GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COASTAL PLAN 2015-2020 - Marine and coasts
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Gippsland Coastal Board Authorised and published by the Victorian 71 Hotham Street, Traralgon VIC 3844 Government, Department of Environment, Phone: (03) 5172 2543 Land, Water and Planning, 8 Nicholson Street, East Melbourne, September 2015 Electronic copies of the plan are available online at www.gcb.vic.gov.au. © The State of Victoria Department of If you would like printed copies or have any Environment, Land, Water and Planning questions about the plan, please contact us Melbourne 2015 using the details above. Members of the Gippsland Coastal Board at the time of preparing this Regional Coastal Plan were: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia licence. Cr Richard Ellis (Chair) You are free to re-use the work under that Mr Ian Needham licence, on the condition that you credit the Mr Peter Jennings State of Victoria as author. The licence does Mr Paul Smith not apply to any images, photographs or Mr Michael (Des) Sinnott OAM branding, including the Victorian Coat of Mr Rod Thomas Arms and the Victorian Government logo. The Gippsland Coastal Board proudly To view a copy of this licence, visit http:// acknowledges Victorian Aboriginal creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ communities and their rich culture; and pays deed.en its respects to the Traditional Owners in the ISBN 978-1-74146-784-0 (Print) Gippsland Coastal Region. The Board also ISBN 978-1-74146-785-7 (pdf ) recognises the intrinsic connection of Traditional Owners to Country and Disclaimer acknowledges their contribution in the This publication may be of assistance to you management of land, water and resources but the State of Victoria and its employees management. do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication. Unless stated, images sourced from the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning. Front Cover Top: Cape Conran rocks. Bottom from left: Lakes Entrance. Sailboats at Lakes Entrance. Fishermans Landing, Lake Tyers. Photos: Destination Gippsland. Bottom right: Lakes Entrance, Victoria. c1920-1954 Photo: Rose Stereograph Co.
GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA STA L PLA N I CONTENTS Minister’s Foreword II Balanced Decision Making 18 List of Figures Chair’s Foreword II 4 Managing regional population and tourism Figure 1: The three levels of 1 Introduction 1 pressures 18 planning for coastal management 1 1.1 The role of the Gippsland Coastal Board 1 4.1 Background 18 Figure 2: The Gippsland coastal 4.2 The Boating Coastal Action Plan 19 region 3 1.2 What is the Regional Coastal Plan? 1 4.3 Activity and recreation nodes 20 Figure 3: Indicative map of the 1.3 How the Regional Coastal Plan will be used 4 key regional social, economic and 1.4 Who we work with on land and water 4 4.4 Key challenges and actions 21 environmental values of the 5 A regional approach to foreshore management 22 Gippsland coastal region 8 1.5 Priority actions for the Gippsland coastal region 5 5.1 Background 22 Figure 4: Managing visitor Valuing and Understanding the Coast 7 satisfaction with their coastal 2 Coastal values 7 5.2 Integrated coastal management 24 experience – key amenity values 10 2.1 Environmental values 7 5.3 Key challenges and actions 25 Figure 5: Community coastal 2.2 Social values 9 6 Adapting to climate change and increased values guide decisions in the coastal hazards 26 Gippsland coastal region 13 2.3 Economic values 11 6.1 Background 26 Figure 6: Indicative map of current 2.4 Protecting coastal values 12 boating hierarchy of facilities from 6.2 Adaptation planning to manage flooding 3 The dynamics of the coast 14 and erosion 26 the Gippsland Boating Coastal Action Plan 2013 19 3.1 Coastal processes 14 6.3 Key challenges and actions 29 Figure 7: Indicative map of 3.2 Climate change 14 Implementation 30 foreshore and waterway managers 23 3.3 Connections to catchments 16 7 Supporting communities caring for the coast 30 Figure 8: Map indicating areas for 3.4 Demographic trends 16 7.1 Background 30 hazard assessment and adaptation 3.5 Visitation trends 16 planning (based on coastal 7.2 Actions 31 instability and low lying areas) 28 3.6 Industrial processes 17 8 Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting 32 List of Tables 9 References 34 Table 1: Gippsland region priorities Appendices 35 for actions 5 Cowrie Bay Photo: Destination Gippsland
II GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA S TA L P L A N MINISTER’S FOREWORD CHAIR’S FOREWORD The coast is close to the hearts of the This Plan will support government Gippsland is a uniquely spectacular part organisations that gave feedback about many Victorians who live near it, or visit agencies, community and industry of Victoria, with its unspoilt wilderness, the draft plan. These actions will help it, and enjoy all that it has to offer. groups to work more collaboratively in pristine beaches and rich array of to: Communities along the coastline are managing the coast. It will help coastal wildlife on land and underwater. – make sure the coast continues to be deeply connected to their local managers and communities tackle Alongside our coast’s pure white sandy the place we love, while planning landscape and care about the future of challenges on the coast in their region beaches, headlands and peaks are the for more people wanting to visit and the coast. more effectively, and with greater significant oil, gas and coal resources settle here; Our coastal environment is complex coordination. It will enable us to be that supply much of Australia’s energy. more responsive and adaptable as – improve the way communities plan and constantly changing, and there are For Gippsland’s residents, our coast is a for coastal flooding so that it makes many pressures that need to be pressures change over time, and our understanding of climate change source of well-being and relaxation, an sense to them but doesn’t leave understood and managed better. As attractive expanse to enjoy with family future generations with a debt they Minister and a Local Member of a implications improves. and friends. can’t pay; coastal area, I appreciate how The local knowledge, passion and important it is to understand, protect enthusiasm of Victoria’s coastal Whether it’s on a boat exploring the – simplify foreshore management and and care for the things we love about managers and communities is Lakes network of waterways, camping make more out of the available the coast. invaluable, and I look forward to down the Prom or Cape Conran, surfing resources and our joint efforts; and working together to ensure that the on the Bass Coast or walking along the – continue to support and encourage Victoria has a strong coastal planning Ninety Mile Beach, we recognise that and management framework, based on diverse natural, social, cultural and more community involvement in economic values of the coast that we Gippsland is a paradise for all. protecting those coastal values we the Victorian Coastal Strategy (2014). The Gippsland Coastal Board has enjoy today remain for future This plan acknowledges all the good love. developed this Regional Coastal Plan to generations. work going on to identify, understand I would like to thank the Board for their build on that framework and outline and protect the local, regional and work in developing the Plan. As well, I how the Strategy should be put into statewide values of the coast and to want to thank everyone who The Hon Lisa Neville MP support that work on the big issues at a practice. Minister for Environment, Climate contributed to the Plan by coming to regional level. meetings, writing a submission and Change and Water The actions outlined in this Plan are discussing these important issues. aimed at addressing the regional These efforts mean the Plan will make a priorities identified by the Board with difference to the way we look after our the help of the many people and coast over the next five years. Councillor Richard A Ellis Chair, Gippsland Coastal Board Metung Photo: Roberto Seba, Tourism Victoria
GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA STA L PLA N 1 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 The role of the Gippsland Coastal Victorian Coastal Developed by the Sets statewide direction for coastal planners Board Strategy Victorian Coastal Council and managers The Gippsland Lakes and Coast Regional Coastal Board (commonly known as the Gippsland Coastal Board) is a statutory planning and advisory body with extensive experience and expertise in coastal matters. The Board provides Developed by Translates state-wide strategic guidance for coastal Regional Regional Coastal direction by identifying Coastal Plans Boards regional values, initiatives management of Victoria’s Gippsland and management gaps coast. It has specific functions under the Coastal Management Act 1995. These are to: – Develop coastal action plans Clinton Rocks, (including this overarching Regional Developed by coastal Croajingolong National Coastal Sets local direction and Coastal Plan); Park, East Gippsland. 1.2 What is the Regional Management public land managers (eg. local municipalities develops sub-regional or issues based operational plans – Provide advice to the Minister, the Coastal Plan? Plans & committees of management) Victorian Coastal Council and – Liaise with, and encourage the The Regional Coastal Plan for the government on coastal development cooperation of, government Gippsland coastal region is a statutory and other matters in the region; departments, councils, public Coastal Action Plan endorsed under Figure 1: The three levels of planning for coastal management – Prepare and publish guidelines for authorities, industry, community Part 3 of the Coastal Management Act coastal planning and management groups and those involved in the 1995. Its contents meet the requirements in the region; planning and management of the of section 23 of that Act. – Facilitate the implementation of the region in developing and The Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014 sets The Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014 identifies that the term ‘coast’ means: Victorian Coastal Strategy, coastal implementing strategic solutions to matters affecting the conservation the broad framework for managing the – The marine environment – nearshore marine environment, the seabed, action plans and coastal guidelines coast and the basis for developing for the region; and use of the region’s coast. and waters out to the State limit of three nautical miles regional coastal plans and coastal – Facilitate public awareness, More broadly, the Board seeks to be an management plans (Figure 1). The – Foreshores – or coastal Crown land up to 200 m from the high water mark consultation and involvement in the advocate for coastal issues. It aims to Gippsland Coastal Board has focussed – Coastal hinterland – land directly influenced by the sea or directly development and implementation work with agencies, local councils and this overarching Plan on identifying and influencing the coastline, and with critical impacts on the foreshore and of the Victorian Coastal Strategy, communities in the Gippsland coastal prioritising those management actions nearshore environment coastal action plans and coastal region to shape future expectations that cannot be achieved more effectively about how the coast and use of the – Catchments – rivers and drainage systems that affect the coastal zone, guidelines in the region; and at either the local or state level. coast will change over time, how we including estuaries and coastal wetlands should respond to those changes, and The Regional Coastal Plan provides a – Atmosphere – near, around and over the coast as defined above. how we should use and manage the regional framework for planning and coast to protect its values. decision-making on both public and
2 GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA S TA L P L A N freehold land at the local level. It also The principle of ‘Integrated Coastal Zone provides a focus for all agencies with Management’ (ICZM) underpins the responsibility for coastal management Gippsland Regional Coastal Plan. ICZM to act together to plan and manage the is about working across a geographic coast by: area (land to sea), across different land – Interpreting and implementing the tenures (public and private), and across Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014 and organisations and jurisdictions its hierarchy of principles at a (national, State, regional and local). regional scale; ICZM is achieved through both formal and informal collaboration and – Facilitating integration across coordination between the various jurisdictions to increase efficiency groups using and managing the coast. and effectiveness; This plan has three parts: – Identifying regional coastal values and strategic priorities to be – Chapters 2 and 3 give an overview accounted for; and of the values of the Gippsland coastal region and the key issues – Identifying solutions that address affecting them; systemic gaps in coastal management. Tidal River, Wilsons Promontory As a statutory document, the Regional – Chapters 4, 5, 6 and 7 set out the The Plan will provide the framework for Photo: Peter Jennings strategic objectives for the region Coastal Plan has important links with agencies, community and industry (as regional priorities); and other statutory instruments. In groups working and engaging with particular, as outlined in the Victorian – Chapters 7 and 8 explain how the decision makers on emerging strategic Coastal Strategy 2014, the broader land Board intends to work with its partner regional priorities for the Gippsland use planning system is important for agencies and other stakeholders, coastal region. The Plan will also guide the implementation of the Strategy, and summarises how the plan will the development of coastal Regional Coastal Plans and coastal be implemented, including the management plans. management plans (see Appendix 1). process of monitoring and reporting. The Plan’s primary audiences are local The relationship between these policies councils, committees of management, and plans is through: state government agencies and peak – The State Planning Policy Framework bodies with coastal management which requires coastal planning to responsibilities. It also aims to provide Sea urchin be consistent with the Strategy and landowners, volunteer groups and relevant coastal action plans coastal communities with an (including the Regional Coastal Plan) understanding of the framework for and regional growth plans; and managing and protecting coastal Pelicans at Metung – Sections of local planning schemes values in the region and how they can Photo: Destination contribute to that. Gippsland through Municipal Strategic Statements and Local Planning Policy Frameworks.
GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA STA L PLA N 3 O ray Riv er Hierarchy of Principles me r oH Mu i ve r The Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014 wy R supports the hierarchy of principles wy N Sno R i ve r Falls Creek introduced in previous Strategies and M itta Lake also recognises that the foundation tta Omeo er Mi Riv of coastal planning and management ate leg EAST GIPPSLAND is a healthy coastal and marine De Cobungra Omeo Wa n n a n Catchment Management Authority g at ta environment. These principles give o n a r o H wy Riv r effect to the directions in the Coastal u ch a n R i v e er Litt l e R i v e r ipy Rd 0 20 40 Bonang Swifts Creek B Management Act 1995 and are M Gelant kilometers Gr included in the State Planning Policy r EAST GIPPSLAND a R i ve y ea Hw s tA Framework and in planning Ca ledoni lpine Rd e Rd nc Pri Ge ang Dargo schemes throughout Victoria. no aR B on i ve r Mallacoota The principles are: Nic Ta m b Snow Boggy Inlet hol B ro d r Riv r Lake Ma son o yR Darg e Cann River Barracoota cal Licola – Ensure the protection of iver Cre e k Riv is te i b b R i ve r WELLINGTON oR Gabo Island er r R i ve r Wi n g a Bemm d Mallacoota significant environmental and Can n R i v e r T h u r a R i ve r Bruthen L i c o l a Rd Orbost n R i ve r cultural values; Rive Nowa Nowa r Mitchel l R Lake Lake i ve r Curlip r Pe r Corringle Swan ry Bairnsdale Lake – Undertake integrated planning Avo I I I I I I Wingan R iv y I n Rive I WEST GIPPSLAND w I I Lake I I Sydenham Tamboon ces H Cap I I Ewing Marsh Marlo Inlet er e Conran I Glenmaggie I Prin Lake and provide clear direction for the I I I I Lake Inlet Inlet Catchment Management Authority I I King Lakes Tyres r I Maffra I I Paynesville Entrance future; and I I Heyfield I I Stratford Lake Thom Gippland Lakes I I I I I I Victoria BAW BAW s on Coastal Park Princes Fwy R Meerlieu Clydebank – Ensure the sustainable use of i ve I I Morass I I I I I Lake Loch Sport r I I I I Sale I I I I natural coastal resources. I I I I I Wellington I I I I I I I Warragul I I L a Tr o b e R i v e I I I Moe Traralgon I I r Lake h ac I Drouin I I I I I I I I I I Reeve I I The Heart Be I I I I I I I I Rosedale Only when the above principles have I I I I Lake I I I Morass an g L a n g R i v e r I I I I I Morwell I I I I I I I I I I rri ma n C r e e Coleman Paradise Beach Me k L I I y I Trafalgar been considered and addressed: d Hw Golden Beach Churchhill SETTLEMENT ROLE AND GROWTH n e psla il R i ve r Mirboo North M – Ensure development on the coast Gip ass Korumburra LATROBE Regional city (Latrobe City) Brut h e n C re e B is located within existing modified uth Seaspray Ta r Jack Smith So ra R Leongatha i ve Lake ty Sub regional network and resilient environments where ne SOUTH GIPPSLAND Alb er t k r Woodside the demand for development is Ni Riv er Regional centre A gne tt Rive r Po w l e Yarram evident and any impacts can be s R iv Inverloch Waterbody Town iver Foster managed sustainably. er Toora nR Venus Port Tar wi Bay Port Parks & Reserves Small town Waratah Welshpool Albert The actions in this Regional Coastal Bay Softwood Plantation & State Forest Promote growth Plan support these principles and Sandy a p e iptrap Point work to make sure that decision L Council boundary Support growth C Darby Swamp making on the coast is guided by, Sealers Tidal Swamp Catchment Management Authority boundary Sustainable growth and consistent with, the Victorian River Coastal Strategy 2014. Highway Source: Regional Growth Plans Figure 2 The Gippsland coastal region.
4 GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA S TA L P L A N 1.3 H ow the Regional There are two types of statutory waterway managers in Victoria. Waterway managers Coastal Plan will are appointed under the Marine Safety be used Act 2010 to manage vessel activities and associated issues (along with Marine In line with the hierarchy of principles in Safety Victoria). In Gippsland, catchment the Victorian Coastal Council 2014, the management authorities have statutory Regional Coastal Plan outlines key responsibilities under the Water Act regional issues and priorities and identifies 1989 to protect and enhance waterway actions and outcomes to be achieved. health. The Plan will build the evidence base to A number of other organisations have guide future planning and establish responsibilities in identifying and foundations to progressively improve protecting the Gippsland coastal region’s management decisions. This will help community values: these include the to better target investment, improve former Gippsland Lakes Ministerial coordination and promote best Advisory Committee, Regional practice. Importantly, the Board will use Development Victoria, Fisheries Victoria, the Plan to work with other managers Progress Jetty, Paynesville Fairy terns water corporations, regional tourism and stakeholders to increase the Photo: Destination Gippsland Photo: Annette Hatten boards and Vic Roads. understanding and appreciation of the coast, protect its values and further Many of these organisations have coast. This is a state-wide issue raised in planning processes for their coastal improve management arrangements 1.4 Who we work with management responsibilities. For and outcomes. the Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014. The budgets of coastal management on land and water example, local councils have statutory Where existing Coastal Action Plans are planning processes and contribute to still relevant, local managers may agencies at state, regional and local Just as people use the coast for a range regional growth plans, and catchment continue to use these plans. It is levels are expected to remain highly of reasons, there are a number of management authorities have regional expected that over time these constrained over the next few years managers on land and water responsible catchment and waterway strategies. sub-regional Coastal Action Plans given the current economic conditions. for different areas and issues. These The Board aims to use this Plan to work would transition into Coastal Therefore this Plan has been designed managers cover from the catchment to with these organisations to achieve the Management Plans where needed. to set realistic expectations about what the sea. Foreshores are managed by a best outcomes for the Gippsland coast. can be delivered and by when. The range of organisations. Parks Victoria is The Regional Coastal Plan will also This plan helps clarify the roles and Board anticipates that most of the key responsible for managing national support investment planning and responsibilities for several specific actions can be delivered within existing parks and other conservation areas. decisions. Ongoing funding arrangements issues particularly for managing and budgets of management agencies. Others with significant responsibilities are essential in enabling coastal managers adapting to climate change (Chapter 6). However additional funding will be Principle in the Gippsland coastal region include to meet their responsibilities and to It also identifies actions to clarify needed to carry out some further The Gippsland Coastal Board will committees of management, Traditional better understand, protect and manage responsibilities for other issues which planning and management steps such participate in a review of funding Owners, catchment management coastal values and assets. Current will help to improve coordination and as detailed coastal hazard studies and arrangements for coastal authorities, Gippsland Ports and local revenue streams, such as income from collaboration between managers. adaptation plans. Over the next five years management by the Victorian councils. camping areas and caravan parks on the Plan provides the framework for Coastal Council and the Crown land, are important. However, state, regional and local agencies and Department of Environment, Land, during the consultation for this plan the private sector to work together on Water and Planning, as outlined in many organisations and individuals attracting funding to carry out these the Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014. expressed their concerns that funding additional pieces of work. was a limiting factor for managing the
GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA STA L PLA N 5 1.5 Priority actions for These regional priorities reflect: the Gippsland – Key issues identified in the Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014 which are coastal region relevant for specific attention in the Gippsland coastal region (see Table 1 1.5.1 Regional priorities and Appendix 2); The Gippsland Coastal Board identified – Issues identified as important by five regional priorities: stakeholders during the consultation – Managing and protecting coastal process; and values; – Areas where the Board can provide – Managing impacts of residential and leadership and influence. tourism growth to balance access The actions in this plan will contribute and protect natural, social, cultural to these priorities by: and economic values; – Supporting the work of a range of – Integrating coastal planning and organisations and groups management on the foreshore; responsible for understanding, Mobile Marlo sandbanks – Adapting to climate change and managing and protecting the broad increased coastal hazards; and values of the Gippsland coast; – Supporting communities to – Building the evidence base for VCS 2014 Key Issues Gippsland Regional Priorities contribute to protection and ongoing management, particularly Managing for population Chapter 4 – Managing regional population and tourism management of the coast. for the way we use the coast; growth pressures – Improving the integration and Adapting to a changing climate Chapter 6 – Adapting to climate change and increased coordination of management; and coastal hazards – Developing approaches to Managing coastal land and Chapter 5 – A regional approach to foreshore encourage sustainable development infrastructure management including better consideration of Valuing the natural environment Chapter 2 – Coastal values coastal hazards and impacts from Integrating marine planning Contribute to proposed: review of the Coastal climate change. Management Act 1995, new Marine and Coastal Act, and new management arrangements and oversight of The actions apply across both public marine parks, coasts and bays and private land tenures. None of the regional priorities can be considered in Integration of key issues Chapter 3 – The dynamics of the coast isolation. Each action is linked; Chapter 7 – Supporting communities caring for the recognising these linkages will lead to coast better outcomes from the implementation of the Regional Coastal Plan. Table 1: Gippsland regional priorities Bancroft Bay at dusk. Photo: Destination Gippsland
6 GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA S TA L P L A N V ISION A healthy coast appreciated by all, now and in the future 1.5.2 T he Plan at a glance K E Y STATE WIDE COASTAL ISSUES (as identified in the Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014) Managing for Adapting to a Managing coastal land Valuing the natural Integrating marine population growth changing climate and infrastructure environment planning P RIO RIT Y G IP P S L A ND COA S TA L IS S UES Managing and protecting Managing regional population A regional approach to Adapting to climate change and Communities supported to coastal values and tourism pressures foreshore management increased coastal hazards care for the coast THE G IP P S L A ND REG IO NA L COA S TA L P L A N AC TION S CHAPTERS 2 AND 3 CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 6 CHAPTER 7 The Gippsland Regional 1. Work with partner organisations to implement actions in 1. Prepare guidelines for the 1. Develop a systematic approach to 1. Work with partner organisations to Coastal Board will work the Gippsland Boating Coastal Action Plan. development of coastal management prioritise areas for detailed coastal improve understanding of coastal values with relevant organisations 2. Work with public land managers and waterway plans. hazard assessments and adaptation and processes by organising: to improve the managers to: 2. Develop a process that brings local planning. a. a biennial regional coastal understanding and a. map and categorise visitation infrastructure managers to work together where it is 2. Refine methodologies for conducting conference; and appreciation of coastal throughout the region; sensible for a coastal management detailed coastal hazard assessments b. regular information sharing events values and processes. plan to be developed across multiple to identify high risk areas, and clarify – such as the Corner Inlet b. develop a service-level hierarchy for visitation infrastructure; and land managers. From this, local public the role of flood studies in the hazard Connections Partner Group and land managers can put together assessment process. Gippsland coastal inter-agency c. document and analyse effectiveness of existing precinct or master plans. 3. Refine methodologies for local forums. approaches to demand management (including parking fees, entrance fees, camping fees, leasing 3. Work with Traditional Owners adaptation planning, including 2. Work with statewide community arrangements, licensing arrangements and the preparing multi park plans that addressing barriers to practical local groups and programs to: use of smart-phone apps). include coastal areas. adaptation actions. a. support all community coastal 3. Identify priority areas for visitation demand 4. Ensure there are current coastal 4. Continue, or undertake new, detailed volunteers to collect data about the management. In particular: management plans (including coastal hazard assessments and coast to inform local decision-making; foreshore management plans) in place adaptation planning, particularly for b. support community groups to a. resilient parts of the landscape where visitation in the Gippsland coastal region where the priority areas identified in 1. better link with Traditional Owners can be encouraged; needed. 5. Implement identified adaptation to work on joint coastal projects; b. vulnerable parts of the landscape where demand responses through local decisions, for and might be reduced by encouraging visitors towards example updating local planning c. attract volunteers from a broad alternative sites; and schemes, coastal management plans range of age groups, particularly c. vulnerable parts of the landscape with unique and emergency plans, and prioritising visitor experiences and limited scope to reduce young people. future works. demand. 3. Promote and support the work done 4. Using the data from actions 1, 2 and 3, develop a by local coastal and marine community Visitation Demand Framework to guide local groups including, but not limited to, decisions, support investment and communicate Reefwatch, Seasearch and with users. EstuaryWatch.
VALUING AND UNDERSTANDING THE COAST GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA STA L PLA N 7 2 COASTAL VALUES The Gippsland coastal region provides in the Croajingolong National Park and to a growing population. The Gippsland significant environmental, cultural, at Wilsons Promontory, extensive dune Lakes Ramsar site covers an area of social, and economic values for all barriers, estuary and wetland systems in 58,824 hectares and includes Lake Victorians (see Figure 3). The region’s the Gippsland Lakes and the Ninety Wellington, Lake Victoria, Lake King, sandy lagoons, numerous sheltered Mile Beach area, coastal embayments Lake Bunga, Lake Tyers, Macleod Morass inlets and spectacular stretches of such as Corner Inlet, Shallow Inlet and and Lake Reeve. The Corner Inlet beach are unlike any other coastal Andersons Inlet in South Gippsland and Ramsar site covers 67,192 hectares region. Understanding these values is the drowned river valley of Mallacoota including a unique system of barrier essential for effective decision-making. Inlet.1,2 The region’s estuaries link islands and tidal mudflats. It is a This broad range of values is managed catchments to the coast and the feeding, nesting and breeding area for and monitored by different organisations marine environment. This creates a thousands of waterbirds and one of the including catchment management diverse mix of highly productive most important areas in Victoria for authorities, Parks Victoria, local councils, ecosystems that support a rich and resident and migratory shorebirds. It committees of management, VicRoads, diverse range of wildlife, vegetation also has the world’s most southerly water corporations, Gippsland Ports, communities and nursery areas for population of white mangrove5. The Traditional Owners, the Environment many animals. Croajingolong National Park has been Protection Authority, regional bodies Coastal vegetation and sediments internationally recognised as a and the Department of Environment, provide ecosystem services by Biosphere Reserve since 1977; it is one The Burrunan dolphin, Tursiops of only 15 in Australia.6 Land, Water and Planning. 2.1 Environmental australis, resembles the bottlenose dolphin but also show numerous sequestering carbon (known as ‘blue carbon’) in mangroves, seagrass 2.1.1 Marine Ecosystems values distinctions Photo courtesy of the Gippsland meadows and coastal saltmarshes. Lakes Ministerial Advisory Australia’s southern coast is unique. Principle The Gippsland coast features extensive Committee The Gippsland coastal region supports There is no other east-west expanse of The Gippsland Regional Coastal and diverse natural environments, as many species listed in migratory bird temperate shoreline in the southern Board will support and work with noted in The Gippsland Coastal and agreements with Japan (JAMBA), China hemisphere. Some of Victoria’s marine all coastal managers to improve Marine Asset Framework (2011). Its aggregation areas for blue, southern (CAMBA) and the Republic of Korea species, such as the eastern blue groper, the understanding, appreciation environmental values are of national right and humpback whales, and (ROKAMBA) as well as threatened species, occur nowhere else in the world. and protection of the Gippsland and international significance. With its breeding colonies for Australian and such as the little tern, Lathams snipe overlapping cool and warm temperate and hooded plover. Places like Shallow Gippsland is home to marine habitats coast’s values. New Zealand fur seals. Inter-tidal zones, the region supports over 3000 Inlet and Nooramunga Marine and of state significance, such as the Corner habitats, such as sand flats, rocky shores plant species, 500 terrestrial vertebrate Coastal Park – Victoria’s largest marine Inlet Marine and Coastal Park which has and rock pools, support diverse marine species, several hundred fish species and protected area – have long been the largest area of broad-leafed life and seabirds. Other significant a vast number of invertebrate fauna1,2. identified for their state significant seagrass in Victoria.5 coastal and marine habitats include Numerous species and ecological seagrass meadows along parts of the coastal habitat for waterbirds.3 The Burrunan dolphin, only recently communities are listed as vulnerable, Gippsland coast and the southern most Parts of the Gippsland Lakes and Corner classified as a new dolphin species, is threatened or endangered, including global extent of mangroves in Corner Inlet are wetlands listed under the endemic to southern Australian waters the nationally vulnerable subtropical Inlet. Over 60 per cent of important international Ramsar Convention.4 The and is most commonly seen in two and temperate coastal saltmarsh bird areas (defined by Birds Australia) Gippsland Lakes are one of Victoria’s resident populations in coastal Victoria: community. Some significant habitats within the state occur in the region. most important environmental assets the Gippsland Lakes and Port Phillip. for vulnerable fauna include nesting and a local, national and international The Gippsland Lakes Environment Fund The natural environments vary and roosting sites for fairy terns and icon. The Lakes are a major tourist supported research into the dolphin dramatically. They include large areas of hooded plovers, migration paths and destination, recreation area and home and its habitat requirements.7 relatively untouched rugged coastline
8 GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA S TA L P L A N VALUING AND UNDERSTANDING THE COAST O Mt Gibbo i ve r ay R m rr eo Mu H Mt Cooper i ve r wy Mt Bogong yR w Mt Misery no Falls Creek er S Mt Cobberas No1 Riv Mt Tambo ALPINE g ate Mt Cope NATIONAL PARK Mt Taylor ele NSW Mo D Wo n n a n Omeo Mt Seldom Seen Mt Delegate na gatta Cobungra Gre Mt Gelantipy Mt Bowen ro wy at A R i ve Mt Phipps e H lp n g Ge r Hw Mt Nugong Mt Canterbury ces Mt Howitt Bonang lan SNOWY RIVER y in a VIC Prin eR tipy Mt Darling R NATIONAL PARK COOPRACAMBRA Mt Wakefield d Swifts Creek Rd Mt Baldhead g Mt Ellery NATIONAL PARK i n Mt Reynard Mt Ewen Rd Mt Kaye i d Geno ang aR Dargo v Mt Mcleod Ca n n R i D i Ryan ing ive Mallacoota Mac Mt Elizabeth W Bon er an r r e a t Mt Tambontha R iv Inlet alis Mt Wellington Peak e Riv N ic B ro Genoa Peak Bog GMt Blomford Mt Drummer ver Thu rr hol S no ter AVON o r s on w gy Cre e k Bem Ta m b ve Mt Murrungowar dri Ri r WILDERNESS PARK MITCHELL RIVER Mt Tara Mallacoota a R Mt Buck bR Cann River yR Gabo Island m Pretty Sally er Riv NATIONAL PARK iv i ve r Licola Mt Hump ive r Da Bruthen Mt Raymond er Orbost e r Mt Cann Swan Riv Mt Useful Nowa Nowa rg Ben Cruachan Dock Lake oR M i tc h e l l R i ve L ico r Bairnsdale Inlet CROAJINGOLONG NATIONAL PARK d la d Av o Cape BEWARE REEF CAPE HOWE nR R Lake iv ces H wy Marlo Co n ra n MARINE SANCTUARY MARINE NATIONAL PARK Glenmaggie Prin Lakes Entrance er Baines BAW BAW SHIRE Maffra Stratford Paynesville Swamp Ewing Marsh Heyfield T h o m s o POINT HICKS n R i ve r MARINE NATIONAL PARK Meerlieu Princes Fwy Lake Lake Loch Sport Wellington Victoria Rosedale L a Tr o b e R i v e r Sale Lake Warragul Moe Reeve GIPPSLAND LAKES LATROBE CITY HOLEY PLAINS COASTAL PARK Traralgon an C re e kNATIONAL PARK La n g L a n g R i v e r r r im Morwell Me h ac s Be ge Seaspray an er Mirboo North R R iv i ass Korumburra ck NINETY MILE BEACH le MARINE NATIONAL PARK B le e trz Mi Leongatha Woodside S ve r P ow l e t t R i wy Alber t R i ve Yarram Macalister Longford ty sH r Bas ne Port Irrigation District gas plant Ni Foster Barry Toora Beach Welshpool Port Albert Ramsar Venus Bay site CAPE LIPTRAP Coal-fired COASTAL PARK CORNER INLET NOORAMUNGA MARINE power stations MARINE & Aboriginal site & COASTAL PARK COASTAL PARK of significance SHALLOW INLET WILSONS ap C a p e L i p t r MARINE & Darby PROMONTORY Angling Parks COASTAL PARK Swamp NATIONAL club Victoria IT STRA PARK BASS Offshore oil Tidal River Port & gas WILSONS PROMONTORY Shipwrecks Lamb & wool MARINE NATIONAL PARK Life saving club Beef & dairy Caravan park Tree plantation Figure 3 Indicative map of the key regional social, economic and environmental values of the Gippsland coastal region (not to scale).
VALUING AND UNDERSTANDING THE COAST GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA STA L PLA N 9 The Board notes the work of the with high levels of salt and reduce their 2.2 Social values Victorian Environment Assessment water needs. Council in documenting Gippsland’s The Gippsland coastal region has a Foreshore ecosystems bridge people’s marine values and making wealth of social resources. The larger movements between land and water. recommendations for managing those towns of Warragul, Traralgon, Sale and People enjoy swimming, surfing, diving, values in its Marine Investigation Final Bairnsdale have social networks fishing and boating through foreshore report.3 The report identifies many associated with employment, training access. People also enjoy relaxing and different types of marine habitat in the institutions, sporting and artistic life. walking on the foreshore. In some Gippsland coastal region. These include Smaller coastal settlements like Venus places, infrastructure such as pipelines pelagic habitats (the water column Bay, Port Albert, Loch Sport and Marlo for gas and oil need to go across within the ocean), deep rocky reefs, have strong links to neighbourhood, foreshore areas. sub-tidal rocky reefs, intertidal family and place. Many locations along shorelines, including rock platforms and 2.1.3 Hinterland Ecosystems the Gippsland coastline like Lakes sandy beaches. Entrance, Paynesville and Mallacoota Behind the foreshore, the region has a are major tourist towns that represent The Victorian Government has number of nationally significant strong long-standing connections for committed to reviewing the Coastal estuaries and coastal wetlands, as well the families and friends who share Management Act 1995 and as ecologically significant habitats such these places.8 management arrangements for marine as the Gippsland Plains, coastal forests Port Albert, low tide parks, coasts and bays. These initiatives and coastal heath. People are attracted to life on the Photo: Peter Jennings will be the primary mechanism to Gippsland coast by its scenic beauty, These habitats are represented in the recreational amenity and housing improve the integration of marine and parks system, good examples being affordability. Coastal settlements in coastal planning – a key issue in the Wilsons Promontory, Croajingolong and Gippsland range from towns such as Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014. the Lakes National Park. Rivers and Lakes Entrance to villages and hamlets 2.1.2 Foreshore Ecosystems estuaries of state significance occur on such as Bemm River, Gipsy Point, Sandy both public and private land. The Point and Seaspray. Around 40 per cent Foreshore ecosystems are particularly Mitchell, Snowy and Bemm Rivers are important: they form the link between of Gippsland’s population is located in all Heritage Rivers with significant villages and settlements of less than marine, estuarine, freshwater and estuaries that are part of the engine terrestrial areas. Foreshore habitats 500 people. room for the carbon and nutrient cycles include the beach, dune system, that support coastal plants and animals. The importance of the coast to the headland scrub, mangroves and community is evidenced by the high saltmarshes. In southern and central Gippsland, level of volunteerism. People willingly Paynesville foreshore towns and farms have now replaced give their time to be involved in has multiple uses Unstable low-nutrient soils, made original habitat in some ecosystems, so Photo: Destination largely of sands that hold little water, monitoring, managing, protecting and Gippsland not all species are fully protected in restoring coastal values. interact with wind and salt to provide parks and reserves. Further changes in Squeaky Beach track in the critical influences on coastal land use have the potential to affect Wilsons Promontory vegetation. Plant communities growing National Park those species. Therefore it is important Photo: Garry Moore, in these areas have evolved to cope to think through the best way to Tourism Victoria with this challenging environment. safeguard them. Examples include the native spinifex that binds shifting sand dunes, as well as moonah and sheoak trees whose narrow leaves enable them to cope
10 GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA S TA L P L A N VALUING AND UNDERSTANDING THE COAST 2.2.1 Amenity values 2.2.2 Cultural heritage values 2.2.3 Aboriginal cultural Many factors affect people’s enjoyment The Gippsland coastal region is endowed Facilities Sensory Access Vegetation heritage of the coast and contribute to their well with significant coastal cultural heritage. Availability of clear visitor The ability to see and Abundant and healthy The Gippsland coastal region has cultural being by providing amenity values. Some of these values are embodied in information and well hear waves, feel sand, looking vegetation (including heritage significance to its Traditional designed and maintained taste salt and smell mangroves and sea grass Figure 4 describes how different tangible objects, such as buildings, seaweed will increase beds) that supports animals Owners, including the Gunaikurnai. facilities (chairs, playgrounds, attributes of the coast can contribute to landscapes, shipwrecks, places of benches, tables, toilets, bins) satisfaction with (like birds, reptiles and fish) is Aboriginal people of the area have the way people appreciate and value it. significance and artefacts. Some cultural amenity. This relates the most important factor in for general use will increase increasing satisfaction with strong connections with the region: satisfaction with amenity. to the naturalness at Some aspects of amenity are tangible, values, though, are intangible: they the beach including amenity. The exact type of their stories of place, and the tens of Note the facilities must not such as paths and natural vegetation. include the connections to traditions detract from the ‘naturalness’ open space free vegetation that improves thousands of years of physical evidence from obtrusive amenity differs for individual Others are intangible, such as open many people feel, including Aboriginal, of the place. Proximity of locations and needs to be of their presence, remind us of these paths and access along the development. space, views, links to places or people, maritime and agricultural history. Other beach, as well as proximity to understood at each location. links. The region contains many or the knowledge that wildlife is forms of cultural value arise from cafes and shops. The type of Indigenous vegetation is archaeological sites, such as midden preferable as this has benefits present.9 holidaying and recreational customs. facilities expected at different for other values also. sites, artefact scatters, scar trees and locations will vary. The sense of wellbeing people derive Connections to natural heritage, camping places. The ancestors of these from the coast is intrinsically linked to including culturally significant landscapes groups managed traditional areas now our ability to maintain or enhance the and biodiversity, are also meaningful. inundated; groups moved as the coast quality and extent of natural views, The Gippsland coast has other abundant Natural line changed over thousands of years. native vegetation and natural heritage values as well. Its rich maritime Safety SATISFACTION Physical Form Aboriginal people have an ongoing and landscapes. The built environment also history is a prime example. The wreck of The ability to use the WITH Beaches with a intimate relationship with coastal and THE COAST contributes to people’s enjoyment of the Sydney Cove longboat in 1797 was coast safely is an more natural physical marine environments, with continuing the coast: it provides us with physical the first recorded wreck of a European attractive feature for a form (including sand, social, spiritual or traditional connection. particular beach and rock pools, dune and visual access to the natural vessel along Victoria’s coastline; it also can be enhanced by system, cliffs) and Land and sea country is a term for the environment and its associated resulted in the first European exploration signage about hazards, without concrete whole environment, integrating land, intangible values. of Bass Strait. the presence of a will increase life-saving club and satisfaction with intertidal areas and sea, and including For example, the tracks, paths and Port Albert, established in 1841, is other facilities. amenity. natural, heritage, material and spiritual boardwalks that allow people to move noteworthy as Gippsland’s first port. components. This connection is the basis to, from or along the beach help Several buildings and sites in Port Albert for maintaining cultural traditions and Water Quality Clean Beaches passing on knowledge across generations. improve amenity. At the same time are listed in the Victorian Heritage Register. they provide people with access to the Other sites listed on the register include: Pollution is identified as No litter or little litter in In 2010, the Gunaikurnai were recognised an important part of the sea or around the sights and sounds of the ocean. – the area associated with construction satisfaction with the beach will increase under the Native Title Act 1993 as Traditional Similarly, picnic facilities enable people of the artificial entrance to the beach and can affect satisfaction with amenity. Owners of approximately 1.3 million to enjoy the time they spend beside Gippsland Lakes at Lakes Entrance; use such as swimming, This is based on the hectares in Gippsland extending from boating, as well as relationship between the coast. commercial and presence of litter and near Warragul to the Snowy River, north – the light stations at Gabo Island, Point recreational fishing. satisfaction with to the Great Dividing Range, and High amenity values also create health Hicks and Wilsons Promontory; and Water that is free of oils, the beach. benefits by encouraging people to be including 200 metres of offshore sea colours, litter and smells more active by involving themselves in – the Paynesville government slip and will increase satisfaction territory. This area includes the coastline bushwalking, boating, cycling, winch shed. with amenity. between Corner Inlet and the Snowy canoeing, surfing, snorkelling, diving, River. The Gunaikurnai have a close The wilderness values of the Gippsland fishing and a range of other activities. relationship with, and traditional coast are important to Victoria. There is responsibility for, the land (Wurruk), waters Amenity values are diminished by the nowhere else like it. Its wildness provides Figure 4 Managing visitor satisfaction with their coastal experience – key amenity values (derived from Melbourne Water) (Yarnda) and air (Watpootjan) as a presence of inappropriate or intrusive insights into the natural connections connected whole that forms the basis development, degraded environments, between land and water. It also holds of their cultural practices. odour, litter and noise. cultural significance for many.
VALUING AND UNDERSTANDING THE COAST GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA STA L PLA N 11 The Gunaikurnai are also the Registered communities and protect cultural Aboriginal Party for this area with heritage and the condition of the statutory roles under the Aboriginal natural environment. They are also Heritage Act 2006. interested in establishing marine ranger The Gunaikurnai also have joint teams to achieve this. management responsibilities for significant areas. In their recognition 2.3 Economic values and settlement agreement with the The commercial uses of the Gippsland state government, several parks and coastal region include recreation, coastal reserves were transferred to them tourism, agriculture, commercial and under the Traditional Owner Settlement recreational fishing, shipping, renewable Act 2010 to be jointly managed with the energy and petroleum extraction. Each State. This includes several areas around of these has direct and indirect benefits Gippsland Lakes (Gippsland Lakes to local and regional economies. Coastal Park, Lakes National Park, Gippsland’s coastal economy is based Gippsland Lakes Reserve on Raymond largely on natural resources. Coastal Island), Lake Tyers State Park, Corringle dependent economic sectors include Foreshore Reserve, Mitchell River Captains Cove, Metung oil and gas in Bass Strait, fisheries, National Park, Buchan Caves Reserve, Photo: Roberto Seba, commercial ports, shipping, commercial Tourism Victoria New Guinea Cave (in Snowy River boating and services supported by National Park) and Tarra-Bulga National coastal settlements and tourism. Park. The agreement also includes three per cent of output. Recreational rights to access and use Crown land for The Gippsland coastal region is an boating in Gippsland Lakes for example traditional purposes including fishing, important centre for commercial and adds $163 m to the regional economy. hunting, camping and gathering in recreational fisheries with large Key tourism assets in the coastal zone accordance with existing laws. commercial fishing fleets operating out include the Gippsland Lakes, Wilsons of Lakes Entrance, Corner Inlet and Port There are significant cultural values, Promontory and Mallacoota Inlet.8 Franklin. Together with the eastern zone interests and aspirations throughout Tourism, recreation and economic abalone fishery based at Mallacoota, the complex of marine, coastal and development are all supported by the Gippsland’s estimated annual commercial national parks on and around Wilsons road network managed by Vic Roads. catch contributes over $20 million to Promontory. the Victorian economy.8 The economic Non-commercial economic values Left: Fishing nets at Fishing at Lake Traditional Owners in the region have a contribution of recreational fishing will Lakes Entrance Tyers estuary include storm and flood protection, strong interest in being more effectively be boosted by the Victorian Government’s Photo: Destination Photo: Tim Ellis erosion buffers and nutrient cycling. involved in coastal management. Target One Million plan to improve fishing Gippsland These ecosystem services provide Protecting cultural heritage is a major opportunities and increase participation. significant benefit to the community. concern, as is sharing the responsibility For example, mangroves protect The coastal towns of Mallacoota, Lakes settlements such as Lakes Entrance, for caring for country. Traditional Owners against wave erosion, sea grass beds Entrance, Port Albert, Port Welshpool, Port Welshpool and Port Franklin. bring together natural and cultural values act as nurseries for important fish Port Franklin and Walkerville have by working on country. The Gunaikurnai Agriculture, forestry and fishing are species (such as bream and whiting) long-standing ties to the commercial seek to contribute their skills and collectively the biggest employers. They and coastal vegetation including fishing industry, which in some cases is knowledge in managing country as a provide 26 per cent of jobs and 13 per saltmarshes, mangroves and seagrasses still a major economic driver for the partner in land and sea management to cent of total regional output. Tourism fix nutrients and carbon. settlements. Commercial fishing is still a improve the well-being of their generates five per cent of jobs and major source of employment for
12 GIPPSLAND REGIONAL COA S TA L P L A N VALUING AND UNDERSTANDING THE COAST 2.4 Protecting coastal potential work. Another example is the The following chapters outline actions to Gippsland Lakes Natural Assets Report address priority regional issues including values Card; it identifies key environmental population changes, coordination of The diverse and highly valued indicators such as water quality, wetlands management, and the implications of environmental, social, cultural and and seagrass, as well as a methodology climate change, particularly the effects economic values of the coast are for monitoring the overall health of this of flooding and erosion. affected by a range of pressures and important area. threats, such as increasing use, coastal development, invasive pest plants and animals, pollution, litter (particularly Case study – Ninety Mile Beach plastics) and climate change. The management of development at Ninety Mile Beach highlights the Under the Coastal Management Act 1995, importance of having appropriate well considered planning in place to regional and local decision-makers must protect coastal values. have regard for the coastal values described above when working with The beach between Bass Strait and Lake Reeve is the longest stretch of their communities on coastal planning uninterrupted beach in the country. Between 1955 and 1969, areas along the and management. beach were subdivided into about 11,800 lots which were sold. It later became Diver with Brown apparent that the physical characteristics of the land made these areas The Victorian Coastal Strategy 2014 Leatherjacket, Corner Inlet social and economic values of the unsuitable for development. These characteristics included easily erodible identifies a hierarchy of principles to Marine National Park Photo: Museum of Victoria Lakes. The Strategy set the direction for coastal soils, poor conditions for effluent disposal and high quality vegetation guide planning and decision making. future investment, coordination, and landscape. The Board uses this as the basis for research and monitoring of the health developing policies and actions to the Board notes the work by catchment Various planning and management programs were applied from the mid- of the Lakes, particularly the processes manage the factors that contribute to management authorities in estuaries 1970s with limited success. Wellington Shire Council’s Ninety Mile Beach Plan affecting, and implications from, water coastal values. Appendix 3 lists coastal and wetlands in response to statewide was developed to resolve the long running planning and management issue, quality issues. It is built on working with plans in the region. directives in the Victorian Coastal Strategy and comprises planning controls to restrict further inappropriate development a broad range of partner organisations 2014 and the Victorian Waterway and a program to assist the transfer of private lots into public ownership. The hierarchy of principles helps us to and groups. The Strategy was be explicit and consistent about how Management Strategy 2013. The supported by the 2001 Gippsland Lakes The development of the Ninety Mile Beach Plan followed several years of we refer to the different types of values, catchment management authorities’ Environmental Study10 commissioned extensive collaboration between local and state governments. The Council’s and how we prioritise actions and regional catchment strategies and by the Board and subsequent work long-term strategy for the area was backed by a detailed Land Capability investment. Regionally, this helps us waterway strategies identify significant about salinity issues, environmental Assessment which supported the finding that further development should be identify where these values are most natural values to prioritise investment. watering, algal blooms and other water prohibited. This culminated in approval of a four year funding agreement with concentrated, and, in particular, helps us Similarly, the Board notes work by local quality issues. The 2015 Corner Inlet the Victorian Government in June 2011 for $6 million for the Council’s recognise where they may be at risk due councils in planning and managing Water Quality Improvement Plan is Voluntary Assistance Scheme. to coastal processes or human activities. community coastal values within their another key planning document Interim planning controls were applied from June 2011 until permanent planning schemes and urban design. addressing water quality issues. planning controls were finalised under Amendment C71 of the Wellington Figure 5 provides a regional snapshot of some of the values within the Gippsland They work with land holders, developers Much work has been achieved, and Planning Scheme in May 2013. This amendment applies to a 10.8 kilometre coastal region and how these guide and public land managers to make sure continues, in identifying and monitoring section of the Ninety Mile Beach area between the settlements of Paradise decisions by coastal planners and impacts of increasing urbanisation and the condition of the Gippsland coast, and Beach/Golden Beach and The Honeysuckles, up to Glomar Beach. It affects managers. use of the coast are managed to meet in protecting its values. One example is more than 3,700 inappropriately subdivided lots. community expectations. the Gippsland State of the Coast Update This amendment also ensured that inappropriate development outside It also identifies key plans and work The Board also notes the importance of report,11 which summarises planning, identified settlement boundaries is addressed through local policy and done by those agencies with significant the Gippsland Lakes Environmental management and research about the appropriate land use planning responses. responsibilities on the coast. In particular, Strategy7 in protecting the environmental, region’s coast and identifies future
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