronghold present on the Lake Mountain plateau.

For the Zoo to be able to protect these species and inspire its two million visitors to take action to save
wildlife, it is imperative that its executive and staff do everything in their power to reduce their own
environmental impact.

It is for this reason that the three Victorian zoos have embarked on becoming the world’s first certified
carbon neutral zoos.

                            This goal was accomplished in March 2013 – on target.

Since 2008, Zoos Victoria has implemented an overarching Environmental Policy and Strategy to
manage all environmental impacts associated with operating its three properties (Melbourne Zoo,
Werribee Open Range Zoo and Healesville Sanctuary). It was this policy and a desire to reduce the
overall environmental impact of the organisation that led to the Zoo to actively strive for carbon-neutrality.
The policy and strategy, including the establishment of targets, resulted in a concerted effort across the
three properties to avoid, reduce and offset carbon emissions.

Zoos Victoria’s emissions come from a variety of sources including:

•   heating and cooling
•   lighting
•   waste
•   travel and transportation of animals and staff
•   water use
•   general equipment maintenance.

In 2012, it was calculated that the three zoos contributed 14,913.84 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions for the
financial year 2011-12. In 2013 the Zoo’s emissions reduced to 14,730.76 tonnes (1.23% reduction) of CO2-e.

                            This is the equivalent of over 5,000 cars on Australian roads.

An important part of Zoos Victoria’s carbon neutral achievement is to engage with the 2 million visitors
the Zoo sees each year as well as other zoological institutions around the world to provide a working
example of how they too can become more environmentally sustainable. Zoos Victoria also seeks to
motivate visitors to consider how individual actions can make a difference.

Attaining the Australian Government’s National Carbon Offset standard (NCOS)
In March 2013, Low Carbon Australia certified Zoos Victoria’s Melbourne Zoo, Werribee Open Range
Zoo and Healesville Sanctuary as carbon neutral in compliance with the Australian Government’s
National Carbon Offset Standard (NCOS).

                            This achievement is a world first for any zoo.

Environmental management system case studies

     Beyond attainment of the carbon neutrality standard for Zoos Victoria the executive and staff hope to
     inspire others to take action to reduce their impact on the environment.

     As part of Zoos Victoria’s commitment to becoming carbon neutral, the organisation was required
     to define its organisational boundary in accordance with NCOS specifications. The Zoos adopted an
     operational control consolidation approach to do this, including all corporate groups, on-site facilities and
     catering services.

     Zoos’ emissions boundary definition included all scope 1 & 2 emissions and scope 3 emissions from
     business air travel, staff travel to and from work, waste to landfill, energy supply, paper use, reticulated
     water and the supply of animal foods. Scope 3 emissions were included on the basis of materiality
     and measurability. This is challenging work but necessary for the accreditation.10 Frequently Scope 3
     emissions are discounted because of the degree of difficulty in tabulating them. Zoos Victoria assumed
     the responsibility of meeting that challenge and the accreditation affirms its commitment.

     The diagram below identifies the Zoos’ key activities (applicable and measured at all sites) together with
     the breakdown of emission sources and the organisational boundary for emissions.

     Figure 10: Zoos Victoria’s Carbon emissions

Table 8: Zoos Victoria’s emissions 2012-13

 Scope11   Emission source                                                                t CO2-e12

    1      Petrol for vehicles                                                              100.20

    1      Diesel for vehicles                                                              233.83

    1      B20 diesel for vehicles                                                             4.63

    1      LPG for vehicles                                                                    5.09

    1      Refrigerant losses                                                                 78.88

    1      Acetylene                                                                           0.01

    1      Greases and lubricants for transport                                               15.20

    1      Natural gas usage for buildings                                                  669.49

    1      LPG usage for buildings                                                            18.36

    2      Purchased electricity for buildings                                             8,359.98

    3      Purchased electricity for buildings (fuel extraction, production & transport    1,078.40
           and transmission & distribution losses)

    3      Natural gas usage for buildings (extraction, production & transport)               50.87

    3      LPG usage for buildings (extraction, production & transport)                        1.53

    3      Petrol for vehicles (extraction, production & transport)                            7.94

    3      Diesel for vehicles (extraction, production & transport)                           17.75

    3      B20 diesel for vehicles (extraction, production & transport)                        0.34

    3      LPG for vehicles (extraction, production & transport)                               0.42

    3      Municipal solid waste                                                           1,084.39

    3      Air travel                                                                        146.80

    3      Purchased animal food                                                           1,645.89

    3      Purchased office paper                                                              5.25

    3      Employee travel to and from work                                                  711.52

    3      Reticulated water supply                                                         502.96

    3      Acetylene                                                                          0.001

    3      Offset Flights                                                                    (-9.00)

 Total carbon footprint in tonnes CO2-e                                                   14,730.76

Environmental management system case studies

     Emission Reduction
     Zoos Victoria use an ISO 14001: 2004 Certified Environmental Management System (EMS) to manage
     and reduce carbon impacts.
     Through the EMS, environmental impacts were identified and improvement projects or programmes
     developed. Due to the nature of the work at the Zoo and the size of the carbon footprint, a number of
     measures were required to reduce emissions. These measures included:
     •    waste management
     •    energy efficiency
     •    renewable energy
     •    green procurement
     •    staff campaigns
     •    water efficiency.
     Adopting these measures helped Zoos Victoria reduce emissions by 2,292 tonnes each year.

     Table 9: Measures adopted by Zoos Victoria included:

         Emission reduction measures                          Emission quantity
                                                                (Tonnes CO2-e)

         Lighting efficiency                                                  261

         Heat pump hot water                                                  168

         VSD Pumps                                                            133

         Solar PV                                                               9

         Reflective Paints                                                      3

         HVAC upgrade                                                          34

         Computer switch off campaign                                          91

         Butterfly House – double glazing                                      80

         In-vessel composter                                                  960

         Greener fleet ‘car’ vehicle                                           12

         Green Fuel                                                             6

         Water project                                                        289

         Other Waste Projects                                                 236

         Insulation                                                             9

         Total quantity of emissions reduced                                2,292

                                   This is the equivalent of removing almost 1,000 cars from the
                                   road. These measures also save Zoos Victoria $266,000 per year.13

Some details on the measures include:

Waste management
At Zoos Victoria, the aim is to contribute zero waste to landfill by ensuring all recyclable materials are
separated and reused, recycled or composted. The Zoo’s animals and visitors contribute to the daily
waste. Some sites contribute considerably more than others – for instance keepers collect over 800
kilograms of Elephant dung every day.

At Melbourne Zoo, animal waste is collected and composted together with visitor and horticulture waste.
The zoo has a third organics waste bin system near food outlets dedicated to collecting food scraps and
compostable food packaging material. This material is composted on-site through an aerobic in-vessel
composter called Hot Rot. This composter diverts approximately 800 tonnes of organics waste from
landfill, potentially reducing the generation of up to 960 tonnes of CO2-e.

                            Melbourne Zoo’s composting system was a finalist in the
                            2012 Melbourne Awards for best practice in sustainability.

Energy efficiency
Zoos Victoria has implemented a number of energy efficiency programs to reduce greenhouse
gas emissions.

These include

• the introduction of energy efficient lighting retrofits using LEDs and T5 fluorescent lamps
  throughout the zoos,
• energy efficient heating ventilation and air conditioning systems,
• efficient infrared heating and,
• IT improvements to further reduce carbon emissions.

Melbourne Zoo also upgraded the glass roof of the Butterfly House to insulated glazing units (double glazing)
significantly reducing the amount of gas needed to keep the exhibit at a constant 28 degrees Celsius.

Renewable energy
Hot water heat pumps are used extensively across the three Victorian zoos.

At Melbourne Zoo’s retail shop, a 4kW solar PV powers all the lighting in the shop.

At Healesville Sanctuary’s animal hospital, a 12 kW solar PV is installed to provide clean energy
to the hospital.

A 70 kW solar PV system was foreshadowed for the Melbourne Zoo site. This has now been expanded
to 107kW but with the upgrade came some connection issues. The project is now divided into four
smaller projects under 30kW projects each but totalling 107 kW. This will come on line in early 2014.
A 20kW system is also coming on line for Werribee Open Range Zoo. When all the Zoo’s systems are
up and running the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions will be 260 tonnes CO2-e and the production
of green power will be 203 MWh each year.

Environmental management system case studies

     Water management
     At Melbourne Zoo, rain water harvesting (covering 85% of the zoo grounds) is collected with water from
     animal cleaning/husbandry and pumped into the water treatment plant producing Class A recycled water.

     Through 4.5 kilometres of reticulation pipes this recycled water is used for irrigation, flushing toilets, filling
     water bodies and animal wash downs. The plant currently recycles approximately 73ML of water per year.

     Carbon and biodiversity offsets
     Zoos Victoria’s carbon footprint, after all emissions reduction measures, amounted to 14,730.76 tonnes
     CO2-e in financial year 2012-13.

     As a leading conservation organisation, Zoos Victoria supports carbon offsets that have biodiversity and
     conservation outcomes. Four carbon/biodiversity offset projects in Tasmania, Borneo, Kenya and Peru
     (see below) have been selected and carefully chosen to align with the organisation’s conservation work.
     These offsets have achieved Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) which means that each project has been
     rigorously and independently audited to ensure they achieve real environmental benefits.

     Tasmanian Native Forest Protection Project
     This is the first Australian project to be validated under the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS). It is located in
     the Central Highlands of Tasmania and protects privately owned land with native forest cover from logging.

     Zoos Victoria purchased 5,972 tonnes of CO2-e offsets from this project. This purchase works to both
     improve forest management in the central Tasmanian highlands and secure Tasmanian Devil habitat.

     This purchase offsets 40% of Zoos Victoria’s carbon footprint.

     Borneo Rainforest Rehabilitation Project
     This project is situated in Sabah, Malaysia. It prevents 140,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions
     each year and it also enables the restoration of once logged and harvested land.

     Zoos Victoria purchase of 2,986 tonnes of CO2-e offsets supports the United Nations Reducing
     Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) Rainforest Rehabilitation Program which operates
     across previously logged dipterocarp forest in eastern Sabah. The program generates measurable
     outcomes for orang-utans whilst the purchase offsets 20% of Zoos Victoria’s carbon footprint.

     The Kasigau Corridor REDD Project – Phase II The Community Ranches
     This projects aims to protect 200,000 hectares of forest and wildlife in the area. It also protects the
     livelihood of the communities that live in the area by providing jobs, healthcare and education for the
     community. The protected area is home to a diverse population of mammal and birds with important
     populations of IUCN Red List species such as; Grevy’s Zebra, Cheetah, Lion and African Wild Dog.

     A purchase of 2,986 tonnes of CO2-e offsets was made by Zoos Victoria representing 20% of Zoos
     Victoria’s carbon footprint.

Madre de Dio Amazon REDD project
The project area is located less than 30 km from the new inter-oceanic road uniting Brazil with the Peruvian
ports, in the Vilcabamba region. The project protects one of the most biodiverse areas in the world.

A purchase of 2,986 tonnes of CO2-e offsets was made by Zoos Victoria, supporting a REDD program
which aims to conserve forest habitat in the Madre de Dios in the Peruvian Amazon. Species such as
Jaguars, macaws and peccaries are protected by this program and contemporaneously this purchase
offsets 20% of Zoos Victoria’s carbon footprint.

To obtain carbon neutrality, Zoos Victoria underwent three years of intensive work to reduce its
carbon footprint.

Zoos Victoria has achieved its goal through:

• resource efficiency programs
• receiving third party certification from the National Carbon Offsetting Standard (NCOS) which is based
  on internationally accepted carbon accounting and neutrality standards.

In addition to the work already being conducted, Zoos Victoria is turning its attention to further reducing
its carbon footprint by exploring:

• cogeneration
• solar
• further resource efficiencies.

  The attainment of the certification milestone is part of Zoos Victoria’s commitment to inspire
  millions of visitors to:

  • live more sustainably
  • protect wildlife and the environment for future generations.

Environmental management system case studies

     Zoos Victoria’s Carbon Neutrality was a finalist in the UNAA World Environment Day Awards 2013
     for Best Specific Environmental Initiative and received a Special Commendation for this achievement.
     Zoos Victoria’s Carbon Neutrality was also a finalist in the Banksia Awards 2013 in the
     Leading in Sustainability – Large Organisation category and the Melbourne Awards 2013 in
     the Contribution to Sustainability by a Corporation category.

     The Zoo is also in the process of engaging other zoological institutions to encourage them to commit to
     reducing their overall environmental footprint to assist conservation efforts.

     Zoos Victoria has been recognised by the Zoos and Aquarium Association (ZAA) and the World Association
     of Zoos and Aquarium (WAZA) for leading the way in its local sustainability and conservation strategy.

     The CEO of Zoos Victoria, Jenny Gray, and all her remarkable team adhere to the following ethic:

              “We are proud that we are the first zoo in the world to be
               certified carbon neutral and hope that this will inspire
               other zoos to take action.
                Throughout the world, zoos experience first-hand the
                devastating impacts of climate change and habitat destruction
                and should therefore be at the front line of the fight to reduce
                carbon emissions.
                We will continue to promote our sustainability message
                and keep looking at new ways to develop renewable energy
                options on site to provide green power and further energy
                efficiency savings for our zoos.”

2011 Refreshing our memory – Museum Victoria does:
•   promote understanding of co-benefits and development of an organisational strategy
•   value organisational culture, cross-cutting committees and change agents
•   situate sustainability on rigorous foundations
•   implement and recognise
•   attain co-benefits from environmental action
•   value leadership and promote a healthy contagion of ideas and practice
•   build on success and share knowledge

Museum Victoria has been collecting, documenting and researching patterns of change in the natural
and social environment for more than 150 years.

Contemporaneously with core business, the Museum’s exhibitions, programs and online initiatives
provide a unique platform to increase awareness about the environment and sustainable practices.
Beyond its core in office work Museum Victoria has conducted a number of environmental ‘blitzes’
across the state – on land and in the marine environment – in partnership with the community,
Indigenous people on traditional country, scientists and Parks Victoria and Trust for Nature. Numerous
instances of new species and ecological communities have been located by this work. In undertaking
this work Museum Victoria exemplifies best practice in public exhibition work and this work has been
highly commended in many settings.

Museum Victoria is also committed to implementing eco-sustainable practices within its venues,
supported by a culture of continuous improvement.

Sustainable exhibition design initiative
Museum Victoria’s sustainable exhibition design initiative commenced in 2008. Each new exhibition
delivered since then has been used to trial new ideas and embed the lessons of previous projects.

The current long-term exhibition development project, opened at Scienceworks in December 2013, is
Think Ahead.

This project is implementing ‘life cycle thinking’ principles through the reuse of existing materials, the use
of low-impact materials and the minimisation of waste.14

Wherever possible the exhibition design reuses existing showcases, rather than commissioning the
fabrication of new ones. Of the 32 showcases required for Think Ahead, all but one will be constructed
using existing showcases from a previous exhibition. This presents a significant environmental and cost
saving – financial and environmental co-benefits.15

Where new materials are being incorporated, the Museum is working to minimise impacts.

The use of steel is being avoided in the exhibition, except where structurally necessary. Where MDF
cannot be substituted, E0 Australian-made MDF is being specified in the construction of the built form.
E0 means there is no harmful off-gassing associated with the material. Glass barriers are specified rather
than acrylic, as glass is recyclable and more durable.

As the project proceeded into the development and documentation phases, design templates and
layouts incorporated efficient production methods that minimised error and allowed material lengths to
be specified in a way that reduced waste and off-cuts.

Environmental management system case studies

     Exhibition staff continue to invest time in the research and testing of new methods of production, such as
     sign-writing and the development of low-energy multimedia products.

       House Secrets, the exhibition being de-installed to make way for Think Ahead, has been
       recycled. Various interactives from this exhibition were dismantled and reused as parts by the
       Scienceworks workshop. The remaining sections of the exhibition have been demolished in a way
       that separates and recycles materials wherever possible.

     Other initiatives
     Greener Government Buildings Program – environmental performance contracting
     Museum Victoria has commenced working with the Greener Government Buildings Program to establish
     an Energy Performance Contract (EPC) for its property portfolio.

       We explored the benefits of deploying contracts to change outcomes. The energy and water
       conservation scope of this program in the 2012 strategic audit cited benefits as:

          ‘Over the longer term, the Greener Government Buildings Program is projected to reduce
          government’s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% by 2020 and deliver over one billion
          dollars in accumulated cost savings.’ (p28)16

     The Greener Government Buildings Program17 will be used to procure and install energy-efficient plant
     and equipment, enabling the Museum to deliver on its environmental targets. This Energy Performance
     Contract project was the first step in the Greening the Arts Portfolio Program initiated by Arts Victoria

     Air temperature possibilities
     A review of environmental parameters in collection stores commenced in 2011–12.

     The pilot program tested the effects of putting the HVAC system, which controls air temperature and
     relative humidity, into stand-by mode for prescribed periods of time in specific parts of Melbourne
     Museum’s collection stores.

     The project explores possibilities which arise from the tension between the imperative to meet
     environmental parameters for the preservation of collections and the need to ensure the minimum
     investment of energy and cost in their preservation.

     Fleet electrification
     Two electric vehicle charging stations were installed in the Melbourne Museum car park as part of
     the Victorian Electric Vehicle Trial18 in September 2011. The aim of the trial was to better understand
     the processes, timelines and barriers for the transition to electric vehicle technologies, with a view to
     positioning Victoria as an EV-friendly location.19

Museum Victoria is an active participant in the program and has received an electric vehicle on loan
every year since commencement.

Environmental demonstration exhibitions
Museum Victoria continues to present exhibitions and programs that engage the public in issues related
to the environment and sustainability.

Recent programs include:

• Bugs for Brunch, presented as part of the 2012 Melbourne Food and Wine Festival, encouraged
  participants to challenge their preconceptions and think about insects as a high-protein and low-fat
  food source that leaves a small environmental footprint.

• Our Water20, exhibited at Scienceworks in early 2012, enabled visitors to explore water from urban,
  agricultural, industrial and environmental perspectives and delve into the different ways of using and
  preserving this vital resource.21

• The Australian premiere of Coral: Rekindling Venus22 took place at the Melbourne Planetarium on
  5 June 2012, World Environment Day. This ground-breaking full-dome film captures underwater life
  and uncovers a complex community living in the oceans most threatened by climate change.23

Partnerships for public information and celebration of achievements
Greening Australia24 has partnered with Melbourne Museum each year since 2010 to present the Toolbox
for Environmental Change..

This is one of the largest and best-attended conferences for Victorian teachers and it aims to identify
ways in which schools and their communities can act together.

The conference theme for 2013 was ‘Sustainable Learning Partnerships’.

As Commissioner I was pleased to provide the keynote to this conference. I regard recognition
ceremonies such as this as pivotal to changing attitudes and promotion of best
environmental practice.

3      Sustainable

Environmental management system case studies

     2011 Refreshing our memory –
     The Victorian Electoral Commission (VEC) does:
     •   empower staff to make change
     •   understand and promote co-benefits and flow-on effects from better environmental practices
     •   sees its corporate plan as a driver of environmental sustainability in organisational culture
     •   looks to new opportunities and collaboration with stakeholders

     The VEC is an independent and impartial statutory authority established under Victoria’s Electoral Act
     2002. Its main function is to conduct Victorian State elections, local council elections, certain statutory
     elections, and commercial and community elections.

     The VEC has upgraded to more sustainable premises and
     reduced its energy use and its waste
     In May 2011, VEC moved to a 5 star NABERS25 building at 530 Collins St, near its previous headquarters
     in the Melbourne CBD. This location was highly desirable for the VEC for many reasons including its
     NABERS rating.

     VEC has since discovered its retail power bills have dropped nearly 80% offset by the reduced cost
     of building ‘core’ power which is created in the co-generation equipment.

     In addition, VEC enjoys a third more floor space than its previous tenancy with the added bonus of being
     on one level instead of being split across two levels, as in the past. This provides greater capacity for
     organisational coordination and streamlines environmental management efforts.

     This new building also collects and processes:

     • organic waste
     • comingled desk waste
     • a broad range of recyclables.

     VEC was able to take advantage of this and reduce its landfill rubbish volume to under a
     tonne for a whole year for nearly 80 permanent staff. VEC has a new goal to reduce this figure by
     50%, with its own waste audits indicating this is a reasonable goal.

     New and additional collaborative opportunities for
     environmental best practice
     For some time the VEC has been effecting environmentally sustainable changes in its practices and
     these have both reflected operations in, and spread into, other jurisdictions.

     As the Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability I have been able to refer other organisations to
     the VEC, to encourage them to gain insights from the work being done at the VEC. The team at the VEC
     have been generous with their time and ideas and I commend them for this collaboration, such a pivotal
     part of the process to getting better environmental outcomes.

Examples of continuing and proposed environmentally sustainable strategies which deliver co-benefits of
efficiency and cost savings include the following:

• the use of new unbleached cardboard furniture and equipment for temporary election offices –
  as many as 23,000 units of cardboard furniture are already reused for up to eight years, after which
  they are recycled

• electronic device sharing arrangements with other states and territories in the conduct of elections –
  this includes up to 1000 laptops and other devices

• careful consideration and planning of a more environmentally sustainable use of transportation
  for election materials across the state to reduce 12 million logistic kg kms

• paper reduction strategies which include

    -- reducing the amount of paper sent to election offices for use during elections,
    -- moving instruction manuals to an on-line format instead of printed copies and
    -- providing electronic copies of reports where possible.

Empowering staff to make change
The VEC values and promotes knowledge, learning and collaboration; it actively works to empower
and engage staff and the community in decisions of importance to all of us.

The ResourceSmart group uses a GreenFlash logo to promote ideas to the organisation via email,
as well as regularly changed ‘tips & tricks’ signage around the organisation and short humorous
presentations at staff meetings.

Staff are also encouraged to record improvements centrally so that these are readily available and
visible to all.

Table 10: Some examples include:

                    Making an accompanying CD to
Government                                                           Saves around 150 pages of
                    carry 9 booklets, list of candidates
  Activity                                                             printing for each copy.
                        and copy of whole report.

                                                                   Halved print run, enable single
                         Electronic book version.                 page printing and reduce need to
z                                                                   print when accessing online.

Environmental management system case studies

                       1. Encouraging participants to view
                      forms and other documents on-screen
                        during training, rather than printing
      Election             them, whenever practicable.          Reduces paper per Senior Election
                                                                   Official (SEO) per seminar.
      training         2. Re-use plastic name tag holders
                      MANY times, rather than people taking
                          them home after their seminar.

                                                                   Very little use of paper, both
     Management       Electronic send to Management Team
                                                                  the Minutes and Agenda can be
       Minutes               for Minutes and Agenda.
                                                                  screened during the Meetings.

                                                                 Saves using ATO forms (with 5
       Payroll         Electronic payslips and leave forms.     pages per form) for 16,000 officials.
                                                                 Total of 80,000 sheets of paper.

     Recognition by the leadership team
     The new Victorian Electoral Commissioner, Warwick Gately AM, was pleased to discover the VEC’s
     many sustainable initiatives when he commenced at the VEC on 29 April 2013.

     The VEC ResourceSmart Committee formally reports to management and has recently gained an annual
     funding commitment for its various initiatives.

     Comment from the Commissioner:

                 “Many VEC staff see their work as a social enterprise and so it is a natural
                  extension that staff are also concerned about the environment.
                  The ResourceSmart Committee is a recognised and supported forum
                  within the Commission structure and the Committee has an ongoing
                  member of senior management to facilitate change in the organisation.
                  Elections are a very large logistic enterprise but they are also done
                  efficiently and this means continual review of how resources are
                  consumed and disposed of for economic reasons and for reduced
                  environmental footprint.
                  Paper products and transport are the main resources VEC consumes
                  and developing new kinds of automation to reduce consumption remains
                  under active consideration.
                  In recognising the Commission’s work in sustainability, ResourceSmart
                  has just received its gold certificate in waste management.

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