S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...

 
S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
ZERO CARBON
 EVOLUTION
Getting on track to a carbon neutral
       Moreland community

           E S H
     E F R
    R 2020
     to
S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
REFRESH TO 2020
    This strategy provides a Refresh to the 2014 Zero
    Carbon Evolution Strategy for significant carbon
    reduction in Moreland.
    The Strategy steps out an updated, whole of
    community plan for ambitious carbon reduction to
    2020.

    Purpose of this document
    The Zero Carbon Evolution Strategy, endorsed in 2014, seeks to
    guide the Moreland community to a 22% reduction in greenhouse
    gas (GHG) emissions on 2011 levels by 2020. This target has been
    set using a carbon budget approach*.
    To achieve this reduction by 2020 would see Moreland on track
    to achieving a zero carbon future. Our community is progressing
    towards this goal, and remains committed to taking action to achieve
    this ambitious target.
    This updated strategy, Zero Carbon Evolution Refresh to 2020,
    acknowledges what has been working and what is not, and how the
    context has changed in an effort to accelerate progress to 2020 and
    the ultimate goal of a zero carbon community.
    This document:
    »» communicates Moreland’s progress to date
    »» guides community carbon reduction to 2020, with updated
       strategic directions across five key areas of influence
    »» updates priority actions we need our community and other levels of
       government to do, so we can achieve our Community 2020 goals
    »» outlines key projects between 2018 and 2020, which Council and
       Moreland Energy Foundation (MEFL) will lead to contribute to the
       2020 goals
    *The carbon budget is the maximum amount of GHG emissions that can be emitted to hold warming below two
    degrees. In 2014, the Climate Change Authority (CCA) translated the global carbon budget into an equivalent carbon
    budget for Australia (0.97%). Moreland’s share of this budget has been estimated by MEFL on a per capita basis.

    ZERO CARBON          MORELAND IN           THE CRITICAL       THE CHALLENGE OF       CONTINUING TO        SHIFTING TO OUR
     EVOLUTION              2020                 DECADE             ZERO CARBON              LEAD              ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                  FUTURE
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S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
MORELAND IN 2020
Shifting towards zero net carbon emissions is part of
creating a prosperous and resilient future for Moreland.
It will encourage connected communities of citizens who
are doing things differently to have a positive influence
on our shared future.

  Our vision for Moreland in 2020 and beyond is a place where:

 Households and businesses will be    Homes will consume less energy        People will be more active and
 powered by renewable energy          and be comfortable, affordable and    socially connected within their
                                      healthy places to live                neighbourhoods

 Businesses will become energy        Streets and open spaces will be       Residents will act as conscious
 and resource smart – improving       alive with people, plants, activity   consumers
 their bottom line and developing a   and art
 low-carbon advantage

  Everyone will play an important part in the shift to a zero carbon future.

   GENERATING          USING LESS     LOW-EMISSIONS        MINIMISING THE   ACTIVATING OUR       MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE          ENERGY         TRANSPORT            URBAN HEAT       COMMUNITY           HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                                ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                              3
S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
THE CRITICAL
    DECADE

    CLIMATE CHANGE
    IS NOT JUST AN
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    PROBLEM.
    In Moreland,                                     This presents a substantial risk to
                                                     our whole society, including our
                                                                                               We now face a climate emergency
                                                                                               - some of the impacts of climate
    we are already                                   health and well-being and our             change are now irreversible and
                                                     economy. These impacts are likely         the window for action to avoid
    feeling the effects                              to include loss of life, physical and     catastrophic change is rapidly
    of climate change.                               mental health impacts, reduced            closing.
                                                     primary production, property              Everyone in Moreland is vulnerable
    Over the past decade, we have                    damage, coastal inundation, and           to the impacts of climate change
    experienced more frequent and                    loss of essential infrastructure          and everyone must be part of the
    intense heat waves, changes in                   for power, transport and                  solution. We must urgently act to
    rainfall patterns and more severe                communications. Climate change            significantly reduce our carbon
    weather events including droughts,               is also having negative impacts on        emissions, and implement strategies
    fires and storms. This is expected to            biodiversity, habitat and the health of   to prepare and adapt to our
    continue and intensify.                          ecosystems.                               changing climate.

      “We are the first
      generation to be able
      to end poverty and the
      last generation that
      can take the steps
      to avoid the worst
      impacts of climate
      change.”
      Ban Ki-Moon Secretary General United Nations
                                                                                                      Photo: Communities for Nature, 2014

      ZERO CARBON               MORELAND IN           THE CRITICAL        THE CHALLENGE OF     CONTINUING TO         SHIFTING TO OUR
       EVOLUTION                   2020                 DECADE              ZERO CARBON            LEAD               ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                         FUTURE
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S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
“The decisions we make from now to
                                2020 will largely determine the severity
                                of climate change our children and
                                grandchildren experience”
                                    Climate Council 2013

                                          Figure 3: Moreland Satellite Thermal Imaging

                        2070 26 DAYS

                        2030 13 DAYS

                        2014 9 DAYS
              VERY
               HOT
              OVER
              35˚C

       VERY HOT DAYS (OVER 35˚C)
    MELBOURNE CAN EXPECT PER YEAR
      - CSIRO, CLIMATE CHANGE IN
               AUSTRALIA

 HEAT VULNERABILITY
 Heat events have killed more people than any
 other natural hazard experienced in Australia
 over the past 200 years. The devastating
 heatwave in January 2009 caused 374 deaths
 and widespread bushfires.
 Moreland is particularly susceptible due to
 the prevalence of solid surfaces and lack of         Image: Moreland Satellite Thermal Imaging, Moreland Urban Heat Island Effect Action
 vegetation. This places significant stress on        Plan 2016 - 2026
 vulnerable members of our community.

   GENERATING         USING LESS         LOW-EMISSIONS         MINIMISING THE             ACTIVATING OUR                MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE         ENERGY             TRANSPORT             URBAN HEAT                 COMMUNITY                    HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                                    ISLAND EFFECT
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S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
THE CHALLENGE
    OF ZERO CARBON
    197 national governments, including Australia, have agreed to keep average global temperatures
    well below 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels. This first universal climate agreement – the
    Paris Agreement – became law in November 2016. As part of this, Australia has set an emissions
    reduction target of 26-28% on 2005 levels by 2030. However, these targets will need to be
    increased in order to meet our international obligations under the Paris Agreement.
    The Paris Agreement recognises local governments for the first time as essential actors in fast
    tracking transformative action on climate change. Whilst cities are a major source of emissions, they
    are also vital centres for innovation and real-world solutions that have an important influence on
    the ‘bigger picture’. The collective impact of cities is captured by the Global Covenant of Mayors – a
    global coalition of city leaders driving carbon reduction, which the City of Moreland joined in 2015.
    Local governments are in a unique position to lead action on climate change as they are the closest
    level of government to the community, providing the link between national policy and practical
    action. Projects delivered locally are designed to reflect local circumstances, and it is these tailor-
    made solutions that enable the community to take effective action. Many Australian cities recognise
    this opportunity and have set ambitious emissions reduction or renewable energy targets in order to
    drive action locally.

      MORELAND’S EMISSIONS                                    Where do our emissions come from?*
      The Moreland community emitted
      approximately 1,672 kilotonnes of carbon
      dioxide equivalent (CO2-e) in 2013 –14.
      The burning of fossil fuels for energy is the
      predominant source of carbon emissions.                                       total
                                                                                     total
      Moreland’s emissions profile has been                                         1,672  kt
                                                                                     1,672 kt
      updated since the release of the 2014
      Strategy, to align with the Global Protocol
      for Community Based Emissions Reporting
      (GPC) framework. This is a comprehensive
      global reporting standard to consistently
      measure and report greenhouse gas                                Greenhouse Gas Emissions
      emissions. It is also consistent with the                      Greenhouse     Gas CO
                                                                       2013 –14 (ktonnes Emissions
                                                                                           2
                                                                                             -e/year)
      reporting requirements of the Global                           2013–14  (ktonnes41.5%
                                                                         Electricity    CO2-e/year)
                                                                                             694 kT
      Covenant of Mayors.                                                   Gas                 10.6%       178 kT kT
                                                                          Electricity           41.5%        694
                                                                            Transport           25.8%       431 kT
      The emissions baseline year in the original                         Gas                   10.6%        178 kT
                                                                            Solid Waste         6.04%       101 kT
      Strategy was 2011 as this was the most                              Transport             25.8%        431
                                                                            Wastewater          15.9%       266 kT kT
      up to date data available at that time. The
      updated emissions profile revised the
                                                                          Solid Waste           6.04%          101 kT
      baseline year to 2013/14 as data was                                Wastewater            15.9%          266 kT
      available. This aligns the baseline year with           * Approximately half of the emissions are attributed to the residential sector
      the start of the Strategy in 2014.                      and the other half the commercial/industrial sector.

      ZERO CARBON         MORELAND IN          THE CRITICAL          THE CHALLENGE OF               CONTINUING TO              SHIFTING TO OUR
       EVOLUTION             2020                DECADE                ZERO CARBON                      LEAD                    ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                                   FUTURE
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S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
MORELAND
CONTEXT UPDATE
Moreland has continued to evolve since the adoption of the Zero Carbon
Evolution Strategy in 2014. We are operating within an ever-changing
context which has implications for program design and progress towards
the goals.

                                            JOURNEY
                                            TO WORK:

                                            26%                   DIVERSITY:
                                                                                       DWELLINGS:
                                            travelled to
                                            work                  41%                  56.3%
                                            by public                                  live in a sepa-
                                                                  born outside         rate house
                                            transport             Australia
                                            compared to 23.4%                          compared to 64.4%
                                                                  compared to 39.9%
                      CAR                   in 2011                                    in 2011
                                                                  in 2011
                      OWNERSHIP:

POPULATION:           13.6%                 5.6%                  48%                  26%
                                                                                       live in a semi-
                      of house-             travelled to          both parents         detached or
162,558               holds do not          work                  born outside         townhouse
                                                                                                                  TENURE:
people                own a car             by bicycle            Australia            compared to 16.9% in       38%
compared to           compared to 14.5%     compared to 4.9% in   compared to 52.4%    2011                       rent
147,241 in 2011       in 2011               2011                  in 2011
                                                                                                                  compared to 33.6%
                                                                                                                  in 2011

                                                                                                              Source: ABS Census 2016

  Barriers                                                             Enablers
  >> Lack  of strong, stable national climate change                   >> Rapidly  declining cost of renewables technology
     policy to drive investment in climate action                      >> More  financial mechanisms available to enable
  >> Strong population growth, with every new                             more people to benefit from the energy
     household contributing to Moreland’s overall                         transition
     carbon emissions                                                  >> Frequency and severity of climatic impacts
  >> Increase in higher density and in-fill development,                  such as drought, floods and heatwaves has
     which has implications for urban heat island                         reinvigorated public concern and action
     objectives                                                        >> The Victorian Government’s strong commitment
  >> The change to our society and political systems                      to zero carbon by 2050 including 15-20%
     required to significantly reduce carbon emissions                    emissions reduction target by 2020, and 25%
  >> Limitations of Council and MEFL’s level of control                   renewable energy generation target by 2020
     and influence                                                     >> Strengthening of partnerships to accelerate
                                                                          action, such as the Cities Power Partnership
                                                                       >> Disruptive technologies enabling people to
                                                                          become active consumers in the energy sector

   GENERATING             USING LESS          LOW-EMISSIONS        MINIMISING THE       ACTIVATING OUR              MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE             ENERGY              TRANSPORT            URBAN HEAT           COMMUNITY                  HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                                        ISLAND EFFECT
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S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
CONTINUING
                                                                 Globally, a carbon-constrained future is certain.
                                                                 There is a clear need for government, business
    TO LEAD                                                      and civic leadership on climate change.
                                                                 Ambitious and pro-active leadership at the city
                                                                 scale makes sense as local governments are
                                                                 closer to the general population and businesses
                                                                 where the emissions occur and can draw on the
                                                                 collective power of local communities.

    Moreland’s journey
    towards zero
    carbon
                                                                                                               2010-2013:
                                                                                                               »» Council and MEFL establish the Moreland Energy
                                                                                                                  Partnership, which helps fund the installation of
    1980-1999:
                                                                                                                  cogeneration for Fawkner Leisure Centre
    »» Brunswick Electricity Supply Department                                                                 »» MEFL release the Sustainable Urban Development
       deliver the first energy efficiency and                                                                    Framework
       renewable energy projects in Australia
                                                                     2005-2009:                                »» Warm Home Cool Home program retrofits over 1,000
    »» Victoria’s first solar panels installed in                                                                 low income homes in Moreland
       Moreland                                                      »» $4.9 million Moreland Solar
                                                                                                               »» Council achieves certified carbon neutrality for
                                                                        City project commences
                                                                                                                  corporate emissions
                                                                        including the launch of the
                                                                        Moreland Zero Carbon                   »» Council leads the roll-out of the Sustainable Design
                     2000-2004:                                         program                                   Assessment Planning Process to 15 local governments
                     »» MEFL is launched to the Moreland             »» Council commits to zero net            »» MEFL launches Positive Charge – a program that
                        community                                       corporate emissions by 2012               provides energy advice and services to the Moreland
                                                                                                                  community
                     »» Council and MEFL join 8 other local          »» Moreland Energy Fund’s
                        governments to form the Northern                first bulk buy sees 180 solar          »» Council is awarded the Victorian Keep Australia
                        Alliance for Greenhouse Action                  PV systems installed on                   Beautiful Sustainable Cities Award in 2013
                        (NAGA)                                          Moreland homes                         »» Council installs 6 public electric vehicle charging
                     »» MEFL partners with industry to deliver                                                    stations in Moreland including the first public EV fast
                        the EcoSmart Electricians program                                                         charge station in Victoria

    1980-1999                                2000-2004                                2005–2009                                   2010-2013

    1980s–1999:                                2001–2004:                                                                    2010 – 2013
                                                                                       2005 – 2009
    »» Australia signs the Kyoto Protocol,     »» Mandatory Renewable Energy                                                 »» Federal Government introduces
                                                                                       »» Australia ratifies the Kyoto          a carbon pricing scheme
       an international agreement                 target (MRET) was introduced
                                                                                          protocol, committing to a 5%          through the Clean Energy Act
       committing countries to setting            committing Australia to 20%
                                                                                          greenhouse gas emissions
       internationally binding emission           renewable energy by 2020                                                   »» Victorian heatwave and Black
                                                                                          reduction in 1990 levels
       reduction targets                                                                                                        Saturday bushfires
                                                                                       »» Victorian Government
    »» Millennial drought commences                                                                                          »» Millennial drought ends
                                                                                          introduces the Victorian
                                                                                          Renewable Energy Act and
                                                                                          Target to stimulate renewable

     Global/national
                                                                                          energy generation

     context

     ZERO CARBON                   MORELAND IN                   THE CRITICAL          THE CHALLENGE OF              CONTINUING TO              SHIFTING TO OUR
      EVOLUTION                       2020                         DECADE                ZERO CARBON                     LEAD                    ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                                                    FUTURE
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S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
2016:
   Moreland has always been ahead                                                              »» Council funds the installation of solar PV on four
   of the curve in taking action on                                                               community buildings as part of the Solar on Leased
                                                                                                  Facilities pilot program
   climate change.                                                                             »» MEFL hosts its inaugural Spark conference, bringing
                                                                                                  together over 200 delegates

   Building on this strong history and                                                         »» Council adopts the Urban Heat Island Effect Action
                                                                                                  Plan
   proud reputation, Moreland City                                                             »» Environmental Upgrade Agreements (EUA) made
                                                                                                  available through Council
   Council has committed to working with                                                       »» MEFL trials the coffee timer project with six Moreland
                                                                                                  cafes, helping business owners’ save energy and money
   the Moreland community on the shift                                                         »» MEFL’s Positive Charge program hits milestone of
   towards zero net emissions.                                                                    facilitating installation of 1MW of solar in Moreland
                                                                                                  since launching 2014
                                                                                               »» Council’s Street Lighting Upgrade program replaces
                                                                                                  5,395 lanterns with energy efficient LEDs across
                                                                                                  Moreland

                                             2015:
                                             »» Council joins the Compact of Mayors - a
                                                global coalition of city leaders driving                    2017:
                                                carbon reduction                                            »» Council signs up to purchase 100% of its electricity
                                             »» The Built Environment Sustainability                           through the Melbourne Renewable Energy Project
                                                Scorecard (BESS) is launched as driven                      »» Council explored a world first partnership project to
                                                by Council                                                     develop a renewable powered hydrogen refuelling
                                             »» Sustainable Design Assessment in the                           station and trial of zero emissions waste trucks
                                                Planning Process incorporated into the                      »» MEFL partner with Powershop to deliver the Your
                                                Moreland Planning Scheme (Clause                               Community Energy initiative, funding solar installations
                                                22.08 Environmentally Sustainable                              at CERES, Milparinka and Foundation House
                                                Design)
                                                                                                            »» The Cooling Communities project delivers energy
                                             »» Council launches the Fossil Fuel                               efficiency retrofits to vulnerable households in
                                                Divestment Strategy to partner with                            Moreland
                                                the non-fossil fuel aligned financial
                                                institutions                                                »» Council adopts the Urban Forest Strategy
                                             »» MEFL installs 48kW of solar on                              »» Positive Charge launch the Solar for Business program
                                                four schools in Moreland through                               to help businesses get solar, facilitating Moreland’s
                                                Sustainability Victoria’s Community                            biggest solar installation to date - a 458kW system
2014:                                                                                                       »» Council provide their first EUA with a 30kW system on
                                                Sustainability Infrastructure Grant
»» Council adopts the Zero Carbon            »» Positive Charge launches its first solar                       local Moreland business, Otto and Spike
   Evolution Strategy                           bulk buy program in Moreland which                          »» Council wins the Premiers Sustainability Award for the
»» Council commences a broad-                   sees 180 households install solar                              Urban Heat Island Effect Action Plan
   scale roll out of solar PV on             »» Council replaces 3,099 streetlights                         »» Council wins the UN World Environment Day Award for
   Council buildings                            with energy efficient LEDs across the                          the Solar on Leased Facilities pilot and installs solar on
»» MEFL supported the                           Brunswick area                                                 a further three community buildings
   establishment of the Moreland             »» Council releases its Corporate Carbon                       »» MEFL and Council launch the Lygon Street Green Mile
   Community Solar Co-operative to              Reduction Plan to ensure carbon                                project to promote local action on climate change
   drive installation of community-             neutral status is maintained and
   owned solar in Moreland                      strengthened

    2014                                          2015                                          2016                                            2017

2014                                     2015                                                                               2017
»» Federal Government removes            »» Government reduces the                 2016                                     »» Independent Review into
   the carbon pricing scheme,               Renewable Energy Target for                                                        the Future Security of the
   replacing it with the Emissions          large-scale renewables to              »» Australia joins 174 other                National Electricity Market
   Reduction Fund                           33,000 GWh                                countries in signing the Paris           by chief scientist Alan Finkel
                                         »» National Energy Productivity              Agreement                                released
                                            Plan (NEPP) released which             »» Victorian Government                  »» Victorian Government
                                            aims to improve national                  introduces:                              introduces:
                                            energy productivity by 40%                  »» TAKE2 climate change                  »» Climate Change Act
                                            by 2030                                        pledge program                        »» Energy Efficiency and
                                         »» Australia agrees to adopt                   »» Climate Change Adaptation                Productivity Strategy
                                            the Paris Agreement, limiting                  Plan
                                            global temperature rise to well                                                      »» Renewable Energy
                                                                                        »» New Energy Jobs Fund                     Action Plan
                                            below 2oC
                                         »» Victorian Government releases                                                        »» Renewable Energy
                                            the Renewable Energy                                                                    Targets into legislation
                                            Roadmap

       GENERATING                     USING LESS              LOW-EMISSIONS                MINIMISING THE              ACTIVATING OUR                MAKING IT
    LOCAL RENEWABLE                     ENERGY                  TRANSPORT                    URBAN HEAT                  COMMUNITY                    HAPPEN
         ENERGY                                                                            ISLAND EFFECT
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S H ZERO CARBON EVOLUTION - Getting on track to a carbon neutral Moreland community - Moreland City ...
SHIFTING TO OUR
     ZERO CARBON FUTURE

     Four key principles will guide action to
                                                                                                                  Photo: Milparinka, 2017

     reduce carbon emissions.
     The Zero Carbon Evolution Refresh to 2020 is guided by the same principles as the
     2014 Strategy. These four principles inform decision making to support achievement of
     the vision for Moreland in 2020.

     New urban systems                                              Including our whole
     There is a need for fundamental change in the way our
     community operates. This includes:                             community
      »» generating local renewable energy, or purchasing           Shifting to a zero carbon community is not something
         renewable energy from the grid                             the Moreland City Council can do alone. It requires
                                                                    all Moreland people to step up and take action. This
      »» being smarter about how we use energy in our
                                                                    is a time for supporting each other and pushing the
         homes                                                      boundaries to find new ways of doing things.
      »» integrating daily exercise with travel by walking,
                                                                    Our diverse community possesses valuable knowledge,
         cycling or catching public transport                       skills and experience with living simply and sustainably.
      »» buying and wasting less                                    There are significant opportunities to learn from each
      »» greening our community to reduce heat build-up and         other and engage many more people in local action on
         offset carbon emissions.                                   climate change.
     There is an opportunity to re-imagine our
     neighbourhoods as places where buildings are
     comfortable and use minimal energy, people of all ages
                                                                    Investing for our future
     walk and cycle safely, and trees keep us cool on hot           Getting on track to zero emissions requires significant
     days. We have an opportunity to re-create our city as a        investment in equipment, infrastructure and programs
     place that will sustain us into the future.                    to achieve emissions reductions at the scale required.
                                                                    Moreland City Council will hold a critical role in
                                                                    leveraging investment from other levels of government
     Working collaboratively                                        and the private sector, and administering viable new
     This challenge requires significant effort and investment      financing mechanisms to enable the community to take
     from all levels of Government, stakeholders and                action.
     community groups. At the local government level, a             Investment in actions to reduce emissions can provide
     whole-of-community approach is critical as emissions           strong financial returns. Just as importantly, the social
     are directly related to transport, buildings, energy supply,   and environmental returns on an investment to reduce
     waste and urban form. Also, the impacts of climate             emissions are potentially enormous.
     change will be felt across Council portfolios particularly
     health and wellbeing, city infrastructure, social
     development and open space.

       ZERO CARBON            MORELAND IN            THE CRITICAL   THE CHALLENGE OF       CONTINUING TO        SHIFTING TO OUR
        EVOLUTION                2020                  DECADE         ZERO CARBON              LEAD              ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                    FUTURE
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2020 GOALS
In this ZCE Refresh to 2020 we have updated our 2020 goals across the five strategic directions to
ensure they are measurable:
»» Community 2020 goals – these reflect desired outcomes from our community’s collective action,
    including actions by local residents, businesses and all levels of government
»» Council and/or MEFL 2020 goals – these are desired outcomes from actions that are within
   Council and/or MEFL’s direct control. Achievement of these goals also contributes towards
   achievement of the Community goals and the overall emissions reduction target.
Council and MEFL continue to advocate for the priorities outlined in the ‘What others need to do’ section
within each strategic direction to influence decision-making at the Federal and State Government
level. We invite our community to join us in demanding strong and effective leadership from all levels of
government.

  Strategic Direction #1
                                     Generating local renewable energy
                                     Moreland will be increasingly powered by renewable energy, generated
                                     across a range of sites which can be used, stored, and sold within
                                     Moreland. MEFL and Council will work with households, businesses, and
                                     community groups to assist in implementing cost effective solutions.

  Strategic Direction #2
                                     Using less energy
                                     Moreland will prioritise the avoidance or reduced consumption of energy
                                     across all areas. MEFL and Council will provide support to ensure that this
                                     can be achieved cost effectively, and also boost comfort and productivity.

  Strategic Direction #3             Low-emissions transport
                                     Moreland will have a well-designed and efficient transport system. Moreland
                                     people will preference sustainable modes of travel such as walking and
                                     cycling, and invest in zero or low emissions public and private transport.

  Strategic Direction #4             Minimising the urban
                                     heat island effect
                                     Moreland will retain and invest in an increasingly well vegetated community,
                                     prioritising areas that contain vulnerable households in urban heat island
                                     ‘hot spots’. Pursuing opportunities to increase vegetation cover in the public
                                     realm is essential.

  Strategic Direction #5             Activating our community
                                     to reduce emissions
                                     Moreland people will actively participate in the transition to zero carbon,
                                     playing their part in reducing carbon emissions and helping others to do the
                                     same. They will push for strong action and science-based national emissions
                                     reduction targets through advocacy and activism. MEFL and Council will
                                     provide support to accelerate the community’s efforts.

   GENERATING       USING LESS       LOW-EMISSIONS        MINIMISING THE        ACTIVATING OUR          MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE       ENERGY           TRANSPORT            URBAN HEAT            COMMUNITY              HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                               ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                                      11
GENERATING LOCAL
     RENEWABLE ENERGY

     Community 2020 goal:                                               Key actions
     >>44MW of additional installed                                      Council will:
      solar PV capacity in Moreland                                    >> Purchase 100% of electricity for Council
      (on 2014 levels)                                                   operations through the Melbourne Renewable
                                                                         Energy Project
                                                                       >> Acceleratedelivery of the existing Solar on
      Council & MEFL 2020                                                Leased Facilities program to enable community
      goals:                                                             groups leasing Council buildings to install solar
                                                                         PV at no upfront cost
                                                                       >> Continueto install solar PV on new and
     >>4.4MW of new solar PV                                             upgraded Council buildings (consistent with the
       installed through Positive                                        Moreland Sustainable Buildings Policy)
       Charge (on 2014 levels)                                         >> Encourage the deployment of solar in new
                                                                         developments via implementation of the Local
                                                                         Environmentally Sustainable Development
     >>1MW of solar installed on                                         (ESD) Policy in the Moreland Planning Scheme
       Council buildings and facilities                                >> Continue to support and deliver initiatives with
       (total installed capacity)                                        key stakeholders committed to climate action
                                                                         including: CERES; Northern Alliance for
                                                                         Greenhouse Action; and Council Alliance for
                                                                         Sustainable Built Environments
      Case Study                                                       >> Work with Northern Alliance for Greenhouse
                                                                         Action (NAGA) on potential for aggregating
                                                                         community energy demand to purchase
                                                                         renewable energy
                                                                       >> Continue  collaborating with and funding MEFL
                                                                         to deliver actions that drive local renewable
                                                                         energy generation
                                                                       >> Continueto support uptake of Environmental
                                                                         Upgrade Agreements (EUAs) by Moreland
                                                                         businesses
                         Photo: Glenroy Bowls Club, 2016               >> Advocate  the Federal and State Government on
                                                                         specific renewable energy priorities outlined in
      Solar on leased facilities                                         the ‘What others need to do’ section
      This award-winning program established
      a revolving fund which enables community
      groups who lease buildings from Council
      to install solar with no upfront costs. The
      fund has been carefully structured so that
      repayments are less than the savings on
      tenants’ electricity bills. Repayments are
      typically spread over 7-10 years. As a key
      part of the program, MEFL has supported
      the community groups to drive sustainable
      actions by their members too. Almost
      100kW has been installed to date across
      seven sites.

     ZERO CARBON          MORELAND IN              THE CRITICAL   THE CHALLENGE OF       CONTINUING TO        SHIFTING TO OUR
      EVOLUTION              2020                    DECADE         ZERO CARBON              LEAD              ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                  FUTURE
12
STRATEGIC DIRECTION #1

                                                                     What others need to do*:
   MEFL will:                                                           Commonwealth Government
 >> Offersolar and battery products from                              >> Seta strong, long term, stable energy policy
   trusted suppliers to the Moreland                                    that accelerates the transition to renewables
   community through Positive Charge                                    and provides certainty for the renewable
 >> Develop
          innovative, targeted programs to                              energy industry
   overcome the barriers to installing solar for                      >> Establisha clear commitment and pathway
   households and businesses                                            to a zero emissions electricity sector by
 >> Offersupport to businesses to enable                                2040
   them to understand the financial and                               >> Amend  the National Electricity Rules and
   sustainability benefits of solar PV                                  other regulation to:
   investment, and link businesses to trusted                            »» increase  deployment of distributed
   suppliers and low-interest finance options                                generation
 >> Provide  support for the installation of solar                        »» support community participation in the
   PV systems on schools, sporting clubs,                                    energy transition
   leased facilities and other community                              >> Develop a national strategy to support the
   buildings, including linking with financial                           orderly transition away from coal-fired power
   institutions to provide finance
                                                                      >> Facilitate,
                                                                                 fund and support local
 >> Work with community groups to pilot                                 government, community renewable energy
   innovative models for community                                      hubs and projects
   investment in solar PV and increased
   consumer participation in the energy
   transition
 >> Promote the benefits of GreenPower and
   provide a mechanism for public recognition                            Victorian Government
   of those who purchase it                                            >> Maintainor accelerate the emissions
 >> Work   with private and public sector                                reduction target of zero net emissions by
   partners to promote Moreland as a testing                             2050
   ground for innovative renewable energy                              >> Maintain or accelerate the renewable energy
   initiatives                                                           target of 25% renewable energy by 2020
 >> Advocate   the Federal and State                                   >> Fundand support local government and
   Government on specific renewable energy                               community renewable energy projects
   priorities outlined in the ‘What others need                          through dedicated funding
   to do’ section                                                      >> Extendlocal ESD policies and/or develop a
                                                                         state-wide ESD clause within the Victorian
                                                                         Planning Provisions
                                                                       >> Develop  planning policy which supports the
                                                                         right to solar access
                                                                       >> Maintain
                                                                                 a fair feed-in-tariff for small scale
                                                                         renewable energy generators
                                                                       >> Partnerwith local government and private
                                                                         providers to develop distributed solar
                                                                         and batteries, with focus on low income
                                                                         households
                                                                            *Our key actions will be significantly accelerated if Federal
                                                                            and State Government deliver these priorities

   GENERATING            USING LESS           LOW-EMISSIONS   MINIMISING THE           ACTIVATING OUR                MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE            ENERGY               TRANSPORT       URBAN HEAT               COMMUNITY                    HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                                   ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                                                            13
USING LESS ENERGY
     Community 2020 goals:
     >>12% decrease in energy
         consumption per person (on 2014                                          Key actions
         levels)1

     >>10% reduction in commercial and
                                                                                  Council will:
                                                                                >> Improve the energy efficiency of new
         industrial energy use (on 2014                                           developments through continued
         levels)                                                                  implementation of the Local ESD Policy in the
                                                                                  Moreland Planning Scheme, and investigate and
                                                                                  increase proactive enforcement to monitor and
     1
       The 12% reduction per person offsets the 12% projected
     increase in population between 2014-2020                                     improve compliance with ESD planning permit
                                                                                  obligations
                                                                                >> Continue to support and collaborate with
     Council & MEFL 2020                                                          the Council Alliance for Sustainable Built
     goals:                                                                       Environments (CASBE) in the uptake of the
                                                                                  Built Environment Sustainability Scorecard
                                                                                  (BESS) to enable best practice environmentally
     >>New Moreland developments                                                  sustainable design (ESD) for new developments
          exceed minimum standards for                                          >> Supporting
                                                                                            leading developments to
                                                                                  demonstrate the business case and increase
          energy efficiency by at least 10%                                       demand for high performing buildings
          (via ESD within planning permit)                                      >> Maintain
                                                                                          annual ‘carbon neutral’ certification
                                                                                  for Council operations (National Carbon Offset
     >>9,950 lifetime tonnes of GHG                                               Standard)
          emissions reduction through                                           >> Continue to integrate stringent energy
          Positive Charge services (since                                         efficiency standards in new and upgraded
                                                                                  Council buildings (consistent with the Moreland
          2014)                                                                   Sustainable Buildings Policy) and public lighting
                                                                                  projects
                                                                                >> Continue  collaborating with and funding
                                                                                  MEFL to deliver actions that drive local energy
         Case Study                                                               efficiency
                                                                                >> Work with key stakeholders and other CASBE
         Coffee timers                                                            Councils to investigate a zero carbon buildings
                                                                                  target for new developments
         Many cafes leave
         their coffee machines                                                  >> Advocate the Federal and State Government on
         on overnight so they                                                     specific energy efficiency priorities outlined in
         are ready to go when                                                     the ‘What others need to do’ section
         they open in the              Photo: Toldeo Cafe, 2016
         morning.
         This saves time but wastes a lot of electricity. MEFL
         helped 6 businesses on Lygon St, East Brunswick
         install timers for their coffee machines. The timer
         turns the machine off in the evening and back on
         early in the morning. This helped the businesses to
         save around $820 annually, which roughly equates
         to selling an extra 1,000 cups of coffee a year.

     ZERO CARBON               MORELAND IN                THE CRITICAL   THE CHALLENGE OF       CONTINUING TO      SHIFTING TO OUR
      EVOLUTION                   2020                      DECADE         ZERO CARBON              LEAD            ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                       FUTURE
14
STRATEGIC DIRECTION #2

                                                             What others need to do*:
  MEFL will:                                                  Commonwealth Government
>> Offerenergy efficiency products and                      >> Accelerate delivery of the National Energy
  services from trusted suppliers to the                      Productivity Plan (NEPP)
  Moreland community through Positive                       >> Sharpen and broaden the Equipment Efficiency
  Charge                                                      program which determines the minimum energy
>> Providefree, trustworthy and up-                           performance standards (MEPS) of appliances to
  to-date energy saving information                           include more products such as fans and wine fridges
  and advice, and deliver information                       >> Adoptan ambitious trajectory/pathway for zero
  sessions to the Moreland community                          carbon buildings through the National Construction
  through Positive Charge                                     Code and provide the support for implementation
>> Develop  innovative, targeted                            >> Drivea positive national conversation on mandatory
  programs to overcome barriers                               disclosure of energy efficiency at point of sale/lease
  to undertaking energy efficiency                            of homes
  retrofits
                                                            >> Provide tax incentives for investment in energy
>> Initiate
          and support relevant research                       efficiency of rental properties
  and expand delivery of products,
  services and financing options                            >> Endorse
                                                                    the Electricity Network Transformation
  to enable residents to make the                             Roadmap
  transition to an efficient all-electric
  home
>> Support businesses in Moreland to
  promote, and incentivise the purchase
                                                              Victorian Government
  or manufacture of efficient products                      >> Introduce mandatory disclosure of energy
  or services                                                 performance ratings of new and existing buildings at
>> Work
                                                              the point of sale or lease
        with finance providers and other
  stakeholders to develop long-term                         >> Introduceminimum energy efficiency standards for
  finance options for energy upgrades                         rental properties
  for residents and businesses                              >> Develop and provide innovative financial support
>> Support the development and delivery                       mechanisms to enable households and businesses
  of assessment tools which can                               to fund energy efficiency upgrades
  support energy literacy and drive                         >> Maintainor accelerate the actions in the Energy
  action in the community                                     Efficiency and Productivity Strategy
>> Partnerwith service providers to                         >> Deliver
                                                                     legislative change that enables streamlined
  provide information and identify                            Environmental Upgrade Agreements/rates based
  solutions for healthy, comfortable                          finance for all building types and support local
  and efficient homes, in particular to                       governments to adopt
  vulnerable residents
                                                            >> Adopta strong statewide ESD planning policy that
>> Advocate  the Federal and State                            provides a pathway to zero carbon new buildings by
  Government on specific energy                               2025 and/or extend local ESD policies
  efficiency priorities outlined in the
                                                            >> Provide leadership by adopting best practice ESD
  ‘What others need to do’ section
                                                              policies for new government infrastructure, including
                                                              schools, hospitals, streetlights, fleet, and upgrades
                                                              to existing buildings

                                                                            *Our key actions will be significantly accelerated if Federal
                                                                            and State Government deliver these priorities

     GENERATING             USING LESS      LOW-EMISSIONS   MINIMISING THE           ACTIVATING OUR                  MAKING IT
  LOCAL RENEWABLE             ENERGY          TRANSPORT       URBAN HEAT               COMMUNITY                      HAPPEN
       ENERGY                                               ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                                                            15
LOW-EMISSIONS
     TRANSPORT
     Community 2020 goal:                                          Key actions
     >>10% increase in proportion of                               Council will:
      households using sustainable                               >> Develop  a new Moreland Integrated Transport Strategy
      transport (walking, cycling                                  with mode shift towards sustainable transport (walking,
                                                                   cycling and public transport) as the primary goal, and
      and public transport) to travel                              with a strong focus on monitoring and evaluation
      to work (on 2013 levels)                                   >> Continue   to implement cycling projects identified in the
                                                                   Moreland Bicycle Strategy and other priority cycling
                                                                   initiatives including lighting and safety upgrades on the
     Council 2020 goals:                                           Upfield Shared Path and staged construction of the
                                                                   Craigieburn Shared Path
     >>Enable increased walking                                  >> Continue  to create more ‘pedestrian-friendly’ streets
                                                                   through installing or upgrading pedestrian crossings,
      and cycling by creating over                                 with a focus on strategic locations such as shopping
      2.3km of new shared paths 		                                 strips, school crossings, and near aged care or health
      (on 2017 levels)                                             facilities
                                                                 >> Continue  to progress opportunities to transition from
     >>New passenger vehicles in                                   diesel to zero emissions heavy vehicles.
                                                                 >> Increase the public electric vehicle charging network
      Council’s fleet meet strict                                  including the installation of two fast charge stations
      emissions target within new                                  as part of the Oak Park Aquatic Centre and Sports
      Fleet Policy                                                 Pavilion redevelopment
                                                                 >> Investigatethe opportunity to facilitate installation of
                                                                   electric vehicle fast charge stations adjacent to priority
                                                                   transport corridors (e.g. Sydney Road)
      Transport Highlight                                        >> Promote a transport hierarchy of walking, cycling, public
                                                                   transport and private vehicle use which informs all
                                                                   decision-making
                                                                 >> Develop a Parking Strategy investigating options for a
                                                                   car parking policy that supports sustainable transport
                                                                   outcomes, such as revised car parking rates
                                                                 >> Support/incentivisecar-free developments in
                                                                   appropriate locations
                                                                 >> Continue to support the implementation of the Parklet
                                                                   Program, to create permanent or temporary new ‘public
                                                                   space’ by re-purposing on-street parking bays
                                                                 >> Develop  and adopt a new best practice corporate Fleet
                                   Photo: Upfield Shared Path      Policy to drastically reduce passenger fleet emissions
                                                                   targets
       A funding boost from the Victorian Government has
       enabled Council to extend the Upfield Shared Path         >> Deliver
                                                                          behaviour change/infrastructure programs to
       and increase the scale of improvements such as              increase the number of students walking or cycling to
       path widening (where space permits) and lighting            school
       along the path.

     ZERO CARBON         MORELAND IN           THE CRITICAL     THE CHALLENGE OF       CONTINUING TO         SHIFTING TO OUR
      EVOLUTION             2020                 DECADE           ZERO CARBON              LEAD               ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                 FUTURE
16
STRATEGIC DIRECTION #3
                                                What others need to do*:
                                                 Commonwealth Government
                                               >> Prioritise
                                                           and commit funding to significant public transport
                                                 infrastructure over road infrastructure spending
                                               >> Providetax incentives for lowest emissions vehicles and remove
 Council will (continued):                       tax incentives that encourage unnecessary driving and vehicle
>> Communicate
                                                 purchase
                the individual and
 social benefits of greater use                >> Work with local governments and other stakeholders to promote
 of sustainable transport modes                  the replacement of fossil fuelled vehicles with electric vehicles,
 by the Moreland community to                    provide certainty to suppliers, and address regulatory issues
 encourage mode shift                          >> Adoptand implement stringent vehicle minimum emissions
>> Continueto support the car-                   standards
 sharing economy through car                   >> Work with state and territory government to introduce a road
 space allocation                                pricing system that reduces kilometres travelled or incentivises
>> Advocate  the Federal and State               lower emissions travel (e.g. through more efficient vehicles or
 Government on specific transport                avoiding travel in congested areas)
 priorities outlined in the ‘What              >> Demonstrate leadership through purchase/lease of low
 others need to do’ section                      emissions vehicles for government fleet

                                                  Victorian Government
                                                >> Improve     and expand the public transport network, including:
                                                  »» duplication  of the single-track sections on the Upfield railway
                                                       line
                                                    »» tram and bus prioritisation at intersections
                                                    »» high-speed signalling
                                                >> Improve public transport service standards including better
                                                   frequency, accessibility, reliability, and convenient interchange
                                                   between services
     MEFL will:
                                                >> Continue the program of level crossing removals and ensure
   >> Identifyopportunities to link               that the solutions in Moreland maximise the attractiveness
     transport behaviour change                   and convenience of public transport, cycling and walking as
     with community engagement                    transport options
     activity
                                                >> Ensurethe public transport system uses 100% renewable
                                                  energy sources to operate transport vehicles, including electric
                                                  buses
                                                >> Collaborate with councils across Melbourne on walking and
                                                  cycling projects, including prioritised funding to upgrade and
                                                  extend infrastructure, and address network gaps
                                                >> Support the development of 20-minute neighbourhoods
                                                  including increased residential densities around activity centres,
                                                  well serviced by attractive public transport, cycling and walking
                                                  options
                                                >> Develop a state-wide Electric and Autonomous Vehicle
                                                  Strategy to ensure market-led sector disruption provides public
                                                  benefits (and avoids unintended consequences)
                                                >> Setroad standards to reduce speeds limits on local roads for
                                                  walking and cycling safety
                                                >> Demonstrate leadership through purchase/lease of low
                                                  emissions vehicles for government fleet
                                                  *Our key actions will be significantly accelerated if Federal and State Government deliver
                                                  these priorities

    GENERATING            USING LESS   LOW-EMISSIONS           MINIMISING THE            ACTIVATING OUR                  MAKING IT
 LOCAL RENEWABLE            ENERGY       TRANSPORT               URBAN HEAT                COMMUNITY                      HAPPEN
      ENERGY                                                   ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                                                               17
MINIMISING THE URBAN
     HEAT ISLAND EFFECT

     Community 2020 goal:                                                       Key actions
     >>Maintain or increase net canopy                                          Council will:
      cover across Moreland                                                   >> Implement the Moreland Urban Heat
                                                                                Island Effect Action Plan including:
                                                                                »» prioritising    neighbourhood cooling
     Council 2020 goals:                                                             initiatives in identified heat and
                                                                                     vulnerability hotspots, including support
                                                                                     for community greening initiatives (e.g.
                                                                                     Upfield Urban Forest)
     >>Increase vegetation cover in                                               »» implementing the new Moreland Urban
       Moreland’s public realm by planting                                           Forest Strategy 2017-2027, including
       5,000 park and street trees                                                   increased tree planting and selection
       annually                                                                      of appropriate vegetation to maximise
                                                                                     canopy cover and urban greening
     >>Street trees to store 15,500                                               »» developing and implementing the
                                                                                     Cooling the Upfield Corridor Action
       tonnes of CO2 and sequester                                                   Plan
       a further 984 tonnes of CO2                                                »» begin implementing a new local law for
       annually                                                                      tree protection on private land
                                                                                  »» investigate other options to increase
     >>Stormwater harvesting                                                         vegetation on private land including
                                                                                     reviewing effectiveness of current
       infrastructure capable of supplying                                           planning controls
       30ML per year of treated water for                                     >> Continue implementing Watermap 2020,
       open space irrigation                                                     including:
                                                                                »» integration   of Water Sensitive Urban
                                                                                     Design (WSUD) principles into
                                                                                     street tree plantings and streetscape
                                                                                     upgrades
                                                                                  »» design and delivery of WSUD and
                                                                                     stormwater harvesting projects in
                                                                                     Jones Park, Brunswick and City Oval,
                                                                                     Coburg
                                                                              >> Continue implementing the Moreland
                                                                                 Open Space Strategy 2012 – 2022,
                                                                                 including the ‘A Park Close to Home’
                                                                                 framework, which supports acquisition
                                                                                 of land for new open spaces within
                                                                                 Moreland ‘gap areas’
                                                                              >> Advocate  the State Government on
                                                                                specific urban heat island effect priorities
                                                                                outlined in the ‘What others need to do’
                                                                                section

     ZERO CARBON     MORELAND IN            THE CRITICAL           THE CHALLENGE OF      CONTINUING TO         SHIFTING TO OUR
      EVOLUTION         2020                  DECADE                 ZERO CARBON             LEAD               ZERO CARBON
                                   Photo: Moreland waste vehicle                                                   FUTURE
18
STRATEGIC DIRECTION #4

                                                                              What others need to do*:
   MEFL will:                                                                       Victorian Government
 >> Encourage improved thermal                                                    >> Victorian
                                                                                             Planning Authority (VPA) to
   performance of housing in vulnerable                                             provide state level strategic support
   areas through energy efficiency and                                              for UHIE mitigation measures in the
   renewable energy actions                                                         Metropolitan Open Space Strategy and
 >> Seek funding for research and                                                   Boulevard Strategy
   implementation of locally relevant heat                                        >> Setbenchmarks for residential dwellings
   health projects, in particular improving                                         and develop planning policy which
   thermal performance of low income                                                supports reduction in UHIE
   housing in vulnerable areas                                                    >> Provide funding and support for the
 >> Raiseawareness of UHIE and impact                                               naturalisation of the Moonee Ponds
   on vulnerable populations with service                                           Creek catchment
   providers across Moreland, and promote                                         >> Provide support for large trees with
   precautionary actions                                                            significant canopy cover on state-owned
 >> Advocate  the State Government on                                               roads
   specific urban heat island effect priorities                                   >> Undertakeperiodic detailed thermal
   outlined in the ‘What others need to do’                                         image mapping of urban areas to identify
   section                                                                          UHI hotspots to inform action across
                                                                                    Melbourne’s north
                                                                                  >> DirectDistribution Network Service
                                                                                    Providers (DNSP) to investigate
                                                                                    potential for bundling or undergrounding
                                                                                    of electric cabling with consideration
                                                                                    given to limitations (e.g. underground
   Case Study                                                                       services, tree root zones etc.)
   Cooling Communities                                                            >> Implement  key recommendations of the
                                                                                    Cooling Communities project including
                                                                                    providing funding options for social
   MEFL worked in
                                                                                    housing providers to improve the thermal
   partnership with
                                                                                    comfort of their properties
   Moreland City
   Council on a state
                                                                                    *Our key actions will be significantly accelerated if Federal
   government funded                                                                and State Government deliver these priorities
   project to retrofit
   10 social housing
   properties to make
   them more resilient
   to heat stress and
   improve comfort for      Photo: Frank - Aboriginal Housing Victoria
   the residents.           tenant, 2017

   Upgrades installed included measures to improve building
   fabric (draught-proofing, insulation, awnings), natural
   cooling through vegetation and mechanical upgrades (fans
   and energy efficient reverse cycle air-conditioning). Solar
   panels and rainwater tanks were also installed to minimise
   ongoing expenses for residents.

   GENERATING            USING LESS              LOW-EMISSIONS           MINIMISING THE          ACTIVATING OUR                 MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE            ENERGY                  TRANSPORT               URBAN HEAT              COMMUNITY                     HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                                              ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                                                                    19
ACTIVATING OUR COMMUNITY
     TO REDUCE EMISSIONS

     Community 2020 goals:                               Key actions
     >>Increase in the proportion                         Council will:
      of Moreland households                            >> Undertakea trial including food waste into green
      composting or worm farming                          waste kerbside bins and then roll out across the
                                                          wider community
      (against 2010 figures)
                                                        >> Develop  and begin implementing the Waste and
                                                          Litter Strategy 2018-2022
     >>Increase in people who are
                                                        >> Continuesubsidising home composting and
      informed on how to reduce                           wormfarming through ‘Compost Community’ and
      their impact towards climate                        support composting hubs at community gardens
      change (on 2014 levels)                           >> Supportcommunity-led initiatives that encourage
                                                          sustainable consumption practices, including
                                                          through Council’s grants program
     Council & MEFL 2020                                >> Fostera more resilient community and healthier
                                                          environment by implementing the Moreland Food
     goals:                                               System Strategy including:
                                                           »» establishing   two or more community gardens/
     >>Aim for 100% uptake of                                  public food growing sites in partnership with the
      the food and garden waste                                local community
                                                            »» celebrating and rewarding diverse local food
      kerbside collection                                      growing and preserving cultures through a local
      (for households that have access to                      food festival
      the service)                                      >> Continue to support CERES in Brunswick, which
                                                           runs extensive environmental education programs,
     >>Increase the number of people                       urban agriculture projects, green technology
                                                           demonstrations and social enterprises
      across Moreland who receive                       >> Supportschool and early learning centre
      information on how to reduce                        sustainability through:
      their impact towards climate                         »» Council’s waste education program
      change (on 2017 levels)                              »» the ResourceSmart Schools program support,
                                                             facilitated by CERES
                                                        >> Utilise communications channels to support the
                                                           Moreland community in taking action to reduce their
                                                           energy use and raise the profile of local groups that
                                                           are driving action
                                                        >> Improve the awareness of the ZCE Strategy in the
                                                          Moreland community through visual communication
                                                          tools e.g. a banner on Council’s main building
                                                        >> Advocate   the Federal and State Government on the
                                                          priorities outlined in the ‘What others need to do’
                                                          section

     ZERO CARBON      MORELAND IN       THE CRITICAL   THE CHALLENGE OF       CONTINUING TO         SHIFTING TO OUR
      EVOLUTION          2020             DECADE         ZERO CARBON              LEAD               ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                        FUTURE
20
STRATEGIC DIRECTION #5

                                                                    What others need to do*:
   MEFL will:                                                           Commonwealth Government
 >> Provideinformation to the community                               >> Increase awareness and drive adoption of
   on ways they can reduce their energy                                 Circular Economy business models and
   use through a range of channels                                      principles that are vital to Australia’s long
   (workshops, events, website, etc.)                                   term economic prosperity
 >> Providean annual forum to engage                                  >> Expand  the product stewardship scheme
   the Moreland community in the                                        to include more products
   implementation and review of the Zero                              >> Fund   climate change communication
   Carbon Evolution Strategy, and work
   with the community to consider how
   emerging issues should influence the
   strategy into the future
 >> Pilot
                                                                        Victorian Government
        a Zero Carbon Communities
                                                                      >> Provide funding for critical waste
   grant program to support community
   action on the Zero Carbon Evolution                                  infrastructure across Victoria including
   strategies                                                           organics processing facilities and residual
                                                                        waste recovery
 >> Workwith partners (CERES,
                                                                      >> Establishfacilities and processes to
   Sustainability Victoria, Climate Action
   Moreland, Climate for Change etc) to                                 support local recycling markets
   support their work across Moreland                                 >> Provide greater focus and increased
 >> Supportthe Moreland community in                                    spending on education, information
   taking action to reduce their energy                                 and programs on the impacts of our
   use                                                                  consumption, and waste avoidance and
                                                                        elimination strategies
 >> Advocate the Federal and State
                                                                      >> Maintain and expand ban on single use
   Government on the priorities outlined
   in the ‘What others need to do’ section                              plastic bags
                                                                      >> Adopt a circular economy approach to
                                                                        waste management that prioritises waste
                                                                        avoidance and enforces the highest levels
                                                                        of resource recovery before landfill
                                                                      >> Maintainand accelerate community and
                                                                        business engagement activity in relation
                                                                        to resource use
                                                                      >> Provide  support for behaviour change
                                                                        initiatives that minimise resource use
                                                                      >> Maintain or accelerate Melbourne Water’s
                                                                        goal of zero carbon by 2030

                                                                          *Our key actions will be significantly accelerated if Federal
                                                                          and State Government deliver these priorities

   GENERATING           USING LESS           LOW-EMISSIONS   MINIMISING THE         ACTIVATING OUR                 MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE           ENERGY               TRANSPORT       URBAN HEAT             COMMUNITY                     HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                                  ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                                                          21
MORELAND COMMUNITY
     ACTIONS

     Key actions
       Moreland Community will:                                          Conscious consumption
                                                                      >> Usea food composting system at home such as a
        Renewable energy                                                worm farm, Bokashi bin or compost bin, to reduce
     >> Invest
             in rooftop or community solar and battery                  food waste to landfill
       technology when appropriate                                    >> Act
                                                                           as conscious consumers and avoid unnecessary
     >> Choose   GreenPower when buying electricity                     consumption and packaging, particularly plastic
                                                                      >> Whereproducing waste is unavoidable, try to reuse,
        Use less energy                                                 repurpose or recycle the waste responsibly
     >> Understandand manage energy consumption to
       reduce energy usage                                               Cooler neighbourhoods
     >> Take steps to increase the comfort and energy                 >> Retain and increase vegetation coverage at home,
       efficiency of their homes                                        particularly mature trees
     >> Take advantage of government rebates for energy               >> Maintainand support vegetation including street
       efficient products                                               trees on the nature strip
     >> Assessand implement energy efficiency actions in              >> Growfood at home or as part of a community
       businesses and other organisations                               garden

        Low emissions transport                                          Advocate for change
     >> Choose   walking and cycling to travel, particularly for      >> Join
                                                                            a local community group that contributes
       short trips                                                      towards reducing carbon emissions in Moreland
     >> Choose   public transport as an alternative to driving        >> Join
                                                                            the voice of campaign organisations who are
                                                                        advocating for carbon reduction in our communities
     >> Considercar/ride share services as an alternative to
       owning a car                                                   >> SupportCouncil in demanding strong and effective
                                                                        leadership from all levels of government on climate
     >> Choose  the lowest emissions vehicle such as                    change
       an electric or hybrid vehicle, if owning a car is
       necessary

     ZERO CARBON             MORELAND IN            THE CRITICAL   THE CHALLENGE OF      CONTINUING TO       SHIFTING TO OUR
      EVOLUTION                 2020                  DECADE         ZERO CARBON             LEAD             ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                 FUTURE
22
MORELAND COMMUNITY
                                                                TAKING ACTION

   Case Study
   Climate for Change
   Climate for Change’s mission is to create the social climate in
   Australia for effective action on climate change.
   The members of this volunteer-powered not-for-profit believe
   that social change happens when ordinary people start having
   conversations with those they know and trust. Climate for Change has
   adapted the party-plan model to scale up community awareness and
   action on climate change.
   Since their inception in 2015 they have supported 47 gatherings in
   Moreland, enabling over 400 people to have effective conversations         Photo: Climate for Change gathering, 2016
   with their peers about climate change.

   Case Study
   Upfield Urban Forest
   The Upfield Shared Path, running parallel to the Upfield Train line,
   is one of the most used car-free spaces in Moreland. The Upfield
   Urban Forest group have a vision to transform this path and the green
   spaces either side of the train line, into a safe and beautiful urban
   forest where people can experience tranquility, shade, inspiration and
   connectedness.
   Regular planting and maintenance days are organised by local
   community members working towards making this vision a reality. The
   group have a number of dedicated sites along the Upfield path and
   anyone is welcome to join in and lend a hand.                              Photo: Upfield Urban Forest planting day at Batman
                                                                              Avenue, 2017

   Case Study
   CERES
   Education is at the very core of CERES’ purpose, and it is the largest
   deliverer of environmental education in Australia. For the past 35 years
   it has been a place for innovative and immersive community-based
   learning and action focused on all aspects of sustainable living.
   As well as providing education pathways for adults and children,
   CERES runs a fully functioning urban farm, organic food market,
   nursery and café. It is a significant community sustainability hub and
   demonstration site for Moreland and the wider community.
   CERES’ contribution has been recognised at the Premiers
   Sustainability Awards, winning the Education Category in 2017.             Photo: CERES Community Environment Park, East
                                                                              Brunswick

   GENERATING           USING LESS         LOW-EMISSIONS         MINIMISING THE            ACTIVATING OUR                 MAKING IT
LOCAL RENEWABLE           ENERGY             TRANSPORT             URBAN HEAT                COMMUNITY                     HAPPEN
     ENERGY                                                      ISLAND EFFECT
                                                                                                                                      23
MAKING IT
     HAPPEN
     Achieving the ambitious goals outlined in this Strategy will only be possible
     through collaborative effort, strong partnerships, and commitment across the
     Moreland community and all levels of government.
     This table has been prepared to focus on the key actions that Council and MEFL
     can influence, and propose to deliver between 2018 - 2020. The investment
     secured for implementation is dependant on Council’s annual budget allocation
     processes.
     Beyond 2020, Moreland Council has set a target for zero carbon for Moreland
     by 2040. In parallel with this Strategy, a Zero Carbon 2040 Framework has been
     developed, which sets out a community-led vision and pathway for achieving a
     zero carbon Moreland by 2040.

     Strategic Direction         Key Programs/Projects            Description/delivery approach

     GENERATING                  Positive Charge residential
                                 solar products, services and
                                                                  Offer solar and battery products from trusted suppliers to the
                                                                  Moreland community, and deliver targeted campaigns that
     LOCAL                       campaigns                        overcome barriers to solar
     RENEWABLE
     ENERGY

                                 Solar for Business program       Offer competitive solar PV system packages, access to
                                                                  finance options (e.g. EUAs), and dedicated support for
                                                                  Moreland businesses
                                 Solar on Leased Facilities       Accelerated roll out to enable up to 15 Council-owned
                                 program                          facilities to install solar at no upfront cost, with the tenants
                                                                  repaying the costs to Council through an environmental
                                                                  charge over an agreed period (e.g. 10 years)
                                 Melbourne Renewable Energy       Purchase 100% of electricity for Council operations from
                                 Project (MREP)                   Crowlands Windfarm (commissioning scheduled for December
                                                                  2019)
                                 Accelerating Solar               Develop opportunities to support residential solar uptake
                                                                  through residential Environment Upgrade Agreements (EUAs)
                                                                  or alternative options.

      ZERO CARBON          MORELAND IN         THE CRITICAL     THE CHALLENGE OF         CONTINUING TO          SHIFTING TO OUR
       EVOLUTION              2020               DECADE           ZERO CARBON                LEAD                ZERO CARBON
                                                                                                                    FUTURE
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