Bermuda Government Department Of Energy

Bermuda Government
Department Of Energy
  Research Report




      June 2010
Table Of Contents

  I.     Survey Overview                  2

  II.    Key Findings                     3

  III.   Detailed Findings                10

         A.   Household Appliances        11

         B.   Lighting                    26

         C.   Solar Energy Systems        33

         D.   Wind Energy Systems         36

         E.   Nuclear Energy Systems      42

         F.   Bermuda’s Energy Equation   44

         G.   Electric Utility Bill       62

         H.   Transportation              68

         I.   Climate Change              80


                                               1
Survey Overview

  Sample/Methodology
  ■ Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) was used to interview a
    representative sample of 400 Bermuda residents aged 18+. The survey was
    conducted in February 2010 and lasted approximately 25 minutes.


  Weighting
  ■ The total sample was weighted to be representative of Bermuda’s population on
    the following factors – gender, age, parish, nationality and race.


  Margin of Error
  ■ The margin of error for the study is +/- 5% at the 95% confidence level.


  Analysis Notes
  ■ Some chart percentages may add to more than 100% due to multiple mentions
    (i.e. questions in which more than one answer can be selected).


                                                                                    2
Key Findings
Key Findings

  Household Appliances
  ■   The most common appliances residents own are refrigerator / freezers (M = 1.3 per
      household), microwaves (M = 1.0 per household), washers (M = 1.0 per household) and
      dryers (M = .9 per household).
  ■   Eighty-one percent of residents own air conditioners; with window units (M = 1.0 units per
      household) and split units (M = 1.7 units per household) being the most common.
  ■   Top loading washers (63%) and electric dryers (65%) are the laundry facilities used most
      by residents.
  ■   Nearly all residents own a television set. The LCD type (44%; M = .9 per household) is
      the most popular.
  ■   Only eleven percent of residents know the cost of operating their appliances over a
      lifetime. Most (87%) feel that the Government should require stores to provide this
      information.
  Lighting
  ■   Seventy-two percent of residents use at least some fluorescent or CFL light bulbs.
  ■   Twenty-five percent of residents use at least some LED light bulbs.
  ■   Some residents commented on preferring traditional light bulbs and finding them cheaper
      than the LED light bulbs.

                                                                                                   4
Key Findings

  Solar Energy Systems
  ■   The majority of Bermuda residents (71%) are open to the use of solar panels on Bermuda
      homes.
  ■   Nearly forty percent of residents (39%) report being aware of the Government’s Solar
      Photovoltaic Rebate Initiative.



  Wind Energy Systems
  ■   Fifty-seven percent of Bermuda residents are open to the use of offshore wind turbines.
  ■   Residents were not worried about the aesthetic look of wind turbines except if they were
      on their properties.
  ■   Several residents stated location and cost would influence their support for wind turbines.




                                                                                                    5
Key Findings
  Nuclear Energy Systems
  ■   Fourteen percent of residents are in favour of a nuclear power station in Bermuda.
  ■   Residents are not comfortable living nearby a nuclear power station, nor are they
      comfortable with nuclear waste disposal issues.



  Bermuda’s Energy Equation
  ■   Close to one third of residents (32%) report being aware of the Bermuda Energy Green
      Paper.
  ■   Sixty percent of residents are aware that the Tynes Bay Waste Facility generates
      electricity.
  ■   Almost half of Bermuda residents (46%) believe that large scale renewable energy
      projects ultimately benefit Bermuda’s Tourism industry.
  ■   The majority of residents believe that the Government should mandate that existing
      buildings increase their energy efficiency (65%), and that new buildings be fitted with
      renewable energy technologies (83%).
  ■   Most residents (81%), believe that the Bermuda public has a duty to conserve their overall
      energy consumption to avert the need for BELCO to expand.



                                                                                                   6
Key Findings

  Bermuda’s Energy Equation (Cont’d)
  ■   Most residents believe that the price of oil is likely to increase significantly in the future
      (86%), and that oil production is finite (64%).
  ■   Eighty percent of residents believe that the price of electricity in Bermuda is tied to the
      price of oil.



  Electric Utility Bill
  ■   Less than one-third of residents (32%) completely understand how they are charged for
      their electric bill.
  ■   Seventy-eight percent of residents would consider having an energy audit.
  ■   The majority of residents would like the ability to track their energy usage (86%) and
      believe this would help reduce their consumption (92%).




                                                                                                       7
Key Findings

  Transportation
  ■   Most residents (45%) commute to work using a private car. Twenty-four percent commute
      using a motorcycle or auxiliary cycle.
  ■   Close of half of the residents (48%), claim to know the fuel efficiency of their primary
      vehicle.
  ■   Less than 2 in 10 residents (19%) believe that local auto dealers provide enough
      information about vehicle fuel efficiency and the majority believe they should.
  ■   Most residents (81%) are in favour of having Government set energy standards for
      vehicles being imported into Bermuda
  ■   The majority of residents (71%) would not feel safe using a pedal bike due to other drivers
      driving habits.
  ■   Ninety-one percent of residents favour transforming Bermuda’s railway trails into a
      national pedal cycle network/walking trail.




                                                                                                    8
Key Findings

  Climate Change
  ■   Eighty-six percent of residents believe that greenhouse gases from human activity are
      causing climate change.
  ■   Seventy-one percent of residents believe that Bermuda has a responsibility to establish
      emissions reduction targets similar to other jurisdictions.
  ■   Residents believe that the greatest problems with climate change will be the frequency
      and severity of storms, ocean acidity that negatively impacts marine life, and rising sea
      levels.




                                                                                                  9
Detailed Findings
Household Appliances
Appliances In Household
  ■      Residents are most likely to own the following household appliances -- refrigerators (100%),
         microwaves (92%), washing machines (89%), and dryers (84%).
  ■      Residents are more likely to own more than one refrigerator/freezer (24% own more than
         one; Average = 1.3 refrigerators /freezers).


                                                       Three or   Don't have                Don't
                        TOTAL     One       Two         more         one       Average   know/Refused
Refrigerators /
Freezers                100%      76%       20%          4%            -         1.3           -
Microwaves               92%      84%        7%          1%           8%         1.0           -
Washing Machines         89%      87%        2%           -          10%         1.0           -
Dryers                   84%      83%        1%           -          15%         0.9           -
Gas Stoves               62%      60%        2%           -          36%         0.7         1%
Electric Stoves          48%      47%        1%           -          53%         0.5         1%
Dishwashers              43%      43%         -           -          56%         0.4         1%
Deep Freezers            36%      33%        3%           -          62%         0.4         2%
Electric Central
Heating System           35%      16%       10%          8%          61%         0.8         3%




                                                                                                        12
Whether Or Not Own An Air Conditioning Unit

■      Over eight in ten residents (81%) own an air conditioner. Residents aged 55-64 are more
       likely than average to own an air conditioner.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                   Yes Own By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                  %
                                                                              Male                  82
                                                                              Female                81
                                                                             Age
                                                                              18-24                 81
      Yes               81%                    19%                    No    25-34                 78
                                                                              35-44                 85
                                                                              45-54                 86
                                                                              55-64                 88
                                                                              65/+                  68
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                   80
                                                                              Rent                  86




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                       13
Types Of Air Conditioning Units Owned
   ■    Window units (40%) and split units (40%) are the most popular types of air conditioners to
        own.
   ■    Residents are more likely to own multiple Split Units (34% own more than one; Average =
        1.7) and Window units (24% own more than one; Average = 1.0).




                                                             Five or     Don't                Don't
                        TOTAL   One   Two    Three   Four     more     have one   Average     Know
Window Units            40%     16%   13%     8%      2%      2%         41%        1.0         -
Split Units (like Mr.
Slim)                   40%     7%     9%     9%      7%      8%         37%        1.7        3%
Central Units           15%     10%    2%     1%       -      2%         61%         .4        5%
Don’t Know Type          5%      -      -      -       -       -          -          -          -




                                                                                                      14
Which AC Units Have Energy Efficiency Labels –
Verbatim Responses

   1 has Energy Star                                                                               Energy Saver
   1 is labeled                                                                                    Energy savers, all the outside units. One is brand new, two were replaced 2 years ago.
   1 Slim                                                                                          Energy Star
   2 have energy star.                                                                             Energy Star
   2 of the window units.                                                                          Energy Star
   3 of them have.                                                                                 Energy Star
   4TA Puron System                                                                                Energy Star
   Air conditioner window.                                                                         Energy Star
   Airtemp                                                                                         Energy Star
   All                                                                                             Energy Star
   All 3 are Energy Star.                                                                          Energy Star
   All 4 of them are Seniel.                                                                       Energy Star
   All 4 window units and the 1 split unit.                                                        Energy Star
   All Energy Star                                                                                 Energy Star
   All Energy Star.                                                                                Energy Star
   All four                                                                                        Energy Star
   All four split units.                                                                           Energy Star
   All of the split units and the central unit.                                                    Energy Star
   All of them (4 split units.)                                                                    Energy Star
   All of them, Pioneer.                                                                           Energy Star
   All of them.                                                                                    Energy Star
   All of them.                                                                                    Energy Star
   All splits do                                                                                   Energy Star
   All three of the split units.                                                                   Energy Star
   All three of them, I have three Mr. Slims types all three have stars, Mitsubishi Electric-      Energy Star
    Air Conditioning units reverse cycle.                                                           Energy Star
   All three window units                                                                          Energy Star
   At least one of the split has energy efficiency.                                                Energy Star
   Both central units                                                                              Energy Star (both of them)
   Both have                                                                                       Energy Star (both)
   Both window ones do.                                                                            Energy Star 2 of 5 have
   Both window units.                                                                              Energy Star.
   CENTRAL.                                                                                        Fairly new
   Comfort Air                                                                                     GE
   Daicain                                                                                         GE (General Electric)
   Didn't know.                                                                                    GE window unit.
   Do have label.                                                                                  Green Energy Star Label.
   Don't know if it's Energy Star.                                                                 I Can't remember, but they are all Mr. Slims.
   Don't recall.                                                                                   I think a yellow sticker is on it. An energy yellow sticker is on it.
   Energy efficient.                                                                               It has a label.
   Energy Guide
   Energy Guide
   Energy Knight
Which AC Units Have Energy Efficiency Labels –
Verbatim Responses

   It has an energy saver.
   It's a Sanyo.                                                                   They were all energy efficient when we bought them. They are all
   Just one, Energy Star label.                                                     Whirlpool.
   Just the one I have, Frigidaire.                                                Three of them have it.
   Maytag and Energy Star
                                                                                    Three of them have it.
   Mitsubishi
   Mitsubishi couldn't tell you what the label says though.                        Two
   Mr. Slim                                                                        Two of the split units.
   Not sure of the sticker but it has one.
   One in my bedroom is Kenmore.                                                   Two of them.
   One of the split units. (newer one)                                             Two split units.
   One of them does have a General Electric Seal
                                                                                    Two window units do.
   Sanyo
   Sanyo                                                                           Tie all do
   Split units                                                                     Window One.
   Split units
   The 2 window units and the split unit.                                          Window unit.
   The ones on the wall, two supply units outside.                                 Yeah, they all do.
   The split systems, Mitsubishi.
                                                                                    Yes they do, I do not know which one.
   THERE ALL 5000 PTU (BOTH)
   There's a Blue Star sticker-it says energy and Sharp in front in mine and my    Yes, one of them.
    son's bedroom.
                                                                                    Yes, they all three do, it is Energy Star
   They all do.
   They are Mr. Slims. The split unit is Mitsubishi.
   They both do.
   They both do.
   They both have an efficiency label.
   They both have Energy Star labels.
   They do, just unsure.
   They do.




                                                                                                                                                        16
Laundry Facilities For Washing

■      Top loading washers (63%), are the most frequently owned, followed by front loading (24%).
       Residents aged 55+ are more likely than average to use top loading washers.




                                              Total Sample

                                                                      Top Loading Usage By Subgroups
                                                                      Gender                    %
                                                                       Male                    63
                                                                       Female                  62

              I use a top loading                                    Age
                                                     63%
               washer at home                                          18-24                   66
                                                                       25-34                   60
                                                                       35-44                   56
                                                                       45-54                   55
                                                                       55-64                   73
                                                                       65/+                    80
              I use a front loading                                  Home
                                                     24%
               washer at home
                                                                       Own                     64
                                                                       Rent                    60
              I use a Laundromat                    11%
              DK/NA                                             2%



= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                    17
Laundry Facilities For Drying

■      Residents are more likely to use electric dryers (65%) to dry clothes.




                                              Total Sample

                                                                        Electric Usage By Subgroups
                                                                      Gender                     %
                                                                       Male                    62
                                                                       Female                  68

                       I use an Electric                             Age
                                                     65%
                        dryer at home                                  18-24                   58
                                                                       25-34                   61
                                                                       35-44                   67
                                                                       45-54                   68
                                                                       55-64                   67

                       Mostly I use a                                 65/+                    64
                        clothesline to dry           17%              Home
                       I use a                                        Own                     67
                        Laundromat
                                                      9%               Rent                    60
                       I use a Gas dryer
                        at home                       8%
                       DK/NA                                    2%



= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                   18
How Heat Water At Home

■      More than eight in ten residents (88%), use an electric water heater to heat water at home.
       Residents aged 55+ are more likely than average to use an electric water heater.




                                              Total Sample

                                                                         Electric Water Heater usage By
                                                                                   Subgroups
                                                                      Gender                         %
                                                                       Male                         88
                                                                       Female                       88
                                                                      Age
                                                                       18-24                        74
                       Electric                     88%               25-34                        93
                        Water Heater
                                                                       35-44                        80
                                                                       45-54                        91
                                                                       55-64                        95
                                                                       65/+                         94
                                                                      Home
                                                                       Own                          86
                       Gas Water
                                                                       Rent                         96
                        Heater                        8%
                       Solar Water                              2%
                        Heater

= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                       19
Whether Or Not Own Any Television Sets

■      Nearly all residents (93%), own a television set. Ownership is higher than average for
       homeowners.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                   Yes Own By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       96
                                                                              Female                     89
                                                                             Age
                                                                              18-24                      94
      Yes               93%                     7%                    No    25-34                      97
                                                                              35-44                      94
                                                                              45-54                      89
                                                                              55-64                      89
                                                                              65/+                       90
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        95
                                                                              Rent                       86




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            20
Types Of Television Sets Owned
    ■     Nearly half of all residents report owning an LCD television (44%), while about one-quarter
          own a plasma television (26%) or a cathode ray tube television (25%).
    ■     Residents are more likely to own more than one LCD TV, Cathode Ray Tube or Plasma TV.




                                                                                         Don't have                Don't
                         TOTAL          One          Two         Three     Four   Five      one       Average   Know/Refused
LCD                        44%          25%          12%           5%      1%     1%        35%         0.9         13%
Plasma                     26%          17%           7%           1%      1%      -        58%         0.4         9%
Cathode Ray
Tube                       25%          14%           8%           2%      1%      -        45%         0.6         21%
LED                        12%           6%           3%           2%      1%      -        56%         0.3         24%
Rear
Projection                  9%           4%           3%           1%      1%      -        71%         0.3         11%
Home
Projector                   1%           1%            -               -    -      -        85%         0.0         6%




 = Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                                           21
Whether Or Not Aware Of How Much Appliances Will Cost
To Operate Over Their Lifetime Before Purchase

■      Very few residents (11%), report that they knew how much their appliances would cost to
       operate over the appliance’s lifetime before purchasing.




                                                                       Total Sample




                                                                      11%         87%    No
                                                   Yes
                                                                       3%
                                                      DK




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                              22
Whether Or Not Believe Local Stores Provide Enough
Information On Energy Consumption & Lifetime Energy Costs

■      Less than two in ten residents (17%), feel that local stores provide enough information about
       energy consumption and lifetime energy costs when selling appliances. Older residents aged
       65+ are more likely than average to believe that local stores currently provide adequate
       information on energy consumption and costs.



                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       20
                                                                              Female                     15
                                                                             Age
                                               72%                            18-24                      34
      Yes               17%                                           No    25-34                      5
                                                                              35-44                      10
                             11%                                              45-54                      20
                                                                              55-64                      23

                  DK                                                         65/+                       31
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        18
                                                                              Rent                       16




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            23
Whether Or Not Would Be In Favour Of The Government Requiring Local Stores
To Provide Information On Energy Consumption & Lifetime Energy Costs

 ■     Close to nine in ten residents (87%), would be in favour of the Government requiring local
       stores to provide information on energy consumption and lifetime energy costs.




                                                                      Total Sample




                                                                                 11%     No
                                             Yes              87%
                                                                                 2%
                                                                                        DK




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                 24
Whether Or Not Would Be In Favour Of The Government Setting Energy
Efficiency Standards For All Major Appliances Being Imported Into Bermuda

 ■     Close to eight in ten residents (77%), would be in favour of the Government setting energy
       efficiency standards for major appliances being imported into Bermuda. Women are more
       likely than average to be in favour of these measures.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       70
                                                                              Female                     84
                                                                             Age
                                                                              18-24                      82
                                                18%
      Yes               77%                                           No    25-34                      68

                                               5%                             35-44                      83
                                                                              45-54                      78
                                                               DK            55-64                      78
                                                                              65/+                       74
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        78
                                                                              Rent                       77




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            25
Lighting
How Many Light Bulbs Are Fluorescent Or CFLs

■   About seven in ten residents (72%), use at least some fluorescent or CFL light bulbs.



       100%

        90%

        80%

        70%

        60%

        50%

        40%
                                                  32%
        30%                        26%
                                                                 23%

        20%
                   14%

        10%                                                                      6%


         0%
                    All           Most           Some            None            DK


                                                                                            27
How Many Light Bulbs Are LEDs

■   One quarter of residents (25%), use at least some LED light bulbs.



       100%

        90%

        80%

        70%

        60%
                                                                49%
        50%

        40%

        30%                                                              26%

                                                 18%
        20%

        10%
                   4%             3%

         0%
                    All          Most           Some           None      DK


                                                                               28
Issues Have With Using CFL Or LED Light Bulbs

 All of my light bulbs are energy savers.                                                          I am in favour. More energy efficient, better for the environment.
 As long as it's energy efficient I'm in favor of it. You can get them bright if you like, it's    I am very much for anything that reduces power consumption. I run around unplugging
  good all the way around. I don't like the yellow light.                                            stuff. Compared to anyone else, I probably have the lowest electricity bill in Bermuda;
 Be more energy efficient.                                                                          around $60.00. I think the government should do everything to make power alternative
 Believe I am using them as much as I can. To save on the energy bill. To get the electric          energy systems available to everybody in all income levels. One of the problems we
  bill down.                                                                                         have is on Bermuda import duty. Batteries have a high import duty; it's either a
 CFL are energy efficient.                                                                          converter or something - other alternative is to pump it through Bermuda's electrolyte
 CFL make a strange noise on the dimmer switch, light output is different.                          facility. I am not wild about the use of alternative batteries. If we can pump electricity in
                                                                                                     the community, then that's the best way to go now. Belco will have to develop a
 CLF gives a brighter light.                                                                        technology. It can't be done by the individual person. It's just the company's inertia that
 Compact fluorescents are expensive and they don't last long.                                       seems to be slow on doing something about it.
 Concern about long term issues of disposal.                                                       I am very much in favour of them. Various reasons, one is energy saving and the other is
 Conserve and lower my electric bill.                                                               wanting to be green, saving the planet. One is financial the other moral.
 Economically better, last longer then the normal bulb and certain ones give off better            I changed them because they are less energy efficient. I think that all bulbs should be
  light.                                                                                             like that.
 Efficiency, environmental, more environmentally suitable, there all compact. They are             I did not notice a huge drop in my electric bill after switching to CFL bulbs.
  smaller, LED.                                                                                     I do see a difference in my energy bill when using the CFL bulbs.
 Energy efficient, and less likely to blow out from surges.                                        I don't have any problems at all, technology moves on. The incandescent bulb has good
 Energy efficient, haven't replaced them in a long time.                                            aspects to it, but I prefer the traditional bulbs.
 Energy saving. They tend to be more expensive but they are supposed to last longer.               I don't have none of those bulbs. I never heard of any of those bulbs what you are
  The old fashioned kind with tungsten filament. Everything I said about saving and last             saying. I just have the old regular bulbs.
  longer was about the other kind.                                                                  I don't know if I have any in the house but I'm all in favour of saving energy. If the
 Energy savings                                                                                     government asked to have light bulbs changed, I would if it was better for the
 Everybody should use these energy efficient lights, not sure of what they're called. They          environment.
  are expensive when you first buy them, but the cost minimizes as time goes on because             I don't like the energy efficient light bulbs because they are not bright enough for my
  we have them for years. They pay for themselves.                                                   eyes.
 Everyone should switch over to CFL, because it's better for the environment.                      I don't see how you can save.
 Favor the new lighting technology over the incandescent light.                                    I don't use many incandescent. I use the efficiency light bulbs. I think they last longer
 Favorable.                                                                                         they cost more, so from my point of view, they are more efficient and we don't need to
 Favorable.                                                                                         change them as often.
 Florescent lighting is certainly cheaper these days. I just bought two florescent lights for      I find initially it takes a while to get used to the lighting, but I'm happy to use it.
  outside and they use something like 25% of the wattage.                                           I find the bill doesn't change. The lighting doesn't change.
 Generally in favour but the quality of the light is differentJ so that's an issue.                I find the ones we have they last longer.
 Happy for them. Happy with them and replacing the old as they go out.                             I hate the light.
 Have value.                                                                                       I have about half and half, and they work well for some things, but there's some things
 Highly favourable, for the energy savings.                                                         they don't work so well for. Like for some things they don't light as fast.
 Hope the energy really works.                                                                     I have LED in all my fixtures. I think they're good. The original cost outweighs savings in
 I agree they are better to use than regular ones.                                                  long term.
 I agree with it because they last longer.                                                         I haven't had any experience with those types of light bulbs.
 I am hoping that they are better and more energy efficient and will last longer.                  I just want something that is cheap and will last.
 I am in favor of them because they use less electricity. I have a time clock on my water          I like the florescent, the little energy ones, they make sense and last longer.
  heater because the water heater is only on a few hours in a 24 hour period, when you              I like the new ones better, but in my apartment the new lights do not fit.
  need it for a shower or bath, so it saves quite considerably when you have a time clock           I like the traditional light bulb for I am old fashion.
  on it.                                                                                            I like them better, they are brighter.
 I am in favor of them. For all the same reasons of price, light output and energy                 I like these new ones, I like that they last nine years.
  efficiency.                                                                                       I like those new ones, they are fine.
 I am in favour because the cost has come down and there is the fact they are energy
  efficient but there is the problem in them being slow in turning on.
Issues Have With Using CFL Or LED Light Bulbs

 I like to use them and in a fact, I have some. I'm just taking their word when they say they       I think we should only use eco light bulbs. Just get a pretty colored lamp shade
  are energy savers. I don't notice a difference in my electricity bill but I am hoping they are      and it's o.k. People don't like them, they have an ugly color, so just cover it with a
  saving electricity. I have no proof that they are energy sufficient.                                pretty pink or red or yellow lamp shade.
 I like to use them. Reason is cost.                                                                I think the move towards them is positive.
 I like the traditional ones.                                                                       I think one should weight up the pros and cons of using the efficient ones, but it
 I prefer the CFLs because they last longer and conserve energy.                                     doesn't always work.
 I prefer the energy efficient bulbs. They burn better and they give off a softer light.            I try them because I heard they are electrically efficient, less hot, draws less heat.
 I prefer the LED light bulbs because they last longer.                                             I try them because I heard they are electrically efficient.
 I prefer the light from the CFL's to the incandescent light bulbs.                                 I use CFL where I can and very expensive selection. I can't afford all of them.
 I prefer the modern ones which are non incandescent ones, use less electricity.                    I use it most, it is energy efficient.
 I prefer the traditional.                                                                          I use the CFL because they're energy efficient, but the have a different light, I am
                                                                                                      happy with them though.
 I prefer this because my electric lights bill went down. That is why I think the lights are
  better, it is like a spiral.                                                                       I use the energy savers now.
                                                                                                     I use those where I can. They are more energy efficient.
 I prefer to LED ones because they're brighter and cooler.
                                                                                                     I would definitely use an energy efficient bulb. I am for green.
 I rather use energy saving light bulbs.
                                                                                                     I would agree with that, saves costs and energy.
 I replaced a lot of bulbs with the new energy saving light bulbs. I don't know which one
  they are, it doesn't say whether they are LED or whatever.                                         I would change over.
 I think it's a good idea.                                                                          I would end up switching to the LED.
 I think it's a good idea.                                                                          I would prefer the newer ones because they use less electricity, but some places I
                                                                                                      don't use them because they don’t make them to change intensity. I think the
 I think it's the best lighting system and I think we should go that way instead of the old          government should eliminate all import duties on all energy saving light bulbs
  fashioned way.                                                                                      and appliances.
 I think LED is probably better.                                                                    I would use them because they use less energy and I'm concerned about reducing
 I think that everyone is using more CLFs, and certainly, I am, too. There is a need to put          energy use for environmental and economic reasons.
  the feed line under the ground. Every time during a storm, the power goes out.                     I'd be more in favour of using the newer ones because they're more energy
 I think the LED are less expensive to operate. The initial cost is significantly greater and I      efficient.
  think one has to look at the payback of operating time and operating hours so you can              I'd be more towards the energy saving device that aren't mercury filled. I heard
 I think the LED is the one that lasts longer, the new ones are more efficient.                      that they are very bad and these energy saving bulbs with mercury are not
 I think the light is fine and the bulb is better.                                                   positive and just not healthy. This just what I've read.
 I think the newer ones are better.                                                                 I'd rather use LED, they're much more efficient.
 I think the older ones were brighter.                                                              If the lifetime lasts as long as they say it does, then it will be worth it, but it is too
 I think the price is a bit pricy for those types of light bulbs in Bermuda.                         expensive.
 I think they are cheaper and that is why we put them in. For electric supply they are
  supposed to be cheaper, LED.
 I think they are great.
 I think they are very expensive right now. We would have them if they weren't that
  expensive.
 I think they cost too much but in the end I think it's worth it.
 I think they're low on light output, but other than that they're fine.
 I think they're very efficient and they save money.
 I think we all should use the compact fluorescent type lights.
 I think we are in favour for more energy efficient light bulbs.
 I think we should go to more energy efficient "bulbs" but I'm not going to replace it till it's
  broken.
Issues Have With Using CFL Or LED Light Bulbs

   I'm in favour of the old light bulbs.                                                                     Over their lifespan they are less expensive.
   I'm in favour of the traditional bulbs because they're brighter.                                          Prefer CFL because it saves electricity.
   I'm used to it. I heard stories about the fluorescent, I'm not sure about it.                             Price
   I'm very much in favor of the new ones, because they're energy saving.                                    Price
   In favor                                                                                                  Price is less of an issue for me, light output is more important for me.
                                                                                                              Price on light output, you're looking for quality of light bulb and price and the cost
   In favor of the longer lasting ones.
                                                                                                               of the light bulb also the cost of the energy to run the light bulb.
   In favour of energy bulbs.                                                                                 Price would be what to look at, it's a long term investment.
                                                                                                           
   In favour, I would like to see the price lower.                                                           Price, it's a higher price.
   Incandescent bulbs are phased out. They don't last long, they burn electricity and are not as             Price. Too expensive.
    efficient for sure.                                                                                       Price. Where I have the incandescent light bulbs it is low usage areas, such as
   It is fine, I'm all in favour for it. The only issue is the technology is very new so the efficiency       closets.
    of the system is not that good yet.                                                                       PriceJ too expensive.
   It it's environmentally good and affordable to disadvantaged people.                                      Pricing, I would use it but only if it is not too expensive. Not the traditional ones. I
   It uses a lot less electricity, like 20 percent, longer life span - negative is that they are more         don't know the difference between CFL or the LED, I am thinking about the ones
    expensive.                                                                                                 that are energy efficient.
   It would be nice if they could make colored bulbs or make them a bit warmer.                              Quality of light is poorer, the color of the light is pretty harsh, white sodium glowing
                                                                                                               type of light.
   It's a good idea using the LED lights and such.
                                                                                                              Quality of the light needs to be improved before I use in every place of my home.
   It's a wonderful idea to have light bulbs that reduce energy consumption that give off the
                                                                                                              Saves a little electricity.
    same quality of life.
                                                                                                              Some of them are non demurral.
   It's expensive, style.
                                                                                                              Some of them don't seem to be as bright.
   I've heard they save energy but they're not that good for your health. We have one new one
                                                                                                              Sometimes they don't fit with the fixtures but they are all right. They last longer, I
    that we use but we removed them from the rest of the house.                                                have outside lighting but they may not be energy saving ones. Most of my
   Last longer and cheaper to operate.                                                                        electricity is from heating up the hot water.
   LED are more expensive but the lifetime compensates for the price and the low usage, and the              Strongly in favour of using bulbs that use less electricity although I would like the
    low cost of the use because they are very low.                                                             technology of CFL to improve.
   LED is better.                                                                                            The colour of the lighting and the availability of alternatives.
   LED is far too expensive at this point in time.                                                           The energy efficient ones are good, but I'm concerned about mercury.
   LED is the cheapest way to go actually.                                                                   The fluorescents are brighter, they say that they use less wattage.
   LED's are sometimes harder to read a book under the lights - it's not a direct but more of a              The incandescent are a lot easier on electricity and they last longer.
    glow.                                                                                                     The LED lights give a better light and they don't heat the rooms up. The normal
                                                                                                               lights still let off a lot of heat.
   Light output isn't as high but they last longer and they're a bit expensive.
                                                                                                              The light is brighter for CFL light bulbs.
   Much better unit.
                                                                                                              The light output is better.
   My understanding is that save energy and it's cost efficient.
                                                                                                              The light that you get from ones on market now are not very good. They don't give
   New bulbs will not work on a variable light. That is an adjustable light. Therefore, I have to             the same kind of light as the incandescent. It is harsh light and not nice to read by.
    use old bulbs.
                                                                                                              The more modern compact florescent ones make sense, cost effective, those
   Not attractive.                                                                                            particular bulbs don't fit dial up/dial down dimmer switchesJmajor handicap.
   Not sure - I just buy the ones that seem to last longer.                                                   Often the lights don't have to be that bright and can be turned down. I can easily
   On the prices they price vary. They need to make the prices the same at all of the stores.                 make a case that incandescent bulbs for the dimmer switch are just as cost effective
                                                                                                               as the florescent ones. Assuming we can turn them down, which we do.
   Output. Light output and size. Some of them don't fit in the lamps that I got. They are
                                                                                                              The new bulbs are better then the others.
    impossible to use. Also the fact that they break, over the fact that they break you have to be
    careful if they break. It can be dangerous. CFL, twisty ones, those are the CFLs I think.
Issues Have With Using CFL Or LED Light Bulbs

 The new ones don't last a s long.                                                         They are supposed to use less electricity, they cost a bit more but they say they
                                                                                             use less energy. Also I think you have to buy them less often, so I'm o.k. with
 The newer ones don't put out as much light. They look ugly, sometimes it is difficult
  to fit into an outlet with a cover, and not being able to put the cover back on.           them.
                                                                                            They give out better light.
 The newer ones save energy and they help ease your electrical bill.
                                                                                            They recommend these twirl lights to save energy and that's what I have.
 The old fashioned bulbs (CFLs) don't last as longJ burn out faster.
                                                                                            They seem to bring the bill down a bit, they look nice and are stylish.
 The old ones are cheaper than the new ones.
                                                                                            They suck. They don't give enough light.
 The older light bulbs are a little brighter.
                                                                                            They take a long time to come on and not as bright.
 The only issue is price otherwise they are similar.
                                                                                            They use a little less energy.
 The only reason I don't use standard light bulbs are they're not energy efficient. I
                                                                                            They work just as well and cost less. They're supposed to last a lot longer.
  use standard bulbs in the closets to create heat.
                                                                                            They wouldn't be bright enough for all uses.
 The price is high and they don't seem to last.
                                                                                            They're energy saving light bulbs and we buy them for our bills to be lower, I
 The price is more than it should be.                                                       don't mind that they take a second or two to turn on and I don't care that they
 The price, some cost more than the regular ones.                                           cost more because they bring my bill down. The bulbs seem to last longer.
 The prices are quite costly here.                                                         They're long lasting and economical.
 The quality of light.                                                                     To be honest I don't see a huge difference. The energy saving one is better for
 The regular bulbs give me more light and they're cheaper and they last longer.             the environment so I'm happy about that.
 The spiral lights. The energy savers that is what we use. Mostly our lights are           Too expensive, cost of replacing them is high.
  energy savers.                                                                            Too expensive. Don't produce as mush light.
 The traditional bulbs give you immediate full light, the others take a while to build     Very expensive.
  up, the only issue with the new ones I have is that they contain mercury and you          Very much in favor
  have to be careful when throwing them out.                                                Very positive. 50% of the bulbs in this house are the energy saving ones.
 The traditional is better, fluorescent, can't see with the other one. If I knew what      We are replacing as they go out, better for the atmosphere.
  the terminology was I could tell you I have two kinds of lights. One is a bulb and the    We have changed over to all these efficient better for the environment ones (the
  other is not a bulb.                                                                       curly ones). I don't use any of the old fashioned light bulbs. I was in favour of
 There ought to be more information given about disposal.                                   changing them.
 These one's last longer - and they are brighter.                                          We haven't noticed much change, I'm disappointed at how expensive they are,
 They are a bit expensive.                                                                  and I can't find any that can dim, and they're not set up for a dimmer switch.
 They are all right but some times it looks like it's going to burn out, for at the        We use CFL whenever we can for energy cost.
  bottom it forms a bubble.                                                                 We use them. The price is high, the colour is good and longevity.
 They are dangerous when they break and they don't give you much light, I think            We're in favour of using them.
  they're unhealthy.                                                                        We're quite happy to use them.
 They are dangerous.                                                                       We're trying to put all the new ones in as the other ones burn out. We would
 They are energy efficient, longevity of the light fixture and they are expensive.          prefer to use the newer ones, the spiral thingsJ I don't know what they're
 They are fine.                                                                             called.
 They are fine.                                                                            Whatever the most economical.
 They are much more efficient than the old bulbs (they last longer).                       You can throw the old ones out the window. With the new ones you get a better
                                                                                             light, it's just like being in daylight, I don't like a dark kitchen so it works out well.
 They are not as bright as the old traditional light bulbs, but they serve a purpose,
  they light the house.                                                                     You can't get LED lights in Bermuda. Normal lighting fixtures in Bermuda.
 They are not as bright, don't give off as much light.                                     You change them a lot less.
 They are not as bright.                                                                   You couldn't dim the CFL.
 They are o.k. but they took a while to get used to. They take a while to warm up.         You should use CFL whenever you can. They are better to use because they are
                                                                                             more efficient, but I can't stand being under them for any length of time.
 They are really bright.
Solar Energy Systems
How Feel About Use Of Solar Panels On Bermuda Homes

■   Over 7 in 10 Bermuda residents (71%) are open to the use of solar panels on Bermuda
    homes.


       100%

        90%

        80%

        70%

        60%

        50%                44%

        40%

        30%
                                        20%
        20%                                            15%
                                                                                             9%
        10%      7%
                                                                   4%
                                                                                2%
         0%
               Strong     Support    Support if     Indifferent   Do not    Preoccupied   No Answer
               Support                designed                    support    with Cost
                                    appropriately


                                                                                                      34
Whether Or Not Aware Of The Bermuda Government’s Solar
Photovoltaic Rebate Initiative

■      Close to four in ten residents (39%), report being aware of the Government’s Solar
       Photovoltaic Rebate Initiative.




                                                                      Total Sample




                                             Yes              39%               61%    No




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                           35
Wind Energy Systems
How Feel About Use Of Offshore Wind Turbines In Bermuda

■   Fifty-seven percent of residents are open to the use of offshore wind turbines, assuming that
    they would be located several miles out to sea.



        100%

         90%

         80%

         70%

         60%

         50%

         40%
                                 31%
         30%                                  24%
                                                            19%
         20%                                                                               16%

         10%                                                                 7%
                    2%
          0%
               Strong Support   Support    Support if     Indifferent   Do not support   No Answer
                                            designed
                                          appropriately
                                                                                                     37
How Feel About Use Of Residential Wind Turbines On
Properties In Bermuda

■   Residents are not quite as enthusiastic about having wind turbines on Bermuda properties –
    only 39% are open to them.


       100%

        90%

        80%

        70%

        60%

        50%

        40%

        30%
                                         23%
                                                                    21%                      21%
        20%                 15%                        13%
        10%                                                                     5%
                 1%
         0%
               Strong      Support    Support if     Indifferent   Do not    Noise could   No Answer
               Support                 designed                    support   be an issue
                                     appropriately
                                                                                                       38
Further Opinions About Residential Wind Turbines –
    Verbatim Responses

                                                                                                  I think the island is too small for it.
   Acre or larger to put it on. Noise level would be bad.
                                                                                                  I think they could be used if they were hidden from sight.
   All be allowed if discrete.
                                                                                                  I think they have to be put in areas where not everyone is looking at them.
   Any new building being built should have wind turbines and solar panels mandatory.
                                                                                                  I think they should be encouraging them and subsidizing them.
   Anything that will cut down on electricity use I am in favour of.
                                                                                                  I think they should let me put one up at my house. I would welcome it and I fully support
   As long as they are not near mainland, we have mighty strong winds and the structure           that idea.
    would have to be pretty solid.
                                                                                                  I was looking for it for my house. It would be nice if the government could come up with
   As long as they are quiet I will be fine. I don't mind their appearance.                       a program to pay in installments, when I got a quote for a wind turbine it was like
   As long as they're not too large or noisy, I have no problems with them.                       $40,000. If they had a program, the money that would go back from saving energy could
   Aesthetically unappealing and the noise, so I don't like them.                                 pay for the turbine. The electricity bill would be paying for the turbines.
   Basically the good thought needs to go into this. Intelligent thinking, think of the          I would like more information on it.
    environment, etc.                                                                             I would like to know how much it costs to put in and if it is compatible with solar power
   Bermuda is small and one mans energy is another mans hell on earth.                            and what we get from Belco no because I feel people will pick the one that is most cost
   Can be affordable.                                                                             efficient.
   Can be noisy as well.                                                                         I would like to put one in my self if it will help me save money.
   Can't wait until we get there.                                                                I would like to see them but they have to be attractive. Like a neutral colour or
   Change is good when economically advantages.                                                   something, I think it would be fine. The government could give an incentive for installing
   Curious how loud they are and disturbing of other households.                                  them like the solar panels.
   Depends on locationJ one on every property would be too congested.                            I wouldn't like to see them on my land.
   Good idea.                                                                                    I'd like to install some, but we have a tax problem here. I think they get duty.
   Good idea. If possible to be on land.                                                         I'd like to see more information available to the public, also, when people are building
                                                                                                   their homes, the planning department should be required to inform people on the pro's
   I don't like the idea.
                                                                                                   and con's of wind turbines.
   I don't think that energy sources should be left to independent controller like the home
                                                                                                  If it didn't cause trouble for the neighbours.
    owners but controlled by the government at one place like a wind farm then distributed
    to the people.                                                                                If it's going to save money and energy and as long as it's green I'm all for it.
   I don't want them dotting the landscape. I'm not sure how you'd hide them and when            If it's in a lager area of the garden, because in a very developed area it would be too
    we have our really horrible winds, what happens when they come crashing down on                much of an eye soar because they would be so concentrated.
    your house. I don't know what the initial cost is.                                            If there was a different way to get that energy I would be for it, but I think it's an eyesore
   I don't want tourists to see these things, planning regulations would have to look at it       and it takes a lot of land to place them around.
    also.                                                                                         If there wasn't a noise factor. If they are efficient and work well, then the biggest thing
   I favour them.                                                                                 would be noise and if every single house had one than it could look pretty ugly.
   I feel if they could do it it's good for cost and environment.                                If they can be erected out of sight it is o.k. It is hard to hide them because the shape of
                                                                                                   the land mass it would really be hard to conceal them from sight.
   I have a couple of concerns; how tall will they be built and the location of placing the
    turbine on a property.                                                                      If they want to make it work they need to make it affordable for the average person.
   I hope not to see them.                                                                     If we start seeing to many of them it will not look good, that I been seeing them in the
   I just wish there were more of them.                                                         states and they don't look to nice.
   I think if government can make them available at good prices, everything I've checked       I'm for whatever is environmentally preferred, but I would need to know it's impact on
    out has been crazy prices.                                                                   the environment visually and just generally, and costs.
   I think it's a good idea, it's a cheap alternative if you know how to do it.                I'm just in favor of off shore as long as they are off site.
   I think that would be inappropriate. They would be too close to us, we live too close       Interested for the government to provide an incentive.
    together plus it's a small island and would cause havoc.
Further Opinions About Residential Wind Turbines –
    Verbatim Responses


   It could be useful, motorboats and small vessels and such.                                      Some places the wires is under ground
   It could help a lot of people save money and it will help the environment.                      Sounds like a good idea.
   It just has to be efficient and successful.                                                     That people should be allowed because instead denied permission.
   It might be a little tight in some areas, space wise.                                           The noise factor and unsightly to see on every property, the cost of installation and
   It might ruin the view and it may not be good looking. There's another attempt at                maintenance.
    getting energy through the tides in the sea.                                                    The noise.
   It's an interesting concept and we do have a lot of natural winds so it's something they        The only drawbacks will be how big can they be how aesthetically pleasing to the
    should at least look into.                                                                       neighbours, the net metering. I hope they are fair with the proper price.
   It's up to the individual about how they feel about it. It may be too crowded in some           The only thing that I find a problem is you need some undeveloped area witch would
    places. Building like crazy, really running out of space will not be easy.                       be difficult due to land mass and large population.
   Just that they are a possible way to go.                                                        The planning department should be very much involved with their placement location
   More in favour if they were unobtrusive, too noisy?                                              and also the means of holding they up. In other words, if we had high winds, for say
   Need to make it more cost effective.                                                             hurricanes, it could be a safety issue.
   No                                                                                              The plumbing department should view the applications for wind generators more
   No, I think the government better pull their finger out.                                         favorably.
   No, I think this should be aloud, as an option, I'm in favour in any efforts to reduce the      The problem is you see them in Europe but they're not near residential areas and we
    dependence on oil.                                                                               don't have enough space for it. Where I've seen wind farms has been outside of
                                                                                                     communities on mountains or in big fields but we just don't have that here. I believe
   No.
                                                                                                     they work, I've seen them work down in Chili. I think it's a great idea but not for us
   No.                                                                                              down here, unless they go out to sea.
   Noise, appearance.                                                                              Their ugly and noisy.
   Noisy. The battery storage is expensive, batteries cost a lot. Most houses in Bermuda           Them being loud.
    have a lot of power and it's more intended for small cottages.
                                                                                                    They are a good concept.
   Nope.
                                                                                                    They are just not economic at this time. The price is too high for their limited output.
   Not even sure how they will look like and we are to close to each other.                         Price per kilowatt hour is too high.
   Not for them anyway.                                                                            They are unsightly.
   Not too intrusive on environment.                                                               They could along with the solar panels because when the sun is down at night at least
   Offshore would be best, but it all depends on maintenance.                                       you'd have a little wind recharging your batteries.
   One of the challenges is the maintenance, how quickly it can get done and how it can be         They could be very dangerous. It's a collective effort Bermuda will face energy
    fixed.                                                                                           problems in the future. If we rely on fossil fuels too much we will have issues.
   Only if they can be quit enough, we should do it for the sake of saving burning fossil          They need to be attractive.
    fuels.                                                                                          They will keep the expense of electricity down.
   Only that it's a small contribution to the household electricity requirement.                   They would need to be fairly far away or grouped in one area. There should be a play
   Regulations, safety issues.                                                                      of location and not indiscriminately placed.
   Safety - would there be warning signs? Location - would there be a building permit?             They're a good idea for the people who have the space for it.
   Should not be favoured.                                                                         They're fine in large land areas, not Bermuda, but I think they're a good idea, but not
   Size, have a lot of houses next to each other.                                                   for Bermuda.
   Some areas not approve.                                                                         They're not very attractive looking.
                                                                                                    Think that would be a great idea. I'd like to see us move in that direction.
Further Opinions About Residential Wind Turbines –
  Verbatim Responses


 Unfavourable because loud and noisy.
 Unless they can put it on one of the islands.
 Unsightly all over the island if everyone had their own wind turbine.
 We have enough wind - great idea. Seen in other countries - it seems to work.
 We have to find a way to use wind and sun because we have so much of it. I want to be
  away from oil use. We should look into the pebble nuclear systems.

 We have to get off oil. Bermuda is finally, 30 years too late, getting on the idea of solar
  polar. Now that technology has caught up, I think alternative energies are crucial.
 We should not have them.
 We shouldn't be doing it. We should be looking for alternative measures. More
  efficiency in the household, lighting, also construction of the building which is more
  efficient this way.
 When you build a house it's mandatory that you have a water tank I think in the future
  they should have passive and active solar as mandatory for any new building. Offer
  incentives for people who go to improve their kitchen or bathroom it's mandatory to
  install active or passive solar.
 Would like to know more about them.
Nuclear Energy Systems
How Feel About Use Of A Nuclear Power Station In Bermuda

■    Only 14% of residents are in favour of a nuclear power station in Bermuda.


 100%

    90%

    80%

    70%

    60%

    50%

    40%

    30%
                                                                                                                           22%
                                                                             19%
    20%                                             15%
                                                                                                            13%
                         11%           10%
    10%
            3%                                                  4%                           3%

    0%
           Suppo rt    Suppo rt if   Indifferent   A gainst    Safety          No t       B ermuda is         No t       No A nswer
                       designed                               Co ncerns   Co mfo rtable   to o Small /   Co mfo rtable
                      respo nsibly                                        Living Nearby   No Suitable     With Waste
                                                                                          Lo catio ns       Issues
                                                                                                                                      43
Bermuda’s Energy Equation
Whether Or Not Aware Of The Bermuda Energy Green Paper

■      Three in ten residents (32%), report being aware of the Bermuda Energy Green Paper.
       Awareness of the Green Paper increased as age increased.




                             Total Sample
                                                                               Yes Net By Subgroups
                                                         Yes
  Yes                                                                Gender                          %
                                                          Somewhat
   Completely                                                          Male                          29
                                                                       Female                        35
                                     28%
                          4%                                          Age
                                                                       18-24                         -
                                                                       25-34                         23
                                                                       35-44                         30
                                                                       45-54                         35
                                     67%
                                                                       55-64                         49
                                                                       65/+                          49
                                                                      Home
                                      No
                                                                       Own                           31
                                                                       Rent                          35

                         Total Yes = 32%



= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                        45
Whether Or Not Aware That Tynes Bay Waste Facility
Generates Electricity

■      Six in ten residents (60%), are aware that the Tynes Bay Waste Facility generates electricity.
       Awareness is higher than average among residents aged 55+.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       60
                                                                              Female                     61
                                                                             Age
                                                                       No    18-24                      46
                                                40%
                                                                              25-34                      58
                         60%
      Yes                                                                    35-44                      54
                                                                              45-54                      62
                                                                              55-64                      69
                                                                              65/+                       74
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        63
                                                                              Rent                       53




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            46
Whether Or Not Think That Large Scale Renewable Energy Projects Such
As Wind Farms/Solar Arrays Will Be Beneficial To Bermuda Tourism

 ■     Close to half of Bermuda residents (46%), believe that large scale renewable energy projects
       ultimately benefit Bermuda’s tourism industry.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       42
                                                                              Female                     49
                                                                             Age
                                               40%                            18-24                      64
      Yes               46%                                           No    25-34                      46
                                                                              35-44                      44

                                       14%                                    45-54                      43
                                                                              55-64                      46
                                                                              65/+                       38
                                                                             Home
                                               DK
                                                                              Own                        45
                                                                              Rent                       47




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            47
Should The Government Mandate That Existing Buildings Increase Their
Energy Efficiency (Capital Costs Would Be Offset Through Future Savings)

 ■     Close to two-thirds of residents (65%), believe that the Government should mandate that
       existing buildings increase their energy efficiency. Residents aged 55-64 are more likely than
       average to be in favour of these measures, while those aged 65+ are less so.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       62
                                                                              Female                     68
                                                                             Age
                                               23%                            18-24                      78
      Yes               65%                                           No    25-34                      65
                                                                              35-44                      66
                                              12%
                                                                              45-54                      57
                                                                              55-64                      77
                                                              DK
                                                                              65/+                       59
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        69
                                                                              Rent                       57




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            48
Should The Government Mandate That New Buildings Meet High Standards Of
Energy Efficiency (Additional Costs Would Be Offset By Future Savings)

 ■     More than eight in ten residents (85%), believe that the Government should mandate that
       new buildings meet high standards of energy efficiency. Residents aged 55-64 are more in
       favour of such mandates than residents overall.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       80
                                                                              Female                     89
                                                                             Age
                                                                              18-24                      76
      Yes               85%                    13%                    No    25-34                      89
                                                2%                            35-44                      85
                                                                              45-54                      85
                                                               DK
                                                                              55-64                      92
                                                                              65/+                       76
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        86
                                                                              Rent                       82




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            49
Should The Government Mandate That New Buildings Be
Fitted With Renewable Energy Technologies

■      More than eight in ten residents (83%), believe that the Government should mandate that
       new buildings be fitted with renewable energy technologies.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       75
                                                                              Female                     90
                                                                             Age
                                                                              18-24                      76
                                                13%                    No
      Yes               83%                                                  25-34                      93
                                                4%                            35-44                      88

                                                                DK           45-54                      77
                                                                              55-64                      81
                                                                              65/+                       74
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        83
                                                                              Rent                       84




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            50
Should The Bermuda Public Have An Obligation To Conserve Their Overall
Energy Consumption To Help Avoid The Need For BELCO To Expand

 ■     More than eight in ten residents (81%), believe that the Bermuda public has a duty to
       conserve their overall energy consumption to avert the need for BELCO to expand.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       85
                                                                              Female                     79
                                                                             Age
                                                                              18-24                      83
                                                14%
      Yes               81%                                           No    25-34                      83
                                                5%                            35-44                      84
                                                                 DK          45-54                      84
                                                                              55-64                      76
                                                                              65/+                       77
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        83
                                                                              Rent                       81




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            51
Are BELCO’s Air Emissions Of Concern To You

■      Close to two-thirds of residents (65%), are concerned about BELCO’s air emissions. Those
       aged 35-44 are more concerned than average, while those aged 25-34 and 65+ are less
       concerned about this issue.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                       Yes By Subgroups
                                                                             Gender                       %
                                                                              Male                       60
                                                                              Female                     69
                                                                             Age

                                                30%                           18-24                      59
      Yes               65%                                           No    25-34                      44
                                                                              35-44                      85
                                             5%
                                                                              45-54                      71
                                                                              55-64                      71
                                                         DK                  65/+                       51
                                                                             Home
                                                                              Own                        66
                                                                              Rent                       63




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                            52
Agree/Disagree – The Price Of Oil Is Likely to Increase Significantly In The
Future Because Supplies Will Not Be Able To Keep Up With Increasing Demand

 ■     More than eight in ten residents (86%), agree that the price of oil is likely to increase
       significantly in the future.




                                Total Sample                                                 Agree By Subgroups
                                                                                   Gender                         %
                                                                                    Male                         82
                                                                                    Female                       89
                                                                                   Age
                                                                                    18-24                        64

      Agree                86%                    12%                 Disagree    25-34                        96

                                                   3%                               35-44                        94
                                                                                    45-54                        86
                                                                  DK               55-64                        78
                                                                                    65/+                         78
                                                                                   Home
                                                                                    Own                          84
                                                                                    Rent                         90




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                                    53
Agree/Disagree – Oil Supplies Are Finite And Production Is Predicted To Decline
In The Next Decade

 ■     More than six in ten residents (64%), believe that oil supplies are finite and that production is
       predicted to decline in the next decade.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                        Agree By Subgroups
                                                                              Gender                         %
                                                                               Male                         62
                                                                               Female                       66
                                                                              Age
                                                                               18-24                        64
                         64%                    27%
  Agree                                                          Disagree    25-34                        75
                                                                               35-44                        61
                                            9%                                 45-54                        66
                                                                               55-64                        59
                                                                               65/+                         58
                                                      DK
                                                                              Home
                                                                               Own                          63
                                                                               Rent                         68




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                               54
Agree/Disagree – The Price Of Electricity In Bermuda Is Closely Linked To The
Price Of Oil

 ■     Eight in ten residents (80%), believe that the price of electricity in Bermuda is tied to the price
       of oil.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                         Agree By Subgroups
                                                                               Gender                         %
                                                                                Male                         87
                                                                                Female                       74
                                                                               Age
                                                                   Disagree    18-24                        68
  Agree                 80%                    13%
                                                                                25-34                        76
                                                7%                              35-44                        84
                                                                                45-54                        84
                                                                DK
                                                                                55-64                        83
                                                                                65/+                         80
                                                                               Home
                                                                                Own                          80
                                                                                Rent                         81




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                                55
Agree/Disagree – The Price Of Other Goods & Services Is Closely Linked To The
Price Of Oil

 ■     About two-thirds of residents (67%), believe that the price of many other goods and services
       are also closely tied to the price of oil. Residents aged 55-64 are more likely to believe this
       statement.




                             Total Sample
                                                                                      Agree By Subgroups
                                                                            Gender                         %
                                                                             Male                         72
                                                                             Female                       62
                                                                Disagree   Age
                                               26%                           18-24                        42
                                                                             25-34                        53
 Agree                  67%
                                                                             35-44                        75
                                               7%
                                                                             45-54                        74
                                                                             55-64                        77
                                                              DK
                                                                             65/+                         69
                                                                            Home
                                                                             Own                          66
                                                                             Rent                         69




= Significantly Higher/Lower Than Total At The 95% Confidence Level                                             56
What Are The Best Alternatives To Oil For Electricity
 Generation In Bermuda – Verbatim Responses


 Wind turbines would be good would it supply the whole island. Water through flats            Wind nuclear technology related more efficient burning of garbage produced by the
  bridge could be harnessed into electricity.                                                   country in other words something better than Tynes Bay.
 Solar energy and wind farms.                                                                 Solar.
 Wave action research is done at biological station and zoological stations.                  Solar and wind.
 We don't have the landmass for large solar panels, I think small ones are needed for
  water heating, but perhaps wind farming and tidal barrage.                                   Sun and wind.
 A mixture of a lot of things conserve energy in home and wind farms waste attached to        Wave action. Some experimental using a flotation pump device to generate energy.
  electric production.                                                                         Wind, solar, maybe other.
 Variety of technologies such as solar, wind, wave power, ocean current. I don't think        Solar
  any one technology will do it.
                                                                                               Solar
 Solar energy and water turbines.
 Solar power or wind power.                                                                   Solar if it was less unsightly and wind if it was offshore.
 There are not many options, because of size of the island and number of customers            Solar
  available to support other fuels and technologies such as nuclear.                           I don't think threes anything other than fossil fuel.
 I'm not so sure what they are, but I know there's something out there they're                Wind if it was offshore, solar panels on buildings.
  investigating further, but other than that I'm unsure of what they're looking into.
                                                                                               Fuel cells or hydrogen.
 Solar wind or nuclear.
 Dry cell and solar                                                                           Coal manure from farms.
 Solar                                                                                        Solar and wind.
 I need to be educated more before I could make a choice on that.                             Solar.
 Wind farms or solar energy.                                                                  Solar and wind.
 Solar or wind.                                                                               Wind turbines.
 I think that solar panels are a good start.
 Nuclear, solar and wind.                                                                     Energy savers. Everything should go green in many areas. Keep informing the public
 Offshore wind turbines.                                                                       the importance of going green, like cars, machinery, plants, factory plants.
 Solar panels will be very helpful.                                                           Wind turbines, solar panels.
 Solar, wind, waves (water).                                                                  Solar power and wind turbines.
 Combination of solar and wind.                                                               Solar or wind turbines.
 Solar                                                                                        Wind and solar.
 More energy efficient methods, solar panels, energy efficient cars, building, light bulbs
  and stuff like that. Have more energy efficient everything that is possible.                 PV - Any renewable energy source, wind wave, PV
 Solar                                                                                        I think solar panels would be the best. Others methods, wind turbines, would be
                                                                                                ideal as long as they are off site.
 Solar panels, wind turbines and water.
                                                                                               There are all sorts of alternatives we have to start working on alternative
 solar                                                                                         combinations, wind solar, people saving - coming up with ways to do things that are
 Wind turbines and solar power.                                                                efficient.
 Wind and solar.
                                                                                               Solar energy, it is free and it is there. Wave forming energy, for it is there.
                                                                                               I think that having said that instead of wasting money on tourism should spend
                                                                                                money on research but it's too late.


                                                                                                                                                                                      57
What Are The Best Alternatives To Oil For Electricity
    Generation In Bermuda – Verbatim Responses


   Wind farms, they are the only ones I know enough about.                                          They should use steam turbines, no oil is needed. If they use the sun. It'll take a lot of
   Nuclear power.                                                                                    research, but we don't have the people for that.
   Nuclear, because it will supply for the demand.                                                  I guess solar and then wind.
   Solar and wind, and water-wave generation is an excellent idea and it should be pursued.         If we do use solar power it's probably our best bet, or just cut back and not use as
    In respect to all of this, the public needs to be better educated about it.                       much.
   Solar power, there is a lot of sun and wind same.                                                Solar, hydro, wind but offshore.
   Solar , wind, wave, nuclear pellet                                                               Renewable resources, like solar and wind.
   Solar or wind.                                                                                   Wind turbines.
   Solar panels, wind mills.                                                                        Wind and solar.
   Solar and wind. People walking.                                                                  Ocean current energy, solar, wind, burning waste.
   Solar and wind.                                                                                  Wind turbines.
   Solar and wind.                                                                                  Wind or solar.
   Water.                                                                                           Solar or the wind.
   The services system.                                                                             I guess solar power or wind.
   They are only wind farms and sea water tides, and nuclear plans I don't want so we need          There is no viable alternative.
    to stick it out, there is another idea that the city of Hamilton wants to have four small        Solar energy.
    electric plants that might help to not having to increase the capacity, because the city will    Hydro power.
    provide some electricity.                                                                        Solar, wind.
   Wind.                                                                                            Wind farms combined with solar combined with that idea of the under water current
   Solar power, wind towers. Flats, the current can be used as some type of station to               to produce electricity and conservation, people conserving.
    generate electricity for that area.                                                              The best alternative is to use the city supply of wave energy that courses around
   Solar                                                                                             Bermuda.
   Solar and nuclear                                                                                Solar, wind and I heard of a project about sea water wave electricity, maybe we
   Wind or hydro power.                                                                              should look into that more.
   Solar                                                                                            Solar panels or send turbines.
   Water                                                                                            Solar power.
   Solar power and wind.                                                                            Solar or wind energy.
   Solar energy.                                                                                    Well at the moment with running a household and running a car there isn't any
   Nuclear                                                                                           alternative because there's no other cars or way getting your electricity here.
   Solar, wind, wave and tidal power, maybe geothermal or biomass.                                  Nuclear energy.
   I've always thought nuclear power would be beneficial.                                           Solar energy.
   Windmills.                                                                                       Solar
   Solar.                                                                                           Solar
   Solar and wind energy.                                                                           I don't know, I think it's something we should consider because there's limited supply
                                                                                                      and could be serious on a global scale.
                                                                                                     Hydro, wind, solar.




                                                                                                                                                                                                   58
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